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Country vs country: Cuba and United States compared: Health

Definitions

  • Abortions: Legal abortions
  • Access to sanitation: The percentage of the total population with access to sanitation facilities
  • Death rates > Infants: Infant mortality rate is the number of infants dying before reaching one year of age, per 1,000 live births in a given year."
  • Death rates > Men: Adult mortality rate is the probability of dying between the ages of 15 and 60--that is, the probability of a 15-year-old dying before reaching age 60, if subject to current age-specific mortality rates between those ages."
  • Dependency ratio per 100: Dependency ratio (per 100), 2003
  • Drug access: Population with access to essential drugs 2000. The data on access to essential drugs are based on statistical estimates received from World Health Organization (WHO) country and regional offices and regional advisers and through the World Drug Situation Survey carried out in 1998-99. These estimates represent the best information available to the WHO Department of Essential Drugs and Medicines Policy to date and are currently being validated by WHO member states. The department assigns the estimates to four groupings: very low access (0-49%), low access (50-79%), medium access (80-94%) and good access (95-100%). These groupings, used here in presenting the data, are often employed by the WHO in interpreting the data, as the actual estimates may suggest a higher level of accuracy than the data afford. b.
  • HIV AIDS > Deaths: An estimate of the number of adults and children who died of AIDS during a given calendar year.
  • Infant mortality rate > Female: This entry gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
  • Infant mortality rate > Male: This entry gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
  • Infant mortality rate > Total: This entry gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
  • Intestinal diseases death rate: Death rate from intestinal infectious diseases
    Units: Deaths/100,000 Population
    Units: The final number is based on an aggregation of deaths recorded for WHO code B01 for all age groups by sex. These were then combined with UN Population Division population data for the country in that particular year. The death rates were standardized utilizing the age structure for the population of Canada. See page 22 of the2001 ESI report for more details on the methodology.
  • Life expectancy > Female: Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
  • Life expectancy > Male: Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
  • Maternal mortality: Maternal mortality reported per 100,000 births 1985-1999. The maternal mortality data are those reported by national authorities. UNICEF and the World Health Organization periodically evaluate these data and make adjustments to account for the well-documented problems of under-reporting and misclassification of maternal deaths and to develop estimates for countries with no data (for details on the most recent estimates see Hill, AbouZahr and Wardlaw 2001). Data refer to the most recent year available during the period specified.
  • Total fertility rate: Total fertility rate, 2003
  • Death rates > Women: Adult mortality rate is the probability of dying between the ages of 15 and 60--that is, the probability of a 15-year-old dying before reaching age 60, if subject to current age-specific mortality rates between those ages."
  • Smoking rate > Women: Prevalence of smoking, female is the percentage of women ages 15 and over who smoke any form of tobacco, including cigarettes, cigars, and pipes, and excluding smokeless tobacco. Data include daily and non-daily smoking."
  • Health services > Physicians > Per 1,000 people: Physicians include generalist and specialist medical practitioners.
  • Health spending > % of GDP: Total health expenditure is the sum of public and private health expenditure. It covers the provision of health services (preventive and curative), family planning activities, nutrition activities, and emergency aid designated for health but does not include provision of water and sanitation."
  • Health spending per capita: Total health expenditure is the sum of public and private health expenditures as a ratio of total population. It covers the provision of health services (preventive and curative), family planning activities, nutrition activities, and emergency aid designated for health but does not include provision of water and sanitation. Data are in current U.S. dollars."
  • Nutrition > Depth of hunger > Kilocalories per person per day: Depth of hunger or the intensity of food deprivation, indicates how much food-deprived people fall short of minimum food needs in terms of dietary energy. The food deficit, in kilocalories per person per day, is measured by comparing the average amount of dietary energy that undernourished people get from the foods they eat with the minimum amount of dietary energy they need to maintain body weight and undertake light activity. The depth of hunger is low when it is less than 200 kilocalories per person per day, and high when it is higher than 300 kilocalories per person per day."
  • Nutrition > Low-birthweight babies > % of births: Low-birthweight babies are newborns weighing less than 2,500 grams, with the measurement taken within the first hours of life, before significant postnatal weight loss has occurred."
  • Nutrition > Prevalence of undernourishment > % of population: Population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption (also referred to as prevalence of undernourishment) shows the percentage of the population whose food intake is insufficient to meet dietary energy requirements continuously. Data showing as 2.5 signifies a prevalence of undernourishment below 2.5%.
  • Private health spending > % of GDP: Private health expenditure includes direct household (out-of-pocket) spending, private insurance, charitable donations, and direct service payments by private corporations."
  • Public health spending > % of GDP: Public health expenditure consists of recurrent and capital spending from government (central and local) budgets, external borrowings and grants (including donations from international agencies and nongovernmental organisations), and social (or compulsory) health insurance funds."
  • Public health spending > % of government spending: Public health expenditure consists of recurrent and capital spending from government (central and local) budgets, external borrowings and grants (including donations from international agencies and nongovernmental organisations), and social (or compulsory) health insurance funds."
  • Public health spending > % of total health spending: Public health expenditure consists of recurrent and capital spending from government (central and local) budgets, external borrowings and grants (including donations from international agencies and nongovernmental organisations), and social (or compulsory) health insurance funds. Total health expenditure is the sum of public and private health expenditure. It covers the provision of health services (preventive and curative), family planning activities, nutrition activities, and emergency aid designated for health but does not include provision of water and sanitation."
  • Reproductive health > Births attended by skilled health staff > % of total: Births attended by skilled health staff are the percentage of deliveries attended by personnel trained to give the necessary supervision, care, and advice to women during pregnancy, labor, and the postpartum period; to conduct deliveries on their own; and to care for newborns."
  • Reproductive health > Pregnant women receiving prenatal care: Pregnant women receiving prenatal care are the percentage of women attended at least once during pregnancy by skilled health personnel for reasons related to pregnancy.
  • Reproductive health > Maternal mortality ratio > Modeled estimate > Per 100,000 live births: Maternal mortality ratio is the number of women who die during pregnancy and childbirth, per 100,000 live births. The data are estimated with a regression model using information on fertility, birth attendants, and HIV prevalence."
  • Risk factors > Female adults with HIV > % of population ages 15+ with HIV: Prevalence of HIV is the percentage of people who are infected with HIV. Female rate is as a percentage of the total population with HIV.
  • Risk factors > Prevalence of HIV > Female > % ages 15-24: Prevalence of HIV is the percentage of people who are infected with HIV. Youth rates are as a percentage of the relevant age group.
  • Risk factors > Incidence of tuberculosis > Per 100,000 people: Incidence of tuberculosis is the estimated number of new pulmonary, smear positive, and extra-pulmonary tuberculosis cases."
  • Risk factors > Prevalence of HIV > Male > % ages 15-24: Prevalence of HIV is the percentage of people who are infected with HIV. Youth rates are as a percentage of the relevant age group.
  • Risk factors > Prevalence of HIV > Total > % of population ages 15-49: Prevalence of HIV refers to the percentage of people ages 15-49 who are infected with HIV.
  • Survival rate > To age 65 > Men: Survival to age 65 refers to the percentage of a cohort of newborn infants that would survive to age 65, if subject to current age specific mortality rates."
  • Survival rate > To age 65 > Women: Survival to age 65 refers to the percentage of a cohort of newborn infants that would survive to age 65, if subject to current age specific mortality rates."
  • Total expenditure on health as % of GDP: Total expenditure on health as % of GDP, 2002
  • Probability of reaching 65 > Male: Probability at birth of reaching the age of 65.
  • Tuberculosis cases > Per 100,000: Tuberculosis cases (per 100,000 people)
  • Drinking water availability %: Coverage estimates shown are derived from information collected from two main sources: assessment questionnaires and household surveys. Assessment questionnaires were sent to all WHO country representatives, to be completed in liaison with local UNICEF st
  • Private expenditure on health as % of total expenditure on health: Private expenditure on health as % of total expenditure on health, 2002
  • Respiratory disease child death rate: Child death rate from respiratory diseases
    Units: Deaths/100,000 Population Aged 0-14
    Units: The final number is based on an aggregation of deaths recorded for WHO codes B31 and B320, and B321, by sex and by age. These were then combined with UN Population Division population data broken down by age group to produce rates. See page 22 of the 2001 ESI report for more details on the methodology.
  • Per capita total expenditure on health in international dollars: Per capita total expenditure on health in international dollars, 2002
  • Per capita government expenditure on health in international dollars: Per capita government expenditure on health in international dollars, 2002
  • % of population using adequate sanitation facilities > Total: Health - % of population using adequate sanitation facilities 2000 - Total
  • Probability of dying before 5 > Females: Probability of females dying before reaching the age of 5. (2003)
  • Life expectancy at birth > Years > Males: Life expectancy at birth (years) 2003 - Males
  • Out-of-pocket expenditure as % of private health expenditure: Out-of-pocket expenditure on health as % of private expenditure on health, 2002
  • Healthy life expectancy at birth > Years > Total population: Healthy life expectancy at birth (years) 2002 - Total population
  • Probability of reaching 65 > Female: Probability at birth of reaching the age of 65.
  • % immunized 1-year-old children > DPT3: Health - % immunized 2002 1-year-old children - DPT3
  • Healthy life expectancy at birth > Years > Females: Healthy life expectancy at birth (years) 2002 - Females
  • Nutrition > % of under-fives suffering from underweight moderate & severe: Health - Nutrition - % of under-fives (1995-2002) suffering from: underweight moderate & severe
  • % of population using improved drinking water sources > Total: Health - % of population using improved drinking water sources 2000 - Total
  • Life expectancy at birth > Years > Females: Life expectancy at birth (years) 2003 - Females
  • Healthy life expectancy at birth > Years > Males: Healthy life expectancy at birth (years) 2002 - Males
  • Prepaid plans as % of private expenditure on health: Prepaid plans as % of private expenditure on health, 2002
  • External resources for health as % of total expenditure on health: External resources for health as % of total expenditure on health, 2002
  • % of population using improved drinking water sources > Rural: Health - % of population using improved drinking water sources 2000 - Rural.
  • % of population using adequate sanitation facilities > Rural: Health - % of population using adequate sanitation facilities 2000 - Rural
  • % of population using improved drinking water sources > Urban: Health - % of population using improved drinking water sources 2000 - Urban
  • Births with health staff: Births attended by skilled health staff. Definitions of skilled health staff may vary across countries. Data refer to the most recent year available during the period specified or to a running average for a series of years surrounding the period 1995 to 2000.
  • % of population using adequate sanitation facilities > Urban: Health - % of population using adequate sanitation facilities 2000 - Urban
  • % of routine EPI vaccines financed by government > Total: Health - % of routine EPI vaccines financed by government 2002 - Total
  • Nutrition > % of under-fives suffering from stunting moderate & severe: Health - Nutrition - % of under-fives (1995-2002) suffering from: stunting moderate & severe
  • HIVAIDS > Adult prevalence rate 15-49 years,: Health - HIV/AIDS - Adult prevalence rate (15-49 years), end-2001
  • Nutrition > % of under-fives suffering from wasting moderate & severe: Health - Nutrition - % of under-fives (1995-2002) suffering from: wasting moderate & severe
  • Mortality > Completeness of infant death reporting > % of reported infant deaths to estimated infant deaths: Completeness of infant death reporting is the number of infant deaths reported by national statistics authorities to the United Nations Statistics Division's Demography Yearbook divided by the number of infant deaths estimated by the United Nations Population Division.
  • Mortality > Completeness of total death reporting > % of reported total deaths to estimated total deaths: Completeness of total death reporting is the number of total deaths reported by national statistics authorities to the United Nations Statistics Division's Demography Yearbook divided by the number of total deaths estimated by the United Nations Population Division.
  • Reproductive health > Lifetime risk of maternal death > 1 in > Rate varies by country: Life time risk of maternal death is the probability that a 15-year-old female will die eventually from a maternal cause assuming that current levels of fertility and mortality (including maternal mortality) do not change in the future, taking into account competing causes of death. "
  • Cause of death, by communicable diseases and maternal, prenatal and nutrition conditions > % of total: Cause of death, by communicable diseases and maternal, prenatal and nutrition conditions (% of total). Cause of death refers to the share of all deaths for all ages by underlying causes. Communicable diseases and maternal, prenatal and nutrition conditions include infectious and parasitic diseases, respiratory infections, and nutritional deficiencies such as underweight and stunting.
  • Cause of death, by injury > % of total: Cause of death, by injury (% of total). Cause of death refers to the share of all deaths for all ages by underlying causes. Injuries include unintentional and intentional injuries.
  • Diseases > Cause of death, by non-communicable diseases > % of total: Cause of death, by non-communicable diseases (% of total). Cause of death refers to the share of all deaths for all ages by underlying causes. Non-communicable diseases include cancer, diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular diseases, digestive diseases, skin diseases, musculoskeletal diseases, and congenital anomalies.
  • Abortions per 1000: Legal abortions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Services, etc., value added > Current LCU: Services, etc., value added (current LCU). Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99. They include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in current local currency.
  • Expenditure per capita > Current US$: Total health expenditure is the sum of public and private health expenditures as a ratio of total population. It covers the provision of health services (preventive and curative), family planning activities, nutrition activities, and emergency aid designated for health but does not include provision of water and sanitation. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Hospital beds > Per 1,000 people: Hospital beds include inpatient beds available in public, private, general, and specialized hospitals and rehabilitation centers. In most cases beds for both acute and chronic care are included.
  • Diseases > Prevalence of anemia among children > % of children under 5: Prevalence of anemia among children (% of children under 5). Prevalence of anemia, children under age 5, is the percentage of children under age 5 whose hemoglobin level is less than 110 grams per liter at sea level.
  • Diseases > Female adults with HIV > % of population ages 15+ with HIV: Female adults with HIV (% of population ages 15+ with HIV). Prevalence of HIV is the percentage of people who are infected with HIV. Female rate is as a percentage of the total population ages 15+ who are living with HIV.
  • Immunisation > Immunization, DPT > % of children ages 12-23 months: Immunization, DPT (% of children ages 12-23 months). Child immunization measures the percentage of children ages 12-23 months who received vaccinations before 12 months or at any time before the survey. A child is considered adequately immunized against diphtheria, pertussis (or whooping cough), and tetanus (DPT) after receiving three doses of vaccine.
  • Immunisation > Immunization, measles > % of children ages 12-23 months: Immunization, measles (% of children ages 12-23 months). Child immunization measures the percentage of children ages 12-23 months who received vaccinations before 12 months or at any time before the survey. A child is considered adequately immunized against measles after receiving one dose of vaccine.
  • Nurses and midwives > Per 1,000 people: Nurses and midwives (per 1,000 people). Nurses and midwives include professional nurses, professional midwives, auxiliary nurses, auxiliary midwives, enrolled nurses, enrolled midwives and other associated personnel, such as dental nurses and primary care nurses.
  • Diseases > Prevalence of anemia among pregnant women > %: Prevalence of anemia among pregnant women (%). Prevalence of anemia, pregnant women, is the percentage of pregnant women whose hemoglobin level is less than 110 grams per liter at sea level.
  • Tuberculosis case detection rate > %, all forms: Tuberculosis case detection rate (%, all forms). Tuberculosis case detection rate (all forms) is the percentage of newly notified tuberculosis cases (including relapses) to estimated incident cases (case detection, all forms).
  • Diseases > Incidence of tuberculosis > Per 100,000 people: Incidence of tuberculosis (per 100,000 people). Incidence of tuberculosis is the estimated number of new pulmonary, smear positive, and extra-pulmonary tuberculosis cases. Incidence includes patients with HIV.
  • Out-of-pocket health expenditure > % of total expenditure on health: Out-of-pocket health expenditure (% of total expenditure on health). Out of pocket expenditure is any direct outlay by households, including gratuities and in-kind payments, to health practitioners and suppliers of pharmaceuticals, therapeutic appliances, and other goods and services whose primary intent is to contribute to the restoration or enhancement of the health status of individuals or population groups. It is a part of private health expenditure.
  • Health expenditure per capita > Current US$: Health expenditure per capita (current US$). Total health expenditure is the sum of public and private health expenditures as a ratio of total population. It covers the provision of health services (preventive and curative), family planning activities, nutrition activities, and emergency aid designated for health but does not include provision of water and sanitation. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Health expenditure, private > % of GDP: Health expenditure, private (% of GDP). Private health expenditure includes direct household (out-of-pocket) spending, private insurance, charitable donations, and direct service payments by private corporations.
  • Health expenditure, public > % of total health expenditure: Health expenditure, public (% of total health expenditure). Public health expenditure consists of recurrent and capital spending from government (central and local) budgets, external borrowings and grants (including donations from international agencies and nongovernmental organizations), and social (or compulsory) health insurance funds. Total health expenditure is the sum of public and private health expenditure. It covers the provision of health services (preventive and curative), family planning activities, nutrition activities, and emergency aid designated for health but does not include provision of water and sanitation.
  • Health expenditure, public > % of government expenditure: Health expenditure, public (% of government expenditure). Public health expenditure consists of recurrent and capital spending from government (central and local) budgets, external borrowings and grants (including donations from international agencies and nongovernmental organizations), and social (or compulsory) health insurance funds.
  • Health expenditure, public > % of GDP: Health expenditure, public (% of GDP). Public health expenditure consists of recurrent and capital spending from government (central and local) budgets, external borrowings and grants (including donations from international agencies and nongovernmental organizations), and social (or compulsory) health insurance funds.
  • Health expenditure, total > % of GDP: Health expenditure, total (% of GDP). Total health expenditure is the sum of public and private health expenditure. It covers the provision of health services (preventive and curative), family planning activities, nutrition activities, and emergency aid designated for health but does not include provision of water and sanitation.
  • Life expectancy at birth, female > Years: Life expectancy at birth, female (years). Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
  • Life expectancy at birth, total > Years: Life expectancy at birth, total (years). Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
  • Life expectancy at birth, male > Years: Life expectancy at birth, male (years). Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
  • Diseases > Diabetes > Prevalence > % of population ages 20 to 79: Diabetes prevalence (% of population ages 20 to 79). Diabetes prevalence refers to the percentage of people ages 20-79 who have type 1 or type 2 diabetes.
  • Fertility rate > Total > Births per woman: Total fertility rate represents the number of children that would be born to a woman if she were to live to the end of her childbearing years and bear children in accordance with current age-specific fertility rates.
  • Incidence of tuberculosis > Per 100,000 people: Incidence of tuberculosis is the estimated number of new pulmonary, smear positive, and extra-pulmonary tuberculosis cases.
  • HIV AIDS > Deaths per 1000: An estimate of the number of adults and children who died of AIDS during a given calendar year. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • HIV AIDS > People living with HIV AIDS per 1000: An estimate of all people (adults and children) alive at yearend with HIV infection, whether or not they have developed symptoms of AIDS. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Services, etc., value added > Current LCU per capita: Services, etc., value added (current LCU). Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99. They include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in current local currency. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Life expectancy > Men: Life expectancy for men.
  • Physicians > Per 1,000 people: Physicians are defined as graduates of any facility or school of medicine who are working in the country in any medical field (practice, teaching, research).
  • Life expectancy > Women: Life expectancy for women.
  • Birth rate > Crude > Per 1,000 people: Crude birth rate indicates the number of live births occurring during the year, per 1,000 population estimated at midyear. Subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birth rate provides the rate of natural increase, which is equal to the population growth rate in the absence of migration.
  • Smoking prevalence > Males > % of adults: Prevalence of smoking, male is the percentage of men who smoke cigarettes. The age range varies among countries but in most is 18 and older or 15 and older.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Total > Years: Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
  • Smoking prevalence > Females > % of adults: Prevalence of smoking, female is the percentage of women who smoke cigarettes. The age range varies among countries but in most is 18 and older or 15 and older.
  • Prevalence of HIV > Total > % of population ages 15-49: Prevalence of HIV refers to the percentage of people ages 15-49 who are infected with HIV.
  • Contraceptive prevalence > % of women ages 15-49: Contraceptive prevalence rate is the percentage of women who are practicing, or whose sexual partners are practicing, any form of contraception. It is usually measured for married women ages 15-49 only.
  • Expenditure > Total > % of GDP: Total health expenditure is the sum of public and private health expenditure. It covers the provision of health services (preventive and curative), family planning activities, nutrition activities, and emergency aid designated for health but does not include provision of water and sanitation.
  • Expenditure > Private > % of GDP: Private health expenditure includes direct household (out-of-pocket) spending, private insurance, charitable donations, and direct service payments by private corporations.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Male > Years: Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
  • Prevalence of undernourishment > % of population: Population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption (also referred to as prevalence of undernourishment) shows the percentage of the population whose food intake is insufficient to meet dietary energy requirements continuously. Data showing as 2.5 signifies a prevalence of undernourishment below 2.5%.
  • Improved water source > % of population with access: Access to an improved water source refers to the percentage of the population with reasonable access to an adequate amount of water from an improved source, such as a household connection, public standpipe, borehole, protected well or spring, and rainwater collection. Unimproved sources include vendors, tanker trucks, and unprotected wells and springs. Reasonable access is defined as the availability of at least 20 liters a person a day from a source within one kilometer of the dwelling.
  • Malnutrition prevalence > Height for age > % of children under 5: Prevalence of child malnutrition (height for age) is the percentage of children under five whose height for age is more than two standard deviations below the median for the international reference population ages 0 to 59 months. For children up to two years of age, height is measured by recumbent length. For older children, height is measured by stature while standing. The reference population adopted by the WHO in 1983, is based on children from the United States, who are assumed to be well nourished.
  • Births attended by skilled health staff > % of total: Births attended by skilled health staff are the percentage of deliveries attended by personnel trained to give the necessary supervision, care, and advice to women during pregnancy, labor, and the postpartum period; to conduct deliveries on their own; and to care for newborns.
  • Expenditure > Public > % of GDP: Public health expenditure consists of recurrent and capital spending from government (central and local) budgets, external borrowings and grants (including donations from international agencies and nongovernmental organizations), and social (or compulsory) health insurance funds.
  • Adolescent fertility rate > Births per 1,000 women ages 15-19: Adolescent fertility rate is the number of births per 1,000 women ages 15-19.
  • Out-of-pocket health expenditure > % of private expenditure on health: Out of pocket expenditure is any direct outlay by households, including gratuities and in-kind payments, to health practitioners and suppliers of pharmaceuticals, therapeutic appliances, and other goods and services whose primary intent is to contribute to the restoration or enhancement of the health status of individuals or population groups. It is a part of private health expenditure.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Female > Years: Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
  • Malnutrition prevalence > Weight for age > % of children under 5: Prevalence of child malnutrition (weight for age) is the percentage of children under five whose weight for age is more than two standard deviations below the median reference standard for their age as established by the World Health Organization, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and the U.S. National Center for Health Statistics. Figures are based on children under age three, four, and five years of age, depending on the country.
  • Improved sanitation facilities > % of population with access: Access to improved sanitation facilities refers to the percentage of the population with at least adequate access to excreta disposal facilities that can effectively prevent human, animal, and insect contact with excreta. Improved facilities range from simple but protected pit latrines to flush toilets with a sewerage connection. To be effective, facilities must be correctly constructed and properly maintained.
  • Tuberculosis treatment success rate > % of registered cases: Tuberculosis treatment success rate is the percentage of new, registered smear-positive (infectious) cases that were cured or in which a full course of treatment was completed.
  • Pregnant women receiving prenatal care: Pregnant women receiving prenatal care are the percentage of women attended at least once during pregnancy by skilled health personnel for reasons related to pregnancy.
  • Improved sanitation facilities > Rural > % of rural population with access: Access to improved sanitation facilities refers to the percentage of the population with at least adequate access to excreta disposal facilities that can effectively prevent human, animal, and insect contact with excreta. Improved facilities range from simple but protected pit latrines to flush toilets with a sewerage connection. To be effective, facilities must be correctly constructed and properly maintained.
  • % immunized 1-year-old children > HepB3: Health - % immunized 2002 1-year-old children - HepB3
  • Female adults with HIV > % of population ages 15+ with HIV: Female adults with HIV refers to the percentage of women of those ages 15-49 infected with HIV.
  • Improved water source > Urban > % of urban population with access: Access to an improved water source refers to the percentage of the population with reasonable access to an adequate amount of water from an improved source, such as a household connection, public standpipe, borehole, protected well or spring, and rainwater collection. Unimproved sources include vendors, tanker trucks, and unprotected wells and springs. Reasonable access is defined as the availability of at least 20 liters a person a day from a source within one kilometer of the dwelling.
  • Improved sanitation facilities > Urban > % of urban population with access: Access to improved sanitation facilities refers to the percentage of the population with at least adequate access to excreta disposal facilities that can effectively prevent human, animal, and insect contact with excreta. Improved facilities range from simple but protected pit latrines to flush toilets with a sewerage connection. To be effective, facilities must be correctly constructed and properly maintained.
  • Improved water source > Rural > % of rural population with access: Access to an improved water source refers to the percentage of the population with reasonable access to an adequate amount of water from an improved source, such as a household connection, public standpipe, borehole, protected well or spring, and rainwater collection. Unimproved sources include vendors, tanker trucks, and unprotected wells and springs. Reasonable access is defined as the availability of at least 20 liters a person a day from a source within one kilometer of the dwelling.
  • Immunization > DPT > % of children ages 12-23 months: Child immunization measures the percentage of children ages 12-23 months who received vaccinations before 12 months or at any time before the survey. A child is considered adequately immunized against diphtheria, pertussis (or whooping cough), and tetanus (DPT) after receiving three doses of vaccine.
  • Tuberculosis cases detected under DOTS: DOTS detection rate is the percentage of estimated new infectious tuberculosis cases detected under the directly observed treatment, short course case detection and treatment strategy.
  • HIV AIDS > Deaths > Per capita: An estimate of the number of adults and children who died of AIDS during a given calendar year. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • HIV AIDS > Adult prevalence rate: An estimate of the percentage of adults (aged 15-49) living with HIV/AIDS. The adult prevalence rate is calculated by dividing the estimated number of adults living with HIV/AIDS at yearend by the total adult population at yearend.
  • HIV AIDS > People living with HIV AIDS: An estimate of all people (adults and children) alive at yearend with HIV infection, whether or not they have developed symptoms of AIDS.
  • HIV AIDS > People living with HIV AIDS > Per capita: An estimate of all people (adults and children) alive at yearend with HIV infection, whether or not they have developed symptoms of AIDS. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Immunization > Measles > % of children ages 12-23 months: Child immunization measures the percentage of children ages 12-23 months who received vaccinations before 12 months or at any time before the survey. A child is considered adequately immunized against measles after receiving one dose of vaccine.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Female: The average number of years to be lived by a females in this nation born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Total population: The average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Male: The average number of years to be lived by amen in this nation born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. The entry includes total population as well as the male and female components. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Years > Total population: Life expectancy at birth (years) 2003 - Total population
  • % immunized 1-year-old children > Measles: Health - % immunized 2002 1-year-old children - Measles
  • % immunized 1-year-old children > Polio3: Health - % immunized 2002 1-year-old children - Polio3
  • Death rates > Children under 5: Under-five mortality rate is the probability per 1,000 that a newborn baby will die before reaching age five, if subject to current age-specific mortality rates."
  • Disease prevention > Immunisation against tetanus > % of children ages 12-23 months: Child immunisation measures the percentage of children ages 12-23 months who received vaccinations before 12 months or at any time before the survey. A child is considered adequately immunized against diphtheria, pertussis (or whooping cough), and tetanus (DPT) after receiving three doses of vaccine."
  • Disease prevention > Immunisation > Measles > % of children ages 12-23 months: Child immunisation measures the percentage of children ages 12-23 months who received vaccinations before 12 months or at any time before the survey. A child is considered adequately immunized against measles after receiving one dose of vaccine.
  • Disease prevention > Improved sanitation facilities > % of population with access: Access to improved sanitation facilities refers to the percentage of the population with at least adequate access to excreta disposal facilities that can effectively prevent human, animal, and insect contact with excreta. Improved facilities range from simple but protected pit latrines to flush toilets with a sewerage connection. To be effective, facilities must be correctly constructed and properly maintained."
  • Disease prevention > Improved sanitation facilities > Rural > % of rural population with access: Access to improved sanitation facilities refers to the percentage of the population with at least adequate access to excreta disposal facilities that can effectively prevent human, animal, and insect contact with excreta. Improved facilities range from simple but protected pit latrines to flush toilets with a sewerage connection. To be effective, facilities must be correctly constructed and properly maintained."
  • Disease prevention > Improved sanitation facilities > Urban > % of urban population with access: Access to improved sanitation facilities refers to the percentage of the population with at least adequate access to excreta disposal facilities that can effectively prevent human, animal, and insect contact with excreta. Improved facilities range from simple but protected pit latrines to flush toilets with a sewerage connection. To be effective, facilities must be correctly constructed and properly maintained."
  • Disease prevention > Improved water source > % of population with access: Access to an improved water source refers to the percentage of the population with reasonable access to an adequate amount of water from an improved source, such as a household connection, public standpipe, borehole, protected well or spring, and rainwater collection. Unimproved sources include vendors, tanker trucks, and unprotected wells and springs. Reasonable access is defined as the availability of at least 20 liters a person a day from a source within one kilometer of the dwelling."
  • Disease prevention > Improved water source > Urban > % of urban population with access: Access to an improved water source refers to the percentage of the population with reasonable access to an adequate amount of water from an improved source, such as a household connection, public standpipe, borehole, protected well or spring, and rainwater collection. Unimproved sources include vendors, tanker trucks, and unprotected wells and springs. Reasonable access is defined as the availability of at least 20 liters a person a day from a source within one kilometer of the dwelling."
  • Disease prevention > Tuberculosis case detection rate > All forms: Tuberculosis case detection rate (all forms) is the percentage of newly notified tuberculosis cases (including relapses) to estimated incident cases (case detection, all forms)."
  • Disease prevention > Tuberculosis treatment success rate > % of registered cases: Tuberculosis treatment success rate is the percentage of new, registered smear-positive (infectious) cases that were cured or in which a full course of treatment was completed."
  • Health services > External resources for health > % of total expenditure on health: External resources for health are funds or services in kind that are provided by entities not part of the country in question. The resources may come from international organisations, other countries through bilateral arrangements, or foreign nongovernmental organisations. These resources are part of total health expenditure."
  • Health services > Health expenditure per capita > PPP > Constant 2005 international $: Total health expenditure is the sum of public and private health expenditures as a ratio of total population. It covers the provision of health services (preventive and curative), family planning activities, nutrition activities, and emergency aid designated for health but does not include provision of water and sanitation. Data are in international dollars converted using 2005 purchasing power parity (PPP) rates."
  • Health services > Hospital beds > Per 1,000 people: Hospital beds include inpatient beds available in public, private, general, and specialized hospitals and rehabilitation centers. In most cases beds for both acute and chronic care are included."
  • Health services > Nurses and midwives > Per 1,000 people: Nurses and midwives include professional nurses, professional midwives, auxiliary nurses, auxiliary midwives, enrolled nurses, enrolled midwives and other associated personnel, such as dental nurses and primary care nurses."
  • Health services > Out-of-pocket health expenditure > % of private expenditure on health: Out of pocket expenditure is any direct outlay by households, including gratuities and in-kind payments, to health practitioners and suppliers of pharmaceuticals, therapeutic appliances, and other goods and services whose primary intent is to contribute to the restoration or enhancement of the health status of individuals or population groups. It is a part of private health expenditure."
STAT Cuba United States HISTORY
Abortions 83,963
Ranked 9th.
1.21 million
Ranked 2nd. 14 times more than Cuba
Access to sanitation 99%
Ranked 24th.
100%
Ranked 6th. 1% more than Cuba
Death rates > Infants 4.4
Ranked 153th.
6.8
Ranked 139th. 55% more than Cuba

Death rates > Men 109.12
Ranked 130th.
141.23
Ranked 129th. 29% more than Cuba

Dependency ratio per 100 43
Ranked 156th.
51
Ranked 125th. 19% more than Cuba
Drug access 95%
Ranked 16th. The same as United States
95%
Ranked 15th.
HIV AIDS > Deaths 120
Ranked 97th.
17,000
Ranked 18th. 142 times more than Cuba

Infant mortality rate > Female 4.52 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 178th.
5.37 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 171st. 19% more than Cuba

Infant mortality rate > Male 5.27 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 180th.
6.72 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 169th. 28% more than Cuba

Infant mortality rate > Total 4.9 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 179th.
6.06 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 171st. 24% more than Cuba

Intestinal diseases death rate 9.51%
Ranked 76th. 29% more than United States
7.35%
Ranked 84th.
Life expectancy > Female 80.83
Ranked 36th.
81
Ranked 34th. About the same as Cuba

Life expectancy > Male 76.72
Ranked 25th. 1% more than United States
76
Ranked 34th.

Maternal mortality 33 per 100,000
Ranked 95th. 4 times more than United States
8 per 100,000
Ranked 119th.
Total fertility rate 1.6
Ranked 145th.
2.1
Ranked 118th. 31% more than Cuba
Death rates > Women 68.29
Ranked 125th.
81.46
Ranked 121st. 19% more than Cuba

Smoking rate > Women 28
Ranked 14th. 47% more than United States
19
Ranked 47th.
Health services > Physicians > Per 1,000 people 6.4
Ranked 1st. 2 times more than United States
2.67
Ranked 13th.

Health spending > % of GDP 10.36%
Ranked 12th.
15.68%
Ranked 2nd. 51% more than Cuba

Health spending per capita 584.96
Ranked 55th.
7,284.7
Ranked 4th. 12 times more than Cuba

Nutrition > Depth of hunger > Kilocalories per person per day 60
Ranked 157th.
100
Ranked 147th. 67% more than Cuba

Nutrition > Low-birthweight babies > % of births 5.1%
Ranked 2nd.
7.8%
Ranked 12th. 53% more than Cuba

Nutrition > Prevalence of undernourishment > % of population 5%
Ranked 118th. The same as United States
5%
Ranked 116th.

Private health spending > % of GDP 0.47%
Ranked 176th.
8.54%
Ranked 2nd. 18 times more than Cuba

Public health spending > % of GDP 9.89%
Ranked 4th. 39% more than United States
7.14%
Ranked 17th.

Public health spending > % of government spending 14.49%
Ranked 43th.
19.45%
Ranked 6th. 34% more than Cuba

Public health spending > % of total health spending 95.46%
Ranked 3rd. 2 times more than United States
45.54%
Ranked 139th.

Reproductive health > Births attended by skilled health staff > % of total 99.9%
Ranked 1st. 1% more than United States
99.3%
Ranked 17th.

Reproductive health > Pregnant women receiving prenatal care 100%
Ranked 2nd. 1% more than United States
99%
Ranked 1st.
Reproductive health > Maternal mortality ratio > Modeled estimate > Per 100,000 live births 53
Ranked 92nd. 2 times more than United States
24
Ranked 116th.

Risk factors > Female adults with HIV > % of population ages 15+ with HIV 29.03%
Ranked 76th. 39% more than United States
20.91%
Ranked 125th.

Risk factors > Prevalence of HIV > Female > % ages 15-24 0.1%
Ranked 104th.
0.3%
Ranked 65th. 3 times more than Cuba
Risk factors > Incidence of tuberculosis > Per 100,000 people 5.94
Ranked 170th. 25% more than United States
4.76
Ranked 179th.

Risk factors > Prevalence of HIV > Male > % ages 15-24 0.1%
Ranked 116th.
0.7%
Ranked 39th. 7 times more than Cuba
Risk factors > Prevalence of HIV > Total > % of population ages 15-49 0.1%
Ranked 119th.
0.6%
Ranked 65th. 6 times more than Cuba

Survival rate > To age 65 > Men 82.69
Ranked 31st.
83.35
Ranked 27th. 1% more than Cuba

Survival rate > To age 65 > Women 88.77
Ranked 43th.
88.79
Ranked 42nd. The same as Cuba

Total expenditure on health as % of GDP 7.5%
Ranked 53th.
14.6%
Ranked 1st. 95% more than Cuba
Probability of reaching 65 > Male 78.1%
Ranked 28th. 1% more than United States
77.4%
Ranked 32nd.
Tuberculosis cases > Per 100,000 6
Ranked 140th. 3 times more than United States
2
Ranked 165th.
Drinking water availability % 91%
Ranked 58th.
100%
Ranked 10th. 10% more than Cuba
Private expenditure on health as % of total expenditure on health 13.5%
Ranked 172nd.
55.1%
Ranked 51st. 4 times more than Cuba
Respiratory disease child death rate 5.11 40.43 (est)
Life expectancy > Date of information 2006 est. 2006 est.
Per capita total expenditure on health in international dollars 236
Ranked 102nd.
5,274
Ranked 1st. 22 times more than Cuba
Per capita government expenditure on health in international dollars 204
Ranked 85th.
2,368
Ranked 5th. 12 times more than Cuba
% of population using adequate sanitation facilities > Total 98
Ranked 41st.
100
Ranked 8th. 2% more than Cuba
Probability of dying before 5 > Females 8 per 1,000 people
Ranked 153th. The same as United States
8 per 1,000 people
Ranked 152nd.
Life expectancy at birth > Years > Males 75
Ranked 29th. The same as United States
75
Ranked 28th.
Out-of-pocket expenditure as % of private health expenditure 75.2%
Ranked 140th. 3 times more than United States
25.4%
Ranked 180th.
Healthy life expectancy at birth > Years > Total population 68.3
Ranked 32nd.
69.3
Ranked 29th. 1% more than Cuba
Probability of reaching 65 > Female 84.1%
Ranked 42nd.
85.7%
Ranked 33th. 2% more than Cuba
% immunized 1-year-old children > DPT3 99
Ranked 9th. 5% more than United States
94
Ranked 75th.
Healthy life expectancy at birth > Years > Females 69.5
Ranked 34th.
71.3
Ranked 29th. 3% more than Cuba
Nutrition > % of under-fives suffering from underweight moderate & severe 4
Ranked 124th. 4 times more than United States
1
Ranked 136th.
% of population using improved drinking water sources > Total 91
Ranked 61st.
100
Ranked 10th. 10% more than Cuba
Life expectancy at birth > Years > Females 79
Ranked 38th.
80
Ranked 32nd. 1% more than Cuba
Healthy life expectancy at birth > Years > Males 67.1
Ranked 30th.
67.2
Ranked 29th. About the same as Cuba
Prepaid plans as % of private expenditure on health 0.0
Ranked 120th.
65.7%
Ranked 4th.
External resources for health as % of total expenditure on health 0.2%
Ranked 125th.
0.0
Ranked 146th.
% of population using improved drinking water sources > Rural 77
Ranked 69th.
100
Ranked 9th. 30% more than Cuba
% of population using adequate sanitation facilities > Rural 95
Ranked 44th.
100
Ranked 8th. 5% more than Cuba
% of population using improved drinking water sources > Urban 95
Ranked 72nd.
100
Ranked 12th. 5% more than Cuba
Births with health staff 100%
Ranked 6th. 1% more than United States
99%
Ranked 17th.
% of population using adequate sanitation facilities > Urban 99
Ranked 41st.
100
Ranked 10th. 1% more than Cuba
% of routine EPI vaccines financed by government > Total 99
Ranked 83th. 77% more than United States
56
Ranked 101st.
Nutrition > % of under-fives suffering from stunting moderate & severe 5
Ranked 124th. 3 times more than United States
2
Ranked 130th.
HIVAIDS > Adult prevalence rate 15-49 years, 0.1
Ranked 110th.
0.6
Ranked 55th. 6 times more than Cuba
Nutrition > % of under-fives suffering from wasting moderate & severe 2
Ranked 106th. Twice as much as United States
1
Ranked 122nd.
Mortality > Completeness of infant death reporting > % of reported infant deaths to estimated infant deaths 97.21%
Ranked 8th.
100%
Ranked 2nd. 3% more than Cuba
Mortality > Completeness of total death reporting > % of reported total deaths to estimated total deaths 100%
Ranked 12th. The same as United States
100%
Ranked 1st.
Reproductive health > Lifetime risk of maternal death > 1 in > Rate varies by country 1,400
Ranked 60th.
2,100
Ranked 47th. 50% more than Cuba
Cause of death, by communicable diseases and maternal, prenatal and nutrition conditions > % of total 8.17%
Ranked 133th. 35% more than United States
6.05%
Ranked 149th.
Cause of death, by injury > % of total 7.88%
Ranked 83th. 7% more than United States
7.38%
Ranked 93th.
Diseases > Cause of death, by non-communicable diseases > % of total 83.94%
Ranked 56th.
86.57%
Ranked 46th. 3% more than Cuba
Abortions per 1000 7.47
Ranked 4th. 79% more than United States
4.17
Ranked 6th.
Services, etc., value added > Current LCU 42.19 billion
Ranked 90th.
11.51 trillion
Ranked 21st. 273 times more than Cuba

Expenditure per capita > Current US$ 229.8$
Ranked 72nd.
6,096.2$
Ranked 1st. 27 times more than Cuba

Hospital beds > Per 1,000 people 4.9 per 1,000 people
Ranked 28th. 48% more than United States
3.3 per 1,000 people
Ranked 37th.

Diseases > Prevalence of anemia among children > % of children under 5 26.75%
Ranked 67th. 21 times more than United States
1.3%
Ranked 10th.
Diseases > Female adults with HIV > % of population ages 15+ with HIV 16.8%
Ranked 142nd.
19.8%
Ranked 137th. 18% more than Cuba

Immunisation > Immunization, DPT > % of children ages 12-23 months 96%
Ranked 71st. 1% more than United States
95%
Ranked 85th.

Immunisation > Immunization, measles > % of children ages 12-23 months 99%
Ranked 9th. 8% more than United States
92%
Ranked 107th.

Nurses and midwives > Per 1,000 people 9.05
Ranked 16th.
9.81
Ranked 14th. 8% more than Cuba

Diseases > Prevalence of anemia among pregnant women > % 39.06%
Ranked 41st. 7 times more than United States
5.7%
Ranked 131st.

Tuberculosis case detection rate > %, all forms 70%
Ranked 127th.
87%
Ranked 42nd. 24% more than Cuba

Diseases > Incidence of tuberculosis > Per 100,000 people 9.3
Ranked 167th. 3 times more than United States
3.6
Ranked 196th.

Out-of-pocket health expenditure > % of total expenditure on health 5.32%
Ranked 183th.
11.29%
Ranked 169th. 2 times more than Cuba

Health expenditure per capita > Current US$ $606.08
Ranked 66th.
$8,607.88
Ranked 4th. 14 times more than Cuba

Health expenditure, private > % of GDP 0.532%
Ranked 180th.
9.65%
Ranked 3rd. 18 times more than Cuba

Health expenditure, public > % of total health expenditure 94.68%
Ranked 3rd. 2 times more than United States
45.94%
Ranked 138th.

Health expenditure, public > % of government expenditure 14.03%
Ranked 62nd.
19.8%
Ranked 12th. 41% more than Cuba

Health expenditure, public > % of GDP 9.46%
Ranked 6th. 15% more than United States
8.2%
Ranked 12th.

Health expenditure, total > % of GDP 10%
Ranked 28th.
17.85%
Ranked 3rd. 79% more than Cuba

Life expectancy at birth, female > Years 80.98
Ranked 45th.
81.1
Ranked 43th. About the same as Cuba

Life expectancy at birth, total > Years 78.89
Ranked 39th. About the same as United States
78.64
Ranked 40th.

Life expectancy at birth, male > Years 76.91
Ranked 37th. 1% more than United States
76.3
Ranked 42nd.

Diseases > Diabetes > Prevalence > % of population ages 20 to 79 8.58%
Ranked 74th.
9.35%
Ranked 60th. 9% more than Cuba
Fertility rate > Total > Births per woman 1.5 births per woman
Ranked 147th.
2.05 births per woman
Ranked 117th. 37% more than Cuba

Incidence of tuberculosis > Per 100,000 people 9.38 per 100,000 people
Ranked 170th. 2 times more than United States
4.53 per 100,000 people
Ranked 193th.

HIV AIDS > Deaths per 1000 0.0107
Ranked 92nd.
0.0554
Ranked 59th. 5 times more than Cuba

HIV AIDS > People living with HIV AIDS per 1000 0.629
Ranked 113th.
3.91
Ranked 61st. 6 times more than Cuba

Services, etc., value added > Current LCU per capita 3,741.93
Ranked 116th.
36,945.6
Ranked 65th. 10 times more than Cuba

Life expectancy > Men 77 years
Ranked 2nd. 1% more than United States
76 years
Ranked 30th.
Physicians > Per 1,000 people 5.91 per 1,000 people
Ranked 1st. 3 times more than United States
2.3 per 1,000 people
Ranked 31st.

Life expectancy > Women 81 years
Ranked 6th. The same as United States
81 years
Ranked 33th.
Birth rate > Crude > Per 1,000 people 11.3 per 1,000 people
Ranked 146th.
14 per 1,000 people
Ranked 131st. 24% more than Cuba

Smoking prevalence > Males > % of adults 48.1%
Ranked 5th. Twice as much as United States
24.1%
Ranked 28th.

Life expectancy at birth > Total > Years 77.25 years
Ranked 39th.
77.71 years
Ranked 34th. 1% more than Cuba

Smoking prevalence > Females > % of adults 26.2%
Ranked 3rd. 36% more than United States
19.2%
Ranked 13th.

Prevalence of HIV > Total > % of population ages 15-49 0.09%
Ranked 144th.
0.6%
Ranked 69th. 7 times more than Cuba

Contraceptive prevalence > % of women ages 15-49 73%
Ranked 4th. 14% more than United States
64.2%
Ranked 7th.

Expenditure > Total > % of GDP 6.3%
Ranked 85th.
15.4%
Ranked 1st. 2 times more than Cuba

Expenditure > Private > % of GDP 0.77%
Ranked 174th.
8.52%
Ranked 1st. 11 times more than Cuba

Life expectancy at birth > Male > Years 75.4 years
Ranked 33th. 1% more than United States
74.89 years
Ranked 36th.

Prevalence of undernourishment > % of population 2.5%
Ranked 146th. The same as United States
2.5%
Ranked 144th.

Improved water source > % of population with access 91%
Ranked 80th.
100%
Ranked 15th. 10% more than Cuba

Malnutrition prevalence > Height for age > % of children under 5 4.6%
Ranked 50th. 4 times more than United States
1.1%
Ranked 17th.

Births attended by skilled health staff > % of total 99.9%
Ranked 1st. 1% more than United States
99%
Ranked 8th.

Expenditure > Public > % of GDP 5.53%
Ranked 43th.
6.88%
Ranked 21st. 24% more than Cuba

Adolescent fertility rate > Births per 1,000 women ages 15-19 50.06 births
Ranked 82nd. About the same as United States
49.83 births
Ranked 83th.

Out-of-pocket health expenditure > % of private expenditure on health 74.5%
Ranked 134th. 3 times more than United States
23.8%
Ranked 180th.

Life expectancy at birth > Female > Years 79.2 years
Ranked 44th.
80.67 years
Ranked 35th. 2% more than Cuba

Malnutrition prevalence > Weight for age > % of children under 5 3.9%
Ranked 58th. 2 times more than United States
1.6%
Ranked 20th.

Improved sanitation facilities > % of population with access 98%
Ranked 33th.
100%
Ranked 11th. 2% more than Cuba

Tuberculosis treatment success rate > % of registered cases 92.94%
Ranked 13th. 53% more than United States
60.73%
Ranked 153th.

Pregnant women receiving prenatal care 100%
Ranked 1st. 1% more than United States
99%
Ranked 1st.
Improved sanitation facilities > Rural > % of rural population with access 95%
Ranked 41st.
100%
Ranked 10th. 5% more than Cuba

% immunized 1-year-old children > HepB3 98
Ranked 18th. 11% more than United States
88
Ranked 60th.
Female adults with HIV > % of population ages 15+ with HIV 55.32%
Ranked 48th. 2 times more than United States
25%
Ranked 91st.

Improved water source > Urban > % of urban population with access 95%
Ranked 105th.
100%
Ranked 21st. 5% more than Cuba

Improved sanitation facilities > Urban > % of urban population with access 99%
Ranked 38th.
100%
Ranked 13th. 1% more than Cuba

Improved water source > Rural > % of rural population with access 78%
Ranked 90th.
100%
Ranked 14th. 28% more than Cuba

Immunization > DPT > % of children ages 12-23 months 99%
Ranked 14th. 3% more than United States
96%
Ranked 58th.

Tuberculosis cases detected under DOTS 98.25%
Ranked 18th. 15% more than United States
85.12%
Ranked 33th.

HIV AIDS > Deaths > Per capita 0.011 per 1,000 people
Ranked 93th.
0.048 per 1,000 people
Ranked 65th. 4 times more than Cuba

HIV AIDS > Adult prevalence rate 0.1%
Ranked 115th.
0.6%
Ranked 62nd. 6 times more than Cuba

HIV AIDS > People living with HIV AIDS 7,100
Ranked 108th.
1.2 million
Ranked 8th. 169 times more than Cuba

HIV AIDS > People living with HIV AIDS > Per capita 0.294 per 1,000 people
Ranked 85th.
3.27 per 1,000 people
Ranked 54th. 11 times more than Cuba

Immunization > Measles > % of children ages 12-23 months 98%
Ranked 28th. 5% more than United States
93%
Ranked 83th.

Life expectancy at birth > Female 80.08 years
Ranked 63th.
80.93 years
Ranked 52nd. 1% more than Cuba

Life expectancy at birth > Total population 77.7 years
Ranked 55th.
78.37 years
Ranked 47th. 1% more than Cuba

Life expectancy at birth > Male 75.46 years
Ranked 49th.
75.92 years
Ranked 44th. 1% more than Cuba

Life expectancy at birth > Years > Total population 77
Ranked 31st. The same as United States
77
Ranked 30th.
% immunized 1-year-old children > Measles 98
Ranked 29th. 8% more than United States
91
Ranked 80th.
% immunized 1-year-old children > Polio3 98
Ranked 26th. 9% more than United States
90
Ranked 96th.
Death rates > Children under 5 5.8
Ranked 151st.
7.8
Ranked 139th. 34% more than Cuba

Disease prevention > Immunisation against tetanus > % of children ages 12-23 months 96%
Ranked 62nd. 1% more than United States
95%
Ranked 76th.

Disease prevention > Immunisation > Measles > % of children ages 12-23 months 96%
Ranked 55th. 4% more than United States
92%
Ranked 92nd.

Disease prevention > Improved sanitation facilities > % of population with access 91%
Ranked 72nd.
100%
Ranked 13th. 10% more than Cuba

Disease prevention > Improved sanitation facilities > Rural > % of rural population with access 81%
Ranked 75th.
99%
Ranked 32nd. 22% more than Cuba

Disease prevention > Improved sanitation facilities > Urban > % of urban population with access 94%
Ranked 83th.
100%
Ranked 13th. 6% more than Cuba

Disease prevention > Improved water source > % of population with access 94%
Ranked 80th.
99%
Ranked 48th. 5% more than Cuba

Disease prevention > Improved water source > Urban > % of urban population with access 96%
Ranked 106th.
100%
Ranked 18th. 4% more than Cuba

Disease prevention > Tuberculosis case detection rate > All forms 120%
Ranked 6th. 38% more than United States
86.96%
Ranked 50th.

Disease prevention > Tuberculosis treatment success rate > % of registered cases 89.56%
Ranked 27th. 5% more than United States
85.5%
Ranked 43th.

Health services > External resources for health > % of total expenditure on health 0.13%
Ranked 117th.
0.0
Ranked 147th.

Health services > Health expenditure per capita > PPP > Constant 2005 international $ $1,001.06
Ranked 48th.
$7,289.82
Ranked 1st. 7 times more than Cuba

Health services > Hospital beds > Per 1,000 people 6
Ranked 2nd. 94% more than United States
3.1
Ranked 37th.

Health services > Nurses and midwives > Per 1,000 people 8.64
Ranked 8th.
9.81
Ranked 3rd. 14% more than Cuba

Health services > Out-of-pocket health expenditure > % of private expenditure on health 91.29%
Ranked 63th. 4 times more than United States
22.59%
Ranked 179th.

SOURCES: UNHDR; CIA World Factbook, December 2003; Level & Trends in Child Mortality. Report 2010. Estimates Developed by the UN Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (UNICEF, WHO, World Bank, UN DESA, UNPD).; (1) United Nations Population Division. 2009. World Population Prospects: The 2008 Revision. New York, United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs (advanced Excel tables). Available at http://esa.un.org/unpd/wpp2008/index.htm, (2) University of California, Berkeley, and Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research. Human Mortality Database. [ www.mortality.org or www.humanmortality.de] downloaded on Dec. 10, 2009.; World Health Organization; WHO (World Health Organization). 2001. Correspondence on access to essential drugs. Department of Essential Drugs and Medecines Policy. February. Geneva; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; World Health Organisation. 1997-1999 World Health Statistics Annual. Geneva: WHO, 2000; (1) United Nations Population Division. 2009. World Population Prospects: The 2008 Revision. New York, United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs (advanced Excel tables), (2) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (3) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (4) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (5) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; UNICEF (United Nations Children?s Fund). 2002. Official Summary: The State of the World's Children 2002. New York: Oxford University Press.; WHO Report on the Global Tobacco Epidemic.; World Health Organisation, OECD, supplemented by country data.; World Health Organisation National Health Account database (www.who.int/nha/en) supplemented by country data.; Food and Agriculture Organisation, Food Security Statistics (http://www.fao.org/economic/ess/food-security-statistics/en/).; UNICEF, State of the World's Children, Childinfo, and Demographic and Health Surveys by Macro International.; Food and Agriculture Organisation (http://www.fao.org/faostat/foodsecurity/index_en.htm).; Trends in Maternal Mortality: 1990-2008. Estimates Developed by WHO, UNICEF, UNFPA and the World Bank.; UNAIDS and the WHO's Report on the Global AIDS Epidemic.; World Health Organisation, Global Tuberculosis Control Report.; United Nations Population Division. 2009. World Population Prospects: The 2008 Revision. New York, United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs (advanced Excel tables). Available at http://esa.un.org/unpd/wpp2008/index.htm.; UN (United Nations). 2001. World Population Prospects 1950-2050: The 2000 Revision. Database. Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. New York; UNHDR; World Health Organization (WHO) and United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), Global Water Supply and Sanitation Assessment 2000 Report and updates provided by UNICEF to the United Nations Millennium Indicator Database; Wikipedia: List of countries by life expectancy; UNICEF; The World Health Report 2001; UN (United Nations). 2001. World Population Prospects 1950-2050: The 2000 Revision. Database. Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. 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Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Bank national accounts data; World Development Indicators database; World Health Organization, Worldwide Prevalence of Anemia.; UNAIDS estimates.; WHO and UNICEF (http://www.who.int/immunization_monitoring/routine/en/).; World Health Organization, Global Atlas of the Health Workforce. For latest updates and metadata, see http://apps.who.int/globalatlas/.; World Health Organization, Global Tuberculosis Control Report.; World Health Organization, Global Tuberculosis Report.; World Health Organization National Health Account database (see http://apps.who.int/nha/database/DataExplorerRegime.aspx for the most recent updates).; (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Derived from male and female life expectancy at birth from sources such as: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; International Diabetes Federation, Diabetes Atlas.; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Bank national accounts data. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; British Broadcasting Corporation 2014; WHO and UNICEF (http://www.who.int/immunisation_monitoring/routine/en/).; World Health Organisation and United Nations Children's Fund, Joint Measurement Programme (JMP) (http://www.wssinfo.org/).

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"Health: Cuba and United States compared", NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/compare/Cuba/United-States/Health

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