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Country vs country: India and Moldova compared: People stats

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Definitions

  • Age structure > 0-14 years: The distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over: The distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest."
  • Birth rate: The average annual number of births during a year per 1,000 persons in the population at midyear; also known as crude birth rate. The birth rate is usually the dominant factor in determining the rate of population growth. It depends on both the level of fertility and the age structure of the population.
  • Death rate: The average annual number of deaths during a year per 1,000 population at midyear; also known as crude death rate. The death rate, while only a rough indicator of the mortality situation in a country, accurately indicates the current mortality impact on population growth. This indicator is significantly affected by age distribution, and most countries will eventually show a rise in the overall death rate, in spite of continued decline in mortality at all ages, as declining fertility results in an aging population.
  • Ethnic groups: This entry provides a rank ordering of ethnic groups starting with the largest and normally includes the percent of total population.
  • Mother's mean age at first birth: This entry provides the mean (average) age of mothers at the birth of their first child. It is a useful indicator for gauging the success of family planning programs aiming to reduce maternal mortality, increase contraceptive use – particularly among married and unmarried adolescents, delay age at first marriage, and improve the health of newborns.
  • Nationality > Adjective: This entry is derived from People > Nationality, which provides the identifying terms for citizens - noun and adjective.
  • Population: Population, total refers to the total population.
  • Population > Population growth, past and future: Population growth rate (percentage).
  • Population growth rate: The average annual percent change in the population, resulting from a surplus (or deficit) of births over deaths and the balance of migrants entering and leaving a country. The rate may be positive or negative. The growth rate is a factor in determining how great a burden would be imposed on a country by the changing needs of its people for infrastructure (e.g., schools, hospitals, housing, roads), resources (e.g., food, water, electricity), and jobs. Rapid population growth can be seen as threatening by neighboring countries.
  • Population in 2015: (Thousands) Medium-variant projections.
  • Sex ratio > At birth: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Sex ratio > Total population: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Total fertility rate: The average number of children that would be born per woman if all women lived to the end of their child-bearing years and bore children according to a given fertility rate at each age. The total fertility rate is a more direct measure of the level of fertility than the crude birth rate, since it refers to births per woman. This indicator shows the potential for population growth in the country. High rates will also place some limits on the labor force participation rates for women. Large numbers of children born to women indicate large family sizes that might limit the ability of the families to feed and educate their children.
  • Urban and rural > Population living in cities proper: City population by sex, city and city type.
  • Death rate, crude > Per 1,000 people: Death rate, crude (per 1,000 people). Crude death rate indicates the number of deaths occurring during the year, per 1,000 population estimated at midyear. Subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birth rate provides the rate of natural increase, which is equal to the rate of population change in the absence of migration.
  • Population growth: Percentage by which country's population either has increased or is estimated to increase. Countries with a decrease in population are signified by a negative percentage. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Obesity > Adult obesity rate: This entry gives the percent of a country's population considered to be obese. Obesity is defined as an adult having a Body Mass Index (BMI) greater to or equal to 30.0. BMI is calculated by taking a person's weight in kg and dividing it by the person's squared height in meters.
  • Languages: This entry provides a rank ordering of languages starting with the largest and sometimes includes the percent of total population speaking that language.
  • Median age > Total: This entry is derived from People > Median age, which is the age that divides a population into two numerically equal groups; that is, half the people are younger than this age and half are older. It is a single index that summarizes the age distribution of a population. Currently, the median age ranges from a low of about 15 in Uganda and Gaza Strip to 40 or more in several European countries and Japan. See the entry for "Age structure" for the importance of a young versus an older age structure and, by implication, a low versus a higher median age.
  • Religions: This entry is an ordered listing of religions by adherents starting with the largest group and sometimes includes the percent of total population. The core characteristics and beliefs of the world's major religions are described below.
    Baha'i - Founded by Mirza Husayn-Ali (known as Baha'u'llah) in Iran in 1852, Baha'i faith emphasizes monotheism and believes in one eternal transcendent God. Its guiding focus is to encourage the unity of all peoples on the earth so that justice and peace may be achieved on earth. Baha'i revelation contends the prophets of major world religions reflect some truth or element of the divine, believes all were manifestations of God given to specific communities in specific times, and that Baha'u'llah is an additional prophet meant to call all humankind. Bahais are an open community, located worldwide, with the greatest concentration of believers in South Asia.
    Buddhism - Religion or philosophy inspired by the 5th century B.C. teachings of Siddhartha Gautama (also known as Gautama Buddha "the enlightened one"). Buddhism focuses on the goal of spiritual enlightenment centered on an understanding of Gautama Buddha's Four Noble Truths on the nature of suffering, and on the Eightfold Path of spiritual and moral practice, to break the cycle of suffering of which we are a part. Buddhism ascribes to a karmic system of rebirth. Several schools and sects of Buddhism exist, differing often on the nature of the Buddha, the extent to which enlightenment can be achieved - for one or for all, and by whom - religious orders or laity.
    Basic Groupings
       Theravada Buddhism: The oldest Buddhist school, Theravada is practiced mostly in Sri Lanka, Cambodia, Laos, Burma, and Thailand, with minority representation elsewhere in Asia and the West. Theravadans follow the Pali Canon of Buddha's teachings, and believe that one may escape the cycle of rebirth, worldly attachment, and suffering for oneself; this process may take one or several lifetimes.
       Mahayana Buddhism, including subsets Zen and Tibetan (Lamaistic) Buddhism: Forms of Mahayana Buddhism are common in East Asia and Tibet, and parts of the West. Mahayanas have additional scriptures beyond the Pali Canon and believe the Buddha is eternal and still teaching. Unlike Theravada Buddhism, Mahayana schools maintain the Buddha-nature is present in all beings and all will ultimately achieve enlightenment.
        Hoa Hao: a minority tradition of Buddhism practiced in Vietnam that stresses lay participation, primarily by peasant farmers; it eschews ...
    Full definition






  • Sex ratio > Under 15 years: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Urban and rural > Urban population: Total population living in urban areas by country.
  • Gender > Female population: Total female population.
  • Gender > Male population: Total male population.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-14: Percentage of total population aged 0-14.
  • Migration > Net migration rate: The difference between the number of persons entering and leaving a country during the year per 1,000 persons (based on midyear population). An excess of persons entering the country is referred to as net immigration (e.g., 3.56 migrants/1,000 population); an excess of persons leaving the country as net emigration (e.g., -9.26 migrants/1,000 population). The net migration rate indicates the contribution of migration to the overall level of population change. High levels of migration can cause problems such as increasing unemployment and potential ethnic strife (if people are coming in) or a reduction in the labor force, perhaps in certain key sectors (if people are leaving).
  • Age structure > 15-64 years: The distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Percentage living in rural areas.: Percentage of people living in rural areas. Data for 2003. Urban-rural classification of population in internationally published statistics follows the national census definition, which differs from one country or area to another. National definitions are usually based on criteria that may include any of the following: size of population in a locality, population density, distance between built-up areas, predominant type of economic activity, legal or administrative boundaries and urban characteristics such as specific services and facilities.
  • Age structure > 15-24 years: This entry is derived from People > Age structure, which provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group as follows: 0-14 years (children), 15-24 years (early working age), 25-54 years (prime working age), 55-64 years (mature working age), 65 years and over (elderly). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Nationality > Noun: The noun which identifies citizens of the nation
  • Urban and rural > Rural population: Total population living in rural areas by country.
  • Percentage living in urban areas: Percentage of people living in urban areas. Data for 2003. Urban-rural classification of population in internationally published statistics follows the national census definition, which differs from one country or area to another. National definitions are usually based on criteria that may include any of the following: size of population in a locality, population density, distance between built-up areas, predominant type of economic activity, legal or administrative boundaries and urban characteristics such as specific services and facilities.
  • Migration > Net migration > Per capita: Net migration is the net total of migrants during the period, that is, the total number of immigrants less the annual number of emigrants, including both citizens and noncitizens. Data are five-year estimates. To derive estimates of net migration, the United Nations Population Division takes into account the past migration history of a country or area, the migration policy of a country, and the influx of refugees in recent periods. The data to calculate these official estimates come from a variety of sources, including border statistics, administrative records, surveys, and censuses. When no official estimates can be made because of insufficient data, net migration is derived through the balance equation, which is the difference between overall population growth and the natural increase during the 1990-2000 intercensal period." Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total: Number of people aged 0-14.
  • Child labor > Children ages 5-14: This entry provides the mean (average) age of mothers at the birth of their first child. It is a useful indicator for gauging the success of family planning programs aiming to reduce maternal mortality, increase contraceptive use – particularly among married and unmarried adolescents, delay age at first marriage, and improve the health of newborns.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Total population: This entry is derived from People > Life expectancy at birth, which contains the average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. The entry includes total population as well as the male and female components. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Age structure > 25-54 years: This entry is derived from People > Age structure, which provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group as follows: 0-14 years (children), 15-24 years (early working age), 25-54 years (prime working age), 55-64 years (mature working age), 65 years and over (elderly). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age distribution > Median age: The median age of the country's residents. This is the age most people are in the country.
  • Urban population: Urban population is the midyear population of areas defined as urban in each country and reported to the United Nations.
  • Contraceptive prevalence rate: This field gives the percent of women of reproductive age (15-49) who are married or in union and are using, or whose sexual partner is using, a method of contraception according to the date of the most recent available data. The contraceptive prevalence rate is an indicator of health services, development, and women’s empowerment. It is also useful in understanding, past, present, and future fertility trends, especially in developing countries.
  • Age structure > 55-64 years: This entry is derived from People > Age structure, which provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group as follows: 0-14 years (children), 15-24 years (early working age), 25-54 years (prime working age), 55-64 years (mature working age), 65 years and over (elderly). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Migration > Foreign worker salaries: Workers' remittances and compensation of employees comprise current transfers by migrant workers and wages and salaries earned by nonresident workers. Remittances are classified as current private transfers from migrant workers resident in the host country for more than a year, irrespective of their immigration status, to recipients in their country of origin. Migrants' transfers are defined as the net worth of migrants who are expected to remain in the host country for more than one year that is transferred from one country to another at the time of migration. Compensation of employees is the income of migrants who have lived in the host country for less than a year. Data are in current U.S. dollars."
  • Sex ratio > 65 years and over: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Age distribution > Total dependency ratio: Percentage of dependant persons out of total population aged 15-64. A dependant person is a person aged 0-14 and those over 65 years old.
  • Projected population growth: Percentage change in projected population between 2000 and 2050
    Units: Percent Change in Population
    Units: A threshold of 0 was applied. All countries with growth rates of 0 or below received the same score.

  • Infant mortality rate > Total: This entry is derived from People > Infant mortality rate, which gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
  • Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of asylum > Per capita: Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organisation of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of asylum is the country where an asylum claim was filed and granted." Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Sex ratio > 15-64 years: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Marriage > Years being single before marriage > Women: Average age of women at their first marriage.
  • Urban and rural > Urban population per thousand people: Total population living in urban areas by country. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-64: Percentage of total population aged 15-64.
  • Age distribution > Elderly dependency ratio: Percentage of dependant adults out of total population aged 15-64. A dependant adult is an adult aged 65 and older.
  • Gender > Global Gender Gap Index: The Gender Gap Index considers gender inequality in the dimensions of economic participation (equality of salaries, labor market participation and access to high-skilled employment); access to education; political participation; and health (life expectancy and sex ratio). The highest score of 1 means total equality, 0 means complete inequality. The Index is calculated by the World Economic Forum.
  • Marriage > Minimum legal age > Without parental consent > For Women: Minimum legal age at which women can be married without parental consent.
  • Literacy > Total population: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
    Additional details:
    • Gibraltar: above 80% (2013)


  • Teenage pregancy rate: Adolescent fertility rate is the number of births per 1,000 women ages 15-19."
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 15-24.
  • Child labor > Children ages 5-14 > Percentage: This entry is derived from People > Child labor > Children ages 5-14, which gives the percent of children aged 5-14 (or the age range specified) engaged in child labor. We define “child labor” as work that deprives children of their childhood, their potential, and their dignity, and that is harmful to physical and mental development. It refers to work that is mentally, physically, socially, or morally dangerous and harmful to children. Such labor may deprive them of the opportunity to attend school, oblige them to leave school prematurely, or require them to combine school attendance with excessively long and heavy work. In its most extreme forms, child labor involves children being enslaved, separated from their families, exposed to serious hazards and illnesses, and/or left to fend for themselves on the streets of large cities – often a very early age.
  • Age distribution > Child dependency ratio: Percentage of dependant children out of total population aged 15 and older. A dependant child is a child aged 0-14.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Total: Number of people aged 0-4.
  • Population > CIA Factbook: This entry gives an estimate from the US Bureau of the Census based on statistics from population censuses, vital statistics registration systems, or sample surveys pertaining to the recent past and on assumptions about future trends. The total population presents one overall measure of the potential impact of the country on the world and within its region. Note: starting with the 1993 Factbook, demographic estimates for some countries (mostly African) have explicitly taken into account the effects of the growing impact of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. These countries are currently: The Bahamas, Benin, Botswana, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burma, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-59: Percentage of total pouplation aged 15-59.
  • Urbanization: Estimates and projections of urban and rural populations are made by the Population Division of the United Nations Secretariat and published every two years. These estimates and projections are based on national census or survey data that have been evaluated and, whenever necessary, adjusted for deficiencies and inconsistencies. Urban-rural classification of population in internationally published statistics follows the national census definition, which differs from one country or area to another. National definitions are usually based on criteria that may include any of the following: size of population in a locality, population density, distance between built-up areas, predominant type of economic activity, legal or administrative boundaries and urban characteristics such as specific services and facilities.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 > Total: Number of people aged 15-59.
  • Migration > Net migration: Net migration is the net total of migrants during the period, that is, the total number of immigrants less the annual number of emigrants, including both citizens and noncitizens. Data are five-year estimates. To derive estimates of net migration, the United Nations Population Division takes into account the past migration history of a country or area, the migration policy of a country, and the influx of refugees in recent periods. The data to calculate these official estimates come from a variety of sources, including border statistics, administrative records, surveys, and censuses. When no official estimates can be made because of insufficient data, net migration is derived through the balance equation, which is the difference between overall population growth and the natural increase during the 1990-2000 intercensal period."
  • Fertility > Fertility rate, total > Births per woman: Fertility rate, total (births per woman). Total fertility rate represents the number of children that would be born to a woman if she were to live to the end of her childbearing years and bear children in accordance with current age-specific fertility rates.
  • Fertility > Mortality rate, infant > Per 1,000 live births: Mortality rate, infant (per 1,000 live births). Infant mortality rate is the number of infants dying before reaching one year of age, per 1,000 live births in a given year.
  • Fertility > Birth rate, crude > Per 1,000 people: Birth rate, crude (per 1,000 people). Crude birth rate indicates the number of live births occurring during the year, per 1,000 population estimated at midyear. Subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birth rate provides the rate of natural increase, which is equal to the rate of population change in the absence of migration.
  • Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Total: This entry is derived from People > Unemployment, youth ages 15-24, which gives the percent of the total labor force ages 15-24 unemployed during a specified year.
  • Urban and rural > Females living in cities proper: Total number of females living in cities proper. The UN definition for city proper varies for each country but usually refers to a locality with legal boundaries, some form of local government and does not include its outlying suburbs and districts. Numbers only include cities proper with a population over 100,000.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Total: Number of people aged 60 and older.
  • Number of infant deaths per 1000: Number of infant deaths. Number of infants dying before reaching one year of age. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Number of infant deaths: Number of infant deaths. Number of infants dying before reaching one year of age.
  • Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of origin: Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organisation of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of origin generally refers to the nationality or country of citizenship of a claimant."
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Total: Number of people aged 15-24.
  • Gender > Sex ratio at birth: Number of males born for every female born. Countries with a number less than one have more females born than males.
  • Child labor > Children ages 5-14 per million people: This entry provides the mean (average) age of mothers at the birth of their first child. It is a useful indicator for gauging the success of family planning programs aiming to reduce maternal mortality, increase contraceptive use – particularly among married and unmarried adolescents, delay age at first marriage, and improve the health of newborns. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Age dependency ratio > Dependents to working-age population: Age dependency ratio is the ratio of dependents--people younger than 15 or older than 64--to the working-age population--those ages 15-64. For example, 0.7 means there are 7 dependents for every 10 working-age people.
  • Literacy > Female: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
  • Population density > People per sq. km of land area: Population density (people per sq. km of land area). Population density is midyear population divided by land area in square kilometers. Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of their country of origin. Land area is a country's total area, excluding area under inland water bodies, national claims to continental shelf, and exclusive economic zones. In most cases the definition of inland water bodies includes major rivers and lakes.
  • Urban and rural > Rural population per thousand people: Total population living in rural areas by country. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Urban and rural > Female rural population: Total number of females living in rural areas by country.
  • Drinking water source > Unimproved > Urban: This entry is derived from People > Drinking water source > Unimproved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved drinking water sources available to segments of the population of a country.improved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: piped water into dwelling, yard, or plot; public tap or standpipe; tubewell or borehole; protected dug well; protected spring; or rainwater collection. unimproved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: unprotected dug well; unprotected spring; cart with small tank or drum; tanker truck; surface water, which includes rivers, dams, lakes, ponds, streams, canals or irrigation channels; or bottled water.
  • Children under the age of 5 years underweight: This entry gives the percent of children under five considered to be underweight. Underweight means weight-for-age is approximately 2 kg below for standard at age one, 3 kg below standard for ages two and three, and 4 kg below standard for ages four and five. This statistic is an indicator of the nutritional status of a community. Children who suffer from growth retardation as a result of poor diets and/or recurrent infections tend to have a greater risk of suffering illness and death.
  • Abortion > Abortion rate: Abortions per 1000 women.
  • Dependency ratios > Potential support ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.



  • Physicians density: This entry gives the number of medical doctors (physicians), including generalist and specialist medical practitioners, per 1,000 of the population. Medical doctors are defined as doctors that study, diagnose, treat, and prevent illness, disease, injury, and other physical and mental impairments in humans through the application of modern medicine. They also plan, supervise, and evaluate care and treatment plans by other health care providers. The World Health Organization estimates that fewer than 2.3 health workers (physicians, nurses, and midwives only) per 1,000 would be insufficient to achieve coverage of primary healthcare needs.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Female: This entry is derived from People > Life expectancy at birth, which contains the average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. The entry includes total population as well as the male and female components. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Dependency ratios > Elderly dependency ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.



  • Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 65 and older.
  • Cities > Urban population: Total population living in urban areas. The defition of an urban area differs for each country. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Dependency ratios > Youth dependency ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.



  • Child labor > Children ages 5-14 > Total number: This entry is derived from People > Child labor > Children ages 5-14, which gives the percent of children aged 5-14 (or the age range specified) engaged in child labor. We define “child labor” as work that deprives children of their childhood, their potential, and their dignity, and that is harmful to physical and mental development. It refers to work that is mentally, physically, socially, or morally dangerous and harmful to children. Such labor may deprive them of the opportunity to attend school, oblige them to leave school prematurely, or require them to combine school attendance with excessively long and heavy work. In its most extreme forms, child labor involves children being enslaved, separated from their families, exposed to serious hazards and illnesses, and/or left to fend for themselves on the streets of large cities – often a very early age.
  • Immigration > Refugees and asylum seekers > Natives per Refugee: Natives per Refugee.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Urban and rural > Female urban population: Total number of females living in urban areas by country.
  • Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of asylum: Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organisation of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of asylum is the country where an asylum claim was filed and granted."
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 > Total: Number of people aged 15-64.
  • Dependency ratios > Total dependency ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.



  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 0-4.
  • Urban and rural > Males living in cities proper: Total number of males living in cities proper. The UN definition for city proper varies for each country but usually refers to a locality with legal boundaries, some form of local government and does not include its outlying suburbs and districts. Numbers only include cities proper with a population over 100,000.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > From total: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Population, total: Population, total. Population, total refers to the total population.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Total: Number of people 65 years old and older.
  • Child labor > Children ages 5-14 > Total number per thousand people: This entry is derived from People > Child labor > Children ages 5-14, which gives the percent of children aged 5-14 (or the age range specified) engaged in child labor. We define “child labor” as work that deprives children of their childhood, their potential, and their dignity, and that is harmful to physical and mental development. It refers to work that is mentally, physically, socially, or morally dangerous and harmful to children. Such labor may deprive them of the opportunity to attend school, oblige them to leave school prematurely, or require them to combine school attendance with excessively long and heavy work. In its most extreme forms, child labor involves children being enslaved, separated from their families, exposed to serious hazards and illnesses, and/or left to fend for themselves on the streets of large cities – often a very early age. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Sanitation facility access > Improved > Total: This entry is derived from People > Sanitation facility access > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved sanitation facilities available to segments of the population of a country. improved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush to a piped sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine; pit latrine with slab; or a composting toilet. unimproved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush not piped to a sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; pit latrine without a slab or open pit; bucket; hanging toilet or hanging latrine; shared facilities of any type; no facilities; or bush or field.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Male: This entry is derived from People > Life expectancy at birth, which contains the average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. The entry includes total population as well as the male and female components. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Women denied family planning: Percentage of sexually active women who are able to but do not want to reproduce without access to family planning services.
  • Gender ratio > Whole population: Female/male ratio of population.
  • Marriage > Percent married > All > Female > Aged 15-19: Percent of people aged 15-19 years who are or have been married or in a marriage-like union recognized by the law or customs of their country.
  • Gender > Women aged 15-49: Country's total population of women aged 15-49. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Immigration > Destination countries of nationalities and ethnic groups > Russians: Number of residents who are ethnic Russians and maintain a feeling of Russian national identity.
  • Urban and rural > Females living in cities proper per thousand people: Total number of females living in cities proper. The UN definition for city proper varies for each country but usually refers to a locality with legal boundaries, some form of local government and does not include its outlying suburbs and districts. Numbers only include cities proper with a population over 100,000. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Migration > Refugees: Refugees (number in each country, 1990-99)
  • Hospital bed density: This entry provides the number of hospital beds per 1,000 people; it serves as a general measure of inpatient service availability. Hospital beds include inpatient beds available in public, private, general, and specialized hospitals and rehabilitation centers. In most cases, beds for both acute and chronic care are included. Because the level of inpatient services required for individual countries depends on several factors - such as demographic issues and the burden of disease - there is no global target for the number of hospital beds per country. So, while 2 beds per 1,000 in one country may be sufficient, 2 beds per 1,000 in another may be woefully inadequate because of the number of people hospitalized by disease.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Total: This entry is derived from People > School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary , which school life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Urban and rural > Population living in urban agglomerations: Total population living in urban agglomerations. An urban agglomeration should not be confused with a metropolitan area, whereas an agglomeration refers to multiple connected urban cities, while a metropolitan area refers to a central urban area with outlying suburban cities and districts.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Male: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Total: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Population density: Population density is midyear population divided by land area in square kilometers. Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of their country of origin. Land area is a country's total area, excluding area under inland water bodies, national claims to continental shelf, and exclusive economic zones. In most cases the definition of inland water bodies includes major rivers and lakes."
  • Migration > Internally displaced persons > Number, high estimate: Internally displaced persons (number, high estimate). Internally displaced persons are people or groups of people who have been forced or obliged to flee or to leave their homes or places of habitual residence, in particular as a result of armed conflict, or to avoid the effects of armed conflict, situations of generalized violence, violations of human rights, or natural or human-made disasters and who have not crossed an international border.
  • Urban population > Per capita: Urban population is the midyear population of areas defined as urban in each country and reported to the United Nations. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Total Population > Female: Total Population - Female, as of April 26, 2005
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Total: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Patriotism: Patriotism Score of countries according to surveys by World Values Survey. The score was determined by asking thousands of respondents the question "How proud are you to be [insert nationality]?", ranging from not proud (1) to very proud (4). The average number of respondents per country was 1264.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years > Females: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Net migration: Net migration. Net migration is the net total of migrants during the period, that is, the total number of immigrants less the annual number of emigrants, including both citizens and noncitizens. Data are five-year estimates.
  • Gender > Male population per thousand people: Total male population. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Future population > Females: UN estimates of female population in 2010, 2015, 2020, 2025 and 2030.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years > From total: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Births > Teen motherhood rate: Proportion of women aged 15-19 who have given birth.
  • Infant mortality rate > Female: This entry is derived from People > Infant mortality rate, which gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
  • Drinking water source > Improved > Total: This entry is derived from People > Drinking water source > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved drinking water sources available to segments of the population of a country.improved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: piped water into dwelling, yard, or plot; public tap or standpipe; tubewell or borehole; protected dug well; protected spring; or rainwater collection. unimproved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: unprotected dug well; unprotected spring; cart with small tank or drum; tanker truck; surface water, which includes rivers, dams, lakes, ponds, streams, canals or irrigation channels; or bottled water.
  • Fertility > Maternity leave > Weeks of leave given: Maternity leave benefits.
  • Sanitation facility access > Unimproved > Rural: This entry is derived from People > Sanitation facility access > Unimproved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved sanitation facilities available to segments of the population of a country. improved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush to a piped sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine; pit latrine with slab; or a composting toilet. unimproved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush not piped to a sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; pit latrine without a slab or open pit; bucket; hanging toilet or hanging latrine; shared facilities of any type; no facilities; or bush or field.
  • Urban and rural > Female urban population per thousand people: Total number of females living in urban areas by country. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Number of under-five deaths: Number of under-five deaths. Number of children dying before reaching age five.
  • Fertility > Adolescent fertility rate > Births per 1,000 women ages 15-19: Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19). Adolescent fertility rate is the number of births per 1,000 women ages 15-19.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Any method: Current contraceptive use among married women 15-49 years old, any method, percentage.
  • Gender > Female population per thousand people: Total female population. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Literacy > Definition: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years > Males: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > Females: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Urban population per 1000: Urban population is the midyear population of areas defined as urban in each country and reported to the United Nations. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Rural population: Rural population is calculated as the difference between the total population and the urban population.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 80 and older.
  • Sanitation facility access > Unimproved > Urban: This entry is derived from People > Sanitation facility access > Unimproved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved sanitation facilities available to segments of the population of a country. improved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush to a piped sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine; pit latrine with slab; or a composting toilet. unimproved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush not piped to a sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; pit latrine without a slab or open pit; bucket; hanging toilet or hanging latrine; shared facilities of any type; no facilities; or bush or field.
  • Urban and rural > Males living in cities proper per thousand people: Total number of males living in cities proper. The UN definition for city proper varies for each country but usually refers to a locality with legal boundaries, some form of local government and does not include its outlying suburbs and districts. Numbers only include cities proper with a population over 100,000. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Density and urbanisation > Urban population: Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanisation Prospects.
  • Cities > Urban areas over 500,000: Urban Areas Over 500,000.
  • Drinking water source > Unimproved > Rural: This entry is derived from People > Drinking water source > Unimproved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved drinking water sources available to segments of the population of a country.improved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: piped water into dwelling, yard, or plot; public tap or standpipe; tubewell or borehole; protected dug well; protected spring; or rainwater collection. unimproved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: unprotected dug well; unprotected spring; cart with small tank or drum; tanker truck; surface water, which includes rivers, dams, lakes, ponds, streams, canals or irrigation channels; or bottled water.
  • Drinking water source > Improved > Rural: This entry is derived from People > Drinking water source > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved drinking water sources available to segments of the population of a country.improved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: piped water into dwelling, yard, or plot; public tap or standpipe; tubewell or borehole; protected dug well; protected spring; or rainwater collection. unimproved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: unprotected dug well; unprotected spring; cart with small tank or drum; tanker truck; surface water, which includes rivers, dams, lakes, ponds, streams, canals or irrigation channels; or bottled water.
  • GDP per capita > Current US$: GDP per capita (current US$). GDP per capita is gross domestic product divided by midyear population. GDP is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Population, total per 1000: Population, total. Population, total refers to the total population. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Maternal mortality rate: The maternal mortality rate (MMR) is the annual number of female deaths per 100,000 live births from any cause related to or aggravated by pregnancy or its management (excluding accidental or incidental causes). The MMR includes deaths during pregnancy, childbirth, or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy, irrespective of the duration and site of the pregnancy, for a specified year.
  • Median age > Both sexes: Age of person who is older than half the population and younger than the other half of the population.
  • Marriage > Percent married > All > Male > Aged 15-19: Percent ever married or in union among persons aged 15-19.
  • Infant mortality rate > Male: This entry is derived from People > Infant mortality rate, which gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
  • Drinking water source > Unimproved > Total: This entry is derived from People > Drinking water source > Unimproved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved drinking water sources available to segments of the population of a country.improved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: piped water into dwelling, yard, or plot; public tap or standpipe; tubewell or borehole; protected dug well; protected spring; or rainwater collection. unimproved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: unprotected dug well; unprotected spring; cart with small tank or drum; tanker truck; surface water, which includes rivers, dams, lakes, ponds, streams, canals or irrigation channels; or bottled water.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Female: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Immigration > Visa overstay rate > Australia: Modified Non-Return Rate.
  • Age structure > 15-64 years > Males: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Immigration > Cultural Diversity Index: The probability that two individuals selected at random from a country speak a very different language. A high score of close to 1 indicates that many unrelated languages are spoken. A score of close to 0 means that few languages are spoken, and / or that the spoken languages are similar to one another. For more information, please refer to Fearon (see citation).
  • Age structure > 0-14 years > Males per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Age structure > 15-64 years > From total: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Sanitation facility access > Improved > Rural: This entry is derived from People > Sanitation facility access > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved sanitation facilities available to segments of the population of a country. improved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush to a piped sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine; pit latrine with slab; or a composting toilet. unimproved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush not piped to a sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; pit latrine without a slab or open pit; bucket; hanging toilet or hanging latrine; shared facilities of any type; no facilities; or bush or field.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Female: This entry is derived from People > School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary , which school life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Urban and rural > Female rural population per thousand people: Total number of females living in rural areas by country. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Number of under-five deaths per 1000: Number of under-five deaths. Number of children dying before reaching age five. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Fertility > Mortality rate, under-5 > Per 1,000 live births: Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000 live births). Under-five mortality rate is the probability per 1,000 that a newborn baby will die before reaching age five, if subject to current age-specific mortality rates.
  • Future population > Males: UN estimates of male population in 2010, 2015, 2020, 2025 and 2030.
  • Density and urbanisation > Rural population: Rural population refers to people living in rural areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated as the difference between total population and urban population.
  • Migration > International migrant stock > Total: International migrant stock is the number of people born in a country other than that in which they live. It also includes refugees. The data used to estimate the international migrant stock at a particular time are obtained mainly from population censuses. The estimates are derived from the data on foreign-born population--people who have residence in one country but were born in another country. When data on the foreign-born population are not available, data on foreign population--that is, people who are citizens of a country other than the country in which they reside--are used as estimates. After the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991 people living in one of the newly independent countries who were born in another were classified as international migrants. Estimates of migrant stock in the newly independent states from 1990 on are based on the 1989 census of the Soviet Union. For countries with information on the international migrant stock for at least two points in time, interpolation or extrapolation was used to estimate the international migrant stock on July 1 of the reference years. For countries with only one observation, estimates for the reference years were derived using rates of change in the migrant stock in the years preceding or following the single observation available. A model was used to estimate migrants for countries that had no data."
  • Median age > Female: This entry is derived from People > Median age, which is the age that divides a population into two numerically equal groups; that is, half the people are younger than this age and half are older. It is a single index that summarizes the age distribution of a population. Currently, the median age ranges from a low of about 15 in Uganda and Gaza Strip to 40 or more in several European countries and Japan. See the entry for "Age structure" for the importance of a young versus an older age structure and, by implication, a low versus a higher median age.
  • Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > Austrian citizens > Length of stay permitted: Length of stay permitted.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Charity > World Giving Index > Helped a stranger, percent: HS.
  • Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > United States citizens > Requirement: Europe Visa requirement.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Cities > Urban areas over 2,000,000: Urban Areas Over 2,000,000.
  • Drinking water source > Improved > Urban: This entry is derived from People > Drinking water source > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved drinking water sources available to segments of the population of a country.improved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: piped water into dwelling, yard, or plot; public tap or standpipe; tubewell or borehole; protected dug well; protected spring; or rainwater collection. unimproved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: unprotected dug well; unprotected spring; cart with small tank or drum; tanker truck; surface water, which includes rivers, dams, lakes, ponds, streams, canals or irrigation channels; or bottled water.
  • Population > CIA Factbook per capita: This entry gives an estimate from the US Bureau of the Census based on statistics from population censuses, vital statistics registration systems, or sample surveys pertaining to the recent past and on assumptions about future trends. The total population presents one overall measure of the potential impact of the country on the world and within its region. Note: starting with the 1993 Factbook, demographic estimates for some countries (mostly African) have explicitly taken into account the effects of the growing impact of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. These countries are currently: The Bahamas, Benin, Botswana, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burma, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Teen marriage rate > Women: Percentage of female population aged 15-19 who has been married at least once. Percentage is out of total number of females in the same age group.
  • Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of origin > Per capita: Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organisation of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of origin generally refers to the nationality or country of citizenship of a claimant." Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years > Females per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Sanitation facility access > Unimproved > Total: This entry is derived from People > Sanitation facility access > Unimproved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved sanitation facilities available to segments of the population of a country. improved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush to a piped sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine; pit latrine with slab; or a composting toilet. unimproved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush not piped to a sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; pit latrine without a slab or open pit; bucket; hanging toilet or hanging latrine; shared facilities of any type; no facilities; or bush or field.
  • Rural population > Per capita: Rural population is calculated as the difference between the total population and the urban population. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Cities > Urban areas over 1,000,000 per million people: Urban areas with a population of over a million people.
  • Age structure > 15-64 years > Females: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Median age > Male: This entry is the age that divides a population into two numerically equal groups; that is, half the people are younger than this age and half are older. It is a single index that summarizes the age distribution of a population. Currently, the median age ranges from a low of about 15 in Uganda and Gaza Strip to 40 or more in several European countries and Japan. See the entry for "Age structure" for the importance of a young versus an older age structure and, by implication, a low versus a higher median age.
  • Gender ratio > Babies: Female/male ratio at birth.
  • Health expenditures: This entry provides the total expenditure on health as a percentage of GDP. Health expenditures are broadly defined as activities performed either by institutions or individuals through the application of medical, paramedical, and/or nursing knowledge and technology, the primary purpose of which is to promote, restore, or maintain health.
  • Literacy > Male: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Male: This entry is derived from People > School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary , which school life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Gender ratio > Rural population: Female/male ratio of rural population.
  • Immigration > Ethnic Fractionalization Index: The probability that two individuals selected at random from a country will be from different ethnic groups, 0 meaning that each individual in this country is from the same ethnic group. For a discussion of what constitutes an ethnic group, please refer to Fearon (see citation).
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Childless women, aged 40-44: Proportion of women who have not given birth by age 40-44.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > Males: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > Females per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Male: This entry is derived from People > Unemployment, youth ages 15-24, which gives the percent of the total labor force ages 15-24 unemployed during a specified year.
  • Structure > Population > Total: Total population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of their country of origin. The values shown are midyear estimates."
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Modern methods: Current contraceptive use among married women 15-49 years old, modern methods, percentage.
  • Immigration > Destination countries of nationalities and ethnic groups > Jews > Enlarged Jewish population per thousand people:

    Jewish population by country. The enlarged Jewish community includes Jews, non-Jews with Jewish ancestry and non-Jewish members of Jewish households.   

    . Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Marriage > Percent married > Rural > Female > Aged 15-19: Percent ever married or in union among persons aged 15-19.
  • Gender ratio > Urban population: Female/male ratio of urban population.
  • Mortality rate, adult, female > Per 1,000 female adults: Mortality rate, adult, female (per 1,000 female adults). Adult mortality rate is the probability of dying between the ages of 15 and 60--that is, the probability of a 15-year-old dying before reaching age 60, if subject to current age-specific mortality rates between those ages.
  • Gender ratio > Aged over 60: Female/male ratio at age x.
  • Net migration per million: Net migration. Net migration is the net total of migrants during the period, that is, the total number of immigrants less the annual number of emigrants, including both citizens and noncitizens. Data are five-year estimates. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 0-4. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Gender > Women aged 15-49 per thousand people: Country's total population of women aged 15-49. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 15-64. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 0-14. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Cities > Urban population per thousand people: Total population living in urban areas. The defition of an urban area differs for each country. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Cities > Urban areas over 2,000,000 per million people: Urban Areas Over 2,000,000. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Immigration > Nationality compositions of > Norway per million people: Country of origin of Norway’s population who was either foreign born or born in Norway to foreign residents (number of people by country of origin). Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Immigration > Destination countries of nationalities and ethnic groups > Greeks: Members of the Greek diaspora by country of residence. Whether a member of the diaspora is defined as a Greek citizen, by ancestry or by self-identification varies by country.
  • Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > British citizens: Visa requirement.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Migration > Refugees per 1000: Refugees (number in each country, 1990-99). Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total Population > Female per 1000: Total Population - Female, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Immigration > Nationality compositions of Canada, share of immigrants: Portion of immigrants in Canada.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > Males per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Fertility > Number of maternal deaths per million: Number of maternal deaths. Maternal mortality deaths is the number of women who die during pregnancy and childbirth. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Fertility > Mortality rate, under-5, male > Per 1,000 live births: Mortality rate, under-5, male (per 1,000 live births). Mortality rate, under-5, male (per 1,000)
  • Urban and rural population > Urban gender ratio: Women per 100 men amongst urban population.
  • Marriage > Percent married > Urban > Male > Aged 15-19: Percent ever married or in union among persons aged 15-19.
  • Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita > Cubic meters: Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita (cubic meters). Renewable internal freshwater resources flows refer to internal renewable resources (internal river flows and groundwater from rainfall) in the country. Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita are calculated using the World Bank's population estimates.
  • Female population > Age 25-29: Female population - Age 25-29, as of April 26, 2005
  • Cities > Rate of urbanization: Urbanization rate.
  • Age structure > 15-64 years > Males per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Female population > Age 10-14: Female population - Age 10-14, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 20-24: Male population - Age 20-24, as of April 26, 2005
  • Immigration > Ethnic Fractionalization Index per million people: The probability that two individuals selected at random from a country will be from different ethnic groups, 0 meaning that each individual in this country is from the same ethnic group. For a discussion of what constitutes an ethnic group, please refer to Fearon (see citation). Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Gender ratio > Aged over 60 > Women per 100 men: Female/male ratio at age x.
  • Future population change per thousand people: Total change in population by country. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 60 and older. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Total per thousand people: Number of people 65 years old and older. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 15-59. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Charity > World Giving Index > Volunteered time: VT.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Charity > World Giving Index > Donated money, percent: DM.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Immigration > Destination countries of nationalities and ethnic groups > Jews > Percent Jewish: Proportion of country’s population that is Jewish.
  • Future population > Females per thousand people: UN estimates of female population in 2010, 2015, 2020, 2025 and 2030. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Urban and rural population > Rural gender ratio: Women per 100 men, rural population.
  • Marriage > Percent married > Rural > Male > Aged 15-19: Percent ever married or in union among persons aged 15-19.
  • Widows > Proportion of age group > All > Men > Aged 30 to 39: Percent widowed in age group.
  • Marriage > Percent married > Urban > Female > Aged 15-19: Percent ever married or in union among persons aged 15-19.
  • Total population > Age 80-84: Total population - Age 80-84, as of April 26, 2005
  • Fertility > Maternal mortality ratio > Modeled estimate, per 100,000 live births: Maternal mortality ratio (modeled estimate, per 100,000 live births). Maternal mortality ratio is the number of women who die during pregnancy and childbirth, per 100,000 live births. The data are estimated with a regression model using information on fertility, birth attendants, and HIV prevalence.
  • Fertility > Number of maternal deaths: Number of maternal deaths. Maternal mortality deaths is the number of women who die during pregnancy and childbirth.
  • Gender > Gender ratio aged over 80: Amount of women per every 100 males that are over the age of 80 in each country. For instance, in North Korea, for every 100 males over 80, there are 411.8 females who are over 80.
  • Gender ratio > Aged over 80 > Women per 100 men: Female/male ratio at age x.
  • Total population > Age 25-29: Total population - Age 25-29, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 15-19: Female population - Age 15-19, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total Population > Male: Total Population - Male, as of April 26, 2005
  • Women > Maternal mortality ratio adjusted: People - Women - Maternal mortality ratio 2000 adjusted
  • Age structure > 15-64 years > Females per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Widows > Proportion of age group > Rural > Women > Aged above 59: Percent of population that is widowed by age group, gender and urban / rural status.
  • Widows > Proportion of age group > All > Men > Aged above 59: Percent widowed in age group.
  • Male population > Age 25-29: Male population - Age 25-29, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 10-14: Male population - Age 10-14, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 15-19: Male population - Age 15-19, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population > Age 30-34: Total population - Age 30-34, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total Population > Thousands: Total Population, thousands, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 20-24: Female population - Age 20-24, as of April 26, 2005
  • Gender ratio > Aged over 65 > Women per 100 men: Female/male ratio at age x.
  • Gender ratio > Aged over 65: Female/male ratio at age x.
  • Gender > Gender ratio aged over 60: Amount of women per every 100 males that are over the age of 60 in each country. For instance, in Russia, for every 100 males over 60, there are 196 females who are over 60.
  • Rights of the Child Convention > Ratification Dates: Date of ratification of the Convention on the Rights of the Child. "A" denotes acceptance; "a" denotes accession; "d" denotes succession
  • Male population > Age 45-49 per 1000: Male population - Age 45-49, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Male population > Age 40-44: Male population - Age 40-44, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 25-29 per 1000: Male population - Age 25-29, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 10-14: Total population - Age 10-14, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 30-34 per 1000: Female population - Age 30-34, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 45-49: Total population - Age 45-49, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 35-39 per 1000: Female population - Age 35-39, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Female population > Age 15-19 per 1000: Female population - Age 15-19, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Male population > Age 30-34 per 1000: Male population - Age 30-34, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
STAT India Moldova HISTORY
Age structure > 0-14 years 28.9%
Ranked 87th. 64% more than Moldova
17.6%
Ranked 173th.

Age structure > 65 years and over 5.7%
Ranked 125th.
10.7%
Ranked 70th. 88% more than India

Birth rate 20.24 births/1,000 population
Ranked 87th. 63% more than Moldova
12.38 births/1,000 population
Ranked 159th.

Death rate 7.39 deaths/1,000 population
Ranked 116th.
12.61 deaths/1,000 population
Ranked 24th. 71% more than India

Ethnic groups Indo-Aryan 72%, Dravidian 25%, Mongoloid and other 3% Moldovan/Romanian 78.2%, Ukrainian 8.4%, Russian 5.8%, Gagauz 4.4%, Bulgarian 1.9%, other 1.3%; <i>note:</i> internal disputes with ethnic Slavs in the Transnistrian region
Mother's mean age at first birth 19.9
Ranked 11th.
23.5
Ranked 23th. 18% more than India
Nationality > Adjective Indian Moldovan
Population 1.22 billion
Ranked 2nd. 337 times more than Moldova
3.62 million
Ranked 130th.

Population > Population growth, past and future -0.244
Ranked 141st.
-0.452
Ranked 205th. 85% more than India

Population growth rate 1.28%
Ranked 90th.
-1.02%
Ranked 230th.

Population in 2015 1.26 million thousand
Ranked 2nd. 306 times more than Moldova
4,114 thousand
Ranked 125th.
Sex ratio > At birth 1.12 male(s)/female
Ranked 5th. 6% more than Moldova
1.06 male(s)/female
Ranked 61st.

Sex ratio > Total population 1.08 male(s)/female
Ranked 13th. 15% more than Moldova
0.94 male(s)/female
Ranked 193th.

Total fertility rate 2.55 children born/woman
Ranked 80th. 65% more than Moldova
1.55 children born/woman
Ranked 180th.

Urban and rural > Population living in cities proper 172.41 million
Ranked 1st. 213 times more than Moldova
808,331
Ranked 38th.

Death rate, crude > Per 1,000 people 7.95
Ranked 91st.
13.96
Ranked 15th. 76% more than India

Population growth -0.244%
Ranked 141st.
-0.452%
Ranked 205th. 85% more than India

Obesity > Adult obesity rate 1.9%
Ranked 182nd.
21.2%
Ranked 88th. 11 times more than India
Languages Hindi 41%, Bengali 8.1%, Telugu 7.2%, Marathi 7%, Tamil 5.9%, Urdu 5%, Gujarati 4.5%, Kannada 3.7%, Malayalam 3.2%, Oriya 3.2%, Punjabi 2.8%, Assamese 1.3%, Maithili 1.2%, other 5.9% Moldovan (official, virtually the same as the Romanian language), Russian, Gagauz (a Turkish dialect)
Median age > Total 26.7 years
Ranked 133th.
35.4 years
Ranked 67th. 33% more than India

Religions Hindu 80.5%, Muslim 13.4%, Christian 2.3%, Sikh 1.9%, other 1.8%, unspecified 0.1% Eastern Orthodox 98%, Jewish 1.5%, Baptist and other 0.5%
Sex ratio > Under 15 years 1.13 male(s)/female
Ranked 7th. 7% more than Moldova
1.06 male(s)/female
Ranked 57th.

Urban and rural > Urban population 338.36 million
Ranked 2nd. 229 times more than Moldova
1.48 million
Ranked 68th.

Gender > Female population 760.43 million
Ranked 1st. 871 times more than Moldova
873,297
Ranked 149th.

Urbanization > Rate of urbanization None None
Gender > Male population 786.41 million
Ranked 1st. 949 times more than Moldova
828,907
Ranked 150th.

Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 15.9%
Ranked 85th. 1% more than Moldova
15.72%
Ranked 97th.

Migration > Net migration rate -0.05 migrant(s)/1,000 populati
Ranked 86th.
-1.13 migrant(s)/1,000 populati
Ranked 119th. 23 times more than India

Age structure > 15-64 years 65.2%
Ranked 131st.
71.9%
Ranked 18th. 10% more than India

Percentage living in rural areas. 72%
Ranked 28th. 33% more than Moldova
54%
Ranked 70th.
Age structure > 15-24 years 18.2%
Ranked 102nd. 21% more than Moldova
15%
Ranked 152nd.
Nationality > Noun Indian(s) Moldovan(s)
Urban and rural > Rural population 811.84 million
Ranked 1st. 390 times more than Moldova
2.08 million
Ranked 56th.

Percentage living in urban areas 28%
Ranked 172nd.
46%
Ranked 131st. 64% more than India
Migration > Net migration > Per capita -1,406.928 per 1 million people
Ranked 98th.
-82,545.263 per 1 million people
Ranked 178th. 59 times more than India

Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total 245.95 million
Ranked 1st. 919 times more than Moldova
267,528
Ranked 148th.

Child labor > Children ages 5-14 19.9
Ranked 9th.
23.5
Ranked 23th. 18% more than India
Life expectancy at birth > Total population 67.48 years
Ranked 161st.
69.82 years
Ranked 151st. 3% more than India

Age structure > 25-54 years 40.4%
Ranked 114th.
43.9%
Ranked 56th. 9% more than India
Age distribution > Median age 44.27 years
Ranked 118th.
44.72 years
Ranked 115th. 1% more than India

Urban population 314.15 million
Ranked 2nd. 160 times more than Moldova
1.96 million
Ranked 122nd.

Contraceptive prevalence rate 54.8%
Ranked 1st.
67.8%
Ranked 2nd. 24% more than India
Age structure > 55-64 years 6.9%
Ranked 123th.
12.9%
Ranked 31st. 87% more than India
Migration > Foreign worker salaries 2.89 billion
Ranked 26th. 28 times more than Moldova
104 million
Ranked 70th.

Sex ratio > 65 years and over 0.91 male(s)/female
Ranked 39th. 52% more than Moldova
0.6 male(s)/female
Ranked 213th.

Age distribution > Total dependency ratio 66.19%
Ranked 125th. 1% more than Moldova
65.56%
Ranked 128th.

Projected population growth 57.6%
Ranked 62nd.
-0.47%
Ranked 113th.
Infant mortality rate > Total 44.6 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 50th. 3 times more than Moldova
13.28 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 125th.

Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of asylum > Per capita 0.161 per 1,000 people
Ranked 93th. 5 times more than Moldova
0.034 per 1,000 people
Ranked 114th.

Sex ratio > 15-64 years 1.07
Ranked 19th. 9% more than Moldova
0.98
Ranked 151st.

Marriage > Years being single before marriage > Women 20.2
Ranked 14th.
21.9
Ranked 9th. 8% more than India
Urban and rural > Urban population per thousand people 288.05
Ranked 69th.
415.26
Ranked 62nd. 44% more than India

Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 60.17%
Ranked 72nd.
60.4%
Ranked 69th. About the same as India

Age distribution > Elderly dependency ratio 39.76%
Ranked 120th. 1% more than Moldova
39.54%
Ranked 122nd.

Gender > Global Gender Gap Index 0.655
Ranked 101st.
0.704
Ranked 52nd. 7% more than India

Marriage > Minimum legal age > Without parental consent > For Women 18
Ranked 63th. 13% more than Moldova
16
Ranked 134th.
Literacy > Total population 62.8%
Ranked 187th.
99%
Ranked 43th. 58% more than India

Teenage pregancy rate 67.12
Ranked 52nd. Twice as much as Moldova
33.49
Ranked 102nd.

Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Percent 11.18%
Ranked 83th. 1% more than Moldova
11.05%
Ranked 86th.

Child labor > Children ages 5-14 > Percentage 12%
Ranked 16th.
16%
Ranked 1st. 33% more than India
Age distribution > Child dependency ratio 26.42%
Ranked 149th. 2% more than Moldova
26.02%
Ranked 176th.

Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Total 80.33 million
Ranked 1st. 906 times more than Moldova
88,693
Ranked 148th.

Population > CIA Factbook 1.15 billion
Ranked 2nd. 265 times more than Moldova
4.32 million
Ranked 122nd.

Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 53.89%
Ranked 75th.
53.94%
Ranked 74th. The same as India

Urbanization 28
Ranked 176th.
41
Ranked 141st. 46% more than India
Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 > Total 833.64 million
Ranked 1st. 908 times more than Moldova
918,159
Ranked 149th.

Migration > Net migration -1,540,000
Ranked 177th. 5 times more than Moldova
-320,000
Ranked 157th.

Fertility > Fertility rate, total > Births per woman 2.53
Ranked 84th. 72% more than Moldova
1.47
Ranked 170th.

Fertility > Mortality rate, infant > Per 1,000 live births 43.8
Ranked 48th. 3 times more than Moldova
15.1
Ranked 102nd.

Fertility > Birth rate, crude > Per 1,000 people 21
Ranked 90th. 70% more than Moldova
12.32
Ranked 148th.

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Total 10.2%
Ranked 99th.
14.9%
Ranked 78th. 46% more than India

Urban and rural > Females living in cities proper 58,896
Ranked 23th.
355,026
Ranked 6th. 6 times more than India

Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Total 467.24 million
Ranked 1st. 905 times more than Moldova
516,517
Ranked 149th.

Number of infant deaths per 1000 0.887
Ranked 55th. 3 times more than Moldova
0.281
Ranked 92nd.

Number of infant deaths 1.1 million
Ranked 1st. 1097 times more than Moldova
1,000
Ranked 123th.

Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of origin 19,514
Ranked 31st. 3 times more than Moldova
5,925
Ranked 58th.

Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Total 172.86 million
Ranked 1st. 919 times more than Moldova
188,162
Ranked 148th.

Gender > Sex ratio at birth 1.08
Ranked 1st. 2% more than Moldova
1.06
Ranked 23th.

Child labor > Children ages 5-14 per million people 0.0174
Ranked 11th.
6.6
Ranked 7th. 379 times more than India
Age dependency ratio > Dependents to working-age population 0.6
Ranked 82nd. 50% more than Moldova
0.4
Ranked 174th.

Literacy > Female 50.8%
Ranked 5th.
98.5%
Ranked 22nd. 94% more than India

Population density > People per sq. km of land area 410.72 sq. km
Ranked 22nd. 3 times more than Moldova
123.91 sq. km
Ranked 1st.

Urban and rural > Rural population per thousand people 691.13
Ranked 17th. 18% more than Moldova
584.73
Ranked 20th.

Urban and rural > Female rural population 394.59 million
Ranked 1st. 370 times more than Moldova
1.07 million
Ranked 49th.

Drinking water source > Unimproved > Urban 3% of population
Ranked 84th. 3 times more than Moldova
1% of population
Ranked 130th.
Children under the age of 5 years underweight 43.5%
Ranked 1st. 14 times more than Moldova
3.2%
Ranked 19th.
Abortion > Abortion rate 3.1 abortions per 1,000 women
Ranked 2nd.
17.6 abortions per 1,000 women
Ranked 8th. 6 times more than India
Dependency ratios > Potential support ratio 12.4
Ranked 90th. 97% more than Moldova
6.3
Ranked 141st.
Physicians density 0.65 physicians/1,000 population
Ranked 33th.
3.64 physicians/1,000 population
Ranked 7th. 6 times more than India

Life expectancy at birth > Female 68.7 years
Ranked 164th.
73.94 years
Ranked 145th. 8% more than India

Dependency ratios > Elderly dependency ratio 8%
Ranked 107th.
15.8%
Ranked 56th. 98% more than India
Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Percent 23.93%
Ranked 119th. About the same as Moldova
23.88%
Ranked 121st.

Cities > Urban population 40,860
Ranked 196th.
53,912
Ranked 168th. 32% more than India

Dependency ratios > Youth dependency ratio 44.3%
Ranked 86th. 93% more than Moldova
23%
Ranked 166th.
Child labor > Children ages 5-14 > Total number 26.97 million
Ranked 1st. 373 times more than Moldova
72,364
Ranked 73th.
Immigration > Refugees and asylum seekers > Natives per Refugee 6,692
Ranked 57th.
24,435
Ranked 38th. 4 times more than India
Urban and rural > Female urban population 160.31 million
Ranked 1st. 205 times more than Moldova
783,593
Ranked 58th.

Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of asylum 185,323
Ranked 17th. 1314 times more than Moldova
141
Ranked 123th.

Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 > Total 930.78 million
Ranked 1st. 905 times more than Moldova
1.03 million
Ranked 149th.

Dependency ratios > Total dependency ratio 52.4%
Ranked 101st. 35% more than Moldova
38.8%
Ranked 184th.
Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Percent 5.19%
Ranked 95th.
5.21%
Ranked 92nd. About the same as India

Urban and rural > Males living in cities proper 61,780
Ranked 24th.
309,660
Ranked 7th. 5 times more than India

Age structure > 65 years and over > From total 5.2%
Ranked 117th.
10.9%
Ranked 59th. 2 times more than India

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Total None None
Population, total 1.24 billion
Ranked 2nd. 347 times more than Moldova
3.56 million
Ranked 132nd.

Major cities > Population DELHI (capital) 21.72 million; Mumbai 19.695 million; Kolkata 15.294 million; Chennai 7.416 million; Bangalore 7.079 million CHISINAU (capital) 650,000
Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Total 370.1 million
Ranked 1st. 910 times more than Moldova
406,545
Ranked 150th.

Child labor > Children ages 5-14 > Total number per thousand people 22.09
Ranked 58th. 10% more than Moldova
19.99
Ranked 62nd.
Sanitation facility access > Improved > Total 34% of population
Ranked 123th.
85% of population
Ranked 67th. 3 times more than India

Life expectancy at birth > Male 66.38 years
Ranked 151st. 1% more than Moldova
65.95 years
Ranked 154th.

Marriage, divorce and children > Women denied family planning 20.5%
Ranked 4th. 80% more than Moldova
11.4%
Ranked 14th.

Gender ratio > Whole population 93.1%
Ranked 181st.
109%
Ranked 16th. 17% more than India

Marriage > Percent married > All > Female > Aged 15-19 35.7%
Ranked 5th. 3 times more than Moldova
11.6%
Ranked 4th.
Gender > Women aged 15-49 306.98 million
Ranked 1st. 909 times more than Moldova
337,722
Ranked 148th.

Immigration > Destination countries of nationalities and ethnic groups > Russians 140
Ranked 58th.
202,000
Ranked 16th. 1443 times more than India
Urban and rural > Females living in cities proper per thousand people 0.0556
Ranked 32nd.
99.7
Ranked 6th. 1794 times more than India

Migration > Refugees 185,510
Ranked 21st. 128 times more than Moldova
1,450
Ranked 83th.
Hospital bed density 0.9 beds/1,000 population
Ranked 9th.
6.2 beds/1,000 population
Ranked 6th. 7 times more than India

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Total 11 years
Ranked 136th.
12 years
Ranked 121st. 9% more than India

Urban and rural > Population living in urban agglomerations 105,377
Ranked 13th.
787,900
Ranked 4th. 7 times more than India

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Male 11 years
Ranked 140th.
12 years
Ranked 118th. 9% more than India

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Female None None
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Total 11 years
Ranked 136th.
12 years
Ranked 121st. 9% more than India
Population density 383.41
Ranked 18th. 3 times more than Moldova
110.47
Ranked 78th.

Migration > Internally displaced persons > Number, high estimate 506,000
Ranked 9th. 506 times more than Moldova
1,000
Ranked 49th.

Urban population > Per capita 0.287 per capita
Ranked 159th.
0.507 per capita
Ranked 114th. 77% more than India

Total Population > Female 530.74 million
Ranked 2nd. 227 times more than Moldova
2.34 million
Ranked 116th.
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Total 10 years
Ranked 155th.
12 years
Ranked 119th. 20% more than India

Patriotism 3.7
Ranked 3rd. 24% more than Moldova
2.98
Ranked 11th.
Age structure > 0-14 years > Females 172.17 million
Ranked 1st. 504 times more than Moldova
341,785
Ranked 138th.

Net migration -2,294,049
Ranked 193th. 22 times more than Moldova
-103,050
Ranked 154th.

Gender > Male population per thousand people 517.36
Ranked 14th. 9% more than Moldova
475.79
Ranked 175th.

Future population > Females 734.72 million
Ranked 1st. 418 times more than Moldova
1.76 million
Ranked 133th.

Age structure > 0-14 years > From total 31.5%
Ranked 90th. 93% more than Moldova
16.3%
Ranked 188th.

Births > Teen motherhood rate 29%
Ranked 3rd. 6 times more than Moldova
5%
Ranked 7th.
Infant mortality rate > Female 46.08 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 40th. 4 times more than Moldova
11.25 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 129th.

Drinking water source > Improved > Total 92% of population
Ranked 66th.
96% of population
Ranked 47th. 4% more than India
Fertility > Maternity leave > Weeks of leave given 52
Ranked 87th. 3 times more than Moldova
18
Ranked 144th.
Sanitation facility access > Unimproved > Rural 77% of population
Ranked 33th. 4 times more than Moldova
18% of population
Ranked 103th.

Urban and rural > Female urban population per thousand people 136.48
Ranked 63th.
219.98
Ranked 54th. 61% more than India

Number of under-five deaths 1.41 million
Ranked 1st. 1414 times more than Moldova
1,000
Ranked 131st.

Fertility > Adolescent fertility rate > Births per 1,000 women ages 15-19 36.35
Ranked 100th. 20% more than Moldova
30.18
Ranked 111th.

Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Any method 54.8%
Ranked 14th.
67.8%
Ranked 13th. 24% more than India

Gender > Female population per thousand people 482.64
Ranked 182nd.
527.29
Ranked 8th. 9% more than India

Literacy > Definition age 15 and over can read and write age 15 and over can read and write
Age structure > 0-14 years > Males 189.24 million
Ranked 1st. 524 times more than Moldova
361,000
Ranked 138th.

Age structure > 65 years and over > Females 31.28 million
Ranked 3rd. 105 times more than Moldova
296,517
Ranked 88th.

Urban population per 1000 278.71
Ranked 156th.
546.31
Ranked 97th. 96% more than India

Rural population 780.44 million
Ranked 1st. 348 times more than Moldova
2.24 million
Ranked 103th.

Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Percent 7.49%
Ranked 129th.
8.31%
Ranked 121st. 11% more than India

Sanitation facility access > Unimproved > Urban 42% of population
Ranked 43th. 4 times more than Moldova
11% of population
Ranked 91st.

Urban and rural > Males living in cities proper per thousand people 0.0583
Ranked 33th.
86.96
Ranked 6th. 1491 times more than India

Density and urbanisation > Urban population 344.52 million
Ranked 3rd. 230 times more than Moldova
1.49 million
Ranked 128th.

Cities > Urban areas over 500,000 93
Ranked 2nd. 93 times more than Moldova
1
Ranked 119th.
Drinking water source > Unimproved > Rural 10% of population
Ranked 100th. 43% more than Moldova
7% of population
Ranked 114th.
Drinking water source > Improved > Rural 90% of population
Ranked 98th.
93% of population
Ranked 85th. 3% more than India
GDP per capita > Current US$ $1,489.23
Ranked 137th.
$2,037.56
Ranked 127th. 37% more than India

Population, total per 1000 1,000
Ranked 93th. The same as Moldova
1,000
Ranked 153th.

Maternal mortality rate 200 deaths/100,000 live births
Ranked 55th. 5 times more than Moldova
41 deaths/100,000 live births
Ranked 113th.

Median age > Both sexes 25.9
Ranked 125th.
35
Ranked 65th. 35% more than India
Marriage > Percent married > All > Male > Aged 15-19 9.5%
Ranked 2nd. 6 times more than Moldova
1.7%
Ranked 10th.
Infant mortality rate > Male 43.28 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 56th. 3 times more than Moldova
15.2 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 119th.

Drinking water source > Unimproved > Total 8% of population
Ranked 75th. Twice as much as Moldova
4% of population
Ranked 100th.
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Female 10 years
Ranked 36th.
12 years
Ranked 47th. 20% more than India
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Male None None
Immigration > Visa overstay rate > Australia 1.02
Ranked 91st. 1% more than Moldova
1.01
Ranked 93th.

Age structure > 15-64 years > Males 374.16 million
Ranked 2nd. 245 times more than Moldova
1.53 million
Ranked 118th.

Immigration > Cultural Diversity Index 0.667
Ranked 4th. 66% more than Moldova
0.401
Ranked 56th.
Age structure > 0-14 years > Males per 1000 161.1
Ranked 81st. 59% more than Moldova
101.12
Ranked 145th.

Age structure > 15-64 years > From total 63.3%
Ranked 131st.
72.9%
Ranked 8th. 15% more than India

Sanitation facility access > Improved > Rural 23% of population
Ranked 160th.
82% of population
Ranked 93th. 4 times more than India

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Female 10 years
Ranked 39th.
12 years
Ranked 47th. 20% more than India

Urban and rural > Female rural population per thousand people 335.92
Ranked 15th. 12% more than Moldova
299.17
Ranked 16th.

Number of under-five deaths per 1000 1.14
Ranked 56th. 4 times more than Moldova
0.281
Ranked 97th.

Fertility > Mortality rate, under-5 > Per 1,000 live births 56.3
Ranked 49th. 3 times more than Moldova
17.6
Ranked 104th.

Future population > Males 771.03 million
Ranked 1st. 472 times more than Moldova
1.63 million
Ranked 134th.

Density and urbanisation > Rural population 810.82 million
Ranked 1st. 385 times more than Moldova
2.11 million
Ranked 100th.

Migration > International migrant stock > Total 5.89 million
Ranked 8th. 13 times more than Moldova
440,121
Ranked 65th.

Urbanization > Urban population None None
Median age > Female 27.4 years
Ranked 126th.
37.4 years
Ranked 63th. 36% more than India

Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > Austrian citizens > Length of stay permitted visa on arrival planned but not yet effective 90 days
Charity > World Giving Index > Helped a stranger, percent 19%
Ranked 144th.
41%
Ranked 88th. 2 times more than India
Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > United States citizens > Requirement Visa required Visa not required
Cities > Urban areas over 2,000,000 19
Ranked 3rd.
0.0
Ranked 121st.
Drinking water source > Improved > Urban 97% of population
Ranked 111th.
99% of population
Ranked 86th. 2% more than India
Population > CIA Factbook per capita 0.977
Ranked 135th.
1.21
Ranked 6th. 24% more than India

Marriage, divorce and children > Teen marriage rate > Women 27.6
Ranked 3rd. 3 times more than Moldova
10.6
Ranked 6th.
Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of origin > Per capita 17.05 per 1 million people
Ranked 140th.
1,284.56 per 1 million people
Ranked 37th. 75 times more than India

Age structure > 0-14 years > Females per 1000 146.57
Ranked 89th. 53% more than Moldova
95.74
Ranked 145th.

Sanitation facility access > Unimproved > Total 69% of population
Ranked 28th. 3 times more than Moldova
21% of population
Ranked 82nd.

Rural population > Per capita 713 per 1,000 people
Ranked 35th. 23% more than Moldova
578.25 per 1,000 people
Ranked 65th.

Cities > Urban areas over 1,000,000 per million people 0.0451
Ranked 88th.
0.0
Ranked 130th.
Age structure > 15-64 years > Females 352.87 million
Ranked 2nd. 217 times more than Moldova
1.62 million
Ranked 114th.

Median age > Male 26.1 years
Ranked 135th.
33.5 years
Ranked 72nd. 28% more than India

Gender ratio > Babies 92.2%
Ranked 186th.
94.5%
Ranked 148th. 2% more than India

Health expenditures 3.9% of GDP
Ranked 152nd.
11.4% of GDP
Ranked 11th. 3 times more than India

Literacy > Male 75.2%
Ranked 175th.
99.5%
Ranked 29th. 32% more than India

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Male 11 years
Ranked 143th.
12 years
Ranked 121st. 9% more than India

Gender ratio > Rural population 94.8%
Ranked 41st.
109.8%
Ranked 4th. 16% more than India

Immigration > Ethnic Fractionalization Index 0.811
Ranked 16th. 59% more than Moldova
0.51
Ranked 72nd.
Marriage, divorce and children > Childless women, aged 40-44 8%
Ranked 14th.
9%
Ranked 4th. 13% more than India
Age structure > 65 years and over > Males 28.29 million
Ranked 3rd. 162 times more than Moldova
174,448
Ranked 98th.

Age structure > 65 years and over > Females per 1000 26.63
Ranked 114th.
83.06
Ranked 37th. 3 times more than India

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Male 9.8%
Ranked 99th.
14.2%
Ranked 78th. 45% more than India

Structure > Population > Total 1.16 billion
Ranked 2nd. 321 times more than Moldova
3.6 million
Ranked 123th.

Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Modern methods 48.1%
Ranked 13th. 13% more than Moldova
42.6%
Ranked 21st.

Immigration > Destination countries of nationalities and ethnic groups > Jews > Enlarged Jewish population per thousand people 0.00566
Ranked 88th.
2.11
Ranked 25th. 372 times more than India

Marriage > Percent married > Rural > Female > Aged 15-19 41.2%
Ranked 2nd. 3 times more than Moldova
16.3%
Ranked 1st.
Gender ratio > Urban population 90.4%
Ranked 50th.
107.2%
Ranked 23th. 19% more than India

Education expenditures 3.3% of GDP
Ranked 38th.
8.6% of GDP
Ranked 2nd. 3 times more than India

Mortality rate, adult, female > Per 1,000 female adults 160.66
Ranked 59th. 13% more than Moldova
142.09
Ranked 68th.

Gender ratio > Aged over 60 106.9%
Ranked 164th.
162.4%
Ranked 10th. 52% more than India

Net migration per million -1,854.996
Ranked 101st.
-28,950.362
Ranked 179th. 16 times more than India

Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Total per thousand people 100.6
Ranked 89th. 67% more than Moldova
60.27
Ranked 148th.

Gender > Women aged 15-49 per thousand people 257.57
Ranked 79th.
269.98
Ranked 42nd. 5% more than India

Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 > Total per thousand people 647.6
Ranked 103th.
723.95
Ranked 14th. 12% more than India

Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total per thousand people 301.72
Ranked 79th. 80% more than Moldova
167.22
Ranked 159th.

Cities > Urban population per thousand people 2.56e-08
Ranked 220th.
1.34e-05
Ranked 101st. 523 times more than India

Cities > Urban areas over 2,000,000 per million people 0.0156
Ranked 69th.
0.0
Ranked 120th.
Immigration > Nationality compositions of > Norway per million people 9.8
Ranked 121st.
122.38
Ranked 52nd. 12 times more than India
Immigration > Destination countries of nationalities and ethnic groups > Greeks 1,900
Ranked 16th.
3,000
Ranked 14th. 58% more than India
Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > British citizens Visa required Visa not required
Migration > Refugees per 1000 0.214
Ranked 85th.
0.392
Ranked 75th. 84% more than India
Total Population > Female per 1000 470.87
Ranked 169th.
651.57
Ranked 3rd. 38% more than India
Immigration > Nationality compositions of Canada, share of immigrants 7.2%
Ranked 3rd. 72 times more than Moldova
0.1%
Ranked 115th.
Age structure > 65 years and over > Males per 1000 24.08
Ranked 99th.
48.86
Ranked 49th. 2 times more than India

Fertility > Number of maternal deaths per million 46.45
Ranked 55th. 9 times more than Moldova
5.05
Ranked 119th.

Fertility > Mortality rate, under-5, male > Per 1,000 live births 54.1
Ranked 56th. 3 times more than Moldova
19.6
Ranked 102nd.

Urban and rural population > Urban gender ratio 90.4
Ranked 50th.
107.2
Ranked 23th. 19% more than India

Marriage > Percent married > Urban > Male > Aged 15-19 4.3%
Ranked 5th. 2 times more than Moldova
1.8%
Ranked 5th.
Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita > Cubic meters 1,184.12
Ranked 123th. 4 times more than Moldova
280.84
Ranked 159th.

Female population > Age 25-29 43.6 million
Ranked 2nd. 241 times more than Moldova
180,797
Ranked 114th.
Cities > Rate of urbanization 2.4%
Ranked 76th.
-1.5%
Ranked 225th.
Age structure > 15-64 years > Males per 1000 318.52
Ranked 110th.
428.02
Ranked 4th. 34% more than India

Female population > Age 10-14 53.86 million
Ranked 1st. 347 times more than Moldova
155,085
Ranked 125th.
Male population > Age 20-24 53.11 million
Ranked 2nd. 254 times more than Moldova
209,139
Ranked 114th.
Immigration > Ethnic Fractionalization Index per million people 0.000741
Ranked 144th.
0.141
Ranked 29th. 190 times more than India
Gender ratio > Aged over 60 > Women per 100 men 106.9
Ranked 164th.
162.4
Ranked 10th. 52% more than India

Future population change per thousand people 13.02
Ranked 94th.
-10.896
Ranked 189th.

Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Total per thousand people 77.42
Ranked 101st.
160.03
Ranked 52nd. 2 times more than India

Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Total per thousand people 50.68
Ranked 104th.
111.91
Ranked 52nd. 2 times more than India

Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 > Total per thousand people 620.86
Ranked 85th.
675.83
Ranked 19th. 9% more than India

Charity > World Giving Index > Volunteered time 10%
Ranked 104th.
17%
Ranked 71st. 70% more than India
Charity > World Giving Index > Donated money, percent 19%
Ranked 86th. The same as Moldova
19%
Ranked 89th.
Immigration > Destination countries of nationalities and ethnic groups > Jews > Percent Jewish 0.0
Ranked 89th.
0.184%
Ranked 26th.
Future population > Females per thousand people 489.04
Ranked 140th.
542.63
Ranked 19th. 11% more than India
Urban and rural population > Rural gender ratio 94.8
Ranked 41st.
109.8
Ranked 4th. 16% more than India

Marriage > Percent married > Rural > Male > Aged 15-19 11.5%
Ranked 2nd. 7 times more than Moldova
1.6%
Ranked 5th.
Widows > Proportion of age group > All > Men > Aged 30 to 39 1.2%
Ranked 2nd. 3 times more than Moldova
0.4%
Ranked 10th.
Marriage > Percent married > Urban > Female > Aged 15-19 21.6%
Ranked 5th. 3 times more than Moldova
8.4%
Ranked 4th.
Total population > Age 80-84 7.79 million
Ranked 2nd. 153 times more than Moldova
50,994
Ranked 96th.
Fertility > Maternal mortality ratio > Modeled estimate, per 100,000 live births 200
Ranked 55th. 5 times more than Moldova
41
Ranked 111th.

Fertility > Number of maternal deaths 56,000
Ranked 1st. 3111 times more than Moldova
18
Ranked 121st.

Gender > Gender ratio aged over 80 110.9
Ranked 181st.
245
Ranked 20th. 2 times more than India

Gender ratio > Aged over 80 > Women per 100 men 110.9
Ranked 181st.
245
Ranked 20th. 2 times more than India

Total population > Age 25-29 93.27 million
Ranked 1st. 258 times more than Moldova
361,443
Ranked 114th.
Female population > Age 15-19 52.91 million
Ranked 2nd. 266 times more than Moldova
198,537
Ranked 113th.
Total Population > Male 564.61 million
Ranked 2nd. 266 times more than Moldova
2.12 million
Ranked 121st.
Women > Maternal mortality ratio adjusted 540
Ranked 40th. 15 times more than Moldova
36
Ranked 117th.
Age structure > 15-64 years > Females per 1000 300.4
Ranked 135th.
454.5
Ranked 2nd. 51% more than India

Widows > Proportion of age group > Rural > Women > Aged above 59 53.7%
Ranked 1st. About the same as Moldova
53.6%
Ranked 11th.
Widows > Proportion of age group > All > Men > Aged above 59 15.5%
Ranked 4th.
17.1%
Ranked 1st. 10% more than India
Male population > Age 25-29 49.68 million
Ranked 1st. 275 times more than Moldova
180,646
Ranked 115th.
Male population > Age 10-14 57.25 million
Ranked 1st. 357 times more than Moldova
160,541
Ranked 126th.
Male population > Age 15-19 56.56 million
Ranked 2nd. 276 times more than Moldova
204,988
Ranked 113th.
Total population > Age 30-34 84.17 million
Ranked 2nd. 248 times more than Moldova
339,612
Ranked 117th.
Total Population > Thousands 1.08 million
Ranked 2nd. 242 times more than Moldova
4,455
Ranked 118th.
Female population > Age 20-24 49.3 million
Ranked 2nd. 240 times more than Moldova
205,247
Ranked 114th.
Gender ratio > Aged over 65 > Women per 100 men 109.9
Ranked 164th.
171.5
Ranked 12th. 56% more than India

Gender ratio > Aged over 65 109.9%
Ranked 164th.
171.5%
Ranked 12th. 56% more than India

Gender > Gender ratio aged over 60 106.9
Ranked 164th.
162.4
Ranked 10th. 52% more than India

Rights of the Child Convention > Ratification Dates 11 Dec 1992 a 26 Jan 1993 a
Male population > Age 45-49 per 1000 25.96
Ranked 110th.
44.02
Ranked 11th. 70% more than India
Male population > Age 40-44 33.25 million
Ranked 2nd. 243 times more than Moldova
136,957
Ranked 117th.
Male population > Age 25-29 per 1000 44.07
Ranked 58th.
50.25
Ranked 16th. 14% more than India
Total population > Age 10-14 111.11 million
Ranked 1st. 352 times more than Moldova
315,626
Ranked 126th.
Female population > Age 30-34 per 1000 35.26
Ranked 100th.
47.5
Ranked 6th. 35% more than India
Total population > Age 45-49 57.14 million
Ranked 2nd. 168 times more than Moldova
340,456
Ranked 97th.
Female population > Age 35-39 per 1000 33.27
Ranked 104th.
39.15
Ranked 38th. 18% more than India
Female population > Age 15-19 per 1000 46.94
Ranked 107th.
55.22
Ranked 57th. 18% more than India
Male population > Age 30-34 per 1000 39.42
Ranked 60th.
46.97
Ranked 13th. 19% more than India

SOURCES: CIA World Factbook, 28 July 2005; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; CIA World Factbooks 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013; World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Population Division; Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat, World Population Prospects: The 2004 Revision and World Urbanization Prospects: http://esa.un.org/unpp; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; (1) United Nations Population Division. 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