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Country vs country: Iran and United States compared: Economy

Definitions

  • Companies > Listed domestic companies, total per million: Listed domestic companies, total. Listed domestic companies are the domestically incorporated companies listed on the country's stock exchanges at the end of the year. This indicator does not include investment companies, mutual funds, or other collective investment vehicles. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Debt > External: Total public and private debt owed to non-residents repayable in foreign currency, goods, or services.
  • Debt > External per capita: Total public and private debt owed to non-residents repayable in foreign currency, goods, or services. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Distribution of family income > Gini index: This index measures the degree of inequality in the distribution of family income in a country. The index is calculated from the Lorenz curve, in which cumulative family income is plotted against the number of families arranged from the poorest to the ric
  • GDP: GDP at purchaser's prices is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Dollar figures for GDP are converted from domestic currencies using single year official exchange rates. For a few countries where the official exchange rate does not reflect the rate effectively applied to actual foreign exchange transactions, an alternative conversion factor is used.
  • GDP > Composition, by end use > Exports of goods and services: This entry is derived from Economy > GDP > Composition, by end use, which shows who does the spending in an economy: consumers, businesses, government, and foreigners. The distribution gives the percentage contribution to total GDP of household consumption, government consumption, investment in fixed capital, investment in inventories, exports of goods and services, and imports of goods and services, and will total 100 percent of GDP if the data are complete.
    household consumption consists of expenditures by resident households, and by nonprofit institutions that serve households, on goods and services that are consumed by individuals. This includes consumption of both domestically produced and foreign goods and services.
    government consumption consists of government expenditures on goods and services. These figures exclude government transfer payments, such as interest on debt, unemployment, and social security, since such payments are not made in exchange for goods and services supplied.
    investment in fixed capital consists of total business spending on fixed assets, such as factories, machinery, equipment, dwellings, and inventories of raw materials, which provide the basis for future production. It is measured gross of the depreciation of the assets, i.e., it includes investment that merely replaces worn-out or scrapped capital. Earlier editions of The World Factbook referred to this concept as Investment (gross fixed) and that data now have been moved to this new field.
    investment in inventories consists of net changes to the stock of outputs that are still held by the units that produce them, awaiting further sale to an end user, such as automobiles sitting on a dealer’s lot or groceries on the store shelves. This figure may be positive or negative. If the stock of unsold output increases during the relevant time period, investment in inventories is positive, but, if the stock of unsold goods declines, it will be negative. Investment in inventories normally is an early indicator of the state of the economy. If the stock of unsold items increases unexpectedly – because people stop buying - the economy may be entering a recession; but if the stock of unsold items falls - and goods "go flying off the shelves" - businesses normally try to replace those stocks, and the economy is likely to accelerate.
    exports of goods and services consist of sales, barter, gifts, or grants of goods and services from residents to nonresidents.
    imports of goods and ...
    Full definition
     .
  • GDP > Composition, by end use > Investment in inventories: This entry is derived from Economy > GDP > Composition, by end use, which shows who does the spending in an economy: consumers, businesses, government, and foreigners. The distribution gives the percentage contribution to total GDP of household consumption, government consumption, investment in fixed capital, investment in inventories, exports of goods and services, and imports of goods and services, and will total 100 percent of GDP if the data are complete.
    household consumption consists of expenditures by resident households, and by nonprofit institutions that serve households, on goods and services that are consumed by individuals. This includes consumption of both domestically produced and foreign goods and services.
    government consumption consists of government expenditures on goods and services. These figures exclude government transfer payments, such as interest on debt, unemployment, and social security, since such payments are not made in exchange for goods and services supplied.
    investment in fixed capital consists of total business spending on fixed assets, such as factories, machinery, equipment, dwellings, and inventories of raw materials, which provide the basis for future production. It is measured gross of the depreciation of the assets, i.e., it includes investment that merely replaces worn-out or scrapped capital. Earlier editions of The World Factbook referred to this concept as Investment (gross fixed) and that data now have been moved to this new field.
    investment in inventories consists of net changes to the stock of outputs that are still held by the units that produce them, awaiting further sale to an end user, such as automobiles sitting on a dealer’s lot or groceries on the store shelves. This figure may be positive or negative. If the stock of unsold output increases during the relevant time period, investment in inventories is positive, but, if the stock of unsold goods declines, it will be negative. Investment in inventories normally is an early indicator of the state of the economy. If the stock of unsold items increases unexpectedly – because people stop buying - the economy may be entering a recession; but if the stock of unsold items falls - and goods "go flying off the shelves" - businesses normally try to replace those stocks, and the economy is likely to accelerate.
    exports of goods and services consist of sales, barter, gifts, or grants of goods and services from residents to nonresidents.
    imports of goods and ...
    Full definition
  • GDP per capita: GDP at purchaser's prices is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Dollar figures for GDP are converted from domestic currencies using single year official exchange rates. For a few countries where the official exchange rate does not reflect the rate effectively applied to actual foreign exchange transactions, an alternative conversion factor is used. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • GINI index: Gini index measures the extent to which the distribution of income (or, in some cases, consumption expenditure) among individuals or households within an economy deviates from a perfectly equal distribution. A Lorenz curve plots the cumulative percentages of total income received against the cumulative number of recipients, starting with the poorest individual or household. The Gini index measures the area between the Lorenz curve and a hypothetical line of absolute equality, expressed as a percentage of the maximum area under the line. Thus a Gini index of 0 represents perfect equality, while an index of 100 implies perfect inequality.
  • Gross national saving: Gross national saving is derived by deducting final consumption expenditure (household plus government) from Gross national disposable income, and consists of personal saving, plus business saving (the sum of the capital consumption allowance and retained business profits), plus government saving (the excess of tax revenues over expenditures), but excludes foreign saving (the excess of imports of goods and services over exports). The figures are presented as a percent of GDP. A negative number indicates that the economy as a whole is spending more income than it produces, thus drawing down national wealth (dissaving).
  • Household income or consumption by percentage share > Highest 10%: This entry is derived from Economy > Household income or consumption by percentage share, which data on household income or consumption come from household surveys, the results adjusted for household size. Nations use different standards and procedures in collecting and adjusting the data. Surveys based on income will normally show a more unequal distribution than surveys based on consumption. The quality of surveys is improving with time, yet caution is still necessary in making inter-country comparisons.
  • Human Development Index: The human development index values in this table were calculated using a consistent methodology and consistent data series. They are not strictly comparable with those in earlier Human Development Reports.
  • Imports > Commodities: This entry provides a listing of the highest-valued imported products; it sometimes includes the percent of total dollar value.
  • Population below poverty line: National estimates of the percentage of the population lying below the poverty line are based on surveys of sub-groups, with the results weighted by the number of people in each group. Definitions of poverty vary considerably among nations. For example, rich nations generally employ more generous standards of poverty than poor nations.
  • Public debt: This entry records the cumulatiive total of all government borrowings less repayments that are denominated in a country's home currency. Public debt should not be confused with external debt, which reflects the foreign currency liabilities of both the private and public sector and must be financed out of foreign exchange earnings.
  • GDP > Real growth rate: GDP growth on an annual basis adjusted for inflation and expressed as a percent.
  • Fiscal year: The beginning and ending months for a country's accounting period of 12 months, which often is the calendar year but which may begin in any month. All yearly references are for the calendar year (CY) unless indicated as a noncalendar fiscal year (FY).
  • Exchange rates: The official value of a country's monetary unit at a given date or over a given period of time, as expressed in units of local currency per US dollar and as determined by international market forces or official fiat.
  • Exports > Commodities: This entry provides a listing of the highest-valued exported products; it sometimes includes the percent of total dollar value.
  • GDP > Composition by sector > Services: The gross domestic product (GDP) or value of all final services produced within a nation in a given year. GDP dollar estimates in the Factbook are derived from purchasing power parity (PPP) calculations. See the CIA World Factbook for more information.
  • GDP > Per capita > PPP: This entry shows GDP on a purchasing power parity basis divided by population as of 1 July for the same year.
  • Current account balance: This entry records a country's net trade in goods and services, plus net earnings from rents, interest, profits, and dividends, and net transfer payments (such as pension funds and worker remittances) to and from the rest of the world during the period specified. These figures are calculated on an exchange rate basis, i.e., not in purchasing power parity (PPP) terms.
  • Companies > Market capitalization of listed companies > % of GDP: Market capitalization of listed companies (% of GDP). Market capitalization (also known as market value) is the share price times the number of shares outstanding. Listed domestic companies are the domestically incorporated companies listed on the country's stock exchanges at the end of the year. Listed companies does not include investment companies, mutual funds, or other collective investment vehicles.
  • GDP > Composition, by sector of origin > Agriculture: This entry is derived from Economy > GDP > Composition, by sector of origin, which shows where production takes place in an economy. The distribution gives the percentage contribution of agriculture, industry, and services to total GDP, and will total 100 percent of GDP if the data are complete. Agriculture includes farming, fishing, and forestry. Industry includes mining, manufacturing, energy production, and construction. Services cover government activities, communications, transportation, finance, and all other private economic activities that do not produce material goods.
  • Stock of direct foreign investment > At home: This entry gives the cumulative US dollar value of all investments in the home country made directly by residents - primarily companies - of other countries as of the end of the time period indicated. Direct investment excludes investment through purchase of shares.
  • Imports: This entry provides the total US dollar amount of merchandise imports on a c.i.f. (cost, insurance, and freight) or f.o.b. (free on board) basis. These figures are calculated on an exchange rate basis, i.e., not in purchasing power parity (PPP) terms.
  • Taxes and other revenues: This entry records total taxes and other revenues received by the national government during the time period indicated, expressed as a percent of GDP. Taxes include personal and corporate income taxes, value added taxes, excise taxes, and tariffs. Other revenues include social contributions - such as payments for social security and hospital insurance - grants, and net revenues from public enterprises. Normalizing the data, by dividing total revenues by GDP, enables easy comparisons across countries, and provides an average rate at which all income (GDP) is paid to the national level government for the supply of public goods and services.
  • Companies > Stock market > Stocks traded, total value > Current US$ per capita: Stocks traded, total value (current US$). Stocks traded refers to the total value of shares traded during the period. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • GDP > Purchasing power parity: This entry gives the gross domestic product (GDP) or value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year. A nation's GDP at purchasing power parity (PPP) exchange rates is the sum value of all goods and services produced in the country valued at prices prevailing in the United States. This is the measure most economists prefer when looking at per-capita welfare and when comparing living conditions or use of resources across countries. The measure is difficult to compute, as a US dollar value has to be assigned to all goods and services in the country regardless of whether these goods and services have a direct equivalent in the United States (for example, the value of an ox-cart or non-US military equipment); as a result, PPP estimates for some countries are based on a small and sometimes different set of goods and services. In addition, many countries do not formally participate in the World Bank's PPP project that calculates these measures, so the resulting GDP estimates for these countries may lack precision. For many developing countries, PPP-based GDP measures are multiples of the official exchange rate (OER) measure. The difference between the OER- and PPP-denominated GDP values for most of the weathly industrialized countries are generally much smaller.
  • GDP > Composition, by end use > Investment in fixed capital: This entry is derived from Economy > GDP > Composition, by end use, which shows who does the spending in an economy: consumers, businesses, government, and foreigners. The distribution gives the percentage contribution to total GDP of household consumption, government consumption, investment in fixed capital, investment in inventories, exports of goods and services, and imports of goods and services, and will total 100 percent of GDP if the data are complete.
    household consumption consists of expenditures by resident households, and by nonprofit institutions that serve households, on goods and services that are consumed by individuals. This includes consumption of both domestically produced and foreign goods and services.
    government consumption consists of government expenditures on goods and services. These figures exclude government transfer payments, such as interest on debt, unemployment, and social security, since such payments are not made in exchange for goods and services supplied.
    investment in fixed capital consists of total business spending on fixed assets, such as factories, machinery, equipment, dwellings, and inventories of raw materials, which provide the basis for future production. It is measured gross of the depreciation of the assets, i.e., it includes investment that merely replaces worn-out or scrapped capital. Earlier editions of The World Factbook referred to this concept as Investment (gross fixed) and that data now have been moved to this new field.
    investment in inventories consists of net changes to the stock of outputs that are still held by the units that produce them, awaiting further sale to an end user, such as automobiles sitting on a dealer’s lot or groceries on the store shelves. This figure may be positive or negative. If the stock of unsold output increases during the relevant time period, investment in inventories is positive, but, if the stock of unsold goods declines, it will be negative. Investment in inventories normally is an early indicator of the state of the economy. If the stock of unsold items increases unexpectedly – because people stop buying - the economy may be entering a recession; but if the stock of unsold items falls - and goods "go flying off the shelves" - businesses normally try to replace those stocks, and the economy is likely to accelerate.
    exports of goods and services consist of sales, barter, gifts, or grants of goods and services from residents to nonresidents.
    imports of goods and ...
    Full definition
    .
  • GDP > Composition, by sector of origin > Services: This entry is derived from Economy > GDP > Composition, by sector of origin, which shows where production takes place in an economy. The distribution gives the percentage contribution of agriculture, industry, and services to total GDP, and will total 100 percent of GDP if the data are complete. Agriculture includes farming, fishing, and forestry. Industry includes mining, manufacturing, energy production, and construction. Services cover government activities, communications, transportation, finance, and all other private economic activities that do not produce material goods.
  • GDP > Composition, by sector of origin > Industry: This entry is derived from Economy > GDP > Composition, by sector of origin, which shows where production takes place in an economy. The distribution gives the percentage contribution of agriculture, industry, and services to total GDP, and will total 100 percent of GDP if the data are complete. Agriculture includes farming, fishing, and forestry. Industry includes mining, manufacturing, energy production, and construction. Services cover government activities, communications, transportation, finance, and all other private economic activities that do not produce material goods.
  • Companies > Stock market > Stocks traded, turnover ratio > %: Stocks traded, turnover ratio (%). Turnover ratio is the total value of shares traded during the period divided by the average market capitalization for the period. Average market capitalization is calculated as the average of the end-of-period values for the current period and the previous period.
  • Budget > Revenues: Revenues calculated on an exchange rate basis, i.e., not in purchasing power parity (PPP) terms
  • Budget > Expenditures: Expenditures calculated on an exchange rate basis, i.e., not in purchasing power parity (PPP) terms
  • Overview: This entry briefly describes the type of economy, including the degree of market orientation, the level of economic development, the most important natural resources, and the unique areas of specialization. It also characterizes major economic events and policy changes in the most recent 12 months and may include a statement about one or two key future macroeconomic trends.
  • Companies > Stock market > Stocks traded, total value > Current US$: Stocks traded, total value (current US$). Stocks traded refers to the total value of shares traded during the period.
  • Companies > Market capitalization of listed companies > Current US$ per capita: Market capitalization of listed companies (current US$). Market capitalization (also known as market value) is the share price times the number of shares outstanding. Listed domestic companies are the domestically incorporated companies listed on the country's stock exchanges at the end of the year. Listed companies does not include investment companies, mutual funds, or other collective investment vehicles. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Reserves of foreign exchange and gold: This entry gives the dollar value for the stock of all financial assets that are available to the central monetary authority for use in meeting a country's balance of payments needs as of the end-date of the period specified. This category includes not only foreign currency and gold, but also a country's holdings of Special Drawing Rights in the International Monetary Fund, and its reserve position in the Fund.
  • GDP > Composition, by end use > Household consumption: This entry is derived from Economy > GDP > Composition, by end use, which shows who does the spending in an economy: consumers, businesses, government, and foreigners. The distribution gives the percentage contribution to total GDP of household consumption, government consumption, investment in fixed capital, investment in inventories, exports of goods and services, and imports of goods and services, and will total 100 percent of GDP if the data are complete.
    household consumption consists of expenditures by resident households, and by nonprofit institutions that serve households, on goods and services that are consumed by individuals. This includes consumption of both domestically produced and foreign goods and services.
    government consumption consists of government expenditures on goods and services. These figures exclude government transfer payments, such as interest on debt, unemployment, and social security, since such payments are not made in exchange for goods and services supplied.
    investment in fixed capital consists of total business spending on fixed assets, such as factories, machinery, equipment, dwellings, and inventories of raw materials, which provide the basis for future production. It is measured gross of the depreciation of the assets, i.e., it includes investment that merely replaces worn-out or scrapped capital. Earlier editions of The World Factbook referred to this concept as Investment (gross fixed) and that data now have been moved to this new field.
    investment in inventories consists of net changes to the stock of outputs that are still held by the units that produce them, awaiting further sale to an end user, such as automobiles sitting on a dealer’s lot or groceries on the store shelves. This figure may be positive or negative. If the stock of unsold output increases during the relevant time period, investment in inventories is positive, but, if the stock of unsold goods declines, it will be negative. Investment in inventories normally is an early indicator of the state of the economy. If the stock of unsold items increases unexpectedly – because people stop buying - the economy may be entering a recession; but if the stock of unsold items falls - and goods "go flying off the shelves" - businesses normally try to replace those stocks, and the economy is likely to accelerate.
    exports of goods and services consist of sales, barter, gifts, or grants of goods and services from residents to nonresidents.
    imports of goods and ...
    Full definition
    .
  • Budget surplus > + or deficit > -: This entry records the difference between national government revenues and expenditures, expressed as a percent of GDP. A positive (+) number indicates that revenues exceeded expenditures (a budget surplus), while a negative (-) number indicates the reverse (a budget deficit). Normalizing the data, by dividing the budget balance by GDP, enables easy comparisons across countries and indicates whether a national government saves or borrows money. Countries with high budget deficits (relative to their GDPs) generally have more difficulty raising funds to finance expenditures, than those with lower deficits.
  • GDP > Composition, by end use > Imports of goods and services: This entry is derived from Economy > GDP > Composition, by end use, which shows who does the spending in an economy: consumers, businesses, government, and foreigners. The distribution gives the percentage contribution to total GDP of household consumption, government consumption, investment in fixed capital, investment in inventories, exports of goods and services, and imports of goods and services, and will total 100 percent of GDP if the data are complete.
    household consumption consists of expenditures by resident households, and by nonprofit institutions that serve households, on goods and services that are consumed by individuals. This includes consumption of both domestically produced and foreign goods and services.
    government consumption consists of government expenditures on goods and services. These figures exclude government transfer payments, such as interest on debt, unemployment, and social security, since such payments are not made in exchange for goods and services supplied.
    investment in fixed capital consists of total business spending on fixed assets, such as factories, machinery, equipment, dwellings, and inventories of raw materials, which provide the basis for future production. It is measured gross of the depreciation of the assets, i.e., it includes investment that merely replaces worn-out or scrapped capital. Earlier editions of The World Factbook referred to this concept as Investment (gross fixed) and that data now have been moved to this new field.
    investment in inventories consists of net changes to the stock of outputs that are still held by the units that produce them, awaiting further sale to an end user, such as automobiles sitting on a dealer’s lot or groceries on the store shelves. This figure may be positive or negative. If the stock of unsold output increases during the relevant time period, investment in inventories is positive, but, if the stock of unsold goods declines, it will be negative. Investment in inventories normally is an early indicator of the state of the economy. If the stock of unsold items increases unexpectedly – because people stop buying - the economy may be entering a recession; but if the stock of unsold items falls - and goods "go flying off the shelves" - businesses normally try to replace those stocks, and the economy is likely to accelerate.
    exports of goods and services consist of sales, barter, gifts, or grants of goods and services from residents to nonresidents.
    imports of goods and ...
    Full definition
  • Exports > Partners: This entry provides a rank ordering of trading partners starting with the most important; it sometimes includes the percent of total dollar value.
  • Companies > Market capitalization of listed companies > Current US$, % of GDP: Market capitalization of listed companies (current US$). Market capitalization (also known as market value) is the share price times the number of shares outstanding. Listed domestic companies are the domestically incorporated companies listed on the country's stock exchanges at the end of the year. Listed companies does not include investment companies, mutual funds, or other collective investment vehicles. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Industrial production growth rate: This entry gives the annual percentage increase in industrial production (includes manufacturing, mining, and construction).
  • Industries: A rank ordering of industries starting with the largest by value of annual output.
  • Imports > Partners: This entry provides a rank ordering of trading partners starting with the most important; it sometimes includes the percent of total dollar value.
  • Household income or consumption by percentage share > Lowest 10%: This entry is derived from Economy > Household income or consumption by percentage share, which data on household income or consumption come from household surveys, the results adjusted for household size. Nations use different standards and procedures in collecting and adjusting the data. Surveys based on income will normally show a more unequal distribution than surveys based on consumption. The quality of surveys is improving with time, yet caution is still necessary in making inter-country comparisons.
  • Companies > Listed domestic companies, total: Listed domestic companies, total. Listed domestic companies are the domestically incorporated companies listed on the country's stock exchanges at the end of the year. This indicator does not include investment companies, mutual funds, or other collective investment vehicles.
  • Labor force: This entry contains the total labor force figure.
  • GDP > Composition by sector > Agriculture: The gross domestic product (GDP) or value of all final goods produced by the agricultural sector within a nation in a given year. GDP dollar estimates in the Factbook are derived from purchasing power parity (PPP) calculations. See the CIA World Factbook for more information.
  • Companies > Stock market > Stocks traded, total value > Current US$, % of GDP: Stocks traded, total value (current US$). Stocks traded refers to the total value of shares traded during the period. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • GDP > Official exchange rate: This entry gives the gross domestic product (GDP) or value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year. A nation's GDP at offical exchange rates (OER) is the home-currency-denominated annual GDP figure divided by the bilateral average US exchange rate with that country in that year. The measure is simple to compute and gives a precise measure of the value of output. Many economists prefer this measure when gauging the economic power an economy maintains vis-a-vis its neighbors, judging that an exchange rate captures the purchasing power a nation enjoys in the international marketplace. Official exchange rates, however, can be artifically fixed and/or subject to manipulation - resulting in claims of the country having an under- or over-valued currency - and are not necessarily the equivalent of a market-determined exchange rate. Moreover, even if the official exchange rate is market-determined, market exchange rates are frequently established by a relatively small set of goods and services (the ones the country trades) and may not capture the value of the larger set of goods the country produces. Furthermore, OER-converted GDP is not well suited to comparing domestic GDP over time, since appreciation/depreciation from one year to the next will make the OER GDP value rise/fall regardless of whether home-currency-denominated GDP changed.
  • Inflation rate > Consumer prices: This entry furnishes the annual percent change in consumer prices compared with the previous year's consumer prices.
  • Companies > Stock market > Stocks traded, total value > % of GDP: Stocks traded, total value (% of GDP). Stocks traded refers to the total value of shares traded during the period. This indicator complements the market capitalization ratio by showing whether market size is matched by trading.
  • GDP > Composition, by end use > Government consumption: This entry is derived from Economy > GDP > Composition, by end use, which shows who does the spending in an economy: consumers, businesses, government, and foreigners. The distribution gives the percentage contribution to total GDP of household consumption, government consumption, investment in fixed capital, investment in inventories, exports of goods and services, and imports of goods and services, and will total 100 percent of GDP if the data are complete.
    household consumption consists of expenditures by resident households, and by nonprofit institutions that serve households, on goods and services that are consumed by individuals. This includes consumption of both domestically produced and foreign goods and services.
    government consumption consists of government expenditures on goods and services. These figures exclude government transfer payments, such as interest on debt, unemployment, and social security, since such payments are not made in exchange for goods and services supplied.
    investment in fixed capital consists of total business spending on fixed assets, such as factories, machinery, equipment, dwellings, and inventories of raw materials, which provide the basis for future production. It is measured gross of the depreciation of the assets, i.e., it includes investment that merely replaces worn-out or scrapped capital. Earlier editions of The World Factbook referred to this concept as Investment (gross fixed) and that data now have been moved to this new field.
    investment in inventories consists of net changes to the stock of outputs that are still held by the units that produce them, awaiting further sale to an end user, such as automobiles sitting on a dealer’s lot or groceries on the store shelves. This figure may be positive or negative. If the stock of unsold output increases during the relevant time period, investment in inventories is positive, but, if the stock of unsold goods declines, it will be negative. Investment in inventories normally is an early indicator of the state of the economy. If the stock of unsold items increases unexpectedly – because people stop buying - the economy may be entering a recession; but if the stock of unsold items falls - and goods "go flying off the shelves" - businesses normally try to replace those stocks, and the economy is likely to accelerate.
    exports of goods and services consist of sales, barter, gifts, or grants of goods and services from residents to nonresidents.
    imports of goods and ...
    Full definition
  • Exports: This entry provides the total US dollar amount of merchandise exports on an f.o.b. (free on board) basis. These figures are calculated on an exchange rate basis, i.e., not in purchasing power parity (PPP) terms.
  • Unemployment rate: This entry contains the percent of the labor force that is without jobs. Substantial underemployment might be noted.
  • GDP > Composition by sector > Industry: The gross domestic product (GDP) or value of all final goods produced by the industrial sector within a nation in a given year. GDP dollar estimates in the Factbook are derived from purchasing power parity (PPP) calculations. See the CIA World Factbook for more information.
  • Companies > Market capitalization of listed companies > Current US$: Market capitalization of listed companies (current US$). Market capitalization (also known as market value) is the share price times the number of shares outstanding. Listed domestic companies are the domestically incorporated companies listed on the country's stock exchanges at the end of the year. Listed companies does not include investment companies, mutual funds, or other collective investment vehicles. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • GDP > PPP: Purchasing Power Parity (PPP) in Millions of International Dollars, 2004.
  • Consumer price index: Consumer price index reflects changes in the cost to the average consumer of acquiring a fixed basket of goods and services that may be fixed or changed at specified intervals, such as yearly. The Laspeyres formula is generally used.
    2000 = 100
  • Technological achievement: Technology Achievement Index
    Units: Score
  • Budget > Revenues per capita: Revenues calculated on an exchange rate basis, i.e., not in purchasing power parity (PPP) terms. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Economic freedom: Index of 'economic freedom', according to the American organisation 'The Heritage Foundation'. It is worth noting that such indices are based on highly culturally contingent factors. This data makes a number of assumptions about 'freedom' and the role of the government that are not accepted by much of the world's population. A broad discussion of The Heritage Foundation's definition and methodology can be found at http://www.heritage.org/research/features/index/ChapterPDFs/chapter5.HTML.
  • Industrial > Production growth rate: The annual percentage increase in industrial production (includes manufacturing, mining, and construction).
  • Real interest rate: Real interest rate is the lending interest rate adjusted for inflation as measured by the GDP deflator.
  • GDP deflator: The GDP implicit deflator is the ratio of GDP in current local currency to GDP in constant local currency. The base year varies by country.
  • Research and development spending: Research and development (R&D) expenditures for most recent year available between 1990 and 2000.
  • Patents granted: Patents granted to residents per million people 1998.
  • Budget > Expenditures per capita: Expenditures calculated on an exchange rate basis, i.e., not in purchasing power parity (PPP) terms. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Terms of trade: Terms of trade (1980 = 100) 1999. The ratio of the export price index to the import price index measured relative to the base year 1980. A value of more than 100 implies that the price of exports has risen relative to the price of imports.
  • Wholesale price index: Wholesale price index refers to a mix of agricultural and industrial goods at various stages of production and distribution, including import duties. The Laspeyres formula is generally used.
    2000 = 100
  • GDP > Current LCU: GDP at purchaser's prices is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in current local currency.
  • Steel > Production: Production of crude steel in million tonnes.
  • Research and development personnel: Scientists and engineers in research and development (R&D) per 1 million people for most recent year available between 1990 and 2000.
  • Currency: The national medium of exchange and its basic sub-unit.
  • Credit information availability index: Credit information index measures rules affecting the scope, accessibility, and quality of credit information available through public or private credit registries. The index ranges from 0 to 6, with higher values indicating the availability of more credit information, from either a public registry or a private bureau, to facilitate lending decisions.
  • Business disclosure index: Disclosure index measures the degree to which investors are protected through disclosure of ownership and financial information. The index ranges from 0 to 10, with higher values indicating more disclosure.
  • Lending interest rate: Lending interest rate is the rate charged by banks on loans to prime customers.
  • Investment > Gross fixed: This entry records total business spending on fixed assets, such as factories, machinery, equipment, dwellings, and inventories of raw materials, which provide the basis for future production. It is measured gross of the depreciation of the assets, i.e., it includes invesment that merely replaces worn-out or scrapped capital.
  • Exchange rates > Recent years: The official value of a country's monetary unit at a given date or over a given period of time, as expressed in units of local currency per US dollar and as determined by international market forces or official fiat."
  • Listed domestic companies: Listed domestic companies are the domestically incorporated companies listed on the country's stock exchanges at the end of the year. This indicator does not include investment companies, mutual funds, or other collective investment vehicles.
  • Stocks traded > Turnover ratio: Turnover ratio is the total value of shares traded during the period divided by the average market capitalization for the period. Average market capitalization is calculated as the average of the end-of-period values for the current period and the previous period.
  • GDP > Constant LCU: GDP is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in constant local currency.
  • Currency code: The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) 4217 alphabetic currency code for each country.
  • Money > Current LCU: Money is the sum of currency outside banks and demand deposits other than those of central government. This series, frequently referred to as M1 is a narrower definition of money than M2. Data are in current local currency.
  • GNI > Current LCU: GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in current local currency.
  • Other expense > Current LCU: Other expense is spending on dividends, rent, and other miscellaneous expenses, including provision for consumption of fixed capital.
  • Gross savings > Current LCU: Gross savings are calculated as gross national income less total consumption, plus net transfers. Data are in current local currency.
  • Interest payments > Current LCU: Interest payments include interest payments on government debt--including long-term bonds, long-term loans, and other debt instruments--to domestic and foreign residents.
  • Adjusted savings > Gross savings > % of GNI: Gross savings are the difference between gross national income and public and private consumption, plus net current transfers.
  • Trade > Imports > Goods and services > Current US$: Imports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services received from the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude labor and property income (formerly called factor services) as well as transfer payments. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Gross domestic savings > Current US$ > Per $ GDP: Gross domestic savings are calculated as GDP less final consumption expenditure (total consumption). Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1,000 $ gross domestic product.
  • Cash surplus/deficit > % of GDP: Cash surplus or deficit is revenue (including grants) minus expense, minus net acquisition of nonfinancial assets. In the 1986 GFS manual nonfinancial assets were included under revenue and expenditure in gross terms. This cash surplus or deficit is closest to the earlier overall budget balance (still missing is lending minus repayments, which are now a financing item under net acquisition of financial assets).
  • Expense > % of GDP: Expense is cash payments for operating activities of the government in providing goods and services. It includes compensation of employees (such as wages and salaries), interest and subsidies, grants, social benefits, and other expenses such as rent and dividends.
  • Stocks traded > Total value > Current US$ > Per $ GDP: Stocks traded refers to the total value of shares traded during the period. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1,000 $ gross domestic product.
  • Tax > Taxes on income > Profits and capital gains > % of revenue: Taxes on income, profits, and capital gains are levied on the actual or presumptive net income of individuals, on the profits of corporations and enterprises, and on capital gains, whether realized or not, on land, securities, and other assets. Intragovernmental payments are eliminated in consolidation.
  • Inflation > GDP deflator > Annual %: Inflation as measured by the annual growth rate of the GDP implicit deflator shows the rate of price change in the economy as a whole. The GDP implicit deflator is the ratio of GDP in current local currency to GDP in constant local currency.
  • Services > Etc. > Value added > Annual % growth: Annual growth rate for value added in services based on constant local currency. Aggregates are based on constant 2000 U.S. dollars. Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99. They include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3.
  • Net income from abroad > Current US$ > Per $ GDP: Net income includes the net labor income and net property and entrepreneurial income components of the SNA. Labor income covers compensation of employees paid to nonresident workers. Property and entrepreneurial income covers investment income from the ownership of foreign financial claims (interest, dividends, rent, etc.) and nonfinancial property income (patents, copyrights, etc.). Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1,000 $ gross domestic product.
  • Gross capital formation > Current US$: Gross capital formation (formerly gross domestic investment) consists of outlays on additions to the fixed assets of the economy plus net changes in the level of inventories. Fixed assets include land improvements (fences, ditches, drains, and so on); plant, machinery, and equipment purchases; and the construction of roads, railways, and the like, including schools, offices, hospitals, private residential dwellings, and commercial and industrial buildings. Inventories are stocks of goods held by firms to meet temporary or unexpected fluctuations in production or sales, and "work in progress." According to the 1993 SNA, net acquisitions of valuables are also considered capital formation. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Changes in net > Reserves > BoP > Current US$ > Per $ GDP: Changes in net reserves is the net change in a country's holdings of international reserves resulting from transactions on the current, capital, and financial accounts. These include changes in holdings of monetary gold, SDRs, foreign exchange assets, reserve position in the International Monetary Fund, and other claims on nonresidents that are available to the central authority. The measure is net of liabilities constituting foreign authorities' reserves, and counterpart items for valuation changes and exceptional financing items. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1,000 $ gross domestic product.
  • Gross savings > Current US$ > Per $ GDP: Gross savings are calculated as gross national income less total consumption, plus net transfers. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1 $ gross domestic product.
  • GNI > Atlas method > Current US$ > Per $ GDP: GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in current U.S. dollars. GNI, calculated in national currency, is usually converted to U.S. dollars at official exchange rates for comparisons across economies, although an alternative rate is used when the official exchange rate is judged to diverge by an exceptionally large margin from the rate actually applied in international transactions. To smooth fluctuations in prices and exchange rates, a special Atlas method of conversion is used by the World Bank. This applies a conversion factor that averages the exchange rate for a given year and the two preceding years, adjusted for differences in rates of inflation between the country, and through 2000, the G-5 countries (France, Germany, Japan, the United Kingdom, and the United States). From 2001, these countries include the Euro Zone, Japan, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1 $ gross domestic product.
  • GNI > Atlas method > Current US$: GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in current U.S. dollars. GNI, calculated in national currency, is usually converted to U.S. dollars at official exchange rates for comparisons across economies, although an alternative rate is used when the official exchange rate is judged to diverge by an exceptionally large margin from the rate actually applied in international transactions. To smooth fluctuations in prices and exchange rates, a special Atlas method of conversion is used by the World Bank. This applies a conversion factor that averages the exchange rate for a given year and the two preceding years, adjusted for differences in rates of inflation between the country, and through 2000, the G-5 countries (France, Germany, Japan, the United Kingdom, and the United States). From 2001, these countries include the Euro Zone, Japan, the United Kingdom, and the United States.
  • Trade > Exports > Goods and services > Current US$: Exports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services provided to the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude labor and property income (formerly called factor services) as well as transfer payments. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Gross capital formation > Current US$ > Per $ GDP: Gross capital formation (formerly gross domestic investment) consists of outlays on additions to the fixed assets of the economy plus net changes in the level of inventories. Fixed assets include land improvements (fences, ditches, drains, and so on); plant, machinery, and equipment purchases; and the construction of roads, railways, and the like, including schools, offices, hospitals, private residential dwellings, and commercial and industrial buildings. Inventories are stocks of goods held by firms to meet temporary or unexpected fluctuations in production or sales, and "work in progress." According to the 1993 SNA, net acquisitions of valuables are also considered capital formation. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1 $ gross domestic product.
  • Gross national expenditure > Current US$: Gross national expenditure (formerly domestic absorption) is the sum of household final consumption expenditure (formerly private consumption), general government final consumption expenditure (formerly general government consumption), and gross capital formation (formerly gross domestic investment). Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Income payments > BoP > Current US$ > Per $ GDP: Income payments refer to employee compensation paid to nonresident workers and investment income (payments on direct investment, portfolio investment, other investments). Income derived from the use of intangible assets is excluded from income and recorded under business services. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1,000 $ gross domestic product.
  • Interest payments > % of expense: Interest payments include interest payments on government debt--including long-term bonds, long-term loans, and other debt instruments--to domestic and foreign residents.
  • Net errors and omissions > Adjusted > BoP > Current US$: Net errors and omissions constitute a residual category needed to ensure that all debit and credit entries in the balance of payments statement sum to zero. In the International Financial Statistics presentation, this is equal to the difference between reserves and related items and the sum of the balances of the current, capital, and financial accounts. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Revenue > Excluding grants > % of GDP: Revenue is cash receipts from taxes, social contributions, and other revenues such as fines, fees, rent, and income from property or sales. Grants are also considered as revenue but are excluded here.
  • Service > Exports > BoP > Current US$ > Per capita: Services (previously nonfactor services) refer to economic output of intangible commodities that may be produced, transferred, and consumed at the same time. International transactions in services are defined by the IMF's Balance of Payments Manual (1993), but definitions may nevertheless vary among reporting economies. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Subsidies and other transfers > % of expense: Subsidies, grants, and other social benefits include all unrequited, nonrepayable transfers on current account to private and public enterprises; grants to foreign governments, international organizations, and other government units; and social security, social assistance benefits, and employer social benefits in cash and in kind.
  • Trade > Exports > Goods and services > Annual % growth: Annual growth rate of exports of goods and services based on constant local currency. Aggregates are based on constant 2000 U.S. dollars. Exports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services provided to the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude labor and property income (formerly called factor services) as well as transfer payments.
  • Trade > Exports > Goods and services > BoP > Current US$ > Per $ GDP: Exports of goods and services comprise all transactions between residents of a country and the rest of the world involving a change of ownership from residents to nonresidents of general merchandise, goods sent for processing and repairs, nonmonetary gold, and services. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1 $ gross domestic product.
  • External balance on goods and services > Current US$: External balance on goods and services (formerly resource balance) equals exports of goods and services minus imports of goods and services (previously nonfactor services). Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Final > Consumption expenditure > Etc. > % of GDP: Final consumption expenditure (formerly total consumption) is the sum of household final consumption expenditure (private consumption) and general government final consumption expenditure (general government consumption). This estimate includes any statistical discrepancy in the use of resources relative to the supply of resources.
  • Final > Consumption expenditure > Etc. > Current US$ > Per $ GDP: Final consumption expenditure (formerly total consumption) is the sum of household final consumption expenditure (private consumption) and general government final consumption expenditure (general government consumption). This estimate includes any statistical discrepancy in the use of resources relative to the supply of resources. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1 $ gross domestic product.
  • GDP > PPP > Current international $: PPP GDP is gross domestic product converted to international dollars using purchasing power parity rates. An international dollar has the same purchasing power over GDP as the U.S. dollar has in the United States. GDP is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in current international dollars.
  • Household final > Consumption expenditure > Current US$ > Per $ GDP: Household final consumption expenditure (formerly private consumption) is the market value of all goods and services, including durable products (such as cars, washing machines, and home computers), purchased by households. It excludes purchases of dwellings but includes imputed rent for owner-occupied dwellings. It also includes payments and fees to governments to obtain permits and licenses. Here, household consumption expenditure includes the expenditures of nonprofit institutions serving households, even when reported separately by the country. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1 $ gross domestic product.
  • Income share held by lowest 20%: Percentage share of income or consumption is the share that accrues to subgroups of population indicated by deciles or quintiles. Percentage shares by quintile may not sum to 100 because of rounding.
  • Foreign direct investment > Net > BoP > Current US$: Foreign direct investment is net inflows of investment to acquire a lasting management interest (10 percent or more of voting stock) in an enterprise operating in an economy other than that of the investor. It is the sum of equity capital, reinvestment of earnings, other long-term capital, and short-term capital as shown in the balance of payments. This series shows total net, that is, net FDI in the reporting economy from foreign sources less net FDI by the reporting economy to the rest of the world. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Currency > Real effective exchange rate index: Real effective exchange rate is the nominal effective exchange rate (a measure of the value of a currency against a weighted average of several foreign currencies) divided by a price deflator or index of costs.
    2000 = 100
  • External balance on goods and services > % of GDP: External balance on goods and services (formerly resource balance) equals exports of goods and services minus imports of goods and services (previously nonfactor services).
  • Foreign direct investment > Net > BoP > Current US$ > Per $ GDP: Foreign direct investment is net inflows of investment to acquire a lasting management interest (10 percent or more of voting stock) in an enterprise operating in an economy other than that of the investor. It is the sum of equity capital, reinvestment of earnings, other long-term capital, and short-term capital as shown in the balance of payments. This series shows total net, that is, net FDI in the reporting economy from foreign sources less net FDI by the reporting economy to the rest of the world. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1,000 $ gross domestic product.
  • Domestic credit provided by banking sector > % of GDP: Domestic credit provided by the banking sector includes all credit to various sectors on a gross basis, with the exception of credit to the central government, which is net. The banking sector includes monetary authorities and deposit money banks, as well as other banking institutions where data are available (including institutions that do not accept transferable deposits but do incur such liabilities as time and savings deposits). Examples of other banking institutions are savings and mortgage loan institutions and building and loan associations.
  • Commercial service imports > Current US$: Commercial service imports are total service imports minus imports of government services not included elsewhere. International transactions in services are defined by the IMF's Balance of Payments Manual (1993) as the economic output of intangible commodities that may be produced, transferred, and consumed at the same time. Definitions may vary among reporting economies.
  • Trade > Imports of goods > Services and income > BoP > Current US$ > Per $ GDP: Imports of goods, services and income is the sum of goods (merchandise) imports, imports of (nonfactor) services and income (factor) payments. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1 $ gross domestic product.
  • Money and quasi money growth > Annual %: Average annual growth rate in money and quasi money. Money and quasi money comprise the sum of currency outside banks, demand deposits other than those of the central government, and the time, savings, and foreign currency deposits of resident sectors other than the central government. This definition is frequently called M2; it corresponds to lines 34 and 35 in the International Monetary Fund's (IMF) International Financial Statistics (IFS). The change in the money supply is measured as the difference in end-of-year totals relative to the level of M2 in the preceding year.
  • Service imports > BoP > Current US$: Services (previously nonfactor services) refer to economic output of intangible commodities that may be produced, transferred, and consumed at the same time. International transactions in services are defined by the IMF's Balance of Payments Manual (1993), but definitions may nevertheless vary among reporting economies. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Trade > Imports > Goods and services > BoP > Current US$ > Per $ GDP: Imports of goods and services comprise all transactions between residents of a country and the rest of the world involving a change of ownership from nonresidents to residents of general merchandise, goods sent for processing and repairs, nonmonetary gold, and services. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1 $ gross domestic product.
  • Quasi-liquid liabilities > % of GDP: Quasi-liquid liabilities are the sum of currency and deposits in the central bank (M0), plus time and savings deposits, foreign currency transferable deposits, certificates of deposit, and securities repurchase agreements, plus travelers checks, foreign currency time deposits, commercial paper, and shares of mutual funds or market funds held by residents. They equal the M3 money supply less transferable deposits and electronic currency (M1).
  • Gross savings > % of GNI: Gross savings are calculated as gross national income less total consumption, plus net transfers.
  • Final > Consumption expenditure > Etc. > Current US$: Final consumption expenditure (formerly total consumption) is the sum of household final consumption expenditure (private consumption) and general government final consumption expenditure (general government consumption). This estimate includes any statistical discrepancy in the use of resources relative to the supply of resources. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Net current transfers from abroad > Current US$ > Per $ GDP: Current transfers comprise transfers of income between residents of the reporting country and the rest of the world that carry no provisions for repayment. Net current transfers from abroad is equal to the unrequited transfers of income from nonresidents to residents minus the unrequited transfers from residents to nonresidents. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1,000 $ gross domestic product.
  • GDP > PPP > Constant 2000 international $: PPP GDP is gross domestic product converted to international dollars using purchasing power parity rates. An international dollar has the same purchasing power over GDP as the U.S. dollar has in the United States. GDP is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in constant 2000 international dollars.
  • Household final > Consumption expenditure > Etc. > Constant 2000 US$: Household final consumption expenditure (formerly private consumption) is the market value of all goods and services, including durable products (such as cars, washing machines, and home computers), purchased by households. It excludes purchases of dwellings but includes imputed rent for owner-occupied dwellings. It also includes payments and fees to governments to obtain permits and licenses. Here, household consumption expenditure includes the expenditures of nonprofit institutions serving households, even when reported separately by the country. This item also includes any statistical discrepancy in the use of resources relative to the supply of resources. Data are in constant 2000 U.S. dollars.
  • Final > Consumption expenditure > Constant 2000 US$: Final consumption expenditure (formerly total consumption) is the sum of household final consumption expenditure (formerly private consumption) and general government final consumption expenditure (formerly general government consumption). Data are in constant 2000 U.S. dollars.
  • Liquid liabilities > M3 as % of GDP: Liquid liabilities are also known as broad money, or M3. They are the sum of currency and deposits in the central bank (M0), plus transferable deposits and electronic currency (M1), plus time and savings deposits, foreign currency transferable deposits, certificates of deposit, and securities repurchase agreements (M2), plus travelers checks, foreign currency time deposits, commercial paper, and shares of mutual funds or market funds held by residents.
  • Current account balance > % of GDP: Current account balance is the sum of net exports of goods, services, net income, and net current transfers.
  • Micro > Small and medium enterprises > Number: Micro, small, and medium-size enterprises are business that may be defined by the number of employees. There is no international standard definition of firm size; however, many institutions that collect information use the following size categories: micro enterprises have 0-9 employees, small enterprises have 10-49 employees, and medium-size enterprises have 50-249 employees.
  • Household final > Consumption expenditure > Etc. > Current US$: Household final consumption expenditure (formerly private consumption) is the market value of all goods and services, including durable products (such as cars, washing machines, and home computers), purchased by households. It excludes purchases of dwellings but includes imputed rent for owner-occupied dwellings. It also includes payments and fees to governments to obtain permits and licenses. Here, household consumption expenditure includes the expenditures of nonprofit institutions serving households, even when reported separately by the country. This item also includes any statistical discrepancy in the use of resources relative to the supply of resources. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Gross value added at factor cost > Current US$ > Per $ GDP: Gross value added at factor cost (formerly GDP at factor cost) is derived as the sum of the value added in the agriculture, industry and services sectors. If the value added of these sectors is calculated at purchaser values, gross value added at factor cost is derived by subtracting net product taxes from GDP. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1 $ gross domestic product.
  • Gross private capital flows > % of GDP: Gross private capital flows are the sum of the absolute values of direct, portfolio, and other investment inflows and outflows recorded in the balance of payments financial account, excluding changes in the assets and liabilities of monetary authorities and general government. The indicator is calculated as a ratio to GDP in U.S. dollars.
  • Micro > Small and medium enterprises > Per 1,000 people: Micro, small, and medium-size enterprises are business that may be defined by the number of employees. There is no international standard definition of firm size; however, many institutions that collect information use the following size categories: micro enterprises have 0-9 employees, small enterprises have 10-49 employees, and medium-size enterprises have 50-249 employees.
  • Goods > Exports > BoP > Current US$: Goods exports refer to all movable goods (including nonmonetary gold) involved in a change of ownership from residents to nonresidents. The category includes goods previously included in services: goods received or sent for processing and their subsequent export or import in the form of processed goods, repairs on goods, and goods procured in ports by carriers. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Household final > Consumption expenditure > Annual % growth: Annual percentage growth of household final consumption expenditure based on constant local currency. Aggregates are based on constant 2000 U.S. dollars. Household final consumption expenditure (formerly private consumption) is the market value of all goods and services, including durable products (such as cars, washing machines, and home computers), purchased by households. It excludes purchases of dwellings but includes imputed rent for owner-occupied dwellings. It also includes payments and fees to governments to obtain permits and licenses. Here, household consumption expenditure includes the expenditures of nonprofit institutions serving households, even when reported separately by the country.
  • Gross capital formation > Annual % growth: Annual growth rate of gross capital formation based on constant local currency. Aggregates are based on constant 2000 U.S. dollars. Gross capital formation (formerly gross domestic investment) consists of outlays on additions to the fixed assets of the economy plus net changes in the level of inventories. Fixed assets include land improvements (fences, ditches, drains, and so on); plant, machinery, and equipment purchases; and the construction of roads, railways, and the like, including schools, offices, hospitals, private residential dwellings, and commercial and industrial buildings. Inventories are stocks of goods held by firms to meet temporary or unexpected fluctuations in production or sales, and "work in progress." According to the 1993 SNA, net acquisitions of valuables are also considered capital formation.
  • GNI > Current US$ > Per $ GDP: GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1 $ gross domestic product.
  • Gross fixed capital formation > Annual % growth: Average annual growth of gross fixed capital formation based on constant local currency. Aggregates are based on constant 2000 U.S. dollars. Gross fixed capital formation (formerly gross domestic fixed investment) includes land improvements (fences, ditches, drains, and so on); plant, machinery, and equipment purchases; and the construction of roads, railways, and the like, including schools, offices, hospitals, private residential dwellings, and commercial and industrial buildings. According to the 1993 SNA, net acquisitions of valuables are also considered capital formation.
  • Foreign direct investment > Net inflows > BoP > Current US$ > Per $ GDP: Foreign direct investment are the net inflows of investment to acquire a lasting management interest (10 percent or more of voting stock) in an enterprise operating in an economy other than that of the investor. It is the sum of equity capital, reinvestment of earnings, other long-term capital, and short-term capital as shown in the balance of payments. This series shows net inflows in the reporting economy. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1 million $ gross domestic product.
  • Foreign direct investment > Net inflows > % of GDP: Foreign direct investment are the net inflows of investment to acquire a lasting management interest (10 percent or more of voting stock) in an enterprise operating in an economy other than that of the investor. It is the sum of equity capital, reinvestment of earnings, other long-term capital, and short-term capital as shown in the balance of payments. This series shows net inflows in the reporting economy and is divided by GDP.
  • Current account balance > BoP > Current US$ > Per $ GDP: Current account balance is the sum of net exports of goods, services, net income, and net current transfers. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1,000 $ gross domestic product.
  • Commercial service > Exports > Current US$: Commercial service exports are total service exports minus exports of government services not included elsewhere. International transactions in services are defined by the IMF's Balance of Payments Manual (1993) as the economic output of intangible commodities that may be produced, transferred, and consumed at the same time. Definitions may vary among reporting economies.
  • Current account balance > BoP > Current US$: Current account balance is the sum of net exports of goods, services, net income, and net current transfers. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Bank liquid > Reserves to bank assets ratio: Ratio of bank liquid reserves to bank assets is the ratio of domestic currency holdings and deposits with the monetary authorities to claims on other governments, nonfinancial public enterprises, the private sector, and other banking institutions.
  • Trade > Imports of goods > Services and income > BoP > Current US$: Imports of goods, services and income is the sum of goods (merchandise) imports, imports of (nonfactor) services and income (factor) payments. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • GDP per capita > PPP > Current international $: GDP per capita based on purchasing power parity (PPP). PPP GDP is gross domestic product converted to international dollars using purchasing power parity rates. An international dollar has the same purchasing power over GDP as the U.S. dollar has in the United States. GDP at purchaser's prices is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in current international dollars.
  • Trade > % of GDP: Trade is the sum of exports and imports of goods and services measured as a share of gross domestic product.
  • Gross capital formation > Current US$ > Per capita: Gross capital formation (formerly gross domestic investment) consists of outlays on additions to the fixed assets of the economy plus net changes in the level of inventories. Fixed assets include land improvements (fences, ditches, drains, and so on); plant, machinery, and equipment purchases; and the construction of roads, railways, and the like, including schools, offices, hospitals, private residential dwellings, and commercial and industrial buildings. Inventories are stocks of goods held by firms to meet temporary or unexpected fluctuations in production or sales, and "work in progress." According to the 1993 SNA, net acquisitions of valuables are also considered capital formation. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • GDP per capita growth > Annual %: Annual percentage growth rate of GDP per capita based on constant local currency. GDP per capita is gross domestic product divided by midyear population. GDP at purchaser's prices is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources.
  • Gross fixed capital formation > Current US$ > Per $ GDP: Gross fixed capital formation (formerly gross domestic fixed investment) includes land improvements (fences, ditches, drains, and so on); plant, machinery, and equipment purchases; and the construction of roads, railways, and the like, including schools, offices, hospitals, private residential dwellings, and commercial and industrial buildings. According to the 1993 SNA, net acquisitions of valuables are also considered capital formation. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1 $ gross domestic product.
  • Service > Exports > BoP > Current US$: Services (previously nonfactor services) refer to economic output of intangible commodities that may be produced, transferred, and consumed at the same time. International transactions in services are defined by the IMF's Balance of Payments Manual (1993), but definitions may nevertheless vary among reporting economies. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Net trade in goods > BoP > Current US$: Net trade in goods is the difference between exports and imports of goods. The category includes goods previously included in services: goods received or sent for processing and their subsequent export or import in the form of processed goods, repairs on goods, and goods procured in ports by carriers. Trade in services is not included. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Money and quasi money > M2 as % of GDP: Money and quasi money comprise the sum of currency outside banks, demand deposits other than those of the central government, and the time, savings, and foreign currency deposits of resident sectors other than the central government. This definition of money supply is frequently called M2; it corresponds to lines 34 and 35 in the International Monetary Fund's (IMF) International Financial Statistics (IFS).
  • GDP > Constant 2000 US$: GDP at purchaser's prices is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in constant 2000 U.S. dollars. Dollar figures for GDP are converted from domestic currencies using 2000 official exchange rates. For a few countries where the official exchange rate does not reflect the rate effectively applied to actual foreign exchange transactions, an alternative conversion factor is used.
  • Merchandise > Exports > Current US$: Merchandise exports show the f.o.b. value of goods provided to the rest of the world valued in U.S. dollars. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • International tourism > Expenditures > Current US$: International tourism expenditures are expenditures of international outbound visitors in other countries, including payments to foreign carriers for international transport. These may include expenditures by residents traveling abroad as same-day visitors, except in cases where these are so important as to justify a separate classification. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Net income > BoP > Current US$: Net income refers to receipts and payments of employee compensation paid to nonresident workers and investment income (receipts and payments on direct investment, portfolio investment, other investments, and receipts on reserve assets). Income derived from the use of intangible assets is recorded under business services. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • GDP > Purchasing power parity > Per capita: This entry gives the gross domestic product (GDP) or value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year. A nation's GDP at purchasing power parity (PPP) exchange rates is the sum value of all goods and services produced in the country valued at prices prevailing in the United States. This is the measure most economists prefer when looking at per-capita welfare and when comparing living conditions or use of resources across countries. The measure is difficult to compute, as a US dollar value has to be assigned to all goods and services in the country regardless of whether these goods and services have a direct equivalent in the United States (for example, the value of an ox-cart or non-US military equipment); as a result, PPP estimates for some countries are based on a small and sometimes different set of goods and services. In addition, many countries do not formally participate in the World Bank's PPP project that calculates these measures, so the resulting GDP estimates for these countries may lack precision. For many developing countries, PPP-based GDP measures are multiples of the official exchange rate (OER) measure. The difference between the OER- and PPP-denominated GDP values for most of the weathly industrialized countries are generally much smaller. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • GDP > Per capita: This entry gives the gross domestic product (GDP) or value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year. A nation's GDP at purchasing power parity (PPP) exchange rates is the sum value of all goods and services produced in the country valued at prices prevailing in the United States. This is the measure most economists prefer when looking at per-capita welfare and when comparing living conditions or use of resources across countries. The measure is difficult to compute, as a US dollar value has to be assigned to all goods and services in the country regardless of whether these goods and services have a direct equivalent in the United States (for example, the value of an ox-cart or non-US military equipment); as a result, PPP estimates for some countries are based on a small and sometimes different set of goods and services. In addition, many countries do not formally participate in the World Bank's PPP project that calculates these measures, so the resulting GDP estimates for these countries may lack precision. For many developing countries, PPP-based GDP measures are multiples of the official exchange rate (OER) measure. The difference between the OER- and PPP-denominated GDP values for most of the weathly industrialized countries are generally much smaller. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • GDP > Official exchange rate > Per capita: This entry gives the gross domestic product (GDP) or value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year. A nation's GDP at offical exchange rates (OER) is the home-currency-denominated annual GDP figure divided by the bilateral average US exchange rate with that country in that year. The measure is simple to compute and gives a precise measure of the value of output. Many economists prefer this measure when gauging the economic power an economy maintains vis-a-vis its neighbors, judging that an exchange rate captures the purchasing power a nation enjoys in the international marketplace. Official exchange rates, however, can be artifically fixed and/or subject to manipulation - resulting in claims of the country having an under- or over-valued currency - and are not necessarily the equivalent of a market-determined exchange rate. Moreover, even if the official exchange rate is market-determined, market exchange rates are frequently established by a relatively small set of goods and services (the ones the country trades) and may not capture the value of the larger set of goods the country produces. Furthermore, OER-converted GDP is not well suited to comparing domestic GDP over time, since appreciation/depreciation from one year to the next will make the OER GDP value rise/fall regardless of whether home-currency-denominated GDP changed. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Household final > Consumption expenditure > Constant 2000 US$: Household final consumption expenditure (formerly private consumption) is the market value of all goods and services, including durable products (such as cars, washing machines, and home computers), purchased by households. It excludes purchases of dwellings but includes imputed rent for owner-occupied dwellings. It also includes payments and fees to governments to obtain permits and licenses. Here, household consumption expenditure includes the expenditures of nonprofit institutions serving households, even when reported separately by the country. Data are in constant 2000 U.S. dollars.
  • Market capitalization of listed companies > Current US$ > Per $ GDP: Market capitalization (also known as market value) is the share price times the number of shares outstanding. Listed domestic companies are the domestically incorporated companies listed on the country's stock exchanges at the end of the year. Listed companies does not include investment companies, mutual funds, or other collective investment vehicles. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1,000 $ gross domestic product.
  • Trade > Exports of goods > Services and income > BoP > Current US$ > Per $ GDP: Exports of goods, services and income is the sum of goods (merchandise) exports, exports of (nonfactor) services and income (factor) receipts. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1 $ gross domestic product.
  • GDP > CIA Factbook > Per capita: Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • GDP > Constant 2000 US$ > Per capita: GDP at purchaser's prices is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in constant 2000 U.S. dollars. Dollar figures for GDP are converted from domestic currencies using 2000 official exchange rates. For a few countries where the official exchange rate does not reflect the rate effectively applied to actual foreign exchange transactions, an alternative conversion factor is used. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • GDP > PPP > Constant 2000 international $ > Per capita: PPP GDP is gross domestic product converted to international dollars using purchasing power parity rates. An international dollar has the same purchasing power over GDP as the U.S. dollar has in the United States. GDP is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in constant 2000 international dollars. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • GDP > PPP > Current international $ > Per capita: PPP GDP is gross domestic product converted to international dollars using purchasing power parity rates. An international dollar has the same purchasing power over GDP as the U.S. dollar has in the United States. GDP is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in current international dollars. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • GNI > Current US$ > Per capita: GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • GNI > Atlas method > Current US$ > Per capita: GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in current U.S. dollars. GNI, calculated in national currency, is usually converted to U.S. dollars at official exchange rates for comparisons across economies, although an alternative rate is used when the official exchange rate is judged to diverge by an exceptionally large margin from the rate actually applied in international transactions. To smooth fluctuations in prices and exchange rates, a special Atlas method of conversion is used by the World Bank. This applies a conversion factor that averages the exchange rate for a given year and the two preceding years, adjusted for differences in rates of inflation between the country, and through 2000, the G-5 countries (France, Germany, Japan, the United Kingdom, and the United States). From 2001, these countries include the Euro Zone, Japan, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • GNI > PPP > Current international $ > Per capita: PPP GNI (formerly PPP GNP) is gross national income converted to international dollars using purchasing power parity rates. An international dollar has the same purchasing power over GNI as a U.S. dollar has in the United States. Gross national income (GNI) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in current international dollars. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Goods > Exports > BoP > Current US$ > Per capita: Goods exports refer to all movable goods (including nonmonetary gold) involved in a change of ownership from residents to nonresidents. The category includes goods previously included in services: goods received or sent for processing and their subsequent export or import in the form of processed goods, repairs on goods, and goods procured in ports by carriers. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Grants and other revenue > % of revenue: Grants and other revenue include grants from other foreign governments, international organizations, and other government units; interest; dividends; rent; requited, nonrepayable receipts for public purposes (such as fines, administrative fees, and entrepreneurial income from government owner­ship of property); and voluntary, unrequited, nonrepayable receipts other than grants.
  • Gross capital formation > Constant 2000 US$: Gross capital formation (formerly gross domestic investment) consists of outlays on additions to the fixed assets of the economy plus net changes in the level of inventories. Fixed assets include land improvements (fences, ditches, drains, and so on); plant, machinery, and equipment purchases; and the construction of roads, railways, and the like, including schools, offices, hospitals, private residential dwellings, and commercial and industrial buildings. Inventories are stocks of goods held by firms to meet temporary or unexpected fluctuations in production or sales, and "work in progress." According to the 1993 SNA, net acquisitions of valuables are also considered capital formation. Data are in constant 2000 U.S. dollars.
  • Gross capital formation > Constant 2000 US$ > Per capita: Gross capital formation (formerly gross domestic investment) consists of outlays on additions to the fixed assets of the economy plus net changes in the level of inventories. Fixed assets include land improvements (fences, ditches, drains, and so on); plant, machinery, and equipment purchases; and the construction of roads, railways, and the like, including schools, offices, hospitals, private residential dwellings, and commercial and industrial buildings. Inventories are stocks of goods held by firms to meet temporary or unexpected fluctuations in production or sales, and "work in progress." According to the 1993 SNA, net acquisitions of valuables are also considered capital formation. Data are in constant 2000 U.S. dollars. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Current transfers > Receipts > BoP > Current US$ > Per $ GDP: Current transfers (receipts) are recorded in the balance of payments whenever an economy receives goods, services, income, or financial items without a quid pro quo. All transfers not considered to be capital are current. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1,000 $ gross domestic product.
  • Gross domestic savings > Current US$ > Per capita: Gross domestic savings are calculated as GDP less final consumption expenditure (total consumption). Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Gross fixed capital formation > Constant 2000 US$ > Per capita: Gross fixed capital formation (formerly gross domestic fixed investment) includes land improvements (fences, ditches, drains, and so on); plant, machinery, and equipment purchases; and the construction of roads, railways, and the like, including schools, offices, hospitals, private residential dwellings, and commercial and industrial buildings. According to the 1993 SNA, net acquisitions of valuables are also considered capital formation. Data are in constant 2000 U.S. dollars. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Gross fixed capital formation > Current US$ > Per capita: Gross fixed capital formation (formerly gross domestic fixed investment) includes land improvements (fences, ditches, drains, and so on); plant, machinery, and equipment purchases; and the construction of roads, railways, and the like, including schools, offices, hospitals, private residential dwellings, and commercial and industrial buildings. According to the 1993 SNA, net acquisitions of valuables are also considered capital formation. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Gross national expenditure > Constant 2000 US$ > Per capita: Gross national expenditure (formerly domestic absorption) is the sum of household final consumption expenditure (formerly private consumption), general government final consumption expenditure (formerly general government consumption), and gross capital formation (formerly gross domestic investment). Data are in constant 2000 U.S. dollars. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Gross national expenditure > Current US$ > Per capita: Gross national expenditure (formerly domestic absorption) is the sum of household final consumption expenditure (formerly private consumption), general government final consumption expenditure (formerly general government consumption), and gross capital formation (formerly gross domestic investment). Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Gross savings > Current US$ > Per capita: Gross savings are calculated as gross national income less total consumption, plus net transfers. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Gross value added at factor cost > Current US$ > Per capita: Gross value added at factor cost (formerly GDP at factor cost) is derived as the sum of the value added in the agriculture, industry and services sectors. If the value added of these sectors is calculated at purchaser values, gross value added at factor cost is derived by subtracting net product taxes from GDP. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Household final > Consumption expenditure > Constant 2000 US$ > Per capita: Household final consumption expenditure (formerly private consumption) is the market value of all goods and services, including durable products (such as cars, washing machines, and home computers), purchased by households. It excludes purchases of dwellings but includes imputed rent for owner-occupied dwellings. It also includes payments and fees to governments to obtain permits and licenses. Here, household consumption expenditure includes the expenditures of nonprofit institutions serving households, even when reported separately by the country. Data are in constant 2000 U.S. dollars. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Household final > Consumption expenditure > Current US$ > Per capita: Household final consumption expenditure (formerly private consumption) is the market value of all goods and services, including durable products (such as cars, washing machines, and home computers), purchased by households. It excludes purchases of dwellings but includes imputed rent for owner-occupied dwellings. It also includes payments and fees to governments to obtain permits and licenses. Here, household consumption expenditure includes the expenditures of nonprofit institutions serving households, even when reported separately by the country. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Household final > Consumption expenditure per capita growth > Annual %: Annual percentage growth of household final consumption expenditure per capita, which is calculated using household final consumption expenditure in constant 2000 prices and World Bank population estimates. Household final consumption expenditure (private consumption) is the market value of all goods and services, including durable products (such as cars, washing machines, and home computers), purchased by households. It excludes purchases of dwellings but includes imputed rent for owner-occupied dwellings. It also includes payments and fees to governments to obtain permits and licenses. Here, household consumption expenditure includes the expenditures of nonprofit institutions serving households, even when reported separately by the country.
  • Household final > Consumption expenditure > Etc. > Constant 2000 US$ > Per capita: Household final consumption expenditure (formerly private consumption) is the market value of all goods and services, including durable products (such as cars, washing machines, and home computers), purchased by households. It excludes purchases of dwellings but includes imputed rent for owner-occupied dwellings. It also includes payments and fees to governments to obtain permits and licenses. Here, household consumption expenditure includes the expenditures of nonprofit institutions serving households, even when reported separately by the country. This item also includes any statistical discrepancy in the use of resources relative to the supply of resources. Data are in constant 2000 U.S. dollars. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Household final > Consumption expenditure > Etc. > Current US$ > Per $ GDP: Household final consumption expenditure (formerly private consumption) is the market value of all goods and services, including durable products (such as cars, washing machines, and home computers), purchased by households. It excludes purchases of dwellings but includes imputed rent for owner-occupied dwellings. It also includes payments and fees to governments to obtain permits and licenses. Here, household consumption expenditure includes the expenditures of nonprofit institutions serving households, even when reported separately by the country. This item also includes any statistical discrepancy in the use of resources relative to the supply of resources. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1 $ gross domestic product.
  • Household final > Consumption expenditure > Etc. > Current US$ > Per capita: Household final consumption expenditure (formerly private consumption) is the market value of all goods and services, including durable products (such as cars, washing machines, and home computers), purchased by households. It excludes purchases of dwellings but includes imputed rent for owner-occupied dwellings. It also includes payments and fees to governments to obtain permits and licenses. Here, household consumption expenditure includes the expenditures of nonprofit institutions serving households, even when reported separately by the country. This item also includes any statistical discrepancy in the use of resources relative to the supply of resources. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Trade > Imports: This entry provides the total US dollar amount of merchandise imports on a c.i.f. (cost, insurance, and freight) or f.o.b. (free on board) basis. These figures are calculated on an exchange rate basis, i.e., not in purchasing power parity (PPP) terms.
  • Trade > Imports > Per capita: This entry provides the total US dollar amount of merchandise imports on a c.i.f. (cost, insurance, and freight) or f.o.b. (free on board) basis. These figures are calculated on an exchange rate basis, i.e., not in purchasing power parity (PPP) terms. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Trade > Imports > Per $ GDP: This entry provides the total US dollar amount of merchandise imports on a c.i.f. (cost, insurance, and freight) or f.o.b. (free on board) basis. These figures are calculated on an exchange rate basis, i.e., not in purchasing power parity (PPP) terms. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1 $ gross domestic product.
  • Trade > Imports > Goods and services > BoP > Current US$ > Per capita: Imports of goods and services comprise all transactions between residents of a country and the rest of the world involving a change of ownership from nonresidents to residents of general merchandise, goods sent for processing and repairs, nonmonetary gold, and services. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Trade > Imports > Goods and services > Constant 2000 US$ > Per capita: Imports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services received from the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude labor and property income (formerly called factor services) as well as transfer payments. Data are in constant 2000 U.S. dollars. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Trade > Imports > Goods and services > Current US$ > Per capita: Imports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services received from the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude labor and property income (formerly called factor services) as well as transfer payments. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Trade > Imports of goods > Services and income > BoP > Current US$ > Per capita: Imports of goods, services and income is the sum of goods (merchandise) imports, imports of (nonfactor) services and income (factor) payments. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Income payments > BoP > Current US$ > Per capita: Income payments refer to employee compensation paid to nonresident workers and investment income (payments on direct investment, portfolio investment, other investments). Income derived from the use of intangible assets is excluded from income and recorded under business services. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Income receipts > BoP > Current US$ > Per capita: Income receipts refer to employee compensation paid to resident workers working abroad and investment income (receipts on direct investment, portfolio investment, other investments, and receipts on reserve assets). Income derived from the use of intangible assets is excluded from income and recorded under business services. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Services > Etc. > Value added > Constant 2000 US$: Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99. They include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in constant 2000 U.S. dollars.
  • Insurance and financial services > % of commercial service > Exports: Insurance and financial services cover freight insurance on goods exported and other direct insurance such as life insurance; financial intermediation services such as commissions, foreign exchange transactions, and brokerage services; and auxiliary services such as financial market operational and regulatory services.
  • Insurance and financial services > % of commercial service imports: Insurance and financial services cover freight insurance on goods exported and other direct insurance such as life insurance; financial intermediation services such as commissions, foreign exchange transactions, and brokerage services; and auxiliary services such as financial market operational and regulatory services.
  • International tourism > Expenditures > Current US$ > Per capita: International tourism expenditures are expenditures of international outbound visitors in other countries, including payments to foreign carriers for international transport. These may include expenditures by residents traveling abroad as same-day visitors, except in cases where these are so important as to justify a separate classification. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • International tourism > Receipts > Current US$ > Per capita: International tourism receipts are expenditures by international inbound visitors, including payments to national carriers for international transport. These receipts should include any other prepayment made for goods or services received in the destination country. They also may include receipts from same-day visitors, except in cases where these are so important as to justify a separate classification. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • GDP per unit of energy use: GDP per unit of energy use is the PPP GDP per kilogram of oil equivalent of energy use. PPP GDP is gross domestic product converted to 2000 constant international dollars using purchasing power parity rates. An international dollar has the same purchasing power over GDP as a U.S. dollar has in the United States.
  • Listed domestic companies > Per capita: Listed domestic companies are the domestically incorporated companies listed on the country's stock exchanges at the end of the year. This indicator does not include investment companies, mutual funds, or other collective investment vehicles. Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • Market capitalization of listed companies > Current US$ > Per capita: Market capitalization (also known as market value) is the share price times the number of shares outstanding. Listed domestic companies are the domestically incorporated companies listed on the country's stock exchanges at the end of the year. Listed companies does not include investment companies, mutual funds, or other collective investment vehicles. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Market value of publicly traded shares > Per $ GDP: Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1,000 $ gross domestic product.
  • Market value of publicly traded shares > Per capita: Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Merchandise > Exports > Current US$ > Per capita: Merchandise exports show the f.o.b. value of goods provided to the rest of the world valued in U.S. dollars. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Micro > Small and medium enterprises > Number > Per capita: Micro, small, and medium-size enterprises are business that may be defined by the number of employees. There is no international standard definition of firm size; however, many institutions that collect information use the following size categories: micro enterprises have 0-9 employees, small enterprises have 10-49 employees, and medium-size enterprises have 50-249 employees. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Merchandise imports > Current US$: Merchandise imports show the c.i.f. value of goods received from the rest of the world valued in U.S. dollars. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Merchandise imports > Current US$ > Per capita: Merchandise imports show the c.i.f. value of goods received from the rest of the world valued in U.S. dollars. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Net current transfers > BoP > Current US$ > Per $ GDP: Net current transfers are recorded in the balance of payments whenever an economy provides or receives goods, services, income, or financial items without a quid pro quo. All transfers not considered to be capital are current. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1,000 $ gross domestic product.
  • Net current transfers > BoP > Current US$ > Per capita: Net current transfers are recorded in the balance of payments whenever an economy provides or receives goods, services, income, or financial items without a quid pro quo. All transfers not considered to be capital are current. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Net current transfers from abroad > Current US$ > Per capita: Current transfers comprise transfers of income between residents of the reporting country and the rest of the world that carry no provisions for repayment. Net current transfers from abroad is equal to the unrequited transfers of income from nonresidents to residents minus the unrequited transfers from residents to nonresidents. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • Net errors and omissions > Adjusted > BoP > Current US$ > Per $ GDP: Net errors and omissions constitute a residual category needed to ensure that all debit and credit entries in the balance of payments statement sum to zero. In the International Financial Statistics presentation, this is equal to the difference between reserves and related items and the sum of the balances of the current, capital, and financial accounts. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1,000 $ gross domestic product.
  • Net errors and omissions > Adjusted > BoP > Current US$ > Per capita: Net errors and omissions constitute a residual category needed to ensure that all debit and credit entries in the balance of payments statement sum to zero. In the International Financial Statistics presentation, this is equal to the difference between reserves and related items and the sum of the balances of the current, capital, and financial accounts. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per capita figures expressed per 1 billion population.
  • Foreign direct investment > Net inflows > BoP > Current US$ > Per capita: Foreign direct investment are the net inflows of investment to acquire a lasting management interest (10 percent or more of voting stock) in an enterprise operating in an economy other than that of the investor. It is the sum of equity capital, reinvestment of earnings, other long-term capital, and short-term capital as shown in the balance of payments. This series shows net inflows in the reporting economy. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Foreign direct investment > Net > BoP > Current US$ > Per capita: Foreign direct investment is net inflows of investment to acquire a lasting management interest (10 percent or more of voting stock) in an enterprise operating in an economy other than that of the investor. It is the sum of equity capital, reinvestment of earnings, other long-term capital, and short-term capital as shown in the balance of payments. This series shows total net, that is, net FDI in the reporting economy from foreign sources less net FDI by the reporting economy to the rest of the world. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Net income > BoP > Current US$ > Per $ GDP: Net income refers to receipts and payments of employee compensation paid to nonresident workers and investment income (receipts and payments on direct investment, portfolio investment, other investments, and receipts on reserve assets). Income derived from the use of intangible assets is recorded under business services. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1,000 $ gross domestic product.
  • Net income > BoP > Current US$ > Per capita: Net income refers to receipts and payments of employee compensation paid to nonresident workers and investment income (receipts and payments on direct investment, portfolio investment, other investments, and receipts on reserve assets). Income derived from the use of intangible assets is recorded under business services. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Net income from abroad > Current US$ > Per capita: Net income includes the net labor income and net property and entrepreneurial income components of the SNA. Labor income covers compensation of employees paid to nonresident workers. Property and entrepreneurial income covers investment income from the ownership of foreign financial claims (interest, dividends, rent, etc.) and nonfinancial property income (patents, copyrights, etc.). Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • Net incurrence of liabilities > Foreign > % of GDP: Net incurrence of government liabilities includes foreign financing (obtained from nonresidents) and domestic financing (obtained from residents), or the means by which a government provides financial resources to cover a budget deficit or allocates financial resources arising from a budget surplus. The net incurrence of liabilities should be offset by the net acquisition of financial assets (a third financing item). The difference between the cash surplus or deficit and the three financing items is the net change in the stock of cash.
  • Net trade in goods > BoP > Current US$ > Per capita: Net trade in goods is the difference between exports and imports of goods. The category includes goods previously included in services: goods received or sent for processing and their subsequent export or import in the form of processed goods, repairs on goods, and goods procured in ports by carriers. Trade in services is not included. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Net trade in goods and services > BoP > Current US$ > Per $ GDP: Net trade in goods and services is derived by offsetting imports of goods and services against exports of goods and services. Exports and imports of goods and services comprise all transactions involving a change of ownership of goods and services between residents of one country and the rest of the world. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1,000 $ gross domestic product.
  • Net trade in goods and services > BoP > Current US$ > Per capita: Net trade in goods and services is derived by offsetting imports of goods and services against exports of goods and services. Exports and imports of goods and services comprise all transactions involving a change of ownership of goods and services between residents of one country and the rest of the world. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Final > Consumption expenditure > Etc. > Constant 2000 US$: Final consumption expenditure (formerly total consumption) is the sum of household final consumption expenditure (formerly private consumption) and general government final consumption expenditure (formerly general government consumption). This estimate includes any statistical discrepancy in the use of resources relative to the supply of resources. Data are in constant 2000 U.S. dollars.
  • Goods imports > BoP > Current US$ > Per $ GDP: Goods imports refer to all movable goods (including nonmonetary gold) involved in a change of ownership from nonresidents to residents. The category includes goods previously included in services: goods received or sent for processing and their subsequent export or import in the form of processed goods, repairs on goods, and goods procured in ports by carriers. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1 $ gross domestic product.
  • Population below poverty line > Per $ GDP: National estimates of the percentage of the population lying below the poverty line are based on surveys of sub-groups, with the results weighted by the number of people in each group. Definitions of poverty vary considerably among nations. For example, rich nations generally employ more generous standards of poverty than poor nations. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1 trillion $ gross domestic product.
  • Population below poverty line > Per capita: National estimates of the percentage of the population lying below the poverty line are based on surveys of sub-groups, with the results weighted by the number of people in each group. Definitions of poverty vary considerably among nations. For example, rich nations generally employ more generous standards of poverty than poor nations. Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • Final > Consumption expenditure > Etc. > Current US$ > Per capita: Final consumption expenditure (formerly total consumption) is the sum of household final consumption expenditure (private consumption) and general government final consumption expenditure (general government consumption). This estimate includes any statistical discrepancy in the use of resources relative to the supply of resources. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Final > Consumption expenditure > Etc. > Constant 2000 US$ > Per capita: Final consumption expenditure (formerly total consumption) is the sum of household final consumption expenditure (formerly private consumption) and general government final consumption expenditure (formerly general government consumption). This estimate includes any statistical discrepancy in the use of resources relative to the supply of resources. Data are in constant 2000 U.S. dollars. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Reserves of foreign exchange and gold > Per $ GDP: This entry gives the dollar value for the stock of all financial assets that are available to the central monetary authority for use in meeting a country's balance of payments needs as of the end-date of the period specified. This category includes not only foreign currency and gold, but also a country's holdings of Special Drawing Rights in the International Monetary Fund, and its reserve position in the Fund. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1,000 $ gross domestic product.
  • Reserves of foreign exchange and gold > Per capita: This entry gives the dollar value for the stock of all financial assets that are available to the central monetary authority for use in meeting a country's balance of payments needs as of the end-date of the period specified. This category includes not only foreign currency and gold, but also a country's holdings of Special Drawing Rights in the International Monetary Fund, and its reserve position in the Fund. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Service > Exports > BoP > Current US$ > Per $ GDP: Services (previously nonfactor services) refer to economic output of intangible commodities that may be produced, transferred, and consumed at the same time. International transactions in services are defined by the IMF's Balance of Payments Manual (1993), but definitions may nevertheless vary among reporting economies. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1,000 $ gross domestic product.
  • Final > Consumption expenditure > Current US$: Final consumption expenditure (formerly total consumption) is the sum of household final consumption expenditure (private consumption) and general government final consumption expenditure (general government consumption). Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Service imports > BoP > Current US$ > Per capita: Services (previously nonfactor services) refer to economic output of intangible commodities that may be produced, transferred, and consumed at the same time. International transactions in services are defined by the IMF's Balance of Payments Manual (1993), but definitions may nevertheless vary among reporting economies. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Services > Etc. > Value added > Constant 2000 US$ > Per capita: Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99. They include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in constant 2000 U.S. dollars. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Services > Etc. > Value added > Current US$ > Per capita: Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99. They include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Share of household income > Highest 10%: The percentage of total national household income held by the top 10 percent of households. Data on household income or consumption come from household surveys, the results adjusted for household size. Nations use different standards and procedures in collecting and adjusting the data. Surveys based on income will normally show a more unequal distribution than surveys based on consumption. The quality of surveys is improving with time, yet caution is still necessary in making inter-country comparisons.
  • Share of household income > Lowest 10%: The percentage of total national household income held by the bottom 10 percent of households. Data on household income or consumption come from household surveys, the results adjusted for household size. Nations use different standards and procedures in collecting and adjusting the data. Surveys based on income will normally show a more unequal distribution than surveys based on consumption. The quality of surveys is improving with time, yet caution is still necessary in making inter-country comparisons.
  • Final > Consumption expenditure > Current US$ > Per capita: Final consumption expenditure (formerly total consumption) is the sum of household final consumption expenditure (private consumption) and general government final consumption expenditure (general government consumption). Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Final > Consumption expenditure > Constant 2000 US$ > Per capita: Final consumption expenditure (formerly total consumption) is the sum of household final consumption expenditure (formerly private consumption) and general government final consumption expenditure (formerly general government consumption). Data are in constant 2000 U.S. dollars. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Total > Reserves > Includes gold > Current US$ > Per capita: Total reserves comprise holdings of monetary gold, special drawing rights, reserves of IMF members held by the IMF, and holdings of foreign exchange under the control of monetary authorities. The gold component of these reserves is valued at year-end (December 31) London prices. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Total > Reserves minus gold > Current US$ > Per capita: Total reserves minus gold comprise special drawing rights, reserves of IMF members held by the IMF, and holdings of foreign exchange under the control of monetary authorities. Gold holdings are excluded. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Tourism expenditures > International > Per capita: Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Tourism receipts > International > Per capita: Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Income share held by third 20%: Percentage share of income or consumption is the share that accrues to subgroups of population indicated by deciles or quintiles. Percentage shares by quintile may not sum to 100 because of rounding.
STAT Iran United States HISTORY
Companies > Listed domestic companies, total per million 3.72
Ranked 79th.
13.07
Ranked 49th. 4 times more than Iran

Debt > External $14.84 billion
Ranked 84th.
$15.93 trillion
Ranked 1st. 1073 times more than Iran

Debt > External per capita $287.99
Ranked 101st.
$40,666.44
Ranked 13th. 141 times more than Iran

Distribution of family income > Gini index 44.5
Ranked 5th.
45
Ranked 9th. 1% more than Iran

GDP $514.06 billion
Ranked 24th.
$15.68 trillion
Ranked 2nd. 31 times more than Iran

GDP > Composition, by end use > Exports of goods and services 25.3%
Ranked 148th. 87% more than United States
13.5%
Ranked 182nd.
GDP > Composition, by end use > Investment in inventories 1.5%
Ranked 39th. 4 times more than United States
0.4%
Ranked 87th.
GDP per capita $6,815.57
Ranked 84th.
$49,965.27
Ranked 10th. 7 times more than Iran

GINI index 43
Ranked 19th. 5% more than United States
40.81
Ranked 16th.
Gross national saving 30.3% of GDP
Ranked 24th. 2 times more than United States
12.5% of GDP
Ranked 118th.

Household income or consumption by percentage share > Highest 10% 29.6%
Ranked 16th.
30%
Ranked 15th. 1% more than Iran
Human Development Index 0.736
Ranked 98th.
0.944
Ranked 10th. 28% more than Iran
Imports > Commodities industrial supplies, capital goods, foodstuffs and other consumer goods, technical services agricultural products 4.9%, industrial supplies 32.9% (crude oil 8.2%), capital goods 30.4% (computers, telecommunications equipment, motor vehicle parts, office machines, electric power machinery), consumer goods 31.8% (automobiles, clothing, medicines, furniture, toys)
Population below poverty line 18%
Ranked 15th. 19% more than United States
15.1%
Ranked 34th.

Public debt 18.4% of GDP
Ranked 128th.
70% of GDP
Ranked 37th. 4 times more than Iran

GDP > Real growth rate -1.9%
Ranked 182nd.
2.8%
Ranked 106th.

Fiscal year 21 1
Exchange rates Iranian rials (IRR) per US dollar -<br />12,175.5 (2012 est.)<br />10,616.3 (2011 est.)<br />10,254.18 (2010 est.)<br />9,864.3 (2009)<br />9,142.8 (2008) <strong>British pounds per US dollar: </strong>0.6324 (2012 est.), 0.624 (2011 est.), 0.6472 (2010), 0.6175 (2009), 0.5302 (2008)<br /><strong>Canadian dollars per US dollar:</strong> (2012 est.), 1.001 (2012 est.), 0.9895 (2011 est), 1.0302 (2010 est.), 1.1431 (2009), 1.0364 (2008)<br /><strong>Chinese yuan per US dollar:</strong> (2011 est.), 6.311 (2012 est.), 6.4615 (20111 est.), 6.7703 (2010 est.), 6.8314 (2009), 6.9385 (2008)<br /><strong>euros per US dollar:</strong> 0.7838 (2012 est.), 0.7185 (2011 est.), 0.755 (2010 est.), 0.7198 (2009), 0.6827 (2008)<br /><strong>Japanese yen per US dollar:</strong> 79.42 (2012 est.), 79.81 (2011 est.), 87.78 (2010), 93.57 (2009), 103.58 (2008)
Exports > Commodities petroleum 80%, chemical and petrochemical products, fruits and nuts, carpets agricultural products (soybeans, fruit, corn) 9.2%, industrial supplies (organic chemicals) 26.8%, capital goods (transistors, aircraft, motor vehicle parts, computers, telecommunications equipment) 49.0%, consumer goods (automobiles, medicines) 15.0%
GDP > Composition by sector > Services 50.6%
Ranked 126th.
79.7%
Ranked 15th. 58% more than Iran

GDP > Per capita > PPP $13,000
Ranked 73th.
$51,700
Ranked 6th. 4 times more than Iran

Current account balance $-9,307,000,000
Ranked 162nd.
$-440,400,000,000
Ranked 180th. 47 times more than Iran

Companies > Market capitalization of listed companies > % of GDP 20.86%
Ranked 70th.
114.92%
Ranked 10th. 6 times more than Iran

Commercial bank prime lending rate 11%
Ranked 77th. 3 times more than United States
3.25%
Ranked 170th.

GDP > Composition, by sector of origin > Agriculture 9.8%
Ranked 90th. 9 times more than United States
1.1%
Ranked 194th.
Stock of direct foreign investment > At home $37.31 billion
Ranked 56th.
$2.65 trillion
Ranked 1st. 71 times more than Iran

Imports $70.03 billion
Ranked 41st.
$2.3 trillion
Ranked 1st. 33 times more than Iran

Taxes and other revenues 14.7% of GDP
Ranked 169th.
15.3% of GDP
Ranked 2nd. 4% more than Iran

Companies > Stock market > Stocks traded, total value > Current US$ per capita $288.66
Ranked 51st.
$68,092.78
Ranked 3rd. 236 times more than Iran

GDP > Purchasing power parity $988.4 billion
Ranked 17th.
$16.24 trillion
Ranked 1st. 16 times more than Iran

GDP > Composition, by end use > Investment in fixed capital 30.6%
Ranked 30th. 2 times more than United States
14.8%
Ranked 162nd.
Stock of narrow money None None
Stock of direct foreign investment > Abroad $3.35 billion
Ranked 62nd.
$4.45 trillion
Ranked 1st. 1331 times more than Iran

GDP > Composition, by sector of origin > Services 44.1%
Ranked 149th.
79.7%
Ranked 14th. 81% more than Iran
GDP > Composition, by sector of origin > Industry 46.2%
Ranked 23th. 2 times more than United States
19.2%
Ranked 161st.
Companies > Stock market > Stocks traded, turnover ratio > % 17.78%
Ranked 46th.
124.6%
Ranked 6th. 7 times more than Iran

Budget > Revenues $79.69 billion
Ranked 38th.
$2.45 trillion
Ranked 1st. 31 times more than Iran

Budget > Expenditures $92.63 billion
Ranked 35th.
$3.54 trillion
Ranked 1st. 38 times more than Iran

Overview Iran's economy is marked by statist policies and an inefficient state sector, which create major distortions throughout the system, and reliance on oil, which provides a large share of government revenues. Price controls, subsidies, and other rigidities weigh down the economy, undermining the potential for private-sector-led growth. Private sector activity is typically limited to small-scale workshops, farming, some manufacturing, and services. Significant informal market activity flourishes and corruption is widespread. Tehran since the early 1990s has recognized the need to reduce these inefficiencies, and in December 2010 the Majles passed President Mahmud AHMADI-NEJAD's Targeted Subsidies Law (TSL) to reduce state subsidies on food and energy. This was the most extensive economic reform since the government implemented gasoline rationing in 2007. Over a five-year period the legislation sought to phase out subsidies that previously cost Tehran $60-$100 billion annually and mostly benefited Iran''s upper and middle classes. Cash payouts of $45 per person to more than 90% of Iranian households mitigated initial widespread resistance to the TSL program. However, inflation in 2012 reached its highest level in four years, eroding the value of these cash payouts and motivating the Majles to halt planned price increases for the second half of 2012 through at least March 2013. New fiscal and monetary constraints on Tehran, following international sanctions in January against Iran''s Central Bank and oil exports, significantly reduced Iran''s oil revenue, forced government spending cuts, and fueled a 20% currency depreciation. Economic growth turned negative for the first time in two decades. Iran also continues to suffer from double-digit unemployment and underemployment. Underemployment among Iran''s educated youth has convinced many to seek jobs overseas, resulting in a significant "brain drain." The US has the largest and most technologically powerful economy in the world, with a per capita GDP of $49,800. In this market-oriented economy, private individuals and business firms make most of the decisions, and the federal and state governments buy needed goods and services predominantly in the private marketplace. US business firms enjoy greater flexibility than their counterparts in Western Europe and Japan in decisions to expand capital plant, to lay off surplus workers, and to develop new products. At the same time, they face higher barriers to enter their rivals' home markets than foreign firms face entering US markets. US firms are at or near the forefront in technological advances, especially in computers and in medical, aerospace, and military equipment; their advantage has narrowed since the end of World War II. The onrush of technology largely explains the gradual development of a "two-tier labor market" in which those at the bottom lack the education and the professional/technical skills of those at the top and, more and more, fail to get comparable pay raises, health insurance coverage, and other benefits. Since 1975, practically all the gains in household income have gone to the top 20% of households. Since 1996, dividends and capital gains have grown faster than wages or any other category of after-tax income. Imported oil accounts for nearly 55% of US consumption. Crude oil prices doubled between 2001 and 2006, the year home prices peaked; higher gasoline prices ate into consumers' budgets and many individuals fell behind in their mortgage payments. Oil prices climbed another 50% between 2006 and 2008, and bank foreclosures more than doubled in the same period. Besides dampening the housing market, soaring oil prices caused a drop in the value of the dollar and a deterioration in the US merchandise trade deficit, which peaked at $840 billion in 2008. The sub-prime mortgage crisis, falling home prices, investment bank failures, tight credit, and the global economic downturn pushed the United States into a recession by mid-2008. GDP contracted until the third quarter of 2009, making this the deepest and longest downturn since the Great Depression. To help stabilize financial markets, in October 2008 the US Congress established a $700 billion Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP). The government used some of these funds to purchase equity in US banks and industrial corporations, much of which had been returned to the government by early 2011. In January 2009 the US Congress passed and President Barack OBAMA signed a bill providing an additional $787 billion fiscal stimulus to be used over 10 years - two-thirds on additional spending and one-third on tax cuts - to create jobs and to help the economy recover. In 2010 and 2011, the federal budget deficit reached nearly 9% of GDP. In 2012 the federal government reduced the growth of spending and the deficit shrank to 7.6% of GDP. Wars in Iraq and Afghanistan required major shifts in national resources from civilian to military purposes and contributed to the growth of the budget deficit and public debt. Through 2011, the direct costs of the wars totaled nearly $900 billion, according to US government figures. US revenues from taxes and other sources are lower, as a percentage of GDP, than those of most other countries. In March 2010, President OBAMA signed into law the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, a health insurance reform that was designed to extend coverage to an additional 32 million American citizens by 2016, through private health insurance for the general population and Medicaid for the impoverished. Total spending on health care - public plus private - rose from 9.0% of GDP in 1980 to 17.9% in 2010. In July 2010, the president signed the DODD-FRANK Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act, a law designed to promote financial stability by protecting consumers from financial abuses, ending taxpayer bailouts of financial firms, dealing with troubled banks that are "too big to fail," and improving accountability and transparency in the financial system - in particular, by requiring certain financial derivatives to be traded in markets that are subject to government regulation and oversight. In December 2012, the Federal Reserve Board announced plans to purchase $85 billion per month of mortgage-backed and Treasury securities in an effort to hold down long-term interest rates, and to keep short term rates near zero until unemployment drops to 6.5% from the December rate of 7.8%, or until inflation rises above 2.5%. Long-term problems include stagnation of wages for lower-income families, inadequate investment in deteriorating infrastructure, rapidly rising medical and pension costs of an aging population, energy shortages, and sizable current account and budget deficits - including significant budget shortages for state governments.
Market value of publicly traded shares $107.2 billion
Ranked 38th.
$15.64 trillion
Ranked 1st. 146 times more than Iran

Companies > Stock market > Stocks traded, total value > Current US$ $22.06 billion
Ranked 41st.
$21.38 trillion
Ranked 1st. 969 times more than Iran

Companies > Market capitalization of listed companies > Current US$ per capita $1,842.91
Ranked 63th.
$59,469.57
Ranked 6th. 32 times more than Iran

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold $74.06 billion
Ranked 28th.
$150.2 billion
Ranked 18th. 2 times more than Iran

Stock of domestic credit $77.74 billion
Ranked 58th.
$16.17 trillion
Ranked 1st. 208 times more than Iran

GDP > Composition, by end use > Household consumption 45.9%
Ranked 165th.
68.6%
Ranked 80th. 49% more than Iran
Budget surplus > + or deficit > - -2.4% of GDP
Ranked 79th.
-6.8% of GDP
Ranked 157th. 3 times more than Iran

GDP > Composition, by end use > Imports of goods and services -16.6%
Ranked 2nd.
-16.9%
Ranked 4th. 2% more than Iran
Exports > Partners China 22.1%, India 11.9%, Turkey 10.6%, South Korea 7.6%, Japan 7.1% Canada 18.9%, Mexico 14%, China 7.2%, Japan 4.5%
Companies > Market capitalization of listed companies > Current US$, % of GDP 20.86%
Ranked 70th.
119.02%
Ranked 8th. 6 times more than Iran

Industrial production growth rate -5.8%
Ranked 161st.
3.2%
Ranked 79th.

Industries petroleum, petrochemicals, fertilizers, caustic soda, textiles, cement and other construction materials, food processing (particularly sugar refining and vegetable oil production), ferrous and non-ferrous metal fabrication, armaments highly diversified, world leading, high-technology innovator, second largest industrial output in world; petroleum, steel, motor vehicles, aerospace, telecommunications, chemicals, electronics, food processing, consumer goods, lumber, mining
Imports > Partners UAE 33.2%, China 13.8%, Turkey 11.8%, South Korea 7.4% China 19%, Canada 14.1%, Mexico 12%, Japan 6.4%, Germany 4.7%
Household income or consumption by percentage share > Lowest 10% 2.6%
Ranked 68th. 30% more than United States
2%
Ranked 102nd.

Companies > Listed domestic companies, total 284
Ranked 30th.
4,102
Ranked 3rd. 14 times more than Iran

Labor force 27
Ranked 88th.
155
Ranked 39th. 6 times more than Iran

Agriculture > Products wheat, rice, other grains, sugar beets, sugarcane, fruits, nuts, cotton; dairy products, wool; caviar wheat, corn, other grains, fruits, vegetables, cotton; beef, pork, poultry, dairy products; fish; forest products
GDP > Composition by sector > Agriculture 11%
Ranked 84th. 9 times more than United States
1.2%
Ranked 191st.

Companies > Stock market > Stocks traded, total value > Current US$, % of GDP 3.9%
Ranked 57th.
136.28%
Ranked 2nd. 35 times more than Iran

Stock of broad money None None
GDP > Official exchange rate $541.2 billion
Ranked 21st.
$16.02 trillion
Ranked 1st. 30 times more than Iran

Inflation rate > Consumer prices 19.9%
Ranked 9th. 9 times more than United States
2.1%
Ranked 160th.

Companies > Stock market > Stocks traded, total value > % of GDP 3.9%
Ranked 57th.
131.58%
Ranked 3rd. 34 times more than Iran

GDP > Composition, by end use > Government consumption 13.3%
Ranked 127th.
19.5%
Ranked 53th. 47% more than Iran
Exports $67.04 billion
Ranked 51st.
$1.56 trillion
Ranked 2nd. 23 times more than Iran

Unemployment rate 15.5%
Ranked 19th. 91% more than United States
8.1%
Ranked 47th.

GDP > Composition by sector > Industry 38.4%
Ranked 37th. 2 times more than United States
19.1%
Ranked 160th.

Companies > Market capitalization of listed companies > Current US$ $140.84 billion
Ranked 37th.
$18.67 trillion
Ranked 1st. 133 times more than Iran

GDP > PPP $505.02 billion
Ranked 21st.
$11.63 trillion
Ranked 1st. 23 times more than Iran
Consumer price index 192.89%
Ranked 16th. 70% more than United States
113.41%
Ranked 105th.

Technological achievement 0.26
Ranked 46th.
0.73
Ranked 2nd. 3 times more than Iran
Budget > Revenues per capita $1,419.51
Ranked 76th.
$6,763.09
Ranked 33th. 5 times more than Iran

Economic freedom 0.85
Ranked 147th.
3.2
Ranked 6th. 4 times more than Iran
Industrial > Production growth rate 4.3%
Ranked 75th. 30% more than United States
3.3%
Ranked 92nd.

Real interest rate 0.06%
Ranked 106th.
3.08%
Ranked 86th. 51 times more than Iran

GDP deflator 403.15
Ranked 43th. 4 times more than United States
112.4
Ranked 146th.

Research and development spending 0.5%
Ranked 46th.
2.5%
Ranked 7th. 5 times more than Iran
Patents granted 1 per million people
Ranked 56th.
289 per million people
Ranked 3rd. 289 times more than Iran
Budget > Expenditures per capita $1,327.25
Ranked 82nd.
$10,981.93
Ranked 24th. 8 times more than Iran

GDP > CIA Factbook $478.2 billion
Ranked 18th.
$10.99 trillion
Ranked 1st. 23 times more than Iran

Terms of trade 35
Ranked 99th.
116
Ranked 15th. 3 times more than Iran
Wholesale price index 160.36%
Ranked 11th. 35% more than United States
118.59%
Ranked 39th.

GDP > Current LCU 1.701214e+015 12416510000000
Steel > Production 10.9 million tonnes
Ranked 17th.
58.1 million tonnes
Ranked 5th. 5 times more than Iran

Research and development personnel 590 per million people
Ranked 46th.
4,103 per million people
Ranked 4th. 7 times more than Iran
Currency Iranian rial US dollar
Credit information availability index 3
Ranked 73th.
6
Ranked 6th. Twice as much as Iran
Business disclosure index 5
Ranked 77th.
7
Ranked 37th. 40% more than Iran

Lending interest rate 16%
Ranked 44th. 3 times more than United States
6.19%
Ranked 118th.

Investment > Gross fixed 31.2% of GDP
Ranked 15th. 2 times more than United States
12.9% of GDP
Ranked 139th.

Exchange rates > Recent years rials per US dollar - 8,964 (2005), 8,614 (2004), 8,193.9 (2003), 6,907 (2002), 1,753.6 (2001) British pounds per US dollar - 0.5500 (2005), 0.5462 (2004), 0.6125 (2003), 0.6672 (2002), 0.6947 (2001); Canadian dollars per US dollar - 1.2118 (2005), 1.3010 (2004), 1.4011 (2003), 1.5693 (2002), 1.5488 (2001); Japanese yen per US dollar - 110.22 (2005), 108.19 (2004), 115.93 (2003), 125.39 (2002), 121.53 (2001); euros per US dollar - 0.8041 (2005), 0.8054 (2004), 0.8866 (2003), 1.0626 (2002), 1.1175 (2001); Chinese yuan per US dollar - 8.1943 (2005), 8.2768 (2004), 8.2770 (2003), 8.2770 (2002), 8.2271 (2001)
Tourism receipts > International $1.33 billion
Ranked 66th.
$122.94 billion
Ranked 1st. 93 times more than Iran

Listed domestic companies 420
Ranked 21st.
5,143
Ranked 1st. 12 times more than Iran

Stocks traded > Turnover ratio 19.1%
Ranked 58th.
129.1%
Ranked 11th. 7 times more than Iran

GDP > Constant LCU 421980000000000 11046430000000
Tourism expenditures > International $4.35 billion
Ranked 22nd.
$93.22 billion
Ranked 1st. 21 times more than Iran

Currency code IRR USD
Stock of money $46.13 billion
Ranked 28th.
$1.37 trillion
Ranked 3rd. 30 times more than Iran
Money > Current LCU 260656300000000 1343798000000
Exchange rates to USD 9,407.5 0.5418
Stock of quasi money $68.71 billion
Ranked 28th.
$10.1 trillion
Ranked 1st. 147 times more than Iran
GNI > Current LCU 1.676214e+015 12448410000000
Other expense > Current LCU 18152000000000 53161000000
Gross savings > Current LCU 696743600000000 1515700000000
Interest payments > Current LCU 4263604000000 253099000000
Adjusted savings > Gross savings > % of GNI 41.57% of GNI
Ranked 5th. 3 times more than United States
12.98% of GNI
Ranked 107th.

Trade > Imports > Goods and services > Current US$ 57.23 billion$
Ranked 34th.
1.8 trillion$
Ranked 1st. 31 times more than Iran

Gross domestic savings > Current US$ > Per $ GDP 419.54$ per $1,000 of GDP
Ranked 12th. 3 times more than United States
138.73$ per $1,000 of GDP
Ranked 102nd.

Cash surplus/deficit > % of GDP 7.4%
Ranked 6th.
-2.86%
Ranked 54th.

Expense > % of GDP 20.54%
Ranked 53th.
21.2%
Ranked 49th. 3% more than Iran

Stocks traded > Total value > Current US$ > Per $ GDP 43.14$ per $1,000 of GDP
Ranked 60th.
1,732.37$ per $1,000 of GDP
Ranked 6th. 40 times more than Iran

Tax > Taxes on income > Profits and capital gains > % of revenue 13.06%
Ranked 49th.
55.26%
Ranked 2nd. 4 times more than Iran

Inflation > GDP deflator > Annual % 15.93%
Ranked 26th. 5 times more than United States
3.02%
Ranked 121st.

Services > Etc. > Value added > Annual % growth 5.42%
Ranked 69th. 22% more than United States
4.45%
Ranked 95th.

Net income from abroad > Current US$ > Per $ GDP -14.695$ per $1,000 of GDP
Ranked 72nd.
2.57$ per $1,000 of GDP
Ranked 32nd.

Gross capital formation > Current US$ 63.22 billion$
Ranked 17th.
2.24 trillion$
Ranked 1st. 35 times more than Iran

Changes in net > Reserves > BoP > Current US$ > Per $ GDP -10.697 BoP $ per $1,000 of GDP
Ranked 82nd.
1.14 BoP $ per $1,000 of GDP
Ranked 32nd.

Gross savings > Current US$ > Per $ GDP 0.41$ per $1 of GDP
Ranked 4th.
129.78$ per $1 of GDP
Ranked 117th. 317 times more than Iran

GNI > Atlas method > Current US$ > Per $ GDP 0.934$ per $1 of GDP
Ranked 115th.
1.04$ per $1 of GDP
Ranked 22nd. 11% more than Iran

GNI > Atlas method > Current US$ 177.3 billion$
Ranked 32nd.
12.91 trillion$
Ranked 1st. 73 times more than Iran

Trade > Exports > Goods and services > Current US$ 73.63 billion$
Ranked 29th.
1.17 trillion$
Ranked 1st. 16 times more than Iran

Gross capital formation > Current US$ > Per $ GDP 0.333$ per $1 of GDP
Ranked 13th. 73% more than United States
0.192$ per $1 of GDP
Ranked 116th.

Gross national expenditure > Current US$ 173.39 billion$
Ranked 27th.
12.3 trillion$
Ranked 1st. 71 times more than Iran

Income payments > BoP > Current US$ > Per $ GDP 5.96 BoP $ per $1,000 of GDP
Ranked 156th.
37.32 BoP $ per $1,000 of GDP
Ranked 92nd. 6 times more than Iran

Interest payments > % of expense 1.22%
Ranked 69th.
9.61%
Ranked 25th. 8 times more than Iran

Net errors and omissions > Adjusted > BoP > Current US$ -1,208,524,000 BoP $
Ranked 134th.
10.41 billion BoP $
Ranked 5th.

Revenue > Excluding grants > % of GDP 35.64%
Ranked 24th. 93% more than United States
18.44%
Ranked 59th.

Service > Exports > BoP > Current US$ > Per capita 21.71 BoP $ per capita
Ranked 124th.
1,271.17 BoP $ per capita
Ranked 45th. 59 times more than Iran

Subsidies and other transfers > % of expense 33.78%
Ranked 47th.
61.36%
Ranked 15th. 82% more than Iran

Trade > Exports > Goods and services > Annual % growth -13.17%
Ranked 127th.
8.41%
Ranked 81st.

Trade > Exports > Goods and services > BoP > Current US$ > Per $ GDP 0.293 BoP $ per $1 of GDP
Ranked 107th. 3 times more than United States
0.103 BoP $ per $1 of GDP
Ranked 129th.

External balance on goods and services > Current US$ 16.4 billion$
Ranked 19th.
-624,000,000,000$
Ranked 167th.

Final > Consumption expenditure > Etc. > % of GDP 58.05%
Ranked 131st.
86.13%
Ranked 58th. 48% more than Iran

Final > Consumption expenditure > Etc. > Current US$ > Per $ GDP 0.58$ per $1 of GDP
Ranked 132nd.
0.861$ per $1 of GDP
Ranked 59th. 48% more than Iran

GDP > PPP > Current international $ 543.81 billion PPP $
Ranked 20th.
12.42 trillion PPP $
Ranked 1st. 23 times more than Iran

Household final > Consumption expenditure > Current US$ > Per $ GDP 0.45$ per $1 of GDP
Ranked 129th.
0.703$ per $1 of GDP
Ranked 59th. 56% more than Iran

Income share held by lowest 20% 5.14%
Ranked 19th.
5.44%
Ranked 27th. 6% more than Iran
Foreign direct investment > Net > BoP > Current US$ 39 million BoP $
Ranked 109th.
100.68 billion BoP $
Ranked 1st. 2582 times more than Iran

Currency > Real effective exchange rate index 129.51%
Ranked 8th. 40% more than United States
92.75%
Ranked 64th.

External balance on goods and services > % of GDP 8.64%
Ranked 23th.
-5.34%
Ranked 86th.

Foreign direct investment > Net > BoP > Current US$ > Per $ GDP 0.385 BoP $ per $1,000 of GDP
Ranked 136th.
8.11 BoP $ per $1,000 of GDP
Ranked 88th. 21 times more than Iran

Domestic credit provided by banking sector > % of GDP 46.21%
Ranked 83th.
224.26%
Ranked 3rd. 5 times more than Iran

Commercial service imports > Current US$ 1.58 billion$
Ranked 61st.
281.17 billion$
Ranked 1st. 178 times more than Iran

Trade > Imports of goods > Services and income > BoP > Current US$ > Per $ GDP 0.179 BoP $ per $1 of GDP
Ranked 154th.
0.198 BoP $ per $1 of GDP
Ranked 127th. 11% more than Iran

Money and quasi money growth > Annual % 22.8%
Ranked 42nd. 3 times more than United States
7.53%
Ranked 130th.

Service imports > BoP > Current US$ 2.3 billion BoP $
Ranked 52nd.
314.58 billion BoP $
Ranked 1st. 137 times more than Iran

Trade > Imports > Goods and services > BoP > Current US$ > Per $ GDP 0.173 BoP $ per $1 of GDP
Ranked 150th. 8% more than United States
0.16 BoP $ per $1 of GDP
Ranked 127th.

Quasi-liquid liabilities > % of GDP 21.85%
Ranked 86th.
53.23%
Ranked 31st. 2 times more than Iran

Gross savings > % of GNI 41.57% of GNI
Ranked 4th. 3 times more than United States
13% of GNI
Ranked 117th.

Final > Consumption expenditure > Etc. > Current US$ 110.16 billion$
Ranked 29th.
10.06 trillion$
Ranked 1st. 91 times more than Iran

Net current transfers from abroad > Current US$ > Per $ GDP 4.68$ per $1,000 of GDP
Ranked 104th.
-6.978$ per $1,000 of GDP
Ranked 134th.

GDP > PPP > Constant 2000 international $ 483.81 billion PPP 2000 $
Ranked 20th.
11.05 trillion PPP 2000 $
Ranked 1st. 23 times more than Iran

Household final > Consumption expenditure > Etc. > Constant 2000 US$ 72.33 billion constant 2000 US$
Ranked 24th.
7.6 trillion constant 2000 US$
Ranked 1st. 105 times more than Iran

Final > Consumption expenditure > Constant 2000 US$ 84.88 billion constant 2000 US$
Ranked 28th.
9.19 trillion constant 2000 US$
Ranked 1st. 108 times more than Iran

Liquid liabilities > M3 as % of GDP 43.7
Ranked 85th.
68.1
Ranked 44th. 56% more than Iran

Current account balance > % of GDP 12.32%
Ranked 12th.
-6.37%
Ranked 87th.

Micro > Small and medium enterprises > Number 1.26 million
Ranked 1st.
5.87 million
Ranked 1st. 5 times more than Iran
Household final > Consumption expenditure > Etc. > Current US$ 87.07 billion$
Ranked 29th.
8.21 trillion$
Ranked 1st. 94 times more than Iran

Gross value added at factor cost > Current US$ > Per $ GDP 0.994$ per $1 of GDP
Ranked 10th. 7% more than United States
0.931$ per $1 of GDP
Ranked 43th.

Gross private capital flows > % of GDP 2.39%
Ranked 144th.
14.35%
Ranked 68th. 6 times more than Iran

Micro > Small and medium enterprises > Per 1,000 people 20.62 per 1,000 people
Ranked 2nd. 3% more than United States
19.99 per 1,000 people
Ranked 19th.
Goods > Exports > BoP > Current US$ 28.34 billion BoP $
Ranked 39th.
898.46 billion BoP $
Ranked 2nd. 32 times more than Iran

Household final > Consumption expenditure > Annual % growth 6.57%
Ranked 47th. 70% more than United States
3.86%
Ranked 80th.

Gross capital formation > Annual % growth 5.81%
Ranked 63th.
10.07%
Ranked 59th. 73% more than Iran

GNI > Current US$ > Per $ GDP 0.985$ per $1 of GDP
Ranked 73th.
1$ per $1 of GDP
Ranked 31st. 2% more than Iran

Gross fixed capital formation > Annual % growth 5.81%
Ranked 65th.
8.29%
Ranked 56th. 43% more than Iran

Foreign direct investment > Net inflows > BoP > Current US$ > Per $ GDP 0.158 BoP $ per $1 million of
Ranked 151st.
8.84 BoP $ per $1 million of
Ranked 123th. 56 times more than Iran

Foreign direct investment > Net inflows > % of GDP 0.02%
Ranked 151st.
0.88%
Ranked 123th. 44 times more than Iran

Current account balance > BoP > Current US$ > Per $ GDP 123.22 BoP $ per $1,000 of GDP
Ranked 13th.
-63.746 BoP $ per $1,000 of GDP
Ranked 87th.

Commercial service > Exports > Current US$ 1.36 billion$
Ranked 68th.
354.02 billion$
Ranked 1st. 261 times more than Iran

Current account balance > BoP > Current US$ 12.48 billion BoP $
Ranked 10th.
-791,508,800,000 BoP $
Ranked 137th.

Bank liquid > Reserves to bank assets ratio 12.73
Ranked 65th. 17 times more than United States
0.76
Ranked 160th.

Trade > Imports of goods > Services and income > BoP > Current US$ 18.11 billion BoP $
Ranked 46th.
2.46 trillion BoP $
Ranked 1st. 136 times more than Iran

GDP per capita > PPP > Current international $ 7,967.85 PPP $
Ranked 63th.
41,889.57 PPP $
Ranked 2nd. 5 times more than Iran

Trade > % of GDP 68.95%
Ranked 101st. 3 times more than United States
25.44%
Ranked 166th.

Gross capital formation > Current US$ > Per capita 926.35$ per capita
Ranked 58th.
7,642.63$ per capita
Ranked 11th. 8 times more than Iran

GDP per capita growth > Annual % 2.93%
Ranked 91st. 31% more than United States
2.24%
Ranked 104th.

Gross fixed capital formation > Current US$ > Per $ GDP 0.274$ per $1 of GDP
Ranked 27th. 47% more than United States
0.187$ per $1 of GDP
Ranked 112th.

Service > Exports > BoP > Current US$ 1.38 billion BoP $
Ranked 68th.
376.79 billion BoP $
Ranked 1st. 273 times more than Iran

Net trade in goods > BoP > Current US$ 13.14 billion BoP $
Ranked 17th.
-778,943,100,000 BoP $
Ranked 137th.

Money and quasi money > M2 as % of GDP 33.72
Ranked 99th.
71.96
Ranked 34th. 2 times more than Iran

GDP > Constant 2000 US$ 132.62 billion constant 2000 US$
Ranked 33th.
11.05 trillion constant 2000 US$
Ranked 1st. 83 times more than Iran

Merchandise > Exports > Current US$ 56.25 billion$
Ranked 36th.
904.38 billion$
Ranked 2nd. 16 times more than Iran

International tourism > Expenditures > Current US$ 4.35 billion$
Ranked 22nd.
99.62 billion$
Ranked 1st. 23 times more than Iran

Net income > BoP > Current US$ -200,000,000 BoP $
Ranked 76th.
11.29 billion BoP $
Ranked 5th.

GDP > Purchasing power parity > Per capita $11,665.58 per capita
Ranked 67th.
$45,759.46 per capita
Ranked 8th. 4 times more than Iran

GDP > Per capita $11,665.58 per capita
Ranked 67th.
$45,759.46 per capita
Ranked 8th. 4 times more than Iran

GDP > Official exchange rate > Per capita $4,497.11 per capita
Ranked 82nd.
$45,958.7 per capita
Ranked 12th. 10 times more than Iran

Household final > Consumption expenditure > Constant 2000 US$ 68.6 billion constant 2000 US$
Ranked 32nd.
7.59 trillion constant 2000 US$
Ranked 1st. 111 times more than Iran

Market capitalization of listed companies > Current US$ > Per $ GDP 204.04$ per $1,000 of GDP
Ranked 78th.
1,368.98$ per $1,000 of GDP
Ranked 15th. 7 times more than Iran

Trade > Exports of goods > Services and income > BoP > Current US$ > Per $ GDP 0.297 BoP $ per $1 of GDP
Ranked 112th. 2 times more than United States
0.141 BoP $ per $1 of GDP
Ranked 126th.

GDP > CIA Factbook > Per capita $7,202.67 per capita
Ranked 70th.
$37,791 per capita
Ranked 2nd. 5 times more than Iran

GDP > Constant 2000 US$ > Per capita 1,943.13 constant 2000 US$ per c
Ranked 83th.
37,267.35 constant 2000 US$ per c
Ranked 4th. 19 times more than Iran

GDP > PPP > Constant 2000 international $ > Per capita 7,088.65 PPP 2000 $ per capita
Ranked 62nd.
37,267.35 PPP 2000 $ per capita
Ranked 2nd. 5 times more than Iran

GDP > PPP > Current international $ > Per capita 7,967.85 PPP $ per capita
Ranked 62nd.
41,889.59 PPP $ per capita
Ranked 2nd. 5 times more than Iran

GNI > Current US$ > Per capita 2,739.81$ per capita
Ranked 77th.
41,997.21$ per capita
Ranked 5th. 15 times more than Iran

GNI > Atlas method > Current US$ > Per capita 2,597.76$ per capita
Ranked 76th.
43,564.23$ per capita
Ranked 5th. 17 times more than Iran

GNI > PPP > Current international $ > Per capita 7,850 PPP $ per capita
Ranked 58th.
42,000.01 PPP $ per capita
Ranked 1st. 5 times more than Iran

Goods > Exports > BoP > Current US$ > Per capita 445.23 BoP $ per capita
Ranked 85th.
3,031.12 BoP $ per capita
Ranked 42nd. 7 times more than Iran

Grants and other revenue > % of revenue 67.28%
Ranked 4th. 36 times more than United States
1.86%
Ranked 67th.

Gross capital formation > Constant 2000 US$ 48.93 billion constant 2000 US$
Ranked 13th.
2.1 trillion constant 2000 US$
Ranked 1st. 43 times more than Iran

Gross capital formation > Constant 2000 US$ > Per capita 716.97 constant 2000 US$ per c
Ranked 39th.
7,160.09 constant 2000 US$ per c
Ranked 4th. 10 times more than Iran

Current transfers > Receipts > BoP > Current US$ > Per $ GDP 5.32 BoP $ per $1,000 of GDP
Ranked 141st. 4 times more than United States
1.27 BoP $ per $1,000 of GDP
Ranked 124th.

Gross domestic savings > Current US$ > Per capita 1,166.6$ per capita
Ranked 45th.
5,517.69$ per capita
Ranked 26th. 5 times more than Iran

Gross fixed capital formation > Constant 2000 US$ > Per capita 629.03 constant 2000 US$ per c
Ranked 46th.
6,982.33 constant 2000 US$ per c
Ranked 6th. 11 times more than Iran

Gross fixed capital formation > Current US$ > Per capita 762.9$ per capita
Ranked 61st.
7,453.29$ per capita
Ranked 11th. 10 times more than Iran

Gross national expenditure > Constant 2000 US$ > Per capita 2,013.72 constant 2000 US$ per c
Ranked 53th.
38,498.18 constant 2000 US$ per c
Ranked 1st. 19 times more than Iran

Gross national expenditure > Current US$ > Per capita 2,540.43$ per capita
Ranked 74th.
41,896.73$ per capita
Ranked 6th. 16 times more than Iran

Gross savings > Current US$ > Per capita 1.14 million$ per 1,000 people
Ranked 36th.
5.16 million$ per 1,000 people
Ranked 19th. 5 times more than Iran

Gross value added at factor cost > Current US$ > Per capita 2,765.3$ per capita
Ranked 54th.
37,015.5$ per capita
Ranked 6th. 13 times more than Iran

Household final > Consumption expenditure > Constant 2000 US$ > Per capita 1,005.06 constant 2000 US$ per c
Ranked 65th.
25,841.85 constant 2000 US$ per c
Ranked 1st. 26 times more than Iran

Household final > Consumption expenditure > Current US$ > Per capita 1,251.23$ per capita
Ranked 74th.
27,972.58$ per capita
Ranked 3rd. 22 times more than Iran

Household final > Consumption expenditure per capita growth > Annual % 5.11%
Ranked 46th. 79% more than United States
2.85%
Ranked 80th.

Household final > Consumption expenditure > Etc. > Constant 2000 US$ > Per capita 1,059.72 constant 2000 US$ per c
Ranked 57th.
25,873.86 constant 2000 US$ per c
Ranked 1st. 24 times more than Iran

Household final > Consumption expenditure > Etc. > Current US$ > Per $ GDP 0.459$ per $1 of GDP
Ranked 127th.
0.703$ per $1 of GDP
Ranked 56th. 53% more than Iran

Household final > Consumption expenditure > Etc. > Current US$ > Per capita 1,275.8$ per capita
Ranked 74th.
27,972.58$ per capita
Ranked 3rd. 22 times more than Iran

Trade > Imports $58.97 billion
Ranked 43th.
$1.9 trillion
Ranked 1st. 32 times more than Iran

Trade > Imports > Per capita $823.88 per capita
Ranked 97th.
$6,535.17 per capita
Ranked 41st. 8 times more than Iran

Trade > Imports > Per $ GDP $0.205 per $1 of GDP
Ranked 140th. 45% more than United States
$0.141 per $1 of GDP
Ranked 158th.

Trade > Imports > Goods and services > BoP > Current US$ > Per capita 274.93 BoP $ per capita
Ranked 108th.
6,720.33 BoP $ per capita
Ranked 39th. 24 times more than Iran

Trade > Imports > Goods and services > Constant 2000 US$ > Per capita 458.13 constant 2000 US$ per c
Ranked 84th.
5,854.48 constant 2000 US$ per c
Ranked 25th. 13 times more than Iran

Trade > Imports > Goods and services > Current US$ > Per capita 838.54$ per capita
Ranked 77th.
6,122.14$ per capita
Ranked 36th. 7 times more than Iran

Trade > Imports of goods > Services and income > BoP > Current US$ > Per capita 284.42 BoP $ per capita
Ranked 112th.
8,283.54 BoP $ per capita
Ranked 38th. 29 times more than Iran

Income payments > BoP > Current US$ > Per capita 9.49 BoP $ per capita
Ranked 129th.
1,563.21 BoP $ per capita
Ranked 24th. 165 times more than Iran

Income receipts > BoP > Current US$ > Per capita 6.35 BoP $ per capita
Ranked 110th.
1,601.32 BoP $ per capita
Ranked 23th. 252 times more than Iran

Services > Etc. > Value added > Constant 2000 US$ 64.06 billion constant 2000 US$
Ranked 29th.
7.6 trillion constant 2000 US$
Ranked 1st. 119 times more than Iran

Insurance and financial services > % of commercial service > Exports 10.69%
Ranked 15th. 5% more than United States
10.2%
Ranked 11th.

Insurance and financial services > % of commercial service imports 13.51%
Ranked 11th. 8% more than United States
12.46%
Ranked 15th.

International tourism > Expenditures > Current US$ > Per capita 64.67$ per capita
Ranked 74th.
336.1$ per capita
Ranked 32nd. 5 times more than Iran

International tourism > Receipts > Current US$ > Per capita 19.67$ per capita
Ranked 112th.
414.78$ per capita
Ranked 45th. 21 times more than Iran

GDP per unit of energy use 3.14 PPP 2000 $/kg of oil eq.
Ranked 93th.
4.6 PPP 2000 $/kg of oil eq.
Ranked 63th. 46% more than Iran

Listed domestic companies > Per capita 6.15 per 1 million people
Ranked 66th.
17.35 per 1 million people
Ranked 44th. 3 times more than Iran

Market capitalization of listed companies > Current US$ > Per capita 567.37$ per capita
Ranked 75th.
57,346.1$ per capita
Ranked 6th. 101 times more than Iran

Market value of publicly traded shares > Per $ GDP $204.02 per $1,000 of GDP
Ranked 35th.
$1,369.14 per $1,000 of GDP
Ranked 8th. 7 times more than Iran
Market value of publicly traded shares > Per capita $691.16 per capita
Ranked 11th.
$57,352.91 per capita
Ranked 6th. 83 times more than Iran
Merchandise > Exports > Current US$ > Per capita 824.19$ per capita
Ranked 91st.
3,051.12$ per capita
Ranked 52nd. 4 times more than Iran

Micro > Small and medium enterprises > Number > Per capita 20.62 per 1,000 people
Ranked 2nd. 3% more than United States
19.98 per 1,000 people
Ranked 19th.
Merchandise imports > Current US$ 35.86 billion$
Ranked 44th.
1.73 trillion$
Ranked 1st. 48 times more than Iran

Merchandise imports > Current US$ > Per capita 525.4$ per capita
Ranked 125th.
5,844.42$ per capita
Ranked 47th. 11 times more than Iran

Net current transfers > BoP > Current US$ > Per $ GDP 4.51 BoP $ per $1,000 of GDP
Ranked 115th.
-6.932 BoP $ per $1,000 of GDP
Ranked 108th.

Net current transfers > BoP > Current US$ > Per capita 7.18 BoP $ per capita
Ranked 111th.
-290.384 BoP $ per capita
Ranked 119th.

Net current transfers from abroad > Current US$ > Per capita 13.01 million$ per 1 million people
Ranked 99th.
-277,536,186.973$ per 1 million people
Ranked 138th.

Net errors and omissions > Adjusted > BoP > Current US$ > Per $ GDP -11,931,738,188.209 BoP $ per $1,000 of GDP
Ranked 114th.
838.1 million BoP $ per $1,000 of GDP
Ranked 61st.

Net errors and omissions > Adjusted > BoP > Current US$ > Per capita -18,982,847,449.108 BoP $ per 1 billion peo
Ranked 110th.
35.11 billion BoP $ per 1 billion peo
Ranked 40th.

Foreign direct investment > Net inflows > BoP > Current US$ > Per capita 439.55 BoP $ per 1,000 people
Ranked 155th.
370,277.16 BoP $ per 1,000 people
Ranked 36th. 842 times more than Iran

Foreign direct investment > Net > BoP > Current US$ > Per capita 612.59 BoP $ per 1,000 people
Ranked 128th.
339,670.94 BoP $ per 1,000 people
Ranked 23th. 554 times more than Iran

Net income > BoP > Current US$ > Per $ GDP -1.975 BoP $ per $1,000 of GDP
Ranked 29th.
0.91 BoP $ per $1,000 of GDP
Ranked 26th.

Net income > BoP > Current US$ > Per capita -3,141.493 BoP $ per 1,000 people
Ranked 41st.
38,102.24 BoP $ per 1,000 people
Ranked 22nd.

Net income from abroad > Current US$ > Per capita -40,862,907.83$ per 1 million people
Ranked 90th.
107.62 million$ per 1 million people
Ranked 15th.

Net incurrence of liabilities > Foreign > % of GDP -0.86%
Ranked 42nd.
1.19%
Ranked 18th.

Net trade in goods > BoP > Current US$ > Per capita 206.37 BoP $ per capita
Ranked 29th.
-2,627.921 BoP $ per capita
Ranked 125th.

Net trade in goods and services > BoP > Current US$ > Per $ GDP 120.69 BoP $ per $1,000 of GDP
Ranked 20th.
-57.724 BoP $ per $1,000 of GDP
Ranked 70th.

Net trade in goods and services > BoP > Current US$ > Per capita 192.01 BoP $ per capita
Ranked 28th.
-2,418.033 BoP $ per capita
Ranked 134th.

Final > Consumption expenditure > Etc. > Constant 2000 US$ 88.5 billion constant 2000 US$
Ranked 25th.
9.2 trillion constant 2000 US$
Ranked 1st. 104 times more than Iran

Goods imports > BoP > Current US$ > Per $ GDP 0.15 BoP $ per $1 of GDP
Ranked 143th. 11% more than United States
0.135 BoP $ per $1 of GDP
Ranked 127th.

Population below poverty line > Per $ GDP 343.58% per $1 trillion of GD
Ranked 32nd. 335 times more than United States
1.03% per $1 trillion of GD
Ranked 42nd.

Population below poverty line > Per capita 0.275% per 1 million people
Ranked 20th. 7 times more than United States
0.041% per 1 million people
Ranked 44th.

Final > Consumption expenditure > Etc. > Current US$ > Per capita 1,614.08$ per capita
Ranked 74th.
34,254.1$ per capita
Ranked 5th. 21 times more than Iran

Final > Consumption expenditure > Etc. > Constant 2000 US$ > Per capita 1,296.75 constant 2000 US$ per c
Ranked 58th.
31,338.09 constant 2000 US$ per c
Ranked 1st. 24 times more than Iran

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold > Per $ GDP $262.28 per $1,000 of GDP
Ranked 28th. 50 times more than United States
$5.24 per $1,000 of GDP
Ranked 135th.

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold > Per capita $1,058.14 per capita
Ranked 55th. 5 times more than United States
$234.34 per capita
Ranked 108th.

Service > Exports > BoP > Current US$ >