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Country vs country: Austria and United States compared: People stats

Definitions

  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-14: Percentage of total population aged 0-14.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years: The distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over: The distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest."
  • Birth rate: The average annual number of births during a year per 1,000 persons in the population at midyear; also known as crude birth rate. The birth rate is usually the dominant factor in determining the rate of population growth. It depends on both the level of fertility and the age structure of the population.
  • Ethnic groups: This entry provides a rank ordering of ethnic groups starting with the largest and normally includes the percent of total population.
  • Gender > Female population: Total female population.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Total divorces per thousand people: Total number of divorces in given year by country. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Mother's mean age at first birth: This entry provides the mean (average) age of mothers at the birth of their first child. It is a useful indicator for gauging the success of family planning programs aiming to reduce maternal mortality, increase contraceptive use – particularly among married and unmarried adolescents, delay age at first marriage, and improve the health of newborns.
  • Population: Population, total refers to the total population.
  • Population > Population growth, past and future: Population growth rate (percentage).
  • Population growth: Percentage by which country's population either has increased or is estimated to increase. Countries with a decrease in population are signified by a negative percentage. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Population growth rate: The average annual percent change in the population, resulting from a surplus (or deficit) of births over deaths and the balance of migrants entering and leaving a country. The rate may be positive or negative. The growth rate is a factor in determining how great a burden would be imposed on a country by the changing needs of its people for infrastructure (e.g., schools, hospitals, housing, roads), resources (e.g., food, water, electricity), and jobs. Rapid population growth can be seen as threatening by neighboring countries.
  • Population in 2015: (Thousands) Medium-variant projections.
  • Urban and rural > Population living in cities proper: City population by sex, city and city type.
  • Death rate: The average annual number of deaths during a year per 1,000 population at midyear; also known as crude death rate. The death rate, while only a rough indicator of the mortality situation in a country, accurately indicates the current mortality impact on population growth. This indicator is significantly affected by age distribution, and most countries will eventually show a rise in the overall death rate, in spite of continued decline in mortality at all ages, as declining fertility results in an aging population.
  • Total fertility rate: The average number of children that would be born per woman if all women lived to the end of their child-bearing years and bore children according to a given fertility rate at each age. The total fertility rate is a more direct measure of the level of fertility than the crude birth rate, since it refers to births per woman. This indicator shows the potential for population growth in the country. High rates will also place some limits on the labor force participation rates for women. Large numbers of children born to women indicate large family sizes that might limit the ability of the families to feed and educate their children.
  • Sex ratio > Total population: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Sex ratio > At birth: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Obesity > Adult obesity rate: This entry gives the percent of a country's population considered to be obese. Obesity is defined as an adult having a Body Mass Index (BMI) greater to or equal to 30.0. BMI is calculated by taking a person's weight in kg and dividing it by the person's squared height in meters.
  • Gender > Male population: Total male population.
  • Nationality > Adjective: This entry is derived from People > Nationality, which provides the identifying terms for citizens - noun and adjective.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total: Number of people aged 0-14.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 15-24.
  • Age distribution > Total dependency ratio: Percentage of dependant persons out of total population aged 15-64. A dependant person is a person aged 0-14 and those over 65 years old.
  • Marriage rate: Number of marriages per 1,000 people per year
  • Death rate, crude > Per 1,000 people: Death rate, crude (per 1,000 people). Crude death rate indicates the number of deaths occurring during the year, per 1,000 population estimated at midyear. Subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birth rate provides the rate of natural increase, which is equal to the rate of population change in the absence of migration.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Total divorces: Total number of divorces in given year by country.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-64: Percentage of total population aged 15-64.
  • Age distribution > Median age: The median age of the country's residents. This is the age most people are in the country.
  • Nationality > Noun: The noun which identifies citizens of the nation
  • Median age > Total: This entry is derived from People > Median age, which is the age that divides a population into two numerically equal groups; that is, half the people are younger than this age and half are older. It is a single index that summarizes the age distribution of a population. Currently, the median age ranges from a low of about 15 in Uganda and Gaza Strip to 40 or more in several European countries and Japan. See the entry for "Age structure" for the importance of a young versus an older age structure and, by implication, a low versus a higher median age.
  • Migration > Net migration > Per capita: Net migration is the net total of migrants during the period, that is, the total number of immigrants less the annual number of emigrants, including both citizens and noncitizens. Data are five-year estimates. To derive estimates of net migration, the United Nations Population Division takes into account the past migration history of a country or area, the migration policy of a country, and the influx of refugees in recent periods. The data to calculate these official estimates come from a variety of sources, including border statistics, administrative records, surveys, and censuses. When no official estimates can be made because of insufficient data, net migration is derived through the balance equation, which is the difference between overall population growth and the natural increase during the 1990-2000 intercensal period." Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Marriages: Marriages by urban/rural residence.
  • Age distribution > Child dependency ratio: Percentage of dependant children out of total population aged 15 and older. A dependant child is a child aged 0-14.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 65 and older.
  • Migration > Net migration rate: The difference between the number of persons entering and leaving a country during the year per 1,000 persons (based on midyear population). An excess of persons entering the country is referred to as net immigration (e.g., 3.56 migrants/1,000 population); an excess of persons leaving the country as net emigration (e.g., -9.26 migrants/1,000 population). The net migration rate indicates the contribution of migration to the overall level of population change. High levels of migration can cause problems such as increasing unemployment and potential ethnic strife (if people are coming in) or a reduction in the labor force, perhaps in certain key sectors (if people are leaving).
  • Gender > Sex ratio at birth: Number of males born for every female born. Countries with a number less than one have more females born than males.
  • Age dependency ratio > Dependents to working-age population: Age dependency ratio is the ratio of dependents--people younger than 15 or older than 64--to the working-age population--those ages 15-64. For example, 0.7 means there are 7 dependents for every 10 working-age people.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-59: Percentage of total pouplation aged 15-59.
  • Urban population: Urban population is the midyear population of areas defined as urban in each country and reported to the United Nations.
  • Sex ratio > Under 15 years: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 60 and older.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Total: Number of people 65 years old and older.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 > Total: Number of people aged 15-64.
  • Urban and rural > Urban population: Total population living in urban areas by country.
  • Age structure > 15-64 years: The distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age distribution > Elderly dependency ratio: Percentage of dependant adults out of total population aged 15-64. A dependant adult is an adult aged 65 and older.
  • Migration > Foreign worker salaries: Workers' remittances and compensation of employees comprise current transfers by migrant workers and wages and salaries earned by nonresident workers. Remittances are classified as current private transfers from migrant workers resident in the host country for more than a year, irrespective of their immigration status, to recipients in their country of origin. Migrants' transfers are defined as the net worth of migrants who are expected to remain in the host country for more than one year that is transferred from one country to another at the time of migration. Compensation of employees is the income of migrants who have lived in the host country for less than a year. Data are in current U.S. dollars."
  • Physicians density: This entry gives the number of medical doctors (physicians), including generalist and specialist medical practitioners, per 1,000 of the population. Medical doctors are defined as doctors that study, diagnose, treat, and prevent illness, disease, injury, and other physical and mental impairments in humans through the application of modern medicine. They also plan, supervise, and evaluate care and treatment plans by other health care providers. The World Health Organization estimates that fewer than 2.3 health workers (physicians, nurses, and midwives only) per 1,000 would be insufficient to achieve coverage of primary healthcare needs.
  • Average size of households: Average households size (number of people living in the house) - late 1990s.
  • Migration > Net migration: Net migration is the net total of migrants during the period, that is, the total number of immigrants less the annual number of emigrants, including both citizens and noncitizens. Data are five-year estimates. To derive estimates of net migration, the United Nations Population Division takes into account the past migration history of a country or area, the migration policy of a country, and the influx of refugees in recent periods. The data to calculate these official estimates come from a variety of sources, including border statistics, administrative records, surveys, and censuses. When no official estimates can be made because of insufficient data, net migration is derived through the balance equation, which is the difference between overall population growth and the natural increase during the 1990-2000 intercensal period."
  • Cities > Urban population: Total population living in urban areas. The defition of an urban area differs for each country. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Total: Number of people aged 0-4.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Total: Number of people aged 15-24.
  • Age structure > 25-54 years: This entry is derived from People > Age structure, which provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group as follows: 0-14 years (children), 15-24 years (early working age), 25-54 years (prime working age), 55-64 years (mature working age), 65 years and over (elderly). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Child labor > Children ages 5-14: This entry provides the mean (average) age of mothers at the birth of their first child. It is a useful indicator for gauging the success of family planning programs aiming to reduce maternal mortality, increase contraceptive use – particularly among married and unmarried adolescents, delay age at first marriage, and improve the health of newborns.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Marriages per thousand people: Marriages by urban/rural residence. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Percentage living in rural areas.: Percentage of people living in rural areas. Data for 2003. Urban-rural classification of population in internationally published statistics follows the national census definition, which differs from one country or area to another. National definitions are usually based on criteria that may include any of the following: size of population in a locality, population density, distance between built-up areas, predominant type of economic activity, legal or administrative boundaries and urban characteristics such as specific services and facilities.
  • Age structure > 15-24 years: This entry is derived from People > Age structure, which provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group as follows: 0-14 years (children), 15-24 years (early working age), 25-54 years (prime working age), 55-64 years (mature working age), 65 years and over (elderly). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Migration > Asylum Seekers: Thousands of asylum seekers coming into a nation in 2001.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 > Total: Number of people aged 15-59.
  • Future population change: Total change in population by country. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Marriage > Years being single before marriage > Women: Average age of women at their first marriage.
  • Gender empowerment: Gender Empowerment Measure (GEM). The GEM measures the participation of women and men in political decision-making. This index also has four indicators: female members of the Legislature, female participation in selected positions in public and private sector, female participation in academic and technical work, and estimated income. Both indexes are based on data collected by the UN and are processed to enable comparison.
  • Urban and rural > Urban population per thousand people: Total population living in urban areas by country. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Population density > People per sq. km of land area: Population density (people per sq. km of land area). Population density is midyear population divided by land area in square kilometers. Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of their country of origin. Land area is a country's total area, excluding area under inland water bodies, national claims to continental shelf, and exclusive economic zones. In most cases the definition of inland water bodies includes major rivers and lakes.
  • Teenage birth rate: The number of births to women aged below 20 per 1,000 women aged 15 to 19. (1995-1998)
  • Population > CIA Factbook: This entry gives an estimate from the US Bureau of the Census based on statistics from population censuses, vital statistics registration systems, or sample surveys pertaining to the recent past and on assumptions about future trends. The total population presents one overall measure of the potential impact of the country on the world and within its region. Note: starting with the 1993 Factbook, demographic estimates for some countries (mostly African) have explicitly taken into account the effects of the growing impact of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. These countries are currently: The Bahamas, Benin, Botswana, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burma, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.
  • Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of asylum > Per capita: Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organisation of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of asylum is the country where an asylum claim was filed and granted." Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of asylum: Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organisation of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of asylum is the country where an asylum claim was filed and granted."
  • Urban and rural > Rural population: Total population living in rural areas by country.
  • Number of infant deaths: Number of infant deaths. Number of infants dying before reaching one year of age.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Female: This entry is derived from People > Life expectancy at birth, which contains the average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. The entry includes total population as well as the male and female components. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 5-14 > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 5-14.
  • Gender > Women aged 15-49: Country's total population of women aged 15-49. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Elderly population > Elderly Population by region > Percentage of elderly population by country: The elderly population is the number of inhabitants of a given region aged 65 or older. The population can be either the average annual population or the population at a specific date during the year considered. The average population during a calendar year is generally calculated as the arithmetic mean of the population on 1 January of two consecutive years (it is also referred to as the mean population).

    The geographic concentration index offers an accurate picture of the spatial distribution of elderly population, as it takes into account the area of each region and reveals large international differences in the degree of geographic concentration of elderly people.

    The geographic concentration index compares the economic weight and the geographic weight over all regions in a given country and is constructed to account for both within- and between-country differences in the size of all regions. The index lies between 0 (no concentration) and 100 (maximum concentration) and is suitable for international comparisons of geographic concentration.
  • Number of infant deaths per 1000: Number of infant deaths. Number of infants dying before reaching one year of age. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Nobel prize laureates: Number of Nobel Prize Laureates 1901-2002
  • Percentage living in urban areas: Percentage of people living in urban areas. Data for 2003. Urban-rural classification of population in internationally published statistics follows the national census definition, which differs from one country or area to another. National definitions are usually based on criteria that may include any of the following: size of population in a locality, population density, distance between built-up areas, predominant type of economic activity, legal or administrative boundaries and urban characteristics such as specific services and facilities.
  • Gender > Gender inequality index: Gender Inequality Index.
  • Age structure > 55-64 years: This entry is derived from People > Age structure, which provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group as follows: 0-14 years (children), 15-24 years (early working age), 25-54 years (prime working age), 55-64 years (mature working age), 65 years and over (elderly). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Male: This entry is derived from People > Life expectancy at birth, which contains the average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. The entry includes total population as well as the male and female components. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Sex ratio > 15-64 years: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Literacy > Total population: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
    Additional details:
    • Gibraltar: above 80% (2013)


  • Gender > Global Gender Gap Index: The Gender Gap Index considers gender inequality in the dimensions of economic participation (equality of salaries, labor market participation and access to high-skilled employment); access to education; political participation; and health (life expectancy and sex ratio). The highest score of 1 means total equality, 0 means complete inequality. The Index is calculated by the World Economic Forum.
  • Abortion > Abortion rate: Abortions per 1000 women.
  • Population, total: Population, total. Population, total refers to the total population.
  • Gender empowerment measure: Gender Empowerment Measure Range is from .000 (lowest) to 1.000 (highest), 2002.
  • Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of origin: Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organisation of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of origin generally refers to the nationality or country of citizenship of a claimant."
  • Migration > Foreign population: Foreign population as % of total population; data for 2000
  • Teenage pregancy rate: Adolescent fertility rate is the number of births per 1,000 women ages 15-19."
  • Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Total: Number of people aged 80 years and older.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Total: Number of people aged 60 and older.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 0-4.
  • Gender > Female population per thousand people: Total female population. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Age at first marriage for women: Age of women when they first get married (1999).
  • Urban and rural > Rural population per thousand people: Total population living in rural areas by country. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Urban and rural > Males living in cities proper: Total number of males living in cities proper. The UN definition for city proper varies for each country but usually refers to a locality with legal boundaries, some form of local government and does not include its outlying suburbs and districts. Numbers only include cities proper with a population over 100,000.
  • Urban and rural > Females living in cities proper: Total number of females living in cities proper. The UN definition for city proper varies for each country but usually refers to a locality with legal boundaries, some form of local government and does not include its outlying suburbs and districts. Numbers only include cities proper with a population over 100,000.
  • Urban and rural > Population living in urban agglomerations: Total population living in urban agglomerations. An urban agglomeration should not be confused with a metropolitan area, whereas an agglomeration refers to multiple connected urban cities, while a metropolitan area refers to a central urban area with outlying suburban cities and districts.
  • Sex ratio > 65 years and over: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Marriage > Years being single before marriage > Men: Average age of men at their first marriage.
  • Fertility > Mortality rate, infant > Per 1,000 live births: Mortality rate, infant (per 1,000 live births). Infant mortality rate is the number of infants dying before reaching one year of age, per 1,000 live births in a given year.
  • Projected population growth: Percentage change in projected population between 2000 and 2050
    Units: Percent Change in Population
    Units: A threshold of 0 was applied. All countries with growth rates of 0 or below received the same score.

  • Marriage > Percent married > All > Female > Aged 15-19: Percent of people aged 15-19 years who are or have been married or in a marriage-like union recognized by the law or customs of their country.
  • Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Total: This entry is derived from People > Unemployment, youth ages 15-24, which gives the percent of the total labor force ages 15-24 unemployed during a specified year.
  • Contraceptive prevalence rate: This field gives the percent of women of reproductive age (15-49) who are married or in union and are using, or whose sexual partner is using, a method of contraception according to the date of the most recent available data. The contraceptive prevalence rate is an indicator of health services, development, and women’s empowerment. It is also useful in understanding, past, present, and future fertility trends, especially in developing countries.
  • Marriage > Minimum legal age > Without parental consent > For Women: Minimum legal age at which women can be married without parental consent.
  • One person households: Share of one person households (1995)
  • Urbanization: Estimates and projections of urban and rural populations are made by the Population Division of the United Nations Secretariat and published every two years. These estimates and projections are based on national census or survey data that have been evaluated and, whenever necessary, adjusted for deficiencies and inconsistencies. Urban-rural classification of population in internationally published statistics follows the national census definition, which differs from one country or area to another. National definitions are usually based on criteria that may include any of the following: size of population in a locality, population density, distance between built-up areas, predominant type of economic activity, legal or administrative boundaries and urban characteristics such as specific services and facilities.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Total population: This entry is derived from People > Life expectancy at birth, which contains the average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. The entry includes total population as well as the male and female components. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Size of houses: Proportion of houses with five or more rooms, 2002.
  • Births > Teen motherhood rate: Proportion of women aged 15-19 who have given birth.
  • Immigration > Refugees and asylum seekers > Natives per Refugee: Natives per Refugee.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Dependency ratios > Youth dependency ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.



  • Urban population > Per capita: Urban population is the midyear population of areas defined as urban in each country and reported to the United Nations. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Minimum legal marrying age > With parental consent > For Women: Legal Age for Marriage.
  • Charity > World Giving Index: 2011.
  • Urban and rural > Males living in cities proper per thousand people: Total number of males living in cities proper. The UN definition for city proper varies for each country but usually refers to a locality with legal boundaries, some form of local government and does not include its outlying suburbs and districts. Numbers only include cities proper with a population over 100,000. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Persons per room: The main data sources for housing statistics are national population and housing censuses. Internationally recommended concepts and definitions for collecting these statistics are published in the Principles and Recommendations for Population and Housing
  • Immigration > Destination countries of nationalities and ethnic groups > Russians: Number of residents who are ethnic Russians and maintain a feeling of Russian national identity.
  • Population, total per 1000: Population, total. Population, total refers to the total population. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Dependency ratios > Potential support ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.



  • Urban and rural > Female rural population: Total number of females living in rural areas by country.
  • Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Female: This entry is derived from People > Unemployment, youth ages 15-24, which gives the percent of the total labor force ages 15-24 unemployed during a specified year.
  • Refugee population by country or territory of asylum per 1000: Refugee population by country or territory of asylum. Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organization of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of asylum is the country where an asylum claim was filed and granted. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Literacy > Definition: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
  • International migration > Trends in migration > Net migration rate: Net migration is defined as the total number of immigrant nationals and foreigners minus the total of emigrant foreigners and nationals. Arrivals and departures for purposes such as tourism and business travel are not included in the statistics.
  • Population density: Population density is midyear population divided by land area in square kilometers. Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of their country of origin. Land area is a country's total area, excluding area under inland water bodies, national claims to continental shelf, and exclusive economic zones. In most cases the definition of inland water bodies includes major rivers and lakes."
  • Fertility > Fertility rate, total > Births per woman: Fertility rate, total (births per woman). Total fertility rate represents the number of children that would be born to a woman if she were to live to the end of her childbearing years and bear children in accordance with current age-specific fertility rates.
  • Population in largest city: Population in largest city is the urban population living in the countryÂ’s largest metropolitan area.
  • Rights of the Child Convention > Signatories: Date of signing convention
  • Urban and rural > Females living in cities proper per thousand people: Total number of females living in cities proper. The UN definition for city proper varies for each country but usually refers to a locality with legal boundaries, some form of local government and does not include its outlying suburbs and districts. Numbers only include cities proper with a population over 100,000. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Median age > Both sexes: Age of person who is older than half the population and younger than the other half of the population.
  • Urban and rural > Population living in urban agglomerations per thousand people: Total population living in urban agglomerations. An urban agglomeration should not be confused with a metropolitan area, whereas an agglomeration refers to multiple connected urban cities, while a metropolitan area refers to a central urban area with outlying suburban cities and districts. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Dependency ratios > Elderly dependency ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.



  • Religions: This entry is an ordered listing of religions by adherents starting with the largest group and sometimes includes the percent of total population. The core characteristics and beliefs of the world's major religions are described below.
    Baha'i - Founded by Mirza Husayn-Ali (known as Baha'u'llah) in Iran in 1852, Baha'i faith emphasizes monotheism and believes in one eternal transcendent God. Its guiding focus is to encourage the unity of all peoples on the earth so that justice and peace may be achieved on earth. Baha'i revelation contends the prophets of major world religions reflect some truth or element of the divine, believes all were manifestations of God given to specific communities in specific times, and that Baha'u'llah is an additional prophet meant to call all humankind. Bahais are an open community, located worldwide, with the greatest concentration of believers in South Asia.
    Buddhism - Religion or philosophy inspired by the 5th century B.C. teachings of Siddhartha Gautama (also known as Gautama Buddha "the enlightened one"). Buddhism focuses on the goal of spiritual enlightenment centered on an understanding of Gautama Buddha's Four Noble Truths on the nature of suffering, and on the Eightfold Path of spiritual and moral practice, to break the cycle of suffering of which we are a part. Buddhism ascribes to a karmic system of rebirth. Several schools and sects of Buddhism exist, differing often on the nature of the Buddha, the extent to which enlightenment can be achieved - for one or for all, and by whom - religious orders or laity.
    Basic Groupings
       Theravada Buddhism: The oldest Buddhist school, Theravada is practiced mostly in Sri Lanka, Cambodia, Laos, Burma, and Thailand, with minority representation elsewhere in Asia and the West. Theravadans follow the Pali Canon of Buddha's teachings, and believe that one may escape the cycle of rebirth, worldly attachment, and suffering for oneself; this process may take one or several lifetimes.
       Mahayana Buddhism, including subsets Zen and Tibetan (Lamaistic) Buddhism: Forms of Mahayana Buddhism are common in East Asia and Tibet, and parts of the West. Mahayanas have additional scriptures beyond the Pali Canon and believe the Buddha is eternal and still teaching. Unlike Theravada Buddhism, Mahayana schools maintain the Buddha-nature is present in all beings and all will ultimately achieve enlightenment.
        Hoa Hao: a minority tradition of Buddhism practiced in Vietnam that stresses lay participation, primarily by peasant farmers; it eschews ...
    Full definition






  • Future population > Males: UN estimates of male population in 2010, 2015, 2020, 2025 and 2030.
  • Future population > Females: UN estimates of female population in 2010, 2015, 2020, 2025 and 2030.
  • Infant mortality rate > Total: This entry is derived from People > Infant mortality rate, which gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
  • Languages: This entry provides a rank ordering of languages starting with the largest and sometimes includes the percent of total population speaking that language.
  • Immigration > Commitment to Development Index (immigration): This is a sub-index of the Commitment to Development Index (CDI), which ranks rich countries’ policies is terms of how beneficial they are to the world’s five billion poorest people. The migration sub-index is based on net-inflows of migrants from developing countries, openness to students from those countries and aid offered to refugees and asylum seekers. For further information, please refer to cgdev.org/cdi
  • Child labor > Children ages 5-14 per million people: This entry provides the mean (average) age of mothers at the birth of their first child. It is a useful indicator for gauging the success of family planning programs aiming to reduce maternal mortality, increase contraceptive use – particularly among married and unmarried adolescents, delay age at first marriage, and improve the health of newborns. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Marriage > Minimum legal age > With parental consent > For Women: Age at which women are allowed to marry with parental consent.
  • Hospital bed density: This entry provides the number of hospital beds per 1,000 people; it serves as a general measure of inpatient service availability. Hospital beds include inpatient beds available in public, private, general, and specialized hospitals and rehabilitation centers. In most cases, beds for both acute and chronic care are included. Because the level of inpatient services required for individual countries depends on several factors - such as demographic issues and the burden of disease - there is no global target for the number of hospital beds per country. So, while 2 beds per 1,000 in one country may be sufficient, 2 beds per 1,000 in another may be woefully inadequate because of the number of people hospitalized by disease.
  • Total Population > Female: Total Population - Female, as of April 26, 2005
  • Gender ratio > Whole population: Female/male ratio of population.
  • Gender development index: Gender development index - Range is from .000 (lowest) to 1.000 (highest).
  • Women > Maternal mortality ratio adjusted: People - Women - Maternal mortality ratio 2000 adjusted
  • Fertility > Birth rate, crude > Per 1,000 people: Birth rate, crude (per 1,000 people). Crude birth rate indicates the number of live births occurring during the year, per 1,000 population estimated at midyear. Subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birth rate provides the rate of natural increase, which is equal to the rate of population change in the absence of migration.
  • Fertility > Adolescent fertility rate > Births per 1,000 women ages 15-19: Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19). Adolescent fertility rate is the number of births per 1,000 women ages 15-19.
  • Urban and rural population > Urban gender ratio: Women per 100 men amongst urban population.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Childless women, aged 40-44: Proportion of women who have not given birth by age 40-44.
  • Urban population per 1000: Urban population is the midyear population of areas defined as urban in each country and reported to the United Nations. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Female: This entry is derived from People > School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary , which school life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years > From total: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > Females: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Net migration: Net migration. Net migration is the net total of migrants during the period, that is, the total number of immigrants less the annual number of emigrants, including both citizens and noncitizens. Data are five-year estimates.
  • Drinking water source > Improved > Total: This entry is derived from People > Drinking water source > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved drinking water sources available to segments of the population of a country.improved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: piped water into dwelling, yard, or plot; public tap or standpipe; tubewell or borehole; protected dug well; protected spring; or rainwater collection. unimproved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: unprotected dug well; unprotected spring; cart with small tank or drum; tanker truck; surface water, which includes rivers, dams, lakes, ponds, streams, canals or irrigation channels; or bottled water.
  • Median age > Female: This entry is derived from People > Median age, which is the age that divides a population into two numerically equal groups; that is, half the people are younger than this age and half are older. It is a single index that summarizes the age distribution of a population. Currently, the median age ranges from a low of about 15 in Uganda and Gaza Strip to 40 or more in several European countries and Japan. See the entry for "Age structure" for the importance of a young versus an older age structure and, by implication, a low versus a higher median age.
  • Migration > Asylum Seekers per million: Thousands of asylum seekers coming into a nation in 2001. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Charity > World Giving Index > Donated money, percent: DM.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Marriage, divorce and children > Marriageable age > Females: Female consent.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • International migration > Immigrant population > Foreign-born population: Nationality and place of birth are the two criteria most commonly used to define the “immigrant” population. The foreign-born population covers all persons who have ever migrated from their country of birth to their current country of residence. The foreign population consists of persons who still have the nationality of their home country. It may include persons born in the host country.
  • Dependency ratios > Total dependency ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.



  • International migrant stock, total: International migrant stock, total. International migrant stock is the number of people born in a country other than that in which they live. It also includes refugees. The data used to estimate the international migrant stock at a particular time are obtained mainly from population censuses. The estimates are derived from the data on foreign-born population--people who have residence in one country but were born in another country. When data on the foreign-born population are not available, data on foreign population--that is, people who are citizens of a country other than the country in which they reside--are used as estimates. After the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991 people living in one of the newly independent countries who were born in another were classified as international migrants. Estimates of migrant stock in the newly independent states from 1990 on are based on the 1989 census of the Soviet Union. For countries with information on the international migrant stock for at least two points in time, interpolation or extrapolation was used to estimate the international migrant stock on July 1 of the reference years. For countries with only one observation, estimates for the reference years were derived using rates of change in the migrant stock in the years preceding or following the single observation available. A model was used to estimate migrants for countries that had no data.
  • Immigration > Destination countries of nationalities and ethnic groups > Percent of population of African descent: Percentage of each country's population that is of African descent. These numbers include people mixed with African descent as well.
  • Sanitation facility access > Improved > Total: This entry is derived from People > Sanitation facility access > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved sanitation facilities available to segments of the population of a country. improved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush to a piped sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine; pit latrine with slab; or a composting toilet. unimproved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush not piped to a sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; pit latrine without a slab or open pit; bucket; hanging toilet or hanging latrine; shared facilities of any type; no facilities; or bush or field.
  • Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Male: This entry is derived from People > Unemployment, youth ages 15-24, which gives the percent of the total labor force ages 15-24 unemployed during a specified year.
  • Density and urbanisation > Urban population: Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanisation Prospects.
  • Population > CIA Factbook per capita: This entry gives an estimate from the US Bureau of the Census based on statistics from population censuses, vital statistics registration systems, or sample surveys pertaining to the recent past and on assumptions about future trends. The total population presents one overall measure of the potential impact of the country on the world and within its region. Note: starting with the 1993 Factbook, demographic estimates for some countries (mostly African) have explicitly taken into account the effects of the growing impact of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. These countries are currently: The Bahamas, Benin, Botswana, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burma, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > From total: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Immigration > Cultural Diversity Index: The probability that two individuals selected at random from a country speak a very different language. A high score of close to 1 indicates that many unrelated languages are spoken. A score of close to 0 means that few languages are spoken, and / or that the spoken languages are similar to one another. For more information, please refer to Fearon (see citation).
  • Number of under-five deaths: Number of under-five deaths. Number of children dying before reaching age five.
  • Urban and rural population > Rural gender ratio: Women per 100 men, rural population.
  • Marriage > Percent married > All > Male > Aged 15-19: Percent ever married or in union among persons aged 15-19.
  • GDP per capita > Current US$: GDP per capita (current US$). GDP per capita is gross domestic product divided by midyear population. GDP is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • GDP per capita > Constant 2000 US$: GDP per capita (constant 2000 US$). GDP per capita is gross domestic product divided by midyear population. GDP is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in constant 2005 U.S. dollars.
  • Migration > International migrant stock > Total: International migrant stock is the number of people born in a country other than that in which they live. It also includes refugees. The data used to estimate the international migrant stock at a particular time are obtained mainly from population censuses. The estimates are derived from the data on foreign-born population--people who have residence in one country but were born in another country. When data on the foreign-born population are not available, data on foreign population--that is, people who are citizens of a country other than the country in which they reside--are used as estimates. After the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991 people living in one of the newly independent countries who were born in another were classified as international migrants. Estimates of migrant stock in the newly independent states from 1990 on are based on the 1989 census of the Soviet Union. For countries with information on the international migrant stock for at least two points in time, interpolation or extrapolation was used to estimate the international migrant stock on July 1 of the reference years. For countries with only one observation, estimates for the reference years were derived using rates of change in the migrant stock in the years preceding or following the single observation available. A model was used to estimate migrants for countries that had no data."
  • Marriage > Minimum legal age > With parental consent > For Men: Age at which men are allowed to marry with parental consent.
  • Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of origin > Per capita: Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organisation of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of origin generally refers to the nationality or country of citizenship of a claimant." Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • Immigration > Visa overstay rate > Australia: Modified Non-Return Rate.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Total per thousand people: Number of people 65 years old and older. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Gender > Male population per thousand people: Total male population. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 0-14. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Gender ratio > Babies: Female/male ratio at birth.
  • Lone parent families: Share of lone parent families (1995)
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Total: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > Females per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Condom > Percentage: Percentage of all married women aged 15-49 who report using condoms.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Any method: Current contraceptive use among married women 15-49 years old, any method, percentage.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Condom: Current contraceptive use among married women 15-49 years old, condom, percentage.
  • Age at first marriage for men: Age of men when they first get married (1999).
  • Elderly living with children: Percentage of old people (aged above 65) living with their children.
  • Couples with children: Share of couples with children (1995)
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Teen marriage rate > Women: Percentage of female population aged 15-19 who has been married at least once. Percentage is out of total number of females in the same age group.
  • Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > Australian citizens > Conditions of access: Visa requirement.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Charity > World Giving Index > Helped a stranger, percent: HS.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Marriageable age > Males: Male consent.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Total: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Maternal mortality rate: The maternal mortality rate (MMR) is the annual number of female deaths per 100,000 live births from any cause related to or aggravated by pregnancy or its management (excluding accidental or incidental causes). The MMR includes deaths during pregnancy, childbirth, or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy, irrespective of the duration and site of the pregnancy, for a specified year.
  • Density and urbanisation > Rural population: Rural population refers to people living in rural areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated as the difference between total population and urban population.
  • Migration > New citizenships: Thousands of people who acquired nationality in 2000. Statistics cover all means of acquiring the nationality of a country, except where otherwise indicated. These include standard naturalisation procedures subject to age, residency, etc. criteria, as well as situations where nationality is acquired through a declaration or by option (following marriage, adoption, or other situations related to residency or descent), recovery of former nationality and other special means of acquiring the nationality of a country. For more details on sources, refer to the notes at the end of the OECD Annex.
  • Age structure > 15-64 years > From total: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age structure > 15-64 years > Females: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Sanitation facility access > Improved > Rural: This entry is derived from People > Sanitation facility access > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved sanitation facilities available to segments of the population of a country. improved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush to a piped sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine; pit latrine with slab; or a composting toilet. unimproved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush not piped to a sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; pit latrine without a slab or open pit; bucket; hanging toilet or hanging latrine; shared facilities of any type; no facilities; or bush or field.
  • Gender ratio > Urban population: Female/male ratio of urban population.
  • Gender ratio > Rural population: Female/male ratio of rural population.
  • Cities > Rate of urbanization: Urbanization rate.
  • Total population > Age 80-84: Total population - Age 80-84, as of April 26, 2005
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Male: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Years spent single before marriage > Females: Singulate mean age at marriage.
  • Cities > Urban areas over 2,000,000 per million people: Urban Areas Over 2,000,000. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Disabled persons employment: Employment rate of disabled persons as % of non-disabled persons 20 to 64 years old, late 1990s.
  • Immigration > Ethnic Fractionalization Index per million people: The probability that two individuals selected at random from a country will be from different ethnic groups, 0 meaning that each individual in this country is from the same ethnic group. For a discussion of what constitutes an ethnic group, please refer to Fearon (see citation). Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Cities > Urban population per thousand people: Total population living in urban areas. The defition of an urban area differs for each country. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Gender ratio > Aged over 60: Female/male ratio at age x.
  • Rural population > Per capita: Rural population is calculated as the difference between the total population and the urban population. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Health expenditures: This entry provides the total expenditure on health as a percentage of GDP. Health expenditures are broadly defined as activities performed either by institutions or individuals through the application of medical, paramedical, and/or nursing knowledge and technology, the primary purpose of which is to promote, restore, or maintain health.
  • Female population > Age 15-19 per 1000: Female population - Age 15-19, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Female population > Age 20-24: Female population - Age 20-24, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total Population > Thousands: Total Population, thousands, as of April 26, 2005
  • Fertility > Number of maternal deaths: Number of maternal deaths. Maternal mortality deaths is the number of women who die during pregnancy and childbirth.
  • Migration > Asylum seekers acceptance rates > 1990-99: % of asylum seekers accepted between the years 1990 and 1999.
  • Charity > World Giving Index > Volunteered time: VT.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Age structure > 0-14 years > Females: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > Males: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Widows > Proportion of age group > All > Women > Aged 40 to 59: Percent widowed in age group.
  • Immigration > Nationality compositions of > Canada, share of Canadian population: Country of birth of Canadian residents (in percent).
  • Migration > New citizenships per million: Thousands of people who acquired nationality in 2000. Statistics cover all means of acquiring the nationality of a country, except where otherwise indicated. These include standard naturalisation procedures subject to age, residency, etc. criteria, as well as situations where nationality is acquired through a declaration or by option (following marriage, adoption, or other situations related to residency or descent), recovery of former nationality and other special means of acquiring the nationality of a country. For more details on sources, refer to the notes at the end of the OECD Annex. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 15-19 per 1000: Total population - Age 15-19, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Male population > Age 15-19 per 1000: Male population - Age 15-19, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Population in largest city > Per capita: Population in largest city is the urban population living in the countryÂ’s largest metropolitan area. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Future population > Females per thousand people: UN estimates of female population in 2010, 2015, 2020, 2025 and 2030. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Immigration > Ethnic Fractionalization Index: The probability that two individuals selected at random from a country will be from different ethnic groups, 0 meaning that each individual in this country is from the same ethnic group. For a discussion of what constitutes an ethnic group, please refer to Fearon (see citation).
  • Gender ratio > Aged over 60 > Women per 100 men: Female/male ratio at age x.
  • Gender > Gender ratio aged over 60: Amount of women per every 100 males that are over the age of 60 in each country. For instance, in Russia, for every 100 males over 60, there are 196 females who are over 60.
  • Gender > Gender ratio aged over 80: Amount of women per every 100 males that are over the age of 80 in each country. For instance, in North Korea, for every 100 males over 80, there are 411.8 females who are over 80.
  • International migration > Migration and employment > Employment rates of foreign-born population > Low education: The employment rate is calculated as the share of employed persons aged 15-64 in the total population (active and inactive persons) in the same age range. In accordance with ILO definitions, employed persons are those who worked at least one hour or who had a job during the reference week. The educational classification shown is a regrouping of the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) categories. Generally speaking, “low” corresponds to less than upper secondary education, “intermediate” to upper secondary education and “high” to tertiary education. The latter includes high-level vocational education feeding into technical or semi-professional occupations.
  • International migration > Migration and unemployment > Unemployment rate of the foreign-born men: The unemployment rate is calculated as the share of the unemployed in the total labour force (employed and unemployed persons). In accordance with the ILO standards, unemployed persons consist of those persons who report that they are without work during the reference week, that they are available for work and that they have taken active steps to find work during the four preceding weeks.
  • Immigration > Nationality compositions of Canada, share of immigrants: Portion of immigrants in Canada.
  • Immigration > Country of birth of Australian resident population per thousand people: Australian residents born outside of Australia by country of birth. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Immigration > Nationality compositions of > Canada per thousand people: Country of birth of Canadian residents (number of residents). Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Female population > Age 85-89 per 1000: Female population - Age 85-89, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Female population > Age 20-24 per 1000: Female population - Age 20-24, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 100-104: Total population - Age 100-104, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 75-79 per 1000: Male population - Age 75-79, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Female population > Age 95-99 per million: Female population - Age 95-99, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Migration > Refugees > Inflow 1990-99 per million: Number of refugees accepted by each country between the years 1990 and 1999. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Migration > Asylum Seekers > 1980-89 > Per $ GDP: Total number of asylum seekers between the years 1980 and 1989. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 14.1 billion $ gross domestic product.
  • Migration > Asylum Seekers > 1980-89 per million: Total number of asylum seekers between the years 1980 and 1989. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • International migration > Migration and employment > Employment rates of native-born population > Low education: The employment rate is calculated as the share of employed persons aged 15-64 in the total population (active and inactive persons) in the same age range. In accordance with ILO definitions, employed persons are those who worked at least one hour or who had a job during the reference week. The educational classification shown is a regrouping of the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) categories. Generally speaking, “low” corresponds to less than upper secondary education, “intermediate” to upper secondary education and “high” to tertiary education. The latter includes high-level vocational education feeding into technical or semi-professional occupations.
  • International migration > Migration and unemployment > Unemployment rate of native-born men: The unemployment rate is calculated as the share of the unemployed in the total labour force (employed and unemployed persons). In accordance with the ILO standards, unemployed persons consist of those persons who report that they are without work during the reference week, that they are available for work and that they have taken active steps to find work during the four preceding weeks.
  • HIV/AIDS > People living with HIV/AIDS: This entry gives an estimate of all people (adults and children) alive at yearend with HIV infection, whether or not they have developed symptoms of AIDS.
    Additional details:
    • Bahrain: fewer than 600 (2007)
    • Bhutan: fewer than 100 (2007)
    • Bhutan: fewer than 1,000 (2009)
    • Brunei: fewer than 200 (2003)
    • Comoros: fewer than 500 (2009)
    • Croatia: fewer than 1,000 (2009)
    • Cyprus: fewer than 1,000 (2007)
    • Fiji: fewer than 1,000 (2009)
    • Iceland: fewer than 1,000 (2009)
    • Iraq: fewer than 500 (2003)
    • Luxembourg: fewer than 500 (2003)
    • Luxembourg: fewer than 1,000 (2009)
    • Macedonia: fewer than 200 (2007)
    • Maldives: fewer than 100 (2009)
    • Malta: fewer than 500 (2009)
    • Mongolia: fewer than 500 (2009)
    • Qatar: fewer than 200 (2009)
    • Slovakia: fewer than 200 (2007)
    • Slovakia: fewer than 500 (2009)
    • Slovenia: fewer than 1,000 (2009)
    • Syria: fewer than 500 (2003)
    • Turkmenistan: fewer than 200 (2007)


  • Population, female > % of total: Population, female (% of total). Population, female (% of total) is the percentage of the population that is female.
  • Female population > Age 95-99: Female population - Age 95-99, as of April 26, 2005
  • Survival to age 65, male > % of cohort: Survival to age 65, male (% of cohort). Survival to age 65 refers to the percentage of a cohort of newborn infants that would survive to age 65, if subject to current age specific mortality rates.
  • Prevalence of undernourishment > % of population: Prevalence of undernourishment (% of population). Population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption (also referred to as prevalence of undernourishment) shows the percentage of the population whose food intake is insufficient to meet dietary energy requirements continuously. Data showing as 2.5 signifies a prevalence of undernourishment below 2.5%.
  • Labor force participation rate, total > % of total population ages 15-64: Labor force participation rate, total (% of total population ages 15-64). Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15-64 that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period.
  • Employment to population ratio, ages 15-24, female > %: Employment to population ratio, ages 15-24, female (%). Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15-24 are generally considered the youth population.
  • Total population > Age 45-49 > % of the total: Total population - Age 45-49 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Rural population: Rural population is calculated as the difference between the total population and the urban population.
  • Female population > Age 75-79 > % of the total: Female population - Age 75-79 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 80-84 per 1000: Male population - Age 80-84, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Migration > New citizenships > Per $ GDP: Thousands of people who acquired nationality in 2000. Statistics cover all means of acquiring the nationality of a country, except where otherwise indicated. These include standard naturalisation procedures subject to age, residency, etc. criteria, as well as situations where nationality is acquired through a declaration or by option (following marriage, adoption, or other situations related to residency or descent), recovery of former nationality and other special means of acquiring the nationality of a country. For more details on sources, refer to the notes at the end of the OECD Annex. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1 billion $ gross domestic product.
  • Fertility > Low-birthweight babies > % of births: Low-birthweight babies (% of births). Low-birthweight babies are newborns weighing less than 2,500 grams, with the measurement taken within the first hours of life, before significant postnatal weight loss has occurred.
  • Improved sanitation facilities > % of population with access: Improved sanitation facilities (% of population with access). Access to improved sanitation facilities refers to the percentage of the population using improved sanitation facilities. The improved sanitation facilities include flush/pour flush (to piped sewer system, septic tank, pit latrine), ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine, pit latrine with slab, and composting toilet.
  • Male population > Age 80-84 > % of the total: Male population - Age 80-84 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Immigration > Destination countries of nationalities and ethnic groups > Jews > Total Jews: Amount of Jewish residents.
  • Immigration > Destination countries of nationalities and ethnic groups > Jewish > Percent Jewish: Percentage of population that is Jewish.
  • Male population > Age 85-89 > % of the total: Male population - Age 85-89 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 80-84 > % of the total: Female population - Age 80-84 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Fertility > Contraceptive prevalence > % of women ages 15-49: Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15-49). Contraceptive prevalence rate is the percentage of women who are practicing, or whose sexual partners are practicing, any form of contraception. It is usually measured for married women ages 15-49 only.
  • Emigration rate of tertiary educated > % of total tertiary educated population: Emigration rate of tertiary educated (% of total tertiary educated population). Emigration rate of tertiary educated shows the stock of emigrants ages 25 and older, residing in an OECD country other than that in which they were born, with at least one year of tertiary education as a percentage of the population age 25 and older with tertiary education.
  • Male population > Age 90-94 > % of the total: Male population - Age 90-94 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Labor force participation rate for ages 15-24, male > %: Labor force participation rate for ages 15-24, male (%). Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15-24 that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period. The participation rates are harmonized to account for differences in national data collection and tabulation methodologies as well as for other country-specific factors such as military service requirements. The series includes both nationally reported and imputed data and only estimates that are national, meaning there are no geographic limitations in coverage.
  • Fertility > Mortality rate, neonatal > Per 1,000 live births: Mortality rate, neonatal (per 1,000 live births). Neonatal mortality rate is the number of neonates dying before reaching 28 days of age, per 1,000 live births in a given year.
  • Male population > Age 95-99: Male population - Age 95-99, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 85-89 > % of the total: Female population - Age 85-89 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 70-74 per 1000: Male population - Age 70-74, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Population > Female > % of total: Female population is the percentage of the population that is female.
  • Urban and rural > Male rural population per thousand people: Total number of males living in rural areas by country. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Labor force participation rate, male > % of male population ages 15-64: Labor force participation rate, male (% of male population ages 15-64). Labor force participation rate, male (% of male population ages 15-64)
  • Fertility > Maternal mortality ratio > Modeled estimate, per 100,000 live births: Maternal mortality ratio (modeled estimate, per 100,000 live births). Maternal mortality ratio is the number of women who die during pregnancy and childbirth, per 100,000 live births. The data are estimated with a regression model using information on fertility, birth attendants, and HIV prevalence.
  • Male population > Age 85-89: Male population - Age 85-89, as of April 26, 2005
  • Fertility > Mortality rate, under-5, female > Per 1,000 live births: Mortality rate, under-5, female (per 1,000 live births). Mortality rate, under-5, female (per 1,000)
  • Gender ratio > Aged over 65 > Women per 100 men: Female/male ratio at age x.
  • Improved sanitation facilities, urban > % of urban population with access: Improved sanitation facilities, urban (% of urban population with access). Access to improved sanitation facilities refers to the percentage of the population using improved sanitation facilities. The improved sanitation facilities include flush/pour flush (to piped sewer system, septic tank, pit latrine), ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine, pit latrine with slab, and composting toilet.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Male: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Improved sanitation facilities, rural > % of rural population with access: Improved sanitation facilities, rural (% of rural population with access). Access to improved sanitation facilities refers to the percentage of the population using improved sanitation facilities. The improved sanitation facilities include flush/pour flush (to piped sewer system, septic tank, pit latrine), ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine, pit latrine with slab, and composting toilet.
  • Male population > Age 75-79 > % of the total: Male population - Age 75-79 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 75-79: Female population - Age 75-79, as of April 26, 2005
  • Fertility > Lifetime risk of maternal death > 1 in: rate varies by country: Lifetime risk of maternal death (1 in: rate varies by country). Life time risk of maternal death is the probability that a 15-year-old female will die eventually from a maternal cause assuming that current levels of fertility and mortality (including maternal mortality) do not change in the future, taking into account competing causes of death.
  • Gender ratio > Aged over 80 > Women per 100 men: Female/male ratio at age x.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 15-59. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Gender ratio > Aged over 65: Female/male ratio at age x.
  • Immigration > Destination countries of nationalities and ethnic groups > Jews > Total Jews per thousand people: Amount of Jewish residents. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Labor force participation rate, female > % of female population ages 15-64: Labor force participation rate, female (% of female population ages 15-64). Labor force participation rate, female (% of female population ages 15-64)
  • Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > German citizens > Conditions of access: Condition(s) of access.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Mortality rate, adult, female > Per 1,000 female adults: Mortality rate, adult, female (per 1,000 female adults). Adult mortality rate is the probability of dying between the ages of 15 and 60--that is, the probability of a 15-year-old dying before reaching age 60, if subject to current age-specific mortality rates between those ages.
  • Mortality rate, adult, male > Per 1,000 male adults: Mortality rate, adult, male (per 1,000 male adults). Adult mortality rate is the probability of dying between the ages of 15 and 60--that is, the probability of a 15-year-old dying before reaching age 60, if subject to current age-specific mortality rates between those ages.
  • Survival to age 65, female > % of cohort: Survival to age 65, female (% of cohort). Survival to age 65 refers to the percentage of a cohort of newborn infants that would survive to age 65, if subject to current age specific mortality rates.
  • Male population > Age 70-74 > % of the total: Male population - Age 70-74 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Age dependency ratio, old > % of working-age population: Age dependency ratio, old (% of working-age population). Age dependency ratio, old, is the ratio of older dependents--people older than 64--to the working-age population--those ages 15-64. Data are shown as the proportion of dependents per 100 working-age population.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Female: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > German citizens > Length of stay: Length of stay permitted.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Total population > Evolution of the population > Population growth rates per million: The tables refer to the resident population. For countries such as France, the United Kingdom and the United States which have overseas colonies, protectorates or other territorial possessions, their populations are generally excluded. For full details, see Sources below.

    Growth rates are the annual changes in the population and are the result of births, deaths and net migration during the year.

    The total fertility rate is the total number of children that would be born to each woman if she were to live to the end of her child-bearing years and give birth to children in that period in agreement with the prevailing age-specific fertility rates. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
STAT Austria United States HISTORY
Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 14.86%
Ranked 135th.
16.71%
Ranked 62nd. 12% more than Austria

Age structure > 0-14 years 13.7%
Ranked 219th.
20%
Ranked 156th. 46% more than Austria

Age structure > 65 years and over 18.9%
Ranked 9th. 36% more than United States
13.9%
Ranked 51st.

Birth rate 8.73 births/1,000 population
Ranked 213th.
13.66 births/1,000 population
Ranked 147th. 56% more than Austria

Ethnic groups Austrians 91.1%, former Yugoslavs 4% (includes Croatians, Slovenes, Serbs, and Bosniaks), Turks 1.6%, German 0.9%, other or unspecified 2.4% white 79.96%, black 12.85%, Asian 4.43%, Amerindian and Alaska native 0.97%, native Hawaiian and other Pacific islander 0.18%, two or more races 1.61% (July 2007 estimate)
Gender > Female population 4.82 million
Ranked 101st.
231.19 million
Ranked 4th. 48 times more than Austria

Marriage, divorce and children > Total divorces per thousand people 2.01
Ranked 17th.
2.81
Ranked 8th. 40% more than Austria

Mother's mean age at first birth 28.5
Ranked 2nd. 14% more than United States
25
Ranked 5th.
Population 8.22 million
Ranked 94th.
316.67 million
Ranked 3rd. 39 times more than Austria

Population > Population growth, past and future -0.048
Ranked 81st.
0.122
Ranked 53th.

Population growth -0.048%
Ranked 81st.
0.122%
Ranked 53th.

Population growth rate 0.02%
Ranked 190th.
0.9%
Ranked 124th. 45 times more than Austria

Population in 2015 8,288 thousand
Ranked 93th.
325,723 thousand
Ranked 3rd. 39 times more than Austria
Urban and rural > Population living in cities proper 2.65 million
Ranked 6th.
85.41 million
Ranked 2nd. 32 times more than Austria

Urbanization in 2015 71%
Ranked 61st.
81%
Ranked 37th. 14% more than Austria
Death rate 10.31 deaths/1,000 population
Ranked 46th. 23% more than United States
8.39 deaths/1,000 population
Ranked 88th.

Total fertility rate 1.42 children born/woman
Ranked 198th.
2.06 children born/woman
Ranked 116th. 45% more than Austria

Sex ratio > Total population 0.95 male(s)/female
Ranked 172nd.
0.97 male(s)/female
Ranked 143th. 2% more than Austria

Sex ratio > At birth 1.05 male(s)/female
Ranked 91st. The same as United States
1.05 male(s)/female
Ranked 94th.

Obesity > Adult obesity rate 20.9%
Ranked 91st.
33%
Ranked 16th. 58% more than Austria

Gender > Male population 4.76 million
Ranked 101st.
230.88 million
Ranked 4th. 48 times more than Austria

Nationality > Adjective Austrian American
Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total 1.42 million
Ranked 103th.
77.19 million
Ranked 4th. 54 times more than Austria

Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Percent 10.29%
Ranked 140th.
11.22%
Ranked 80th. 9% more than Austria

Age distribution > Total dependency ratio 83.79%
Ranked 46th. 9% more than United States
76.73%
Ranked 93th.

Marriage rate 5.8
Ranked 21st.
9.8
Ranked 1st. 69% more than Austria
Death rate, crude > Per 1,000 people 9.1
Ranked 68th. 13% more than United States
8.07
Ranked 88th.

Marriage, divorce and children > Total divorces 17,006
Ranked 14th.
877,000
Ranked 2nd. 52 times more than Austria

Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 54.41%
Ranked 151st.
56.58%
Ranked 104th. 4% more than Austria

Age distribution > Median age 47.9 years
Ranked 56th. 8% more than United States
44.38 years
Ranked 117th.

Nationality > Noun Austrian(s) American(s)
Median age > Total 43.9 years
Ranked 6th. 18% more than United States
37.2 years
Ranked 61st.

Migration > Net migration > Per capita 26,707.76 per 1 million people
Ranked 21st. 39% more than United States
19,148.45 per 1 million people
Ranked 34th.

Marriage, divorce and children > Marriages 38,592
Ranked 19th.
2.12 million
Ranked 2nd. 55 times more than Austria

Age distribution > Child dependency ratio 27.31%
Ranked 91st.
29.52%
Ranked 37th. 8% more than Austria

Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Percent 30.73%
Ranked 50th. 15% more than United States
26.71%
Ranked 104th.

Migration > Net migration rate 1.88 migrant(s)/1,000 populati
Ranked 47th.
2.92 migrant(s)/1,000 populati
Ranked 29th. 55% more than Austria

Gender > Sex ratio at birth 1.05
Ranked 53th. 1% more than United States
1.05
Ranked 132nd.

Age dependency ratio > Dependents to working-age population 0.48
Ranked 139th.
0.49
Ranked 133th. 2% more than Austria

Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 48.85%
Ranked 147th.
51.06%
Ranked 99th. 5% more than Austria

Urban population 5.43 million
Ranked 74th.
239.5 million
Ranked 3rd. 44 times more than Austria

Sex ratio > Under 15 years 1.05 male(s)/female
Ranked 71st. 1% more than United States
1.04 male(s)/female
Ranked 118th.

Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Percent 36.29%
Ranked 53th. 13% more than United States
32.24%
Ranked 107th.

Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Total 2.95 million
Ranked 95th.
123.43 million
Ranked 3rd. 42 times more than Austria

Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 > Total 5.22 million
Ranked 103th.
261.45 million
Ranked 4th. 50 times more than Austria

Urban and rural > Urban population 5.37 million
Ranked 43th.
249.25 million
Ranked 2nd. 46 times more than Austria

Age structure > 15-64 years 67.6%
Ranked 80th. 2% more than United States
66.5%
Ranked 101st.

Age distribution > Elderly dependency ratio 56.48%
Ranked 48th. 20% more than United States
47.21%
Ranked 101st.

Migration > Foreign worker salaries 3.38 billion
Ranked 22nd.
48.31 billion
Ranked 2nd. 14 times more than Austria

Physicians density 4.86 physicians/1,000 population
Ranked 2nd. Twice as much as United States
2.42 physicians/1,000 population
Ranked 17th.

Average size of households 2.5
Ranked 7th.
2.6
Ranked 4th. 4% more than Austria
Migration > Net migration 219,893
Ranked 21st.
5.68 million
Ranked 2nd. 26 times more than Austria

Cities > Urban population 76,378
Ranked 86th.
84,460
Ranked 54th. 11% more than Austria

Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Total 464,002
Ranked 103th.
25.57 million
Ranked 4th. 55 times more than Austria

Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Total 986,214
Ranked 103th.
51.86 million
Ranked 4th. 53 times more than Austria

Age structure > 25-54 years 43.1%
Ranked 69th. 7% more than United States
40.2%
Ranked 117th.
Child labor > Children ages 5-14 28.5
Ranked 2nd. 14% more than United States
25
Ranked 5th.
Marriage, divorce and children > Marriages per thousand people 4.56
Ranked 36th.
6.8
Ranked 27th. 49% more than Austria

Percentage living in rural areas. 34%
Ranked 125th. 70% more than United States
20%
Ranked 156th.
Age structure > 15-24 years 11.8%
Ranked 203th.
13.7%
Ranked 169th. 16% more than Austria
Migration > Asylum Seekers 30.1
Ranked 7th.
86.4
Ranked 3rd. 3 times more than Austria
Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 > Total 4.68 million
Ranked 103th.
235.92 million
Ranked 4th. 50 times more than Austria

Future population change -4,627.2
Ranked 112th.
563,170
Ranked 12th.

Marriage > Years being single before marriage > Women 31
Ranked 5th. 15% more than United States
26.9
Ranked 5th.
Gender empowerment 0.745
Ranked 12th.
0.757
Ranked 11th. 2% more than Austria
Urban and rural > Urban population per thousand people 667.56
Ranked 35th.
805.79
Ranked 17th. 21% more than Austria

Population density > People per sq. km of land area 102.22 sq. km
Ranked 93th. 3 times more than United States
34.06 sq. km
Ranked 158th.

Teenage birth rate 14
Ranked 13th.
52.1
Ranked 1st. 4 times more than Austria
Population > CIA Factbook 8.21 million
Ranked 92nd.
303.82 million
Ranked 4th. 37 times more than Austria

Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of asylum > Per capita 4.58 per 1,000 people
Ranked 32nd. 5 times more than United States
0.92 per 1,000 people
Ranked 66th.

Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of asylum 38,906
Ranked 37th.
275,461
Ranked 10th. 7 times more than Austria

Urban and rural > Rural population 2.66 million
Ranked 56th.
59.49 million
Ranked 5th. 22 times more than Austria

Number of infant deaths 0.0
Ranked 145th.
25,000
Ranked 39th.

Life expectancy at birth > Female 83.1 years
Ranked 27th. 2% more than United States
81.17 years
Ranked 53th.

Age distribution > Population aged 5-14 > Percent 10.02%
Ranked 133th.
11.17%
Ranked 64th. 11% more than Austria

Gender > Women aged 15-49 1.75 million
Ranked 103th.
89.8 million
Ranked 4th. 51 times more than Austria

Elderly population > Elderly Population by region > Percentage of elderly population by country 16.61%
Ranked 9th. 34% more than United States
12.4%
Ranked 23th.
Number of infant deaths per 1000 0.0
Ranked 145th.
0.0796
Ranked 117th.

Nobel prize laureates 11
Ranked 11th.
270
Ranked 1st. 25 times more than Austria
Percentage living in urban areas 66%
Ranked 75th.
80%
Ranked 42nd. 21% more than Austria
Gender > Gender inequality index 0.102
Ranked 132nd.
0.256
Ranked 103th. 3 times more than Austria
Age structure > 55-64 years 12.5%
Ranked 38th. 2% more than United States
12.3%
Ranked 43th.
Life expectancy at birth > Male 77.13 years
Ranked 35th. 1% more than United States
76.19 years
Ranked 48th.

Sex ratio > 15-64 years 1.01
Ranked 83th. 1% more than United States
1
Ranked 105th.

Literacy > Total population 98%
Ranked 63th.
99%
Ranked 35th. 1% more than Austria

Gender > Global Gender Gap Index 0.744
Ranked 19th. 1% more than United States
0.739
Ranked 23th.

Abortion > Abortion rate 1.3 abortions per 1,000 women
Ranked 3rd.
20.8 abortions per 1,000 women
Ranked 3rd. 16 times more than Austria
Population, total 8.46 million
Ranked 94th.
313.91 million
Ranked 4th. 37 times more than Austria

Gender empowerment measure 0.745
Ranked 11th.
0.757
Ranked 10th. 2% more than Austria
Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of origin 12
Ranked 159th.
2,368
Ranked 68th. 197 times more than Austria

Migration > Foreign population 9.3%
Ranked 7th.
10.4%
Ranked 6th. 12% more than Austria
Teenage pregancy rate 12.52
Ranked 155th.
34.96
Ranked 99th. 3 times more than Austria

Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Total 1.35 million
Ranked 82nd.
51.64 million
Ranked 3rd. 38 times more than Austria

Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Total 3.48 million
Ranked 96th.
148.96 million
Ranked 3rd. 43 times more than Austria

Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Percent 4.84%
Ranked 138th.
5.53%
Ranked 57th. 14% more than Austria

Gender > Female population per thousand people 513.58
Ranked 31st. The same as United States
513.11
Ranked 32nd.

Age at first marriage for women 27.9 years
Ranked 12th. 12% more than United States
25 years
Ranked 19th.
Urban and rural > Rural population per thousand people 331.28
Ranked 65th. 72% more than United States
192.33
Ranked 67th.

Urban and rural > Males living in cities proper 830,937
Ranked 2nd. 9 times more than United States
92,855
Ranked 27th.

Urban and rural > Females living in cities proper 900,299
Ranked 2nd. 9 times more than United States
103,121
Ranked 24th.

Urban and rural > Population living in urban agglomerations 1.83 million
Ranked 1st. 4 times more than United States
429,882
Ranked 3rd.
Urbanization > Rate of urbanization None None
Sex ratio > 65 years and over 0.73 male(s)/female
Ranked 159th.
0.77 male(s)/female
Ranked 132nd. 5% more than Austria

Marriage > Years being single before marriage > Men 33.6
Ranked 4th. 17% more than United States
28.8
Ranked 6th.
Fertility > Mortality rate, infant > Per 1,000 live births 3.3
Ranked 173th.
6
Ranked 149th. 82% more than Austria

Projected population growth 0.79%
Ranked 111th.
45.31%
Ranked 78th. 57 times more than Austria
Marriage > Percent married > All > Female > Aged 15-19 2.9%
Ranked 16th.
5.9%
Ranked 14th. 2 times more than Austria

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Total 8.3%
Ranked 111th.
17.3%
Ranked 71st. 2 times more than Austria

Contraceptive prevalence rate 69.6%
Ranked 26th.
76.4%
Ranked 16th. 10% more than Austria
Marriage > Minimum legal age > Without parental consent > For Women 18
Ranked 47th. The same as United States
18
Ranked 52nd.
One person households 12%
Ranked 14th.
26%
Ranked 1st. 2 times more than Austria
Urbanization 67
Ranked 69th.
77
Ranked 44th. 15% more than Austria
Life expectancy at birth > Total population 80.04 years
Ranked 33th. 2% more than United States
78.62 years
Ranked 50th.

Size of houses 19%
Ranked 17th.
72%
Ranked 4th. 4 times more than Austria
Births > Teen motherhood rate 2%
Ranked 13th.
8%
Ranked 4th. 4 times more than Austria

Immigration > Refugees and asylum seekers > Natives per Refugee 177
Ranked 127th.
1,200
Ranked 79th. 7 times more than Austria
Dependency ratios > Youth dependency ratio 21.6%
Ranked 181st.
29.4%
Ranked 138th. 36% more than Austria
Urban population > Per capita 0.66 per capita
Ranked 70th.
0.808 per capita
Ranked 33th. 22% more than Austria

Marriage, divorce and children > Minimum legal marrying age > With parental consent > For Women 16 13
Charity > World Giving Index 29
Ranked 37th. 29 times more than United States
1
Ranked 59th.
Urban and rural > Males living in cities proper per thousand people 98.19
Ranked 5th. 327 times more than United States
0.3
Ranked 51st.

Persons per room 0.7
Ranked 46th. 40% more than United States
0.5
Ranked 60th.
Immigration > Destination countries of nationalities and ethnic groups > Russians 5,466
Ranked 42nd.
3.16 million
Ranked 3rd. 579 times more than Austria
Population, total per 1000 1,000
Ranked 56th. The same as United States
1,000
Ranked 66th.

Dependency ratios > Potential support ratio 3.7
Ranked 182nd.
4.8
Ranked 158th. 30% more than Austria
Urban and rural > Female rural population 1.34 million
Ranked 47th.
29.41 million
Ranked 3rd. 22 times more than Austria

Education expenditures 6% of GDP
Ranked 19th. 11% more than United States
5.4% of GDP
Ranked 36th.

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Female 8.8%
Ranked 56th.
15.7%
Ranked 43th. 78% more than Austria

Refugee population by country or territory of asylum per 1000 5.59
Ranked 23th. 7 times more than United States
0.85
Ranked 76th.

Literacy > Definition age 15 and over can read and write age 15 and over can read and write
International migration > Trends in migration > Net migration rate 3.968493 3.429471
Population density 101.11
Ranked 83th. 3 times more than United States
33.22
Ranked 145th.

Fertility > Fertility rate, total > Births per woman 1.42
Ranked 181st.
1.89
Ranked 134th. 33% more than Austria

Population in largest city 2.26 million
Ranked 55th.
18.72 million
Ranked 3rd. 8 times more than Austria

Rights of the Child Convention > Signatories 26 Aug 1990 16 Feb 1995
Urban and rural > Females living in cities proper per thousand people 106.39
Ranked 5th. 319 times more than United States
0.333
Ranked 51st.

Median age > Both sexes 42.6
Ranked 8th. 15% more than United States
36.9
Ranked 3rd.
Urban and rural > Population living in urban agglomerations per thousand people 227.53
Ranked 3rd. 149 times more than United States
1.52
Ranked 6th.
Dependency ratios > Elderly dependency ratio 27.3%
Ranked 14th. 30% more than United States
21%
Ranked 37th.
Religions Roman Catholic 73.6%, Protestant 4.7%, Muslim 4.2%, other 3.5%, unspecified 2%, none 12% Protestant 51.3%, Roman Catholic 23.9%, Mormon 1.7%, other Christian 1.6%, Jewish 1.7%, Buddhist 0.7%, Muslim 0.6%, other or unspecified 2.5%, unaffiliated 12.1%, none 4%
Future population > Males 4.25 million
Ranked 100th.
180.46 million
Ranked 3rd. 42 times more than Austria

Future population > Females 4.39 million
Ranked 99th.
185.73 million
Ranked 3rd. 42 times more than Austria

Infant mortality rate > Total 4.21 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 194th.
5.9 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 173th. 40% more than Austria

Languages German (official nationwide) 88.6%, Turkish 2.3%, Serbian 2.2%, Croatian (official in Burgenland) 1.6%, other (includes Slovene, official in Carinthia, and Hungarian, official in Burgenland) 5.3% English 82.1%, Spanish 10.7%, other Indo-European 3.8%, Asian and Pacific island 2.7%, other 0.7%
Immigration > Commitment to Development Index (immigration) 11.7
Ranked 1st. 2 times more than United States
5.2
Ranked 13th.
Child labor > Children ages 5-14 per million people 3.38
Ranked 5th. 40 times more than United States
0.0838
Ranked 10th.
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Total None None
Marriage > Minimum legal age > With parental consent > For Women 16 13
Hospital bed density 7.6 beds/1,000 population
Ranked 2nd. 3 times more than United States
3 beds/1,000 population
Ranked 37th.

Total Population > Female 4.2 million
Ranked 90th.
151.78 million
Ranked 3rd. 36 times more than Austria
Gender ratio > Whole population 104.2%
Ranked 58th. 1% more than United States
103.3%
Ranked 65th.

Gender development index 0.926
Ranked 11th.
0.927
Ranked 10th. About the same as Austria
Women > Maternal mortality ratio adjusted 4
Ranked 163th.
17
Ranked 135th. 4 times more than Austria
Fertility > Birth rate, crude > Per 1,000 people 9.3
Ranked 190th.
12.7
Ranked 144th. 37% more than Austria

Fertility > Adolescent fertility rate > Births per 1,000 women ages 15-19 5.53
Ranked 181st.
32.73
Ranked 105th. 6 times more than Austria

Urban and rural population > Urban gender ratio 109.3
Ranked 16th. 4% more than United States
105.2
Ranked 27th.

Marriage, divorce and children > Childless women, aged 40-44 16%
Ranked 3rd.
18%
Ranked 1st. 13% more than Austria

Urban population per 1000 660.44
Ranked 66th.
810.44
Ranked 33th. 23% more than Austria

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Female 16 years
Ranked 14th.
18 years
Ranked 7th. 13% more than Austria

Age structure > 0-14 years > From total 14.8%
Ranked 202nd.
20.1%
Ranked 157th. 36% more than Austria

Age structure > 65 years and over > Females 855,741
Ranked 50th.
22.43 million
Ranked 4th. 26 times more than Austria

Net migration 150,001
Ranked 30th.
5 million
Ranked 1st. 33 times more than Austria

Drinking water source > Improved > Total 100% of population
Ranked 28th. 1% more than United States
99% of population
Ranked 12th.
Median age > Female 44.9 years
Ranked 6th. 17% more than United States
38.5 years
Ranked 58th.

Migration > Asylum Seekers per million 3.74
Ranked 1st. 12 times more than United States
0.303
Ranked 21st.
Charity > World Giving Index > Donated money, percent 53%
Ranked 17th.
57%
Ranked 13th. 8% more than Austria
Marriage, divorce and children > Marriageable age > Females 18
Ranked 43th. The same as United States
18
Ranked 36th.
International migration > Immigrant population > Foreign-born population 14.1%
Ranked 7th. 8% more than United States
13.04%
Ranked 8th.
Dependency ratios > Total dependency ratio 48.9%
Ranked 129th.
50.4%
Ranked 119th. 3% more than Austria
International migrant stock, total 1.31 million
Ranked 33th.
42.81 million
Ranked 2nd. 33 times more than Austria

Immigration > Destination countries of nationalities and ethnic groups > Percent of population of African descent 0.2%
Ranked 32nd.
13.6%
Ranked 3rd. 68 times more than Austria
Sanitation facility access > Improved > Total 100% of population
Ranked 10th. The same as United States
100% of population
Ranked 3rd.

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Male 7.9%
Ranked 109th.
18.7%
Ranked 52nd. 2 times more than Austria

Density and urbanisation > Urban population 5.64 million
Ranked 70th.
251.75 million
Ranked 4th. 45 times more than Austria

Population > CIA Factbook per capita 0.984
Ranked 121st.
0.999
Ranked 94th. 2% more than Austria

Age structure > 65 years and over > From total 17.7%
Ranked 9th. 39% more than United States
12.7%
Ranked 49th.

Immigration > Cultural Diversity Index 0.1
Ranked 118th.
0.271
Ranked 78th. 3 times more than Austria
Number of under-five deaths 0.0
Ranked 149th.
29,000
Ranked 43th.

Urban and rural population > Rural gender ratio 101.2
Ranked 24th. 2% more than United States
99
Ranked 37th.

Marriage > Percent married > All > Male > Aged 15-19 0.7%
Ranked 17th.
4.2%
Ranked 5th. 6 times more than Austria

GDP per capita > Current US$ $46,642.29
Ranked 13th.
$51,748.56
Ranked 10th. 11% more than Austria

GDP per capita > Constant 2000 US$ $39,904.75
Ranked 13th.
$45,335.90
Ranked 10th. 14% more than Austria

Oldest people > By nation of death or current residence > Died 17 November 1994 30 December 1999
Migration > International migrant stock > Total 1.16 million
Ranked 32nd.
39.27 million
Ranked 2nd. 34 times more than Austria

Marriage > Minimum legal age > With parental consent > For Men 16 14
Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of origin > Per capita 1.71 per 1 million people
Ranked 168th.
7.03 per 1 million people
Ranked 153th. 4 times more than Austria

Immigration > Visa overstay rate > Australia 0.34
Ranked 141st.
0.51
Ranked 124th. 50% more than Austria

Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Total per thousand people 178.56
Ranked 10th. 35% more than United States
131.88
Ranked 41st.

Gender > Male population per thousand people 487.87
Ranked 149th.
496.34
Ranked 103th. 2% more than Austria

Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total per thousand people 147.74
Ranked 176th.
200.26
Ranked 139th. 36% more than Austria

Gender ratio > Babies 94.7%
Ranked 137th.
95.2%
Ranked 116th. 1% more than Austria

Lone parent families 8%
Ranked 9th.
9%
Ranked 6th. 13% more than Austria
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Total 16 years
Ranked 22nd.
17 years
Ranked 7th. 6% more than Austria
Age structure > 65 years and over > Females per 1000 102.64
Ranked 13th. 39% more than United States
73.75
Ranked 44th.

Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Condom > Percentage 14%
Ranked 3rd. 19% more than United States
11.8%
Ranked 5th.

Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Any method 69.6%
Ranked 6th.
76.4%
Ranked 4th. 10% more than Austria

Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Condom 14%
Ranked 3rd. 19% more than United States
11.8%
Ranked 5th.

Urbanization > Urban population 68 82
Age at first marriage for men 30.3 years
Ranked 11th. 17% more than United States
26 years
Ranked 19th.
Elderly living with children 25%
Ranked 3rd. 67% more than United States
15%
Ranked 6th.
Couples with children 54%
Ranked 12th. 2 times more than United States
25%
Ranked 22nd.
Major cities > Population VIENNA (capital) 1.72 million New York-Newark 19.3 million; Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana 12.675 million; Chicago 9.134 million; Miami 5.699 million; WASHINGTON, D.C. (capital) 4.421 million
Marriage, divorce and children > Teen marriage rate > Women 0.0
Ranked 25th.
2.8
Ranked 13th.
Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > Australian citizens > Conditions of access visa-free ESTA required
Charity > World Giving Index > Helped a stranger, percent 47%
Ranked 58th.
71%
Ranked 3rd. 51% more than Austria
Marriage, divorce and children > Marriageable age > Males 18
Ranked 45th. The same as United States
18
Ranked 37th.
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Total 15 years
Ranked 40th.
16 years
Ranked 22nd. 7% more than Austria

Maternal mortality rate 4 deaths/100,000 live births
Ranked 176th.
21 deaths/100,000 live births
Ranked 135th. 5 times more than Austria

Density and urbanisation > Rural population 2.73 million
Ranked 89th.
55.26 million
Ranked 10th. 20 times more than Austria

Migration > New citizenships 24.6 thousand
Ranked 11th.
898 thousand
Ranked 1st. 37 times more than Austria
Age structure > 15-64 years > From total 67.5%
Ranked 67th. 1% more than United States
67.1%
Ranked 75th.

Age structure > 15-64 years > Females 2.75 million
Ranked 87th.
102.16 million
Ranked 4th. 37 times more than Austria

Sanitation facility access > Improved > Rural 100% of population
Ranked 9th. 1% more than United States
99% of population
Ranked 38th.

Gender ratio > Urban population 109.3%
Ranked 16th. 4% more than United States
105.2%
Ranked 27th.

Gender ratio > Rural population 101.2%
Ranked 24th. 2% more than United States
99%
Ranked 37th.

Cities > Rate of urbanization 0.7%
Ranked 169th.
1.3%
Ranked 137th. 86% more than Austria
Total population > Age 80-84 224,190
Ranked 45th.
5.61 million
Ranked 3rd. 25 times more than Austria
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Male 15 years
Ranked 29th. The same as United States
15 years
Ranked 32nd.

Marriage, divorce and children > Years spent single before marriage > Females 26.1 years
Ranked 9th.
26.3 years
Ranked 8th. 1% more than Austria
Cities > Urban areas over 2,000,000 per million people 0.0
Ranked 90th.
0.0663
Ranked 24th.
Disabled persons employment 60%
Ranked 9th. 3% more than United States
58%
Ranked 12th.
Immigration > Ethnic Fractionalization Index per million people 0.0155
Ranked 111th. 9 times more than United States
0.00169
Ranked 140th.
Cities > Urban population per thousand people 8.04e-06
Ranked 121st. 30 times more than United States
2.64e-07
Ranked 214th.

Gender ratio > Aged over 60 137.5%
Ranked 35th. 6% more than United States
129.9%
Ranked 64th.

Rural population > Per capita 340 per 1,000 people
Ranked 124th. 77% more than United States
192 per 1,000 people
Ranked 159th.

Health expenditures 10.6% of GDP
Ranked 19th.
17.9% of GDP
Ranked 3rd. 69% more than Austria

Female population > Age 15-19 per 1000 28.47
Ranked 189th.
35.37
Ranked 156th. 24% more than Austria
Female population > Age 20-24 245,224
Ranked 107th.
10.19 million
Ranked 4th. 42 times more than Austria
Total Population > Thousands 8,185
Ranked 89th.
295,734
Ranked 3rd. 36 times more than Austria
Fertility > Number of maternal deaths 3
Ranked 157th.
880
Ranked 45th. 293 times more than Austria

Migration > Asylum seekers acceptance rates > 1990-99 13.1%
Ranked 16th.
43.9%
Ranked 5th. 3 times more than Austria
Charity > World Giving Index > Volunteered time 24%
Ranked 43th.
42%
Ranked 7th. 75% more than Austria
Gender development 0.921
Ranked 15th.
0.937
Ranked 4th. 2% more than Austria
Age structure > 0-14 years > Females 592,131
Ranked 113th.
29.89 million
Ranked 6th. 50 times more than Austria

Age structure > 65 years and over > Males 599,415
Ranked 50th.
16.26 million
Ranked 4th. 27 times more than Austria

Widows > Proportion of age group > All > Women > Aged 40 to 59 4.6%
Ranked 24th.
5.1%
Ranked 22nd. 11% more than Austria

Immigration > Nationality compositions of > Canada, share of Canadian population 0.1%
Ranked 38th.
0.8%
Ranked 7th. 8 times more than Austria
Urbanization in 1975 67.4%
Ranked 30th.
73.7%
Ranked 22nd. 9% more than Austria
Migration > New citizenships per million 3.07 thousand
Ranked 9th.
3.18 thousand
Ranked 7th. 4% more than Austria
Total population > Age 15-19 per 1000 58.43
Ranked 190th.
72.63
Ranked 156th. 24% more than Austria
Male population > Age 15-19 per 1000 29.96
Ranked 190th.
37.27
Ranked 155th. 24% more than Austria
Population in largest city > Per capita 0.274 per capita
Ranked 22nd. 4 times more than United States
0.063 per capita
Ranked 105th.

Future population > Females per thousand people 512.01
Ranked 68th.
516.35
Ranked 57th. 1% more than Austria
Immigration > Ethnic Fractionalization Index 0.126
Ranked 137th.
0.491
Ranked 78th. 4 times more than Austria
Gender ratio > Aged over 60 > Women per 100 men 137.5
Ranked 35th. 6% more than United States
129.9
Ranked 64th.

Gender > Gender ratio aged over 60 137.5
Ranked 35th. 6% more than United States
129.9
Ranked 64th.

Gender > Gender ratio aged over 80 248.3
Ranked 19th. 33% more than United States
186.6
Ranked 57th.

International migration > Migration and employment > Employment rates of foreign-born population > Low education 51.4%
Ranked 9th.
62.29%
Ranked 5th. 21% more than Austria
International migration > Migration and unemployment > Unemployment rate of the foreign-born men 9.75%
Ranked 8th. 2 times more than United States
4.11%
Ranked 20th.
Immigration > Nationality compositions of Canada, share of immigrants 0.3%
Ranked 52nd.
4%
Ranked 6th. 13 times more than Austria
Immigration > Country of birth of Australian resident population per thousand people 2.44
Ranked 21st. 11 times more than United States
0.217
Ranked 43th.
Immigration > Nationality compositions of > Canada per thousand people 2.51
Ranked 52nd. 3 times more than United States
0.84
Ranked 97th.
Female population > Age 85-89 per 1000 8.67
Ranked 14th. 16% more than United States
7.48
Ranked 21st.
Female population > Age 20-24 per 1000 29.8
Ranked 182nd.
34.5
Ranked 157th. 16% more than Austria
Total population > Age 100-104 1,460
Ranked 19th.
78,265
Ranked 1st. 54 times more than Austria
Male population > Age 75-79 per 1000 13.97
Ranked 14th. 33% more than United States
10.48
Ranked 43th.
Female population > Age 95-99 per million 1,103.09
Ranked 12th.
1,161.75
Ranked 11th. 5% more than Austria
Oldest people > By nation of death or current residence > Born 23 May 1882 24 September 1880
Migration > Refugees > Inflow 1990-99 per million 10.81
Ranked 6th. 2 times more than United States
4.36
Ranked 10th.
Migration > Asylum Seekers > 1980-89 > Per $ GDP 7.04 per $14.1 billion of GDP
Ranked 2nd. 15 times more than United States
0.475 per $14.1 billion of GDP
Ranked 11th.
Migration > Asylum Seekers > 1980-89 per million 16.92
Ranked 1st. 10 times more than United States
1.74
Ranked 11th.
International migration > Migration and employment > Employment rates of native-born population > Low education 47.69%
Ranked 11th. 36% more than United States
35.17%
Ranked 19th.
International migration > Migration and unemployment > Unemployment rate of native-born men 3.33%
Ranked 16th.
5.76%
Ranked 11th. 73% more than Austria
HIV/AIDS > People living with HIV/AIDS 15,000
Ranked 84th.
1.2 million
Ranked 8th. 80 times more than Austria

Population, female > % of total 51.21%
Ranked 36th. 1% more than United States
50.81%
Ranked 56th.

Female population > Age 95-99 9,076
Ranked 20th.
343,315
Ranked 1st. 38 times more than Austria
Survival to age 65, male > % of cohort 85.04%
Ranked 27th. 5% more than United States
80.8%
Ranked 47th.

Prevalence of undernourishment > % of population 5%
Ranked 114th. The same as United States
5%
Ranked 120th.

Labor force participation rate, total > % of total population ages 15-64 76.1%
Ranked 44th. 6% more than United States
72%
Ranked 69th.

Employment to population ratio, ages 15-24, female > % 50.4%
Ranked 31st. 21% more than United States
41.7%
Ranked 53th.

Total population > Age 45-49 > % of the total 7.7
Ranked 29th. 1% more than United States
7.62
Ranked 32nd.
Rural population 2.8 million
Ranked 92nd.
56.91 million
Ranked 9th. 20 times more than Austria

Female population > Age 75-79 > % of the total 2.03
Ranked 23th. 43% more than United States
1.42
Ranked 48th.
Male population > Age 80-84 per 1000 8.61
Ranked 22nd. 19% more than United States
7.24
Ranked 34th.
Migration > New citizenships > Per $ GDP 0.096 per $1 billion
Ranked 8th. 26% more than United States
0.076 per $1 billion
Ranked 11th.
Fertility > Low-birthweight babies > % of births 6.7%
Ranked 20th.
7.8%
Ranked 12th. 16% more than Austria
Improved sanitation facilities > % of population with access 100%
Ranked 10th. About the same as United States
99.6%
Ranked 40th.

Male population > Age 80-84 > % of the total 0.86
Ranked 28th. 19% more than United States
0.72
Ranked 50th.
Immigration > Destination countries of nationalities and ethnic groups > Jews > Total Jews 9,000
Ranked 19th.
5.28 million
Ranked 2nd. 586 times more than Austria

Immigration > Destination countries of nationalities and ethnic groups > Jewish > Percent Jewish 0.11%
Ranked 16th.
1.71%
Ranked 2nd. 16 times more than Austria

Male population > Age 85-89 > % of the total 0.33
Ranked 25th.
0.38
Ranked 19th. 15% more than Austria
Female population > Age 80-84 > % of the total 1.87
Ranked 8th. 61% more than United States
1.16
Ranked 62nd.
Fertility > Contraceptive prevalence > % of women ages 15-49 50.9%
Ranked 17th.
78.6%
Ranked 5th. 54% more than Austria

Emigration rate of tertiary educated > % of total tertiary educated population 13.48%
Ranked 89th. 30 times more than United States
0.451%
Ranked 189th.

Male population > Age 90-94 > % of the total 0.13
Ranked 15th.
0.14
Ranked 14th. 8% more than Austria
Labor force participation rate for ages 15-24, male > % 64.3%
Ranked 32nd. 24% more than United States
51.9%
Ranked 98th.

Fertility > Mortality rate, neonatal > Per 1,000 live births 2.4
Ranked 171st.
4.1
Ranked 147th. 71% more than Austria

Male population > Age 95-99 2,411
Ranked 20th.
99,372
Ranked 1st. 41 times more than Austria
Female population > Age 85-89 > % of the total 0.87
Ranked 18th. 18% more than United States
0.74
Ranked 26th.
Male population > Age 70-74 per 1000 16.48
Ranked 26th. 28% more than United States
12.93
Ranked 48th.
Population > Female > % of total 51.1%
Ranked 48th. 1% more than United States
50.8%
Ranked 63th.

Urban and rural > Male rural population per thousand people 164.67
Ranked 57th. 69% more than United States
97.25
Ranked 61st.

Labor force participation rate, male > % of male population ages 15-64 81.5%
Ranked 73th. 5% more than United States
77.5%
Ranked 117th.

Assyrian population > Estimated % of total population > 2008 0.08 0.03%-0.17
Fertility > Maternal mortality ratio > Modeled estimate, per 100,000 live births 4
Ranked 176th.
21
Ranked 133th. 5 times more than Austria

Male population > Age 85-89 27,419
Ranked 24th.
1.12 million
Ranked 2nd. 41 times more than Austria
Fertility > Mortality rate, under-5, female > Per 1,000 live births 3.6
Ranked 172nd.
6.4
Ranked 149th. 78% more than Austria

Gender ratio > Aged over 65 > Women per 100 men 150.8
Ranked 27th. 9% more than United States
138
Ranked 60th.

Improved sanitation facilities, urban > % of urban population with access 100%
Ranked 11th. About the same as United States
99.8%
Ranked 42nd.

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Male 15 years
Ranked 34th.
16 years
Ranked 15th. 7% more than Austria
Improved sanitation facilities, rural > % of rural population with access 100%
Ranked 9th. 1% more than United States
98.6%
Ranked 40th.

Male population > Age 75-79 > % of the total 1.4
Ranked 16th. 35% more than United States
1.04
Ranked 49th.
Female population > Age 75-79 166,682
Ranked 49th.
4.25 million
Ranked 3rd. 26 times more than Austria
Fertility > Lifetime risk of maternal death > 1 in: rate varies by country 18,200
Ranked 5th. 8 times more than United States
2,400
Ranked 49th.

Gender ratio > Aged over 80 > Women per 100 men 248.3
Ranked 19th. 33% more than United States
186.6
Ranked 57th.

Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 > Total per thousand people 622.01
Ranked 82nd.
622.34
Ranked 81st. The same as Austria

Gender ratio > Aged over 65 150.8%
Ranked 27th. 9% more than United States
138%
Ranked 60th.

Immigration > Destination countries of nationalities and ethnic groups > Jews > Total Jews per thousand people 1.07
Ranked 16th.
17.05
Ranked 2nd. 16 times more than Austria

Labor force participation rate, female > % of female population ages 15-64 70.6%
Ranked 43th. 6% more than United States
66.5%
Ranked 64th.

Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > German citizens > Conditions of access visa-free ESTA required
Mortality rate, adult, female > Per 1,000 female adults 48.49
Ranked 155th.
79.04
Ranked 130th. 63% more than Austria

Mortality rate, adult, male > Per 1,000 male adults 99.78
Ranked 145th.
134.94
Ranked 138th. 35% more than Austria

Survival to age 65, female > % of cohort 92.15%
Ranked 17th. 5% more than United States
88%
Ranked 48th.

Male population > Age 70-74 > % of the total 1.66
Ranked 25th. 30% more than United States
1.28
Ranked 56th.
Age dependency ratio, old > % of working-age population 27.14%
Ranked 11th. 33% more than United States
20.42%
Ranked 38th.

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Female 15 years
Ranked 35th.
17 years
Ranked 11th. 13% more than Austria
Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > German citizens > Length of stay Freedom of movement 90 days
Total population > Evolution of the population > Population growth rates per million 0.041%
Ranked 6th. 16 times more than United States
0.0026%
Ranked 19th.

SOURCES: United Nations Population Division. Source tables; CIA World Factbook, 28 July 2005; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; CIA World Factbooks 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013; World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. 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Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Population Division of the United Nations Secretariat, World Urbanization Prospects: The 2003 Revision, Data Tables and Highlights. Estimates and projections of urban and rural populations are made by the Population Division of the United Nations Secretariat and published every two years. These estimates and projections are based on national census or survey data that have been evaluated and, whenever necessary, adjusted for deficiencies and inconsistencies; OECD; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. 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Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; The Nobel Foundation; United Nations Development Programme. Source tables; http://www3.weforum.org/docs/WEF_GenderGap_Report_2012.pdf. World Economic Forum, 2012. Table 3a, p. 8 ff.; http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?d=GenderStat&f=inID%3a12, Abortion rate; (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. 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Spanish Statistical Institute; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; Population Reference Bureau, 2001 World Population Data Sheet, Washington, DC: PRB, 2001. via ciesin.org; http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?d=GenderStat&f=inID%3a22, Percent ever married or in union among persons aged 15-19; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; Population Division of the United Nations Secretariat, World Urbanization Prospects: The 2001 Revision, Data Tables and Highlights (ESA/P/WP.173, 20 March 2002); Figures are all from the market analysts Euromonitor. See also Japan Almanac 1998 (Asahi Shimbun, Tokyo, 1998; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; Wikipedia: List of countries by refugee population (By Country of Asylum); United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; Wikipedia: World Giving Index (World Giving Index); United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. 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Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), Statistical Yearbook and data files, complemented by statistics on Palestinian refugees under the mandate of the UNRWA as published on its website. 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Population and Vital Statistics Repot (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database; The Office of the High Commissioner for Human RIghts; https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/fields/2177.html, median age; Source tables, Population projections.; cgdev.org/cdi; CIA World Factbook 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division, International Programs Center Spanish Statistical Institute; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; UNDP, Human Development Report 2002 (Oxford University Press, NY, 2002); UNICEF; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; World Development Indicators database. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; OECD. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Wikipedia: Marriageable age (Africa); United Nations Population Division, Trends in Total Migrant Stock: 2008 Revision.; Wikipedia: African diaspora (Estimated population and distribution); World Bank Staff estimates based on United Nations, World Urbanisation Prospects.; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Ethnic and Cultural Diversity By Country. James D. Faeron. Journal of Economic Growth, 8, 195-222, 2003, p. 215 ff.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; World Bank national accounts data; World Bank national accounts data; Wikipedia: Oldest people; Wikipedia: Visa policy of Australia (Modified Non-Return Rate) (Modified Non-Return Rate Quarterly Report Ending at 30 June 2013, ); United Nations Population Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Population Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Population Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; Richard Disney and Edward Whitehouse, 'The Economic Well-Being of Older People in International Perspective: A Critical Review' (LIS Working Paper 306, June 2002), p. 7; Wikipedia: Visa requirements for Australian citizens (Africa); Wikipedia: Marriageable age (South America); The data on urban population shares used to estimate rural population come from the United Nations, World Urbanisation Prospects. 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Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division, International Programs Center Spanish Statistical Institute; Trends in Maternal Mortality: 1990-2010. Estimates Developed by WHO, UNICEF, UNFPA and the World Bank.; OECD; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/census-recensement/2006/dp-pd/hlt/97-557/T404-eng.cfm?Lang=E&T=404&GH=4&GF=1&SC=1&S=1&O=D; Source tables, Population projections. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. 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Source tables; Wikipedia: Immigration to Canada (Canadian permanent resident population by country of birth) ([1] , Place of birth for the immigrant population by period of immigration, 2006 counts and percentages [1] , Population by immigrant status and period of immigration, 2006 counts, for Canada, provinces and territories); Australian Bureau of Statistics, "Migration, Australia, 2011-12 and 2012-13" (XLS), "Estimated resident population, Country of birth, State/territory, Age and sex - 30 June 2011", 18 December 2013. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. 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Available at http://esa.un.org/wpp/unpp/panel_population.htm.; Food and Agriculture Organization; International Labour Organization, Key Indicators of the Labour Market database.; UNICEF, State of the World's Children, Childinfo, and Demographic and Health Surveys by ICF International.; WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme (JMP) for Water Supply and Sanitation (http://www.wssinfo.org/).; http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/articles/13992-statistics and http://docs.fdrlibrary.marist.edu/psf/box52/a467cg01.html; Household surveys, including Demographic and Health Surveys by Macro International and Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys by UNICEF.; Frxe9dxe9ric Docquier, B. Lindsay Lowell, and Abdeslam Marfouk's , "A Gendered Assessment of Highly Skilled Emigration" (2009).; Wikipedia: Assyrian/Chaldean/Syriac diaspora; United Nations Population Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. 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Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.