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Country vs country: Greece and Philippines compared: Economy

Definitions

  • Companies > Listed domestic companies, total per million: Listed domestic companies, total. Listed domestic companies are the domestically incorporated companies listed on the country's stock exchanges at the end of the year. This indicator does not include investment companies, mutual funds, or other collective investment vehicles. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Debt > External: Total public and private debt owed to non-residents repayable in foreign currency, goods, or services.
  • Debt > External per capita: Total public and private debt owed to non-residents repayable in foreign currency, goods, or services. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Distribution of family income > Gini index: This index measures the degree of inequality in the distribution of family income in a country. The index is calculated from the Lorenz curve, in which cumulative family income is plotted against the number of families arranged from the poorest to the ric
  • GDP: GDP at purchaser's prices is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Dollar figures for GDP are converted from domestic currencies using single year official exchange rates. For a few countries where the official exchange rate does not reflect the rate effectively applied to actual foreign exchange transactions, an alternative conversion factor is used.
  • GDP > Composition, by end use > Investment in inventories: This entry is derived from Economy > GDP > Composition, by end use, which shows who does the spending in an economy: consumers, businesses, government, and foreigners. The distribution gives the percentage contribution to total GDP of household consumption, government consumption, investment in fixed capital, investment in inventories, exports of goods and services, and imports of goods and services, and will total 100 percent of GDP if the data are complete.
    household consumption consists of expenditures by resident households, and by nonprofit institutions that serve households, on goods and services that are consumed by individuals. This includes consumption of both domestically produced and foreign goods and services.
    government consumption consists of government expenditures on goods and services. These figures exclude government transfer payments, such as interest on debt, unemployment, and social security, since such payments are not made in exchange for goods and services supplied.
    investment in fixed capital consists of total business spending on fixed assets, such as factories, machinery, equipment, dwellings, and inventories of raw materials, which provide the basis for future production. It is measured gross of the depreciation of the assets, i.e., it includes investment that merely replaces worn-out or scrapped capital. Earlier editions of The World Factbook referred to this concept as Investment (gross fixed) and that data now have been moved to this new field.
    investment in inventories consists of net changes to the stock of outputs that are still held by the units that produce them, awaiting further sale to an end user, such as automobiles sitting on a dealer’s lot or groceries on the store shelves. This figure may be positive or negative. If the stock of unsold output increases during the relevant time period, investment in inventories is positive, but, if the stock of unsold goods declines, it will be negative. Investment in inventories normally is an early indicator of the state of the economy. If the stock of unsold items increases unexpectedly – because people stop buying - the economy may be entering a recession; but if the stock of unsold items falls - and goods "go flying off the shelves" - businesses normally try to replace those stocks, and the economy is likely to accelerate.
    exports of goods and services consist of sales, barter, gifts, or grants of goods and services from residents to nonresidents.
    imports of goods and ...
    Full definition
  • GDP per capita: GDP at purchaser's prices is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Dollar figures for GDP are converted from domestic currencies using single year official exchange rates. For a few countries where the official exchange rate does not reflect the rate effectively applied to actual foreign exchange transactions, an alternative conversion factor is used. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • GINI index: Gini index measures the extent to which the distribution of income (or, in some cases, consumption expenditure) among individuals or households within an economy deviates from a perfectly equal distribution. A Lorenz curve plots the cumulative percentages of total income received against the cumulative number of recipients, starting with the poorest individual or household. The Gini index measures the area between the Lorenz curve and a hypothetical line of absolute equality, expressed as a percentage of the maximum area under the line. Thus a Gini index of 0 represents perfect equality, while an index of 100 implies perfect inequality.
  • Gross National Income: GNI, Atlas method (current US$). GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and prop).
  • Gross national saving: Gross national saving is derived by deducting final consumption expenditure (household plus government) from Gross national disposable income, and consists of personal saving, plus business saving (the sum of the capital consumption allowance and retained business profits), plus government saving (the excess of tax revenues over expenditures), but excludes foreign saving (the excess of imports of goods and services over exports). The figures are presented as a percent of GDP. A negative number indicates that the economy as a whole is spending more income than it produces, thus drawing down national wealth (dissaving).
  • Household income or consumption by percentage share > Highest 10%: This entry is derived from Economy > Household income or consumption by percentage share, which data on household income or consumption come from household surveys, the results adjusted for household size. Nations use different standards and procedures in collecting and adjusting the data. Surveys based on income will normally show a more unequal distribution than surveys based on consumption. The quality of surveys is improving with time, yet caution is still necessary in making inter-country comparisons.
  • Human Development Index: The human development index values in this table were calculated using a consistent methodology and consistent data series. They are not strictly comparable with those in earlier Human Development Reports.
  • Population below poverty line: National estimates of the percentage of the population lying below the poverty line are based on surveys of sub-groups, with the results weighted by the number of people in each group. Definitions of poverty vary considerably among nations. For example, rich nations generally employ more generous standards of poverty than poor nations.
  • Public debt: This entry records the cumulatiive total of all government borrowings less repayments that are denominated in a country's home currency. Public debt should not be confused with external debt, which reflects the foreign currency liabilities of both the private and public sector and must be financed out of foreign exchange earnings.
  • Tourist arrivals: International inbound tourists (overnight visitors) are the number of tourists who travel to a country other than that in which they have their usual residence, but outside their usual environment, for a period not exceeding 12 months and whose main purpose in visiting is other than an activity remunerated from within the country visited. When data on number of tourists are not available, the number of visitors, which includes tourists, same-day visitors, cruise passengers, and crew members, is shown instead. Sources and collection methods for arrivals differ across countries. In some cases data are from border statistics (police, immigration, and the like) and supplemented by border surveys. In other cases data are from tourism accommodation establishments. For some countries number of arrivals is limited to arrivals by air and for others to arrivals staying in hotels. Some countries include arrivals of nationals residing abroad while others do not. Caution should thus be used in comparing arrivals across countries. The data on inbound tourists refer to the number of arrivals, not to the number of people traveling. Thus a person who makes several trips to a country during a given period is counted each time as a new arrival."
  • GDP > Composition, by end use > Exports of goods and services: This entry is derived from Economy > GDP > Composition, by end use, which shows who does the spending in an economy: consumers, businesses, government, and foreigners. The distribution gives the percentage contribution to total GDP of household consumption, government consumption, investment in fixed capital, investment in inventories, exports of goods and services, and imports of goods and services, and will total 100 percent of GDP if the data are complete.
    household consumption consists of expenditures by resident households, and by nonprofit institutions that serve households, on goods and services that are consumed by individuals. This includes consumption of both domestically produced and foreign goods and services.
    government consumption consists of government expenditures on goods and services. These figures exclude government transfer payments, such as interest on debt, unemployment, and social security, since such payments are not made in exchange for goods and services supplied.
    investment in fixed capital consists of total business spending on fixed assets, such as factories, machinery, equipment, dwellings, and inventories of raw materials, which provide the basis for future production. It is measured gross of the depreciation of the assets, i.e., it includes investment that merely replaces worn-out or scrapped capital. Earlier editions of The World Factbook referred to this concept as Investment (gross fixed) and that data now have been moved to this new field.
    investment in inventories consists of net changes to the stock of outputs that are still held by the units that produce them, awaiting further sale to an end user, such as automobiles sitting on a dealer’s lot or groceries on the store shelves. This figure may be positive or negative. If the stock of unsold output increases during the relevant time period, investment in inventories is positive, but, if the stock of unsold goods declines, it will be negative. Investment in inventories normally is an early indicator of the state of the economy. If the stock of unsold items increases unexpectedly – because people stop buying - the economy may be entering a recession; but if the stock of unsold items falls - and goods "go flying off the shelves" - businesses normally try to replace those stocks, and the economy is likely to accelerate.
    exports of goods and services consist of sales, barter, gifts, or grants of goods and services from residents to nonresidents.
    imports of goods and ...
    Full definition
     .
  • Imports > Commodities: This entry provides a listing of the highest-valued imported products; it sometimes includes the percent of total dollar value.
  • GDP > Real growth rate: GDP growth on an annual basis adjusted for inflation and expressed as a percent.
  • Fiscal year: The beginning and ending months for a country's accounting period of 12 months, which often is the calendar year but which may begin in any month. All yearly references are for the calendar year (CY) unless indicated as a noncalendar fiscal year (FY).
  • Exchange rates: The official value of a country's monetary unit at a given date or over a given period of time, as expressed in units of local currency per US dollar and as determined by international market forces or official fiat.
  • Exports > Commodities: This entry provides a listing of the highest-valued exported products; it sometimes includes the percent of total dollar value.
  • GDP > Composition by sector > Services: The gross domestic product (GDP) or value of all final services produced within a nation in a given year. GDP dollar estimates in the Factbook are derived from purchasing power parity (PPP) calculations. See the CIA World Factbook for more information.
  • GDP > Per capita > PPP: This entry shows GDP on a purchasing power parity basis divided by population as of 1 July for the same year.
  • Current account balance: This entry records a country's net trade in goods and services, plus net earnings from rents, interest, profits, and dividends, and net transfer payments (such as pension funds and worker remittances) to and from the rest of the world during the period specified. These figures are calculated on an exchange rate basis, i.e., not in purchasing power parity (PPP) terms.
  • Companies > Market capitalization of listed companies > % of GDP: Market capitalization of listed companies (% of GDP). Market capitalization (also known as market value) is the share price times the number of shares outstanding. Listed domestic companies are the domestically incorporated companies listed on the country's stock exchanges at the end of the year. Listed companies does not include investment companies, mutual funds, or other collective investment vehicles.
  • GDP > Composition, by sector of origin > Agriculture: This entry is derived from Economy > GDP > Composition, by sector of origin, which shows where production takes place in an economy. The distribution gives the percentage contribution of agriculture, industry, and services to total GDP, and will total 100 percent of GDP if the data are complete. Agriculture includes farming, fishing, and forestry. Industry includes mining, manufacturing, energy production, and construction. Services cover government activities, communications, transportation, finance, and all other private economic activities that do not produce material goods.
  • Stock of direct foreign investment > At home: This entry gives the cumulative US dollar value of all investments in the home country made directly by residents - primarily companies - of other countries as of the end of the time period indicated. Direct investment excludes investment through purchase of shares.
  • Imports: This entry provides the total US dollar amount of merchandise imports on a c.i.f. (cost, insurance, and freight) or f.o.b. (free on board) basis. These figures are calculated on an exchange rate basis, i.e., not in purchasing power parity (PPP) terms.
  • Taxes and other revenues: This entry records total taxes and other revenues received by the national government during the time period indicated, expressed as a percent of GDP. Taxes include personal and corporate income taxes, value added taxes, excise taxes, and tariffs. Other revenues include social contributions - such as payments for social security and hospital insurance - grants, and net revenues from public enterprises. Normalizing the data, by dividing total revenues by GDP, enables easy comparisons across countries, and provides an average rate at which all income (GDP) is paid to the national level government for the supply of public goods and services.
  • Companies > Stock market > Stocks traded, total value > Current US$ per capita: Stocks traded, total value (current US$). Stocks traded refers to the total value of shares traded during the period. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • GDP > Purchasing power parity: This entry gives the gross domestic product (GDP) or value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year. A nation's GDP at purchasing power parity (PPP) exchange rates is the sum value of all goods and services produced in the country valued at prices prevailing in the United States. This is the measure most economists prefer when looking at per-capita welfare and when comparing living conditions or use of resources across countries. The measure is difficult to compute, as a US dollar value has to be assigned to all goods and services in the country regardless of whether these goods and services have a direct equivalent in the United States (for example, the value of an ox-cart or non-US military equipment); as a result, PPP estimates for some countries are based on a small and sometimes different set of goods and services. In addition, many countries do not formally participate in the World Bank's PPP project that calculates these measures, so the resulting GDP estimates for these countries may lack precision. For many developing countries, PPP-based GDP measures are multiples of the official exchange rate (OER) measure. The difference between the OER- and PPP-denominated GDP values for most of the weathly industrialized countries are generally much smaller.
  • GDP > Composition, by end use > Investment in fixed capital: This entry is derived from Economy > GDP > Composition, by end use, which shows who does the spending in an economy: consumers, businesses, government, and foreigners. The distribution gives the percentage contribution to total GDP of household consumption, government consumption, investment in fixed capital, investment in inventories, exports of goods and services, and imports of goods and services, and will total 100 percent of GDP if the data are complete.
    household consumption consists of expenditures by resident households, and by nonprofit institutions that serve households, on goods and services that are consumed by individuals. This includes consumption of both domestically produced and foreign goods and services.
    government consumption consists of government expenditures on goods and services. These figures exclude government transfer payments, such as interest on debt, unemployment, and social security, since such payments are not made in exchange for goods and services supplied.
    investment in fixed capital consists of total business spending on fixed assets, such as factories, machinery, equipment, dwellings, and inventories of raw materials, which provide the basis for future production. It is measured gross of the depreciation of the assets, i.e., it includes investment that merely replaces worn-out or scrapped capital. Earlier editions of The World Factbook referred to this concept as Investment (gross fixed) and that data now have been moved to this new field.
    investment in inventories consists of net changes to the stock of outputs that are still held by the units that produce them, awaiting further sale to an end user, such as automobiles sitting on a dealer’s lot or groceries on the store shelves. This figure may be positive or negative. If the stock of unsold output increases during the relevant time period, investment in inventories is positive, but, if the stock of unsold goods declines, it will be negative. Investment in inventories normally is an early indicator of the state of the economy. If the stock of unsold items increases unexpectedly – because people stop buying - the economy may be entering a recession; but if the stock of unsold items falls - and goods "go flying off the shelves" - businesses normally try to replace those stocks, and the economy is likely to accelerate.
    exports of goods and services consist of sales, barter, gifts, or grants of goods and services from residents to nonresidents.
    imports of goods and ...
    Full definition
    .
  • Labor force > By occupation > Services: This entry is derived from Economy > Labor force > By occupation, which lists the percentage distribution of the labor force by sector of occupation. Agriculture includes farming, fishing, and forestry. Industry includes mining, manufacturing, energy production, and construction. Services cover government activities, communications, transportation, finance, and all other economic activities that do not produce material goods. The distribution will total less than 100 percent if the data are incomplete and may range from 99-101 percent due to rounding.
  • GDP > Composition, by sector of origin > Services: This entry is derived from Economy > GDP > Composition, by sector of origin, which shows where production takes place in an economy. The distribution gives the percentage contribution of agriculture, industry, and services to total GDP, and will total 100 percent of GDP if the data are complete. Agriculture includes farming, fishing, and forestry. Industry includes mining, manufacturing, energy production, and construction. Services cover government activities, communications, transportation, finance, and all other private economic activities that do not produce material goods.
  • GDP > Composition, by sector of origin > Industry: This entry is derived from Economy > GDP > Composition, by sector of origin, which shows where production takes place in an economy. The distribution gives the percentage contribution of agriculture, industry, and services to total GDP, and will total 100 percent of GDP if the data are complete. Agriculture includes farming, fishing, and forestry. Industry includes mining, manufacturing, energy production, and construction. Services cover government activities, communications, transportation, finance, and all other private economic activities that do not produce material goods.
  • Companies > Stock market > Stocks traded, turnover ratio > %: Stocks traded, turnover ratio (%). Turnover ratio is the total value of shares traded during the period divided by the average market capitalization for the period. Average market capitalization is calculated as the average of the end-of-period values for the current period and the previous period.
  • Budget > Revenues: Revenues calculated on an exchange rate basis, i.e., not in purchasing power parity (PPP) terms
  • Budget > Expenditures: Expenditures calculated on an exchange rate basis, i.e., not in purchasing power parity (PPP) terms
  • Labor force > By occupation > Industry: This entry is derived from Economy > Labor force > By occupation, which lists the percentage distribution of the labor force by sector of occupation. Agriculture includes farming, fishing, and forestry. Industry includes mining, manufacturing, energy production, and construction. Services cover government activities, communications, transportation, finance, and all other economic activities that do not produce material goods. The distribution will total less than 100 percent if the data are incomplete and may range from 99-101 percent due to rounding.
  • Overview: This entry briefly describes the type of economy, including the degree of market orientation, the level of economic development, the most important natural resources, and the unique areas of specialization. It also characterizes major economic events and policy changes in the most recent 12 months and may include a statement about one or two key future macroeconomic trends.
  • Labor force > By occupation > Agriculture: This entry is derived from Economy > Labor force > By occupation, which lists the percentage distribution of the labor force by sector of occupation. Agriculture includes farming, fishing, and forestry. Industry includes mining, manufacturing, energy production, and construction. Services cover government activities, communications, transportation, finance, and all other economic activities that do not produce material goods. The distribution will total less than 100 percent if the data are incomplete and may range from 99-101 percent due to rounding.
    Additional details:
    • Gibraltar: negligible (2013)
  • Companies > Stock market > Stocks traded, total value > Current US$: Stocks traded, total value (current US$). Stocks traded refers to the total value of shares traded during the period.
  • Companies > Market capitalization of listed companies > Current US$ per capita: Market capitalization of listed companies (current US$). Market capitalization (also known as market value) is the share price times the number of shares outstanding. Listed domestic companies are the domestically incorporated companies listed on the country's stock exchanges at the end of the year. Listed companies does not include investment companies, mutual funds, or other collective investment vehicles. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Reserves of foreign exchange and gold: This entry gives the dollar value for the stock of all financial assets that are available to the central monetary authority for use in meeting a country's balance of payments needs as of the end-date of the period specified. This category includes not only foreign currency and gold, but also a country's holdings of Special Drawing Rights in the International Monetary Fund, and its reserve position in the Fund.
  • GDP > Composition, by end use > Household consumption: This entry is derived from Economy > GDP > Composition, by end use, which shows who does the spending in an economy: consumers, businesses, government, and foreigners. The distribution gives the percentage contribution to total GDP of household consumption, government consumption, investment in fixed capital, investment in inventories, exports of goods and services, and imports of goods and services, and will total 100 percent of GDP if the data are complete.
    household consumption consists of expenditures by resident households, and by nonprofit institutions that serve households, on goods and services that are consumed by individuals. This includes consumption of both domestically produced and foreign goods and services.
    government consumption consists of government expenditures on goods and services. These figures exclude government transfer payments, such as interest on debt, unemployment, and social security, since such payments are not made in exchange for goods and services supplied.
    investment in fixed capital consists of total business spending on fixed assets, such as factories, machinery, equipment, dwellings, and inventories of raw materials, which provide the basis for future production. It is measured gross of the depreciation of the assets, i.e., it includes investment that merely replaces worn-out or scrapped capital. Earlier editions of The World Factbook referred to this concept as Investment (gross fixed) and that data now have been moved to this new field.
    investment in inventories consists of net changes to the stock of outputs that are still held by the units that produce them, awaiting further sale to an end user, such as automobiles sitting on a dealer’s lot or groceries on the store shelves. This figure may be positive or negative. If the stock of unsold output increases during the relevant time period, investment in inventories is positive, but, if the stock of unsold goods declines, it will be negative. Investment in inventories normally is an early indicator of the state of the economy. If the stock of unsold items increases unexpectedly – because people stop buying - the economy may be entering a recession; but if the stock of unsold items falls - and goods "go flying off the shelves" - businesses normally try to replace those stocks, and the economy is likely to accelerate.
    exports of goods and services consist of sales, barter, gifts, or grants of goods and services from residents to nonresidents.
    imports of goods and ...
    Full definition
    .
  • Budget surplus > + or deficit > -: This entry records the difference between national government revenues and expenditures, expressed as a percent of GDP. A positive (+) number indicates that revenues exceeded expenditures (a budget surplus), while a negative (-) number indicates the reverse (a budget deficit). Normalizing the data, by dividing the budget balance by GDP, enables easy comparisons across countries and indicates whether a national government saves or borrows money. Countries with high budget deficits (relative to their GDPs) generally have more difficulty raising funds to finance expenditures, than those with lower deficits.
  • GDP > Composition, by end use > Imports of goods and services: This entry is derived from Economy > GDP > Composition, by end use, which shows who does the spending in an economy: consumers, businesses, government, and foreigners. The distribution gives the percentage contribution to total GDP of household consumption, government consumption, investment in fixed capital, investment in inventories, exports of goods and services, and imports of goods and services, and will total 100 percent of GDP if the data are complete.
    household consumption consists of expenditures by resident households, and by nonprofit institutions that serve households, on goods and services that are consumed by individuals. This includes consumption of both domestically produced and foreign goods and services.
    government consumption consists of government expenditures on goods and services. These figures exclude government transfer payments, such as interest on debt, unemployment, and social security, since such payments are not made in exchange for goods and services supplied.
    investment in fixed capital consists of total business spending on fixed assets, such as factories, machinery, equipment, dwellings, and inventories of raw materials, which provide the basis for future production. It is measured gross of the depreciation of the assets, i.e., it includes investment that merely replaces worn-out or scrapped capital. Earlier editions of The World Factbook referred to this concept as Investment (gross fixed) and that data now have been moved to this new field.
    investment in inventories consists of net changes to the stock of outputs that are still held by the units that produce them, awaiting further sale to an end user, such as automobiles sitting on a dealer’s lot or groceries on the store shelves. This figure may be positive or negative. If the stock of unsold output increases during the relevant time period, investment in inventories is positive, but, if the stock of unsold goods declines, it will be negative. Investment in inventories normally is an early indicator of the state of the economy. If the stock of unsold items increases unexpectedly – because people stop buying - the economy may be entering a recession; but if the stock of unsold items falls - and goods "go flying off the shelves" - businesses normally try to replace those stocks, and the economy is likely to accelerate.
    exports of goods and services consist of sales, barter, gifts, or grants of goods and services from residents to nonresidents.
    imports of goods and ...
    Full definition
  • Exports > Partners: This entry provides a rank ordering of trading partners starting with the most important; it sometimes includes the percent of total dollar value.
  • Companies > Market capitalization of listed companies > Current US$, % of GDP: Market capitalization of listed companies (current US$). Market capitalization (also known as market value) is the share price times the number of shares outstanding. Listed domestic companies are the domestically incorporated companies listed on the country's stock exchanges at the end of the year. Listed companies does not include investment companies, mutual funds, or other collective investment vehicles. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Industrial production growth rate: This entry gives the annual percentage increase in industrial production (includes manufacturing, mining, and construction).
  • Industries: A rank ordering of industries starting with the largest by value of annual output.
  • Imports > Partners: This entry provides a rank ordering of trading partners starting with the most important; it sometimes includes the percent of total dollar value.
  • Household income or consumption by percentage share > Lowest 10%: This entry is derived from Economy > Household income or consumption by percentage share, which data on household income or consumption come from household surveys, the results adjusted for household size. Nations use different standards and procedures in collecting and adjusting the data. Surveys based on income will normally show a more unequal distribution than surveys based on consumption. The quality of surveys is improving with time, yet caution is still necessary in making inter-country comparisons.
  • Companies > Listed domestic companies, total: Listed domestic companies, total. Listed domestic companies are the domestically incorporated companies listed on the country's stock exchanges at the end of the year. This indicator does not include investment companies, mutual funds, or other collective investment vehicles.
  • Labor force: This entry contains the total labor force figure.
  • GDP > Composition by sector > Agriculture: The gross domestic product (GDP) or value of all final goods produced by the agricultural sector within a nation in a given year. GDP dollar estimates in the Factbook are derived from purchasing power parity (PPP) calculations. See the CIA World Factbook for more information.
  • Companies > Stock market > Stocks traded, total value > Current US$, % of GDP: Stocks traded, total value (current US$). Stocks traded refers to the total value of shares traded during the period. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • GDP > Official exchange rate: This entry gives the gross domestic product (GDP) or value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year. A nation's GDP at offical exchange rates (OER) is the home-currency-denominated annual GDP figure divided by the bilateral average US exchange rate with that country in that year. The measure is simple to compute and gives a precise measure of the value of output. Many economists prefer this measure when gauging the economic power an economy maintains vis-a-vis its neighbors, judging that an exchange rate captures the purchasing power a nation enjoys in the international marketplace. Official exchange rates, however, can be artifically fixed and/or subject to manipulation - resulting in claims of the country having an under- or over-valued currency - and are not necessarily the equivalent of a market-determined exchange rate. Moreover, even if the official exchange rate is market-determined, market exchange rates are frequently established by a relatively small set of goods and services (the ones the country trades) and may not capture the value of the larger set of goods the country produces. Furthermore, OER-converted GDP is not well suited to comparing domestic GDP over time, since appreciation/depreciation from one year to the next will make the OER GDP value rise/fall regardless of whether home-currency-denominated GDP changed.
  • Inflation rate > Consumer prices: This entry furnishes the annual percent change in consumer prices compared with the previous year's consumer prices.
  • Companies > Stock market > Stocks traded, total value > % of GDP: Stocks traded, total value (% of GDP). Stocks traded refers to the total value of shares traded during the period. This indicator complements the market capitalization ratio by showing whether market size is matched by trading.
  • GDP > Composition, by end use > Government consumption: This entry is derived from Economy > GDP > Composition, by end use, which shows who does the spending in an economy: consumers, businesses, government, and foreigners. The distribution gives the percentage contribution to total GDP of household consumption, government consumption, investment in fixed capital, investment in inventories, exports of goods and services, and imports of goods and services, and will total 100 percent of GDP if the data are complete.
    household consumption consists of expenditures by resident households, and by nonprofit institutions that serve households, on goods and services that are consumed by individuals. This includes consumption of both domestically produced and foreign goods and services.
    government consumption consists of government expenditures on goods and services. These figures exclude government transfer payments, such as interest on debt, unemployment, and social security, since such payments are not made in exchange for goods and services supplied.
    investment in fixed capital consists of total business spending on fixed assets, such as factories, machinery, equipment, dwellings, and inventories of raw materials, which provide the basis for future production. It is measured gross of the depreciation of the assets, i.e., it includes investment that merely replaces worn-out or scrapped capital. Earlier editions of The World Factbook referred to this concept as Investment (gross fixed) and that data now have been moved to this new field.
    investment in inventories consists of net changes to the stock of outputs that are still held by the units that produce them, awaiting further sale to an end user, such as automobiles sitting on a dealer’s lot or groceries on the store shelves. This figure may be positive or negative. If the stock of unsold output increases during the relevant time period, investment in inventories is positive, but, if the stock of unsold goods declines, it will be negative. Investment in inventories normally is an early indicator of the state of the economy. If the stock of unsold items increases unexpectedly – because people stop buying - the economy may be entering a recession; but if the stock of unsold items falls - and goods "go flying off the shelves" - businesses normally try to replace those stocks, and the economy is likely to accelerate.
    exports of goods and services consist of sales, barter, gifts, or grants of goods and services from residents to nonresidents.
    imports of goods and ...
    Full definition
  • Exports: This entry provides the total US dollar amount of merchandise exports on an f.o.b. (free on board) basis. These figures are calculated on an exchange rate basis, i.e., not in purchasing power parity (PPP) terms.
  • Unemployment rate: This entry contains the percent of the labor force that is without jobs. Substantial underemployment might be noted.
  • GDP > Composition by sector > Industry: The gross domestic product (GDP) or value of all final goods produced by the industrial sector within a nation in a given year. GDP dollar estimates in the Factbook are derived from purchasing power parity (PPP) calculations. See the CIA World Factbook for more information.
  • Companies > Market capitalization of listed companies > Current US$: Market capitalization of listed companies (current US$). Market capitalization (also known as market value) is the share price times the number of shares outstanding. Listed domestic companies are the domestically incorporated companies listed on the country's stock exchanges at the end of the year. Listed companies does not include investment companies, mutual funds, or other collective investment vehicles. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Technology index: The technology index denotes the country's technological readiness. This index is created with such indicators as companies spending on R&D, the creativity of its scientific community, personal computer and internet penetration rates.
  • GDP > PPP: Purchasing Power Parity (PPP) in Millions of International Dollars, 2004.
  • Consumer price index: Consumer price index reflects changes in the cost to the average consumer of acquiring a fixed basket of goods and services that may be fixed or changed at specified intervals, such as yearly. The Laspeyres formula is generally used.
    2000 = 100
  • Technological achievement: Technology Achievement Index
    Units: Score
  • Budget > Revenues per capita: Revenues calculated on an exchange rate basis, i.e., not in purchasing power parity (PPP) terms. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Consumer spending: Household final consumption expenditure (formerly private consumption) is the market value of all goods and services, including durable products (such as cars, washing machines, and home computers), purchased by households. It excludes purchases of dwellings but includes imputed rent for owner-occupied dwellings. It also includes payments and fees to governments to obtain permits and licenses. Here, household consumption expenditure includes the expenditures of nonprofit institutions serving households, even when reported separately by the country. This item also includes any statistical discrepancy in the use of resources relative to the supply of resources."
  • Economic freedom: Index of 'economic freedom', according to the American organisation 'The Heritage Foundation'. It is worth noting that such indices are based on highly culturally contingent factors. This data makes a number of assumptions about 'freedom' and the role of the government that are not accepted by much of the world's population. A broad discussion of The Heritage Foundation's definition and methodology can be found at http://www.heritage.org/research/features/index/ChapterPDFs/chapter5.HTML.
  • Industrial > Production growth rate: The annual percentage increase in industrial production (includes manufacturing, mining, and construction).
  • Real interest rate: Real interest rate is the lending interest rate adjusted for inflation as measured by the GDP deflator.
  • Outbound tourist spending: International tourism expenditures are expenditures of international outbound visitors in other countries, including payments to foreign carriers for international transport. These expenditures may include those by residents traveling abroad as same-day visitors, except in cases where these are important enough to justify separate classification. For some countries they do not include expenditures for passenger transport items. Data are in current U.S. dollars."
  • Business efficiency: Based upon a business efficiency index where '100' represents the highest level of business efficiency.
  • Economic aid > Recipient: This entry, which is subject to major problems of definition and statistical coverage, refers to the net inflow of Official Development Finance (ODF) to recipient countries. The figure includes assistance from the World Bank, the IMF, and other international organizations and from individual nation donors. Formal commitments of aid are included in the data. Omitted from the data are grants by private organizations. Aid comes in various forms including outright grants and loans. The entry thus is the difference between new inflows and repayments.
  • GDP per person: GDP per capita is gross domestic product divided by midyear population. GDP is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Inflation: Consumer price index reflects changes in the cost to the average consumer of acquiring a basket of goods and services that may be fixed or changed at specified intervals, such as yearly. The Laspeyres formula is generally used."
  • Deposit interest rate: Deposit interest rate is the rate paid by commercial or similar banks for demand, time, or savings deposits.
  • Overall productivity > PPP: Estimates: GDP (PPP) per person employed, US$
  • GDP deflator: The GDP implicit deflator is the ratio of GDP in current local currency to GDP in constant local currency. The base year varies by country.
  • Research and development spending: Research and development (R&D) expenditures for most recent year available between 1990 and 2000.
  • Budget > Expenditures per capita: Expenditures calculated on an exchange rate basis, i.e., not in purchasing power parity (PPP) terms. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Innovation: Innovation
    Units: Unitless Scale
  • Trade balance with US: In US dollars. Jan 2003 - March 2003
  • Macroeconomic environment index: The macroeconomic environment index indicates the quality of the macroeconomic environment of a country.
  • Terms of trade: Terms of trade (1980 = 100) 1999. The ratio of the export price index to the import price index measured relative to the base year 1980. A value of more than 100 implies that the price of exports has risen relative to the price of imports.
  • Growth competitiveness score: The GCI, or the Growth competitiveness index, is composed of three pillars, all of which are widely accepted as being critical to economic growth: the quality of the macroeconomic environment, the state of a country's public institutions, and, given the increasing importance of technology in the development process, a country's technological readiness. The GCI aims specifically to gauge the ability of the world's economies to achieve sustained economic growth over the medium to long term.
  • Public institution index: Public institution index indicates the state of the country's public institutions.
  • Wholesale price index: Wholesale price index refers to a mix of agricultural and industrial goods at various stages of production and distribution, including import duties. The Laspeyres formula is generally used.
    2000 = 100
  • GDP > Current LCU: GDP at purchaser's prices is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in current local currency.
  • Saving rate: ""Saving rate"" or gross savings are calculated as gross national income less total consumption, plus net transfers."
  • Risk premium on lending: Risk premium on lending is the interest rate charged by banks on loans to prime private sector customers minus the "risk free" treasury bill interest rate at which short-term government securities are issued or traded in the market. In some countries this spread may be negative, indicating that the market considers its best corporate clients to be lower risk than the government.
  • New businesses registered > Number: New businesses registered are the number of new firms, defined as firms registered in the current year of reporting."
  • Household spending per capita: Household final consumption expenditure per capita (private consumption per capita) is calculated using private consumption in constant 2000 prices and World Bank population estimates. Household final consumption expenditure is the market value of all goods and services, including durable products (such as cars, washing machines, and home computers), purchased by households. It excludes purchases of dwellings but includes imputed rent for owner-occupied dwellings. It also includes payments and fees to governments to obtain permits and licenses. Here, household consumption expenditure includes the expenditures of nonprofit institutions serving households, even when reported separately by the country. Data are in constant 2000 U.S. dollars."
  • Government spending: General government final consumption expenditure (formerly general government consumption) includes all government current expenditures for purchases of goods and services (including compensation of employees). It also includes most expenditures on national defense and security, but excludes government military expenditures that are part of government capital formation. Data are in constant 2000 U.S. dollars."
  • Economic growth > Per capita: Annual percentage growth rate of GDP per capita based on constant local currency. GDP per capita is gross domestic product divided by midyear population. GDP at purchaser's prices is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources.
  • World trade > Exports: Exports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services provided to the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments. Data are in current U.S. dollars."
  • Research and development personnel: Scientists and engineers in research and development (R&D) per 1 million people for most recent year available between 1990 and 2000.
  • Inequality > GINI index: Gini index measures the extent to which the distribution of income (or, in some cases, consumption expenditure) among individuals or households within an economy deviates from a perfectly equal distribution. A Lorenz curve plots the cumulative percentages of total income received against the cumulative number of recipients, starting with the poorest individual or household. The Gini index measures the area between the Lorenz curve and a hypothetical line of absolute equality, expressed as a percentage of the maximum area under the line. Thus a Gini index of 0 represents perfect equality, while an index of 100 implies perfect inequality."
  • Currency: The national medium of exchange and its basic sub-unit.
  • Credit information availability index: Credit information index measures rules affecting the scope, accessibility, and quality of credit information available through public or private credit registries. The index ranges from 0 to 6, with higher values indicating the availability of more credit information, from either a public registry or a private bureau, to facilitate lending decisions.
  • Gross domestic savings: Gross domestic savings are calculated as GDP less final consumption expenditure (total consumption). Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Business disclosure index: Disclosure index measures the degree to which investors are protected through disclosure of ownership and financial information. The index ranges from 0 to 10, with higher values indicating more disclosure.
  • Lending interest rate: Lending interest rate is the rate charged by banks on loans to prime customers.
  • Investment > Gross fixed: This entry records total business spending on fixed assets, such as factories, machinery, equipment, dwellings, and inventories of raw materials, which provide the basis for future production. It is measured gross of the depreciation of the assets, i.e., it includes invesment that merely replaces worn-out or scrapped capital.
  • Exchange rates > Recent years: The official value of a country's monetary unit at a given date or over a given period of time, as expressed in units of local currency per US dollar and as determined by international market forces or official fiat."
  • Household spending: Household final consumption expenditure (formerly private consumption) is the market value of all goods and services, including durable products (such as cars, washing machines, and home computers), purchased by households. It excludes purchases of dwellings but includes imputed rent for owner-occupied dwellings. It also includes payments and fees to governments to obtain permits and licenses. Here, household consumption expenditure includes the expenditures of nonprofit institutions serving households, even when reported separately by the country. Data are in constant 2000 U.S. dollars."
  • GDP after tax: Gross value added at factor cost (formerly GDP at factor cost) is derived as the sum of the value added in the agriculture, industry and services sectors. If the value added of these sectors is calculated at purchaser values, gross value added at factor cost is derived by subtracting net product taxes from GDP. Data are in current U.S. dollars."
  • World Bank exchange rate: The DEC alternative conversion factor is the underlying annual exchange rate used for the World Bank Atlas method. As a rule, it is the official exchange rate reported in the IMF's International Financial Statistics (line rf). Exceptions arise where further refinements are made by World Bank staff. It is expressed in local currency units per U.S. dollar."
  • Listed domestic companies: Listed domestic companies are the domestically incorporated companies listed on the country's stock exchanges at the end of the year. This indicator does not include investment companies, mutual funds, or other collective investment vehicles.
  • Fishing subsidies: Subsidies to the commercial fishing sector
    Units: US Dollars (Millions)
    Units: Data on itemized fishing subsidies were combined from Annex 1 of the WWF report. Where estimated ranges were given, the mid-point of the range was used. In calculating the ESI, the base-10 logarithm of this variable was used.
  • Stocks traded > Turnover ratio: Turnover ratio is the total value of shares traded during the period divided by the average market capitalization for the period. Average market capitalization is calculated as the average of the end-of-period values for the current period and the previous period.
  • Government expenditure: General government final consumption expenditure (formerly general government consumption) includes all government current expenditures for purchases of goods and services (including compensation of employees). It also includes most expenditures on national defense and security, but excludes government military expenditures that are part of government capital formation. Data are in current U.S. dollars."
  • GDP > Constant LCU: GDP is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in constant local currency.
  • GNI: GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Trade in goods: Trade in goods (% of GDP). Trade in goods as a share of GDP is the sum of merchandise exports and imports, measured in current U.S. dollars, divided by the value of GDP in U.S. dollars.
  • Currency code: The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) 4217 alphabetic currency code for each country.
  • Ease of doing business: Ease of doing business index ranks economies from 1 to 183, with first place being the best. A high ranking means that the regulatory environment is conducive to business operation. The index ranks the simple average of the country's percentile rankings on 10 topics covered in the World Bank's Doing Business. The ranking on each topic is the simple average of the percentile rankings on its component indicators. 1=most business-friendly regulations"
  • Patent applications > Residents: Patent applications are worldwide patent applications filed through the Patent Cooperation Treaty procedure or with a national patent office for exclusive rights for an invention--a product or process that provides a new way of doing something or offers a new technical solution to a problem. A patent provides protection for the invention to the owner of the patent for a limited period, generally 20 years."
  • Policy competitiveness: Extent to which government policies are conducive to competitiveness (2003)
  • Net taxes: Net taxes on products (net indirect taxes) are the sum of product taxes less subsidies. Product taxes are those taxes payable by producers that relate to the production, sale, purchase or use of the goods and services. Subsidies are grants on the current account made by general government to private enterprises and unincorporated public enterprises. The grants may take the form of payments to ensure a guaranteed price or to enable maintenance of prices of goods and services below costs of production, and other forms of assistance to producers. Data are in current U.S. dollars."
  • Gross savings: Gross savings are calculated as gross national income less total consumption, plus net transfers. Data are in current U.S. dollars."
  • Trademark applications > Total: Trademark applications filed are applications to register a trademark with a national or regional Intellectual Property (IP) office. A trademark is a distinctive sign which identifies certain goods or services as those produced or provided by a specific person or enterprise. A trademark provides protection to the owner of the mark by ensuring the exclusive right to use it to identify goods or services, or to authorize another to use it in return for payment. The period of protection varies, but a trademark can be renewed indefinitely beyond the time limit on payment of additional fees."
  • GNI > Current LCU: GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in current local currency.
  • Services output: Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99. They include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in constant 2000 U.S. dollars."
  • Services growth: Annual growth rate for value added in services based on constant local currency. Aggregates are based on constant 2000 U.S. dollars. Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99. They include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3."
  • Trademark applications > By residents: Trademark applications filed are applications to register a trademark with a national or regional Intellectual Property (IP) office. A trademark is a distinctive sign which identifies certain goods or services as those produced or provided by a specific person or enterprise. A trademark provides protection to the owner of the mark by ensuring the exclusive right to use it to identify goods or services, or to authorize another to use it in return for payment. The period of protection varies, but a trademark can be renewed indefinitely beyond the time limit on payment of additional fees. Direct resident trademark applications are those filed by domestic applicants directly at a given national IP office."
  • Other expense > Current LCU: Other expense is spending on dividends, rent, and other miscellaneous expenses, including provision for consumption of fixed capital.
  • Gross savings > Current LCU: Gross savings are calculated as gross national income less total consumption, plus net transfers. Data are in current local currency.
  • Interest payments > Current LCU: Interest payments include interest payments on government debt--including long-term bonds, long-term loans, and other debt instruments--to domestic and foreign residents.
  • Adjusted savings > Gross savings > % of GNI: Gross savings are the difference between gross national income and public and private consumption, plus net current transfers.
  • Trade > With US > US > Exports of meat > Poultry > Etc per 1000: US exports of meat, poultry, etc., USD Thousands, 2004. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Trade > Imports > Goods and services > Current US$: Imports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services received from the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude labor and property income (formerly called factor services) as well as transfer payments. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Trade > With US > US > Exports of measuring > Testing > Control instruments per 1000: US exports of measuring, testing, control instruments, USD Thousands, 2004. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Trade > With US > US > Exports of metallurgical grade coal per 1000: US exports of metallurgical grade coal, USD Thousands, 2004. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Gross domestic savings > Current US$ > Per $ GDP: Gross domestic savings are calculated as GDP less final consumption expenditure (total consumption). Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1,000 $ gross domestic product.
  • Cash surplus/deficit > % of GDP: Cash surplus or deficit is revenue (including grants) minus expense, minus net acquisition of nonfinancial assets. In the 1986 GFS manual nonfinancial assets were included under revenue and expenditure in gross terms. This cash surplus or deficit is closest to the earlier overall budget balance (still missing is lending minus repayments, which are now a financing item under net acquisition of financial assets).
  • Trade > With US > US > Exports of materials handling equipment per 1000: US exports of materials handling equipment, USD Thousands, 2004. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Expense > % of GDP: Expense is cash payments for operating activities of the government in providing goods and services. It includes compensation of employees (such as wages and salaries), interest and subsidies, grants, social benefits, and other expenses such as rent and dividends.
  • Trade > With US > US > Exports of marine engines > Parts per million: US exports of marine engines, parts, USD Thousands, 2004. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Stocks traded > Total value > Current US$ > Per $ GDP: Stocks traded refers to the total value of shares traded during the period. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1,000 $ gross domestic product.
  • Tax > Taxes on income > Profits and capital gains > % of revenue: Taxes on income, profits, and capital gains are levied on the actual or presumptive net income of individuals, on the profits of corporations and enterprises, and on capital gains, whether realized or not, on land, securities, and other assets. Intragovernmental payments are eliminated in consolidation.
  • Inflation > GDP deflator > Annual %: Inflation as measured by the annual growth rate of the GDP implicit deflator shows the rate of price change in the economy as a whole. The GDP implicit deflator is the ratio of GDP in current local currency to GDP in constant local currency.
  • Services > Etc. > Value added > Annual % growth: Annual growth rate for value added in services based on constant local currency. Aggregates are based on constant 2000 U.S. dollars. Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99. They include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3.
  • Net income from abroad > Current US$ > Per $ GDP: Net income includes the net labor income and net property and entrepreneurial income components of the SNA. Labor income covers compensation of employees paid to nonresident workers. Property and entrepreneurial income covers investment income from the ownership of foreign financial claims (interest, dividends, rent, etc.) and nonfinancial property income (patents, copyrights, etc.). Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1,000 $ gross domestic product.
  • Portfolio investment > Excluding LCFAR > BoP > Current US$: Portfolio investment excluding liabilities constituting foreign authorities' reserves covers transactions in equity securities and debt securities. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Gross capital formation > Current US$: Gross capital formation (formerly gross domestic investment) consists of outlays on additions to the fixed assets of the economy plus net changes in the level of inventories. Fixed assets include land improvements (fences, ditches, drains, and so on); plant, machinery, and equipment purchases; and the construction of roads, railways, and the like, including schools, offices, hospitals, private residential dwellings, and commercial and industrial buildings. Inventories are stocks of goods held by firms to meet temporary or unexpected fluctuations in production or sales, and "work in progress." According to the 1993 SNA, net acquisitions of valuables are also considered capital formation. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Trade > With US > US > Exports of glass-plate > Sheet > Etc per million: US exports of glass-plate, sheet, etc., USD Thousands, 2004. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Changes in net > Reserves > BoP > Current US$ > Per $ GDP: Changes in net reserves is the net change in a country's holdings of international reserves resulting from transactions on the current, capital, and financial accounts. These include changes in holdings of monetary gold, SDRs, foreign exchange assets, reserve position in the International Monetary Fund, and other claims on nonresidents that are available to the central authority. The measure is net of liabilities constituting foreign authorities' reserves, and counterpart items for valuation changes and exceptional financing items. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1,000 $ gross domestic product.
  • Gross savings > Current US$ > Per $ GDP: Gross savings are calculated as gross national income less total consumption, plus net transfers. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1 $ gross domestic product.
  • Trade > With US > US > Exports of rice per 1000: US exports of rice, USD Thousands, 2004. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Trade > With US > US > Exports of rugs per million: US exports of rugs, USD Thousands, 2004. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • GNI > Atlas method > Current US$ > Per $ GDP: GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in current U.S. dollars. GNI, calculated in national currency, is usually converted to U.S. dollars at official exchange rates for comparisons across economies, although an alternative rate is used when the official exchange rate is judged to diverge by an exceptionally large margin from the rate actually applied in international transactions. To smooth fluctuations in prices and exchange rates, a special Atlas method of conversion is used by the World Bank. This applies a conversion factor that averages the exchange rate for a given year and the two preceding years, adjusted for differences in rates of inflation between the country, and through 2000, the G-5 countries (France, Germany, Japan, the United Kingdom, and the United States). From 2001, these countries include the Euro Zone, Japan, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1 $ gross domestic product.
  • Trade > With US > US > Exports of logs and lumber per 1000: US exports of logs and lumber, USD Thousands, 2004. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • GNI > Atlas method > Current US$: GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in current U.S. dollars. GNI, calculated in national currency, is usually converted to U.S. dollars at official exchange rates for comparisons across economies, although an alternative rate is used when the official exchange rate is judged to diverge by an exceptionally large margin from the rate actually applied in international transactions. To smooth fluctuations in prices and exchange rates, a special Atlas method of conversion is used by the World Bank. This applies a conversion factor that averages the exchange rate for a given year and the two preceding years, adjusted for differences in rates of inflation between the country, and through 2000, the G-5 countries (France, Germany, Japan, the United Kingdom, and the United States). From 2001, these countries include the Euro Zone, Japan, the United Kingdom, and the United States.
  • Trade > Exports > Goods and services > Current US$: Exports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services provided to the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude labor and property income (formerly called factor services) as well as transfer payments. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Gross capital formation > Current US$ > Per $ GDP: Gross capital formation (formerly gross domestic investment) consists of outlays on additions to the fixed assets of the economy plus net changes in the level of inventories. Fixed assets include land improvements (fences, ditches, drains, and so on); plant, machinery, and equipment purchases; and the construction of roads, railways, and the like, including schools, offices, hospitals, private residential dwellings, and commercial and industrial buildings. Inventories are stocks of goods held by firms to meet temporary or unexpected fluctuations in production or sales, and "work in progress." According to the 1993 SNA, net acquisitions of valuables are also considered capital formation. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1 $ gross domestic product.
  • Gross national expenditure > Current US$: Gross national expenditure (formerly domestic absorption) is the sum of household final consumption expenditure (formerly private consumption), general government final consumption expenditure (formerly general government consumption), and gross capital formation (formerly gross domestic investment). Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Trade > Import quantum/quantity index: Import volumes for low- and middle-income economies are from UNCTAD's quantum index series and for high-income economies from import data deflated by the IMFÂ’s trade price deflators.
    2000 = 100
  • Income payments > BoP > Current US$ > Per $ GDP: Income payments refer to employee compensation paid to nonresident workers and investment income (payments on direct investment, portfolio investment, other investments). Income derived from the use of intangible assets is excluded from income and recorded under business services. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1,000 $ gross domestic product.
  • Interest payments > % of expense: Interest payments include interest payments on government debt--including long-term bonds, long-term loans, and other debt instruments--to domestic and foreign residents.
  • Net errors and omissions > Adjusted > BoP > Current US$: Net errors and omissions constitute a residual category needed to ensure that all debit and credit entries in the balance of payments statement sum to zero. In the International Financial Statistics presentation, this is equal to the difference between reserves and related items and the sum of the balances of the current, capital, and financial accounts. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Revenue > Excluding grants > % of GDP: Revenue is cash receipts from taxes, social contributions, and other revenues such as fines, fees, rent, and income from property or sales. Grants are also considered as revenue but are excluded here.
  • Trade > With US > US > Exports of semiconductors per 1000: US exports of semiconductors, USD Thousands, 2004. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Trade > With US > US > Exports of shingles > Molding > Wallboard per 1000: US exports of shingles, molding, wallboard, USD Thousands, 2004. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Service > Exports > BoP > Current US$ > Per capita: Services (previously nonfactor services) refer to economic output of intangible commodities that may be produced, transferred, and consumed at the same time. International transactions in services are defined by the IMF's Balance of Payments Manual (1993), but definitions may nevertheless vary among reporting economies. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Trade > With US > US > Exports of soybeans per 1000: US exports of soybeans, USD Thousands, 2004. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Trade > With US > US > Exports of sorghum > Barley > Oats per million: US exports of sorghum, barley, oats, USD Thousands, 2004. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Subsidies and other transfers > % of expense: Subsidies, grants, and other social benefits include all unrequited, nonrepayable transfers on current account to private and public enterprises; grants to foreign governments, international organizations, and other government units; and social security, social assistance benefits, and employer social benefits in cash and in kind.
  • Trade > Export quantum/quantity index: Export volumes for low- and middle-income economies are from UNCTAD's quantum index series and for high-income economies from export data deflated by the IMFÂ’s trade price deflators.
    2000 = 100
  • Trade > Exports > Goods and services > Annual % growth: Annual growth rate of exports of goods and services based on constant local currency. Aggregates are based on constant 2000 U.S. dollars. Exports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services provided to the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude labor and property income (formerly called factor services) as well as transfer payments.
  • Trade > Exports > Goods and services > BoP > Current US$ > Per $ GDP: Exports of goods and services comprise all transactions between residents of a country and the rest of the world involving a change of ownership from residents to nonresidents of general merchandise, goods sent for processing and repairs, nonmonetary gold, and services. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1 $ gross domestic product.
  • External balance on goods and services > Current US$: External balance on goods and services (formerly resource balance) equals exports of goods and services minus imports of goods and services (previously nonfactor services). Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Final > Consumption expenditure > Etc. > % of GDP: Final consumption expenditure (formerly total consumption) is the sum of household final consumption expenditure (private consumption) and general government final consumption expenditure (general government consumption). This estimate includes any statistical discrepancy in the use of resources relative to the supply of resources.
  • Final > Consumption expenditure > Etc. > Current US$ > Per $ GDP: Final consumption expenditure (formerly total consumption) is the sum of household final consumption expenditure (private consumption) and general government final consumption expenditure (general government consumption). This estimate includes any statistical discrepancy in the use of resources relative to the supply of resources. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1 $ gross domestic product.
  • GDP > PPP > Current international $: PPP GDP is gross domestic product converted to international dollars using purchasing power parity rates. An international dollar has the same purchasing power over GDP as the U.S. dollar has in the United States. GDP is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in current international dollars.
  • Trade > With US > US > Exports of sports apparel and gear per million: US exports of sports apparel and gear, USD Thousands, 2004. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Trade > With US > US > Exports of steelmaking materials per 1000: US exports of steelmaking materials, USD Thousands, 2004. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Household final > Consumption expenditure > Current US$ > Per $ GDP: Household final consumption expenditure (formerly private consumption) is the market value of all goods and services, including durable products (such as cars, washing machines, and home computers), purchased by households. It excludes purchases of dwellings but includes imputed rent for owner-occupied dwellings. It also includes payments and fees to governments to obtain permits and licenses. Here, household consumption expenditure includes the expenditures of nonprofit institutions serving households, even when reported separately by the country. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1 $ gross domestic product.
  • Income share held by lowest 20%: Percentage share of income or consumption is the share that accrues to subgroups of population indicated by deciles or quintiles. Percentage shares by quintile may not sum to 100 because of rounding.
  • Trade > With US > US > Exports of manmade cloth per 1000: US exports of manmade cloth, USD Thousands, 2004. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Trade > With US > US > Exports of hides and skins per million: US exports of hides and skins, USD Thousands, 2004. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Trade > With US > US > Exports of finished metal shapes per 1000: US exports of finished metal shapes, USD Thousands, 2004. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Foreign direct investment > Net > BoP > Current US$: Foreign direct investment is net inflows of investment to acquire a lasting management interest (10 percent or more of voting stock) in an enterprise operating in an economy other than that of the investor. It is the sum of equity capital, reinvestment of earnings, other long-term capital, and short-term capital as shown in the balance of payments. This series shows total net, that is, net FDI in the reporting economy from foreign sources less net FDI by the reporting economy to the rest of the world. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Currency > Real effective exchange rate index: Real effective exchange rate is the nominal effective exchange rate (a measure of the value of a currency against a weighted average of several foreign currencies) divided by a price deflator or index of costs.
    2000 = 100
  • External balance on goods and services > % of GDP: External balance on goods and services (formerly resource balance) equals exports of goods and services minus imports of goods and services (previously nonfactor services).
  • Foreign direct investment > Net > BoP > Current US$ > Per $ GDP: Foreign direct investment is net inflows of investment to acquire a lasting management interest (10 percent or more of voting stock) in an enterprise operating in an economy other than that of the investor. It is the sum of equity capital, reinvestment of earnings, other long-term capital, and short-term capital as shown in the balance of payments. This series shows total net, that is, net FDI in the reporting economy from foreign sources less net FDI by the reporting economy to the rest of the world. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1,000 $ gross domestic product.
  • Trade > Export value index: Export values are from UNCTAD's value indexes or from current values of merchandise exports.
    2000 = 100
  • Domestic credit provided by banking sector > % of GDP: Domestic credit provided by the banking sector includes all credit to various sectors on a gross basis, with the exception of credit to the central government, which is net. The banking sector includes monetary authorities and deposit money banks, as well as other banking institutions where data are available (including institutions that do not accept transferable deposits but do incur such liabilities as time and savings deposits). Examples of other banking institutions are savings and mortgage loan institutions and building and loan associations.
  • Royalty and license fees > Payments > BoP > Current US$: Royalty and license fees are payments and receipts between residents and nonresidents for the authorized use of intangible, nonproduced, nonfinancial assets and proprietary rights (such as patents, copyrights, trademarks, industrial processes, and franchises) and for the use, through licensing agreements, of produced originals of prototypes (such as films and manuscripts). Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Trade > With US > US > Exports of generators > Accessories per 1000: US exports of generators, accessories, USD Thousands, 2004. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Trade > With US > US > Exports of pulpwood and woodpulp per million: US exports of pulpwood and woodpulp, USD Thousands, 2004. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Commercial service imports > Current US$: Commercial service imports are total service imports minus imports of government services not included elsewhere. International transactions in services are defined by the IMF's Balance of Payments Manual (1993) as the economic output of intangible commodities that may be produced, transferred, and consumed at the same time. Definitions may vary among reporting economies.
  • Trade > Imports of goods > Services and income > BoP > Current US$ > Per $ GDP: Imports of goods, services and income is the sum of goods (merchandise) imports, imports of (nonfactor) services and income (factor) payments. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1 $ gross domestic product.
  • Trade > With US > US > Exports of railway transportation equipment per million: US exports of railway transportation equipment, USD Thousands, 2004. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Trade > With US > US > Exports of pleasure boats and motors per 1000: US exports of pleasure boats and motors, USD Thousands, 2004. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Service imports > BoP > Current US$: Services (previously nonfactor services) refer to economic output of intangible commodities that may be produced, transferred, and consumed at the same time. International transactions in services are defined by the IMF's Balance of Payments Manual (1993), but definitions may nevertheless vary among reporting economies. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Trade > Imports > Goods and services > BoP > Current US$ > Per $ GDP: Imports of goods and services comprise all transactions between residents of a country and the rest of the world involving a change of ownership from nonresidents to residents of general merchandise, goods sent for processing and repairs, nonmonetary gold, and services. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1 $ gross domestic product.
  • Royalty and license fees > Receipts > BoP > Current US$ > Per $ GDP: Royalty and license fees are payments and receipts between residents and nonresidents for the authorized use of intangible, nonproduced, nonfinancial assets and proprietary rights (such as patents, copyrights, trademarks, industrial processes, and franchises) and for the use, through licensing agreements, of produced originals of prototypes (such as films and manuscripts). Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1 million $ gross domestic product.
  • Gross savings > % of GNI: Gross savings are calculated as gross national income less total consumption, plus net transfers.
  • Trade > With US > US > Exports of fruits > Frozen juices per 1000: US exports of fruits, frozen juices, USD Thousands, 2004. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Trade > With US > US > Exports of precious metals > Other per million: US exports of precious metals, other, USD Thousands, 2004. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Final > Consumption expenditure > Etc. > Current US$: Final consumption expenditure (formerly total consumption) is the sum of household final consumption expenditure (private consumption) and general government final consumption expenditure (general government consumption). This estimate includes any statistical discrepancy in the use of resources relative to the supply of resources. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Trade > With US > US > Exports of plastic materials per 1000: US exports of plastic materials, USD Thousands, 2004. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Net current transfers from abroad > Current US$ > Per $ GDP: Current transfers comprise transfers of income between residents of the reporting country and the rest of the world that carry no provisions for repayment. Net current transfers from abroad is equal to the unrequited transfers of income from nonresidents to residents minus the unrequited transfers from residents to nonresidents. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1,000 $ gross domestic product.
  • GDP > PPP > Constant 2000 international $: PPP GDP is gross domestic product converted to international dollars using purchasing power parity rates. An international dollar has the same purchasing power over GDP as the U.S. dollar has in the United States. GDP is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in constant 2000 international dollars.
  • Trade > With US > US > Exports of excavating machinery per 1000: US exports of excavating machinery, USD Thousands, 2004. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Net capital account > BoP > Current US$: Net capital account includes government debt forgiveness, investment grants in cash or in kind by a government entity, and taxes on capital transfers. Also included are migrants' capital transfers and debt forgiveness and investment grants by nongovernmental entities. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Final > Consumption expenditure > Constant 2000 US$: Final consumption expenditure (formerly total consumption) is the sum of household final consumption expenditure (formerly private consumption) and general government final consumption expenditure (formerly general government consumption). Data are in constant 2000 U.S. dollars.
  • Current account balance > % of GDP: Current account balance is the sum of net exports of goods, services, net income, and net current transfers.
  • Micro > Small and medium enterprises > Number: Micro, small, and medium-size enterprises are business that may be defined by the number of employees. There is no international standard definition of firm size; however, many institutions that collect information use the following size categories: micro enterprises have 0-9 employees, small enterprises have 10-49 employees, and medium-size enterprises have 50-249 employees.
  • Household final > Consumption expenditure > Etc. > Current US$: Household final consumption expenditure (formerly private consumption) is the market value of all goods and services, including durable products (such as cars, washing machines, and home computers), purchased by households. It excludes purchases of dwellings but includes imputed rent for owner-occupied dwellings. It also includes payments and fees to governments to obtain permits and licenses. Here, household consumption expenditure includes the expenditures of nonprofit institutions serving households, even when reported separately by the country. This item also includes any statistical discrepancy in the use of resources relative to the supply of resources. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Gross value added at factor cost > Current US$ > Per $ GDP: Gross value added at factor cost (formerly GDP at factor cost) is derived as the sum of the value added in the agriculture, industry and services sectors. If the value added of these sectors is calculated at purchaser values, gross value added at factor cost is derived by subtracting net product taxes from GDP. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1 $ gross domestic product.
  • Gross private capital flows > % of GDP: Gross private capital flows are the sum of the absolute values of direct, portfolio, and other investment inflows and outflows recorded in the balance of payments financial account, excluding changes in the assets and liabilities of monetary authorities and general government. The indicator is calculated as a ratio to GDP in U.S. dollars.
  • Micro > Small and medium enterprises > Per 1,000 people: Micro, small, and medium-size enterprises are business that may be defined by the number of employees. There is no international standard definition of firm size; however, many institutions that collect information use the following size categories: micro enterprises have 0-9 employees, small enterprises have 10-49 employees, and medium-size enterprises have 50-249 employees.
  • Central government debt > Total > % of GDP: Debt is the entire stock of direct government fixed-term contractual obligations to others outstanding on a particular date. It includes domestic and foreign liabilities such as currency and money deposits, securities other than shares, and loans. It is the gross amount of government liabilities reduced by the amount of equity and financial derivatives held by the government. Because debt is a stock rather than a flow, it is measured as of a given date, usually the last day of the fiscal year.
  • Trade > With US > US > Exports of photo > Service industry machinery per 1000: US exports of photo, service industry machinery, USD Thousands, 2004. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Goods > Exports > BoP > Current US$: Goods exports refer to all movable goods (including nonmonetary gold) involved in a change of ownership from residents to nonresidents. The category includes goods previously included in services: goods received or sent for processing and their subsequent export or import in the form of processed goods, repairs on goods, and goods procured in ports by carriers. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Household final > Consumption expenditure > Annual % growth: Annual percentage growth of household final consumption expenditure based on constant local currency. Aggregates are based on constant 2000 U.S. dollars. Household final consumption expenditure (formerly private consumption) is the market value of all goods and services, including durable products (such as cars, washing machines, and home computers), purchased by households. It excludes purchases of dwellings but includes imputed rent for owner-occupied dwellings. It also includes payments and fees to governments to obtain permits and licenses. Here, household consumption expenditure includes the expenditures of nonprofit institutions serving households, even when reported separately by the country.
  • GNI > Current US$ > Per $ GDP: GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1 $ gross domestic product.
  • Gross fixed capital formation > Annual % growth: Average annual growth of gross fixed capital formation based on constant local currency. Aggregates are based on constant 2000 U.S. dollars. Gross fixed capital formation (formerly gross domestic fixed investment) includes land improvements (fences, ditches, drains, and so on); plant, machinery, and equipment purchases; and the construction of roads, railways, and the like, including schools, offices, hospitals, private residential dwellings, and commercial and industrial buildings. According to the 1993 SNA, net acquisitions of valuables are also considered capital formation.
  • Trade > With US > US > Exports of fuel oil per 1000: US exports of fuel oil, USD Thousands, 2004. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Foreign direct investment > Net inflows > BoP > Current US$ > Per $ GDP: Foreign direct investment are the net inflows of investment to acquire a lasting management interest (10 percent or more of voting stock) in an enterprise operating in an economy other than that of the investor. It is the sum of equity capital, reinvestment of earnings, other long-term capital, and short-term capital as shown in the balance of payments. This series shows net inflows in the reporting economy. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1 million $ gross domestic product.
  • Foreign direct investment > Net inflows > % of GDP: Foreign direct investment are the net inflows of investment to acquire a lasting management interest (10 percent or more of voting stock) in an enterprise operating in an economy other than that of the investor. It is the sum of equity capital, reinvestment of earnings, other long-term capital, and short-term capital as shown in the balance of payments. This series shows net inflows in the reporting economy and is divided by GDP.
  • Current account balance > BoP > Current US$ > Per $ GDP: Current account balance is the sum of net exports of goods, services, net income, and net current transfers. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1,000 $ gross domestic product.
  • Commercial service > Exports > Current US$: Commercial service exports are total service exports minus exports of government services not included elsewhere. International transactions in services are defined by the IMF's Balance of Payments Manual (1993) as the economic output of intangible commodities that may be produced, transferred, and consumed at the same time. Definitions may vary among reporting economies.
  • Current account balance > BoP > Current US$: Current account balance is the sum of net exports of goods, services, net income, and net current transfers. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Trade > With US > US > Exports of food > Tobacco machinery per 1000: US exports of food, tobacco machinery, USD Thousands, 2004. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Bank liquid > Reserves to bank assets ratio: Ratio of bank liquid reserves to bank assets is the ratio of domestic currency holdings and deposits with the monetary authorities to claims on other governments, nonfinancial public enterprises, the private sector, and other banking institutions.
  • Trade > Imports of goods > Services and income > BoP > Current US$: Imports of goods, services and income is the sum of goods (merchandise) imports, imports of (nonfactor) services and income (factor) payments. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • GDP per capita > PPP > Current international $: GDP per capita based on purchasing power parity (PPP). PPP GDP is gross domestic product converted to international dollars using purchasing power parity rates. An international dollar has the same purchasing power over GDP as the U.S. dollar has in the United States. GDP at purchaser's prices is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in current international dollars.
  • Bank nonperfoming loans to total gross loans: Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans are the value of nonperforming loans divided by the total value of the loan portfolio (including nonperforming loans before the deduction of specific loan-loss provisions). The loan amount recorded as nonperforming should be the gross value of the loan as recorded on the balance sheet, not just the amount that is overdue.
  • Trade > With US > US > Exports of parts-civilian aircraft per 1000: US exports of parts-civilian aircraft, USD Thousands, 2004. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Trade > With US > US > Exports of leather and furs per million: US exports of leather and furs, USD Thousands, 2004. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Trade > With US > US > Exports of other industrial supplies per 1000: US exports of other industrial supplies, USD Thousands, 2004. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Trade > With US > US > Exports of other household goods per 1000: US exports of other household goods, USD Thousands, 2004. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Trade > With US > US > Exports of laboratory testing instruments per 1000: US exports of laboratory testing instruments, USD Thousands, 2004. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Trade > % of GDP: Trade is the sum of exports and imports of goods and services measured as a share of gross domestic product.
  • Trade > With US > US > Exports of other foods per 1000: US exports of other foods, USD Thousands, 2004. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Gross capital formation > Current US$ > Per capita: Gross capital formation (formerly gross domestic investment) consists of outlays on additions to the fixed assets of the economy plus net changes in the level of inventories. Fixed assets include land improvements (fences, ditches, drains, and so on); plant, machinery, and equipment purchases; and the construction of roads, railways, and the like, including schools, offices, hospitals, private residential dwellings, and commercial and industrial buildings. Inventories are stocks of goods held by firms to meet temporary or unexpected fluctuations in production or sales, and "work in progress." According to the 1993 SNA, net acquisitions of valuables are also considered capital formation. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Trade > With US > US > Exports of jewelry > Etc per 1000: US exports of jewelry, etc, USD Thousands, 2004. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • GDP per capita growth > Annual %: Annual percentage growth rate of GDP per capita based on constant local currency. GDP per capita is gross domestic product divided by midyear population. GDP at purchaser's prices is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources.
  • Gross fixed capital formation > Current US$ > Per $ GDP: Gross fixed capital formation (formerly gross domestic fixed investment) includes land improvements (fences, ditches, drains, and so on); plant, machinery, and equipment purchases; and the construction of roads, railways, and the like, including schools, offices, hospitals, private residential dwellings, and commercial and industrial buildings. According to the 1993 SNA, net acquisitions of valuables are also considered capital formation. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1 $ gross domestic product.
  • Service > Exports > BoP > Current US$: Services (previously nonfactor services) refer to economic output of intangible commodities that may be produced, transferred, and consumed at the same time. International transactions in services are defined by the IMF's Balance of Payments Manual (1993), but definitions may nevertheless vary among reporting economies. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Net trade in goods > BoP > Current US$: Net trade in goods is the difference between exports and imports of goods. The category includes goods previously included in services: goods received or sent for processing and their subsequent export or import in the form of processed goods, repairs on goods, and goods procured in ports by carriers. Trade in services is not included. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Trade > With US > US > Exports of industrial rubber products per million: US exports of industrial rubber products, USD Thousands, 2004. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • GDP > Constant 2000 US$: GDP at purchaser's prices is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in constant 2000 U.S. dollars. Dollar figures for GDP are converted from domestic currencies using 2000 official exchange rates. For a few countries where the official exchange rate does not reflect the rate effectively applied to actual foreign exchange transactions, an alternative conversion factor is used.
  • Merchandise > Exports > Current US$: Merchandise exports show the f.o.b. value of goods provided to the rest of the world valued in U.S. dollars. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • International tourism > Expenditures > Current US$: International tourism expenditures are expenditures of international outbound visitors in other countries, including payments to foreign carriers for international transport. These may include expenditures by residents traveling abroad as same-day visitors, except in cases where these are so important as to justify a separate classification. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Net income > BoP > Current US$: Net income refers to receipts and payments of employee compensation paid to nonresident workers and investment income (receipts and payments on direct investment, portfolio investment, other investments, and receipts on reserve assets). Income derived from the use of intangible assets is recorded under business services. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • GDP > Purchasing power parity > Per capita: This entry gives the gross domestic product (GDP) or value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year. A nation's GDP at purchasing power parity (PPP) exchange rates is the sum value of all goods and services produced in the country valued at prices prevailing in the United States. This is the measure most economists prefer when looking at per-capita welfare and when comparing living conditions or use of resources across countries. The measure is difficult to compute, as a US dollar value has to be assigned to all goods and services in the country regardless of whether these goods and services have a direct equivalent in the United States (for example, the value of an ox-cart or non-US military equipment); as a result, PPP estimates for some countries are based on a small and sometimes different set of goods and services. In addition, many countries do not formally participate in the World Bank's PPP project that calculates these measures, so the resulting GDP estimates for these countries may lack precision. For many developing countries, PPP-based GDP measures are multiples of the official exchange rate (OER) measure. The difference between the OER- and PPP-denominated GDP values for most of the weathly industrialized countries are generally much smaller. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Trade > Import value index: Import values are from UNCTAD's value indexes or from current values of merchandise imports.
    2000 = 100
  • GDP > Per capita: This entry gives the gross domestic product (GDP) or value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year. A nation's GDP at purchasing power parity (PPP) exchange rates is the sum value of all goods and services produced in the country valued at prices prevailing in the United States. This is the measure most economists prefer when looking at per-capita welfare and when comparing living conditions or use of resources across countries. The measure is difficult to compute, as a US dollar value has to be assigned to all goods and services in the country regardless of whether these goods and services have a direct equivalent in the United States (for example, the value of an ox-cart or non-US military equipment); as a result, PPP estimates for some countries are based on a small and sometimes different set of goods and services. In addition, many countries do not formally participate in the World Bank's PPP project that calculates these measures, so the resulting GDP estimates for these countries may lack precision. For many developing countries, PPP-based GDP measures are multiples of the official exchange rate (OER) measure. The difference between the OER- and PPP-denominated GDP values for most of the weathly industrialized countries are generally much smaller. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • GDP > Official exchange rate > Per capita: This entry gives the gross domestic product (GDP) or value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year. A nation's GDP at offical exchange rates (OER) is the home-currency-denominated annual GDP figure divided by the bilateral average US exchange rate with that country in that year. The measure is simple to compute and gives a precise measure of the value of output. Many economists prefer this measure when gauging the economic power an economy maintains vis-a-vis its neighbors, judging that an exchange rate captures the purchasing power a nation enjoys in the international marketplace. Official exchange rates, however, can be artifically fixed and/or subject to manipulation - resulting in claims of the country having an under- or over-valued currency - and are not necessarily the equivalent of a market-determined exchange rate. Moreover, even if the official exchange rate is market-determined, market exchange rates are frequently established by a relatively small set of goods and services (the ones the country trades) and may not capture the value of the larger set of goods the country produces. Furthermore, OER-converted GDP is not well suited to comparing domestic GDP over time, since appreciation/depreciation from one year to the next will make the OER GDP value rise/fall regardless of whether home-currency-denominated GDP changed. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Household final > Consumption expenditure > Constant 2000 US$: Household final consumption expenditure (formerly private consumption) is the market value of all goods and services, including durable products (such as cars, washing machines, and home computers), purchased by households. It excludes purchases of dwellings but includes imputed rent for owner-occupied dwellings. It also includes payments and fees to governments to obtain permits and licenses. Here, household consumption expenditure includes the expenditures of nonprofit institutions serving households, even when reported separately by the country. Data are in constant 2000 U.S. dollars.
  • Market capitalization of listed companies > Current US$ > Per $ GDP: Market capitalization (also known as market value) is the share price times the number of shares outstanding. Listed domestic companies are the domestically incorporated companies listed on the country's stock exchanges at the end of the year. Listed companies does not include investment companies, mutual funds, or other collective investment vehicles. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1,000 $ gross domestic product.
  • Trade > Exports of goods > Services and income > BoP > Current US$ > Per $ GDP: Exports of goods, services and income is the sum of goods (merchandise) exports, exports of (nonfactor) services and income (factor) receipts. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1 $ gross domestic product.
  • Trade > With US > US imports of engines for civilian aircraft per 1000: US imports of engines for civilian aircraft, USD Thousands, 2004. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • GDP > CIA Factbook > Per capita: Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • GDP > Constant 2000 US$ > Per capita: GDP at purchaser's prices is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in constant 2000 U.S. dollars. Dollar figures for GDP are converted from domestic currencies using 2000 official exchange rates. For a few countries where the official exchange rate does not reflect the rate effectively applied to actual foreign exchange transactions, an alternative conversion factor is used. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • GDP > PPP > Constant 2000 international $ > Per capita: PPP GDP is gross domestic product converted to international dollars using purchasing power parity rates. An international dollar has the same purchasing power over GDP as the U.S. dollar has in the United States. GDP is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in constant 2000 international dollars. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • GDP > PPP > Current international $ > Per capita: PPP GDP is gross domestic product converted to international dollars using purchasing power parity rates. An international dollar has the same purchasing power over GDP as the U.S. dollar has in the United States. GDP is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in current international dollars. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • GNI > Current US$ > Per capita: GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • GNI > Atlas method > Current US$ > Per capita: GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in current U.S. dollars. GNI, calculated in national currency, is usually converted to U.S. dollars at official exchange rates for comparisons across economies, although an alternative rate is used when the official exchange rate is judged to diverge by an exceptionally large margin from the rate actually applied in international transactions. To smooth fluctuations in prices and exchange rates, a special Atlas method of conversion is used by the World Bank. This applies a conversion factor that averages the exchange rate for a given year and the two preceding years, adjusted for differences in rates of inflation between the country, and through 2000, the G-5 countries (France, Germany, Japan, the United Kingdom, and the United States). From 2001, these countries include the Euro Zone, Japan, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • GNI > PPP > Current international $ > Per capita: PPP GNI (formerly PPP GNP) is gross national income converted to international dollars using purchasing power parity rates. An international dollar has the same purchasing power over GNI as a U.S. dollar has in the United States. Gross national income (GNI) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in current international dollars. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Goods > Exports > BoP > Current US$ > Per capita: Goods exports refer to all movable goods (including nonmonetary gold) involved in a change of ownership from residents to nonresidents. The category includes goods previously included in services: goods received or sent for processing and their subsequent export or import in the form of processed goods, repairs on goods, and goods procured in ports by carriers. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Grants and other revenue > % of revenue: Grants and other revenue include grants from other foreign governments, international organizations, and other government units; interest; dividends; rent; requited, nonrepayable receipts for public purposes (such as fines, administrative fees, and entrepreneurial income from government owner­ship of property); and voluntary, unrequited, nonrepayable receipts other than grants.
  • Current transfers > Receipts > BoP > Current US$ > Per $ GDP: Current transfers (receipts) are recorded in the balance of payments whenever an economy receives goods, services, income, or financial items without a quid pro quo. All transfers not considered to be capital are current. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1,000 $ gross domestic product.
  • Trade > With US > US imports of engines and engine parts per 1000: US imports of engines and engine parts, USD Thousands, 2004. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Gross domestic savings > Current US$ > Per capita: Gross domestic savings are calculated as GDP less final consumption expenditure (total consumption). Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Gross fixed capital formation > Constant 2000 US$ > Per capita: Gross fixed capital formation (formerly gross domestic fixed investment) includes land improvements (fences, ditches, drains, and so on); plant, machinery, and equipment purchases; and the construction of roads, railways, and the like, including schools, offices, hospitals, private residential dwellings, and commercial and industrial buildings. According to the 1993 SNA, net acquisitions of valuables are also considered capital formation. Data are in constant 2000 U.S. dollars. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Gross fixed capital formation > Current US$ > Per capita: Gross fixed capital formation (formerly gross domestic fixed investment) includes land improvements (fences, ditches, drains, and so on); plant, machinery, and equipment purchases; and the construction of roads, railways, and the like, including schools, offices, hospitals, private residential dwellings, and commercial and industrial buildings. According to the 1993 SNA, net acquisitions of valuables are also considered capital formation. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Gross national expenditure > Current US$ > Per capita: Gross national expenditure (formerly domestic absorption) is the sum of household final consumption expenditure (formerly private consumption), general government final consumption expenditure (formerly general government consumption), and gross capital formation (formerly gross domestic investment). Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Gross savings > Current US$ > Per capita: Gross savings are calculated as gross national income less total consumption, plus net transfers. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Gross value added at factor cost > Current US$ > Per capita: Gross value added at factor cost (formerly GDP at factor cost) is derived as the sum of the value added in the agriculture, industry and services sectors. If the value added of these sectors is calculated at purchaser values, gross value added at factor cost is derived by subtracting net product taxes from GDP. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • High-technology > Exports > % of manufactured > Exports: High-technology exports are products with high research and development intensity, such as in aerospace, computers, pharmaceuticals, scientific instruments, and electrical machinery."
  • Household final > Consumption expenditure > Constant 2000 US$ > Per capita: Household final consumption expenditure (formerly private consumption) is the market value of all goods and services, including durable products (such as cars, washing machines, and home computers), purchased by households. It excludes purchases of dwellings but includes imputed rent for owner-occupied dwellings. It also includes payments and fees to governments to obtain permits and licenses. Here, household consumption expenditure includes the expenditures of nonprofit institutions serving households, even when reported separately by the country. Data are in constant 2000 U.S. dollars. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Trade > With US > US imports of finished textile industrial supplies per million: US imports of finished textile industrial supplies, USD Thousands, 2004. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Household final > Consumption expenditure > Current US$ > Per capita: Household final consumption expenditure (formerly private consumption) is the market value of all goods and services, including durable products (such as cars, washing machines, and home computers), purchased by households. It excludes purchases of dwellings but includes imputed rent for owner-occupied dwellings. It also includes payments and fees to governments to obtain permits and licenses. Here, household consumption expenditure includes the expenditures of nonprofit institutions serving households, even when reported separately by the country. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Household final > Consumption expenditure per capita growth > Annual %: Annual percentage growth of household final consumption expenditure per capita, which is calculated using household final consumption expenditure in constant 2000 prices and World Bank population estimates. Household final consumption expenditure (private consumption) is the market value of all goods and services, including durable products (such as cars, washing machines, and home computers), purchased by households. It excludes purchases of dwellings but includes imputed rent for owner-occupied dwellings. It also includes payments and fees to governments to obtain permits and licenses. Here, household consumption expenditure includes the expenditures of nonprofit institutions serving households, even when reported separately by the country.
  • Household final > Consumption expenditure > Etc. > Current US$ > Per $ GDP: Household final consumption expenditure (formerly private consumption) is the market value of all goods and services, including durable products (such as cars, washing machines, and home computers), purchased by households. It excludes purchases of dwellings but includes imputed rent for owner-occupied dwellings. It also includes payments and fees to governments to obtain permits and licenses. Here, household consumption expenditure includes the expenditures of nonprofit institutions serving households, even when reported separately by the country. This item also includes any statistical discrepancy in the use of resources relative to the supply of resources. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1 $ gross domestic product.
  • Household final > Consumption expenditure > Etc. > Current US$ > Per capita: Household final consumption expenditure (formerly private consumption) is the market value of all goods and services, including durable products (such as cars, washing machines, and home computers), purchased by households. It excludes purchases of dwellings but includes imputed rent for owner-occupied dwellings. It also includes payments and fees to governments to obtain permits and licenses. Here, household consumption expenditure includes the expenditures of nonprofit institutions serving households, even when reported separately by the country. This item also includes any statistical discrepancy in the use of resources relative to the supply of resources. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Trade > Imports: This entry provides the total US dollar amount of merchandise imports on a c.i.f. (cost, insurance, and freight) or f.o.b. (free on board) basis. These figures are calculated on an exchange rate basis, i.e., not in purchasing power parity (PPP) terms.
  • Trade > With US > US imports of fertilizers > Pesticides > And insecticides per 1000: US imports of fertilizers, pesticides, and insecticides, USD Thousands, 2004. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Trade > Imports > Per capita: This entry provides the total US dollar amount of merchandise imports on a c.i.f. (cost, insurance, and freight) or f.o.b. (free on board) basis. These figures are calculated on an exchange rate basis, i.e., not in purchasing power parity (PPP) terms. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Trade > Imports > Per $ GDP: This entry provides the total US dollar amount of merchandise imports on a c.i.f. (cost, insurance, and freight) or f.o.b. (free on board) basis. These figures are calculated on an exchange rate basis, i.e., not in purchasing power parity (PPP) terms. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1 $ gross domestic product.
  • Trade > Imports > Goods and services > BoP > Current US$ > Per capita: Imports of goods and services comprise all transactions between residents of a country and the rest of the world involving a change of ownership from nonresidents to residents of general merchandise, goods sent for processing and repairs, nonmonetary gold, and services. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Trade > Imports > Goods and services > Constant 2000 US$ > Per capita: Imports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services received from the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude labor and property income (formerly called factor services) as well as transfer payments. Data are in constant 2000 U.S. dollars. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Trade > Imports > Goods and services > Current US$ > Per capita: Imports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services received from the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude labor and property income (formerly called factor services) as well as transfer payments. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Trade > Imports of goods > Services and income > BoP > Current US$ > Per capita: Imports of goods, services and income is the sum of goods (merchandise) imports, imports of (nonfactor) services and income (factor) payments. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Income payments > BoP > Current US$ > Per capita: Income payments refer to employee compensation paid to nonresident workers and investment income (payments on direct investment, portfolio investment, other investments). Income derived from the use of intangible assets is excluded from income and recorded under business services. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Income receipts > BoP > Current US$ > Per capita: Income receipts refer to employee compensation paid to resident workers working abroad and investment income (receipts on direct investment, portfolio investment, other investments, and receipts on reserve assets). Income derived from the use of intangible assets is excluded from income and recorded under business services. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Services > Etc. > Value added > Constant 2000 US$: Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99. They include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in constant 2000 U.S. dollars.
  • Trade > With US > US imports of food oils and oilseeds per million: US imports of food oils and oilseeds, USD Thousands, 2004. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Trade > With US > US imports of gem diamonds-uncut or unset per 1000: US imports of gem diamonds-uncut or unset, USD Thousands, 2004. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Trade > With US > US imports of generators > Transformers > And accessories per 1000: US imports of generators, transformers, and accessories, USD Thousands, 2004. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Insurance and financial services > % of commercial service > Exports: Insurance and financial services cover freight insurance on goods exported and other direct insurance such as life insurance; financial intermediation services such as commissions, foreign exchange transactions, and brokerage services; and auxiliary services such as financial market operational and regulatory services.
  • Insurance and financial services > % of commercial service imports: Insurance and financial services cover freight insurance on goods exported and other direct insurance such as life insurance; financial intermediation services such as commissions, foreign exchange transactions, and brokerage services; and auxiliary services such as financial market operational and regulatory services.
  • International tourism > Expenditures > Current US$ > Per capita: International tourism expenditures are expenditures of international outbound visitors in other countries, including payments to foreign carriers for international transport. These may include expenditures by residents traveling abroad as same-day visitors, except in cases where these are so important as to justify a separate classification. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • International tourism > Receipts > Current US$ > Per capita: International tourism receipts are expenditures by international inbound visitors, including payments to national carriers for international transport. These receipts should include any other prepayment made for goods or services received in the destination country. They also may include receipts from same-day visitors, except in cases where these are so important as to justify a separate classification. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • GDP per unit of energy use: GDP per unit of energy use is the PPP GDP per kilogram of oil equivalent of energy use. PPP GDP is gross domestic product converted to 2000 constant international dollars using purchasing power parity rates. An international dollar has the same purchasing power over GDP as a U.S. dollar has in the United States.
  • Listed domestic companies > Per capita: Listed domestic companies are the domestically incorporated companies listed on the country's stock exchanges at the end of the year. This indicator does not include investment companies, mutual funds, or other collective investment vehicles. Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • Trade > With US > US imports of household and kitchen appliances per 1000: US imports of household and kitchen appliances, USD Thousands, 2004. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Market capitalization of listed companies > Current US$ > Per capita: Market capitalization (also known as market value) is the share price times the number of shares outstanding. Listed domestic companies are the domestically incorporated companies listed on the country's stock exchanges at the end of the year. Listed companies does not include investment companies, mutual funds, or other collective investment vehicles. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Market value of publicly traded shares > Per $ GDP: Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1,000 $ gross domestic product.
  • Market value of publicly traded shares > Per capita: Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Merchandise > Exports > Current US$ > Per capita: Merchandise exports show the f.o.b. value of goods provided to the rest of the world valued in U.S. dollars. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Micro > Small and medium enterprises > Number > Per capita: Micro, small, and medium-size enterprises are business that may be defined by the number of employees. There is no international standard definition of firm size; however, many institutions that collect information use the following size categories: micro enterprises have 0-9 employees, small enterprises have 10-49 employees, and medium-size enterprises have 50-249 employees. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Merchandise imports > Current US$: Merchandise imports show the c.i.f. value of goods received from the rest of the world valued in U.S. dollars. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Merchandise imports > Current US$ > Per capita: Merchandise imports show the c.i.f. value of goods received from the rest of the world valued in U.S. dollars. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Net capital account > BoP > Current US$ > Per capita: Net capital account includes government debt forgiveness, investment grants in cash or in kind by a government entity, and taxes on capital transfers. Also included are migrants' capital transfers and debt forgiveness and investment grants by nongovernmental entities. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Trade > With US > US imports of industrial organic chemicals per 1000: US imports of industrial organic chemicals, USD Thousands, 2004. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Trade > With US > US imports of industrial inorganic chemicals per 1000: US imports of industrial inorganic chemicals, USD Thousands, 2004. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Net current transfers > BoP > Current US$ > Per $ GDP: Net current transfers are recorded in the balance of payments whenever an economy provides or receives goods, services, income, or financial items without a quid pro quo. All transfers not considered to be capital are current. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1,000 $ gross domestic product.
  • Net current transfers > BoP > Current US$ > Per capita: Net current transfers are recorded in the balance of payments whenever an economy provides or receives goods, services, income, or financial items without a quid pro quo. All transfers not considered to be capital are current. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Net current transfers from abroad > Current US$ > Per capita: Current transfers comprise transfers of income between residents of the reporting country and the rest of the world that carry no provisions for repayment. Net current transfers from abroad is equal to the unrequited transfers of income from nonresidents to residents minus the unrequited transfers from residents to nonresidents. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • Net errors and omissions > Adjusted > BoP > Current US$ > Per $ GDP: Net errors and omissions constitute a residual category needed to ensure that all debit and credit entries in the balance of payments statement sum to zero. In the International Financial Statistics presentation, this is equal to the difference between reserves and related items and the sum of the balances of the current, capital, and financial accounts. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1,000 $ gross domestic product.
  • Net errors and omissions > Adjusted > BoP > Current US$ > Per capita: Net errors and omissions constitute a residual category needed to ensure that all debit and credit entries in the balance of payments statement sum to zero. In the International Financial Statistics presentation, this is equal to the difference between reserves and related items and the sum of the balances of the current, capital, and financial accounts. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per capita figures expressed per 1 billion population.
  • Foreign direct investment > Net inflows > BoP > Current US$ > Per capita: Foreign direct investment are the net inflows of investment to acquire a lasting management interest (10 percent or more of voting stock) in an enterprise operating in an economy other than that of the investor. It is the sum of equity capital, reinvestment of earnings, other long-term capital, and short-term capital as shown in the balance of payments. This series shows net inflows in the reporting economy. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Foreign direct investment > Net > BoP > Current US$ > Per capita: Foreign direct investment is net inflows of investment to acquire a lasting management interest (10 percent or more of voting stock) in an enterprise operating in an economy other than that of the investor. It is the sum of equity capital, reinvestment of earnings, other long-term capital, and short-term capital as shown in the balance of payments. This series shows total net, that is, net FDI in the reporting economy from foreign sources less net FDI by the reporting economy to the rest of the world. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Trade > With US > US imports of iron and steel manufactures-advanced per 1000: US imports of iron and steel manufactures-advanced, USD Thousands, 2004. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Trade > With US > US imports of marine engines and parts per million: US imports of marine engines and parts, USD Thousands, 2004. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Trade > With US > US imports of leather and furs-unmanufactured per million: US imports of leather and furs-unmanufactured, USD Thousands, 2004. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Trade > With US > US imports of miscellaneous nonferrous metals per 1000: US imports of miscellaneous nonferrous metals, USD Thousands, 2004. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Net income > BoP > Current US$ > Per $ GDP: Net income refers to receipts and payments of employee compensation paid to nonresident workers and investment income (receipts and payments on direct investment, portfolio investment, other investments, and receipts on reserve assets). Income derived from the use of intangible assets is recorded under business services. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1,000 $ gross domestic product.
  • Net income > BoP > Current US$ > Per capita: Net income refers to receipts and payments of employee compensation paid to nonresident workers and investment income (receipts and payments on direct investment, portfolio investment, other investments, and receipts on reserve assets). Income derived from the use of intangible assets is recorded under business services. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Net income from abroad > Current US$ > Per capita: Net income includes the net labor income and net property and entrepreneurial income components of the SNA. Labor income covers compensation of employees paid to nonresident workers. Property and entrepreneurial income covers investment income from the ownership of foreign financial claims (interest, dividends, rent, etc.) and nonfinancial property income (patents, copyrights, etc.). Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • Net trade in goods > BoP > Current US$ > Per capita: Net trade in goods is the difference between exports and imports of goods. The category includes goods previously included in services: goods received or sent for processing and their subsequent export or import in the form of processed goods, repairs on goods, and goods procured in ports by carriers. Trade in services is not included. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Trade > With US > US imports of materials handling equipment per 1000: US imports of materials handling equipment, USD Thousands, 2004. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Trade > With US > US imports of motorcycles and parts per million: US imports of motorcycles and parts, USD Thousands, 2004. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • New businesses registered > Number > Per capita: New businesses registered are the number of new firms, defined as firms registered in the current year of reporting." Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Net trade in goods and services > BoP > Current US$ > Per $ GDP: Net trade in goods and services is derived by offsetting imports of goods and services against exports of goods and services. Exports and imports of goods and services comprise all transactions involving a change of ownership of goods and services between residents of one country and the rest of the world. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1,000 $ gross domestic product.
  • Net trade in goods and services > BoP > Current US$ > Per capita: Net trade in goods and services is derived by offsetting imports of goods and services against exports of goods and services. Exports and imports of goods and services comprise all transactions involving a change of ownership of goods and services between residents of one country and the rest of the world. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Goods imports > BoP > Current US$ > Per $ GDP: Goods imports refer to all movable goods (including nonmonetary gold) involved in a change of ownership from nonresidents to residents. The category includes goods previously included in services: goods received or sent for processing and their subsequent export or import in the form of processed goods, repairs on goods, and goods procured in ports by carriers. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1 $ gross domestic product.
  • Portfolio investment > Excluding LCFAR > BoP > Current US$ > Per capita: Portfolio investment excluding liabilities constituting foreign authorities' reserves covers transactions in equity securities and debt securities. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Trade > With US > US imports of numismatic coins per million: US imports of numismatic coins, USD Thousands, 2004. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Final > Consumption expenditure > Etc. > Current US$ > Per capita: Final consumption expenditure (formerly total consumption) is the sum of household final consumption expenditure (private consumption) and general government final consumption expenditure (general government consumption). This estimate includes any statistical discrepancy in the use of resources relative to the supply of resources. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Reserves of foreign exchange and gold > Per $ GDP: This entry gives the dollar value for the stock of all financial assets that are available to the central monetary authority for use in meeting a country's balance of payments needs as of the end-date of the period specified. This category includes not only foreign currency and gold, but also a country's holdings of Special Drawing Rights in the International Monetary Fund, and its reserve position in the Fund. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1,000 $ gross domestic product.
  • Reserves of foreign exchange and gold > Per capita: This entry gives the dollar value for the stock of all financial assets that are available to the central monetary authority for use in meeting a country's balance of payments needs as of the end-date of the period specified. This category includes not only foreign currency and gold, but also a country's holdings of Special Drawing Rights in the International Monetary Fund, and its reserve position in the Fund. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Royalty and license fees > Payments > BoP > Current US$ > Per capita: Royalty and license fees are payments and receipts between residents and nonresidents for the authorized use of intangible, nonproduced, nonfinancial assets and proprietary rights (such as patents, copyrights, trademarks, industrial processes, and franchises) and for the use, through licensing agreements, of produced originals of prototypes (such as films and manuscripts). Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Royalty and license fees > Payments > BoP > Current US$ > Per $ GDP: Royalty and license fees are payments and receipts between residents and nonresidents for the authorized use of intangible, nonproduced, nonfinancial assets and proprietary rights (such as patents, copyrights, trademarks, industrial processes, and franchises) and for the use, through licensing agreements, of produced originals of prototypes (such as films and manuscripts). Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1 million $ gross domestic product.
  • Royalty and license fees > Receipts > BoP > Current US$ > Per capita: Royalty and license fees are payments and receipts between residents and nonresidents for the authorized use of intangible, nonproduced, nonfinancial assets and proprietary rights (such as patents, copyrights, trademarks, industrial processes, and franchises) and for the use, through licensing agreements, of produced originals of prototypes (such as films and manuscripts). Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Service > Exports > BoP > Current US$ > Per $ GDP: Services (previously nonfactor services) refer to economic output of intangible commodities that may be produced, transferred, and consumed at the same time. International transactions in services are defined by the IMF's Balance of Payments Manual (1993), but definitions may nevertheless vary among reporting economies. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1,000 $ gross domestic product.
  • Final > Consumption expenditure > Current US$: Final consumption expenditure (formerly total consumption) is the sum of household final consumption expenditure (private consumption) and general government final consumption expenditure (general government consumption). Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Service imports > BoP > Current US$ > Per capita: Services (previously nonfactor services) refer to economic output of intangible commodities that may be produced, transferred, and consumed at the same time. International transactions in services are defined by the IMF's Balance of Payments Manual (1993), but definitions may nevertheless vary among reporting economies. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Trade > With US > US imports of nuts and preparations per million: US imports of nuts and preparations, USD Thousands, 2004. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Services > Etc. > Value added > Constant 2000 US$ > Per capita: Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99. They include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in constant 2000 U.S. dollars. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Services > Etc. > Value added > Current US$ > Per capita: Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99. They include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Share of household income > Highest 10%: The percentage of total national household income held by the top 10 percent of households. Data on household income or consumption come from household surveys, the results adjusted for household size. Nations use different standards and procedures in collecting and adjusting the data. Surveys based on income will normally show a more unequal distribution than surveys based on consumption. The quality of surveys is improving with time, yet caution is still necessary in making inter-country comparisons.
  • Share of household income > Lowest 10%: The percentage of total national household income held by the bottom 10 percent of households. Data on household income or consumption come from household surveys, the results adjusted for household size. Nations use different standards and procedures in collecting and adjusting the data. Surveys based on income will normally show a more unequal distribution than surveys based on consumption. The quality of surveys is improving with time, yet caution is still necessary in making inter-country comparisons.
  • Final > Consumption expenditure > Current US$ > Per capita: Final consumption expenditure (formerly total consumption) is the sum of household final consumption expenditure (private consumption) and general government final consumption expenditure (general government consumption). Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Final > Consumption expenditure > Constant 2000 US$ > Per capita: Final consumption expenditure (formerly total consumption) is the sum of household final consumption expenditure (formerly private consumption) and general government final consumption expenditure (formerly general government consumption). Data are in constant 2000 U.S. dollars. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Trade > With US > US imports of other materials > Except chemicals per million: US imports of other materials, except chemicals, USD Thousands, 2004. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Total > Reserves > Includes gold > Current US$ > Per capita: Total reserves comprise holdings of monetary gold, special drawing rights, reserves of IMF members held by the IMF, and holdings of foreign exchange under the control of monetary authorities. The gold component of these reserves is valued at year-end (December 31) London prices. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Total > Reserves minus gold > Current US$ > Per capita: Total reserves minus gold comprise special drawing rights, reserves of IMF members held by the IMF, and holdings of foreign exchange under the control of monetary authorities. Gold holdings are excluded. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Tourism expenditures > International > Per capita: Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Tourism receipts > International > Per capita: Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Tourist arrivals > Per capita: International inbound tourists (overnight visitors) are the number of tourists who travel to a country other than that in which they have their usual residence, but outside their usual environment, for a period not exceeding 12 months and whose main purpose in visiting is other than an activity remunerated from within the country visited. When data on number of tourists are not available, the number of visitors, which includes tourists, same-day visitors, cruise passengers, and crew members, is shown instead. Sources and collection methods for arrivals differ across countries. In some cases data are from border statistics (police, immigration, and the like) and supplemented by border surveys. In other cases data are from tourism accommodation establishments. For some countries number of arrivals is limited to arrivals by air and for others to arrivals staying in hotels. Some countries include arrivals of nationals residing abroad while others do not. Caution should thus be used in comparing arrivals across countries. The data on inbound tourists refer to the number of arrivals, not to the number of people traveling. Thus a person who makes several trips to a country during a given period is counted each time as a new arrival." Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Trade > With US > US imports of photographic and optical equipment per million: US imports of photographic and optical equipment, USD Thousands, 2004. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Trade > With US > US imports of plywood and veneers per million: US imports of plywood and veneers, USD Thousands, 2004. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Trade > With US > US imports of pulp and paper machinery per 1000: US imports of pulp and paper machinery, USD Thousands, 2004. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Income share held by third 20%: Percentage share of income or consumption is the share that accrues to subgroups of population indicated by deciles or quintiles. Percentage shares by quintile may not sum to 100 because of rounding.
STAT Greece Philippines HISTORY
Companies > Listed domestic companies, total per million 23.67
Ranked 36th. 9 times more than Philippines
2.77
Ranked 87th.

Debt > External $576.6 billion
Ranked 23th. 8 times more than Philippines
$74.88 billion
Ranked 53th.

Debt > External per capita $33,191.09
Ranked 17th. 48 times more than Philippines
$695.13
Ranked 80th.

Distribution of family income > Gini index 33
Ranked 14th.
44.8
Ranked 14th. 36% more than Greece

GDP $249.1 billion
Ranked 41st.
$250.18 billion
Ranked 39th. About the same as Greece

GDP > Composition, by end use > Investment in inventories 1%
Ranked 58th.
-0.9%
Ranked 166th.
GDP per capita $22,082.89
Ranked 31st. 9 times more than Philippines
$2,587.02
Ranked 120th.

GINI index 34.27
Ranked 25th.
44.53
Ranked 13th. 30% more than Greece

Gross National Income $121 billion
Ranked 29th. 50% more than Philippines
$80.84 billion
Ranked 36th.
Gross national saving 10.2% of GDP
Ranked 124th.
21.3% of GDP
Ranked 67th. 2 times more than Greece

Household income or consumption by percentage share > Highest 10% 26%
Ranked 12th.
33.6%
Ranked 14th. 29% more than Greece

Human Development Index 0.912
Ranked 24th. 20% more than Philippines
0.758
Ranked 83th.
Population below poverty line 20%
Ranked 10th.
26.5%
Ranked 18th. 33% more than Greece

Public debt 156.9% of GDP
Ranked 3rd. 3 times more than Philippines
51.5% of GDP
Ranked 62nd.

Tourist arrivals 15.94 million
Ranked 16th. 5 times more than Philippines
3.14 million
Ranked 48th.

GDP > Composition, by end use > Exports of goods and services 27%
Ranked 138th.
30.8%
Ranked 118th. 14% more than Greece
Imports > Commodities machinery, transport equipment, fuels, chemicals electronic products, mineral fuels, machinery and transport equipment, iron and steel, textile fabrics, grains, chemicals, plastic
GDP > Real growth rate -6.4%
Ranked 190th.
6.8%
Ranked 32nd.

Fiscal year calendar year calendar year
Central bank discount rate 1.5%
Ranked 40th.
5.3%
Ranked 21st. 4 times more than Greece

Exchange rates euros (EUR) per US dollar -<br />0.78 (2012 est.)<br />0.72 (2011 est.)<br />0.76 (2010 est.)<br />0.72 (2009 est.)<br />0.68 (2008 est.) Philippine pesos (PHP) per US dollar -<br />42.23 (2012 est.)<br />43.31 (2011 est.)<br />45.11 (2010 est.)<br />47.68 (2009)<br />44.44 (2008)
Exports > Commodities food and beverages, manufactured goods, petroleum products, chemicals, textiles semiconductors and electronic products, transport equipment, garments, copper products, petroleum products, coconut oil, fruits
GDP > Composition by sector > Services 80.1%
Ranked 12th. 42% more than Philippines
56.4%
Ranked 108th.

GDP > Per capita > PPP $24,300
Ranked 42nd. 6 times more than Philippines
$4,400
Ranked 130th.

Current account balance $-8,392,000,000
Ranked 159th.
$7.13 billion
Ranked 28th.

Companies > Market capitalization of listed companies > % of GDP 17.9%
Ranked 72nd.
105.58%
Ranked 14th. 6 times more than Greece

Commercial bank prime lending rate 7.33%
Ranked 118th. 29% more than Philippines
5.68%
Ranked 141st.

GDP > Composition, by sector of origin > Agriculture 3.4%
Ranked 146th.
11.8%
Ranked 81st. 3 times more than Greece
Stock of direct foreign investment > At home $37.8 billion
Ranked 55th. 24% more than Philippines
$30.38 billion
Ranked 60th.

Imports $53.53 billion
Ranked 50th.
$61.49 billion
Ranked 46th. 15% more than Greece

Taxes and other revenues 45.5% of GDP
Ranked 19th. 3 times more than Philippines
14.7% of GDP
Ranked 170th.

Companies > Stock market > Stocks traded, total value > Current US$ per capita $1,315.23
Ranked 40th. 4 times more than Philippines
$358.7
Ranked 50th.

GDP > Purchasing power parity $273.9 billion
Ranked 46th.
$419.6 billion
Ranked 31st. 53% more than Greece

GDP > Composition, by end use > Investment in fixed capital 12.6%
Ranked 179th.
19.4%
Ranked 124th. 54% more than Greece
Stock of narrow money None None
Stock of direct foreign investment > Abroad $43.46 billion
Ranked 37th. 5 times more than Philippines
$8.44 billion
Ranked 54th.

Labor force > By occupation > Services 65.1%
Ranked 10th. 23% more than Philippines
53%
Ranked 16th.

GDP > Composition, by sector of origin > Services 80.6%
Ranked 11th. 41% more than Philippines
57.1%
Ranked 105th.
GDP > Composition, by sector of origin > Industry 16%
Ranked 181st.
31.1%
Ranked 73th. 94% more than Greece
Companies > Stock market > Stocks traded, turnover ratio > % 37.93%
Ranked 35th. 2 times more than Philippines
16.15%
Ranked 47th.

Budget > Revenues $111.8 billion
Ranked 29th. 3 times more than Philippines
$36.35 billion
Ranked 59th.

Budget > Expenditures $136.8 billion
Ranked 27th. 3 times more than Philippines
$42.1 billion
Ranked 59th.

Labor force > By occupation > Industry 22.4%
Ranked 58th. 49% more than Philippines
15%
Ranked 118th.

Overview Greece has a capitalist economy with a public sector accounting for about 40% of GDP and with per capita GDP about two-thirds that of the leading euro-zone economies. Tourism provides 15% of GDP. Immigrants make up nearly one-fifth of the work force, mainly in agricultural and unskilled jobs. Greece is a major beneficiary of EU aid, equal to about 3.3% of annual GDP. The Greek economy grew by nearly 4% per year between 2003 and 2007, due partly to infrastructural spending related to the 2004 Athens Olympic Games, and in part to an increased availability of credit, which has sustained record levels of consumer spending. But the economy went into recession in 2009 as a result of the world financial crisis, tightening credit conditions, and Athens' failure to address a growing budget deficit. The economy contracted by 2.3% in 2009, 3.5% in 2010, 6.9% in 2011, and 6.0% in 2012. Greece violated the EU's Growth and Stability Pact budget deficit criterion of no more than 3% of GDP from 2001 to 2006, but finally met that criterion in 2007-08, before exceeding it again in 2009, with the deficit reaching 15% of GDP. Austerity measures reduced the deficit to about 8% in 2012. Deteriorating public finances, inaccurate and misreported statistics, and consistent underperformance on reforms prompted major credit rating agencies to downgrade Greece's international debt rating in late 2009, and has led the country into a financial crisis. Under intense pressure from the EU and international market participants, the government adopted a medium-term austerity program that includes cutting government spending, decreasing tax evasion, overhauling the health-care and pension systems, and reforming the labor and product markets. Athens, however, faces long-term challenges to push through unpopular reforms in the face of widespread unrest from the country's powerful labor unions and the general public. In April 2010 a leading credit agency assigned Greek debt its lowest possible credit rating; in May 2010, the International Monetary Fund and Euro-Zone governments provided Greece emergency short- and medium-term loans worth $147 billion so that the country could make debt repayments to creditors. In exchange for the largest bailout ever assembled, the government announced combined spending cuts and tax increases totaling $40 billion over three years, on top of the tough austerity measures already taken. Greece, however, struggled to meet 2010 targets set by the EU and the IMF, especially after Eurostat - the EU's statistical office - revised upward Greece's deficit and debt numbers for 2009 and 2010. European leaders and the IMF agreed in October 2011 to provide Athens a second bailout package of $169 billion. The second deal however, calls for Greece's creditors to write down a significant portion of their Greek government bond holdings. In exchange for the second loan Greece has promised to introduce an additional $7.8 billion in austerity measures during 2013-15. However, these massive austerity cuts are lengthening Greece's economic recession and depressing tax revenues. Greece's lenders are calling on Athens to step up efforts to increase tax collection, privatize public enterprises, and rein in health spending, and are planning to give Greece more time to shore up its economy and finances. Many investors doubt that Greece can sustain fiscal efforts in the face of a bleak economic outlook, public discontent, and political instability. Philippine GDP growth, which cooled from 7.6% in 2010 to 3.9% in 2011, expanded to 6.6% in 2012 - meeting the government's targeted 6%-7% growth range. The 2012 expansion partly reflected a rebound from depressed 2011 export and public sector spending levels. The economy has weathered global economic and financial downturns better than its regional peers due to minimal exposure to troubled international securities, lower dependence on exports, relatively resilient domestic consumption, large remittances from four- to five-million overseas Filipino workers, and a rapidly expanding business process outsourcing industry. The current account balance had recorded consecutive surpluses since 2003; international reserves are at record highs; the banking system is stable; and the stock market was Asia's second best-performer in 2012. Efforts to improve tax administration and expenditure management have helped ease the Philippines' tight fiscal situation and reduce high debt levels. The Philippines received several credit rating upgrades on its sovereign debt in 2012, and has had little difficulty tapping domestic and international markets to finance its deficits. Achieving a higher growth path nevertheless remains a pressing challenge. Economic growth in the Philippines averaged 4.5% during the MACAPAGAL-ARROYO administration but poverty worsened during her term. Growth has accelerated under the AQUINO government, but with limited progress thus far in bringing down unemployment, which hovers around 7%, and improving the quality of jobs. Underemployment is nearly 20% and more than 40% of the employed are estimated to be working in the informal sector. The AQUINO administration has been working to boost the budgets for education, health, cash transfers to the poor, and other social spending programs, and is relying on the private sector to help fund major infrastructure projects under its Public-Private Partnership program. Long term challenges include reforming governance and the judicial system, building infrastructure, improving regulatory predictability, and the ease of doing business, attracting higher levels of local and foreign investments. The Philippine Constitution and the other laws continue to restrict foreign ownership in important activities/sectors (such as land ownership and public utilities).
Market value of publicly traded shares $33.65 billion
Ranked 53th.
$266.3 billion
Ranked 10th. 8 times more than Greece

Labor force > By occupation > Agriculture 12.4%
Ranked 113th.
32%
Ranked 71st. 3 times more than Greece

Companies > Stock market > Stocks traded, total value > Current US$ $14.84 billion
Ranked 45th.
$34.69 billion
Ranked 36th. 2 times more than Greece

Companies > Market capitalization of listed companies > Current US$ per capita $3,952.43
Ranked 52nd. 45% more than Philippines
$2,731.38
Ranked 58th.

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold $7.25 billion
Ranked 79th.
$83.83 billion
Ranked 26th. 12 times more than Greece

Stock of domestic credit $343.9 billion
Ranked 31st. 3 times more than Philippines
$129.4 billion
Ranked 48th.

GDP > Composition, by end use > Household consumption 73.7%
Ranked 64th.
74.2%
Ranked 61st. 1% more than Greece
Budget surplus > + or deficit > - -10.2% of GDP
Ranked 172nd. 4 times more than Philippines
-2.3% of GDP
Ranked 76th.

GDP > Composition, by end use > Imports of goods and services -32%
Ranked 45th.
-34%
Ranked 54th. 6% more than Greece
Exports > Partners Turkey 10.9%, Italy 7.8%, Germany 6.5%, Bulgaria 5.8%, Cyprus 5.3% Japan 19%, US 14.2%, China 11.8%, Singapore 9.3%, Hong Kong 9.2%, South Korea 5.5%, Thailand 4.7%
Companies > Market capitalization of listed companies > Current US$, % of GDP 17.9%
Ranked 70th.
105.58%
Ranked 13th. 6 times more than Greece

Industrial production growth rate -6.2%
Ranked 163th.
6.8%
Ranked 35th.

Industries tourism, food and tobacco processing, textiles, chemicals, metal products; mining, petroleum electronics assembly, garments, footwear, pharmaceuticals, chemicals, wood products, food processing, petroleum refining, fishing
Imports > Partners Russia 12.1%, Germany 9.5%, Italy 8.3%, Saudi Arabia 5.5%, Netherlands 4.7%, China 4.5%, France 4.4% US 11.5%, China 10.8%, Japan 10.4%, South Korea 7.3%, Singapore 7.1%, Thailand 5.6%, Saudi Arabia 5.6%, Indonesia 4.4%, Malaysia 4%
Household income or consumption by percentage share > Lowest 10% 2.5%
Ranked 78th.
2.6%
Ranked 73th. 4% more than Greece

Companies > Listed domestic companies, total 267
Ranked 34th.
268
Ranked 33th. About the same as Greece

Labor force 4
Ranked 167th.
40
Ranked 69th. 10 times more than Greece

Agriculture > Products wheat, corn, barley, sugar beets, olives, tomatoes, wine, tobacco, potatoes; beef, dairy products sugarcane, coconuts, rice, corn, bananas, cassavas, pineapples, mangoes; pork, eggs, beef; fish
GDP > Composition by sector > Agriculture 3.8%
Ranked 141st.
12.4%
Ranked 79th. 3 times more than Greece

Companies > Stock market > Stocks traded, total value > Current US$, % of GDP 5.96%
Ranked 44th.
13.87%
Ranked 33th. 2 times more than Greece

Stock of broad money None None
GDP > Official exchange rate $245.8 billion
Ranked 42nd.
$246.8 billion
Ranked 42nd. About the same as Greece

Inflation rate > Consumer prices 1.5%
Ranked 174th.
3.2%
Ranked 114th. 2 times more than Greece

Companies > Stock market > Stocks traded, total value > % of GDP 5.96%
Ranked 44th.
13.87%
Ranked 33th. 2 times more than Greece

GDP > Composition, by end use > Government consumption 17.8%
Ranked 70th. 70% more than Philippines
10.5%
Ranked 161st.
Exports $28.31 billion
Ranked 64th.
$46.28 billion
Ranked 58th. 63% more than Greece

Unemployment rate 24.3%
Ranked 8th. 3 times more than Philippines
7%
Ranked 62nd.

GDP > Composition by sector > Industry 16%
Ranked 180th.
31.3%
Ranked 69th. 96% more than Greece

Companies > Market capitalization of listed companies > Current US$ $44.58 billion
Ranked 50th.
$264.14 billion
Ranked 30th. 6 times more than Greece

Technology index 4.42
Ranked 37th. 19% more than Philippines
3.72
Ranked 62nd.
GDP > PPP $243.13 billion
Ranked 36th.
$378.23 billion
Ranked 24th. 56% more than Greece
Consumer price index 118.15%
Ranked 79th.
129.81%
Ranked 54th. 10% more than Greece

Technological achievement 0.44
Ranked 24th. 47% more than Philippines
0.3
Ranked 40th.
Budget > Revenues per capita $10,126.02
Ranked 23th. 35 times more than Philippines
$287.23
Ranked 111th.

Consumer spending 75.3
Ranked 38th. 2% more than Philippines
73.94
Ranked 44th.

Economic freedom 2.2
Ranked 61st. 2% more than Philippines
2.15
Ranked 66th.
Industrial > Production growth rate 3.2%
Ranked 96th.
12.1%
Ranked 12th. 4 times more than Greece

Real interest rate 3.19%
Ranked 103th.
3.71%
Ranked 80th. 16% more than Greece

Outbound tourist spending 3.95 billion
Ranked 43th. 42% more than Philippines
2.78 billion
Ranked 47th.

Business efficiency 50.33
Ranked 41st.
51.1
Ranked 40th. 2% more than Greece
Economic aid > Recipient $8 billion
Ranked 1st. 18 times more than Philippines
$451.4 million
Ranked 5th.

GDP per person 29,240.05
Ranked 27th. 17 times more than Philippines
1,752.45
Ranked 115th.

Inflation 111.93
Ranked 129th.
123.27
Ranked 81st. 10% more than Greece

Deposit interest rate 2.23%
Ranked 123th.
5.56%
Ranked 50th. 2 times more than Greece

Overall productivity > PPP $48,645.5
Ranked 24th. 5 times more than Philippines
$10,469.6
Ranked 46th.
GDP deflator 117.39
Ranked 134th.
448.03
Ranked 39th. 4 times more than Greece

Research and development spending 0.5%
Ranked 45th. 3 times more than Philippines
0.2%
Ranked 59th.
Budget > Expenditures per capita $12,637.63
Ranked 21st. 35 times more than Philippines
$361.93
Ranked 110th.

Innovation 18.4
Ranked 40th. 16% more than Philippines
15.8
Ranked 53th.
Trade balance with US $174.5 million
Ranked 10th.
$-524,600,000
Ranked 194th.
GDP > CIA Factbook $213.6 billion
Ranked 36th.
$390.7 billion
Ranked 25th. 83% more than Greece

Macroeconomic environment index 4.52
Ranked 32nd. 26% more than Philippines
3.59
Ranked 67th.
Terms of trade 72
Ranked 65th.
119
Ranked 14th. 65% more than Greece
Growth competitiveness score 4.56
Ranked 36th. 30% more than Philippines
3.51
Ranked 75th.
Public institution index 4.74
Ranked 43th. 48% more than Philippines
3.21
Ranked 97th.
Wholesale price index 118.92%
Ranked 38th.
155.08%
Ranked 14th. 30% more than Greece

GDP > Current LCU 181088400000 5418840000000
Saving rate 3.3
Ranked 104th.
40.14
Ranked 5th. 12 times more than Greece

Risk premium on lending 4.45%
Ranked 46th. 10% more than Philippines
4.05%
Ranked 47th.

New businesses registered > Number 5,525
Ranked 50th.
18,189
Ranked 23th. 3 times more than Greece

Household spending per capita 10,946.07
Ranked 20th. 12 times more than Philippines
880.6
Ranked 69th.

Government spending 30.14 billion
Ranked 26th. 2 times more than Philippines
12.61 billion
Ranked 38th.

Economic growth > Per capita -2.36
Ranked 87th. 3 times more than Philippines
-0.74
Ranked 73th.

Gender income ratio 0.44%
Ranked 46th.
0.59%
Ranked 22nd. 34% more than Greece
World trade > Exports 61.52 billion
Ranked 40th. 21% more than Philippines
51.04 billion
Ranked 45th.

Research and development personnel 1,045 per million people
Ranked 42nd. 7 times more than Philippines
156 per million people
Ranked 68th.
Inequality > GINI index 34.27
Ranked 24th.
44.04
Ranked 13th. 29% more than Greece

Currency euro Philippine peso
Credit information availability index 4
Ranked 62nd. 33% more than Philippines
3
Ranked 83th.
Gross domestic savings 18.35 billion
Ranked 51st.
25.01 billion
Ranked 47th. 36% more than Greece

Business disclosure index 1
Ranked 154th. The same as Philippines
1
Ranked 155th.

Lending interest rate 6.79%
Ranked 117th.
10.18%
Ranked 81st. 50% more than Greece

Investment > Gross fixed 10.4% of GDP
Ranked 143th.
19.7% of GDP
Ranked 99th. 89% more than Greece

Exchange rates > Recent years euros per US dollar - 0.8041 (2005), 0.8054 (2004), 0.886 (2003), 1.0626 (2002), 1.1175 (2001) Philippine pesos per US dollar - 55.086 (2005), 56.04 (2004), 54.203 (2003), 51.604 (2002), 50.993 (2001)
Household spending 123.51 billion
Ranked 23th. 52% more than Philippines
81 billion
Ranked 33th.

Tourism receipts > International $13.7 billion
Ranked 13th. 5 times more than Philippines
$2.62 billion
Ranked 51st.

GDP after tax 295.45 billion
Ranked 22nd. 97% more than Philippines
150.09 billion
Ranked 34th.

World Bank exchange rate 0.72
Ranked 156th.
47.64
Ranked 62nd. 66 times more than Greece

Listed domestic companies 307
Ranked 27th. 29% more than Philippines
238
Ranked 20th.

Fishing subsidies $38.6 million million
Ranked 18th. 18 times more than Philippines
$2.2 million million
Ranked 30th.
Stocks traded > Turnover ratio 48.3%
Ranked 37th. 2 times more than Philippines
22.1%
Ranked 30th.

Government expenditure 63.13 billion
Ranked 24th. 4 times more than Philippines
17 billion
Ranked 45th.

GDP > Constant LCU 154262500000 1209473000000
GNI 320.82 billion
Ranked 26th. 73% more than Philippines
184.94 billion
Ranked 36th.

Tourism expenditures > International $2.88 billion
Ranked 35th. 85% more than Philippines
$1.56 billion
Ranked 41st.

Trade in goods 29.09
Ranked 138th.
88.87
Ranked 33th. 3 times more than Greece
Currency code EUR PHP
Ease of doing business 97
Ranked 80th.
146
Ranked 37th. 51% more than Greece
Patent applications > Residents 803
Ranked 24th. 4 times more than Philippines
216
Ranked 41st.

Policy competitiveness 17.59%
Ranked 43th.
41.12%
Ranked 33th. 2 times more than Greece
Exchange rates to USD 0.7345 46.148
Net taxes 34.48 billion
Ranked 19th. 3 times more than Philippines
11.1 billion
Ranked 34th.

Gross savings 10.9 billion
Ranked 51st.
64.71 billion
Ranked 27th. 6 times more than Greece

Trademark applications > Total 10,598
Ranked 37th.
15,834
Ranked 27th. 49% more than Greece

Industry > Value added 21.22 (2000) 31.21 (2001)
GNI > Current LCU 177749500000 5876299000000
Services output 117.43 billion
Ranked 21st. 82% more than Philippines
64.55 billion
Ranked 33th.

Services growth -1.03
Ranked 79th.
2.79
Ranked 43th.

Trademark applications > By residents 6,412
Ranked 30th.
6,969
Ranked 29th. 9% more than Greece

Other expense > Current LCU 119000000 20450000000
Gross savings > Current LCU 26435100000 1654422000000
Interest payments > Current LCU 8442000000 315569000000
Adjusted savings > Gross savings > % of GNI 14.87% of GNI
Ranked 96th.
28.15% of GNI
Ranked 30th. 89% more than Greece

Trade > With US > US > Exports of meat > Poultry > Etc per 1000 1.31
Ranked 54th. 4 times more than Philippines
0.333
Ranked 74th.
Trade > Imports > Goods and services > Current US$ 63.12 billion$
Ranked 33th. 23% more than Philippines
51.46 billion$
Ranked 35th.

Trade > With US > US > Exports of measuring > Testing > Control instruments per 1000 1.47
Ranked 69th.
3.03
Ranked 53th. 2 times more than Greece
Trade > With US > US > Exports of metallurgical grade coal per 1000 0.0
Ranked 57th.
0.000178
Ranked 47th.
Gross domestic savings > Current US$ > Per $ GDP 165.25$ per $1,000 of GDP
Ranked 75th. 57% more than Philippines
104.97$ per $1,000 of GDP
Ranked 100th.

Cash surplus/deficit > % of GDP -5.07%
Ranked 67th. 71% more than Philippines
-2.97%
Ranked 56th.

Trade > With US > US > Exports of materials handling equipment per 1000 0.848
Ranked 74th. 7 times more than Philippines
0.125
Ranked 117th.
Expense > % of GDP 44.19%
Ranked 4th. 2 times more than Philippines
18.03%
Ranked 60th.

Trade > With US > US > Exports of marine engines > Parts per million 419.47
Ranked 35th. 52 times more than Philippines
8.14
Ranked 114th.
Tourist arrivals by region of origin > Total 14.28 million
Ranked 16th. 5 times more than Philippines
2.62 million
Ranked 52nd.

Stocks traded > Total value > Current US$ > Per $ GDP 289.8$ per $1,000 of GDP
Ranked 36th. 4 times more than Philippines
70.19$ per $1,000 of GDP
Ranked 52nd.

Tax > Taxes on income > Profits and capital gains > % of revenue 21.05%
Ranked 29th.
39.64%
Ranked 7th. 88% more than Greece

Inflation > GDP deflator > Annual % 3.73%
Ranked 111th.
6.24%
Ranked 74th. 67% more than Greece

Services > Etc. > Value added > Annual % growth 3.5%
Ranked 94th.
6.35%
Ranked 51st. 81% more than Greece

Net income from abroad > Current US$ > Per $ GDP -18.438$ per $1,000 of GDP
Ranked 81st.
84.42$ per $1,000 of GDP
Ranked 8th.

Portfolio investment > Excluding LCFAR > BoP > Current US$ -55,501,660,000 BoP $
Ranked 106th. 11 times more than Philippines
-5,141,000,000 BoP $
Ranked 79th.

Gross capital formation > Current US$ 53.49 billion$
Ranked 23th. 4 times more than Philippines
14.99 billion$
Ranked 49th.

Trade > With US > US > Exports of glass-plate > Sheet > Etc per million 93.48
Ranked 65th. 3 times more than Philippines
29.25
Ranked 83th.
Changes in net > Reserves > BoP > Current US$ > Per $ GDP 0.519 BoP $ per $1,000 of GDP
Ranked 36th.
-18.406 BoP $ per $1,000 of GDP
Ranked 68th.

Gross savings > Current US$ > Per $ GDP 0.146$ per $1 of GDP
Ranked 89th.
0.305$ per $1 of GDP
Ranked 21st. 2 times more than Greece

Trade > With US > US > Exports of rice per 1000 0.000452
Ranked 134th.
0.0972
Ranked 74th. 215 times more than Greece
Trade > With US > US > Exports of rugs per million 37.88
Ranked 70th. 6 times more than Philippines
6.32
Ranked 97th.
GNI > Atlas method > Current US$ > Per $ GDP 0.978$ per $1 of GDP
Ranked 77th.
1.11$ per $1 of GDP
Ranked 10th. 13% more than Greece

Trade > With US > US > Exports of logs and lumber per 1000 1.56
Ranked 42nd. 14 times more than Philippines
0.112
Ranked 83th.
GNI > Atlas method > Current US$ 220.34 billion$
Ranked 28th. Twice as much as Philippines
109.7 billion$
Ranked 41st.

Trade > Exports > Goods and services > Current US$ 46.84 billion$
Ranked 41st.
46.86 billion$
Ranked 40th. The same as Greece

Gross capital formation > Current US$ > Per $ GDP 0.238$ per $1 of GDP
Ranked 59th. 58% more than Philippines
0.151$ per $1 of GDP
Ranked 133th.

Gross national expenditure > Current US$ 241.48 billion$
Ranked 22nd. 2 times more than Philippines
103.63 billion$
Ranked 39th.

Trade > Import quantum/quantity index 100%
Ranked 56th.
126.75%
Ranked 16th. 27% more than Greece

Income payments > BoP > Current US$ > Per $ GDP 49.3 BoP $ per $1,000 of GDP
Ranked 73th. 20% more than Philippines
41 BoP $ per $1,000 of GDP
Ranked 89th.

Interest payments > % of expense 10.55%
Ranked 21st.
32.31%
Ranked 2nd. 3 times more than Greece

Net errors and omissions > Adjusted > BoP > Current US$ -420,798,000 BoP $
Ranked 106th.
-789,241,100 BoP $
Ranked 110th. 88% more than Greece

Revenue > Excluding grants > % of GDP 41.68%
Ranked 6th. 3 times more than Philippines
15.05%
Ranked 67th.

Trade > With US > US > Exports of semiconductors per 1000 0.78
Ranked 62nd.
50.35
Ranked 9th. 65 times more than Greece
Trade > With US > US > Exports of shingles > Molding > Wallboard per 1000 0.31
Ranked 73th. 5 times more than Philippines
0.069
Ranked 106th.
Service > Exports > BoP > Current US$ > Per capita 3,076.24 BoP $ per capita
Ranked 24th. 57 times more than Philippines
53.72 BoP $ per capita
Ranked 111th.

Trade > With US > US > Exports of soybeans per 1000 0.77
Ranked 34th. 20% more than Philippines
0.641
Ranked 36th.
Trade > With US > US > Exports of sorghum > Barley > Oats per million 0.452
Ranked 67th.
19.85
Ranked 42nd. 44 times more than Greece
Subsidies and other transfers > % of expense 39.87%
Ranked 41st. 2 times more than Philippines
17.33%
Ranked 66th.

Trade > Export quantum/quantity index 100%
Ranked 60th.
104.32%
Ranked 30th. 4% more than Greece

Trade > Exports > Goods and services > Annual % growth 2.91%
Ranked 100th.
4.16%
Ranked 91st. 43% more than Greece

Trade > Exports > Goods and services > BoP > Current US$ > Per $ GDP 0.23 BoP $ per $1 of GDP
Ranked 112th.
0.451 BoP $ per $1 of GDP
Ranked 59th. 96% more than Greece

External balance on goods and services > Current US$ -16,276,580,000$
Ranked 143th. 4 times more than Philippines
-4,600,277,000$
Ranked 134th.

Final > Consumption expenditure > Etc. > % of GDP 83.48%
Ranked 68th.
89.5%
Ranked 43th. 7% more than Greece

Final > Consumption expenditure > Etc. > Current US$ > Per $ GDP 0.835$ per $1 of GDP
Ranked 69th.
0.895$ per $1 of GDP
Ranked 44th. 7% more than Greece

GDP > PPP > Current international $ 259.62 billion PPP $
Ranked 36th.
426.69 billion PPP $
Ranked 24th. 64% more than Greece

Trade > With US > US > Exports of sports apparel and gear per million 39.42
Ranked 82nd. 11 times more than Philippines
3.51
Ranked 127th.
Trade > With US > US > Exports of steelmaking materials per 1000 0.0104
Ranked 76th. 3 times more than Philippines
0.00357
Ranked 84th.
Household final > Consumption expenditure > Current US$ > Per $ GDP 0.671$ per $1 of GDP
Ranked 70th.
0.696$ per $1 of GDP
Ranked 62nd. 4% more than Greece

Income share held by lowest 20% 6.75%
Ranked 20th. 24% more than Philippines
5.44%
Ranked 20th.

Trade > With US > US > Exports of manmade cloth per 1000 0.102
Ranked 99th.
0.164
Ranked 92nd. 61% more than Greece
Trade > With US > US > Exports of hides and skins per million 250.41
Ranked 18th. 105 times more than Philippines
2.37
Ranked 51st.
Trade > With US > US > Exports of finished metal shapes per 1000 0.63
Ranked 80th. 2 times more than Philippines
0.268
Ranked 98th.
Foreign direct investment > Net > BoP > Current US$ -818,350,800 BoP $
Ranked 120th.
970 million BoP $
Ranked 43th.

Currency > Real effective exchange rate index 113.7%
Ranked 23th. 23% more than Philippines
92.27%
Ranked 67th.

External balance on goods and services > % of GDP -7.23%
Ranked 83th. 55% more than Philippines
-4.65%
Ranked 71st.

Foreign direct investment > Net > BoP > Current US$ > Per $ GDP -3.634 BoP $ per $1,000 of GDP
Ranked 110th.
9.79 BoP $ per $1,000 of GDP
Ranked 87th.

Trade > Export value index 100%
Ranked 60th.
107.71%
Ranked 29th. 8% more than Greece

Domestic credit provided by banking sector > % of GDP 110.89%
Ranked 29th. 2 times more than Philippines
50.86%
Ranked 74th.

Royalty and license fees > Payments > BoP > Current US$ 441.72 million BoP $
Ranked 31st. 67% more than Philippines
265 million BoP $
Ranked 36th.

Trade > With US > US > Exports of generators > Accessories per 1000 4.78
Ranked 26th. 19 times more than Philippines
0.255
Ranked 96th.
Trade > With US > US > Exports of pulpwood and woodpulp per million 150.97
Ranked 62nd.
409.6
Ranked 46th. 3 times more than Greece
Commercial service imports > Current US$ 14.29 billion$
Ranked 31st. 2 times more than Philippines
5.79 billion$
Ranked 51st.

Trade > Imports of goods > Services and income > BoP > Current US$ > Per $ GDP 0.345 BoP $ per $1 of GDP
Ranked 103th.
0.583 BoP $ per $1 of GDP
Ranked 59th. 69% more than Greece

Trade > With US > US > Exports of railway transportation equipment per million 756.57
Ranked 24th. 113 times more than Philippines
6.68
Ranked 115th.
Trade > With US > US > Exports of pleasure boats and motors per 1000 1.09
Ranked 42nd. 42 times more than Philippines
0.0259
Ranked 104th.
Service imports > BoP > Current US$ 14.74 billion BoP $
Ranked 31st. 3 times more than Philippines
5.86 billion BoP $
Ranked 50th.

Trade > Imports > Goods and services > BoP > Current US$ > Per $ GDP 0.296 BoP $ per $1 of GDP
Ranked 110th.
0.542 BoP $ per $1 of GDP
Ranked 56th. 83% more than Greece

Royalty and license fees > Receipts > BoP > Current US$ > Per $ GDP 267.45 BoP $ per $1 million of
Ranked 51st. 4 times more than Philippines
60.59 BoP $ per $1 million of
Ranked 70th.

Gross savings > % of GNI 14.87% of GNI
Ranked 89th.
28.15% of GNI
Ranked 29th. 89% more than Greece

Trade > With US > US > Exports of fruits > Frozen juices per 1000 0.554
Ranked 53th. 93% more than Philippines
0.287
Ranked 61st.
Trade > With US > US > Exports of precious metals > Other per million 0.0
Ranked 101st.
7.54
Ranked 64th.
Final > Consumption expenditure > Etc. > Current US$ 187.99 billion$
Ranked 21st. 2 times more than Philippines
88.63 billion$
Ranked 34th.

Trade > With US > US > Exports of plastic materials per 1000 0.181
Ranked 110th.
0.796
Ranked 82nd. 4 times more than Greece
Net current transfers from abroad > Current US$ > Per $ GDP -0.828$ per $1,000 of GDP
Ranked 116th.
115.15$ per $1,000 of GDP
Ranked 28th.

GDP > PPP > Constant 2000 international $ 230.97 billion PPP 2000 $
Ranked 36th.
379.61 billion PPP 2000 $
Ranked 24th. 64% more than Greece

Trade > With US > US > Exports of excavating machinery per 1000 0.686
Ranked 76th. 10 times more than Philippines
0.0708
Ranked 125th.
Net capital account > BoP > Current US$ 2.67 billion BoP $
Ranked 7th. 64 times more than Philippines
42 million BoP $
Ranked 60th.

Final > Consumption expenditure > Constant 2000 US$ 119.89 billion constant 2000 US$
Ranked 20th. 56% more than Philippines
76.94 billion constant 2000 US$
Ranked 30th.

Current account balance > % of GDP -7.94%
Ranked 95th.
2.36%
Ranked 32nd.

Micro > Small and medium enterprises > Number 771,000
Ranked 3rd.
808,634
Ranked 2nd. 5% more than Greece
Household final > Consumption expenditure > Etc. > Current US$ 151.16 billion$
Ranked 19th. 91% more than Philippines
79.03 billion$
Ranked 31st.

Gross value added at factor cost > Current US$ > Per $ GDP 0.89$ per $1 of GDP
Ranked 89th.
0.901$ per $1 of GDP
Ranked 103th. 1% more than Greece

Gross private capital flows > % of GDP 38.03%
Ranked 24th. 2 times more than Philippines
17.81%
Ranked 57th.

Micro > Small and medium enterprises > Per 1,000 people 69.94 per 1,000 people
Ranked 2nd. 7 times more than Philippines
10.09 per 1,000 people
Ranked 12th.
Central government debt > Total > % of GDP 137.85%
Ranked 2nd. 97% more than Philippines
69.92%
Ranked 13th.

Trade > With US > US > Exports of photo > Service industry machinery per 1000 1.67
Ranked 60th. 6 times more than Philippines
0.265
Ranked 104th.
Goods > Exports > BoP > Current US$ 17.63 billion BoP $
Ranked 53th.
40.23 billion BoP $
Ranked 39th. 2 times more than Greece

Household final > Consumption expenditure > Annual % growth 3.71%
Ranked 70th.
4.94%
Ranked 54th. 33% more than Greece

GNI > Current US$ > Per $ GDP 0.982$ per $1 of GDP
Ranked 80th.
1.08$ per $1 of GDP
Ranked 8th. 10% more than Greece

Gross fixed capital formation > Annual % growth -1.39%
Ranked 105th.
-3.92%
Ranked 111th. 3 times more than Greece

Trade > With US > US > Exports of fuel oil per 1000 3.86
Ranked 27th. 10495 times more than Philippines
0.000368
Ranked 75th.
Foreign direct investment > Net inflows > BoP > Current US$ > Per $ GDP 2.84 BoP $ per $1 million of
Ranked 140th.
11.43 BoP $ per $1 million of
Ranked 116th. 4 times more than Greece

Foreign direct investment > Net inflows > % of GDP 0.28%
Ranked 140th.
1.14%
Ranked 116th. 4 times more than Greece

Current account balance > BoP > Current US$ > Per $ GDP -79.391 BoP $ per $1,000 of GDP
Ranked 95th.
23.61 BoP $ per $1,000 of GDP
Ranked 32nd.

Commercial service > Exports > Current US$ 34.05 billion$
Ranked 22nd. 8 times more than Philippines
4.46 billion$
Ranked 50th.

Current account balance > BoP > Current US$ -17,879,270,000 BoP $
Ranked 130th.
2.34 billion BoP $
Ranked 30th.

Trade > With US > US > Exports of food > Tobacco machinery per 1000 0.434
Ranked 62nd. 2 times more than Philippines
0.202
Ranked 85th.
Tourist arrivals by region of origin > Southern Asia 3,657
Ranked 62nd.
28,485
Ranked 37th. 8 times more than Greece

Bank liquid > Reserves to bank assets ratio 1.93
Ranked 145th.
9.17
Ranked 90th. 5 times more than Greece

Trade > Imports of goods > Services and income > BoP > Current US$ 77.73 billion BoP $
Ranked 37th. 35% more than Philippines
57.7 billion BoP $
Ranked 39th.

GDP per capita > PPP > Current international $ 23,380.83 PPP $
Ranked 28th. 5 times more than Philippines
5,137.45 PPP $
Ranked 86th.

Bank nonperfoming loans to total gross loans 5.5%
Ranked 9th.
20%
Ranked 5th. 4 times more than Greece

Trade > With US > US > Exports of parts-civilian aircraft per 1000 1.32
Ranked 62nd. 77% more than Philippines
0.746
Ranked 74th.
Trade > With US > US > Exports of leather and furs per million 526.32
Ranked 9th. 60 times more than Philippines
8.81
Ranked 54th.
Trade > With US > US > Exports of other industrial supplies per 1000 0.561
Ranked 85th. 7% more than Philippines
0.524
Ranked 87th.
Trade > With US > US > Exports of other household goods per 1000 2.88
Ranked 56th. 18 times more than Philippines
0.164
Ranked 110th.
Trade > With US > US > Exports of laboratory testing instruments per 1000 2.09
Ranked 38th. 11 times more than Philippines
0.182
Ranked 94th.
Trade > % of GDP 48.83%
Ranked 129th.
99.29%
Ranked 55th. 2 times more than Greece

Trade > With US > US > Exports of other foods per 1000 0.305
Ranked 94th.
0.564
Ranked 80th. 85% more than Greece
Tourist arrivals by region of origin > Americas 297,189
Ranked 55th.
604,793
Ranked 37th. 2 times more than Greece

Gross capital formation > Current US$ > Per capita 4,817.26$ per capita
Ranked 21st. 27 times more than Philippines
180.54$ per capita
Ranked 104th.

Trade > With US > US > Exports of jewelry > Etc per 1000 0.183
Ranked 66th. 3 times more than Philippines
0.0567
Ranked 93th.
GDP per capita growth > Annual % 3.26%
Ranked 83th. 3% more than Philippines
3.16%
Ranked 88th.

Gross fixed capital formation > Current US$ > Per $ GDP 0.237$ per $1 of GDP
Ranked 48th. 59% more than Philippines
0.149$ per $1 of GDP
Ranked 133th.

Service > Exports > BoP > Current US$ 34.16 billion BoP $
Ranked 21st. 8 times more than Philippines
4.46 billion BoP $
Ranked 50th.

Net trade in goods > BoP > Current US$ -34,252,600,000 BoP $
Ranked 134th. 5 times more than Philippines
-7,546,000,000 BoP $
Ranked 123th.

Trade > With US > US >