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Country vs country: Canada and Trinidad and Tobago compared: People stats

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Definitions

  • Age structure > 0-14 years: The distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over: The distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest."
  • Birth rate: The average annual number of births during a year per 1,000 persons in the population at midyear; also known as crude birth rate. The birth rate is usually the dominant factor in determining the rate of population growth. It depends on both the level of fertility and the age structure of the population.
  • Ethnic groups: This entry provides a rank ordering of ethnic groups starting with the largest and normally includes the percent of total population.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Total divorces per thousand people: Total number of divorces in given year by country. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Population: Population, total refers to the total population.
  • Population > Population growth, past and future: Population growth rate (percentage).
  • Population growth: Percentage by which country's population either has increased or is estimated to increase. Countries with a decrease in population are signified by a negative percentage. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Population growth rate: The average annual percent change in the population, resulting from a surplus (or deficit) of births over deaths and the balance of migrants entering and leaving a country. The rate may be positive or negative. The growth rate is a factor in determining how great a burden would be imposed on a country by the changing needs of its people for infrastructure (e.g., schools, hospitals, housing, roads), resources (e.g., food, water, electricity), and jobs. Rapid population growth can be seen as threatening by neighboring countries.
  • Population in 2015: (Thousands) Medium-variant projections.
  • Sex ratio > At birth: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Sex ratio > Total population: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Total fertility rate: The average number of children that would be born per woman if all women lived to the end of their child-bearing years and bore children according to a given fertility rate at each age. The total fertility rate is a more direct measure of the level of fertility than the crude birth rate, since it refers to births per woman. This indicator shows the potential for population growth in the country. High rates will also place some limits on the labor force participation rates for women. Large numbers of children born to women indicate large family sizes that might limit the ability of the families to feed and educate their children.
  • Urban and rural > Population living in cities proper: City population by sex, city and city type.
  • Death rate: The average annual number of deaths during a year per 1,000 population at midyear; also known as crude death rate. The death rate, while only a rough indicator of the mortality situation in a country, accurately indicates the current mortality impact on population growth. This indicator is significantly affected by age distribution, and most countries will eventually show a rise in the overall death rate, in spite of continued decline in mortality at all ages, as declining fertility results in an aging population.
  • Obesity > Adult obesity rate: This entry gives the percent of a country's population considered to be obese. Obesity is defined as an adult having a Body Mass Index (BMI) greater to or equal to 30.0. BMI is calculated by taking a person's weight in kg and dividing it by the person's squared height in meters.
  • Nationality > Adjective: This entry is derived from People > Nationality, which provides the identifying terms for citizens - noun and adjective.
  • Death rate, crude > Per 1,000 people: Death rate, crude (per 1,000 people). Crude death rate indicates the number of deaths occurring during the year, per 1,000 population estimated at midyear. Subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birth rate provides the rate of natural increase, which is equal to the rate of population change in the absence of migration.
  • Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of asylum > Per capita: Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organisation of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of asylum is the country where an asylum claim was filed and granted." Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Gender > Female population: Total female population.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-14: Percentage of total population aged 0-14.
  • Age distribution > Total dependency ratio: Percentage of dependant persons out of total population aged 15-64. A dependant person is a person aged 0-14 and those over 65 years old.
  • Nationality > Noun: The noun which identifies citizens of the nation
  • Sex ratio > Under 15 years: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Median age > Total: This entry is derived from People > Median age, which is the age that divides a population into two numerically equal groups; that is, half the people are younger than this age and half are older. It is a single index that summarizes the age distribution of a population. Currently, the median age ranges from a low of about 15 in Uganda and Gaza Strip to 40 or more in several European countries and Japan. See the entry for "Age structure" for the importance of a young versus an older age structure and, by implication, a low versus a higher median age.
  • Migration > Net migration > Per capita: Net migration is the net total of migrants during the period, that is, the total number of immigrants less the annual number of emigrants, including both citizens and noncitizens. Data are five-year estimates. To derive estimates of net migration, the United Nations Population Division takes into account the past migration history of a country or area, the migration policy of a country, and the influx of refugees in recent periods. The data to calculate these official estimates come from a variety of sources, including border statistics, administrative records, surveys, and censuses. When no official estimates can be made because of insufficient data, net migration is derived through the balance equation, which is the difference between overall population growth and the natural increase during the 1990-2000 intercensal period." Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • Percentage living in rural areas.: Percentage of people living in rural areas. Data for 2003. Urban-rural classification of population in internationally published statistics follows the national census definition, which differs from one country or area to another. National definitions are usually based on criteria that may include any of the following: size of population in a locality, population density, distance between built-up areas, predominant type of economic activity, legal or administrative boundaries and urban characteristics such as specific services and facilities.
  • Age structure > 15-64 years: The distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Physicians density: This entry gives the number of medical doctors (physicians), including generalist and specialist medical practitioners, per 1,000 of the population. Medical doctors are defined as doctors that study, diagnose, treat, and prevent illness, disease, injury, and other physical and mental impairments in humans through the application of modern medicine. They also plan, supervise, and evaluate care and treatment plans by other health care providers. The World Health Organization estimates that fewer than 2.3 health workers (physicians, nurses, and midwives only) per 1,000 would be insufficient to achieve coverage of primary healthcare needs.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 15-24.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-59: Percentage of total pouplation aged 15-59.
  • Migration > Net migration rate: The difference between the number of persons entering and leaving a country during the year per 1,000 persons (based on midyear population). An excess of persons entering the country is referred to as net immigration (e.g., 3.56 migrants/1,000 population); an excess of persons leaving the country as net emigration (e.g., -9.26 migrants/1,000 population). The net migration rate indicates the contribution of migration to the overall level of population change. High levels of migration can cause problems such as increasing unemployment and potential ethnic strife (if people are coming in) or a reduction in the labor force, perhaps in certain key sectors (if people are leaving).
  • Age distribution > Median age: The median age of the country's residents. This is the age most people are in the country.
  • Age distribution > Child dependency ratio: Percentage of dependant children out of total population aged 15 and older. A dependant child is a child aged 0-14.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Total divorces: Total number of divorces in given year by country.
  • Age distribution > Elderly dependency ratio: Percentage of dependant adults out of total population aged 15-64. A dependant adult is an adult aged 65 and older.
  • Urban and rural > Urban population: Total population living in urban areas by country.
  • Age structure > 25-54 years: This entry is derived from People > Age structure, which provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group as follows: 0-14 years (children), 15-24 years (early working age), 25-54 years (prime working age), 55-64 years (mature working age), 65 years and over (elderly). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Contraceptive prevalence rate: This field gives the percent of women of reproductive age (15-49) who are married or in union and are using, or whose sexual partner is using, a method of contraception according to the date of the most recent available data. The contraceptive prevalence rate is an indicator of health services, development, and women’s empowerment. It is also useful in understanding, past, present, and future fertility trends, especially in developing countries.
  • Projected population growth: Percentage change in projected population between 2000 and 2050
    Units: Percent Change in Population
    Units: A threshold of 0 was applied. All countries with growth rates of 0 or below received the same score.

  • Marriage, divorce and children > Marriages: Marriages by urban/rural residence.
  • Age structure > 15-24 years: This entry is derived from People > Age structure, which provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group as follows: 0-14 years (children), 15-24 years (early working age), 25-54 years (prime working age), 55-64 years (mature working age), 65 years and over (elderly). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Urban population: Urban population is the midyear population of areas defined as urban in each country and reported to the United Nations.
  • Cities > Cities larger than the capital: Cities larger than the capital.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Sex ratio > 65 years and over: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-64: Percentage of total population aged 15-64.
  • Gender empowerment: Gender Empowerment Measure (GEM). The GEM measures the participation of women and men in political decision-making. This index also has four indicators: female members of the Legislature, female participation in selected positions in public and private sector, female participation in academic and technical work, and estimated income. Both indexes are based on data collected by the UN and are processed to enable comparison.
  • Age structure > 55-64 years: This entry is derived from People > Age structure, which provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group as follows: 0-14 years (children), 15-24 years (early working age), 25-54 years (prime working age), 55-64 years (mature working age), 65 years and over (elderly). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Gender > Male population: Total male population.
  • Sex ratio > 15-64 years: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Migration > Net migration: Net migration is the net total of migrants during the period, that is, the total number of immigrants less the annual number of emigrants, including both citizens and noncitizens. Data are five-year estimates. To derive estimates of net migration, the United Nations Population Division takes into account the past migration history of a country or area, the migration policy of a country, and the influx of refugees in recent periods. The data to calculate these official estimates come from a variety of sources, including border statistics, administrative records, surveys, and censuses. When no official estimates can be made because of insufficient data, net migration is derived through the balance equation, which is the difference between overall population growth and the natural increase during the 1990-2000 intercensal period."
  • Cities > Urban population: Total population living in urban areas. The defition of an urban area differs for each country. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Marriages per thousand people: Marriages by urban/rural residence. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Total population: This entry is derived from People > Life expectancy at birth, which contains the average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. The entry includes total population as well as the male and female components. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Gender > Women aged 15-49: Country's total population of women aged 15-49. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Total: Number of people aged 0-4.
  • Percentage living in urban areas: Percentage of people living in urban areas. Data for 2003. Urban-rural classification of population in internationally published statistics follows the national census definition, which differs from one country or area to another. National definitions are usually based on criteria that may include any of the following: size of population in a locality, population density, distance between built-up areas, predominant type of economic activity, legal or administrative boundaries and urban characteristics such as specific services and facilities.
  • Population > CIA Factbook: This entry gives an estimate from the US Bureau of the Census based on statistics from population censuses, vital statistics registration systems, or sample surveys pertaining to the recent past and on assumptions about future trends. The total population presents one overall measure of the potential impact of the country on the world and within its region. Note: starting with the 1993 Factbook, demographic estimates for some countries (mostly African) have explicitly taken into account the effects of the growing impact of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. These countries are currently: The Bahamas, Benin, Botswana, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burma, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.
  • Marriage > Years being single before marriage > Men: Average age of men at their first marriage.
  • Marriage > Minimum legal age > Without parental consent > For Women: Minimum legal age at which women can be married without parental consent.
  • Dependency ratios > Potential support ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.



  • Religions: This entry is an ordered listing of religions by adherents starting with the largest group and sometimes includes the percent of total population. The core characteristics and beliefs of the world's major religions are described below.
    Baha'i - Founded by Mirza Husayn-Ali (known as Baha'u'llah) in Iran in 1852, Baha'i faith emphasizes monotheism and believes in one eternal transcendent God. Its guiding focus is to encourage the unity of all peoples on the earth so that justice and peace may be achieved on earth. Baha'i revelation contends the prophets of major world religions reflect some truth or element of the divine, believes all were manifestations of God given to specific communities in specific times, and that Baha'u'llah is an additional prophet meant to call all humankind. Bahais are an open community, located worldwide, with the greatest concentration of believers in South Asia.
    Buddhism - Religion or philosophy inspired by the 5th century B.C. teachings of Siddhartha Gautama (also known as Gautama Buddha "the enlightened one"). Buddhism focuses on the goal of spiritual enlightenment centered on an understanding of Gautama Buddha's Four Noble Truths on the nature of suffering, and on the Eightfold Path of spiritual and moral practice, to break the cycle of suffering of which we are a part. Buddhism ascribes to a karmic system of rebirth. Several schools and sects of Buddhism exist, differing often on the nature of the Buddha, the extent to which enlightenment can be achieved - for one or for all, and by whom - religious orders or laity.
    Basic Groupings
       Theravada Buddhism: The oldest Buddhist school, Theravada is practiced mostly in Sri Lanka, Cambodia, Laos, Burma, and Thailand, with minority representation elsewhere in Asia and the West. Theravadans follow the Pali Canon of Buddha's teachings, and believe that one may escape the cycle of rebirth, worldly attachment, and suffering for oneself; this process may take one or several lifetimes.
       Mahayana Buddhism, including subsets Zen and Tibetan (Lamaistic) Buddhism: Forms of Mahayana Buddhism are common in East Asia and Tibet, and parts of the West. Mahayanas have additional scriptures beyond the Pali Canon and believe the Buddha is eternal and still teaching. Unlike Theravada Buddhism, Mahayana schools maintain the Buddha-nature is present in all beings and all will ultimately achieve enlightenment.
        Hoa Hao: a minority tradition of Buddhism practiced in Vietnam that stresses lay participation, primarily by peasant farmers; it eschews ...
    Full definition






  • Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of asylum: Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organisation of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of asylum is the country where an asylum claim was filed and granted."
  • Urban and rural > Female rural population: Total number of females living in rural areas by country.
  • Marriage > Years being single before marriage > Women: Average age of women at their first marriage.
  • Gender > Global Gender Gap Index: The Gender Gap Index considers gender inequality in the dimensions of economic participation (equality of salaries, labor market participation and access to high-skilled employment); access to education; political participation; and health (life expectancy and sex ratio). The highest score of 1 means total equality, 0 means complete inequality. The Index is calculated by the World Economic Forum.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Total: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 > Total: Number of people aged 15-59.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 > Total: Number of people aged 15-64.
  • Future population change: Total change in population by country. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of origin: Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organisation of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of origin generally refers to the nationality or country of citizenship of a claimant."
  • Marriage > Minimum legal age > With parental consent > For Women: Age at which women are allowed to marry with parental consent.
  • Urban and rural > Urban population per thousand people: Total population living in urban areas by country. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Future population > Females: UN estimates of female population in 2010, 2015, 2020, 2025 and 2030.
  • Teenage pregancy rate: Adolescent fertility rate is the number of births per 1,000 women ages 15-19."
  • Urban and rural > Rural population: Total population living in rural areas by country.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 60 and older.
  • Population density > People per sq. km of land area: Population density (people per sq. km of land area). Population density is midyear population divided by land area in square kilometers. Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of their country of origin. Land area is a country's total area, excluding area under inland water bodies, national claims to continental shelf, and exclusive economic zones. In most cases the definition of inland water bodies includes major rivers and lakes.
  • Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of origin > Per capita: Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organisation of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of origin generally refers to the nationality or country of citizenship of a claimant." Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • Urbanization: Estimates and projections of urban and rural populations are made by the Population Division of the United Nations Secretariat and published every two years. These estimates and projections are based on national census or survey data that have been evaluated and, whenever necessary, adjusted for deficiencies and inconsistencies. Urban-rural classification of population in internationally published statistics follows the national census definition, which differs from one country or area to another. National definitions are usually based on criteria that may include any of the following: size of population in a locality, population density, distance between built-up areas, predominant type of economic activity, legal or administrative boundaries and urban characteristics such as specific services and facilities.
  • Urban and rural > Rural population per thousand people: Total population living in rural areas by country. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Urban and rural > Females living in cities proper: Total number of females living in cities proper. The UN definition for city proper varies for each country but usually refers to a locality with legal boundaries, some form of local government and does not include its outlying suburbs and districts. Numbers only include cities proper with a population over 100,000.
  • Infant mortality rate > Total: This entry is derived from People > Infant mortality rate, which gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
  • Literacy > Total population: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
    Additional details:
    • Gibraltar: above 80% (2013)


  • Hospital bed density: This entry provides the number of hospital beds per 1,000 people; it serves as a general measure of inpatient service availability. Hospital beds include inpatient beds available in public, private, general, and specialized hospitals and rehabilitation centers. In most cases, beds for both acute and chronic care are included. Because the level of inpatient services required for individual countries depends on several factors - such as demographic issues and the burden of disease - there is no global target for the number of hospital beds per country. So, while 2 beds per 1,000 in one country may be sufficient, 2 beds per 1,000 in another may be woefully inadequate because of the number of people hospitalized by disease.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 0-4.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 5-14 > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 5-14.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Total: Number of people aged 60 and older.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total: Number of people aged 0-14.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Total: Number of people aged 15-24.
  • Number of infant deaths: Number of infant deaths. Number of infants dying before reaching one year of age.
  • Fertility > Mortality rate, infant > Per 1,000 live births: Mortality rate, infant (per 1,000 live births). Infant mortality rate is the number of infants dying before reaching one year of age, per 1,000 live births in a given year.
  • Births > Teen motherhood rate: Proportion of women aged 15-19 who have given birth.
  • Urban and rural > Male rural population: Total number of males living in rural areas by country.
  • Marriage > Percent married > All > Female > Aged 15-19: Percent of people aged 15-19 years who are or have been married or in a marriage-like union recognized by the law or customs of their country.
  • Immigration > Refugees and asylum seekers > Natives per Refugee: Natives per Refugee.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Fertility > Fertility rate, total > Births per woman: Fertility rate, total (births per woman). Total fertility rate represents the number of children that would be born to a woman if she were to live to the end of her childbearing years and bear children in accordance with current age-specific fertility rates.
  • Age dependency ratio > Dependents to working-age population: Age dependency ratio is the ratio of dependents--people younger than 15 or older than 64--to the working-age population--those ages 15-64. For example, 0.7 means there are 7 dependents for every 10 working-age people.
  • Languages: This entry provides a rank ordering of languages starting with the largest and sometimes includes the percent of total population speaking that language.
  • Number of infant deaths per 1000: Number of infant deaths. Number of infants dying before reaching one year of age. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Marriage > Minimum legal age > With parental consent > For Men: Age at which men are allowed to marry with parental consent.
  • Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Total: This entry is derived from People > Unemployment, youth ages 15-24, which gives the percent of the total labor force ages 15-24 unemployed during a specified year.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Teen marriage rate > Women: Percentage of female population aged 15-19 who has been married at least once. Percentage is out of total number of females in the same age group.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Female: This entry is derived from People > Life expectancy at birth, which contains the average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. The entry includes total population as well as the male and female components. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Marriage > Percent married > All > Male > Aged 15-19: Percent ever married or in union among persons aged 15-19.
  • Urban population > Per capita: Urban population is the midyear population of areas defined as urban in each country and reported to the United Nations. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Rights of the Child Convention > Signatories: Date of signing convention
  • GDP per capita > Current US$: GDP per capita (current US$). GDP per capita is gross domestic product divided by midyear population. GDP is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > Dutch > Length of stay: allowed stay.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Gender > Gender inequality index: Gender Inequality Index.
  • Median age > Male: This entry is the age that divides a population into two numerically equal groups; that is, half the people are younger than this age and half are older. It is a single index that summarizes the age distribution of a population. Currently, the median age ranges from a low of about 15 in Uganda and Gaza Strip to 40 or more in several European countries and Japan. See the entry for "Age structure" for the importance of a young versus an older age structure and, by implication, a low versus a higher median age.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > From total: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Rural population: Rural population is calculated as the difference between the total population and the urban population.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 65 and older.
  • Sanitation facility access > Improved > Total: This entry is derived from People > Sanitation facility access > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved sanitation facilities available to segments of the population of a country. improved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush to a piped sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine; pit latrine with slab; or a composting toilet. unimproved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush not piped to a sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; pit latrine without a slab or open pit; bucket; hanging toilet or hanging latrine; shared facilities of any type; no facilities; or bush or field.
  • Median age > Both sexes: Age of person who is older than half the population and younger than the other half of the population.
  • Charity > World Giving Index: 2011.
  • Gender ratio > Whole population: Female/male ratio of population.
  • Literacy > Female: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
  • Total Population > Female: Total Population - Female, as of April 26, 2005
  • Cities > Urban areas over 1,000,000: Urban areas with a population of over a million people.
  • Dependency ratios > Youth dependency ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.



  • Age structure > 15-64 years > From total: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Fertility > Birth rate, crude > Per 1,000 people: Birth rate, crude (per 1,000 people). Crude birth rate indicates the number of live births occurring during the year, per 1,000 population estimated at midyear. Subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birth rate provides the rate of natural increase, which is equal to the rate of population change in the absence of migration.
  • Drinking water source > Improved > Total: This entry is derived from People > Drinking water source > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved drinking water sources available to segments of the population of a country.improved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: piped water into dwelling, yard, or plot; public tap or standpipe; tubewell or borehole; protected dug well; protected spring; or rainwater collection. unimproved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: unprotected dug well; unprotected spring; cart with small tank or drum; tanker truck; surface water, which includes rivers, dams, lakes, ponds, streams, canals or irrigation channels; or bottled water.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years > From total: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Population, total per 1000: Population, total. Population, total refers to the total population. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Female: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Sanitation facility access > Unimproved > Urban: This entry is derived from People > Sanitation facility access > Unimproved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved sanitation facilities available to segments of the population of a country. improved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush to a piped sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine; pit latrine with slab; or a composting toilet. unimproved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush not piped to a sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; pit latrine without a slab or open pit; bucket; hanging toilet or hanging latrine; shared facilities of any type; no facilities; or bush or field.
  • Cities > Urban areas over 2,000,000 per million people: Urban Areas Over 2,000,000. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Dependency ratios > Elderly dependency ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.



  • Refugee population by country or territory of asylum: Refugee population by country or territory of asylum. Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organization of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of asylum is the country where an asylum claim was filed and granted.
  • Urban and rural > Male urban population: Total number of males living in urban areas by country.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Any method: Current contraceptive use among married women 15-49 years old, any method, percentage.
  • Urban and rural > Female rural population per thousand people: Total number of females living in rural areas by country. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 60 and older. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Total per thousand people: Number of people 65 years old and older. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Future population > Males: UN estimates of male population in 2010, 2015, 2020, 2025 and 2030.
  • Structure > Population > Total: Total population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of their country of origin. The values shown are midyear estimates."
  • Life expectancy at birth > Male: This entry is derived from People > Life expectancy at birth, which contains the average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. The entry includes total population as well as the male and female components. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Median age > Female: This entry is derived from People > Median age, which is the age that divides a population into two numerically equal groups; that is, half the people are younger than this age and half are older. It is a single index that summarizes the age distribution of a population. Currently, the median age ranges from a low of about 15 in Uganda and Gaza Strip to 40 or more in several European countries and Japan. See the entry for "Age structure" for the importance of a young versus an older age structure and, by implication, a low versus a higher median age.
  • Cities > Urban areas over 2,000,000: Urban Areas Over 2,000,000.
  • Gender ratio > Babies: Female/male ratio at birth.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Male: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Net migration: Net migration. Net migration is the net total of migrants during the period, that is, the total number of immigrants less the annual number of emigrants, including both citizens and noncitizens. Data are five-year estimates.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Childless women, aged 40-44: Proportion of women who have not given birth by age 40-44.
  • Urban and rural > Males living in cities proper: Total number of males living in cities proper. The UN definition for city proper varies for each country but usually refers to a locality with legal boundaries, some form of local government and does not include its outlying suburbs and districts. Numbers only include cities proper with a population over 100,000.
  • Urban and rural > Females living in cities proper per thousand people: Total number of females living in cities proper. The UN definition for city proper varies for each country but usually refers to a locality with legal boundaries, some form of local government and does not include its outlying suburbs and districts. Numbers only include cities proper with a population over 100,000. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Female: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Refugee population by country or territory of origin: Refugee population by country or territory of origin. Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organization of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of origin generally refers to the nationality or country of citizenship of a claimant.
  • Gender > Female population per thousand people: Total female population. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Drinking water source > Improved > Rural: This entry is derived from People > Drinking water source > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved drinking water sources available to segments of the population of a country.improved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: piped water into dwelling, yard, or plot; public tap or standpipe; tubewell or borehole; protected dug well; protected spring; or rainwater collection. unimproved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: unprotected dug well; unprotected spring; cart with small tank or drum; tanker truck; surface water, which includes rivers, dams, lakes, ponds, streams, canals or irrigation channels; or bottled water.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > Males: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Immigration > Cultural Diversity Index: The probability that two individuals selected at random from a country speak a very different language. A high score of close to 1 indicates that many unrelated languages are spoken. A score of close to 0 means that few languages are spoken, and / or that the spoken languages are similar to one another. For more information, please refer to Fearon (see citation).
  • Women > Maternal mortality ratio adjusted: People - Women - Maternal mortality ratio 2000 adjusted
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Total: This entry is derived from People > School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary , which school life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Male: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > United States citizens > Requirement: Europe Visa requirement.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Cities > Urban areas over 500,000: Urban Areas Over 500,000.
  • Immigration > Destination countries of nationalities and ethnic groups > African diaspora, population:

    Amount of people of African descent in each country. Only the top 15 countries are listed.   

  • Charity > World Giving Index > Donated money, percent: DM.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Urban population per 1000: Urban population is the midyear population of areas defined as urban in each country and reported to the United Nations. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Modern methods > Percentage: Percentage of all married women aged 15-49 who report using modern methods of contraception.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Any method > Percentage: Percentage of all married women aged 15-49 who report using any type of contraceptive.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Modern methods: Current contraceptive use among married women 15-49 years old, modern methods, percentage.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Condom: Current contraceptive use among married women 15-49 years old, condom, percentage.
  • Maternal mortality rate: The maternal mortality rate (MMR) is the annual number of female deaths per 100,000 live births from any cause related to or aggravated by pregnancy or its management (excluding accidental or incidental causes). The MMR includes deaths during pregnancy, childbirth, or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy, irrespective of the duration and site of the pregnancy, for a specified year.
  • Gender > Male population per thousand people: Total male population. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Future population change per thousand people: Total change in population by country. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Female population > Age 10-14: Female population - Age 10-14, as of April 26, 2005
  • International migrant stock, total: International migrant stock, total. International migrant stock is the number of people born in a country other than that in which they live. It also includes refugees. The data used to estimate the international migrant stock at a particular time are obtained mainly from population censuses. The estimates are derived from the data on foreign-born population--people who have residence in one country but were born in another country. When data on the foreign-born population are not available, data on foreign population--that is, people who are citizens of a country other than the country in which they reside--are used as estimates. After the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991 people living in one of the newly independent countries who were born in another were classified as international migrants. Estimates of migrant stock in the newly independent states from 1990 on are based on the 1989 census of the Soviet Union. For countries with information on the international migrant stock for at least two points in time, interpolation or extrapolation was used to estimate the international migrant stock on July 1 of the reference years. For countries with only one observation, estimates for the reference years were derived using rates of change in the migrant stock in the years preceding or following the single observation available. A model was used to estimate migrants for countries that had no data.
  • Population > CIA Factbook per capita: This entry gives an estimate from the US Bureau of the Census based on statistics from population censuses, vital statistics registration systems, or sample surveys pertaining to the recent past and on assumptions about future trends. The total population presents one overall measure of the potential impact of the country on the world and within its region. Note: starting with the 1993 Factbook, demographic estimates for some countries (mostly African) have explicitly taken into account the effects of the growing impact of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. These countries are currently: The Bahamas, Benin, Botswana, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burma, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Literacy > Definition: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
  • Infant mortality rate > Female: This entry is derived from People > Infant mortality rate, which gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
  • Infant mortality rate > Male: This entry is derived from People > Infant mortality rate, which gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Male: This entry is derived from People > School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary , which school life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Literacy > Male: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > Females: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Drinking water source > Unimproved > Urban: This entry is derived from People > Drinking water source > Unimproved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved drinking water sources available to segments of the population of a country.improved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: piped water into dwelling, yard, or plot; public tap or standpipe; tubewell or borehole; protected dug well; protected spring; or rainwater collection. unimproved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: unprotected dug well; unprotected spring; cart with small tank or drum; tanker truck; surface water, which includes rivers, dams, lakes, ponds, streams, canals or irrigation channels; or bottled water.
  • Drinking water source > Improved > Urban: This entry is derived from People > Drinking water source > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved drinking water sources available to segments of the population of a country.improved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: piped water into dwelling, yard, or plot; public tap or standpipe; tubewell or borehole; protected dug well; protected spring; or rainwater collection. unimproved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: unprotected dug well; unprotected spring; cart with small tank or drum; tanker truck; surface water, which includes rivers, dams, lakes, ponds, streams, canals or irrigation channels; or bottled water.
  • Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Male: This entry is derived from People > Unemployment, youth ages 15-24, which gives the percent of the total labor force ages 15-24 unemployed during a specified year.
  • Health expenditures: This entry provides the total expenditure on health as a percentage of GDP. Health expenditures are broadly defined as activities performed either by institutions or individuals through the application of medical, paramedical, and/or nursing knowledge and technology, the primary purpose of which is to promote, restore, or maintain health.
  • Immigration > Ethnic Fractionalization Index: The probability that two individuals selected at random from a country will be from different ethnic groups, 0 meaning that each individual in this country is from the same ethnic group. For a discussion of what constitutes an ethnic group, please refer to Fearon (see citation).
  • Charity > World Giving Index > Helped a stranger, percent: HS.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Teen marriage rate > Men: Percentage of male population aged 15-19 who has been married at least once. Percentage is out of total number of males in the same age group.
  • Refugee population by country or territory of origin per 1000: Refugee population by country or territory of origin. Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organization of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of origin generally refers to the nationality or country of citizenship of a claimant. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Refugee population by country or territory of asylum per 1000: Refugee population by country or territory of asylum. Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organization of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of asylum is the country where an asylum claim was filed and granted. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Total: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Years spent single before marriage > Males: Singulate mean age at marriage.
  • Cities > Urban areas over 1,000,000 per million people: Urban areas with a population of over a million people.
  • Female population > Age 30-34 per 1000: Female population - Age 30-34, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Cities > Urban areas over 500,000 per million people: Urban Areas Over 500,000. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Fertility > Maternity leave > Weeks of leave given: Maternity leave benefits.
  • Immigration > Nationality compositions of > Norway: Country of origin of Norway’s population who was either foreign born or born in Norway to foreign residents (number of people by country of origin).
  • Dependency ratios > Total dependency ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.



  • Age structure > 65 years and over > Males per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Age structure > 15-64 years > Males: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age structure > 15-64 years > Females: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years > Females per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Gender ratio > Aged over 65: Female/male ratio at age x.
  • Gender ratio > Aged over 60: Female/male ratio at age x.
  • Dynamics > Death rate > Crude > Per 1,000 people: Crude death rate indicates the number of deaths occurring during the year, per 1,000 population estimated at midyear. Subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birth rate provides the rate of natural increase, which is equal to the rate of population change in the absence of migration."
  • Population density: Population density is midyear population divided by land area in square kilometers. Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of their country of origin. Land area is a country's total area, excluding area under inland water bodies, national claims to continental shelf, and exclusive economic zones. In most cases the definition of inland water bodies includes major rivers and lakes."
  • Widows > Proportion of age group > All > Women > Aged 30 to 39: Percent widowed in age group.
  • Widows > Proportion of age group > All > Men > Aged above 59: Percent widowed in age group.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 80 years and older. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 5-14 > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 5-14. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 0-14. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 0-4. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 15-64. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Female population > Age 10-14 per 1000: Female population - Age 10-14, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Female population > Age 25-29 per 1000: Female population - Age 25-29, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Male population > Age 10-14: Male population - Age 10-14, as of April 26, 2005
  • Future population > Females per thousand people: UN estimates of female population in 2010, 2015, 2020, 2025 and 2030. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Cities > Urban population per thousand people: Total population living in urban areas. The defition of an urban area differs for each country. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Years spent single before marriage > Females: Singulate mean age at marriage.
  • Charity > World Giving Index > Volunteered time: VT.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Gender ratio > Aged over 65 > Women per 100 men: Female/male ratio at age x.
  • Gender ratio > Aged over 80: Female/male ratio at age x.
  • Fertility > Number of maternal deaths per million: Number of maternal deaths. Maternal mortality deaths is the number of women who die during pregnancy and childbirth. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Rural population > Per capita: Rural population is calculated as the difference between the total population and the urban population. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years > Males: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > Females per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Age structure > 15-64 years > Males per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years > Males per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Migration > Refugees > Convention on refugees: Date of ratification of the United Nations Convention relating to the Status of Refugees. "a" denotes accession. "d" denotes succession.
  • Widows > Proportion of age group > All > Men > Aged 30 to 39: Percent widowed in age group.
  • Widows > Proportion of age group > All > Women > Aged 40 to 59: Percent widowed in age group.
  • Widows > Proportion of age group > All > Women > Aged above 59: Percent widowed in age group.
  • Female population > Age 20-24 per 1000: Female population - Age 20-24, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total Population > Female per 1000: Total Population - Female, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Immigration > Destination countries of nationalities and ethnic groups > Blacks: Percentage of each country's total population that is of African descent.
  • Immigration > Destination countries of nationalities and ethnic groups > Asians: Percentage of each country's total population that is of Asian descent.
  • Migration > International migrant stock > Total: International migrant stock is the number of people born in a country other than that in which they live. It also includes refugees. The data used to estimate the international migrant stock at a particular time are obtained mainly from population censuses. The estimates are derived from the data on foreign-born population--people who have residence in one country but were born in another country. When data on the foreign-born population are not available, data on foreign population--that is, people who are citizens of a country other than the country in which they reside--are used as estimates. After the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991 people living in one of the newly independent countries who were born in another were classified as international migrants. Estimates of migrant stock in the newly independent states from 1990 on are based on the 1989 census of the Soviet Union. For countries with information on the international migrant stock for at least two points in time, interpolation or extrapolation was used to estimate the international migrant stock on July 1 of the reference years. For countries with only one observation, estimates for the reference years were derived using rates of change in the migrant stock in the years preceding or following the single observation available. A model was used to estimate migrants for countries that had no data."
  • Gender > Gender ratio aged over 65: Amount of women per every 100 males that are over the age of 65 in each country. For instance, in Russia, for every 100 males over 65, there are 210.6 females who are over 65.
  • Rights of the Child Convention > Ratification Dates: Date of ratification of the Convention on the Rights of the Child. "A" denotes acceptance; "a" denotes accession; "d" denotes succession
  • Male population > Age 25-29 per 1000: Male population - Age 25-29, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Female population > Age 35-39 per 1000: Female population - Age 35-39, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Male population > Age 40-44 per 1000: Male population - Age 40-44, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Male population > Age 55-59 per 1000: Male population - Age 55-59, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Male population > Age 15-19: Male population - Age 15-19, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 30-34: Female population - Age 30-34, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 15-19: Female population - Age 15-19, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 20-24: Female population - Age 20-24, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total Population > Thousands: Total Population, thousands, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 10-14 per 1000: Male population - Age 10-14, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Immigration > Ethnic Fractionalization Index per million people: The probability that two individuals selected at random from a country will be from different ethnic groups, 0 meaning that each individual in this country is from the same ethnic group. For a discussion of what constitutes an ethnic group, please refer to Fearon (see citation). Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Fertility > Contraceptive prevalence > % of women ages 15-49: Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15-49). Contraceptive prevalence rate is the percentage of women who are practicing, or whose sexual partners are practicing, any form of contraception. It is usually measured for married women ages 15-49 only.
  • Malnutrition prevalence, weight for age, male > % of children under 5: Malnutrition prevalence, weight for age, male (% of children under 5). Prevalence of child malnutrition is the percentage of children under age 5 whose weight for age is more than two standard deviations below the median for the international reference population ages 0-59 months. The data are based on the WHO's new child growth standards released in 2006.
  • Improved sanitation facilities > % of population with access: Improved sanitation facilities (% of population with access). Access to improved sanitation facilities refers to the percentage of the population using improved sanitation facilities. The improved sanitation facilities include flush/pour flush (to piped sewer system, septic tank, pit latrine), ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine, pit latrine with slab, and composting toilet.
  • Completeness of infant death reporting > % of reported infant deaths to estimated infant deaths: Completeness of infant death reporting (% of reported infant deaths to estimated infant deaths). Completeness of infant death reporting is the number of infant deaths reported by national statistics authorities to the United Nations Statistics Division's Demography Yearbook divided by the number of infant deaths estimated by the United Nations Population Division.
  • Emigration rate of tertiary educated > % of total tertiary educated population: Emigration rate of tertiary educated (% of total tertiary educated population). Emigration rate of tertiary educated shows the stock of emigrants ages 25 and older, residing in an OECD country other than that in which they were born, with at least one year of tertiary education as a percentage of the population age 25 and older with tertiary education.
  • Number of under-five deaths: Number of under-five deaths. Number of children dying before reaching age five.
  • Labor force participation rate for ages 15-24, male > %: Labor force participation rate for ages 15-24, male (%). Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15-24 that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period. The participation rates are harmonized to account for differences in national data collection and tabulation methodologies as well as for other country-specific factors such as military service requirements. The series includes both nationally reported and imputed data and only estimates that are national, meaning there are no geographic limitations in coverage.
  • Malnutrition prevalence, height for age, male > % of children under 5: Malnutrition prevalence, height for age, male (% of children under 5). Prevalence of child malnutrition is the percentage of children under age 5 whose height for age (stunting) is more than two standard deviations below the median for the international reference population ages 0-59 months. For children up to two years old height is measured by recumbent length. For older children height is measured by stature while standing. The data are based on the WHO's new child growth standards released in 2006.
  • Prevalence of overweight > % of children under 5: Prevalence of overweight (% of children under 5). Prevalence of overweight children is the percentage of children under age 5 whose weight for height is more than two standard deviations above the median for the international reference population of the corresponding age as established by the WHO's new child growth standards released in 2006.
  • Male population > Age 80-84 > % of the total: Male population - Age 80-84 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 75-79 > % of the total: Female population - Age 75-79 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 80-84 per 1000: Male population - Age 80-84, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Fertility > Mortality rate, under-5, female > Per 1,000 live births: Mortality rate, under-5, female (per 1,000 live births). Mortality rate, under-5, female (per 1,000)
  • Fertility > Maternal mortality ratio > Modeled estimate, per 100,000 live births: Maternal mortality ratio (modeled estimate, per 100,000 live births). Maternal mortality ratio is the number of women who die during pregnancy and childbirth, per 100,000 live births. The data are estimated with a regression model using information on fertility, birth attendants, and HIV prevalence.
  • Fertility > Mortality rate, under-5 > Per 1,000 live births: Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000 live births). Under-five mortality rate is the probability per 1,000 that a newborn baby will die before reaching age five, if subject to current age-specific mortality rates.
  • Fertility > Mortality rate, neonatal > Per 1,000 live births: Mortality rate, neonatal (per 1,000 live births). Neonatal mortality rate is the number of neonates dying before reaching 28 days of age, per 1,000 live births in a given year.
  • Improved water source > % of population with access: Improved water source (% of population with access). Access to an improved water source refers to the percentage of the population using an improved drinking water source. The improved drinking water source includes piped water on premises (piped household water connection located inside the useru2019s dwelling, plot or yard), and other improved drinking water sources (public taps or standpipes, tube wells or boreholes, protected dug wells, protected springs, and rainwater collection).
  • Fertility > Number of maternal deaths: Number of maternal deaths. Maternal mortality deaths is the number of women who die during pregnancy and childbirth.
  • Fertility > Lifetime risk of maternal death > 1 in: rate varies by country: Lifetime risk of maternal death (1 in: rate varies by country). Life time risk of maternal death is the probability that a 15-year-old female will die eventually from a maternal cause assuming that current levels of fertility and mortality (including maternal mortality) do not change in the future, taking into account competing causes of death.
  • Fertility > Low-birthweight babies > % of births: Low-birthweight babies (% of births). Low-birthweight babies are newborns weighing less than 2,500 grams, with the measurement taken within the first hours of life, before significant postnatal weight loss has occurred.
  • Improved sanitation facilities, urban > % of urban population with access: Improved sanitation facilities, urban (% of urban population with access). Access to improved sanitation facilities refers to the percentage of the population using improved sanitation facilities. The improved sanitation facilities include flush/pour flush (to piped sewer system, septic tank, pit latrine), ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine, pit latrine with slab, and composting toilet.
  • Labor force participation rate, male > % of male population ages 15-64: Labor force participation rate, male (% of male population ages 15-64). Labor force participation rate, male (% of male population ages 15-64)
  • Urban and rural > Male rural population per thousand people: Total number of males living in rural areas by country. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
STAT Canada Trinidad and Tobago HISTORY
Age structure > 0-14 years 15.5%
Ranked 195th.
19.5%
Ranked 160th. 26% more than Canada

Age structure > 65 years and over 16.8%
Ranked 33th. 85% more than Trinidad and Tobago
9.1%
Ranked 83th.

Birth rate 10.28 births/1,000 population
Ranked 187th.
14.07 births/1,000 population
Ranked 144th. 37% more than Canada

Ethnic groups British Isles origin 28%, French origin 23%, other European 15%, Amerindian 2%, other, mostly Asian, African, Arab 6%, mixed background 26% Indian (South Asian) 40%, African 37.5%, mixed 20.5%, other 1.2%, unspecified 0.8%
Marriage, divorce and children > Total divorces per thousand people 2.11
Ranked 37th. 26% more than Trinidad and Tobago
1.67
Ranked 50th.

Population 34.57 million
Ranked 37th. 28 times more than Trinidad and Tobago
1.23 million
Ranked 158th.

Population > Population growth, past and future 0.019
Ranked 71st.
-0.493
Ranked 213th.

Population growth 0.019%
Ranked 71st.
-0.493%
Ranked 213th.

Population growth rate 0.77%
Ranked 137th.
-0.09%
Ranked 202nd.

Population in 2015 35,051 thousand
Ranked 40th. 26 times more than Trinidad and Tobago
1,338 thousand
Ranked 149th.
Sex ratio > At birth 1.06 male(s)/female
Ranked 71st. 3% more than Trinidad and Tobago
1.03 male(s)/female
Ranked 195th.

Sex ratio > Total population 0.99 male(s)/female
Ranked 117th.
1.03 male(s)/female
Ranked 38th. 4% more than Canada

Total fertility rate 1.59 children born/woman
Ranked 177th.
1.71 children born/woman
Ranked 166th. 8% more than Canada

Urban and rural > Population living in cities proper 15.43 million
Ranked 7th. 356 times more than Trinidad and Tobago
43,396
Ranked 7th.
Urbanization in 2015 81.9%
Ranked 31st. 3% more than Trinidad and Tobago
79.3%
Ranked 38th.
Death rate 8.2 deaths/1,000 population
Ranked 92nd.
8.42 deaths/1,000 population
Ranked 85th. 3% more than Canada

Obesity > Adult obesity rate 26.2%
Ranked 47th.
29.3%
Ranked 29th. 12% more than Canada
Nationality > Adjective Canadian Trinidadian, Tobagonian
Death rate, crude > Per 1,000 people 7.2
Ranked 112th.
9.34
Ranked 61st. 30% more than Canada

Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of asylum > Per capita 5.23 per 1,000 people
Ranked 27th. 163 times more than Trinidad and Tobago
0.032 per 1,000 people
Ranked 115th.

Gender > Female population 25.47 million
Ranked 47th. 63 times more than Trinidad and Tobago
407,275
Ranked 161st.

Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 15.3%
Ranked 112th.
15.83%
Ranked 90th. 3% more than Canada

Age distribution > Total dependency ratio 81.08%
Ranked 67th. 17% more than Trinidad and Tobago
69.42%
Ranked 117th.

Nationality > Noun Canadian(s) Trinidadian(s), Tobagonian(s)
Sex ratio > Under 15 years 1.05 male(s)/female
Ranked 100th. 1% more than Trinidad and Tobago
1.04 male(s)/female
Ranked 126th.

Median age > Total 41.5 years
Ranked 26th. 22% more than Trinidad and Tobago
33.9 years
Ranked 72nd.

Migration > Net migration > Per capita 33,706.96 per 1 million people
Ranked 13th.
-15,322.899 per 1 million people
Ranked 141st.

Percentage living in rural areas. 20%
Ranked 158th.
25%
Ranked 147th. 25% more than Canada
Age structure > 15-64 years 68.1%
Ranked 72nd.
71.8%
Ranked 19th. 5% more than Canada

Physicians density 2.07 physicians/1,000 population
Ranked 21st. 75% more than Trinidad and Tobago
1.18 physicians/1,000 population
Ranked 24th.
Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Percent 10.62%
Ranked 113th.
10.85%
Ranked 98th. 2% more than Canada

Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 49.67%
Ranked 126th.
52.49%
Ranked 85th. 6% more than Canada

Migration > Net migration rate 5.62 migrant(s)/1,000 populati
Ranked 21st.
-11.2 migrant(s)/1,000 populati
Ranked 168th.

Age distribution > Median age 46.92 years
Ranked 79th. 4% more than Trinidad and Tobago
45.09 years
Ranked 111th.

Age distribution > Child dependency ratio 27.7%
Ranked 73th. 3% more than Trinidad and Tobago
26.81%
Ranked 125th.

Marriage, divorce and children > Total divorces 70,226
Ranked 15th. 32 times more than Trinidad and Tobago
2,183
Ranked 64th.

Age distribution > Elderly dependency ratio 53.37%
Ranked 68th. 25% more than Trinidad and Tobago
42.61%
Ranked 117th.

Urban and rural > Urban population 27.15 million
Ranked 13th. 188 times more than Trinidad and Tobago
144,766
Ranked 59th.
Age structure > 25-54 years 41.4%
Ranked 101st.
47.1%
Ranked 16th. 14% more than Canada
Contraceptive prevalence rate 74%
Ranked 20th. 74% more than Trinidad and Tobago
42.5%
Ranked 10th.
Projected population growth 18.05%
Ranked 96th. 3 times more than Trinidad and Tobago
5.84%
Ranked 107th.
Marriage, divorce and children > Marriages 147,288
Ranked 19th. 19 times more than Trinidad and Tobago
7,917
Ranked 74th.

Age structure > 15-24 years 12.9%
Ranked 183th.
13.6%
Ranked 172nd. 5% more than Canada
Urban population 25.87 million
Ranked 26th. 162 times more than Trinidad and Tobago
159,238.8
Ranked 168th.

Cities > Cities larger than the capital Toronto , Montreal , Vancouver (Metropolitan area), Calgary (City proper) Chaguanas , San Fernando , San Juan
Sex ratio > 65 years and over 0.79 male(s)/female
Ranked 120th. 4% more than Trinidad and Tobago
0.76 male(s)/female
Ranked 144th.

Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 55.23%
Ranked 130th.
59.02%
Ranked 80th. 7% more than Canada

Gender empowerment 0.777
Ranked 7th. 27% more than Trinidad and Tobago
0.611
Ranked 21st.
Age structure > 55-64 years 13.3%
Ranked 22nd. 24% more than Trinidad and Tobago
10.7%
Ranked 68th.
Gender > Male population 25.41 million
Ranked 46th. 66 times more than Trinidad and Tobago
382,260
Ranked 163th.

Sex ratio > 15-64 years 1.02
Ranked 78th.
1.06
Ranked 25th. 4% more than Canada

Migration > Net migration 1.09 million
Ranked 6th.
-20,000
Ranked 109th.

Cities > Urban population 85,136
Ranked 49th. 2% more than Trinidad and Tobago
83,105
Ranked 59th.

Marriage, divorce and children > Marriages per thousand people 4.42
Ranked 71st.
6.07
Ranked 41st. 37% more than Canada

Life expectancy at birth > Total population 81.57 years
Ranked 14th. 13% more than Trinidad and Tobago
71.96 years
Ranked 135th.

Gender > Women aged 15-49 9.48 million
Ranked 49th. 61 times more than Trinidad and Tobago
155,069
Ranked 162nd.

Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Total 2.55 million
Ranked 48th. 62 times more than Trinidad and Tobago
41,341
Ranked 161st.

Percentage living in urban areas 80%
Ranked 44th. 7% more than Trinidad and Tobago
75%
Ranked 55th.
Population > CIA Factbook 33.21 million
Ranked 37th. 32 times more than Trinidad and Tobago
1.05 million
Ranked 154th.

Marriage > Years being single before marriage > Men 28.6
Ranked 7th.
31.4
Ranked 1st. 10% more than Canada
Marriage > Minimum legal age > Without parental consent > For Women 18
Ranked 122nd. The same as Trinidad and Tobago
18
Ranked 81st.
Dependency ratios > Potential support ratio 4.5
Ranked 167th.
7.8
Ranked 131st. 73% more than Canada
Religions Roman Catholic 42.6%, Protestant 23.3% (United Church 9.5%, Anglican 6.8%, Baptist 2.4%, Lutheran 2%), other Christian 4.4%, Muslim 1.9%, other and unspecified 11.8%, none 16% Roman Catholic 26%, Protestant 25.8% (Anglican 7.8%, Baptist 7.2%, Pentecostal 6.8%, Seventh-Day Adventist 4%), Hindu 22.5%, Muslim 5.8%, other Christian 5.8%, other 10.8%, unspecified 1.4%, none 1.9%
Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of asylum 169,434
Ranked 18th. 4579 times more than Trinidad and Tobago
37
Ranked 136th.

Urban and rural > Female rural population 3.11 million
Ranked 21st. 9 times more than Trinidad and Tobago
340,009
Ranked 27th.
Marriage > Years being single before marriage > Women 26.6
Ranked 7th.
28.1
Ranked 1st. 6% more than Canada
Gender > Global Gender Gap Index 0.743
Ranked 20th. 4% more than Trinidad and Tobago
0.717
Ranked 36th.

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Total 17 years
Ranked 16th. 42% more than Trinidad and Tobago
12 years
Ranked 119th.
Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 > Total 25.27 million
Ranked 47th. 61 times more than Trinidad and Tobago
414,462
Ranked 162nd.

Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 > Total 28.1 million
Ranked 48th. 60 times more than Trinidad and Tobago
466,010
Ranked 162nd.

Future population change 9,600.4
Ranked 50th.
-3,939.6
Ranked 107th.

Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of origin 99
Ranked 126th.
240
Ranked 115th. 2 times more than Canada

Marriage > Minimum legal age > With parental consent > For Women 16 <18
Urban and rural > Urban population per thousand people 787.24
Ranked 12th. 5 times more than Trinidad and Tobago
170.62
Ranked 65th.
Urbanization > Rate of urbanization None None
Future population > Females 19.74 million
Ranked 41st. 28 times more than Trinidad and Tobago
716,860
Ranked 149th.

Teenage pregancy rate 12.54
Ranked 154th.
34.36
Ranked 100th. 3 times more than Canada

Major cities > Population Toronto 5.377 million; Montreal 3.75 million; Vancouver 2.197 million; OTTAWA (capital) 1.208 million; Calgary 1.16 million PORT-OF-SPAIN (capital) 57,000
Urban and rural > Rural population 6.33 million
Ranked 26th. 9 times more than Trinidad and Tobago
683,191
Ranked 54th.
Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Percent 35.03%
Ranked 74th. 11% more than Trinidad and Tobago
31.68%
Ranked 112th.

Population density > People per sq. km of land area 3.79 sq. km
Ranked 203th.
259.86 sq. km
Ranked 41st. 69 times more than Canada

Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of origin > Per capita 3.04 per 1 million people
Ranked 160th.
220.55 per 1 million people
Ranked 79th. 73 times more than Canada

Urbanization 79
Ranked 41st. 5% more than Trinidad and Tobago
75
Ranked 52nd.
Urban and rural > Rural population per thousand people 183.55
Ranked 61st.
805.19
Ranked 9th. 4 times more than Canada
Urban and rural > Females living in cities proper 341,425
Ranked 8th. 15 times more than Trinidad and Tobago
22,657
Ranked 6th.
Infant mortality rate > Total 4.78 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 181st.
25.74 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 73th. 5 times more than Canada

Literacy > Total population 99%
Ranked 51st. About the same as Trinidad and Tobago
98.8%
Ranked 55th.

Hospital bed density 3.2 beds/1,000 population
Ranked 32nd. 52% more than Trinidad and Tobago
2.1 beds/1,000 population
Ranked 1st.

Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Percent 5.01%
Ranked 115th.
5.24%
Ranked 84th. 5% more than Canada

Age distribution > Population aged 5-14 > Percent 10.29%
Ranked 110th.
10.59%
Ranked 90th. 3% more than Canada

Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Total 17.83 million
Ranked 33th. 71 times more than Trinidad and Tobago
250,116
Ranked 163th.

Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total 7.78 million
Ranked 47th. 62 times more than Trinidad and Tobago
124,957
Ranked 162nd.

Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Total 5.4 million
Ranked 47th. 63 times more than Trinidad and Tobago
85,688
Ranked 162nd.

Number of infant deaths 2,000
Ranked 110th.
0.0
Ranked 166th.

Fertility > Mortality rate, infant > Per 1,000 live births 4.7
Ranked 156th.
18.4
Ranked 89th. 4 times more than Canada

Births > Teen motherhood rate 4%
Ranked 14th.
15%
Ranked 6th. 4 times more than Canada
Urban and rural > Male rural population 3.22 million
Ranked 21st. 9 times more than Trinidad and Tobago
343,182
Ranked 27th.
Marriage > Percent married > All > Female > Aged 15-19 2.9%
Ranked 8th.
8.8%
Ranked 15th. 3 times more than Canada
Immigration > Refugees and asylum seekers > Natives per Refugee 203
Ranked 122nd.
60,864
Ranked 20th. 300 times more than Canada
Fertility > Fertility rate, total > Births per woman 1.63
Ranked 159th.
1.8
Ranked 145th. 11% more than Canada

Age dependency ratio > Dependents to working-age population 0.44
Ranked 162nd. 7% more than Trinidad and Tobago
0.41
Ranked 172nd.

Languages English (official) 58.8%, French (official) 21.6%, other 19.6% English (official), Caribbean Hindustani (a dialect of Hindi), French, Spanish, Chinese
Number of infant deaths per 1000 0.0573
Ranked 119th.
0.0
Ranked 166th.

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Total None None
Marriage > Minimum legal age > With parental consent > For Men 16 <18
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Total 14.1%
Ranked 86th. 34% more than Trinidad and Tobago
10.5%
Ranked 98th.

Marriage, divorce and children > Teen marriage rate > Women 3.1
Ranked 11th. 19% more than Trinidad and Tobago
2.6
Ranked 11th.
Life expectancy at birth > Female 84.31 years
Ranked 14th. 13% more than Trinidad and Tobago
74.91 years
Ranked 133th.

Marriage > Percent married > All > Male > Aged 15-19 0.9%
Ranked 6th.
1.2%
Ranked 20th. 33% more than Canada
Urban population > Per capita 0.801 per capita
Ranked 36th. 7 times more than Trinidad and Tobago
0.122 per capita
Ranked 191st.

Rights of the Child Convention > Signatories 28 May 1990 30 Sep 1990
GDP per capita > Current US$ $52,218.99
Ranked 9th. 3 times more than Trinidad and Tobago
$17,436.50
Ranked 39th.

Education expenditures 5% of GDP
Ranked 47th. 19% more than Trinidad and Tobago
4.2% of GDP
Ranked 5th.

Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > Dutch > Length of stay 180 days 30 days
Gender > Gender inequality index 0.119
Ranked 128th.
0.311
Ranked 98th. 3 times more than Canada
Median age > Male 40.2 years
Ranked 24th. 20% more than Trinidad and Tobago
33.4 years
Ranked 73th.

Age structure > 65 years and over > From total 14.9%
Ranked 32nd. 62% more than Trinidad and Tobago
9.2%
Ranked 69th.

Rural population 6.43 million
Ranked 66th. 6 times more than Trinidad and Tobago
1.15 million
Ranked 122nd.

Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Percent 29.48%
Ranked 71st. 17% more than Trinidad and Tobago
25.15%
Ranked 116th.

Sanitation facility access > Improved > Total 100% of population
Ranked 6th. 9% more than Trinidad and Tobago
92% of population
Ranked 50th.

Median age > Both sexes 40.7
Ranked 23th. 25% more than Trinidad and Tobago
32.6
Ranked 75th.
Charity > World Giving Index 7
Ranked 53th.
26
Ranked 40th. 4 times more than Canada
Gender ratio > Whole population 101.9%
Ranked 92nd.
103.3%
Ranked 66th. 1% more than Canada

Literacy > Female 99%
Ranked 9th. 1% more than Trinidad and Tobago
98.5%
Ranked 21st.

Total Population > Female 16.74 million
Ranked 35th. 32 times more than Trinidad and Tobago
516,087
Ranked 155th.
Cities > Urban areas over 1,000,000 4
Ranked 25th.
0.0
Ranked 129th.
Dependency ratios > Youth dependency ratio 24%
Ranked 160th.
29.6%
Ranked 136th. 23% more than Canada
Age structure > 15-64 years > From total 68.8%
Ranked 48th.
71.8%
Ranked 15th. 4% more than Canada

Fertility > Birth rate, crude > Per 1,000 people 11
Ranked 166th.
14.96
Ranked 130th. 36% more than Canada

Drinking water source > Improved > Total 100% of population
Ranked 7th. 6% more than Trinidad and Tobago
94% of population
Ranked 60th.
Age structure > 0-14 years > From total 16.3%
Ranked 190th.
19%
Ranked 164th. 17% more than Canada

Population, total per 1000 1,000
Ranked 213th. The same as Trinidad and Tobago
1,000
Ranked 132nd.

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Female 17 years
Ranked 1st. 42% more than Trinidad and Tobago
12 years
Ranked 6th.
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Male None None
Sanitation facility access > Unimproved > Urban 0.0
Ranked 157th.
8% of population
Ranked 100th.

Cities > Urban areas over 2,000,000 per million people 0.0868
Ranked 18th.
0.0
Ranked 115th.
Dependency ratios > Elderly dependency ratio 22.2%
Ranked 30th. 72% more than Trinidad and Tobago
12.9%
Ranked 66th.
Refugee population by country or territory of asylum 164,883
Ranked 19th. 7495 times more than Trinidad and Tobago
22
Ranked 154th.

Urban and rural > Male urban population 13.19 million
Ranked 9th. 193 times more than Trinidad and Tobago
68,398
Ranked 31st.
Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Any method 74%
Ranked 9th. 74% more than Trinidad and Tobago
42.5%
Ranked 30th.

Urban and rural > Female rural population per thousand people 90.06
Ranked 53th.
400.73
Ranked 6th. 4 times more than Canada
Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Total per thousand people 199.28
Ranked 31st. 60% more than Trinidad and Tobago
124.32
Ranked 66th.

Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Total per thousand people 141.56
Ranked 32nd. 71% more than Trinidad and Tobago
82.91
Ranked 68th.

Future population > Males 19.37 million
Ranked 40th. 28 times more than Trinidad and Tobago
683,035
Ranked 150th.

Structure > Population > Total 33.74 million
Ranked 34th. 25 times more than Trinidad and Tobago
1.34 million
Ranked 144th.

Life expectancy at birth > Male 78.98 years
Ranked 15th. 14% more than Trinidad and Tobago
69.09 years
Ranked 140th.

Median age > Female 42.7 years
Ranked 30th. 24% more than Trinidad and Tobago
34.4 years
Ranked 76th.

Cities > Urban areas over 2,000,000 3
Ranked 19th.
0.0
Ranked 116th.
Gender ratio > Babies 94.8%
Ranked 133th.
96.7%
Ranked 52nd. 2% more than Canada

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Male 17 years
Ranked 9th. 55% more than Trinidad and Tobago
11 years
Ranked 147th.

Net migration 1.1 million
Ranked 4th.
-15,000
Ranked 107th.

Marriage, divorce and children > Childless women, aged 40-44 16%
Ranked 3rd. 78% more than Trinidad and Tobago
9%
Ranked 6th.
Urban and rural > Males living in cities proper 322,195
Ranked 6th. 16 times more than Trinidad and Tobago
20,739
Ranked 6th.
Urban and rural > Females living in cities proper per thousand people 9.9
Ranked 27th.
18.01
Ranked 4th. 82% more than Canada
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Female 17 years
Ranked 1st. 42% more than Trinidad and Tobago
12 years
Ranked 20th.

Refugee population by country or territory of origin 109
Ranked 137th.
297
Ranked 120th. 3 times more than Canada

Gender > Female population per thousand people 504
Ranked 90th.
505.1
Ranked 81st. About the same as Canada

Drinking water source > Improved > Rural 99% of population
Ranked 56th. 6% more than Trinidad and Tobago
93% of population
Ranked 84th.
Age structure > 65 years and over > Males 2.15 million
Ranked 21st. 50 times more than Trinidad and Tobago
42,998
Ranked 141st.

Immigration > Cultural Diversity Index 0.499
Ranked 34th. 31% more than Trinidad and Tobago
0.38
Ranked 63th.
Women > Maternal mortality ratio adjusted 6
Ranked 157th.
160
Ranked 67th. 27 times more than Canada
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Total 17 years
Ranked 16th. 42% more than Trinidad and Tobago
12 years
Ranked 119th.

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Male 17 years
Ranked 10th. 42% more than Trinidad and Tobago
12 years
Ranked 115th.
Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > United States citizens > Requirement Visa not required Visa not required
Cities > Urban areas over 500,000 8
Ranked 23th. 8 times more than Trinidad and Tobago
1
Ranked 112th.
Immigration > Destination countries of nationalities and ethnic groups > African diaspora, population 783,795
Ranked 13th. 29% more than Trinidad and Tobago
607,472
Ranked 15th.
Charity > World Giving Index > Donated money, percent 64%
Ranked 11th. 45% more than Trinidad and Tobago
44%
Ranked 26th.
Urban population per 1000 800.68
Ranked 35th. 7 times more than Trinidad and Tobago
122.78
Ranked 187th.

Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Modern methods > Percentage 72%
Ranked 5th. 91% more than Trinidad and Tobago
37.7%
Ranked 26th.

Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Any method > Percentage 74%
Ranked 9th. 74% more than Trinidad and Tobago
42.5%
Ranked 30th.

Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Modern methods 72%
Ranked 5th. 91% more than Trinidad and Tobago
37.7%
Ranked 26th.

Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Condom 15%
Ranked 7th. 15% more than Trinidad and Tobago
13%
Ranked 5th.

Maternal mortality rate 12 deaths/100,000 live births
Ranked 150th.
46 deaths/100,000 live births
Ranked 111th. 4 times more than Canada

Gender > Male population per thousand people 495.99
Ranked 106th. About the same as Trinidad and Tobago
494.9
Ranked 115th.

Future population change per thousand people 10.98
Ranked 108th. 2 times more than Trinidad and Tobago
4.69
Ranked 149th.

Female population > Age 10-14 1.04 million
Ranked 51st. 26 times more than Trinidad and Tobago
39,403
Ranked 156th.
International migrant stock, total 7.2 million
Ranked 6th. 210 times more than Trinidad and Tobago
34,348
Ranked 160th.

Population > CIA Factbook per capita 0.997
Ranked 99th. 25% more than Trinidad and Tobago
0.796
Ranked 193th.

Literacy > Definition age 15 and over can read and write age 15 and over can read and write
Infant mortality rate > Female 4.43 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 178th.
24.35 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 70th. 5 times more than Canada

Infant mortality rate > Male 5.11 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 182nd.
27.08 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 77th. 5 times more than Canada

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Male 17 years
Ranked 10th. 42% more than Trinidad and Tobago
12 years
Ranked 115th.

Literacy > Male 99%
Ranked 59th.
99.2%
Ranked 35th. About the same as Canada

Age structure > 65 years and over > Females 2.79 million
Ranked 21st. 53 times more than Trinidad and Tobago
53,097
Ranked 140th.

Drinking water source > Unimproved > Urban 0.0
Ranked 154th.
2% of population
Ranked 102nd.
Drinking water source > Improved > Urban 100% of population
Ranked 65th. 2% more than Trinidad and Tobago
98% of population
Ranked 100th.
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Male 15.9%
Ranked 66th. 81% more than Trinidad and Tobago
8.8%
Ranked 106th.

Health expenditures 11.2% of GDP
Ranked 13th. 96% more than Trinidad and Tobago
5.7% of GDP
Ranked 105th.

Immigration > Ethnic Fractionalization Index 0.596
Ranked 55th.
0.647
Ranked 45th. 9% more than Canada
Charity > World Giving Index > Helped a stranger, percent 67%
Ranked 12th. 8% more than Trinidad and Tobago
62%
Ranked 19th.
Marriage, divorce and children > Teen marriage rate > Men 1.3
Ranked 8th. 3 times more than Trinidad and Tobago
0.4
Ranked 9th.
Refugee population by country or territory of origin per 1000 0.00316
Ranked 174th.
0.223
Ranked 83th. 70 times more than Canada

Refugee population by country or territory of asylum per 1000 4.78
Ranked 29th. 290 times more than Trinidad and Tobago
0.0165
Ranked 147th.

Urbanization in 1975 75.6%
Ranked 21st. 20% more than Trinidad and Tobago
63%
Ranked 39th.
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Total 17 years
Ranked 15th. 42% more than Trinidad and Tobago
12 years
Ranked 116th.

Marriage, divorce and children > Years spent single before marriage > Males 29.6 years
Ranked 4th.
29.8 years
Ranked 5th. 1% more than Canada
Cities > Urban areas over 1,000,000 per million people 0.116
Ranked 35th.
0.0
Ranked 127th.
Female population > Age 30-34 per 1000 34.44
Ranked 120th. 53% more than Trinidad and Tobago
22.49
Ranked 195th.
Cities > Urban areas over 500,000 per million people 0.231
Ranked 31st.
0.816
Ranked 2nd. 4 times more than Canada
Fertility > Maternity leave > Weeks of leave given 73
Ranked 21st. 30% more than Trinidad and Tobago
56
Ranked 70th.
Immigration > Nationality compositions of > Norway 1,775
Ranked 51st. 7 times more than Trinidad and Tobago
262
Ranked 110th.
Dependency ratios > Total dependency ratio 46.3%
Ranked 144th. 9% more than Trinidad and Tobago
42.5%
Ranked 166th.
Age structure > 65 years and over > Males per 1000 64.56
Ranked 22nd. 98% more than Trinidad and Tobago
32.66
Ranked 75th.

Age structure > 15-64 years > Males 11.55 million
Ranked 34th. 29 times more than Trinidad and Tobago
396,352
Ranked 153th.

Age structure > 15-64 years > Females 11.3 million
Ranked 34th. 32 times more than Trinidad and Tobago
356,080
Ranked 152nd.

Age structure > 0-14 years > Females per 1000 79.37
Ranked 167th. 8% more than Trinidad and Tobago
73.29
Ranked 179th.

Gender ratio > Aged over 65 130.3%
Ranked 87th.
131.5%
Ranked 81st. 1% more than Canada

Gender ratio > Aged over 60 122.7%
Ranked 95th.
126.1%
Ranked 78th. 3% more than Canada

Dynamics > Death rate > Crude > Per 1,000 people 7.25
Ranked 108th.
8.05
Ranked 91st. 11% more than Canada

Population density 3.66
Ranked 189th.
259.92
Ranked 36th. 71 times more than Canada

Widows > Proportion of age group > All > Women > Aged 30 to 39 0.4%
Ranked 14th.
1.5%
Ranked 22nd. 4 times more than Canada
Widows > Proportion of age group > All > Men > Aged above 59 10.2%
Ranked 13th.
16.1%
Ranked 4th. 58% more than Canada
Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Total per thousand people 39.26
Ranked 22nd. 3 times more than Trinidad and Tobago
15.08
Ranked 73th.

Age distribution > Population aged 5-14 > Total per thousand people 109.59
Ranked 159th.
134.13
Ranked 137th. 22% more than Canada

Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total per thousand people 164.72
Ranked 162nd.
207.23
Ranked 133th. 26% more than Canada

Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Total per thousand people 55.12
Ranked 160th.
73.11
Ranked 126th. 33% more than Canada

Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 > Total per thousand people 693.72
Ranked 38th.
709.85
Ranked 25th. 2% more than Canada

Female population > Age 10-14 per 1000 32.28
Ranked 158th. 6% more than Trinidad and Tobago
30.38
Ranked 169th.
Female population > Age 25-29 per 1000 33.54
Ranked 159th. 5% more than Trinidad and Tobago
31.82
Ranked 167th.
Male population > Age 10-14 1.1 million
Ranked 49th. 26 times more than Trinidad and Tobago
41,804
Ranked 156th.
Future population > Females per thousand people 498.95
Ranked 103th.
516.58
Ranked 55th. 4% more than Canada
Cities > Urban population per thousand people 2.34e-06
Ranked 165th.
1.03e-05
Ranked 110th. 4 times more than Canada

Urbanization > Urban population 81 14
Marriage, divorce and children > Years spent single before marriage > Females 26.8 years
Ranked 5th. The same as Trinidad and Tobago
26.8 years
Ranked 6th.
Charity > World Giving Index > Volunteered time 42%
Ranked 9th. 40% more than Trinidad and Tobago
30%
Ranked 24th.
Gender ratio > Aged over 65 > Women per 100 men 130.3
Ranked 87th.
131.5
Ranked 81st. 1% more than Canada

Gender ratio > Aged over 80 184.4%
Ranked 61st. 17% more than Trinidad and Tobago
157.7%
Ranked 99th.

Fertility > Number of maternal deaths per million 1.35
Ranked 146th.
6.78
Ranked 108th. 5 times more than Canada

Rural population > Per capita 199 per 1,000 people
Ranked 157th.
878 per 1,000 people
Ranked 3rd. 4 times more than Canada

Gender development 0.938
Ranked 3rd. 18% more than Trinidad and Tobago
0.798
Ranked 45th.
Age structure > 0-14 years > Males 2.78 million
Ranked 58th. 27 times more than Trinidad and Tobago
102,352
Ranked 159th.

Age structure > 65 years and over > Females per 1000 83.71
Ranked 34th. 2 times more than Trinidad and Tobago
40.33
Ranked 75th.

Age structure > 15-64 years > Males per 1000 346.58
Ranked 46th. 15% more than Trinidad and Tobago
301.08
Ranked 140th.

Age structure > 0-14 years > Males per 1000 83.45
Ranked 167th. 7% more than Trinidad and Tobago
77.75
Ranked 179th.

Migration > Refugees > Convention on refugees 4 Jun 1969 a 10 Nov 2000 a
Widows > Proportion of age group > All > Men > Aged 30 to 39 0.1%
Ranked 11th.
0.3%
Ranked 21st. 3 times more than Canada
Widows > Proportion of age group > All > Women > Aged 40 to 59 2.8%
Ranked 19th.
9.8%
Ranked 16th. 4 times more than Canada
Widows > Proportion of age group > All > Women > Aged above 59 35.9%
Ranked 17th.
40.9%
Ranked 25th. 14% more than Canada
Female population > Age 20-24 per 1000 33.42
Ranked 163th.
42.52
Ranked 117th. 27% more than Canada
Total Population > Female per 1000 518.09
Ranked 75th. 30% more than Trinidad and Tobago
397.93
Ranked 192nd.
Immigration > Destination countries of nationalities and ethnic groups > Blacks 2.01%
Ranked 20th.
37.5%
Ranked 14th. 19 times more than Canada
Immigration > Destination countries of nationalities and ethnic groups > Asians 10.8%
Ranked 3rd.
40%
Ranked 2nd. 4 times more than Canada
Migration > International migrant stock > Total 6.3 million
Ranked 7th. 167 times more than Trinidad and Tobago
37,823
Ranked 143th.

Gender > Gender ratio aged over 65 130.3
Ranked 87th.
131.5
Ranked 81st. 1% more than Canada

Rights of the Child Convention > Ratification Dates 13 Dec 1991 5 Dec 1991
Male population > Age 25-29 per 1000 34.63
Ranked 160th.
36.79
Ranked 143th. 6% more than Canada
Female population > Age 35-39 per 1000 37.32
Ranked 56th. 65% more than Trinidad and Tobago
22.64
Ranked 179th.
Male population > Age 40-44 per 1000 43.06
Ranked 21st. 24% more than Trinidad and Tobago
34.75
Ranked 68th.
Male population > Age 55-59 per 1000 32.32
Ranked 19th. 55% more than Trinidad and Tobago
20.87
Ranked 73th.
Male population > Age 15-19 1.12 million
Ranked 48th. 22 times more than Trinidad and Tobago
50,864
Ranked 155th.
Female population > Age 30-34 1.11 million
Ranked 37th. 38 times more than Trinidad and Tobago
29,163
Ranked 158th.
Female population > Age 15-19 1.06 million
Ranked 48th. 22 times more than Trinidad and Tobago
47,367
Ranked 155th.
Female population > Age 20-24 1.08 million
Ranked 47th. 20 times more than Trinidad and Tobago
55,148
Ranked 152nd.
Total Population > Thousands 32,805
Ranked 35th. 31 times more than Trinidad and Tobago
1,075
Ranked 153th.
Male population > Age 10-14 per 1000 33.97
Ranked 156th. 5% more than Trinidad and Tobago
32.23
Ranked 166th.
Immigration > Ethnic Fractionalization Index per million people 0.0188
Ranked 105th.
0.504
Ranked 9th. 27 times more than Canada
Fertility > Contraceptive prevalence > % of women ages 15-49 74%
Ranked 8th. 74% more than Trinidad and Tobago
42.5%
Ranked 32nd.

Malnutrition prevalence, weight for age, male > % of children under 5 1.8%
Ranked 1st.
4.4%
Ranked 48th. 2 times more than Canada

Improved sanitation facilities > % of population with access 99.8%
Ranked 37th. 8% more than Trinidad and Tobago
92.1%
Ranked 80th.

Completeness of infant death reporting > % of reported infant deaths to estimated infant deaths 99.16%
Ranked 22nd. 2 times more than Trinidad and Tobago
49.17%
Ranked 14th.
Emigration rate of tertiary educated > % of total tertiary educated population 4.69%
Ranked 149th.
78.95%
Ranked 8th. 17 times more than Canada

Number of under-five deaths 2,000
Ranked 112th.
0.0
Ranked 167th.

Labor force participation rate for ages 15-24, male > % 63.4%
Ranked 38th. 11% more than Trinidad and Tobago
57.2%
Ranked 69th.

Malnutrition prevalence, height for age, male > % of children under 5 6.4%
Ranked 1st.
7%
Ranked 50th. 9% more than Canada

Prevalence of overweight > % of children under 5 7.6%
Ranked 1st. 55% more than Trinidad and Tobago
4.9%
Ranked 31st.

Male population > Age 80-84 > % of the total 1.3
Ranked 4th. 73% more than Trinidad and Tobago
0.75
Ranked 43th.
Female population > Age 75-79 > % of the total 1.51
Ranked 43th. 61% more than Trinidad and Tobago
0.94
Ranked 77th.
Male population > Age 80-84 per 1000 13.36
Ranked 2nd. 2 times more than Trinidad and Tobago
6.17
Ranked 48th.
Fertility > Mortality rate, under-5, female > Per 1,000 live births 4.8
Ranked 158th.
18.5
Ranked 90th. 4 times more than Canada

Fertility > Maternal mortality ratio > Modeled estimate, per 100,000 live births 12
Ranked 148th.
46
Ranked 109th. 4 times more than Canada

Fertility > Mortality rate, under-5 > Per 1,000 live births 5.3
Ranked 158th.
20.7
Ranked 91st. 4 times more than Canada

Fertility > Mortality rate, neonatal > Per 1,000 live births 3.5
Ranked 155th.
14.8
Ranked 74th. 4 times more than Canada

Improved water source > % of population with access 99.8%
Ranked 40th. 6% more than Trinidad and Tobago
93.9%
Ranked 101st.

Fertility > Number of maternal deaths 46
Ranked 110th. 5 times more than Trinidad and Tobago
9
Ranked 138th.

Fertility > Lifetime risk of maternal death > 1 in: rate varies by country 5,200
Ranked 34th. 4 times more than Trinidad and Tobago
1,300
Ranked 69th.

Fertility > Low-birthweight babies > % of births 5.8%
Ranked 62nd.
10.2%
Ranked 14th. 76% more than Canada

Improved sanitation facilities, urban > % of urban population with access 100%
Ranked 39th. 9% more than Trinidad and Tobago
92.1%
Ranked 90th.

Labor force participation rate, male > % of male population ages 15-64 81.6%
Ranked 72nd.
82.2%
Ranked 64th. 1% more than Canada

Urban and rural > Male rural population per thousand people 93.49
Ranked 53th.
404.47
Ranked 3rd. 4 times more than Canada

SOURCES: CIA World Factbook, 28 July 2005; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. 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New York, United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs (advanced Excel tables). Available at http://esa.un.org/unpd/wpp2008/index.htm. (2) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (3) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (4) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, (5) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database, and (6) World bank estimates based on the data from the sources above, household surveys conducted by national agencies, Macro International, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and refugees statistics from the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees.; Wikipedia: List of urban areas by population (Number of urban areas by country) (Demographia World Urban Areas (World Agglomerations): 9th Annual Edition, March 2013); United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Population Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Ethnic and Cultural Diversity By Country. James D. Faeron. Journal of Economic Growth, 8, 195-222, 2003, p. 215 ff.; UNICEF; Wikipedia: Visa requirements for United States citizens (Europe) ("Japan Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens" . Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State . Retrieved 18 November 2013 .); Wikipedia: African diaspora (Largest 15 African diaspora populations); World Development Indicators database. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. 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Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Ethnic and Cultural Diversity By Country. James D. Faeron. Journal of Economic Growth, 8, 195-222, 2003, p. 215 ff.; United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), Statistical Yearbook and data files, complemented by statistics on Palestinian refugees under the mandate of the UNRWA as published on its website. Data from UNHCR are available online at: www.unhcr.org/statistics/populationdatabase. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; Demographia World Urban Areas (Built-Up Urban Areas and World Agglomerations): 10th Annual Edition, May 2014 Revision, Table 1, p. 20 ff.; U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division, International Programs Center. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. 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Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Population Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Population Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Population Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Source tables, Population projections. 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Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division Original html; Trends in Maternal Mortality: 1990-2010. Estimates Developed by WHO, UNICEF, UNFPA and the World Bank. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. 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