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Country vs country: Australia and Taiwan compared: People

Definitions

  • Birth rate: The average annual number of births during a year per 1,000 persons in the population at midyear; also known as crude birth rate. The birth rate is usually the dominant factor in determining the rate of population growth. It depends on both the level of fertility and the age structure of the population.
  • Death rate: The average annual number of deaths during a year per 1,000 population at midyear; also known as crude death rate. The death rate, while only a rough indicator of the mortality situation in a country, accurately indicates the current mortality impact on population growth. This indicator is significantly affected by age distribution, and most countries will eventually show a rise in the overall death rate, in spite of continued decline in mortality at all ages, as declining fertility results in an aging population.
  • Ethnic groups: This entry provides a rank ordering of ethnic groups starting with the largest and normally includes the percent of total population.
  • Infant mortality rate > Total: This entry is derived from People > Infant mortality rate, which gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
  • Median age > Female: This entry is derived from People > Median age, which is the age that divides a population into two numerically equal groups; that is, half the people are younger than this age and half are older. It is a single index that summarizes the age distribution of a population. Currently, the median age ranges from a low of about 15 in Uganda and Gaza Strip to 40 or more in several European countries and Japan. See the entry for "Age structure" for the importance of a young versus an older age structure and, by implication, a low versus a higher median age.
  • Nationality > Adjective: This entry is derived from People > Nationality, which provides the identifying terms for citizens - noun and adjective.
  • Nationality > Noun: The noun which identifies citizens of the nation
  • Population: Population, total refers to the total population.
  • Population growth rate: The average annual percent change in the population, resulting from a surplus (or deficit) of births over deaths and the balance of migrants entering and leaving a country. The rate may be positive or negative. The growth rate is a factor in determining how great a burden would be imposed on a country by the changing needs of its people for infrastructure (e.g., schools, hospitals, housing, roads), resources (e.g., food, water, electricity), and jobs. Rapid population growth can be seen as threatening by neighboring countries.
  • Sex ratio > 65 years and over: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Sex ratio > At birth: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Sex ratio > Total population: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Sex ratio > Under 15 years: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Total fertility rate: The average number of children that would be born per woman if all women lived to the end of their child-bearing years and bore children according to a given fertility rate at each age. The total fertility rate is a more direct measure of the level of fertility than the crude birth rate, since it refers to births per woman. This indicator shows the potential for population growth in the country. High rates will also place some limits on the labor force participation rates for women. Large numbers of children born to women indicate large family sizes that might limit the ability of the families to feed and educate their children.
STAT Australia Taiwan HISTORY
Birth rate 12.23 births/1,000 population
Ranked 162nd. 42% more than Taiwan
8.61 births/1,000 population
Ranked 215th.

Death rate 7.01 deaths/1,000 population
Ranked 132nd. 3% more than Taiwan
6.83 deaths/1,000 population
Ranked 138th.

Ethnic groups white 92%, Asian 7%, aboriginal and other 1% Taiwanese (including Hakka) 84%, mainland Chinese 14%, indigenous 2%

Infant mortality rate > Total 4.49 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 189th.
4.55 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 185th. 1% more than Australia

Median age > Female 38.8 years
Ranked 57th.
39.4 years
Ranked 56th. 2% more than Australia

Nationality > Adjective Australian Taiwan (or Taiwanese)

Nationality > Noun Australian(s) Taiwan (singular and plural)

Net migration rate None None

Population 22.26 million
Ranked 55th.
23.3 million
Ranked 51st. 5% more than Australia

Population growth rate 1.11%
Ranked 106th. 4 times more than Taiwan
0.27%
Ranked 170th.

Sex ratio > 65 years and over 0.85 male(s)/female
Ranked 73th.
0.89 male(s)/female
Ranked 49th. 5% more than Australia

Sex ratio > At birth 1.06 male(s)/female
Ranked 63th.
1.07 male(s)/female
Ranked 22nd. 1% more than Australia

Sex ratio > Total population 1.01 male(s)/female
Ranked 64th. 1% more than Taiwan
1 male(s)/female
Ranked 82nd.

Sex ratio > Under 15 years 1.05 male(s)/female
Ranked 91st.
1.08 male(s)/female
Ranked 24th. 3% more than Australia

Total fertility rate 1.77 children born/woman
Ranked 156th. 59% more than Taiwan
1.11 children born/woman
Ranked 218th.

SOURCES: CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; CIA World Factbooks 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013; World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.

Citation

"People: Australia and Taiwan compared", NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/compare/Australia/Taiwan/People

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