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Country vs country: Australia and Iceland compared: People stats

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Definitions

  • Age structure > 0-14 years: The distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over: The distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest."
  • Birth rate: The average annual number of births during a year per 1,000 persons in the population at midyear; also known as crude birth rate. The birth rate is usually the dominant factor in determining the rate of population growth. It depends on both the level of fertility and the age structure of the population.
  • Death rate: The average annual number of deaths during a year per 1,000 population at midyear; also known as crude death rate. The death rate, while only a rough indicator of the mortality situation in a country, accurately indicates the current mortality impact on population growth. This indicator is significantly affected by age distribution, and most countries will eventually show a rise in the overall death rate, in spite of continued decline in mortality at all ages, as declining fertility results in an aging population.
  • Ethnic groups: This entry provides a rank ordering of ethnic groups starting with the largest and normally includes the percent of total population.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Total divorces per thousand people: Total number of divorces in given year by country. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Mother's mean age at first birth: This entry provides the mean (average) age of mothers at the birth of their first child. It is a useful indicator for gauging the success of family planning programs aiming to reduce maternal mortality, increase contraceptive use – particularly among married and unmarried adolescents, delay age at first marriage, and improve the health of newborns.
  • Population: Population, total refers to the total population.
  • Population > Population growth, past and future: Population growth rate (percentage).
  • Population growth rate: The average annual percent change in the population, resulting from a surplus (or deficit) of births over deaths and the balance of migrants entering and leaving a country. The rate may be positive or negative. The growth rate is a factor in determining how great a burden would be imposed on a country by the changing needs of its people for infrastructure (e.g., schools, hospitals, housing, roads), resources (e.g., food, water, electricity), and jobs. Rapid population growth can be seen as threatening by neighboring countries.
  • Population in 2015: (Thousands) Medium-variant projections.
  • Sex ratio > At birth: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Sex ratio > Total population: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Total fertility rate: The average number of children that would be born per woman if all women lived to the end of their child-bearing years and bore children according to a given fertility rate at each age. The total fertility rate is a more direct measure of the level of fertility than the crude birth rate, since it refers to births per woman. This indicator shows the potential for population growth in the country. High rates will also place some limits on the labor force participation rates for women. Large numbers of children born to women indicate large family sizes that might limit the ability of the families to feed and educate their children.
  • Urban and rural > Population living in cities proper: City population by sex, city and city type.
  • Death rate, crude > Per 1,000 people: Death rate, crude (per 1,000 people). Crude death rate indicates the number of deaths occurring during the year, per 1,000 population estimated at midyear. Subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birth rate provides the rate of natural increase, which is equal to the rate of population change in the absence of migration.
  • Nationality > Adjective: This entry is derived from People > Nationality, which provides the identifying terms for citizens - noun and adjective.
  • Religions: This entry is an ordered listing of religions by adherents starting with the largest group and sometimes includes the percent of total population. The core characteristics and beliefs of the world's major religions are described below.
    Baha'i - Founded by Mirza Husayn-Ali (known as Baha'u'llah) in Iran in 1852, Baha'i faith emphasizes monotheism and believes in one eternal transcendent God. Its guiding focus is to encourage the unity of all peoples on the earth so that justice and peace may be achieved on earth. Baha'i revelation contends the prophets of major world religions reflect some truth or element of the divine, believes all were manifestations of God given to specific communities in specific times, and that Baha'u'llah is an additional prophet meant to call all humankind. Bahais are an open community, located worldwide, with the greatest concentration of believers in South Asia.
    Buddhism - Religion or philosophy inspired by the 5th century B.C. teachings of Siddhartha Gautama (also known as Gautama Buddha "the enlightened one"). Buddhism focuses on the goal of spiritual enlightenment centered on an understanding of Gautama Buddha's Four Noble Truths on the nature of suffering, and on the Eightfold Path of spiritual and moral practice, to break the cycle of suffering of which we are a part. Buddhism ascribes to a karmic system of rebirth. Several schools and sects of Buddhism exist, differing often on the nature of the Buddha, the extent to which enlightenment can be achieved - for one or for all, and by whom - religious orders or laity.
    Basic Groupings
       Theravada Buddhism: The oldest Buddhist school, Theravada is practiced mostly in Sri Lanka, Cambodia, Laos, Burma, and Thailand, with minority representation elsewhere in Asia and the West. Theravadans follow the Pali Canon of Buddha's teachings, and believe that one may escape the cycle of rebirth, worldly attachment, and suffering for oneself; this process may take one or several lifetimes.
       Mahayana Buddhism, including subsets Zen and Tibetan (Lamaistic) Buddhism: Forms of Mahayana Buddhism are common in East Asia and Tibet, and parts of the West. Mahayanas have additional scriptures beyond the Pali Canon and believe the Buddha is eternal and still teaching. Unlike Theravada Buddhism, Mahayana schools maintain the Buddha-nature is present in all beings and all will ultimately achieve enlightenment.
        Hoa Hao: a minority tradition of Buddhism practiced in Vietnam that stresses lay participation, primarily by peasant farmers; it eschews ...
    Full definition






  • Sex ratio > Under 15 years: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-14: Percentage of total population aged 0-14.
  • Obesity > Adult obesity rate: This entry gives the percent of a country's population considered to be obese. Obesity is defined as an adult having a Body Mass Index (BMI) greater to or equal to 30.0. BMI is calculated by taking a person's weight in kg and dividing it by the person's squared height in meters.
  • Languages: This entry provides a rank ordering of languages starting with the largest and sometimes includes the percent of total population speaking that language.
  • Median age > Total: This entry is derived from People > Median age, which is the age that divides a population into two numerically equal groups; that is, half the people are younger than this age and half are older. It is a single index that summarizes the age distribution of a population. Currently, the median age ranges from a low of about 15 in Uganda and Gaza Strip to 40 or more in several European countries and Japan. See the entry for "Age structure" for the importance of a young versus an older age structure and, by implication, a low versus a higher median age.
  • Infant mortality rate > Total: This entry is derived from People > Infant mortality rate, which gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
  • Urban and rural > Urban population: Total population living in urban areas by country.
  • Population growth: Percentage by which country's population either has increased or is estimated to increase. Countries with a decrease in population are signified by a negative percentage. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Age structure > 15-24 years: This entry is derived from People > Age structure, which provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group as follows: 0-14 years (children), 15-24 years (early working age), 25-54 years (prime working age), 55-64 years (mature working age), 65 years and over (elderly). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Total population: This entry is derived from People > Life expectancy at birth, which contains the average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. The entry includes total population as well as the male and female components. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Migration > Net migration > Per capita: Net migration is the net total of migrants during the period, that is, the total number of immigrants less the annual number of emigrants, including both citizens and noncitizens. Data are five-year estimates. To derive estimates of net migration, the United Nations Population Division takes into account the past migration history of a country or area, the migration policy of a country, and the influx of refugees in recent periods. The data to calculate these official estimates come from a variety of sources, including border statistics, administrative records, surveys, and censuses. When no official estimates can be made because of insufficient data, net migration is derived through the balance equation, which is the difference between overall population growth and the natural increase during the 1990-2000 intercensal period." Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total: Number of people aged 0-14.
  • Urban and rural > Rural population: Total population living in rural areas by country.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Total divorces: Total number of divorces in given year by country.
  • Nationality > Noun: The noun which identifies citizens of the nation
  • Age structure > 15-64 years: The distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age distribution > Median age: The median age of the country's residents. This is the age most people are in the country.
  • Migration > Net migration rate: The difference between the number of persons entering and leaving a country during the year per 1,000 persons (based on midyear population). An excess of persons entering the country is referred to as net immigration (e.g., 3.56 migrants/1,000 population); an excess of persons leaving the country as net emigration (e.g., -9.26 migrants/1,000 population). The net migration rate indicates the contribution of migration to the overall level of population change. High levels of migration can cause problems such as increasing unemployment and potential ethnic strife (if people are coming in) or a reduction in the labor force, perhaps in certain key sectors (if people are leaving).
  • Gender > Female population: Total female population.
  • Sex ratio > 65 years and over: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Age structure > 25-54 years: This entry is derived from People > Age structure, which provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group as follows: 0-14 years (children), 15-24 years (early working age), 25-54 years (prime working age), 55-64 years (mature working age), 65 years and over (elderly). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of asylum > Per capita: Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organisation of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of asylum is the country where an asylum claim was filed and granted." Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Age structure > 55-64 years: This entry is derived from People > Age structure, which provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group as follows: 0-14 years (children), 15-24 years (early working age), 25-54 years (prime working age), 55-64 years (mature working age), 65 years and over (elderly). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Teenage birth rate: The number of births to women aged below 20 per 1,000 women aged 15 to 19. (1995-1998)
  • Age distribution > Elderly dependency ratio: Percentage of dependant adults out of total population aged 15-64. A dependant adult is an adult aged 65 and older.
  • Literacy > Total population: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
    Additional details:
    • Gibraltar: above 80% (2013)


  • Gender empowerment: Gender Empowerment Measure (GEM). The GEM measures the participation of women and men in political decision-making. This index also has four indicators: female members of the Legislature, female participation in selected positions in public and private sector, female participation in academic and technical work, and estimated income. Both indexes are based on data collected by the UN and are processed to enable comparison.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-59: Percentage of total pouplation aged 15-59.
  • Migration > Foreign worker salaries: Workers' remittances and compensation of employees comprise current transfers by migrant workers and wages and salaries earned by nonresident workers. Remittances are classified as current private transfers from migrant workers resident in the host country for more than a year, irrespective of their immigration status, to recipients in their country of origin. Migrants' transfers are defined as the net worth of migrants who are expected to remain in the host country for more than one year that is transferred from one country to another at the time of migration. Compensation of employees is the income of migrants who have lived in the host country for less than a year. Data are in current U.S. dollars."
  • Fertility > Fertility rate, total > Births per woman: Fertility rate, total (births per woman). Total fertility rate represents the number of children that would be born to a woman if she were to live to the end of her childbearing years and bear children in accordance with current age-specific fertility rates.
  • Sex ratio > 15-64 years: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Total: Number of people aged 15-24.
  • Teenage pregancy rate: Adolescent fertility rate is the number of births per 1,000 women ages 15-19."
  • Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 65 and older.
  • Gender > Male population: Total male population.
  • Age distribution > Total dependency ratio: Percentage of dependant persons out of total population aged 15-64. A dependant person is a person aged 0-14 and those over 65 years old.
  • Number of infant deaths: Number of infant deaths. Number of infants dying before reaching one year of age.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Marriages: Marriages by urban/rural residence.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-64: Percentage of total population aged 15-64.
  • Marriage > Minimum legal age > Without parental consent > For Women: Minimum legal age at which women can be married without parental consent.
  • Number of infant deaths per 1000: Number of infant deaths. Number of infants dying before reaching one year of age. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Urban population: Urban population is the midyear population of areas defined as urban in each country and reported to the United Nations.
  • Population > CIA Factbook: This entry gives an estimate from the US Bureau of the Census based on statistics from population censuses, vital statistics registration systems, or sample surveys pertaining to the recent past and on assumptions about future trends. The total population presents one overall measure of the potential impact of the country on the world and within its region. Note: starting with the 1993 Factbook, demographic estimates for some countries (mostly African) have explicitly taken into account the effects of the growing impact of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. These countries are currently: The Bahamas, Benin, Botswana, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burma, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Female: This entry is derived from People > Life expectancy at birth, which contains the average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. The entry includes total population as well as the male and female components. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Marriages per thousand people: Marriages by urban/rural residence. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Migration > Net migration: Net migration is the net total of migrants during the period, that is, the total number of immigrants less the annual number of emigrants, including both citizens and noncitizens. Data are five-year estimates. To derive estimates of net migration, the United Nations Population Division takes into account the past migration history of a country or area, the migration policy of a country, and the influx of refugees in recent periods. The data to calculate these official estimates come from a variety of sources, including border statistics, administrative records, surveys, and censuses. When no official estimates can be made because of insufficient data, net migration is derived through the balance equation, which is the difference between overall population growth and the natural increase during the 1990-2000 intercensal period."
  • Urbanization: Estimates and projections of urban and rural populations are made by the Population Division of the United Nations Secretariat and published every two years. These estimates and projections are based on national census or survey data that have been evaluated and, whenever necessary, adjusted for deficiencies and inconsistencies. Urban-rural classification of population in internationally published statistics follows the national census definition, which differs from one country or area to another. National definitions are usually based on criteria that may include any of the following: size of population in a locality, population density, distance between built-up areas, predominant type of economic activity, legal or administrative boundaries and urban characteristics such as specific services and facilities.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 > Total: Number of people aged 15-64.
  • Literacy > Female: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
  • Age dependency ratio > Dependents to working-age population: Age dependency ratio is the ratio of dependents--people younger than 15 or older than 64--to the working-age population--those ages 15-64. For example, 0.7 means there are 7 dependents for every 10 working-age people.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 > Total: Number of people aged 15-59.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Male: This entry is derived from People > Life expectancy at birth, which contains the average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. The entry includes total population as well as the male and female components. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Projected population growth: Percentage change in projected population between 2000 and 2050
    Units: Percent Change in Population
    Units: A threshold of 0 was applied. All countries with growth rates of 0 or below received the same score.

  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 15-24.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Total: Number of people aged 60 and older.
  • Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of origin: Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organisation of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of origin generally refers to the nationality or country of citizenship of a claimant."
  • Abortion > Abortion rate: Abortions per 1000 women.
  • Dependency ratios > Elderly dependency ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.



  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Total: Number of people aged 0-4.
  • Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Total: This entry is derived from People > Unemployment, youth ages 15-24, which gives the percent of the total labor force ages 15-24 unemployed during a specified year.
  • Gender > Global Gender Gap Index: The Gender Gap Index considers gender inequality in the dimensions of economic participation (equality of salaries, labor market participation and access to high-skilled employment); access to education; political participation; and health (life expectancy and sex ratio). The highest score of 1 means total equality, 0 means complete inequality. The Index is calculated by the World Economic Forum.
  • Fertility > Mortality rate, infant > Per 1,000 live births: Mortality rate, infant (per 1,000 live births). Infant mortality rate is the number of infants dying before reaching one year of age, per 1,000 live births in a given year.
  • Fertility > Birth rate, crude > Per 1,000 people: Birth rate, crude (per 1,000 people). Crude birth rate indicates the number of live births occurring during the year, per 1,000 population estimated at midyear. Subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birth rate provides the rate of natural increase, which is equal to the rate of population change in the absence of migration.
  • Age distribution > Child dependency ratio: Percentage of dependant children out of total population aged 15 and older. A dependant child is a child aged 0-14.
  • Elderly population > Elderly Population by region > Percentage of elderly population by country: The elderly population is the number of inhabitants of a given region aged 65 or older. The population can be either the average annual population or the population at a specific date during the year considered. The average population during a calendar year is generally calculated as the arithmetic mean of the population on 1 January of two consecutive years (it is also referred to as the mean population).

    The geographic concentration index offers an accurate picture of the spatial distribution of elderly population, as it takes into account the area of each region and reveals large international differences in the degree of geographic concentration of elderly people.

    The geographic concentration index compares the economic weight and the geographic weight over all regions in a given country and is constructed to account for both within- and between-country differences in the size of all regions. The index lies between 0 (no concentration) and 100 (maximum concentration) and is suitable for international comparisons of geographic concentration.
  • Urban and rural > Females living in cities proper: Total number of females living in cities proper. The UN definition for city proper varies for each country but usually refers to a locality with legal boundaries, some form of local government and does not include its outlying suburbs and districts. Numbers only include cities proper with a population over 100,000.
  • Urban and rural > Rural population per thousand people: Total population living in rural areas by country. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Urban and rural > Urban population per thousand people: Total population living in urban areas by country. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Child labor > Children ages 5-14: This entry provides the mean (average) age of mothers at the birth of their first child. It is a useful indicator for gauging the success of family planning programs aiming to reduce maternal mortality, increase contraceptive use – particularly among married and unmarried adolescents, delay age at first marriage, and improve the health of newborns.
  • Cities > Urban population: Total population living in urban areas. The defition of an urban area differs for each country. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Marriage > Years being single before marriage > Women: Average age of women at their first marriage.
  • Drinking water source > Improved > Total: This entry is derived from People > Drinking water source > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved drinking water sources available to segments of the population of a country.improved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: piped water into dwelling, yard, or plot; public tap or standpipe; tubewell or borehole; protected dug well; protected spring; or rainwater collection. unimproved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: unprotected dug well; unprotected spring; cart with small tank or drum; tanker truck; surface water, which includes rivers, dams, lakes, ponds, streams, canals or irrigation channels; or bottled water.
  • Nobel prize laureates: Number of Nobel Prize Laureates 1901-2002
  • Marriage > Years being single before marriage > Men: Average age of men at their first marriage.
  • Dependency ratios > Potential support ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.



  • Population density > People per sq. km of land area: Population density (people per sq. km of land area). Population density is midyear population divided by land area in square kilometers. Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of their country of origin. Land area is a country's total area, excluding area under inland water bodies, national claims to continental shelf, and exclusive economic zones. In most cases the definition of inland water bodies includes major rivers and lakes.
  • Total Population > Female: Total Population - Female, as of April 26, 2005
  • Migration > Refugees: Refugees (number in each country, 1990-99)
  • Gender > Gender inequality index: Gender Inequality Index.
  • Marriage > Percent married > All > Female > Aged 15-19: Percent of people aged 15-19 years who are or have been married or in a marriage-like union recognized by the law or customs of their country.
  • Physicians density: This entry gives the number of medical doctors (physicians), including generalist and specialist medical practitioners, per 1,000 of the population. Medical doctors are defined as doctors that study, diagnose, treat, and prevent illness, disease, injury, and other physical and mental impairments in humans through the application of modern medicine. They also plan, supervise, and evaluate care and treatment plans by other health care providers. The World Health Organization estimates that fewer than 2.3 health workers (physicians, nurses, and midwives only) per 1,000 would be insufficient to achieve coverage of primary healthcare needs.
  • Urban and rural > Male rural population: Total number of males living in rural areas by country.
  • Gender > Sex ratio at birth: Number of males born for every female born. Countries with a number less than one have more females born than males.
  • Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of asylum: Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organisation of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of asylum is the country where an asylum claim was filed and granted."
  • Net migration: Net migration. Net migration is the net total of migrants during the period, that is, the total number of immigrants less the annual number of emigrants, including both citizens and noncitizens. Data are five-year estimates.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > From total: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Total: Number of people 65 years old and older.
  • Divorces per 100 marriages: Number of divorces per 100 marriages. Data for 2000.
  • Urban and rural > Female rural population: Total number of females living in rural areas by country.
  • Urban and rural > Female urban population: Total number of females living in urban areas by country.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Total: This entry is derived from People > School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary , which school life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Dependency ratios > Youth dependency ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.



  • Population density: Population density is midyear population divided by land area in square kilometers. Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of their country of origin. Land area is a country's total area, excluding area under inland water bodies, national claims to continental shelf, and exclusive economic zones. In most cases the definition of inland water bodies includes major rivers and lakes."
  • Rural population: Rural population is calculated as the difference between the total population and the urban population.
  • Median age > Both sexes: Age of person who is older than half the population and younger than the other half of the population.
  • Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Female: This entry is derived from People > Unemployment, youth ages 15-24, which gives the percent of the total labor force ages 15-24 unemployed during a specified year.
  • International migration > Trends in migration > Net migration rate: Net migration is defined as the total number of immigrant nationals and foreigners minus the total of emigrant foreigners and nationals. Arrivals and departures for purposes such as tourism and business travel are not included in the statistics.
  • Population, total per 1000: Population, total. Population, total refers to the total population. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Population, total: Population, total. Population, total refers to the total population.
  • Future population > Females: UN estimates of female population in 2010, 2015, 2020, 2025 and 2030.
  • Dependency ratios > Total dependency ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.



  • Urban population > Per capita: Urban population is the midyear population of areas defined as urban in each country and reported to the United Nations. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Literacy > Male: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
  • Urban and rural > Male urban population: Total number of males living in urban areas by country.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years > From total: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Rights of the Child Convention > Signatories: Date of signing convention
  • Child labor > Children ages 5-14 per million people: This entry provides the mean (average) age of mothers at the birth of their first child. It is a useful indicator for gauging the success of family planning programs aiming to reduce maternal mortality, increase contraceptive use – particularly among married and unmarried adolescents, delay age at first marriage, and improve the health of newborns. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Jewish population > By country > Jews > Estimated number of Jews: Total Jew population by country.
  • Literacy > Definition: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Total: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 0-4.
  • Future population change: Total change in population by country. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Urban and rural > Males living in cities proper: Total number of males living in cities proper. The UN definition for city proper varies for each country but usually refers to a locality with legal boundaries, some form of local government and does not include its outlying suburbs and districts. Numbers only include cities proper with a population over 100,000.
  • Urban and rural > Population living in urban agglomerations: Total population living in urban agglomerations. An urban agglomeration should not be confused with a metropolitan area, whereas an agglomeration refers to multiple connected urban cities, while a metropolitan area refers to a central urban area with outlying suburban cities and districts.
  • Number of under-five deaths per 1000: Number of under-five deaths. Number of children dying before reaching age five. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Number of under-five deaths: Number of under-five deaths. Number of children dying before reaching age five.
  • GDP per capita > Current US$: GDP per capita (current US$). GDP per capita is gross domestic product divided by midyear population. GDP is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Marriage > Percent married > All > Male > Aged 15-19: Percent ever married or in union among persons aged 15-19.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Total: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Infant mortality rate > Male: This entry is derived from People > Infant mortality rate, which gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
  • Median age > Female: This entry is derived from People > Median age, which is the age that divides a population into two numerically equal groups; that is, half the people are younger than this age and half are older. It is a single index that summarizes the age distribution of a population. Currently, the median age ranges from a low of about 15 in Uganda and Gaza Strip to 40 or more in several European countries and Japan. See the entry for "Age structure" for the importance of a young versus an older age structure and, by implication, a low versus a higher median age.
  • Density and urbanisation > Urban population: Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanisation Prospects.
  • Age structure > 15-64 years > Males: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years > Females: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age structure > 15-64 years > From total: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Maternal mortality rate: The maternal mortality rate (MMR) is the annual number of female deaths per 100,000 live births from any cause related to or aggravated by pregnancy or its management (excluding accidental or incidental causes). The MMR includes deaths during pregnancy, childbirth, or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy, irrespective of the duration and site of the pregnancy, for a specified year.
  • Gender ratio > Whole population: Female/male ratio of population.
  • Fertility > Maternity leave > Weeks of leave given: Maternity leave benefits.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years > Males: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > Females: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Gender > Female population per thousand people: Total female population. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Teen marriage rate > Women: Percentage of female population aged 15-19 who has been married at least once. Percentage is out of total number of females in the same age group.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Female: This entry is derived from People > School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary , which school life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Urban and rural > Female rural population per thousand people: Total number of females living in rural areas by country. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Fertility > Adolescent fertility rate > Births per 1,000 women ages 15-19: Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19). Adolescent fertility rate is the number of births per 1,000 women ages 15-19.
  • Future population > Males: UN estimates of male population in 2010, 2015, 2020, 2025 and 2030.
  • Net migration per million: Net migration. Net migration is the net total of migrants during the period, that is, the total number of immigrants less the annual number of emigrants, including both citizens and noncitizens. Data are five-year estimates. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Infant mortality rate > Female: This entry is derived from People > Infant mortality rate, which gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Male: This entry is derived from People > School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary , which school life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Male: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Immigration > Nationality compositions of > Norway: Country of origin of Norway’s population who was either foreign born or born in Norway to foreign residents (number of people by country of origin).
  • Population > CIA Factbook per capita: This entry gives an estimate from the US Bureau of the Census based on statistics from population censuses, vital statistics registration systems, or sample surveys pertaining to the recent past and on assumptions about future trends. The total population presents one overall measure of the potential impact of the country on the world and within its region. Note: starting with the 1993 Factbook, demographic estimates for some countries (mostly African) have explicitly taken into account the effects of the growing impact of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. These countries are currently: The Bahamas, Benin, Botswana, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burma, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Gender > Women aged 15-49: Country's total population of women aged 15-49. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 5-14 > Total: Number of people aged 5-14.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 80 and older.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 60 and older.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years > Males per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Gender > Male population per thousand people: Total male population. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Refugee population by country or territory of asylum: Refugee population by country or territory of asylum. Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organization of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of asylum is the country where an asylum claim was filed and granted.
  • Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of origin > Per capita: Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organisation of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of origin generally refers to the nationality or country of citizenship of a claimant." Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • Total Population > Male per 1000: Total Population - Male, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > Males per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Migration > International migrant stock > Total: International migrant stock is the number of people born in a country other than that in which they live. It also includes refugees. The data used to estimate the international migrant stock at a particular time are obtained mainly from population censuses. The estimates are derived from the data on foreign-born population--people who have residence in one country but were born in another country. When data on the foreign-born population are not available, data on foreign population--that is, people who are citizens of a country other than the country in which they reside--are used as estimates. After the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991 people living in one of the newly independent countries who were born in another were classified as international migrants. Estimates of migrant stock in the newly independent states from 1990 on are based on the 1989 census of the Soviet Union. For countries with information on the international migrant stock for at least two points in time, interpolation or extrapolation was used to estimate the international migrant stock on July 1 of the reference years. For countries with only one observation, estimates for the reference years were derived using rates of change in the migrant stock in the years preceding or following the single observation available. A model was used to estimate migrants for countries that had no data."
  • Mortality rate, adult, male > Per 1,000 male adults: Mortality rate, adult, male (per 1,000 male adults). Adult mortality rate is the probability of dying between the ages of 15 and 60--that is, the probability of a 15-year-old dying before reaching age 60, if subject to current age-specific mortality rates between those ages.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Female: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Hospital bed density: This entry provides the number of hospital beds per 1,000 people; it serves as a general measure of inpatient service availability. Hospital beds include inpatient beds available in public, private, general, and specialized hospitals and rehabilitation centers. In most cases, beds for both acute and chronic care are included. Because the level of inpatient services required for individual countries depends on several factors - such as demographic issues and the burden of disease - there is no global target for the number of hospital beds per country. So, while 2 beds per 1,000 in one country may be sufficient, 2 beds per 1,000 in another may be woefully inadequate because of the number of people hospitalized by disease.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Marriageable age > Males: Male consent.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Marriage, divorce and children > Marriageable age > Females: Female consent.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Median age > Male: This entry is the age that divides a population into two numerically equal groups; that is, half the people are younger than this age and half are older. It is a single index that summarizes the age distribution of a population. Currently, the median age ranges from a low of about 15 in Uganda and Gaza Strip to 40 or more in several European countries and Japan. See the entry for "Age structure" for the importance of a young versus an older age structure and, by implication, a low versus a higher median age.
  • Elderly population > Elderly Population by region > Percentage of elderly population by country per million: The elderly population is the number of inhabitants of a given region aged 65 or older. The population can be either the average annual population or the population at a specific date during the year considered. The average population during a calendar year is generally calculated as the arithmetic mean of the population on 1 January of two consecutive years (it is also referred to as the mean population).

    The geographic concentration index offers an accurate picture of the spatial distribution of elderly population, as it takes into account the area of each region and reveals large international differences in the degree of geographic concentration of elderly people.

    The geographic concentration index compares the economic weight and the geographic weight over all regions in a given country and is constructed to account for both within- and between-country differences in the size of all regions. The index lies between 0 (no concentration) and 100 (maximum concentration) and is suitable for international comparisons of geographic concentration. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Widows > Proportion of age group > All > Men > Aged 30 to 39: Percent widowed in age group.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > Females per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Refugee population by country or territory of asylum per 1000: Refugee population by country or territory of asylum. Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organization of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of asylum is the country where an asylum claim was filed and granted. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Age structure > 15-64 years > Females: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > Males: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Rural population > Per capita: Rural population is calculated as the difference between the total population and the urban population. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Male: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Health expenditures: This entry provides the total expenditure on health as a percentage of GDP. Health expenditures are broadly defined as activities performed either by institutions or individuals through the application of medical, paramedical, and/or nursing knowledge and technology, the primary purpose of which is to promote, restore, or maintain health.
  • Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Male: This entry is derived from People > Unemployment, youth ages 15-24, which gives the percent of the total labor force ages 15-24 unemployed during a specified year.
  • Gender ratio > Babies: Female/male ratio at birth.
  • Structure > Population > Total: Total population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of their country of origin. The values shown are midyear estimates."
  • Number of neonatal deaths: Number of neonatal deaths. Number of neonates dying before reaching 28 days of age.
  • Drinking water source > Improved > Rural: This entry is derived from People > Drinking water source > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved drinking water sources available to segments of the population of a country.improved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: piped water into dwelling, yard, or plot; public tap or standpipe; tubewell or borehole; protected dug well; protected spring; or rainwater collection. unimproved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: unprotected dug well; unprotected spring; cart with small tank or drum; tanker truck; surface water, which includes rivers, dams, lakes, ponds, streams, canals or irrigation channels; or bottled water.
  • Migration > Refugees per 1000: Refugees (number in each country, 1990-99). Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Female: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Total population > Evolution of the population > Population growth rates: The tables refer to the resident population. For countries such as France, the United Kingdom and the United States which have overseas colonies, protectorates or other territorial possessions, their populations are generally excluded. For full details, see Sources below.

    Growth rates are the annual changes in the population and are the result of births, deaths and net migration during the year.

    The total fertility rate is the total number of children that would be born to each woman if she were to live to the end of her child-bearing years and give birth to children in that period in agreement with the prevailing age-specific fertility rates.
  • Urban and rural population > Urban gender ratio: Women per 100 men amongst urban population.
  • Age structure > 15-64 years > Males per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Teen marriage rate > Men: Percentage of male population aged 15-19 who has been married at least once. Percentage is out of total number of males in the same age group.
  • Refugee population by country or territory of origin per 1000: Refugee population by country or territory of origin. Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organization of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of origin generally refers to the nationality or country of citizenship of a claimant. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Refugee population by country or territory of origin: Refugee population by country or territory of origin. Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organization of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of origin generally refers to the nationality or country of citizenship of a claimant.
  • Total Population > Female per 1000: Total Population - Female, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Immigration > Nationality compositions of Canada, share of immigrants: Portion of immigrants in Canada.
  • Future population > Males per thousand people: UN estimates of male population in 2010, 2015, 2020, 2025 and 2030. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Urban and rural population > Rural gender ratio: Women per 100 men, rural population.
  • Marriage > Percent married > Rural > Female > Aged 15-19: Percent ever married or in union among persons aged 15-19.
  • Marriage > Percent married > Urban > Female > Aged 15-19: Percent ever married or in union among persons aged 15-19.
  • Gender ratio > Urban population: Female/male ratio of urban population.
  • Cities > Rate of urbanization: Urbanization rate.
  • Density and urbanisation > Rural population: Rural population refers to people living in rural areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated as the difference between total population and urban population.
  • Female population > Age 25-29: Female population - Age 25-29, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 25-29 per 1000: Female population - Age 25-29, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 15-24. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Future population change per thousand people: Total change in population by country. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 0-14. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Cities > Urban population per thousand people: Total population living in urban areas. The defition of an urban area differs for each country. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Marriage > Percent married > Rural > Male > Aged 15-19: Percent ever married or in union among persons aged 15-19.
  • Male population > Age 25-29: Male population - Age 25-29, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population > Age 80-84: Total population - Age 80-84, as of April 26, 2005
  • Fertility > Number of maternal deaths: Number of maternal deaths. Maternal mortality deaths is the number of women who die during pregnancy and childbirth.
  • Jewish population > By country > Jews > Estimated number of Jews per 1000: Total Jew population by country. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Years spent single before marriage > Females: Singulate mean age at marriage.
  • Gender ratio > Aged over 60: Female/male ratio at age x.
  • Rights of the Child Convention > Ratification Dates: Date of ratification of the Convention on the Rights of the Child. "A" denotes acceptance; "a" denotes accession; "d" denotes succession
  • Urban population per 1000: Urban population is the midyear population of areas defined as urban in each country and reported to the United Nations. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Male population > Age 10-14: Male population - Age 10-14, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population > Age 25-29: Total population - Age 25-29, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 30-34 per 1000: Female population - Age 30-34, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Female population > Age 20-24: Female population - Age 20-24, as of April 26, 2005
  • Migration > Refugees > Convention on refugees: Date of ratification of the United Nations Convention relating to the Status of Refugees. "a" denotes accession. "d" denotes succession.
  • Future population > Females per thousand people: UN estimates of female population in 2010, 2015, 2020, 2025 and 2030. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Widows > Proportion of age group > All > Women > Aged 30 to 39: Percent widowed in age group.
  • Widows > Proportion of age group > Rural > Women > Aged 40 to 59: Percent of population that is widowed by age group, gender and urban / rural status.
  • Marriage > Percent married > Urban > Male > Aged 15-19: Percent ever married or in union among persons aged 15-19.
  • Gender ratio > Rural population: Female/male ratio of rural population.
  • Total population > Age 70-74: Total population - Age 70-74, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 20-24 per 1000: Male population - Age 20-24, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Male population > Age 40-44: Male population - Age 40-44, as of April 26, 2005
  • Jewish population > By country > Jews > Population > 2005E: Population by country in 2005.
  • Female population > Age 20-24 per 1000: Female population - Age 20-24, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total population > Evolution of the population > Total fertility rates: The tables refer to the resident population. For countries such as France, the United Kingdom and the United States which have overseas colonies, protectorates or other territorial possessions, their populations are generally excluded. For full details, see Sources below.

    Growth rates are the annual changes in the population and are the result of births, deaths and net migration during the year.

    The total fertility rate is the total number of children that would be born to each woman if she were to live to the end of her child-bearing years and give birth to children in that period in agreement with the prevailing age-specific fertility rates.
  • Total population > Evolution of the population > Population growth rates per million: The tables refer to the resident population. For countries such as France, the United Kingdom and the United States which have overseas colonies, protectorates or other territorial possessions, their populations are generally excluded. For full details, see Sources below.

    Growth rates are the annual changes in the population and are the result of births, deaths and net migration during the year.

    The total fertility rate is the total number of children that would be born to each woman if she were to live to the end of her child-bearing years and give birth to children in that period in agreement with the prevailing age-specific fertility rates. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Years spent single before marriage > Males: Singulate mean age at marriage.
  • Gender > Gender ratio aged over 65: Amount of women per every 100 males that are over the age of 65 in each country. For instance, in Russia, for every 100 males over 65, there are 210.6 females who are over 65.
  • Gender > Gender ratio aged over 80: Amount of women per every 100 males that are over the age of 80 in each country. For instance, in North Korea, for every 100 males over 80, there are 411.8 females who are over 80.
  • Gender ratio > Aged over 60 > Women per 100 men: Female/male ratio at age x.
  • Gender ratio > Aged over 65: Female/male ratio at age x.
  • Gender > Gender ratio aged over 60: Amount of women per every 100 males that are over the age of 60 in each country. For instance, in Russia, for every 100 males over 60, there are 196 females who are over 60.
  • Male population > Age 45-49 per 1000: Male population - Age 45-49, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total Population per capita: Total Population, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 30-34: Total population - Age 30-34, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total Population > Thousands: Total Population, thousands, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population > Age 20-24: Total population - Age 20-24, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population > Age 45-49: Total population - Age 45-49, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 35-39 per 1000: Male population - Age 35-39, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total Population > Male: Total Population - Male, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 10-14: Female population - Age 10-14, as of April 26, 2005
  • Jewish population > By country > Jews > Population > 2005E per 1000: Population by country in 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 30-34 per 1000: Total population - Age 30-34, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 15-19 per 1000: Total population - Age 15-19, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Female population > Age 10-14 per 1000: Female population - Age 10-14, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 50-54: Total population - Age 50-54, as of April 26, 2005
STAT Australia Iceland HISTORY
Age structure > 0-14 years 18.1%
Ranked 168th.
19.8%
Ranked 159th. 9% more than Australia

Age structure > 65 years and over 14.7%
Ranked 44th. 11% more than Iceland
13.2%
Ranked 56th.

Birth rate 12.23 births/1,000 population
Ranked 162nd.
13.15 births/1,000 population
Ranked 152nd. 8% more than Australia

Death rate 7.01 deaths/1,000 population
Ranked 132nd.
7.07 deaths/1,000 population
Ranked 129th. 1% more than Australia

Ethnic groups white 92%, Asian 7%, aboriginal and other 1% homogeneous mixture of descendants of Norse and Celts 94%, population of foreign origin 6%
Marriage, divorce and children > Total divorces per thousand people 2.19
Ranked 27th. 36% more than Iceland
1.62
Ranked 46th.

Mother's mean age at first birth 30.5
Ranked 1st. 13% more than Iceland
27
Ranked 5th.
Population 22.26 million
Ranked 55th. 71 times more than Iceland
315,281
Ranked 179th.

Population > Population growth, past and future 0.114
Ranked 55th.
-0.116
Ranked 100th.

Population growth rate 1.11%
Ranked 106th. 68% more than Iceland
0.66%
Ranked 143th.

Population in 2015 22,250 thousand
Ranked 54th. 70 times more than Iceland
319 thousand
Ranked 174th.
Sex ratio > At birth 1.06 male(s)/female
Ranked 63th. 2% more than Iceland
1.04 male(s)/female
Ranked 156th.

Sex ratio > Total population 1.01 male(s)/female
Ranked 64th. 1% more than Iceland
1 male(s)/female
Ranked 75th.

Total fertility rate 1.77 children born/woman
Ranked 156th.
1.88 children born/woman
Ranked 139th. 6% more than Australia

Urban and rural > Population living in cities proper 30.3 million
Ranked 4th. 255 times more than Iceland
118,856
Ranked 13th.

Death rate, crude > Per 1,000 people 6.58
Ranked 133th. 6% more than Iceland
6.2
Ranked 144th.

Nationality > Adjective Australian Icelandic
Religions Protestant 27.4% (Anglican 18.7%, Uniting Church 5.7%, Presbyterian and Reformed 3%), Catholic 25.8%, Eastern Orthodox 2.7%, other Christian 7.9%, Buddhist 2.1%, Muslim 1.7%, other 2.4%, unspecified 11.3%, none 18.7% Lutheran Church of Iceland (official) 80.7%, Roman Catholic 2.5%, Reykjavik Free Church 2.4%, Hafnarfjorour Free Church 1.6%, other religions 3.6%, unaffiliated 3%, other or unspecified 6.2%
Sex ratio > Under 15 years 1.05 male(s)/female
Ranked 91st. 2% more than Iceland
1.03 male(s)/female
Ranked 151st.

Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 15.14%
Ranked 124th. 4% more than Iceland
14.56%
Ranked 151st.

Obesity > Adult obesity rate 26.8%
Ranked 42nd. 16% more than Iceland
23.2%
Ranked 74th.

Languages English 78.5%, Chinese 2.5%, Italian 1.6%, Greek 1.3%, Arabic 1.2%, Vietnamese 1%, other 8.2%, unspecified 5.7% Icelandic, English, Nordic languages, German widely spoken
Median age > Total 38.1 years
Ranked 57th. 5% more than Iceland
36.2 years
Ranked 65th.

Infant mortality rate > Total 4.49 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 189th. 42% more than Iceland
3.17 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 215th.

Urbanization in 2015 94.8%
Ranked 7th. 1% more than Iceland
94.3%
Ranked 9th.
Urban and rural > Urban population 18.39 million
Ranked 20th. 58 times more than Iceland
314,412.5
Ranked 68th.

Population growth 0.114%
Ranked 55th.
-0.116%
Ranked 100th.

Age structure > 15-24 years 13.4%
Ranked 175th.
14.6%
Ranked 157th. 9% more than Australia
Life expectancy at birth > Total population 81.98 years
Ranked 10th. 1% more than Iceland
81.11 years
Ranked 19th.

Urbanization > Rate of urbanization None None
Migration > Net migration > Per capita 31,542.67 per 1 million people
Ranked 15th. 4 times more than Iceland
8,872.79 per 1 million people
Ranked 54th.

Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total 6.28 million
Ranked 57th. 104 times more than Iceland
60,144
Ranked 181st.

Urban and rural > Rural population 3.93 million
Ranked 31st. 855 times more than Iceland
4,601
Ranked 72nd.

Marriage, divorce and children > Total divorces 48,935
Ranked 16th. 95 times more than Iceland
516
Ranked 64th.

Nationality > Noun Australian(s) Icelander(s)
Age structure > 15-64 years 67.5%
Ranked 85th. 1% more than Iceland
67.1%
Ranked 90th.

Age distribution > Median age 47.26 years
Ranked 69th.
48.86 years
Ranked 42nd. 3% more than Australia

Migration > Net migration rate 6.34 migrant(s)/1,000 populati
Ranked 18th. 6 times more than Iceland
1.13 migrant(s)/1,000 populati
Ranked 56th.

Gender > Female population 20.79 million
Ranked 55th. 101 times more than Iceland
205,953
Ranked 179th.

Sex ratio > 65 years and over 0.85 male(s)/female
Ranked 73th. The same as Iceland
0.85 male(s)/female
Ranked 67th.

Age structure > 25-54 years 42%
Ranked 92nd. 3% more than Iceland
40.9%
Ranked 108th.
Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of asylum > Per capita 0.996 per 1,000 people
Ranked 65th. 6 times more than Iceland
0.161 per 1,000 people
Ranked 92nd.

Age structure > 55-64 years 11.8%
Ranked 56th. 4% more than Iceland
11.4%
Ranked 61st.
Teenage birth rate 18.4
Ranked 11th.
24.7
Ranked 6th. 34% more than Australia
Age distribution > Elderly dependency ratio 54.53%
Ranked 63th.
59.38%
Ranked 32nd. 9% more than Australia

Literacy > Total population 99%
Ranked 45th. The same as Iceland
99%
Ranked 29th.

Gender empowerment 0.759
Ranked 10th.
0.833
Ranked 2nd. 10% more than Australia
Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 49.37%
Ranked 135th. 3% more than Iceland
48.01%
Ranked 166th.

Migration > Foreign worker salaries 3 billion
Ranked 25th. 88 times more than Iceland
33.91 million
Ranked 105th.

Fertility > Fertility rate, total > Births per woman 1.87
Ranked 136th.
2.02
Ranked 124th. 8% more than Australia

Sex ratio > 15-64 years 1.03
Ranked 53th. 1% more than Iceland
1.02
Ranked 59th.

Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Total 4.38 million
Ranked 57th. 104 times more than Iceland
42,040
Ranked 181st.

Teenage pregancy rate 14.6
Ranked 144th.
14.72
Ranked 143th. 1% more than Australia

Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Percent 29.94%
Ranked 65th.
31.83%
Ranked 34th. 6% more than Australia

Gender > Male population 20.71 million
Ranked 54th. 100 times more than Iceland
207,195
Ranked 179th.

Age distribution > Total dependency ratio 82.1%
Ranked 56th.
86.54%
Ranked 27th. 5% more than Australia

Number of infant deaths 1,000
Ranked 125th.
0.0
Ranked 131st.

Marriage, divorce and children > Marriages 121,752
Ranked 19th. 84 times more than Iceland
1,456
Ranked 75th.

Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 54.91%
Ranked 141st. 2% more than Iceland
53.61%
Ranked 170th.

Marriage > Minimum legal age > Without parental consent > For Women 18
Ranked 94th. The same as Iceland
18
Ranked 31st.
Number of infant deaths per 1000 0.0441
Ranked 123th.
0.0
Ranked 131st.

Urban population 17.93 million
Ranked 36th. 65 times more than Iceland
275,384
Ranked 160th.

Population > CIA Factbook 21.01 million
Ranked 54th. 69 times more than Iceland
304,367
Ranked 175th.

Life expectancy at birth > Female 84.54 years
Ranked 13th. 1% more than Iceland
83.42 years
Ranked 22nd.

Marriage, divorce and children > Marriages per thousand people 5.45
Ranked 38th. 19% more than Iceland
4.56
Ranked 60th.

Migration > Net migration 641,231
Ranked 12th. 244 times more than Iceland
2,633
Ranked 76th.

Urbanization 91
Ranked 19th.
93
Ranked 11th. 2% more than Australia
Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 > Total 22.79 million
Ranked 56th. 103 times more than Iceland
221,485
Ranked 180th.

Literacy > Female 99%
Ranked 16th. The same as Iceland
99%
Ranked 11th.
Age dependency ratio > Dependents to working-age population 0.48
Ranked 142nd.
0.51
Ranked 117th. 6% more than Australia

Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 > Total 20.49 million
Ranked 56th. 103 times more than Iceland
198,355
Ranked 181st.

Life expectancy at birth > Male 79.55 years
Ranked 9th. 1% more than Iceland
78.89 years
Ranked 20th.

Projected population growth 28.9%
Ranked 88th. 65% more than Iceland
17.54%
Ranked 98th.
Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Percent 10.55%
Ranked 119th. 4% more than Iceland
10.18%
Ranked 150th.

Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Total 14.73 million
Ranked 46th. 95 times more than Iceland
154,649
Ranked 177th.

Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of origin 28
Ranked 151st. 7 times more than Iceland
4
Ranked 170th.

Abortion > Abortion rate 19.7 abortions per 1,000 women
Ranked 4th. 40% more than Iceland
14.1 abortions per 1,000 women
Ranked 11th.
Dependency ratios > Elderly dependency ratio 21.5%
Ranked 33th. 11% more than Iceland
19.3%
Ranked 43th.
Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Total 2.06 million
Ranked 57th. 105 times more than Iceland
19,734
Ranked 181st.

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Total 11.3%
Ranked 96th.
14.6%
Ranked 82nd. 29% more than Australia

Gender > Global Gender Gap Index 0.739
Ranked 24th.
0.873
Ranked 1st. 18% more than Australia

Fertility > Mortality rate, infant > Per 1,000 live births 4.1
Ranked 162nd. 2 times more than Iceland
1.8
Ranked 191st.

Fertility > Birth rate, crude > Per 1,000 people 13.29
Ranked 140th.
14.1
Ranked 136th. 6% more than Australia

Age distribution > Child dependency ratio 27.57%
Ranked 80th. 2% more than Iceland
27.15%
Ranked 100th.

Elderly population > Elderly Population by region > Percentage of elderly population by country 12.91%
Ranked 22nd. 10% more than Iceland
11.74%
Ranked 25th.
Urban and rural > Females living in cities proper 140,872
Ranked 21st. 2 times more than Iceland
59,892
Ranked 10th.

Urban and rural > Rural population per thousand people 176.24
Ranked 62nd. 12 times more than Iceland
14.42
Ranked 71st.

Urban and rural > Urban population per thousand people 823.76
Ranked 10th.
985.58
Ranked 1st. 20% more than Australia

Child labor > Children ages 5-14 30.5
Ranked 1st. 13% more than Iceland
27
Ranked 5th.
Cities > Urban population 95,896
Ranked 18th. 1% more than Iceland
95,323
Ranked 21st.

Marriage > Years being single before marriage > Women 29.7
Ranked 5th. 7% more than Iceland
27.8
Ranked 15th.
Drinking water source > Improved > Total 100% of population
Ranked 33th. The same as Iceland
100% of population
Ranked 14th.
Nobel prize laureates 6
Ranked 16th. 6 times more than Iceland
1
Ranked 28th.
Marriage > Years being single before marriage > Men 31.6
Ranked 5th. 6% more than Iceland
29.8
Ranked 16th.
Dependency ratios > Potential support ratio 4.6
Ranked 165th.
5.2
Ranked 153th. 13% more than Australia
Population density > People per sq. km of land area 2.91 sq. km
Ranked 209th.
3.18 sq. km
Ranked 208th. 10% more than Australia

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Total None None
Total Population > Female 10.18 million
Ranked 53th. 68 times more than Iceland
149,547
Ranked 176th.
Migration > Refugees 64,100
Ranked 36th. 221 times more than Iceland
290
Ranked 98th.
Gender > Gender inequality index 0.115
Ranked 129th. 29% more than Iceland
0.089
Ranked 136th.
Marriage > Percent married > All > Female > Aged 15-19 1%
Ranked 29th.
50%
Ranked 1st. 50 times more than Australia

Physicians density 3.85 physicians/1,000 population
Ranked 4th. 11% more than Iceland
3.46 physicians/1,000 population
Ranked 9th.

Urban and rural > Male rural population 2 million
Ranked 26th. 837 times more than Iceland
2,388.5
Ranked 61st.

Gender > Sex ratio at birth 1.05
Ranked 55th. The same as Iceland
1.05
Ranked 56th.

Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of asylum 22,548
Ranked 44th. 364 times more than Iceland
62
Ranked 133th.

Net migration 749,997
Ranked 9th. 138 times more than Iceland
5,429
Ranked 63th.

Age structure > 65 years and over > From total 13.3%
Ranked 44th. 11% more than Iceland
12%
Ranked 52nd.

Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Total 12.43 million
Ranked 40th. 94 times more than Iceland
131,519
Ranked 176th.

Divorces per 100 marriages 46 divorces per 100 marriag
Ranked 9th. 50% more than Iceland
30.7 divorces per 100 marriag
Ranked 15th.
Urban and rural > Female rural population 1.94 million
Ranked 26th. 875 times more than Iceland
2,212.5
Ranked 61st.

Urban and rural > Female urban population 9.29 million
Ranked 16th. 59 times more than Iceland
156,616
Ranked 57th.

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Total 20 years
Ranked 2nd. 11% more than Iceland
18 years
Ranked 4th.

Dependency ratios > Youth dependency ratio 28.6%
Ranked 141st.
31.1%
Ranked 130th. 9% more than Australia
Population density 2.79
Ranked 195th.
3.17
Ranked 193th. 14% more than Australia

Rural population 2.4 million
Ranked 100th. 112 times more than Iceland
21,366
Ranked 183th.

Median age > Both sexes 37.5
Ranked 51st. 6% more than Iceland
35.4
Ranked 60th.
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Female 10.8%
Ranked 52nd. 1% more than Iceland
10.7%
Ranked 53th.

International migration > Trends in migration > Net migration rate 7.681159 12.59218
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Male None None
Population, total per 1000 1,000
Ranked 164th. The same as Iceland
1,000
Ranked 18th.

Population, total 22.68 million
Ranked 52nd. 71 times more than Iceland
320,137
Ranked 176th.

Future population > Females 12.71 million
Ranked 57th. 74 times more than Iceland
170,736
Ranked 177th.

Dependency ratios > Total dependency ratio 50.2%
Ranked 121st.
50.4%
Ranked 118th. About the same as Australia
Urban population > Per capita 0.882 per capita
Ranked 20th.
0.928 per capita
Ranked 15th. 5% more than Australia

Literacy > Male 99%
Ranked 52nd. The same as Iceland
99%
Ranked 39th.

Urban and rural > Male urban population 9.1 million
Ranked 16th. 58 times more than Iceland
157,796.5
Ranked 57th.

Age structure > 0-14 years > From total 18.8%
Ranked 165th.
21%
Ranked 151st. 12% more than Australia

Rights of the Child Convention > Signatories 22 Aug 1990 26 Jan 1990
Child labor > Children ages 5-14 per million people 1.47
Ranked 4th.
84.64
Ranked 1st. 57 times more than Australia
Jewish population > By country > Jews > Estimated number of Jews 120,406
Ranked 5th. 12041 times more than Iceland
10
Ranked 49th.
Literacy > Definition age 15 and over can read and write age 15 and over can read and write
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Total 20 years
Ranked 2nd. 11% more than Iceland
18 years
Ranked 4th.
Education expenditures 5.1% of GDP
Ranked 45th.
7.8% of GDP
Ranked 8th. 53% more than Australia

Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Percent 4.97%
Ranked 122nd. 4% more than Iceland
4.78%
Ranked 147th.

Future population change 47,244.6
Ranked 35th.
-480.8
Ranked 80th.

Urban and rural > Males living in cities proper 139,833
Ranked 18th. 2 times more than Iceland
58,964
Ranked 10th.

Urban and rural > Population living in urban agglomerations 162,292
Ranked 11th.
202,967.5
Ranked 3rd. 25% more than Australia

Number of under-five deaths per 1000 0.0882
Ranked 125th.
0.0
Ranked 137th.

Number of under-five deaths 2,000
Ranked 108th.
0.0
Ranked 137th.

GDP per capita > Current US$ $67,555.76
Ranked 6th. 59% more than Iceland
$42,416.04
Ranked 18th.

Major cities > Population Sydney 4.429 million; Melbourne 3.853 million; Brisbane 1.97 million; Perth 1.599 million; CANBERRA (capital) 399,000 REYKJAVIK (capital) 198,000
Marriage > Percent married > All > Male > Aged 15-19 0.4%
Ranked 21st.
50%
Ranked 1st. 125 times more than Australia

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Total 21 years
Ranked 1st. 17% more than Iceland
18 years
Ranked 3rd.

Infant mortality rate > Male 4.8 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 187th. 45% more than Iceland
3.31 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 214th.

Median age > Female 38.8 years
Ranked 57th. 6% more than Iceland
36.6 years
Ranked 67th.

Density and urbanisation > Urban population 19.45 million
Ranked 35th. 65 times more than Iceland
298,407.46
Ranked 156th.

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Female None None
Age structure > 15-64 years > Males 7.23 million
Ranked 51st. 70 times more than Iceland
103,231
Ranked 172nd.

Age structure > 0-14 years > Females 1.92 million
Ranked 73th. 61 times more than Iceland
31,566
Ranked 180th.

Age structure > 15-64 years > From total 67.9%
Ranked 61st. 1% more than Iceland
67%
Ranked 78th.

Maternal mortality rate 7 deaths/100,000 live births
Ranked 165th. 40% more than Iceland
5 deaths/100,000 live births
Ranked 172nd.

Gender ratio > Whole population 101.1%
Ranked 109th. 2% more than Iceland
99.2%
Ranked 141st.

Fertility > Maternity leave > Weeks of leave given 78
Ranked 17th.
112
Ranked 6th. 44% more than Australia
Age structure > 0-14 years > Males 2.02 million
Ranked 73th. 62 times more than Iceland
32,500
Ranked 180th.

Age structure > 65 years and over > Females 1.53 million
Ranked 30th. 76 times more than Iceland
19,995
Ranked 159th.

Gender > Female population per thousand people 509.99
Ranked 48th. 3% more than Iceland
496.96
Ranked 140th.

Marriage, divorce and children > Teen marriage rate > Women 0.8
Ranked 15th. 60% more than Iceland
0.5
Ranked 29th.
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Female 20 years
Ranked 3rd. The same as Iceland
20 years
Ranked 2nd.

Urban and rural > Female rural population per thousand people 86.71
Ranked 54th. 13 times more than Iceland
6.94
Ranked 61st.

Fertility > Adolescent fertility rate > Births per 1,000 women ages 15-19 12.85
Ranked 153th. 7% more than Iceland
12.05
Ranked 157th.

Future population > Males 12.58 million
Ranked 57th. 73 times more than Iceland
173,292
Ranked 177th.

Net migration per million 33,063.4
Ranked 13th. 95% more than Iceland
16,958.36
Ranked 27th.

Infant mortality rate > Female 4.15 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 186th. 37% more than Iceland
3.02 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 211th.

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Male 19 years
Ranked 2nd. 12% more than Iceland
17 years
Ranked 6th.

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Male 19 years
Ranked 2nd. 12% more than Iceland
17 years
Ranked 6th.
Immigration > Nationality compositions of > Norway 1,430
Ranked 57th.
7,756
Ranked 28th. 5 times more than Australia
Population > CIA Factbook per capita 0.982
Ranked 124th. 2% more than Iceland
0.959
Ranked 150th.

Gender > Women aged 15-49 7.68 million
Ranked 58th. 104 times more than Iceland
73,908
Ranked 181st.

Age distribution > Population aged 5-14 > Total 4.22 million
Ranked 57th. 104 times more than Iceland
40,410
Ranked 181st.

Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Percent 14.11%
Ranked 46th.
15.26%
Ranked 20th. 8% more than Australia

Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Percent 35.49%
Ranked 65th.
37.43%
Ranked 39th. 5% more than Australia

Age structure > 0-14 years > Males per 1000 94.56
Ranked 152nd.
102.39
Ranked 143th. 8% more than Australia

Gender > Male population per thousand people 505.39
Ranked 40th. About the same as Iceland
503.04
Ranked 51st.

Refugee population by country or territory of asylum 23,434
Ranked 49th. 404 times more than Iceland
58
Ranked 148th.

Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of origin > Per capita 2.05 per 1 million people
Ranked 165th.
23 per 1 million people
Ranked 136th. 11 times more than Australia

Total Population > Male per 1000 494.43
Ranked 111th.
504.97
Ranked 79th. 2% more than Australia
Age structure > 65 years and over > Males per 1000 59.21
Ranked 31st. 14% more than Iceland
52.08
Ranked 44th.

Migration > International migrant stock > Total 4.34 million
Ranked 12th. 192 times more than Iceland
22,577
Ranked 161st.

Mortality rate, adult, male > Per 1,000 male adults 80.6
Ranked 177th. 14% more than Iceland
70.52
Ranked 163th.

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Female 20 years
Ranked 3rd. The same as Iceland
20 years
Ranked 2nd.
Hospital bed density 3.9 beds/1,000 population
Ranked 24th.
5.8 beds/1,000 population
Ranked 5th. 49% more than Australia
Marriage, divorce and children > Marriageable age > Males 18
Ranked 38th. The same as Iceland
18
Ranked 15th.
Marriage, divorce and children > Marriageable age > Females 18
Ranked 37th. The same as Iceland
18
Ranked 15th.
Median age > Male 37.3 years
Ranked 51st. 4% more than Iceland
35.7 years
Ranked 63th.

Elderly population > Elderly Population by region > Percentage of elderly population by country per million 0.593%
Ranked 18th.
36.86%
Ranked 1st. 62 times more than Australia
Widows > Proportion of age group > All > Men > Aged 30 to 39 0.2%
Ranked 22nd. Twice as much as Iceland
0.1%
Ranked 9th.

Age structure > 65 years and over > Females per 1000 71.44
Ranked 45th. 13% more than Iceland
62.99
Ranked 51st.

Refugee population by country or territory of asylum per 1000 1.05
Ranked 72nd. 6 times more than Iceland
0.182
Ranked 99th.

Age structure > 15-64 years > Females 7.04 million
Ranked 52nd. 70 times more than Iceland
100,545
Ranked 175th.

Age structure > 65 years and over > Males 1.27 million
Ranked 30th. 77 times more than Iceland
16,530
Ranked 160th.

Rural population > Per capita 118 per 1,000 people
Ranked 174th. 64% more than Iceland
72 per 1,000 people
Ranked 180th.

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Male 20 years
Ranked 1st. 18% more than Iceland
17 years
Ranked 6th.

Health expenditures 9% of GDP
Ranked 41st.
9.1% of GDP
Ranked 38th. 1% more than Australia

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Male 11.9%
Ranked 90th.
18.4%
Ranked 54th. 55% more than Australia

Gender ratio > Babies 94.8%
Ranked 132nd. About the same as Iceland
94.5%
Ranked 146th.

Structure > Population > Total 21.87 million
Ranked 47th. 69 times more than Iceland
319,062
Ranked 164th.

Number of neonatal deaths 1,000
Ranked 111th.
0.0
Ranked 120th.

Drinking water source > Improved > Rural 100% of population
Ranked 31st. The same as Iceland
100% of population
Ranked 4th.
Migration > Refugees per 1000 3.76
Ranked 44th. 3 times more than Iceland
1.14
Ranked 65th.
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Female 21 years
Ranked 1st. 5% more than Iceland
20 years
Ranked 2nd.
Total population > Evolution of the population > Population growth rates 0.688%
Ranked 5th.
0.788%
Ranked 3rd. 14% more than Australia
Urban and rural population > Urban gender ratio 102.6
Ranked 40th. 2% more than Iceland
100.9
Ranked 43th.

Age structure > 15-64 years > Males per 1000 338.26
Ranked 59th. 4% more than Iceland
325.23
Ranked 97th.

Marriage, divorce and children > Teen marriage rate > Men 0.4
Ranked 12th. 4 times more than Iceland
0.1
Ranked 28th.
Refugee population by country or territory of origin per 1000 0.00175
Ranked 183th.
0.0094
Ranked 161st. 5 times more than Australia

Refugee population by country or territory of origin 39
Ranked 156th. 13 times more than Iceland
3
Ranked 185th.

Total Population > Female per 1000 499.16
Ranked 129th.
503.98
Ranked 118th. 1% more than Australia
Gender development 0.938
Ranked 2nd. About the same as Iceland
0.934
Ranked 6th.
Immigration > Nationality compositions of Canada, share of immigrants 0.3%
Ranked 62nd.
0.0
Ranked 128th.
Future population > Males per thousand people 481.93
Ranked 129th.
487.69
Ranked 115th. 1% more than Australia
Urban and rural population > Rural gender ratio 91.6
Ranked 46th. 11% more than Iceland
82.4
Ranked 50th.

Marriage > Percent married > Rural > Female > Aged 15-19 1.3%
Ranked 18th. 3 times more than Iceland
0.5%
Ranked 8th.

Marriage > Percent married > Urban > Female > Aged 15-19 0.9%
Ranked 19th.
1.5%
Ranked 6th. 67% more than Australia

Gender ratio > Urban population 102.6%
Ranked 40th. 2% more than Iceland
100.9%
Ranked 43th.

Cities > Rate of urbanization 1.2%
Ranked 148th. 50% more than Iceland
0.8%
Ranked 163th.
Density and urbanisation > Rural population 2.42 million
Ranked 96th. 97 times more than Iceland
24,964.3
Ranked 180th.

Female population > Age 25-29 659,521
Ranked 58th. 61 times more than Iceland
10,881
Ranked 178th.
Female population > Age 25-29 per 1000 32.34
Ranked 164th.
36.67
Ranked 135th. 13% more than Australia
Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Total per thousand people 143.15
Ranked 150th.
147.16
Ranked 140th. 3% more than Australia

Future population change per thousand people 17.07
Ranked 68th. 27% more than Iceland
13.39
Ranked 93th.

Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total per thousand people 192.35
Ranked 144th.
209.2
Ranked 131st. 9% more than Australia

Urbanization > Urban population 89 93
Cities > Urban population per thousand people 4e-06
Ranked 143th.
0.000294
Ranked 38th. 74 times more than Australia

Marriage > Percent married > Rural > Male > Aged 15-19 0.6%
Ranked 12th. 50% more than Iceland
0.4%
Ranked 5th.

Male population > Age 25-29 684,704
Ranked 57th. 62 times more than Iceland
11,061
Ranked 178th.
Total population > Age 80-84 731,499
Ranked 19th. 140 times more than Iceland
5,226
Ranked 162nd.
Fertility > Number of maternal deaths 19
Ranked 120th.
0.0
Ranked 178th.

Jewish population > By country > Jews > Estimated number of Jews per 1000 5.98
Ranked 4th. 175 times more than Iceland
0.0342
Ranked 39th.
Marriage, divorce and children > Years spent single before marriage > Females 28.7 years
Ranked 4th.
30.5 years
Ranked 1st. 6% more than Australia
Gender ratio > Aged over 60 115.7%
Ranked 133th. About the same as Iceland
115.2%
Ranked 137th.

Rights of the Child Convention > Ratification Dates 17 Dec 1990 28 Oct 1992
Urban population per 1000 879.15
Ranked 20th.
928.05
Ranked 13th. 6% more than Australia

Male population > Age 10-14 714,840
Ranked 69th. 61 times more than Iceland
11,653
Ranked 181st.
Total population > Age 25-29 1.34 million
Ranked 58th. 61 times more than Iceland
21,942
Ranked 178th.
Female population > Age 30-34 per 1000 35.88
Ranked 95th.
36.21
Ranked 90th. 1% more than Australia
Female population > Age 20-24 674,398
Ranked 61st. 63 times more than Iceland
10,694
Ranked 179th.
Migration > Refugees > Convention on refugees 22 Jan 1954 a 30 Nov 1955 a
Future population > Females per thousand people 486.2
Ranked 148th. 1% more than Iceland
481.97
Ranked 156th.
Widows > Proportion of age group > All > Women > Aged 30 to 39 0.6%
Ranked 32nd. 3 times more than Iceland
0.2%
Ranked 21st.

Widows > Proportion of age group > Rural > Women > Aged 40 to 59 2.8%
Ranked 20th. 47% more than Iceland
1.9%
Ranked 9th.

Marriage > Percent married > Urban > Male > Aged 15-19 0.4%
Ranked 14th. 33% more than Iceland
0.3%
Ranked 5th.

Gender ratio > Rural population 91.6%
Ranked 46th. 11% more than Iceland
82.4%
Ranked 50th.

Total population > Age 70-74 613,782
Ranked 32nd. 71 times more than Iceland
8,644
Ranked 166th.
Male population > Age 20-24 per 1000 34.51
Ranked 162nd.
36.71
Ranked 153th. 6% more than Australia
Male population > Age 40-44 753,683
Ranked 42nd. 69 times more than Iceland
10,934
Ranked 174th.
Jewish population > By country > Jews > Population > 2005E 20.09 million
Ranked 18th. 67 times more than Iceland
300,000
Ranked 50th.
Female population > Age 20-24 per 1000 33.07
Ranked 166th.
36.04
Ranked 151st. 9% more than Australia
Total population > Evolution of the population > Total fertility rates 1.81 Number of children born t
Ranked 13th.
2.07 Number of children born t
Ranked 4th. 14% more than Australia
Total population > Evolution of the population > Population growth rates per million 0.0316%
Ranked 8th.
2.47%
Ranked 1st. 78 times more than Australia
Marriage, divorce and children > Years spent single before marriage > Males 30.9 years
Ranked 4th.
32.6 years
Ranked 1st. 6% more than Australia
Gender > Gender ratio aged over 65 122.6
Ranked 122nd. 1% more than Iceland
120.8
Ranked 129th.

Gender > Gender ratio aged over 80 170.9
Ranked 81st. 11% more than Iceland
154.6
Ranked 105th.

Gender ratio > Aged over 60 > Women per 100 men 115.7
Ranked 133th. About the same as Iceland
115.2
Ranked 137th.

Gender ratio > Aged over 65 122.6%
Ranked 122nd. 1% more than Iceland
120.8%
Ranked 129th.

Gender > Gender ratio aged over 60 115.7
Ranked 133th. About the same as Iceland
115.2
Ranked 137th.

Male population > Age 45-49 per 1000 36.07
Ranked 45th.
36.26
Ranked 41st. 1% more than Australia
Total Population per capita 0.994
Ranked 121st.
1.01
Ranked 98th. 2% more than Australia
Total population > Age 30-34 1.48 million
Ranked 52nd. 68 times more than Iceland
21,736
Ranked 177th.
Total Population > Thousands 20,090
Ranked 52nd. 68 times more than Iceland
296.74
Ranked 175th.
Total population > Age 20-24 1.38 million
Ranked 61st. 64 times more than Iceland
21,588
Ranked 179th.
Total population > Age 45-49 1.47 million
Ranked 37th. 69 times more than Iceland
21,222
Ranked 171st.
Male population > Age 35-39 per 1000 37.63
Ranked 62nd. 8% more than Iceland
34.71
Ranked 89th.
Total Population > Male 10.08 million
Ranked 52nd. 67 times more than Iceland
149,841
Ranked 175th.
Female population > Age 10-14 681,950
Ranked 69th. 60 times more than Iceland
11,279
Ranked 181st.
Jewish population > By country > Jews > Population > 2005E per 1000 985.08
Ranked 30th.
1,011.01
Ranked 13th. 3% more than Australia
Total population > Age 30-34 per 1000 72.74
Ranked 94th.
73.25
Ranked 90th. 1% more than Australia
Total population > Age 15-19 per 1000 68.36
Ranked 163th.
76.84
Ranked 145th. 12% more than Australia
Female population > Age 10-14 per 1000 33.44
Ranked 153th.
38.01
Ranked 142nd. 14% more than Australia
Total population > Age 50-54 1.33 million
Ranked 35th. 70 times more than Iceland
18,831
Ranked 169th.
Urbanization in 1975 85.9%
Ranked 7th.
86.6%
Ranked 5th. 1% more than Australia

SOURCES: CIA World Factbook, 28 July 2005; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; CIA World Factbooks 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013; World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Population Division; Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat, World Population Prospects: The 2004 Revision and World Urbanization Prospects: http://esa.un.org/unpp; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; UN (United Nations). 2002. World Urbanization Prospects: The 2001 Revision. Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. New York; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division, World Population Prospects 2008.; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; United Nations Population Division. 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Source tables; United Nations Population Division, World Population Prospects.; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; Estimates developed by the UN Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (UNICEF, WHO, World Bank, UN DESA Population Division) at www.childmortality.org.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; Estimates developed by the UN Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (UNICEF, WHO, World Bank, UN DESA Population Division) at www.childmortality.org. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Development Indicators database; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Population Division of the United Nations Secretariat, World Urbanization Prospects: The 2001 Revision, Data Tables and Highlights (ESA/P/WP.173, 20 March 2002); United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; Population Reference Bureau, 2001 World Population Data Sheet, Washington, DC: PRB, 2001. via ciesin.org; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?d=GenderStat&f=inID%3a12, Abortion rate; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; http://www3.weforum.org/docs/WEF_GenderGap_Report_2012.pdf. World Economic Forum, 2012. 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Source tables; The Nobel Foundation; Food and Agriculture Organization; U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division, International Programs Center Spanish Statistical Institute; United Nations World Statistics Pocketbook and Statistical Yearbook; United Nations Development Programme. Source tables; http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?d=GenderStat&f=inID%3a22, Percent ever married or in union among persons aged 15-19; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; OECD; Food and Agriculture Organisation and World Bank population estimates.; https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/fields/2177.html, median age; (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Source tables, Population projections.; The Office of the High Commissioner for Human RIghts; CIA World Factbook 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; US State Department's International Religious Freedom Report 2004 and Jewish Population Tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; World Bank national accounts data; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; World Bank Staff estimates based on United Nations, World Urbanisation Prospects.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Population Division, World Population Prospects. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; http://www.ssb.no/en/innvbef; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division, International Programs Center Spanish Statistical Institute. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Population Division, Trends in Total Migrant Stock: 2008 Revision.; (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects. New York, United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs (advanced Excel tables). Available at http://esa.un.org/wpp/unpp/panel_population.htm, (2) University of California, Berkeley, and Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research. Human Mortality Database. [ www.mortality.org or www.humanmortality.de].; Wikipedia: Marriageable age (South America); Wikipedia: Marriageable age (Africa); OECD Country statistical profiles 2009. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), Statistical Yearbook and data files, complemented by statistics on Palestinian refugees under the mandate of the UNRWA as published on its website. Data from UNHCR are available online at: www.unhcr.org/statistics/populationdatabase. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; (1) United Nations Population Division. 2009. World Population Prospects: The 2008 Revision. New York, United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs (advanced Excel tables). Available at http://esa.un.org/unpd/wpp2008/index.htm. (2) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (3) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (4) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, (5) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database, and (6) World bank estimates based on the data from the sources above, household surveys conducted by national agencies, Macro International, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and refugees statistics from the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees.; United Nations World Statistics Pocketbook and Statistical Yearbook. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; Wikipedia: Immigration to Canada (Canadian permanent resident population by country of birth) ([1] , Place of birth for the immigrant population by period of immigration, 2006 counts and percentages [1] , Population by immigrant status and period of immigration, 2006 counts, for Canada, provinces and territories); Source tables, Population projections. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; Wikipedia: Urbanization by country (Countries) ([1] United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs); The data on urban population shares used to estimate rural population come from the United Nations, World Urbanisation Prospects. Total population figures are World Bank estimates.; U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division, International Programs Center; U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division, International Programs Center. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Population Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Population Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Population Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Population Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Trends in Maternal Mortality: 1990-2010. Estimates Developed by WHO, UNICEF, UNFPA and the World Bank.; US State Department's International Religious Freedom Report 2004 and Jewish Population Tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; The Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights; World Development Indicators database. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Treaty Collection; http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?d=GenderStat&f=inID%3a24, Percent widowed in age group.; Census.gov; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division Original html; United Nations Statistics Division Source tables; U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division, International Programs Center Spanish Statistical Institute; Census.gov. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.