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Country vs country: Canada and Maldives compared: People stats

Definitions

  • Age structure > 0-14 years: The distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over: The distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest."
  • Birth rate: The average annual number of births during a year per 1,000 persons in the population at midyear; also known as crude birth rate. The birth rate is usually the dominant factor in determining the rate of population growth. It depends on both the level of fertility and the age structure of the population.
  • Death rate: The average annual number of deaths during a year per 1,000 population at midyear; also known as crude death rate. The death rate, while only a rough indicator of the mortality situation in a country, accurately indicates the current mortality impact on population growth. This indicator is significantly affected by age distribution, and most countries will eventually show a rise in the overall death rate, in spite of continued decline in mortality at all ages, as declining fertility results in an aging population.
  • Ethnic groups: This entry provides a rank ordering of ethnic groups starting with the largest and normally includes the percent of total population.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Total divorces per thousand people: Total number of divorces in given year by country. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Mother's mean age at first birth: This entry provides the mean (average) age of mothers at the birth of their first child. It is a useful indicator for gauging the success of family planning programs aiming to reduce maternal mortality, increase contraceptive use – particularly among married and unmarried adolescents, delay age at first marriage, and improve the health of newborns.
  • Population: Population, total refers to the total population.
  • Population > Population growth, past and future: Population growth rate (percentage).
  • Population growth rate: The average annual percent change in the population, resulting from a surplus (or deficit) of births over deaths and the balance of migrants entering and leaving a country. The rate may be positive or negative. The growth rate is a factor in determining how great a burden would be imposed on a country by the changing needs of its people for infrastructure (e.g., schools, hospitals, housing, roads), resources (e.g., food, water, electricity), and jobs. Rapid population growth can be seen as threatening by neighboring countries.
  • Population in 2015: (Thousands) Medium-variant projections.
  • Sex ratio > At birth: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Sex ratio > Total population: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Total fertility rate: The average number of children that would be born per woman if all women lived to the end of their child-bearing years and bore children according to a given fertility rate at each age. The total fertility rate is a more direct measure of the level of fertility than the crude birth rate, since it refers to births per woman. This indicator shows the potential for population growth in the country. High rates will also place some limits on the labor force participation rates for women. Large numbers of children born to women indicate large family sizes that might limit the ability of the families to feed and educate their children.
  • Urban and rural > Population living in cities proper: City population by sex, city and city type.
  • Nationality > Adjective: This entry is derived from People > Nationality, which provides the identifying terms for citizens - noun and adjective.
  • Death rate, crude > Per 1,000 people: Death rate, crude (per 1,000 people). Crude death rate indicates the number of deaths occurring during the year, per 1,000 population estimated at midyear. Subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birth rate provides the rate of natural increase, which is equal to the rate of population change in the absence of migration.
  • Population growth: Percentage by which country's population either has increased or is estimated to increase. Countries with a decrease in population are signified by a negative percentage. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Obesity > Adult obesity rate: This entry gives the percent of a country's population considered to be obese. Obesity is defined as an adult having a Body Mass Index (BMI) greater to or equal to 30.0. BMI is calculated by taking a person's weight in kg and dividing it by the person's squared height in meters.
  • Languages: This entry provides a rank ordering of languages starting with the largest and sometimes includes the percent of total population speaking that language.
  • Median age > Total: This entry is derived from People > Median age, which is the age that divides a population into two numerically equal groups; that is, half the people are younger than this age and half are older. It is a single index that summarizes the age distribution of a population. Currently, the median age ranges from a low of about 15 in Uganda and Gaza Strip to 40 or more in several European countries and Japan. See the entry for "Age structure" for the importance of a young versus an older age structure and, by implication, a low versus a higher median age.
  • Religions: This entry is an ordered listing of religions by adherents starting with the largest group and sometimes includes the percent of total population. The core characteristics and beliefs of the world's major religions are described below.
    Baha'i - Founded by Mirza Husayn-Ali (known as Baha'u'llah) in Iran in 1852, Baha'i faith emphasizes monotheism and believes in one eternal transcendent God. Its guiding focus is to encourage the unity of all peoples on the earth so that justice and peace may be achieved on earth. Baha'i revelation contends the prophets of major world religions reflect some truth or element of the divine, believes all were manifestations of God given to specific communities in specific times, and that Baha'u'llah is an additional prophet meant to call all humankind. Bahais are an open community, located worldwide, with the greatest concentration of believers in South Asia.
    Buddhism - Religion or philosophy inspired by the 5th century B.C. teachings of Siddhartha Gautama (also known as Gautama Buddha "the enlightened one"). Buddhism focuses on the goal of spiritual enlightenment centered on an understanding of Gautama Buddha's Four Noble Truths on the nature of suffering, and on the Eightfold Path of spiritual and moral practice, to break the cycle of suffering of which we are a part. Buddhism ascribes to a karmic system of rebirth. Several schools and sects of Buddhism exist, differing often on the nature of the Buddha, the extent to which enlightenment can be achieved - for one or for all, and by whom - religious orders or laity.
    Basic Groupings
       Theravada Buddhism: The oldest Buddhist school, Theravada is practiced mostly in Sri Lanka, Cambodia, Laos, Burma, and Thailand, with minority representation elsewhere in Asia and the West. Theravadans follow the Pali Canon of Buddha's teachings, and believe that one may escape the cycle of rebirth, worldly attachment, and suffering for oneself; this process may take one or several lifetimes.
       Mahayana Buddhism, including subsets Zen and Tibetan (Lamaistic) Buddhism: Forms of Mahayana Buddhism are common in East Asia and Tibet, and parts of the West. Mahayanas have additional scriptures beyond the Pali Canon and believe the Buddha is eternal and still teaching. Unlike Theravada Buddhism, Mahayana schools maintain the Buddha-nature is present in all beings and all will ultimately achieve enlightenment.
        Hoa Hao: a minority tradition of Buddhism practiced in Vietnam that stresses lay participation, primarily by peasant farmers; it eschews ...
    Full definition






  • Sex ratio > Under 15 years: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Urban and rural > Urban population: Total population living in urban areas by country.
  • Gender > Female population: Total female population.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Total divorces: Total number of divorces in given year by country.
  • Gender > Male population: Total male population.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-14: Percentage of total population aged 0-14.
  • Migration > Net migration rate: The difference between the number of persons entering and leaving a country during the year per 1,000 persons (based on midyear population). An excess of persons entering the country is referred to as net immigration (e.g., 3.56 migrants/1,000 population); an excess of persons leaving the country as net emigration (e.g., -9.26 migrants/1,000 population). The net migration rate indicates the contribution of migration to the overall level of population change. High levels of migration can cause problems such as increasing unemployment and potential ethnic strife (if people are coming in) or a reduction in the labor force, perhaps in certain key sectors (if people are leaving).
  • Age structure > 15-64 years: The distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Percentage living in rural areas.: Percentage of people living in rural areas. Data for 2003. Urban-rural classification of population in internationally published statistics follows the national census definition, which differs from one country or area to another. National definitions are usually based on criteria that may include any of the following: size of population in a locality, population density, distance between built-up areas, predominant type of economic activity, legal or administrative boundaries and urban characteristics such as specific services and facilities.
  • Age structure > 15-24 years: This entry is derived from People > Age structure, which provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group as follows: 0-14 years (children), 15-24 years (early working age), 25-54 years (prime working age), 55-64 years (mature working age), 65 years and over (elderly). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Nationality > Noun: The noun which identifies citizens of the nation
  • Urban and rural > Rural population: Total population living in rural areas by country.
  • Percentage living in urban areas: Percentage of people living in urban areas. Data for 2003. Urban-rural classification of population in internationally published statistics follows the national census definition, which differs from one country or area to another. National definitions are usually based on criteria that may include any of the following: size of population in a locality, population density, distance between built-up areas, predominant type of economic activity, legal or administrative boundaries and urban characteristics such as specific services and facilities.
  • Migration > Net migration > Per capita: Net migration is the net total of migrants during the period, that is, the total number of immigrants less the annual number of emigrants, including both citizens and noncitizens. Data are five-year estimates. To derive estimates of net migration, the United Nations Population Division takes into account the past migration history of a country or area, the migration policy of a country, and the influx of refugees in recent periods. The data to calculate these official estimates come from a variety of sources, including border statistics, administrative records, surveys, and censuses. When no official estimates can be made because of insufficient data, net migration is derived through the balance equation, which is the difference between overall population growth and the natural increase during the 1990-2000 intercensal period." Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total: Number of people aged 0-14.
  • Child labor > Children ages 5-14: This entry provides the mean (average) age of mothers at the birth of their first child. It is a useful indicator for gauging the success of family planning programs aiming to reduce maternal mortality, increase contraceptive use – particularly among married and unmarried adolescents, delay age at first marriage, and improve the health of newborns.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Total population: This entry is derived from People > Life expectancy at birth, which contains the average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. The entry includes total population as well as the male and female components. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Age structure > 25-54 years: This entry is derived from People > Age structure, which provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group as follows: 0-14 years (children), 15-24 years (early working age), 25-54 years (prime working age), 55-64 years (mature working age), 65 years and over (elderly). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age distribution > Median age: The median age of the country's residents. This is the age most people are in the country.
  • Urban population: Urban population is the midyear population of areas defined as urban in each country and reported to the United Nations.
  • Contraceptive prevalence rate: This field gives the percent of women of reproductive age (15-49) who are married or in union and are using, or whose sexual partner is using, a method of contraception according to the date of the most recent available data. The contraceptive prevalence rate is an indicator of health services, development, and women’s empowerment. It is also useful in understanding, past, present, and future fertility trends, especially in developing countries.
  • Age structure > 55-64 years: This entry is derived from People > Age structure, which provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group as follows: 0-14 years (children), 15-24 years (early working age), 25-54 years (prime working age), 55-64 years (mature working age), 65 years and over (elderly). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Sex ratio > 65 years and over: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Age distribution > Total dependency ratio: Percentage of dependant persons out of total population aged 15-64. A dependant person is a person aged 0-14 and those over 65 years old.
  • Gender empowerment: Gender Empowerment Measure (GEM). The GEM measures the participation of women and men in political decision-making. This index also has four indicators: female members of the Legislature, female participation in selected positions in public and private sector, female participation in academic and technical work, and estimated income. Both indexes are based on data collected by the UN and are processed to enable comparison.
  • Infant mortality rate > Total: This entry is derived from People > Infant mortality rate, which gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
  • Sex ratio > 15-64 years: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Marriage > Years being single before marriage > Women: Average age of women at their first marriage.
  • Urban and rural > Urban population per thousand people: Total population living in urban areas by country. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-64: Percentage of total population aged 15-64.
  • Age distribution > Elderly dependency ratio: Percentage of dependant adults out of total population aged 15-64. A dependant adult is an adult aged 65 and older.
  • Gender > Global Gender Gap Index: The Gender Gap Index considers gender inequality in the dimensions of economic participation (equality of salaries, labor market participation and access to high-skilled employment); access to education; political participation; and health (life expectancy and sex ratio). The highest score of 1 means total equality, 0 means complete inequality. The Index is calculated by the World Economic Forum.
  • Marriage > Minimum legal age > Without parental consent > For Women: Minimum legal age at which women can be married without parental consent.
  • Literacy > Total population: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
    Additional details:
    • Gibraltar: above 80% (2013)


  • Teenage pregancy rate: Adolescent fertility rate is the number of births per 1,000 women ages 15-19."
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 15-24.
  • Age distribution > Child dependency ratio: Percentage of dependant children out of total population aged 15 and older. A dependant child is a child aged 0-14.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Total: Number of people aged 0-4.
  • Population > CIA Factbook: This entry gives an estimate from the US Bureau of the Census based on statistics from population censuses, vital statistics registration systems, or sample surveys pertaining to the recent past and on assumptions about future trends. The total population presents one overall measure of the potential impact of the country on the world and within its region. Note: starting with the 1993 Factbook, demographic estimates for some countries (mostly African) have explicitly taken into account the effects of the growing impact of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. These countries are currently: The Bahamas, Benin, Botswana, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burma, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-59: Percentage of total pouplation aged 15-59.
  • Urbanization: Estimates and projections of urban and rural populations are made by the Population Division of the United Nations Secretariat and published every two years. These estimates and projections are based on national census or survey data that have been evaluated and, whenever necessary, adjusted for deficiencies and inconsistencies. Urban-rural classification of population in internationally published statistics follows the national census definition, which differs from one country or area to another. National definitions are usually based on criteria that may include any of the following: size of population in a locality, population density, distance between built-up areas, predominant type of economic activity, legal or administrative boundaries and urban characteristics such as specific services and facilities.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 > Total: Number of people aged 15-59.
  • Marriage > Minimum legal age > With parental consent > For Women: Age at which women are allowed to marry with parental consent.
  • Migration > Net migration: Net migration is the net total of migrants during the period, that is, the total number of immigrants less the annual number of emigrants, including both citizens and noncitizens. Data are five-year estimates. To derive estimates of net migration, the United Nations Population Division takes into account the past migration history of a country or area, the migration policy of a country, and the influx of refugees in recent periods. The data to calculate these official estimates come from a variety of sources, including border statistics, administrative records, surveys, and censuses. When no official estimates can be made because of insufficient data, net migration is derived through the balance equation, which is the difference between overall population growth and the natural increase during the 1990-2000 intercensal period."
  • Fertility > Fertility rate, total > Births per woman: Fertility rate, total (births per woman). Total fertility rate represents the number of children that would be born to a woman if she were to live to the end of her childbearing years and bear children in accordance with current age-specific fertility rates.
  • Gender > Gender inequality index: Gender Inequality Index.
  • Fertility > Mortality rate, infant > Per 1,000 live births: Mortality rate, infant (per 1,000 live births). Infant mortality rate is the number of infants dying before reaching one year of age, per 1,000 live births in a given year.
  • Fertility > Birth rate, crude > Per 1,000 people: Birth rate, crude (per 1,000 people). Crude birth rate indicates the number of live births occurring during the year, per 1,000 population estimated at midyear. Subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birth rate provides the rate of natural increase, which is equal to the rate of population change in the absence of migration.
  • Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Total: This entry is derived from People > Unemployment, youth ages 15-24, which gives the percent of the total labor force ages 15-24 unemployed during a specified year.
  • Urban and rural > Females living in cities proper: Total number of females living in cities proper. The UN definition for city proper varies for each country but usually refers to a locality with legal boundaries, some form of local government and does not include its outlying suburbs and districts. Numbers only include cities proper with a population over 100,000.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Total: Number of people aged 60 and older.
  • Number of infant deaths per 1000: Number of infant deaths. Number of infants dying before reaching one year of age. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Number of infant deaths: Number of infant deaths. Number of infants dying before reaching one year of age.
  • Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of origin: Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organisation of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of origin generally refers to the nationality or country of citizenship of a claimant."
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Total: Number of people aged 15-24.
  • Gender > Sex ratio at birth: Number of males born for every female born. Countries with a number less than one have more females born than males.
  • Child labor > Children ages 5-14 per million people: This entry provides the mean (average) age of mothers at the birth of their first child. It is a useful indicator for gauging the success of family planning programs aiming to reduce maternal mortality, increase contraceptive use – particularly among married and unmarried adolescents, delay age at first marriage, and improve the health of newborns. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Age dependency ratio > Dependents to working-age population: Age dependency ratio is the ratio of dependents--people younger than 15 or older than 64--to the working-age population--those ages 15-64. For example, 0.7 means there are 7 dependents for every 10 working-age people.
  • Literacy > Female: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
  • Population density > People per sq. km of land area: Population density (people per sq. km of land area). Population density is midyear population divided by land area in square kilometers. Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of their country of origin. Land area is a country's total area, excluding area under inland water bodies, national claims to continental shelf, and exclusive economic zones. In most cases the definition of inland water bodies includes major rivers and lakes.
  • Urban and rural > Rural population per thousand people: Total population living in rural areas by country. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Urban and rural > Female rural population: Total number of females living in rural areas by country.
  • Drinking water source > Unimproved > Urban: This entry is derived from People > Drinking water source > Unimproved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved drinking water sources available to segments of the population of a country.improved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: piped water into dwelling, yard, or plot; public tap or standpipe; tubewell or borehole; protected dug well; protected spring; or rainwater collection. unimproved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: unprotected dug well; unprotected spring; cart with small tank or drum; tanker truck; surface water, which includes rivers, dams, lakes, ponds, streams, canals or irrigation channels; or bottled water.
  • Marriage > Minimum legal age > With parental consent > For Men: Age at which men are allowed to marry with parental consent.
  • Dependency ratios > Potential support ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.



  • Physicians density: This entry gives the number of medical doctors (physicians), including generalist and specialist medical practitioners, per 1,000 of the population. Medical doctors are defined as doctors that study, diagnose, treat, and prevent illness, disease, injury, and other physical and mental impairments in humans through the application of modern medicine. They also plan, supervise, and evaluate care and treatment plans by other health care providers. The World Health Organization estimates that fewer than 2.3 health workers (physicians, nurses, and midwives only) per 1,000 would be insufficient to achieve coverage of primary healthcare needs.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Female: This entry is derived from People > Life expectancy at birth, which contains the average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. The entry includes total population as well as the male and female components. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Dependency ratios > Elderly dependency ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.



  • Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 65 and older.
  • Cities > Urban population: Total population living in urban areas. The defition of an urban area differs for each country. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Dependency ratios > Youth dependency ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.



  • Urban and rural > Female urban population: Total number of females living in urban areas by country.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 > Total: Number of people aged 15-64.
  • Dependency ratios > Total dependency ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.



  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 0-4.
  • Urban and rural > Males living in cities proper: Total number of males living in cities proper. The UN definition for city proper varies for each country but usually refers to a locality with legal boundaries, some form of local government and does not include its outlying suburbs and districts. Numbers only include cities proper with a population over 100,000.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > From total: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Population, total: Population, total. Population, total refers to the total population.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Total: Number of people 65 years old and older.
  • Sanitation facility access > Improved > Total: This entry is derived from People > Sanitation facility access > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved sanitation facilities available to segments of the population of a country. improved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush to a piped sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine; pit latrine with slab; or a composting toilet. unimproved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush not piped to a sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; pit latrine without a slab or open pit; bucket; hanging toilet or hanging latrine; shared facilities of any type; no facilities; or bush or field.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Male: This entry is derived from People > Life expectancy at birth, which contains the average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. The entry includes total population as well as the male and female components. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Gender ratio > Whole population: Female/male ratio of population.
  • Marriage > Percent married > All > Female > Aged 15-19: Percent of people aged 15-19 years who are or have been married or in a marriage-like union recognized by the law or customs of their country.
  • Gender > Women aged 15-49: Country's total population of women aged 15-49. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Urban and rural > Females living in cities proper per thousand people: Total number of females living in cities proper. The UN definition for city proper varies for each country but usually refers to a locality with legal boundaries, some form of local government and does not include its outlying suburbs and districts. Numbers only include cities proper with a population over 100,000. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Hospital bed density: This entry provides the number of hospital beds per 1,000 people; it serves as a general measure of inpatient service availability. Hospital beds include inpatient beds available in public, private, general, and specialized hospitals and rehabilitation centers. In most cases, beds for both acute and chronic care are included. Because the level of inpatient services required for individual countries depends on several factors - such as demographic issues and the burden of disease - there is no global target for the number of hospital beds per country. So, while 2 beds per 1,000 in one country may be sufficient, 2 beds per 1,000 in another may be woefully inadequate because of the number of people hospitalized by disease.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Total: This entry is derived from People > School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary , which school life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Male: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Total: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Population density: Population density is midyear population divided by land area in square kilometers. Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of their country of origin. Land area is a country's total area, excluding area under inland water bodies, national claims to continental shelf, and exclusive economic zones. In most cases the definition of inland water bodies includes major rivers and lakes."
  • Urban population > Per capita: Urban population is the midyear population of areas defined as urban in each country and reported to the United Nations. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Rights of the Child Convention > Signatories: Date of signing convention
  • Total Population > Female: Total Population - Female, as of April 26, 2005
  • Housing > Owner occupier households: Number of households owned by one or several members of the household.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Total: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years > Females: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Net migration: Net migration. Net migration is the net total of migrants during the period, that is, the total number of immigrants less the annual number of emigrants, including both citizens and noncitizens. Data are five-year estimates.
  • Gender > Male population per thousand people: Total male population. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Future population > Females: UN estimates of female population in 2010, 2015, 2020, 2025 and 2030.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years > From total: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Births > Teen motherhood rate: Proportion of women aged 15-19 who have given birth.
  • Infant mortality rate > Female: This entry is derived from People > Infant mortality rate, which gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
  • Drinking water source > Improved > Total: This entry is derived from People > Drinking water source > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved drinking water sources available to segments of the population of a country.improved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: piped water into dwelling, yard, or plot; public tap or standpipe; tubewell or borehole; protected dug well; protected spring; or rainwater collection. unimproved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: unprotected dug well; unprotected spring; cart with small tank or drum; tanker truck; surface water, which includes rivers, dams, lakes, ponds, streams, canals or irrigation channels; or bottled water.
  • Sanitation facility access > Unimproved > Rural: This entry is derived from People > Sanitation facility access > Unimproved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved sanitation facilities available to segments of the population of a country. improved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush to a piped sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine; pit latrine with slab; or a composting toilet. unimproved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush not piped to a sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; pit latrine without a slab or open pit; bucket; hanging toilet or hanging latrine; shared facilities of any type; no facilities; or bush or field.
  • Urban and rural > Female urban population per thousand people: Total number of females living in urban areas by country. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Number of under-five deaths: Number of under-five deaths. Number of children dying before reaching age five.
  • Fertility > Adolescent fertility rate > Births per 1,000 women ages 15-19: Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19). Adolescent fertility rate is the number of births per 1,000 women ages 15-19.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Any method: Current contraceptive use among married women 15-49 years old, any method, percentage.
  • Gender > Female population per thousand people: Total female population. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Literacy > Definition: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years > Males: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > Females: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Urban population per 1000: Urban population is the midyear population of areas defined as urban in each country and reported to the United Nations. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Rural population: Rural population is calculated as the difference between the total population and the urban population.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 80 and older.
  • Sanitation facility access > Unimproved > Urban: This entry is derived from People > Sanitation facility access > Unimproved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved sanitation facilities available to segments of the population of a country. improved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush to a piped sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine; pit latrine with slab; or a composting toilet. unimproved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush not piped to a sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; pit latrine without a slab or open pit; bucket; hanging toilet or hanging latrine; shared facilities of any type; no facilities; or bush or field.
  • Urban and rural > Males living in cities proper per thousand people: Total number of males living in cities proper. The UN definition for city proper varies for each country but usually refers to a locality with legal boundaries, some form of local government and does not include its outlying suburbs and districts. Numbers only include cities proper with a population over 100,000. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Density and urbanisation > Urban population: Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanisation Prospects.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Marriageable age > Females: Female consent.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Drinking water source > Unimproved > Rural: This entry is derived from People > Drinking water source > Unimproved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved drinking water sources available to segments of the population of a country.improved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: piped water into dwelling, yard, or plot; public tap or standpipe; tubewell or borehole; protected dug well; protected spring; or rainwater collection. unimproved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: unprotected dug well; unprotected spring; cart with small tank or drum; tanker truck; surface water, which includes rivers, dams, lakes, ponds, streams, canals or irrigation channels; or bottled water.
  • Drinking water source > Improved > Rural: This entry is derived from People > Drinking water source > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved drinking water sources available to segments of the population of a country.improved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: piped water into dwelling, yard, or plot; public tap or standpipe; tubewell or borehole; protected dug well; protected spring; or rainwater collection. unimproved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: unprotected dug well; unprotected spring; cart with small tank or drum; tanker truck; surface water, which includes rivers, dams, lakes, ponds, streams, canals or irrigation channels; or bottled water.
  • GDP per capita > Current US$: GDP per capita (current US$). GDP per capita is gross domestic product divided by midyear population. GDP is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Population, total per 1000: Population, total. Population, total refers to the total population. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Maternal mortality rate: The maternal mortality rate (MMR) is the annual number of female deaths per 100,000 live births from any cause related to or aggravated by pregnancy or its management (excluding accidental or incidental causes). The MMR includes deaths during pregnancy, childbirth, or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy, irrespective of the duration and site of the pregnancy, for a specified year.
  • Median age > Both sexes: Age of person who is older than half the population and younger than the other half of the population.
  • Marriage > Percent married > All > Male > Aged 15-19: Percent ever married or in union among persons aged 15-19.
  • Infant mortality rate > Male: This entry is derived from People > Infant mortality rate, which gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
  • Drinking water source > Unimproved > Total: This entry is derived from People > Drinking water source > Unimproved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved drinking water sources available to segments of the population of a country.improved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: piped water into dwelling, yard, or plot; public tap or standpipe; tubewell or borehole; protected dug well; protected spring; or rainwater collection. unimproved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: unprotected dug well; unprotected spring; cart with small tank or drum; tanker truck; surface water, which includes rivers, dams, lakes, ponds, streams, canals or irrigation channels; or bottled water.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Female: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Immigration > Visa overstay rate > Australia: Modified Non-Return Rate.
  • Age structure > 15-64 years > Males: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years > Males per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Age structure > 15-64 years > From total: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Sanitation facility access > Improved > Rural: This entry is derived from People > Sanitation facility access > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved sanitation facilities available to segments of the population of a country. improved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush to a piped sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine; pit latrine with slab; or a composting toilet. unimproved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush not piped to a sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; pit latrine without a slab or open pit; bucket; hanging toilet or hanging latrine; shared facilities of any type; no facilities; or bush or field.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Female: This entry is derived from People > School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary , which school life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Urban and rural > Female rural population per thousand people: Total number of females living in rural areas by country. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Number of under-five deaths per 1000: Number of under-five deaths. Number of children dying before reaching age five. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Fertility > Mortality rate, under-5 > Per 1,000 live births: Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000 live births). Under-five mortality rate is the probability per 1,000 that a newborn baby will die before reaching age five, if subject to current age-specific mortality rates.
  • Future population > Males: UN estimates of male population in 2010, 2015, 2020, 2025 and 2030.
  • Density and urbanisation > Rural population: Rural population refers to people living in rural areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated as the difference between total population and urban population.
  • Migration > International migrant stock > Total: International migrant stock is the number of people born in a country other than that in which they live. It also includes refugees. The data used to estimate the international migrant stock at a particular time are obtained mainly from population censuses. The estimates are derived from the data on foreign-born population--people who have residence in one country but were born in another country. When data on the foreign-born population are not available, data on foreign population--that is, people who are citizens of a country other than the country in which they reside--are used as estimates. After the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991 people living in one of the newly independent countries who were born in another were classified as international migrants. Estimates of migrant stock in the newly independent states from 1990 on are based on the 1989 census of the Soviet Union. For countries with information on the international migrant stock for at least two points in time, interpolation or extrapolation was used to estimate the international migrant stock on July 1 of the reference years. For countries with only one observation, estimates for the reference years were derived using rates of change in the migrant stock in the years preceding or following the single observation available. A model was used to estimate migrants for countries that had no data."
  • Median age > Female: This entry is derived from People > Median age, which is the age that divides a population into two numerically equal groups; that is, half the people are younger than this age and half are older. It is a single index that summarizes the age distribution of a population. Currently, the median age ranges from a low of about 15 in Uganda and Gaza Strip to 40 or more in several European countries and Japan. See the entry for "Age structure" for the importance of a young versus an older age structure and, by implication, a low versus a higher median age.
  • Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > Austrian citizens > Length of stay permitted: Length of stay permitted.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Marriage, divorce and children > Marriageable age > Males: Male consent.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > United States citizens > Requirement: Europe Visa requirement.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Drinking water source > Improved > Urban: This entry is derived from People > Drinking water source > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved drinking water sources available to segments of the population of a country.improved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: piped water into dwelling, yard, or plot; public tap or standpipe; tubewell or borehole; protected dug well; protected spring; or rainwater collection. unimproved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: unprotected dug well; unprotected spring; cart with small tank or drum; tanker truck; surface water, which includes rivers, dams, lakes, ponds, streams, canals or irrigation channels; or bottled water.
  • Population > CIA Factbook per capita: This entry gives an estimate from the US Bureau of the Census based on statistics from population censuses, vital statistics registration systems, or sample surveys pertaining to the recent past and on assumptions about future trends. The total population presents one overall measure of the potential impact of the country on the world and within its region. Note: starting with the 1993 Factbook, demographic estimates for some countries (mostly African) have explicitly taken into account the effects of the growing impact of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. These countries are currently: The Bahamas, Benin, Botswana, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burma, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Teen marriage rate > Women: Percentage of female population aged 15-19 who has been married at least once. Percentage is out of total number of females in the same age group.
  • Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of origin > Per capita: Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organisation of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of origin generally refers to the nationality or country of citizenship of a claimant." Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years > Females per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Sanitation facility access > Unimproved > Total: This entry is derived from People > Sanitation facility access > Unimproved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved sanitation facilities available to segments of the population of a country. improved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush to a piped sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine; pit latrine with slab; or a composting toilet. unimproved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush not piped to a sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; pit latrine without a slab or open pit; bucket; hanging toilet or hanging latrine; shared facilities of any type; no facilities; or bush or field.
  • Rural population > Per capita: Rural population is calculated as the difference between the total population and the urban population. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Age structure > 15-64 years > Females: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Median age > Male: This entry is the age that divides a population into two numerically equal groups; that is, half the people are younger than this age and half are older. It is a single index that summarizes the age distribution of a population. Currently, the median age ranges from a low of about 15 in Uganda and Gaza Strip to 40 or more in several European countries and Japan. See the entry for "Age structure" for the importance of a young versus an older age structure and, by implication, a low versus a higher median age.
  • Gender ratio > Babies: Female/male ratio at birth.
  • Health expenditures: This entry provides the total expenditure on health as a percentage of GDP. Health expenditures are broadly defined as activities performed either by institutions or individuals through the application of medical, paramedical, and/or nursing knowledge and technology, the primary purpose of which is to promote, restore, or maintain health.
  • Housing > Owner occupier households per thousand people: Number of households owned by one or several members of the household. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Literacy > Male: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Male: This entry is derived from People > School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary , which school life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Gender ratio > Rural population: Female/male ratio of rural population.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Childless women, aged 40-44: Proportion of women who have not given birth by age 40-44.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > Males: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > Females per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Male: This entry is derived from People > Unemployment, youth ages 15-24, which gives the percent of the total labor force ages 15-24 unemployed during a specified year.
  • Structure > Population > Total: Total population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of their country of origin. The values shown are midyear estimates."
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Modern methods: Current contraceptive use among married women 15-49 years old, modern methods, percentage.
  • Marriage > Percent married > Rural > Female > Aged 15-19: Percent ever married or in union among persons aged 15-19.
  • Gender ratio > Urban population: Female/male ratio of urban population.
  • Mortality rate, adult, female > Per 1,000 female adults: Mortality rate, adult, female (per 1,000 female adults). Adult mortality rate is the probability of dying between the ages of 15 and 60--that is, the probability of a 15-year-old dying before reaching age 60, if subject to current age-specific mortality rates between those ages.
  • Gender ratio > Aged over 60: Female/male ratio at age x.
  • Net migration per million: Net migration. Net migration is the net total of migrants during the period, that is, the total number of immigrants less the annual number of emigrants, including both citizens and noncitizens. Data are five-year estimates. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 0-4. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Gender > Women aged 15-49 per thousand people: Country's total population of women aged 15-49. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 15-64. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 0-14. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Cities > Urban population per thousand people: Total population living in urban areas. The defition of an urban area differs for each country. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > United States citizens > Notes: Notes.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > United States citizens > Allowed period of stay: Allowed stay.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > British citizens: Visa requirement.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Total Population > Female per 1000: Total Population - Female, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > Males per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Fertility > Number of maternal deaths per million: Number of maternal deaths. Maternal mortality deaths is the number of women who die during pregnancy and childbirth. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Fertility > Mortality rate, under-5, male > Per 1,000 live births: Mortality rate, under-5, male (per 1,000 live births). Mortality rate, under-5, male (per 1,000)
  • Urban and rural population > Urban gender ratio: Women per 100 men amongst urban population.
  • Marriage > Percent married > Urban > Male > Aged 15-19: Percent ever married or in union among persons aged 15-19.
  • Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita > Cubic meters: Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita (cubic meters). Renewable internal freshwater resources flows refer to internal renewable resources (internal river flows and groundwater from rainfall) in the country. Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita are calculated using the World Bank's population estimates.
  • Female population > Age 25-29: Female population - Age 25-29, as of April 26, 2005
  • Cities > Rate of urbanization: Urbanization rate.
  • Age structure > 15-64 years > Males per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Female population > Age 10-14: Female population - Age 10-14, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 20-24: Male population - Age 20-24, as of April 26, 2005
  • Gender ratio > Aged over 60 > Women per 100 men: Female/male ratio at age x.
  • Future population change per thousand people: Total change in population by country. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 60 and older. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Total per thousand people: Number of people 65 years old and older. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 15-59. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Future population > Females per thousand people: UN estimates of female population in 2010, 2015, 2020, 2025 and 2030. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Urban and rural population > Rural gender ratio: Women per 100 men, rural population.
  • Marriage > Percent married > Rural > Male > Aged 15-19: Percent ever married or in union among persons aged 15-19.
  • Widows > Proportion of age group > All > Men > Aged 30 to 39: Percent widowed in age group.
  • Marriage > Percent married > Urban > Female > Aged 15-19: Percent ever married or in union among persons aged 15-19.
  • Total population > Age 80-84: Total population - Age 80-84, as of April 26, 2005
  • Fertility > Maternal mortality ratio > Modeled estimate, per 100,000 live births: Maternal mortality ratio (modeled estimate, per 100,000 live births). Maternal mortality ratio is the number of women who die during pregnancy and childbirth, per 100,000 live births. The data are estimated with a regression model using information on fertility, birth attendants, and HIV prevalence.
  • Fertility > Number of maternal deaths: Number of maternal deaths. Maternal mortality deaths is the number of women who die during pregnancy and childbirth.
  • Gender > Gender ratio aged over 80: Amount of women per every 100 males that are over the age of 80 in each country. For instance, in North Korea, for every 100 males over 80, there are 411.8 females who are over 80.
  • Gender ratio > Aged over 80 > Women per 100 men: Female/male ratio at age x.
  • Total population > Age 25-29: Total population - Age 25-29, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 15-19: Female population - Age 15-19, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total Population > Male: Total Population - Male, as of April 26, 2005
  • Women > Maternal mortality ratio adjusted: People - Women - Maternal mortality ratio 2000 adjusted
  • Age structure > 15-64 years > Females per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Widows > Proportion of age group > Rural > Women > Aged above 59: Percent of population that is widowed by age group, gender and urban / rural status.
  • Widows > Proportion of age group > All > Men > Aged above 59: Percent widowed in age group.
  • Male population > Age 25-29: Male population - Age 25-29, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 10-14: Male population - Age 10-14, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 15-19: Male population - Age 15-19, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population > Age 30-34: Total population - Age 30-34, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total Population > Thousands: Total Population, thousands, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 20-24: Female population - Age 20-24, as of April 26, 2005
  • Gender ratio > Aged over 65 > Women per 100 men: Female/male ratio at age x.
  • Gender ratio > Aged over 65: Female/male ratio at age x.
  • Gender > Gender ratio aged over 60: Amount of women per every 100 males that are over the age of 60 in each country. For instance, in Russia, for every 100 males over 60, there are 196 females who are over 60.
  • Rights of the Child Convention > Ratification Dates: Date of ratification of the Convention on the Rights of the Child. "A" denotes acceptance; "a" denotes accession; "d" denotes succession
  • Male population > Age 45-49 per 1000: Male population - Age 45-49, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Male population > Age 40-44: Male population - Age 40-44, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 25-29 per 1000: Male population - Age 25-29, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 10-14: Total population - Age 10-14, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 30-34 per 1000: Female population - Age 30-34, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 45-49: Total population - Age 45-49, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 35-39 per 1000: Female population - Age 35-39, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Female population > Age 15-19 per 1000: Female population - Age 15-19, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Male population > Age 30-34 per 1000: Male population - Age 30-34, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
STAT Canada Maldives HISTORY
Age structure > 0-14 years 15.5%
Ranked 195th.
21.1%
Ranked 148th. 36% more than Canada

Age structure > 65 years and over 16.8%
Ranked 33th. 4 times more than Maldives
4.2%
Ranked 152nd.

Birth rate 10.28 births/1,000 population
Ranked 187th.
15.38 births/1,000 population
Ranked 132nd. 50% more than Canada

Death rate 8.2 deaths/1,000 population
Ranked 92nd. 2 times more than Maldives
3.8 deaths/1,000 population
Ranked 208th.

Ethnic groups British Isles origin 28%, French origin 23%, other European 15%, Amerindian 2%, other, mostly Asian, African, Arab 6%, mixed background 26% South Indians, Sinhalese, Arabs
Marriage, divorce and children > Total divorces per thousand people 2.11
Ranked 37th.
11.15
Ranked 1st. 5 times more than Canada

Mother's mean age at first birth 27.6
Ranked 3rd. 15% more than Maldives
23.9
Ranked 6th.
Population 34.57 million
Ranked 37th. 88 times more than Maldives
393,988
Ranked 176th.

Population > Population growth, past and future 0.019
Ranked 71st.
-0.385
Ranked 186th.

Population growth rate 0.77%
Ranked 137th.
-0.11%
Ranked 206th.

Population in 2015 35,051 thousand
Ranked 40th. 84 times more than Maldives
416 thousand
Ranked 170th.
Sex ratio > At birth 1.06 male(s)/female
Ranked 71st. 1% more than Maldives
1.05 male(s)/female
Ranked 123th.

Sex ratio > Total population 0.99 male(s)/female
Ranked 117th.
1.34 male(s)/female
Ranked 5th. 35% more than Canada

Total fertility rate 1.59 children born/woman
Ranked 177th.
1.78 children born/woman
Ranked 153th. 12% more than Canada

Urban and rural > Population living in cities proper 15.43 million
Ranked 7th. 149 times more than Maldives
103,693
Ranked 47th.

Nationality > Adjective Canadian Maldivian
Death rate, crude > Per 1,000 people 7.2
Ranked 112th. 2 times more than Maldives
3.44
Ranked 192nd.

Population growth 0.019%
Ranked 71st.
-0.385%
Ranked 186th.

Obesity > Adult obesity rate 26.2%
Ranked 47th. 2 times more than Maldives
12.9%
Ranked 124th.
Languages English (official) 58.8%, French (official) 21.6%, other 19.6% Dhivehi (official, dialect of Sinhala, script derived from Arabic), English (spoken by most government officials)
Median age > Total 41.5 years
Ranked 26th. 55% more than Maldives
26.7 years
Ranked 134th.

Religions Roman Catholic 42.6%, Protestant 23.3% (United Church 9.5%, Anglican 6.8%, Baptist 2.4%, Lutheran 2%), other Christian 4.4%, Muslim 1.9%, other and unspecified 11.8%, none 16% Sunni Muslim (official)
Sex ratio > Under 15 years 1.05 male(s)/female
Ranked 100th. 1% more than Maldives
1.04 male(s)/female
Ranked 130th.

Urban and rural > Urban population 27.15 million
Ranked 13th. 262 times more than Maldives
103,693
Ranked 91st.

Gender > Female population 25.47 million
Ranked 47th. 108 times more than Maldives
234,941
Ranked 176th.

Marriage, divorce and children > Total divorces 70,226
Ranked 15th. 26 times more than Maldives
2,731
Ranked 50th.

Urbanization > Rate of urbanization None None
Gender > Male population 25.41 million
Ranked 46th. 106 times more than Maldives
239,529
Ranked 176th.

Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 15.3%
Ranked 112th. 14% more than Maldives
13.43%
Ranked 186th.

Migration > Net migration rate 5.62 migrant(s)/1,000 populati
Ranked 21st.
0.0
Ranked 111th.

Age structure > 15-64 years 68.1%
Ranked 72nd.
74.6%
Ranked 7th. 10% more than Canada

Percentage living in rural areas. 20%
Ranked 158th.
71%
Ranked 30th. 4 times more than Canada
Age structure > 15-24 years 12.9%
Ranked 183th.
24.2%
Ranked 1st. 88% more than Canada
Nationality > Noun Canadian(s) Maldivian(s)
Urban and rural > Rural population 6.33 million
Ranked 26th. 32 times more than Maldives
195,275
Ranked 86th.

Urbanization in 2015 81.9%
Ranked 31st. 2 times more than Maldives
35.2%
Ranked 139th.
Percentage living in urban areas 80%
Ranked 44th. 3 times more than Maldives
29%
Ranked 171st.
Migration > Net migration > Per capita 33,706.96 per 1 million people
Ranked 13th.
0.0
Ranked 85th.

Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total 7.78 million
Ranked 47th. 122 times more than Maldives
63,732
Ranked 179th.

Child labor > Children ages 5-14 27.6
Ranked 3rd. 15% more than Maldives
23.9
Ranked 6th.
Life expectancy at birth > Total population 81.57 years
Ranked 14th. 9% more than Maldives
74.92 years
Ranked 100th.

Age structure > 25-54 years 41.4%
Ranked 101st.
46%
Ranked 27th. 11% more than Canada
Age distribution > Median age 46.92 years
Ranked 79th.
51.65 years
Ranked 9th. 10% more than Canada

Urban population 25.87 million
Ranked 26th. 266 times more than Maldives
97,442.61
Ranked 175th.

Contraceptive prevalence rate 74%
Ranked 20th. 2 times more than Maldives
34.7%
Ranked 5th.
Age structure > 55-64 years 13.3%
Ranked 22nd. 3 times more than Maldives
4.5%
Ranked 175th.
Sex ratio > 65 years and over 0.79 male(s)/female
Ranked 120th.
0.94 male(s)/female
Ranked 33th. 19% more than Canada

Age distribution > Total dependency ratio 81.08%
Ranked 67th.
93.83%
Ranked 10th. 16% more than Canada

Gender empowerment 0.777
Ranked 7th. 2 times more than Maldives
0.361
Ranked 61st.
Infant mortality rate > Total 4.78 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 181st.
25.5 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 74th. 5 times more than Canada

Sex ratio > 15-64 years 1.02
Ranked 78th.
1.48
Ranked 5th. 45% more than Canada

Marriage > Years being single before marriage > Women 26.6
Ranked 7th. 19% more than Maldives
22.4
Ranked 15th.
Urban and rural > Urban population per thousand people 787.24
Ranked 12th. 2 times more than Maldives
342.42
Ranked 70th.

Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 55.23%
Ranked 130th. 7% more than Maldives
51.59%
Ranked 187th.

Age distribution > Elderly dependency ratio 53.37%
Ranked 68th.
67.79%
Ranked 8th. 27% more than Canada

Gender > Global Gender Gap Index 0.743
Ranked 20th. 12% more than Maldives
0.66
Ranked 97th.

Marriage > Minimum legal age > Without parental consent > For Women 18
Ranked 122nd. The same as Maldives
18
Ranked 1st.
Literacy > Total population 99%
Ranked 51st. 1% more than Maldives
98.4%
Ranked 60th.

Teenage pregancy rate 12.54
Ranked 154th.
13.27
Ranked 149th. 6% more than Canada

Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Percent 10.62%
Ranked 113th. 12% more than Maldives
9.52%
Ranked 182nd.

Age distribution > Child dependency ratio 27.7%
Ranked 73th. 6% more than Maldives
26.04%
Ranked 174th.

Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Total 2.55 million
Ranked 48th. 122 times more than Maldives
20,820
Ranked 179th.

Population > CIA Factbook 33.21 million
Ranked 37th. 86 times more than Maldives
385,925
Ranked 172nd.

Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 49.67%
Ranked 126th. 8% more than Maldives
46.01%
Ranked 187th.

Urbanization 79
Ranked 41st. 3 times more than Maldives
28
Ranked 177th.
Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 > Total 25.27 million
Ranked 47th. 116 times more than Maldives
218,310
Ranked 176th.

Marriage > Minimum legal age > With parental consent > For Women 16 <18
Migration > Net migration 1.09 million
Ranked 6th.
0.0
Ranked 85th.

Fertility > Fertility rate, total > Births per woman 1.63
Ranked 159th.
2.31
Ranked 101st. 42% more than Canada

Gender > Gender inequality index 0.119
Ranked 128th.
0.357
Ranked 84th. 3 times more than Canada
Fertility > Mortality rate, infant > Per 1,000 live births 4.7
Ranked 156th.
9
Ranked 132nd. 91% more than Canada

Fertility > Birth rate, crude > Per 1,000 people 11
Ranked 166th.
22.29
Ranked 77th. 2 times more than Canada

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Total 14.1%
Ranked 86th.
22.2%
Ranked 45th. 57% more than Canada

Urban and rural > Females living in cities proper 341,425
Ranked 8th. 7 times more than Maldives
51,701
Ranked 41st.

Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Total 17.83 million
Ranked 33th. 93 times more than Maldives
192,428
Ranked 171st.

Number of infant deaths per 1000 0.0573
Ranked 119th.
0.0
Ranked 168th.

Number of infant deaths 2,000
Ranked 110th.
0.0
Ranked 168th.

Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of origin 99
Ranked 126th. 6 times more than Maldives
16
Ranked 157th.

Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Total 5.4 million
Ranked 47th. 120 times more than Maldives
45,159
Ranked 177th.

Gender > Sex ratio at birth 1.06
Ranked 51st.
1.06
Ranked 21st. About the same as Canada

Child labor > Children ages 5-14 per million people 0.838
Ranked 7th.
60.66
Ranked 3rd. 72 times more than Canada
Age dependency ratio > Dependents to working-age population 0.44
Ranked 162nd.
0.79
Ranked 42nd. 80% more than Canada

Literacy > Female 99%
Ranked 9th. 1% more than Maldives
98.4%
Ranked 2nd.
Population density > People per sq. km of land area 3.79 sq. km
Ranked 203th.
1,106.55 sq. km
Ranked 10th. 292 times more than Canada

Urban and rural > Rural population per thousand people 183.55
Ranked 61st.
644.84
Ranked 21st. 4 times more than Canada

Urban and rural > Female rural population 3.11 million
Ranked 21st. 32 times more than Maldives
95,808
Ranked 74th.

Drinking water source > Unimproved > Urban 0.0
Ranked 154th.
0.0
Ranked 145th.
Marriage > Minimum legal age > With parental consent > For Men 16 <18
Dependency ratios > Potential support ratio 4.5
Ranked 167th.
13.4
Ranked 86th. 3 times more than Canada
Physicians density 2.07 physicians/1,000 population
Ranked 21st. 29% more than Maldives
1.6 physicians/1,000 population
Ranked 22nd.
Life expectancy at birth > Female 84.31 years
Ranked 14th. 9% more than Maldives
77.31 years
Ranked 109th.

Dependency ratios > Elderly dependency ratio 22.2%
Ranked 30th. 3 times more than Maldives
7.4%
Ranked 116th.
Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Percent 29.48%
Ranked 71st.
34.98%
Ranked 8th. 19% more than Canada

Cities > Urban population 85,136
Ranked 49th. 90% more than Maldives
44,861
Ranked 191st.

Dependency ratios > Youth dependency ratio 24%
Ranked 160th.
43.3%
Ranked 92nd. 80% more than Canada
Urban and rural > Female urban population 13.96 million
Ranked 9th. 270 times more than Maldives
51,701
Ranked 80th.

Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 > Total 28.1 million
Ranked 48th. 115 times more than Maldives
244,791
Ranked 176th.

Dependency ratios > Total dependency ratio 46.3%
Ranked 144th.
50.8%
Ranked 114th. 10% more than Canada
Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Percent 5.01%
Ranked 115th. 14% more than Maldives
4.39%
Ranked 186th.

Urban and rural > Males living in cities proper 322,195
Ranked 6th. 6 times more than Maldives
51,992
Ranked 37th.

Age structure > 65 years and over > From total 14.9%
Ranked 32nd. 4 times more than Maldives
3.9%
Ranked 146th.

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Total None None
Population, total 34.88 million
Ranked 38th. 103 times more than Maldives
338,442
Ranked 174th.

Major cities > Population Toronto 5.377 million; Montreal 3.75 million; Vancouver 2.197 million; OTTAWA (capital) 1.208 million; Calgary 1.16 million MALE (capital) 120,000
Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Total 15 million
Ranked 32nd. 90 times more than Maldives
165,947
Ranked 170th.

Sanitation facility access > Improved > Total 100% of population
Ranked 6th. 3% more than Maldives
97% of population
Ranked 22nd.

Life expectancy at birth > Male 78.98 years
Ranked 15th. 9% more than Maldives
72.65 years
Ranked 95th.

Gender ratio > Whole population 101.9%
Ranked 92nd. 7% more than Maldives
95%
Ranked 176th.

Marriage > Percent married > All > Female > Aged 15-19 2.9%
Ranked 8th.
12%
Ranked 9th. 4 times more than Canada

Gender > Women aged 15-49 9.48 million
Ranked 49th. 118 times more than Maldives
80,434
Ranked 176th.

Urban and rural > Females living in cities proper per thousand people 9.9
Ranked 27th.
170.73
Ranked 8th. 17 times more than Canada

Hospital bed density 3.2 beds/1,000 population
Ranked 32nd.
4.3 beds/1,000 population
Ranked 16th. 34% more than Canada

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Total 17 years
Ranked 16th. 31% more than Maldives
13 years
Ranked 95th.

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Male 17 years
Ranked 9th. 31% more than Maldives
13 years
Ranked 78th.

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Female None 12
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Total 17 years
Ranked 16th. 31% more than Maldives
13 years
Ranked 95th.
Population density 3.66
Ranked 189th.
1,016.76
Ranked 8th. 278 times more than Canada

Urban population > Per capita 0.801 per capita
Ranked 36th. 3 times more than Maldives
0.296 per capita
Ranked 158th.

Rights of the Child Convention > Signatories 28 May 1990 21 Aug 1990
Total Population > Female 16.74 million
Ranked 35th. 95 times more than Maldives
175,378
Ranked 174th.
Housing > Owner occupier households 131,750
Ranked 12th. 4 times more than Maldives
35,207
Ranked 5th.
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Total 17 years
Ranked 15th. 42% more than Maldives
12 years
Ranked 117th.

Age structure > 0-14 years > Females 2.64 million
Ranked 61st. 60 times more than Maldives
44,396
Ranked 172nd.

Net migration 1.1 million
Ranked 4th.
-53
Ranked 80th.

Gender > Male population per thousand people 495.99
Ranked 106th.
504.26
Ranked 45th. 2% more than Canada

Future population > Females 19.74 million
Ranked 41st. 92 times more than Maldives
214,088
Ranked 172nd.

Age structure > 0-14 years > From total 16.3%
Ranked 190th.
23.5%
Ranked 139th. 44% more than Canada

Births > Teen motherhood rate 4%
Ranked 14th.
6%
Ranked 9th. 50% more than Canada

Infant mortality rate > Female 4.43 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 178th.
22.93 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 72nd. 5 times more than Canada

Drinking water source > Improved > Total 100% of population
Ranked 7th. 2% more than Maldives
98% of population
Ranked 25th.
Sanitation facility access > Unimproved > Rural 1% of population
Ranked 155th.
3% of population
Ranked 144th. 3 times more than Canada

Urban and rural > Female urban population per thousand people 404.74
Ranked 10th. 2 times more than Maldives
170.73
Ranked 66th.

Number of under-five deaths 2,000
Ranked 112th.
0.0
Ranked 169th.

Fertility > Adolescent fertility rate > Births per 1,000 women ages 15-19 14.35
Ranked 147th. 3 times more than Maldives
5.54
Ranked 180th.

Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Any method 74%
Ranked 9th. 2 times more than Maldives
34.7%
Ranked 15th.

Gender > Female population per thousand people 504
Ranked 90th. 2% more than Maldives
495.74
Ranked 147th.

Literacy > Definition age 15 and over can read and write age 15 and over can read and write
Age structure > 0-14 years > Males 2.78 million
Ranked 58th. 60 times more than Maldives
46,174
Ranked 174th.

Age structure > 65 years and over > Females 2.79 million
Ranked 21st. 376 times more than Maldives
7,414
Ranked 178th.

Urban population per 1000 800.68
Ranked 35th. 2 times more than Maldives
327.45
Ranked 147th.

Rural population 6.43 million
Ranked 66th. 28 times more than Maldives
231,755.4
Ranked 154th.

Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Percent 13.36%
Ranked 60th.
17.62%
Ranked 8th. 32% more than Canada

Sanitation facility access > Unimproved > Urban 0.0
Ranked 157th.
2% of population
Ranked 140th.

Urban and rural > Males living in cities proper per thousand people 9.34
Ranked 28th.
171.69
Ranked 7th. 18 times more than Canada

Density and urbanisation > Urban population 27.16 million
Ranked 24th. 224 times more than Maldives
121,234.67
Ranked 168th.

Marriage, divorce and children > Marriageable age > Females 18
Ranked 20th. 20% more than Maldives
15
Ranked 32nd.
Drinking water source > Unimproved > Rural 1% of population
Ranked 151st.
3% of population
Ranked 132nd. 3 times more than Canada
Drinking water source > Improved > Rural 99% of population
Ranked 56th. 2% more than Maldives
97% of population
Ranked 67th.
GDP per capita > Current US$ $52,218.99
Ranked 9th. 8 times more than Maldives
$6,566.65
Ranked 81st.

Population, total per 1000 1,000
Ranked 213th. The same as Maldives
1,000
Ranked 141st.

Maternal mortality rate 12 deaths/100,000 live births
Ranked 150th.
60 deaths/100,000 live births
Ranked 98th. 5 times more than Canada

Median age > Both sexes 40.7
Ranked 23th. 57% more than Maldives
25.9
Ranked 126th.
Marriage > Percent married > All > Male > Aged 15-19 0.9%
Ranked 6th.
1.3%
Ranked 11th. 44% more than Canada

Infant mortality rate > Male 5.11 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 182nd.
27.95 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 75th. 5 times more than Canada

Drinking water source > Unimproved > Total 0.0
Ranked 136th.
2% of population
Ranked 112th.
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Female 17 years
Ranked 1st. 31% more than Maldives
13 years
Ranked 2nd.
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Male None None
Immigration > Visa overstay rate > Australia 0.66
Ranked 115th. 3% more than Maldives
0.64
Ranked 117th.

Age structure > 15-64 years > Males 11.55 million
Ranked 34th. 67 times more than Maldives
172,279
Ranked 163th.

Age structure > 0-14 years > Males per 1000 83.45
Ranked 167th.
147.12
Ranked 95th. 76% more than Canada

Age structure > 15-64 years > From total 68.8%
Ranked 48th.
72.7%
Ranked 9th. 6% more than Canada

Sanitation facility access > Improved > Rural 99% of population
Ranked 40th. 2% more than Maldives
97% of population
Ranked 52nd.

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Female 17 years
Ranked 1st. 42% more than Maldives
12 years
Ranked 9th.

Urban and rural > Female rural population per thousand people 90.06
Ranked 53th.
316.38
Ranked 19th. 4 times more than Canada

Number of under-five deaths per 1000 0.0573
Ranked 128th.
0.0
Ranked 169th.

Fertility > Mortality rate, under-5 > Per 1,000 live births 5.3
Ranked 158th.
10.5
Ranked 131st. 98% more than Canada

Future population > Males 19.37 million
Ranked 40th. 88 times more than Maldives
220,066
Ranked 171st.

Density and urbanisation > Rural population 6.58 million
Ranked 62nd. 35 times more than Maldives
188,195.33
Ranked 152nd.

Migration > International migrant stock > Total 6.3 million
Ranked 7th. 2001 times more than Maldives
3,151
Ranked 193th.

Urbanization > Urban population 81 None
Median age > Female 42.7 years
Ranked 30th. 63% more than Maldives
26.2 years
Ranked 141st.

Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > Austrian citizens > Length of stay permitted 6 months 30 days
Marriage, divorce and children > Marriageable age > Males 18
Ranked 20th. 20% more than Maldives
15
Ranked 32nd.
Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > United States citizens > Requirement Visa not required Visa on arrival
Drinking water source > Improved > Urban 100% of population
Ranked 65th. The same as Maldives
100% of population
Ranked 40th.
Population > CIA Factbook per capita 0.997
Ranked 99th.
1.23
Ranked 4th. 23% more than Canada

Marriage, divorce and children > Teen marriage rate > Women 3.1
Ranked 11th.
5.6
Ranked 9th. 81% more than Canada
Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of origin > Per capita 3.04 per 1 million people
Ranked 160th.
41.46 per 1 million people
Ranked 122nd. 14 times more than Canada

Age structure > 0-14 years > Females per 1000 79.37
Ranked 167th.
141.46
Ranked 97th. 78% more than Canada

Sanitation facility access > Unimproved > Total 0.0
Ranked 156th.
2% of population
Ranked 146th.

Rural population > Per capita 199 per 1,000 people
Ranked 157th.
704 per 1,000 people
Ranked 37th. 4 times more than Canada

Age structure > 15-64 years > Females 11.3 million
Ranked 34th. 104 times more than Maldives
108,152
Ranked 171st.

Median age > Male 40.2 years
Ranked 24th. 49% more than Maldives
27 years
Ranked 128th.

Gender ratio > Babies 94.8%
Ranked 133th.
95.6%
Ranked 102nd. 1% more than Canada

Health expenditures 11.2% of GDP
Ranked 13th. 32% more than Maldives
8.5% of GDP
Ranked 48th.

Gender development 0.938
Ranked 3rd. 27% more than Maldives
0.739
Ranked 66th.
Housing > Owner occupier households per thousand people 4.24
Ranked 15th.
116.26
Ranked 5th. 27 times more than Canada
Literacy > Male 99%
Ranked 59th. 1% more than Maldives
98.4%
Ranked 68th.

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Male 17 years
Ranked 10th. 42% more than Maldives
12 years
Ranked 117th.

Gender ratio > Rural population 96%
Ranked 49th.
98.7%
Ranked 30th. 3% more than Canada

Marriage, divorce and children > Childless women, aged 40-44 16%
Ranked 3rd. 4 times more than Maldives
4%
Ranked 10th.

Age structure > 65 years and over > Males 2.15 million
Ranked 21st. 286 times more than Maldives
7,510
Ranked 174th.

Age structure > 65 years and over > Females per 1000 83.71
Ranked 34th. 4 times more than Maldives
23.62
Ranked 126th.

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Male 15.9%
Ranked 66th. 3% more than Maldives
15.5%
Ranked 68th.

Structure > Population > Total 33.74 million
Ranked 34th. 109 times more than Maldives
309,430
Ranked 165th.

Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Modern methods 72%
Ranked 5th. 3 times more than Maldives
27%
Ranked 13th.

Marriage > Percent married > Rural > Female > Aged 15-19 2.6%
Ranked 14th.
45.4%
Ranked 1st. 17 times more than Canada

Gender ratio > Urban population 106.2%
Ranked 29th. 15% more than Maldives
92.1%
Ranked 49th.

Education expenditures 5% of GDP
Ranked 47th.
7.2% of GDP
Ranked 5th. 44% more than Canada

Mortality rate, adult, female > Per 1,000 female adults 55.37
Ranked 166th.
58.07
Ranked 142nd. 5% more than Canada

Gender ratio > Aged over 60 122.7%
Ranked 95th. 37% more than Maldives
89.3%
Ranked 186th.

Net migration per million 31,536.22
Ranked 14th.
-156.6
Ranked 80th.

Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Total per thousand people 55.12
Ranked 160th.
102.21
Ranked 85th. 85% more than Canada

Gender > Women aged 15-49 per thousand people 243.26
Ranked 121st.
289.27
Ranked 13th. 19% more than Canada

Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 > Total per thousand people 693.72
Ranked 38th. 7% more than Maldives
650.16
Ranked 100th.

Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total per thousand people 164.72
Ranked 162nd.
299.75
Ranked 82nd. 82% more than Canada

Cities > Urban population per thousand people 2.34e-06
Ranked 165th.
0.000124
Ranked 53th. 53 times more than Canada

Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > United States citizens > Notes Anyone with a criminal record (including misdemeanors or alcohol-related driving offenses) may not be able to enter Canada without first obtaining an approval for rehabilitation. Visa on arrival is issued free of charge.
Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > United States citizens > Allowed period of stay 180 days 30 days, extendable up to 90 days
Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > British citizens Visa not required Visa on arrival
Total Population > Female per 1000 518.09
Ranked 75th.
589.36
Ranked 9th. 14% more than Canada
Age structure > 65 years and over > Males per 1000 64.56
Ranked 22nd. 3 times more than Maldives
23.93
Ranked 100th.

Fertility > Number of maternal deaths per million 1.35
Ranked 146th.
9.21
Ranked 100th. 7 times more than Canada

Fertility > Mortality rate, under-5, male > Per 1,000 live births 5.7
Ranked 159th.
11.5
Ranked 132nd. 2 times more than Canada

Urban and rural population > Urban gender ratio 106.2
Ranked 29th. 15% more than Maldives
92.1
Ranked 49th.

Marriage > Percent married > Urban > Male > Aged 15-19 1.2%
Ranked 6th.
4.1%
Ranked 4th. 3 times more than Canada

Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita > Cubic meters 82,647.08
Ranked 8th. 915 times more than Maldives
90.37
Ranked 168th.

Female population > Age 25-29 1.08 million
Ranked 44th. 91 times more than Maldives
11,969
Ranked 175th.
Cities > Rate of urbanization 1%
Ranked 154th.
5.3%
Ranked 6th. 5 times more than Canada
Age structure > 15-64 years > Males per 1000 346.58
Ranked 46th.
548.93
Ranked 1st. 58% more than Canada

Female population > Age 10-14 1.04 million
Ranked 51st. 45 times more than Maldives
22,945
Ranked 167th.
Male population > Age 20-24 1.12 million
Ranked 46th. 66 times more than Maldives
16,935
Ranked 169th.
Gender ratio > Aged over 60 > Women per 100 men 122.7
Ranked 95th. 37% more than Maldives
89.3
Ranked 186th.

Future population change per thousand people 10.98
Ranked 108th.
17.27
Ranked 65th. 57% more than Canada

Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Total per thousand people 199.28
Ranked 31st. 3 times more than Maldives
66.27
Ranked 117th.

Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Total per thousand people 141.56
Ranked 32nd. 3 times more than Maldives
50.1
Ranked 108th.

Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 > Total per thousand people 635.99
Ranked 59th. About the same as Maldives
633.98
Ranked 62nd.

Future population > Females per thousand people 498.95
Ranked 103th. 3% more than Maldives
483.6
Ranked 152nd.
Urban and rural population > Rural gender ratio 96
Ranked 49th.
98.7
Ranked 30th. 3% more than Canada

Marriage > Percent married > Rural > Male > Aged 15-19 0.9%
Ranked 9th.
7.7%
Ranked 2nd. 9 times more than Canada

Widows > Proportion of age group > All > Men > Aged 30 to 39 0.1%
Ranked 11th.
0.3%
Ranked 16th. 3 times more than Canada

Marriage > Percent married > Urban > Female > Aged 15-19 3.3%
Ranked 9th.
18.3%
Ranked 1st. 6 times more than Canada

Total population > Age 80-84 1.25 million
Ranked 12th. 1233 times more than Maldives
1,010
Ranked 196th.
Fertility > Maternal mortality ratio > Modeled estimate, per 100,000 live births 12
Ranked 148th.
60
Ranked 96th. 5 times more than Canada

Fertility > Number of maternal deaths 46
Ranked 110th. 15 times more than Maldives
3
Ranked 162nd.

Gender > Gender ratio aged over 80 184.4
Ranked 61st. 59% more than Maldives
115.7
Ranked 179th.

Gender ratio > Aged over 80 > Women per 100 men 184.4
Ranked 61st. 59% more than Maldives
115.7
Ranked 179th.

Total population > Age 25-29 2.2 million
Ranked 44th. 90 times more than Maldives
24,549
Ranked 174th.
Female population > Age 15-19 1.06 million
Ranked 48th. 54 times more than Maldives
19,872
Ranked 169th.
Total Population > Male 16.36 million
Ranked 37th. 89 times more than Maldives
183,630
Ranked 174th.
Women > Maternal mortality ratio adjusted 6
Ranked 157th.
110
Ranked 86th. 18 times more than Canada
Age structure > 15-64 years > Females per 1000 339.18
Ranked 57th.
344.61
Ranked 51st. 2% more than Canada

Widows > Proportion of age group > Rural > Women > Aged above 59 31.7%
Ranked 18th.
39.9%
Ranked 6th. 26% more than Canada

Widows > Proportion of age group > All > Men > Aged above 59 10.2%
Ranked 13th.
14.4%
Ranked 8th. 41% more than Canada

Male population > Age 25-29 1.12 million
Ranked 44th. 89 times more than Maldives
12,580
Ranked 174th.
Male population > Age 10-14 1.1 million
Ranked 49th. 45 times more than Maldives
24,318
Ranked 167th.
Male population > Age 15-19 1.12 million
Ranked 48th. 53 times more than Maldives
21,087
Ranked 168th.
Total population > Age 30-34 2.25 million
Ranked 37th. 98 times more than Maldives
22,955
Ranked 173th.
Total Population > Thousands 32,805
Ranked 35th. 94 times more than Maldives
349.11
Ranked 173th.
Female population > Age 20-24 1.08 million
Ranked 47th. 67 times more than Maldives
16,214
Ranked 169th.
Gender ratio > Aged over 65 > Women per 100 men 130.3
Ranked 87th. 42% more than Maldives
91.7
Ranked 187th.

Gender ratio > Aged over 65 130.3%
Ranked 87th. 42% more than Maldives
91.7%
Ranked 187th.

Gender > Gender ratio aged over 60 122.7
Ranked 95th. 37% more than Maldives
89.3
Ranked 186th.

Rights of the Child Convention > Ratification Dates 13 Dec 1991 11 Feb 1991
Urbanization in 1975 75.6%
Ranked 21st. 4 times more than Maldives
18.1%
Ranked 133th.
Male population > Age 45-49 per 1000 42.27
Ranked 16th. 89% more than Maldives
22.32
Ranked 133th.
Male population > Age 40-44 1.39 million
Ranked 28th. 165 times more than Maldives
8,427
Ranked 178th.
Male population > Age 25-29 per 1000 34.63
Ranked 160th.
42.27
Ranked 81st. 22% more than Canada
Total population > Age 10-14 2.14 million
Ranked 51st. 45 times more than Maldives
47,263
Ranked 167th.
Female population > Age 30-34 per 1000 34.44
Ranked 120th.
37.59
Ranked 74th. 9% more than Canada
Total population > Age 45-49 2.72 million
Ranked 27th. 204 times more than Maldives
13,376
Ranked 180th.
Female population > Age 35-39 per 1000 37.32
Ranked 56th. 13% more than Maldives
32.99
Ranked 108th.
Female population > Age 15-19 per 1000 32.91
Ranked 164th.
66.78
Ranked 8th. 2 times more than Canada
Male population > Age 30-34 per 1000 35.3
Ranked 112th.
39.55
Ranked 57th. 12% more than Canada

SOURCES: CIA World Factbook, 28 July 2005; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; CIA World Factbooks 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013; World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Population Division; Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat, World Population Prospects: The 2004 Revision and World Urbanization Prospects: http://esa.un.org/unpp; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; Population Division of the United Nations Secretariat, World Urbanization Prospects: The 2003 Revision, Data Tables and Highlights. Estimates and projections of urban and rural populations are made by the Population Division of the United Nations Secretariat and published every two years. 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Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Source tables, Population projections.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Development Indicators database. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; World Bank Staff estimates based on United Nations, World Urbanisation Prospects.; Wikipedia: Marriageable age (Africa); World Bank national accounts data; (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/fields/2177.html, median age; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; Wikipedia: Visa policy of Australia (Modified Non-Return Rate) (Modified Non-Return Rate Quarterly Report Ending at 30 June 2013, ); All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; The data on urban population shares used to estimate rural population come from the United Nations, World Urbanisation Prospects. Total population figures are World Bank estimates.; United Nations Population Division, Trends in Total Migrant Stock: 2008 Revision.; Wikipedia: Visa requirements for Austrian citizens (Africa); Wikipedia: Marriageable age (South America); Wikipedia: Visa requirements for United States citizens (Europe) ("Japan Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens" . Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State . Retrieved 18 November 2013 .); United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; (1) United Nations Population Division. 2009. World Population Prospects: The 2008 Revision. New York, United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs (advanced Excel tables). Available at http://esa.un.org/unpd/wpp2008/index.htm. (2) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (3) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (4) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, (5) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database, and (6) World bank estimates based on the data from the sources above, household surveys conducted by national agencies, Macro International, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and refugees statistics from the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects. New York, United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs (advanced Excel tables). Available at http://esa.un.org/wpp/unpp/panel_population.htm, (2) University of California, Berkeley, and Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research. Human Mortality Database. [ www.mortality.org or www.humanmortality.de].; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division, World Population Prospects. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Population Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Population Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Population Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Population Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Population Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Wikipedia: Visa requirements for United States citizens (Visa requirements); Wikipedia: Visa requirements for British citizens (Visa requirements); U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division, International Programs Center Spanish Statistical Institute. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Trends in Maternal Mortality: 1990-2010. Estimates Developed by WHO, UNICEF, UNFPA and the World Bank. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Food and Agriculture Organization; U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division, International Programs Center; Wikipedia: Urbanization by country (Countries) ([1] United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs); United Nations Statistics Division Original html; United Nations Population Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Population Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Population Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Population Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Source tables, Population projections. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; Trends in Maternal Mortality: 1990-2010. Estimates Developed by WHO, UNICEF, UNFPA and the World Bank.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; UNICEF; http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?d=GenderStat&f=inID%3a24, Percent widowed in age group.; U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division, International Programs Center Spanish Statistical Institute; United Nations Statistics Division Source tables; The Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights; U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division, International Programs Center. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.