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Country vs country: India and Puerto Rico compared: People stats

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Definitions

  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-14: Percentage of total population aged 0-14.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years: The distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over: The distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest."
  • Birth rate: The average annual number of births during a year per 1,000 persons in the population at midyear; also known as crude birth rate. The birth rate is usually the dominant factor in determining the rate of population growth. It depends on both the level of fertility and the age structure of the population.
  • Death rate: The average annual number of deaths during a year per 1,000 population at midyear; also known as crude death rate. The death rate, while only a rough indicator of the mortality situation in a country, accurately indicates the current mortality impact on population growth. This indicator is significantly affected by age distribution, and most countries will eventually show a rise in the overall death rate, in spite of continued decline in mortality at all ages, as declining fertility results in an aging population.
  • Ethnic groups: This entry provides a rank ordering of ethnic groups starting with the largest and normally includes the percent of total population.
  • Gender > Female population: Total female population.
  • Population: Population, total refers to the total population.
  • Population > Population growth, past and future: Population growth rate (percentage).
  • Population growth: Percentage by which country's population either has increased or is estimated to increase. Countries with a decrease in population are signified by a negative percentage. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Population growth rate: The average annual percent change in the population, resulting from a surplus (or deficit) of births over deaths and the balance of migrants entering and leaving a country. The rate may be positive or negative. The growth rate is a factor in determining how great a burden would be imposed on a country by the changing needs of its people for infrastructure (e.g., schools, hospitals, housing, roads), resources (e.g., food, water, electricity), and jobs. Rapid population growth can be seen as threatening by neighboring countries.
  • Population in 2015: (Thousands) Medium-variant projections.
  • Sex ratio > Total population: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Total fertility rate: The average number of children that would be born per woman if all women lived to the end of their child-bearing years and bore children according to a given fertility rate at each age. The total fertility rate is a more direct measure of the level of fertility than the crude birth rate, since it refers to births per woman. This indicator shows the potential for population growth in the country. High rates will also place some limits on the labor force participation rates for women. Large numbers of children born to women indicate large family sizes that might limit the ability of the families to feed and educate their children.
  • Urban and rural > Population living in cities proper: City population by sex, city and city type.
  • Sex ratio > At birth: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Gender > Male population: Total male population.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-64: Percentage of total population aged 15-64.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-59: Percentage of total pouplation aged 15-59.
  • Nationality > Adjective: This entry is derived from People > Nationality, which provides the identifying terms for citizens - noun and adjective.
  • Age structure > 15-64 years: The distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Death rate, crude > Per 1,000 people: Death rate, crude (per 1,000 people). Crude death rate indicates the number of deaths occurring during the year, per 1,000 population estimated at midyear. Subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birth rate provides the rate of natural increase, which is equal to the rate of population change in the absence of migration.
  • Age distribution > Median age: The median age of the country's residents. This is the age most people are in the country.
  • Age distribution > Child dependency ratio: Percentage of dependant children out of total population aged 15 and older. A dependant child is a child aged 0-14.
  • Age distribution > Total dependency ratio: Percentage of dependant persons out of total population aged 15-64. A dependant person is a person aged 0-14 and those over 65 years old.
  • Migration > Net migration rate: The difference between the number of persons entering and leaving a country during the year per 1,000 persons (based on midyear population). An excess of persons entering the country is referred to as net immigration (e.g., 3.56 migrants/1,000 population); an excess of persons leaving the country as net emigration (e.g., -9.26 migrants/1,000 population). The net migration rate indicates the contribution of migration to the overall level of population change. High levels of migration can cause problems such as increasing unemployment and potential ethnic strife (if people are coming in) or a reduction in the labor force, perhaps in certain key sectors (if people are leaving).
  • Percentage living in rural areas.: Percentage of people living in rural areas. Data for 2003. Urban-rural classification of population in internationally published statistics follows the national census definition, which differs from one country or area to another. National definitions are usually based on criteria that may include any of the following: size of population in a locality, population density, distance between built-up areas, predominant type of economic activity, legal or administrative boundaries and urban characteristics such as specific services and facilities.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total: Number of people aged 0-14.
  • Median age > Total: This entry is derived from People > Median age, which is the age that divides a population into two numerically equal groups; that is, half the people are younger than this age and half are older. It is a single index that summarizes the age distribution of a population. Currently, the median age ranges from a low of about 15 in Uganda and Gaza Strip to 40 or more in several European countries and Japan. See the entry for "Age structure" for the importance of a young versus an older age structure and, by implication, a low versus a higher median age.
  • Cities > Urban population: Total population living in urban areas. The defition of an urban area differs for each country. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Housing > Average people per household: Household size.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Total: Number of people aged 15-24.
  • Age structure > 15-24 years: This entry is derived from People > Age structure, which provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group as follows: 0-14 years (children), 15-24 years (early working age), 25-54 years (prime working age), 55-64 years (mature working age), 65 years and over (elderly). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Urban population: Urban population is the midyear population of areas defined as urban in each country and reported to the United Nations.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 > Total: Number of people aged 15-59.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Total population: This entry is derived from People > Life expectancy at birth, which contains the average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. The entry includes total population as well as the male and female components. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Sex ratio > Under 15 years: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Age distribution > Elderly dependency ratio: Percentage of dependant adults out of total population aged 15-64. A dependant adult is an adult aged 65 and older.
  • Migration > Net migration > Per capita: Net migration is the net total of migrants during the period, that is, the total number of immigrants less the annual number of emigrants, including both citizens and noncitizens. Data are five-year estimates. To derive estimates of net migration, the United Nations Population Division takes into account the past migration history of a country or area, the migration policy of a country, and the influx of refugees in recent periods. The data to calculate these official estimates come from a variety of sources, including border statistics, administrative records, surveys, and censuses. When no official estimates can be made because of insufficient data, net migration is derived through the balance equation, which is the difference between overall population growth and the natural increase during the 1990-2000 intercensal period." Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 15-24.
  • Gender > Sex ratio at birth: Number of males born for every female born. Countries with a number less than one have more females born than males.
  • Age structure > 25-54 years: This entry is derived from People > Age structure, which provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group as follows: 0-14 years (children), 15-24 years (early working age), 25-54 years (prime working age), 55-64 years (mature working age), 65 years and over (elderly). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Population density > People per sq. km of land area: Population density (people per sq. km of land area). Population density is midyear population divided by land area in square kilometers. Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of their country of origin. Land area is a country's total area, excluding area under inland water bodies, national claims to continental shelf, and exclusive economic zones. In most cases the definition of inland water bodies includes major rivers and lakes.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 > Total: Number of people aged 15-64.
  • Urban and rural > Rural population: Total population living in rural areas by country.
  • Age dependency ratio > Dependents to working-age population: Age dependency ratio is the ratio of dependents--people younger than 15 or older than 64--to the working-age population--those ages 15-64. For example, 0.7 means there are 7 dependents for every 10 working-age people.
  • Nationality > Noun: The noun which identifies citizens of the nation
  • Migration > Net migration: Net migration is the net total of migrants during the period, that is, the total number of immigrants less the annual number of emigrants, including both citizens and noncitizens. Data are five-year estimates. To derive estimates of net migration, the United Nations Population Division takes into account the past migration history of a country or area, the migration policy of a country, and the influx of refugees in recent periods. The data to calculate these official estimates come from a variety of sources, including border statistics, administrative records, surveys, and censuses. When no official estimates can be made because of insufficient data, net migration is derived through the balance equation, which is the difference between overall population growth and the natural increase during the 1990-2000 intercensal period."
  • Urban and rural > Urban population: Total population living in urban areas by country.
  • Percentage living in urban areas: Percentage of people living in urban areas. Data for 2003. Urban-rural classification of population in internationally published statistics follows the national census definition, which differs from one country or area to another. National definitions are usually based on criteria that may include any of the following: size of population in a locality, population density, distance between built-up areas, predominant type of economic activity, legal or administrative boundaries and urban characteristics such as specific services and facilities.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 65 and older.
  • Literacy > Total population: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
    Additional details:
    • Gibraltar: above 80% (2013)


  • Age structure > 55-64 years: This entry is derived from People > Age structure, which provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group as follows: 0-14 years (children), 15-24 years (early working age), 25-54 years (prime working age), 55-64 years (mature working age), 65 years and over (elderly). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Marriage > Minimum legal age > Without parental consent > For Women: Minimum legal age at which women can be married without parental consent.
  • Population > CIA Factbook: This entry gives an estimate from the US Bureau of the Census based on statistics from population censuses, vital statistics registration systems, or sample surveys pertaining to the recent past and on assumptions about future trends. The total population presents one overall measure of the potential impact of the country on the world and within its region. Note: starting with the 1993 Factbook, demographic estimates for some countries (mostly African) have explicitly taken into account the effects of the growing impact of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. These countries are currently: The Bahamas, Benin, Botswana, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burma, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.
  • Teenage pregancy rate: Adolescent fertility rate is the number of births per 1,000 women ages 15-19."
  • Fertility > Birth rate, crude > Per 1,000 people: Birth rate, crude (per 1,000 people). Crude birth rate indicates the number of live births occurring during the year, per 1,000 population estimated at midyear. Subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birth rate provides the rate of natural increase, which is equal to the rate of population change in the absence of migration.
  • Population, total: Population, total. Population, total refers to the total population.
  • Sex ratio > 15-64 years: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Dependency ratios > Youth dependency ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.



  • Infant mortality rate > Total: This entry is derived from People > Infant mortality rate, which gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
  • Urban and rural > Females living in cities proper: Total number of females living in cities proper. The UN definition for city proper varies for each country but usually refers to a locality with legal boundaries, some form of local government and does not include its outlying suburbs and districts. Numbers only include cities proper with a population over 100,000.
  • Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of origin: Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organisation of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of origin generally refers to the nationality or country of citizenship of a claimant."
  • Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 60 and older.
  • Contraceptive prevalence rate: This field gives the percent of women of reproductive age (15-49) who are married or in union and are using, or whose sexual partner is using, a method of contraception according to the date of the most recent available data. The contraceptive prevalence rate is an indicator of health services, development, and women’s empowerment. It is also useful in understanding, past, present, and future fertility trends, especially in developing countries.
  • Literacy > Female: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
  • Fertility > Fertility rate, total > Births per woman: Fertility rate, total (births per woman). Total fertility rate represents the number of children that would be born to a woman if she were to live to the end of her childbearing years and bear children in accordance with current age-specific fertility rates.
  • Marriage > Years being single before marriage > Women: Average age of women at their first marriage.
  • Marriage > Percent married > All > Female > Aged 15-19: Percent of people aged 15-19 years who are or have been married or in a marriage-like union recognized by the law or customs of their country.
  • GDP per capita > Current US$: GDP per capita (current US$). GDP per capita is gross domestic product divided by midyear population. GDP is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Dependency ratios > Potential support ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.



  • Population density: Population density is midyear population divided by land area in square kilometers. Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of their country of origin. Land area is a country's total area, excluding area under inland water bodies, national claims to continental shelf, and exclusive economic zones. In most cases the definition of inland water bodies includes major rivers and lakes."
  • Sex ratio > 65 years and over: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Urban and rural > Urban population per thousand people: Total population living in urban areas by country. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Population in largest city: Population in largest city is the urban population living in the countryÂ’s largest metropolitan area.
  • Urbanization: Estimates and projections of urban and rural populations are made by the Population Division of the United Nations Secretariat and published every two years. These estimates and projections are based on national census or survey data that have been evaluated and, whenever necessary, adjusted for deficiencies and inconsistencies. Urban-rural classification of population in internationally published statistics follows the national census definition, which differs from one country or area to another. National definitions are usually based on criteria that may include any of the following: size of population in a locality, population density, distance between built-up areas, predominant type of economic activity, legal or administrative boundaries and urban characteristics such as specific services and facilities.
  • Religions: This entry is an ordered listing of religions by adherents starting with the largest group and sometimes includes the percent of total population. The core characteristics and beliefs of the world's major religions are described below.
    Baha'i - Founded by Mirza Husayn-Ali (known as Baha'u'llah) in Iran in 1852, Baha'i faith emphasizes monotheism and believes in one eternal transcendent God. Its guiding focus is to encourage the unity of all peoples on the earth so that justice and peace may be achieved on earth. Baha'i revelation contends the prophets of major world religions reflect some truth or element of the divine, believes all were manifestations of God given to specific communities in specific times, and that Baha'u'llah is an additional prophet meant to call all humankind. Bahais are an open community, located worldwide, with the greatest concentration of believers in South Asia.
    Buddhism - Religion or philosophy inspired by the 5th century B.C. teachings of Siddhartha Gautama (also known as Gautama Buddha "the enlightened one"). Buddhism focuses on the goal of spiritual enlightenment centered on an understanding of Gautama Buddha's Four Noble Truths on the nature of suffering, and on the Eightfold Path of spiritual and moral practice, to break the cycle of suffering of which we are a part. Buddhism ascribes to a karmic system of rebirth. Several schools and sects of Buddhism exist, differing often on the nature of the Buddha, the extent to which enlightenment can be achieved - for one or for all, and by whom - religious orders or laity.
    Basic Groupings
       Theravada Buddhism: The oldest Buddhist school, Theravada is practiced mostly in Sri Lanka, Cambodia, Laos, Burma, and Thailand, with minority representation elsewhere in Asia and the West. Theravadans follow the Pali Canon of Buddha's teachings, and believe that one may escape the cycle of rebirth, worldly attachment, and suffering for oneself; this process may take one or several lifetimes.
       Mahayana Buddhism, including subsets Zen and Tibetan (Lamaistic) Buddhism: Forms of Mahayana Buddhism are common in East Asia and Tibet, and parts of the West. Mahayanas have additional scriptures beyond the Pali Canon and believe the Buddha is eternal and still teaching. Unlike Theravada Buddhism, Mahayana schools maintain the Buddha-nature is present in all beings and all will ultimately achieve enlightenment.
        Hoa Hao: a minority tradition of Buddhism practiced in Vietnam that stresses lay participation, primarily by peasant farmers; it eschews ...
    Full definition






  • Gender > Women aged 15-49: Country's total population of women aged 15-49. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Future population change: Total change in population by country. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Dependency ratios > Total dependency ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.



  • Gender ratio > Whole population: Female/male ratio of population.
  • Future population > Males: UN estimates of male population in 2010, 2015, 2020, 2025 and 2030.
  • Future population > Females: UN estimates of female population in 2010, 2015, 2020, 2025 and 2030.
  • Gender > Female population per thousand people: Total female population. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Note: Country people note.
  • Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Total: This entry is derived from People > Unemployment, youth ages 15-24, which gives the percent of the total labor force ages 15-24 unemployed during a specified year.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Women denied family planning: Percentage of sexually active women who are able to but do not want to reproduce without access to family planning services.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Any method: Current contraceptive use among married women 15-49 years old, any method, percentage.
  • Dependency ratios > Elderly dependency ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.



  • Marriage, divorce and children > Marriageable age > Notes: Notes.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Marriage, divorce and children > Marriageable age > Females: Female consent.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Persons per room: The main data sources for housing statistics are national population and housing censuses. Internationally recommended concepts and definitions for collecting these statistics are published in the Principles and Recommendations for Population and Housing
  • Fertility > Adolescent fertility rate > Births per 1,000 women ages 15-19: Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19). Adolescent fertility rate is the number of births per 1,000 women ages 15-19.
  • Density and urbanisation > Urban population: Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanisation Prospects.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years > Females: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Births > Teen motherhood rate: Proportion of women aged 15-19 who have given birth.
  • Rural population: Rural population is calculated as the difference between the total population and the urban population.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Total: Number of people aged 0-4.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Total: Number of people 65 years old and older.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 0-4.
  • Urban and rural > Males living in cities proper: Total number of males living in cities proper. The UN definition for city proper varies for each country but usually refers to a locality with legal boundaries, some form of local government and does not include its outlying suburbs and districts. Numbers only include cities proper with a population over 100,000.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Teen marriage rate > Women: Percentage of female population aged 15-19 who has been married at least once. Percentage is out of total number of females in the same age group.
  • Literacy > Definition: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
  • Population, total per 1000: Population, total. Population, total refers to the total population. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Migration > International migrant stock > Total: International migrant stock is the number of people born in a country other than that in which they live. It also includes refugees. The data used to estimate the international migrant stock at a particular time are obtained mainly from population censuses. The estimates are derived from the data on foreign-born population--people who have residence in one country but were born in another country. When data on the foreign-born population are not available, data on foreign population--that is, people who are citizens of a country other than the country in which they reside--are used as estimates. After the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991 people living in one of the newly independent countries who were born in another were classified as international migrants. Estimates of migrant stock in the newly independent states from 1990 on are based on the 1989 census of the Soviet Union. For countries with information on the international migrant stock for at least two points in time, interpolation or extrapolation was used to estimate the international migrant stock on July 1 of the reference years. For countries with only one observation, estimates for the reference years were derived using rates of change in the migrant stock in the years preceding or following the single observation available. A model was used to estimate migrants for countries that had no data."
  • Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Female: This entry is derived from People > Unemployment, youth ages 15-24, which gives the percent of the total labor force ages 15-24 unemployed during a specified year.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > Females: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Female: This entry is derived from People > Life expectancy at birth, which contains the average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. The entry includes total population as well as the male and female components. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Immigration > Destination countries of nationalities and ethnic groups > Russians: Number of residents who are ethnic Russians and maintain a feeling of Russian national identity.
  • Total Population > Female: Total Population - Female, as of April 26, 2005
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > From total: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Urban and rural > Males living in cities proper per thousand people: Total number of males living in cities proper. The UN definition for city proper varies for each country but usually refers to a locality with legal boundaries, some form of local government and does not include its outlying suburbs and districts. Numbers only include cities proper with a population over 100,000. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Urban and rural > Females living in cities proper per thousand people: Total number of females living in cities proper. The UN definition for city proper varies for each country but usually refers to a locality with legal boundaries, some form of local government and does not include its outlying suburbs and districts. Numbers only include cities proper with a population over 100,000. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Urban population per 1000: Urban population is the midyear population of areas defined as urban in each country and reported to the United Nations. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Age structure > 15-64 years > Males: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 15-64. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Population in urban agglomerations of more than 1 million per 1000: Population in urban agglomerations of more than 1 million. Population in urban agglomerations of more than one million is the country's population living in metropolitan areas that in 2000 had a population of more than one million people. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Marriage > Percent married > All > Male > Aged 15-19: Percent ever married or in union among persons aged 15-19.
  • Population in largest city > Per capita: Population in largest city is the urban population living in the countryÂ’s largest metropolitan area. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Population in urban agglomerations > More than 1 million: Population in urban agglomerations of more than one million is the country's population living in metropolitan areas that in 2000 had a population of more than one million people.
  • Fertility > Number of maternal deaths: Number of maternal deaths. Maternal mortality deaths is the number of women who die during pregnancy and childbirth.
  • Literacy > Male: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
  • Cities > Urban population per thousand people: Total population living in urban areas. The defition of an urban area differs for each country. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Median age > Both sexes: Age of person who is older than half the population and younger than the other half of the population.
  • Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Male: This entry is derived from People > Unemployment, youth ages 15-24, which gives the percent of the total labor force ages 15-24 unemployed during a specified year.
  • Gender ratio > Babies: Female/male ratio at birth.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Years spent single before marriage > Females: Singulate mean age at marriage.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years > From total: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Condom: Current contraceptive use among married women 15-49 years old, condom, percentage.
  • Urban and rural > Male rural population: Total number of males living in rural areas by country.
  • Age structure > 15-64 years > From total: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age structure > 15-64 years > Females: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 15-59. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Net migration: Net migration. Net migration is the net total of migrants during the period, that is, the total number of immigrants less the annual number of emigrants, including both citizens and noncitizens. Data are five-year estimates.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 0-14. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Male: This entry is derived from People > Life expectancy at birth, which contains the average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. The entry includes total population as well as the male and female components. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Infant mortality rate > Female: This entry is derived from People > Infant mortality rate, which gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
  • Density and urbanisation > Rural population: Rural population refers to people living in rural areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated as the difference between total population and urban population.
  • Population in urban agglomerations > More than 1 million > Per capita: Population in urban agglomerations of more than one million is the country's population living in metropolitan areas that in 2000 had a population of more than one million people. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Urban population > Per capita: Urban population is the midyear population of areas defined as urban in each country and reported to the United Nations. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Population in urban agglomerations of more than 1 million: Population in urban agglomerations of more than 1 million. Population in urban agglomerations of more than one million is the country's population living in metropolitan areas that in 2000 had a population of more than one million people.
  • Languages: This entry provides a rank ordering of languages starting with the largest and sometimes includes the percent of total population speaking that language.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 15-24. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Gender > Male population per thousand people: Total male population. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 0-4. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Median age > Male: This entry is the age that divides a population into two numerically equal groups; that is, half the people are younger than this age and half are older. It is a single index that summarizes the age distribution of a population. Currently, the median age ranges from a low of about 15 in Uganda and Gaza Strip to 40 or more in several European countries and Japan. See the entry for "Age structure" for the importance of a young versus an older age structure and, by implication, a low versus a higher median age.
  • Mortality rate, adult, male > Per 1,000 male adults: Mortality rate, adult, male (per 1,000 male adults). Adult mortality rate is the probability of dying between the ages of 15 and 60--that is, the probability of a 15-year-old dying before reaching age 60, if subject to current age-specific mortality rates between those ages.
  • Mortality rate, adult, female > Per 1,000 female adults: Mortality rate, adult, female (per 1,000 female adults). Adult mortality rate is the probability of dying between the ages of 15 and 60--that is, the probability of a 15-year-old dying before reaching age 60, if subject to current age-specific mortality rates between those ages.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > Males: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years > Females per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Age structure > 15-64 years > Females per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Any method > Percentage: Percentage of all married women aged 15-49 who report using any type of contraceptive.
  • Gender ratio > Urban population: Female/male ratio of urban population.
  • Urban and rural population > Urban gender ratio: Women per 100 men amongst urban population.
  • Male population > Age 15-19 per 1000: Male population - Age 15-19, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Fertility > Maternal mortality ratio > Modeled estimate, per 100,000 live births: Maternal mortality ratio (modeled estimate, per 100,000 live births). Maternal mortality ratio is the number of women who die during pregnancy and childbirth, per 100,000 live births. The data are estimated with a regression model using information on fertility, birth attendants, and HIV prevalence.
  • Net migration per million: Net migration. Net migration is the net total of migrants during the period, that is, the total number of immigrants less the annual number of emigrants, including both citizens and noncitizens. Data are five-year estimates. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Infant mortality rate > Male: This entry is derived from People > Infant mortality rate, which gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
  • Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > Australian citizens > Conditions of access: Visa requirement.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Marriage, divorce and children > Marriageable age > Males: Male consent.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Maternal mortality rate: The maternal mortality rate (MMR) is the annual number of female deaths per 100,000 live births from any cause related to or aggravated by pregnancy or its management (excluding accidental or incidental causes). The MMR includes deaths during pregnancy, childbirth, or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy, irrespective of the duration and site of the pregnancy, for a specified year.
  • Structure > Population > Total: Total population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of their country of origin. The values shown are midyear estimates."
  • Population > CIA Factbook per capita: This entry gives an estimate from the US Bureau of the Census based on statistics from population censuses, vital statistics registration systems, or sample surveys pertaining to the recent past and on assumptions about future trends. The total population presents one overall measure of the potential impact of the country on the world and within its region. Note: starting with the 1993 Factbook, demographic estimates for some countries (mostly African) have explicitly taken into account the effects of the growing impact of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. These countries are currently: The Bahamas, Benin, Botswana, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burma, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Gender ratio > Aged over 60: Female/male ratio at age x.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > Females per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years > Males: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Urban and rural population > Rural gender ratio: Women per 100 men, rural population.
  • Cities > Rate of urbanization: Urbanization rate.
  • Immigration > Nationality compositions of Canada, share of immigrants: Portion of immigrants in Canada.
  • Future population change per thousand people: Total change in population by country. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Immigration > Destination countries of nationalities and ethnic groups > Jews > Enlarged Jewish population per thousand people:

    Jewish population by country. The enlarged Jewish community includes Jews, non-Jews with Jewish ancestry and non-Jewish members of Jewish households.   

    . Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Gender > Gender ratio aged over 60: Amount of women per every 100 males that are over the age of 60 in each country. For instance, in Russia, for every 100 males over 60, there are 196 females who are over 60.
  • Rural population per 1000: Rural population is calculated as the difference between the total population and the urban population. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 15-19: Total population - Age 15-19, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 10-14: Male population - Age 10-14, as of April 26, 2005
  • Fertility > Lifetime risk of maternal death > 1 in: rate varies by country: Lifetime risk of maternal death (1 in: rate varies by country). Life time risk of maternal death is the probability that a 15-year-old female will die eventually from a maternal cause assuming that current levels of fertility and mortality (including maternal mortality) do not change in the future, taking into account competing causes of death.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > Males per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years > Males per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Widows > Proportion of age group > Urban > Men > Aged 40 to 59: Percent widowed in age group.
  • Widows > Proportion of age group > All > Women > Aged 40 to 59: Percent widowed in age group.
  • Widows > Proportion of age group > All > Men > Aged 30 to 39: Percent widowed in age group.
  • Widows > Proportion of age group > Rural > Men > Aged above 59: Percent of population that is widowed by age group, gender and urban / rural status.
  • Marriage > Percent married > Rural > Female > Aged 15-19: Percent ever married or in union among persons aged 15-19.
  • Widows > Proportion of age group > All > Women > Aged above 59: Percent widowed in age group.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Childless women, aged 40-44: Proportion of women who have not given birth by age 40-44.
  • Total population > Age 20-24: Total population - Age 20-24, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 75-79 per 1000: Male population - Age 75-79, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Future population > Males per thousand people: UN estimates of male population in 2010, 2015, 2020, 2025 and 2030. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Future population > Females per thousand people: UN estimates of female population in 2010, 2015, 2020, 2025 and 2030. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Gender ratio > Aged over 65 > Women per 100 men: Female/male ratio at age x.
  • Gender ratio > Aged over 80: Female/male ratio at age x.
  • Gender > Gender ratio aged over 80: Amount of women per every 100 males that are over the age of 80 in each country. For instance, in North Korea, for every 100 males over 80, there are 411.8 females who are over 80.
  • Female population > Age 10-14 per 1000: Female population - Age 10-14, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Male population > Age 65-69 per 1000: Male population - Age 65-69, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Female population > Age 15-19 per 1000: Female population - Age 15-19, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Female population > Age 35-39: Female population - Age 35-39, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 15-19: Male population - Age 15-19, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 20-24: Male population - Age 20-24, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 10-14: Female population - Age 10-14, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population > Age 80-84: Total population - Age 80-84, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 45-49: Female population - Age 45-49, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total Population > Thousands: Total Population, thousands, as of April 26, 2005
  • HIV/AIDS > People living with HIV/AIDS: This entry gives an estimate of all people (adults and children) alive at yearend with HIV infection, whether or not they have developed symptoms of AIDS.
    Additional details:
    • Bahrain: fewer than 600 (2007)
    • Bhutan: fewer than 100 (2007)
    • Bhutan: fewer than 1,000 (2009)
    • Brunei: fewer than 200 (2003)
    • Comoros: fewer than 500 (2009)
    • Croatia: fewer than 1,000 (2009)
    • Cyprus: fewer than 1,000 (2007)
    • Fiji: fewer than 1,000 (2009)
    • Iceland: fewer than 1,000 (2009)
    • Iraq: fewer than 500 (2003)
    • Luxembourg: fewer than 500 (2003)
    • Luxembourg: fewer than 1,000 (2009)
    • Macedonia: fewer than 200 (2007)
    • Maldives: fewer than 100 (2009)
    • Malta: fewer than 500 (2009)
    • Mongolia: fewer than 500 (2009)
    • Qatar: fewer than 200 (2009)
    • Slovakia: fewer than 200 (2007)
    • Slovakia: fewer than 500 (2009)
    • Slovenia: fewer than 1,000 (2009)
    • Syria: fewer than 500 (2003)
    • Turkmenistan: fewer than 200 (2007)


  • Population, female > % of total: Population, female (% of total). Population, female (% of total) is the percentage of the population that is female.
  • Marriage > Percent married > Urban > Female > Aged 15-19: Percent ever married or in union among persons aged 15-19.
  • Survival to age 65, female > % of cohort: Survival to age 65, female (% of cohort). Survival to age 65 refers to the percentage of a cohort of newborn infants that would survive to age 65, if subject to current age specific mortality rates.
  • Immigration > Destination countries of nationalities and ethnic groups > Percent of population of African descent: Percentage of each country's population that is of African descent. These numbers include people mixed with African descent as well.
  • Labor force participation rate, female > % of female population ages 15-64: Labor force participation rate, female (% of female population ages 15-64). Labor force participation rate, female (% of female population ages 15-64)
  • Employment to population ratio, ages 15-24, female > %: Employment to population ratio, ages 15-24, female (%). Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15-24 are generally considered the youth population.
  • Labor force participation rate, total > % of total population ages 15-64: Labor force participation rate, total (% of total population ages 15-64). Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15-64 that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period.
  • Total population > Age 45-49 > % of the total: Total population - Age 45-49 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 75-79 > % of the total: Female population - Age 75-79 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 80-84 per 1000: Male population - Age 80-84, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Survival to age 65, male > % of cohort: Survival to age 65, male (% of cohort). Survival to age 65 refers to the percentage of a cohort of newborn infants that would survive to age 65, if subject to current age specific mortality rates.
  • Age dependency ratio, old > % of working-age population: Age dependency ratio, old (% of working-age population). Age dependency ratio, old, is the ratio of older dependents--people older than 64--to the working-age population--those ages 15-64. Data are shown as the proportion of dependents per 100 working-age population.
STAT India Puerto Rico HISTORY
Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 15.9%
Ranked 85th. 15% more than Puerto Rico
13.86%
Ranked 177th.

Age structure > 0-14 years 28.9%
Ranked 87th. 57% more than Puerto Rico
18.4%
Ranked 165th.

Age structure > 65 years and over 5.7%
Ranked 125th.
16.4%
Ranked 34th. 3 times more than India

Birth rate 20.24 births/1,000 population
Ranked 87th. 79% more than Puerto Rico
11.28 births/1,000 population
Ranked 172nd.

Death rate 7.39 deaths/1,000 population
Ranked 116th.
8.23 deaths/1,000 population
Ranked 91st. 11% more than India

Ethnic groups Indo-Aryan 72%, Dravidian 25%, Mongoloid and other 3% white (mostly Spanish origin) 76.2%, black 6.9%, Asian 0.3%, Amerindian 0.2%, mixed 4.4%, other 12%
Gender > Female population 760.43 million
Ranked 1st. 521 times more than Puerto Rico
1.46 million
Ranked 138th.

Population 1.22 billion
Ranked 2nd. 332 times more than Puerto Rico
3.67 million
Ranked 129th.

Population > Population growth, past and future -0.244
Ranked 141st.
-0.499
Ranked 215th. 2 times more than India

Population growth -0.244%
Ranked 141st.
-0.499%
Ranked 215th. 2 times more than India

Population growth rate 1.28%
Ranked 90th.
-0.47%
Ranked 222nd.

Population in 2015 1.26 million thousand
Ranked 2nd. 303 times more than Puerto Rico
4,157 thousand
Ranked 124th.
Sex ratio > Total population 1.08 male(s)/female
Ranked 13th. 17% more than Puerto Rico
0.92 male(s)/female
Ranked 209th.

Total fertility rate 2.55 children born/woman
Ranked 80th. 55% more than Puerto Rico
1.64 children born/woman
Ranked 174th.

Urban and rural > Population living in cities proper 172.41 million
Ranked 1st. 138 times more than Puerto Rico
1.25 million
Ranked 10th.

Sex ratio > At birth 1.12 male(s)/female
Ranked 5th. 6% more than Puerto Rico
1.06 male(s)/female
Ranked 39th.

Gender > Male population 786.41 million
Ranked 1st. 565 times more than Puerto Rico
1.39 million
Ranked 138th.

Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 60.17%
Ranked 72nd. 13% more than Puerto Rico
53.29%
Ranked 176th.

Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 53.89%
Ranked 75th. 14% more than Puerto Rico
47.47%
Ranked 174th.

Nationality > Adjective Indian Puerto Rican
Age structure > 15-64 years 65.2%
Ranked 131st.
65.4%
Ranked 126th. About the same as India

Death rate, crude > Per 1,000 people 7.95
Ranked 91st.
8
Ranked 90th. 1% more than India

Age distribution > Median age 44.27 years
Ranked 118th.
50.06 years
Ranked 20th. 13% more than India

Age distribution > Child dependency ratio 26.42%
Ranked 149th. 2% more than Puerto Rico
26.02%
Ranked 177th.

Age distribution > Total dependency ratio 66.19%
Ranked 125th.
87.66%
Ranked 21st. 32% more than India

Migration > Net migration rate -0.05 migrant(s)/1,000 populati
Ranked 86th.
-1.03 migrant(s)/1,000 populati
Ranked 116th. 21 times more than India

Percentage living in rural areas. 72%
Ranked 28th. 24 times more than Puerto Rico
3%
Ranked 193th.
Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total 245.95 million
Ranked 1st. 622 times more than Puerto Rico
395,507
Ranked 141st.

Median age > Total 26.7 years
Ranked 133th.
38.2 years
Ranked 56th. 43% more than India

Cities > Urban population 40,860
Ranked 196th.
83,613
Ranked 58th. 2 times more than India

Housing > Average people per household 5.3
Ranked 1st. 77% more than Puerto Rico
3
Ranked 4th.
Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Total 172.86 million
Ranked 1st. 622 times more than Puerto Rico
277,973
Ranked 141st.

Age structure > 15-24 years 18.2%
Ranked 102nd. 25% more than Puerto Rico
14.6%
Ranked 159th.
Urban population 314.15 million
Ranked 2nd. 82 times more than Puerto Rico
3.82 million
Ranked 89th.

Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 > Total 833.64 million
Ranked 1st. 616 times more than Puerto Rico
1.35 million
Ranked 140th.

Life expectancy at birth > Total population 67.48 years
Ranked 161st.
79.07 years
Ranked 44th. 17% more than India

Sex ratio > Under 15 years 1.13 male(s)/female
Ranked 7th. 9% more than Puerto Rico
1.04 male(s)/female
Ranked 112th.

Age distribution > Elderly dependency ratio 39.76%
Ranked 120th.
61.64%
Ranked 21st. 55% more than India

Migration > Net migration > Per capita -1,406.928 per 1 million people
Ranked 98th.
-6,843.719 per 1 million people
Ranked 119th. 5 times more than India

Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Percent 11.18%
Ranked 83th. 15% more than Puerto Rico
9.74%
Ranked 175th.

Gender > Sex ratio at birth 1.08
Ranked 1st. 3% more than Puerto Rico
1.05
Ranked 61st.

Age structure > 25-54 years 40.4%
Ranked 114th. 5% more than Puerto Rico
38.6%
Ranked 137th.
Population density > People per sq. km of land area 410.72 sq. km
Ranked 22nd.
416.47 sq. km
Ranked 21st. 1% more than India

Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 > Total 930.78 million
Ranked 1st. 612 times more than Puerto Rico
1.52 million
Ranked 140th.

Urban and rural > Rural population 811.84 million
Ranked 1st. 3491 times more than Puerto Rico
232,533
Ranked 75th.

Age dependency ratio > Dependents to working-age population 0.6
Ranked 82nd. 15% more than Puerto Rico
0.52
Ranked 112th.

Nationality > Noun Indian(s) Puerto Rican(s) (US citizens)
Migration > Net migration -1,540,000
Ranked 177th. 58 times more than Puerto Rico
-26,773
Ranked 111th.

Urban and rural > Urban population 338.36 million
Ranked 2nd. 97 times more than Puerto Rico
3.49 million
Ranked 51st.

Percentage living in urban areas 28%
Ranked 172nd.
97%
Ranked 8th. 3 times more than India
Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Percent 23.93%
Ranked 119th.
32.85%
Ranked 22nd. 37% more than India

Literacy > Total population 62.8%
Ranked 187th.
90.3%
Ranked 133th. 44% more than India

Age structure > 55-64 years 6.9%
Ranked 123th.
11.9%
Ranked 51st. 72% more than India
Marriage > Minimum legal age > Without parental consent > For Women 18
Ranked 63th.
21
Ranked 7th. 17% more than India
Population > CIA Factbook 1.15 billion
Ranked 2nd. 290 times more than Puerto Rico
3.96 million
Ranked 127th.

Teenage pregancy rate 67.12
Ranked 52nd. 27% more than Puerto Rico
52.72
Ranked 73th.

Fertility > Birth rate, crude > Per 1,000 people 21
Ranked 90th. 89% more than Puerto Rico
11.1
Ranked 162nd.

Population, total 1.24 billion
Ranked 2nd. 337 times more than Puerto Rico
3.67 million
Ranked 131st.

Sex ratio > 15-64 years 1.07
Ranked 19th. 15% more than Puerto Rico
0.93
Ranked 200th.

Dependency ratios > Youth dependency ratio 44.3%
Ranked 86th. 51% more than Puerto Rico
29.3%
Ranked 139th.
Infant mortality rate > Total 44.6 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 50th. 6 times more than Puerto Rico
8 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 157th.

Urban and rural > Females living in cities proper 58,896
Ranked 23th.
206,906
Ranked 15th. 4 times more than India

Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of origin 19,514
Ranked 31st. 1626 times more than Puerto Rico
12
Ranked 145th.

Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Percent 30.21%
Ranked 120th.
38.67%
Ranked 21st. 28% more than India

Contraceptive prevalence rate 54.8%
Ranked 1st.
84.1%
Ranked 4th. 53% more than India
Literacy > Female 50.8%
Ranked 5th.
90.9%
Ranked 48th. 79% more than India

Fertility > Fertility rate, total > Births per woman 2.53
Ranked 84th. 53% more than Puerto Rico
1.65
Ranked 158th.

Urbanization > Rate of urbanization None None
Marriage > Years being single before marriage > Women 20.2
Ranked 14th.
24.1
Ranked 5th. 19% more than India
Marriage > Percent married > All > Female > Aged 15-19 35.7%
Ranked 5th. 3 times more than Puerto Rico
11.9%
Ranked 10th.

GDP per capita > Current US$ $1,489.23
Ranked 137th.
$27,677.53
Ranked 28th. 19 times more than India

Dependency ratios > Potential support ratio 12.4
Ranked 90th. 3 times more than Puerto Rico
4.8
Ranked 157th.
Population density 383.41
Ranked 18th.
445.83
Ranked 15th. 16% more than India

Sex ratio > 65 years and over 0.91 male(s)/female
Ranked 39th. 18% more than Puerto Rico
0.77 male(s)/female
Ranked 131st.

Urban and rural > Urban population per thousand people 288.05
Ranked 69th.
938.74
Ranked 4th. 3 times more than India

Population in largest city 18.2 million
Ranked 5th. 7 times more than Puerto Rico
2.6 million
Ranked 52nd.

Urbanization 28
Ranked 176th.
76
Ranked 46th. 3 times more than India
Religions Hindu 80.5%, Muslim 13.4%, Christian 2.3%, Sikh 1.9%, other 1.8%, unspecified 0.1% Roman Catholic 85%, Protestant and other 15%
Gender > Women aged 15-49 306.98 million
Ranked 1st. 611 times more than Puerto Rico
502,508
Ranked 140th.

Future population change -3,795,319.6
Ranked 196th. 263 times more than Puerto Rico
-14,420.2
Ranked 133th.

Dependency ratios > Total dependency ratio 52.4%
Ranked 101st. 5% more than Puerto Rico
50.1%
Ranked 122nd.
Gender ratio > Whole population 93.1%
Ranked 181st.
108.5%
Ranked 18th. 17% more than India

Future population > Males 771.03 million
Ranked 1st. 367 times more than Puerto Rico
2.1 million
Ranked 126th.

Future population > Females 734.72 million
Ranked 1st. 322 times more than Puerto Rico
2.28 million
Ranked 124th.

Gender > Female population per thousand people 482.64
Ranked 182nd.
517.88
Ranked 19th. 7% more than India

Note India Gate in New Delhi honours Indian soldiers who fell in the First World War Puerto Rico is a popular holiday destination
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Total 10.2%
Ranked 99th.
29.9%
Ranked 23th. 3 times more than India

Marriage, divorce and children > Women denied family planning 20.5%
Ranked 4th. 5 times more than Puerto Rico
4%
Ranked 13th.
Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Any method 54.8%
Ranked 14th.
84.1%
Ranked 2nd. 53% more than India

Dependency ratios > Elderly dependency ratio 8%
Ranked 107th.
20.9%
Ranked 38th. 3 times more than India
Marriage, divorce and children > Marriageable age > Notes url= http://india.gov.in/howdo/howdoi.php?service=3 |title=Obtain Marriage Certificate - How do I: National Portal of India |publisher=India.gov.in |date= |accessdate=2013-01-14}}</ref> If any partner(s) engages in marriage at a younger age, (s)he can ask for the marriage to be declared void. A recent recommendation by the Law Commission aims to equalize the marriage age for males and females to 18. Official policy automatically declares marriages under 16 as "null and void", while marriages at the age of 16 or 17 are "voidable". In 2012, high court has declared that Muslim women can marry at 15. Additionally, the report declares that "In spite of these legal provisions, child marriage is still widely practiced and a marriage solemnized in contravention of these provisions is not void even under the new PCMA, 1929, the Hindu Marriage Act, 1955 and also under the Muslim Law." (Younger parties may obtain license in case of pregnancy or birth of child), and 18 with parental consent.
Marriage, divorce and children > Marriageable age > Females 18
Ranked 6th.
21
Ranked 1st. 17% more than India
Persons per room 2.7
Ranked 2nd. 4 times more than Puerto Rico
0.7
Ranked 44th.
Fertility > Adolescent fertility rate > Births per 1,000 women ages 15-19 36.35
Ranked 100th.
47.84
Ranked 82nd. 32% more than India

Density and urbanisation > Urban population 344.52 million
Ranked 3rd. 88 times more than Puerto Rico
3.92 million
Ranked 84th.

Age structure > 0-14 years > Females 172.17 million
Ranked 1st. 434 times more than Puerto Rico
396,782
Ranked 131st.

Births > Teen motherhood rate 29%
Ranked 3rd. 3 times more than Puerto Rico
11%
Ranked 9th.
Rural population 780.44 million
Ranked 1st. 8312 times more than Puerto Rico
93,889.3
Ranked 166th.

Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Total 80.33 million
Ranked 1st. 621 times more than Puerto Rico
129,290
Ranked 141st.

Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Total 370.1 million
Ranked 1st. 395 times more than Puerto Rico
937,152
Ranked 129th.

Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Percent 5.19%
Ranked 95th. 15% more than Puerto Rico
4.53%
Ranked 177th.

Urban and rural > Males living in cities proper 61,780
Ranked 24th.
175,025
Ranked 17th. 3 times more than India

Marriage, divorce and children > Teen marriage rate > Women 27.6
Ranked 3rd. 2 times more than Puerto Rico
11.9
Ranked 5th.
Literacy > Definition age 15 and over can read and write age 15 and over can read and write
Population, total per 1000 1,000
Ranked 93th. The same as Puerto Rico
1,000
Ranked 41st.

Migration > International migrant stock > Total 5.89 million
Ranked 8th. 17 times more than Puerto Rico
352,406
Ranked 77th.

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Female 11.5%
Ranked 5th.
24.5%
Ranked 20th. 2 times more than India

Major cities > Population DELHI (capital) 21.72 million; Mumbai 19.695 million; Kolkata 15.294 million; Chennai 7.416 million; Bangalore 7.079 million SAN JUAN (capital) 2.73 million
Age structure > 65 years and over > Females 31.28 million
Ranked 3rd. 103 times more than Puerto Rico
303,833
Ranked 86th.

Life expectancy at birth > Female 68.7 years
Ranked 164th.
82.79 years
Ranked 35th. 21% more than India

Immigration > Destination countries of nationalities and ethnic groups > Russians 140
Ranked 58th.
269
Ranked 56th. 92% more than India
Total Population > Female 530.74 million
Ranked 2nd. 260 times more than Puerto Rico
2.04 million
Ranked 124th.
Age structure > 65 years and over > From total 5.2%
Ranked 117th.
13.5%
Ranked 41st. 3 times more than India

Urban and rural > Males living in cities proper per thousand people 0.0583
Ranked 33th.
47.03
Ranked 17th. 807 times more than India

Urban and rural > Females living in cities proper per thousand people 0.0556
Ranked 32nd.
55.6
Ranked 17th. 1000 times more than India

Urban population per 1000 278.71
Ranked 156th.
999.16
Ranked 5th. 4 times more than India

Age structure > 15-64 years > Males 374.16 million
Ranked 2nd. 298 times more than Puerto Rico
1.25 million
Ranked 126th.

Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 > Total per thousand people 647.6
Ranked 103th.
663.27
Ranked 79th. 2% more than India

Population in urban agglomerations of more than 1 million per 1000 127.07
Ranked 88th.
675.45
Ranked 4th. 5 times more than India

Marriage > Percent married > All > Male > Aged 15-19 9.5%
Ranked 2nd. 2 times more than Puerto Rico
3.9%
Ranked 6th.

Population in largest city > Per capita 0.017 per capita
Ranked 117th.
0.666 per capita
Ranked 4th. 39 times more than India

Population in urban agglomerations > More than 1 million 127.14 million
Ranked 3rd. 49 times more than Puerto Rico
2.6 million
Ranked 58th.

Fertility > Number of maternal deaths 56,000
Ranked 1st. 5600 times more than Puerto Rico
10
Ranked 132nd.

Literacy > Male 75.2%
Ranked 175th.
89.7%
Ranked 137th. 19% more than India

Cities > Urban population per thousand people 2.56e-08
Ranked 220th.
2.68e-05
Ranked 77th. 1045 times more than India

Median age > Both sexes 25.9
Ranked 125th.
36.7
Ranked 57th. 42% more than India
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Male 9.8%
Ranked 99th.
33.3%
Ranked 17th. 3 times more than India

Gender ratio > Babies 92.2%
Ranked 186th.
94.6%
Ranked 140th. 3% more than India

Marriage, divorce and children > Years spent single before marriage > Females 19.9 years
Ranked 17th.
22.6 years
Ranked 13th. 14% more than India
Age structure > 0-14 years > From total 31.5%
Ranked 90th. 54% more than Puerto Rico
20.5%
Ranked 155th.

Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Condom 5.5%
Ranked 12th.
8.8%
Ranked 11th. 60% more than India

Urbanization > Urban population None 99
Urban and rural > Male rural population 417.25 million
Ranked 1st. 3859 times more than Puerto Rico
108,122
Ranked 70th.

Age structure > 15-64 years > From total 63.3%
Ranked 131st.
66%
Ranked 98th. 4% more than India

Age structure > 15-64 years > Females 352.87 million
Ranked 2nd. 260 times more than Puerto Rico
1.36 million
Ranked 125th.

Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 > Total per thousand people 620.86
Ranked 85th. 1% more than Puerto Rico
611.73
Ranked 97th.

Net migration -2,294,049
Ranked 193th. 22 times more than Puerto Rico
-103,537
Ranked 155th.

Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total per thousand people 301.72
Ranked 79th. 48% more than Puerto Rico
204.06
Ranked 136th.

Life expectancy at birth > Male 66.38 years
Ranked 151st.
75.56 years
Ranked 55th. 14% more than India

Infant mortality rate > Female 46.08 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 40th. 6 times more than Puerto Rico
7.14 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 153th.

Density and urbanisation > Rural population 810.82 million
Ranked 1st. 14160 times more than Puerto Rico
57,260.95
Ranked 171st.

Population in urban agglomerations > More than 1 million > Per capita 0.116 per capita
Ranked 82nd.
0.666 per capita
Ranked 4th. 6 times more than India

Urban population > Per capita 0.287 per capita
Ranked 159th.
0.976 per capita
Ranked 6th. 3 times more than India

Population in urban agglomerations of more than 1 million 157.15 million
Ranked 2nd. 63 times more than Puerto Rico
2.48 million
Ranked 60th.

Languages Hindi 41%, Bengali 8.1%, Telugu 7.2%, Marathi 7%, Tamil 5.9%, Urdu 5%, Gujarati 4.5%, Kannada 3.7%, Malayalam 3.2%, Oriya 3.2%, Punjabi 2.8%, Assamese 1.3%, Maithili 1.2%, other 5.9% Spanish, English
Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Total per thousand people 189.97
Ranked 88th. 22% more than Puerto Rico
155.22
Ranked 135th.

Gender > Male population per thousand people 517.36
Ranked 14th. 8% more than Puerto Rico
479.02
Ranked 171st.

Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Total per thousand people 100.6
Ranked 89th. 60% more than Puerto Rico
62.76
Ranked 144th.

Median age > Male 26.1 years
Ranked 135th.
36.4 years
Ranked 58th. 39% more than India

Mortality rate, adult, male > Per 1,000 male adults 241.9
Ranked 58th. 51% more than Puerto Rico
160.41
Ranked 110th.

Mortality rate, adult, female > Per 1,000 female adults 160.66
Ranked 59th. 3 times more than Puerto Rico
63.92
Ranked 135th.

Age structure > 65 years and over > Males 28.29 million
Ranked 3rd. 123 times more than Puerto Rico
229,727
Ranked 87th.

Age structure > 0-14 years > Females per 1000 146.57
Ranked 89th. 39% more than Puerto Rico
105.5
Ranked 136th.

Age structure > 15-64 years > Females per 1000 300.4
Ranked 135th.
361.15
Ranked 22nd. 20% more than India

Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Any method > Percentage 54.8%
Ranked 14th.
84.1%
Ranked 2nd. 53% more than India

Gender ratio > Urban population 90.4%
Ranked 50th.
108.6%
Ranked 13th. 20% more than India

Urban and rural population > Urban gender ratio 90.4
Ranked 50th.
108.6
Ranked 13th. 20% more than India

Male population > Age 15-19 per 1000 50.18
Ranked 99th. 27% more than Puerto Rico
39.38
Ranked 143th.
Fertility > Maternal mortality ratio > Modeled estimate, per 100,000 live births 200
Ranked 55th. 10 times more than Puerto Rico
20
Ranked 135th.

Net migration per million -1,854.996
Ranked 101st.
-28,234.15
Ranked 178th. 15 times more than India

Infant mortality rate > Male 43.28 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 56th. 5 times more than Puerto Rico
8.82 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 154th.

Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > Australian citizens > Conditions of access visa-required ESTA required
Marriage, divorce and children > Marriageable age > Males 21
Ranked 2nd. The same as Puerto Rico
21
Ranked 1st.
Maternal mortality rate 200 deaths/100,000 live births
Ranked 55th. 10 times more than Puerto Rico
20 deaths/100,000 live births
Ranked 137th.

Structure > Population > Total 1.16 billion
Ranked 2nd. 291 times more than Puerto Rico
3.97 million
Ranked 119th.

Population > CIA Factbook per capita 0.977
Ranked 135th.
1.05
Ranked 44th. 8% more than India

Gender ratio > Aged over 60 106.9%
Ranked 164th.
130.8%
Ranked 60th. 22% more than India

Age structure > 65 years and over > Females per 1000 26.63
Ranked 114th.
80.79
Ranked 39th. 3 times more than India

Age structure > 0-14 years > Males 189.24 million
Ranked 1st. 456 times more than Puerto Rico
415,141
Ranked 131st.

Urban and rural population > Rural gender ratio 94.8
Ranked 41st.
97.6
Ranked 42nd. 3% more than India

Cities > Rate of urbanization 2.4%
Ranked 76th. 3 times more than Puerto Rico
0.8%
Ranked 164th.
Immigration > Nationality compositions of Canada, share of immigrants 7.2%
Ranked 3rd.
0.0
Ranked 135th.
Future population change per thousand people 13.02
Ranked 94th.
-2.766
Ranked 179th.

Immigration > Destination countries of nationalities and ethnic groups > Jews > Enlarged Jewish population per thousand people 0.00566
Ranked 88th.
0.545
Ranked 44th. 96 times more than India
Gender > Gender ratio aged over 60 106.9
Ranked 164th.
130.8
Ranked 60th. 22% more than India

Rural population per 1000 692.4
Ranked 41st. 28 times more than Puerto Rico
24.57
Ranked 184th.

Total population > Age 15-19 109.47 million
Ranked 2nd. 369 times more than Puerto Rico
296,397
Ranked 129th.
Male population > Age 10-14 57.25 million
Ranked 1st. 369 times more than Puerto Rico
155,004
Ranked 129th.
Fertility > Lifetime risk of maternal death > 1 in: rate varies by country 170
Ranked 127th.
2,800
Ranked 46th. 16 times more than India

Age structure > 65 years and over > Males per 1000 24.08
Ranked 99th.
61.08
Ranked 29th. 3 times more than India

Age structure > 0-14 years > Males per 1000 161.1
Ranked 81st. 46% more than Puerto Rico
110.38
Ranked 136th.

Widows > Proportion of age group > Urban > Men > Aged 40 to 59 2.6%
Ranked 3rd. 63% more than Puerto Rico
1.6%
Ranked 7th.
Widows > Proportion of age group > All > Women > Aged 40 to 59 14.7%
Ranked 5th. 2 times more than Puerto Rico
7.3%
Ranked 17th.

Widows > Proportion of age group > All > Men > Aged 30 to 39 1.2%
Ranked 2nd. 3 times more than Puerto Rico
0.4%
Ranked 12th.

Widows > Proportion of age group > Rural > Men > Aged above 59 16.2%
Ranked 3rd. 29% more than Puerto Rico
12.6%
Ranked 8th.
Marriage > Percent married > Rural > Female > Aged 15-19 41.2%
Ranked 2nd. 3 times more than Puerto Rico
16.2%
Ranked 6th.
Widows > Proportion of age group > All > Women > Aged above 59 54%
Ranked 3rd. 41% more than Puerto Rico
38.4%
Ranked 30th.

Marriage, divorce and children > Childless women, aged 40-44 8%
Ranked 14th.
11%
Ranked 3rd. 38% more than India
Total population > Age 20-24 102.41 million
Ranked 2nd. 353 times more than Puerto Rico
290,293
Ranked 128th.
Male population > Age 75-79 per 1000 4.51
Ranked 98th.
10.42
Ranked 44th. 2 times more than India
Future population > Males per thousand people 523.04
Ranked 32nd. About the same as Puerto Rico
521.63
Ranked 35th.
Future population > Females per thousand people 489.04
Ranked 140th.
568.28
Ranked 8th. 16% more than India
Gender ratio > Aged over 65 > Women per 100 men 109.9
Ranked 164th.
136
Ranked 66th. 24% more than India

Gender ratio > Aged over 80 110.9%
Ranked 181st.
165.6%
Ranked 87th. 49% more than India

Gender > Gender ratio aged over 80 110.9
Ranked 181st.
165.6
Ranked 87th. 49% more than India

Female population > Age 10-14 per 1000 47.78
Ranked 105th. 24% more than Puerto Rico
38.63
Ranked 137th.
Male population > Age 65-69 per 1000 9.55
Ranked 93th.
18.86
Ranked 34th. 97% more than India
Female population > Age 15-19 per 1000 46.94
Ranked 107th. 23% more than Puerto Rico
38.18
Ranked 142nd.
Female population > Age 35-39 37.5 million
Ranked 2nd. 275 times more than Puerto Rico
136,228
Ranked 124th.
Male population > Age 15-19 56.56 million
Ranked 2nd. 376 times more than Puerto Rico
150,483
Ranked 129th.
Male population > Age 20-24 53.11 million
Ranked 2nd. 364 times more than Puerto Rico
145,747
Ranked 128th.
Female population > Age 10-14 53.86 million
Ranked 1st. 365 times more than Puerto Rico
147,618
Ranked 129th.
Total population > Age 80-84 7.79 million
Ranked 2nd. 62 times more than Puerto Rico
126,394
Ranked 61st.
Female population > Age 45-49 27.88 million
Ranked 2nd. 203 times more than Puerto Rico
137,185
Ranked 111th.
Total Population > Thousands 1.08 million
Ranked 2nd. 276 times more than Puerto Rico
3,911
Ranked 125th.
HIV/AIDS > People living with HIV/AIDS 2.4 million
Ranked 3rd. 324 times more than Puerto Rico
7,397
Ranked 1st.
Population, female > % of total 48.28%
Ranked 185th.
51.92%
Ranked 16th. 8% more than India

Marriage > Percent married > Urban > Female > Aged 15-19 21.6%
Ranked 5th. 85% more than Puerto Rico
11.7%
Ranked 6th.
Survival to age 65, female > % of cohort 70.99%
Ranked 141st.
89.82%
Ranked 38th. 27% more than India

Immigration > Destination countries of nationalities and ethnic groups > Percent of population of African descent 0.0
Ranked 6th.
15.7%
Ranked 1st.
Labor force participation rate, female > % of female population ages 15-64 30.3%
Ranked 165th.
40.8%
Ranked 154th. 35% more than India

Employment to population ratio, ages 15-24, female > % 17.4%
Ranked 140th. 17% more than Puerto Rico
14.9%
Ranked 151st.

Labor force participation rate, total > % of total population ages 15-64 57.9%
Ranked 156th. 16% more than Puerto Rico
49.7%
Ranked 173th.

Total population > Age 45-49 > % of the total 5.22
Ranked 120th.
6.51
Ranked 80th. 25% more than India
Female population > Age 75-79 > % of the total 0.46
Ranked 137th.
1.36
Ranked 52nd. 3 times more than India
Male population > Age 80-84 per 1000 3.5
Ranked 88th.
13.1
Ranked 4th. 4 times more than India
Survival to age 65, male > % of cohort 61.77%
Ranked 131st.
77.75%
Ranked 58th. 26% more than India

Age dependency ratio, old > % of working-age population 7.95%
Ranked 106th.
20.3%
Ranked 39th. 3 times more than India

SOURCES: United Nations Population Division. Source tables; CIA World Factbook, 28 July 2005; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Population Division; United Nations Population Division. 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Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; The data on urban population shares used to estimate rural population come from the United Nations, World Urbanisation Prospects. Total population figures are World Bank estimates.; United Nations, World Urbanization Prospects.; United Nations Population Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. 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"People: India and Puerto Rico compared", NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/compare/India/Puerto-Rico/People