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Definitions

  • Age structure > 0-14 years: The distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over: The distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest."
  • Birth rate: The average annual number of births during a year per 1,000 persons in the population at midyear; also known as crude birth rate. The birth rate is usually the dominant factor in determining the rate of population growth. It depends on both the level of fertility and the age structure of the population.
  • Death rate: The average annual number of deaths during a year per 1,000 population at midyear; also known as crude death rate. The death rate, while only a rough indicator of the mortality situation in a country, accurately indicates the current mortality impact on population growth. This indicator is significantly affected by age distribution, and most countries will eventually show a rise in the overall death rate, in spite of continued decline in mortality at all ages, as declining fertility results in an aging population.
  • Ethnic groups: This entry provides a rank ordering of ethnic groups starting with the largest and normally includes the percent of total population.
  • Mother's mean age at first birth: This entry provides the mean (average) age of mothers at the birth of their first child. It is a useful indicator for gauging the success of family planning programs aiming to reduce maternal mortality, increase contraceptive use – particularly among married and unmarried adolescents, delay age at first marriage, and improve the health of newborns.
  • Population: Population, total refers to the total population.
  • Population > Population growth, past and future: Population growth rate (percentage).
  • Population growth rate: The average annual percent change in the population, resulting from a surplus (or deficit) of births over deaths and the balance of migrants entering and leaving a country. The rate may be positive or negative. The growth rate is a factor in determining how great a burden would be imposed on a country by the changing needs of its people for infrastructure (e.g., schools, hospitals, housing, roads), resources (e.g., food, water, electricity), and jobs. Rapid population growth can be seen as threatening by neighboring countries.
  • Population in 2015: (Thousands) Medium-variant projections.
  • Religions: This entry is an ordered listing of religions by adherents starting with the largest group and sometimes includes the percent of total population. The core characteristics and beliefs of the world's major religions are described below.
    Baha'i - Founded by Mirza Husayn-Ali (known as Baha'u'llah) in Iran in 1852, Baha'i faith emphasizes monotheism and believes in one eternal transcendent God. Its guiding focus is to encourage the unity of all peoples on the earth so that justice and peace may be achieved on earth. Baha'i revelation contends the prophets of major world religions reflect some truth or element of the divine, believes all were manifestations of God given to specific communities in specific times, and that Baha'u'llah is an additional prophet meant to call all humankind. Bahais are an open community, located worldwide, with the greatest concentration of believers in South Asia.
    Buddhism - Religion or philosophy inspired by the 5th century B.C. teachings of Siddhartha Gautama (also known as Gautama Buddha "the enlightened one"). Buddhism focuses on the goal of spiritual enlightenment centered on an understanding of Gautama Buddha's Four Noble Truths on the nature of suffering, and on the Eightfold Path of spiritual and moral practice, to break the cycle of suffering of which we are a part. Buddhism ascribes to a karmic system of rebirth. Several schools and sects of Buddhism exist, differing often on the nature of the Buddha, the extent to which enlightenment can be achieved - for one or for all, and by whom - religious orders or laity.
    Basic Groupings
       Theravada Buddhism: The oldest Buddhist school, Theravada is practiced mostly in Sri Lanka, Cambodia, Laos, Burma, and Thailand, with minority representation elsewhere in Asia and the West. Theravadans follow the Pali Canon of Buddha's teachings, and believe that one may escape the cycle of rebirth, worldly attachment, and suffering for oneself; this process may take one or several lifetimes.
       Mahayana Buddhism, including subsets Zen and Tibetan (Lamaistic) Buddhism: Forms of Mahayana Buddhism are common in East Asia and Tibet, and parts of the West. Mahayanas have additional scriptures beyond the Pali Canon and believe the Buddha is eternal and still teaching. Unlike Theravada Buddhism, Mahayana schools maintain the Buddha-nature is present in all beings and all will ultimately achieve enlightenment.
        Hoa Hao: a minority tradition of Buddhism practiced in Vietnam that stresses lay participation, primarily by peasant farmers; it eschews ...
    Full definition






  • Sex ratio > At birth: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Sex ratio > Total population: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Total fertility rate: The average number of children that would be born per woman if all women lived to the end of their child-bearing years and bore children according to a given fertility rate at each age. The total fertility rate is a more direct measure of the level of fertility than the crude birth rate, since it refers to births per woman. This indicator shows the potential for population growth in the country. High rates will also place some limits on the labor force participation rates for women. Large numbers of children born to women indicate large family sizes that might limit the ability of the families to feed and educate their children.
  • Urban and rural > Population living in cities proper: City population by sex, city and city type.
  • Sex ratio > Under 15 years: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Death rate, crude > Per 1,000 people: Death rate, crude (per 1,000 people). Crude death rate indicates the number of deaths occurring during the year, per 1,000 population estimated at midyear. Subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birth rate provides the rate of natural increase, which is equal to the rate of population change in the absence of migration.
  • Nationality > Adjective: This entry is derived from People > Nationality, which provides the identifying terms for citizens - noun and adjective.
  • Median age > Total: This entry is derived from People > Median age, which is the age that divides a population into two numerically equal groups; that is, half the people are younger than this age and half are older. It is a single index that summarizes the age distribution of a population. Currently, the median age ranges from a low of about 15 in Uganda and Gaza Strip to 40 or more in several European countries and Japan. See the entry for "Age structure" for the importance of a young versus an older age structure and, by implication, a low versus a higher median age.
  • Languages: This entry provides a rank ordering of languages starting with the largest and sometimes includes the percent of total population speaking that language.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-14: Percentage of total population aged 0-14.
  • Obesity > Adult obesity rate: This entry gives the percent of a country's population considered to be obese. Obesity is defined as an adult having a Body Mass Index (BMI) greater to or equal to 30.0. BMI is calculated by taking a person's weight in kg and dividing it by the person's squared height in meters.
  • Urban and rural > Urban population: Total population living in urban areas by country.
  • Percentage living in rural areas.: Percentage of people living in rural areas. Data for 2003. Urban-rural classification of population in internationally published statistics follows the national census definition, which differs from one country or area to another. National definitions are usually based on criteria that may include any of the following: size of population in a locality, population density, distance between built-up areas, predominant type of economic activity, legal or administrative boundaries and urban characteristics such as specific services and facilities.
  • Contraceptive prevalence rate: This field gives the percent of women of reproductive age (15-49) who are married or in union and are using, or whose sexual partner is using, a method of contraception according to the date of the most recent available data. The contraceptive prevalence rate is an indicator of health services, development, and women’s empowerment. It is also useful in understanding, past, present, and future fertility trends, especially in developing countries.
  • Population growth: Percentage by which country's population either has increased or is estimated to increase. Countries with a decrease in population are signified by a negative percentage. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Infant mortality rate > Total: This entry is derived from People > Infant mortality rate, which gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
  • Nationality > Noun: The noun which identifies citizens of the nation
  • Age structure > 15-24 years: This entry is derived from People > Age structure, which provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group as follows: 0-14 years (children), 15-24 years (early working age), 25-54 years (prime working age), 55-64 years (mature working age), 65 years and over (elderly). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age structure > 15-64 years: The distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Percentage living in urban areas: Percentage of people living in urban areas. Data for 2003. Urban-rural classification of population in internationally published statistics follows the national census definition, which differs from one country or area to another. National definitions are usually based on criteria that may include any of the following: size of population in a locality, population density, distance between built-up areas, predominant type of economic activity, legal or administrative boundaries and urban characteristics such as specific services and facilities.
  • Age distribution > Median age: The median age of the country's residents. This is the age most people are in the country.
  • Gender > Female population: Total female population.
  • Urban and rural > Rural population: Total population living in rural areas by country.
  • Sex ratio > 65 years and over: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Total population: This entry is derived from People > Life expectancy at birth, which contains the average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. The entry includes total population as well as the male and female components. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Migration > Net migration rate: The difference between the number of persons entering and leaving a country during the year per 1,000 persons (based on midyear population). An excess of persons entering the country is referred to as net immigration (e.g., 3.56 migrants/1,000 population); an excess of persons leaving the country as net emigration (e.g., -9.26 migrants/1,000 population). The net migration rate indicates the contribution of migration to the overall level of population change. High levels of migration can cause problems such as increasing unemployment and potential ethnic strife (if people are coming in) or a reduction in the labor force, perhaps in certain key sectors (if people are leaving).
  • Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of asylum > Per capita: Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organisation of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of asylum is the country where an asylum claim was filed and granted." Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Age structure > 55-64 years: This entry is derived from People > Age structure, which provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group as follows: 0-14 years (children), 15-24 years (early working age), 25-54 years (prime working age), 55-64 years (mature working age), 65 years and over (elderly). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age structure > 25-54 years: This entry is derived from People > Age structure, which provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group as follows: 0-14 years (children), 15-24 years (early working age), 25-54 years (prime working age), 55-64 years (mature working age), 65 years and over (elderly). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Migration > Net migration > Per capita: Net migration is the net total of migrants during the period, that is, the total number of immigrants less the annual number of emigrants, including both citizens and noncitizens. Data are five-year estimates. To derive estimates of net migration, the United Nations Population Division takes into account the past migration history of a country or area, the migration policy of a country, and the influx of refugees in recent periods. The data to calculate these official estimates come from a variety of sources, including border statistics, administrative records, surveys, and censuses. When no official estimates can be made because of insufficient data, net migration is derived through the balance equation, which is the difference between overall population growth and the natural increase during the 1990-2000 intercensal period." Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • Age distribution > Elderly dependency ratio: Percentage of dependant adults out of total population aged 15-64. A dependant adult is an adult aged 65 and older.
  • Fertility > Fertility rate, total > Births per woman: Fertility rate, total (births per woman). Total fertility rate represents the number of children that would be born to a woman if she were to live to the end of her childbearing years and bear children in accordance with current age-specific fertility rates.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total: Number of people aged 0-14.
  • Sex ratio > 15-64 years: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-59: Percentage of total pouplation aged 15-59.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 65 and older.
  • Overseas Chinese > 2005 Population: Top 20
  • Life expectancy at birth > Female: This entry is derived from People > Life expectancy at birth, which contains the average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. The entry includes total population as well as the male and female components. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 > Total: Number of people aged 15-64.
  • Teenage pregancy rate: Adolescent fertility rate is the number of births per 1,000 women ages 15-19."
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-64: Percentage of total population aged 15-64.
  • Gender > Male population: Total male population.
  • Population > CIA Factbook: This entry gives an estimate from the US Bureau of the Census based on statistics from population censuses, vital statistics registration systems, or sample surveys pertaining to the recent past and on assumptions about future trends. The total population presents one overall measure of the potential impact of the country on the world and within its region. Note: starting with the 1993 Factbook, demographic estimates for some countries (mostly African) have explicitly taken into account the effects of the growing impact of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. These countries are currently: The Bahamas, Benin, Botswana, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burma, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.
  • Age distribution > Total dependency ratio: Percentage of dependant persons out of total population aged 15-64. A dependant person is a person aged 0-14 and those over 65 years old.
  • Marriage > Minimum legal age > Without parental consent > For Women: Minimum legal age at which women can be married without parental consent.
  • Number of infant deaths: Number of infant deaths. Number of infants dying before reaching one year of age.
  • Literacy > Total population: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
    Additional details:
    • Gibraltar: above 80% (2013)


  • Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of origin: Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organisation of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of origin generally refers to the nationality or country of citizenship of a claimant."
  • Gender > Global Gender Gap Index: The Gender Gap Index considers gender inequality in the dimensions of economic participation (equality of salaries, labor market participation and access to high-skilled employment); access to education; political participation; and health (life expectancy and sex ratio). The highest score of 1 means total equality, 0 means complete inequality. The Index is calculated by the World Economic Forum.
  • Urban population: Urban population is the midyear population of areas defined as urban in each country and reported to the United Nations.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Male: This entry is derived from People > Life expectancy at birth, which contains the average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. The entry includes total population as well as the male and female components. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Urbanization: Estimates and projections of urban and rural populations are made by the Population Division of the United Nations Secretariat and published every two years. These estimates and projections are based on national census or survey data that have been evaluated and, whenever necessary, adjusted for deficiencies and inconsistencies. Urban-rural classification of population in internationally published statistics follows the national census definition, which differs from one country or area to another. National definitions are usually based on criteria that may include any of the following: size of population in a locality, population density, distance between built-up areas, predominant type of economic activity, legal or administrative boundaries and urban characteristics such as specific services and facilities.
  • Literacy > Female: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 15-24.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Total: Number of people aged 15-24.
  • Number of infant deaths per 1000: Number of infant deaths. Number of infants dying before reaching one year of age. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Migration > Net migration: Net migration is the net total of migrants during the period, that is, the total number of immigrants less the annual number of emigrants, including both citizens and noncitizens. Data are five-year estimates. To derive estimates of net migration, the United Nations Population Division takes into account the past migration history of a country or area, the migration policy of a country, and the influx of refugees in recent periods. The data to calculate these official estimates come from a variety of sources, including border statistics, administrative records, surveys, and censuses. When no official estimates can be made because of insufficient data, net migration is derived through the balance equation, which is the difference between overall population growth and the natural increase during the 1990-2000 intercensal period."
  • Projected population growth: Percentage change in projected population between 2000 and 2050
    Units: Percent Change in Population
    Units: A threshold of 0 was applied. All countries with growth rates of 0 or below received the same score.

  • Cities > Urban population: Total population living in urban areas. The defition of an urban area differs for each country. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Age dependency ratio > Dependents to working-age population: Age dependency ratio is the ratio of dependents--people younger than 15 or older than 64--to the working-age population--those ages 15-64. For example, 0.7 means there are 7 dependents for every 10 working-age people.
  • Urban and rural > Urban population per thousand people: Total population living in urban areas by country. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Fertility > Mortality rate, infant > Per 1,000 live births: Mortality rate, infant (per 1,000 live births). Infant mortality rate is the number of infants dying before reaching one year of age, per 1,000 live births in a given year.
  • Urban and rural > Female rural population: Total number of females living in rural areas by country.
  • Drinking water source > Unimproved > Urban: This entry is derived from People > Drinking water source > Unimproved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved drinking water sources available to segments of the population of a country.improved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: piped water into dwelling, yard, or plot; public tap or standpipe; tubewell or borehole; protected dug well; protected spring; or rainwater collection. unimproved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: unprotected dug well; unprotected spring; cart with small tank or drum; tanker truck; surface water, which includes rivers, dams, lakes, ponds, streams, canals or irrigation channels; or bottled water.
  • Nobel prize laureates: Number of Nobel Prize Laureates 1901-2002
  • Drinking water source > Improved > Total: This entry is derived from People > Drinking water source > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved drinking water sources available to segments of the population of a country.improved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: piped water into dwelling, yard, or plot; public tap or standpipe; tubewell or borehole; protected dug well; protected spring; or rainwater collection. unimproved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: unprotected dug well; unprotected spring; cart with small tank or drum; tanker truck; surface water, which includes rivers, dams, lakes, ponds, streams, canals or irrigation channels; or bottled water.
  • Urban and rural > Female urban population: Total number of females living in urban areas by country.
  • Urban and rural > Male rural population: Total number of males living in rural areas by country.
  • Fertility > Birth rate, crude > Per 1,000 people: Birth rate, crude (per 1,000 people). Crude birth rate indicates the number of live births occurring during the year, per 1,000 population estimated at midyear. Subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birth rate provides the rate of natural increase, which is equal to the rate of population change in the absence of migration.
  • Dependency ratios > Elderly dependency ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.



  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Total: Number of people aged 0-4.
  • Gender > Sex ratio at birth: Number of males born for every female born. Countries with a number less than one have more females born than males.
  • Urban and rural > Rural population per thousand people: Total population living in rural areas by country. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Marriage > Years being single before marriage > Women: Average age of women at their first marriage.
  • Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Total: This entry is derived from People > Unemployment, youth ages 15-24, which gives the percent of the total labor force ages 15-24 unemployed during a specified year.
  • Marriage > Years being single before marriage > Men: Average age of men at their first marriage.
  • Migration > Refugees: Refugees (number in each country, 1990-99)
  • Total Population > Female: Total Population - Female, as of April 26, 2005
  • Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of asylum: Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organisation of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of asylum is the country where an asylum claim was filed and granted."
  • Population density > People per sq. km of land area: Population density (people per sq. km of land area). Population density is midyear population divided by land area in square kilometers. Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of their country of origin. Land area is a country's total area, excluding area under inland water bodies, national claims to continental shelf, and exclusive economic zones. In most cases the definition of inland water bodies includes major rivers and lakes.
  • Net migration: Net migration. Net migration is the net total of migrants during the period, that is, the total number of immigrants less the annual number of emigrants, including both citizens and noncitizens. Data are five-year estimates.
  • Child labor > Children ages 5-14: This entry provides the mean (average) age of mothers at the birth of their first child. It is a useful indicator for gauging the success of family planning programs aiming to reduce maternal mortality, increase contraceptive use – particularly among married and unmarried adolescents, delay age at first marriage, and improve the health of newborns.
  • Urban and rural > Females living in cities proper: Total number of females living in cities proper. The UN definition for city proper varies for each country but usually refers to a locality with legal boundaries, some form of local government and does not include its outlying suburbs and districts. Numbers only include cities proper with a population over 100,000.
  • Dependency ratios > Potential support ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.



  • Gender > Gender inequality index: Gender Inequality Index.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > From total: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age distribution > Child dependency ratio: Percentage of dependant children out of total population aged 15 and older. A dependant child is a child aged 0-14.
  • Population in largest city: Population in largest city is the urban population living in the countryÂ’s largest metropolitan area.
  • Marriage > Percent married > All > Female > Aged 15-19: Percent of people aged 15-19 years who are or have been married or in a marriage-like union recognized by the law or customs of their country.
  • Immigration > Refugees and asylum seekers > Natives per Refugee: Natives per Refugee.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Urban and rural > Males living in cities proper: Total number of males living in cities proper. The UN definition for city proper varies for each country but usually refers to a locality with legal boundaries, some form of local government and does not include its outlying suburbs and districts. Numbers only include cities proper with a population over 100,000.
  • Rural population: Rural population is calculated as the difference between the total population and the urban population.
  • Literacy > Definition: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
  • Immigration > Destination countries of nationalities and ethnic groups > Arab population: Arab population in each country. France is the only European country with over 1 million Arabs.
  • Cities > Urban areas over 1,000,000: Urban areas with a population of over a million people.
  • Births > Teen motherhood rate: Proportion of women aged 15-19 who have given birth.
  • Population density: Population density is midyear population divided by land area in square kilometers. Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of their country of origin. Land area is a country's total area, excluding area under inland water bodies, national claims to continental shelf, and exclusive economic zones. In most cases the definition of inland water bodies includes major rivers and lakes."
  • Urban population > Per capita: Urban population is the midyear population of areas defined as urban in each country and reported to the United Nations. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Total: Number of people aged 60 and older.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Total: Number of people 65 years old and older.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 0-4.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Total: This entry is derived from People > School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary , which school life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Dependency ratios > Youth dependency ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.



  • Median age > Both sexes: Age of person who is older than half the population and younger than the other half of the population.
  • Rights of the Child Convention > Signatories: Date of signing convention
  • Literacy > Male: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
  • Physicians density: This entry gives the number of medical doctors (physicians), including generalist and specialist medical practitioners, per 1,000 of the population. Medical doctors are defined as doctors that study, diagnose, treat, and prevent illness, disease, injury, and other physical and mental impairments in humans through the application of modern medicine. They also plan, supervise, and evaluate care and treatment plans by other health care providers. The World Health Organization estimates that fewer than 2.3 health workers (physicians, nurses, and midwives only) per 1,000 would be insufficient to achieve coverage of primary healthcare needs.
  • Sanitation facility access > Unimproved > Urban: This entry is derived from People > Sanitation facility access > Unimproved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved sanitation facilities available to segments of the population of a country. improved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush to a piped sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine; pit latrine with slab; or a composting toilet. unimproved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush not piped to a sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; pit latrine without a slab or open pit; bucket; hanging toilet or hanging latrine; shared facilities of any type; no facilities; or bush or field.
  • Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Female: This entry is derived from People > Unemployment, youth ages 15-24, which gives the percent of the total labor force ages 15-24 unemployed during a specified year.
  • Urban and rural > Female rural population per thousand people: Total number of females living in rural areas by country. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years > From total: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 > Total: Number of people aged 15-59.
  • Future population change: Total change in population by country. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Any method: Current contraceptive use among married women 15-49 years old, any method, percentage.
  • Dependency ratios > Total dependency ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.



  • Immigration > Nationality compositions of > Norway: Country of origin of Norway’s population who was either foreign born or born in Norway to foreign residents (number of people by country of origin).
  • Drinking water source > Unimproved > Rural: This entry is derived from People > Drinking water source > Unimproved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved drinking water sources available to segments of the population of a country.improved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: piped water into dwelling, yard, or plot; public tap or standpipe; tubewell or borehole; protected dug well; protected spring; or rainwater collection. unimproved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: unprotected dug well; unprotected spring; cart with small tank or drum; tanker truck; surface water, which includes rivers, dams, lakes, ponds, streams, canals or irrigation channels; or bottled water.
  • Population, total per 1000: Population, total. Population, total refers to the total population. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Maternal mortality rate: The maternal mortality rate (MMR) is the annual number of female deaths per 100,000 live births from any cause related to or aggravated by pregnancy or its management (excluding accidental or incidental causes). The MMR includes deaths during pregnancy, childbirth, or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy, irrespective of the duration and site of the pregnancy, for a specified year.
  • Charity > World Giving Index: 2011.
  • Refugee population by country or territory of asylum: Refugee population by country or territory of asylum. Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organization of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of asylum is the country where an asylum claim was filed and granted.
  • Sanitation facility access > Unimproved > Rural: This entry is derived from People > Sanitation facility access > Unimproved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved sanitation facilities available to segments of the population of a country. improved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush to a piped sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine; pit latrine with slab; or a composting toilet. unimproved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush not piped to a sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; pit latrine without a slab or open pit; bucket; hanging toilet or hanging latrine; shared facilities of any type; no facilities; or bush or field.
  • Immigration > Destination countries of nationalities and ethnic groups > Greeks: Members of the Greek diaspora by country of residence. Whether a member of the diaspora is defined as a Greek citizen, by ancestry or by self-identification varies by country.
  • Age structure > 15-64 years > Males: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Total: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Any method > Percentage: Percentage of all married women aged 15-49 who report using any type of contraceptive.
  • Age structure > 15-64 years > From total: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Population > CIA Factbook per capita: This entry gives an estimate from the US Bureau of the Census based on statistics from population censuses, vital statistics registration systems, or sample surveys pertaining to the recent past and on assumptions about future trends. The total population presents one overall measure of the potential impact of the country on the world and within its region. Note: starting with the 1993 Factbook, demographic estimates for some countries (mostly African) have explicitly taken into account the effects of the growing impact of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. These countries are currently: The Bahamas, Benin, Botswana, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burma, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Urban and rural > Male urban population: Total number of males living in urban areas by country.
  • Immigration > Cultural Diversity Index: The probability that two individuals selected at random from a country speak a very different language. A high score of close to 1 indicates that many unrelated languages are spoken. A score of close to 0 means that few languages are spoken, and / or that the spoken languages are similar to one another. For more information, please refer to Fearon (see citation).
  • Gender ratio > Whole population: Female/male ratio of population.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Female: This entry is derived from People > School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary , which school life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Population, total: Population, total. Population, total refers to the total population.
  • Future population > Females: UN estimates of female population in 2010, 2015, 2020, 2025 and 2030.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years > Females: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Net migration per million: Net migration. Net migration is the net total of migrants during the period, that is, the total number of immigrants less the annual number of emigrants, including both citizens and noncitizens. Data are five-year estimates. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Gender > Female population per thousand people: Total female population. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Male: This entry is derived from People > School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary , which school life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 5-14 > Total: Number of people aged 5-14.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 60 and older.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 80 and older.
  • Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Male: This entry is derived from People > Unemployment, youth ages 15-24, which gives the percent of the total labor force ages 15-24 unemployed during a specified year.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > Females: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Gender > Male population per thousand people: Total male population. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Total Population > Male per 1000: Total Population - Male, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Migration > International migrant stock > Total: International migrant stock is the number of people born in a country other than that in which they live. It also includes refugees. The data used to estimate the international migrant stock at a particular time are obtained mainly from population censuses. The estimates are derived from the data on foreign-born population--people who have residence in one country but were born in another country. When data on the foreign-born population are not available, data on foreign population--that is, people who are citizens of a country other than the country in which they reside--are used as estimates. After the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991 people living in one of the newly independent countries who were born in another were classified as international migrants. Estimates of migrant stock in the newly independent states from 1990 on are based on the 1989 census of the Soviet Union. For countries with information on the international migrant stock for at least two points in time, interpolation or extrapolation was used to estimate the international migrant stock on July 1 of the reference years. For countries with only one observation, estimates for the reference years were derived using rates of change in the migrant stock in the years preceding or following the single observation available. A model was used to estimate migrants for countries that had no data."
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Minimum marrying age > Without parental consent > For Women: Minimum legal age at which women can be married without parental consent.
  • Population in largest city > Per capita: Population in largest city is the urban population living in the countryÂ’s largest metropolitan area. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Child labor > Children ages 5-14 per million people: This entry provides the mean (average) age of mothers at the birth of their first child. It is a useful indicator for gauging the success of family planning programs aiming to reduce maternal mortality, increase contraceptive use – particularly among married and unmarried adolescents, delay age at first marriage, and improve the health of newborns. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Mortality rate, adult, male > Per 1,000 male adults: Mortality rate, adult, male (per 1,000 male adults). Adult mortality rate is the probability of dying between the ages of 15 and 60--that is, the probability of a 15-year-old dying before reaching age 60, if subject to current age-specific mortality rates between those ages.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Female: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Immigration > Visa overstay rate > Australia: Modified Non-Return Rate.
  • Hospital bed density: This entry provides the number of hospital beds per 1,000 people; it serves as a general measure of inpatient service availability. Hospital beds include inpatient beds available in public, private, general, and specialized hospitals and rehabilitation centers. In most cases, beds for both acute and chronic care are included. Because the level of inpatient services required for individual countries depends on several factors - such as demographic issues and the burden of disease - there is no global target for the number of hospital beds per country. So, while 2 beds per 1,000 in one country may be sufficient, 2 beds per 1,000 in another may be woefully inadequate because of the number of people hospitalized by disease.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Male: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Marriageable age > Males: Male consent.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Cities > Urban areas over 500,000: Urban Areas Over 500,000.
  • Cities > Urban areas over 2,000,000: Urban Areas Over 2,000,000.
  • Median age > Male: This entry is the age that divides a population into two numerically equal groups; that is, half the people are younger than this age and half are older. It is a single index that summarizes the age distribution of a population. Currently, the median age ranges from a low of about 15 in Uganda and Gaza Strip to 40 or more in several European countries and Japan. See the entry for "Age structure" for the importance of a young versus an older age structure and, by implication, a low versus a higher median age.
  • Marriage > Percent married > All > Male > Aged 15-19: Percent ever married or in union among persons aged 15-19.
  • Density and urbanisation > Urban population: Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanisation Prospects.
  • Health expenditures: This entry provides the total expenditure on health as a percentage of GDP. Health expenditures are broadly defined as activities performed either by institutions or individuals through the application of medical, paramedical, and/or nursing knowledge and technology, the primary purpose of which is to promote, restore, or maintain health.
  • Urban and rural population > Urban gender ratio: Women per 100 men amongst urban population.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years > Males: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > Males per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > Females per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Teen marriage rate > Women: Percentage of female population aged 15-19 who has been married at least once. Percentage is out of total number of females in the same age group.
  • Refugee population by country or territory of origin: Refugee population by country or territory of origin. Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organization of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of origin generally refers to the nationality or country of citizenship of a claimant.
  • Number of under-five deaths per 1000: Number of under-five deaths. Number of children dying before reaching age five. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Number of under-five deaths: Number of under-five deaths. Number of children dying before reaching age five.
  • GDP per capita > Current US$: GDP per capita (current US$). GDP per capita is gross domestic product divided by midyear population. GDP is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Median age > Female: This entry is derived from People > Median age, which is the age that divides a population into two numerically equal groups; that is, half the people are younger than this age and half are older. It is a single index that summarizes the age distribution of a population. Currently, the median age ranges from a low of about 15 in Uganda and Gaza Strip to 40 or more in several European countries and Japan. See the entry for "Age structure" for the importance of a young versus an older age structure and, by implication, a low versus a higher median age.
  • Cities > Urban population per thousand people: Total population living in urban areas. The defition of an urban area differs for each country. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Urban and rural population > Rural gender ratio: Women per 100 men, rural population.
  • Gender ratio > Urban population: Female/male ratio of urban population.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Childless women, aged 40-44: Proportion of women who have not given birth by age 40-44.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > Males: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Sanitation facility access > Improved > Urban: This entry is derived from People > Sanitation facility access > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved sanitation facilities available to segments of the population of a country. improved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush to a piped sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine; pit latrine with slab; or a composting toilet. unimproved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush not piped to a sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; pit latrine without a slab or open pit; bucket; hanging toilet or hanging latrine; shared facilities of any type; no facilities; or bush or field.
  • Structure > Population > Total: Total population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of their country of origin. The values shown are midyear estimates."
  • Density and urbanisation > Rural population: Rural population refers to people living in rural areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated as the difference between total population and urban population.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Condom > Percentage: Percentage of all married women aged 15-49 who report using condoms.
  • Drinking water source > Improved > Rural: This entry is derived from People > Drinking water source > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved drinking water sources available to segments of the population of a country.improved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: piped water into dwelling, yard, or plot; public tap or standpipe; tubewell or borehole; protected dug well; protected spring; or rainwater collection. unimproved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: unprotected dug well; unprotected spring; cart with small tank or drum; tanker truck; surface water, which includes rivers, dams, lakes, ponds, streams, canals or irrigation channels; or bottled water.
  • Age structure > 15-64 years > Females: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Population in urban agglomerations > More than 1 million: Population in urban agglomerations of more than one million is the country's population living in metropolitan areas that in 2000 had a population of more than one million people.
  • Immigration > Ethnic Fractionalization Index: The probability that two individuals selected at random from a country will be from different ethnic groups, 0 meaning that each individual in this country is from the same ethnic group. For a discussion of what constitutes an ethnic group, please refer to Fearon (see citation).
  • Fertility > Adolescent fertility rate > Births per 1,000 women ages 15-19: Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19). Adolescent fertility rate is the number of births per 1,000 women ages 15-19.
  • Migration > Refugees per 1000: Refugees (number in each country, 1990-99). Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Female: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Cities > Urban areas over 1,000,000 per million people: Urban areas with a population of over a million people.
  • Fertility > Maternity leave > Weeks of leave given: Maternity leave benefits.
  • Charity > World Giving Index > Donated money, percent: DM.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Marriage, divorce and children > Marriageable age > Notes: Notes.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Marriage, divorce and children > Marriageable age > Females: Female consent.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of origin > Per capita: Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organisation of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of origin generally refers to the nationality or country of citizenship of a claimant." Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Total: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years > Males per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Teen marriage rate > Men: Percentage of male population aged 15-19 who has been married at least once. Percentage is out of total number of males in the same age group.
  • Refugee population by country or territory of origin per 1000: Refugee population by country or territory of origin. Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organization of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of origin generally refers to the nationality or country of citizenship of a claimant. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Refugee population by country or territory of asylum per 1000: Refugee population by country or territory of asylum. Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organization of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of asylum is the country where an asylum claim was filed and granted. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total Population > Female per 1000: Total Population - Female, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Sanitation facility access > Unimproved > Total: This entry is derived from People > Sanitation facility access > Unimproved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved sanitation facilities available to segments of the population of a country. improved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush to a piped sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine; pit latrine with slab; or a composting toilet. unimproved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush not piped to a sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; pit latrine without a slab or open pit; bucket; hanging toilet or hanging latrine; shared facilities of any type; no facilities; or bush or field.
  • Marriage > Percent married > Urban > Female > Aged 15-19: Percent ever married or in union among persons aged 15-19.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Male: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Population in urban agglomerations > More than 1 million > Per capita: Population in urban agglomerations of more than one million is the country's population living in metropolitan areas that in 2000 had a population of more than one million people. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Age structure > 15-64 years > Males per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Female population > Age 25-29 per 1000: Female population - Age 25-29, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 15-24. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Future population change per thousand people: Total change in population by country. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Gender > Women aged 15-49 per thousand people: Country's total population of women aged 15-49. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 0-14. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Charity > World Giving Index > Volunteered time: VT.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Widows > Proportion of age group > All > Men > Aged 30 to 39: Percent widowed in age group.
  • Marriage > Percent married > Rural > Female > Aged 15-19: Percent ever married or in union among persons aged 15-19.
  • Fertility > Number of maternal deaths: Number of maternal deaths. Maternal mortality deaths is the number of women who die during pregnancy and childbirth.
  • Rural population > Per capita: Rural population is calculated as the difference between the total population and the urban population. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Urban population per 1000: Urban population is the midyear population of areas defined as urban in each country and reported to the United Nations. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Rural population per 1000: Rural population is calculated as the difference between the total population and the urban population. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Drinking water source > Unimproved > Total: This entry is derived from People > Drinking water source > Unimproved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved drinking water sources available to segments of the population of a country.improved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: piped water into dwelling, yard, or plot; public tap or standpipe; tubewell or borehole; protected dug well; protected spring; or rainwater collection. unimproved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: unprotected dug well; unprotected spring; cart with small tank or drum; tanker truck; surface water, which includes rivers, dams, lakes, ponds, streams, canals or irrigation channels; or bottled water.
  • Male population > Age 10-14: Male population - Age 10-14, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 30-34 per 1000: Female population - Age 30-34, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Gender ratio > Babies: Female/male ratio at birth.
  • Future population > Males per thousand people: UN estimates of male population in 2010, 2015, 2020, 2025 and 2030. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Marriage > Percent married > Rural > Male > Aged 15-19: Percent ever married or in union among persons aged 15-19.
  • Widows > Proportion of age group > All > Women > Aged 30 to 39: Percent widowed in age group.
  • Widows > Proportion of age group > Rural > Women > Aged 40 to 59: Percent of population that is widowed by age group, gender and urban / rural status.
  • Marriage > Percent married > Urban > Male > Aged 15-19: Percent ever married or in union among persons aged 15-19.
  • Gender ratio > Rural population: Female/male ratio of rural population.
  • Total population > Age 25-29: Total population - Age 25-29, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 20-24 per 1000: Male population - Age 20-24, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Female population > Age 25-29: Female population - Age 25-29, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 10-14: Female population - Age 10-14, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 20-24: Female population - Age 20-24, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 20-24 per 1000: Female population - Age 20-24, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Immigration > Ethnic Fractionalization Index per million people: The probability that two individuals selected at random from a country will be from different ethnic groups, 0 meaning that each individual in this country is from the same ethnic group. For a discussion of what constitutes an ethnic group, please refer to Fearon (see citation). Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Gender > Gender ratio aged over 65: Amount of women per every 100 males that are over the age of 65 in each country. For instance, in Russia, for every 100 males over 65, there are 210.6 females who are over 65.
  • Gender ratio > Aged over 80 > Women per 100 men: Female/male ratio at age x.
  • Gender ratio > Aged over 65: Female/male ratio at age x.
  • Gender ratio > Aged over 60: Female/male ratio at age x.
  • Gender > Gender ratio aged over 60: Amount of women per every 100 males that are over the age of 60 in each country. For instance, in Russia, for every 100 males over 60, there are 196 females who are over 60.
  • Rights of the Child Convention > Ratification Dates: Date of ratification of the Convention on the Rights of the Child. "A" denotes acceptance; "a" denotes accession; "d" denotes succession
  • Immigration > Country of birth of Australian resident population per thousand people: Australian residents born outside of Australia by country of birth. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Male population > Age 25-29: Male population - Age 25-29, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 45-49 per 1000: Male population - Age 45-49, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 10-14: Total population - Age 10-14, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 40-44: Male population - Age 40-44, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population > Age 20-24: Total population - Age 20-24, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population > Age 45-49: Total population - Age 45-49, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total Population > Male: Total Population - Male, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 10-14 per 1000: Female population - Age 10-14, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Female population > Age 40-44 per 1000: Female population - Age 40-44, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 50-54: Total population - Age 50-54, as of April 26, 2005
  • Women > Maternal mortality ratio adjusted: People - Women - Maternal mortality ratio 2000 adjusted
  • Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > British citizens > Notes: Notes (excluding departure fees).

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > Austrian citizens > Length of stay permitted: Length of stay permitted.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > Austrian citizens > Fee: Fee (if applicable).

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > Austrian citizens > Conditions of access: Conditions of access.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Male population > Age 15-19 > % of the total: Male population - Age 15-19 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Number of neonatal deaths: Number of neonatal deaths. Number of neonates dying before reaching 28 days of age.
STAT Canada Indonesia HISTORY
Age structure > 0-14 years 15.5%
Ranked 195th.
26.6%
Ranked 109th. 72% more than Canada

Age structure > 65 years and over 16.8%
Ranked 33th. 3 times more than Indonesia
6.4%
Ranked 117th.

Birth rate 10.28 births/1,000 population
Ranked 187th.
17.38 births/1,000 population
Ranked 108th. 69% more than Canada

Death rate 8.2 deaths/1,000 population
Ranked 92nd. 30% more than Indonesia
6.31 deaths/1,000 population
Ranked 155th.

Ethnic groups British Isles origin 28%, French origin 23%, other European 15%, Amerindian 2%, other, mostly Asian, African, Arab 6%, mixed background 26% Javanese 40.6%, Sundanese 15%, Madurese 3.3%, Minangkabau 2.7%, Betawi 2.4%, Bugis 2.4%, Banten 2%, Banjar 1.7%, other or unspecified 29.9%
Mother's mean age at first birth 27.6
Ranked 3rd. 23% more than Indonesia
22.5
Ranked 5th.
Population 34.57 million
Ranked 37th.
251.16 million
Ranked 4th. 7 times more than Canada

Population > Population growth, past and future 0.019
Ranked 71st.
-0.192
Ranked 126th.

Population growth rate 0.77%
Ranked 137th.
0.99%
Ranked 117th. 29% more than Canada

Population in 2015 35,051 thousand
Ranked 40th.
246,813 thousand
Ranked 4th. 7 times more than Canada
Religions Roman Catholic 42.6%, Protestant 23.3% (United Church 9.5%, Anglican 6.8%, Baptist 2.4%, Lutheran 2%), other Christian 4.4%, Muslim 1.9%, other and unspecified 11.8%, none 16% Muslim 86.1%, Protestant 5.7%, Roman Catholic 3%, Hindu 1.8%, other or unspecified 3.4%
Sex ratio > At birth 1.06 male(s)/female
Ranked 71st. 1% more than Indonesia
1.05 male(s)/female
Ranked 140th.

Sex ratio > Total population 0.99 male(s)/female
Ranked 117th.
1 male(s)/female
Ranked 86th. 1% more than Canada

Total fertility rate 1.59 children born/woman
Ranked 177th.
2.2 children born/woman
Ranked 103th. 38% more than Canada

Urban and rural > Population living in cities proper 15.43 million
Ranked 7th.
38.8 million
Ranked 7th. 3 times more than Canada

Sex ratio > Under 15 years 1.05 male(s)/female
Ranked 100th. 1% more than Indonesia
1.04 male(s)/female
Ranked 142nd.

Death rate, crude > Per 1,000 people 7.2
Ranked 112th. 14% more than Indonesia
6.29
Ranked 140th.

Nationality > Adjective Canadian Indonesian
Median age > Total 41.5 years
Ranked 26th. 44% more than Indonesia
28.9 years
Ranked 114th.

Languages English (official) 58.8%, French (official) 21.6%, other 19.6% Bahasa Indonesia (official, modified form of Malay), English, Dutch, local dialects (of which the most widely spoken is Javanese)
Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 15.3%
Ranked 112th.
15.73%
Ranked 96th. 3% more than Canada

Obesity > Adult obesity rate 26.2%
Ranked 47th. 5 times more than Indonesia
4.8%
Ranked 159th.

Urban and rural > Urban population 27.15 million
Ranked 13th.
118.32 million
Ranked 4th. 4 times more than Canada

Percentage living in rural areas. 20%
Ranked 158th.
54%
Ranked 71st. 3 times more than Canada
Contraceptive prevalence rate 74%
Ranked 20th. 20% more than Indonesia
61.9%
Ranked 2nd.
Population growth 0.019%
Ranked 71st.
-0.192%
Ranked 126th.

Infant mortality rate > Total 4.78 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 181st.
26.06 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 72nd. 5 times more than Canada

Nationality > Noun Canadian(s) Indonesian(s)
Age structure > 15-24 years 12.9%
Ranked 183th.
17.1%
Ranked 126th. 33% more than Canada
Age structure > 15-64 years 68.1%
Ranked 72nd. 2% more than Indonesia
66.6%
Ranked 100th.

Percentage living in urban areas 80%
Ranked 44th. 74% more than Indonesia
46%
Ranked 132nd.
Urbanization > Rate of urbanization None None
Age distribution > Median age 46.92 years
Ranked 79th. 4% more than Indonesia
45.29 years
Ranked 105th.

Gender > Female population 25.47 million
Ranked 47th.
156.53 million
Ranked 5th. 6 times more than Canada

Urban and rural > Rural population 6.33 million
Ranked 26th.
119.32 million
Ranked 2nd. 19 times more than Canada

Sex ratio > 65 years and over 0.79 male(s)/female
Ranked 120th. 1% more than Indonesia
0.78 male(s)/female
Ranked 127th.

Urbanization in 2015 81.9%
Ranked 31st. 49% more than Indonesia
55%
Ranked 100th.
Life expectancy at birth > Total population 81.57 years
Ranked 14th. 13% more than Indonesia
71.9 years
Ranked 136th.

Migration > Net migration rate 5.62 migrant(s)/1,000 populati
Ranked 21st.
-1.25 migrant(s)/1,000 populati
Ranked 121st.

Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of asylum > Per capita 5.23 per 1,000 people
Ranked 27th. 2614 times more than Indonesia
0.002 per 1,000 people
Ranked 143th.

Age structure > 55-64 years 13.3%
Ranked 22nd. 75% more than Indonesia
7.6%
Ranked 112th.
Age structure > 25-54 years 41.4%
Ranked 101st.
42.2%
Ranked 89th. 2% more than Canada
Migration > Net migration > Per capita 33,706.96 per 1 million people
Ranked 13th.
-4,533.955 per 1 million people
Ranked 111th.

Age distribution > Elderly dependency ratio 53.37%
Ranked 68th. 20% more than Indonesia
44.56%
Ranked 110th.

Fertility > Fertility rate, total > Births per woman 1.63
Ranked 159th.
2.4
Ranked 94th. 48% more than Canada

Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total 7.78 million
Ranked 47th.
49.6 million
Ranked 8th. 6 times more than Canada

Sex ratio > 15-64 years 1.02
Ranked 78th. 1% more than Indonesia
1.01
Ranked 96th.

Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 49.67%
Ranked 126th.
52.09%
Ranked 88th. 5% more than Canada

Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Percent 29.48%
Ranked 71st. 13% more than Indonesia
25.98%
Ranked 110th.

Overseas Chinese > 2005 Population 1.61 million
Ranked 6th.
7.57 million
Ranked 1st. 5 times more than Canada
Life expectancy at birth > Female 84.31 years
Ranked 14th. 13% more than Indonesia
74.59 years
Ranked 138th.

Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 > Total 28.1 million
Ranked 48th.
183.79 million
Ranked 5th. 7 times more than Canada

Teenage pregancy rate 12.54
Ranked 154th.
39.17
Ranked 90th. 3 times more than Canada

Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 55.23%
Ranked 130th.
58.29%
Ranked 87th. 6% more than Canada

Gender > Male population 25.41 million
Ranked 46th.
158.77 million
Ranked 5th. 6 times more than Canada

Population > CIA Factbook 33.21 million
Ranked 37th.
237.51 million
Ranked 5th. 7 times more than Canada

Age distribution > Total dependency ratio 81.08%
Ranked 67th. 13% more than Indonesia
71.55%
Ranked 110th.

Marriage > Minimum legal age > Without parental consent > For Women 18
Ranked 122nd. 13% more than Indonesia
16
Ranked 136th.
Number of infant deaths 2,000
Ranked 110th.
125,000
Ranked 7th. 63 times more than Canada

Literacy > Total population 99%
Ranked 51st. 7% more than Indonesia
92.8%
Ranked 122nd.

Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of origin 99
Ranked 126th.
18,213
Ranked 33th. 184 times more than Canada

Gender > Global Gender Gap Index 0.743
Ranked 20th. 12% more than Indonesia
0.661
Ranked 95th.

Urban population 25.87 million
Ranked 26th.
106.09 million
Ranked 5th. 4 times more than Canada

Life expectancy at birth > Male 78.98 years
Ranked 15th. 14% more than Indonesia
69.33 years
Ranked 133th.

Urbanization 79
Ranked 41st. 88% more than Indonesia
42
Ranked 140th.
Literacy > Female 99%
Ranked 9th. 10% more than Indonesia
90.1%
Ranked 53th.

Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Percent 10.62%
Ranked 113th.
10.91%
Ranked 91st. 3% more than Canada

Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Total 5.4 million
Ranked 47th.
34.4 million
Ranked 8th. 6 times more than Canada

Number of infant deaths per 1000 0.0573
Ranked 119th.
0.506
Ranked 70th. 9 times more than Canada

Migration > Net migration 1.09 million
Ranked 6th.
-1,000,000
Ranked 175th.

Projected population growth 18.05%
Ranked 96th.
47.88%
Ranked 73th. 3 times more than Canada
Cities > Urban population 85,136
Ranked 49th. 34% more than Indonesia
63,662
Ranked 137th.

Age dependency ratio > Dependents to working-age population 0.44
Ranked 162nd.
0.51
Ranked 124th. 16% more than Canada

Urban and rural > Urban population per thousand people 787.24
Ranked 12th. 60% more than Indonesia
491.62
Ranked 55th.

Fertility > Mortality rate, infant > Per 1,000 live births 4.7
Ranked 156th.
25.8
Ranked 73th. 5 times more than Canada

Urban and rural > Female rural population 3.11 million
Ranked 21st.
59.25 million
Ranked 1st. 19 times more than Canada

Drinking water source > Unimproved > Urban 0.0
Ranked 154th.
8% of population
Ranked 52nd.
Nobel prize laureates 10
Ranked 12th.
0.0
Ranked 32nd.
Drinking water source > Improved > Total 100% of population
Ranked 7th. 22% more than Indonesia
82% of population
Ranked 106th.
Urban and rural > Female urban population 13.96 million
Ranked 9th.
58.76 million
Ranked 4th. 4 times more than Canada

Urban and rural > Male rural population 3.22 million
Ranked 21st.
60.07 million
Ranked 1st. 19 times more than Canada

Fertility > Birth rate, crude > Per 1,000 people 11
Ranked 166th.
19.63
Ranked 99th. 78% more than Canada

Dependency ratios > Elderly dependency ratio 22.2%
Ranked 30th. 3 times more than Indonesia
7.9%
Ranked 108th.
Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Total 2.55 million
Ranked 48th.
16.28 million
Ranked 8th. 6 times more than Canada

Gender > Sex ratio at birth 1.06
Ranked 51st. 1% more than Indonesia
1.05
Ranked 121st.

Urban and rural > Rural population per thousand people 183.55
Ranked 61st.
495.77
Ranked 30th. 3 times more than Canada

Marriage > Years being single before marriage > Women 26.6
Ranked 7th. 19% more than Indonesia
22.3
Ranked 25th.
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Total 14.1%
Ranked 86th.
22.2%
Ranked 46th. 57% more than Canada

Marriage > Years being single before marriage > Men 28.6
Ranked 7th. 11% more than Indonesia
25.7
Ranked 25th.
Migration > Refugees 159,000
Ranked 25th. 1445 times more than Indonesia
110
Ranked 102nd.
Total Population > Female 16.74 million
Ranked 35th.
122.92 million
Ranked 4th. 7 times more than Canada
Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of asylum 169,434
Ranked 18th. 212 times more than Indonesia
798
Ranked 102nd.

Population density > People per sq. km of land area 3.79 sq. km
Ranked 203th.
134.58 sq. km
Ranked 71st. 35 times more than Canada

Net migration 1.1 million
Ranked 4th.
-700,000
Ranked 186th.

Child labor > Children ages 5-14 27.6
Ranked 3rd. 21% more than Indonesia
22.8
Ranked 12th.
Urban and rural > Females living in cities proper 341,425
Ranked 8th. 71% more than Indonesia
199,490
Ranked 16th.

Dependency ratios > Potential support ratio 4.5
Ranked 167th.
12.6
Ranked 89th. 3 times more than Canada
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Total None None
Gender > Gender inequality index 0.119
Ranked 128th.
0.494
Ranked 42nd. 4 times more than Canada
Age structure > 65 years and over > From total 14.9%
Ranked 32nd. 3 times more than Indonesia
5.8%
Ranked 106th.

Age distribution > Child dependency ratio 27.7%
Ranked 73th. 3% more than Indonesia
26.99%
Ranked 114th.

Population in largest city 5.31 million
Ranked 28th.
13.22 million
Ranked 7th. 2 times more than Canada

Marriage > Percent married > All > Female > Aged 15-19 2.9%
Ranked 8th.
13.3%
Ranked 7th. 5 times more than Canada

Immigration > Refugees and asylum seekers > Natives per Refugee 203
Ranked 122nd.
228,593
Ranked 6th. 1126 times more than Canada
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Male None None
Urban and rural > Males living in cities proper 322,195
Ranked 6th. 70% more than Indonesia
189,137
Ranked 16th.

Rural population 6.43 million
Ranked 66th.
114.47 million
Ranked 3rd. 18 times more than Canada

Literacy > Definition age 15 and over can read and write age 15 and over can read and write
Immigration > Destination countries of nationalities and ethnic groups > Arab population 450,000
Ranked 18th.
5 million
Ranked 3rd. 11 times more than Canada
Cities > Urban areas over 1,000,000 4
Ranked 25th.
8
Ranked 11th. Twice as much as Canada
Births > Teen motherhood rate 4%
Ranked 14th.
42%
Ranked 5th. 11 times more than Canada

Population density 3.66
Ranked 189th.
125.5
Ranked 65th. 34 times more than Canada

Urban population > Per capita 0.801 per capita
Ranked 36th. 67% more than Indonesia
0.481 per capita
Ranked 117th.

Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Total 17.83 million
Ranked 33th.
101.47 million
Ranked 5th. 6 times more than Canada

Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Total 15 million
Ranked 32nd.
81.9 million
Ranked 5th. 5 times more than Canada

Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Percent 5.01%
Ranked 115th.
5.16%
Ranked 97th. 3% more than Canada

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Total 17 years
Ranked 16th. 31% more than Indonesia
13 years
Ranked 99th.

Dependency ratios > Youth dependency ratio 24%
Ranked 160th.
43.8%
Ranked 89th. 83% more than Canada
Median age > Both sexes 40.7
Ranked 23th. 46% more than Indonesia
27.9
Ranked 112th.
Rights of the Child Convention > Signatories 28 May 1990 26 Jan 1990
Literacy > Male 99%
Ranked 59th. 4% more than Indonesia
95.6%
Ranked 103th.

Physicians density 2.07 physicians/1,000 population
Ranked 21st. 10 times more than Indonesia
0.2 physicians/1,000 population
Ranked 1st.

Sanitation facility access > Unimproved > Urban 0.0
Ranked 157th.
27% of population
Ranked 61st.

Education expenditures 5% of GDP
Ranked 47th. 67% more than Indonesia
3% of GDP
Ranked 41st.

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Female 12.3%
Ranked 49th.
23%
Ranked 21st. 87% more than Canada
Urban and rural > Female rural population per thousand people 90.06
Ranked 53th.
246.18
Ranked 25th. 3 times more than Canada

Major cities > Population Toronto 5.377 million; Montreal 3.75 million; Vancouver 2.197 million; OTTAWA (capital) 1.208 million; Calgary 1.16 million JAKARTA (capital) 9.121 million; Surabaya 2.509 million; Bandung 2.412 million; Medan 2.131 million; Semarang 1.296 million
Age structure > 0-14 years > From total 16.3%
Ranked 190th.
28.4%
Ranked 106th. 74% more than Canada

Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 > Total 25.27 million
Ranked 47th.
164.23 million
Ranked 5th. 6 times more than Canada

Future population change 9,600.4
Ranked 50th.
-609,785.4
Ranked 191st.

Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Any method 74%
Ranked 9th. 20% more than Indonesia
61.9%
Ranked 2nd.

Dependency ratios > Total dependency ratio 46.3%
Ranked 144th.
51.8%
Ranked 108th. 12% more than Canada
Immigration > Nationality compositions of > Norway 1,775
Ranked 51st. 23% more than Indonesia
1,439
Ranked 56th.
Drinking water source > Unimproved > Rural 1% of population
Ranked 151st.
26% of population
Ranked 61st. 26 times more than Canada
Population, total per 1000 1,000
Ranked 213th. The same as Indonesia
1,000
Ranked 186th.

Maternal mortality rate 12 deaths/100,000 live births
Ranked 150th.
220 deaths/100,000 live births
Ranked 51st. 18 times more than Canada

Charity > World Giving Index 7
Ranked 53th.
49
Ranked 20th. 7 times more than Canada
Refugee population by country or territory of asylum 164,883
Ranked 19th. 164 times more than Indonesia
1,006
Ranked 107th.

Sanitation facility access > Unimproved > Rural 1% of population
Ranked 155th.
61% of population
Ranked 54th. 61 times more than Canada

Immigration > Destination countries of nationalities and ethnic groups > Greeks 450,000
Ranked 4th. 6250 times more than Indonesia
72
Ranked 51st.
Age structure > 15-64 years > Males 11.55 million
Ranked 34th.
78.33 million
Ranked 5th. 7 times more than Canada

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Total 17 years
Ranked 16th. 31% more than Indonesia
13 years
Ranked 99th.
Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Any method > Percentage 74%
Ranked 9th. 20% more than Indonesia
61.9%
Ranked 2nd.

Age structure > 15-64 years > From total 68.8%
Ranked 48th. 5% more than Indonesia
65.7%
Ranked 103th.

Population > CIA Factbook per capita 0.997
Ranked 99th.
1.01
Ranked 73th. 2% more than Canada

Urban and rural > Male urban population 13.19 million
Ranked 9th.
59.56 million
Ranked 3rd. 5 times more than Canada

Immigration > Cultural Diversity Index 0.499
Ranked 34th.
0.522
Ranked 30th. 5% more than Canada
Gender ratio > Whole population 101.9%
Ranked 92nd. 2% more than Indonesia
100.1%
Ranked 127th.

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Female 17 years
Ranked 1st. 31% more than Indonesia
13 years
Ranked 38th.

Population, total 34.88 million
Ranked 38th.
246.86 million
Ranked 5th. 7 times more than Canada

Future population > Females 19.74 million
Ranked 41st.
140.77 million
Ranked 4th. 7 times more than Canada

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Female 17 None
Age structure > 0-14 years > Females 2.64 million
Ranked 61st.
33.18 million
Ranked 4th. 13 times more than Canada

Net migration per million 31,536.22
Ranked 14th.
-2,835.567
Ranked 113th.

Gender > Female population per thousand people 504
Ranked 90th. 1% more than Indonesia
496.89
Ranked 141st.

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Male 17 years
Ranked 10th. 31% more than Indonesia
13 years
Ranked 92nd.

Age distribution > Population aged 5-14 > Total 5.24 million
Ranked 47th.
33.32 million
Ranked 8th. 6 times more than Canada

Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Percent 35.03%
Ranked 74th. 9% more than Indonesia
32.18%
Ranked 109th.

Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Percent 13.36%
Ranked 60th. 53% more than Indonesia
8.76%
Ranked 117th.

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Male 15.9%
Ranked 66th.
21.6%
Ranked 43th. 36% more than Canada

Age structure > 65 years and over > Females 2.79 million
Ranked 21st.
7.7 million
Ranked 8th. 3 times more than Canada

Gender > Male population per thousand people 495.99
Ranked 106th.
503.11
Ranked 50th. 1% more than Canada

Total Population > Male per 1000 506.26
Ranked 75th.
545.84
Ranked 37th. 8% more than Canada
Migration > International migrant stock > Total 6.3 million
Ranked 7th. 46 times more than Indonesia
135,623
Ranked 105th.

Marriage, divorce and children > Minimum marrying age > Without parental consent > For Women 18
Ranked 122nd. 13% more than Indonesia
16
Ranked 136th.
Population in largest city > Per capita 0.164 per capita
Ranked 52nd. 3 times more than Indonesia
0.06 per capita
Ranked 108th.

Child labor > Children ages 5-14 per million people 0.838
Ranked 7th. 9 times more than Indonesia
0.0908
Ranked 47th.
Mortality rate, adult, male > Per 1,000 male adults 91.76
Ranked 173th.
178.62
Ranked 95th. 95% more than Canada

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Female 17 years
Ranked 1st. 31% more than Indonesia
13 years
Ranked 38th.
Immigration > Visa overstay rate > Australia 0.66
Ranked 115th. 43% more than Indonesia
0.46
Ranked 128th.

Hospital bed density 3.2 beds/1,000 population
Ranked 32nd. 5 times more than Indonesia
0.6 beds/1,000 population
Ranked 65th.

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Male 17 years
Ranked 10th. 31% more than Indonesia
13 years
Ranked 92nd.
Marriage, divorce and children > Marriageable age > Males 18
Ranked 20th.
19
Ranked 10th. 6% more than Canada
Cities > Urban areas over 500,000 8
Ranked 23th.
22
Ranked 8th. 3 times more than Canada
Cities > Urban areas over 2,000,000 3
Ranked 19th.
4
Ranked 11th. 33% more than Canada
Median age > Male 40.2 years
Ranked 24th. 42% more than Indonesia
28.4 years
Ranked 113th.

Marriage > Percent married > All > Male > Aged 15-19 0.9%
Ranked 6th.
3.1%
Ranked 9th. 3 times more than Canada

Density and urbanisation > Urban population 27.16 million
Ranked 24th.
120.92 million
Ranked 6th. 4 times more than Canada

Health expenditures 11.2% of GDP
Ranked 13th. 4 times more than Indonesia
2.7% of GDP
Ranked 167th.

Urban and rural population > Urban gender ratio 106.2
Ranked 29th. 7% more than Indonesia
99.7
Ranked 51st.

Age structure > 0-14 years > Males 2.78 million
Ranked 58th.
34.34 million
Ranked 4th. 12 times more than Canada

Age structure > 65 years and over > Males per 1000 64.56
Ranked 22nd. 2 times more than Indonesia
26.26
Ranked 90th.

Age structure > 65 years and over > Females per 1000 83.71
Ranked 34th. 3 times more than Indonesia
32.87
Ranked 96th.

Marriage, divorce and children > Teen marriage rate > Women 3.1
Ranked 11th.
14.4
Ranked 12th. 5 times more than Canada
Refugee population by country or territory of origin 109
Ranked 137th.
16,079
Ranked 41st. 148 times more than Canada

Number of under-five deaths per 1000 0.0573
Ranked 128th.
0.616
Ranked 74th. 11 times more than Canada

Number of under-five deaths 2,000
Ranked 112th.
152,000
Ranked 7th. 76 times more than Canada

GDP per capita > Current US$ $52,218.99
Ranked 9th. 15 times more than Indonesia
$3,556.79
Ranked 109th.

Median age > Female 42.7 years
Ranked 30th. 45% more than Indonesia
29.5 years
Ranked 111th.

Cities > Urban population per thousand people 2.34e-06
Ranked 165th. 11 times more than Indonesia
2.08e-07
Ranked 215th.

Urban and rural population > Rural gender ratio 96
Ranked 49th.
99.3
Ranked 33th. 3% more than Canada

Gender ratio > Urban population 106.2%
Ranked 29th. 7% more than Indonesia
99.7%
Ranked 51st.

Marriage, divorce and children > Childless women, aged 40-44 16%
Ranked 3rd. 4 times more than Indonesia
4%
Ranked 9th.

Age structure > 65 years and over > Males 2.15 million
Ranked 21st.
6.15 million
Ranked 8th. 3 times more than Canada

Sanitation facility access > Improved > Urban 100% of population
Ranked 45th. 37% more than Indonesia
73% of population
Ranked 137th.

Structure > Population > Total 33.74 million
Ranked 34th.
229.96 million
Ranked 5th. 7 times more than Canada

Density and urbanisation > Rural population 6.58 million
Ranked 62nd.
109.05 million
Ranked 5th. 17 times more than Canada

Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Condom > Percentage 15%
Ranked 7th. 8 times more than Indonesia
1.8%
Ranked 6th.

Drinking water source > Improved > Rural 99% of population
Ranked 56th. 34% more than Indonesia
74% of population
Ranked 135th.
Age structure > 15-64 years > Females 11.3 million
Ranked 34th.
77.81 million
Ranked 5th. 7 times more than Canada

Population in urban agglomerations > More than 1 million 14.37 million
Ranked 19th.
25.64 million
Ranked 9th. 78% more than Canada

Immigration > Ethnic Fractionalization Index 0.596
Ranked 55th.
0.766
Ranked 22nd. 29% more than Canada
Fertility > Adolescent fertility rate > Births per 1,000 women ages 15-19 14.35
Ranked 147th.
48.96
Ranked 78th. 3 times more than Canada

Migration > Refugees per 1000 5.72
Ranked 40th. 9291 times more than Indonesia
0.000616
Ranked 109th.
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Female 17 years
Ranked 1st. 31% more than Indonesia
13 years
Ranked 18th.

Cities > Urban areas over 1,000,000 per million people 0.116
Ranked 35th. 4 times more than Indonesia
0.0319
Ranked 101st.
Fertility > Maternity leave > Weeks of leave given 73
Ranked 21st. 24 times more than Indonesia
3
Ranked 179th.
Charity > World Giving Index > Donated money, percent 64%
Ranked 11th.
71%
Ranked 6th. 11% more than Canada
Marriage, divorce and children > Marriageable age > Notes Varies by province , but generally 18 years old, 16 years with parental consent, and 15 years with judicial consent. url= http://www.law.emory.edu/ifl/legal/indonesia.htm |title=Indonesia |publisher=Law.emory.edu |date=1997-02-12 |accessdate=2013-01-14}}</ref>
Marriage, divorce and children > Marriageable age > Females 18
Ranked 20th. 13% more than Indonesia
16
Ranked 26th.
Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of origin > Per capita 3.04 per 1 million people
Ranked 160th.
81.45 per 1 million people
Ranked 104th. 27 times more than Canada

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Total 17 years
Ranked 15th. 31% more than Indonesia
13 years
Ranked 95th.

Age structure > 0-14 years > Males per 1000 83.45
Ranked 167th.
146.61
Ranked 96th. 76% more than Canada

Marriage, divorce and children > Teen marriage rate > Men 1.3
Ranked 8th.
6.1
Ranked 4th. 5 times more than Canada
Refugee population by country or territory of origin per 1000 0.00316
Ranked 174th.
0.066
Ranked 119th. 21 times more than Canada

Refugee population by country or territory of asylum per 1000 4.78
Ranked 29th. 1159 times more than Indonesia
0.00413
Ranked 163th.

Gender development 0.938
Ranked 3rd. 38% more than Indonesia
0.678
Ranked 88th.
Total Population > Female per 1000 518.09
Ranked 75th.
547.59
Ranked 29th. 6% more than Canada
Sanitation facility access > Unimproved > Total 0.0
Ranked 156th.
48% of population
Ranked 54th.

Marriage > Percent married > Urban > Female > Aged 15-19 3.3%
Ranked 9th.
8.3%
Ranked 8th. 3 times more than Canada

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Male 17 years
Ranked 9th. 31% more than Indonesia
13 years
Ranked 90th.

Population in urban agglomerations > More than 1 million > Per capita 0.445 per capita
Ranked 9th. 4 times more than Indonesia
0.116 per capita
Ranked 84th.

Age structure > 15-64 years > Males per 1000 346.58
Ranked 46th. 4% more than Indonesia
334.4
Ranked 70th.

Female population > Age 25-29 per 1000 33.54
Ranked 159th.
49.39
Ranked 11th. 47% more than Canada
Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Total per thousand people 134.63
Ranked 161st.
168.4
Ranked 123th. 25% more than Canada

Future population change per thousand people 10.98
Ranked 108th.
13.46
Ranked 91st. 23% more than Canada

Gender > Women aged 15-49 per thousand people 243.26
Ranked 121st.
269.64
Ranked 43th. 11% more than Canada

Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total per thousand people 164.72
Ranked 162nd.
298.29
Ranked 83th. 81% more than Canada

Urbanization > Urban population 81 None
Charity > World Giving Index > Volunteered time 42%
Ranked 9th. 2% more than Indonesia
41%
Ranked 10th.
Widows > Proportion of age group > All > Men > Aged 30 to 39 0.1%
Ranked 11th.
0.5%
Ranked 7th. 5 times more than Canada

Marriage > Percent married > Rural > Female > Aged 15-19 2.6%
Ranked 14th.
17.6%
Ranked 5th. 7 times more than Canada

Fertility > Number of maternal deaths 46
Ranked 110th.
9,600
Ranked 6th. 209 times more than Canada

Rural population > Per capita 199 per 1,000 people
Ranked 157th.
519 per 1,000 people
Ranked 77th. 3 times more than Canada

Urban population per 1000 800.68
Ranked 35th. 69% more than Indonesia
472.59
Ranked 117th.

Rural population per 1000 198.92
Ranked 154th.
509.93
Ranked 78th. 3 times more than Canada

Drinking water source > Unimproved > Total 0.0
Ranked 136th.
18% of population
Ranked 46th.
Male population > Age 10-14 1.1 million
Ranked 49th.
11.56 million
Ranked 3rd. 11 times more than Canada
Female population > Age 30-34 per 1000 34.44
Ranked 120th.
44.75
Ranked 8th. 30% more than Canada
Gender ratio > Babies 94.8%
Ranked 133th.
95.9%
Ranked 83th. 1% more than Canada

Future population > Males per thousand people 490.06
Ranked 107th.
496.87
Ranked 88th. 1% more than Canada
Marriage > Percent married > Rural > Male > Aged 15-19 0.9%
Ranked 9th.
3.4%
Ranked 5th. 4 times more than Canada

Widows > Proportion of age group > All > Women > Aged 30 to 39 0.4%
Ranked 14th.
2%
Ranked 7th. 5 times more than Canada

Widows > Proportion of age group > Rural > Women > Aged 40 to 59 2.7%
Ranked 21st.
13%
Ranked 4th. 5 times more than Canada

Marriage > Percent married > Urban > Male > Aged 15-19 1.2%
Ranked 6th.
2.7%
Ranked 6th. 2 times more than Canada

Gender ratio > Rural population 96%
Ranked 49th.
99.3%
Ranked 33th. 3% more than Canada

Total population > Age 25-29 2.2 million
Ranked 44th.
22.31 million
Ranked 3rd. 10 times more than Canada
Male population > Age 20-24 per 1000 34.67
Ranked 161st.
49.64
Ranked 68th. 43% more than Canada
Female population > Age 25-29 1.08 million
Ranked 44th.
11.09 million
Ranked 3rd. 10 times more than Canada
Female population > Age 10-14 1.04 million
Ranked 51st.
11.19 million
Ranked 3rd. 11 times more than Canada
Female population > Age 20-24 1.08 million
Ranked 47th.
10.92 million
Ranked 3rd. 10 times more than Canada
Female population > Age 20-24 per 1000 33.42
Ranked 163th.
48.65
Ranked 70th. 46% more than Canada
Immigration > Ethnic Fractionalization Index per million people 0.0188
Ranked 105th. 5 times more than Indonesia
0.00351
Ranked 133th.
Gender > Gender ratio aged over 65 130.3
Ranked 87th. 5% more than Indonesia
124.2
Ranked 115th.

Gender ratio > Aged over 80 > Women per 100 men 184.4
Ranked 61st. 30% more than Indonesia
142.2
Ranked 129th.

Gender ratio > Aged over 65 130.3%
Ranked 87th. 5% more than Indonesia
124.2%
Ranked 115th.

Gender ratio > Aged over 60 122.7%
Ranked 95th. 1% more than Indonesia
121%
Ranked 106th.

Gender > Gender ratio aged over 60 122.7
Ranked 95th. 1% more than Indonesia
121
Ranked 106th.

Rights of the Child Convention > Ratification Dates 13 Dec 1991 5 Sep 1990
Immigration > Country of birth of Australian resident population per thousand people 1.02
Ranked 32nd. 3 times more than Indonesia
0.298
Ranked 41st.
Male population > Age 25-29 1.12 million
Ranked 44th.
11.23 million
Ranked 3rd. 10 times more than Canada
Male population > Age 45-49 per 1000 42.27
Ranked 16th. 32% more than Indonesia
32.13
Ranked 69th.
Total population > Age 10-14 2.14 million
Ranked 51st.
22.76 million
Ranked 3rd. 11 times more than Canada
Male population > Age 40-44 1.39 million
Ranked 28th.
8.18 million
Ranked 4th. 6 times more than Canada
Total population > Age 20-24 2.2 million
Ranked 46th.
22.06 million
Ranked 3rd. 10 times more than Canada
Total population > Age 45-49 2.72 million
Ranked 27th.
14.46 million
Ranked 4th. 5 times more than Canada
Total Population > Male 16.36 million
Ranked 37th.
122.53 million
Ranked 4th. 7 times more than Canada
Female population > Age 10-14 per 1000 32.28
Ranked 158th.
49.87
Ranked 94th. 54% more than Canada
Female population > Age 40-44 per 1000 42.37
Ranked 22nd. 17% more than Indonesia
36.37
Ranked 57th.
Total population > Age 50-54 2.38 million
Ranked 26th.
12.26 million
Ranked 4th. 5 times more than Canada
Urbanization in 1975 75.6%
Ranked 21st. 4 times more than Indonesia
19.4%
Ranked 130th.
Women > Maternal mortality ratio adjusted 6
Ranked 157th.
230
Ranked 60th. 38 times more than Canada
Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > British citizens > Notes 6 months 30 days
Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > Austrian citizens > Length of stay permitted 6 months US$ 25
Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > Austrian citizens > Fee n/a n/a
Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > Austrian citizens > Conditions of access visa-free visa on arrival
Male population > Age 15-19 > % of the total 3.37
Ranked 189th.
4.52
Ranked 134th. 34% more than Canada
Number of neonatal deaths 1,000
Ranked 117th.
72,000
Ranked 8th. 72 times more than Canada

SOURCES: CIA World Factbook, 28 July 2005; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; CIA World Factbooks 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013; World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Population Division; Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat, World Population Prospects: The 2004 Revision and World Urbanization Prospects: http://esa.un.org/unpp; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; Population Division of the United Nations Secretariat, World Urbanization Prospects: The 2003 Revision, Data Tables and Highlights. Estimates and projections of urban and rural populations are made by the Population Division of the United Nations Secretariat and published every two years. These estimates and projections are based on national census or survey data that have been evaluated and, whenever necessary, adjusted for deficiencies and inconsistencies; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; UN (United Nations). 2002. World Urbanization Prospects: The 2001 Revision. Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. New York; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), Statistical Yearbook and data files, complemented by statistics on Palestinian refugees under the mandate of the UNRWA as published on its website. Data from UNHCR are available online at: www.unhcr.org/statistics/populationdatabase.; United Nations Population Division, World Population Prospects 2008.; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Repot (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; Wikipedia: Overseas Chinese; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division, World Population Prospects.; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; Estimates developed by the UN Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (UNICEF, WHO, World Bank, UN DESA Population Division) at www.childmortality.org.; http://www3.weforum.org/docs/WEF_GenderGap_Report_2012.pdf. World Economic Forum, 2012. Table 3a, p. 8 ff.; World Development Indicators database; Population Division of the United Nations Secretariat, World Urbanization Prospects: The 2001 Revision, Data Tables and Highlights (ESA/P/WP.173, 20 March 2002); United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; Estimates developed by the UN Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (UNICEF, WHO, World Bank, UN DESA Population Division) at www.childmortality.org. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Population Reference Bureau, 2001 World Population Data Sheet, Washington, DC: PRB, 2001. via ciesin.org; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; The Nobel Foundation; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations World Statistics Pocketbook and Statistical Yearbook; U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division, International Programs Center Spanish Statistical Institute; Food and Agriculture Organization; CIA World Factbook 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Development Programme. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?d=GenderStat&f=inID%3a22, Percent ever married or in union among persons aged 15-19; Wikipedia: List of countries by refugee population (By Country of Asylum); Wikipedia: Arab people (Arab diaspora) (Intra-Regional Labour Mobility in the Arab World , International Organization for Migration (IOM) Cairo); Demographia World Urban Areas (Built-Up Urban Areas and World Agglomerations): 10th Annual Edition, May 2014 Revision, Table 1, p. 20 ff.); United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; Food and Agriculture Organisation and World Bank population estimates.; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/fields/2177.html, median age; The Office of the High Commissioner for Human RIghts; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; http://www.ssb.no/en/innvbef; (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Wikipedia: World Giving Index (World Giving Index); Wikipedia: Greek diaspora (List of countries and territories by Greek population); United Nations Statistics Division; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Ethnic and Cultural Diversity By Country. James D. Faeron. Journal of Economic Growth, 8, 195-222, 2003, p. 215 ff.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Source tables, Population projections.; United Nations Population Division, World Population Prospects. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Population Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division, International Programs Center Spanish Statistical Institute. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Population Division, Trends in Total Migrant Stock: 2008 Revision.; CIA World Factbook 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects. New York, United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs (advanced Excel tables). Available at http://esa.un.org/wpp/unpp/panel_population.htm, (2) University of California, Berkeley, and Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research. Human Mortality Database. [ www.mortality.org or www.humanmortality.de].; Wikipedia: Visa policy of Australia (Modified Non-Return Rate) (Modified Non-Return Rate Quarterly Report Ending at 30 June 2013, ); Wikipedia: Marriageable age (South America); Wikipedia: List of urban areas by population (Number of urban areas by country) (Demographia World Urban Areas (World Agglomerations): 9th Annual Edition, March 2013); United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; World Bank Staff estimates based on United Nations, World Urbanisation Prospects.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; World Bank national accounts data; United Nations Population Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; (1) United Nations Population Division. 2009. World Population Prospects: The 2008 Revision. New York, United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs (advanced Excel tables). Available at http://esa.un.org/unpd/wpp2008/index.htm. (2) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (3) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (4) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, (5) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database, and (6) World bank estimates based on the data from the sources above, household surveys conducted by national agencies, Macro International, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and refugees statistics from the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees.; The data on urban population shares used to estimate rural population come from the United Nations, World Urbanisation Prospects. Total population figures are World Bank estimates.; Ethnic and Cultural Diversity By Country. James D. Faeron. Journal of Economic Growth, 8, 195-222, 2003, p. 215 ff.; United Nations World Statistics Pocketbook and Statistical Yearbook. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Demographia World Urban Areas (Built-Up Urban Areas and World Agglomerations): 10th Annual Edition, May 2014 Revision, Table 1, p. 20 ff.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; Wikipedia: Marriageable age (Africa); United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), Statistical Yearbook and data files, complemented by statistics on Palestinian refugees under the mandate of the UNRWA as published on its website. Data from UNHCR are available online at: www.unhcr.org/statistics/populationdatabase. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Human Development Reports, United Nations 2002; U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division, International Programs Center. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Population Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Population Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Population Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Population Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; Trends in Maternal Mortality: 1990-2010. Estimates Developed by WHO, UNICEF, UNFPA and the World Bank.; World Development Indicators database. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division, International Programs Center; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; Source tables, Population projections. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?d=GenderStat&f=inID%3a24, Percent widowed in age group.; Ethnic and Cultural Diversity By Country. James D. Faeron. Journal of Economic Growth, 8, 195-222, 2003, p. 215 ff. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division Original html; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division Source tables; The Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights; Australian Bureau of Statistics, "Migration, Australia, 2011-12 and 2012-13" (XLS), "Estimated resident population, Country of birth, State/territory, Age and sex - 30 June 2011", 18 December 2013. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; UNICEF; Wikipedia: Visa requirements for British citizens (Visa requirements); Wikipedia: Visa requirements for Austrian citizens (Africa); Wikipedia: Visa requirements for Austrian citizens (Americas)