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Country vs country: Canada and Pakistan compared: Education

Definitions

  • Elementary school > Enrolled students: Primary education pupils is the total number of pupils enrolled at primary level in public and private schools.
  • Elementary school > Gender ratio: Ratio of female to male primary enrollment is the percentage of girls to boys enrolled at primary level in public and private schools.
  • Elementary school graduate rate: Persistence to last grade of primary is the percentage of children enrolled in the first grade of primary school who eventually reach the last grade of primary education. The estimate is based on the reconstructed cohort method.
  • Elementary school repeaters > All: Repeaters in primary school are the number of students enrolled in the same grade as in the previous year, as a percentage of all students enrolled in primary school."
  • Elementary school repeaters > Female: Repeaters in primary school are the number of students enrolled in the same grade as in the previous year, as a percentage of all students enrolled in primary school."
  • Elementary school teachers: Primary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers.
  • High school > Gender ratio: Ratio of female to male secondary enrollment is the percentage of girls to boys enrolled at secondary level in public and private schools.
  • High school teachers: Secondary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers.
  • Literacy > Definition: This entry includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of our source. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons.
  • Literacy > Female: This entry includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of our source. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons.
  • Literacy > Male: This entry includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of our source. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons.
  • Literacy > Total population: This entry includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of our source. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons.
  • Preschool enrollment rate: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Primary education provides children with basic reading, writing, and mathematics skills along with an elementary understanding of such subjects as history, geography, natural science, social science, art, and music."
  • Preschool enrollment rate > Female: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Preprimary education refers to the initial stage of organized instruction, designed primarily to introduce very young children to a school-type environment."
  • Spending > USD: Education expenditure refers to the current operating expenditures in education, including wages and salaries and excluding capital investments in buildings and equipment."
  • Spending > Proportion: Education expenditure refers to the current operating expenditures in education, including wages and salaries and excluding capital investments in buildings and equipment. Expressed as a proportion of GNI."
  • School enrollment > Tertiary > Male > % gross: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Tertiary education, whether or not to an advanced research qualification, normally requires, as a minimum condition of admission, the successful completion of education at the secondary level.
  • Children out of school > Primary > Male: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school.
  • Persistence to grade 5 > Male > % of cohort: Persistence to grade 5 (percentage of cohort reaching grade 5) is the share of children enrolled in the first grade of primary school who eventually reach grade 5. The estimate is based on the reconstructed cohort method.
  • School enrollment > Primary > Male > % gross: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Primary education provides children with basic reading, writing, and mathematics skills along with an elementary understanding of such subjects as history, geography, natural science, social science, art, and music.
  • School enrollment > Primary > % gross: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Primary education provides children with basic reading, writing, and mathematics skills along with an elementary understanding of such subjects as history, geography, natural science, social science, art, and music.
  • School enrollment > Preprimary > Female > % gross: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Preprimary education refers to the initial stage of organized instruction, designed primarily to introduce very young children to a school-type environment.
  • Gross intake rate in grade 1 > Female > % of relevant age group: Gross intake rate in grade 1 is the number of new entrants in the first grade of primary education regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the population of the official primary entrance age.
  • Gross intake rate in grade 1 > Total > % of relevant age group: Gross intake rate in grade 1 is the number of new entrants in the first grade of primary education regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the population of the official primary entrance age.
  • Persistence to grade 5 > Total > % of cohort: Persistence to grade 5 (percentage of cohort reaching grade 5) is the share of children enrolled in the first grade of primary school who eventually reach grade 5. The estimate is based on the reconstructed cohort method.
  • School enrollment > Preprimary > Male > % gross: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Preprimary education refers to the initial stage of organized instruction, designed primarily to introduce very young children to a school-type environment.
  • School enrollment > Secondary > Female > % net: Net enrollment ratio is the ratio of children of official school age based on the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 who are enrolled in school to the population of the corresponding official school age. Secondary education completes the provision of basic education that began at the primary level, and aims at laying the foundations for lifelong learning and human development, by offering more subject- or skill-oriented instruction using more specialized teachers.
  • School enrollment > Secondary > Male > % net: Net enrollment ratio is the ratio of children of official school age based on the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 who are enrolled in school to the population of the corresponding official school age. Secondary education completes the provision of basic education that began at the primary level, and aims at laying the foundations for lifelong learning and human development, by offering more subject- or skill-oriented instruction using more specialized teachers.
  • Secondary education > Teachers > % female: Female teachers as a percentage of total secondary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers.
  • Children out of school > Primary > Per capita: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Children out of school > Primary > Male > Per capita: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Children out of school > Primary > Female > Per capita: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Education enrolment by level > Tertiary level > Per capita: Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Education enrolment by level > Primary level > Per capita: Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Education enrolment by level > Secondary level > Per capita: Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Gross intake rate in grade 1 > Male > % of relevant age group: Gross intake rate in grade 1 is the number of new entrants in the first grade of primary education regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the population of the official primary entrance age.
  • Primary education > Teachers > Per capita: Primary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Primary education > Pupils > Per capita: Primary education pupils is the total number of pupils enrolled at primary level in public and private schools. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Persistence to grade 5 > Female > % of cohort: Persistence to grade 5 (percentage of cohort reaching grade 5) is the share of children enrolled in the first grade of primary school who eventually reach grade 5. The estimate is based on the reconstructed cohort method.
  • Primary education > Pupils > % female: Female pupils as a percentage of total pupils at primary level include enrollments in public and private schools.
  • Secondary education > General pupils > Per capita: Secondary general pupils are the number of secondary students enrolled in general education programs, including teacher training. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • School enrollment > Secondary > Private > % of total secondary: Private enrollment refers to pupils or students enrolled in institutions that are not operated by a public authority but controlled and managed, whether for profit or not, by a private body such as a nongovernmental organization, religious body, special interest group, foundation or business enterprise.
  • School enrollment > Primary > Private > % of total primary: Private enrollment refers to pupils or students enrolled in institutions that are not operated by a public authority but controlled and managed, whether for profit or not, by a private body such as a nongovernmental organization, religious body, special interest group, foundation or business enterprise.
  • Secondary education > Vocational pupils > Per capita: Secondary vocational pupils are the number of secondary students enrolled in technical and vocational education programs, including teacher training. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Secondary education > Teachers > Per capita: Secondary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Secondary education > Pupils > Per capita: Secondary education pupils is the total number of pupils enrolled at secondary level in public and private schools. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Average years of schooling of adults: Average years of schooling of adults is the years of formal schooling received, on average, by adults over age 15. (Data Source: Barro-Lee Data Set www.worldbank.org/html/prdmg/grthweb/ddbarle2.htm)
  • College and university > Gender ratio: Ratio of female to male tertiary enrollment is the percentage of men to women enrolled at tertiary level in public and private schools.
  • Elementary school > Enrolled students > % female: Female pupils as a percentage of total pupils at primary level include enrollments in public and private schools.
  • Elementary school graduate rate > Female: Persistence to last grade of primary is the percentage of children enrolled in the first grade of primary school who eventually reach the last grade of primary education. The estimate is based on the reconstructed cohort method.
  • Elementary school graduate rate > Male: Persistence to last grade of primary is the percentage of children enrolled in the first grade of primary school who eventually reach the last grade of primary education. The estimate is based on the reconstructed cohort method.
  • Elementary school repeaters > Male: Repeaters in primary school are the number of students enrolled in the same grade as in the previous year, as a percentage of all students enrolled in primary school."
  • Elementary school starting age > Years: Primary school starting age is the age at which students would enter primary education, assuming they had started at the official entrance age for the lowest level of education, had studied full-time throughout and had progressed through the system without repeating or skipping a grade."
  • Elementary school teachers > % female: Female teachers as a percentage of total primary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers.
  • Government spending on education > % of GDP: Public expenditure on education consists of current and capital public expenditure on education includes government spending on educational institutions (both public and private), education administration as well as subsidies for private entities (students/households and other privates entities)."
  • Government spending on education > % of government spending: Public expenditure on education consists of current and capital public expenditure on education includes government spending on educational institutions (both public and private), education administration as well as subsidies for private entities (students/households and other privates entities)."
  • High school starting age > Years: Secondary school starting age is the age at which students would enter secondary education, assuming they had started at the official entrance age for the lowest level of education, had studied full-time throughout and had progressed through the system without repeating or skipping a grade."
  • High school teachers > % female: Female teachers as a percentage of total secondary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers.
  • Inputs > Secondary education > Teachers > Female: Secondary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers.
  • Outcomes > Primary education > Duration > Years: Primary duration refers to the number of years of full-time equivalent duration in primary education in the school system according to ISCED.
  • Outcomes > Secondary education > Duration > Years: Secondary education, duration (years) is the number of grades (years) in secondary school."
  • Participation > Children out of school > Elementary > Female: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school.
  • Participation > Children out of school > Elementary > Male: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school.
  • Participation > Children out of school > Elementary: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school.
  • Participation > Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary education: Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary education is the percentage of girls to boys enrolled at primary and secondary levels in public and private schools.
  • Participation > School enrollment > Preprimary > % gross: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Preprimary education refers to the initial stage of organized instruction, designed primarily to introduce very young children to a school-type environment."
  • Participation > School enrollment > Primary > % net: Net enrollment ratio is the ratio of children of official school age based on the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 who are enrolled in school to the population of the corresponding official school age. Primary education provides children with basic reading, writing, and mathematics skills along with an elementary understanding of such subjects as history, geography, natural science, social science, art, and music."
  • Participation > School enrollment > Primary > Female > % gross: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Primary education provides children with basic reading, writing, and mathematics skills along with an elementary understanding of such subjects as history, geography, natural science, social science, art, and music."
  • Participation > School enrollment > Primary > Female > % net: Net enrollment ratio is the ratio of children of official school age based on the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 who are enrolled in school to the population of the corresponding official school age. Primary education provides children with basic reading, writing, and mathematics skills along with an elementary understanding of such subjects as history, geography, natural science, social science, art, and music."
  • Participation > School enrollment > Primary > Male > % gross: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Primary education provides children with basic reading, writing, and mathematics skills along with an elementary understanding of such subjects as history, geography, natural science, social science, art, and music."
  • Participation > School enrollment > Primary > Male > % net: Net enrollment ratio is the ratio of children of official school age based on the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 who are enrolled in school to the population of the corresponding official school age. Primary education provides children with basic reading, writing, and mathematics skills along with an elementary understanding of such subjects as history, geography, natural science, social science, art, and music."
  • Participation > School enrollment > Primary > Private > % of total primary: Private enrollment refers to pupils or students enrolled in institutions that are not operated by a public authority but controlled and managed, whether for profit or not, by a private body such as a nongovernmental organisation, religious body, special interest group, foundation or business enterprise."
  • Participation > School enrollment > Secondary > % gross: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Secondary education completes the provision of basic education that began at the primary level, and aims at laying the foundations for lifelong learning and human development, by offering more subject- or skill-oriented instruction using more specialized teachers."
  • Participation > School enrollment > Secondary > % net: Net enrollment ratio is the ratio of children of official school age based on the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 who are enrolled in school to the population of the corresponding official school age. Secondary education completes the provision of basic education that began at the primary level, and aims at laying the foundations for lifelong learning and human development, by offering more subject- or skill-oriented instruction using more specialized teachers."
  • Participation > School enrollment > Secondary > Female > % gross: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Secondary education completes the provision of basic education that began at the primary level, and aims at laying the foundations for lifelong learning and human development, by offering more subject- or skill-oriented instruction using more specialized teachers."
  • Participation > School enrollment > Secondary > Female > % net: Net enrollment ratio is the ratio of children of official school age based on the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 who are enrolled in school to the population of the corresponding official school age. Secondary education completes the provision of basic education that began at the primary level, and aims at laying the foundations for lifelong learning and human development, by offering more subject- or skill-oriented instruction using more specialized teachers."
  • Participation > School enrollment > Secondary > Male > % gross: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Secondary education completes the provision of basic education that began at the primary level, and aims at laying the foundations for lifelong learning and human development, by offering more subject- or skill-oriented instruction using more specialized teachers."
  • Participation > School enrollment > Secondary > Male > % net: Net enrollment ratio is the ratio of children of official school age based on the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 who are enrolled in school to the population of the corresponding official school age. Secondary education completes the provision of basic education that began at the primary level, and aims at laying the foundations for lifelong learning and human development, by offering more subject- or skill-oriented instruction using more specialized teachers."
  • Participation > School enrollment > Secondary > Private > % of total secondary: Private enrollment refers to pupils or students enrolled in institutions that are not operated by a public authority but controlled and managed, whether for profit or not, by a private body such as a nongovernmental organisation, religious body, special interest group, foundation or business enterprise."
  • Participation > School enrollment > Tertiary > % gross: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Tertiary education, whether or not to an advanced research qualification, normally requires, as a minimum condition of admission, the successful completion of education at the secondary level."
  • Participation > School enrollment > Tertiary > Female > % gross: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Tertiary education, whether or not to an advanced research qualification, normally requires, as a minimum condition of admission, the successful completion of education at the secondary level."
  • Participation > School enrollment > Tertiary > Male > % gross: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Tertiary education, whether or not to an advanced research qualification, normally requires, as a minimum condition of admission, the successful completion of education at the secondary level."
  • Participation > Secondary education > General pupils: Secondary general pupils are the number of secondary students enrolled in general education programs, including teacher training."
  • Participation > Secondary education > General pupils > % female: Secondary general pupils are the number of secondary students enrolled in general education programs, including teacher training."
  • Participation > Secondary education > Pupils > % female: Female pupils as a percentage of total pupils at secondary level includes enrollments in public and private schools.
  • Participation > Secondary education > Pupils: Secondary education pupils is the total number of pupils enrolled at secondary level in public and private schools.
  • Participation > Secondary education > Vocational pupils > % female: Secondary vocational pupils are the number of secondary students enrolled in technical and vocational education programs, including teacher training."
  • Participation > Secondary education > Vocational pupils: Secondary vocational pupils are the number of secondary students enrolled in technical and vocational education programs, including teacher training."
  • Participation > Total enrollment > Primary > % net: Total enrollment is the number of pupils of the school-age group for primary education, enrolled either in primary or secondary education, expressed as a percentage of the total population in that age group."
  • Participation > Total enrollment > Primary > Female > % net: Total enrollment is the number of pupils of the school-age group for primary education, enrolled either in primary or secondary education, expressed as a percentage of the total population in that age group."
  • Participation > Total enrollment > Primary > Male > % net: Total enrollment is the number of pupils of the school-age group for primary education, enrolled either in primary or secondary education, expressed as a percentage of the total population in that age group."
  • Preschool enrollment rate > Male: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Preprimary education refers to the initial stage of organized instruction, designed primarily to introduce very young children to a school-type environment."
  • School enrolment rate > 1st grade > Female: Gross intake rate in grade 1 is the number of new entrants in the first grade of primary education regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the population of the official primary entrance age."
  • School enrolment rate > 1st grade > Male: Gross intake rate in grade 1 is the number of new entrants in the first grade of primary education regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the population of the official primary entrance age."
  • School enrolment rate > 1st grade: Gross intake rate in grade 1 is the number of new entrants in the first grade of primary education regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the population of the official primary entrance age."
  • School enrolment rate > 5th grade > Female: Persistence to grade 5 (percentage of cohort reaching grade 5) is the share of children enrolled in the first grade of primary school who eventually reach grade 5. The estimate is based on the reconstructed cohort method.
  • School enrolment rate > 5th grade > Male: Persistence to grade 5 (percentage of cohort reaching grade 5) is the share of children enrolled in the first grade of primary school who eventually reach grade 5. The estimate is based on the reconstructed cohort method.
  • School enrolment rate > 5th grade: Persistence to grade 5 (percentage of cohort reaching grade 5) is the share of children enrolled in the first grade of primary school who eventually reach grade 5. The estimate is based on the reconstructed cohort method.
  • Teacher student ratio > Elementary school: Primary school pupil-teacher ratio is the number of pupils enrolled in primary school divided by the number of primary school teachers (regardless of their teaching assignment).
  • Teacher student ratio > High school: Secondary school pupil-teacher ratio is the number of pupils enrolled in secondary school divided by the number of secondary school teachers (regardless of their teaching assignment).
  • Duration of education > Secondary level: Duration of secondary education is the number of grades (or years) in general secondary education.
  • Duration of education > Primary level: Duration of primary education is the number of grades (or years) in primary education.
  • Female enrolment share > Secondary level: Girls' enrolment share, secondary level is the number of girls enrolled in secondary school, expressed as a percentage of the total number of pupils in secondary school.
  • Female enrolment share > Primary level: Girls' enrolment share, primary level is the number of girls enrolled in primary school, expressed as a percentage of the total number of pupils in primary school.
  • Private school enrolment > Secondary level: Private sector enrolment share, secondary level is the share of students in general secondary education who attend a privately managed school, regardless of whether or not the school receives subsidies from the government.
  • Pupils-teacher ratio > Primary level: Pupil-teacher ratio, primary level is the average number of pupils per teacher in primary education. Cross-country comparisons may be affected by such factors as the composition of teachers by part- and full-time employment.
  • Pupils-teacher ratio > Secondary level: Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary level is the average number of pupils per teacher in secondary education. Cross-country comparisons may be affected by such factors as the composition of teachers by part- and full-time employment.
  • Private school enrolment > Primary level: Private sector enrolment share, primary level is the share of primary school pupils who attend a privately managed school, regardless of whether or not the school receives subsidies from the government.
  • Services, etc., value added > Current US$: Services, etc., value added (current US$). Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99. They include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Services, etc., value added > Constant 2000 US$: Services, etc., value added (constant 2000 US$). Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99. They include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in constant 2005 U.S. dollars.
  • Services, etc., value added > Constant LCU: Services, etc., value added (constant LCU). Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99. They include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in constant local currency.
  • Services, etc., value added > % of GDP: Services, etc., value added (% of GDP). Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99 and they include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Note: For VAB countries, gross value added at factor cost is used as the denominator.
  • Ratio of female to male enrollments in tertiary education: Ratio of female to male tertiary enrollment is the percentage of men to women enrolled at tertiary level in public and private schools.
  • Adjusted savings: education expenditure > % of GNI: Adjusted savings: education expenditure (% of GNI). Education expenditure refers to the current operating expenditures in education, including wages and salaries and excluding capital investments in buildings and equipment.
  • Primary education > Teachers > % female: Female teachers as a percentage of total primary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers.
  • Primary education > Teachers: Primary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers.
  • Ratio of female to male primary enrollment > %: Ratio of female to male primary enrollment (%). Ratio of female to male primary enrollment is the percentage of girls to boys enrolled at primary level in public and private schools.
  • Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary education > %: Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary education (%). Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary education is the percentage of girls to boys enrolled at primary and secondary levels in public and private schools.
  • Ratio of female to male secondary enrollment > %: Ratio of female to male secondary enrollment (%). Ratio of female to male secondary enrollment is the percentage of girls to boys enrolled at secondary level in public and private schools.
  • Ratio of female to male tertiary enrollment > %: Ratio of female to male tertiary enrollment (%). Ratio of female to male tertiary enrollment is the percentage of men to women enrolled at tertiary level in public and private schools.
  • School enrollment, preprimary > % gross: School enrollment, preprimary (% gross). Gross enrolment ratio. Pre-primary. Total is the total enrollment in pre-primary education, regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the total population of official pre-primary education age. GER can exceed 100% due to the inclusion of over-aged and under-aged students because of early or late school entrance and grade repetition.
  • School enrollment, preprimary, female > % gross: School enrollment, preprimary, female (% gross). Gross enrolment ratio. Pre-primary. Female is the total female enrollment in pre-primary education, regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the total female population of official pre-primary education age. GER can exceed 100% due to the inclusion of over-aged and under-aged students because of early or late school entrance and grade repetition.
  • School enrollment, preprimary, male > % gross: School enrollment, preprimary, male (% gross). Gross enrolment ratio. Pre-primary. Male is the total male enrollment in pre-primary education, regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the total male population of official pre-primary education age. GER can exceed 100% due to the inclusion of over-aged and under-aged students because of early or late school entrance and grade repetition.
  • Primary school starting age > Years: Primary school starting age (years). Entrance age of primary is the age at which students would enter primary education, assuming they had started at the official entrance age for the lowest level of education, had studied full-time throughout and had progressed through the system without repeating or skipping a grade.
  • Primary completion rate, total > % of relevant age group: Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group). Primary completion rate. Total is the total number of new entrants in the last grade of primary education, regardless of age, expressed as percentage of the total population of the theoretical entrance age to the last grade of primary. This indicator is also known as "gross intake rate to the last grade of primary." The ratio can exceed 100% due to over-aged and under-aged children who enter primary school late/early and/or repeat grades.
  • Primary education, duration > Years: Primary education, duration (years). Duration of primary is the number of grades (years) in primary education.
  • Primary education, pupils: Primary education, pupils. Enrolment in primary. Public and private. All programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled in public and private primary education institutions.
  • Primary education, pupils > % female: Primary education, pupils (% female). Percentage of female students. Primary is the number of female students at the primary level expressed as a percentage of the total number of students (male and female) at the primary level in a given school year.
  • Pupil-teacher ratio, primary: Pupil-teacher ratio, primary. Pupil-teacher ratio. Primary is the number of pupils enrolled in primary school divided by the number of primary school teachers.
  • School enrollment, primary > % gross: School enrollment, primary (% gross). Gross enrolment ratio. Primary. Total is the total enrollment in primary education, regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the population of official primary education age. GER can exceed 100% due to the inclusion of over-aged and under-aged students because of early or late school entrance and grade repetition.
  • School enrollment, primary, female > % gross: School enrollment, primary, female (% gross). Gross enrolment ratio. Primary. Female is the total female enrollment in primary education, regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the female population of official primary education age. GER can exceed 100% due to the inclusion of over-aged and under-aged students because of early or late school entrance and grade repetition.
  • Gross intake ratio in first grade of primary education, female > % of relevant age group: Gross intake ratio in first grade of primary education, female (% of relevant age group). Gross intake ratio in first grade of primary education is the number of new entrants in the first grade of primary education regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the population of the official primary entrance age.
  • School enrollment, primary, male > % gross: School enrollment, primary, male (% gross). Gross enrolment ratio. Primary. Male is the total male enrollment in primary education, regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the male population of official primary education age. GER can exceed 100% due to the inclusion of over-aged and under-aged students because of early or late school entrance and grade repetition.
  • Gross intake ratio in first grade of primary education, male > % of relevant age group: Gross intake ratio in first grade of primary education, male (% of relevant age group). Gross intake ratio in first grade of primary education is the number of new entrants in the first grade of primary education regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the population of the official primary entrance age.
  • Gross intake ratio in first grade of primary education, total > % of relevant age group: Gross intake ratio in first grade of primary education, total (% of relevant age group). Gross intake ratio in first grade of primary education is the number of new entrants in the first grade of primary education regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the population of the official primary entrance age.
  • School enrollment, primary, female > % net: School enrollment, primary, female (% net). Net enrolment rate. Primary. Female is the ratio of female children of the official primary school age who are enrolled in primary school to the female population of the official primary school age.
  • School enrollment, primary > % net: School enrollment, primary (% net). Net enrolment rate. Primary. Total is the ratio of children of the official primary school age who are enrolled in primary school to the total population of the official primary school age.
  • School enrollment, primary, male > % net: School enrollment, primary, male (% net). Net enrolment rate. Primary. Male is the ratio of male children of the official primary school age who are enrolled in primary school to the male population of the official primary school age.
  • Persistence to grade 5, female > % of cohort: Persistence to grade 5, female (% of cohort). Survival rate to grade 5. Female is the share of female children enrolled in the first grade of primary school who eventually reach grade 5. The estimate is calculated on the basis of the reconstructed cohort method, which uses data on enrolment and repeaters for two consecutive years.
  • School enrollment, primary, private > % of total primary: School enrollment, primary, private (% of total primary). Percentage of private enrolment. Primary is the enrolment in private primary schools expressed as a percentage of total enrolment (public and private) in primary schools. 'Private' refers to all educational institutions not operated by a public authority, regardless of whether they receive financial support from public authorities. A high percentage indicates strong involvement of the non-governmental sector (including religious bodies, other organizations, associations, communities, private enterprises or persons) in providing organized educational programmes.
  • Persistence to grade 5, male > % of cohort: Persistence to grade 5, male (% of cohort). Survival rate to grade 5. Male is the share of male children enrolled in the first grade of primary school who eventually reach grade 5. The estimate is calculated on the basis of the reconstructed cohort method, which uses data on enrolment and repeaters for two consecutive years.
  • Persistence to grade 5, total > % of cohort: Persistence to grade 5, total (% of cohort). Survival rate to grade 5. Total is the share of children enrolled in the first grade of primary school who eventually reach grade 5. The estimate is calculated on the basis of the reconstructed cohort method, which uses data on enrolment and repeaters for two consecutive years.
  • Persistence to last grade of primary, female > % of cohort: Persistence to last grade of primary, female (% of cohort). Survival rate to last grade of primary. Female is the share of female children enrolled in the first grade of primary school who eventually reach the last grade of primary. The estimate is calculated on the basis of the reconstructed cohort method, which uses data on enrolment and repeaters for two consecutive years.
  • Persistence to last grade of primary, male > % of cohort: Persistence to last grade of primary, male (% of cohort). Survival rate to last grade of primary. Male is the share of male children enrolled in the first grade of primary school who eventually reach the last grade of primary. The estimate is calculated on the basis of the reconstructed cohort method, which uses data on enrolment and repeaters for two consecutive years.
  • Repeaters, primary, female > % of female enrollment: Repeaters, primary, female (% of female enrollment). Percentage of repeaters in primary. All grades. Female is the number of female students enrolled in the same grade as in the previous year, as a percentage of all female students enrolled in primary school. It is calculated by dividing the sum of female repeaters in all grades of primary education by the total female enrolment of primary education and multiplying the result by 100.
  • Persistence to last grade of primary, total > % of cohort: Persistence to last grade of primary, total (% of cohort). Survival rate to last grade of primary. Total is the share of children enrolled in the first grade of primary school who eventually reach the last grade of primary. The estimate is calculated on the basis of the reconstructed cohort method, which uses data on enrolment and repeaters for two consecutive years.
  • Repeaters, primary, male > % of male enrollment: Repeaters, primary, male (% of male enrollment). Percentage of repeaters in primary. All grades. Male is the number of male students enrolled in the same grade as in the previous year, as a percentage of all male students enrolled in primary school. It is calculated by dividing the sum of male repeaters in all grades of primary education by the total male enrolment of primary education and multiplying the result by 100.
  • Repeaters, primary, total > % of total enrollment: Repeaters, primary, total (% of total enrollment). Percentage of repeaters in primary. All grades. Total is the number of students enrolled in the same grade as in the previous year, as a percentage of all students enrolled in primary school. It is calculated by dividing the sum of repeaters in all grades of primary education by the total enrolment of primary education and multiplying the result by 100.
  • Primary education, teachers: Primary education, teachers. Teaching staff in primary. Public and private. Full and part-time. All programmes. Total is the total number of teachers in public and private primary education institutions. Teachers are persons employed full time or part time in an official capacity to guide and direct the learning experience of pupils and students, irrespective of their qualifications or the delivery mechanism, i.e. face-to-face and/or at a distance. This definition excludes educational personnel who have no active teaching duties (e.g. headmasters, headmistresses or principals who do not teach) and persons who work occasionally or in a voluntary capacity in educational institutions.
  • Primary education, teachers > % female: Primary education, teachers (% female). Percentage female teachers. Primary is the number of female teachers at the primary level expressed as a percentage of the total number of teachers (male and female) at the primary level in a given school year. Teachers are persons employed full time or part time in an official capacity to guide and direct the learning experience of pupils and students, irrespective of their qualifications or the delivery mechanism, i.e. face-to-face and/or at a distance. This definition excludes educational personnel who have no active teaching duties (e.g. headmasters, headmistresses or principals who do not teach) and persons who work occasionally or in a voluntary capacity in educational institutions.
  • Total enrollment, primary > % net: Total enrollment, primary (% net). Adjusted net enrollment is the number of pupils of the school-age group for primary education, enrolled either in primary or secondary education, expressed as a percentage of the total population in that age group.
  • Total enrollment, primary, female > % net: Total enrollment, primary, female (% net). Adjusted net enrollment is the number of pupils of the school-age group for primary education, enrolled either in primary or secondary education, expressed as a percentage of the total population in that age group.
  • Total enrollment, primary, male > % net: Total enrollment, primary, male (% net). Adjusted net enrollment is the number of pupils of the school-age group for primary education, enrolled either in primary or secondary education, expressed as a percentage of the total population in that age group.
  • Children out of school, primary: Children out of school, primary. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Total is the total number of primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools.
  • Children out of school, primary, female: Children out of school, primary, female. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Female is the total number of female primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools.
  • Children out of school, primary, male: Children out of school, primary, male. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Male is the total number of male primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools.
  • Secondary school starting age > Years: Secondary school starting age (years). Entrance age of 2A lower secondary is the age at which students would enter lower secondary education, assuming they had started at the official entrance age for the lowest level of education, had studied full-time throughout and had progressed through the system without repeating or skipping a grade.
  • Secondary education, pupils: Secondary education, pupils. Enrolment in total secondary. Public and private. All programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled at public and private secondary education institutions.
  • Secondary education, pupils > % female: Secondary education, pupils (% female). Percentage of female students. Total secondary. All programmes is the number of female students enrolled in all secondary education programmes expressed as a percentage of the total number of students (male and female) enrolled at the secondary education level in a given school year.
  • Secondary education, general pupils: Secondary education, general pupils. Enrolment in total secondary. Public and private. General programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled in general programmes at public and private secondary education institutions.
  • Secondary education, general pupils > % female: Secondary education, general pupils (% female). Percentage of female students. Total secondary. General programmes is the number of female students enrolled in general programmes at the secondary education level expressed as a percentage of the total number of students (male and female) enrolled in general programmes at the secondary education level in a given school year.
  • Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary: Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary. Pupil-teacher ratio. Secondary is the number of pupils enrolled in secondary school divided by the number of secondary school teachers.
  • Secondary education, vocational pupils: Secondary education, vocational pupils. Enrolment in total secondary. Public and private. Technical/vocational programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled in technical/vocational programmes at public and private secondary education institutions.
  • School enrollment, secondary > % gross: School enrollment, secondary (% gross). Gross enrolment ratio. Secondary. All programmes. Total is the total enrollment in secondary education, regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the population of official secondary education age. GER can exceed 100% due to the inclusion of over-aged and under-aged students because of early or late school entrance and grade repetition.
  • School enrollment, secondary, female > % gross: School enrollment, secondary, female (% gross). Gross enrolment ratio. Secondary. All programmes. Female is the total female enrollment in secondary education, regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the female population of official secondary education age. GER can exceed 100% due to the inclusion of over-aged and under-aged students because of early or late school entrance and grade repetition.
  • School enrollment, secondary, male > % gross: School enrollment, secondary, male (% gross). Gross enrolment ratio. Secondary. All programmes. Male is the total male enrollment in secondary education, regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the male population of official secondary education age. GER can exceed 100% due to the inclusion of over-aged and under-aged students because of early or late school entrance and grade repetition.
  • School enrollment, secondary > % net: School enrollment, secondary (% net). Net enrolment rate. Secondary. All programmes. Total is the ratio of children of the official secondary school age who are enrolled in secondary school to the population of the official secondary school age.
  • School enrollment, secondary, female > % net: School enrollment, secondary, female (% net). Net enrolment rate. Secondary. All programmes. Female is the ratio of female children of the official secondary school age who are enrolled in secondary school to the female population of the official secondary school age.
  • School enrollment, secondary, male > % net: School enrollment, secondary, male (% net). Net enrolment rate. Secondary. All programmes. Male is the ratio of male children of the official secondary school age who are enrolled in secondary school to the male population of the official secondary school age.
  • School enrollment, secondary, private > % of total secondary: School enrollment, secondary, private (% of total secondary). Percentage of private enrolment. Secondary is the enrolment in private secondary schools expressed as a percentage of total enrolment (public and private) in secondary schools. 'Private' refers to all educational institutions not operated by a public authority, regardless of whether they receive financial support from public authorities. A high percentage indicates strong involvement of the non-governmental sector (including religious bodies, other organizations, associations, communities, private enterprises or persons) in providing organized educational programmes.
  • Secondary education, teachers: Secondary education, teachers. Teaching staff in total secondary. Public and private. Full and part-time. All programmes. Total is the total number of teachers in public and private secondary education institutions (ISCED 2 and 3). Teachers are persons employed full time or part time in an official capacity to guide and direct the learning experience of pupils and students, irrespective of their qualifications or the delivery mechanism, i.e. face-to-face and/or at a distance. This definition excludes educational personnel who have no active teaching duties (e.g. headmasters, headmistresses or principals who do not teach) and persons who work occasionally or in a voluntary capacity in educational institutions.
  • Secondary education, teachers, female: Secondary education, teachers, female. Teaching staff in total secondary. Public and private. Full and part-time. All programmes. Female is the total number of female teachers in public and private secondary education institutions (ISCED 2 and 3). Teachers are persons employed full time or part time in an official capacity to guide and direct the learning experience of pupils and students, irrespective of their qualifications or the delivery mechanism, i.e. face-to-face and/or at a distance. This definition excludes educational personnel who have no active teaching duties (e.g. headmasters, headmistresses or principals who do not teach) and persons who work occasionally or in a voluntary capacity in educational institutions.
  • Secondary education, teachers > % female: Secondary education, teachers (% female). Percentage female teachers. Secondary is the number of female teachers at the secondary level expressed as a percentage of the total number of teachers (male and female) at the secondary level in a given school year. Teachers are persons employed full time or part time in an official capacity to guide and direct the learning experience of pupils and students, irrespective of their qualifications or the delivery mechanism, i.e. face-to-face and/or at a distance. This definition excludes educational personnel who have no active teaching duties (e.g. headmasters, headmistresses or principals who do not teach) and persons who work occasionally or in a voluntary capacity in educational institutions.
  • School enrollment, tertiary > % gross: School enrollment, tertiary (% gross). Gross enrolment ratio. Tertiary (ISCED 5 and 6). Total is the total enrollment in tertiary education (ISCED 5 and 6), regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the total population of the five-year age group following on from secondary school leaving.
  • School enrollment, tertiary, female > % gross: School enrollment, tertiary, female (% gross). Gross enrolment ratio. Tertiary (ISCED 5 and 6). Female is the total female enrollment in tertiary education (ISCED 5 and 6), regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the total female population of the five-year age group following on from secondary school leaving.
  • School enrollment, tertiary, male > % gross: School enrollment, tertiary, male (% gross). Gross enrolment ratio. Tertiary (ISCED 5 and 6). Male is the total male enrollment in tertiary education (ISCED 5 and 6), regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the total male population of the five-year age group following on from secondary school leaving.
  • Tertiary education, teachers > % female: Tertiary education, teachers (% female). Percentage female teachers. Tertiary is the number of female teachers at the tertiary level expressed as a percentage of the total number of teachers (male and female) at the tertiary level in a given school year. Teachers are persons employed full time or part time in an official capacity to guide and direct the learning experience of pupils and students, irrespective of their qualifications or the delivery mechanism, i.e. face-to-face and/or at a distance. This definition excludes educational personnel who have no active teaching duties (e.g. headmasters, headmistresses or principals who do not teach) and persons who work occasionally or in a voluntary capacity in educational institutions.
  • Public spending on education, total > % of government expenditure: Public spending on education, total (% of government expenditure). Public expenditure on education as % of total government expenditure is the total public education expenditure (current and capital) expressed as a percentage of total government expenditure for all sectors in a given financial year. Public education expenditure includes government spending on educational institutions (both public and private), education administration, and subsidies for private entities (students/households and other privates entities).
  • Public spending on education, total > % of GDP: Public spending on education, total (% of GDP). Public expenditure on education as % of GDP is the total public expenditure (current and capital) on education expressed as a percentage of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in a given year. Public expenditure on education includes government spending on educational institutions (both public and private), education administration, and transfers/subsidies for private entities (students/households and other privates entities).
  • Labor force with primary education, female > % of female labor force: Labor force with primary education, female (% of female labor force). Labor force with primary education is the proportion of the labor force that has a primary education, as a percentage of the total labor force.
  • Labor force with primary education, male > % of male labor force: Labor force with primary education, male (% of male labor force). Labor force with primary education is the proportion of the labor force that has a primary education, as a percentage of the total labor force.
  • Labor force with primary education > % of total: Labor force with primary education (% of total). Labor force with primary education is the proportion of the labor force that has a primary education, as a percentage of the total labor force.
  • Labor force with secondary education, female > % of female labor force: Labor force with secondary education, female (% of female labor force). Labor force with secondary education is the proportion of the labor force that has a secondary education, as a percentage of the total labor force.
  • Labor force with secondary education, male > % of male labor force: Labor force with secondary education, male (% of male labor force). Labor force with secondary education is the proportion of the labor force that has a secondary education, as a percentage of the total labor force.
  • Labor force with secondary education > % of total: Labor force with secondary education (% of total). Labor force with secondary education is the proportion of the labor force that has a secondary education, as a percentage of the total labor force.
  • Labor force with tertiary education, female > % of female labor force: Labor force with tertiary education, female (% of female labor force). Labor force with tertiary education is the proportion of labor force that has a tertiary education, as a percentage of the total labor force.
  • Labor force with tertiary education, male > % of male labor force: Labor force with tertiary education, male (% of male labor force). Labor force with tertiary education is the proportion of labor force that has a tertiary education, as a percentage of the total labor force.
  • Labor force with tertiary education > % of total: Labor force with tertiary education (% of total). Labor force with tertiary education is the proportion of labor force that has a tertiary education, as a percentage of the total labor force.
  • Unemployment with primary education, female > % of female unemployment: Unemployment with primary education, female (% of female unemployment). Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).
  • Unemployment with primary education, male > % of male unemployment: Unemployment with primary education, male (% of male unemployment). Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).
  • Unemployment with secondary education, female > % of female unemployment: Unemployment with secondary education, female (% of female unemployment). Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).
  • Unemployment with secondary education, male > % of male unemployment: Unemployment with secondary education, male (% of male unemployment). Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).
  • Unemployment with tertiary education, female > % of female unemployment: Unemployment with tertiary education, female (% of female unemployment). Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).
  • Unemployment with tertiary education, male > % of male unemployment: Unemployment with tertiary education, male (% of male unemployment). Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).
  • Unemployment with tertiary education > % of total unemployment: Unemployment with tertiary education (% of total unemployment). Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).
  • Researchers in R&D > Per million people: Researchers in R&D (per million people). Researchers in R&D are professionals engaged in the conception or creation of new knowledge, products, processes, methods, or systems and in the management of the projects concerned. Postgraduate PhD students (ISCED97 level 6) engaged in R&D are included.
  • Children out of school > Primary per 1000: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Education enrolment by level > Tertiary level per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Scientific and technical journal articles per million: Scientific and technical journal articles refer to the number of scientific and engineering articles published in the following fields: physics, biology, chemistry, mathematics, clinical medicine, biomedical research, engineering and technology, and earth and space sciences. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Education enrolment by level > Primary level per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Secondary education > Pupils per 1000: Secondary education pupils is the total number of pupils enrolled at secondary level in public and private schools. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Education enrolment by level > Secondary level per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Secondary education > Teachers per 1000: Secondary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Secondary education > General pupils per 1000: Secondary general pupils are the number of secondary students enrolled in general education programs, including teacher training. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Primary education > Teachers per 1000: Primary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Secondary education > Vocational pupils per 1000: Secondary vocational pupils are the number of secondary students enrolled in technical and vocational education programs, including teacher training. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Primary education > Pupils per 1000: Primary education pupils is the total number of pupils enrolled at primary level in public and private schools. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Children out of school > Primary > Male per 1000: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Public spending on education > Total > % of government expenditure: Public expenditure on education consists of current and capital public expenditure on education plus subsidies to private education at the primary, secondary, and tertiary levels.
  • Services, etc., value added > Current US$ per capita: Services, etc., value added (current US$). Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99. They include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Services, etc., value added > Current US$, % of GDP: Services, etc., value added (current US$). Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99. They include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Services, etc., value added > Constant 2000 US$ per capita: Services, etc., value added (constant 2000 US$). Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99. They include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in constant 2005 U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Services, etc., value added > Constant 2000 US$, % of GDP: Services, etc., value added (constant 2000 US$). Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99. They include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in constant 2005 U.S. dollars. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Services, etc., value added > Constant LCU per capita: Services, etc., value added (constant LCU). Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99. They include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in constant local currency. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Primary education, pupils per 1000: Primary education, pupils. Enrolment in primary. Public and private. All programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled in public and private primary education institutions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Primary education, teachers per 1000: Primary education, teachers. Teaching staff in primary. Public and private. Full and part-time. All programmes. Total is the total number of teachers in public and private primary education institutions. Teachers are persons employed full time or part time in an official capacity to guide and direct the learning experience of pupils and students, irrespective of their qualifications or the delivery mechanism, i.e. face-to-face and/or at a distance. This definition excludes educational personnel who have no active teaching duties (e.g. headmasters, headmistresses or principals who do not teach) and persons who work occasionally or in a voluntary capacity in educational institutions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Children out of school, primary per 1000: Children out of school, primary. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Total is the total number of primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Children out of school, primary, female per 1000: Children out of school, primary, female. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Female is the total number of female primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Children out of school, primary, male per 1000: Children out of school, primary, male. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Male is the total number of male primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Secondary education, pupils per 1000: Secondary education, pupils. Enrolment in total secondary. Public and private. All programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled at public and private secondary education institutions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary per million: Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary. Pupil-teacher ratio. Secondary is the number of pupils enrolled in secondary school divided by the number of secondary school teachers. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Secondary education, vocational pupils per 1000: Secondary education, vocational pupils. Enrolment in total secondary. Public and private. Technical/vocational programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled in technical/vocational programmes at public and private secondary education institutions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Secondary education, teachers per 1000: Secondary education, teachers. Teaching staff in total secondary. Public and private. Full and part-time. All programmes. Total is the total number of teachers in public and private secondary education institutions (ISCED 2 and 3). Teachers are persons employed full time or part time in an official capacity to guide and direct the learning experience of pupils and students, irrespective of their qualifications or the delivery mechanism, i.e. face-to-face and/or at a distance. This definition excludes educational personnel who have no active teaching duties (e.g. headmasters, headmistresses or principals who do not teach) and persons who work occasionally or in a voluntary capacity in educational institutions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Secondary education, teachers, female per 1000: Secondary education, teachers, female. Teaching staff in total secondary. Public and private. Full and part-time. All programmes. Female is the total number of female teachers in public and private secondary education institutions (ISCED 2 and 3). Teachers are persons employed full time or part time in an official capacity to guide and direct the learning experience of pupils and students, irrespective of their qualifications or the delivery mechanism, i.e. face-to-face and/or at a distance. This definition excludes educational personnel who have no active teaching duties (e.g. headmasters, headmistresses or principals who do not teach) and persons who work occasionally or in a voluntary capacity in educational institutions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Education spending > % of GDP: Government Education Expenditure (% of GDP, 2000-2002)
  • School enrollment > Primary > Male > % net: Net enrollment ratio is the ratio of children of official school age based on the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 who are enrolled in school to the population of the corresponding official school age. Primary education provides children with basic reading, writing, and mathematics skills along with an elementary understanding of such subjects as history, geography, natural science, social science, art, and music.
  • School enrollment > Secondary > Female > % gross: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Secondary education completes the provision of basic education that began at the primary level, and aims at laying the foundations for lifelong learning and human development, by offering more subject- or skill-oriented instruction using more specialized teachers.
  • Secondary education > Pupils > % female: Female pupils as a percentage of total pupils at secondary level includes enrollments in public and private schools.
  • Unemployment with primary education > Female > % of female unemployment: Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).
  • Scientific and technical journal articles: Scientific and technical journal articles refer to the number of scientific and engineering articles published in the following fields: physics, biology, chemistry, mathematics, clinical medicine, biomedical research, engineering and technology, and earth and space sciences.
  • Duration of compulsory education: Duration of compulsory education is the number of grades (or years) that a child must legally be enrolled in school.
  • Secondary education, general pupils per 1000: Secondary education, general pupils. Enrolment in total secondary. Public and private. General programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled in general programmes at public and private secondary education institutions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Secondary education, duration > Years: Secondary education, duration (years). Duration of secondary education is the number of grades (years) in secondary education (ISCED 2 & 3).
  • Children out of school > Primary: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school.
  • Pupil-teacher ratio > Primary: Primary school pupil-teacher ratio is the number of pupils enrolled in primary school divided by the number of primary school teachers (regardless of their teaching assignment).
  • Adjusted savings > Education expenditure > % of GNI: Education expenditure refers to the current operating expenditures in education, including wages and salaries and excluding capital investments in buildings and equipment.
  • Public spending on education > Total > % of GDP: Public expenditure on education consists of current and capital public expenditure on education plus subsidies to private education at the primary, secondary, and tertiary levels.
  • Unemployment with primary education > % of total unemployment: Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).
  • Unemployment with secondary education > % of total unemployment: Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).
  • School enrollment > Tertiary > % gross: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Tertiary education, whether or not to an advanced research qualification, normally requires, as a minimum condition of admission, the successful completion of education at the secondary level.
  • Secondary education > Pupils: Secondary education pupils is the total number of pupils enrolled at secondary level in public and private schools.
  • Ratio of female to male secondary enrollment: Ratio of female to male secondary enrollment is the percentage of girls to boys enrolled at secondary level in public and private schools.
  • School enrollment > Secondary > % net: Net enrollment ratio is the ratio of children of official school age based on the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 who are enrolled in school to the population of the corresponding official school age. Secondary education completes the provision of basic education that began at the primary level, and aims at laying the foundations for lifelong learning and human development, by offering more subject- or skill-oriented instruction using more specialized teachers.
  • School enrollment > Secondary > Male > % gross: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Secondary education completes the provision of basic education that began at the primary level, and aims at laying the foundations for lifelong learning and human development, by offering more subject- or skill-oriented instruction using more specialized teachers.
  • Primary education > Duration > Years: Primary duration refers to the number of years of full-time equivalent duration in primary education in the school system according to ISCED.
  • Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary education: Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary education is the percentage of girls to boys enrolled at primary and secondary levels in public and private schools.
  • Secondary education > Teachers: Secondary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers.
  • Secondary education > General pupils: Secondary general pupils are the number of secondary students enrolled in general education programs, including teacher training.
  • School enrollment > Primary > % net: Net enrollment ratio is the ratio of children of official school age based on the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 who are enrolled in school to the population of the corresponding official school age. Primary education provides children with basic reading, writing, and mathematics skills along with an elementary understanding of such subjects as history, geography, natural science, social science, art, and music.
STAT Canada Pakistan HISTORY
Elementary school > Enrolled students 2.31 million
Ranked 46th.
18.18 million
Ranked 4th. 8 times more than Canada

Elementary school > Gender ratio 99.53
Ranked 43th. 20% more than Pakistan
82.6
Ranked 128th.

Elementary school graduate rate 97.66
Ranked 7th. 40% more than Pakistan
69.68
Ranked 79th.
Elementary school repeaters > All 0.0
Ranked 134th.
4.42
Ranked 54th.

Elementary school repeaters > Female 0.0
Ranked 132nd.
3.94
Ranked 53th.

Elementary school teachers 141,045
Ranked 27th.
446,925
Ranked 6th. 3 times more than Canada

High school > Gender ratio 97.9
Ranked 89th. 29% more than Pakistan
75.79
Ranked 104th.

High school teachers 136,873
Ranked 23th.
197,082
Ranked 19th. 44% more than Canada

Literacy > Definition age 15 and over can read and write age 15 and over can read and write
Literacy > Female 99%
Ranked 29th. 3 times more than Pakistan
36%
Ranked 9th.

Literacy > Male 99%
Ranked 39th. 57% more than Pakistan
63%
Ranked 9th.

Literacy > Total population 99%
Ranked 30th. 98% more than Pakistan
49.9%
Ranked 10th.

Preschool enrollment rate 98.84
Ranked 107th. 17% more than Pakistan
84.78
Ranked 125th.

Preschool enrollment rate > Female 70.28
Ranked 48th. 59% more than Pakistan
44.31
Ranked 82nd.

Spending > USD 66.53 billion
Ranked 9th. 18 times more than Pakistan
3.6 billion
Ranked 49th.

Spending > Proportion 4.78
Ranked 57th. 2 times more than Pakistan
2.14
Ranked 145th.

School enrollment > Tertiary > Male > % gross 51.2% gross
Ranked 20th. 10 times more than Pakistan
4.94% gross
Ranked 44th.

Children out of school > Primary > Male 8,805
Ranked 63th.
2.33 million
Ranked 1st. 264 times more than Canada

Persistence to grade 5 > Male > % of cohort 95.13%
Ranked 18th. 40% more than Pakistan
67.84%
Ranked 35th.
School enrollment > Primary > Male > % gross 100.41% gross
Ranked 116th. 2% more than Pakistan
98.82% gross
Ranked 72nd.

School enrollment > Primary > % gross 100.19% gross
Ranked 111th. 15% more than Pakistan
87.32% gross
Ranked 91st.

School enrollment > Preprimary > Female > % gross 67.45% gross
Ranked 55th. 41% more than Pakistan
47.79% gross
Ranked 39th.

Percentage of pupils starting grade 1 reaching grade 5 > Men 94.8%
Ranked 15th. 40% more than Pakistan
67.8%
Ranked 65th.
Gross intake rate in grade 1 > Female > % of relevant age group 96.48%
Ranked 101st.
103.16%
Ranked 44th. 7% more than Canada
Gross intake rate in grade 1 > Total > % of relevant age group 96.88%
Ranked 105th.
115.77%
Ranked 24th. 19% more than Canada
Persistence to grade 5 > Total > % of cohort 96.72%
Ranked 20th. 39% more than Pakistan
69.68%
Ranked 41st.
School enrollment > Preprimary > Male > % gross 67.67% gross
Ranked 55th. 28% more than Pakistan
52.99% gross
Ranked 34th.

School enrollment > Secondary > Female > % net 93.83% net
Ranked 9th. 5 times more than Pakistan
17.76% net
Ranked 63th.

School enrollment > Secondary > Male > % net 94.38% net
Ranked 7th. 4 times more than Pakistan
24.06% net
Ranked 62nd.

Secondary education > Teachers > % female 68.22% female
Ranked 24th. 34% more than Pakistan
50.87% female
Ranked 78th.
Children out of school > Primary > Per capita 0.4 per 1,000 people
Ranked 107th.
40.46 per 1,000 people
Ranked 12th. 101 times more than Canada

Children out of school > Primary > Male > Per capita 0.283 per 1,000 people
Ranked 97th.
14.95 per 1,000 people
Ranked 17th. 53 times more than Canada

Children out of school > Primary > Female > Per capita 0.116 per 1,000 people
Ranked 108th.
25.52 per 1,000 people
Ranked 8th. 220 times more than Canada

Education enrolment by level > Tertiary level > Per capita 38.37 per 1,000 people
Ranked 27th. 14 times more than Pakistan
2.77 per 1,000 people
Ranked 113th.

Education enrolment by level > Primary level > Per capita 0.08 per capita
Ranked 130th.
0.097 per capita
Ranked 106th. 21% more than Canada

Education enrolment by level > Secondary level > Per capita 84.37 per 1,000 people
Ranked 79th. 2 times more than Pakistan
39.57 per 1,000 people
Ranked 140th.

Gross intake rate in grade 1 > Male > % of relevant age group 97.27%
Ranked 108th.
127.7%
Ranked 12th. 31% more than Canada
Primary education > Teachers > Per capita 4.54 per 1,000 people
Ranked 86th. 57% more than Pakistan
2.89 per 1,000 people
Ranked 76th.

Primary education > Pupils > Per capita 0.078 per capita
Ranked 136th.
0.111 per capita
Ranked 71st. 42% more than Canada

Persistence to grade 5 > Female > % of cohort 98.47%
Ranked 12th. 36% more than Pakistan
72.36%
Ranked 33th.
Primary education > Pupils > % female 48.61% female
Ranked 69th. 16% more than Pakistan
41.83% female
Ranked 102nd.

Secondary education > General pupils > Per capita 83.09 per 1,000 people
Ranked 53th. 83% more than Pakistan
45.52 per 1,000 people
Ranked 83th.

School enrollment > Secondary > Private > % of total secondary 6.18%
Ranked 78th.
24.97%
Ranked 21st. 4 times more than Canada

School enrollment > Primary > Private > % of total primary 6.53%
Ranked 77th.
35.8%
Ranked 9th. 5 times more than Canada

Secondary education > Vocational pupils > Per capita 3.29 per 1,000 people
Ranked 90th. 3 times more than Pakistan
0.99 per 1,000 people
Ranked 60th.

Secondary education > Teachers > Per capita 4.76 per 1,000 people
Ranked 70th. 4 times more than Pakistan
1.3 per 1,000 people
Ranked 117th.
Secondary education > Pupils > Per capita 86.38 per 1,000 people
Ranked 71st. 86% more than Pakistan
46.51 per 1,000 people
Ranked 74th.

Average years of schooling of adults 11.6
Ranked 4th. 3 times more than Pakistan
3.9
Ranked 75th.
College and university > Gender ratio 135.79
Ranked 36th. 59% more than Pakistan
85.23
Ranked 69th.

Elementary school > Enrolled students > % female 48.64%
Ranked 59th. 11% more than Pakistan
43.84%
Ranked 139th.

Elementary school graduate rate > Female 99.35
Ranked 5th. 37% more than Pakistan
72.36
Ranked 65th.
Elementary school graduate rate > Male 96.08
Ranked 9th. 42% more than Pakistan
67.84
Ranked 68th.
Elementary school repeaters > Male 0.0
Ranked 132nd.
4.8
Ranked 56th.

Elementary school starting age > Years 6
Ranked 154th. 20% more than Pakistan
5
Ranked 168th.

Elementary school teachers > % female 68.07%
Ranked 78th. 44% more than Pakistan
47.2%
Ranked 99th.

Government spending on education > % of GDP 4.93%
Ranked 37th. 69% more than Pakistan
2.91%
Ranked 42nd.

Government spending on education > % of government spending 12.46%
Ranked 55th. 11% more than Pakistan
11.24%
Ranked 58th.

High school starting age > Years 12
Ranked 121st. 20% more than Pakistan
10
Ranked 172nd.

High school teachers > % female 68.07%
Ranked 22nd. 34% more than Pakistan
50.87%
Ranked 84th.

Inputs > Secondary education > Teachers > Female 93,168
Ranked 18th.
100,258
Ranked 20th. 8% more than Canada

Outcomes > Primary education > Duration > Years 6
Ranked 132nd. 20% more than Pakistan
5
Ranked 145th.

Outcomes > Secondary education > Duration > Years 6
Ranked 145th.
7
Ranked 51st. 17% more than Canada

Participation > Children out of school > Elementary > Female 3,882
Ranked 72nd.
4.2 million
Ranked 1st. 1082 times more than Canada

Participation > Children out of school > Elementary > Male 8,881
Ranked 65th.
3.06 million
Ranked 1st. 345 times more than Canada

Participation > Children out of school > Elementary 12,763
Ranked 74th.
7.26 million
Ranked 1st. 569 times more than Canada

Participation > Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary education 98.66%
Ranked 84th. 23% more than Pakistan
80.21%
Ranked 109th.

Participation > School enrollment > Preprimary > % gross 70.45%
Ranked 50th. 50% more than Pakistan
46.87%
Ranked 82nd.

Participation > School enrollment > Primary > % net 99.48%
Ranked 7th. 50% more than Pakistan
66.13%
Ranked 105th.

Participation > School enrollment > Primary > Female > % gross 98.6%
Ranked 97th. 29% more than Pakistan
76.5%
Ranked 126th.

Participation > School enrollment > Primary > Female > % net 99.68%
Ranked 4th. 67% more than Pakistan
59.67%
Ranked 104th.

Participation > School enrollment > Primary > Male > % gross 99.06%
Ranked 105th. 7% more than Pakistan
92.61%
Ranked 124th.

Participation > School enrollment > Primary > Male > % net 99.3%
Ranked 12th. 37% more than Pakistan
72.24%
Ranked 101st.

Participation > School enrollment > Primary > Private > % of total primary 5.82%
Ranked 75th.
31.16%
Ranked 22nd. 5 times more than Canada

Participation > School enrollment > Secondary > % gross 101.34%
Ranked 20th. 3 times more than Pakistan
32.91%
Ranked 104th.

Participation > School enrollment > Secondary > % net 94.64%
Ranked 4th. 3 times more than Pakistan
32.52%
Ranked 73th.

Participation > School enrollment > Secondary > Female > % gross 100.24%
Ranked 27th. 4 times more than Pakistan
28.27%
Ranked 100th.

Participation > School enrollment > Secondary > Female > % net 94.41%
Ranked 4th. 3 times more than Pakistan
27.88%
Ranked 72nd.

Participation > School enrollment > Secondary > Male > % gross 102.39%
Ranked 17th. 3 times more than Pakistan
37.3%
Ranked 102nd.

Participation > School enrollment > Secondary > Male > % net 94.86%
Ranked 4th. 3 times more than Pakistan
36.9%
Ranked 72nd.

Participation > School enrollment > Secondary > Private > % of total secondary 5.82%
Ranked 79th.
31.35%
Ranked 17th. 5 times more than Canada

Participation > School enrollment > Tertiary > % gross 62.27%
Ranked 18th. 12 times more than Pakistan
5.18%
Ranked 78th.

Participation > School enrollment > Tertiary > Female > % gross 71.97%
Ranked 18th. 15 times more than Pakistan
4.75%
Ranked 77th.

Participation > School enrollment > Tertiary > Male > % gross 53.01%
Ranked 20th. 10 times more than Pakistan
5.58%
Ranked 77th.

Participation > Secondary education > General pupils 2.63 million
Ranked 26th.
9 million
Ranked 6th. 3 times more than Canada

Participation > Secondary education > General pupils > % female 48.17%
Ranked 101st. 15% more than Pakistan
42.04%
Ranked 122nd.

Participation > Secondary education > Pupils > % female 48.17%
Ranked 92nd. 15% more than Pakistan
41.78%
Ranked 117th.

Participation > Secondary education > Pupils 3 million
Ranked 29th.
7.24 million
Ranked 10th. 2 times more than Canada

Participation > Secondary education > Vocational pupils > % female 0.0
Ranked 114th.
34.69%
Ranked 88th.

Participation > Secondary education > Vocational pupils 0.0
Ranked 117th.
342,350
Ranked 20th.

Participation > Total enrollment > Primary > % net 99.48%
Ranked 15th. 50% more than Pakistan
66.13%
Ranked 106th.

Participation > Total enrollment > Primary > Female > % net 99.68%
Ranked 10th. 67% more than Pakistan
59.67%
Ranked 97th.

Participation > Total enrollment > Primary > Male > % net 99.3%
Ranked 14th. 37% more than Pakistan
72.24%
Ranked 95th.

Preschool enrollment rate > Male 70.62
Ranked 48th. 43% more than Pakistan
49.3
Ranked 78th.

School enrolment rate > 1st grade > Female 97.74
Ranked 95th.
97.84
Ranked 85th. About the same as Canada

School enrolment rate > 1st grade > Male 98.3
Ranked 96th.
113.53
Ranked 35th. 15% more than Canada

School enrolment rate > 1st grade 98.03
Ranked 97th.
105.91
Ranked 48th. 8% more than Canada

School enrolment rate > 5th grade > Female 99.27
Ranked 7th. 37% more than Pakistan
72.36
Ranked 62nd.
School enrolment rate > 5th grade > Male 96.47
Ranked 7th. 42% more than Pakistan
67.84
Ranked 65th.
School enrolment rate > 5th grade 97.82
Ranked 9th. 40% more than Pakistan
69.68
Ranked 70th.
Teacher student ratio > Elementary school 17.42
Ranked 116th.
40.67
Ranked 24th. 2 times more than Canada

Teacher student ratio > High school 18.4
Ranked 47th.
41.86
Ranked 2nd. 2 times more than Canada

Duration of education > Secondary level 6
Ranked 136th.
7
Ranked 50th. 17% more than Canada
Duration of education > Primary level 6
Ranked 131st. 20% more than Pakistan
5
Ranked 139th.
Female enrolment share > Secondary level 49.1%
Ranked 12th. 24% more than Pakistan
39.5%
Ranked 29th.
Female enrolment share > Primary level 48.8%
Ranked 5th. 36% more than Pakistan
35.9%
Ranked 23th.
Private school enrolment > Secondary level 6.7
Ranked 60th.
22.4
Ranked 34th. 3 times more than Canada
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary 17 years
Ranked 1st. 2 times more than Pakistan
7 years
Ranked 90th.
Pupils-teacher ratio > Primary level 15
Ranked 19th.
44.1
Ranked 23th. 3 times more than Canada
Pupils-teacher ratio > Secondary level 18.8
Ranked 53th.
28.3
Ranked 18th. 51% more than Canada
Private school enrolment > Primary level 6.5
Ranked 26th.
34.8
Ranked 7th. 5 times more than Canada
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Male 17 years
Ranked 1st. 2 times more than Pakistan
7 years
Ranked 90th.
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Female 17 years
Ranked 1st. 3 times more than Pakistan
6 years
Ranked 90th.
Scouting > Membership > Scouting introduced 1908 1909
Scouting > Membership > Guiding introduced 1910 1911
Rhodes scholarships > Recipients > > 1902-2009 1,087
Ranked 1st. 17 times more than Pakistan
64
Ranked 8th.
Services, etc., value added > Current US$ $934.33 billion
Ranked 10th. 8 times more than Pakistan
$116.47 billion
Ranked 21st.

Services, etc., value added > Constant 2000 US$ $780.37 billion
Ranked 6th. 11 times more than Pakistan
$71.67 billion
Ranked 20th.

Services, etc., value added > Constant LCU 1.05 trillion
Ranked 42nd.
5.49 trillion
Ranked 16th. 5 times more than Canada

Services, etc., value added > % of GDP 66.06%
Ranked 54th. 23% more than Pakistan
53.56%
Ranked 65th.

Ratio of female to male enrollments in tertiary education 136.1
Ranked 34th. 55% more than Pakistan
87.83
Ranked 37th.

Adjusted savings: education expenditure > % of GNI 4.48%
Ranked 67th. 3 times more than Pakistan
1.56%
Ranked 168th.

Education enrolment by level > Tertiary level 1.19 million
Ranked 21st. 3 times more than Pakistan
401,056
Ranked 41st.

Primary education > Teachers > % female 68.07% female
Ranked 83th. 48% more than Pakistan
45.88% female
Ranked 65th.

Education enrolment ratio > Net > Primary level 99%
Ranked 27th. 46% more than Pakistan
68%
Ranked 127th.

Primary education > Teachers 141,045
Ranked 31st.
450,136
Ranked 2nd. 3 times more than Canada

Ratio of female to male primary enrollment > % 100.48%
Ranked 25th. 15% more than Pakistan
87.22%
Ranked 70th.

Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary education > % 98.92%
Ranked 76th. 21% more than Pakistan
81.73%
Ranked 54th.

Ratio of female to male secondary enrollment > % 97.63%
Ranked 98th. 33% more than Pakistan
73.55%
Ranked 56th.

Ratio of female to male tertiary enrollment > % 134.02%
Ranked 27th. 40% more than Pakistan
95.47%
Ranked 33th.

School enrollment, preprimary > % gross 71.28%
Ranked 70th. 44% more than Pakistan
49.33%
Ranked 84th.

School enrollment, preprimary, female > % gross 71.31%
Ranked 69th. 51% more than Pakistan
47.23%
Ranked 82nd.

School enrollment, preprimary, male > % gross 71.25%
Ranked 66th. 39% more than Pakistan
51.27%
Ranked 80th.

Primary school starting age > Years 6
Ranked 176th. 20% more than Pakistan
5
Ranked 189th.

Primary completion rate, total > % of relevant age group 96.51%
Ranked 56th. 34% more than Pakistan
71.86%
Ranked 52nd.

Primary education, duration > Years 6
Ranked 145th. 20% more than Pakistan
5
Ranked 164th.

Primary education, pupils 2.17 million
Ranked 48th.
18.12 million
Ranked 1st. 8 times more than Canada

Primary education, pupils > % female 48.76%
Ranked 56th. 10% more than Pakistan
44.47%
Ranked 85th.

Pupil-teacher ratio, primary 17.42
Ranked 113th.
41.35
Ranked 19th. 2 times more than Canada

School enrollment, primary > % gross 98.65%
Ranked 117th. 6% more than Pakistan
92.9%
Ranked 66th.

School enrollment, primary, female > % gross 98.9%
Ranked 111th. 15% more than Pakistan
86.31%
Ranked 68th.

Gross intake ratio in first grade of primary education, female > % of relevant age group 100.93%
Ranked 79th.
103.94%
Ranked 58th. 3% more than Canada

School enrollment, primary, male > % gross 98.42%
Ranked 125th.
98.96%
Ranked 60th. 1% more than Canada

Gross intake ratio in first grade of primary education, male > % of relevant age group 99.54%
Ranked 97th.
116.8%
Ranked 28th. 17% more than Canada

Gross intake ratio in first grade of primary education, total > % of relevant age group 100.22%
Ranked 90th.
112.21%
Ranked 25th. 12% more than Canada

School enrollment, primary, female > % net 99.85%
Ranked 2nd. 48% more than Pakistan
67.32%
Ranked 48th.

School enrollment, primary > % net 99.92%
Ranked 4th. 38% more than Pakistan
72.46%
Ranked 55th.

School enrollment, primary, male > % net 99.72%
Ranked 6th. 29% more than Pakistan
77.19%
Ranked 46th.

Persistence to grade 5, female > % of cohort 99.49%
Ranked 4th. 95% more than Pakistan
50.95%
Ranked 75th.

School enrollment, primary, private > % of total primary 6.12%
Ranked 88th.
33.68%
Ranked 10th. 5 times more than Canada

Persistence to grade 5, male > % of cohort 98.34%
Ranked 12th. 85% more than Pakistan
53.2%
Ranked 75th.

Persistence to grade 5, total > % of cohort 98.9%
Ranked 9th. 62% more than Pakistan
60.99%
Ranked 45th.

Persistence to last grade of primary, female > % of cohort 98.87%
Ranked 14th. 94% more than Pakistan
50.95%
Ranked 84th.

Persistence to last grade of primary, male > % of cohort 98.34%
Ranked 15th. 85% more than Pakistan
53.2%
Ranked 83th.

Repeaters, primary, female > % of female enrollment 0.0
Ranked 142nd.
4.02%
Ranked 51st.

Persistence to last grade of primary, total > % of cohort 98.59%
Ranked 13th. 62% more than Pakistan
60.99%
Ranked 52nd.

Repeaters, primary, male > % of male enrollment 0.0
Ranked 142nd.
4.35%
Ranked 55th.

Repeaters, primary, total > % of total enrollment 0.0
Ranked 143th.
3.35%
Ranked 46th.

Primary education, teachers 141,045
Ranked 29th.
438,161
Ranked 1st. 3 times more than Canada

Primary education, teachers > % female 68.07%
Ranked 72nd. 44% more than Pakistan
47.24%
Ranked 53th.

Total enrollment, primary > % net 99.92%
Ranked 5th. 38% more than Pakistan
72.46%
Ranked 57th.

Total enrollment, primary, female > % net 99.85%
Ranked 3rd. 48% more than Pakistan
67.32%
Ranked 49th.

Total enrollment, primary, male > % net 99.72%
Ranked 11th. 29% more than Pakistan
77.19%
Ranked 47th.

Children out of school, primary 1,892
Ranked 100th.
5.37 million
Ranked 1st. 2838 times more than Canada

Children out of school, primary, female 1,762
Ranked 86th.
3.05 million
Ranked 1st. 1732 times more than Canada

Children out of school, primary, male 3,523
Ranked 78th.
2.32 million
Ranked 1st. 658 times more than Canada

Secondary school starting age > Years 12
Ranked 135th. 20% more than Pakistan
10
Ranked 192nd.

Secondary education, pupils 2.61 million
Ranked 35th.
10.37 million
Ranked 1st. 4 times more than Canada

Secondary education, pupils > % female 48.23%
Ranked 101st. 19% more than Pakistan
40.67%
Ranked 67th.

Secondary education, general pupils 2.65 million
Ranked 8th.
10 million
Ranked 1st. 4 times more than Canada

Secondary education, general pupils > % female 48.63%
Ranked 73th. 20% more than Pakistan
40.59%
Ranked 77th.

Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary 18.8
Ranked 21st.
41.86
Ranked 2nd. 2 times more than Canada

Secondary education, vocational pupils 0.0
Ranked 81st.
376,337
Ranked 5th.

School enrollment, secondary > % gross 102.35%
Ranked 27th. 3 times more than Pakistan
36.6%
Ranked 53th.

School enrollment, secondary, female > % gross 101.09%
Ranked 37th. 3 times more than Pakistan
30.86%
Ranked 55th.

School enrollment, secondary, male > % gross 103.55%
Ranked 27th. 2 times more than Pakistan
41.95%
Ranked 51st.

School enrollment, secondary > % net 90.78%
Ranked 8th. 3 times more than Pakistan
36.15%
Ranked 31st.

School enrollment, secondary, female > % net 88.88%
Ranked 9th. 3 times more than Pakistan
30.59%
Ranked 30th.

School enrollment, secondary, male > % net 92.58%
Ranked 6th. 2 times more than Pakistan
41.32%
Ranked 30th.

School enrollment, secondary, private > % of total secondary 7.2%
Ranked 88th.
31.12%
Ranked 12th. 4 times more than Canada

Secondary education, teachers 126,098
Ranked 8th.
197,082
Ranked 17th. 56% more than Canada

Secondary education, teachers, female 89,558
Ranked 12th.
100,258
Ranked 18th. 12% more than Canada

Secondary education, teachers > % female 67.2%
Ranked 7th. 32% more than Pakistan
50.87%
Ranked 70th.

School enrollment, tertiary > % gross 58.88%
Ranked 8th. 6 times more than Pakistan
9.53%
Ranked 39th.

School enrollment, tertiary, female > % gross 67.7%
Ranked 8th. 7 times more than Pakistan
9.3%
Ranked 35th.

School enrollment, tertiary, male > % gross 50.51%
Ranked 16th. 5 times more than Pakistan
9.74%
Ranked 38th.

Tertiary education, teachers > % female 41.15%
Ranked 23th. 11% more than Pakistan
37.21%
Ranked 25th.

Public spending on education, total > % of government expenditure 12.3%
Ranked 66th. 21% more than Pakistan
10.14%
Ranked 46th.

Public spending on education, total > % of GDP 5.5%
Ranked 46th. 3 times more than Pakistan
2.17%
Ranked 20th.

Labor force with primary education, female > % of female labor force 11.4%
Ranked 65th. 39% more than Pakistan
8.2%
Ranked 68th.

Labor force with primary education, male > % of male labor force 15.3%
Ranked 65th.
17.5%
Ranked 59th. 14% more than Canada

Labor force with primary education > % of total 13.5%
Ranked 69th.
15.6%
Ranked 66th. 16% more than Canada

Labor force with secondary education, female > % of female labor force 36.6%
Ranked 53th. 11 times more than Pakistan
3.3%
Ranked 76th.

Labor force with secondary education, male > % of male labor force 43.1%
Ranked 41st. 3 times more than Pakistan
13.7%
Ranked 76th.

Labor force with secondary education > % of total 40%
Ranked 48th. 3 times more than Pakistan
11.6%
Ranked 78th.

Labor force with tertiary education, female > % of female labor force 51.9%
Ranked 2nd. 4 times more than Pakistan
12%
Ranked 74th.

Labor force with tertiary education, male > % of male labor force 41.6%
Ranked 3rd. 46% more than Pakistan
28.4%
Ranked 18th.

Labor force with tertiary education > % of total 46.5%
Ranked 2nd. 85% more than Pakistan
25.1%
Ranked 31st.

Unemployment with primary education, female > % of female unemployment 23.3%
Ranked 53th. Twice as much as Pakistan
11.6%
Ranked 73th.

Unemployment with primary education, male > % of male unemployment 28.7%
Ranked 56th. 75% more than Pakistan
16.4%
Ranked 76th.

Unemployment with secondary education, female > % of female unemployment 38.1%
Ranked 62nd. 8 times more than Pakistan
4.6%
Ranked 86th.

Unemployment with secondary education, male > % of male unemployment 43.2%
Ranked 47th. 3 times more than Pakistan
13.1%
Ranked 84th.

Unemployment with tertiary education, female > % of female unemployment 38.7%
Ranked 14th. 73% more than Pakistan
22.4%
Ranked 40th.

Unemployment with tertiary education, male > % of male unemployment 28.1%
Ranked 9th.
30.9%
Ranked 7th. 10% more than Canada

Unemployment with tertiary education > % of total unemployment 32.7%
Ranked 10th. 17% more than Pakistan
28%
Ranked 17th.

Researchers in R&D > Per million people 4,470.21
Ranked 10th. 28 times more than Pakistan
161.89
Ranked 51st.

Children out of school > Primary per 1000 0.4
Ranked 108th.
39.9
Ranked 11th. 100 times more than Canada

Education enrolment by level > Tertiary level per 1000 38.37
Ranked 27th. 14 times more than Pakistan
2.68
Ranked 115th.

Scientific and technical journal articles per million 783.02
Ranked 9th. 324 times more than Pakistan
2.41
Ranked 86th.

Education enrolment by level > Primary level per 1000 79.86
Ranked 130th.
93.82
Ranked 112th. 17% more than Canada

Secondary education > Pupils per 1000 86.38
Ranked 72nd. 88% more than Pakistan
45.86
Ranked 71st.

Education enrolment by level > Secondary level per 1000 84.37
Ranked 81st. 2 times more than Pakistan
38.31
Ranked 144th.

Secondary education > Teachers per 1000 4.76
Ranked 70th. 4 times more than Pakistan
1.27
Ranked 116th.
Secondary education > General pupils per 1000 83.09
Ranked 56th. 85% more than Pakistan
44.89
Ranked 80th.

Primary education > Teachers per 1000 4.54
Ranked 86th. 59% more than Pakistan
2.85
Ranked 76th.

Secondary education > Vocational pupils per 1000 3.29
Ranked 89th. 3 times more than Pakistan
0.976
Ranked 61st.

Primary education > Pupils per 1000 78.47
Ranked 134th.
109.25
Ranked 68th. 39% more than Canada

Children out of school > Primary > Male per 1000 0.283
Ranked 97th.
14.74
Ranked 16th. 52 times more than Canada

Public spending on education > Total > % of government expenditure 12.46%
Ranked 57th. 14% more than Pakistan
10.94%
Ranked 40th.

Services, etc., value added > Current US$ per capita $28,043.04
Ranked 17th. 43 times more than Pakistan
$650.07
Ranked 84th.

Services, etc., value added > Current US$, % of GDP 62.18%
Ranked 34th. 23% more than Pakistan
50.38%
Ranked 64th.

Services, etc., value added > Constant 2000 US$ per capita $22,866.96
Ranked 13th. 57 times more than Pakistan
$400.05
Ranked 82nd.

Services, etc., value added > Constant 2000 US$, % of GDP 49.48%
Ranked 37th. 60% more than Pakistan
31%
Ranked 57th.

Services, etc., value added > Constant LCU per capita 30,777.65
Ranked 61st. 1% more than Pakistan
30,621.87
Ranked 43th.

Primary education, pupils per 1000 63.53
Ranked 124th.
101.13
Ranked 54th. 59% more than Canada

Primary education, teachers per 1000 4.58
Ranked 75th. 87% more than Pakistan
2.45
Ranked 71st.

Children out of school, primary per 1000 0.0615
Ranked 118th.
29.98
Ranked 13th. 487 times more than Canada

Children out of school, primary, female per 1000 0.0578
Ranked 104th.
17.03
Ranked 12th. 295 times more than Canada

Children out of school, primary, male per 1000 0.116
Ranked 99th.
12.95
Ranked 14th. 112 times more than Canada

Secondary education, pupils per 1000 76.53
Ranked 92nd. 32% more than Pakistan
57.89
Ranked 58th.

Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary per million 0.634
Ranked 49th. 2 times more than Pakistan
0.27
Ranked 99th.

Secondary education, vocational pupils per 1000 0.0
Ranked 81st.
2.1
Ranked 45th.

Secondary education, teachers per 1000 4.17
Ranked 13th. 3 times more than Pakistan
1.27
Ranked 103th.

Secondary education, teachers, female per 1000 3.02
Ranked 27th. 5 times more than Pakistan
0.646
Ranked 94th.

Education spending > % of GDP 5.2%
Ranked 54th. 3 times more than Pakistan
1.8%
Ranked 125th.
Education enrolment ratio > Net > Primary level > Men 99%
Ranked 31st. 29% more than Pakistan
77%
Ranked 115th.

Percentage of pupils starting grade 1 reaching grade 5 96.5%
Ranked 19th. 38% more than Pakistan
69.7%
Ranked 74th.
Girls to boys ratio > Tertiary level enrolment 1.36
Ranked 36th. 55% more than Pakistan
0.88
Ranked 68th.

Education enrolment by level > Percentage girls > Tertiary level 56.01%
Ranked 40th. 30% more than Pakistan
43.16%
Ranked 96th.

School enrollment > Primary > Male > % net 99.3% net
Ranked 11th. 29% more than Pakistan
77.08% net
Ranked 64th.

School enrollment > Secondary > Female > % gross 107.24% gross
Ranked 21st. 5 times more than Pakistan
22.73% gross
Ranked 85th.

Secondary education > Pupils > % female 48.1% female
Ranked 91st. 17% more than Pakistan
41.1% female
Ranked 78th.

Unemployment with primary education > Female > % of female unemployment 26.2%
Ranked 30th. 3 times more than Pakistan
9.7%
Ranked 63th.

Scientific and technical journal articles 24,803
Ranked 7th. 67 times more than Pakistan
368
Ranked 54th.

Duration of compulsory education 11 years
Ranked 32nd. 2 times more than Pakistan
5 years
Ranked 157th.
Secondary education, general pupils per 1000 87.49
Ranked 7th. 57% more than Pakistan
55.79
Ranked 62nd.

Girls to boys ratio > Secondary level enrolment 0.98
Ranked 109th. 32% more than Pakistan
0.74
Ranked 125th.

Education enrolment by level > Percentage girls > Primary level 48.87%
Ranked 41st. 22% more than Pakistan
40.03%
Ranked 168th.

Secondary education, duration > Years 6
Ranked 164th.
7
Ranked 56th. 17% more than Canada

Children out of school > Primary 12,419
Ranked 69th.
6.3 million
Ranked 1st. 508 times more than Canada

Pupil-teacher ratio > Primary 17.42
Ranked 123th.
38.34
Ranked 28th. 2 times more than Canada

Adjusted savings > Education expenditure > % of GNI 5.23% of GNI
Ranked 47th. 3 times more than Pakistan
1.63% of GNI
Ranked 153th.

Public spending on education > Total > % of GDP 5.23%
Ranked 48th. 2 times more than Pakistan
2.3%
Ranked 44th.

Education enrolment by level > Primary level 2.48 million
Ranked 49th.
14.04 million
Ranked 9th. 6 times more than Canada

Education expenditure of government > As percentage of GNI 5.4%
Ranked 47th. 2 times more than Pakistan
2.4%
Ranked 45th.

Education expenditure of government > As percentage of total government 12.5%
Ranked 58th. 15% more than Pakistan
10.9%
Ranked 41st.

Unemployment with primary education > % of total unemployment 29%
Ranked 32nd. 97% more than Pakistan
14.7%
Ranked 67th.

Unemployment with secondary education > % of total unemployment 30.8%
Ranked 50th. 3 times more than Pakistan
12.3%
Ranked 72nd.

School enrollment > Tertiary > % gross 60.21% gross
Ranked 19th. 13 times more than Pakistan
4.65% gross
Ranked 45th.

Secondary education > Pupils 2.71 million
Ranked 27th.
7.24 million
Ranked 4th. 3 times more than Canada

Girls to boys ratio > Primary level enrolment 1
Ranked 45th. 32% more than Pakistan
0.76
Ranked 144th.

Ratio of female to male secondary enrollment 97.7
Ranked 101st. 32% more than Pakistan
73.91
Ranked 83th.

School enrollment > Secondary > % net 94.11% net
Ranked 9th. 4 times more than Pakistan
21% net
Ranked 64th.

School enrollment > Secondary > Male > % gross 109.76% gross
Ranked 11th. 4 times more than Pakistan
30.76% gross
Ranked 85th.

Education enrolment by level > Secondary level 2.62 million
Ranked 27th.
5.73 million
Ranked 19th. 2 times more than Canada

Primary education > Duration > Years 6 years
Ranked 143th. 20% more than Pakistan
5 years
Ranked 157th.

Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary education 105.62%
Ranked 37th. 40% more than Pakistan
75.49%
Ranked 69th.

Secondary education > Teachers 147,890
Ranked 24th.
197,082
Ranked 20th. 33% more than Canada
Secondary education > General pupils 2.61 million
Ranked 29th.
7.09 million
Ranked 4th. 3 times more than Canada

Percentage of pupils starting grade 1 reaching grade 5 > Women 98.3%
Ranked 11th. 36% more than Pakistan
72.4%
Ranked 58th.
School enrollment > Primary > % net 99.5% net
Ranked 8th. 46% more than Pakistan
68.11% net
Ranked 75th.

Education enrolment by level > Percentage girls > Secondary level 48.54%
Ranked 96th. 21% more than Pakistan
39.98%
Ranked 149th.

SOURCES: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics.; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; World Bank staff estimates using data from the United Nations Statistics Division's Statistical Yearbook, and the UNESCO Institute for Statistics online database.; World Development Indicators database; Source: UNESCO UIS Data | UNESCO Institute for Statistics; UNESCO; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; Wikipedia: Scouting; Wikipedia: Rhodes Scholarship Allocations; World Bank national accounts data; World Bank staff estimates; United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics.; UNESCO Institute for Statistics; International Labour Organization, Key Indicators of the Labour Market database.; World Development Indicators database. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Source: UNESCO UIS Data | UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Bank national accounts data. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Bank national accounts data. GDP figures sourced from World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Human Development Programme