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Country vs country: Germany and United States compared: Environment stats

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Definitions

  • Biodiversity > Bird species, threatened: Bird species, threatened. Birds are listed for countries included within their breeding or wintering ranges. Threatened species are the number of species classified by the IUCN as endangered, vulnerable, rare, indeterminate, out of danger, or insufficiently known.
  • Biodiversity > Mammal species, threatened: Mammal species, threatened. Mammal species are mammals excluding whales and porpoises. Threatened species are the number of species classified by the IUCN as endangered, vulnerable, rare, indeterminate, out of danger, or insufficiently known.
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions from electricity and heat production, total > Million metric tons: CO2 emissions from electricity and heat production, total (million metric tons). CO2 emissions from electricity and heat production is the sum of three IEA categories of CO2 emissions: (1) Main Activity Producer Electricity and Heat which contains the sum of emissions from main activity producer electricity generation, combined heat and power generation and heat plants. Main activity producers (formerly known as public utilities) are defined as those undertakings whose primary activity is to supply the public. They may be publicly or privately owned. This corresponds to IPCC Source/Sink Category 1 A 1 a. For the CO2 emissions from fuel combustion (summary) file, emissions from own on-site use of fuel in power plants (EPOWERPLT) are also included. (2) Unallocated Autoproducers which contains the emissions from the generation of electricity and/or heat by autoproducers. Autoproducers are defined as undertakings that generate electricity and/or heat, wholly or partly for their own use as an activity which supports their primary activity. They may be privately or publicly owned. In the 1996 IPCC Guidelines, these emissions would normally be distributed between industry, transport and "other" sectors. (3) Other Energy Industries contains emissions from fuel combusted in petroleum refineries, for the manufacture of solid fuels, coal mining, oil and gas extraction and other energy-producing industries. This corresponds to the IPCC Source/Sink Categories 1 A 1 b and 1 A 1 c. According to the 1996 IPCC Guidelines, emissions from coke inputs to blast furnaces can either be counted here or in the Industrial Processes source/sink category. Within detailed sectoral calculations, certain non-energy processes can be distinguished. In the reduction of iron in a blast furnace through the combustion of coke, the primary purpose of the coke oxidation is to produce pig iron and the emissions can be considered as an industrial process. Care must be taken not to double count these emissions in both Energy and Industrial Processes. In the IEA estimations, these emissions have been included in this category.
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions from electricity and heat production, total > Million metric tons per million: CO2 emissions from electricity and heat production, total (million metric tons). CO2 emissions from electricity and heat production is the sum of three IEA categories of CO2 emissions: (1) Main Activity Producer Electricity and Heat which contains the sum of emissions from main activity producer electricity generation, combined heat and power generation and heat plants. Main activity producers (formerly known as public utilities) are defined as those undertakings whose primary activity is to supply the public. They may be publicly or privately owned. This corresponds to IPCC Source/Sink Category 1 A 1 a. For the CO2 emissions from fuel combustion (summary) file, emissions from own on-site use of fuel in power plants (EPOWERPLT) are also included. (2) Unallocated Autoproducers which contains the emissions from the generation of electricity and/or heat by autoproducers. Autoproducers are defined as undertakings that generate electricity and/or heat, wholly or partly for their own use as an activity which supports their primary activity. They may be privately or publicly owned. In the 1996 IPCC Guidelines, these emissions would normally be distributed between industry, transport and "other" sectors. (3) Other Energy Industries contains emissions from fuel combusted in petroleum refineries, for the manufacture of solid fuels, coal mining, oil and gas extraction and other energy-producing industries. This corresponds to the IPCC Source/Sink Categories 1 A 1 b and 1 A 1 c. According to the 1996 IPCC Guidelines, emissions from coke inputs to blast furnaces can either be counted here or in the Industrial Processes source/sink category. Within detailed sectoral calculations, certain non-energy processes can be distinguished. In the reduction of iron in a blast furnace through the combustion of coke, the primary purpose of the coke oxidation is to produce pig iron and the emissions can be considered as an industrial process. Care must be taken not to double count these emissions in both Energy and Industrial Processes. In the IEA estimations, these emissions have been included in this category. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Current issues: This entry lists the most pressing and important environmental problems. The following terms and abbreviations are used throughout the entry:
  • Ecological footprint: Ecological footprint per capita
    Units: Hectares per Person
  • Marine fish catch: Total marine fish catch
    Units: Metric Tons
  • Municipal waste generation: Kilograms of municipal waste generated per year (2000).
  • Pollution perceptions > Air pollution: Air Pollution. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Argentina and 86 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Canada, China and 9 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Brazil, Bulgaria, Greece and 12 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How satisfied are you with the quality of air in this city?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Pollution perceptions > Air quality: Air quality. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Argentina and 86 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Canada, China and 9 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Brazil, Bulgaria, Greece and 12 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How satisfied are you with the quality of air in this city?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Pollution perceptions > Drinking water pollution: Drinking Water Pollution and Inaccessibility. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Argentina and 86 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Canada, China and 9 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Brazil, Bulgaria, Greece and 12 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How do you find quality and the accessibility of drinking water?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Pollution perceptions > Pollution index: Pollution Index is an estimation of the overall pollution in the city. The biggest weight is given to air pollution, than to water pollution/accessibility, two main pollution factors. Small weight is given to other pollution types.
  • Pollution perceptions > Waste management dissatisfaction: Dissatisfaction with Garbage Disposal. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Argentina and 86 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Canada, China and 9 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Brazil, Bulgaria, Greece and 12 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How satisfied are you with a garbage disposal in the city?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Pollution perceptions > Water pollution: Water Pollution. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Argentina and 86 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Canada, China and 9 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Brazil, Bulgaria, Greece and 12 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Are you concerned with the water pollution in this city?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Transport CO2 emission index: CO2 Emission Index is an estimation of CO2 consumption due to traffic time. Measurement unit is grams for the return trip. To calculate an average estimation of emission in grams for one way commute to work, divide this value with 2.
  • Waste generation: Kilograms of waste generated per person per year ( 2000).
  • CO2 emissions > Kt: Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring.
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions > Kt: CO2 emissions (kt). Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring.
  • CO2 Emissions per 1000: CO2: Total Emissions (excluding land-use) Units: thousand metric tonnes of carbon dioxide. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Proportion of land area under protection: Terrestrial areas protected to total surface area, percentage.
  • Forest area > Sq. km > Per capita: Forest area is land under natural or planted stands of trees, whether productive or not. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Pollution perceptions > Clean water: Water Quality. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Argentina and 86 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Canada, China and 9 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Brazil, Bulgaria, Greece and 12 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Are you concerned with the water pollution in this city?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Pollution perceptions > Waste management satisfaction: Garbage Disposal Satisfaction. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Argentina and 86 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Canada, China and 9 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Brazil, Bulgaria, Greece and 12 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How satisfied are you with a garbage disposal in the city?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Pollution > Climate change > Climate change awareness: Percentage of each country's population who claimed knowing "something" or a "great deal" about climate change when asked: "How much do you know about global warming or climate change?"
  • Pollution perceptions > Drinking water quality: Drinking Water Quality and Accessibility. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Argentina and 86 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Canada, China and 9 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Brazil, Bulgaria, Greece and 12 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How do you find quality and the accessibility of drinking water?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Pollution perceptions > Noise and light pollution: Noise and Light Pollution. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Argentina and 86 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Canada, China and 9 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Brazil, Bulgaria, Greece and 12 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How concerned are you with noise pollution and light during the night in this city?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions > Metric tons per capita: CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita). Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring.
  • Adjusted net national income > Current US$: Adjusted net national income (current US$). Adjusted net national income is GNI minus consumption of fixed capital and natural resources depletion.
  • Municipal waste generation per million: Kilograms of municipal waste generated per year (2000). Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • CO2 emissions > Kt > Per capita: Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Pollution > Carbon Dioxide per capita: Tons of Carbon Dioxide produced per capita in 1998 or latest available year. Carbon dioxide from energy use only. Excludes international marine bunkers.
  • Pollution perceptions > Dirty, untidy cities: Dirty and Untidy. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Argentina and 86 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Canada, China and 9 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Brazil, Bulgaria, Greece and 12 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Do you find city clean and tidy?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Pollution perceptions > Clean, tidy cities: Clean and Tidy. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Argentina and 86 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Canada, China and 9 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Brazil, Bulgaria, Greece and 12 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Do you find city clean and tidy?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Waste > Hazardous waste created: Annual generation of hazardous waste (as defined by the Basel Convention).
  • Water > Drinking water > Population with improved drinking water sources > Urban and rural: Proportion of the population using improved drinking water sources, total.
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions > Kt per 1000: CO2 emissions (kt). Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Pollution > PM10, country level > Micrograms per cubic meter: PM10, country level (micrograms per cubic meter). Particulate matter concentrations refer to fine suspended particulates less than 10 microns in diameter (PM10) that are capable of penetrating deep into the respiratory tract and causing significant health damage. Data for countries and aggregates for regions and income groups are urban-population weighted PM10 levels in residential areas of cities with more than 100,000 residents. The estimates represent the average annual exposure level of the average urban resident to outdoor particulate matter. The state of a country's technology and pollution controls is an important determinant of particulate matter concentrations.
  • Pollution perceptions > Urban comfort > Low pollution: Comfortable to Spend Time in the City. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Argentina and 86 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Canada, China and 9 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Brazil, Bulgaria, Greece and 12 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Are you feeling comfortable to spend time in the city because of the pollution?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Biodiversity > Fish species, threatened: Fish species, threatened. Fish species are based on Froese, R. and Pauly, D. (eds). 2008. Threatened species are the number of species classified by the IUCN as endangered, vulnerable, rare, indeterminate, out of danger, or insufficiently known.
  • Protected area: Environmentally protected area (1997)
  • Water pollution > Organic water pollutant > BOD emissions > Kg per day: Emissions of organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxygen that bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the presence of organic pollutants."
  • Sanitation > Population with improved sanitation > Urban and rural: Proportion of the population using improved sanitation facilities, total.
  • Water > Severe water stress: Percent of country's territory under severe water stress
    Units: Percent of Land Area
    Units: This data is derived from the WaterGap 2.1 gridded hydrological model developed by the Center for Environmental Systems Research, University of Kassel, Germany. The modellers derived, for each country, grid cell by grid cell estimates of whether the water consumption exceeds 40 percent of the water available in that particular grid cell. These were then converted to land area equivalents in order to calculate the percentage of the territory under severe water stress.

  • Biodiversity > Plant species > Higher, threatened: Plant species (higher), threatened. Higher plants are native vascular plant species. Threatened species are the number of species classified by the IUCN as endangered, vulnerable, rare, indeterminate, out of danger, or insufficiently known.
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions > Kg per 2000 US$ of GDP: CO2 emissions (kg per 2000 US$ of GDP). Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring.
  • Waste water treatment expenditure: Annual spending on waste water treatment (USD per person) per year (2000).
  • Acidification: Percentage of country with acidification excedence
    Units: Percent of Land Area
    Units: From a map of acidification excedence, all areas at risk within each country were added together in order to calculate the percentage of the entire country at risk of excedence. See pages 21-22 of the 2001 ESI report for more details on how the acidification excedence map was produced.

  • Water > Percent of water resources used: Proportion of total water resources used, percentage.
  • Areas under protection: Protected Areas under IUCN management categories I - VI (1992-2003)
  • Pollution > Climate change > Agrees climate change is caused by human activity: Percentage of population who responded yes when asked if they believed global warming was a result of human activities. In this survey, global warming refers to the current rise in earth's temperature and not climate change as a whole.
  • National parks > Proportion of country area: Country area.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Waste generation per million: Kilograms of waste generated per person per year ( 2000). Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Pollution > Nuclear waste: Wastes from spent fuel arising in nuclear power plants, measured in terms of heavy metal. Data for 1998 or latest available year.
  • SO2 emissions per populated area: SO2 emissions per populated land area
    Units: 1000 Metric Tons/Sq. Km. of Populated Land Area
    Units: We obtained the total emissions for each country by summarizing emissions data, originally available as a grid map with 1 degree x 1 degree cells. Air pollution is generally greatest in densely populated areas. To take this into account, we used the Gridded Population of the World dataset available from CIESIN and calculated the total land area in each country inhabited with a population density of greater than 5 persons per sq. km. We then used this land area as a denominator for the emissions data.

  • Forest area > Sq. km: Forest area is land under natural or planted stands of trees, whether productive or not.
  • Pollution perceptions > Green space and parks dissatisfaction: Dissatisfaction with Green and Parks in the City. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Argentina and 86 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Canada, China and 9 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Brazil, Bulgaria, Greece and 12 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How satisfied are you with green and parks in the city?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Pollution perceptions > Free of noise and light pollution: Quiet and No Problem with Night Lights. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Argentina and 86 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Canada, China and 9 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Brazil, Bulgaria, Greece and 12 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How concerned are you with noise pollution and light during the night in this city?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Waste > Local garbage collected per thousand people: Municipal waste collected. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Water > Population supplied by water supply industry: Total population supplied by water supply industry.
  • Waste > Local garbage collected: Municipal waste collected.
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption > Kt: CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (kt). Carbon dioxide emissions from liquid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of natural gas as an energy source.
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption > Kt: CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (kt). Carbon dioxide emissions from solid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of coal as an energy source.
  • Known mammal species: Known mammal species (1992-2002).
  • Pollution > Organic water pollutant > BOD emissions > Kg per day: Organic water pollutant (BOD) emissions (kg per day). Emissions of organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxygen that bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the presence of organic pollutants.
  • Water > Availability: Water availability per capita (1961-1990 (avg.))
    Units: Thousands Cubic Meters/Person
    Units: This variable measures internal renewable water (average annual surface runoff and groundwater recharge generated from endogenous precipitation)

  • Endangered species protection: Percent of CITES reporting requirements met
    Units: Percent of Requirements Met
    Units: Countries that have not ratified the CITES convention are recorded as having zero percent of their requirements met.

  • Adjusted net national income > Current US$ per capita: Adjusted net national income (current US$). Adjusted net national income is GNI minus consumption of fixed capital and natural resources depletion. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • CO2 emissions > Kt per 1000: Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Emissions > CO2 emissions > Metric tons per capita: Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring."
  • Biodiversity > Number: GEF benefits index for biodiversity is a composite index of relative biodiversity potential for each country based on the species represented in each country, their threat status, and the diversity of habitat types in each country. The index has been normalized so that values run from 0 (no biodiversity potential) to 100 (maximum biodiversity potential)."
  • Pollution perceptions > Green space and parks satisfaction: Quality of Green and Parks. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Argentina and 86 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Canada, China and 9 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Brazil, Bulgaria, Greece and 12 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How satisfied are you with green and parks in the city?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Pollution perceptions > Urban discomfort from pollution: Dissatisfaction to Spend Time in the City. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Argentina and 86 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Canada, China and 9 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Brazil, Bulgaria, Greece and 12 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Are you feeling comfortable to spend time in the city because of the pollution?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Pollution > Carbon Dioxide from fossil fuels 2000: Includes carbon dioxide emissions from the consumption of petroleum, natural gas, and coal, and the flaring of natural gas.
  • Carbon efficiency: Carbon economic efficiency (CO2 emissions per dollar GDP)
    Units: Metric Tons/US Dollar GDP
  • NOx emissions per populated area: NOx emissions per populated land area
    Units: 1000 Metric Tons/Sq. Km. of Populated Land Area
    Units: We obtained the total emissions for each country by summarizing emissions data, originally available as a grid map with 1 degree x 1 degree cells. Air pollution is generally greatest in densely populated areas. To take this into account, we used the Gridded Population of the World dataset available from CIESIN and calculated the total land area in each country inhabited with a population density of greater than 5 persons per sq. km. We then used this land area as a denominator for the emissions data.

  • National parks > Total area: Total area km².

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • National parks > Number of parks: Number of parks.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Pollution > Greenhouse gas emissions > Nitrous oxide (N2O) > Emissions (CO2 equivalent) per million people: Carbon dioxide equivalent of nitrous oxide emissions not including human-based land use, land use change and forestry. These numbers do not represent total NO2 emissions, but rather the total amount of CO2 that would have to be emitted to have the same global warming potential (GWP) as the total amount of NO2 emitted, which is 310 times more CO2. The GWP of a greenhouse gas is useful in determining a country's overall impact on climate change. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Marine fish catch per 1000: Total marine fish catch
    Units: Metric Tons. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Biosphere > Reserves area: Biosphere reserves area 2002.
  • Carbon dioxide emissions per capita > Percent total: Data for 2006, 2007
  • Sanitation > Population with improved sanitation > Urban: Proportion of the population using improved sanitation facilities, urban.
  • Sanitation > Population with improved sanitation > Rural: Proportion of the population using improved sanitation facilities, rural.
  • Pollution > Nuclear waste per million: Wastes from spent fuel arising in nuclear power plants, measured in terms of heavy metal. Data for 1998 or latest available year. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Endangered species > Bird species: Birds are listed for countries included within their breeding or wintering ranges. Threatened species are the number of species classified by the IUCN as endangered, vulnerable, rare, indeterminate, out of danger, or insufficiently known."
  • Waste > Population served by local garbage collection: Total population served by municipal waste collection.
  • Waste > Hazardous waste created per thousand people: Annual generation of hazardous waste (as defined by the Basel Convention). Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Emissions > CO2 emissions > Kt: Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring."
  • Pollution > Greenhouse gas emissions > Carbon dioxide (CO2) > CO2 emissions: Amount of carbon dioxide emissions by select Western countries. Amounts are by thousand metric tons. 
  • Climate change > Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and SF6 > Thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent: Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and SF6 (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent). Other greenhouse gas emissions are by-product emissions of hydrofluorocarbons, perfluorocarbons, and sulfur hexafluoride.
  • Organic water pollutant > BOD emissions > Kg per day per worker: Emissions per worker are total emissions of organic water pollutants divided by the number of industrial workers. Organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxygen that bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the presence of organic pollutants.
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions from residential buildings and commercial and public services > Million metric tons: CO2 emissions from residential buildings and commercial and public services (million metric tons). CO2 emissions from residential buildings and commercial and public services contains all emissions from fuel combustion in households. This corresponds to IPCC Source/Sink Category 1 A 4 b. Commercial and public services includes emissions from all activities of ISIC Divisions 41, 50-52, 55, 63-67, 70-75, 80, 85, 90-93 and 99.
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions from other sectors, excluding residential buildings and commercial and public services > Million metric tons: CO2 emissions from other sectors, excluding residential buildings and commercial and public services (million metric tons). CO2 emissions from other sectors, less residential buildings and commercial and public services, contains the emissions from commercial/institutional activities, residential, agriculture/forestry, fishing and other emissions not specified elsewhere that are included in the IPCC Source/Sink Categories 1 A 4 and 1 A 5. In the 1996 IPCC Guidelines, the category also includes emissions from autoproducers in the commercial/residential/agricultural sectors that generate electricity and/or heat. The IEA data are not collected in a way that allows the energy consumption to be split by specific end-use and therefore, autoproducers are shown as a separate item (Unallocated Autoproducers).
  • Waste water treatment expenditure per million: Annual spending on waste water treatment (USD per person) per year (2000). Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Urban SO2 concentration: Urban SO2 concentration
    Units: Micrograms/m3
    Units: The values were originally collected at the city level. Each nation varied in terms of the number of cities reported, so this data should be used with some caution. Within each country the values have been normalized by city population for the year 1995, then added together to obtain the total concentration for the given country.

  • CO2 emissions > Kg per 2000 PPP $ of GDP: Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring.
  • Freshwater > Renewable internal freshwater resources > Total > Billion cubic meters: Renewable internal freshwater resources flows refer to internal renewable resources (internal river flows and groundwater from rainfall) in the country.
  • Water > Population connected to wastewater collecting system: Population connected to wastewater collecting system.
  • Water > Drinking water > Population with improved drinking water sources > Rural: Proportion of the population using improved drinking water sources, rural.
  • Threatened species: Number of Threatened Species (1990-99)
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption > Kt per 1000: CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (kt). Carbon dioxide emissions from solid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of coal as an energy source. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Particulate emission damage > Current US$: Particulate emissions damage is calculated as the willingness to pay to avoid mortality attributable to particulate emissions.
  • Proportion of land and marine area under protection: Terrestrial and marine areas protected to total territorial area, percentage.
  • Water > Proportion of marine area under protection: Marine areas protected to territorial waters, percentage.
  • Wildness: Percent of land area having very low anthropogenic impact
    Units: Percent of Land Area
    Units: Global grids for population (GPW), land use (USGS AVHRR based classification from EROS data center), VMAP roads, VMAP railways, VMAP coastlines, VMAP major rivers and the stable lights data were all scored for "wildness". The scores were aggregated and normalized.

  • Freshwater > Annual freshwater withdrawals > Total > Billion cubic meters: Annual freshwater withdrawals refer to total water withdrawals, not counting evaporation losses from storage basins. Withdrawals also include water from desalination plants in countries where they are a significant source. Withdrawals can exceed 100 percent of total renewable resources where extraction from nonrenewable aquifers or desalination plants is considerable or where there is significant water reuse. Withdrawals for agriculture and industry are total withdrawals for irrigation and livestock production and for direct industrial use (including withdrawals for cooling thermoelectric plants). Withdrawals for domestic uses include drinking water, municipal use or supply, and use for public services, commercial establishments, and homes. Data are for the most recent year available for 1987-2002."
  • Pollution > Greenhouse gas emissions > Sulphur hexafluoride (SF6) > Emissions (CO2 equivalent): Carbon dioxide equivalent of sulphur hexafluoride emissions over 100 years. These numbers do not represent total SF6 emissions, but rather the total amount of CO2 that would have to be emitted to have the same global warming potential (GWP) as the total amount of SF6 emitted over 100 years. A 100 year time scale is used since SF6 has a shorter atmospheric lifetime than CO2. The GWP of a greenhouse gas is useful in determining a country's overall impact on climate change.
  • Biodiversity > GEF benefits index for biodiversity > 0 = no biodiversity potential to 100 = maximum: GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0 = no biodiversity potential to 100 = maximum). GEF benefits index for biodiversity is a composite index of relative biodiversity potential for each country based on the species represented in each country, their threat status, and the diversity of habitat types in each country. The index has been normalized so that values run from 0 (no biodiversity potential) to 100 (maximum biodiversity potential).
  • Biodiversity and protected areas > Marine protected areas > Number: Marine protected areas are areas of intertidal or subtidal terrain--and overlying water and associated flora and fauna and historical and cultural features--that have been reserved by law or other effective means to protect part or all of the enclosed environment.
  • Biodiversity and protected areas > Terrestrial protected areas > Number: Terrestrial protected areas are those officially documented by national authorities.
  • Sustainability-satisfying companies: Dow Jones Sustainability Group Index: percent of eligible companies in index
    Units: Percentage
    Units: For each country, the number of companies in the Sustainability Index was divided by the number of companies in the Global Index.

  • Emissions > CO2 emissions > Kg per 2000 US$ of GDP: Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring."
  • Areas under protection per million: Protected Areas under IUCN management categories I - VI (1992-2003). Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • PM10 > Country level > Micrograms per cubic meter: Particulate matter concentrations refer to fine suspended particulates less than 10 microns in diameter (PM10) that are capable of penetrating deep into the respiratory tract and causing significant health damage. Data for countries and aggregates for regions and income groups are urban-population weighted PM10 levels in residential areas of cities with more than 100,000 residents. The estimates represent the average annual exposure level of the average urban resident to outdoor particulate matter. The state of a countryÂ’s technology and pollution controls is an important determinant of particulate matter concentrations.
  • Water > Dissolved oxygen concentration: Dissolved oxygen concentration
    Units: Milligrams/Liter
    Units: The country values represent averages of the station-level values for the three year time period 1994-96, exceptwhere data were only available for an earlier time period (1988-1993). The number of stations per country varies depending on country size; number of bodies of water; and level of participation in the GEMS monitoring system. The data from "The Wellbeing of Nations" included a smaller subset of stations representing outfalls of major watersheds. An analysis of a sample of countries with numerous stations found that the data for stations in the subset is broadly comparable to the data for all GEMS stations in those countries.

  • Freshwater > Withdrawal per million: . Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Biodiversity > GEF benefits index for biodiversity > 0 = no biodiversity potential to 100 = maximum per million: GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0 = no biodiversity potential to 100 = maximum). GEF benefits index for biodiversity is a composite index of relative biodiversity potential for each country based on the species represented in each country, their threat status, and the diversity of habitat types in each country. The index has been normalized so that values run from 0 (no biodiversity potential) to 100 (maximum biodiversity potential). Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Emissions > CO2 emissions > Kg per 2005 PPP $ of GDP: Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring."
  • Water pollution > Organic water pollutant > BOD emissions > Kg per day per worker: Emissions per worker are total emissions of organic water pollutants divided by the number of industrial workers. Organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxygen that bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the presence of organic pollutants."
  • Wetlands of intl importance > Area: Wetlands of international importance 2002
  • Freshwater > Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita > Cubic meters: Renewable internal freshwater resources flows refer to internal renewable resources (internal river flows and groundwater from rainfall) in the country. Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita are calculated using the World Bank's population estimates.
  • Urban NO2 concentration: Urban NO2 concentration
    Units: Micrograms/m3
    Units: The values were originally collected at the city level. Each nation varied in terms of the number of cities reported, so this data should be used with some caution. Within each country the values have been normalized by city population for the year 1995, then added together to obtain the total concentration for the given country.

  • Biosphere > Reserves area per million: Biosphere reserves area 2002. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Municipal waste treatment expenditure per million: Annual spending on municipal waste disposal (USD per person). Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Known breeding bird species: Known breeding bird mammal species (1992-2002).
  • Forest area > Sq. km per 1000: Forest area is land under natural or planted stands of trees, whether productive or not. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Breeding birds threatened: Percentage of breeding birds threatened
    Units: Percent of Breeding Birds
    Units: The number of bird species threatened divided by known bird species in the country, expressed as a percentage.

  • Water > Salinisation: Electrical conductivity
    Units: Micro-Siemens/Centimeter
    Units: The country values represent averages of the station-level values for the three year time period 1994-96, except where data were only available for an earlier time period (1988-1993). The number of stations per country varies depending on country size; number of water bodies; and level of participation in the GEMS monitoring system.

  • Municipal waste treatment expenditure: Annual spending on municipal waste disposal (USD per person).
  • Fertiliser > Consumption: Fertilizer consumption per hectare of arable land
    Units: Hundreds Grams/Hectare of Arable Land
  • Pollution > Carbon dioxide 1999: 1999 total CO2 emissions from fossil-fuel burning, cement production, and gas flaring. Emissions are expressed in thousand metric tons of carbon (not CO2).
  • Pollution > Carbon dioxide 1999 per 1000: 1999 total CO2 emissions from fossil-fuel burning, cement production, and gas flaring. Emissions are expressed in thousand metric tons of carbon (not CO2). Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Pollution > Nuclear waste efficiency: This is the amount of nuclear waste produced per unit of energy obtained. Energy obtained is measured in units equivalent to the energy obtained from using one million tons of oil. Data from 1998 or latest available year. "Nuclear Waste" is waste from spent fuel arising in nuclear power plants, measured in terms of heavy metal.
  • Pollution > Nitrogen Oxides per capita: Kilogram weight of Nitrogen Oxides produced per capita in 1998 or latest available year.
  • Threatened species > Mammal: Number of threatened mammal species (1997)
  • Water > Suspended solids: Suspended solids
    Units: Natural Log of Milligrams/Liter
    Units: The country values represent averages of the station-level values for the three year time period 1994-96, exceptwhere data were only available for an earlier time period (1988-1993). The number of stations per country varies depending on country size; number of bodies of water; and level of participation in the GEMS monitoring system. Data from "The Wellbeing of Nations" included a smaller subset of stations representing outfalls of majorwatersheds. An analysis of a sample of countries with numerous stations found that the data for stations in the subset is broadly comparable to the data for all GEMS stations in those countries. The data in this table was transformed using the natural logarithm.

  • Non-wildness: Percent of land area having very high anthropogenic impact
    Units: Percent of Land Area
    Units: Global grids for population (GPW), land use (USGS AVHRR based classification from EROS data center), VMAP roads, VMAP railways, VMAP coastlines, VMAP major rivers and the stable lights data were all scored for "wildness". The scores were aggregated and normalized.

  • Water pollution > Water pollution > Paper and pulp industry > % of total BOD emissions: Industry shares of emissions of organic water pollutants refer to emissions from manufacturing activities as defined by two-digit divisions of the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 2: paper and pulp (34). Emissions of organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxygen that bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the presence of organic pollutants."
  • Water pollution > Water pollution > Textile industry > % of total BOD emissions: Industry shares of emissions of organic water pollutants refer to emissions from manufacturing activities as defined by two-digit divisions of the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 2: textiles (32). Emissions of organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxygen that bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the presence of organic pollutants."
  • Water pollution > Water pollution > Metal industry > % of total BOD emissions: Industry shares of emissions of organic water pollutants refer to emissions from manufacturing activities as defined by two-digit divisions of the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 2: primary metals (ISIC division 37). Emissions of organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxygen that bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the presence of organic pollutants."
  • Wetlands of intl importance > Area per million: Wetlands of international importance 2002. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Oil rents > % of GDP: Oil rents (% of GDP). Oil rents are the difference between the value of crude oil production at world prices and total costs of production.
  • Freshwater > Annual freshwater withdrawals > Industry > % of total freshwater withdrawal: Annual freshwater withdrawals refer to total water withdrawals, not counting evaporation losses from storage basins. Withdrawals also include water from desalination plants in countries where they are a significant source. Withdrawals can exceed 100 percent of total renewable resources where extraction from nonrenewable aquifers or desalination plants is considerable or where there is significant water reuse. Withdrawals for industry are total withdrawals for direct industrial use (including withdrawals for cooling thermoelectric plants). Data are for the most recent year available for 1987-2002."
  • Pollution > Greenhouse gas emissions > Carbon dioxide (CO2) > CO2 emissions per thousand people: Amount of carbon dioxide emissions by select Western countries. Amounts are by thousand metric tons. . Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Environmental agreement compliance: Compliance with environmental agreements (WEF survey)
    Units: Survey Responses Ranging from 1 (Strongly Disagree) to 7
    Units: Response to the statement: "Compliance with international environmental agreements is a high priority.

  • Freshwater > Annual freshwater withdrawals > Domestic > % of total freshwater withdrawal: Annual freshwater withdrawals refer to total water withdrawals, not counting evaporation losses from storage basins. Withdrawals also include water from desalination plants in countries where they are a significant source. Withdrawals can exceed 100 percent of total renewable resources where extraction from nonrenewable aquifers or desalination plants is considerable or where there is significant water reuse. Withdrawals for domestic uses include drinking water, municipal use or supply, and use for public services, commercial establishments, and homes. Data are for the most recent year available for 1987-2002."
  • Pollution > Greenhouse gas emissions > Perfluorcarbons (PFCs) > Emissions (CO2 equivalent): Carbon dioxide equivalent of perfluorocarbons emissions over 100 years. These numbers do not represent total PFCs emissions, but rather the total amount of CO2 that would have to be emitted to have the same global warming potential (GWP) as the total amount of PFCs emitted over 100 years. A 100 year time scale is used since PFCs have a shorter atmospheric lifetime than CO2. The GWP of a greenhouse gas is useful in determining a country's overall impact on climate change.
  • Pollution > Greenhouse gas emissions > Emissions (CO2 equivalent): Carbon dioxide equivalent of all greenhouse gas emissions not including human-based land use, land use change and forestry. These numbers do not represent total greenhouse gas emissions, but rather the total amount of CO2 that would have to be emitted to have the same global warming potential (GWP) as the total amount of greenhouse gases emitted. The GWP of a greenhouse gas is useful in determining a country's overall impact on climate change.
  • Pollution > Greenhouse gas emissions > Methane (CH4) > Emissions (CO2 equivalent) per thousand people: Carbon dioxide equivalent of methane emissions not including human-based land use, land use change and forestry. These numbers do not represent total methane emissions, but rather the total amount of CO2 that would have to be emitted to have the same global warming potential (GWP) as the amount of methane emitted, which is 21 times more CO2. The GWP of a greenhouse gas is useful in determining a country's overall impact on climate change. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Pollution > Greenhouse gas emissions > Methane (CH4) > Emissions (CO2 equivalent): Carbon dioxide equivalent of methane emissions not including human-based land use, land use change and forestry. These numbers do not represent total methane emissions, but rather the total amount of CO2 that would have to be emitted to have the same global warming potential (GWP) as the amount of methane emitted, which is 21 times more CO2. The GWP of a greenhouse gas is useful in determining a country's overall impact on climate change.
  • Freshwater > Annual freshwater withdrawals > Agriculture > % of total freshwater withdrawal: Annual freshwater withdrawals refer to total water withdrawals, not counting evaporation losses from storage basins. Withdrawals also include water from desalination plants in countries where they are a significant source. Withdrawals can exceed 100 percent of total renewable resources where extraction from nonrenewable aquifers or desalination plants is considerable or where there is significant water reuse. Withdrawals for agriculture are total withdrawals for irrigation and livestock production. Data are for the most recent year available for 1987-2002."
  • Pollution > Greenhouse gas emissions > Hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) > Emissions (CO2 equivalent) per million people: Carbon dioxide equivalent of Hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) emissions over a 100 year period. These numbers do not represent total HFCs emissions over 100 years, but rather the total amount of CO2 that would have to be emitted to have the same global warming potential (GWP) as the total amount of HFCs emitted over 100 years. A 100 year timeframe is used since HFCs have a shorter atmospheric lifetime than CO2. The GWP of a greenhouse gas is useful in determining a country's overall impact on climate change. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Endangered species > Higher plant species > Number: Higher plants are native vascular plant species. Threatened species are the number of species classified by the IUCN as endangered, vulnerable, rare, indeterminate, out of danger, or insufficiently known."
  • Emissions > Nitrous oxide emissions > Thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent: Nitrous oxide emissions are emissions from agricultural biomass burning, industrial activities, and livestock management."
  • Emissions > Methane emissions > Kt of CO2 equivalent: Methane emissions are those stemming from human activities such as agriculture and from industrial methane production.
  • Emissions > Industrial methane emissions > % of total: Industrial methane emissions are emissions from the handling, transmission, and combustion of fossil fuels and biofuels."
  • Emissions > CO2 intensity > Kg per kg of oil equivalent energy use: Carbon dioxide emissions from solid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of coal as an energy source.
  • Emissions > CO2 emissions > Kg per PPP $ of GDP: Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring."
  • Emissions > Agricultural nitrous oxide emissions > % of total: Agricultural nitrous oxide emissions are emissions produced through fertilizer use (synthetic and animal manure), animal waste management, agricultural waste burning (nonenergy, on-site), and savannah burning."
  • Emissions > Agricultural methane emissions > % of total: Agricultural methane emissions are emissions from animals, animal waste, rice production, agricultural waste burning (nonenergy, on-site), and savannah burning."
  • Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Particulate emission damage > % of GNI: Particulate emissions damage is calculated as the willingness to pay to avoid mortality attributable to particulate emissions.
  • Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Net national savings > Current US$: Net national savings are equal to gross national savings less the value of consumption of fixed capital.
  • Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Net national savings > % of GNI: Net national savings are equal to gross national savings less the value of consumption of fixed capital.
  • Pollution > Greenhouse gas emissions > United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change sign date: Signature.
  • Pollution > Greenhouse gas emissions > Nitrous oxide (N2O) > Emissions (CO2 equivalent): Carbon dioxide equivalent of nitrous oxide emissions not including human-based land use, land use change and forestry. These numbers do not represent total NO2 emissions, but rather the total amount of CO2 that would have to be emitted to have the same global warming potential (GWP) as the total amount of NO2 emitted, which is 310 times more CO2. The GWP of a greenhouse gas is useful in determining a country's overall impact on climate change.
  • Pollution > Greenhouse gas emissions > Hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) > Emissions (CO2 equivalent): Carbon dioxide equivalent of Hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) emissions over a 100 year period. These numbers do not represent total HFCs emissions over 100 years, but rather the total amount of CO2 that would have to be emitted to have the same global warming potential (GWP) as the total amount of HFCs emitted over 100 years. A 100 year timeframe is used since HFCs have a shorter atmospheric lifetime than CO2. The GWP of a greenhouse gas is useful in determining a country's overall impact on climate change.
  • Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Net forest depletion > Current US$: Net forest depletion is calculated as the product of unit resource rents and the excess of roundwood harvest over natural growth.
  • World Heritage Sites (environmental): Natural sites.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Climate change > CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption > Kt per 1000: CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (kt). Carbon dioxide emissions from liquid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of natural gas as an energy source. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Net forest depletion > % of GNI: Net forest depletion is calculated as the product of unit resource rents and the excess of roundwood harvest over natural growth.
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption > Kt per 1000: CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (kt). Carbon dioxide emissions from liquid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of petroleum-derived fuels as an energy source. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Carbon dioxide damage > % of GNI: Carbon dioxide damage is estimated to be $20 per ton of carbon (the unit damage in 1995 U.S. dollars) times the number of tons of carbon emitted.
  • Climate change > Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and SF6 > Thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent per million: Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and SF6 (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent). Other greenhouse gas emissions are by-product emissions of hydrofluorocarbons, perfluorocarbons, and sulfur hexafluoride. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Pollution > Greenhouse gas emissions > Perfluorcarbons (PFCs) > Emissions (CO2 equivalent) per million people: Carbon dioxide equivalent of perfluorocarbons emissions over 100 years. These numbers do not represent total PFCs emissions, but rather the total amount of CO2 that would have to be emitted to have the same global warming potential (GWP) as the total amount of PFCs emitted over 100 years. A 100 year time scale is used since PFCs have a shorter atmospheric lifetime than CO2. The GWP of a greenhouse gas is useful in determining a country's overall impact on climate change. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Climate change > GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF > Mt of CO2 equivalent per million: GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (Mt of CO2 equivalent). GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF refers to changes in atmospheric levels of all greenhouse gases attributable to forest and land-use change activities, including but not limited to (1) emissions and removals of CO2 from decreases or increases in biomass stocks due to forest management, logging, fuelwood collection, etc.; (2) conversion of existing forests and natural grasslands to other land uses; (3) removal of CO2 from the abandonment of formerly managed lands (e.g. croplands and pastures); and (4) emissions and removals of CO2 in soil associated with land-use change and management. For Annex-I countries under the UNFCCC, these data are drawn from the annual GHG inventories submitted to the UNFCCC by each country; for non-Annex-I countries, data are drawn from the most recently submitted National Communication where available. Because of differences in reporting years and methodologies, these data are not generally considered comparable across countries. Data are in million metric tons. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions from residential buildings and commercial and public services > Million metric tons per million: CO2 emissions from residential buildings and commercial and public services (million metric tons). CO2 emissions from residential buildings and commercial and public services contains all emissions from fuel combustion in households. This corresponds to IPCC Source/Sink Category 1 A 4 b. Commercial and public services includes emissions from all activities of ISIC Divisions 41, 50-52, 55, 63-67, 70-75, 80, 85, 90-93 and 99. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Adjusted savings > Adjusted net savings > Including particulate emission damage > Current US$: Adjusted net savings are equal to net national savings plus education expenditure and minus energy depletion, mineral depletion, net forest depletion, and carbon dioxide and particulate emissions damage."
  • Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Energy depletion > Current US$: Energy depletion is equal to the product of unit resource rents and the physical quantities of energy extracted. It covers crude oil, natural gas, and coal."
  • Pollution > Greenhouse gas emissions > Emissions (CO2 equivalent) per thousand people: Carbon dioxide equivalent of all greenhouse gas emissions not including human-based land use, land use change and forestry. These numbers do not represent total greenhouse gas emissions, but rather the total amount of CO2 that would have to be emitted to have the same global warming potential (GWP) as the total amount of greenhouse gases emitted. The GWP of a greenhouse gas is useful in determining a country's overall impact on climate change. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Adjusted savings > Adjusted net savings > Excluding particulate emission damage > Current US$: Adjusted net savings are equal to net national savings plus education expenditure and minus energy depletion, mineral depletion, net forest depletion, and carbon dioxide. This series excludes particulate emissions damage."
  • Adjusted savings > Adjusted net savings > Excluding particulate emission damage > % of GNI: Adjusted net savings are equal to net national savings plus education expenditure and minus energy depletion, mineral depletion, net forest depletion, and carbon dioxide. This series excludes particulate emissions damage."
  • Pollution > Greenhouse gas emissions > Sulphur hexafluoride (SF6) > Emissions (CO2 equivalent) per million people: Carbon dioxide equivalent of sulphur hexafluoride emissions over 100 years. These numbers do not represent total SF6 emissions, but rather the total amount of CO2 that would have to be emitted to have the same global warming potential (GWP) as the total amount of SF6 emitted over 100 years. A 100 year time scale is used since SF6 has a shorter atmospheric lifetime than CO2. The GWP of a greenhouse gas is useful in determining a country's overall impact on climate change. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Energy depletion > % of GNI: Energy depletion is equal to the product of unit resource rents and the physical quantities of energy extracted. It covers crude oil, natural gas, and coal."
  • Commitment to Development Index (environment): The Commitment to Development Index (CDI) ranks the world’s richest countries on their commitment to policies that benefit the poorer nations. The environment component of the index measures what these countries do to reduce their use of scarce natural resources. The score goes up if their "greenhouse gas" emissions are falling, their fuel taxes are high, do not subsidize the fishing industry, or have a low fossil fuel rate per capita.
  • Forest area > % of land area: Forest area is land under natural or planted stands of trees, whether productive or not.
  • Water pollution > Metal industry > % of total BOD emissions: Industry shares of emissions of organic water pollutants refer to emissions from manufacturing activities as defined by two-digit divisions of the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 2: primary metals (ISIC division 37). Emissions of organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxygen that bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the presence of organic pollutants.
  • Water > Phosphorus concentration: Phosphorus concentration
    Units: Milligrams/Liter
    Units: The country values represent averages of the station-level values for the three year time period 1994-96, except where data were only available for an earlier time period (1988-1993). The number of stations per country varies depending on country size; number of bodies of water; and level of participation in the GEMS monitoring system. The data from "The Wellbeing of Nations" included a smaller subset of stations representing outfalls of major watersheds. An analysis of a sample of countries with numerous stations found that the data for stations in the subset is broadly comparable to the data for all GEMS stations in those countries.

  • Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Mineral depletion > % of GNI: Mineral depletion is equal to the product of unit resource rents and the physical quantities of minerals extracted. It refers to bauxite, copper, iron, lead, nickel, phosphate, tin, zinc, gold, and silver."
  • Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Consumption of fixed capital > Current US$: Consumption of fixed capital represents the replacement value of capital used up in the process of production.
  • Waste water treatment expenditure, % of GDP: Annual spending on waste water treatment (USD per person) per year (2000). Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Adjusted savings > Adjusted net savings > Including particulate emission damage > % of GNI: Adjusted net savings are equal to net national savings plus education expenditure and minus energy depletion, mineral depletion, net forest depletion, and carbon dioxide and particulate emissions damage."
  • Emissions > PM10 > Country level > Micrograms per cubic meter: Particulate matter concentrations refer to fine suspended particulates less than 10 microns in diameter (PM10) that are capable of penetrating deep into the respiratory tract and causing significant health damage. Data for countries and aggregates for regions and income groups are urban-population weighted PM10 levels in residential areas of cities with more than 100,000 residents. The estimates represent the average annual exposure level of the average urban resident to outdoor particulate matter. The state of a country's technology and pollution controls is an important determinant of particulate matter concentrations."
  • Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Consumption of fixed capital > % of GNI: Consumption of fixed capital represents the replacement value of capital used up in the process of production.
  • Freshwater > Annual freshwater withdrawals > Total > % of internal resources: Annual freshwater withdrawals refer to total water withdrawals, not counting evaporation losses from storage basins. Withdrawals also include water from desalination plants in countries where they are a significant source. Withdrawals can exceed 100 percent of total renewable resources where extraction from nonrenewable aquifers or desalination plants is considerable or where there is significant water reuse. Withdrawals for agriculture and industry are total withdrawals for irrigation and livestock production and for direct industrial use (including withdrawals for cooling thermoelectric plants). Withdrawals for domestic uses include drinking water, municipal use or supply, and use for public services, commercial establishments, and homes. Data are for the most recent year available for 1987-2002."
  • Total natural resources rents > % of GDP: Total natural resources rents (% of GDP). Total natural resources rents are the sum of oil rents, natural gas rents, coal rents (hard and soft), mineral rents, and forest rents.
  • Water pollution > Water pollution > Chemical industry > % of total BOD emissions: Industry shares of emissions of organic water pollutants refer to emissions from manufacturing activities as defined by two-digit divisions of the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 2: chemicals (35). Emissions of organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxygen that bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the presence of organic pollutants."
  • Water pollution > Water pollution > Other industry > % of total BOD emissions: Industry shares of emissions of organic water pollutants refer to emissions from manufacturing activities as defined by two-digit divisions of the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 2: other (38 and 39). Emissions of organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxygen that bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the presence of organic pollutants."
  • Water pollution > Water pollution > Wood industry > % of total BOD emissions: Industry shares of emissions of organic water pollutants refer to emissions from manufacturing activities as defined by two-digit divisions of the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 2: wood (33). Emissions of organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxygen that bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the presence of organic pollutants."
  • Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Gross savings > % of GNI: Gross savings are the difference between gross national income and public and private consumption, plus net current transfers."
  • Natural gas rents > % of GDP: Natural gas rents (% of GDP). Natural gas rents are the difference between the value of natural gas production at world prices and total costs of production.
  • Pollution > Water pollution, chemical industry > % of total BOD emissions: Water pollution, chemical industry (% of total BOD emissions). Industry shares of emissions of organic water pollutants refer to emissions from manufacturing activities as defined by two-digit divisions of the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 2: chemicals (35). Emissions of organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxygen that bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the presence of organic pollutants.
  • Pollution > Water pollution, clay and glass industry > % of total BOD emissions: Water pollution, clay and glass industry (% of total BOD emissions). Industry shares of emissions of organic water pollutants refer to emissions from manufacturing activities as defined by two-digit divisions of the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 2: stone, ceramics, and glass (36). Emissions of organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxygen that bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the presence of organic pollutants.
  • Pollution > Water pollution, metal industry > % of total BOD emissions: Water pollution, metal industry (% of total BOD emissions). Industry shares of emissions of organic water pollutants refer to emissions from manufacturing activities as defined by two-digit divisions of the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 2: primary metals (ISIC division 37). Emissions of organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxygen that bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the presence of organic pollutants.
  • Pollution > Water pollution, food industry > % of total BOD emissions: Water pollution, food industry (% of total BOD emissions). Industry shares of emissions of organic water pollutants refer to emissions from manufacturing activities as defined by two-digit divisions of the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 2: food and beverages (31). Emissions of organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxygen that bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the presence of organic pollutants.
  • Pollution > Water pollution, other industry > % of total BOD emissions: Water pollution, other industry (% of total BOD emissions). Industry shares of emissions of organic water pollutants refer to emissions from manufacturing activities as defined by two-digit divisions of the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 2: other (38 and 39). Emissions of organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxygen that bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the presence of organic pollutants.
  • Pollution > Water pollution, paper and pulp industry > % of total BOD emissions: Water pollution, paper and pulp industry (% of total BOD emissions). Industry shares of emissions of organic water pollutants refer to emissions from manufacturing activities as defined by two-digit divisions of the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 2: paper and pulp (34). Emissions of organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxygen that bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the presence of organic pollutants.
  • Pollution > Water pollution, textile industry > % of total BOD emissions: Water pollution, textile industry (% of total BOD emissions). Industry shares of emissions of organic water pollutants refer to emissions from manufacturing activities as defined by two-digit divisions of the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 2: textiles (32). Emissions of organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxygen that bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the presence of organic pollutants.
  • Pollution > Water pollution, wood industry > % of total BOD emissions: Water pollution, wood industry (% of total BOD emissions). Industry shares of emissions of organic water pollutants refer to emissions from manufacturing activities as defined by two-digit divisions of the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 2: wood (33). Emissions of organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxygen that bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the presence of organic pollutants.
  • Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Mineral depletion > Current US$: Mineral depletion is equal to the product of unit resource rents and the physical quantities of minerals extracted. It refers to bauxite, copper, iron, lead, nickel, phosphate, tin, zinc, gold, and silver."
  • Expenditure pollution control as % of GDP: Expenditure on pollution controland abatement as % of GDP, 1999 .
  • Municipal waste treatment expenditure, % of GDP: Annual spending on municipal waste disposal (USD per person). Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption > Kt: CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (kt). Carbon dioxide emissions from liquid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of petroleum-derived fuels as an energy source.
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption > % of total: CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (% of total). Carbon dioxide emissions from liquid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of petroleum-derived fuels as an energy source.
  • Pollution > Carbon Dioxide from fossil fuels 2000 > Per $ GDP: Includes carbon dioxide emissions from the consumption of petroleum, natural gas, and coal, and the flaring of natural gas. Per $ GDP figures expressed per $100 million of Gross Domestic Product.
  • Adjusted net national income > Constant 2000 US$: Adjusted net national income (constant 2000 US$). Adjusted net national income is GNI minus consumption of fixed capital and natural resources depletion.
  • Climate change > GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF > Mt of CO2 equivalent: GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (Mt of CO2 equivalent). GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF refers to changes in atmospheric levels of all greenhouse gases attributable to forest and land-use change activities, including but not limited to (1) emissions and removals of CO2 from decreases or increases in biomass stocks due to forest management, logging, fuelwood collection, etc.; (2) conversion of existing forests and natural grasslands to other land uses; (3) removal of CO2 from the abandonment of formerly managed lands (e.g. croplands and pastures); and (4) emissions and removals of CO2 in soil associated with land-use change and management. For Annex-I countries under the UNFCCC, these data are drawn from the annual GHG inventories submitted to the UNFCCC by each country; for non-Annex-I countries, data are drawn from the most recently submitted National Communication where available. Because of differences in reporting years and methodologies, these data are not generally considered comparable across countries. Data are in million metric tons.
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions from residential buildings and commercial and public services > % of total fuel combustion: CO2 emissions from residential buildings and commercial and public services (% of total fuel combustion). CO2 emissions from residential buildings and commercial and public services contains all emissions from fuel combustion in households. This corresponds to IPCC Source/Sink Category 1 A 4 b. Commercial and public services includes emissions from all activities of ISIC Divisions 41, 50-52, 55, 63-67, 70-75, 80, 85, 90-93 and 99.
  • Known breeding bird species per million: Known breeding bird mammal species (1992-2002). Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions from electricity and heat production, total > % of total fuel combustion: CO2 emissions from electricity and heat production, total (% of total fuel combustion). CO2 emissions from electricity and heat production is the sum of three IEA categories of CO2 emissions: (1) Main Activity Producer Electricity and Heat which contains the sum of emissions from main activity producer electricity generation, combined heat and power generation and heat plants. Main activity producers (formerly known as public utilities) are defined as those undertakings whose primary activity is to supply the public. They may be publicly or privately owned. This corresponds to IPCC Source/Sink Category 1 A 1 a. For the CO2 emissions from fuel combustion (summary) file, emissions from own on-site use of fuel in power plants (EPOWERPLT) are also included. (2) Unallocated Autoproducers which contains the emissions from the generation of electricity and/or heat by autoproducers. Autoproducers are defined as undertakings that generate electricity and/or heat, wholly or partly for their own use as an activity which supports their primary activity. They may be privately or publicly owned. In the 1996 IPCC Guidelines, these emissions would normally be distributed between industry, transport and "other" sectors. (3) Other Energy Industries contains emissions from fuel combusted in petroleum refineries, for the manufacture of solid fuels, coal mining, oil and gas extraction and other energy-producing industries. This corresponds to the IPCC Source/Sink Categories 1 A 1 b and 1 A 1 c. According to the 1996 IPCC Guidelines, emissions from coke inputs to blast furnaces can either be counted here or in the Industrial Processes source/sink category. Within detailed sectoral calculations, certain non-energy processes can be distinguished. In the reduction of iron in a blast furnace through the combustion of coke, the primary purpose of the coke oxidation is to produce pig iron and the emissions can be considered as an industrial process. Care must be taken not to double count these emissions in both Energy and Industrial Processes. In the IEA estimations, these emissions have been included in this category.
  • Adjusted net national income > Current US$, % of GDP: Adjusted net national income (current US$). Adjusted net national income is GNI minus consumption of fixed capital and natural resources depletion. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Known mammal species per million: Known mammal species (1992-2002). Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Adjusted net national income > Constant 2000 US$ per capita: Adjusted net national income (constant 2000 US$). Adjusted net national income is GNI minus consumption of fixed capital and natural resources depletion. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Adjusted net national income > Constant 2000 US$, % of GDP: Adjusted net national income (constant 2000 US$). Adjusted net national income is GNI minus consumption of fixed capital and natural resources depletion. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Endangered species > Mammal species > Number: Mammal species are mammals excluding whales and porpoises. Threatened species are the number of species classified by the IUCN as endangered, vulnerable, rare, indeterminate, out of danger, or insufficiently known."
  • Endangered species > Fish species > Number: Fish species are based on Froese, R. and Pauly, D. (eds). 2008. Threatened species are the number of species classified by the IUCN as endangered, vulnerable, rare, indeterminate, out of danger, or insufficiently known."
  • Biodiversity and protected areas > Marine protected areas > % of total surface area: Marine protected areas are areas of intertidal or subtidal terrain--and overlying water and associated flora and fauna and historical and cultural features--that have been reserved by law or other effective means to protect part or all of the enclosed environment.
  • CO2 Emissions: CO2: Total Emissions (excluding land-use) Units: thousand metric tonnes of carbon dioxide
  • Biodiversity and protected areas > Terrestrial protected areas > % of total surface area: Terrestrial protected areas are those officially documented by national authorities.
  • International agreements > Signed but not ratified: The various international environmental agreements which a country has signed but not ratified. Agreements are listed in alphabetical order by the abbreviated form of the full name.
  • Water pollution > Clay and glass industry > % of total BOD emissions: Industry shares of emissions of organic water pollutants refer to emissions from manufacturing activities as defined by two-digit divisions of the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 2: stone, ceramics, and glass (36). Emissions of organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxygen that bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the presence of organic pollutants.
  • Water pollution > Other industry > % of total BOD emissions: Industry shares of emissions of organic water pollutants refer to emissions from manufacturing activities as defined by two-digit divisions of the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 2: other (38 and 39). Emissions of organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxygen that bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the presence of organic pollutants.
  • Water pollution > Paper and pulp industry > % of total BOD emissions: Industry shares of emissions of organic water pollutants refer to emissions from manufacturing activities as defined by two-digit divisions of the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 2: paper and pulp (34). Emissions of organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxygen that bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the presence of organic pollutants.
  • Water pollution > Food industry > % of total BOD emissions: Industry shares of emissions of organic water pollutants refer to emissions from manufacturing activities as defined by two-digit divisions of the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 2: food and beverages (31). Emissions of organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxygen that bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the presence of organic pollutants.
  • Marine protected areas > % of territorial waters: Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters). Marine protected areas are areas of intertidal or subtidal terrain--and overlying water and associated flora and fauna and historical and cultural features--that have been reserved by law or other effective means to protect part or all of the enclosed environment.
  • Adjusted savings > Carbon dioxide damage > % of GNI: Carbon dioxide damage is estimated to be $20 per ton of carbon (the unit damage in 1995 U.S. dollars) times the number of tons of carbon emitted.
  • Adjusted savings > Particulate emission damage > % of GNI: Particulate emissions damage is calculated as the willingness to pay to avoid mortality attributable to particulate emissions.
  • Water pollution > Textile industry > % of total BOD emissions: Industry shares of emissions of organic water pollutants refer to emissions from manufacturing activities as defined by two-digit divisions of the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 2: textiles (32). Emissions of organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxygen that bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the presence of organic pollutants.
  • Water pollution > Chemical industry > % of total BOD emissions: Industry shares of emissions of organic water pollutants refer to emissions from manufacturing activities as defined by two-digit divisions of the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 2: chemicals (35). Emissions of organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxygen that bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the presence of organic pollutants.
  • Water pollution > Wood industry > % of total BOD emissions: Industry shares of emissions of organic water pollutants refer to emissions from manufacturing activities as defined by two-digit divisions of the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 2: wood (33). Emissions of organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxygen that bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the presence of organic pollutants.
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions from other sectors, excluding residential buildings and commercial and public services > % of total fuel combustion: CO2 emissions from other sectors, excluding residential buildings and commercial and public services (% of total fuel combustion). CO2 emissions from other sectors, less residential buildings and commercial and public services, contains the emissions from commercial/institutional activities, residential, agriculture/forestry, fishing and other emissions not specified elsewhere that are included in the IPCC Source/Sink Categories 1 A 4 and 1 A 5. In the 1996 IPCC Guidelines, the category also includes emissions from autoproducers in the commercial/residential/agricultural sectors that generate electricity and/or heat. The IEA data are not collected in a way that allows the energy consumption to be split by specific end-use and therefore, autoproducers are shown as a separate item (Unallocated Autoproducers).
  • Pollution > Carbon Dioxide from fossil fuels 2000 per million: Includes carbon dioxide emissions from the consumption of petroleum, natural gas, and coal, and the flaring of natural gas. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Water > Prevalence of public-private partnerships: Cities.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Pollution > Climate change > Perceived as threat: Percentage of country's population that perceives climate change as a threat. Results are from a 2008 Gallop Poll.
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption > % of total: CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (% of total). Carbon dioxide emissions from solid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of coal as an energy source.
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption > % of total: CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (% of total). Carbon dioxide emissions from liquid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of natural gas as an energy source.
  • Water > Drinking water > Population with improved sanitation > Rural: Proportion of the population using improved sanitation facilities, rural.
  • Water > Drinking water > Population with improved drinking water sources > Urban: Proportion of the population using improved drinking water sources, urban.
  • Pollution > Organic water pollutant > BOD emissions > Kg per day per worker: Organic water pollutant (BOD) emissions (kg per day per worker). Emissions per worker are total emissions of organic water pollutants divided by the number of industrial workers. Organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxygen that bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the presence of organic pollutants.
  • Emissions > Other greenhouse gas emissions > HFC > PFC and SF6 > Thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent: Other greenhouse gas emissions are by-product emissions of hydrofluorocarbons, perfluorocarbons, and sulfur hexafluoride."
STAT Germany United States HISTORY
Biodiversity > Bird species, threatened 7
Ranked 146th.
78
Ranked 9th. 11 times more than Germany
Biodiversity > Mammal species, threatened 5
Ranked 142nd.
36
Ranked 21st. 7 times more than Germany
Climate change > CO2 emissions from electricity and heat production, total > Million metric tons 350.51
Ranked 7th.
2,478.03
Ranked 2nd. 7 times more than Germany

Climate change > CO2 emissions from electricity and heat production, total > Million metric tons per million 4.29
Ranked 27th.
7.95
Ranked 10th. 86% more than Germany

Current issues emissions from coal-burning utilities and industries contribute to air pollution; acid rain, resulting from sulfur dioxide emissions, is damaging forests; pollution in the Baltic Sea from raw sewage and industrial effluents from rivers in eastern Germany; hazardous waste disposal; government established a mechanism for ending the use of nuclear power over the next 15 years; government working to meet EU commitment to identify nature preservation areas in line with the EU's Flora, Fauna, and Habitat directive air pollution resulting in acid rain in both the US and Canada; the US is the largest single emitter of carbon dioxide from the burning of fossil fuels; water pollution from runoff of pesticides and fertilizers; limited natural fresh water resources in much of the western part of the country require careful management; desertification
Ecological footprint 4.6
Ranked 6th.
12.22
Ranked 2nd. 3 times more than Germany
Marine fish catch 194,921 tons
Ranked 40th.
3.33 million tons
Ranked 7th. 17 times more than Germany
Municipal waste generation 540 kgs per person per year
Ranked 12th.
760 kgs per person per year
Ranked 1st. 41% more than Germany
Pollution perceptions > Air pollution 28.59
Ranked 51st. 14% more than United States
25.04
Ranked 52nd.
Pollution perceptions > Air quality 71.41
Ranked 9th.
74.96
Ranked 8th. 5% more than Germany
Pollution perceptions > Drinking water pollution 19.1
Ranked 52nd.
29.66
Ranked 41st. 55% more than Germany
Pollution perceptions > Pollution index 30.58
Ranked 52nd.
35.37
Ranked 47th. 16% more than Germany
Pollution perceptions > Waste management dissatisfaction 22.57
Ranked 54th.
26.97
Ranked 48th. 19% more than Germany
Pollution perceptions > Water pollution 24.64
Ranked 54th.
45.87
Ranked 38th. 86% more than Germany
Transport CO2 emission index 3,083.19
Ranked 27th.
7,004.01
Ranked 8th. 2 times more than Germany
Waste generation 340 kgs per person per year
Ranked 11th.
460 kgs per person per year
Ranked 4th. 35% more than Germany
CO2 emissions > Kt 805,039.5 kt
Ranked 6th.
5.79 million kt
Ranked 1st. 7 times more than Germany

Climate change > CO2 emissions > Kt 745,383.76
Ranked 7th.
5.43 million
Ranked 2nd. 7 times more than Germany

CO2 Emissions per 1000 10.15
Ranked 21st.
19.86
Ranked 4th. 96% more than Germany
Proportion of land area under protection 48.03%
Ranked 7th. 3 times more than United States
13.82%
Ranked 111th.

Forest area > Sq. km > Per capita 1.34 km² per 1,000 people
Ranked 132nd.
10.22 km² per 1,000 people
Ranked 44th. 8 times more than Germany

Pollution perceptions > Clean water 75.36
Ranked 6th. 39% more than United States
54.13
Ranked 22nd.
Pollution perceptions > Waste management satisfaction 77.43
Ranked 6th. 6% more than United States
73.03
Ranked 12th.
Pollution > Climate change > Climate change awareness 96%
Ranked 7th.
97%
Ranked 3rd. 1% more than Germany
Pollution perceptions > Drinking water quality 80.9
Ranked 8th. 15% more than United States
70.34
Ranked 19th.
Pollution perceptions > Noise and light pollution 39.64
Ranked 47th.
47.89
Ranked 34th. 21% more than Germany
Climate change > CO2 emissions > Metric tons per capita 9.11
Ranked 33th.
17.56
Ranked 10th. 93% more than Germany

Adjusted net national income > Current US$ $3.16 trillion
Ranked 5th.
$12.91 trillion
Ranked 2nd. 4 times more than Germany

Municipal waste generation per million 6.57 kgs per person per year
Ranked 15th. 2 times more than United States
2.69 kgs per person per year
Ranked 17th.
CO2 emissions > Kt > Per capita 9.75 kt per 1,000 people
Ranked 32nd.
19.9 kt per 1,000 people
Ranked 11th. 2 times more than Germany

Pollution > Carbon Dioxide per capita 10
Ranked 10th.
20
Ranked 1st. Twice as much as Germany
Pollution perceptions > Dirty, untidy cities 28.52
Ranked 52nd.
39.66
Ranked 44th. 39% more than Germany
Pollution perceptions > Clean, tidy cities 71.48
Ranked 8th. 18% more than United States
60.34
Ranked 16th.
Waste > Hazardous waste created 22.32 million tonnes
Ranked 3rd.
34.79 million tonnes
Ranked 2nd. 56% more than Germany

Water > Drinking water > Population with improved drinking water sources > Urban and rural 100
Ranked 2nd. 1% more than United States
98.76
Ranked 62nd.

Climate change > CO2 emissions > Kt per 1000 9.11
Ranked 33th.
17.56
Ranked 10th. 93% more than Germany

Pollution > PM10, country level > Micrograms per cubic meter 15.64
Ranked 149th.
17.78
Ranked 140th. 14% more than Germany

Pollution perceptions > Urban comfort > Low pollution 78.71
Ranked 10th. 1% more than United States
78.17
Ranked 11th.
Biodiversity > Fish species, threatened 23
Ranked 90th.
236
Ranked 1st. 10 times more than Germany
Protected area 27%
Ranked 6th. 2 times more than United States
13.4%
Ranked 26th.
Water pollution > Organic water pollutant > BOD emissions > Kg per day 954,218.5
Ranked 4th.
1.89 million
Ranked 1st. 98% more than Germany

Sanitation > Population with improved sanitation > Urban and rural 100
Ranked 3rd. About the same as United States
99.59
Ranked 40th.

Water > Severe water stress 1.1
Ranked 82nd.
31.3
Ranked 42nd. 28 times more than Germany
Biodiversity > Plant species > Higher, threatened 17
Ranked 83th.
270
Ranked 13th. 16 times more than Germany
Climate change > CO2 emissions > Kg per 2000 US$ of GDP $0.25
Ranked 155th.
$0.40
Ranked 107th. 58% more than Germany

Waste water treatment expenditure $75.30
Ranked 8th.
$105.00
Ranked 5th. 39% more than Germany
Acidification 51.88%
Ranked 8th. 4 times more than United States
13.74%
Ranked 25th.
Water > Percent of water resources used 20.97%
Ranked 27th. 35% more than United States
15.57%
Ranked 37th.

Areas under protection 7,315
Ranked 2nd. 2 times more than United States
3,481
Ranked 7th.
Pollution > Climate change > Agrees climate change is caused by human activity 59%
Ranked 52nd. 20% more than United States
49%
Ranked 88th.
National parks > Proportion of country area 2.7%
Ranked 17th. 24% more than United States
2.18%
Ranked 4th.
Waste generation per million 4.14 kgs per person per year
Ranked 14th. 3 times more than United States
1.63 kgs per person per year
Ranked 16th.
Pollution > Nuclear waste 450
Ranked 6th.
2,100
Ranked 1st. 5 times more than Germany
SO2 emissions per populated area 5,100 thousand metric tons/squ
Ranked 8th. 3 times more than United States
1,680 thousand metric tons/squ
Ranked 37th.
Forest area > Sq. km 110,760 km²
Ranked 47th.
3.03 million km²
Ranked 4th. 27 times more than Germany

Pollution perceptions > Green space and parks dissatisfaction 22.5
Ranked 54th.
28.29
Ranked 49th. 26% more than Germany
Pollution perceptions > Free of noise and light pollution 60.36
Ranked 13th. 16% more than United States
52.11
Ranked 26th.
Waste > Local garbage collected per thousand people 587.3 tonnes
Ranked 18th.
754.15 tonnes
Ranked 5th. 28% more than Germany

Water > Population supplied by water supply industry 99%
Ranked 12th. 16% more than United States
85%
Ranked 25th.
Waste > Local garbage collected 48.1 million tonnes
Ranked 3rd.
222.86 million tonnes
Ranked 1st. 5 times more than Germany

Climate change > CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption > Kt 168,124.62
Ranked 9th.
1.29 million
Ranked 1st. 8 times more than Germany

Climate change > CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption > Kt 298,438.79
Ranked 8th.
1.95 million
Ranked 2nd. 7 times more than Germany

Known mammal species 76
Ranked 112th.
428
Ranked 4th. 6 times more than Germany
Pollution > Organic water pollutant > BOD emissions > Kg per day 936,197.3
Ranked 4th.
1.85 million
Ranked 2nd. 98% more than Germany

Water > Availability 1.35 thousand cubic metres
Ranked 99th.
7.09 thousand cubic metres
Ranked 47th. 5 times more than Germany
Endangered species protection 100%
Ranked 2nd. 14% more than United States
87.5%
Ranked 39th.
Adjusted net national income > Current US$ per capita $38,600.53
Ranked 15th.
$41,448.39
Ranked 10th. 7% more than Germany

CO2 emissions > Kt per 1000 9.75 kt
Ranked 28th.
19.95 kt
Ranked 9th. 2 times more than Germany

Emissions > CO2 emissions > Metric tons per capita 9.57
Ranked 31st.
19.34
Ranked 10th. 2 times more than Germany

Biodiversity > Number 0.64
Ranked 134th.
94.22
Ranked 2nd. 147 times more than Germany

Pollution perceptions > Green space and parks satisfaction 77.5
Ranked 6th. 8% more than United States
71.71
Ranked 11th.
Pollution perceptions > Urban discomfort from pollution 21.29
Ranked 50th.
21.83
Ranked 49th. 3% more than Germany
Pollution > Carbon Dioxide from fossil fuels 2000 220
Ranked 6th.
1,571
Ranked 1st. 7 times more than Germany
Carbon efficiency 1.19 CO2 emissions/$ GDP
Ranked 66th.
1.77 CO2 emissions/$ GDP
Ranked 42nd. 49% more than Germany
NOx emissions per populated area 1.82 thousand metric tons/squ
Ranked 8th. 41% more than United States
1.29 thousand metric tons/squ
Ranked 13th.
National parks > Total area 9,620
Ranked 7th.
210,000
Ranked 2nd. 22 times more than Germany
National parks > Number of parks 14
Ranked 13th.
59
Ranked 2nd. 4 times more than Germany
Pollution > Greenhouse gas emissions > Nitrous oxide (N2O) > Emissions (CO2 equivalent) per million people 669.26
Ranked 21st.
971.54
Ranked 10th. 45% more than Germany

Marine fish catch per 1000 2.37 tons
Ranked 78th.
11.93 tons
Ranked 42nd. 5 times more than Germany
Biosphere > Reserves area 1,559 thousand hectares
Ranked 27th.
31,570 thousand hectares
Ranked 3rd. 20 times more than Germany
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita > Percent total 9.7
Ranked 10th.
19.1
Ranked 1st. 97% more than Germany
Sanitation > Population with improved sanitation > Urban 100
Ranked 3rd. About the same as United States
99.8
Ranked 43th.

Sanitation > Population with improved sanitation > Rural 100%
Ranked 2nd. 1% more than United States
98.6%
Ranked 40th.

Pollution > Nuclear waste per million 5.48
Ranked 11th.
7.61
Ranked 10th. 39% more than Germany
Endangered species > Bird species 6
Ranked 126th.
74
Ranked 7th. 12 times more than Germany

Waste > Population served by local garbage collection 100%
Ranked 5th. The same as United States
100%
Ranked 24th.

Waste > Hazardous waste created per thousand people 271.87 tonnes
Ranked 13th. 2 times more than United States
117.72 tonnes
Ranked 5th.

Emissions > CO2 emissions > Kt 787,291.01
Ranked 7th.
5.83 million
Ranked 2nd. 7 times more than Germany

Pollution > Greenhouse gas emissions > Carbon dioxide (CO2) > CO2 emissions 818,962.32
Ranked 4th.
5.7 million
Ranked 1st. 7 times more than Germany

Freshwater > Withdrawal 38.01
Ranked 2nd.
477
Ranked 3rd. 13 times more than Germany
Climate change > Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and SF6 > Thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent 26,004
Ranked 7th.
348,460
Ranked 1st. 13 times more than Germany

Organic water pollutant > BOD emissions > Kg per day per worker 0.14 kg per day per worker
Ranked 28th. 8% more than United States
0.13 kg per day per worker
Ranked 47th.

Climate change > CO2 emissions from residential buildings and commercial and public services > Million metric tons 134.16
Ranked 6th.
530.05
Ranked 2nd. 4 times more than Germany

Climate change > CO2 emissions from other sectors, excluding residential buildings and commercial and public services > Million metric tons 0.02
Ranked 111th.
43.12
Ranked 3rd. 2156 times more than Germany

Waste water treatment expenditure per million $0.92
Ranked 12th. 2 times more than United States
$0.37
Ranked 14th.
Urban SO2 concentration 12.8 micrograms/m3
Ranked 122nd.
15.43 micrograms/m3
Ranked 114th. 21% more than Germany
CO2 emissions > Kg per 2000 PPP $ of GDP 0.38 kg/PPP$
Ranked 65th.
0.56 kg/PPP$
Ranked 36th. 47% more than Germany

Freshwater > Renewable internal freshwater resources > Total > Billion cubic meters 107
Ranked 53th.
2,800
Ranked 6th. 26 times more than Germany

Water > Population connected to wastewater collecting system 96%
Ranked 7th. 34% more than United States
71.4%
Ranked 14th.

Water > Drinking water > Population with improved drinking water sources > Rural 100
Ranked 1st. 6% more than United States
94.03
Ranked 85th.

Threatened species 49
Ranked 40th.
854
Ranked 1st. 17 times more than Germany
Climate change > CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption > Kt per 1000 3.65
Ranked 15th.
6.29
Ranked 8th. 72% more than Germany

Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Particulate emission damage > Current US$ $666.37 million
Ranked 24th.
$20.07 billion
Ranked 2nd. 30 times more than Germany

Proportion of land and marine area under protection 49.04%
Ranked 5th. 3 times more than United States
15.14%
Ranked 83th.

Water > Proportion of marine area under protection 64.46%
Ranked 5th. 2 times more than United States
30.4%
Ranked 19th.

Wildness 0.02%
Ranked 109th.
35.89%
Ranked 32nd. 1795 times more than Germany
Freshwater > Annual freshwater withdrawals > Total > Billion cubic meters 47.05
Ranked 16th.
479.29
Ranked 3rd. 10 times more than Germany
Pollution > Greenhouse gas emissions > Sulphur hexafluoride (SF6) > Emissions (CO2 equivalent) 3,249.5
Ranked 3rd.
14,037.64
Ranked 1st. 4 times more than Germany

Biodiversity > GEF benefits index for biodiversity > 0 = no biodiversity potential to 100 = maximum 0.639
Ranked 140th.
94.22
Ranked 2nd. 147 times more than Germany

Biodiversity and protected areas > Marine protected areas > Number 21
Ranked 35th.
787
Ranked 2nd. 37 times more than Germany
Biodiversity and protected areas > Terrestrial protected areas > Number 14,388
Ranked 2nd. 2 times more than United States
6,770
Ranked 5th.
Sustainability-satisfying companies 75.2%
Ranked 3rd. 4 times more than United States
19.8%
Ranked 14th.
Emissions > CO2 emissions > Kg per 2000 US$ of GDP $0.38
Ranked 142nd.
$0.51
Ranked 109th. 34% more than Germany

Areas under protection per million 88.63
Ranked 13th. 7 times more than United States
12
Ranked 40th.
PM10 > Country level > Micrograms per cubic meter 19.3 mcg/m³
Ranked 147th.
22.63 mcg/m³
Ranked 140th. 17% more than Germany

Water > Dissolved oxygen concentration 10.45 mls/litre
Ranked 13th. 13% more than United States
9.26 mls/litre
Ranked 33th.
Freshwater > Withdrawal per million 0.462
Ranked 4th.
1.69
Ranked 9th. 4 times more than Germany
Biodiversity > GEF benefits index for biodiversity > 0 = no biodiversity potential to 100 = maximum per million 0.00778
Ranked 193th.
0.31
Ranked 97th. 40 times more than Germany

Emissions > CO2 emissions > Kg per 2005 PPP $ of GDP $0.29
Ranked 83th.
$0.44
Ranked 44th. 52% more than Germany

Water pollution > Organic water pollutant > BOD emissions > Kg per day per worker 0.14
Ranked 45th. The same as United States
0.14
Ranked 47th.

Wetlands of intl importance > Area 829 thousand hectares
Ranked 18th.
1,190 thousand hectares
Ranked 14th. 44% more than Germany
Freshwater > Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita > Cubic meters 1,303.13
Ranked 113th.
9,199.18
Ranked 55th. 7 times more than Germany

Urban NO2 concentration 40.07 micrograms/m3
Ranked 102nd.
60.57 micrograms/m3
Ranked 45th. 51% more than Germany
Biosphere > Reserves area per million 18.9 thousand hectares
Ranked 49th.
109.76 thousand hectares
Ranked 25th. 6 times more than Germany
Municipal waste treatment expenditure per million $0.13
Ranked 16th. 2 times more than United States
$0.06
Ranked 18th.
Known breeding bird species 247
Ranked 41st.
508
Ranked 8th. 2 times more than Germany
Forest area > Sq. km per 1000 1.34 km²
Ranked 131st.
10.26 km²
Ranked 44th. 8 times more than Germany

Breeding birds threatened 2.09%
Ranked 78th.
8.31%
Ranked 15th. 4 times more than Germany
Water > Salinisation 1,566.07
Ranked 22nd. 4 times more than United States
375.65
Ranked 98th.
Municipal waste treatment expenditure $10.70
Ranked 9th.
$18.10
Ranked 1st. 69% more than Germany
Fertiliser > Consumption 2,473.66 hundred grams/hectare
Ranked 25th. 2 times more than United States
1,117.48 hundred grams/hectare
Ranked 48th.
Pollution > Carbon dioxide 1999 216,213
Ranked 5th.
1.5 million
Ranked 1st. 7 times more than Germany
Pollution > Carbon dioxide 1999 per 1000 2.63
Ranked 22nd.
5.38
Ranked 8th. 2 times more than Germany
Pollution > Nuclear waste efficiency 1.3
Ranked 11th. 44% more than United States
0.9
Ranked 13th.
Pollution > Nitrogen Oxides per capita 22
Ranked 23th.
80
Ranked 3rd. 4 times more than Germany
Threatened species > Mammal 8
Ranked 97th.
35
Ranked 14th. 4 times more than Germany
Water > Suspended solids 3.06 mls/litre
Ranked 127th.
4.19 mls/litre
Ranked 95th. 37% more than Germany
Non-wildness 32.84%
Ranked 4th. 5 times more than United States
6.59%
Ranked 49th.
Water pollution > Water pollution > Paper and pulp industry > % of total BOD emissions 7.18%
Ranked 23th.
8.33%
Ranked 14th. 16% more than Germany

Water pollution > Water pollution > Textile industry > % of total BOD emissions 2.45%
Ranked 49th.
4.65%
Ranked 42nd. 90% more than Germany

Water pollution > Water pollution > Metal industry > % of total BOD emissions 3.79%
Ranked 18th. 10% more than United States
3.44%
Ranked 21st.

Wetlands of intl importance > Area per million 10.05 thousand hectares
Ranked 62nd. 2 times more than United States
4.14 thousand hectares
Ranked 76th.
Oil rents > % of GDP 0.045%
Ranked 74th.
0.933%
Ranked 53th. 21 times more than Germany

Freshwater > Annual freshwater withdrawals > Industry > % of total freshwater withdrawal 67.86%
Ranked 9th. 47% more than United States
46.05%
Ranked 20th.

Pollution > Greenhouse gas emissions > Carbon dioxide (CO2) > CO2 emissions per thousand people 10.01
Ranked 12th.
18.42
Ranked 2nd. 84% more than Germany

Environmental agreement compliance 6.27
Ranked 5th. 20% more than United States
5.22
Ranked 20th.
Freshwater > Annual freshwater withdrawals > Domestic > % of total freshwater withdrawal 12.35%
Ranked 86th.
12.7%
Ranked 83th. 3% more than Germany

Pollution > Greenhouse gas emissions > Perfluorcarbons (PFCs) > Emissions (CO2 equivalent) 308.54
Ranked 8th.
5,660.73
Ranked 1st. 18 times more than Germany

Pollution > Greenhouse gas emissions > Emissions (CO2 equivalent) 936,543.82
Ranked 5th.
6.8 million
Ranked 1st. 7 times more than Germany

Pollution > Greenhouse gas emissions > Methane (CH4) > Emissions (CO2 equivalent) per thousand people 0.583
Ranked 37th.
2.14
Ranked 6th. 4 times more than Germany

Pollution > Greenhouse gas emissions > Methane (CH4) > Emissions (CO2 equivalent) 47,696.21
Ranked 9th.
661,699
Ranked 1st. 14 times more than Germany

Freshwater > Annual freshwater withdrawals > Agriculture > % of total freshwater withdrawal 19.79%
Ranked 117th.
41.26%
Ranked 107th. 2 times more than Germany

Pollution > Greenhouse gas emissions > Hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) > Emissions (CO2 equivalent) per million people 141.81
Ranked 21st.
397.53
Ranked 1st. 3 times more than Germany

Endangered species > Higher plant species > Number 12
Ranked 82nd.
244
Ranked 12th. 20 times more than Germany

Emissions > Nitrous oxide emissions > Thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent 69,470
Ranked 12th.
456,210
Ranked 2nd. 7 times more than Germany

Emissions > Methane emissions > Kt of CO2 equivalent 58,100
Ranked 25th.
810,280
Ranked 2nd. 14 times more than Germany

Emissions > Industrial methane emissions > % of total 45.75%
Ranked 30th.
56.37%
Ranked 20th. 23% more than Germany

Emissions > CO2 intensity > Kg per kg of oil equivalent energy use 2.38
Ranked 60th.
2.49
Ranked 52nd. 5% more than Germany

Emissions > CO2 emissions > Kg per PPP $ of GDP $0.27
Ranked 84th.
$0.42
Ranked 44th. 56% more than Germany

Emissions > Agricultural nitrous oxide emissions > % of total 74.18%
Ranked 92nd.
74.74%
Ranked 90th. 1% more than Germany

Emissions > Agricultural methane emissions > % of total 39.17%
Ranked 71st. 2 times more than United States
18.38%
Ranked 102nd.

Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Particulate emission damage > % of GNI 0.02%
Ranked 138th.
0.14%
Ranked 86th. 7 times more than Germany

Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Net national savings > Current US$ $393.86 billion
Ranked 2nd.
$-194,522,724,898.49
Ranked 131st.

Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Net national savings > % of GNI 11.76%
Ranked 70th.
-1.36%
Ranked 115th.

Pollution > Greenhouse gas emissions > United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change sign date June 12, 1992 June 12, 1992
Pollution > Greenhouse gas emissions > Nitrous oxide (N2O) > Emissions (CO2 equivalent) 54,730.15
Ranked 5th.
300,522.75
Ranked 2nd. 5 times more than Germany

Pollution > Greenhouse gas emissions > Hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) > Emissions (CO2 equivalent) 11,597.09
Ranked 6th.
122,967.12
Ranked 1st. 11 times more than Germany

Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Net forest depletion > Current US$ 0.0
Ranked 74th.
0.0
Ranked 95th.

World Heritage Sites (environmental) 3
Ranked 16th.
12
Ranked 1st. 4 times more than Germany
Climate change > CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption > Kt per 1000 2.06
Ranked 34th.
4.17
Ranked 16th. 2 times more than Germany

Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Net forest depletion > % of GNI 0.0
Ranked 68th.
0.0
Ranked 87th.

Climate change > CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption > Kt per 1000 3.23
Ranked 52nd.
6.97
Ranked 13th. 2 times more than Germany

Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Carbon dioxide damage > % of GNI 0.17%
Ranked 130th.
0.31%
Ranked 80th. 82% more than Germany

Climate change > Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and SF6 > Thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent per million 317.99
Ranked 21st.
1,126.51
Ranked 1st. 4 times more than Germany

Pollution > Greenhouse gas emissions > Perfluorcarbons (PFCs) > Emissions (CO2 equivalent) per million people 3.77
Ranked 22nd.
18.3
Ranked 7th. 5 times more than Germany

Climate change > GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF > Mt of CO2 equivalent per million 0.214
Ranked 3rd.
-3.227
Ranked 33th.

Climate change > CO2 emissions from residential buildings and commercial and public services > Million metric tons per million 1.64
Ranked 9th.
1.7
Ranked 6th. 4% more than Germany

Adjusted savings > Adjusted net savings > Including particulate emission damage > Current US$ $524.27 billion
Ranked 3rd. 4 times more than United States
$132.56 billion
Ranked 8th.

Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Energy depletion > Current US$ $9.59 billion
Ranked 37th.
$276.06 billion
Ranked 3rd. 29 times more than Germany

Pollution > Greenhouse gas emissions > Emissions (CO2 equivalent) per thousand people 11.45
Ranked 14th.
21.99
Ranked 3rd. 92% more than Germany

Adjusted savings > Adjusted net savings > Excluding particulate emission damage > Current US$ $524.87 billion
Ranked 3rd. 3 times more than United States
$152.63 billion
Ranked 7th.

Adjusted savings > Adjusted net savings > Excluding particulate emission damage > % of GNI 15.67%
Ranked 41st. 15 times more than United States
1.07%
Ranked 91st.

Pollution > Greenhouse gas emissions > Sulphur hexafluoride (SF6) > Emissions (CO2 equivalent) per million people 39.74
Ranked 3rd.
45.38
Ranked 1st. 14% more than Germany

Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Energy depletion > % of GNI 0.26%
Ranked 71st.
1.93%
Ranked 52nd. 7 times more than Germany

Commitment to Development Index (environment) 6.9
Ranked 11th. 60% more than United States
4.3
Ranked 23th.
Forest area > % of land area 31.76% of land area
Ranked 86th.
33.08% of land area
Ranked 83th. 4% more than Germany

Water pollution > Metal industry > % of total BOD emissions 9.26%
Ranked 6th.
9.62%
Ranked 13th. 4% more than Germany

Water > Phosphorus concentration 0.32 mls/litre
Ranked 77th. 4 times more than United States
0.08 mls/litre
Ranked 127th.
Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Mineral depletion > % of GNI 0.0
Ranked 74th.
0.11%
Ranked 53th.

Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Consumption of fixed capital > Current US$ $510.05 billion
Ranked 3rd.
$1.99 trillion
Ranked 1st. 4 times more than Germany

Waste water treatment expenditure, % of GDP 3.99e-09%
Ranked 12th. 4 times more than United States
1.06e-09%
Ranked 14th.
Adjusted savings > Adjusted net savings > Including particulate emission damage > % of GNI 15.65%
Ranked 40th. 17 times more than United States
0.93%
Ranked 90th.

Emissions > PM10 > Country level > Micrograms per cubic meter 18.58
Ranked 144th.
21.34
Ranked 131st. 15% more than Germany

Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Consumption of fixed capital > % of GNI 13.83%
Ranked 25th.
13.96%
Ranked 18th. 1% more than Germany

Freshwater > Annual freshwater withdrawals > Total > % of internal resources 43.97%
Ranked 32nd. 3 times more than United States
17.12%
Ranked 61st.
Total natural resources rents > % of GDP 0.268%
Ranked 145th.
1.73%
Ranked 104th. 6 times more than Germany

Water pollution > Water pollution > Chemical industry > % of total BOD emissions 12.04%
Ranked 20th.
13.13%
Ranked 15th. 9% more than Germany

Water pollution > Water pollution > Other industry > % of total BOD emissions 57.37%
Ranked 3rd. 13% more than United States
50.59%
Ranked 7th.

Water pollution > Water pollution > Wood industry > % of total BOD emissions 1.99%
Ranked 40th.
4.09%
Ranked 21st. 2 times more than Germany

Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Gross savings > % of GNI 25.44%
Ranked 61st. 2 times more than United States
12.6%
Ranked 108th.

Natural gas rents > % of GDP 0.0357%
Ranked 65th. 6 times more than United States
0.00603%
Ranked 78th.

Pollution > Water pollution, chemical industry > % of total BOD emissions 12.39%
Ranked 15th.
13.05%
Ranked 12th. 5% more than Germany

Pollution > Water pollution, clay and glass industry > % of total BOD emissions 3.37%
Ranked 52nd.
3.86%
Ranked 46th. 14% more than Germany

Pollution > Water pollution, metal industry > % of total BOD emissions 3.79%
Ranked 24th. 10% more than United States
3.45%
Ranked 28th.

Pollution > Water pollution, food industry > % of total BOD emissions 11.41%
Ranked 52nd.
12.02%
Ranked 51st. 5% more than Germany

Pollution > Water pollution, other industry > % of total BOD emissions 57.63%
Ranked 3rd. 13% more than United States
51.06%
Ranked 7th.

Pollution > Water pollution, paper and pulp industry > % of total BOD emissions 7.1%
Ranked 19th.
8.14%
Ranked 11th. 15% more than Germany

Pollution > Water pollution, textile industry > % of total BOD emissions 2.44%
Ranked 57th.
4.29%
Ranked 53th. 76% more than Germany

Pollution > Water pollution, wood industry > % of total BOD emissions 1.88%
Ranked 49th.
4.13%
Ranked 27th. 2 times more than Germany

Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Mineral depletion > Current US$ $32.46 million
Ranked 65th.
$16.10 billion
Ranked 7th. 496 times more than Germany

Expenditure pollution control as % of GDP 1.5% of GDP
Ranked 6th.
1.6% of GDP
Ranked 3rd. 7% more than Germany
Municipal waste treatment expenditure, % of GDP 5.33e-10%
Ranked 16th. 3 times more than United States
1.71e-10%
Ranked 18th.
Climate change > CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption > Kt 263,888.32
Ranked 9th.
2.16 million
Ranked 1st. 8 times more than Germany

Climate change > CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption > % of total 35.4%
Ranked 158th.
39.68%
Ranked 152nd. 12% more than Germany

Pollution > Carbon Dioxide from fossil fuels 2000 > Per $ GDP 0.00931 per $100 million
Ranked 16th.
0.0134 per $100 million
Ranked 9th. 44% more than Germany
Adjusted net national income > Constant 2000 US$ $2.38 trillion
Ranked 4th.
$11.13 trillion
Ranked 2nd. 5 times more than Germany
Freshwater > Withdrawal > Domestic 12%
Ranked 3rd.
13%
Ranked 68th. 8% more than Germany
Climate change > GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF > Mt of CO2 equivalent 17.56
Ranked 2nd.
-990.062
Ranked 41st.

Climate change > CO2 emissions from residential buildings and commercial and public services > % of total fuel combustion 17.95%
Ranked 14th. 79% more than United States
10.03%
Ranked 47th.

Known breeding bird species per million 2.99
Ranked 136th. 70% more than United States
1.77
Ranked 140th.
Climate change > CO2 emissions from electricity and heat production, total > % of total fuel combustion 46.89%
Ranked 44th. The same as United States
46.87%
Ranked 45th.

Adjusted net national income > Current US$, % of GDP 87.69%
Ranked 36th. 2% more than United States
86.15%
Ranked 49th.

Known mammal species per million 0.921
Ranked 139th.
1.49
Ranked 135th. 62% more than Germany
Adjusted net national income > Constant 2000 US$ per capita $28,916.93
Ranked 16th.
$37,678.22
Ranked 6th. 30% more than Germany
Adjusted net national income > Constant 2000 US$, % of GDP 86.21%
Ranked 52nd.
88.62%
Ranked 31st. 3% more than Germany
Endangered species > Mammal species > Number 6
Ranked 120th.
37
Ranked 19th. 6 times more than Germany
Endangered species > Fish species > Number 20
Ranked 59th.
164
Ranked 1st. 8 times more than Germany
Biodiversity and protected areas > Marine protected areas > % of total surface area 26.71%
Ranked 8th.
67.57%
Ranked 3rd. 3 times more than Germany
CO2 Emissions 837,425
Ranked 6th.
5.76 million
Ranked 1st. 7 times more than Germany
Biodiversity and protected areas > Terrestrial protected areas > % of total surface area 56.19%
Ranked 4th. 2 times more than United States
27.08%
Ranked 26th.
International agreements > Signed but not ratified none of the selected agreements Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Biodiversity, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Hazardous Wastes
Water pollution > Clay and glass industry > % of total BOD emissions 0.19%
Ranked 23th.
0.21%
Ranked 31st. 11% more than Germany

Water pollution > Other industry > % of total BOD emissions 15.13%
Ranked 3rd. 9% more than United States
13.9%
Ranked 5th.

Water pollution > Paper and pulp industry > % of total BOD emissions 20.43%
Ranked 7th. 93% more than United States
10.61%
Ranked 35th.

Water pollution > Food industry > % of total BOD emissions 38.7%
Ranked 24th.
42.06%
Ranked 31st. 9% more than Germany

Marine protected areas > % of territorial waters 1.74%
Ranked 97th.
2%
Ranked 95th. 15% more than Germany

Adjusted savings > Carbon dioxide damage > % of GNI 0.2% of GNI
Ranked 133th.
0.34% of GNI
Ranked 93th. 70% more than Germany

Adjusted savings > Particulate emission damage > % of GNI 0.08% of GNI
Ranked 139th.
0.35% of GNI
Ranked 85th. 4 times more than Germany

Water pollution > Textile industry > % of total BOD emissions 2.32%
Ranked 30th.
5.42%
Ranked 40th. 2 times more than Germany

Water pollution > Chemical industry > % of total BOD emissions 11.82%
Ranked 7th.
13.95%
Ranked 9th. 18% more than Germany

Water pollution > Wood industry > % of total BOD emissions 2.14%
Ranked 20th.
4.24%
Ranked 14th. 98% more than Germany

Climate change > CO2 emissions from other sectors, excluding residential buildings and commercial and public services > % of total fuel combustion 0.00268%
Ranked 114th.
0.816%
Ranked 102nd. 305 times more than Germany

Freshwater > Withdrawal > Agricultural 20%
Ranked 5th.
41%
Ranked 108th. 2 times more than Germany
Pollution > Carbon Dioxide from fossil fuels 2000 per million 2.68
Ranked 7th.
5.57
Ranked 1st. 2 times more than Germany
Water > Prevalence of public-private partnerships Berlin 73 million people, including through PPPs 14% of water revenues without PPPs
Pollution > Climate change > Perceived as threat 60%
Ranked 36th.
63%
Ranked 30th. 5% more than Germany
Climate change > CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption > % of total 40.04%
Ranked 29th. 12% more than United States
35.82%
Ranked 33th.

Freshwater > Withdrawal > Industrial 68%
Ranked 1st. 48% more than United States
46%
Ranked 6th.
Climate change > CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption > % of total 22.56%
Ranked 61st.
23.72%
Ranked 58th. 5% more than Germany

Water > Drinking water > Population with improved sanitation > Rural 100
Ranked 2nd. 1% more than United States
98.6
Ranked 40th.

Water > Drinking water > Population with improved drinking water sources > Urban 100
Ranked 4th. About the same as United States
99.77
Ranked 56th.

Pollution > Organic water pollutant > BOD emissions > Kg per day per worker 0.135
Ranked 55th.
0.142
Ranked 52nd. 6% more than Germany

Emissions > Other greenhouse gas emissions > HFC > PFC and SF6 > Thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent 41,980
Ranked 6th.
108,420
Ranked 3rd. 3 times more than Germany

SOURCES: United Nations Environmental Program and the World Conservation Monitoring Centre; United Nations Environmental Program and the World Conservation Monitoring Centre; International Energy Agency; International Energy Agency. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF), Living Planet Report 2000, Gland, Switzerland: 2000, and Redefining Progress.; FAOSTAT on-line database; OECD Environmental Data Compendium: 2002; pollution; traffic; World Development Indicators database; Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.; World Resources Institute. 2003. Carbon Emissions from energy use and cement manufacturing, 1850 to 2000. Available on-line through the Climate Analysis Indicators Tool (CAIT) at Washington, DC: World Resources Institute. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; Wikipedia: Climate change opinion by country; The Changing Wealth of Nations: Measuring Sustainable Development in the New Millennium; OECD Environmental Data Compendium: 2002. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, Paris, France, OECD Environmental Data Compendium; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Bank, Development Research Group and Environment Department; Froese, R. and Pauly, D. (eds). 2008. FishBase database, www.fishbase.org.; Jacaranda Atlas; 1998 study by Hemamala Hettige, Muthukumara Mani, and David Wheeler, ""Industrial Pollution in Economic Development: Kuznets Revisited"" (available at www.worldbank.org/nipr). The data were updated through 2005 by the World Bank's Development Research Group using the same methodology as the initial study.; United Nations Statistics Division. 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