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Country vs country: Austria and United States compared: People

Definitions

  • Birth rate: The average annual number of births during a year per 1,000 persons in the population at midyear; also known as crude birth rate. The birth rate is usually the dominant factor in determining the rate of population growth. It depends on both the level of fertility and the age structure of the population.
  • Death rate: The average annual number of deaths during a year per 1,000 population at midyear; also known as crude death rate. The death rate, while only a rough indicator of the mortality situation in a country, accurately indicates the current mortality impact on population growth. This indicator is significantly affected by age distribution, and most countries will eventually show a rise in the overall death rate, in spite of continued decline in mortality at all ages, as declining fertility results in an aging population.
  • Ethnic groups: This entry provides a rank ordering of ethnic groups starting with the largest and normally includes the percent of total population.
  • Hospital bed density: This entry provides the number of hospital beds per 1,000 people; it serves as a general measure of inpatient service availability. Hospital beds include inpatient beds available in public, private, general, and specialized hospitals and rehabilitation centers. In most cases, beds for both acute and chronic care are included. Because the level of inpatient services required for individual countries depends on several factors - such as demographic issues and the burden of disease - there is no global target for the number of hospital beds per country. So, while 2 beds per 1,000 in one country may be sufficient, 2 beds per 1,000 in another may be woefully inadequate because of the number of people hospitalized by disease.
  • Infant mortality rate > Total: This entry is derived from People > Infant mortality rate, which gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
  • Nationality > Adjective: This entry is derived from People > Nationality, which provides the identifying terms for citizens - noun and adjective.
  • Nationality > Noun: The noun which identifies citizens of the nation
  • Physicians density: This entry gives the number of medical doctors (physicians), including generalist and specialist medical practitioners, per 1,000 of the population. Medical doctors are defined as doctors that study, diagnose, treat, and prevent illness, disease, injury, and other physical and mental impairments in humans through the application of modern medicine. They also plan, supervise, and evaluate care and treatment plans by other health care providers. The World Health Organization estimates that fewer than 2.3 health workers (physicians, nurses, and midwives only) per 1,000 would be insufficient to achieve coverage of primary healthcare needs.
  • Population: Population, total refers to the total population.
  • Population growth rate: The average annual percent change in the population, resulting from a surplus (or deficit) of births over deaths and the balance of migrants entering and leaving a country. The rate may be positive or negative. The growth rate is a factor in determining how great a burden would be imposed on a country by the changing needs of its people for infrastructure (e.g., schools, hospitals, housing, roads), resources (e.g., food, water, electricity), and jobs. Rapid population growth can be seen as threatening by neighboring countries.
  • Population in 2015: (Thousands) Medium-variant projections.
  • Sex ratio > 65 years and over: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Sex ratio > At birth: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Sex ratio > Total population: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Total fertility rate: The average number of children that would be born per woman if all women lived to the end of their child-bearing years and bore children according to a given fertility rate at each age. The total fertility rate is a more direct measure of the level of fertility than the crude birth rate, since it refers to births per woman. This indicator shows the potential for population growth in the country. High rates will also place some limits on the labor force participation rates for women. Large numbers of children born to women indicate large family sizes that might limit the ability of the families to feed and educate their children.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Male: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Total: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Sex ratio > Under 15 years: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Sanitation facility access > Improved > Total: This entry is derived from People > Sanitation facility access > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved sanitation facilities available to segments of the population of a country. improved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush to a piped sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine; pit latrine with slab; or a composting toilet. unimproved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush not piped to a sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; pit latrine without a slab or open pit; bucket; hanging toilet or hanging latrine; shared facilities of any type; no facilities; or bush or field.
  • Sanitation facility access > Improved > Urban: This entry is derived from People > Sanitation facility access > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved sanitation facilities available to segments of the population of a country. improved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush to a piped sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine; pit latrine with slab; or a composting toilet. unimproved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush not piped to a sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; pit latrine without a slab or open pit; bucket; hanging toilet or hanging latrine; shared facilities of any type; no facilities; or bush or field.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Female: This entry is derived from People > School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary , which school life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Median age > Female: This entry is derived from People > Median age, which is the age that divides a population into two numerically equal groups; that is, half the people are younger than this age and half are older. It is a single index that summarizes the age distribution of a population. Currently, the median age ranges from a low of about 15 in Uganda and Gaza Strip to 40 or more in several European countries and Japan. See the entry for "Age structure" for the importance of a young versus an older age structure and, by implication, a low versus a higher median age.
  • Median age > Total: This entry is derived from People > Median age, which is the age that divides a population into two numerically equal groups; that is, half the people are younger than this age and half are older. It is a single index that summarizes the age distribution of a population. Currently, the median age ranges from a low of about 15 in Uganda and Gaza Strip to 40 or more in several European countries and Japan. See the entry for "Age structure" for the importance of a young versus an older age structure and, by implication, a low versus a higher median age.
  • Infant mortality rate > Female: This entry is derived from People > Infant mortality rate, which gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
  • Infant mortality rate > Male: This entry is derived from People > Infant mortality rate, which gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years: The distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Sex ratio > 15-64 years: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Male: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Total: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Languages: This entry provides a rank ordering of languages starting with the largest and sometimes includes the percent of total population speaking that language.
  • Literacy > Definition: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
  • Age structure > 15-24 years: This entry is derived from People > Age structure, which provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group as follows: 0-14 years (children), 15-24 years (early working age), 25-54 years (prime working age), 55-64 years (mature working age), 65 years and over (elderly). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Contraceptive prevalence rate: This field gives the percent of women of reproductive age (15-49) who are married or in union and are using, or whose sexual partner is using, a method of contraception according to the date of the most recent available data. The contraceptive prevalence rate is an indicator of health services, development, and women’s empowerment. It is also useful in understanding, past, present, and future fertility trends, especially in developing countries.
  • Age structure > 25-54 years: This entry is derived from People > Age structure, which provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group as follows: 0-14 years (children), 15-24 years (early working age), 25-54 years (prime working age), 55-64 years (mature working age), 65 years and over (elderly). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age structure > 55-64 years: This entry is derived from People > Age structure, which provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group as follows: 0-14 years (children), 15-24 years (early working age), 25-54 years (prime working age), 55-64 years (mature working age), 65 years and over (elderly). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Dependency ratios > Elderly dependency ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.
  • Dependency ratios > Potential support ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.
  • Dependency ratios > Youth dependency ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.
  • Dependency ratios > Total dependency ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.
  • Religions: This entry is an ordered listing of religions by adherents starting with the largest group and sometimes includes the percent of total population. The core characteristics and beliefs of the world's major religions are described below.
    Baha'i - Founded by Mirza Husayn-Ali (known as Baha'u'llah) in Iran in 1852, Baha'i faith emphasizes monotheism and believes in one eternal transcendent God. Its guiding focus is to encourage the unity of all peoples on the earth so that justice and peace may be achieved on earth. Baha'i revelation contends the prophets of major world religions reflect some truth or element of the divine, believes all were manifestations of God given to specific communities in specific times, and that Baha'u'llah is an additional prophet meant to call all humankind. Bahais are an open community, located worldwide, with the greatest concentration of believers in South Asia.
    Buddhism - Religion or philosophy inspired by the 5th century B.C. teachings of Siddhartha Gautama (also known as Gautama Buddha "the enlightened one"). Buddhism focuses on the goal of spiritual enlightenment centered on an understanding of Gautama Buddha's Four Noble Truths on the nature of suffering, and on the Eightfold Path of spiritual and moral practice, to break the cycle of suffering of which we are a part. Buddhism ascribes to a karmic system of rebirth. Several schools and sects of Buddhism exist, differing often on the nature of the Buddha, the extent to which enlightenment can be achieved - for one or for all, and by whom - religious orders or laity.
    Basic Groupings
       Theravada Buddhism: The oldest Buddhist school, Theravada is practiced mostly in Sri Lanka, Cambodia, Laos, Burma, and Thailand, with minority representation elsewhere in Asia and the West. Theravadans follow the Pali Canon of Buddha's teachings, and believe that one may escape the cycle of rebirth, worldly attachment, and suffering for oneself; this process may take one or several lifetimes.
       Mahayana Buddhism, including subsets Zen and Tibetan (Lamaistic) Buddhism: Forms of Mahayana Buddhism are common in East Asia and Tibet, and parts of the West. Mahayanas have additional scriptures beyond the Pali Canon and believe the Buddha is eternal and still teaching. Unlike Theravada Buddhism, Mahayana schools maintain the Buddha-nature is present in all beings and all will ultimately achieve enlightenment.
        Hoa Hao: a minority tradition of Buddhism practiced in Vietnam that stresses lay participation, primarily by peasant farmers; it eschews ...
    Full definition
  • Drinking water source > Improved > Total: This entry is derived from People > Drinking water source > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved drinking water sources available to segments of the population of a country.improved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: piped water into dwelling, yard, or plot; public tap or standpipe; tubewell or borehole; protected dug well; protected spring; or rainwater collection. unimproved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: unprotected dug well; unprotected spring; cart with small tank or drum; tanker truck; surface water, which includes rivers, dams, lakes, ponds, streams, canals or irrigation channels; or bottled water.
  • Sanitation facility access > Improved > Rural: This entry is derived from People > Sanitation facility access > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved sanitation facilities available to segments of the population of a country. improved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush to a piped sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine; pit latrine with slab; or a composting toilet. unimproved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush not piped to a sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; pit latrine without a slab or open pit; bucket; hanging toilet or hanging latrine; shared facilities of any type; no facilities; or bush or field.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over: The distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest."
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Male: This entry is derived from People > School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary , which school life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Total: This entry is derived from People > School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary , which school life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Age structure > 15-64 years: The distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Median age > Male: This entry is the age that divides a population into two numerically equal groups; that is, half the people are younger than this age and half are older. It is a single index that summarizes the age distribution of a population. Currently, the median age ranges from a low of about 15 in Uganda and Gaza Strip to 40 or more in several European countries and Japan. See the entry for "Age structure" for the importance of a young versus an older age structure and, by implication, a low versus a higher median age.
  • Drinking water source > Improved > Rural: This entry is derived from People > Drinking water source > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved drinking water sources available to segments of the population of a country.improved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: piped water into dwelling, yard, or plot; public tap or standpipe; tubewell or borehole; protected dug well; protected spring; or rainwater collection. unimproved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: unprotected dug well; unprotected spring; cart with small tank or drum; tanker truck; surface water, which includes rivers, dams, lakes, ponds, streams, canals or irrigation channels; or bottled water.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Female: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Child labor > Children ages 5-14: This entry provides the mean (average) age of mothers at the birth of their first child. It is a useful indicator for gauging the success of family planning programs aiming to reduce maternal mortality, increase contraceptive use – particularly among married and unmarried adolescents, delay age at first marriage, and improve the health of newborns.
  • Mother's mean age at first birth: This entry provides the mean (average) age of mothers at the birth of their first child. It is a useful indicator for gauging the success of family planning programs aiming to reduce maternal mortality, increase contraceptive use – particularly among married and unmarried adolescents, delay age at first marriage, and improve the health of newborns.
  • Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Female: This entry is derived from People > Unemployment, youth ages 15-24, which gives the percent of the total labor force ages 15-24 unemployed during a specified year.
  • HIV/AIDS > Deaths: This entry gives an estimate of the number of adults and children who died of AIDS during a given calendar year.
  • Drinking water source > Improved > Urban: This entry is derived from People > Drinking water source > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved drinking water sources available to segments of the population of a country.improved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: piped water into dwelling, yard, or plot; public tap or standpipe; tubewell or borehole; protected dug well; protected spring; or rainwater collection. unimproved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: unprotected dug well; unprotected spring; cart with small tank or drum; tanker truck; surface water, which includes rivers, dams, lakes, ponds, streams, canals or irrigation channels; or bottled water.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Female: This entry is derived from People > Life expectancy at birth, which contains the average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. The entry includes total population as well as the male and female components. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Male: This entry is derived from People > Life expectancy at birth, which contains the average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. The entry includes total population as well as the male and female components. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Total population: This entry is derived from People > Life expectancy at birth, which contains the average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. The entry includes total population as well as the male and female components. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Male: This entry is derived from People > Unemployment, youth ages 15-24, which gives the percent of the total labor force ages 15-24 unemployed during a specified year.
  • Literacy > Total population: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
    Additional details:
    • Gibraltar: above 80% (2013)
  • Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Total: This entry is derived from People > Unemployment, youth ages 15-24, which gives the percent of the total labor force ages 15-24 unemployed during a specified year.
  • Projected population growth: Percentage change in projected population between 2000 and 2050
    Units: Percent Change in Population
    Units: A threshold of 0 was applied. All countries with growth rates of 0 or below received the same score.
  • Marriage rate: Number of marriages per 1,000 people per year
  • Average size of households: Average households size (number of people living in the house) - late 1990s.
  • Urban population: Urban population is the midyear population of areas defined as urban in each country and reported to the United Nations.
  • Teenage birth rate: The number of births to women aged below 20 per 1,000 women aged 15 to 19. (1995-1998)
  • Total Population: Total Population, as of April 26, 2005
  • Urbanization: Estimates and projections of urban and rural populations are made by the Population Division of the United Nations Secretariat and published every two years. These estimates and projections are based on national census or survey data that have been evaluated and, whenever necessary, adjusted for deficiencies and inconsistencies. Urban-rural classification of population in internationally published statistics follows the national census definition, which differs from one country or area to another. National definitions are usually based on criteria that may include any of the following: size of population in a locality, population density, distance between built-up areas, predominant type of economic activity, legal or administrative boundaries and urban characteristics such as specific services and facilities.
  • Population > CIA Factbook: This entry gives an estimate from the US Bureau of the Census based on statistics from population censuses, vital statistics registration systems, or sample surveys pertaining to the recent past and on assumptions about future trends. The total population presents one overall measure of the potential impact of the country on the world and within its region. Note: starting with the 1993 Factbook, demographic estimates for some countries (mostly African) have explicitly taken into account the effects of the growing impact of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. These countries are currently: The Bahamas, Benin, Botswana, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burma, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.
  • Nobel prize laureates: Number of Nobel Prize Laureates 1901-2002
  • Gender empowerment: Gender Empowerment Measure (GEM). The GEM measures the participation of women and men in political decision-making. This index also has four indicators: female members of the Legislature, female participation in selected positions in public and private sector, female participation in academic and technical work, and estimated income. Both indexes are based on data collected by the UN and are processed to enable comparison.
  • Gender development index: Gender development index - Range is from .000 (lowest) to 1.000 (highest).
  • Size of houses: Proportion of houses with five or more rooms, 2002.
  • Rural population: Rural population is calculated as the difference between the total population and the urban population.
  • Gender empowerment measure: Gender Empowerment Measure Range is from .000 (lowest) to 1.000 (highest), 2002.
  • Total Population > Female: Total Population - Female, as of April 26, 2005
  • Lone parent families: Share of lone parent families (1995)
  • Total Population > Male: Total Population - Male, as of April 26, 2005
  • Urban population > Per capita: Urban population is the midyear population of areas defined as urban in each country and reported to the United Nations. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Population in largest city: Population in largest city is the urban population living in the countryÂ’s largest metropolitan area.
  • One person households: Share of one person households (1995)
  • Persons per room: The main data sources for housing statistics are national population and housing censuses. Internationally recommended concepts and definitions for collecting these statistics are published in the Principles and Recommendations for Population and Housing
  • Elderly living with children: Percentage of old people (aged above 65) living with their children.
  • Elderly living in institution: Percentage of old people (aged above 65) living in old age institutions.
  • Rural population > Per capita: Rural population is calculated as the difference between the total population and the urban population. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Couples with children: Share of couples with children (1995)
  • Population density: Population density is midyear population divided by land area in square kilometers. Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of their country of origin. Land area is a country's total area, excluding area under inland water bodies, national claims to continental shelf, and exclusive economic zones. In most cases the definition of inland water bodies includes major rivers and lakes."
  • Structure > Population > Total: Total population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of their country of origin. The values shown are midyear estimates."
  • Teenage pregancy rate: Adolescent fertility rate is the number of births per 1,000 women ages 15-19."
  • Disabled persons employment: Employment rate of disabled persons as % of non-disabled persons 20 to 64 years old, late 1990s.
  • Disabled persons earning capacity: Mean income from employment for disabled persons as % of non-disabled mean, late 1990s.
  • Disbility benefit recipients: Percentage of 20 to 64-year-olds receiving disability benefits.
  • Male population > Age 20-24: Male population - Age 20-24, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population > Age 30-34 > % of the total: Total population - Age 30-34 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population > Age 90-94 > % of the total: Total population - Age 90-94 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population > Age 70-74: Total population - Age 70-74, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 55-59 per 1000: Male population - Age 55-59, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Female population > Age 10-14 > % of the total: Female population - Age 10-14 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 65-69 > % of the total: Female population - Age 65-69 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 25-29 > % of the total: Male population - Age 25-29 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 25-29: Female population - Age 25-29, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 85-89: Female population - Age 85-89, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 40-44: Female population - Age 40-44, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 100-104: Male population - Age 100-104, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 15-19: Male population - Age 15-19, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 90-94: Male population - Age 90-94, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 35-39: Male population - Age 35-39, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 40-44: Male population - Age 40-44, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population > Age 40-44: Total population - Age 40-44, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population > Age 35-39: Total population - Age 35-39, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 95-99 > % of the total: Male population - Age 95-99 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population > Age 35-39 > % of the total: Total population - Age 35-39 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population > Age 45-49: Total population - Age 45-49, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population > Age 65-69: Total population - Age 65-69, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population > Age 60-64 > % of the total: Total population - Age 60-64 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population > Age 70-74 > % of the total: Total population - Age 70-74 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population > Age 65-69 > % of the total: Total population - Age 65-69 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population > Age 75-79 > % of the total: Total population - Age 75-79 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Women > Antenatal care coverage %: People - Women - Antenatal care coverage (%) 1995-2002
  • Total population > Age 85-89 > % of the total: Total population - Age 85-89 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population > Age 75-79: Total population - Age 75-79, as of April 26, 2005
  • Population > Population in the largest city > % of urban population: Population in the largest city (% of urban population). Population in largest city is the percentage of a country's urban population living in that country's largest metropolitan area.
  • Population in urban agglomerations of more than 1 million: Population in urban agglomerations of more than 1 million. Population in urban agglomerations of more than one million is the country's population living in metropolitan areas that in 2000 had a population of more than one million people.
  • Population in urban agglomerations of more than 1 million > % of total population: Population in urban agglomerations of more than 1 million (% of total population). Population in urban agglomerations of more than one million is the percentage of a country's population living in metropolitan areas that in 2000 had a population of more than one million people.
  • Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita > Cubic meters: Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita (cubic meters). Renewable internal freshwater resources flows refer to internal renewable resources (internal river flows and groundwater from rainfall) in the country. Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita are calculated using the World Bank's population estimates.
  • Male population > Age 65-69 per 1000: Male population - Age 65-69, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Male population > Age 65-69: Male population - Age 65-69, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 100-104: Female population - Age 100-104, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 15-19 per 1000: Female population - Age 15-19, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Male population > Age 70-74 per 1000: Male population - Age 70-74, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Male population > Age 75-79 per 1000: Male population - Age 75-79, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Male population > Age 80-84 per 1000: Male population - Age 80-84, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Female population > Age 35-39 per 1000: Female population - Age 35-39, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Male population > Age 85-89 per 1000: Male population - Age 85-89, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Female population > Age 100-104 > % of the total: Female population - Age 100-104 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 25-29 > % of the total: Female population - Age 25-29 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 20-24 > % of the total: Female population - Age 20-24 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 40-44 > % of the total: Female population - Age 40-44 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 35-39 > % of the total: Female population - Age 35-39 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 30-34: Female population - Age 30-34, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 35-39: Female population - Age 35-39, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 30-34 > % of the total: Female population - Age 30-34 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 45-49: Female population - Age 45-49, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 55-59: Female population - Age 55-59, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 50-54: Female population - Age 50-54, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 50-54 > % of the total: Female population - Age 50-54 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 55-59 > % of the total: Female population - Age 55-59 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 45-49 > % of the total: Female population - Age 45-49 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 70-74: Female population - Age 70-74, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 60-64: Female population - Age 60-64, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 65-69: Female population - Age 65-69, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 70-74 > % of the total: Female population - Age 70-74 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 75-79: Female population - Age 75-79, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 85-89 > % of the total: Female population - Age 85-89 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 80-84 > % of the total: Female population - Age 80-84 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 75-79 > % of the total: Female population - Age 75-79 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 90-94 > % of the total: Female population - Age 90-94 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 95-99 > % of the total: Female population - Age 95-99 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 100-104 > % of the total: Male population - Age 100-104 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 10-14 > % of the total: Male population - Age 10-14 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 95-99: Female population - Age 95-99, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 10-14: Male population - Age 10-14, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 15-19 > % of the total: Male population - Age 15-19 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 25-29: Male population - Age 25-29, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 40-44 > % of the total: Male population - Age 40-44 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 30-34 > % of the total: Male population - Age 30-34 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 35-39 > % of the total: Male population - Age 35-39 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 20-24 > % of the total: Male population - Age 20-24 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 45-49: Male population - Age 45-49, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 50-54: Male population - Age 50-54, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 55-59: Male population - Age 55-59, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 45-49 > % of the total: Male population - Age 45-49 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 50-54 > % of the total: Male population - Age 50-54 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 60-64: Male population - Age 60-64, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 65-69 > % of the total: Male population - Age 65-69 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 60-64 > % of the total: Male population - Age 60-64 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 55-59 > % of the total: Male population - Age 55-59 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 70-74 > % of the total: Male population - Age 70-74 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 75-79 > % of the total: Male population - Age 75-79 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 90-94 > % of the total: Male population - Age 90-94 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 85-89 > % of the total: Male population - Age 85-89 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 80-84 > % of the total: Male population - Age 80-84 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 75-79: Male population - Age 75-79, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 80-84: Male population - Age 80-84, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 85-89: Male population - Age 85-89, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 95-99: Male population - Age 95-99, as of April 26, 2005
  • International migration > Migration and employment > Employment rates of foreign-born population > High educatio: The employment rate is calculated as the share of employed persons aged 15-64 in the total population (active and inactive persons) in the same age range. In accordance with ILO definitions, employed persons are those who worked at least one hour or who had a job during the reference week. The educational classification shown is a regrouping of the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) categories. Generally speaking, “low” corresponds to less than upper secondary education, “intermediate” to upper secondary education and “high” to tertiary education. The latter includes high-level vocational education feeding into technical or semi-professional occupations.
  • International migration > Migration and employment > Employment rates of foreign-born population > Low education: The employment rate is calculated as the share of employed persons aged 15-64 in the total population (active and inactive persons) in the same age range. In accordance with ILO definitions, employed persons are those who worked at least one hour or who had a job during the reference week. The educational classification shown is a regrouping of the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) categories. Generally speaking, “low” corresponds to less than upper secondary education, “intermediate” to upper secondary education and “high” to tertiary education. The latter includes high-level vocational education feeding into technical or semi-professional occupations.
  • International migration > Migration and employment > Employment rates of native-born population > Low education: The employment rate is calculated as the share of employed persons aged 15-64 in the total population (active and inactive persons) in the same age range. In accordance with ILO definitions, employed persons are those who worked at least one hour or who had a job during the reference week. The educational classification shown is a regrouping of the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) categories. Generally speaking, “low” corresponds to less than upper secondary education, “intermediate” to upper secondary education and “high” to tertiary education. The latter includes high-level vocational education feeding into technical or semi-professional occupations.
  • International migration > Migration and employment > Employment rates of native-born population > Intermadiate e: The employment rate is calculated as the share of employed persons aged 15-64 in the total population (active and inactive persons) in the same age range. In accordance with ILO definitions, employed persons are those who worked at least one hour or who had a job during the reference week. The educational classification shown is a regrouping of the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) categories. Generally speaking, “low” corresponds to less than upper secondary education, “intermediate” to upper secondary education and “high” to tertiary education. The latter includes high-level vocational education feeding into technical or semi-professional occupations.
  • International migration > Migration and employment > Employment rates of foreign-born population > Intermadiate : The employment rate is calculated as the share of employed persons aged 15-64 in the total population (active and inactive persons) in the same age range. In accordance with ILO definitions, employed persons are those who worked at least one hour or who had a job during the reference week. The educational classification shown is a regrouping of the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) categories. Generally speaking, “low” corresponds to less than upper secondary education, “intermediate” to upper secondary education and “high” to tertiary education. The latter includes high-level vocational education feeding into technical or semi-professional occupations.
  • International migration > Immigrant population > Foreign-born population: Nationality and place of birth are the two criteria most commonly used to define the “immigrant” population. The foreign-born population covers all persons who have ever migrated from their country of birth to their current country of residence. The foreign population consists of persons who still have the nationality of their home country. It may include persons born in the host country.
  • International migration > Trends in migration > Net migration rate: Net migration is defined as the total number of immigrant nationals and foreigners minus the total of emigrant foreigners and nationals. Arrivals and departures for purposes such as tourism and business travel are not included in the statistics.
  • Female population > Age 45-49 per 1000: Female population - Age 45-49, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Male population > Age 95-99 per million: Male population - Age 95-99, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • International migration > Migration and unemployment > Unemployment rate of the foreign-born men: The unemployment rate is calculated as the share of the unemployed in the total labour force (employed and unemployed persons). In accordance with the ILO standards, unemployed persons consist of those persons who report that they are without work during the reference week, that they are available for work and that they have taken active steps to find work during the four preceding weeks.
  • International migration > Migration and unemployment > Unemployment rate of the foreign-born women: The unemployment rate is calculated as the share of the unemployed in the total labour force (employed and unemployed persons). In accordance with the ILO standards, unemployed persons consist of those persons who report that they are without work during the reference week, that they are available for work and that they have taken active steps to find work during the four preceding weeks.
  • International migration > Migration and unemployment > Unemployment rate of native-born men: The unemployment rate is calculated as the share of the unemployed in the total labour force (employed and unemployed persons). In accordance with the ILO standards, unemployed persons consist of those persons who report that they are without work during the reference week, that they are available for work and that they have taken active steps to find work during the four preceding weeks.
  • International migration > Migration and unemployment > Unemployment rate of the native-born women: The unemployment rate is calculated as the share of the unemployed in the total labour force (employed and unemployed persons). In accordance with the ILO standards, unemployed persons consist of those persons who report that they are without work during the reference week, that they are available for work and that they have taken active steps to find work during the four preceding weeks.
  • Female population > Age 55-59 per 1000: Female population - Age 55-59, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total Population per capita: Total Population, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Migration > Asylum Seekers per million: Thousands of asylum seekers coming into a nation in 2001. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Migration > New citizenships per million: Thousands of people who acquired nationality in 2000. Statistics cover all means of acquiring the nationality of a country, except where otherwise indicated. These include standard naturalisation procedures subject to age, residency, etc. criteria, as well as situations where nationality is acquired through a declaration or by option (following marriage, adoption, or other situations related to residency or descent), recovery of former nationality and other special means of acquiring the nationality of a country. For more details on sources, refer to the notes at the end of the OECD Annex. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Total Population > Female per 1000: Total Population - Female, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total Population > Male per 1000: Total Population - Male, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 15-19: Total population - Age 15-19, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population > Age 10-14 per 1000: Total population - Age 10-14, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 15-19 per 1000: Total population - Age 15-19, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • GDP per capita > Current US$: GDP per capita (current US$). GDP per capita is gross domestic product divided by midyear population. GDP is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Migration > Refugees > Inflow 1990-99 per million: Number of refugees accepted by each country between the years 1990 and 1999. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Migration > Asylum Seekers > 1990-99 per million: Total number of asylum seekers between the years 1980 and 1989. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • GDP per capita > Constant 2000 US$: GDP per capita (constant 2000 US$). GDP per capita is gross domestic product divided by midyear population. GDP is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in constant 2005 U.S. dollars.
  • GDP per capita growth > Annual %: GDP per capita growth (annual %). Annual percentage growth rate of GDP per capita based on constant local currency. Aggregates are based on constant 2005 U.S. dollars. GDP per capita is gross domestic product divided by midyear population. GDP at purchaser's prices is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources.
  • Migration > Asylum Seekers > 1980-89 per million: Total number of asylum seekers between the years 1980 and 1989. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 25-29 per 1000: Total population - Age 25-29, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 100-104: Total population - Age 100-104, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population > Age 100-104 per million: Total population - Age 100-104, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 95-99 per million: Total population - Age 95-99, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 80-84 per 1000: Total population - Age 80-84, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 30-34 per 1000: Total population - Age 30-34, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Male population > Age 30-34 per 1000: Male population - Age 30-34, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 90-94 per 1000: Total population - Age 90-94, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 50-54: Total population - Age 50-54, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 20-24 per 1000: Female population - Age 20-24, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 70-74 per 1000: Total population - Age 70-74, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 60-64 per 1000: Total population - Age 60-64, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • GNI per capita growth > Annual %: GNI per capita growth (annual %). Annual percentage growth rate of GNI per capita based on constant local currency. Aggregates are based on constant 2005 U.S. dollars. GNI per capita is gross national income divided by midyear population. GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad.
  • Female population > Age 10-14 per 1000: Female population - Age 10-14, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Migration > Asylum Seekers > 1980-89 > Per $ GDP: Total number of asylum seekers between the years 1980 and 1989. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 14.1 billion $ gross domestic product.
  • Female population > Age 25-29 per 1000: Female population - Age 25-29, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Female population > Age 85-89 per 1000: Female population - Age 85-89, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Female population > Age 40-44 per 1000: Female population - Age 40-44, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Male population > Age 100-104 per million: Male population - Age 100-104, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Male population > Age 90-94 per million: Male population - Age 90-94, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Male population > Age 40-44 per 1000: Male population - Age 40-44, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 40-44 per 1000: Total population - Age 40-44, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 45-49 per 1000: Total population - Age 45-49, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 65-69 per 1000: Total population - Age 65-69, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Urban population growth > Annual %: Urban population is the midyear population of areas defined as urban in each country and reported to the United Nations.
  • Total population > Age 50-54 per 1000: Total population - Age 50-54, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 85-89 per 1000: Total population - Age 85-89, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Primary completion rate, female > % of relevant age group: Primary completion rate, female (% of relevant age group). Primary completion rate. Female is the total number of new female entrants in the last grade of primary education, regardless of age, expressed as percentage of the total female population of the theoretical entrance age to the last grade of primary. This indicator is also known as "gross intake rate to the last grade of primary." The ratio can exceed 100% due to over-aged and under-aged children who enter primary school late/early and/or repeat grades.
  • Primary completion rate, male > % of relevant age group: Primary completion rate, male (% of relevant age group). Primary completion rate. Male is the total number of new male entrants in the last grade of primary education, regardless of age, expressed as percentage of the total male population of the theoretical entrance age to the last grade of primary. This indicator is also known as "gross intake rate to the last grade of primary." The ratio can exceed 100% due to over-aged and under-aged children who enter primary school late/early and/or repeat grades.
  • Total population > Evolution of the population > Population growth rates per million: The tables refer to the resident population. For countries such as France, the United Kingdom and the United States which have overseas colonies, protectorates or other territorial possessions, their populations are generally excluded. For full details, see Sources below.

    Growth rates are the annual changes in the population and are the result of births, deaths and net migration during the year.

    The total fertility rate is the total number of children that would be born to each woman if she were to live to the end of her child-bearing years and give birth to children in that period in agreement with the prevailing age-specific fertility rates. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.

  • Elderly population > Elderly Population by region > Percentage of elderly population by country: The elderly population is the number of inhabitants of a given region aged 65 or older. The population can be either the average annual population or the population at a specific date during the year considered. The average population during a calendar year is generally calculated as the arithmetic mean of the population on 1 January of two consecutive years (it is also referred to as the mean population).

    The geographic concentration index offers an accurate picture of the spatial distribution of elderly population, as it takes into account the area of each region and reveals large international differences in the degree of geographic concentration of elderly people.

    The geographic concentration index compares the economic weight and the geographic weight over all regions in a given country and is constructed to account for both within- and between-country differences in the size of all regions. The index lies between 0 (no concentration) and 100 (maximum concentration) and is suitable for international comparisons of geographic concentration.

  • Migration > Net migration rate: The difference between the number of persons entering and leaving a country during the year per 1,000 persons (based on midyear population). An excess of persons entering the country is referred to as net immigration (e.g., 3.56 migrants/1,000 population); an excess of persons leaving the country as net emigration (e.g., -9.26 migrants/1,000 population). The net migration rate indicates the contribution of migration to the overall level of population change. High levels of migration can cause problems such as increasing unemployment and potential ethnic strife (if people are coming in) or a reduction in the labor force, perhaps in certain key sectors (if people are leaving).
  • Number of infant deaths: Number of infant deaths. Number of infants dying before reaching one year of age.
  • Number of under-five deaths: Number of under-five deaths. Number of children dying before reaching age five.
  • Number of neonatal deaths: Number of neonatal deaths. Number of neonates dying before reaching 28 days of age.
  • Fertility > Mortality rate, under-5 > Per 1,000 live births: Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000 live births). Under-five mortality rate is the probability per 1,000 that a newborn baby will die before reaching age five, if subject to current age-specific mortality rates.
  • Fertility > Mortality rate, under-5, female > Per 1,000 live births: Mortality rate, under-5, female (per 1,000 live births). Mortality rate, under-5, female (per 1,000)
  • Fertility > Mortality rate, under-5, male > Per 1,000 live births: Mortality rate, under-5, male (per 1,000 live births). Mortality rate, under-5, male (per 1,000)
  • Fertility > Mortality rate, neonatal > Per 1,000 live births: Mortality rate, neonatal (per 1,000 live births). Neonatal mortality rate is the number of neonates dying before reaching 28 days of age, per 1,000 live births in a given year.
  • Improved water source, rural > % of rural population with access: Improved water source, rural (% of rural population with access). Access to an improved water source refers to the percentage of the population using an improved drinking water source. The improved drinking water source includes piped water on premises (piped household water connection located inside the useru2019s dwelling, plot or yard), and other improved drinking water sources (public taps or standpipes, tube wells or boreholes, protected dug wells, protected springs, and rainwater collection).
  • Improved water source, urban > % of urban population with access: Improved water source, urban (% of urban population with access). Access to an improved water source refers to the percentage of the population using an improved drinking water source. The improved drinking water source includes piped water on premises (piped household water connection located inside the useru2019s dwelling, plot or yard), and other improved drinking water sources (public taps or standpipes, tube wells or boreholes, protected dug wells, protected springs, and rainwater collection).
  • Improved water source > % of population with access: Improved water source (% of population with access). Access to an improved water source refers to the percentage of the population using an improved drinking water source. The improved drinking water source includes piped water on premises (piped household water connection located inside the useru2019s dwelling, plot or yard), and other improved drinking water sources (public taps or standpipes, tube wells or boreholes, protected dug wells, protected springs, and rainwater collection).
  • Fertility > Number of maternal deaths: Number of maternal deaths. Maternal mortality deaths is the number of women who die during pregnancy and childbirth.
  • Fertility > Lifetime risk of maternal death > 1 in: rate varies by country: Lifetime risk of maternal death (1 in: rate varies by country). Life time risk of maternal death is the probability that a 15-year-old female will die eventually from a maternal cause assuming that current levels of fertility and mortality (including maternal mortality) do not change in the future, taking into account competing causes of death.
  • Fertility > Lifetime risk of maternal death > %: Lifetime risk of maternal death (%). Life time risk of maternal death is the probability that a 15-year-old female will die eventually from a maternal cause assuming that current levels of fertility and mortality (including maternal mortality) do not change in the future, taking into account competing causes of death.
  • Improved sanitation facilities > % of population with access: Improved sanitation facilities (% of population with access). Access to improved sanitation facilities refers to the percentage of the population using improved sanitation facilities. The improved sanitation facilities include flush/pour flush (to piped sewer system, septic tank, pit latrine), ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine, pit latrine with slab, and composting toilet.
  • Improved sanitation facilities, rural > % of rural population with access: Improved sanitation facilities, rural (% of rural population with access). Access to improved sanitation facilities refers to the percentage of the population using improved sanitation facilities. The improved sanitation facilities include flush/pour flush (to piped sewer system, septic tank, pit latrine), ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine, pit latrine with slab, and composting toilet.
  • Improved sanitation facilities, urban > % of urban population with access: Improved sanitation facilities, urban (% of urban population with access). Access to improved sanitation facilities refers to the percentage of the population using improved sanitation facilities. The improved sanitation facilities include flush/pour flush (to piped sewer system, septic tank, pit latrine), ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine, pit latrine with slab, and composting toilet.
  • Fertility > Low-birthweight babies > % of births: Low-birthweight babies (% of births). Low-birthweight babies are newborns weighing less than 2,500 grams, with the measurement taken within the first hours of life, before significant postnatal weight loss has occurred.
  • Fertility > Maternal mortality ratio > Modeled estimate, per 100,000 live births: Maternal mortality ratio (modeled estimate, per 100,000 live births). Maternal mortality ratio is the number of women who die during pregnancy and childbirth, per 100,000 live births. The data are estimated with a regression model using information on fertility, birth attendants, and HIV prevalence.
  • Employment to population ratio, ages 15-24, female > %: Employment to population ratio, ages 15-24, female (%). Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15-24 are generally considered the youth population.
  • Labor force participation rate for ages 15-24, male > %: Labor force participation rate for ages 15-24, male (%). Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15-24 that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period. The participation rates are harmonized to account for differences in national data collection and tabulation methodologies as well as for other country-specific factors such as military service requirements. The series includes both nationally reported and imputed data and only estimates that are national, meaning there are no geographic limitations in coverage.
  • Labor force participation rate for ages 15-24, female > %: Labor force participation rate for ages 15-24, female (%). Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15-24 that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period. The participation rates are harmonized to account for differences in national data collection and tabulation methodologies as well as for other country-specific factors such as military service requirements. The series includes both nationally reported and imputed data and only estimates that are national, meaning there are no geographic limitations in coverage.
  • Labor force participation rate for ages 15-24, total > %: Labor force participation rate for ages 15-24, total (%). Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15-24 that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period. The participation rates are harmonized to account for differences in national data collection and tabulation methodologies as well as for other country-specific factors such as military service requirements. The series includes both nationally reported and imputed data and only estimates that are national, meaning there are no geographic limitations in coverage.
  • Labor force participation rate, female > % of female population ages 15-64: Labor force participation rate, female (% of female population ages 15-64). Labor force participation rate, female (% of female population ages 15-64)
  • Labor force participation rate, male > % of male population ages 15-64: Labor force participation rate, male (% of male population ages 15-64). Labor force participation rate, male (% of male population ages 15-64)
  • Labor force participation rate, total > % of total population ages 15-64: Labor force participation rate, total (% of total population ages 15-64). Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15-64 that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period.
  • Labor participation rate, female > % of female population ages 15+: Labor participation rate, female (% of female population ages 15+). Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15 and older that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period.
  • Labor participation rate, male > % of male population ages 15+: Labor participation rate, male (% of male population ages 15+). Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15 and older that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period.
  • Labor participation rate, total > % of total population ages 15+: Labor participation rate, total (% of total population ages 15+). Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15 and older that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period.
  • Labor force, female > % of total labor force: Labor force, female (% of total labor force). Female labor force as a percentage of the total show the extent to which women are active in the labor force. Labor force comprises people ages 15 and older who meet the International Labour Organization's definition of the economically active population.
  • Emigration rate of tertiary educated > % of total tertiary educated population: Emigration rate of tertiary educated (% of total tertiary educated population). Emigration rate of tertiary educated shows the stock of emigrants ages 25 and older, residing in an OECD country other than that in which they were born, with at least one year of tertiary education as a percentage of the population age 25 and older with tertiary education.
  • Refugee population by country or territory of asylum: Refugee population by country or territory of asylum. Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organization of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of asylum is the country where an asylum claim was filed and granted.
  • Refugee population by country or territory of origin: Refugee population by country or territory of origin. Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organization of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of origin generally refers to the nationality or country of citizenship of a claimant.
  • International migrant stock, total: International migrant stock, total. International migrant stock is the number of people born in a country other than that in which they live. It also includes refugees. The data used to estimate the international migrant stock at a particular time are obtained mainly from population censuses. The estimates are derived from the data on foreign-born population--people who have residence in one country but were born in another country. When data on the foreign-born population are not available, data on foreign population--that is, people who are citizens of a country other than the country in which they reside--are used as estimates. After the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991 people living in one of the newly independent countries who were born in another were classified as international migrants. Estimates of migrant stock in the newly independent states from 1990 on are based on the 1989 census of the Soviet Union. For countries with information on the international migrant stock for at least two points in time, interpolation or extrapolation was used to estimate the international migrant stock on July 1 of the reference years. For countries with only one observation, estimates for the reference years were derived using rates of change in the migrant stock in the years preceding or following the single observation available. A model was used to estimate migrants for countries that had no data.
  • International migrant stock > % of population: International migrant stock (% of population). International migrant stock is the number of people born in a country other than that in which they live. It also includes refugees. The data used to estimate the international migrant stock at a particular time are obtained mainly from population censuses. The estimates are derived from the data on foreign-born population--people who have residence in one country but were born in another country. When data on the foreign-born population are not available, data on foreign population--that is, people who are citizens of a country other than the country in which they reside--are used as estimates. After the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991 people living in one of the newly independent countries who were born in another were classified as international migrants. Estimates of migrant stock in the newly independent states from 1990 on are based on the 1989 census of the Soviet Union. For countries with information on the international migrant stock for at least two points in time, interpolation or extrapolation was used to estimate the international migrant stock on July 1 of the reference years. For countries with only one observation, estimates for the reference years were derived using rates of change in the migrant stock in the years preceding or following the single observation available. A model was used to estimate migrants for countries that had no data.
  • Prevalence of undernourishment > % of population: Prevalence of undernourishment (% of population). Population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption (also referred to as prevalence of undernourishment) shows the percentage of the population whose food intake is insufficient to meet dietary energy requirements continuously. Data showing as 2.5 signifies a prevalence of undernourishment below 2.5%.
  • Completeness of infant death reporting > % of reported infant deaths to estimated infant deaths: Completeness of infant death reporting (% of reported infant deaths to estimated infant deaths). Completeness of infant death reporting is the number of infant deaths reported by national statistics authorities to the United Nations Statistics Division's Demography Yearbook divided by the number of infant deaths estimated by the United Nations Population Division.
  • Completeness of total death reporting > % of reported total deaths to estimated total deaths: Completeness of total death reporting (% of reported total deaths to estimated total deaths). Completeness of total death reporting is the number of total deaths reported by national statistics authorities to the United Nations Statistics Division's Demography Yearbook divided by the number of total deaths estimated by the United Nations Population Division.
  • Mortality rate, adult, female > Per 1,000 female adults: Mortality rate, adult, female (per 1,000 female adults). Adult mortality rate is the probability of dying between the ages of 15 and 60--that is, the probability of a 15-year-old dying before reaching age 60, if subject to current age-specific mortality rates between those ages.
  • Mortality rate, adult, male > Per 1,000 male adults: Mortality rate, adult, male (per 1,000 male adults). Adult mortality rate is the probability of dying between the ages of 15 and 60--that is, the probability of a 15-year-old dying before reaching age 60, if subject to current age-specific mortality rates between those ages.
  • Fertility > Birth rate, crude > Per 1,000 people: Birth rate, crude (per 1,000 people). Crude birth rate indicates the number of live births occurring during the year, per 1,000 population estimated at midyear. Subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birth rate provides the rate of natural increase, which is equal to the rate of population change in the absence of migration.
  • Death rate, crude > Per 1,000 people: Death rate, crude (per 1,000 people). Crude death rate indicates the number of deaths occurring during the year, per 1,000 population estimated at midyear. Subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birth rate provides the rate of natural increase, which is equal to the rate of population change in the absence of migration.
  • Fertility > Contraceptive prevalence > % of women ages 15-49: Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15-49). Contraceptive prevalence rate is the percentage of women who are practicing, or whose sexual partners are practicing, any form of contraception. It is usually measured for married women ages 15-49 only.
  • Fertility > Mortality rate, infant > Per 1,000 live births: Mortality rate, infant (per 1,000 live births). Infant mortality rate is the number of infants dying before reaching one year of age, per 1,000 live births in a given year.
  • Fertility > Fertility rate, total > Births per woman: Fertility rate, total (births per woman). Total fertility rate represents the number of children that would be born to a woman if she were to live to the end of her childbearing years and bear children in accordance with current age-specific fertility rates.
  • Survival to age 65, female > % of cohort: Survival to age 65, female (% of cohort). Survival to age 65 refers to the percentage of a cohort of newborn infants that would survive to age 65, if subject to current age specific mortality rates.
  • Survival to age 65, male > % of cohort: Survival to age 65, male (% of cohort). Survival to age 65 refers to the percentage of a cohort of newborn infants that would survive to age 65, if subject to current age specific mortality rates.
  • Age dependency ratio > % of working-age population: Age dependency ratio (% of working-age population). Age dependency ratio is the ratio of dependents--people younger than 15 or older than 64--to the working-age population--those ages 15-64. Data are shown as the proportion of dependents per 100 working-age population.
  • Age dependency ratio, old > % of working-age population: Age dependency ratio, old (% of working-age population). Age dependency ratio, old, is the ratio of older dependents--people older than 64--to the working-age population--those ages 15-64. Data are shown as the proportion of dependents per 100 working-age population.
  • Age dependency ratio, young > % of working-age population: Age dependency ratio, young (% of working-age population). Age dependency ratio, young, is the ratio of younger dependents--people younger than 15--to the working-age population--those ages 15-64. Data are shown as the proportion of dependents per 100 working-age population.
  • Population, total: Population, total. Population, total refers to the total population.
  • Population, female > % of total: Population, female (% of total). Population, female (% of total) is the percentage of the population that is female.
  • Rural population > % of total population: Rural population (% of total population). Rural population refers to people living in rural areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated as the difference between total population and urban population.
  • Urban population > % of total: Urban population (% of total). Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanization Prospects.
  • Urban population per 1000: Urban population is the midyear population of areas defined as urban in each country and reported to the United Nations. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Rural population per 1000: Rural population is calculated as the difference between the total population and the urban population. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Population > CIA Factbook per capita: This entry gives an estimate from the US Bureau of the Census based on statistics from population censuses, vital statistics registration systems, or sample surveys pertaining to the recent past and on assumptions about future trends. The total population presents one overall measure of the potential impact of the country on the world and within its region. Note: starting with the 1993 Factbook, demographic estimates for some countries (mostly African) have explicitly taken into account the effects of the growing impact of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. These countries are currently: The Bahamas, Benin, Botswana, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burma, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years > Females per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > Females per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Age structure > 15-64 years > Males per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Age structure > 15-64 years > Females per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > Males per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years > Males per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Health expenditures: This entry provides the total expenditure on health as a percentage of GDP. Health expenditures are broadly defined as activities performed either by institutions or individuals through the application of medical, paramedical, and/or nursing knowledge and technology, the primary purpose of which is to promote, restore, or maintain health.
  • Migration > New citizenships: Thousands of people who acquired nationality in 2000. Statistics cover all means of acquiring the nationality of a country, except where otherwise indicated. These include standard naturalisation procedures subject to age, residency, etc. criteria, as well as situations where nationality is acquired through a declaration or by option (following marriage, adoption, or other situations related to residency or descent), recovery of former nationality and other special means of acquiring the nationality of a country. For more details on sources, refer to the notes at the end of the OECD Annex.
  • Percentage living in urban areas: Percentage of people living in urban areas. Data for 2003. Urban-rural classification of population in internationally published statistics follows the national census definition, which differs from one country or area to another. National definitions are usually based on criteria that may include any of the following: size of population in a locality, population density, distance between built-up areas, predominant type of economic activity, legal or administrative boundaries and urban characteristics such as specific services and facilities.
  • Percentage living in rural areas.: Percentage of people living in rural areas. Data for 2003. Urban-rural classification of population in internationally published statistics follows the national census definition, which differs from one country or area to another. National definitions are usually based on criteria that may include any of the following: size of population in a locality, population density, distance between built-up areas, predominant type of economic activity, legal or administrative boundaries and urban characteristics such as specific services and facilities.
  • Migration > New citizenships > Per $ GDP: Thousands of people who acquired nationality in 2000. Statistics cover all means of acquiring the nationality of a country, except where otherwise indicated. These include standard naturalisation procedures subject to age, residency, etc. criteria, as well as situations where nationality is acquired through a declaration or by option (following marriage, adoption, or other situations related to residency or descent), recovery of former nationality and other special means of acquiring the nationality of a country. For more details on sources, refer to the notes at the end of the OECD Annex. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1 billion $ gross domestic product.
  • Total population > Age 95-99: Total population - Age 95-99, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 20-24: Female population - Age 20-24, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population > Age 85-89: Total population - Age 85-89, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 10-14: Female population - Age 10-14, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population > Age 40-44 > % of the total: Total population - Age 40-44 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 15-19: Female population - Age 15-19, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 60-64 > % of the total: Female population - Age 60-64 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 90-94: Female population - Age 90-94, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 70-74: Male population - Age 70-74, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population > Regional Population > Index of geographic concentration of population > Small regions: The number of inhabitants of a given region, the total population, can be either the average annual population or the population at a specific date during the year considered. The average population during a calendar year is generally calculated as the arithmetic mean of the population on 1 January of two consecutive years (it is also referred to as the mean population). However, some countries estimate it on a date close to 1 July (mid-year population).

    The index of geographic concentration offers a picture of the spatial distribution of the population, as it takes into account the area of each region.

    The index compares the economic weight and the geographic weight over all regions in a given country and is constructed to account for both within- and between-country differences in the size of all regions. It lies between 0 (no concentration) and 100 (maximum concentration) and is suitable for international comparisons.

  • Total population > Evolution of the population > Population growth rates: The tables refer to the resident population. For countries such as France, the United Kingdom and the United States which have overseas colonies, protectorates or other territorial possessions, their populations are generally excluded. For full details, see Sources below.

    Growth rates are the annual changes in the population and are the result of births, deaths and net migration during the year.

    The total fertility rate is the total number of children that would be born to each woman if she were to live to the end of her child-bearing years and give birth to children in that period in agreement with the prevailing age-specific fertility rates.

  • Total population > Evolution of the population > Total fertility rates: The tables refer to the resident population. For countries such as France, the United Kingdom and the United States which have overseas colonies, protectorates or other territorial possessions, their populations are generally excluded. For full details, see Sources below.

    Growth rates are the annual changes in the population and are the result of births, deaths and net migration during the year.

    The total fertility rate is the total number of children that would be born to each woman if she were to live to the end of her child-bearing years and give birth to children in that period in agreement with the prevailing age-specific fertility rates.

  • Population in urban agglomerations of more than 1 million per 1000: Population in urban agglomerations of more than 1 million. Population in urban agglomerations of more than one million is the country's population living in metropolitan areas that in 2000 had a population of more than one million people. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Droughts, floods, extreme temperatures > % of population, average 1990-2009: Droughts, floods, extreme temperatures (% of population, average 1990-2009). Droughts, floods and extreme temperatures is the annual average percentage of the population that is affected by natural disasters classified as either droughts, floods, or extreme temperature events. A drought is an extended period of time characterized by a deficiency in a region's water supply that is the result of constantly below average precipitation. A drought can lead to losses to agriculture, affect inland navigation and hydropower plants, and cause a lack of drinking water and famine. A flood is a significant rise of water level in a stream, lake, reservoir or coastal region. Extreme temperature events are either cold waves or heat waves. A cold wave can be both a prolonged period of excessively cold weather and the sudden invasion of very cold air over a large area. Along with frost it can cause damage to agriculture, infrastructure, and property. A heat wave is a prolonged period of excessively hot and sometimes also humid weather relative to normal climate patterns of a certain region. Population affected is the number of people injured, left homeless or requiring immediate assistance during a period of emergency resulting from a natural disaster; it can also include displaced or evacuated people. Average percentage of population affected is calculated by dividing the sum of total affected for the period stated by the sum of the annual population figures for the period stated.
  • Maternal mortality rate: The maternal mortality rate (MMR) is the annual number of female deaths per 100,000 live births from any cause related to or aggravated by pregnancy or its management (excluding accidental or incidental causes). The MMR includes deaths during pregnancy, childbirth, or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy, irrespective of the duration and site of the pregnancy, for a specified year.
  • Total population > Age 20-24 per 1000: Total population - Age 20-24, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 55-59 per 1000: Total population - Age 55-59, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Male population > Age 20-24 per 1000: Male population - Age 20-24, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Male population > Age 15-19 per 1000: Male population - Age 15-19, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Male population > Age 35-39 per 1000: Male population - Age 35-39, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 35-39 per 1000: Total population - Age 35-39, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 75-79 per 1000: Total population - Age 75-79, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Number of infant deaths per 1000: Number of infant deaths. Number of infants dying before reaching one year of age. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Number of neonatal deaths per million: Number of neonatal deaths. Number of neonates dying before reaching 28 days of age. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Fertility > Number of maternal deaths per million: Number of maternal deaths. Maternal mortality deaths is the number of women who die during pregnancy and childbirth. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Net migration per million: Net migration. Net migration is the net total of migrants during the period, that is, the total number of immigrants less the annual number of emigrants, including both citizens and noncitizens. Data are five-year estimates. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Refugee population by country or territory of asylum per 1000: Refugee population by country or territory of asylum. Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organization of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of asylum is the country where an asylum claim was filed and granted. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Refugee population by country or territory of origin per 1000: Refugee population by country or territory of origin. Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organization of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of origin generally refers to the nationality or country of citizenship of a claimant. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • International migrant stock, total per 1000: International migrant stock, total. International migrant stock is the number of people born in a country other than that in which they live. It also includes refugees. The data used to estimate the international migrant stock at a particular time are obtained mainly from population censuses. The estimates are derived from the data on foreign-born population--people who have residence in one country but were born in another country. When data on the foreign-born population are not available, data on foreign population--that is, people who are citizens of a country other than the country in which they reside--are used as estimates. After the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991 people living in one of the newly independent countries who were born in another were classified as international migrants. Estimates of migrant stock in the newly independent states from 1990 on are based on the 1989 census of the Soviet Union. For countries with information on the international migrant stock for at least two points in time, interpolation or extrapolation was used to estimate the international migrant stock on July 1 of the reference years. For countries with only one observation, estimates for the reference years were derived using rates of change in the migrant stock in the years preceding or following the single observation available. A model was used to estimate migrants for countries that had no data. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Population, total per 1000: Population, total. Population, total refers to the total population. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Obesity > Adult prevalence rate: This entry gives the percent of a country's population considered to be obese. Obesity is defined as an adult having a Body Mass Index (BMI) greater to or equal to 30.0. BMI is calculated by taking a person's weight in kg and dividing it by the person's squared height in meters.
  • Population growth > Annual %: Annual population growth rate. Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of the country of origin.
  • HIV/AIDS > Adult prevalence rate: This entry gives an estimate of the percentage of adults (aged 15-49) living with HIV/AIDS. The adult prevalence rate is calculated by dividing the estimated number of adults living with HIV/AIDS at yearend by the total adult population at yearend.
    Additional details:
    • Azerbaijan: less than 0.2% (2007)
    • Bangladesh: less than 0.1% (2009)
    • Bhutan: less than 0.1% (2007)
    • Bosnia and Herzegovina: less than 0.1% (2007)
    • Brunei: less than 0.1% (2003)
    • Bulgaria: less than 0.1% (2001)
    • Comoros: less than 0.1% (2007)
    • Croatia: less than 0.1% (2009)
    • Cuba: less than 0.1% (2007)
    • Czech Republic: less than 0.1% (2009)
    • Egypt: less than 0.1% (2009)
    • Finland: less than 0.1% (2007)
    • Georgia: less than 0.1% (2007)
    • Hungary: less than 0.1% (2009)
    • Iraq: less than 0.1% (2001)
    • Japan: less than 0.1% (2009)
    • Jordan: less than 0.1% (2001)
    • Korea, South: less than 0.1% (2009)
    • Kyrgyzstan: less than 0.1% (2007)
    • Macedonia: less than 0.1% (2007)
    • Maldives: less than 0.1% (2009)
    • Mongolia: less than 0.1% (2009)
    • Philippines: less than 0.1% (2009)
    • Qatar: less than 0.1% (2009)
    • Romania: less than 0.1% (2007)
    • Slovakia: less than 0.1% (2009)
    • Slovenia: less than 0.1% (2009)
    • Sri Lanka: less than 0.1% (2009)
    • Syria: less than 0.1% (2001)
    • Tajikistan: less than 0.3% (2007)
    • Tunisia: less than 0.1% (2009)
    • Turkey: less than 0.1% (2009)
    • Turkmenistan: less than 0.1% (2007)
    • Uzbekistan: less than 0.1% (2007)
  • HIV/AIDS > People living with HIV/AIDS: This entry gives an estimate of all people (adults and children) alive at yearend with HIV infection, whether or not they have developed symptoms of AIDS.
    Additional details:
    • Bahrain: fewer than 600 (2007)
    • Bhutan: fewer than 100 (2007)
    • Bhutan: fewer than 1,000 (2009)
    • Brunei: fewer than 200 (2003)
    • Comoros: fewer than 500 (2009)
    • Croatia: fewer than 1,000 (2009)
    • Cyprus: fewer than 1,000 (2007)
    • Fiji: fewer than 1,000 (2009)
    • Iceland: fewer than 1,000 (2009)
    • Iraq: fewer than 500 (2003)
    • Luxembourg: fewer than 500 (2003)
    • Luxembourg: fewer than 1,000 (2009)
    • Macedonia: fewer than 200 (2007)
    • Maldives: fewer than 100 (2009)
    • Malta: fewer than 500 (2009)
    • Mongolia: fewer than 500 (2009)
    • Qatar: fewer than 200 (2009)
    • Slovakia: fewer than 200 (2007)
    • Slovakia: fewer than 500 (2009)
    • Slovenia: fewer than 1,000 (2009)
    • Syria: fewer than 500 (2003)
    • Turkmenistan: fewer than 200 (2007)
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Female: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Note: Country people note.
  • Age at first marriage for women: Age of women when they first get married (1999).
  • Number of under-five deaths per 1000: Number of under-five deaths. Number of children dying before reaching age five. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Net migration: Net migration. Net migration is the net total of migrants during the period, that is, the total number of immigrants less the annual number of emigrants, including both citizens and noncitizens. Data are five-year estimates.
  • Fertility > Adolescent fertility rate > Births per 1,000 women ages 15-19: Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19). Adolescent fertility rate is the number of births per 1,000 women ages 15-19.
  • Age dependency ratio > Dependents to working-age population: Age dependency ratio is the ratio of dependents--people younger than 15 or older than 64--to the working-age population--those ages 15-64. For example, 0.7 means there are 7 dependents for every 10 working-age people.
STAT Austria United States HISTORY
Birth rate 8.73 births/1,000 population
Ranked 213th.
13.66 births/1,000 population
Ranked 147th. 56% more than Austria

Death rate 10.31 deaths/1,000 population
Ranked 46th. 23% more than United States
8.39 deaths/1,000 population
Ranked 88th.

Ethnic groups German 88.5%, indigenous minorities 1.5% (includes Croatians, Slovenes, Hungarians, Czechs, Slovaks, Roma), recent immigrant groups 10% (includes Turks, Bosnians, Serbians, Croatians) white 79.96%, black 12.85%, Asian 4.43%, Amerindian and Alaska native 0.97%, native Hawaiian and other Pacific islander 0.18%, two or more races 1.61% (July 2007 estimate)
Hospital bed density 7.6 beds/1,000 population
Ranked 2nd. 3 times more than United States
3 beds/1,000 population
Ranked 37th.

Infant mortality rate > Total 4.21 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 194th.
5.9 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 173th. 40% more than Austria

Nationality > Adjective Austrian American
Nationality > Noun Austrian(s) American(s)
Physicians density 4.86 physicians/1,000 population
Ranked 2nd. Twice as much as United States
2.42 physicians/1,000 population
Ranked 17th.

Population 8.22 million
Ranked 94th.
316.67 million
Ranked 3rd. 39 times more than Austria

Population growth rate 0.02%
Ranked 190th.
0.9%
Ranked 124th. 45 times more than Austria

Population in 2015 8,288
Ranked 93th.
325,723
Ranked 3rd. 39 times more than Austria
Sex ratio > 65 years and over 0.73 male(s)/female
Ranked 159th.
0.77 male(s)/female
Ranked 132nd. 5% more than Austria

Sex ratio > At birth 1.05 male(s)/female
Ranked 91st. The same as United States
1.05 male(s)/female
Ranked 94th.

Sex ratio > Total population 0.95 male(s)/female
Ranked 172nd.
0.97 male(s)/female
Ranked 143th. 2% more than Austria

Total fertility rate 1.42 children born/woman
Ranked 198th.
2.06 children born/woman
Ranked 116th. 45% more than Austria

Net migration rate None None
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Female None None
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Male None None
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Male 15 years
Ranked 29th. The same as United States
15 years
Ranked 32nd.

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Total 15 years
Ranked 40th.
16 years
Ranked 22nd. 7% more than Austria

Sex ratio > Under 15 years 1.05 male(s)/female
Ranked 71st. 1% more than United States
1.04 male(s)/female
Ranked 118th.

Sanitation facility access > Improved > Total 100% of population
Ranked 10th. The same as United States
100% of population
Ranked 3rd.

Sanitation facility access > Improved > Urban 100% of population
Ranked 11th. The same as United States
100% of population
Ranked 15th.

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Female 16 years
Ranked 14th.
18 years
Ranked 7th. 13% more than Austria

Median age > Female 44.9 years
Ranked 6th. 17% more than United States
38.5 years
Ranked 58th.

Median age > Total 43.9 years
Ranked 6th. 18% more than United States
37.2 years
Ranked 61st.

Infant mortality rate > Female 3.3 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 203th.
5.22 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 172nd. 58% more than Austria

Infant mortality rate > Male 5.09 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 183th.
6.55 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 169th. 29% more than Austria

Major cities > Population VIENNA (capital) 1.72 million New York-Newark 19.3 million; Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana 12.675 million; Chicago 9.134 million; Miami 5.699 million; WASHINGTON, D.C. (capital) 4.421 million
Age structure > 0-14 years 13.7%
Ranked 219th.
20%
Ranked 156th. 46% more than Austria

Sex ratio > 15-64 years 1.01
Ranked 83th. 1% more than United States
1
Ranked 105th.

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Male 15 years
Ranked 34th.
16 years
Ranked 15th. 7% more than Austria
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Total 16 years
Ranked 22nd.
17 years
Ranked 7th. 6% more than Austria
Languages German (official nationwide) 88.6%, Turkish 2.3%, Serbian 2.2%, Croatian (official in Burgenland) 1.6%, other (includes Slovene, official in Carinthia, and Hungarian, official in Burgenland) 5.3% English 82.1%, Spanish 10.7%, other Indo-European 3.8%, Asian and Pacific island 2.7%, other 0.7%
Literacy > Definition age 15 and over can read and write age 15 and over can read and write
Age structure > 15-24 years 11.8%
Ranked 203th.
13.7%
Ranked 169th. 16% more than Austria
Contraceptive prevalence rate 69.6%
Ranked 26th.
76.4%
Ranked 16th. 10% more than Austria
Age structure > 25-54 years 43.1%
Ranked 69th. 7% more than United States
40.2%
Ranked 117th.
Age structure > 55-64 years 12.5%
Ranked 38th. 2% more than United States
12.3%
Ranked 43th.
Dependency ratios > Elderly dependency ratio 27.3%
Ranked 14th. 30% more than United States
21%
Ranked 37th.
Dependency ratios > Potential support ratio 3.7
Ranked 182nd.
4.8
Ranked 158th. 30% more than Austria
Dependency ratios > Youth dependency ratio 21.6%
Ranked 181st.
29.4%
Ranked 138th. 36% more than Austria
Dependency ratios > Total dependency ratio 48.9%
Ranked 129th.
50.4%
Ranked 119th. 3% more than Austria
Religions Roman Catholic 73.6%, Protestant 4.7%, Muslim 4.2%, other 3.5%, unspecified 2%, none 12% Protestant 51.3%, Roman Catholic 23.9%, Mormon 1.7%, other Christian 1.6%, Jewish 1.7%, Buddhist 0.7%, Muslim 0.6%, other or unspecified 2.5%, unaffiliated 12.1%, none 4%
Drinking water source > Improved > Total 100% of population
Ranked 28th. 1% more than United States
99% of population
Ranked 12th.
Sanitation facility access > Improved > Rural 100% of population
Ranked 9th. 1% more than United States
99% of population
Ranked 38th.

Age structure > 65 years and over 18.9%
Ranked 9th. 36% more than United States
13.9%
Ranked 51st.

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Male 15 years
Ranked 34th.
16 years
Ranked 15th. 7% more than Austria

Education expenditures 6% of GDP
Ranked 19th. 11% more than United States
5.4% of GDP
Ranked 36th.

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Total 16 years
Ranked 22nd.
17 years
Ranked 7th. 6% more than Austria

Age structure > 15-64 years 67.6%
Ranked 80th. 2% more than United States
66.5%
Ranked 101st.

Median age > Male 42.8 years
Ranked 8th. 19% more than United States
35.9 years
Ranked 61st.

Drinking water source > Improved > Rural 100% of population
Ranked 11th. 6% more than United States
94% of population
Ranked 79th.
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Female 16 years
Ranked 14th.
18 years
Ranked 7th. 13% more than Austria
Child labor > Children ages 5-14 28.5
Ranked 2nd. 14% more than United States
25
Ranked 5th.
Mother's mean age at first birth 28.5
Ranked 2nd. 14% more than United States
25
Ranked 5th.
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Female 8.8%
Ranked 56th.
15.7%
Ranked 43th. 78% more than Austria

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Total None None
HIV/AIDS > Deaths fewer than 100 17000
Drinking water source > Improved > Urban 100% of population
Ranked 19th. The same as United States
100% of population
Ranked 22nd.
Life expectancy at birth > Female 83.1 years
Ranked 27th. 2% more than United States
81.17 years
Ranked 53th.

Life expectancy at birth > Male 77.13 years
Ranked 35th. 1% more than United States
76.19 years
Ranked 48th.

Life expectancy at birth > Total population 80.04 years
Ranked 33th. 2% more than United States
78.62 years
Ranked 50th.

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Male 7.9%
Ranked 109th.
18.7%
Ranked 52nd. 2 times more than Austria

Literacy > Total population 98%
Ranked 63th.
99%
Ranked 35th. 1% more than Austria

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Total 8.3%
Ranked 111th.
17.3%
Ranked 71st. 2 times more than Austria

Projected population growth 0.79%
Ranked 111th.
45.31%
Ranked 78th. 57 times more than Austria
Marriage rate 5.8
Ranked 21st.
9.8
Ranked 1st. 69% more than Austria
Urbanization in 2015 71%
Ranked 61st.
81%
Ranked 37th. 14% more than Austria
Average size of households 2.5
Ranked 7th.
2.6
Ranked 4th. 4% more than Austria
Urban population 5.43 million
Ranked 74th.
239.5 million
Ranked 3rd. 44 times more than Austria

Teenage birth rate 14
Ranked 13th.
52.1
Ranked 1st. 4 times more than Austria
Total Population 8.19 million
Ranked 90th.
298.44 million
Ranked 3rd. 36 times more than Austria
Urbanization 67
Ranked 69th.
77
Ranked 44th. 15% more than Austria
Population > CIA Factbook 8.21 million
Ranked 92nd.
303.82 million
Ranked 4th. 37 times more than Austria

Nobel prize laureates 11
Ranked 11th.
270
Ranked 1st. 25 times more than Austria
Gender empowerment 0.745
Ranked 12th.
0.757
Ranked 11th. 2% more than Austria
Gender development index 0.926
Ranked 11th.
0.927
Ranked 10th. About the same as Austria
Size of houses 19%
Ranked 17th.
72%
Ranked 4th. 4 times more than Austria
Rural population 2.8 million
Ranked 92nd.
56.91 million
Ranked 9th. 20 times more than Austria

Gender empowerment measure 0.745
Ranked 11th.
0.757
Ranked 10th. 2% more than Austria
Total Population > Female 4.2 million
Ranked 90th.
151.78 million
Ranked 3rd. 36 times more than Austria
Lone parent families 8%
Ranked 9th.
9%
Ranked 6th. 13% more than Austria
Total Population > Male 4 million
Ranked 91st.
146.66 million
Ranked 3rd. 37 times more than Austria
Urban population > Per capita 0.66 per capita
Ranked 70th.
0.808 per capita
Ranked 33th. 22% more than Austria

Population in largest city 2.26 million
Ranked 55th.
18.72 million
Ranked 3rd. 8 times more than Austria

Gender development 0.921
Ranked 15th.
0.937
Ranked 4th. 2% more than Austria
One person households 12%
Ranked 14th.
26%
Ranked 1st. 2 times more than Austria
Persons per room 0.7
Ranked 46th. 40% more than United States
0.5
Ranked 60th.
Elderly living with children 25%
Ranked 3rd. 67% more than United States
15%
Ranked 6th.
Elderly living in institution 5%
Ranked 15th.
6%
Ranked 9th. 20% more than Austria
Rural population > Per capita 340 per 1,000 people
Ranked 124th. 77% more than United States
192 per 1,000 people
Ranked 159th.

Couples with children 54%
Ranked 12th. 2 times more than United States
25%
Ranked 22nd.
Population density 101.11
Ranked 83th. 3 times more than United States
33.22
Ranked 145th.

Structure > Population > Total 8.36 million
Ranked 86th.
307.01 million
Ranked 4th. 37 times more than Austria

Teenage pregancy rate 12.52
Ranked 155th.
34.96
Ranked 99th. 3 times more than Austria

Urbanization > Urban population None 82
Disabled persons employment 60%
Ranked 9th. 3% more than United States
58%
Ranked 12th.
Disabled persons earning capacity 97%
Ranked 2nd. 37% more than United States
71%
Ranked 13th.
Urbanization in 1975 67.4%
Ranked 30th.
73.7%
Ranked 22nd. 9% more than Austria
Disbility benefit recipients 4.6%
Ranked 12th.
4.7%
Ranked 10th. 2% more than Austria
Male population > Age 20-24 251,727
Ranked 107th.
10.75 million
Ranked 4th. 43 times more than Austria
Oldest people > By nation of death or current residence > Born 23 May 1882 24 September 1880
Total population > Age 30-34 > % of the total 6.74
Ranked 140th. 3% more than United States
6.53
Ranked 155th.
Total population > Age 90-94 > % of the total 0.51
Ranked 13th. 2% more than United States
0.5
Ranked 14th.
Total population > Age 70-74 305,798
Ranked 56th.
8.52 million
Ranked 3rd. 28 times more than Austria
Male population > Age 55-59 per 1000 30.3
Ranked 32nd. 2% more than United States
29.63
Ranked 35th.
Female population > Age 10-14 > % of the total 2.84
Ranked 200th.
3.36
Ranked 171st. 18% more than Austria
Female population > Age 65-69 > % of the total 2.8
Ranked 14th. 51% more than United States
1.86
Ranked 56th.
Male population > Age 25-29 > % of the total 3.03
Ranked 210th.
3.46
Ranked 185th. 14% more than Austria
Female population > Age 25-29 242,673
Ranked 103th.
10.02 million
Ranked 4th. 41 times more than Austria
Female population > Age 85-89 71,333
Ranked 23th.
2.21 million
Ranked 2nd. 31 times more than Austria
Female population > Age 40-44 352,094
Ranked 70th.
11.24 million
Ranked 3rd. 32 times more than Austria
Male population > Age 100-104 246
Ranked 20th.
13,877
Ranked 1st. 56 times more than Austria
Male population > Age 15-19 246,502
Ranked 109th.
11.01 million
Ranked 4th. 45 times more than Austria
Male population > Age 90-94 10,365
Ranked 23th.
418,928
Ranked 1st. 40 times more than Austria
Male population > Age 35-39 348,076
Ranked 74th.
10.54 million
Ranked 3rd. 30 times more than Austria
Male population > Age 40-44 366,212
Ranked 67th.
11.11 million
Ranked 3rd. 30 times more than Austria
Total population > Age 40-44 718,306
Ranked 68th.
22.35 million
Ranked 3rd. 31 times more than Austria
Total population > Age 35-39 689,966
Ranked 73th.
21.03 million
Ranked 3rd. 30 times more than Austria
Male population > Age 95-99 > % of the total 0.03
Ranked 14th. The same as United States
0.03
Ranked 17th.
Total population > Age 35-39 > % of the total 8.42
Ranked 27th. 19% more than United States
7.05
Ranked 97th.
Total population > Age 45-49 631,242
Ranked 70th.
22.73 million
Ranked 3rd. 36 times more than Austria
Total population > Age 65-69 435,596
Ranked 57th.
10.38 million
Ranked 3rd. 24 times more than Austria
Total population > Age 60-64 > % of the total 5.42
Ranked 16th. 20% more than United States
4.52
Ranked 44th.
Total population > Age 70-74 > % of the total 3.73
Ranked 30th. 31% more than United States
2.85
Ranked 57th.
Total population > Age 65-69 > % of the total 5.32
Ranked 11th. 53% more than United States
3.48
Ranked 62nd.
Total population > Age 75-79 > % of the total 3.44
Ranked 17th. 40% more than United States
2.46
Ranked 48th.
Women > Antenatal care coverage % 100
Ranked 3rd. 1% more than United States
99
Ranked 12th.
Total population > Age 85-89 > % of the total 1.21
Ranked 20th. 8% more than United States
1.12
Ranked 24th.
Total population > Age 75-79 281,599
Ranked 48th.
7.35 million
Ranked 3rd. 26 times more than Austria
Population > Population in the largest city > % of urban population 30.08%
Ranked 52nd. 4 times more than United States
7.58%
Ranked 115th.

Population in urban agglomerations of more than 1 million 1.73 million
Ranked 81st.
150.08 million
Ranked 3rd. 87 times more than Austria

Population in urban agglomerations of more than 1 million > % of total population 20.48%
Ranked 56th.
47.81%
Ranked 9th. 2 times more than Austria

Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita > Cubic meters 6,529.25
Ranked 64th.
9,044
Ranked 51st. 39% more than Austria

Male population > Age 65-69 per 1000 25.03
Ranked 7th. 53% more than United States
16.36
Ranked 51st.
Male population > Age 65-69 205,949
Ranked 54th.
4.83 million
Ranked 3rd. 23 times more than Austria
Female population > Age 100-104 1,214
Ranked 20th.
64,388
Ranked 1st. 53 times more than Austria
Female population > Age 15-19 per 1000 28.47
Ranked 189th.
35.37
Ranked 156th. 24% more than Austria
Male population > Age 70-74 per 1000 16.48
Ranked 26th. 28% more than United States
12.93
Ranked 48th.
Male population > Age 75-79 per 1000 13.97
Ranked 14th. 33% more than United States
10.48
Ranked 43th.
Male population > Age 80-84 per 1000 8.61
Ranked 22nd. 19% more than United States
7.24
Ranked 34th.
Female population > Age 35-39 per 1000 41.55
Ranked 21st. 17% more than United States
35.48
Ranked 75th.
Male population > Age 85-89 per 1000 3.33
Ranked 20th.
3.8
Ranked 15th. 14% more than Austria
Female population > Age 100-104 > % of the total 0.01
Ranked 28th.
0.02
Ranked 13th. Twice as much as Austria
Female population > Age 25-29 > % of the total 2.96
Ranked 210th.
3.36
Ranked 185th. 14% more than Austria
Female population > Age 20-24 > % of the total 2.99
Ranked 204th.
3.42
Ranked 180th. 14% more than Austria
Female population > Age 40-44 > % of the total 4.3
Ranked 16th. 14% more than United States
3.77
Ranked 57th.
Female population > Age 35-39 > % of the total 4.17
Ranked 29th. 19% more than United States
3.51
Ranked 91st.
Female population > Age 30-34 278,407
Ranked 88th.
9.66 million
Ranked 4th. 35 times more than Austria
Female population > Age 35-39 341,890
Ranked 73th.
10.49 million
Ranked 3rd. 31 times more than Austria
Female population > Age 30-34 > % of the total 3.4
Ranked 128th. 5% more than United States
3.24
Ranked 150th.
Female population > Age 45-49 310,525
Ranked 72nd.
11.51 million
Ranked 3rd. 37 times more than Austria
Female population > Age 55-59 253,032
Ranked 64th.
9.31 million
Ranked 3rd. 37 times more than Austria
Female population > Age 50-54 262,646
Ranked 72nd.
10.47 million
Ranked 3rd. 40 times more than Austria
Female population > Age 50-54 > % of the total 3.21
Ranked 53th.
3.51
Ranked 31st. 9% more than Austria
Female population > Age 55-59 > % of the total 3.09
Ranked 41st.
3.12
Ranked 34th. 1% more than Austria
Female population > Age 45-49 > % of the total 3.79
Ranked 33th.
3.86
Ranked 27th. 2% more than Austria
Female population > Age 70-74 170,171
Ranked 55th.
4.7 million
Ranked 3rd. 28 times more than Austria
Female population > Age 60-64 228,870
Ranked 59th.
7.06 million
Ranked 3rd. 31 times more than Austria
Female population > Age 65-69 229,647
Ranked 57th.
5.54 million
Ranked 3rd. 24 times more than Austria
Female population > Age 70-74 > % of the total 2.08
Ranked 31st. 32% more than United States
1.57
Ranked 57th.
Female population > Age 75-79 166,682
Ranked 49th.
4.25 million
Ranked 3rd. 26 times more than Austria
Female population > Age 85-89 > % of the total 0.87
Ranked 18th. 18% more than United States
0.74
Ranked 26th.
Female population > Age 80-84 > % of the total 1.87
Ranked 8th. 61% more than United States
1.16
Ranked 62nd.
Female population > Age 75-79 > % of the total 2.03
Ranked 23th. 43% more than United States
1.42
Ranked 48th.
Female population > Age 90-94 > % of the total 0.38
Ranked 13th. 6% more than United States
0.36
Ranked 15th.
Female population > Age 95-99 > % of the total 0.11
Ranked 12th.
0.12
Ranked 11th. 9% more than Austria
Male population > Age 100-104 > % of the total 0.0
Ranked 32nd.
0.0
Ranked 40th.
Male population > Age 10-14 > % of the total 2.99
Ranked 200th.
3.52
Ranked 172nd. 18% more than Austria
Female population > Age 95-99 9,076
Ranked 20th.
343,315
Ranked 1st. 38 times more than Austria
Male population > Age 10-14 245,116
Ranked 109th.
10.52 million
Ranked 5th. 43 times more than Austria
Male population > Age 15-19 > % of the total 3.01
Ranked 209th.
3.69
Ranked 175th. 23% more than Austria
Male population > Age 25-29 248,217
Ranked 103th.
10.34 million
Ranked 4th. 42 times more than Austria
Male population > Age 40-44 > % of the total 4.47
Ranked 15th. 20% more than United States
3.72
Ranked 59th.
Male population > Age 30-34 > % of the total 3.34
Ranked 149th. 2% more than United States
3.29
Ranked 160th.
Male population > Age 35-39 > % of the total 4.25
Ranked 28th. 20% more than United States
3.53
Ranked 99th.
Male population > Age 20-24 > % of the total 3.07
Ranked 203th.
3.6
Ranked 174th. 17% more than Austria
Male population > Age 45-49 320,717
Ranked 68th.
11.22 million
Ranked 3rd. 35 times more than Austria
Male population > Age 50-54 263,255
Ranked 68th.
10.03 million
Ranked 3rd. 38 times more than Austria
Male population > Age 55-59 249,265
Ranked 63th.
8.75 million
Ranked 3rd. 35 times more than Austria
Male population > Age 45-49 > % of the total 3.91
Ranked 26th. 4% more than United States
3.76
Ranked 38th.
Male population > Age 50-54 > % of the total 3.21
Ranked 55th.
3.36
Ranked 36th. 5% more than Austria
Male population > Age 60-64 215,017
Ranked 56th.
6.44 million
Ranked 3rd. 30 times more than Austria
Male population > Age 65-69 > % of the total 2.51
Ranked 6th. 55% more than United States
1.62
Ranked 60th.
Male population > Age 60-64 > % of the total 2.62
Ranked 20th. 21% more than United States
2.16
Ranked 45th.
Male population > Age 55-59 > % of the total 3.04
Ranked 35th. 4% more than United States
2.93
Ranked 41st.
Male population > Age 70-74 > % of the total 1.66
Ranked 25th. 30% more than United States
1.28
Ranked 56th.
Male population > Age 75-79 > % of the total 1.4
Ranked 16th. 35% more than United States
1.04
Ranked 49th.
Male population > Age 90-94 > % of the total 0.13
Ranked 15th.
0.14
Ranked 14th. 8% more than Austria
Male population > Age 85-89 > % of the total 0.33
Ranked 25th.
0.38
Ranked 19th. 15% more than Austria
Male population > Age 80-84 > % of the total 0.86
Ranked 28th. 19% more than United States
0.72
Ranked 50th.
Male population > Age 75-79 114,917
Ranked 46th.
3.1 million
Ranked 3rd. 27 times more than Austria
Male population > Age 80-84 70,818
Ranked 49th.
2.14 million
Ranked 3rd. 30 times more than Austria
Male population > Age 85-89 27,419
Ranked 24th.
1.12 million
Ranked 2nd. 41 times more than Austria
Male population > Age 95-99 2,411
Ranked 20th.
99,372
Ranked 1st. 41 times more than Austria
Oldest people > By nation of death or current residence > Died 17 November 1994 30 December 1999
International migration > Migration and employment > Employment rates of foreign-born population > High educatio 74.79%
Ranked 14th.
78.83%
Ranked 8th. 5% more than Austria
International migration > Migration and employment > Employment rates of foreign-born population > Low education 51.4%
Ranked 9th.
62.29%
Ranked 5th. 21% more than Austria
International migration > Migration and employment > Employment rates of native-born population > Low education 47.69%
Ranked 11th. 36% more than United States
35.17%
Ranked 19th.
International migration > Migration and employment > Employment rates of native-born population > Intermadiate e 75.65%
Ranked 6th. 6% more than United States
71.65%
Ranked 12th.
International migration > Migration and employment > Employment rates of foreign-born population > Intermadiate 68.16%
Ranked 9th.
71.63%
Ranked 4th. 5% more than Austria
International migration > Immigrant population > Foreign-born population 14.1%
Ranked 7th. 8% more than United States
13.04%
Ranked 8th.
International migration > Trends in migration > Net migration rate 3.968493 3.429471
Female population > Age 45-49 per 1000 37.74
Ranked 28th.
38.96
Ranked 22nd. 3% more than Austria
Male population > Age 95-99 per million 293.03
Ranked 12th.
336.27
Ranked 7th. 15% more than Austria
International migration > Migration and unemployment > Unemployment rate of the foreign-born men 9.75%
Ranked 8th. 2 times more than United States
4.11%
Ranked 20th.
International migration > Migration and unemployment > Unemployment rate of the foreign-born women 9.76%
Ranked 13th. 98% more than United States
4.92%
Ranked 21st.
International migration > Migration and unemployment > Unemployment rate of native-born men 3.33%
Ranked 16th.
5.76%
Ranked 11th. 73% more than Austria
International migration > Migration and unemployment > Unemployment rate of the native-born women 4.42%
Ranked 15th.
4.77%
Ranked 12th. 8% more than Austria
Female population > Age 55-59 per 1000 30.75
Ranked 40th.
31.51
Ranked 34th. 2% more than Austria
Urbanization > Rate of urbanization None None
Assyrian population > Estimated % of total population > 2008 0.08 0.03%-0.17
Total Population per capita 0.996
Ranked 120th.
1.01
Ranked 94th. 1% more than Austria
Migration > Asylum Seekers per million 3.74
Ranked 1st. 12 times more than United States
0.303
Ranked 21st.
Migration > New citizenships per million 3.07 thousand
Ranked 9th.
3.18 thousand
Ranked 7th. 4% more than Austria
Total Population > Female per 1000 510.11
Ranked 96th.
513.62
Ranked 87th. 1% more than Austria
Total Population > Male per 1000 485.64
Ranked 139th.
496.29
Ranked 104th. 2% more than Austria
Total population > Age 15-19 480,761
Ranked 109th.
21.46 million
Ranked 4th. 45 times more than Austria
Total population > Age 10-14 per 1000 58.09
Ranked 176th.
69.51
Ranked 151st. 20% more than Austria
Total population > Age 15-19 per 1000 58.43
Ranked 190th.
72.63
Ranked 156th. 24% more than Austria
GDP per capita > Current US$ $46,642.29
Ranked 13th.
$51,748.56
Ranked 10th. 11% more than Austria

Migration > Refugees > Inflow 1990-99 per million 10.81
Ranked 6th. 2 times more than United States
4.36
Ranked 10th.
Migration > Asylum Seekers > 1990-99 per million 16.89
Ranked 6th. 5 times more than United States
3.6
Ranked 15th.
GDP per capita > Constant 2000 US$ $39,904.75
Ranked 13th.
$45,335.9
Ranked 10th. 14% more than Austria

GDP per capita growth > Annual % 0.408%
Ranked 133th.
2.02%
Ranked 80th. 5 times more than Austria

Migration > Asylum Seekers > 1980-89 per million 16.92
Ranked 1st. 10 times more than United States
1.74
Ranked 11th.
Total population > Age 25-29 per 1000 59.66
Ranked 182nd.
68.9
Ranked 156th. 15% more than Austria
Total population > Age 100-104 1,460
Ranked 19th.
78,265
Ranked 1st. 54 times more than Austria
Total population > Age 100-104 per million 177.45
Ranked 16th.
264.84
Ranked 5th. 49% more than Austria
Total population > Age 95-99 per million 1,396.12
Ranked 12th.
1,498.01
Ranked 10th. 7% more than Austria
Total population > Age 80-84 per 1000 27.25
Ranked 11th. 43% more than United States
18.99
Ranked 43th.
Total population > Age 30-34 per 1000 67.11
Ranked 139th. 2% more than United States
65.96
Ranked 145th.
Male population > Age 30-34 per 1000 33.27
Ranked 147th.
33.27
Ranked 146th. The same as Austria
Total population > Age 90-94 per 1000 5.07
Ranked 12th. 1% more than United States
5.03
Ranked 13th.
Total population > Age 50-54 525,901
Ranked 67th.
20.5 million
Ranked 3rd. 39 times more than Austria
Female population > Age 20-24 per 1000 29.8
Ranked 182nd.
34.5
Ranked 157th. 16% more than Austria
Total population > Age 70-74 per 1000 37.17
Ranked 27th. 29% more than United States
28.83
Ranked 49th.
Total population > Age 60-64 per 1000 53.95
Ranked 18th. 18% more than United States
45.69
Ranked 34th.
GNI per capita growth > Annual % 0.472%
Ranked 73th.
1.66%
Ranked 61st. 4 times more than Austria

Female population > Age 10-14 per 1000 28.3
Ranked 176th.
33.92
Ranked 150th. 20% more than Austria
Migration > Asylum Seekers > 1980-89 > Per $ GDP 7.04 per $14.1 billion of GDP
Ranked 2nd. 15 times more than United States
0.475 per $14.1 billion of GDP
Ranked 11th.
Female population > Age 25-29 per 1000 29.49
Ranked 182nd.
33.92
Ranked 155th. 15% more than Austria
Female population > Age 85-89 per 1000 8.67
Ranked 14th. 16% more than United States
7.48
Ranked 21st.
Female population > Age 40-44 per 1000 42.79
Ranked 18th. 12% more than United States
38.05
Ranked 46th.
Male population > Age 100-104 per million 29.9
Ranked 16th.
46.96
Ranked 6th. 57% more than Austria
Male population > Age 90-94 per million 1,259.75
Ranked 16th.
1,417.61
Ranked 11th. 13% more than Austria
Male population > Age 40-44 per 1000 44.51
Ranked 17th. 18% more than United States
37.58
Ranked 46th.
Total population > Age 40-44 per 1000 87.3
Ranked 17th. 15% more than United States
75.63
Ranked 45th.
Total population > Age 45-49 per 1000 76.72
Ranked 29th.
76.91
Ranked 27th. About the same as Austria
Total population > Age 65-69 per 1000 52.94
Ranked 12th. 51% more than United States
35.11
Ranked 52nd.
Urban population growth > Annual % 0.77%
Ranked 154th.
1.36%
Ranked 119th. 77% more than Austria

Total population > Age 50-54 per 1000 63.92
Ranked 48th.
69.36
Ranked 27th. 9% more than Austria
Total population > Age 85-89 per 1000 12
Ranked 16th. 6% more than United States
11.27
Ranked 20th.
Primary completion rate, female > % of relevant age group 96.69%
Ranked 53th.
98.1%
Ranked 49th. 1% more than Austria

Primary completion rate, male > % of relevant age group 97.67%
Ranked 45th. About the same as United States
97.56%
Ranked 49th.

Total population > Evolution of the population > Population growth rates per million 0.041%
Ranked 6th. 16 times more than United States
0.0026%
Ranked 19th.
Elderly population > Elderly Population by region > Percentage of elderly population by country 16.61%
Ranked 9th. 34% more than United States
12.4%
Ranked 23th.
Migration > Net migration rate 1.88 migrant(s)/1,000 populati
Ranked 47th.
2.92 migrant(s)/1,000 populati
Ranked 29th. 55% more than Austria

Number of infant deaths 0.0
Ranked 145th.
25,000
Ranked 39th.

Number of under-five deaths 0.0
Ranked 149th.
29,000
Ranked 43th.

Number of neonatal deaths 0.0
Ranked 136th.
17,000
Ranked 33th.

Fertility > Mortality rate, under-5 > Per 1,000 live births 4
Ranked 173th.
7.1
Ranked 149th. 78% more than Austria

Fertility > Mortality rate, under-5, female > Per 1,000 live births 3.6
Ranked 172nd.
6.4
Ranked 149th. 78% more than Austria

Fertility > Mortality rate, under-5, male > Per 1,000 live births 4.4
Ranked 173th.
7.8
Ranked 149th. 77% more than Austria

Fertility > Mortality rate, neonatal > Per 1,000 live births 2.4
Ranked 171st.
4.1
Ranked 147th. 71% more than Austria

Improved water source, rural > % of rural population with access 100%
Ranked 8th. 6% more than United States
94%
Ranked 79th.

Improved water source, urban > % of urban population with access 100%
Ranked 15th. About the same as United States
99.8%
Ranked 53th.

Improved water source > % of population with access 100%
Ranked 9th. 1% more than United States
98.8%
Ranked 56th.

Fertility > Number of maternal deaths 3
Ranked 157th.
880
Ranked 45th. 293 times more than Austria

Fertility > Lifetime risk of maternal death > 1 in: rate varies by country 18,200
Ranked 5th. 8 times more than United States
2,400
Ranked 49th.

Fertility > Lifetime risk of maternal death > % 0.00548%
Ranked 177th.
0.0413%
Ranked 134th. 8 times more than Austria

Improved sanitation facilities > % of population with access 100%
Ranked 10th. About the same as United States
99.6%
Ranked 40th.

Improved sanitation facilities, rural > % of rural population with access 100%
Ranked 9th. 1% more than United States
98.6%
Ranked 40th.

Improved sanitation facilities, urban > % of urban population with access 100%
Ranked 11th. About the same as United States
99.8%
Ranked 42nd.

Fertility > Low-birthweight babies > % of births 6.7%
Ranked 20th.
7.8%
Ranked 12th. 16% more than Austria
Fertility > Maternal mortality ratio > Modeled estimate, per 100,000 live births 4
Ranked 176th.
21
Ranked 133th. 5 times more than Austria

Employment to population ratio, ages 15-24, female > % 50.4%
Ranked 31st. 21% more than United States
41.7%
Ranked 53th.

Labor force participation rate for ages 15-24, male > % 64.3%
Ranked 32nd. 24% more than United States
51.9%
Ranked 98th.

Labor force participation rate for ages 15-24, female > % 55.1%
Ranked 35th. 12% more than United States
49%
Ranked 53th.

Labor force participation rate for ages 15-24, total > % 59.8%
Ranked 33th. 18% more than United States
50.5%
Ranked 67th.

Labor force participation rate, female > % of female population ages 15-64 70.6%
Ranked 43th. 6% more than United States
66.5%
Ranked 64th.

Labor force participation rate, male > % of male population ages 15-64 81.5%
Ranked 73th. 5% more than United States
77.5%
Ranked 117th.

Labor force participation rate, total > % of total population ages 15-64 76.1%
Ranked 44th. 6% more than United States
72%
Ranked 69th.

Labor participation rate, female > % of female population ages 15+ 54.6%
Ranked 84th.
56.8%
Ranked 66th. 4% more than Austria

Labor participation rate, male > % of male population ages 15+ 67.7%
Ranked 143th.
69.3%
Ranked 131st. 2% more than Austria

Labor participation rate, total > % of total population ages 15+ 60.9%
Ranked 112th.
62.9%
Ranked 96th. 3% more than Austria

Labor force, female > % of total labor force 46.29%
Ranked 61st.
46.3%
Ranked 60th. The same as Austria

Emigration rate of tertiary educated > % of total tertiary educated population 13.48%
Ranked 89th. 30 times more than United States
0.451%
Ranked 189th.

Refugee population by country or territory of asylum 47,073
Ranked 41st.
264,763
Ranked 12th. 6 times more than Austria

Refugee population by country or territory of origin 11
Ranked 171st.
3,778
Ranked 69th. 343 times more than Austria

International migrant stock, total 1.31 million
Ranked 33th.
42.81 million
Ranked 2nd. 33 times more than Austria

International migrant stock > % of population 15.62%
Ranked 40th. 13% more than United States
13.84%
Ranked 46th.

Prevalence of undernourishment > % of population 5%
Ranked 114th. The same as United States
5%
Ranked 120th.

Completeness of infant death reporting > % of reported infant deaths to estimated infant deaths 100%
Ranked 3rd. 2% more than United States
97.58%
Ranked 23th.

Completeness of total death reporting > % of reported total deaths to estimated total deaths 100%
Ranked 10th. 3% more than United States
97.54%
Ranked 37th.

Mortality rate, adult, female > Per 1,000 female adults 48.49
Ranked 155th.
79.04
Ranked 130th. 63% more than Austria

Mortality rate, adult, male > Per 1,000 male adults 99.78
Ranked 145th.
134.94
Ranked 138th. 35% more than Austria

Fertility > Birth rate, crude > Per 1,000 people 9.3
Ranked 190th.
12.7
Ranked 144th. 37% more than Austria

Death rate, crude > Per 1,000 people 9.1
Ranked 68th. 13% more than United States
8.07
Ranked 88th.

Fertility > Contraceptive prevalence > % of women ages 15-49 50.9%
Ranked 17th.
78.6%
Ranked 5th. 54% more than Austria

Fertility > Mortality rate, infant > Per 1,000 live births 3.3
Ranked 173th.
6
Ranked 149th. 82% more than Austria

Fertility > Fertility rate, total > Births per woman 1.42
Ranked 181st.
1.89
Ranked 134th. 33% more than Austria

Survival to age 65, female > % of cohort 92.15%
Ranked 17th. 5% more than United States
88%
Ranked 48th.

Survival to age 65, male > % of cohort 85.04%
Ranked 27th. 5% more than United States
80.8%
Ranked 47th.

Age dependency ratio > % of working-age population 48.73%
Ranked 128th.
49.84%
Ranked 118th. 2% more than Austria

Age dependency ratio, old > % of working-age population 27.14%
Ranked 11th. 33% more than United States
20.42%
Ranked 38th.

Age dependency ratio, young > % of working-age population 21.59%
Ranked 174th.
29.42%
Ranked 134th. 36% more than Austria

Population, total 8.46 million
Ranked 94th.
313.91 million
Ranked 4th. 37 times more than Austria

Population, female > % of total 51.21%
Ranked 36th. 1% more than United States
50.81%
Ranked 56th.

Rural population > % of total population 32.12%
Ranked 131st. 85% more than United States
17.38%
Ranked 167th.

Urban population > % of total 67.88%
Ranked 79th.
82.62%
Ranked 43th. 22% more than Austria

Urban population per 1000 660.44
Ranked 66th.
810.44
Ranked 33th. 23% more than Austria

Rural population per 1000 340.23
Ranked 124th. 77% more than United States
192.58
Ranked 157th.

Population > CIA Factbook per capita 0.984
Ranked 121st.
0.999
Ranked 94th. 2% more than Austria

Age structure > 0-14 years > Females per 1000 71.03
Ranked 182nd.
98.29
Ranked 142nd. 38% more than Austria

Age structure > 65 years and over > Females per 1000 102.64
Ranked 13th. 39% more than United States
73.75
Ranked 44th.

Age structure > 15-64 years > Males per 1000 333.88
Ranked 74th.
334.85
Ranked 68th. About the same as Austria

Age structure > 15-64 years > Females per 1000 330.26
Ranked 75th.
335.95
Ranked 61st. 2% more than Austria

Age structure > 65 years and over > Males per 1000 71.9
Ranked 9th. 34% more than United States
53.48
Ranked 43th.

Age structure > 0-14 years > Males per 1000 74.53
Ranked 183th.
102.79
Ranked 142nd. 38% more than Austria

Health expenditures 10.6% of GDP
Ranked 19th.
17.9% of GDP
Ranked 3rd. 69% more than Austria

Migration > New citizenships 24.6 thousand
Ranked 11th.
898 thousand
Ranked 1st. 37 times more than Austria
Percentage living in urban areas 66%
Ranked 75th.
80%
Ranked 42nd. 21% more than Austria
Percentage living in rural areas. 34%
Ranked 125th. 70% more than United States
20%
Ranked 156th.
Migration > New citizenships > Per $ GDP 0.096 per $1 billion
Ranked 8th. 26% more than United States
0.076 per $1 billion
Ranked 11th.
Total population > Age 95-99 11,487
Ranked 19th.
442,687
Ranked 1st. 39 times more than Austria
Female population > Age 20-24 245,224
Ranked 107th.
10.19 million
Ranked 4th. 42 times more than Austria
Total population > Age 85-89 98,752
Ranked 23th.
3.33 million
Ranked 2nd. 34 times more than Austria
Female population > Age 10-14 232,877
Ranked 110th.
10.02 million
Ranked 4th. 43 times more than Austria
Total population > Age 40-44 > % of the total 8.77
Ranked 16th. 17% more than United States
7.49
Ranked 54th.
Female population > Age 15-19 234,259
Ranked 109th.
10.45 million
Ranked 4th. 45 times more than Austria
Female population > Age 60-64 > % of the total 2.79
Ranked 18th. 18% more than United States
2.37
Ranked 45th.
Female population > Age 90-94 31,362
Ranked 21st.
1.07 million
Ranked 1st. 34 times more than Austria
Male population > Age 70-74 135,627
Ranked 58th.
3.82 million
Ranked 3rd. 28 times more than Austria
Total population > Regional Population > Index of geographic concentration of population > Small regions 35.01 Year 2004
Ranked 16th.
51 Year 2004
Ranked 6th. 46% more than Austria
Total population > Evolution of the population > Population growth rates 0.343%
Ranked 11th.
0.797%
Ranked 1st. 2 times more than Austria
Total population > Evolution of the population > Total fertility rates 1.41 Number of children born t
Ranked 20th.
2.1 Number of children born t
Ranked 3rd. 49% more than Austria
Population in urban agglomerations of more than 1 million per 1000 204.84
Ranked 56th.
478.1
Ranked 9th. 2 times more than Austria

Droughts, floods, extreme temperatures > % of population, average 1990-2009 0.0382%
Ranked 117th.
0.214%
Ranked 87th. 6 times more than Austria
Maternal mortality rate 4 deaths/100,000 live births
Ranked 176th.
21 deaths/100,000 live births
Ranked 135th. 5 times more than Austria

Total population > Age 20-24 per 1000 60.4
Ranked 182nd.
70.89
Ranked 156th. 17% more than Austria
Total population > Age 55-59 per 1000 61.05
Ranked 35th.
61.13
Ranked 34th. About the same as Austria
Male population > Age 20-24 per 1000 30.59
Ranked 182nd.
36.39
Ranked 154th. 19% more than Austria
Male population > Age 15-19 per 1000 29.96
Ranked 190th.
37.27
Ranked 155th. 24% more than Austria
Male population > Age 35-39 per 1000 42.3
Ranked 26th. 19% more than United States
35.67
Ranked 82nd.
Total population > Age 35-39 per 1000 83.86
Ranked 21st. 18% more than United States
71.16
Ranked 79th.
Total population > Age 75-79 per 1000 34.23
Ranked 17th. 38% more than United States
24.87
Ranked 44th.
Number of infant deaths per 1000 0.0
Ranked 145th.
0.0796
Ranked 117th.

Number of neonatal deaths per million 0.0
Ranked 136th.
54.15
Ranked 107th.

Fertility > Number of maternal deaths per million 0.358
Ranked 175th.
2.84
Ranked 133th. 8 times more than Austria

Net migration per million 17,725.49
Ranked 26th. 11% more than United States
15,927.93
Ranked 30th.