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Country vs country: Belize and Malaysia compared: Crime stats

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Definitions

  • Drugs > Annual cannabis use: Estimate of percentage of 15-64 year old population who use Cannabis.
  • Illicit drugs: Crime statistics are often better indicators of prevalence of law enforcement and willingness to report crime, than actual prevalence.
  • Justice system > Punishment > Capital punishment (last execution year): Year of last use.
  • Murder rate: Homicide rate per year per 100,000 inhabitants in various countries.
  • Murders > Per 100,000 people: Intentional homicide rate is the estimate of intentional homicides in a country as a result of domestic disputes that end in a killing, interpersonal violence, violent conflicts over land resources, inter-gang violence over turf or control, and predatory violence and killing by armed groups. The term, intentional homicide, is broad, but it does not include all intentional killing. In particular, deaths arising from armed conflict are usually considered separately. The difference is usually described by the organisation of the killing. Individuals or small groups usually commit homicide, whereas the killing in armed conflict is usually committed by more or less cohesive groups of up to several hundred members. Two main sources of data are presented: criminal justice (law enforcement) measures (this series), supplemented by data from national statistical agencies, and measures from public health sources (see other intentional homicide series). These various sources measure slightly different phenomena and are therefore unlikely to provide identical numbers."
  • Police officers: Number of police officers per 100,000 population.
  • Prisoners: Total persons incarcerated
  • Prisoners > Per capita: Data for 2003. Number of prisoners held per 100,000 population.
  • Robberies: Number of robberies recorded by police in that country per 100,000 population.
  • Violent crime > Gun crime > Guns per 100 residents: Number of privately owned small firearms per 100 residents.
  • Violent crime > Intentional homicide rate: Homicides per 100’000 residents. Homicide is the death of a person purposefully inflicted by another person (it excludes suicides) outside of a state of war. Homicide is a broader category than murder, as it also includes manslaughter. The exact legal definition varies across countries, some of which include infanticide, assisted suicide, euthanasia and deaths caused by dangerous driving.
  • Violent crime > Murder rate: Intentional homicide, number and rate per 100,000 population.
  • Violent crime > Murder rate per million people: Intentional homicide, number and rate per 100,000 population. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Violent crime > Murders: Intentional homicide, number and rate per 100,000 population.
  • Violent crime > Murders per million people: Intentional homicide, number and rate per 100,000 population. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Burglaries: Number of burglaries recorded by police in that country per 100,000 population.
  • Auto theft: Number of motor vehicle thefts (car thefts) recorded by police in that country per 100,000 population.
  • Punishment > Crimes possibly attracting life sentence: Possible other sentence.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Punishment > Crimes requiring mandatory sentence: Mandatory sentence.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Prisoners > Female: Female prisoners, expressed as a percentage share of the total prison population. Data for 2003.
  • Transnational Issues > Trafficking in persons > Current situation: Trafficking in persons is modern-day slavery, involving victims who are forced, defrauded, or coerced into labor or sexual exploitation. The International Labor Organization (ILO), the UN agency charged with addressing labor standards, employment, and social protection issues, estimates that 12.3 million people worldwide are enslaved in forced labor, bonded labor, forced child labor, sexual servitude, and involuntary servitude at any given time. Human trafficking is a multi-dimensional threat, depriving people of their human rights and freedoms, risking global health, promoting social breakdown, inhibiting development by depriving countries of their human capital, and helping fuel the growth of organized crime. In 2000, the US Congress passed the Trafficking Victims Protection Act (TVPA), reauthorized in 2003 and 2005, which provides tools for the US to combat trafficking in persons, both domestically and abroad. One of the law's key components is the creation of the US Department of State's annual Trafficking in Persons Report, which assesses the government response in some 150 countries with a significant number of victims trafficked across their borders who are recruited, harbored, transported, provided, or obtained for forced labor or sexual exploitation. Countries in the annual report are rated in three tiers, based on government efforts to combat trafficking. The countries identified in this entry are those listed in the 2006 Trafficking in Persons Report as Tier 2 Watch List or Tier 3 based on the following definitions:
    Tier 2 Watch List countries do not fully comply with the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking but are making significant efforts to do so, and meet one of the following criteria:
    1. they display a high or significantly increasing number victims,
    2. they have failed to provide evidence of increasing efforts to combat trafficking in persons, or,
    3. they have committed to take action over the next year.
    Tier 3 countries neither satisfy the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking nor demonstrate a significant effort to do so. Countries in this tier are subject to potential non-humanitarian and non-trade sanctions.




  • Prisoners per 1000: Total persons incarcerated. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Murders > WHO: Intentional homicide rate is the estimate of intentional homicides in a country as a result of domestic disputes that end in a killing, interpersonal violence, violent conflicts over land resources, inter-gang violence over turf or control, and predatory violence and killing by armed groups. The term, intentional homicide, is broad, but it does not include all intentional killing. In particular, deaths arising from armed conflict are usually considered separately. The difference is usually described by the organisation of the killing. Individuals or small groups usually commit homicide, whereas the killing in armed conflict is usually committed by more or less cohesive groups of up to several hundred members. Two main sources of data are presented: criminal justice (law enforcement) measures (this series), supplemented by data from national statistical agencies, and measures from public health sources (see other intentional homicide series). These various sources measure slightly different phenomena and are therefore unlikely to provide identical numbers."
  • Punishment > Maximum length of sentence: Maximum length of sentence (under life).

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Drug related crime: Number of drug related crimes recorded by police in that country per 100,000 population.
  • Human trafficking > Number prosecuted: Number of people prosecuted for tracking in persons (people smuggling) by country.
  • Transnational Issues > Trafficking in persons > Tier rating: Trafficking in persons is modern-day slavery, involving victims who are forced, defrauded, or coerced into labor or sexual exploitation. The International Labor Organization (ILO), the UN agency charged with addressing labor standards, employment, and social protection issues, estimates that 12.3 million people worldwide are enslaved in forced labor, bonded labor, forced child labor, sexual servitude, and involuntary servitude at any given time. Human trafficking is a multi-dimensional threat, depriving people of their human rights and freedoms, risking global health, promoting social breakdown, inhibiting development by depriving countries of their human capital, and helping fuel the growth of organized crime. In 2000, the US Congress passed the Trafficking Victims Protection Act (TVPA), reauthorized in 2003 and 2005, which provides tools for the US to combat trafficking in persons, both domestically and abroad. One of the law's key components is the creation of the US Department of State's annual Trafficking in Persons Report, which assesses the government response in some 150 countries with a significant number of victims trafficked across their borders who are recruited, harbored, transported, provided, or obtained for forced labor or sexual exploitation. Countries in the annual report are rated in three tiers, based on government efforts to combat trafficking. The countries identified in this entry are those listed in the 2006 Trafficking in Persons Report as Tier 2 Watch List or Tier 3 based on the following definitions:
    Tier 2 Watch List countries do not fully comply with the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking but are making significant efforts to do so, and meet one of the following criteria:
    1. they display a high or significantly increasing number victims,
    2. they have failed to provide evidence of increasing efforts to combat trafficking in persons, or,
    3. they have committed to take action over the next year.
    Tier 3 countries neither satisfy the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking nor demonstrate a significant effort to do so. Countries in this tier are subject to potential non-humanitarian and non-trade sanctions.




  • Punishment > Minimum life sentence to serve before eligibility for requesting parole: Minimum to serve before eligibility for requesting parole.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Prosecution rate: Number of people prosecuted.
  • Punishment > Life sentence under the age of 18 or 21: Under age of 18 (or 21).

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Punishment > Has indefinite sentence: Indefinite sentence (excl. preventive or psychiatric detainment).

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Punishment > Has life imprisonment: Life imprisonment.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Human trafficking > Number prosecuted per million: Number of people prosecuted for tracking in persons (people smuggling) by country. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Prosecutors: Number of prosecutors per 100,000 population.
  • Counterfeiting: Number of conterfeiting offences as recorded by police in that country.
  • Organised crime gang membership > Police recorded offenses: Number of organised crime gang participation offences recorded by police in that country per 100,000 population.
  • Prisoners > Pre-trial detainees: The percentage of the prison population that is being held pre-trial / on remand. Data for 2003.
  • Organised crime gang membership > Police recorded offenses per million: Number of organised crime gang participation offences recorded by police in that country per 100,000 population. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Prisoners > Share of prison capacity filled: The percentage of the offical prison capacity filled. This is obtained by comparing the number of prisoners in a nation to the offical capacity of the nation's prison system. Data for 2003.
  • Organised crime gang membership > Number prosecuted: Number of people prosecuted for being member of an organised crime gang in that country.
  • Prosecution rate per million: Number of people prosecuted. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Prosecutions > Adults: Number of people prosecuted. Prosecutions are cases that made it to court, regardless of the verdict.
  • Organised crime gang membership > Number prosecuted per million: Number of people prosecuted for being member of an organised crime gang in that country. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Counterfeiting per million: Number of conterfeiting offences as recorded by police in that country. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Prosecutions > Juveniles: Number of juveniles who were prosecuted in the given year. Prosecutions are cases that made it to court, regardless of the verdict.
  • Prison staff: Number of correction staff in adult prisons per 100,000 population.
  • Smuggling of migrants > Police recorded offences: Number of offences relating to smuggling of migrants (people smuggling) as recorded by police in that country.
  • Prosecutions > Adults per 1000: Number of people prosecuted. Prosecutions are cases that made it to court, regardless of the verdict. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Prosecutions > Murders: Number of prosecutions for intentional homicides in the given year. Prosecutions are cases that made it to court, regardless of the verdict.
  • Prosecutions > Murders per million: Number of prosecutions for intentional homicides in the given year. Prosecutions are cases that made it to court, regardless of the verdict. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Smuggling of migrants > Number prosecuted: Number of people prosecuted for smuggling migrants by country.
  • Smuggling of migrants > Number prosecuted per million: Number of people prosecuted for smuggling migrants by country. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Smuggling of migrants > Police recorded offences per million: Number of offences relating to smuggling of migrants (people smuggling) as recorded by police in that country. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Prosecutions > Juveniles per million: Number of juveniles who were prosecuted in the given year. Prosecutions are cases that made it to court, regardless of the verdict. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Prosecutions > Adults > Females per million: Proportion of all adult prosecutions that were of women. Prosecutions are cases that made it to court, regardless of the verdict. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Prosecutions > Adults > Females: Proportion of all adult prosecutions that were of women. Prosecutions are cases that made it to court, regardless of the verdict.
  • Property crime > Losses due to theft, robbery, vandalism, and arson > % sales: Losses due to theft, robbery, vandalism, and arson (% sales). Losses due to theft, robbery, vandalism, and arson are the estimated losses from those causes that occurred on establishments' premises as a percentage of annual sales.
STAT Belize Malaysia HISTORY
Drugs > Annual cannabis use 8.5%
Ranked 5th. 5 times more than Malaysia
1.6%
Ranked 9th.
Illicit drugs transshipment point for cocaine; small-scale illicit producer of cannabis, primarily for local consumption; money-laundering activity related to narcotics trafficking and offshore sector drug trafficking prosecuted vigorously and carries severe penalties; heroin still primary drug of abuse, but synthetic drug demand remains strong; continued ecstasy and methamphetamine producer for domestic users and, to a lesser extent, the regional drug market
Justice system > Punishment > Capital punishment (last execution year) 1,985
Ranked 14th.
2,013
Ranked 14th. 1% more than Belize
Murder rate 33 2.3
Murders > Per 100,000 people 30.1
Ranked 11th. 3 times more than Malaysia
8.9
Ranked 50th.
Police officers 377.2
Ranked 10th. 7% more than Malaysia
354
Ranked 3rd.

Prisoners 1,097 prisoners
Ranked 128th.
39,258 prisoners
Ranked 37th. 36 times more than Belize
Prisoners > Per capita 459 per 100,000 people
Ranked 5th. 3 times more than Malaysia
161 per 100,000 people
Ranked 53th.
Robberies 182.4
Ranked 9th. 2 times more than Malaysia
82.1
Ranked 26th.

Violent crime > Gun crime > Guns per 100 residents 10
Ranked 61st. 7 times more than Malaysia
1.5
Ranked 128th.
Violent crime > Intentional homicide rate 39
Ranked 7th. 17 times more than Malaysia
2.3
Ranked 67th.

Violent crime > Murder rate 129
Ranked 54th.
604
Ranked 40th. 5 times more than Belize

Violent crime > Murder rate per million people 418.02
Ranked 5th. 18 times more than Malaysia
22.94
Ranked 73th.

Violent crime > Murders 129
Ranked 54th.
604
Ranked 40th. 5 times more than Belize

Violent crime > Murders per million people 418.02
Ranked 5th. 18 times more than Malaysia
22.94
Ranked 73th.

Burglaries 523.9
Ranked 15th. 5 times more than Malaysia
104.7
Ranked 37th.

Auto theft 21.5
Ranked 48th.
315.3
Ranked 7th. 15 times more than Belize
Punishment > Crimes possibly attracting life sentence ?? ??
Punishment > Crimes requiring mandatory sentence ?? Murder, drug offenses, serious firearms/ammunition/explosive offenses, terrorism, rape, attack on monarch, violence to parliament, treason
United States extradition treaties > Entered into force March 27, 2001 June 2, 1997
Prisoners > Female 6.4%
Ranked 21st.
9%
Ranked 8th. 41% more than Belize
Transnational Issues > Trafficking in persons > Current situation Belize is a source, transit, and destination country for men, women, and children trafficked for the purposes of labor and sexual exploitation; women and girls are trafficked mainly from Central America, and exploited in prostitution; children are trafficked to Belize for labor exploitation; Belize's largely unmonitored borders with Guatemala, Honduras, and Mexico facilitate the movement of illegal migrants who are vulnerable to traffickers; girls are trafficked within the country for sexual exploitation, sometimes with the consent and complicity of their close relatives; there are unconfirmed reports that Indian and Chinese migrants are trafficked for involuntary servitude in homes and shops Malaysia is a destination and, to a lesser extent, a source and transit country for women and children trafficked for the purpose of commercial sexual exploitation, and men, women, and children for forced labor; Malaysia is mainly a destination country for men, women, and children who migrate willingly from South and Southeast Asia to work, some of whom are subjected to conditions of involuntary servitude by Malaysian employers in the domestic, agricultural, construction, plantation, and industrial sectors; to a lesser extent, some Malaysian women, primarily of Chinese ethnicity, are trafficked abroad for commercial sexual exploitation
Prisoners per 1000 4.36 prisoners
Ranked 6th. 3 times more than Malaysia
1.61 prisoners
Ranked 54th.
Murders > WHO 21.9
Ranked 20th. 11 times more than Malaysia
2
Ranked 128th.
Punishment > Maximum length of sentence ?? None
Drug related crime 425
Ranked 4th. 7 times more than Malaysia
59
Ranked 5th.
Human trafficking > Number prosecuted 0.0
Ranked 36th.
924
Ranked 1st.

Transnational Issues > Trafficking in persons > Tier rating Tier 3 - Belize has failed to show evidence of significant law enforcement or victim protection efforts Tier 2 Watch List - Malaysia improved from Tier 3 to the Tier 2 Watch List for 2008 when it enacted comprehensive anti-trafficking legislation in July 2007; however, it did not take action against exploitative employers or labor traffickers in 2007; the government has not ratified the 2000 UN TIP Protocol
Punishment > Minimum life sentence to serve before eligibility for requesting parole Never 20 years or never
Prosecution rate 61
Ranked 38th.
489
Ranked 20th. 8 times more than Belize
Punishment > Life sentence under the age of 18 or 21 ?? ??
Punishment > Has indefinite sentence ?? Yes
Punishment > Has life imprisonment Yes Yes
Human trafficking > Number prosecuted per million 0.0
Ranked 36th.
35.1
Ranked 2nd.

Prosecutors 2.4%
Ranked 38th. 50% more than Malaysia
1.6%
Ranked 46th.

Counterfeiting 16
Ranked 27th.
184
Ranked 36th. 12 times more than Belize
Organised crime gang membership > Police recorded offenses 7
Ranked 35th.
12,901
Ranked 1st. 1843 times more than Belize

Prisoners > Pre-trial detainees 12.2%
Ranked 126th.
30.7%
Ranked 72nd. 3 times more than Belize
Organised crime gang membership > Police recorded offenses per million 25.09
Ranked 7th.
490.03
Ranked 1st. 20 times more than Belize

United States extradition treaties > Date signed March 30, 2000 August 3, 1995
Prisoners > Share of prison capacity filled 219.4%
Ranked 12th. 79% more than Malaysia
122.5%
Ranked 57th.
Organised crime gang membership > Number prosecuted 0.0
Ranked 19th.
0.0
Ranked 21st.
Prosecution rate per million 218.65
Ranked 11th. 12 times more than Malaysia
18.57
Ranked 32nd.
Prosecutions > Adults 174
Ranked 47th.
45,680
Ranked 17th. 263 times more than Belize
Organised crime gang membership > Number prosecuted per million 0.0
Ranked 18th.
0.0
Ranked 20th.
Counterfeiting per million 57.35
Ranked 10th. 8 times more than Malaysia
7.12
Ranked 47th.
Prosecutions > Juveniles 1
Ranked 61st.
3,100
Ranked 19th. 3100 times more than Belize
Prison staff 95.3%
Ranked 9th. 2 times more than Malaysia
43.4%
Ranked 5th.

Smuggling of migrants > Police recorded offences 4
Ranked 44th.
650
Ranked 13th. 163 times more than Belize

Prosecutions > Adults per 1000 0.624
Ranked 40th.
1.74
Ranked 31st. 3 times more than Belize
Prosecutions > Murders 38%
Ranked 47th.
713%
Ranked 17th. 19 times more than Belize
Prosecutions > Murders per million 136.21%
Ranked 3rd. 5 times more than Malaysia
27.08%
Ranked 27th.
Smuggling of migrants > Number prosecuted 7
Ranked 28th.
12,901
Ranked 1st. 1843 times more than Belize

Smuggling of migrants > Number prosecuted per million 25.09
Ranked 5th.
490.03
Ranked 1st. 20 times more than Belize

Smuggling of migrants > Police recorded offences per million 14.34
Ranked 22nd.
24.69
Ranked 16th. 72% more than Belize

Prosecutions > Juveniles per million 3.58
Ranked 43th.
117.75
Ranked 31st. 33 times more than Belize
Prosecutions > Adults > Females per million 17.92%
Ranked 2nd. 28 times more than Malaysia
0.646%
Ranked 23th.
Prosecutions > Adults > Females 5%
Ranked 34th.
17%
Ranked 8th. 3 times more than Belize
Property crime > Losses due to theft, robbery, vandalism, and arson > % sales 0.1%
Ranked 32nd.
1%
Ranked 6th. 10 times more than Belize

SOURCES: https://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/WDR2011/World_Drug_Report_2011_ebook.pdf, World Drug Report 2011, United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), 2011, p. 217.; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; Wikipedia: Capital punishment in Europe (Abolition); UN Office on Drugs and Crime, UN Survey of Crime Trends, at http://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/IHS-rates-05012009.pdf.; European Institute for Crime Prevention and Control International Statistics on Crime and Justice, 2011; The Eighth United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and the Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (2002) (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, Centre for International Crime Prevention); International Centre for Prison Studies - World Prison Brief; European Institute for Crime Prevention and Control International Statistics on Crime and Justice, 2011; Annexe I of the Small Arms Survey 2007 ; Wikipedia: List of countries by intentional homicide rate by decade; United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. Source tables; United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Wikipedia: Life imprisonment (Summary by country); Wikipedia: List of United States extradition treaties; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; The Eighth United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and the Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (2002) (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, Centre for International Crime Prevention). Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Health Organisation.; European Institute for Crime Prevention and Control International Statistics on Crime and Justice, 2011. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Bank, Enterprise Surveys

Citation

"Crime: Belize and Malaysia compared", NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/compare/Belize/Malaysia/Crime

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