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Country vs country: Israel and United States compared: Economy > Innovation stats

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Definitions

  • Global Innovation Index > Efficiency Ratio: The ratio of an innovation output index to an innovation friendliness index. A high score means that the innovation friendliness translates optimally into actual innovation.
  • Global Innovation Index > Innovation Input: An index designed to capture the innovation friendliness of the environment. It is made up of several sub-indicators in the following categories: Institutions (political environment, regulatory environment, business environment); human capital and research (education, tertiary education, research / development); infrastructure (ICT, general infrastructure, ecological sustainability); market sophistication (credit, investment, trade & competition); business sophistication (knowledge workers, innovation linkages, knowledge absorption).
  • Global Innovation Index > Innovation Output: An index designed to capture innovation power. It is made up of several sub-indicators in the following categories: Technology outputs (knowledge creation, knowledge impact, knowledge diffusion); creative outputs (intangible assets, creative goods and services, online creativity).
  • Global Innovation Index > Overall score: An index designed to capture innovation friendliness. It is an average of two sub-indices: one looking at the innovation friendliness of the environment, the other at innovation outputs.
  • Military expenditure > % of GDP: Military expenditure (% of GDP). Military expenditures data from SIPRI are derived from the NATO definition, which includes all current and capital expenditures on the armed forces, including peacekeeping forces; defense ministries and other government agencies engaged in defense projects; paramilitary forces, if these are judged to be trained and equipped for military operations; and military space activities. Such expenditures include military and civil personnel, including retirement pensions of military personnel and social services for personnel; operation and maintenance; procurement; military research and development; and military aid (in the military expenditures of the donor country). Excluded are civil defense and current expenditures for previous military activities, such as for veterans' benefits, demobilization, conversion, and destruction of weapons. This definition cannot be applied for all countries, however, since that would require much more detailed information than is available about what is included in military budgets and off-budget military expenditure items. (For example, military budgets might or might not cover civil defense, reserves and auxiliary forces, police and paramilitary forces, dual-purpose forces such as military and civilian police, military grants in kind, pensions for military personnel, and social security contributions paid by one part of government to another.)
  • Military expenditure > Current LCU: Military expenditure (current LCU). Military expenditures data from SIPRI are derived from the NATO definition, which includes all current and capital expenditures on the armed forces, including peacekeeping forces; defense ministries and other government agencies engaged in defense projects; paramilitary forces, if these are judged to be trained and equipped for military operations; and military space activities. Such expenditures include military and civil personnel, including retirement pensions of military personnel and social services for personnel; operation and maintenance; procurement; military research and development; and military aid (in the military expenditures of the donor country). Excluded are civil defense and current expenditures for previous military activities, such as for veterans' benefits, demobilization, conversion, and destruction of weapons. This definition cannot be applied for all countries, however, since that would require much more detailed information than is available about what is included in military budgets and off-budget military expenditure items. (For example, military budgets might or might not cover civil defense, reserves and auxiliary forces, police and paramilitary forces, dual-purpose forces such as military and civilian police, military grants in kind, pensions for military personnel, and social security contributions paid by one part of government to another.)
  • Military expenditure > Current LCU per capita: Military expenditure (current LCU). Military expenditures data from SIPRI are derived from the NATO definition, which includes all current and capital expenditures on the armed forces, including peacekeeping forces; defense ministries and other government agencies engaged in defense projects; paramilitary forces, if these are judged to be trained and equipped for military operations; and military space activities. Such expenditures include military and civil personnel, including retirement pensions of military personnel and social services for personnel; operation and maintenance; procurement; military research and development; and military aid (in the military expenditures of the donor country). Excluded are civil defense and current expenditures for previous military activities, such as for veterans' benefits, demobilization, conversion, and destruction of weapons. This definition cannot be applied for all countries, however, since that would require much more detailed information than is available about what is included in military budgets and off-budget military expenditure items. (For example, military budgets might or might not cover civil defense, reserves and auxiliary forces, police and paramilitary forces, dual-purpose forces such as military and civilian police, military grants in kind, pensions for military personnel, and social security contributions paid by one part of government to another.). Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Nobel laureates: Nobel laureates.
  • Patent applications, nonresidents: Patent applications, nonresidents. Patent applications are worldwide patent applications filed through the Patent Cooperation Treaty procedure or with a national patent office for exclusive rights for an invention--a product or process that provides a new way of doing something or offers a new technical solution to a problem. A patent provides protection for the invention to the owner of the patent for a limited period, generally 20 years.
  • Patent applications, nonresidents per million: Patent applications, nonresidents. Patent applications are worldwide patent applications filed through the Patent Cooperation Treaty procedure or with a national patent office for exclusive rights for an invention--a product or process that provides a new way of doing something or offers a new technical solution to a problem. A patent provides protection for the invention to the owner of the patent for a limited period, generally 20 years. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Patent applications, residents: Patent applications, residents. Patent applications are worldwide patent applications filed through the Patent Cooperation Treaty procedure or with a national patent office for exclusive rights for an invention--a product or process that provides a new way of doing something or offers a new technical solution to a problem. A patent provides protection for the invention to the owner of the patent for a limited period, generally 20 years.
  • Patent applications, residents per million: Patent applications, residents. Patent applications are worldwide patent applications filed through the Patent Cooperation Treaty procedure or with a national patent office for exclusive rights for an invention--a product or process that provides a new way of doing something or offers a new technical solution to a problem. A patent provides protection for the invention to the owner of the patent for a limited period, generally 20 years. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Research and development personnel > By sector > Business enterprise sector (full time employment) per thousand people: Number of full-time employed researchers in private for-profit enterprises. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Scientific and technical journal articles: Scientific and technical journal articles. Scientific and technical journal articles refer to the number of scientific and engineering articles published in the following fields: physics, biology, chemistry, mathematics, clinical medicine, biomedical research, engineering and technology, and earth and space sciences.
  • Scientific and technical journal articles per million: Scientific and technical journal articles. Scientific and technical journal articles refer to the number of scientific and engineering articles published in the following fields: physics, biology, chemistry, mathematics, clinical medicine, biomedical research, engineering and technology, and earth and space sciences. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Research and development personnel > By sector > Business enterprise sector (full time employment): Number of full-time employed researchers in private for-profit enterprises.
STAT Israel United States HISTORY
Global Innovation Index > Efficiency Ratio 0.87
Ranked 5th. 18% more than United States
0.74
Ranked 15th.
Global Innovation Index > Innovation Input 59.82
Ranked 17th.
69.19
Ranked 3rd. 16% more than Israel
Global Innovation Index > Innovation Output 52.14
Ranked 8th. 1% more than United States
51.42
Ranked 11th.
Global Innovation Index > Overall score 55.98
Ranked 14th.
60.31
Ranked 5th. 8% more than Israel
Military expenditure > % of GDP 5.69%
Ranked 4th. 35% more than United States
4.2%
Ranked 9th.

Military expenditure > Current LCU 56.5 billion
Ranked 48th.
682.48 billion
Ranked 19th. 12 times more than Israel

Military expenditure > Current LCU per capita 7,145.26
Ranked 34th. 3 times more than United States
2,174.09
Ranked 54th.

Nobel laureates 12
Ranked 16th.
346
Ranked 2nd. 29 times more than Israel
Patent applications, nonresidents 5,526
Ranked 16th.
255,832
Ranked 1st. 46 times more than Israel

Patent applications, nonresidents per million 711.57
Ranked 8th.
821.06
Ranked 7th. 15% more than Israel

Patent applications, residents 1,360
Ranked 28th.
247,750
Ranked 3rd. 182 times more than Israel

Patent applications, residents per million 175.12
Ranked 19th.
795.12
Ranked 3rd. 5 times more than Israel

Research and development personnel > By sector > Business enterprise sector (full time employment) per thousand people 4.39
Ranked 1st. 17% more than United States
3.75
Ranked 3rd.

Scientific and technical journal articles 6,304.2
Ranked 23th.
208,600.8
Ranked 2nd. 33 times more than Israel

Scientific and technical journal articles per million 842.18
Ranked 9th. 24% more than United States
679.99
Ranked 14th.

Research and development personnel > By sector > Business enterprise sector (full time employment) 26,900
Ranked 10th.
1.13 million
Ranked 1st. 42 times more than Israel

SOURCES: "The Global Innovation Index" . World Intellectual Property Organization. 2013 . Retrieved 2014-02-18 .; Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), Yearbook: Armaments, Disarmament and International Security.; Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), Yearbook: Armaments, Disarmament and International Security. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Wikipedia: List of countries by Nobel laureates per capita (All prizes) ("Which country has the best brains?" . BBC News . 2010-10-10 . Retrieved 2010-10-10 .); World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), World Intellectual Property Indicators and www.wipo.int/econ_stat. The International Bureau of WIPO assumes no responsibility with respect to the transformation of these data.; World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), World Intellectual Property Indicators and www.wipo.int/econ_stat. The International Bureau of WIPO assumes no responsibility with respect to the transformation of these data. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; National Science Foundation, Science and Engineering Indicators.; National Science Foundation, Science and Engineering Indicators. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables

Citation

"Economy > Innovation: Israel and United States compared", NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/compare/Israel/United-States/Economy/Innovation