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Country vs country: India and Poland compared: Health stats

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Definitions

  • Birth rate > Crude > Per 1,000 people: Crude birth rate indicates the number of live births occurring during the year, per 1,000 population estimated at midyear. Subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birth rate provides the rate of natural increase, which is equal to the population growth rate in the absence of migration.
  • Births and maternity > Average age of mother at childbirth: Average age of mother at first childbirth.
  • Births and maternity > Total fertility rate: Total fertility rate.
  • HIV AIDS > People living with HIV AIDS: An estimate of all people (adults and children) alive at yearend with HIV infection, whether or not they have developed symptoms of AIDS.
  • Hospital beds > Per 1,000 people: Hospital beds include inpatient beds available in public, private, general, and specialized hospitals and rehabilitation centers. In most cases beds for both acute and chronic care are included.
  • Infant mortality rate > Total: This entry gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
  • Life expectancy > Men: Life expectancy for men.
  • Life expectancy > Women: Life expectancy for women.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Total population: The average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Life expectancy at birth, female > Years: Life expectancy at birth, female (years). Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
  • Life expectancy at birth, male > Years: Life expectancy at birth, male (years). Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
  • Life expectancy at birth, total > Years: Life expectancy at birth, total (years). Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
  • Physicians > Per 1,000 people: Physicians are defined as graduates of any facility or school of medicine who are working in the country in any medical field (practice, teaching, research).
  • Probability of reaching 65 > Male: Probability at birth of reaching the age of 65.
  • Quality of health care system > Health care system index: Health Care Index is an estimation of the overall quality of the health care system, health care professionals, equipment, staff, doctors, cost, etc.
  • Quality of health care system > Cost: Cost to you. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Argentina, Austria and 69 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Germany and 7 more countries and over 100 contributions for Canada, India, United Kingdom and 1 more country. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from October, 2010 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Cost to you". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Abortions: Legal abortions
  • Fertility rate > Total > Births per woman: Total fertility rate represents the number of children that would be born to a woman if she were to live to the end of her childbearing years and bear children in accordance with current age-specific fertility rates.
  • Infant mortality rate: The number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country
  • HIV AIDS > People living with HIV AIDS > Per capita: An estimate of all people (adults and children) alive at yearend with HIV infection, whether or not they have developed symptoms of AIDS. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Human height > Average female height: Average female height.
  • Births and maternity > Infant mortality rate: How many infants, out of 1000, who will die before attaining one year of age.
  • Human height > Average male height: Average male height.
  • Deaths > Percent deaths registered: Civil registration coverage of deaths (%).
  • Diseases > Overweight > Average Body Mass Index (BMI): Countries compared by average BMI (combining male and female population), according to data gathered by researchers at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. The BMI (Body Mass Index) measures how appropiate is the weight of an individual compared to their height. The calculation is made measuring your weight in kilograms and dividing it twice by your height measured in metres. A high BMI (25 or more) is usually associated with a risk of suffering diverse health problems.
  • Diseases > Cancer > Cancer death rate (per 100,000 population): The number of people that will die from cancer out of 100,000 people the same age. The number is not an accurate telling of the country's cancer rate, but rather how fatal cancer is in each country.
  • HIV AIDS > Deaths: An estimate of the number of adults and children who died of AIDS during a given calendar year.
  • Quality of health care system > Modern equipment: Equipment for modern diagnosis and treatment. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Argentina, Austria and 69 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Germany and 7 more countries and over 100 contributions for Canada, India, United Kingdom and 1 more country. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from October, 2010 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Does hospitals have equipment for modern diagnosis and treatment?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Quality of health care system > Skill and competence of medical staff: Skill and competency of medical staff. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Argentina, Austria and 69 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Germany and 7 more countries and over 100 contributions for Canada, India, United Kingdom and 1 more country. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from October, 2010 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How satisfied are you with the skill and competency of the local medical staff?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Female: The average number of years to be lived by a females in this nation born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Quality of health care system > Accuracy and completeness in filling out reports: Accuracy and completeness in filling out reports. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Argentina, Austria and 69 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Germany and 7 more countries and over 100 contributions for Canada, India, United Kingdom and 1 more country. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from October, 2010 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How satisfied you with the accuracy and completeness in filling out reports?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Death rates > Children under 5: Under-five mortality rate is the probability per 1,000 that a newborn baby will die before reaching age five, if subject to current age-specific mortality rates."
  • Tobacco > Total adult smokers: Total adults smoking
  • HIV AIDS > Adult prevalence rate: An estimate of the percentage of adults (aged 15-49) living with HIV/AIDS. The adult prevalence rate is calculated by dividing the estimated number of adults living with HIV/AIDS at yearend by the total adult population at yearend.
  • Quality of health care system > Friendliness and courtesy of staff: Friendliness and courtesy of the staff. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Argentina, Austria and 69 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Germany and 7 more countries and over 100 contributions for Canada, India, United Kingdom and 1 more country. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from October, 2010 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Friendliness and courtesy of the staff?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Quality of health care system > Convenient location: Convenience of location for you. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Argentina, Austria and 69 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Germany and 7 more countries and over 100 contributions for Canada, India, United Kingdom and 1 more country. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from October, 2010 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Convenience of location for you". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Quality of health care system > Short waiting times: Responsiveness (waitings) in medical institutions. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Argentina, Austria and 69 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Germany and 7 more countries and over 100 contributions for Canada, India, United Kingdom and 1 more country. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from October, 2010 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How satisfied are you with the responsiveness (waitings) in medical institutions?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Male: The average number of years to be lived by amen in this nation born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. The entry includes total population as well as the male and female components. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Diseases > Incidence of tuberculosis > Per 100,000 people: Incidence of tuberculosis (per 100,000 people). Incidence of tuberculosis is the estimated number of new pulmonary, smear positive, and extra-pulmonary tuberculosis cases. Incidence includes patients with HIV.
  • Births and maternity > Teenage birth rate: Percentage of females aged 15-19 who give birth, out of all females the same age in the country.
  • Death rates > Men: Adult mortality rate is the probability of dying between the ages of 15 and 60--that is, the probability of a 15-year-old dying before reaching age 60, if subject to current age-specific mortality rates between those ages."
  • Health expenditure per capita > Current US$: Health expenditure per capita (current US$). Total health expenditure is the sum of public and private health expenditures as a ratio of total population. It covers the provision of health services (preventive and curative), family planning activities, nutrition activities, and emergency aid designated for health but does not include provision of water and sanitation. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Abortions per 1000: Legal abortions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Maternal mortality: Maternal mortality reported per 100,000 births 1985-1999. The maternal mortality data are those reported by national authorities. UNICEF and the World Health Organization periodically evaluate these data and make adjustments to account for the well-documented problems of under-reporting and misclassification of maternal deaths and to develop estimates for countries with no data (for details on the most recent estimates see Hill, AbouZahr and Wardlaw 2001). Data refer to the most recent year available during the period specified.
  • Quality of health care system > Speed in delivering examinations and reports: Speed in completing examination and reports. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Argentina, Austria and 69 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Germany and 7 more countries and over 100 contributions for Canada, India, United Kingdom and 1 more country. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from October, 2010 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Speed in completing examination and reports?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Health services > Hospital beds > Per 1,000 people: Hospital beds include inpatient beds available in public, private, general, and specialized hospitals and rehabilitation centers. In most cases beds for both acute and chronic care are included."
  • Expenditure per capita > Current US$: Total health expenditure is the sum of public and private health expenditures as a ratio of total population. It covers the provision of health services (preventive and curative), family planning activities, nutrition activities, and emergency aid designated for health but does not include provision of water and sanitation. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Human height > Stature ratio (male to female ratio): Ratio of average height of males to average height of females.
  • HIV AIDS > People living with HIV AIDS per 1000: An estimate of all people (adults and children) alive at yearend with HIV infection, whether or not they have developed symptoms of AIDS. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Death rates > Infants: Infant mortality rate is the number of infants dying before reaching one year of age, per 1,000 live births in a given year."
  • Diseases > Overweight > Female Body Mass Index (BMI): Countries compared by average female BMI, according to data gathered by researchers at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. The BMI (Body Mass Index) measures how appropiate is the weight of an individual compared to their height. The calculation is made measuring your weight in kilograms and dividing it twice by your height measured in metres. A high BMI (25 or more) is usually associated with a risk of suffering diverse health problems.
  • Births and maternity > All births of boys: Live births by sex and urban/rural residence.
  • Diseases > Overweight > Male Body Mass Index (BMI): Countries compared by average male BMI, according to data gathered by researchers at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. The BMI (Body Mass Index) measures how appropiate is the weight of an individual compared to their height. The calculation is made measuring your weight in kilograms and dividing it twice by your height measured in metres. A high BMI (25 or more) is usually associated with a risk of suffering diverse health problems.
  • Probability of reaching 65 > Female: Probability at birth of reaching the age of 65.
  • Adolescent fertility rate > Births per 1,000 women ages 15-19: Adolescent fertility rate is the number of births per 1,000 women ages 15-19.
  • Births and maternity > Number of births: Total number of live births. A live birth refers to a birth after which the baby shows signs of life, however, if the baby dies after showing signs of life, it is still considered a live birth.
  • Death rates > Women: Adult mortality rate is the probability of dying between the ages of 15 and 60--that is, the probability of a 15-year-old dying before reaching age 60, if subject to current age-specific mortality rates between those ages."
  • Tuberculosis cases > Per 100,000: Tuberculosis cases (per 100,000 people)
  • Life expectancy at birth > Total > Years: Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Male > Years: Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
  • Births and maternity > Future births: Mid-range estimate for country's population increase due to births from five years prior to the given year. For example, from 2095 to 2100, India's population is expected to rise by 16,181 people due to births. Estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Services, etc., value added > Current LCU per capita: Services, etc., value added (current LCU). Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99. They include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in current local currency. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Dependency ratio per 100: Dependency ratio (per 100), 2003
  • Life expectancy > Male: Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
  • Life expectancy > Female: Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
  • Births and maternity > Number of births per thousand people: Total number of live births. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Nutrition > Depth of hunger > Kilocalories per person per day: Depth of hunger or the intensity of food deprivation, indicates how much food-deprived people fall short of minimum food needs in terms of dietary energy. The food deficit, in kilocalories per person per day, is measured by comparing the average amount of dietary energy that undernourished people get from the foods they eat with the minimum amount of dietary energy they need to maintain body weight and undertake light activity. The depth of hunger is low when it is less than 200 kilocalories per person per day, and high when it is higher than 300 kilocalories per person per day."
  • Births and maternity > Crude birth rate: Country's crude birth rate. The crude birth rate is the number of live births for every 1,000 people.
  • Health services > Physicians > Per 1,000 people: Physicians include generalist and specialist medical practitioners.
  • Infant mortality rate > Female: This entry gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
  • Births and maternity > Abortion > Legal abortions total: Legally induced abortions by urban/rural residence of woman.
  • Nurses and midwives > Per 1,000 people: Nurses and midwives (per 1,000 people). Nurses and midwives include professional nurses, professional midwives, auxiliary nurses, auxiliary midwives, enrolled nurses, enrolled midwives and other associated personnel, such as dental nurses and primary care nurses.
  • Drug access: Population with access to essential drugs 2000. The data on access to essential drugs are based on statistical estimates received from World Health Organization (WHO) country and regional offices and regional advisers and through the World Drug Situation Survey carried out in 1998-99. These estimates represent the best information available to the WHO Department of Essential Drugs and Medicines Policy to date and are currently being validated by WHO member states. The department assigns the estimates to four groupings: very low access (0-49%), low access (50-79%), medium access (80-94%) and good access (95-100%). These groupings, used here in presenting the data, are often employed by the WHO in interpreting the data, as the actual estimates may suggest a higher level of accuracy than the data afford. b.
  • Incidence of tuberculosis > Per 100,000 people: Incidence of tuberculosis is the estimated number of new pulmonary, smear positive, and extra-pulmonary tuberculosis cases.
  • Tobacco > Total adult smokers per million: Total adults smoking. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Life expectancy > 95 percent range: 95% range.
  • Births and maternity > Maternal death rate: Number of mothers who died giving birth, out of 100,000 births.
  • Diseases > Tuberculosis cases: Number of reported tuberbculosis cases.
  • HIV AIDS > Deaths per 1000: An estimate of the number of adults and children who died of AIDS during a given calendar year. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Health services > Health expenditure per capita > PPP > Constant 2005 international $: Total health expenditure is the sum of public and private health expenditures as a ratio of total population. It covers the provision of health services (preventive and curative), family planning activities, nutrition activities, and emergency aid designated for health but does not include provision of water and sanitation. Data are in international dollars converted using 2005 purchasing power parity (PPP) rates."
  • Births and maternity > Maternity leave > Weeks of leave given: Maternity leave benefits.
  • HIV AIDS > Deaths > Per capita: An estimate of the number of adults and children who died of AIDS during a given calendar year. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Births and maternity > Caesarean birth rate: Percentage of live births that are delivered through a cesarean section, more commonly referred to as a c-section.
  • Diseases > Cardiovascular death rate (per 100,000 population): The number of people that will die from cardiovascular diseases out of 100,000 people the same age. The number is not an accurate telling of the country's cardiovascular disease rate, but rather how fatal cardiovascular diseases are in each country.
  • Diseases > Measles > Children immunised against measles: Percentage of children under 1 year old immunized against measles.
  • Survival rate > To age 65 > Men: Survival to age 65 refers to the percentage of a cohort of newborn infants that would survive to age 65, if subject to current age specific mortality rates."
  • Transplants > Kidney: The number of kidney transplants in the nation in 2002. (If the surveyed year is different, it is given in brackets).
  • Tobacco > Male smoking rate: Male [%].
  • Births and maternity > Maternity leave > Provider: The method/s in which women receive an income during their maternity leave. Some countries put the responsibility solely on the employer, while others either include maternity leaves into their social welfare programs or use a combination of the two. Some countries do not have laws regarding maternity leave such as the United States and Papua New Guinea.
  • Diseases > Overweight > Ratio of male to female BMI: Compares the ratio of male to female BMI by countries, according to data gathered by researchers at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. The BMI (Body Mass Index) measures how appropiate is the weight of an individual compared to their height. The calculation is made measuring your weight in kilograms and dividing it twice by your height measured in metres. A high BMI (25 or more) is usually associated with a risk of suffering diverse health problems.
  • Services, etc., value added > Current LCU: Services, etc., value added (current LCU). Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99. They include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in current local currency.
  • Tobacco > Female smoking rate: Female [%].
  • Infant mortality rate > Male: This entry gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
  • Diseases > Obesity > Obesity rate (men): Percentage of males aged over 15 years who are obese. The World Health Organization defines obesity as a body mass index over 30. The average BMI is 18.5 to 24.9.
  • Respiratory disease child death rate: Child death rate from respiratory diseases
    Units: Deaths/100,000 Population Aged 0-14
    Units: The final number is based on an aggregation of deaths recorded for WHO codes B31 and B320, and B321, by sex and by age. These were then combined with UN Population Division population data broken down by age group to produce rates. See page 22 of the 2001 ESI report for more details on the methodology.

  • Intestinal diseases death rate: Death rate from intestinal infectious diseases
    Units: Deaths/100,000 Population
    Units: The final number is based on an aggregation of deaths recorded for WHO code B01 for all age groups by sex. These were then combined with UN Population Division population data for the country in that particular year. The death rates were standardized utilizing the age structure for the population of Canada. See page 22 of the2001 ESI report for more details on the methodology.

  • Diseases > Obesity > Female obesity rate: Percentage of females older than 14 who are obese, meaning their Body Mass Index (BMI) exceeds 30.
  • Deaths > Noncommunicable disease mortality rate: The number of people that die from noncommunicable diseases out of 100,000 people the same age. The number is not an accurate telling of the country's noncommunicable disease rate, but rather how fatal noncommunicable diseases are in each country.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Years > Total population: Life expectancy at birth (years) 2003 - Total population
  • Births and maternity > All births of boys per thousand people: Live births by sex and urban/rural residence. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Deaths > Deaths from injuries (per 100,000 population): The number of people that die from injuries out of 100,000 people the same age. The number is not an accurate telling of the country's injury rate, but rather how fatal injuries are in each country.
  • Reproductive health > Use of birth control > Women over 15: Contraceptive prevalence rate is the percentage of women who are practicing, or whose sexual partners are practicing, any form of contraception. It is usually measured for married women ages 15-49 only."
  • Life expectancy > Inequality adjusted index: Inequality-adjusted Human Development Index.
  • Births and maternity > Maternity leave > Proportion of wages paid: Percentage of usual wages the country mandates employers to pay women on maternity leave. For instance, Italy requires employers to pay a woman 80% of her normal wages while off work after giving birth.
  • Health services > Nurses and midwives > Per 1,000 people: Nurses and midwives include professional nurses, professional midwives, auxiliary nurses, auxiliary midwives, enrolled nurses, enrolled midwives and other associated personnel, such as dental nurses and primary care nurses."
  • Life expectancy at birth > Female > Years: Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
  • Deaths > Early death rate (probability of dying beetween 15 and 60 years) > Both sexes: Adult mortality rate (probability of dying between 15 and 60 years per 1000 population).
  • Infant mortality > Male babies: Infant mortality rate for males under 1 year.
  • Diseases > Obesity > Male obesity rate: Percentage of males older than 14 who are obese, meaning their Body Mass Index (BMI) exceeds 30.
  • Smoking rate > Women: Prevalence of smoking, female is the percentage of women ages 15 and over who smoke any form of tobacco, including cigarettes, cigars, and pipes, and excluding smokeless tobacco. Data include daily and non-daily smoking."
  • Health spending per capita: Total health expenditure is the sum of public and private health expenditures as a ratio of total population. It covers the provision of health services (preventive and curative), family planning activities, nutrition activities, and emergency aid designated for health but does not include provision of water and sanitation. Data are in current U.S. dollars."
  • Disease prevention > Tuberculosis case detection rate > All forms: Tuberculosis case detection rate (all forms) is the percentage of newly notified tuberculosis cases (including relapses) to estimated incident cases (case detection, all forms)."
  • Healthy life expectancy at birth > Years > Total population: Healthy life expectancy at birth (years) 2002 - Total population
  • Survival rate > To age 65 > Women: Survival to age 65 refers to the percentage of a cohort of newborn infants that would survive to age 65, if subject to current age specific mortality rates."
  • Births and maternity > Abortion > Legal abortions total per thousand people: Legally induced abortions by urban/rural residence of woman. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Diseases > Obesity > Obesity rate (women): Percentage of females aged over 15 years who are obese. The World Health Organization defines obesity as a body mass index over 30. The average BMI is 18.5 to 24.9.
  • Diseases > Measles cases per million people: Number of reported measles cases. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Medical staff > Dental staff (per 10,000 people): Dentistry personnel density (per 10 000 population).
  • Diseases > Tuberculosis cases per million people: Number of reported tuberbculosis cases. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Births and maternity > Births attended by skill personnel: Births attended by skilled health personnel, percentage.
  • Diseases > Measles cases: Number of reported measles cases.
  • Spending > Private: Private expenditure on health as a percentage of GDP 1998.
  • Risk factors > Incidence of tuberculosis > Per 100,000 people: Incidence of tuberculosis is the estimated number of new pulmonary, smear positive, and extra-pulmonary tuberculosis cases."
  • Infant mortality > Female babies: Infant mortality rate for females under 1 year.
  • HIV AIDS > Women living with aids 15-49: People living with HIV/AIDS, women (age 15-49)
  • Total fertility rate: Total fertility rate, 2003
  • Diseases > HIV AIDS > Number living with HIV AIDS > Aged over 15: Population with HIV/AIDS (estimate).
  • Investment in water and sanitation with private participation > Current US$ > Per capita: Investment in water and sanitation projects with private participation covers infrastructure projects in water and sanitation that have reached financial closure and directly or indirectly serve the public. Movable assets, incinerators, and standalone solid waste projects are excluded. The types of projects included are operations and management contracts, operations and management contracts with major capital expenditure, greenfield projects (in which a private entity or a public-private joint venture builds and operates a new facility), and divestitures. Investment commitments are the sum of investments in facilities and investments in government assets. Investments in facilities are the resources the project company commits to invest during the contract period either in new facilities or in expansion and modernization of existing facilities. Investments in government assets are the resources the project company spends on acquiring government assets such as state-owned enterprises, rights to provide services in a specific area, or the use of specific radio spectrums. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • HIVAIDS > Adult prevalence rate 15-49 years,: Health - HIV/AIDS - Adult prevalence rate (15-49 years), end-2001
  • Healthy life expectancy at birth > Years > Females: Healthy life expectancy at birth (years) 2002 - Females
  • Reproductive health > Lifetime risk of maternal death > 1 in > Rate varies by country: Life time risk of maternal death is the probability that a 15-year-old female will die eventually from a maternal cause assuming that current levels of fertility and mortality (including maternal mortality) do not change in the future, taking into account competing causes of death. "
  • Transplants > Total: The total of our statistics for kidney, liver, pancreas, kidney-pancreas, heart, lung, heart-lung and intestine transplants. Note that, in some cases, the figures for each individual organ type were taken in different years (either 2000, 2001, or 2002). Thus these totals are suggestive but not conclusive.
  • Births and maternity > Abortion > When abortion is legal > Rape or incest: Abortion laws by grounds on which abortion is permitted.
  • Diseases > Neonatal tetanus cases: Number of reported cases of tetanus in newborns.
  • Births and maternity > Abortion > When abortion is legal > To save the woman's life: Abortion laws by grounds on which abortion is permitted.
  • Per capita total expenditure on health in international dollars: Per capita total expenditure on health in international dollars, 2002
  • Life expectancy at birth > Years > Females: Life expectancy at birth (years) 2003 - Females
  • Births and maternity > Abortion > When abortion is legal > Economic or social reasons: Abortion laws by grounds on which abortion is permitted.
  • Diseases > Pertussis cases: Number of reported pertussis cases. Pertussis is commonly called whooping cough.
  • Diseases > Pertussis cases per million people: Number of reported pertussis cases. Pertussis is commonly called whooping cough. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Births and maternity > Abortion > When abortion is legal > To preserve mental health: Abortion laws by grounds on which abortion is permitted.
  • Diseases > HIV AIDS > Number living with HIV AIDS > Women > Aged above 14: Population with HIV/AIDS (estimate).
  • Probability of dying before 5 > Females: Probability of females dying before reaching the age of 5. (2003)
  • Reproductive health > Maternal mortality ratio > Modeled estimate > Per 100,000 live births: Maternal mortality ratio is the number of women who die during pregnancy and childbirth, per 100,000 live births. The data are estimated with a regression model using information on fertility, birth attendants, and HIV prevalence."
  • Investment in water and sanitation with private participation > Current US$ > Per $ GDP: Investment in water and sanitation projects with private participation covers infrastructure projects in water and sanitation that have reached financial closure and directly or indirectly serve the public. Movable assets, incinerators, and standalone solid waste projects are excluded. The types of projects included are operations and management contracts, operations and management contracts with major capital expenditure, greenfield projects (in which a private entity or a public-private joint venture builds and operates a new facility), and divestitures. Investment commitments are the sum of investments in facilities and investments in government assets. Investments in facilities are the resources the project company commits to invest during the contract period either in new facilities or in expansion and modernization of existing facilities. Investments in government assets are the resources the project company spends on acquiring government assets such as state-owned enterprises, rights to provide services in a specific area, or the use of specific radio spectrums. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1,000 $ gross domestic product.
  • Investment in water and sanitation with private participation > Current US$: Investment in water and sanitation projects with private participation covers infrastructure projects in water and sanitation that have reached financial closure and directly or indirectly serve the public. Movable assets, incinerators, and standalone solid waste projects are excluded. The types of projects included are operations and management contracts, operations and management contracts with major capital expenditure, greenfield projects (in which a private entity or a public-private joint venture builds and operates a new facility), and divestitures. Investment commitments are the sum of investments in facilities and investments in government assets. Investments in facilities are the resources the project company commits to invest during the contract period either in new facilities or in expansion and modernization of existing facilities. Investments in government assets are the resources the project company spends on acquiring government assets such as state-owned enterprises, rights to provide services in a specific area, or the use of specific radio spectrums. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Births and maternity > Percent of births registered: Civil registration coverage of births (%).
  • Transplants > Kidney per million: The number of kidney transplants in the nation in 2002. (If the surveyed year is different, it is given in brackets). Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Healthy life expectancy at birth > Years > Males: Healthy life expectancy at birth (years) 2002 - Males
  • Tuberculosis cases detected under DOTS: DOTS detection rate is the percentage of estimated new infectious tuberculosis cases detected under the directly observed treatment, short course case detection and treatment strategy.
  • Deaths > Early death rate (probability of dying beetween 15 and 60 years) > Females: Adult mortality rate (probability of dying between 15 and 60 years per 1000 population).
  • Births and maternity > Abortion > When abortion is legal > Foetal impairment: Abortion laws by grounds on which abortion is permitted.
  • Births and maternity > Abortion > When abortion is legal > On request: Abortion laws by grounds on which abortion is permitted.
  • Births and maternity > Abortion > When abortion is legal > To preserve physical health: Abortion laws by grounds on which abortion is permitted.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Years > Males: Life expectancy at birth (years) 2003 - Males
  • Health expenditure, public > % of total health expenditure: Health expenditure, public (% of total health expenditure). Public health expenditure consists of recurrent and capital spending from government (central and local) budgets, external borrowings and grants (including donations from international agencies and nongovernmental organizations), and social (or compulsory) health insurance funds. Total health expenditure is the sum of public and private health expenditure. It covers the provision of health services (preventive and curative), family planning activities, nutrition activities, and emergency aid designated for health but does not include provision of water and sanitation.
  • Disease prevention > Improved sanitation facilities > Rural > % of rural population with access: Access to improved sanitation facilities refers to the percentage of the population with at least adequate access to excreta disposal facilities that can effectively prevent human, animal, and insect contact with excreta. Improved facilities range from simple but protected pit latrines to flush toilets with a sewerage connection. To be effective, facilities must be correctly constructed and properly maintained."
  • Disease prevention > Improved sanitation facilities > Urban > % of urban population with access: Access to improved sanitation facilities refers to the percentage of the population with at least adequate access to excreta disposal facilities that can effectively prevent human, animal, and insect contact with excreta. Improved facilities range from simple but protected pit latrines to flush toilets with a sewerage connection. To be effective, facilities must be correctly constructed and properly maintained."
  • Disease prevention > Improved water source > % of population with access: Access to an improved water source refers to the percentage of the population with reasonable access to an adequate amount of water from an improved source, such as a household connection, public standpipe, borehole, protected well or spring, and rainwater collection. Unimproved sources include vendors, tanker trucks, and unprotected wells and springs. Reasonable access is defined as the availability of at least 20 liters a person a day from a source within one kilometer of the dwelling."
  • Disease prevention > Improved water source > Urban > % of urban population with access: Access to an improved water source refers to the percentage of the population with reasonable access to an adequate amount of water from an improved source, such as a household connection, public standpipe, borehole, protected well or spring, and rainwater collection. Unimproved sources include vendors, tanker trucks, and unprotected wells and springs. Reasonable access is defined as the availability of at least 20 liters a person a day from a source within one kilometer of the dwelling."
  • Disease prevention > Tuberculosis treatment success rate > % of registered cases: Tuberculosis treatment success rate is the percentage of new, registered smear-positive (infectious) cases that were cured or in which a full course of treatment was completed."
  • Health spending > % of GDP: Total health expenditure is the sum of public and private health expenditure. It covers the provision of health services (preventive and curative), family planning activities, nutrition activities, and emergency aid designated for health but does not include provision of water and sanitation."
  • Diseases > Prevalence of anemia among pregnant women > %: Prevalence of anemia among pregnant women (%). Prevalence of anemia, pregnant women, is the percentage of pregnant women whose hemoglobin level is less than 110 grams per liter at sea level.
  • Nutrition > Low-birthweight babies > % of births: Low-birthweight babies are newborns weighing less than 2,500 grams, with the measurement taken within the first hours of life, before significant postnatal weight loss has occurred."
  • Public health spending > % of GDP: Public health expenditure consists of recurrent and capital spending from government (central and local) budgets, external borrowings and grants (including donations from international agencies and nongovernmental organisations), and social (or compulsory) health insurance funds."
  • Reproductive health > Births attended by skilled health staff > % of total: Births attended by skilled health staff are the percentage of deliveries attended by personnel trained to give the necessary supervision, care, and advice to women during pregnancy, labor, and the postpartum period; to conduct deliveries on their own; and to care for newborns."
  • Risk factors > Female adults with HIV > % of population ages 15+ with HIV: Prevalence of HIV is the percentage of people who are infected with HIV. Female rate is as a percentage of the total population with HIV.
  • Risk factors > Prevalence of HIV > Female > % ages 15-24: Prevalence of HIV is the percentage of people who are infected with HIV. Youth rates are as a percentage of the relevant age group.
  • Risk factors > Prevalence of HIV > Total > % of population ages 15-49: Prevalence of HIV refers to the percentage of people ages 15-49 who are infected with HIV.
  • Diseases > Cause of death, by non-communicable diseases > % of total: Cause of death, by non-communicable diseases (% of total). Cause of death refers to the share of all deaths for all ages by underlying causes. Non-communicable diseases include cancer, diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular diseases, digestive diseases, skin diseases, musculoskeletal diseases, and congenital anomalies.
  • Cause of death, by injury > % of total: Cause of death, by injury (% of total). Cause of death refers to the share of all deaths for all ages by underlying causes. Injuries include unintentional and intentional injuries.
  • Cause of death, by communicable diseases and maternal, prenatal and nutrition conditions > % of total: Cause of death, by communicable diseases and maternal, prenatal and nutrition conditions (% of total). Cause of death refers to the share of all deaths for all ages by underlying causes. Communicable diseases and maternal, prenatal and nutrition conditions include infectious and parasitic diseases, respiratory infections, and nutritional deficiencies such as underweight and stunting.
  • Private expenditure on health as % of total expenditure on health: Private expenditure on health as % of total expenditure on health, 2002
  • Per capita government expenditure on health in international dollars: Per capita government expenditure on health in international dollars, 2002
  • Out-of-pocket expenditure as % of private health expenditure: Out-of-pocket expenditure on health as % of private expenditure on health, 2002
  • Transplants > Total per million: The total of our statistics for kidney, liver, pancreas, kidney-pancreas, heart, lung, heart-lung and intestine transplants. Note that, in some cases, the figures for each individual organ type were taken in different years (either 2000, 2001, or 2002). Thus these totals are suggestive but not conclusive. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • External resources for health > % of total expenditure on health: External resources for health are funds or services in kind that are provided by entities not part of the country in question. The resources may come from international organizations, other countries through bilateral arrangements, or foreign nongovernmental organizations. These resources are part of total health expenditure.
  • Tuberculosis treatment success rate > % of registered cases: Tuberculosis treatment success rate is the percentage of new, registered smear-positive (infectious) cases that were cured or in which a full course of treatment was completed.
  • Out-of-pocket health expenditure > % of private expenditure on health: Out of pocket expenditure is any direct outlay by households, including gratuities and in-kind payments, to health practitioners and suppliers of pharmaceuticals, therapeutic appliances, and other goods and services whose primary intent is to contribute to the restoration or enhancement of the health status of individuals or population groups. It is a part of private health expenditure.
  • Expenditure > Public > % of GDP: Public health expenditure consists of recurrent and capital spending from government (central and local) budgets, external borrowings and grants (including donations from international agencies and nongovernmental organizations), and social (or compulsory) health insurance funds.
  • Births attended by skilled health staff > % of total: Births attended by skilled health staff are the percentage of deliveries attended by personnel trained to give the necessary supervision, care, and advice to women during pregnancy, labor, and the postpartum period; to conduct deliveries on their own; and to care for newborns.
  • Births and maternity > Future births per million people: Mid-range estimate for country's population increase due to births from five years prior to the given year. For example, from 2095 to 2100, India's population is expected to rise by 16,181 people due to births. Estimates are from the UN Population Division. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Smoking prevalence > Males > % of adults: Prevalence of smoking, male is the percentage of men who smoke cigarettes. The age range varies among countries but in most is 18 and older or 15 and older.
  • Births and maternity > All births of girls: Live births by sex and urban/rural residence.
  • Diseases > Female adults with HIV > % of population ages 15+ with HIV: Female adults with HIV (% of population ages 15+ with HIV). Prevalence of HIV is the percentage of people who are infected with HIV. Female rate is as a percentage of the total population ages 15+ who are living with HIV.
  • Diseases > Total tetanus cases: Number of all reported tetanus cases.
  • Births and maternity > All births of girls per thousand people: Live births by sex and urban/rural residence. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Deaths > Early death rate (probability of dying beetween 15 and 60 years) > Males: Adult mortality rate (probability of dying between 15 and 60 years per 1000 population).
  • Diseases > Prevalence of anemia among children > % of children under 5: Prevalence of anemia among children (% of children under 5). Prevalence of anemia, children under age 5, is the percentage of children under age 5 whose hemoglobin level is less than 110 grams per liter at sea level.
  • Immunisation > Immunization, DPT > % of children ages 12-23 months: Immunization, DPT (% of children ages 12-23 months). Child immunization measures the percentage of children ages 12-23 months who received vaccinations before 12 months or at any time before the survey. A child is considered adequately immunized against diphtheria, pertussis (or whooping cough), and tetanus (DPT) after receiving three doses of vaccine.
  • Immunisation > Immunization, measles > % of children ages 12-23 months: Immunization, measles (% of children ages 12-23 months). Child immunization measures the percentage of children ages 12-23 months who received vaccinations before 12 months or at any time before the survey. A child is considered adequately immunized against measles after receiving one dose of vaccine.
  • Tuberculosis case detection rate > %, all forms: Tuberculosis case detection rate (%, all forms). Tuberculosis case detection rate (all forms) is the percentage of newly notified tuberculosis cases (including relapses) to estimated incident cases (case detection, all forms).
  • Out-of-pocket health expenditure > % of total expenditure on health: Out-of-pocket health expenditure (% of total expenditure on health). Out of pocket expenditure is any direct outlay by households, including gratuities and in-kind payments, to health practitioners and suppliers of pharmaceuticals, therapeutic appliances, and other goods and services whose primary intent is to contribute to the restoration or enhancement of the health status of individuals or population groups. It is a part of private health expenditure.
  • Health expenditure, private > % of GDP: Health expenditure, private (% of GDP). Private health expenditure includes direct household (out-of-pocket) spending, private insurance, charitable donations, and direct service payments by private corporations.
  • Health expenditure, public > % of government expenditure: Health expenditure, public (% of government expenditure). Public health expenditure consists of recurrent and capital spending from government (central and local) budgets, external borrowings and grants (including donations from international agencies and nongovernmental organizations), and social (or compulsory) health insurance funds.
  • Health expenditure, public > % of GDP: Health expenditure, public (% of GDP). Public health expenditure consists of recurrent and capital spending from government (central and local) budgets, external borrowings and grants (including donations from international agencies and nongovernmental organizations), and social (or compulsory) health insurance funds.
  • Health expenditure, total > % of GDP: Health expenditure, total (% of GDP). Total health expenditure is the sum of public and private health expenditure. It covers the provision of health services (preventive and curative), family planning activities, nutrition activities, and emergency aid designated for health but does not include provision of water and sanitation.
  • Diseases > Total tetanus cases per million people: Number of all reported tetanus cases. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Diseases > Neonatal tetanus cases per million people: Number of reported cases of tetanus in newborns. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Life expectancy > 95% range: 95% range.
  • % immunized 1-year-old children > TB: Health - % immunized 2002 1-year-old children - TB
  • Diseases > Diabetes > Prevalence > % of population ages 20 to 79: Diabetes prevalence (% of population ages 20 to 79). Diabetes prevalence refers to the percentage of people ages 20-79 who have type 1 or type 2 diabetes.
  • External resources for health as % of total expenditure on health: External resources for health as % of total expenditure on health, 2002
  • Investment in water and sanitation with private participation > Current US$ per capita: Investment in water and sanitation projects with private participation covers infrastructure projects in water and sanitation that have reached financial closure and directly or indirectly serve the public. Movable assets, incinerators, and standalone solid waste projects are excluded. The types of projects included are operations and management contracts, operations and management contracts with major capital expenditure, greenfield projects (in which a private entity or a public-private joint venture builds and operates a new facility), and divestitures. Investment commitments are the sum of investments in facilities and investments in government assets. Investments in facilities are the resources the project company commits to invest during the contract period either in new facilities or in expansion and modernization of existing facilities. Investments in government assets are the resources the project company spends on acquiring government assets such as state-owned enterprises, rights to provide services in a specific area, or the use of specific radio spectrums. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • % immunized 1-year-old children > DPT3: Health - % immunized 2002 1-year-old children - DPT3
  • Expenditure > Total > % of GDP: Total health expenditure is the sum of public and private health expenditure. It covers the provision of health services (preventive and curative), family planning activities, nutrition activities, and emergency aid designated for health but does not include provision of water and sanitation.
  • Prevalence of undernourishment > % of population: Population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption (also referred to as prevalence of undernourishment) shows the percentage of the population whose food intake is insufficient to meet dietary energy requirements continuously. Data showing as 2.5 signifies a prevalence of undernourishment below 2.5%.
  • Total expenditure on health as % of GDP: Total expenditure on health as % of GDP, 2002
  • Public health spending > % of total health spending: Public health expenditure consists of recurrent and capital spending from government (central and local) budgets, external borrowings and grants (including donations from international agencies and nongovernmental organisations), and social (or compulsory) health insurance funds. Total health expenditure is the sum of public and private health expenditure. It covers the provision of health services (preventive and curative), family planning activities, nutrition activities, and emergency aid designated for health but does not include provision of water and sanitation."
  • Smoking prevalence > Females > % of adults: Prevalence of smoking, female is the percentage of women who smoke cigarettes. The age range varies among countries but in most is 18 and older or 15 and older.
STAT India Poland HISTORY
Birth rate > Crude > Per 1,000 people 23.8 per 1,000 people
Ranked 73th. 3 times more than Poland
9.4 per 1,000 people
Ranked 168th.

Births and maternity > Average age of mother at childbirth 26.5
Ranked 58th.
28.8
Ranked 37th. 9% more than India

Births and maternity > Total fertility rate 1.84%
Ranked 135th.
1.84%
Ranked 119th. About the same as India

HIV AIDS > People living with HIV AIDS 2.4 million
Ranked 3rd. 89 times more than Poland
27,000
Ranked 70th.

Hospital beds > Per 1,000 people 0.9 per 1,000 people
Ranked 58th.
5.6 per 1,000 people
Ranked 19th. 6 times more than India

Infant mortality rate > Total 47.57 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 50th. 7 times more than Poland
6.54 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 165th.

Life expectancy > Men 64 years
Ranked 91st.
72 years
Ranked 51st. 13% more than India
Life expectancy > Women 68 years
Ranked 92nd.
81 years
Ranked 32nd. 19% more than India
Life expectancy at birth > Total population 66.8 years
Ranked 156th.
76.05 years
Ranked 75th. 14% more than India

Life expectancy at birth, female > Years 67.74
Ranked 145th.
81.1
Ranked 42nd. 20% more than India

Life expectancy at birth, male > Years 64.26
Ranked 139th.
72.6
Ranked 68th. 13% more than India

Life expectancy at birth, total > Years 65.96
Ranked 144th.
76.75
Ranked 53th. 16% more than India

Physicians > Per 1,000 people 0.6 per 1,000 people
Ranked 19th.
2.5 per 1,000 people
Ranked 33th. 4 times more than India

Probability of reaching 65 > Male 59.9%
Ranked 92nd.
65.8%
Ranked 76th. 10% more than India
Quality of health care system > Health care system index 64.36
Ranked 28th. 16% more than Poland
55.62
Ranked 38th.
Quality of health care system > Cost 55.92
Ranked 35th.
60.23
Ranked 30th. 8% more than India
Abortions 596,345
Ranked 3rd. 1067 times more than Poland
559
Ranked 19th.
Fertility rate > Total > Births per woman 2.84 births per woman
Ranked 74th. 2 times more than Poland
1.24 births per woman
Ranked 172nd.

Infant mortality rate 57.92
Ranked 44th. 7 times more than Poland
8.73
Ranked 129th.
HIV AIDS > People living with HIV AIDS > Per capita 4.94 per 1,000 people
Ranked 55th. 13 times more than Poland
0.367 per 1,000 people
Ranked 82nd.
Human height > Average female height 1.521 m (5 ft 0 in) 1.651 m (5 ft 5 in)
Births and maternity > Infant mortality rate 43.8
Ranked 47th. 10 times more than Poland
4.3
Ranked 160th.

Human height > Average male height 1.612 m (5 ft 3 ⁄ 2 in) 1.785 m (5 ft 10 ⁄ 2 in)
Deaths > Percent deaths registered <25 90-100
Diseases > Overweight > Average Body Mass Index (BMI) 21.05
Ranked 158th.
23.21
Ranked 113th. 10% more than India
Diseases > Cancer > Cancer death rate (per 100,000 population) 100
Ranked 157th.
177
Ranked 11th. 77% more than India
HIV AIDS > Deaths 170,000
Ranked 3rd. 1700 times more than Poland
100
Ranked 99th.
Quality of health care system > Modern equipment 74.1
Ranked 36th.
79.41
Ranked 31st. 7% more than India
Quality of health care system > Skill and competence of medical staff 68.95
Ranked 26th. 27% more than Poland
54.35
Ranked 39th.
Life expectancy at birth > Female 67.95 years
Ranked 160th.
80.25 years
Ranked 62nd. 18% more than India

Quality of health care system > Accuracy and completeness in filling out reports 68.46
Ranked 20th. 18% more than Poland
57.95
Ranked 34th.
Death rates > Children under 5 65.6
Ranked 47th. 10 times more than Poland
6.7
Ranked 143th.

Tobacco > Total adult smokers 16%
Ranked 98th.
34.5%
Ranked 36th. 2 times more than India
HIV AIDS > Adult prevalence rate 0.3%
Ranked 82nd. 3 times more than Poland
0.1%
Ranked 105th.

Quality of health care system > Friendliness and courtesy of staff 63.17
Ranked 24th. 28% more than Poland
49.44
Ranked 40th.
Quality of health care system > Convenient location 71.31
Ranked 31st. 7% more than Poland
66.67
Ranked 39th.
Quality of health care system > Short waiting times 56.38
Ranked 17th. 2 times more than Poland
26.67
Ranked 45th.
Life expectancy at birth > Male 65.77 years
Ranked 147th.
72.1 years
Ranked 95th. 10% more than India

Diseases > Incidence of tuberculosis > Per 100,000 people 176
Ranked 45th. 8 times more than Poland
21
Ranked 137th.

Births and maternity > Teenage birth rate 38.5
Ranked 28th. 2 times more than Poland
16.1
Ranked 55th.

Death rates > Men 260.55
Ranked 52nd. 25% more than Poland
209.09
Ranked 84th.

Health expenditure per capita > Current US$ $59.10
Ranked 153th.
$898.98
Ranked 50th. 15 times more than India

Abortions per 1000 0.545
Ranked 17th. 37 times more than Poland
0.0146
Ranked 19th.
Maternal mortality 540 per 100,000
Ranked 18th. 68 times more than Poland
8 per 100,000
Ranked 116th.
Quality of health care system > Speed in delivering examinations and reports 65.03
Ranked 20th. 42% more than Poland
45.65
Ranked 39th.
Health services > Hospital beds > Per 1,000 people 0.9
Ranked 73th.
5.2
Ranked 33th. 6 times more than India

Expenditure per capita > Current US$ 31.4$
Ranked 139th.
410.7$
Ranked 53th. 13 times more than India

Human height > Stature ratio (male to female ratio) 1.06
Ranked 3rd.
1.08
Ranked 1st. 2% more than India
HIV AIDS > People living with HIV AIDS per 1000 2.02
Ranked 80th. 3 times more than Poland
0.708
Ranked 110th.

Death rates > Infants 50.3
Ranked 47th. 9 times more than Poland
5.6
Ranked 145th.

Diseases > Overweight > Female Body Mass Index (BMI) 19.6
Ranked 171st.
20.54
Ranked 159th. 5% more than India
Births and maternity > All births of boys 3.46 million
Ranked 1st. 17 times more than Poland
198,696
Ranked 7th.

Diseases > Overweight > Male Body Mass Index (BMI) 22.5
Ranked 137th.
25.88
Ranked 65th. 15% more than India
Probability of reaching 65 > Female 64.7%
Ranked 107th.
85.1%
Ranked 38th. 32% more than India
Adolescent fertility rate > Births per 1,000 women ages 15-19 69.68 births
Ranked 54th. 5 times more than Poland
14.45 births
Ranked 149th.

Births and maternity > Number of births 27.06 million
Ranked 1st. 70 times more than Poland
388,416
Ranked 5th.

Death rates > Women 174.29
Ranked 54th. 2 times more than Poland
79.65
Ranked 124th.

Tuberculosis cases > Per 100,000 199
Ranked 23th. 9 times more than Poland
23
Ranked 105th.
Life expectancy at birth > Total > Years 63.5 years
Ranked 127th.
75 years
Ranked 50th. 18% more than India

Life expectancy at birth > Male > Years 62.72 years
Ranked 121st.
70.8 years
Ranked 65th. 13% more than India

Births and maternity > Future births 16,181.96
Ranked 1st. 65 times more than Poland
247.7
Ranked 73th.

Services, etc., value added > Current LCU per capita 43,500.73
Ranked 49th. 2 times more than Poland
21,161.97
Ranked 90th.

Dependency ratio per 100 61
Ranked 83th. 42% more than Poland
43
Ranked 154th.
Life expectancy > Male 62.26
Ranked 131st.
71.26
Ranked 67th. 14% more than India

Life expectancy > Female 65.24
Ranked 134th.
80.02
Ranked 40th. 23% more than India

Births and maternity > Number of births per thousand people 22.45
Ranked 11th. 2 times more than Poland
10.08
Ranked 30th.

Nutrition > Depth of hunger > Kilocalories per person per day 260
Ranked 31st. 30% more than Poland
200
Ranked 71st.

Births and maternity > Crude birth rate 22.1
Ranked 13th. 2 times more than Poland
10.1
Ranked 31st.

Health services > Physicians > Per 1,000 people 0.58
Ranked 25th.
2.01
Ranked 39th. 3 times more than India

Infant mortality rate > Female 49.14 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 41st. 8 times more than Poland
5.79 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 164th.

Births and maternity > Abortion > Legal abortions total 581,215
Ranked 5th. 869 times more than Poland
669
Ranked 31st.

Nurses and midwives > Per 1,000 people 0.996
Ranked 96th.
5.39
Ranked 41st. 5 times more than India

Drug access 0.0
Ranked 149th.
80%
Ranked 56th.
Incidence of tuberculosis > Per 100,000 people 167.82 per 100,000 people
Ranked 62nd. 6 times more than Poland
26.14 per 100,000 people
Ranked 136th.

Tobacco > Total adult smokers per million 0.0142%
Ranked 114th.
0.904%
Ranked 88th. 64 times more than India
Life expectancy > 95 percent range (65.50-69.90) (80.40-80.60)
Births and maternity > Maternal death rate 200 per 100,000 live births
Ranked 53th. 40 times more than Poland
5 per 100,000 live births
Ranked 167th.

Diseases > Tuberculosis cases 592,587
Ranked 1st. 210 times more than Poland
2,827
Ranked 65th.
HIV AIDS > Deaths per 1000 0.143
Ranked 55th. 55 times more than Poland
0.00261
Ranked 101st.
Health services > Health expenditure per capita > PPP > Constant 2005 international $ $109.23
Ranked 132nd.
$1,035.04
Ranked 47th. 9 times more than India

Births and maternity > Maternity leave > Weeks of leave given 52
Ranked 87th.
69
Ranked 23th. 33% more than India
HIV AIDS > Deaths > Per capita 0.3 per 1,000 people
Ranked 54th. 100 times more than Poland
0.003 per 1,000 people
Ranked 101st.
Births and maternity > Caesarean birth rate 9%
Ranked 83th.
21%
Ranked 40th. 2 times more than India

Diseases > Cardiovascular death rate (per 100,000 population) 382
Ranked 82nd. 22% more than Poland
314
Ranked 114th.
Diseases > Measles > Children immunised against measles 74%
Ranked 162nd.
98%
Ranked 36th. 32% more than India

Survival rate > To age 65 > Men 58.49
Ranked 127th.
72.17
Ranked 81st. 23% more than India

Transplants > Kidney 87 kidney transplants
Ranked 31st.
100 kidney transplants
Ranked 28th. 15% more than India
Tobacco > Male smoking rate 33.1
Ranked 71st.
43.9
Ranked 36th. 33% more than India
Births and maternity > Maternity leave > Provider Employer Social Insurance Fund
Diseases > Overweight > Ratio of male to female BMI 1.15
Ranked 25th.
1.26
Ranked 4th. 10% more than India
Services, etc., value added > Current LCU 53.8 trillion
Ranked 8th. 67 times more than Poland
808.04 billion
Ranked 63th.

Tobacco > Female smoking rate 3.8
Ranked 91st.
27.2
Ranked 23th. 7 times more than India
Infant mortality rate > Male 46.18 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 56th. 6 times more than Poland
7.25 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 166th.

Diseases > Obesity > Obesity rate (men) 2.8%
Ranked 15th.
19.9%
Ranked 3rd. 7 times more than India
Respiratory disease child death rate 83.54 (est) 2.67
Intestinal diseases death rate 24.25%
Ranked 43th. 220 times more than Poland
0.11%
Ranked 140th.
Diseases > Obesity > Female obesity rate 1%
Ranked 11th.
20%
Ranked 9th. 20 times more than India
Deaths > Noncommunicable disease mortality rate 713
Ranked 82nd. 22% more than Poland
583
Ranked 125th.
Life expectancy at birth > Years > Total population 62
Ranked 129th.
75
Ranked 37th. 21% more than India
Births and maternity > All births of boys per thousand people 7.1
Ranked 75th. 38% more than Poland
5.16
Ranked 32nd.

Deaths > Deaths from injuries (per 100,000 population) 116
Ranked 35th. 2 times more than Poland
54
Ranked 114th.
Reproductive health > Use of birth control > Women over 15 54
Ranked 8th. 9% more than Poland
49.4
Ranked 4th.

Life expectancy > Inequality adjusted index 0.525
Ranked 129th.
0.834
Ranked 39th. 59% more than India
Births and maternity > Maternity leave > Proportion of wages paid 100%
Ranked 52nd. The same as Poland
100%
Ranked 6th.
Health services > Nurses and midwives > Per 1,000 people 1.27
Ranked 28th.
5.19
Ranked 32nd. 4 times more than India

Life expectancy at birth > Female > Years 64.32 years
Ranked 129th.
79.4 years
Ranked 40th. 23% more than India

Deaths > Early death rate (probability of dying beetween 15 and 60 years) > Both sexes 177
Ranked 68th. 2 times more than Poland
79
Ranked 147th.

Infant mortality > Male babies 60.9 deaths per 1000 live births
Ranked 59th. 8 times more than Poland
7.9 deaths per 1000 live births
Ranked 155th.

Diseases > Obesity > Male obesity rate 0.0
Ranked 10th.
16%
Ranked 6th.
Smoking rate > Women 1
Ranked 120th.
38
Ranked 3rd. 38 times more than India
Health spending per capita 40.29
Ranked 147th.
715.76
Ranked 49th. 18 times more than India

Disease prevention > Tuberculosis case detection rate > All forms 67.2%
Ranked 118th.
79.45%
Ranked 92nd. 18% more than India

Healthy life expectancy at birth > Years > Total population 53.5
Ranked 133th.
65.8
Ranked 42nd. 23% more than India
Survival rate > To age 65 > Women 67.51
Ranked 132nd.
89.14
Ranked 38th. 32% more than India

Births and maternity > Abortion > Legal abortions total per thousand people 0.656
Ranked 40th. 38 times more than Poland
0.0174
Ranked 31st.

Diseases > Obesity > Obesity rate (women) 2.8%
Ranked 15th.
19.9%
Ranked 3rd. 7 times more than India
Diseases > Measles cases per million people 31.84
Ranked 25th. 30 times more than Poland
1.05
Ranked 84th.
Medical staff > Dental staff (per 10,000 people) 1 3
Diseases > Tuberculosis cases per million people 511.25
Ranked 40th. 7 times more than Poland
74.16
Ranked 124th.
Births and maternity > Births attended by skill personnel 52.3%
Ranked 46th.
99.9%
Ranked 9th. 91% more than India

Diseases > Measles cases 36,900
Ranked 3rd. 923 times more than Poland
40
Ranked 64th.
Spending > Private 4.2%
Ranked 11th. 3 times more than Poland
1.5%
Ranked 98th.
Risk factors > Incidence of tuberculosis > Per 100,000 people 170
Ranked 55th. 7 times more than Poland
24.51
Ranked 123th.

Infant mortality > Female babies 64.2 deaths per 1000 live births
Ranked 43th. 10 times more than Poland
6.6 deaths per 1000 live births
Ranked 157th.

HIV AIDS > Women living with aids 15-49 0.79
Ranked 50th. 8 times more than Poland
0.1
Ranked 96th.
Life expectancy > Date of information 2006 est. 2006 est.
Total fertility rate 3
Ranked 76th. 2 times more than Poland
1.3
Ranked 156th.
Diseases > HIV AIDS > Number living with HIV AIDS > Aged over 15 5600000 25000
Investment in water and sanitation with private participation > Current US$ > Per capita 2.03$ per 1,000 people
Ranked 19th.
1,111.63$ per 1,000 people
Ranked 8th. 547 times more than India

HIVAIDS > Adult prevalence rate 15-49 years, 0.8
Ranked 51st. 8 times more than Poland
0.1
Ranked 95th.
Healthy life expectancy at birth > Years > Females 53.6
Ranked 133th.
68.5
Ranked 40th. 28% more than India
Reproductive health > Lifetime risk of maternal death > 1 in > Rate varies by country 140
Ranked 114th.
13,300
Ranked 5th. 95 times more than India
Transplants > Total 87 transplants
Ranked 34th.
184 transplants
Ranked 24th. 2 times more than India
Births and maternity > Abortion > When abortion is legal > Rape or incest Legal Legal
Diseases > Neonatal tetanus cases 937
Ranked 2nd.
0.0
Ranked 74th.
Births and maternity > Abortion > When abortion is legal > To save the woman's life Legal Legal
Per capita total expenditure on health in international dollars 96
Ranked 141st.
657
Ranked 50th. 7 times more than India
Life expectancy at birth > Years > Females 63
Ranked 133th.
79
Ranked 36th. 25% more than India
Births and maternity > Abortion > When abortion is legal > Economic or social reasons Legal Illegal
Diseases > Pertussis cases 70,729
Ranked 1st. 36 times more than Poland
1,987
Ranked 15th.
Diseases > Pertussis cases per million people 61.02
Ranked 20th. 17% more than Poland
52.12
Ranked 22nd.
Births and maternity > Abortion > When abortion is legal > To preserve mental health Legal Legal
Diseases > HIV AIDS > Number living with HIV AIDS > Women > Aged above 14 1600000 7500
Probability of dying before 5 > Females 99 per 1,000 people
Ranked 43th. 9 times more than Poland
11 per 1,000 people
Ranked 146th.
Reproductive health > Maternal mortality ratio > Modeled estimate > Per 100,000 live births 230
Ranked 54th. 38 times more than Poland
6
Ranked 154th.

Investment in water and sanitation with private participation > Current US$ > Per $ GDP 4.39$ per $1,000 of GDP
Ranked 26th. 20 times more than Poland
0.215$ per $1,000 of GDP
Ranked 14th.

Investment in water and sanitation with private participation > Current US$ 2.1 million$
Ranked 18th.
42.5 million$
Ranked 7th. 20 times more than India

Births and maternity > Percent of births registered 41 >90
Transplants > Kidney per million 0.0808 kidney transplants
Ranked 45th.
2.62 kidney transplants
Ranked 37th. 32 times more than India
Healthy life expectancy at birth > Years > Males 53.3
Ranked 127th.
63.1
Ranked 45th. 18% more than India
Tuberculosis cases detected under DOTS 61.31%
Ranked 91st.
62.34%
Ranked 89th. 2% more than India

Deaths > Early death rate (probability of dying beetween 15 and 60 years) > Females 177
Ranked 68th. 2 times more than Poland
79
Ranked 147th.

Births and maternity > Abortion > When abortion is legal > Foetal impairment Legal Legal
Births and maternity > Abortion > When abortion is legal > On request Illegal Illegal
Births and maternity > Abortion > When abortion is legal > To preserve physical health Legal Legal
Life expectancy at birth > Years > Males 60
Ranked 130th.
71
Ranked 43th. 18% more than India
Health expenditure, public > % of total health expenditure 31%
Ranked 173th.
71.22%
Ranked 57th. 2 times more than India

Disease prevention > Improved sanitation facilities > Rural > % of rural population with access 21%
Ranked 138th.
80%
Ranked 78th. 4 times more than India

Disease prevention > Improved sanitation facilities > Urban > % of urban population with access 54%
Ranked 138th.
96%
Ranked 66th. 78% more than India

Disease prevention > Improved water source > % of population with access 88%
Ranked 103th.
100%
Ranked 2nd. 14% more than India

Disease prevention > Improved water source > Urban > % of urban population with access 96%
Ranked 107th.
100%
Ranked 2nd. 4% more than India

Disease prevention > Tuberculosis treatment success rate > % of registered cases 86.51%
Ranked 34th. 15% more than Poland
75.2%
Ranked 101st.

Health spending > % of GDP 4.11%
Ranked 145th.
6.42%
Ranked 77th. 56% more than India

Diseases > Prevalence of anemia among pregnant women > % 49.7%
Ranked 23th. 96% more than Poland
25.31%
Ranked 88th.
Nutrition > Low-birthweight babies > % of births 27.6%
Ranked 1st. 5 times more than Poland
5.9%
Ranked 25th.

Public health spending > % of GDP 1.08%
Ranked 174th.
4.55%
Ranked 55th. 4 times more than India

Reproductive health > Births attended by skilled health staff > % of total 52.7%
Ranked 27th.
99.9%
Ranked 10th. 90% more than India

Risk factors > Female adults with HIV > % of population ages 15+ with HIV 38.26%
Ranked 57th. 32% more than Poland
28.95%
Ranked 79th.

Risk factors > Prevalence of HIV > Female > % ages 15-24 0.3%
Ranked 68th. 3 times more than Poland
0.1%
Ranked 90th.
Risk factors > Prevalence of HIV > Total > % of population ages 15-49 0.3%
Ranked 83th. 3 times more than Poland
0.1%
Ranked 108th.

Diseases > Cause of death, by non-communicable diseases > % of total 52.97%
Ranked 132nd.
89.45%
Ranked 30th. 69% more than India
Cause of death, by injury > % of total 9.91%
Ranked 47th. 48% more than Poland
6.68%
Ranked 106th.
Cause of death, by communicable diseases and maternal, prenatal and nutrition conditions > % of total 37.12%
Ranked 57th. 10 times more than Poland
3.87%
Ranked 174th.
Private expenditure on health as % of total expenditure on health 78.7%
Ranked 7th. 3 times more than Poland
27.6%
Ranked 134th.
Per capita government expenditure on health in international dollars 20
Ranked 160th.
476
Ranked 45th. 24 times more than India
Out-of-pocket expenditure as % of private health expenditure 98.5%
Ranked 61st.
100%
Ranked 5th. 2% more than India
Transplants > Total per million 0.0808 transplants
Ranked 47th.
4.81 transplants
Ranked 36th. 60 times more than India
External resources for health > % of total expenditure on health 0.5%
Ranked 115th. 5 times more than Poland
0.1%
Ranked 132nd.
Tuberculosis treatment success rate > % of registered cases 86.14%
Ranked 47th. 10% more than Poland
78.58%
Ranked 96th.

Out-of-pocket health expenditure > % of private expenditure on health 93.8%
Ranked 69th. 5% more than Poland
89.6%
Ranked 84th.

Expenditure > Public > % of GDP 0.87%
Ranked 178th.
4.25%
Ranked 63th. 5 times more than India

Births attended by skilled health staff > % of total 42.5%
Ranked 62nd.
99.8%
Ranked 17th. 2 times more than India

Births and maternity > Future births per million people 21.32
Ranked 84th. 2 times more than Poland
10.31
Ranked 170th.

Smoking prevalence > Males > % of adults 46.6%
Ranked 9th. 17% more than Poland
40%
Ranked 8th.

Births and maternity > All births of girls 3.19 million
Ranked 1st. 17 times more than Poland
187,561
Ranked 7th.

Diseases > Female adults with HIV > % of population ages 15+ with HIV 38.6%
Ranked 67th. 89% more than Poland
20.4%
Ranked 136th.

Diseases > Total tetanus cases 7,005
Ranked 1st. 369 times more than Poland
19
Ranked 43th.
Births and maternity > All births of girls per thousand people 6.54
Ranked 75th. 34% more than Poland
4.87
Ranked 31st.

Deaths > Early death rate (probability of dying beetween 15 and 60 years) > Males 177
Ranked 68th. 2 times more than Poland
79
Ranked 147th.

Diseases > Prevalence of anemia among children > % of children under 5 74.3%
Ranked 7th. 3 times more than Poland
22.73%
Ranked 81st.
Immunisation > Immunization, DPT > % of children ages 12-23 months 72%
Ranked 175th.
99%
Ranked 2nd. 38% more than India

Immunisation > Immunization, measles > % of children ages 12-23 months 74%
Ranked 165th.
98%
Ranked 29th. 32% more than India

Tuberculosis case detection rate > %, all forms 59%
Ranked 161st.
87%
Ranked 26th. 47% more than India

Out-of-pocket health expenditure > % of total expenditure on health 59.36%
Ranked 17th. 3 times more than Poland
22.85%
Ranked 117th.

Health expenditure, private > % of GDP 2.67%
Ranked 84th. 38% more than Poland
1.94%
Ranked 123th.

Health expenditure, public > % of government expenditure 8.05%
Ranked 139th.
11.01%
Ranked 102nd. 37% more than India

Health expenditure, public > % of GDP 1.2%
Ranked 182nd.
4.8%
Ranked 60th. 4 times more than India

Health expenditure, total > % of GDP 3.87%
Ranked 165th.
6.74%
Ranked 88th. 74% more than India

Diseases > Total tetanus cases per million people 6.04
Ranked 18th. 12 times more than Poland
0.498
Ranked 81st.
Diseases > Neonatal tetanus cases per million people 0.808
Ranked 37th.
0.0
Ranked 74th.
Life expectancy > 95% range (65.50-69.90) (80.40-80.60)
% immunized 1-year-old children > TB 81
Ranked 115th.
95
Ranked 65th. 17% more than India
Diseases > Diabetes > Prevalence > % of population ages 20 to 79 9.01%
Ranked 69th.
9.03%
Ranked 68th. About the same as India
External resources for health as % of total expenditure on health 1%
Ranked 103th.
0.0
Ranked 135th.
Investment in water and sanitation with private participation > Current US$ per capita 0.00198$
Ranked 19th.
1.11$
Ranked 8th. 561 times more than India

% immunized 1-year-old children > DPT3 70
Ranked 151st.
99
Ranked 1st. 41% more than India
Expenditure > Total > % of GDP 5%
Ranked 126th.
6.2%
Ranked 87th. 24% more than India

Prevalence of undernourishment > % of population 20%
Ranked 51st. 8 times more than Poland
2.5%
Ranked 132nd.

Total expenditure on health as % of GDP 6.1%
Ranked 86th. The same as Poland
6.1%
Ranked 85th.
Public health spending > % of total health spending 26.18%
Ranked 169th.
70.85%
Ranked 60th. 3 times more than India

Smoking prevalence > Females > % of adults 16.8%
Ranked 17th.
25%
Ranked 5th. 49% more than India

SOURCES: World Development Indicators database; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; British Broadcasting Corporation 2014; (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Derived from male and female life expectancy at birth from sources such as: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; UN (United Nations). 2001. World Population Prospects 1950-2050: The 2000 Revision. Database. Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. New York; health care; UNHDR; CIA World Factbook, 28 July 2005; Wikipedia: Human height (Average height around the world); United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; World Health Organization. Source tables; "Where are you on the global fat scale?". BBC. July 12, 2012. Retrieved 2013-12-16. http://www.biomedcentral.com/content/pdf/1471-2458-12-439.pdf. Walpole et al., BMC Public Health 2012, 12:4; World Health Organization. Source tables; Level & Trends in Child Mortality. Report 2010. Estimates Developed by the UN Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (UNICEF, WHO, World Bank, UN DESA, UNPD).; World Health Organization2005; World Health Organization, Global Tuberculosis Report.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; (1) United Nations Population Division. 2009. World Population Prospects: The 2008 Revision. New York, United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs (advanced Excel tables). Available at http://esa.un.org/unpd/wpp2008/index.htm, (2) University of California, Berkeley, and Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research. Human Mortality Database. [ www.mortality.org or www.humanmortality.de] downloaded on Dec. 10, 2009.; World Health Organization National Health Account database (see http://apps.who.int/nha/database/DataExplorerRegime.aspx for the most recent updates).; UNHDR. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; UNICEF (United Nations Children?s Fund). 2002. Official Summary: The State of the World's Children 2002. New York: Oxford University Press.; World Health Organisation, OECD, supplemented by country data.; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; "Where are you on the global fat scale?". BBC. July 12, 2012. Retrieved 2013-12-16.
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"Health: India and Poland compared", NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/compare/India/Poland/Health

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