×

Country vs country: Australia and Iceland compared: People stats

Definitions

  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-14: Percentage of total population aged 0-14.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years: The distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over: The distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest."
  • Birth rate: The average annual number of births during a year per 1,000 persons in the population at midyear; also known as crude birth rate. The birth rate is usually the dominant factor in determining the rate of population growth. It depends on both the level of fertility and the age structure of the population.
  • Ethnic groups: This entry provides a rank ordering of ethnic groups starting with the largest and normally includes the percent of total population.
  • Gender > Female population: Total female population.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Total divorces per thousand people: Total number of divorces in given year by country. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Mother's mean age at first birth: This entry provides the mean (average) age of mothers at the birth of their first child. It is a useful indicator for gauging the success of family planning programs aiming to reduce maternal mortality, increase contraceptive use – particularly among married and unmarried adolescents, delay age at first marriage, and improve the health of newborns.
  • Population: Population, total refers to the total population.
  • Population > Population growth, past and future: Population growth rate (percentage).
  • Population growth: Percentage by which country's population either has increased or is estimated to increase. Countries with a decrease in population are signified by a negative percentage. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Population growth rate: The average annual percent change in the population, resulting from a surplus (or deficit) of births over deaths and the balance of migrants entering and leaving a country. The rate may be positive or negative. The growth rate is a factor in determining how great a burden would be imposed on a country by the changing needs of its people for infrastructure (e.g., schools, hospitals, housing, roads), resources (e.g., food, water, electricity), and jobs. Rapid population growth can be seen as threatening by neighboring countries.
  • Population in 2015: (Thousands) Medium-variant projections.
  • Urban and rural > Population living in cities proper: City population by sex, city and city type.
  • Death rate: The average annual number of deaths during a year per 1,000 population at midyear; also known as crude death rate. The death rate, while only a rough indicator of the mortality situation in a country, accurately indicates the current mortality impact on population growth. This indicator is significantly affected by age distribution, and most countries will eventually show a rise in the overall death rate, in spite of continued decline in mortality at all ages, as declining fertility results in an aging population.
  • Total fertility rate: The average number of children that would be born per woman if all women lived to the end of their child-bearing years and bore children according to a given fertility rate at each age. The total fertility rate is a more direct measure of the level of fertility than the crude birth rate, since it refers to births per woman. This indicator shows the potential for population growth in the country. High rates will also place some limits on the labor force participation rates for women. Large numbers of children born to women indicate large family sizes that might limit the ability of the families to feed and educate their children.
  • Sex ratio > Total population: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Sex ratio > At birth: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Obesity > Adult obesity rate: This entry gives the percent of a country's population considered to be obese. Obesity is defined as an adult having a Body Mass Index (BMI) greater to or equal to 30.0. BMI is calculated by taking a person's weight in kg and dividing it by the person's squared height in meters.
  • Gender > Male population: Total male population.
  • Nationality > Adjective: This entry is derived from People > Nationality, which provides the identifying terms for citizens - noun and adjective.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total: Number of people aged 0-14.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 15-24.
  • Age distribution > Total dependency ratio: Percentage of dependant persons out of total population aged 15-64. A dependant person is a person aged 0-14 and those over 65 years old.
  • Death rate, crude > Per 1,000 people: Death rate, crude (per 1,000 people). Crude death rate indicates the number of deaths occurring during the year, per 1,000 population estimated at midyear. Subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birth rate provides the rate of natural increase, which is equal to the rate of population change in the absence of migration.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Total divorces: Total number of divorces in given year by country.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-64: Percentage of total population aged 15-64.
  • Age distribution > Median age: The median age of the country's residents. This is the age most people are in the country.
  • Nationality > Noun: The noun which identifies citizens of the nation
  • Median age > Total: This entry is derived from People > Median age, which is the age that divides a population into two numerically equal groups; that is, half the people are younger than this age and half are older. It is a single index that summarizes the age distribution of a population. Currently, the median age ranges from a low of about 15 in Uganda and Gaza Strip to 40 or more in several European countries and Japan. See the entry for "Age structure" for the importance of a young versus an older age structure and, by implication, a low versus a higher median age.
  • Migration > Net migration > Per capita: Net migration is the net total of migrants during the period, that is, the total number of immigrants less the annual number of emigrants, including both citizens and noncitizens. Data are five-year estimates. To derive estimates of net migration, the United Nations Population Division takes into account the past migration history of a country or area, the migration policy of a country, and the influx of refugees in recent periods. The data to calculate these official estimates come from a variety of sources, including border statistics, administrative records, surveys, and censuses. When no official estimates can be made because of insufficient data, net migration is derived through the balance equation, which is the difference between overall population growth and the natural increase during the 1990-2000 intercensal period." Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Marriages: Marriages by urban/rural residence.
  • Age distribution > Child dependency ratio: Percentage of dependant children out of total population aged 15 and older. A dependant child is a child aged 0-14.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 65 and older.
  • Migration > Net migration rate: The difference between the number of persons entering and leaving a country during the year per 1,000 persons (based on midyear population). An excess of persons entering the country is referred to as net immigration (e.g., 3.56 migrants/1,000 population); an excess of persons leaving the country as net emigration (e.g., -9.26 migrants/1,000 population). The net migration rate indicates the contribution of migration to the overall level of population change. High levels of migration can cause problems such as increasing unemployment and potential ethnic strife (if people are coming in) or a reduction in the labor force, perhaps in certain key sectors (if people are leaving).
  • Gender > Sex ratio at birth: Number of males born for every female born. Countries with a number less than one have more females born than males.
  • Age dependency ratio > Dependents to working-age population: Age dependency ratio is the ratio of dependents--people younger than 15 or older than 64--to the working-age population--those ages 15-64. For example, 0.7 means there are 7 dependents for every 10 working-age people.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-59: Percentage of total pouplation aged 15-59.
  • Urban population: Urban population is the midyear population of areas defined as urban in each country and reported to the United Nations.
  • Sex ratio > Under 15 years: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 60 and older.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Total: Number of people 65 years old and older.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 > Total: Number of people aged 15-64.
  • Urban and rural > Urban population: Total population living in urban areas by country.
  • Age structure > 15-64 years: The distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age distribution > Elderly dependency ratio: Percentage of dependant adults out of total population aged 15-64. A dependant adult is an adult aged 65 and older.
  • Migration > Foreign worker salaries: Workers' remittances and compensation of employees comprise current transfers by migrant workers and wages and salaries earned by nonresident workers. Remittances are classified as current private transfers from migrant workers resident in the host country for more than a year, irrespective of their immigration status, to recipients in their country of origin. Migrants' transfers are defined as the net worth of migrants who are expected to remain in the host country for more than one year that is transferred from one country to another at the time of migration. Compensation of employees is the income of migrants who have lived in the host country for less than a year. Data are in current U.S. dollars."
  • Physicians density: This entry gives the number of medical doctors (physicians), including generalist and specialist medical practitioners, per 1,000 of the population. Medical doctors are defined as doctors that study, diagnose, treat, and prevent illness, disease, injury, and other physical and mental impairments in humans through the application of modern medicine. They also plan, supervise, and evaluate care and treatment plans by other health care providers. The World Health Organization estimates that fewer than 2.3 health workers (physicians, nurses, and midwives only) per 1,000 would be insufficient to achieve coverage of primary healthcare needs.
  • Migration > Net migration: Net migration is the net total of migrants during the period, that is, the total number of immigrants less the annual number of emigrants, including both citizens and noncitizens. Data are five-year estimates. To derive estimates of net migration, the United Nations Population Division takes into account the past migration history of a country or area, the migration policy of a country, and the influx of refugees in recent periods. The data to calculate these official estimates come from a variety of sources, including border statistics, administrative records, surveys, and censuses. When no official estimates can be made because of insufficient data, net migration is derived through the balance equation, which is the difference between overall population growth and the natural increase during the 1990-2000 intercensal period."
  • Cities > Urban population: Total population living in urban areas. The defition of an urban area differs for each country. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Total: Number of people aged 0-4.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Total: Number of people aged 15-24.
  • Age structure > 25-54 years: This entry is derived from People > Age structure, which provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group as follows: 0-14 years (children), 15-24 years (early working age), 25-54 years (prime working age), 55-64 years (mature working age), 65 years and over (elderly). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Child labor > Children ages 5-14: This entry provides the mean (average) age of mothers at the birth of their first child. It is a useful indicator for gauging the success of family planning programs aiming to reduce maternal mortality, increase contraceptive use – particularly among married and unmarried adolescents, delay age at first marriage, and improve the health of newborns.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Marriages per thousand people: Marriages by urban/rural residence. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Age structure > 15-24 years: This entry is derived from People > Age structure, which provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group as follows: 0-14 years (children), 15-24 years (early working age), 25-54 years (prime working age), 55-64 years (mature working age), 65 years and over (elderly). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 > Total: Number of people aged 15-59.
  • Future population change: Total change in population by country. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Marriage > Years being single before marriage > Women: Average age of women at their first marriage.
  • Gender empowerment: Gender Empowerment Measure (GEM). The GEM measures the participation of women and men in political decision-making. This index also has four indicators: female members of the Legislature, female participation in selected positions in public and private sector, female participation in academic and technical work, and estimated income. Both indexes are based on data collected by the UN and are processed to enable comparison.
  • Urban and rural > Urban population per thousand people: Total population living in urban areas by country. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Population density > People per sq. km of land area: Population density (people per sq. km of land area). Population density is midyear population divided by land area in square kilometers. Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of their country of origin. Land area is a country's total area, excluding area under inland water bodies, national claims to continental shelf, and exclusive economic zones. In most cases the definition of inland water bodies includes major rivers and lakes.
  • Teenage birth rate: The number of births to women aged below 20 per 1,000 women aged 15 to 19. (1995-1998)
  • Population > CIA Factbook: This entry gives an estimate from the US Bureau of the Census based on statistics from population censuses, vital statistics registration systems, or sample surveys pertaining to the recent past and on assumptions about future trends. The total population presents one overall measure of the potential impact of the country on the world and within its region. Note: starting with the 1993 Factbook, demographic estimates for some countries (mostly African) have explicitly taken into account the effects of the growing impact of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. These countries are currently: The Bahamas, Benin, Botswana, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burma, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.
  • Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of asylum > Per capita: Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organisation of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of asylum is the country where an asylum claim was filed and granted." Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of asylum: Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organisation of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of asylum is the country where an asylum claim was filed and granted."
  • Urban and rural > Rural population: Total population living in rural areas by country.
  • Number of infant deaths: Number of infant deaths. Number of infants dying before reaching one year of age.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Female: This entry is derived from People > Life expectancy at birth, which contains the average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. The entry includes total population as well as the male and female components. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 5-14 > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 5-14.
  • Gender > Women aged 15-49: Country's total population of women aged 15-49. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Elderly population > Elderly Population by region > Percentage of elderly population by country: The elderly population is the number of inhabitants of a given region aged 65 or older. The population can be either the average annual population or the population at a specific date during the year considered. The average population during a calendar year is generally calculated as the arithmetic mean of the population on 1 January of two consecutive years (it is also referred to as the mean population).

    The geographic concentration index offers an accurate picture of the spatial distribution of elderly population, as it takes into account the area of each region and reveals large international differences in the degree of geographic concentration of elderly people.

    The geographic concentration index compares the economic weight and the geographic weight over all regions in a given country and is constructed to account for both within- and between-country differences in the size of all regions. The index lies between 0 (no concentration) and 100 (maximum concentration) and is suitable for international comparisons of geographic concentration.
  • Number of infant deaths per 1000: Number of infant deaths. Number of infants dying before reaching one year of age. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Nobel prize laureates: Number of Nobel Prize Laureates 1901-2002
  • Gender > Gender inequality index: Gender Inequality Index.
  • Age structure > 55-64 years: This entry is derived from People > Age structure, which provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group as follows: 0-14 years (children), 15-24 years (early working age), 25-54 years (prime working age), 55-64 years (mature working age), 65 years and over (elderly). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Male: This entry is derived from People > Life expectancy at birth, which contains the average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. The entry includes total population as well as the male and female components. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Sex ratio > 15-64 years: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Literacy > Total population: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
    Additional details:
    • Gibraltar: above 80% (2013)


  • Gender > Global Gender Gap Index: The Gender Gap Index considers gender inequality in the dimensions of economic participation (equality of salaries, labor market participation and access to high-skilled employment); access to education; political participation; and health (life expectancy and sex ratio). The highest score of 1 means total equality, 0 means complete inequality. The Index is calculated by the World Economic Forum.
  • Abortion > Abortion rate: Abortions per 1000 women.
  • Population, total: Population, total. Population, total refers to the total population.
  • Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of origin: Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organisation of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of origin generally refers to the nationality or country of citizenship of a claimant."
  • Teenage pregancy rate: Adolescent fertility rate is the number of births per 1,000 women ages 15-19."
  • Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Total: Number of people aged 80 years and older.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Total: Number of people aged 60 and older.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 0-4.
  • Gender > Female population per thousand people: Total female population. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Urban and rural > Rural population per thousand people: Total population living in rural areas by country. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Urban and rural > Males living in cities proper: Total number of males living in cities proper. The UN definition for city proper varies for each country but usually refers to a locality with legal boundaries, some form of local government and does not include its outlying suburbs and districts. Numbers only include cities proper with a population over 100,000.
  • Urban and rural > Females living in cities proper: Total number of females living in cities proper. The UN definition for city proper varies for each country but usually refers to a locality with legal boundaries, some form of local government and does not include its outlying suburbs and districts. Numbers only include cities proper with a population over 100,000.
  • Urban and rural > Population living in urban agglomerations: Total population living in urban agglomerations. An urban agglomeration should not be confused with a metropolitan area, whereas an agglomeration refers to multiple connected urban cities, while a metropolitan area refers to a central urban area with outlying suburban cities and districts.
  • Sex ratio > 65 years and over: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Marriage > Years being single before marriage > Men: Average age of men at their first marriage.
  • Fertility > Mortality rate, infant > Per 1,000 live births: Mortality rate, infant (per 1,000 live births). Infant mortality rate is the number of infants dying before reaching one year of age, per 1,000 live births in a given year.
  • Migration > Refugees: Refugees (number in each country, 1990-99)
  • Projected population growth: Percentage change in projected population between 2000 and 2050
    Units: Percent Change in Population
    Units: A threshold of 0 was applied. All countries with growth rates of 0 or below received the same score.

  • Marriage > Percent married > All > Female > Aged 15-19: Percent of people aged 15-19 years who are or have been married or in a marriage-like union recognized by the law or customs of their country.
  • Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Total: This entry is derived from People > Unemployment, youth ages 15-24, which gives the percent of the total labor force ages 15-24 unemployed during a specified year.
  • Marriage > Minimum legal age > Without parental consent > For Women: Minimum legal age at which women can be married without parental consent.
  • Urbanization: Estimates and projections of urban and rural populations are made by the Population Division of the United Nations Secretariat and published every two years. These estimates and projections are based on national census or survey data that have been evaluated and, whenever necessary, adjusted for deficiencies and inconsistencies. Urban-rural classification of population in internationally published statistics follows the national census definition, which differs from one country or area to another. National definitions are usually based on criteria that may include any of the following: size of population in a locality, population density, distance between built-up areas, predominant type of economic activity, legal or administrative boundaries and urban characteristics such as specific services and facilities.
  • Literacy > Female: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Total population: This entry is derived from People > Life expectancy at birth, which contains the average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. The entry includes total population as well as the male and female components. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Dependency ratios > Youth dependency ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.



  • Urban population > Per capita: Urban population is the midyear population of areas defined as urban in each country and reported to the United Nations. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Urban and rural > Males living in cities proper per thousand people: Total number of males living in cities proper. The UN definition for city proper varies for each country but usually refers to a locality with legal boundaries, some form of local government and does not include its outlying suburbs and districts. Numbers only include cities proper with a population over 100,000. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Population, total per 1000: Population, total. Population, total refers to the total population. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Dependency ratios > Potential support ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.



  • Urban and rural > Female rural population: Total number of females living in rural areas by country.
  • Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Female: This entry is derived from People > Unemployment, youth ages 15-24, which gives the percent of the total labor force ages 15-24 unemployed during a specified year.
  • Refugee population by country or territory of asylum per 1000: Refugee population by country or territory of asylum. Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organization of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of asylum is the country where an asylum claim was filed and granted. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Literacy > Definition: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
  • International migration > Trends in migration > Net migration rate: Net migration is defined as the total number of immigrant nationals and foreigners minus the total of emigrant foreigners and nationals. Arrivals and departures for purposes such as tourism and business travel are not included in the statistics.
  • Population density: Population density is midyear population divided by land area in square kilometers. Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of their country of origin. Land area is a country's total area, excluding area under inland water bodies, national claims to continental shelf, and exclusive economic zones. In most cases the definition of inland water bodies includes major rivers and lakes."
  • Fertility > Fertility rate, total > Births per woman: Fertility rate, total (births per woman). Total fertility rate represents the number of children that would be born to a woman if she were to live to the end of her childbearing years and bear children in accordance with current age-specific fertility rates.
  • Divorces per 100 marriages: Number of divorces per 100 marriages. Data for 2000.
  • Jewish population > By country > Jews > Estimated number of Jews: Total Jew population by country.
  • Rights of the Child Convention > Signatories: Date of signing convention
  • Urban and rural > Females living in cities proper per thousand people: Total number of females living in cities proper. The UN definition for city proper varies for each country but usually refers to a locality with legal boundaries, some form of local government and does not include its outlying suburbs and districts. Numbers only include cities proper with a population over 100,000. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Median age > Both sexes: Age of person who is older than half the population and younger than the other half of the population.
  • Urban and rural > Population living in urban agglomerations per thousand people: Total population living in urban agglomerations. An urban agglomeration should not be confused with a metropolitan area, whereas an agglomeration refers to multiple connected urban cities, while a metropolitan area refers to a central urban area with outlying suburban cities and districts. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Dependency ratios > Elderly dependency ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.



  • Religions: This entry is an ordered listing of religions by adherents starting with the largest group and sometimes includes the percent of total population. The core characteristics and beliefs of the world's major religions are described below.
    Baha'i - Founded by Mirza Husayn-Ali (known as Baha'u'llah) in Iran in 1852, Baha'i faith emphasizes monotheism and believes in one eternal transcendent God. Its guiding focus is to encourage the unity of all peoples on the earth so that justice and peace may be achieved on earth. Baha'i revelation contends the prophets of major world religions reflect some truth or element of the divine, believes all were manifestations of God given to specific communities in specific times, and that Baha'u'llah is an additional prophet meant to call all humankind. Bahais are an open community, located worldwide, with the greatest concentration of believers in South Asia.
    Buddhism - Religion or philosophy inspired by the 5th century B.C. teachings of Siddhartha Gautama (also known as Gautama Buddha "the enlightened one"). Buddhism focuses on the goal of spiritual enlightenment centered on an understanding of Gautama Buddha's Four Noble Truths on the nature of suffering, and on the Eightfold Path of spiritual and moral practice, to break the cycle of suffering of which we are a part. Buddhism ascribes to a karmic system of rebirth. Several schools and sects of Buddhism exist, differing often on the nature of the Buddha, the extent to which enlightenment can be achieved - for one or for all, and by whom - religious orders or laity.
    Basic Groupings
       Theravada Buddhism: The oldest Buddhist school, Theravada is practiced mostly in Sri Lanka, Cambodia, Laos, Burma, and Thailand, with minority representation elsewhere in Asia and the West. Theravadans follow the Pali Canon of Buddha's teachings, and believe that one may escape the cycle of rebirth, worldly attachment, and suffering for oneself; this process may take one or several lifetimes.
       Mahayana Buddhism, including subsets Zen and Tibetan (Lamaistic) Buddhism: Forms of Mahayana Buddhism are common in East Asia and Tibet, and parts of the West. Mahayanas have additional scriptures beyond the Pali Canon and believe the Buddha is eternal and still teaching. Unlike Theravada Buddhism, Mahayana schools maintain the Buddha-nature is present in all beings and all will ultimately achieve enlightenment.
        Hoa Hao: a minority tradition of Buddhism practiced in Vietnam that stresses lay participation, primarily by peasant farmers; it eschews ...
    Full definition






  • Future population > Males: UN estimates of male population in 2010, 2015, 2020, 2025 and 2030.
  • Future population > Females: UN estimates of female population in 2010, 2015, 2020, 2025 and 2030.
  • Infant mortality rate > Total: This entry is derived from People > Infant mortality rate, which gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
  • Languages: This entry provides a rank ordering of languages starting with the largest and sometimes includes the percent of total population speaking that language.
  • Child labor > Children ages 5-14 per million people: This entry provides the mean (average) age of mothers at the birth of their first child. It is a useful indicator for gauging the success of family planning programs aiming to reduce maternal mortality, increase contraceptive use – particularly among married and unmarried adolescents, delay age at first marriage, and improve the health of newborns. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Hospital bed density: This entry provides the number of hospital beds per 1,000 people; it serves as a general measure of inpatient service availability. Hospital beds include inpatient beds available in public, private, general, and specialized hospitals and rehabilitation centers. In most cases, beds for both acute and chronic care are included. Because the level of inpatient services required for individual countries depends on several factors - such as demographic issues and the burden of disease - there is no global target for the number of hospital beds per country. So, while 2 beds per 1,000 in one country may be sufficient, 2 beds per 1,000 in another may be woefully inadequate because of the number of people hospitalized by disease.
  • Total Population > Female: Total Population - Female, as of April 26, 2005
  • Gender ratio > Whole population: Female/male ratio of population.
  • Fertility > Birth rate, crude > Per 1,000 people: Birth rate, crude (per 1,000 people). Crude birth rate indicates the number of live births occurring during the year, per 1,000 population estimated at midyear. Subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birth rate provides the rate of natural increase, which is equal to the rate of population change in the absence of migration.
  • Fertility > Adolescent fertility rate > Births per 1,000 women ages 15-19: Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19). Adolescent fertility rate is the number of births per 1,000 women ages 15-19.
  • Urban and rural population > Urban gender ratio: Women per 100 men amongst urban population.
  • Urban population per 1000: Urban population is the midyear population of areas defined as urban in each country and reported to the United Nations. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Female: This entry is derived from People > School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary , which school life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years > From total: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > Females: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Net migration: Net migration. Net migration is the net total of migrants during the period, that is, the total number of immigrants less the annual number of emigrants, including both citizens and noncitizens. Data are five-year estimates.
  • Drinking water source > Improved > Total: This entry is derived from People > Drinking water source > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved drinking water sources available to segments of the population of a country.improved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: piped water into dwelling, yard, or plot; public tap or standpipe; tubewell or borehole; protected dug well; protected spring; or rainwater collection. unimproved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: unprotected dug well; unprotected spring; cart with small tank or drum; tanker truck; surface water, which includes rivers, dams, lakes, ponds, streams, canals or irrigation channels; or bottled water.
  • Median age > Female: This entry is derived from People > Median age, which is the age that divides a population into two numerically equal groups; that is, half the people are younger than this age and half are older. It is a single index that summarizes the age distribution of a population. Currently, the median age ranges from a low of about 15 in Uganda and Gaza Strip to 40 or more in several European countries and Japan. See the entry for "Age structure" for the importance of a young versus an older age structure and, by implication, a low versus a higher median age.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Marriageable age > Females: Female consent.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Dependency ratios > Total dependency ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.



  • International migrant stock, total: International migrant stock, total. International migrant stock is the number of people born in a country other than that in which they live. It also includes refugees. The data used to estimate the international migrant stock at a particular time are obtained mainly from population censuses. The estimates are derived from the data on foreign-born population--people who have residence in one country but were born in another country. When data on the foreign-born population are not available, data on foreign population--that is, people who are citizens of a country other than the country in which they reside--are used as estimates. After the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991 people living in one of the newly independent countries who were born in another were classified as international migrants. Estimates of migrant stock in the newly independent states from 1990 on are based on the 1989 census of the Soviet Union. For countries with information on the international migrant stock for at least two points in time, interpolation or extrapolation was used to estimate the international migrant stock on July 1 of the reference years. For countries with only one observation, estimates for the reference years were derived using rates of change in the migrant stock in the years preceding or following the single observation available. A model was used to estimate migrants for countries that had no data.
  • Sanitation facility access > Improved > Total: This entry is derived from People > Sanitation facility access > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved sanitation facilities available to segments of the population of a country. improved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush to a piped sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine; pit latrine with slab; or a composting toilet. unimproved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush not piped to a sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; pit latrine without a slab or open pit; bucket; hanging toilet or hanging latrine; shared facilities of any type; no facilities; or bush or field.
  • Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Male: This entry is derived from People > Unemployment, youth ages 15-24, which gives the percent of the total labor force ages 15-24 unemployed during a specified year.
  • Density and urbanisation > Urban population: Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanisation Prospects.
  • Population > CIA Factbook per capita: This entry gives an estimate from the US Bureau of the Census based on statistics from population censuses, vital statistics registration systems, or sample surveys pertaining to the recent past and on assumptions about future trends. The total population presents one overall measure of the potential impact of the country on the world and within its region. Note: starting with the 1993 Factbook, demographic estimates for some countries (mostly African) have explicitly taken into account the effects of the growing impact of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. These countries are currently: The Bahamas, Benin, Botswana, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burma, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > From total: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Number of under-five deaths: Number of under-five deaths. Number of children dying before reaching age five.
  • Urban and rural population > Rural gender ratio: Women per 100 men, rural population.
  • Marriage > Percent married > All > Male > Aged 15-19: Percent ever married or in union among persons aged 15-19.
  • GDP per capita > Current US$: GDP per capita (current US$). GDP per capita is gross domestic product divided by midyear population. GDP is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • GDP per capita > Constant 2000 US$: GDP per capita (constant 2000 US$). GDP per capita is gross domestic product divided by midyear population. GDP is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in constant 2005 U.S. dollars.
  • Migration > International migrant stock > Total: International migrant stock is the number of people born in a country other than that in which they live. It also includes refugees. The data used to estimate the international migrant stock at a particular time are obtained mainly from population censuses. The estimates are derived from the data on foreign-born population--people who have residence in one country but were born in another country. When data on the foreign-born population are not available, data on foreign population--that is, people who are citizens of a country other than the country in which they reside--are used as estimates. After the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991 people living in one of the newly independent countries who were born in another were classified as international migrants. Estimates of migrant stock in the newly independent states from 1990 on are based on the 1989 census of the Soviet Union. For countries with information on the international migrant stock for at least two points in time, interpolation or extrapolation was used to estimate the international migrant stock on July 1 of the reference years. For countries with only one observation, estimates for the reference years were derived using rates of change in the migrant stock in the years preceding or following the single observation available. A model was used to estimate migrants for countries that had no data."
  • Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of origin > Per capita: Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organisation of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of origin generally refers to the nationality or country of citizenship of a claimant." Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Total per thousand people: Number of people 65 years old and older. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Gender > Male population per thousand people: Total male population. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 0-14. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Gender ratio > Babies: Female/male ratio at birth.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Total: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > Females per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Jewish population > By country > Jews > Population > 2005E per 1000: Population by country in 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Teen marriage rate > Women: Percentage of female population aged 15-19 who has been married at least once. Percentage is out of total number of females in the same age group.
  • Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > Australian citizens > Conditions of access: Visa requirement.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Jewish population > By country > Jews > Estimated number of Jews per 1000: Total Jew population by country. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Marriageable age > Males: Male consent.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Total: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Maternal mortality rate: The maternal mortality rate (MMR) is the annual number of female deaths per 100,000 live births from any cause related to or aggravated by pregnancy or its management (excluding accidental or incidental causes). The MMR includes deaths during pregnancy, childbirth, or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy, irrespective of the duration and site of the pregnancy, for a specified year.
  • Density and urbanisation > Rural population: Rural population refers to people living in rural areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated as the difference between total population and urban population.
  • Jewish population > By country > Jews > Population > 2005E: Population by country in 2005.
  • Migration > Refugees > Convention on refugees: Date of ratification of the United Nations Convention relating to the Status of Refugees. "a" denotes accession. "d" denotes succession.
  • Age structure > 15-64 years > From total: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age structure > 15-64 years > Females: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Migration > Refugees per 1000: Refugees (number in each country, 1990-99). Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Sanitation facility access > Improved > Rural: This entry is derived from People > Sanitation facility access > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved sanitation facilities available to segments of the population of a country. improved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush to a piped sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine; pit latrine with slab; or a composting toilet. unimproved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush not piped to a sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; pit latrine without a slab or open pit; bucket; hanging toilet or hanging latrine; shared facilities of any type; no facilities; or bush or field.
  • Gender ratio > Urban population: Female/male ratio of urban population.
  • Gender ratio > Rural population: Female/male ratio of rural population.
  • Marriage > Percent married > Urban > Female > Aged 15-19: Percent ever married or in union among persons aged 15-19.
  • Marriage > Percent married > Rural > Female > Aged 15-19: Percent ever married or in union among persons aged 15-19.
  • Cities > Rate of urbanization: Urbanization rate.
  • Total population > Age 80-84: Total population - Age 80-84, as of April 26, 2005
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Male: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Years spent single before marriage > Females: Singulate mean age at marriage.
  • Cities > Urban population per thousand people: Total population living in urban areas. The defition of an urban area differs for each country. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Gender ratio > Aged over 60: Female/male ratio at age x.
  • Rural population > Per capita: Rural population is calculated as the difference between the total population and the urban population. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Health expenditures: This entry provides the total expenditure on health as a percentage of GDP. Health expenditures are broadly defined as activities performed either by institutions or individuals through the application of medical, paramedical, and/or nursing knowledge and technology, the primary purpose of which is to promote, restore, or maintain health.
  • Female population > Age 15-19 per 1000: Female population - Age 15-19, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Female population > Age 20-24: Female population - Age 20-24, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total Population > Thousands: Total Population, thousands, as of April 26, 2005
  • Fertility > Number of maternal deaths: Number of maternal deaths. Maternal mortality deaths is the number of women who die during pregnancy and childbirth.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years > Females: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > Males: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Widows > Proportion of age group > All > Women > Aged 40 to 59: Percent widowed in age group.
  • Marriage > Percent married > Urban > Male > Aged 15-19: Percent ever married or in union among persons aged 15-19.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Adoption > Adoption to live birth ratio: Amount of adoptions for every 100 live births in each country. In America, for instance, for every 100 live births, three children are adopted.
  • Immigration > Nationality compositions of > Canada, share of Canadian population: Country of birth of Canadian residents (in percent).
  • Total population > Age 15-19 per 1000: Total population - Age 15-19, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Male population > Age 15-19 per 1000: Male population - Age 15-19, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Future population > Females per thousand people: UN estimates of female population in 2010, 2015, 2020, 2025 and 2030. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Gender ratio > Aged over 60 > Women per 100 men: Female/male ratio at age x.
  • Gender > Gender ratio aged over 60: Amount of women per every 100 males that are over the age of 60 in each country. For instance, in Russia, for every 100 males over 60, there are 196 females who are over 60.
  • Gender > Gender ratio aged over 80: Amount of women per every 100 males that are over the age of 80 in each country. For instance, in North Korea, for every 100 males over 80, there are 411.8 females who are over 80.
  • Immigration > Nationality compositions of Canada, share of immigrants: Portion of immigrants in Canada.
  • Immigration > Nationality compositions of > Canada per thousand people: Country of birth of Canadian residents (number of residents). Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Female population > Age 20-24 per 1000: Female population - Age 20-24, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Male population > Age 75-79 per 1000: Male population - Age 75-79, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • HIV/AIDS > People living with HIV/AIDS: This entry gives an estimate of all people (adults and children) alive at yearend with HIV infection, whether or not they have developed symptoms of AIDS.
    Additional details:
    • Bahrain: fewer than 600 (2007)
    • Bhutan: fewer than 100 (2007)
    • Bhutan: fewer than 1,000 (2009)
    • Brunei: fewer than 200 (2003)
    • Comoros: fewer than 500 (2009)
    • Croatia: fewer than 1,000 (2009)
    • Cyprus: fewer than 1,000 (2007)
    • Fiji: fewer than 1,000 (2009)
    • Iceland: fewer than 1,000 (2009)
    • Iraq: fewer than 500 (2003)
    • Luxembourg: fewer than 500 (2003)
    • Luxembourg: fewer than 1,000 (2009)
    • Macedonia: fewer than 200 (2007)
    • Maldives: fewer than 100 (2009)
    • Malta: fewer than 500 (2009)
    • Mongolia: fewer than 500 (2009)
    • Qatar: fewer than 200 (2009)
    • Slovakia: fewer than 200 (2007)
    • Slovakia: fewer than 500 (2009)
    • Slovenia: fewer than 1,000 (2009)
    • Syria: fewer than 500 (2003)
    • Turkmenistan: fewer than 200 (2007)


  • Population, female > % of total: Population, female (% of total). Population, female (% of total) is the percentage of the population that is female.
  • Survival to age 65, male > % of cohort: Survival to age 65, male (% of cohort). Survival to age 65 refers to the percentage of a cohort of newborn infants that would survive to age 65, if subject to current age specific mortality rates.
  • Prevalence of undernourishment > % of population: Prevalence of undernourishment (% of population). Population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption (also referred to as prevalence of undernourishment) shows the percentage of the population whose food intake is insufficient to meet dietary energy requirements continuously. Data showing as 2.5 signifies a prevalence of undernourishment below 2.5%.
  • Labor force participation rate, total > % of total population ages 15-64: Labor force participation rate, total (% of total population ages 15-64). Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15-64 that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period.
  • Employment to population ratio, ages 15-24, female > %: Employment to population ratio, ages 15-24, female (%). Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15-24 are generally considered the youth population.
  • Total population > Age 45-49 > % of the total: Total population - Age 45-49 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Rural population: Rural population is calculated as the difference between the total population and the urban population.
  • Female population > Age 75-79 > % of the total: Female population - Age 75-79 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 80-84 per 1000: Male population - Age 80-84, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Fertility > Low-birthweight babies > % of births: Low-birthweight babies (% of births). Low-birthweight babies are newborns weighing less than 2,500 grams, with the measurement taken within the first hours of life, before significant postnatal weight loss has occurred.
  • Improved sanitation facilities > % of population with access: Improved sanitation facilities (% of population with access). Access to improved sanitation facilities refers to the percentage of the population using improved sanitation facilities. The improved sanitation facilities include flush/pour flush (to piped sewer system, septic tank, pit latrine), ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine, pit latrine with slab, and composting toilet.
  • Male population > Age 80-84 > % of the total: Male population - Age 80-84 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 80-84 > % of the total: Female population - Age 80-84 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Emigration rate of tertiary educated > % of total tertiary educated population: Emigration rate of tertiary educated (% of total tertiary educated population). Emigration rate of tertiary educated shows the stock of emigrants ages 25 and older, residing in an OECD country other than that in which they were born, with at least one year of tertiary education as a percentage of the population age 25 and older with tertiary education.
  • Labor force participation rate for ages 15-24, male > %: Labor force participation rate for ages 15-24, male (%). Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15-24 that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period. The participation rates are harmonized to account for differences in national data collection and tabulation methodologies as well as for other country-specific factors such as military service requirements. The series includes both nationally reported and imputed data and only estimates that are national, meaning there are no geographic limitations in coverage.
  • Fertility > Mortality rate, neonatal > Per 1,000 live births: Mortality rate, neonatal (per 1,000 live births). Neonatal mortality rate is the number of neonates dying before reaching 28 days of age, per 1,000 live births in a given year.
  • Male population > Age 70-74 per 1000: Male population - Age 70-74, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Population > Female > % of total: Female population is the percentage of the population that is female.
  • Urban and rural > Male rural population per thousand people: Total number of males living in rural areas by country. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Labor force participation rate, male > % of male population ages 15-64: Labor force participation rate, male (% of male population ages 15-64). Labor force participation rate, male (% of male population ages 15-64)
  • Fertility > Maternal mortality ratio > Modeled estimate, per 100,000 live births: Maternal mortality ratio (modeled estimate, per 100,000 live births). Maternal mortality ratio is the number of women who die during pregnancy and childbirth, per 100,000 live births. The data are estimated with a regression model using information on fertility, birth attendants, and HIV prevalence.
  • Fertility > Mortality rate, under-5, female > Per 1,000 live births: Mortality rate, under-5, female (per 1,000 live births). Mortality rate, under-5, female (per 1,000)
  • Gender ratio > Aged over 65 > Women per 100 men: Female/male ratio at age x.
  • Improved sanitation facilities, urban > % of urban population with access: Improved sanitation facilities, urban (% of urban population with access). Access to improved sanitation facilities refers to the percentage of the population using improved sanitation facilities. The improved sanitation facilities include flush/pour flush (to piped sewer system, septic tank, pit latrine), ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine, pit latrine with slab, and composting toilet.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Male: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Improved sanitation facilities, rural > % of rural population with access: Improved sanitation facilities, rural (% of rural population with access). Access to improved sanitation facilities refers to the percentage of the population using improved sanitation facilities. The improved sanitation facilities include flush/pour flush (to piped sewer system, septic tank, pit latrine), ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine, pit latrine with slab, and composting toilet.
  • Male population > Age 75-79 > % of the total: Male population - Age 75-79 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 75-79: Female population - Age 75-79, as of April 26, 2005
  • Fertility > Lifetime risk of maternal death > 1 in: rate varies by country: Lifetime risk of maternal death (1 in: rate varies by country). Life time risk of maternal death is the probability that a 15-year-old female will die eventually from a maternal cause assuming that current levels of fertility and mortality (including maternal mortality) do not change in the future, taking into account competing causes of death.
  • Gender ratio > Aged over 80 > Women per 100 men: Female/male ratio at age x.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 15-59. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Gender ratio > Aged over 65: Female/male ratio at age x.
  • Labor force participation rate, female > % of female population ages 15-64: Labor force participation rate, female (% of female population ages 15-64). Labor force participation rate, female (% of female population ages 15-64)
  • Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > German citizens > Conditions of access: Condition(s) of access.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Mortality rate, adult, female > Per 1,000 female adults: Mortality rate, adult, female (per 1,000 female adults). Adult mortality rate is the probability of dying between the ages of 15 and 60--that is, the probability of a 15-year-old dying before reaching age 60, if subject to current age-specific mortality rates between those ages.
  • Mortality rate, adult, male > Per 1,000 male adults: Mortality rate, adult, male (per 1,000 male adults). Adult mortality rate is the probability of dying between the ages of 15 and 60--that is, the probability of a 15-year-old dying before reaching age 60, if subject to current age-specific mortality rates between those ages.
  • Survival to age 65, female > % of cohort: Survival to age 65, female (% of cohort). Survival to age 65 refers to the percentage of a cohort of newborn infants that would survive to age 65, if subject to current age specific mortality rates.
  • Male population > Age 70-74 > % of the total: Male population - Age 70-74 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Age dependency ratio, old > % of working-age population: Age dependency ratio, old (% of working-age population). Age dependency ratio, old, is the ratio of older dependents--people older than 64--to the working-age population--those ages 15-64. Data are shown as the proportion of dependents per 100 working-age population.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Female: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > German citizens > Length of stay: Length of stay permitted.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Total population > Evolution of the population > Population growth rates per million: The tables refer to the resident population. For countries such as France, the United Kingdom and the United States which have overseas colonies, protectorates or other territorial possessions, their populations are generally excluded. For full details, see Sources below.

    Growth rates are the annual changes in the population and are the result of births, deaths and net migration during the year.

    The total fertility rate is the total number of children that would be born to each woman if she were to live to the end of her child-bearing years and give birth to children in that period in agreement with the prevailing age-specific fertility rates. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
STAT Australia Iceland HISTORY
Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 15.14%
Ranked 124th. 4% more than Iceland
14.56%
Ranked 151st.

Age structure > 0-14 years 18.1%
Ranked 168th.
19.8%
Ranked 159th. 9% more than Australia

Age structure > 65 years and over 14.7%
Ranked 44th. 11% more than Iceland
13.2%
Ranked 56th.

Birth rate 12.23 births/1,000 population
Ranked 162nd.
13.15 births/1,000 population
Ranked 152nd. 8% more than Australia

Ethnic groups white 92%, Asian 7%, aboriginal and other 1% homogeneous mixture of descendants of Norse and Celts 94%, population of foreign origin 6%
Gender > Female population 20.79 million
Ranked 55th. 101 times more than Iceland
205,953
Ranked 179th.

Marriage, divorce and children > Total divorces per thousand people 2.19
Ranked 27th. 36% more than Iceland
1.62
Ranked 46th.

Mother's mean age at first birth 30.5
Ranked 1st. 13% more than Iceland
27
Ranked 5th.
Population 22.26 million
Ranked 55th. 71 times more than Iceland
315,281
Ranked 179th.

Population > Population growth, past and future 0.114
Ranked 55th.
-0.116
Ranked 100th.

Population growth 0.114%
Ranked 55th.
-0.116%
Ranked 100th.

Population growth rate 1.11%
Ranked 106th. 68% more than Iceland
0.66%
Ranked 143th.

Population in 2015 22,250 thousand
Ranked 54th. 70 times more than Iceland
319 thousand
Ranked 174th.
Urban and rural > Population living in cities proper 30.3 million
Ranked 4th. 255 times more than Iceland
118,856
Ranked 13th.

Urbanization in 2015 94.8%
Ranked 7th. 1% more than Iceland
94.3%
Ranked 9th.
Death rate 7.01 deaths/1,000 population
Ranked 132nd.
7.07 deaths/1,000 population
Ranked 129th. 1% more than Australia

Total fertility rate 1.77 children born/woman
Ranked 156th.
1.88 children born/woman
Ranked 139th. 6% more than Australia

Sex ratio > Total population 1.01 male(s)/female
Ranked 64th. 1% more than Iceland
1 male(s)/female
Ranked 75th.

Sex ratio > At birth 1.06 male(s)/female
Ranked 63th. 2% more than Iceland
1.04 male(s)/female
Ranked 156th.

Obesity > Adult obesity rate 26.8%
Ranked 42nd. 16% more than Iceland
23.2%
Ranked 74th.

Gender > Male population 20.71 million
Ranked 54th. 100 times more than Iceland
207,195
Ranked 179th.

Nationality > Adjective Australian Icelandic
Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total 6.28 million
Ranked 57th. 104 times more than Iceland
60,144
Ranked 181st.

Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Percent 10.55%
Ranked 119th. 4% more than Iceland
10.18%
Ranked 150th.

Age distribution > Total dependency ratio 82.1%
Ranked 56th.
86.54%
Ranked 27th. 5% more than Australia

Death rate, crude > Per 1,000 people 6.58
Ranked 133th. 6% more than Iceland
6.2
Ranked 144th.

Marriage, divorce and children > Total divorces 48,935
Ranked 16th. 95 times more than Iceland
516
Ranked 64th.

Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 54.91%
Ranked 141st. 2% more than Iceland
53.61%
Ranked 170th.

Age distribution > Median age 47.26 years
Ranked 69th.
48.86 years
Ranked 42nd. 3% more than Australia

Nationality > Noun Australian(s) Icelander(s)
Median age > Total 38.1 years
Ranked 57th. 5% more than Iceland
36.2 years
Ranked 65th.

Migration > Net migration > Per capita 31,542.67 per 1 million people
Ranked 15th. 4 times more than Iceland
8,872.79 per 1 million people
Ranked 54th.

Marriage, divorce and children > Marriages 121,752
Ranked 19th. 84 times more than Iceland
1,456
Ranked 75th.

Age distribution > Child dependency ratio 27.57%
Ranked 80th. 2% more than Iceland
27.15%
Ranked 100th.

Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Percent 29.94%
Ranked 65th.
31.83%
Ranked 34th. 6% more than Australia

Migration > Net migration rate 6.34 migrant(s)/1,000 populati
Ranked 18th. 6 times more than Iceland
1.13 migrant(s)/1,000 populati
Ranked 56th.

Gender > Sex ratio at birth 1.05
Ranked 55th. The same as Iceland
1.05
Ranked 56th.

Age dependency ratio > Dependents to working-age population 0.48
Ranked 142nd.
0.51
Ranked 117th. 6% more than Australia

Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 49.37%
Ranked 135th. 3% more than Iceland
48.01%
Ranked 166th.

Urban population 17.93 million
Ranked 36th. 65 times more than Iceland
275,384
Ranked 160th.

Sex ratio > Under 15 years 1.05 male(s)/female
Ranked 91st. 2% more than Iceland
1.03 male(s)/female
Ranked 151st.

Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Percent 35.49%
Ranked 65th.
37.43%
Ranked 39th. 5% more than Australia

Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Total 12.43 million
Ranked 40th. 94 times more than Iceland
131,519
Ranked 176th.

Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 > Total 22.79 million
Ranked 56th. 103 times more than Iceland
221,485
Ranked 180th.

Urban and rural > Urban population 18.39 million
Ranked 20th. 58 times more than Iceland
314,412.5
Ranked 68th.

Age structure > 15-64 years 67.5%
Ranked 85th. 1% more than Iceland
67.1%
Ranked 90th.

Age distribution > Elderly dependency ratio 54.53%
Ranked 63th.
59.38%
Ranked 32nd. 9% more than Australia

Migration > Foreign worker salaries 3 billion
Ranked 25th. 88 times more than Iceland
33.91 million
Ranked 105th.

Physicians density 3.85 physicians/1,000 population
Ranked 4th. 11% more than Iceland
3.46 physicians/1,000 population
Ranked 9th.

Migration > Net migration 641,231
Ranked 12th. 244 times more than Iceland
2,633
Ranked 76th.

Cities > Urban population 95,896
Ranked 18th. 1% more than Iceland
95,323
Ranked 21st.

Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Total 2.06 million
Ranked 57th. 105 times more than Iceland
19,734
Ranked 181st.

Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Total 4.38 million
Ranked 57th. 104 times more than Iceland
42,040
Ranked 181st.

Age structure > 25-54 years 42%
Ranked 92nd. 3% more than Iceland
40.9%
Ranked 108th.
Child labor > Children ages 5-14 30.5
Ranked 1st. 13% more than Iceland
27
Ranked 5th.
Marriage, divorce and children > Marriages per thousand people 5.45
Ranked 38th. 19% more than Iceland
4.56
Ranked 60th.

Age structure > 15-24 years 13.4%
Ranked 175th.
14.6%
Ranked 157th. 9% more than Australia
Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 > Total 20.49 million
Ranked 56th. 103 times more than Iceland
198,355
Ranked 181st.

Future population change 47,244.6
Ranked 35th.
-480.8
Ranked 80th.

Marriage > Years being single before marriage > Women 29.7
Ranked 5th. 7% more than Iceland
27.8
Ranked 15th.
Gender empowerment 0.759
Ranked 10th.
0.833
Ranked 2nd. 10% more than Australia
Urban and rural > Urban population per thousand people 823.76
Ranked 10th.
985.58
Ranked 1st. 20% more than Australia

Population density > People per sq. km of land area 2.91 sq. km
Ranked 209th.
3.18 sq. km
Ranked 208th. 10% more than Australia

Teenage birth rate 18.4
Ranked 11th.
24.7
Ranked 6th. 34% more than Australia
Population > CIA Factbook 21.01 million
Ranked 54th. 69 times more than Iceland
304,367
Ranked 175th.

Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of asylum > Per capita 0.996 per 1,000 people
Ranked 65th. 6 times more than Iceland
0.161 per 1,000 people
Ranked 92nd.

Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of asylum 22,548
Ranked 44th. 364 times more than Iceland
62
Ranked 133th.

Urban and rural > Rural population 3.93 million
Ranked 31st. 855 times more than Iceland
4,601
Ranked 72nd.

Number of infant deaths 1,000
Ranked 125th.
0.0
Ranked 131st.

Life expectancy at birth > Female 84.54 years
Ranked 13th. 1% more than Iceland
83.42 years
Ranked 22nd.

Age distribution > Population aged 5-14 > Percent 10.17%
Ranked 122nd. 4% more than Iceland
9.78%
Ranked 150th.

Gender > Women aged 15-49 7.68 million
Ranked 58th. 104 times more than Iceland
73,908
Ranked 181st.

Elderly population > Elderly Population by region > Percentage of elderly population by country 12.91%
Ranked 22nd. 10% more than Iceland
11.74%
Ranked 25th.
Number of infant deaths per 1000 0.0441
Ranked 123th.
0.0
Ranked 131st.

Nobel prize laureates 6
Ranked 16th. 6 times more than Iceland
1
Ranked 28th.
Gender > Gender inequality index 0.115
Ranked 129th. 29% more than Iceland
0.089
Ranked 136th.
Age structure > 55-64 years 11.8%
Ranked 56th. 4% more than Iceland
11.4%
Ranked 61st.
Life expectancy at birth > Male 79.55 years
Ranked 9th. 1% more than Iceland
78.89 years
Ranked 20th.

Sex ratio > 15-64 years 1.03
Ranked 53th. 1% more than Iceland
1.02
Ranked 59th.

Literacy > Total population 99%
Ranked 45th. The same as Iceland
99%
Ranked 29th.

Gender > Global Gender Gap Index 0.739
Ranked 24th.
0.873
Ranked 1st. 18% more than Australia

Abortion > Abortion rate 19.7 abortions per 1,000 women
Ranked 4th. 40% more than Iceland
14.1 abortions per 1,000 women
Ranked 11th.
Population, total 22.68 million
Ranked 52nd. 71 times more than Iceland
320,137
Ranked 176th.

Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of origin 28
Ranked 151st. 7 times more than Iceland
4
Ranked 170th.

Teenage pregancy rate 14.6
Ranked 144th.
14.72
Ranked 143th. 1% more than Australia

Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Total 5.86 million
Ranked 31st. 93 times more than Iceland
63,037
Ranked 171st.

Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Total 14.73 million
Ranked 46th. 95 times more than Iceland
154,649
Ranked 177th.

Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Percent 4.97%
Ranked 122nd. 4% more than Iceland
4.78%
Ranked 147th.

Gender > Female population per thousand people 509.99
Ranked 48th. 3% more than Iceland
496.96
Ranked 140th.

Urban and rural > Rural population per thousand people 176.24
Ranked 62nd. 12 times more than Iceland
14.42
Ranked 71st.

Urban and rural > Males living in cities proper 139,833
Ranked 18th. 2 times more than Iceland
58,964
Ranked 10th.

Urban and rural > Females living in cities proper 140,872
Ranked 21st. 2 times more than Iceland
59,892
Ranked 10th.

Urban and rural > Population living in urban agglomerations 162,292
Ranked 11th.
202,967.5
Ranked 3rd. 25% more than Australia

Urbanization > Rate of urbanization None None
Sex ratio > 65 years and over 0.85 male(s)/female
Ranked 73th. The same as Iceland
0.85 male(s)/female
Ranked 67th.

Marriage > Years being single before marriage > Men 31.6
Ranked 5th. 6% more than Iceland
29.8
Ranked 16th.
Fertility > Mortality rate, infant > Per 1,000 live births 4.1
Ranked 162nd. 2 times more than Iceland
1.8
Ranked 191st.

Migration > Refugees 64,100
Ranked 36th. 221 times more than Iceland
290
Ranked 98th.
Projected population growth 28.9%
Ranked 88th. 65% more than Iceland
17.54%
Ranked 98th.
Marriage > Percent married > All > Female > Aged 15-19 1%
Ranked 29th.
50%
Ranked 1st. 50 times more than Australia

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Total 11.3%
Ranked 96th.
14.6%
Ranked 82nd. 29% more than Australia

Marriage > Minimum legal age > Without parental consent > For Women 18
Ranked 94th. The same as Iceland
18
Ranked 31st.
Urbanization 91
Ranked 19th.
93
Ranked 11th. 2% more than Australia
Literacy > Female 99%
Ranked 16th. The same as Iceland
99%
Ranked 11th.
Life expectancy at birth > Total population 81.98 years
Ranked 10th. 1% more than Iceland
81.11 years
Ranked 19th.

Dependency ratios > Youth dependency ratio 28.6%
Ranked 141st.
31.1%
Ranked 130th. 9% more than Australia
Urban population > Per capita 0.882 per capita
Ranked 20th.
0.928 per capita
Ranked 15th. 5% more than Australia

Urban and rural > Males living in cities proper per thousand people 6.26
Ranked 33th.
184.18
Ranked 3rd. 29 times more than Australia

Population, total per 1000 1,000
Ranked 164th. The same as Iceland
1,000
Ranked 18th.

Dependency ratios > Potential support ratio 4.6
Ranked 165th.
5.2
Ranked 153th. 13% more than Australia
Urban and rural > Female rural population 1.94 million
Ranked 26th. 875 times more than Iceland
2,212.5
Ranked 61st.

Education expenditures 5.1% of GDP
Ranked 45th.
7.8% of GDP
Ranked 8th. 53% more than Australia

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Female 10.8%
Ranked 52nd. 1% more than Iceland
10.7%
Ranked 53th.

Refugee population by country or territory of asylum per 1000 1.05
Ranked 72nd. 6 times more than Iceland
0.182
Ranked 99th.

Literacy > Definition age 15 and over can read and write age 15 and over can read and write
International migration > Trends in migration > Net migration rate 7.681159 12.59218
Population density 2.79
Ranked 195th.
3.17
Ranked 193th. 14% more than Australia

Fertility > Fertility rate, total > Births per woman 1.87
Ranked 136th.
2.02
Ranked 124th. 8% more than Australia

Divorces per 100 marriages 46 divorces per 100 marriag
Ranked 9th. 50% more than Iceland
30.7 divorces per 100 marriag
Ranked 15th.
Jewish population > By country > Jews > Estimated number of Jews 120,406
Ranked 5th. 12041 times more than Iceland
10
Ranked 49th.
Rights of the Child Convention > Signatories 22 Aug 1990 26 Jan 1990
Urban and rural > Females living in cities proper per thousand people 6.31
Ranked 33th.
187.08
Ranked 3rd. 30 times more than Australia

Median age > Both sexes 37.5
Ranked 51st. 6% more than Iceland
35.4
Ranked 60th.
Urban and rural > Population living in urban agglomerations per thousand people 7.27
Ranked 16th.
634
Ranked 1st. 87 times more than Australia

Dependency ratios > Elderly dependency ratio 21.5%
Ranked 33th. 11% more than Iceland
19.3%
Ranked 43th.
Religions Protestant 27.4% (Anglican 18.7%, Uniting Church 5.7%, Presbyterian and Reformed 3%), Catholic 25.8%, Eastern Orthodox 2.7%, other Christian 7.9%, Buddhist 2.1%, Muslim 1.7%, other 2.4%, unspecified 11.3%, none 18.7% Lutheran Church of Iceland (official) 80.7%, Roman Catholic 2.5%, Reykjavik Free Church 2.4%, Hafnarfjorour Free Church 1.6%, other religions 3.6%, unaffiliated 3%, other or unspecified 6.2%
Future population > Males 12.58 million
Ranked 57th. 73 times more than Iceland
173,292
Ranked 177th.

Future population > Females 12.71 million
Ranked 57th. 74 times more than Iceland
170,736
Ranked 177th.

Infant mortality rate > Total 4.49 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 189th. 42% more than Iceland
3.17 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 215th.

Languages English 78.5%, Chinese 2.5%, Italian 1.6%, Greek 1.3%, Arabic 1.2%, Vietnamese 1%, other 8.2%, unspecified 5.7% Icelandic, English, Nordic languages, German widely spoken
Child labor > Children ages 5-14 per million people 1.47
Ranked 4th.
84.64
Ranked 1st. 57 times more than Australia
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Total None None
Hospital bed density 3.9 beds/1,000 population
Ranked 24th.
5.8 beds/1,000 population
Ranked 5th. 49% more than Australia
Total Population > Female 10.18 million
Ranked 53th. 68 times more than Iceland
149,547
Ranked 176th.
Gender ratio > Whole population 101.1%
Ranked 109th. 2% more than Iceland
99.2%
Ranked 141st.

Fertility > Birth rate, crude > Per 1,000 people 13.29
Ranked 140th.
14.1
Ranked 136th. 6% more than Australia

Fertility > Adolescent fertility rate > Births per 1,000 women ages 15-19 12.85
Ranked 153th. 7% more than Iceland
12.05
Ranked 157th.

Urban and rural population > Urban gender ratio 102.6
Ranked 40th. 2% more than Iceland
100.9
Ranked 43th.

Urban population per 1000 879.15
Ranked 20th.
928.05
Ranked 13th. 6% more than Australia

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Female 20 years
Ranked 3rd. The same as Iceland
20 years
Ranked 2nd.

Age structure > 0-14 years > From total 18.8%
Ranked 165th.
21%
Ranked 151st. 12% more than Australia

Age structure > 65 years and over > Females 1.53 million
Ranked 30th. 76 times more than Iceland
19,995
Ranked 159th.

Net migration 749,997
Ranked 9th. 138 times more than Iceland
5,429
Ranked 63th.

Drinking water source > Improved > Total 100% of population
Ranked 33th. The same as Iceland
100% of population
Ranked 14th.
Median age > Female 38.8 years
Ranked 57th. 6% more than Iceland
36.6 years
Ranked 67th.

Marriage, divorce and children > Marriageable age > Females 18
Ranked 37th. The same as Iceland
18
Ranked 15th.
Dependency ratios > Total dependency ratio 50.2%
Ranked 121st.
50.4%
Ranked 118th. About the same as Australia
International migrant stock, total 4.71 million
Ranked 12th. 127 times more than Iceland
37,223
Ranked 155th.

Sanitation facility access > Improved > Total 100% of population
Ranked 28th. The same as Iceland
100% of population
Ranked 3rd.

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Male 11.9%
Ranked 90th.
18.4%
Ranked 54th. 55% more than Australia

Density and urbanisation > Urban population 19.45 million
Ranked 35th. 65 times more than Iceland
298,407.46
Ranked 156th.

Population > CIA Factbook per capita 0.982
Ranked 124th. 2% more than Iceland
0.959
Ranked 150th.

Age structure > 65 years and over > From total 13.3%
Ranked 44th. 11% more than Iceland
12%
Ranked 52nd.

Number of under-five deaths 2,000
Ranked 108th.
0.0
Ranked 137th.

Urban and rural population > Rural gender ratio 91.6
Ranked 46th. 11% more than Iceland
82.4
Ranked 50th.

Marriage > Percent married > All > Male > Aged 15-19 0.4%
Ranked 21st.
50%
Ranked 1st. 125 times more than Australia

GDP per capita > Current US$ $67,555.76
Ranked 6th. 59% more than Iceland
$42,416.04
Ranked 18th.

GDP per capita > Constant 2000 US$ $37,304.64
Ranked 17th.
$53,298.12
Ranked 6th. 43% more than Australia

Migration > International migrant stock > Total 4.34 million
Ranked 12th. 192 times more than Iceland
22,577
Ranked 161st.

Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of origin > Per capita 2.05 per 1 million people
Ranked 165th.
23 per 1 million people
Ranked 136th. 11 times more than Australia

Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Total per thousand people 136.55
Ranked 37th. 12% more than Iceland
121.46
Ranked 48th.

Gender > Male population per thousand people 505.39
Ranked 40th. About the same as Iceland
503.04
Ranked 51st.

Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total per thousand people 192.35
Ranked 144th.
209.2
Ranked 131st. 9% more than Australia

Gender ratio > Babies 94.8%
Ranked 132nd. About the same as Iceland
94.5%
Ranked 146th.

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Total 20 years
Ranked 2nd. 11% more than Iceland
18 years
Ranked 4th.
Age structure > 65 years and over > Females per 1000 71.44
Ranked 45th. 13% more than Iceland
62.99
Ranked 51st.

Urbanization > Urban population 89 93
Jewish population > By country > Jews > Population > 2005E per 1000 985.08
Ranked 30th.
1,011.01
Ranked 13th. 3% more than Australia
Major cities > Population Sydney 4.429 million; Melbourne 3.853 million; Brisbane 1.97 million; Perth 1.599 million; CANBERRA (capital) 399,000 REYKJAVIK (capital) 198,000
Marriage, divorce and children > Teen marriage rate > Women 0.8
Ranked 15th. 60% more than Iceland
0.5
Ranked 29th.
Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > Australian citizens > Conditions of access eVisitor visa required visa-free
Jewish population > By country > Jews > Estimated number of Jews per 1000 5.98
Ranked 4th. 175 times more than Iceland
0.0342
Ranked 39th.
Marriage, divorce and children > Marriageable age > Males 18
Ranked 38th. The same as Iceland
18
Ranked 15th.
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Total 21 years
Ranked 1st. 17% more than Iceland
18 years
Ranked 3rd.

Maternal mortality rate 7 deaths/100,000 live births
Ranked 165th. 40% more than Iceland
5 deaths/100,000 live births
Ranked 172nd.

Density and urbanisation > Rural population 2.42 million
Ranked 96th. 97 times more than Iceland
24,964.3
Ranked 180th.

Jewish population > By country > Jews > Population > 2005E 20.09 million
Ranked 18th. 67 times more than Iceland
300,000
Ranked 50th.
Migration > Refugees > Convention on refugees 22 Jan 1954 a 30 Nov 1955 a
Age structure > 15-64 years > From total 67.9%
Ranked 61st. 1% more than Iceland
67%
Ranked 78th.

Age structure > 15-64 years > Females 7.04 million
Ranked 52nd. 70 times more than Iceland
100,545
Ranked 175th.

Migration > Refugees per 1000 3.76
Ranked 44th. 3 times more than Iceland
1.14
Ranked 65th.
Sanitation facility access > Improved > Rural 100% of population
Ranked 26th. The same as Iceland
100% of population
Ranked 2nd.

Gender ratio > Urban population 102.6%
Ranked 40th. 2% more than Iceland
100.9%
Ranked 43th.

Gender ratio > Rural population 91.6%
Ranked 46th. 11% more than Iceland
82.4%
Ranked 50th.

Marriage > Percent married > Urban > Female > Aged 15-19 0.9%
Ranked 19th.
1.5%
Ranked 6th. 67% more than Australia

Marriage > Percent married > Rural > Female > Aged 15-19 1.3%
Ranked 18th. 3 times more than Iceland
0.5%
Ranked 8th.

Cities > Rate of urbanization 1.2%
Ranked 148th. 50% more than Iceland
0.8%
Ranked 163th.
Total population > Age 80-84 731,499
Ranked 19th. 140 times more than Iceland
5,226
Ranked 162nd.
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Male 20 years
Ranked 1st. 18% more than Iceland
17 years
Ranked 6th.

Marriage, divorce and children > Years spent single before marriage > Females 28.7 years
Ranked 4th.
30.5 years
Ranked 1st. 6% more than Australia
Cities > Urban population per thousand people 4e-06
Ranked 143th.
0.000294
Ranked 38th. 74 times more than Australia

Gender ratio > Aged over 60 115.7%
Ranked 133th. About the same as Iceland
115.2%
Ranked 137th.

Rural population > Per capita 118 per 1,000 people
Ranked 174th. 64% more than Iceland
72 per 1,000 people
Ranked 180th.

Health expenditures 9% of GDP
Ranked 41st.
9.1% of GDP
Ranked 38th. 1% more than Australia

Female population > Age 15-19 per 1000 33.38
Ranked 163th.
37.52
Ranked 146th. 12% more than Australia
Female population > Age 20-24 674,398
Ranked 61st. 63 times more than Iceland
10,694
Ranked 179th.
Total Population > Thousands 20,090
Ranked 52nd. 68 times more than Iceland
296.74
Ranked 175th.
Fertility > Number of maternal deaths 19
Ranked 120th.
0.0
Ranked 178th.

Gender development 0.938
Ranked 2nd. About the same as Iceland
0.934
Ranked 6th.
Age structure > 0-14 years > Females 1.92 million
Ranked 73th. 61 times more than Iceland
31,566
Ranked 180th.

Age structure > 65 years and over > Males 1.27 million
Ranked 30th. 77 times more than Iceland
16,530
Ranked 160th.

Widows > Proportion of age group > All > Women > Aged 40 to 59 3.3%
Ranked 41st. 50% more than Iceland
2.2%
Ranked 21st.

Marriage > Percent married > Urban > Male > Aged 15-19 0.4%
Ranked 14th. 33% more than Iceland
0.3%
Ranked 5th.

Marriage, divorce and children > Adoption > Adoption to live birth ratio 0.2
Ranked 8th.
0.8
Ranked 4th. 4 times more than Australia
Immigration > Nationality compositions of > Canada, share of Canadian population 0.1%
Ranked 57th.
0.0
Ranked 79th.
Urbanization in 1975 85.9%
Ranked 7th.
86.6%
Ranked 5th. 1% more than Australia
Total population > Age 15-19 per 1000 68.36
Ranked 163th.
76.84
Ranked 145th. 12% more than Australia
Male population > Age 15-19 per 1000 34.98
Ranked 164th.
39.32
Ranked 144th. 12% more than Australia
Future population > Females per thousand people 486.2
Ranked 148th. 1% more than Iceland
481.97
Ranked 156th.
Gender ratio > Aged over 60 > Women per 100 men 115.7
Ranked 133th. About the same as Iceland
115.2
Ranked 137th.

Gender > Gender ratio aged over 60 115.7
Ranked 133th. About the same as Iceland
115.2
Ranked 137th.

Gender > Gender ratio aged over 80 170.9
Ranked 81st. 11% more than Iceland
154.6
Ranked 105th.

Immigration > Nationality compositions of Canada, share of immigrants 0.3%
Ranked 62nd.
0.0
Ranked 128th.
Immigration > Nationality compositions of > Canada per thousand people 0.878
Ranked 95th.
1.74
Ranked 67th. 99% more than Australia
Female population > Age 20-24 per 1000 33.07
Ranked 166th.
36.04
Ranked 151st. 9% more than Australia
Male population > Age 75-79 per 1000 11.83
Ranked 30th. 1% more than Iceland
11.69
Ranked 32nd.
HIV/AIDS > People living with HIV/AIDS 20,000
Ranked 77th. 91 times more than Iceland
220
Ranked 135th.
Population, female > % of total 50.22%
Ranked 105th. 1% more than Iceland
49.68%
Ranked 145th.

Survival to age 65, male > % of cohort 88.16%
Ranked 5th.
89.05%
Ranked 1st. 1% more than Australia

Prevalence of undernourishment > % of population 5%
Ranked 156th. The same as Iceland
5%
Ranked 98th.

Labor force participation rate, total > % of total population ages 15-64 76.4%
Ranked 42nd.
84.2%
Ranked 13th. 10% more than Australia

Employment to population ratio, ages 15-24, female > % 59.4%
Ranked 16th.
64.9%
Ranked 10th. 9% more than Australia

Total population > Age 45-49 > % of the total 7.24
Ranked 50th. 2% more than Iceland
7.09
Ranked 59th.
Rural population 2.4 million
Ranked 100th. 112 times more than Iceland
21,366
Ranked 183th.

Female population > Age 75-79 > % of the total 1.48
Ranked 45th. 7% more than Iceland
1.38
Ranked 51st.
Male population > Age 80-84 per 1000 13.28
Ranked 3rd. 78% more than Iceland
7.45
Ranked 31st.
Fertility > Low-birthweight babies > % of births 6.6%
Ranked 54th. 74% more than Iceland
3.8%
Ranked 38th.
Improved sanitation facilities > % of population with access 100%
Ranked 25th. The same as Iceland
100%
Ranked 4th.

Male population > Age 80-84 > % of the total 1.34
Ranked 3rd. 81% more than Iceland
0.74
Ranked 46th.
Female population > Age 80-84 > % of the total 2.27
Ranked 3rd. 2 times more than Iceland
1.01
Ranked 70th.
Emigration rate of tertiary educated > % of total tertiary educated population 2.72%
Ranked 173th.
20.95%
Ranked 61st. 8 times more than Australia

Labor force participation rate for ages 15-24, male > % 68.3%
Ranked 22nd.
69%
Ranked 19th. 1% more than Australia

Fertility > Mortality rate, neonatal > Per 1,000 live births 2.8
Ranked 163th. 3 times more than Iceland
1.1
Ranked 189th.

Male population > Age 70-74 per 1000 14.09
Ranked 41st. 3% more than Iceland
13.7
Ranked 42nd.
Population > Female > % of total 50.6%
Ranked 80th. 1% more than Iceland
49.9%
Ranked 129th.

Urban and rural > Male rural population per thousand people 89.53
Ranked 54th. 12 times more than Iceland
7.49
Ranked 61st.

Labor force participation rate, male > % of male population ages 15-64 82.5%
Ranked 57th.
86.3%
Ranked 23th. 5% more than Australia

Fertility > Maternal mortality ratio > Modeled estimate, per 100,000 live births 7
Ranked 164th. 40% more than Iceland
5
Ranked 171st.

Fertility > Mortality rate, under-5, female > Per 1,000 live births 4.3
Ranked 163th. 2 times more than Iceland
2.1
Ranked 191st.

Gender ratio > Aged over 65 > Women per 100 men 122.6
Ranked 122nd. 1% more than Iceland
120.8
Ranked 129th.

Improved sanitation facilities, urban > % of urban population with access 100%
Ranked 27th. The same as Iceland
100%
Ranked 4th.

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Male 19 years
Ranked 2nd. 12% more than Iceland
17 years
Ranked 6th.
Improved sanitation facilities, rural > % of rural population with access 100%
Ranked 24th. The same as Iceland
100%
Ranked 3rd.

Male population > Age 75-79 > % of the total 1.19
Ranked 34th. 3% more than Iceland
1.16
Ranked 37th.
Female population > Age 75-79 299,528
Ranked 29th. 73 times more than Iceland
4,118
Ranked 159th.
Fertility > Lifetime risk of maternal death > 1 in: rate varies by country 8,100
Ranked 22nd.
8,900
Ranked 20th. 10% more than Australia

Gender ratio > Aged over 80 > Women per 100 men 170.9
Ranked 81st. 11% more than Iceland
154.6
Ranked 105th.

Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 > Total per thousand people 631.39
Ranked 65th. 2% more than Iceland
620.84
Ranked 86th.

Gender ratio > Aged over 65 122.6%
Ranked 122nd. 1% more than Iceland
120.8%
Ranked 129th.

Labor force participation rate, female > % of female population ages 15-64 70.3%
Ranked 44th.
82.1%
Ranked 10th. 17% more than Australia

Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > German citizens > Conditions of access eVisitor visa required visa-free
Mortality rate, adult, female > Per 1,000 female adults 47.28
Ranked 176th. 30% more than Iceland
36.34
Ranked 164th.

Mortality rate, adult, male > Per 1,000 male adults 80.6
Ranked 177th. 14% more than Iceland
70.52
Ranked 163th.

Survival to age 65, female > % of cohort 92.9%
Ranked 11th.
93.03%
Ranked 9th. About the same as Australia

Male population > Age 70-74 > % of the total 1.42
Ranked 46th. 4% more than Iceland
1.36
Ranked 50th.
Age dependency ratio, old > % of working-age population 20.86%
Ranked 34th. 11% more than Iceland
18.81%
Ranked 43th.

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Female 21 years
Ranked 1st. 5% more than Iceland
20 years
Ranked 2nd.
Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > German citizens > Length of stay 3 months Freedom of movement
Total population > Evolution of the population > Population growth rates per million 0.0316%
Ranked 8th.
2.47%
Ranked 1st. 78 times more than Australia

SOURCES: United Nations Population Division. Source tables; CIA World Factbook, 28 July 2005; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; CIA World Factbooks 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013; World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Population Division; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat, World Population Prospects: The 2004 Revision and World Urbanization Prospects: http://esa.un.org/unpp; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; UN (United Nations). 2002. World Urbanization Prospects: The 2001 Revision. Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. New York; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division, World Population Prospects 2008.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; World Development Indicators database; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; World Bank staff estimates based on IMF balance of payments data.; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; CIA World Factbook 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; Human Development Reports, United Nations 2002; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Food and Agriculture Organization; UNICEF; United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), Statistical Yearbook and data files, complemented by statistics on Palestinian refugees under the mandate of the UNRWA as published on its website. Data from UNHCR are available online at: www.unhcr.org/statistics/populationdatabase.; Estimates developed by the UN Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (UNICEF, WHO, World Bank, UN DESA Population Division) at www.childmortality.org.; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; OECD Country statistical profiles 2009; Estimates developed by the UN Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (UNICEF, WHO, World Bank, UN DESA Population Division) at www.childmortality.org. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; The Nobel Foundation; United Nations Development Programme. Source tables; http://www3.weforum.org/docs/WEF_GenderGap_Report_2012.pdf. World Economic Forum, 2012. Table 3a, p. 8 ff.; http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?d=GenderStat&f=inID%3a12, Abortion rate; (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Population Division, World Population Prospects.; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations World Statistics Pocketbook and Statistical Yearbook; Population Reference Bureau, 2001 World Population Data Sheet, Washington, DC: PRB, 2001. via ciesin.org; http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?d=GenderStat&f=inID%3a22, Percent ever married or in union among persons aged 15-19; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; Population Division of the United Nations Secretariat, World Urbanization Prospects: The 2001 Revision, Data Tables and Highlights (ESA/P/WP.173, 20 March 2002); United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), Statistical Yearbook and data files, complemented by statistics on Palestinian refugees under the mandate of the UNRWA as published on its website. Data from UNHCR are available online at: www.unhcr.org/statistics/populationdatabase. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Food and Agriculture Organisation and World Bank population estimates.; (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Repot (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database; OECD; US State Department's International Religious Freedom Report 2004 and Jewish Population Tables; The Office of the High Commissioner for Human RIghts; https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/fields/2177.html, median age; Source tables, Population projections.; CIA World Factbook 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division, International Programs Center Spanish Statistical Institute; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; World Development Indicators database. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Wikipedia: Marriageable age (Africa); United Nations Population Division, Trends in Total Migrant Stock: 2008 Revision.; World Bank Staff estimates based on United Nations, World Urbanisation Prospects.; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; World Bank national accounts data; World Bank national accounts data; United Nations Population Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Population Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Population Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; Census.gov. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Wikipedia: Visa requirements for Australian citizens (Africa); US State Department's International Religious Freedom Report 2004 and Jewish Population Tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Wikipedia: Marriageable age (South America); The data on urban population shares used to estimate rural population come from the United Nations, World Urbanisation Prospects. Total population figures are World Bank estimates.; Census.gov; United Nations Treaty Collection; United Nations World Statistics Pocketbook and Statistical Yearbook. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Wikipedia: Urbanization by country (Countries) ([1] United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs); U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division, International Programs Center; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division, International Programs Center. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division, International Programs Center Spanish Statistical Institute; Trends in Maternal Mortality: 1990-2010. Estimates Developed by WHO, UNICEF, UNFPA and the World Bank.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; Wikipedia: Adoption (Modern period) (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, U.S. Trends in Foster Care and Adoption, ); http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/census-recensement/2006/dp-pd/hlt/97-557/T404-eng.cfm?Lang=E&T=404&GH=4&GF=1&SC=1&S=1&O=D; Source tables, Population projections. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Statistics Division Original html; United Nations Statistics Division Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; Wikipedia: Immigration to Canada (Canadian permanent resident population by country of birth) ([1] , Place of birth for the immigrant population by period of immigration, 2006 counts and percentages [1] , Population by immigrant status and period of immigration, 2006 counts, for Canada, provinces and territories); http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/census-recensement/2006/dp-pd/hlt/97-557/T404-eng.cfm?Lang=E&T=404&GH=4&GF=1&SC=1&S=1&O=D. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; The United Nations Population Division's World Population Prospects.; United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects. New York, United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs (advanced Excel tables). Available at http://esa.un.org/wpp/unpp/panel_population.htm.; Food and Agriculture Organization; International Labour Organization, Key Indicators of the Labour Market database.; UNICEF, State of the World's Children, Childinfo, and Demographic and Health Surveys by ICF International.; WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme (JMP) for Water Supply and Sanitation (http://www.wssinfo.org/).; Frxe9dxe9ric Docquier, B. Lindsay Lowell, and Abdeslam Marfouk's , "A Gendered Assessment of Highly Skilled Emigration" (2009).; United Nations Population Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Wikipedia: Visa requirements for German citizens (Africa); (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects. New York, United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs (advanced Excel tables). Available at http://esa.un.org/wpp/unpp/panel_population.htm, (2) University of California, Berkeley, and Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research. Human Mortality Database. [ www.mortality.org or www.humanmortality.de].; World Bank staff estimates; OECD Country statistical profiles 2009. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.