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Country vs country: Finland and United States compared: Education stats

Definitions

  • Average years of schooling of adults: Average years of schooling of adults is the years of formal schooling received, on average, by adults over age 15. (Data Source: Barro-Lee Data Set www.worldbank.org/html/prdmg/grthweb/ddbarle2.htm)
  • Children out of school, primary: Children out of school, primary. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Total is the total number of primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools.
  • Children out of school, primary per 1000: Children out of school, primary. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Total is the total number of primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Children out of school, primary, female: Children out of school, primary, female. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Female is the total number of female primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools.
  • College and university > Gender parity index: Country's gender parity index for college and university enrollment. For countries with a rating of over 1, more females are enrolled while countries with a rating under 1 have more males enrolled.
  • College and university > Share of total education spending: Percentage of government education funding that goes to post-secondary education.
  • Compulsary education duration: Number of years students are required to be enrolled in school for all levels of education. For instance, compulsary education lasts for 12 years in the United States.
  • Government spending on education > Proportion of GDP: Percentage of public funding for education out of country's total GDP.
  • Literacy > Female: This entry includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of our source. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons.
  • Literacy > Total population: This entry includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of our source. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons.
  • Primary education, duration > Years: Primary education, duration (years). Duration of primary is the number of grades (years) in primary education.
  • Primary education, teachers per 1000: Primary education, teachers. Teaching staff in primary. Public and private. Full and part-time. All programmes. Total is the total number of teachers in public and private primary education institutions. Teachers are persons employed full time or part time in an official capacity to guide and direct the learning experience of pupils and students, irrespective of their qualifications or the delivery mechanism, i.e. face-to-face and/or at a distance. This definition excludes educational personnel who have no active teaching duties (e.g. headmasters, headmistresses or principals who do not teach) and persons who work occasionally or in a voluntary capacity in educational institutions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Pupil-teacher ratio, primary: Pupil-teacher ratio, primary. Pupil-teacher ratio. Primary is the number of pupils enrolled in primary school divided by the number of primary school teachers.
  • Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary: Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary. Pupil-teacher ratio. Secondary is the number of pupils enrolled in secondary school divided by the number of secondary school teachers.
  • Secondary education, duration > Years: Secondary education, duration (years). Duration of secondary education is the number of grades (years) in secondary education (ISCED 2 & 3).
  • Homeschooling legal status: Legal status of homeschooling.
  • College and university > Gender ratio: Ratio of female to male tertiary enrollment is the percentage of men to women enrolled at tertiary level in public and private schools.
  • Child care (preschool) > Duration: Number of years students study at the pre-primary (preschool) level. It should be noted that not all countries require pre-primary education.
  • Children out of school, primary, female per 1000: Children out of school, primary, female. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Female is the total number of female primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Duration of compulsory education: Duration of compulsory education is the number of grades (or years) that a child must legally be enrolled in school.
  • Tertiary enrollment: Gross enrolment ratio, tertiary level is the sum of all tertiary level students enrolled at the start of the school year, expressed as a percentage of the mid-year population in the 5 year age group after the official secondary school leaving age.
  • Compulsary education starting age: Age at which children must be enrolled in school.
  • Spending per student > College and university: Public expenditure per student is the public current spending on education divided by the total number of students by level, as a percentage of GDP per capita. Public expenditure (current and capital) includes government spending on educational institutions (both public and private), education administration as well as subsidies for private entities (students/households and other privates entities)."
  • High school > Gender ratio: Ratio of female to male secondary enrollment is the percentage of girls to boys enrolled at secondary level in public and private schools.
  • Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary per million: Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary. Pupil-teacher ratio. Secondary is the number of pupils enrolled in secondary school divided by the number of secondary school teachers. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • School life expectancy > Total: School life expectancy and transition from primary to secondary for school years 1998/99 and 1999/00, published in http://www.uis.unesco.org accessed on Sept. 2002 and Women's Indicators and Statistics Database (Wistat), Version 4, CD-ROM (United Nations publication, Sales No. E.00.XVII.4) based on data provided by UNESCO in 1999.
  • College and university > Private school share: Percentage of post-secondary students who attend a private school, college, or university.
  • Child care (preschool) > Starting age: Average age at which students begin pre-primary (preschool) education.
  • High school > Upper secondary school duration: Number of years students study at the upper secondary (high school) level.
  • Primary education, pupils: Primary education, pupils. Enrolment in primary. Public and private. All programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled in public and private primary education institutions.
  • Literacy > Male: This entry includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of our source. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons.
  • Spending > USD: Education expenditure refers to the current operating expenditures in education, including wages and salaries and excluding capital investments in buildings and equipment."
  • Preschool enrollment rate: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Primary education provides children with basic reading, writing, and mathematics skills along with an elementary understanding of such subjects as history, geography, natural science, social science, art, and music."
  • Children out of school, primary, male: Children out of school, primary, male. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Male is the total number of male primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools.
  • Child care (preschool) > Students per teacher: Number of students per teacher for pre-primary (preschool) education.
  • Spending per student > High school: Public expenditure per student is the public current spending on education divided by the total number of students by level, as a percentage of GDP per capita. Public expenditure (current and capital) includes government spending on educational institutions (both public and private), education administration as well as subsidies for private entities (students/households and other privates entities)."
  • Literacy > Definition: This entry includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of our source. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons.
  • Secondary education, pupils: Secondary education, pupils. Enrolment in total secondary. Public and private. All programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled at public and private secondary education institutions.
  • Secondary education, teachers per 1000: Secondary education, teachers. Teaching staff in total secondary. Public and private. Full and part-time. All programmes. Total is the total number of teachers in public and private secondary education institutions (ISCED 2 and 3). Teachers are persons employed full time or part time in an official capacity to guide and direct the learning experience of pupils and students, irrespective of their qualifications or the delivery mechanism, i.e. face-to-face and/or at a distance. This definition excludes educational personnel who have no active teaching duties (e.g. headmasters, headmistresses or principals who do not teach) and persons who work occasionally or in a voluntary capacity in educational institutions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Spending > Proportion: Education expenditure refers to the current operating expenditures in education, including wages and salaries and excluding capital investments in buildings and equipment. Expressed as a proportion of GNI."
  • Tertiary > Students studying abroad: Total number of post-secondary students who were studying abroad during given year.
  • Scouting > Genders admitted: Admits boys/girls.
  • Primary education, teachers: Primary education, teachers. Teaching staff in primary. Public and private. Full and part-time. All programmes. Total is the total number of teachers in public and private primary education institutions. Teachers are persons employed full time or part time in an official capacity to guide and direct the learning experience of pupils and students, irrespective of their qualifications or the delivery mechanism, i.e. face-to-face and/or at a distance. This definition excludes educational personnel who have no active teaching duties (e.g. headmasters, headmistresses or principals who do not teach) and persons who work occasionally or in a voluntary capacity in educational institutions.
  • Children out of school, primary, male per 1000: Children out of school, primary, male. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Male is the total number of male primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Mathematical literacy: Mathematical literacy mean value of performance scale 15 years old 2000
  • Elementary (primary school) > Duration: Number of years students study at the primary level.
  • Literacy > Reading performance > Overall: Overall.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Primary school starting age > Years: Primary school starting age (years). Entrance age of primary is the age at which students would enter primary education, assuming they had started at the official entrance age for the lowest level of education, had studied full-time throughout and had progressed through the system without repeating or skipping a grade.
  • Pupil-teacher ratio > Primary: Primary school pupil-teacher ratio is the number of pupils enrolled in primary school divided by the number of primary school teachers (regardless of their teaching assignment).
  • High school > Lower secondary school duration: Number of years students study at the lower secondary (middle school) level.
  • High school > Gender parity index: Country's gender parity index for secondary level enrollment. For countries with a rating of over 1, more females are enrolled while countries with a rating under 1 have more males enrolled.
  • High school > Private school share: Percentage of secondary students who attend a private school.
  • Literacy > Reading performance > Overall reading skills: Overall.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Literacy > Reading performance > Access and retrieve: Access and retrieve.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Primary education, pupils per 1000: Primary education, pupils. Enrolment in primary. Public and private. All programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled in public and private primary education institutions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Children out of school > Primary: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school.
  • Scientific and technical journal articles: Scientific and technical journal articles refer to the number of scientific and engineering articles published in the following fields: physics, biology, chemistry, mathematics, clinical medicine, biomedical research, engineering and technology, and earth and space sciences.
  • Educational attainment > Tertiary: Percentage of adult population (aged 25-64) educated till tertiary level (year 2000).
  • Scientific literacy: Scientific literacy mean value of performance scale 15 years old (2000)
  • Secondary education, general pupils: Secondary education, general pupils. Enrolment in total secondary. Public and private. General programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled in general programmes at public and private secondary education institutions.
  • College and university > Teachers > Proportion of teachers female: Percentage of country's college and university professors that are female.
  • Tertiary > Students studying abroad proportion: The number of students from a given country studying abroad in a given year, expressed as a percentage of total tertiary enrollment in that country. Ratios greater than 100 % are possible, because those currently studying abroad do not count towards total enrollment.
  • Reading literacy: Reading literacy mean value of performance scale (15 years old, 2000)
  • Elementary school > Gender ratio: Ratio of female to male primary enrollment is the percentage of girls to boys enrolled at primary level in public and private schools.
  • Universities > Top 100: Number of universities in the top 100
  • Student attitude > Dislike of school: Percentage of schoolgoing children who do not like going to school (2000).
  • Education enrolment by level > Tertiary level per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Elementary (primary) school > Gender parity index: Country's gender parity index in primary, or elementary, school. For countries with a rating of over 1, more females are enrolled while countries with a rating under 1 have more males enrolled. 
  • Primary education > Teachers > Per capita: Primary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Teacher student ratio > High school: Secondary school pupil-teacher ratio is the number of pupils enrolled in secondary school divided by the number of secondary school teachers (regardless of their teaching assignment).
  • High school > Population with at least high school education > Men: Gender Inequality Index.
  • Elementary school > Enrolled students: Primary education pupils is the total number of pupils enrolled at primary level in public and private schools.
  • Spending per student > Elementary school: Public expenditure per student is the public current spending on education divided by the total number of students by level, as a percentage of GDP per capita. Public expenditure (current and capital) includes government spending on educational institutions (both public and private), education administration as well as subsidies for private entities (students/households and other privates entities)."
  • Tertiary > Students studying abroad per thousand people: Total number of post-secondary students who were studying abroad during given year. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Elementary (primary school) > Starting age: Average age at which students begin primary education.
  • Enrolment ratio > Secondary level: Net enrolment ratio, secondary level, is the ratio of the number of children of official secondary school age enrolled in school to the number of children of official secondary school age in the population.
  • Services, etc., value added > Constant 2000 US$ per capita: Services, etc., value added (constant 2000 US$). Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99. They include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in constant 2005 U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Primary teacher salary > Starting: Annual statutory teachers' salaries in public institutions in primary education, in equivalent US dollars converted using PPPs. Data for 1999.
  • Teacher student ratio > Elementary school: Primary school pupil-teacher ratio is the number of pupils enrolled in primary school divided by the number of primary school teachers (regardless of their teaching assignment).
  • Inequality adjusted index: Inequality-adjusted Human Development Index.
  • Public spending per student > Primary level: Public expenditure per student, primary level is the total reported current spending by the government on primary education, divided by the total number of pupils in primary education, expressed as a percentage of per capita GDP.
  • Secondary education > General pupils: Secondary general pupils are the number of secondary students enrolled in general education programs, including teacher training.
  • Scientific and technical journal articles per million: Scientific and technical journal articles refer to the number of scientific and engineering articles published in the following fields: physics, biology, chemistry, mathematics, clinical medicine, biomedical research, engineering and technology, and earth and space sciences. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Secondary education, pupils per 1000: Secondary education, pupils. Enrolment in total secondary. Public and private. All programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled at public and private secondary education institutions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • High school > Students per teacher: Number of students per teacher for all levels of secondary education.
  • High school > Lower Secondary > Students per teacher: Number of students per teacher for lower secondary (middle school) education.
  • High school > Upper secondary starting age: Average age at which students begin upper secondary (high school) education.
  • Children out of school > Primary per 1000: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Duration of education > Secondary level: Duration of secondary education is the number of grades (or years) in general secondary education.
  • Elementary school graduate rate: Persistence to last grade of primary is the percentage of children enrolled in the first grade of primary school who eventually reach the last grade of primary education. The estimate is based on the reconstructed cohort method.
  • Primary education > Pupils: Primary education pupils is the total number of pupils enrolled at primary level in public and private schools.
  • Elementary (primary school) > Teachers > Proportion of teachers female: Percentage of country's elementary, or primary, teachers that are female.
  • Secondary education, vocational pupils: Secondary education, vocational pupils. Enrolment in total secondary. Public and private. Technical/vocational programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled in technical/vocational programmes at public and private secondary education institutions.
  • Primary education > Teachers: Primary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers.
  • High school > Share of total education spending: Percentage of government education funding that goes to secondary education.
  • Outcomes > Secondary education > Duration > Years: Secondary education, duration (years) is the number of grades (years) in secondary school."
  • Elementary school repeaters > All: Repeaters in primary school are the number of students enrolled in the same grade as in the previous year, as a percentage of all students enrolled in primary school."
  • Education enrolment by level > Secondary level per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Schools connected to the Internet: Schools connected to the Internet are the share of primary and secondary schools in the country that have access to the Internet.
  • Participation > Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary education: Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary education is the percentage of girls to boys enrolled at primary and secondary levels in public and private schools.
  • High school > Population with at least high school education > Women: Population with at least high school education > Women.
  • Participation > Children out of school > Elementary: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school.
  • School enrolment rate > 1st grade: Gross intake rate in grade 1 is the number of new entrants in the first grade of primary education regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the population of the official primary entrance age."
  • Universities > Top 200: Number of universities in the top 200
  • Secondary education > General pupils > Per capita: Secondary general pupils are the number of secondary students enrolled in general education programs, including teacher training. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Literacy > Reading performance > Continuous texts: Continuous texts.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Expected duration of education for all students: Expected years of schooling for a 5-year-old under current conditions, excluding education for children under 5. Data for 2000.
  • Student attitude > Find school boring: Percentage of students who do find school boring (2000).
  • Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary > Teachers > Women: Number of female teaching staff in post-secondary non-tertiary education. Post-secondary non-tertiary education serves to broaden the knowledge of participants, who have already gained an upper secondary qualification.
  • Teachers as percentage of labor force: The percentage share of the total labor force who are classroom, academic staff, and other teachers. Data for 1999.
  • Education enrolment by level > Secondary level > Per capita: Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Education enrolment by level > Tertiary level > Per capita: Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Children out of school > Primary > Per capita: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Services, etc., value added > Current US$ per capita: Services, etc., value added (current US$). Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99. They include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Secondary school starting age > Years: Secondary school starting age (years). Entrance age of 2A lower secondary is the age at which students would enter lower secondary education, assuming they had started at the official entrance age for the lowest level of education, had studied full-time throughout and had progressed through the system without repeating or skipping a grade.
  • Outcomes > Primary education > Duration > Years: Primary duration refers to the number of years of full-time equivalent duration in primary education in the school system according to ISCED.
  • High school teachers: Secondary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers.
  • Universities > Top 200 per million: Number of universities in the top 200. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Public spending per student > Tertiary level: Public expenditure per student, tertiary level is the total reported current spending by the government on tertiary education, divided by the total number of pupils in tertiary education, expressed as a percentage of per capita GDP.
  • School life expectancy > Male: School life expectancy and transition from primary to secondary for school years 1998/99 and 1999/00, published in http://www.uis.unesco.org accessed on Sept. 2002 and Women's Indicators and Statistics Database (Wistat), Version 4, CD-ROM (United Nations publication, Sales No. E.00.XVII.4) based on data provided by UNESCO in 1999.
  • Educational attainment > Senior secondary: Percentage of adult population (aged 25-64) educated till senior secondary level (year 2000).
  • Participation > Secondary education > General pupils: Secondary general pupils are the number of secondary students enrolled in general education programs, including teacher training."
  • Duration of education > Primary level: Duration of primary education is the number of grades (or years) in primary education.
  • Literacy > Adults at high literacy level: Percentage of adults whose level of document literacy is rated 'high'. Data for 1998.
  • High school starting age > Years: Secondary school starting age is the age at which students would enter secondary education, assuming they had started at the official entrance age for the lowest level of education, had studied full-time throughout and had progressed through the system without repeating or skipping a grade."
  • Private school enrolment > Primary level: Private sector enrolment share, primary level is the share of primary school pupils who attend a privately managed school, regardless of whether or not the school receives subsidies from the government.
  • Literacy > Adults at low literacy level: Percentage of adults whose level of document literacy is rated 'low'. Data for 1998
  • Secondary education, vocational pupils per 1000: Secondary education, vocational pupils. Enrolment in total secondary. Public and private. Technical/vocational programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled in technical/vocational programmes at public and private secondary education institutions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Secondary education, general pupils per 1000: Secondary education, general pupils. Enrolment in total secondary. Public and private. General programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled in general programmes at public and private secondary education institutions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Elementary (primary) school) > Share of total education spending: Percentage of government education funding that goes to primary education.
  • Elementary (primary) school) > Private school share: Percentage of primary students who attend a private school.
  • High school > Lower secondary starting age: Average age at which students begin lower secondary (middle school) education.
  • Elementary (primary) school > Students per teacher: Number of students per teacher for primary education.
  • High school> Proportion of education spending on teachers' salaries: Percentage of public funding for secondary education that goes to teachers' salaries.
  • Primary education > Duration > Years: Primary duration refers to the number of years of full-time equivalent duration in primary education in the school system according to ISCED.
  • Ratio of female to male secondary enrollment: Ratio of female to male secondary enrollment is the percentage of girls to boys enrolled at secondary level in public and private schools.
  • Education enrolment by level > Primary level > Per capita: Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • School enrolment rate > 5th grade: Persistence to grade 5 (percentage of cohort reaching grade 5) is the share of children enrolled in the first grade of primary school who eventually reach grade 5. The estimate is based on the reconstructed cohort method.
  • Elementary school repeaters > Female: Repeaters in primary school are the number of students enrolled in the same grade as in the previous year, as a percentage of all students enrolled in primary school."
  • Scouting > Members: Members of boy or girl scout groups which are members of the World Organization of the Scout Movement (WOSM).
  • Secondary education > General pupils per 1000: Secondary general pupils are the number of secondary students enrolled in general education programs, including teacher training. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Researchers in R&D > Per million people: Researchers in R&D; (per million people). Researchers in R&D; are professionals engaged in the conception or creation of new knowledge, products, processes, methods, or systems and in the management of the projects concerned. Postgraduate PhD students (ISCED97 level 6) engaged in R&D; are included.
  • Educational attainment > Junior secondary: Percentage of adult population (aged 25-64) educated till junior secondary level (year 2000).
  • Research and Development > RandD > Expenditure on RandD > Gross domestic expenditure on RandD: Research and development (R&D;) comprise creative work undertaken on a systematic basis in order to increase the stock of knowledge, including knowledge of man, culture and society, and the use of this stock of knowledge to devise new applications. R&D; is a term covering three activities: basic research, applied research, and experimental development. Basic research is experimental or theoretical work undertaken primarily to acquire new knowledge of the underlying foundation of phenomena and observable facts, without any particular application or use in view. Applied research is also original investigation undertaken in order to acquire new knowledge. It is, however, directed primarily towards a specific practical aim or objective. Experimental development is systematic work, drawing on existing knowledge gained from research and/or practical experience, which is directed to producing new materials, products or devices, to installing new processes, systems and services, or to improving substantially those already produced or installed.

    The main aggregate used for international comparisons is gross domestic expenditure on R&D; (GERD). This consists of the total expenditure (current and capital) on R&D; by all resident companies, research institutes, university and government laboratories, etc. It excludes R&D; expenditures financed by domestic firms but performed abroad.
  • Student attitude > Report class disorder: Percentage of students who report high noise level and disorder in classes (2000).
  • Public spending per student > Secondary level: Public expenditure per student, secondary level is the total reported current spending by the government on secondary education, divided by the total number of pupils in secondary education, expressed as a percentage of per capita GDP.
  • Private school enrolment > Secondary level: Private sector enrolment share, secondary level is the share of students in general secondary education who attend a privately managed school, regardless of whether or not the school receives subsidies from the government.
  • Proportion of primary education time spent learning foreign languages: Intended instruction time spent studying modern foreign languages, as a percentage of total intended instruction time for students 12 to 14 years of age. Data for 1999.
  • Elementary school repeaters > Male: Repeaters in primary school are the number of students enrolled in the same grade as in the previous year, as a percentage of all students enrolled in primary school."
  • Universities > Top 100 per million: Number of universities in the top 100. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Services, etc., value added > Constant 2000 US$: Services, etc., value added (constant 2000 US$). Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99. They include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in constant 2005 U.S. dollars.
  • Primary education > Teachers per 1000: Primary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Literacy > Adults with at least moderate literacy: Percentage of adult females who have at least a moderate level of literacy, in selected OECD countries. Data for 1998.
  • Expenditure on education > Change in expenditure on education > Expenditure in tertiary education: The indicator shows direct public and private expenditure on educational institutions in relation to the number of full-time equivalent students enrolled in these institutions. Public subsidies for students’ living expenses have been excluded to ensure international comparability of the data.

    Expenditure on education per student is obtained by dividing the total expenditure on educational institutions by the number of full-time equivalents students. Only those educational institutions and programmes are taken into account for which both enrolment and expenditure data are available.
  • Secondary education, teachers: Secondary education, teachers. Teaching staff in total secondary. Public and private. Full and part-time. All programmes. Total is the total number of teachers in public and private secondary education institutions (ISCED 2 and 3). Teachers are persons employed full time or part time in an official capacity to guide and direct the learning experience of pupils and students, irrespective of their qualifications or the delivery mechanism, i.e. face-to-face and/or at a distance. This definition excludes educational personnel who have no active teaching duties (e.g. headmasters, headmistresses or principals who do not teach) and persons who work occasionally or in a voluntary capacity in educational institutions.
  • Elementary school teachers: Primary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers.
  • Female enrolment share > Secondary level: Girls' enrolment share, secondary level is the number of girls enrolled in secondary school, expressed as a percentage of the total number of pupils in secondary school.
  • School life expectancy > Female: School life expectancy and transition from primary to secondary for school years 1998/99 and 1999/00, published in http://www.uis.unesco.org accessed on Sept. 2002 and Women's Indicators and Statistics Database (Wistat), Version 4, CD-ROM (United Nations publication, Sales No. E.00.XVII.4) based on data provided by UNESCO in 1999.
  • High school > Proportion spent on all staff salaries: Percentage of public funding for secondary education that goes to school staff salaries.
  • Proportion of education spending on teachers' salaries: Percentage of public education funding for all levels that goes to teachers' salaries.
  • Education enrolment by level > Primary level per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Share of university qualifications awarded to females: Percentage share of tertiary level A qualifications as first degree awarded to females. Data for 2000.
  • Participation > Secondary education > Pupils: Secondary education pupils is the total number of pupils enrolled at secondary level in public and private schools.
  • Research and Development > RandD > Expenditure on RandD > Gross domestic expenditure on RandD per million: Research and development (R&D;) comprise creative work undertaken on a systematic basis in order to increase the stock of knowledge, including knowledge of man, culture and society, and the use of this stock of knowledge to devise new applications. R&D; is a term covering three activities: basic research, applied research, and experimental development. Basic research is experimental or theoretical work undertaken primarily to acquire new knowledge of the underlying foundation of phenomena and observable facts, without any particular application or use in view. Applied research is also original investigation undertaken in order to acquire new knowledge. It is, however, directed primarily towards a specific practical aim or objective. Experimental development is systematic work, drawing on existing knowledge gained from research and/or practical experience, which is directed to producing new materials, products or devices, to installing new processes, systems and services, or to improving substantially those already produced or installed.

    The main aggregate used for international comparisons is gross domestic expenditure on R&D; (GERD). This consists of the total expenditure (current and capital) on R&D; by all resident companies, research institutes, university and government laboratories, etc. It excludes R&D; expenditures financed by domestic firms but performed abroad. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Research and Development > RandD > Investment in knowledge > Investment in knowledge: Investment in knowledge is defined and calculated as the sum of expenditure on R&D;, on total higher education (public and private) and on software. Simple summation of the three components would lead to overestimation of the investment in knowledge owing to overlaps (R&D; and software, R&D; and education, software and education). Therefore, data reported here have been adjusted to exclude the overlaps between components.

    Note that as the term is used here, "investment” has a broader connotation than its usual meaning in economic statistics. It includes current expenditures, such as on education and R&D;, as well as capital outlays, such as purchases of software and construction of school buildings.
  • Ratio of female to male enrollments in tertiary education: Ratio of female to male tertiary enrollment is the percentage of men to women enrolled at tertiary level in public and private schools.
  • Proportion of 15 year-olds in secondary education: Percentage share of 15 year-olds enrolled in secondary education. Based on net enrolment rates, attained by head count. Data for 2000.
  • Primary teacher salary > After 15 years: Annual statutory teachers' salaries in public institutions in primary education, in equivalent US dollars converted using PPPs. Data for 1999.
  • Universities > Top 200 > Per $ GDP: Number of universities in the top 200 Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1 billion $ gross domestic product.
  • Research and Development > RandD > Investment in knowledge > Investment in knowledge per million: Investment in knowledge is defined and calculated as the sum of expenditure on R&D;, on total higher education (public and private) and on software. Simple summation of the three components would lead to overestimation of the investment in knowledge owing to overlaps (R&D; and software, R&D; and education, software and education). Therefore, data reported here have been adjusted to exclude the overlaps between components.

    Note that as the term is used here, "investment” has a broader connotation than its usual meaning in economic statistics. It includes current expenditures, such as on education and R&D;, as well as capital outlays, such as purchases of software and construction of school buildings. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Elementary school starting age > Years: Primary school starting age is the age at which students would enter primary education, assuming they had started at the official entrance age for the lowest level of education, had studied full-time throughout and had progressed through the system without repeating or skipping a grade."
  • Literacy > Adults with at least moderate literacy > Female: Percentage of adult females who have at least a moderate level of literacy, in selected OECD countries. Data for 1998.
  • Preschool enrollment rate > Male: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Preprimary education refers to the initial stage of organized instruction, designed primarily to introduce very young children to a school-type environment."
  • Ratio of female to male primary enrollment: Ratio of female to male primary enrollment is the percentage of girls to boys enrolled at primary level in public and private schools.
  • Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary education: Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary education is the percentage of girls to boys enrolled at primary and secondary levels in public and private schools.
  • Children out of school > Primary > Male per 1000: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Participation > Children out of school > Elementary > Female: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school.
  • Pupils-teacher ratio > Primary level: Pupil-teacher ratio, primary level is the average number of pupils per teacher in primary education. Cross-country comparisons may be affected by such factors as the composition of teachers by part- and full-time employment.
  • Primary teacher salary > Starting per 1000: Annual statutory teachers' salaries in public institutions in primary education, in equivalent US dollars converted using PPPs. Data for 1999. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Pupils-teacher ratio > Secondary level: Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary level is the average number of pupils per teacher in secondary education. Cross-country comparisons may be affected by such factors as the composition of teachers by part- and full-time employment.
  • Literacy > Adults at moderate literacy level: Percentage of adults whose level of document literacy is rated 'moderate'. Data for 1998.
  • Outcomes > Tertiary attainment > Tertiary attainment for age group 55-64: For each age group shown, those who have completed tertiary education are shown as a percentage of all persons in that age group. Tertiary education includes both tertiary-type "A programmes”, which are largely theoretically-based and designed to provide qualifications for entry to advanced research programmes and professions with high skill requirements, as well as tertiary-type "B programmes” which are classified at the same level of competencies as tertiary-type A programmes but are more occupationally-oriented and lead to direct labour market access. The tertiary attainment profiles are based on the percentage of the population aged 25 to 64 that has completed that level of education.
  • Elementary school graduate rate > Male: Persistence to last grade of primary is the percentage of children enrolled in the first grade of primary school who eventually reach the last grade of primary education. The estimate is based on the reconstructed cohort method.
  • Proportion of 19 year olds in tertiary education: Percentage share of 19 year-olds enrolled in tertiary education. Based on net enrolment rates, attained by head count. Data for 2000.
  • Young longtext readers: Share of 15-year-olds who are frequent longtext readers(2000)
  • Proportion of 18 year olds in tertiary education: Percentage share of 18 year-olds enrolled in tertiary education. Based on net enrolment rates, attained by head count. Data for 2000.
  • Universities > Top 100 > Per $ GDP: Number of universities in the top 100 Per $ GDP figures expressed per 14.1 billion $ gross domestic product.
  • Primary education > Pupils per 1000: Primary education pupils is the total number of pupils enrolled at primary level in public and private schools. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Expected duration of education for females: Expected years of schooling for a female 5-year-old under current conditions, excluding education for children under 5. Data for 2000.
  • Proportion of 19 year olds in secondary education: Percentage share of 19 year-olds enrolled in secondary education. Based on net enrolment rates, attained by head count. Data for 2000.
  • Share of university qualifications awarded to females > First degree: Percentage share of tertiary level A qualifications as first degree awarded to females. Data for 2000.
  • Proportion of 20 year olds in tertiary education: Percentage share of 20 year-olds enrolled in tertiary education. Based on net enrolment rates, attained by head count. Data for 2000.
  • Proportion of primary education time spent learning science: Intended instruction time spent studying science, as a percentage of total intended instruction time for students 12 to 14 years of age. Data for 1999.
  • Proportion of primary education time spent learning arts: Intended instruction time spent studying arts, as a percentage of total intended instruction time for students 12 to 14 years of age. Data for 1999.
  • Proportion of primary education time spent learning technology: Intended instruction time spent studying technology, as a percentage of total intended instruction time for students 12 to 14 years of age. Data for 1999.
  • Proportion of primary education time spent in physical education: Intended instruction time spent studying physical education, as a percentage of total intended instruction time for students 12 to 14 years of age. Data for 1999.
  • Literacy > Adults with at least moderate literacy > Male: Percentage of adult males who have at least a moderate level of literacy, in selected OECD countries. Data for 1998.
  • Proportion of 20 year olds in secondary education: Percentage share of 20 year-olds enrolled in secondary education. Based on net enrolment rates, attained by head count. Data for 2000.
  • Share of vocational tertiary qualifications awarded to females > First degree: Percentage share of tertiary level B qualifications as first degree awarded to females. Data for 2000.
  • Proportion of 16 year-olds in secondary education: Percentage share of 16 year-olds enrolled in secondary education. Based on net enrolment rates, attained by head count. Data for 2000.
  • Young shorttext readers: Share of 15-year-olds who are frequent shorttext (particularly comics) readers (2000)
  • School enrollment > Primary > Female > % net: Net enrollment ratio is the ratio of children of official school age based on the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 who are enrolled in school to the population of the corresponding official school age. Primary education provides children with basic reading, writing, and mathematics skills along with an elementary understanding of such subjects as history, geography, natural science, social science, art, and music.
  • Total expenditure as % of GDP: Total expenditure on education per year per country as % of GDP (Year 2000).
  • School enrollment > Primary > Male > % net: Net enrollment ratio is the ratio of children of official school age based on the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 who are enrolled in school to the population of the corresponding official school age. Primary education provides children with basic reading, writing, and mathematics skills along with an elementary understanding of such subjects as history, geography, natural science, social science, art, and music.
  • Children out of school > Primary > Male: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school.
  • Literacy and Attainment > Educational attainment: completed tertiary > Tertiary > Population 25+ years > % > Over 24 year olds: Percentage of population older than 24 years that has completed tertiary education.
  • Education spending > % of GDP: Government Education Expenditure (% of GDP, 2000-2002)
  • Proportion of 17 year olds in secondary education: Percentage share of 17 year-olds enrolled in secondary education. Based on net enrolment rates, attained by head count. Data for 2000.
  • Proportion of 18 year olds in secondary education: Percentage share of 18 year-olds enrolled in secondary education. Based on net enrolment rates, attained by head count. Data for 2000.
  • School enrollment > Preprimary > % gross: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Preprimary education refers to the initial stage of organized instruction, designed primarily to introduce very young children to a school-type environment.
  • School enrollment > Primary > Female > % gross: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Primary education provides children with basic reading, writing, and mathematics skills along with an elementary understanding of such subjects as history, geography, natural science, social science, art, and music.
  • Primary teacher salary > Starting; ratio to GDP per capita: Annual statutory teachers' salaries in public institutions in primary education, in equivalent US dollars converted using PPPs. Data for 1999.
  • School enrollment > Tertiary > Male > % gross: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Tertiary education, whether or not to an advanced research qualification, normally requires, as a minimum condition of admission, the successful completion of education at the secondary level.
  • Primary education > Teachers > % female: Female teachers as a percentage of total primary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers.
  • Expenditure per student > Secondary > % of GDP per capita: Public expenditure per student is the public current spending on education divided by the total number of students by level, as a percentage of GDP per capita.
  • School enrollment > Secondary > Female > % net: Net enrollment ratio is the ratio of children of official school age based on the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 who are enrolled in school to the population of the corresponding official school age. Secondary education completes the provision of basic education that began at the primary level, and aims at laying the foundations for lifelong learning and human development, by offering more subject- or skill-oriented instruction using more specialized teachers.
  • Gross intake rate in grade 1 > Male > % of relevant age group: Gross intake rate in grade 1 is the number of new entrants in the first grade of primary education regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the population of the official primary entrance age.
  • Participation > School enrollment > Primary > Female > % net: Net enrollment ratio is the ratio of children of official school age based on the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 who are enrolled in school to the population of the corresponding official school age. Primary education provides children with basic reading, writing, and mathematics skills along with an elementary understanding of such subjects as history, geography, natural science, social science, art, and music."
  • Government spending on education > % of GDP: Public expenditure on education consists of current and capital public expenditure on education includes government spending on educational institutions (both public and private), education administration as well as subsidies for private entities (students/households and other privates entities)."
  • Government spending on education > % of government spending: Public expenditure on education consists of current and capital public expenditure on education includes government spending on educational institutions (both public and private), education administration as well as subsidies for private entities (students/households and other privates entities)."
  • Participation > School enrollment > Primary > Female > % gross: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Primary education provides children with basic reading, writing, and mathematics skills along with an elementary understanding of such subjects as history, geography, natural science, social science, art, and music."
  • Participation > School enrollment > Secondary > Male > % gross: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Secondary education completes the provision of basic education that began at the primary level, and aims at laying the foundations for lifelong learning and human development, by offering more subject- or skill-oriented instruction using more specialized teachers."
  • Participation > School enrollment > Secondary > Male > % net: Net enrollment ratio is the ratio of children of official school age based on the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 who are enrolled in school to the population of the corresponding official school age. Secondary education completes the provision of basic education that began at the primary level, and aims at laying the foundations for lifelong learning and human development, by offering more subject- or skill-oriented instruction using more specialized teachers."
  • Participation > School enrollment > Secondary > Private > % of total secondary: Private enrollment refers to pupils or students enrolled in institutions that are not operated by a public authority but controlled and managed, whether for profit or not, by a private body such as a nongovernmental organisation, religious body, special interest group, foundation or business enterprise."
  • Participation > School enrollment > Tertiary > % gross: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Tertiary education, whether or not to an advanced research qualification, normally requires, as a minimum condition of admission, the successful completion of education at the secondary level."
  • Participation > School enrollment > Tertiary > Female > % gross: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Tertiary education, whether or not to an advanced research qualification, normally requires, as a minimum condition of admission, the successful completion of education at the secondary level."
  • Participation > Total enrollment > Primary > % net: Total enrollment is the number of pupils of the school-age group for primary education, enrolled either in primary or secondary education, expressed as a percentage of the total population in that age group."
STAT Finland United States HISTORY
Average years of schooling of adults 10
Ranked 9th.
12
Ranked 1st. 20% more than Finland
Children out of school, primary 6,055
Ranked 80th.
1.76 million
Ranked 3rd. 290 times more than Finland

Children out of school, primary per 1000 1.12
Ranked 86th.
5.64
Ranked 47th. 5 times more than Finland

Children out of school, primary, female 2,896
Ranked 72nd.
780,465
Ranked 3rd. 269 times more than Finland

College and university > Gender parity index 1.23
Ranked 41st.
1.41
Ranked 33th. 14% more than Finland

College and university > Share of total education spending 31.85%
Ranked 9th. 24% more than United States
25.65%
Ranked 26th.

Compulsary education duration 10
Ranked 75th.
12
Ranked 14th. 20% more than Finland

Government spending on education > Proportion of GDP 6.84%
Ranked 17th. 22% more than United States
5.62%
Ranked 39th.

Literacy > Female 100%
Ranked 2nd. 1% more than United States
99%
Ranked 17th.

Literacy > Total population 100%
Ranked 2nd. 1% more than United States
99%
Ranked 20th.

Primary education, duration > Years 6
Ranked 129th. The same as United States
6
Ranked 53th.

Primary education, teachers per 1000 4.69
Ranked 64th.
5.49
Ranked 49th. 17% more than Finland

Pupil-teacher ratio, primary 13.67
Ranked 101st.
14.29
Ranked 98th. 4% more than Finland

Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary 9.5
Ranked 85th.
14.49
Ranked 56th. 52% more than Finland

Secondary education, duration > Years 6
Ranked 150th. The same as United States
6
Ranked 102nd.

Homeschooling legal status Legal as alternative to the mandatory public school system. Written and oral examinations to check on progress are mandatory. Legal under regulating conditions, varies by state.
College and university > Gender ratio 124.02
Ranked 45th.
140.06
Ranked 29th. 13% more than Finland

Child care (preschool) > Duration 4
Ranked 20th. 33% more than United States
3
Ranked 47th.

Children out of school, primary, female per 1000 0.537
Ranked 81st.
2.5
Ranked 48th. 5 times more than Finland

Duration of compulsory education 10 years
Ranked 59th.
12 years
Ranked 10th. 20% more than Finland
Tertiary enrollment 70.4%
Ranked 1st.
72.6%
Ranked 1st. 3% more than Finland
Compulsary education starting age 7
Ranked 25th. 17% more than United States
6
Ranked 66th.

Spending per student > College and university 31.84
Ranked 22nd. 44% more than United States
22.04
Ranked 37th.

Girls to boys ratio > Primary level enrolment 0.99
Ranked 56th. The same as United States
0.99
Ranked 49th.

High school > Gender ratio 104.88
Ranked 29th. 5% more than United States
99.5
Ranked 59th.

Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary per million 1.76
Ranked 56th. 38 times more than United States
0.0465
Ranked 96th.

School life expectancy > Total 16.7 years
Ranked 2nd. 10% more than United States
15.2 years
Ranked 14th.
College and university > Private school share 25.63%
Ranked 48th.
27.95%
Ranked 46th. 9% more than Finland

Child care (preschool) > Starting age 3
Ranked 182nd. The same as United States
3
Ranked 103th.

High school > Upper secondary school duration 3
Ranked 124th. The same as United States
3
Ranked 73th.

Primary education, pupils 345,615
Ranked 92nd.
24.43 million
Ranked 5th. 71 times more than Finland

Literacy > Male 100%
Ranked 2nd. 1% more than United States
99%
Ranked 28th.

Spending > USD 15.41 billion
Ranked 25th.
684.04 billion
Ranked 1st. 44 times more than Finland

Preschool enrollment rate 97.29
Ranked 105th.
98.77
Ranked 94th. 2% more than Finland

Children out of school, primary, male 3,159
Ranked 71st.
976,866
Ranked 3rd. 309 times more than Finland

Child care (preschool) > Students per teacher 10.77
Ranked 95th.
14.96
Ranked 64th. 39% more than Finland

Spending per student > High school 30.89
Ranked 10th. 26% more than United States
24.56
Ranked 18th.

Literacy > Definition age 15 and over can read and write age 15 and over can read and write
Secondary education, pupils 422,872
Ranked 79th.
24.21 million
Ranked 4th. 57 times more than Finland

Secondary education, teachers per 1000 8.26
Ranked 19th. 54% more than United States
5.36
Ranked 56th.

Education enrolment by level > Tertiary level 291,664
Ranked 50th.
16.61 million
Ranked 1st. 57 times more than Finland

Spending > Proportion 5.64
Ranked 31st. 18% more than United States
4.79
Ranked 54th.

Tertiary > Students studying abroad 7,550.79
Ranked 88th.
56,943.33
Ranked 6th. 8 times more than Finland

Scouting > Genders admitted both both for Venturing, boys only for non-Venturing
Primary education, teachers 25,281
Ranked 72nd.
1.71 million
Ranked 5th. 68 times more than Finland

Children out of school, primary, male per 1000 0.586
Ranked 82nd.
3.14
Ranked 43th. 5 times more than Finland

Mathematical literacy 536
Ranked 4th. 9% more than United States
493
Ranked 18th.
Elementary (primary school) > Duration 6
Ranked 136th. The same as United States
6
Ranked 59th.

Literacy > Reading performance > Overall 536
Ranked 2nd. 7% more than United States
500
Ranked 15th.
Primary school starting age > Years 7
Ranked 37th. 17% more than United States
6
Ranked 77th.

Pupil-teacher ratio > Primary 15.96
Ranked 112th. 12% more than United States
14.21
Ranked 120th.

High school > Lower secondary school duration 3
Ranked 172nd. The same as United States
3
Ranked 105th.

High school > Gender parity index 1.05
Ranked 28th. 3% more than United States
1.01
Ranked 68th.

High school > Private school share 9.36%
Ranked 79th. 13% more than United States
8.27%
Ranked 86th.

Literacy > Reading performance > Overall reading skills 536
Ranked 2nd. 7% more than United States
500
Ranked 15th.
Literacy > Reading performance > Access and retrieve 532
Ranked 2nd. 8% more than United States
492
Ranked 25th.
Primary education, pupils per 1000 64.14
Ranked 114th.
78.41
Ranked 97th. 22% more than Finland

Children out of school > Primary 1,957
Ranked 98th.
1.62 million
Ranked 2nd. 828 times more than Finland

Scientific and technical journal articles 5,202
Ranked 23th.
211,233
Ranked 1st. 41 times more than Finland

Educational attainment > Tertiary 32%
Ranked 6th.
37%
Ranked 2nd. 16% more than Finland
Scientific literacy 538
Ranked 3rd. 8% more than United States
499
Ranked 14th.
Secondary education, general pupils 288,779
Ranked 89th.
24.21 million
Ranked 3rd. 84 times more than Finland

Education enrolment by level > Primary level 392,741
Ranked 109th.
24.85 million
Ranked 4th. 63 times more than Finland

College and university > Teachers > Proportion of teachers female 50%
Ranked 19th. 6% more than United States
47%
Ranked 7th.
Tertiary > Students studying abroad proportion 2.45%
Ranked 86th. 9 times more than United States
0.271%
Ranked 124th.

Reading literacy 546
Ranked 1st. 8% more than United States
504
Ranked 15th.
Elementary school > Gender ratio 99.09
Ranked 53th.
100.68
Ranked 17th. 2% more than Finland

Universities > Top 100 1
Ranked 22nd.
31
Ranked 1st. 31 times more than Finland
Student attitude > Dislike of school 26%
Ranked 12th.
35%
Ranked 5th. 35% more than Finland
Education enrolment by level > Tertiary level per 1000 56.08
Ranked 6th.
57.75
Ranked 4th. 3% more than Finland

Elementary (primary) school > Gender parity index 0.993
Ranked 44th. About the same as United States
0.991
Ranked 69th.

Primary education > Teachers > Per capita 4.65 per 1,000 people
Ranked 74th.
5.88 per 1,000 people
Ranked 44th. 27% more than Finland

Teacher student ratio > High school 10.03
Ranked 79th.
14.38
Ranked 51st. 43% more than Finland

High school > Population with at least high school education > Men 100%
Ranked 2nd. 6% more than United States
94.3%
Ranked 22nd.

Elementary school > Enrolled students 357,403
Ranked 89th.
24.68 million
Ranked 3rd. 69 times more than Finland

Spending per student > Elementary school 17.53
Ranked 31st.
22.35
Ranked 18th. 27% more than Finland

Tertiary > Students studying abroad per thousand people 1.4
Ranked 97th. 8 times more than United States
0.183
Ranked 178th.

Girls to boys ratio > Secondary level enrolment 1.05
Ranked 40th. 3% more than United States
1.02
Ranked 54th.

Elementary (primary school) > Starting age 7
Ranked 37th. 17% more than United States
6
Ranked 77th.

Enrolment ratio > Secondary level 94.6%
Ranked 3rd. 7% more than United States
88.1%
Ranked 17th.
Services, etc., value added > Constant 2000 US$ per capita $21,079.50
Ranked 15th.
$33,005.49
Ranked 3rd. 57% more than Finland

Primary teacher salary > Starting $18,110.00
Ranked 17th.
$25,707.00
Ranked 5th. 42% more than Finland
Education enrolment ratio > Net > Primary level 98%
Ranked 35th. 4% more than United States
94%
Ranked 71st.

Teacher student ratio > Elementary school 14.39
Ranked 100th. 5% more than United States
13.69
Ranked 102nd.

Inequality adjusted index 0.859
Ranked 14th.
0.941
Ranked 3rd. 10% more than Finland
Public spending per student > Primary level 17.3
Ranked 25th.
17.9
Ranked 21st. 3% more than Finland
Girls to boys ratio > Tertiary level enrolment 1.21
Ranked 44th.
1.4
Ranked 22nd. 16% more than Finland

Secondary education > General pupils 305,970
Ranked 94th.
24.19 million
Ranked 3rd. 79 times more than Finland

Scientific and technical journal articles per million 997.89
Ranked 4th. 37% more than United States
728.12
Ranked 13th.

Secondary education, pupils per 1000 78.48
Ranked 75th. 1% more than United States
77.71
Ranked 76th.

High school > Students per teacher 9.5
Ranked 86th.
14.49
Ranked 57th. 52% more than Finland

High school > Lower Secondary > Students per teacher 9.19
Ranked 73th.
14.52
Ranked 47th. 58% more than Finland

High school > Upper secondary starting age 16
Ranked 53th. 7% more than United States
15
Ranked 90th.

Children out of school > Primary per 1000 0.374
Ranked 109th.
5.54
Ranked 58th. 15 times more than Finland

Education expenditure of government > As percentage of GNI 6.6%
Ranked 16th. 12% more than United States
5.9%
Ranked 23th.

Education expenditure of government > As percentage of total government 12.8%
Ranked 52nd.
15.3%
Ranked 38th. 20% more than Finland

Duration of education > Secondary level 6
Ranked 127th. The same as United States
6
Ranked 81st.
Elementary school graduate rate 99.8
Ranked 3rd. 5% more than United States
95.34
Ranked 40th.

Education enrolment by level > Percentage girls > Primary level 48.83%
Ranked 44th.
48.86%
Ranked 40th. The same as Finland

Primary education > Pupils 387,934
Ranked 103th.
24.56 million
Ranked 4th. 63 times more than Finland

Elementary (primary school) > Teachers > Proportion of teachers female 79%
Ranked 41st.
87%
Ranked 8th. 10% more than Finland
Secondary education, vocational pupils 134,093
Ranked 47th.
0.0
Ranked 96th.

Primary education > Teachers 24,313
Ranked 79th.
1.73 million
Ranked 3rd. 71 times more than Finland

High school > Share of total education spending 42.45%
Ranked 24th. 20% more than United States
35.42%
Ranked 52nd.

Outcomes > Secondary education > Duration > Years 6
Ranked 133th. The same as United States
6
Ranked 86th.

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary 17 years
Ranked 8th. 6% more than United States
16 years
Ranked 15th.
Elementary school repeaters > All 0.41
Ranked 99th.
0.0
Ranked 116th.

Education enrolment by level > Secondary level per 1000 95.53
Ranked 56th. 15% more than United States
82.94
Ranked 90th.

Education enrolment by level > Secondary level 496,834
Ranked 81st.
23.85 million
Ranked 4th. 48 times more than Finland

Schools connected to the Internet 99%
Ranked 13th.
100%
Ranked 2nd. 1% more than Finland

Participation > Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary education 102.22%
Ranked 21st. 2% more than United States
100.09%
Ranked 51st.

High school > Population with at least high school education > Women 100%
Ranked 2nd. 6% more than United States
94.7%
Ranked 14th.

Participation > Children out of school > Elementary 14,007
Ranked 65th.
1.71 million
Ranked 4th. 122 times more than Finland

School enrolment rate > 1st grade 98.93
Ranked 82nd.
105.99
Ranked 46th. 7% more than Finland

Universities > Top 200 2
Ranked 23th.
54
Ranked 1st. 27 times more than Finland
Secondary education > General pupils > Per capita 58.52 per 1,000 people
Ranked 109th.
82.36 per 1,000 people
Ranked 51st. 41% more than Finland

Literacy > Reading performance > Continuous texts 535
Ranked 3rd. 7% more than United States
500
Ranked 13th.
Expected duration of education for all students 18.7 years
Ranked 5th. 12% more than United States
16.7 years
Ranked 14th.
Student attitude > Find school boring 60%
Ranked 5th.
61%
Ranked 2nd. 2% more than Finland
Education enrolment by level > Percentage girls > Tertiary level 53.49%
Ranked 57th.
56.64%
Ranked 34th. 6% more than Finland

Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary > Teachers > Women 0.0
Ranked 60th.
25,000
Ranked 1st.

Teachers as percentage of labor force 4.3%
Ranked 14th. 2% more than United States
4.2%
Ranked 17th.
Education enrolment by level > Secondary level > Per capita 95.53 per 1,000 people
Ranked 58th. 15% more than United States
82.72 per 1,000 people
Ranked 88th.

Education enrolment by level > Percentage girls > Secondary level 51.43%
Ranked 27th. 6% more than United States
48.72%
Ranked 92nd.

Education enrolment by level > Tertiary level > Per capita 56.08 per 1,000 people
Ranked 6th.
57.61 per 1,000 people
Ranked 4th. 3% more than Finland

Children out of school > Primary > Per capita 0.374 per 1,000 people
Ranked 110th.
5.52 per 1,000 people
Ranked 57th. 15 times more than Finland

Services, etc., value added > Current US$ per capita $25,897.00
Ranked 15th.
$36,945.60
Ranked 5th. 43% more than Finland

Secondary school starting age > Years 13
Ranked 31st. 8% more than United States
12
Ranked 59th.

Outcomes > Primary education > Duration > Years 6
Ranked 117th. The same as United States
6
Ranked 49th.

High school teachers 42,991
Ranked 41st.
1.72 million
Ranked 2nd. 40 times more than Finland

Universities > Top 200 per million 0.381
Ranked 11th. 2 times more than United States
0.183
Ranked 17th.
Public spending per student > Tertiary level 39.7
Ranked 41st. 66% more than United States
23.9
Ranked 8th.
School life expectancy > Male 16.2 years
Ranked 3rd. 9% more than United States
14.8 years
Ranked 17th.
Educational attainment > Senior secondary 42%
Ranked 10th.
50%
Ranked 6th. 19% more than Finland
Participation > Secondary education > General pupils 304,729
Ranked 81st.
24.69 million
Ranked 2nd. 81 times more than Finland

Duration of education > Primary level 6
Ranked 119th. The same as United States
6
Ranked 51st.
Literacy > Adults at high literacy level 25.1%
Ranked 5th. 32% more than United States
19%
Ranked 9th.
High school starting age > Years 13
Ranked 30th. 8% more than United States
12
Ranked 55th.

Private school enrolment > Primary level 1.2
Ranked 80th.
11.6
Ranked 33th. 10 times more than Finland
Literacy > Adults at low literacy level 36.8%
Ranked 13th.
49.6%
Ranked 7th. 35% more than Finland
Secondary education, vocational pupils per 1000 24.89
Ranked 20th.
0.0
Ranked 96th.

Secondary education, general pupils per 1000 53.59
Ranked 111th.
77.71
Ranked 47th. 45% more than Finland

Elementary (primary) school) > Share of total education spending 19.91%
Ranked 88th.
32.42%
Ranked 47th. 63% more than Finland

Elementary (primary) school) > Private school share 1.6%
Ranked 118th.
8.72%
Ranked 80th. 5 times more than Finland

High school > Lower secondary starting age 13
Ranked 31st. 8% more than United States
12
Ranked 61st.

Elementary (primary) school > Students per teacher 13.67
Ranked 103th.
14.29
Ranked 100th. 4% more than Finland

High school> Proportion of education spending on teachers' salaries 51.89%
Ranked 41st.
54.76%
Ranked 39th. 6% more than Finland

Primary education > Duration > Years 6 years
Ranked 126th. The same as United States
6 years
Ranked 54th.

Ratio of female to male secondary enrollment 104.87
Ranked 39th. 3% more than United States
101.63
Ranked 58th.

Education enrolment by level > Primary level > Per capita 0.076 per capita
Ranked 131st.
0.086 per capita
Ranked 119th. 13% more than Finland

Education enrolment ratio > Net > Primary level > Men 98%
Ranked 36th. 5% more than United States
93%
Ranked 66th.

Education enrolment ratio > Net > Primary level > Women 98%
Ranked 33th. 4% more than United States
94%
Ranked 66th.

School enrolment rate > 5th grade 99.7
Ranked 4th. 6% more than United States
94.45
Ranked 30th.

Elementary school repeaters > Female 0.28
Ranked 99th.
0.0
Ranked 112th.

Scouting > Members 43,811
Ranked 30th.
2.99 million
Ranked 3rd. 68 times more than Finland
Secondary education > General pupils per 1000 58.52
Ranked 110th.
82.6
Ranked 48th. 41% more than Finland

Researchers in R&D > Per million people 7,722
Ranked 1st. 65% more than United States
4,673.21
Ranked 8th.

Educational attainment > Junior secondary 26%
Ranked 8th. 2 times more than United States
12%
Ranked 18th.
Research and Development > RandD > Expenditure on RandD > Gross domestic expenditure on RandD 3.41%
Ranked 2nd. 27% more than United States
2.68%
Ranked 7th.
Student attitude > Report class disorder 42%
Ranked 3rd. 50% more than United States
28%
Ranked 11th.
Public spending per student > Secondary level 25.5
Ranked 22nd. 14% more than United States
22.4
Ranked 28th.
Private school enrolment > Secondary level 5.8
Ranked 64th.
9.6
Ranked 12th. 66% more than Finland
Proportion of primary education time spent learning foreign languages 9 7
Elementary school repeaters > Male 0.53
Ranked 96th.
0.0
Ranked 113th.

Universities > Top 100 per million 0.191
Ranked 10th. 82% more than United States
0.105
Ranked 13th.
Services, etc., value added > Constant 2000 US$ $113.06 billion
Ranked 26th.
$10.28 trillion
Ranked 1st. 91 times more than Finland

Primary education > Teachers per 1000 4.65
Ranked 72nd.
5.9
Ranked 45th. 27% more than Finland

Literacy > Adults with at least moderate literacy 63.2%
Ranked 5th. 25% more than United States
50.4%
Ranked 11th.
Expenditure on education > Change in expenditure on education > Expenditure in tertiary education 115.64 Index of change, year 200
Ranked 19th.
117.74 Index of change, year 200
Ranked 15th. 2% more than Finland
Secondary education, teachers 44,493
Ranked 42nd.
1.67 million
Ranked 4th. 38 times more than Finland

Elementary school teachers 24,830
Ranked 73th.
1.8 million
Ranked 2nd. 73 times more than Finland

Female enrolment share > Secondary level 51.4%
Ranked 23th. 5% more than United States
49%
Ranked 73th.
School life expectancy > Female 17.2 years
Ranked 2nd. 10% more than United States
15.7 years
Ranked 11th.
High school > Proportion spent on all staff salaries 63.45%
Ranked 70th.
81.55%
Ranked 40th. 29% more than Finland

Proportion of education spending on teachers' salaries 47.32%
Ranked 34th.
47.8%
Ranked 32nd. 1% more than Finland

Education enrolment by level > Primary level per 1000 75.52
Ranked 133th.
86.39
Ranked 118th. 14% more than Finland

Share of university qualifications awarded to females 59%
Ranked 9th. 4% more than United States
57%
Ranked 12th.
Participation > Secondary education > Pupils 430,596
Ranked 72nd.
24.43 million
Ranked 3rd. 57 times more than Finland

Research and Development > RandD > Expenditure on RandD > Gross domestic expenditure on RandD per million 0.639%
Ranked 3rd. 73 times more than United States
0.00874%
Ranked 28th.
Research and Development > RandD > Investment in knowledge > Investment in knowledge 5.84%
Ranked 3rd.
6.49%
Ranked 2nd. 11% more than Finland
Ratio of female to male enrollments in tertiary education 119.92
Ranked 54th.
139.19
Ranked 29th. 16% more than Finland

Proportion of 15 year-olds in secondary education 99%
Ranked 10th. 9% more than United States
91%
Ranked 23th.
Primary teacher salary > After 15 years $24,799.00
Ranked 14th.
$34,705.00
Ranked 5th. 40% more than Finland
Universities > Top 200 > Per $ GDP 0.011 per $1 billion of GDP
Ranked 11th. 2 times more than United States
0.005 per $1 billion of GDP
Ranked 17th.
Research and Development > RandD > Investment in knowledge > Investment in knowledge per million 1.09%
Ranked 1st. 52 times more than United States
0.0212%
Ranked 18th.
Elementary school starting age > Years 7
Ranked 38th. 17% more than United States
6
Ranked 73th.

Literacy > Adults with at least moderate literacy > Female 49.7%
Ranked 4th.
53.6%
Ranked 1st. 8% more than Finland
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Female 18 years
Ranked 5th. 13% more than United States
16 years
Ranked 25th.
Preschool enrollment rate > Male 65.52
Ranked 57th. 13% more than United States
57.98
Ranked 63th.

Ratio of female to male primary enrollment 99.21
Ranked 56th. 2% more than United States
97.22
Ranked 93th.

Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary education 106.64%
Ranked 29th.
108.83%
Ranked 20th. 2% more than Finland

Children out of school > Primary > Male per 1000 0.18
Ranked 103th.
2.03
Ranked 66th. 11 times more than Finland

Participation > Children out of school > Elementary > Female 6,925
Ranked 64th.
769,923
Ranked 4th. 111 times more than Finland

Pupils-teacher ratio > Primary level 15.5
Ranked 114th. 1% more than United States
15.4
Ranked 115th.
Primary teacher salary > Starting per 1000 $3.51
Ranked 7th. 38 times more than United States
$0.09
Ranked 22nd.
Pupils-teacher ratio > Secondary level 12.2
Ranked 97th.
14.9
Ranked 79th. 22% more than Finland
Literacy > Adults at moderate literacy level 38.1%
Ranked 7th. 21% more than United States
31.4%
Ranked 13th.
Outcomes > Tertiary attainment > Tertiary attainment for age group 55-64 27.3%
Ranked 5th.
37.67%
Ranked 1st. 38% more than Finland
Elementary school graduate rate > Male 99.61
Ranked 8th.
100
Ranked 3rd. About the same as Finland

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Male 17 years
Ranked 6th. 13% more than United States
15 years
Ranked 24th.
Proportion of 19 year olds in tertiary education 17%
Ranked 17th.
41%
Ranked 3rd. 2 times more than Finland
Young longtext readers 12.1%
Ranked 26th.
28.4%
Ranked 6th. 2 times more than Finland
Proportion of 18 year olds in tertiary education 1%
Ranked 22nd.
35%
Ranked 3rd. 35 times more than Finland
Universities > Top 100 > Per $ GDP 0.076 per $14.1 billion of GDP
Ranked 11th. 2 times more than United States
0.037 per $14.1 billion of GDP
Ranked 15th.
Primary education > Pupils per 1000 74.2
Ranked 130th.
83.88
Ranked 115th. 13% more than Finland

Expected duration of education for females 19.4 years
Ranked 4th. 13% more than United States
17.1 years
Ranked 12th.
Proportion of 19 year olds in secondary education 30%
Ranked 8th. 5 times more than United States
6%
Ranked 26th.
Share of university qualifications awarded to females > First degree 59%
Ranked 9th. 4% more than United States
57%
Ranked 12th.
Proportion of 20 year olds in tertiary education 31%
Ranked 13th.
38%
Ranked 5th. 23% more than Finland
Proportion of primary education time spent learning science 10%
Ranked 28th.
14%
Ranked 9th. 40% more than Finland
Proportion of primary education time spent learning arts 8 7
Proportion of primary education time spent learning technology 4 3
Proportion of primary education time spent in physical education 8 12
Literacy > Adults with at least moderate literacy > Male 50.3%
Ranked 15th. 8% more than United States
46.4%
Ranked 17th.
Proportion of 20 year olds in secondary education 17%
Ranked 12th. 9 times more than United States
2%
Ranked 25th.
Share of vocational tertiary qualifications awarded to females > First degree 65% awarded to females
Ranked 10th. 8% more than United States
60% awarded to females
Ranked 14th.
Proportion of 16 year-olds in secondary education 95%
Ranked 8th. 9% more than United States
87%
Ranked 22nd.
Young shorttext readers 66.9%
Ranked 2nd. 6 times more than United States
11%
Ranked 24th.
School enrollment > Primary > Female > % net 99.23% net
Ranked 3rd. 10% more than United States
90.49% net
Ranked 71st.

Total expenditure as % of GDP 5.6% of GDP
Ranked 11th.
7% of GDP
Ranked 1st. 25% more than Finland
School enrollment > Primary > Male > % net 99.41% net
Ranked 7th. 5% more than United States
94.25% net
Ranked 51st.

Children out of school > Primary > Male 943
Ranked 93th.
593,372
Ranked 5th. 629 times more than Finland

Literacy and Attainment > Educational attainment: completed tertiary > Tertiary > Population 25+ years > % > Over 24 year olds 32.59%
Ranked 4th.
40.66%
Ranked 3rd. 25% more than Finland
Education spending > % of GDP 6.4%
Ranked 24th. 12% more than United States
5.7%
Ranked 38th.
Proportion of 17 year olds in secondary education 94%
Ranked 3rd. 19% more than United States
79%
Ranked 17th.
Proportion of 18 year olds in secondary education 87%
Ranked 2nd. 4 times more than United States
24%
Ranked 25th.
School enrollment > Preprimary > % gross 58.69% gross
Ranked 66th.
61.93% gross
Ranked 62nd. 6% more than Finland

School enrollment > Primary > Female > % gross 100.14% gross
Ranked 96th. 3% more than United States
97.55% gross
Ranked 117th.

Primary teacher salary > Starting; ratio to GDP per capita $24,799.00
Ranked 14th.
$34,705.00
Ranked 5th. 40% more than Finland
School enrollment > Tertiary > Male > % gross 81.56% gross
Ranked 3rd. 18% more than United States
69.19% gross
Ranked 6th.

Primary education > Teachers > % female 75.5% female
Ranked 69th.
88.58% female
Ranked 21st. 17% more than Finland

Expenditure per student > Secondary > % of GDP per capita 28.11%
Ranked 17th. 9% more than United States
25.85%
Ranked 24th.

School enrollment > Secondary > Female > % net 94.26% net
Ranked 11th. 4% more than United States
90.59% net
Ranked 20th.

Gross intake rate in grade 1 > Male > % of relevant age group 98.26%
Ranked 100th.
99.85%
Ranked 91st. 2% more than Finland

Participation > School enrollment > Primary > Female > % net 95.97%
Ranked 30th. 4% more than United States
92.61%
Ranked 54th.

Government spending on education > % of GDP 6.84%
Ranked 17th. 22% more than United States
5.62%
Ranked 39th.

Government spending on education > % of government spending 12.48%
Ranked 48th.
14.13%
Ranked 35th. 13% more than Finland

Participation > School enrollment > Primary > Female > % gross 96.84%
Ranked 101st.
99.11%
Ranked 89th. 2% more than Finland

Participation > School enrollment > Secondary > Male > % gross 107.72%
Ranked 14th. 14% more than United States
94.34%
Ranked 38th.

Participation > School enrollment > Secondary > Male > % net 96%
Ranked 5th. 9% more than United States
87.68%
Ranked 18th.

Participation > School enrollment > Secondary > Private > % of total secondary 6.79%
Ranked 72nd.
8.78%
Ranked 68th. 29% more than Finland

Participation > School enrollment > Tertiary > % gross 94.44%
Ranked 2nd. 14% more than United States
82.92%
Ranked 4th.

Participation > School enrollment > Tertiary > Female > % gross 104.83%
Ranked 2nd. 8% more than United States
97.14%
Ranked 6th.

Participation > Total enrollment > Primary > % net 96.19%
Ranked 46th. 3% more than United States
93.14%
Ranked 64th.

SOURCES: UNESCO; UNESCO Institute for Statistics; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Homeschooling_international_status_and_statistics; United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics.; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; Source: UNESCO UIS Data | UNESCO Institute for Statistics; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; World Bank staff estimates using data from the United Nations Statistics Division's Statistical Yearbook, and the UNESCO Institute for Statistics online database.; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. 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Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; The Times, 2005. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; OECD; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; "WOSM MEMBERSHIP as at 31st December 2012". World Organization of the Scout Movement. August 2013.; United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics.; OECD Country statistical profiles 2009; World Bank national accounts data; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; OECD Country statistical profiles 2009. 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Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; OECD Historical Statistics; http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?d=UNESCO&f=series%3aEA_56_Ag25t99, Educational attainment: completed tertiary; United Nations Human Development Programme

Citation

"Education: Finland and United States compared", NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/compare/Finland/United-States/Education