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Country vs country: Latvia and United Kingdom compared: People stats

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Definitions

  • Age structure > 0-14 years: The distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over: The distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest."
  • Birth rate: The average annual number of births during a year per 1,000 persons in the population at midyear; also known as crude birth rate. The birth rate is usually the dominant factor in determining the rate of population growth. It depends on both the level of fertility and the age structure of the population.
  • Ethnic groups: This entry provides a rank ordering of ethnic groups starting with the largest and normally includes the percent of total population.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Total divorces per thousand people: Total number of divorces in given year by country. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Mother's mean age at first birth: This entry provides the mean (average) age of mothers at the birth of their first child. It is a useful indicator for gauging the success of family planning programs aiming to reduce maternal mortality, increase contraceptive use – particularly among married and unmarried adolescents, delay age at first marriage, and improve the health of newborns.
  • Population: Population, total refers to the total population.
  • Population > Population growth, past and future: Population growth rate (percentage).
  • Population growth: Percentage by which country's population either has increased or is estimated to increase. Countries with a decrease in population are signified by a negative percentage. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Population growth rate: The average annual percent change in the population, resulting from a surplus (or deficit) of births over deaths and the balance of migrants entering and leaving a country. The rate may be positive or negative. The growth rate is a factor in determining how great a burden would be imposed on a country by the changing needs of its people for infrastructure (e.g., schools, hospitals, housing, roads), resources (e.g., food, water, electricity), and jobs. Rapid population growth can be seen as threatening by neighboring countries.
  • Population in 2015: (Thousands) Medium-variant projections.
  • Sex ratio > At birth: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Sex ratio > Total population: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Total fertility rate: The average number of children that would be born per woman if all women lived to the end of their child-bearing years and bore children according to a given fertility rate at each age. The total fertility rate is a more direct measure of the level of fertility than the crude birth rate, since it refers to births per woman. This indicator shows the potential for population growth in the country. High rates will also place some limits on the labor force participation rates for women. Large numbers of children born to women indicate large family sizes that might limit the ability of the families to feed and educate their children.
  • Death rate: The average annual number of deaths during a year per 1,000 population at midyear; also known as crude death rate. The death rate, while only a rough indicator of the mortality situation in a country, accurately indicates the current mortality impact on population growth. This indicator is significantly affected by age distribution, and most countries will eventually show a rise in the overall death rate, in spite of continued decline in mortality at all ages, as declining fertility results in an aging population.
  • Obesity > Adult obesity rate: This entry gives the percent of a country's population considered to be obese. Obesity is defined as an adult having a Body Mass Index (BMI) greater to or equal to 30.0. BMI is calculated by taking a person's weight in kg and dividing it by the person's squared height in meters.
  • Nationality > Adjective: This entry is derived from People > Nationality, which provides the identifying terms for citizens - noun and adjective.
  • Death rate, crude > Per 1,000 people: Death rate, crude (per 1,000 people). Crude death rate indicates the number of deaths occurring during the year, per 1,000 population estimated at midyear. Subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birth rate provides the rate of natural increase, which is equal to the rate of population change in the absence of migration.
  • Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of asylum > Per capita: Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organisation of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of asylum is the country where an asylum claim was filed and granted." Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Gender > Female population: Total female population.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-14: Percentage of total population aged 0-14.
  • Age distribution > Total dependency ratio: Percentage of dependant persons out of total population aged 15-64. A dependant person is a person aged 0-14 and those over 65 years old.
  • Nationality > Noun: The noun which identifies citizens of the nation
  • Sex ratio > Under 15 years: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Median age > Total: This entry is derived from People > Median age, which is the age that divides a population into two numerically equal groups; that is, half the people are younger than this age and half are older. It is a single index that summarizes the age distribution of a population. Currently, the median age ranges from a low of about 15 in Uganda and Gaza Strip to 40 or more in several European countries and Japan. See the entry for "Age structure" for the importance of a young versus an older age structure and, by implication, a low versus a higher median age.
  • Migration > Net migration > Per capita: Net migration is the net total of migrants during the period, that is, the total number of immigrants less the annual number of emigrants, including both citizens and noncitizens. Data are five-year estimates. To derive estimates of net migration, the United Nations Population Division takes into account the past migration history of a country or area, the migration policy of a country, and the influx of refugees in recent periods. The data to calculate these official estimates come from a variety of sources, including border statistics, administrative records, surveys, and censuses. When no official estimates can be made because of insufficient data, net migration is derived through the balance equation, which is the difference between overall population growth and the natural increase during the 1990-2000 intercensal period." Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • Percentage living in rural areas.: Percentage of people living in rural areas. Data for 2003. Urban-rural classification of population in internationally published statistics follows the national census definition, which differs from one country or area to another. National definitions are usually based on criteria that may include any of the following: size of population in a locality, population density, distance between built-up areas, predominant type of economic activity, legal or administrative boundaries and urban characteristics such as specific services and facilities.
  • Age structure > 15-64 years: The distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Physicians density: This entry gives the number of medical doctors (physicians), including generalist and specialist medical practitioners, per 1,000 of the population. Medical doctors are defined as doctors that study, diagnose, treat, and prevent illness, disease, injury, and other physical and mental impairments in humans through the application of modern medicine. They also plan, supervise, and evaluate care and treatment plans by other health care providers. The World Health Organization estimates that fewer than 2.3 health workers (physicians, nurses, and midwives only) per 1,000 would be insufficient to achieve coverage of primary healthcare needs.
  • Migration > Foreign worker salaries: Workers' remittances and compensation of employees comprise current transfers by migrant workers and wages and salaries earned by nonresident workers. Remittances are classified as current private transfers from migrant workers resident in the host country for more than a year, irrespective of their immigration status, to recipients in their country of origin. Migrants' transfers are defined as the net worth of migrants who are expected to remain in the host country for more than one year that is transferred from one country to another at the time of migration. Compensation of employees is the income of migrants who have lived in the host country for less than a year. Data are in current U.S. dollars."
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 15-24.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-59: Percentage of total pouplation aged 15-59.
  • Migration > Net migration rate: The difference between the number of persons entering and leaving a country during the year per 1,000 persons (based on midyear population). An excess of persons entering the country is referred to as net immigration (e.g., 3.56 migrants/1,000 population); an excess of persons leaving the country as net emigration (e.g., -9.26 migrants/1,000 population). The net migration rate indicates the contribution of migration to the overall level of population change. High levels of migration can cause problems such as increasing unemployment and potential ethnic strife (if people are coming in) or a reduction in the labor force, perhaps in certain key sectors (if people are leaving).
  • Age distribution > Median age: The median age of the country's residents. This is the age most people are in the country.
  • Age distribution > Child dependency ratio: Percentage of dependant children out of total population aged 15 and older. A dependant child is a child aged 0-14.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Total divorces: Total number of divorces in given year by country.
  • Age distribution > Elderly dependency ratio: Percentage of dependant adults out of total population aged 15-64. A dependant adult is an adult aged 65 and older.
  • Urban and rural > Urban population: Total population living in urban areas by country.
  • Age structure > 25-54 years: This entry is derived from People > Age structure, which provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group as follows: 0-14 years (children), 15-24 years (early working age), 25-54 years (prime working age), 55-64 years (mature working age), 65 years and over (elderly). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Contraceptive prevalence rate: This field gives the percent of women of reproductive age (15-49) who are married or in union and are using, or whose sexual partner is using, a method of contraception according to the date of the most recent available data. The contraceptive prevalence rate is an indicator of health services, development, and women’s empowerment. It is also useful in understanding, past, present, and future fertility trends, especially in developing countries.
  • Projected population growth: Percentage change in projected population between 2000 and 2050
    Units: Percent Change in Population
    Units: A threshold of 0 was applied. All countries with growth rates of 0 or below received the same score.

  • Marriage, divorce and children > Marriages: Marriages by urban/rural residence.
  • Age structure > 15-24 years: This entry is derived from People > Age structure, which provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group as follows: 0-14 years (children), 15-24 years (early working age), 25-54 years (prime working age), 55-64 years (mature working age), 65 years and over (elderly). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Urban population: Urban population is the midyear population of areas defined as urban in each country and reported to the United Nations.
  • Sex ratio > 65 years and over: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-64: Percentage of total population aged 15-64.
  • Gender empowerment: Gender Empowerment Measure (GEM). The GEM measures the participation of women and men in political decision-making. This index also has four indicators: female members of the Legislature, female participation in selected positions in public and private sector, female participation in academic and technical work, and estimated income. Both indexes are based on data collected by the UN and are processed to enable comparison.
  • Age structure > 55-64 years: This entry is derived from People > Age structure, which provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group as follows: 0-14 years (children), 15-24 years (early working age), 25-54 years (prime working age), 55-64 years (mature working age), 65 years and over (elderly). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Gender > Male population: Total male population.
  • Child labor > Children ages 5-14: This entry provides the mean (average) age of mothers at the birth of their first child. It is a useful indicator for gauging the success of family planning programs aiming to reduce maternal mortality, increase contraceptive use – particularly among married and unmarried adolescents, delay age at first marriage, and improve the health of newborns.
  • Sex ratio > 15-64 years: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Migration > Net migration: Net migration is the net total of migrants during the period, that is, the total number of immigrants less the annual number of emigrants, including both citizens and noncitizens. Data are five-year estimates. To derive estimates of net migration, the United Nations Population Division takes into account the past migration history of a country or area, the migration policy of a country, and the influx of refugees in recent periods. The data to calculate these official estimates come from a variety of sources, including border statistics, administrative records, surveys, and censuses. When no official estimates can be made because of insufficient data, net migration is derived through the balance equation, which is the difference between overall population growth and the natural increase during the 1990-2000 intercensal period."
  • Cities > Urban population: Total population living in urban areas. The defition of an urban area differs for each country. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Marriages per thousand people: Marriages by urban/rural residence. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Total population: This entry is derived from People > Life expectancy at birth, which contains the average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. The entry includes total population as well as the male and female components. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Gender > Women aged 15-49: Country's total population of women aged 15-49. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Total: Number of people aged 0-4.
  • Abortion > Abortion rate: Abortions per 1000 women.
  • Percentage living in urban areas: Percentage of people living in urban areas. Data for 2003. Urban-rural classification of population in internationally published statistics follows the national census definition, which differs from one country or area to another. National definitions are usually based on criteria that may include any of the following: size of population in a locality, population density, distance between built-up areas, predominant type of economic activity, legal or administrative boundaries and urban characteristics such as specific services and facilities.
  • Population > CIA Factbook: This entry gives an estimate from the US Bureau of the Census based on statistics from population censuses, vital statistics registration systems, or sample surveys pertaining to the recent past and on assumptions about future trends. The total population presents one overall measure of the potential impact of the country on the world and within its region. Note: starting with the 1993 Factbook, demographic estimates for some countries (mostly African) have explicitly taken into account the effects of the growing impact of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. These countries are currently: The Bahamas, Benin, Botswana, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burma, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.
  • Marriage > Years being single before marriage > Men: Average age of men at their first marriage.
  • Dependency ratios > Potential support ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.



  • Religions: This entry is an ordered listing of religions by adherents starting with the largest group and sometimes includes the percent of total population. The core characteristics and beliefs of the world's major religions are described below.
    Baha'i - Founded by Mirza Husayn-Ali (known as Baha'u'llah) in Iran in 1852, Baha'i faith emphasizes monotheism and believes in one eternal transcendent God. Its guiding focus is to encourage the unity of all peoples on the earth so that justice and peace may be achieved on earth. Baha'i revelation contends the prophets of major world religions reflect some truth or element of the divine, believes all were manifestations of God given to specific communities in specific times, and that Baha'u'llah is an additional prophet meant to call all humankind. Bahais are an open community, located worldwide, with the greatest concentration of believers in South Asia.
    Buddhism - Religion or philosophy inspired by the 5th century B.C. teachings of Siddhartha Gautama (also known as Gautama Buddha "the enlightened one"). Buddhism focuses on the goal of spiritual enlightenment centered on an understanding of Gautama Buddha's Four Noble Truths on the nature of suffering, and on the Eightfold Path of spiritual and moral practice, to break the cycle of suffering of which we are a part. Buddhism ascribes to a karmic system of rebirth. Several schools and sects of Buddhism exist, differing often on the nature of the Buddha, the extent to which enlightenment can be achieved - for one or for all, and by whom - religious orders or laity.
    Basic Groupings
       Theravada Buddhism: The oldest Buddhist school, Theravada is practiced mostly in Sri Lanka, Cambodia, Laos, Burma, and Thailand, with minority representation elsewhere in Asia and the West. Theravadans follow the Pali Canon of Buddha's teachings, and believe that one may escape the cycle of rebirth, worldly attachment, and suffering for oneself; this process may take one or several lifetimes.
       Mahayana Buddhism, including subsets Zen and Tibetan (Lamaistic) Buddhism: Forms of Mahayana Buddhism are common in East Asia and Tibet, and parts of the West. Mahayanas have additional scriptures beyond the Pali Canon and believe the Buddha is eternal and still teaching. Unlike Theravada Buddhism, Mahayana schools maintain the Buddha-nature is present in all beings and all will ultimately achieve enlightenment.
        Hoa Hao: a minority tradition of Buddhism practiced in Vietnam that stresses lay participation, primarily by peasant farmers; it eschews ...
    Full definition






  • Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of asylum: Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organisation of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of asylum is the country where an asylum claim was filed and granted."
  • Urban and rural > Female rural population: Total number of females living in rural areas by country.
  • Marriage > Years being single before marriage > Women: Average age of women at their first marriage.
  • Gender > Global Gender Gap Index: The Gender Gap Index considers gender inequality in the dimensions of economic participation (equality of salaries, labor market participation and access to high-skilled employment); access to education; political participation; and health (life expectancy and sex ratio). The highest score of 1 means total equality, 0 means complete inequality. The Index is calculated by the World Economic Forum.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Total: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 > Total: Number of people aged 15-59.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 > Total: Number of people aged 15-64.
  • Future population change: Total change in population by country. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of origin: Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organisation of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of origin generally refers to the nationality or country of citizenship of a claimant."
  • Urban and rural > Urban population per thousand people: Total population living in urban areas by country. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Future population > Females: UN estimates of female population in 2010, 2015, 2020, 2025 and 2030.
  • Teenage pregancy rate: Adolescent fertility rate is the number of births per 1,000 women ages 15-19."
  • Urban and rural > Rural population: Total population living in rural areas by country.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 60 and older.
  • Population density > People per sq. km of land area: Population density (people per sq. km of land area). Population density is midyear population divided by land area in square kilometers. Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of their country of origin. Land area is a country's total area, excluding area under inland water bodies, national claims to continental shelf, and exclusive economic zones. In most cases the definition of inland water bodies includes major rivers and lakes.
  • Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of origin > Per capita: Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organisation of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of origin generally refers to the nationality or country of citizenship of a claimant." Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • Urbanization: Estimates and projections of urban and rural populations are made by the Population Division of the United Nations Secretariat and published every two years. These estimates and projections are based on national census or survey data that have been evaluated and, whenever necessary, adjusted for deficiencies and inconsistencies. Urban-rural classification of population in internationally published statistics follows the national census definition, which differs from one country or area to another. National definitions are usually based on criteria that may include any of the following: size of population in a locality, population density, distance between built-up areas, predominant type of economic activity, legal or administrative boundaries and urban characteristics such as specific services and facilities.
  • Child labor > Children ages 5-14 per million people: This entry provides the mean (average) age of mothers at the birth of their first child. It is a useful indicator for gauging the success of family planning programs aiming to reduce maternal mortality, increase contraceptive use – particularly among married and unmarried adolescents, delay age at first marriage, and improve the health of newborns. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Urban and rural > Rural population per thousand people: Total population living in rural areas by country. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Infant mortality rate > Total: This entry is derived from People > Infant mortality rate, which gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
  • Literacy > Total population: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
    Additional details:
    • Gibraltar: above 80% (2013)


  • Hospital bed density: This entry provides the number of hospital beds per 1,000 people; it serves as a general measure of inpatient service availability. Hospital beds include inpatient beds available in public, private, general, and specialized hospitals and rehabilitation centers. In most cases, beds for both acute and chronic care are included. Because the level of inpatient services required for individual countries depends on several factors - such as demographic issues and the burden of disease - there is no global target for the number of hospital beds per country. So, while 2 beds per 1,000 in one country may be sufficient, 2 beds per 1,000 in another may be woefully inadequate because of the number of people hospitalized by disease.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 0-4.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 5-14 > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 5-14.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Total: Number of people aged 60 and older.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total: Number of people aged 0-14.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Total: Number of people aged 15-24.
  • Number of infant deaths: Number of infant deaths. Number of infants dying before reaching one year of age.
  • Fertility > Mortality rate, infant > Per 1,000 live births: Mortality rate, infant (per 1,000 live births). Infant mortality rate is the number of infants dying before reaching one year of age, per 1,000 live births in a given year.
  • Urban and rural > Male rural population: Total number of males living in rural areas by country.
  • Marriage > Percent married > All > Female > Aged 15-19: Percent of people aged 15-19 years who are or have been married or in a marriage-like union recognized by the law or customs of their country.
  • Immigration > Refugees and asylum seekers > Natives per Refugee: Natives per Refugee.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Fertility > Fertility rate, total > Births per woman: Fertility rate, total (births per woman). Total fertility rate represents the number of children that would be born to a woman if she were to live to the end of her childbearing years and bear children in accordance with current age-specific fertility rates.
  • Age dependency ratio > Dependents to working-age population: Age dependency ratio is the ratio of dependents--people younger than 15 or older than 64--to the working-age population--those ages 15-64. For example, 0.7 means there are 7 dependents for every 10 working-age people.
  • Languages: This entry provides a rank ordering of languages starting with the largest and sometimes includes the percent of total population speaking that language.
  • Number of infant deaths per 1000: Number of infant deaths. Number of infants dying before reaching one year of age. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Immigration > Destination countries of nationalities and ethnic groups > Russians: Number of residents who are ethnic Russians and maintain a feeling of Russian national identity.
  • Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Total: This entry is derived from People > Unemployment, youth ages 15-24, which gives the percent of the total labor force ages 15-24 unemployed during a specified year.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Teen marriage rate > Women: Percentage of female population aged 15-19 who has been married at least once. Percentage is out of total number of females in the same age group.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Female: This entry is derived from People > Life expectancy at birth, which contains the average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. The entry includes total population as well as the male and female components. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Marriage > Percent married > All > Male > Aged 15-19: Percent ever married or in union among persons aged 15-19.
  • Urban population > Per capita: Urban population is the midyear population of areas defined as urban in each country and reported to the United Nations. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • GDP per capita > Current US$: GDP per capita (current US$). GDP per capita is gross domestic product divided by midyear population. GDP is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > Dutch > Length of stay: allowed stay.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Gender > Gender inequality index: Gender Inequality Index.
  • Median age > Male: This entry is the age that divides a population into two numerically equal groups; that is, half the people are younger than this age and half are older. It is a single index that summarizes the age distribution of a population. Currently, the median age ranges from a low of about 15 in Uganda and Gaza Strip to 40 or more in several European countries and Japan. See the entry for "Age structure" for the importance of a young versus an older age structure and, by implication, a low versus a higher median age.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > From total: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Rural population: Rural population is calculated as the difference between the total population and the urban population.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 65 and older.
  • Sanitation facility access > Improved > Total: This entry is derived from People > Sanitation facility access > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved sanitation facilities available to segments of the population of a country. improved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush to a piped sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine; pit latrine with slab; or a composting toilet. unimproved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush not piped to a sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; pit latrine without a slab or open pit; bucket; hanging toilet or hanging latrine; shared facilities of any type; no facilities; or bush or field.
  • Median age > Both sexes: Age of person who is older than half the population and younger than the other half of the population.
  • Gender ratio > Whole population: Female/male ratio of population.
  • Literacy > Female: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
  • Total Population > Female: Total Population - Female, as of April 26, 2005
  • Cities > Urban areas over 1,000,000: Urban areas with a population of over a million people.
  • Dependency ratios > Youth dependency ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.



  • Age structure > 15-64 years > From total: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Fertility > Birth rate, crude > Per 1,000 people: Birth rate, crude (per 1,000 people). Crude birth rate indicates the number of live births occurring during the year, per 1,000 population estimated at midyear. Subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birth rate provides the rate of natural increase, which is equal to the rate of population change in the absence of migration.
  • Drinking water source > Improved > Total: This entry is derived from People > Drinking water source > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved drinking water sources available to segments of the population of a country.improved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: piped water into dwelling, yard, or plot; public tap or standpipe; tubewell or borehole; protected dug well; protected spring; or rainwater collection. unimproved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: unprotected dug well; unprotected spring; cart with small tank or drum; tanker truck; surface water, which includes rivers, dams, lakes, ponds, streams, canals or irrigation channels; or bottled water.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years > From total: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Population, total per 1000: Population, total. Population, total refers to the total population. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Female: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Cities > Urban areas over 2,000,000 per million people: Urban Areas Over 2,000,000. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Dependency ratios > Elderly dependency ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.



  • Refugee population by country or territory of asylum: Refugee population by country or territory of asylum. Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organization of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of asylum is the country where an asylum claim was filed and granted.
  • Housing > Owner occupier households: Number of households owned by one or several members of the household.
  • Urban and rural > Male urban population: Total number of males living in urban areas by country.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Any method: Current contraceptive use among married women 15-49 years old, any method, percentage.
  • Urban and rural > Female rural population per thousand people: Total number of females living in rural areas by country. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 60 and older. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Total per thousand people: Number of people 65 years old and older. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Future population > Males: UN estimates of male population in 2010, 2015, 2020, 2025 and 2030.
  • Structure > Population > Total: Total population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of their country of origin. The values shown are midyear estimates."
  • Life expectancy at birth > Male: This entry is derived from People > Life expectancy at birth, which contains the average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. The entry includes total population as well as the male and female components. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Median age > Female: This entry is derived from People > Median age, which is the age that divides a population into two numerically equal groups; that is, half the people are younger than this age and half are older. It is a single index that summarizes the age distribution of a population. Currently, the median age ranges from a low of about 15 in Uganda and Gaza Strip to 40 or more in several European countries and Japan. See the entry for "Age structure" for the importance of a young versus an older age structure and, by implication, a low versus a higher median age.
  • Cities > Urban areas over 2,000,000: Urban Areas Over 2,000,000.
  • Gender ratio > Babies: Female/male ratio at birth.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Male: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Net migration: Net migration. Net migration is the net total of migrants during the period, that is, the total number of immigrants less the annual number of emigrants, including both citizens and noncitizens. Data are five-year estimates.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Female: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Refugee population by country or territory of origin: Refugee population by country or territory of origin. Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organization of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of origin generally refers to the nationality or country of citizenship of a claimant.
  • Gender > Female population per thousand people: Total female population. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Drinking water source > Improved > Rural: This entry is derived from People > Drinking water source > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved drinking water sources available to segments of the population of a country.improved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: piped water into dwelling, yard, or plot; public tap or standpipe; tubewell or borehole; protected dug well; protected spring; or rainwater collection. unimproved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: unprotected dug well; unprotected spring; cart with small tank or drum; tanker truck; surface water, which includes rivers, dams, lakes, ponds, streams, canals or irrigation channels; or bottled water.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > Males: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Housing > Rented households: Number of households rented by the members of the household.
  • Housing > Owner occupier households per thousand people: Number of households owned by one or several members of the household. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Women > Maternal mortality ratio adjusted: People - Women - Maternal mortality ratio 2000 adjusted
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Total: This entry is derived from People > School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary , which school life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Male: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Cities > Urban areas over 500,000: Urban Areas Over 500,000.
  • Charity > World Giving Index > Donated money, percent: DM.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Housing > Occupants of houses with all facilities: Number of people who live in a household with all of the following eight characteristics: located in a permanent building; access to a street or to common space; was intended to be occupied by one household; piped water within dwelling; toilet within dwelling; fixed bath or shower within dwelling; kitchen or space for cooking within dwelling.
  • Urban population per 1000: Urban population is the midyear population of areas defined as urban in each country and reported to the United Nations. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Modern methods > Percentage: Percentage of all married women aged 15-49 who report using modern methods of contraception.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Any method > Percentage: Percentage of all married women aged 15-49 who report using any type of contraceptive.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Modern methods: Current contraceptive use among married women 15-49 years old, modern methods, percentage.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Condom: Current contraceptive use among married women 15-49 years old, condom, percentage.
  • Maternal mortality rate: The maternal mortality rate (MMR) is the annual number of female deaths per 100,000 live births from any cause related to or aggravated by pregnancy or its management (excluding accidental or incidental causes). The MMR includes deaths during pregnancy, childbirth, or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy, irrespective of the duration and site of the pregnancy, for a specified year.
  • Gender > Male population per thousand people: Total male population. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Future population change per thousand people: Total change in population by country. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Female population > Age 10-14: Female population - Age 10-14, as of April 26, 2005
  • International migrant stock, total: International migrant stock, total. International migrant stock is the number of people born in a country other than that in which they live. It also includes refugees. The data used to estimate the international migrant stock at a particular time are obtained mainly from population censuses. The estimates are derived from the data on foreign-born population--people who have residence in one country but were born in another country. When data on the foreign-born population are not available, data on foreign population--that is, people who are citizens of a country other than the country in which they reside--are used as estimates. After the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991 people living in one of the newly independent countries who were born in another were classified as international migrants. Estimates of migrant stock in the newly independent states from 1990 on are based on the 1989 census of the Soviet Union. For countries with information on the international migrant stock for at least two points in time, interpolation or extrapolation was used to estimate the international migrant stock on July 1 of the reference years. For countries with only one observation, estimates for the reference years were derived using rates of change in the migrant stock in the years preceding or following the single observation available. A model was used to estimate migrants for countries that had no data.
  • Population > CIA Factbook per capita: This entry gives an estimate from the US Bureau of the Census based on statistics from population censuses, vital statistics registration systems, or sample surveys pertaining to the recent past and on assumptions about future trends. The total population presents one overall measure of the potential impact of the country on the world and within its region. Note: starting with the 1993 Factbook, demographic estimates for some countries (mostly African) have explicitly taken into account the effects of the growing impact of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. These countries are currently: The Bahamas, Benin, Botswana, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burma, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Literacy > Definition: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
  • Infant mortality rate > Female: This entry is derived from People > Infant mortality rate, which gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
  • Infant mortality rate > Male: This entry is derived from People > Infant mortality rate, which gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Male: This entry is derived from People > School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary , which school life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Literacy > Male: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > Females: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Drinking water source > Improved > Urban: This entry is derived from People > Drinking water source > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved drinking water sources available to segments of the population of a country.improved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: piped water into dwelling, yard, or plot; public tap or standpipe; tubewell or borehole; protected dug well; protected spring; or rainwater collection. unimproved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: unprotected dug well; unprotected spring; cart with small tank or drum; tanker truck; surface water, which includes rivers, dams, lakes, ponds, streams, canals or irrigation channels; or bottled water.
  • Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Male: This entry is derived from People > Unemployment, youth ages 15-24, which gives the percent of the total labor force ages 15-24 unemployed during a specified year.
  • Health expenditures: This entry provides the total expenditure on health as a percentage of GDP. Health expenditures are broadly defined as activities performed either by institutions or individuals through the application of medical, paramedical, and/or nursing knowledge and technology, the primary purpose of which is to promote, restore, or maintain health.
  • Gender ratio > Urban population: Female/male ratio of urban population.
  • Charity > World Giving Index > Helped a stranger, percent: HS.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Teen marriage rate > Men: Percentage of male population aged 15-19 who has been married at least once. Percentage is out of total number of males in the same age group.
  • Refugee population by country or territory of origin per 1000: Refugee population by country or territory of origin. Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organization of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of origin generally refers to the nationality or country of citizenship of a claimant. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Refugee population by country or territory of asylum per 1000: Refugee population by country or territory of asylum. Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organization of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of asylum is the country where an asylum claim was filed and granted. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Total: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Housing > Number of rooms > Houses with 1 room per thousand people: Occupied housing units by type of housing unit, number of rooms and urban/rural location. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Years spent single before marriage > Males: Singulate mean age at marriage.
  • Cities > Urban areas over 1,000,000 per million people: Urban areas with a population of over a million people.
  • Female population > Age 30-34 per 1000: Female population - Age 30-34, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Cities > Urban areas over 500,000 per million people: Urban Areas Over 500,000. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Fertility > Maternity leave > Weeks of leave given: Maternity leave benefits.
  • Immigration > Nationality compositions of > Norway: Country of origin of Norway’s population who was either foreign born or born in Norway to foreign residents (number of people by country of origin).
  • Dependency ratios > Total dependency ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.



  • Age structure > 65 years and over > Males per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Age structure > 15-64 years > Males: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age structure > 15-64 years > Females: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years > Females per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Gender ratio > Aged over 65: Female/male ratio at age x.
  • Gender ratio > Aged over 60: Female/male ratio at age x.
  • Dynamics > Death rate > Crude > Per 1,000 people: Crude death rate indicates the number of deaths occurring during the year, per 1,000 population estimated at midyear. Subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birth rate provides the rate of natural increase, which is equal to the rate of population change in the absence of migration."
  • Population density: Population density is midyear population divided by land area in square kilometers. Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of their country of origin. Land area is a country's total area, excluding area under inland water bodies, national claims to continental shelf, and exclusive economic zones. In most cases the definition of inland water bodies includes major rivers and lakes."
  • Widows > Proportion of age group > All > Women > Aged 30 to 39: Percent widowed in age group.
  • Widows > Proportion of age group > All > Men > Aged above 59: Percent widowed in age group.
  • Immigration > Nationality compositions of Canada, share of immigrants: Portion of immigrants in Canada.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 80 years and older. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 5-14 > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 5-14. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 0-14. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 0-4. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 15-64. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Female population > Age 10-14 per 1000: Female population - Age 10-14, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Female population > Age 25-29 per 1000: Female population - Age 25-29, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Male population > Age 10-14: Male population - Age 10-14, as of April 26, 2005
  • Future population > Females per thousand people: UN estimates of female population in 2010, 2015, 2020, 2025 and 2030. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Cities > Urban population per thousand people: Total population living in urban areas. The defition of an urban area differs for each country. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Housing > Detached houses: Percent of population living in detached houses.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Years spent single before marriage > Females: Singulate mean age at marriage.
  • Charity > World Giving Index > Volunteered time: VT.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Gender ratio > Aged over 65 > Women per 100 men: Female/male ratio at age x.
  • Gender ratio > Aged over 80: Female/male ratio at age x.
  • Fertility > Number of maternal deaths per million: Number of maternal deaths. Maternal mortality deaths is the number of women who die during pregnancy and childbirth. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Rural population > Per capita: Rural population is calculated as the difference between the total population and the urban population. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Total population > Age 95-99: Total population - Age 95-99, as of April 26, 2005
  • Housing > Renting: Percent of population renting their homes.
  • Housing > Flats: Percent of population living in flats.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years > Males: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > Females per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Age structure > 15-64 years > Males per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years > Males per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Gender ratio > Rural population: Female/male ratio of rural population.
  • Urban and rural population > Rural gender ratio: Women per 100 men, rural population.
  • Widows > Proportion of age group > All > Men > Aged 30 to 39: Percent widowed in age group.
  • Widows > Proportion of age group > All > Women > Aged 40 to 59: Percent widowed in age group.
  • Widows > Proportion of age group > All > Women > Aged above 59: Percent widowed in age group.
  • Female population > Age 20-24 per 1000: Female population - Age 20-24, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total Population > Female per 1000: Total Population - Female, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Migration > International migrant stock > Total: International migrant stock is the number of people born in a country other than that in which they live. It also includes refugees. The data used to estimate the international migrant stock at a particular time are obtained mainly from population censuses. The estimates are derived from the data on foreign-born population--people who have residence in one country but were born in another country. When data on the foreign-born population are not available, data on foreign population--that is, people who are citizens of a country other than the country in which they reside--are used as estimates. After the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991 people living in one of the newly independent countries who were born in another were classified as international migrants. Estimates of migrant stock in the newly independent states from 1990 on are based on the 1989 census of the Soviet Union. For countries with information on the international migrant stock for at least two points in time, interpolation or extrapolation was used to estimate the international migrant stock on July 1 of the reference years. For countries with only one observation, estimates for the reference years were derived using rates of change in the migrant stock in the years preceding or following the single observation available. A model was used to estimate migrants for countries that had no data."
  • Gender > Gender ratio aged over 65: Amount of women per every 100 males that are over the age of 65 in each country. For instance, in Russia, for every 100 males over 65, there are 210.6 females who are over 65.
  • Women > Maternal mortality ratio > Reported: People - Women - Maternal mortality ratio 1985 - 2002 reported
  • Male population > Age 25-29 per 1000: Male population - Age 25-29, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Female population > Age 35-39 per 1000: Female population - Age 35-39, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Male population > Age 40-44 per 1000: Male population - Age 40-44, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Male population > Age 55-59 per 1000: Male population - Age 55-59, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Male population > Age 15-19: Male population - Age 15-19, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 30-34: Female population - Age 30-34, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 15-19: Female population - Age 15-19, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 20-24: Female population - Age 20-24, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total Population > Thousands: Total Population, thousands, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 10-14 per 1000: Male population - Age 10-14, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Fertility > Contraceptive prevalence > % of women ages 15-49: Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15-49). Contraceptive prevalence rate is the percentage of women who are practicing, or whose sexual partners are practicing, any form of contraception. It is usually measured for married women ages 15-49 only.
  • Fertility > Maternal mortality ratio > National estimate, per 100,000 live births: Maternal mortality ratio (national estimate, per 100,000 live births). Maternal mortality ratio is the number of women who die from pregnancy-related causes while pregnant or within 42 days of pregnancy termination per 100,000 live births.
  • Improved sanitation facilities > % of population with access: Improved sanitation facilities (% of population with access). Access to improved sanitation facilities refers to the percentage of the population using improved sanitation facilities. The improved sanitation facilities include flush/pour flush (to piped sewer system, septic tank, pit latrine), ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine, pit latrine with slab, and composting toilet.
  • Completeness of infant death reporting > % of reported infant deaths to estimated infant deaths: Completeness of infant death reporting (% of reported infant deaths to estimated infant deaths). Completeness of infant death reporting is the number of infant deaths reported by national statistics authorities to the United Nations Statistics Division's Demography Yearbook divided by the number of infant deaths estimated by the United Nations Population Division.
  • Female population > Age 95-99: Female population - Age 95-99, as of April 26, 2005
  • Emigration rate of tertiary educated > % of total tertiary educated population: Emigration rate of tertiary educated (% of total tertiary educated population). Emigration rate of tertiary educated shows the stock of emigrants ages 25 and older, residing in an OECD country other than that in which they were born, with at least one year of tertiary education as a percentage of the population age 25 and older with tertiary education.
  • Number of under-five deaths: Number of under-five deaths. Number of children dying before reaching age five.
  • Labor force participation rate for ages 15-24, male > %: Labor force participation rate for ages 15-24, male (%). Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15-24 that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period. The participation rates are harmonized to account for differences in national data collection and tabulation methodologies as well as for other country-specific factors such as military service requirements. The series includes both nationally reported and imputed data and only estimates that are national, meaning there are no geographic limitations in coverage.
  • Male population > Age 80-84 > % of the total: Male population - Age 80-84 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 75-79 > % of the total: Female population - Age 75-79 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 80-84 per 1000: Male population - Age 80-84, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Housing > Occupants of urban houses with all facilities per thousand people: Number of people who live in an urban household with all of the following eight characteristics: located in a permanent building; access to a street or to common space; was intended to be occupied by one household; piped water within dwelling; toilet within dwelling; fixed bath or shower within dwelling; kitchen or space for cooking within dwelling. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Fertility > Mortality rate, under-5, female > Per 1,000 live births: Mortality rate, under-5, female (per 1,000 live births). Mortality rate, under-5, female (per 1,000)
  • Fertility > Maternal mortality ratio > Modeled estimate, per 100,000 live births: Maternal mortality ratio (modeled estimate, per 100,000 live births). Maternal mortality ratio is the number of women who die during pregnancy and childbirth, per 100,000 live births. The data are estimated with a regression model using information on fertility, birth attendants, and HIV prevalence.
  • Fertility > Mortality rate, under-5 > Per 1,000 live births: Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000 live births). Under-five mortality rate is the probability per 1,000 that a newborn baby will die before reaching age five, if subject to current age-specific mortality rates.
  • Fertility > Mortality rate, neonatal > Per 1,000 live births: Mortality rate, neonatal (per 1,000 live births). Neonatal mortality rate is the number of neonates dying before reaching 28 days of age, per 1,000 live births in a given year.
  • Improved water source > % of population with access: Improved water source (% of population with access). Access to an improved water source refers to the percentage of the population using an improved drinking water source. The improved drinking water source includes piped water on premises (piped household water connection located inside the useru2019s dwelling, plot or yard), and other improved drinking water sources (public taps or standpipes, tube wells or boreholes, protected dug wells, protected springs, and rainwater collection).
  • Fertility > Number of maternal deaths: Number of maternal deaths. Maternal mortality deaths is the number of women who die during pregnancy and childbirth.
  • Fertility > Lifetime risk of maternal death > 1 in: rate varies by country: Lifetime risk of maternal death (1 in: rate varies by country). Life time risk of maternal death is the probability that a 15-year-old female will die eventually from a maternal cause assuming that current levels of fertility and mortality (including maternal mortality) do not change in the future, taking into account competing causes of death.
  • Fertility > Low-birthweight babies > % of births: Low-birthweight babies (% of births). Low-birthweight babies are newborns weighing less than 2,500 grams, with the measurement taken within the first hours of life, before significant postnatal weight loss has occurred.
  • Improved sanitation facilities, urban > % of urban population with access: Improved sanitation facilities, urban (% of urban population with access). Access to improved sanitation facilities refers to the percentage of the population using improved sanitation facilities. The improved sanitation facilities include flush/pour flush (to piped sewer system, septic tank, pit latrine), ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine, pit latrine with slab, and composting toilet.
  • Male population > Age 85-89 > % of the total: Male population - Age 85-89 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Labor force participation rate, male > % of male population ages 15-64: Labor force participation rate, male (% of male population ages 15-64). Labor force participation rate, male (% of male population ages 15-64)
  • Urban and rural > Male rural population per thousand people: Total number of males living in rural areas by country. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
STAT Latvia United Kingdom HISTORY
Age structure > 0-14 years 14%
Ranked 215th.
17.3%
Ranked 177th. 24% more than Latvia

Age structure > 65 years and over 17.1%
Ranked 27th.
17.3%
Ranked 25th. 1% more than Latvia

Birth rate 9.91 births/1,000 population
Ranked 197th.
12.26 births/1,000 population
Ranked 160th. 24% more than Latvia

Ethnic groups Latvian 59.3%, Russian 27.8%, Belarusian 3.6%, Ukrainian 2.5%, Polish 2.4%, Lithuanian 1.3%, other 3.1% white (of which English 83.6%, Scottish 8.6%, Welsh 4.9%, Northern Irish 2.9%) 92.1%, black 2%, Indian 1.8%, Pakistani 1.3%, mixed 1.2%, other 1.6%
Marriage, divorce and children > Total divorces per thousand people 3.61
Ranked 2nd. 75% more than United Kingdom
2.07
Ranked 28th.

Mother's mean age at first birth 26.4
Ranked 13th.
30
Ranked 2nd. 14% more than Latvia
Population 2.18 million
Ranked 143th.
63.18 million
Ranked 1st. 29 times more than Latvia

Population > Population growth, past and future -0.159
Ranked 115th. 7 times more than United Kingdom
-0.022
Ranked 76th.

Population growth -0.159%
Ranked 115th. 7 times more than United Kingdom
-0.022%
Ranked 76th.

Population growth rate -0.61%
Ranked 225th.
0.55%
Ranked 147th.

Population in 2015 2,191 thousand
Ranked 140th.
61,417 thousand
Ranked 22nd. 28 times more than Latvia
Sex ratio > At birth 1.05 male(s)/female
Ranked 90th. The same as United Kingdom
1.05 male(s)/female
Ranked 117th.

Sex ratio > Total population 0.86 male(s)/female
Ranked 222nd.
0.99 male(s)/female
Ranked 103th. 15% more than Latvia

Total fertility rate 1.34 children born/woman
Ranked 207th.
1.9 children born/woman
Ranked 137th. 42% more than Latvia

Urbanization in 2015 60.4%
Ranked 88th.
90.8%
Ranked 17th. 50% more than Latvia
Death rate 13.6 deaths/1,000 population
Ranked 15th. 46% more than United Kingdom
9.33 deaths/1,000 population
Ranked 59th.

Obesity > Adult obesity rate 24.9%
Ranked 59th.
26.9%
Ranked 41st. 8% more than Latvia

Nationality > Adjective Latvian British
Death rate, crude > Per 1,000 people 13.9
Ranked 16th. 58% more than United Kingdom
8.8
Ranked 75th.

Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of asylum > Per capita 0.014 per 1,000 people
Ranked 128th.
4.79 per 1,000 people
Ranked 30th. 342 times more than Latvia

Gender > Female population 747,131
Ranked 151st.
38.5 million
Ranked 33th. 52 times more than Latvia

Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 16.74%
Ranked 58th. 8% more than United Kingdom
15.44%
Ranked 104th.

Age distribution > Total dependency ratio 67.66%
Ranked 120th.
81.93%
Ranked 57th. 21% more than Latvia

Nationality > Noun Latvian(s) Briton(s), British (collective plural)
Sex ratio > Under 15 years 1.05 male(s)/female
Ranked 70th. The same as United Kingdom
1.05 male(s)/female
Ranked 80th.

Median age > Total 41.2 years
Ranked 30th. 2% more than United Kingdom
40.3 years
Ranked 40th.

Migration > Net migration > Per capita -8,512.932 per 1 million people
Ranked 124th.
15,734.29 per 1 million people
Ranked 42nd.

Percentage living in rural areas. 34%
Ranked 124th. 3 times more than United Kingdom
11%
Ranked 174th.
Age structure > 15-64 years 69.3%
Ranked 51st. 5% more than United Kingdom
65.8%
Ranked 115th.

Physicians density 2.9 physicians/1,000 population
Ranked 12th. 5% more than United Kingdom
2.77 physicians/1,000 population
Ranked 16th.

Migration > Foreign worker salaries 45.5 million
Ranked 101st.
3.67 billion
Ranked 20th. 81 times more than Latvia

Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Percent 11.92%
Ranked 54th. 12% more than United Kingdom
10.62%
Ranked 114th.

Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 54.02%
Ranked 71st. 9% more than United Kingdom
49.39%
Ranked 134th.

Migration > Net migration rate -2.29 migrant(s)/1,000 populati
Ranked 133th.
2.17 migrant(s)/1,000 populati
Ranked 44th.

Age distribution > Median age 43.35 years
Ranked 128th.
46.96 years
Ranked 77th. 8% more than Latvia

Age distribution > Child dependency ratio 28.07%
Ranked 61st.
28.09%
Ranked 60th. The same as Latvia

Marriage, divorce and children > Total divorces 7,311
Ranked 23th.
129,764
Ranked 9th. 18 times more than Latvia

Age distribution > Elderly dependency ratio 39.59%
Ranked 121st.
53.85%
Ranked 66th. 36% more than Latvia

Urban and rural > Urban population 1.4 million
Ranked 61st.
45.92 million
Ranked 6th. 33 times more than Latvia

Age structure > 25-54 years 44.6%
Ranked 45th. 9% more than United Kingdom
41.1%
Ranked 105th.
Contraceptive prevalence rate 67.8%
Ranked 29th.
84%
Ranked 5th. 24% more than Latvia
Projected population growth -25.1%
Ranked 137th.
6.87%
Ranked 106th.
Marriage, divorce and children > Marriages 11,244
Ranked 37th.
277,740
Ranked 13th. 25 times more than Latvia

Age structure > 15-24 years 11.9%
Ranked 196th.
12.8%
Ranked 184th. 8% more than Latvia
Urban population 1.56 million
Ranked 130th.
54.02 million
Ranked 12th. 35 times more than Latvia

Sex ratio > 65 years and over 0.48 male(s)/female
Ranked 222nd.
0.8 male(s)/female
Ranked 108th. 67% more than Latvia

Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 59.65%
Ranked 77th. 9% more than United Kingdom
54.97%
Ranked 140th.

Gender empowerment 0.539
Ranked 31st.
0.684
Ranked 16th. 27% more than Latvia
Age structure > 55-64 years 12.6%
Ranked 35th. 10% more than United Kingdom
11.5%
Ranked 60th.
Gender > Male population 711,569
Ranked 153th.
38.68 million
Ranked 33th. 54 times more than Latvia

Child labor > Children ages 5-14 26.4
Ranked 13th.
30
Ranked 2nd. 14% more than Latvia
Sex ratio > 15-64 years 0.95
Ranked 184th.
1.02
Ranked 68th. 7% more than Latvia

Migration > Net migration -19,584
Ranked 107th.
947,621
Ranked 8th.

Cities > Urban population 65,726
Ranked 128th.
92,372
Ranked 31st. 41% more than Latvia

Marriage, divorce and children > Marriages per thousand people 5.55
Ranked 18th. 24% more than United Kingdom
4.46
Ranked 67th.

Life expectancy at birth > Total population 73.19 years
Ranked 122nd.
80.29 years
Ranked 30th. 10% more than Latvia

Gender > Women aged 15-49 295,699
Ranked 152nd.
14.34 million
Ranked 34th. 48 times more than Latvia

Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Total 79,903
Ranked 151st.
3.91 million
Ranked 36th. 49 times more than Latvia

Abortion > Abortion rate 27.3 abortions per 1,000 women
Ranked 6th. 61% more than United Kingdom
17 abortions per 1,000 women
Ranked 6th.
Percentage living in urban areas 66%
Ranked 74th.
89%
Ranked 28th. 35% more than Latvia
Population > CIA Factbook 2.25 million
Ranked 141st.
60.94 million
Ranked 22nd. 27 times more than Latvia

Marriage > Years being single before marriage > Men 32.4
Ranked 10th.
33.2
Ranked 2nd. 2% more than Latvia
Dependency ratios > Potential support ratio 3.6
Ranked 186th.
3.7
Ranked 183th. 3% more than Latvia
Religions Lutheran 19.6%, Orthodox 15.3%, other Christian 1%, other 0.4%, unspecified 63.7% Christian (Anglican, Roman Catholic, Presbyterian, Methodist) 71.6%, Muslim 2.7%, Hindu 1%, other 1.6%, unspecified or none 23.1%
Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of asylum 43
Ranked 135th.
269,363
Ranked 11th. 6264 times more than Latvia

Urban and rural > Female rural population 345,168
Ranked 51st.
6.53 million
Ranked 18th. 19 times more than Latvia

Marriage > Years being single before marriage > Women 29.9
Ranked 10th.
31.8
Ranked 1st. 6% more than Latvia
Gender > Global Gender Gap Index 0.761
Ranked 12th. 2% more than United Kingdom
0.744
Ranked 18th.

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Total 14 years
Ranked 59th.
17 years
Ranked 10th. 21% more than Latvia
Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 > Total 788,009
Ranked 152nd.
38.12 million
Ranked 35th. 48 times more than Latvia

Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 > Total 870,059
Ranked 152nd.
42.42 million
Ranked 34th. 49 times more than Latvia

Future population change -2,327.2
Ranked 100th.
-17,090
Ranked 135th. 7 times more than Latvia

Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of origin 791
Ranked 94th. 5 times more than United Kingdom
156
Ranked 120th.

Urban and rural > Urban population per thousand people 682.28
Ranked 27th.
776.96
Ranked 15th. 14% more than Latvia

Urbanization > Rate of urbanization None None
Future population > Females 1.07 million
Ranked 144th.
33.52 million
Ranked 22nd. 31 times more than Latvia

Teenage pregancy rate 14.94
Ranked 142nd.
23.58
Ranked 119th. 58% more than Latvia

Major cities > Population RIGA (capital) 711,000 LONDON (capital) 8.615 million; Birmingham 2.296 million; Manchester 2.247 million; West Yorkshire 1.541 million; Glasgow 1.166 million
Urban and rural > Rural population 666,120
Ranked 61st.
12.86 million
Ranked 22nd. 19 times more than Latvia

Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Percent 29.24%
Ranked 127th.
35.17%
Ranked 71st. 20% more than Latvia

Population density > People per sq. km of land area 33.09 sq. km
Ranked 161st.
259.38 sq. km
Ranked 42nd. 8 times more than Latvia

Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of origin > Per capita 339.8 per 1 million people
Ranked 65th. 112 times more than United Kingdom
3.04 per 1 million people
Ranked 161st.

Urbanization 60
Ranked 87th.
90
Ranked 21st. 50% more than Latvia
Child labor > Children ages 5-14 per million people 11.79
Ranked 4th. 24 times more than United Kingdom
0.495
Ranked 8th.
Urban and rural > Rural population per thousand people 323.64
Ranked 43th. 49% more than United Kingdom
217.65
Ranked 85th.

Infant mortality rate > Total 8.08 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 156th. 80% more than United Kingdom
4.5 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 188th.

Literacy > Total population 99.8%
Ranked 9th. 1% more than United Kingdom
99%
Ranked 40th.

Hospital bed density 5.3 beds/1,000 population
Ranked 16th. 77% more than United Kingdom
3 beds/1,000 population
Ranked 36th.

Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Percent 5.48%
Ranked 62nd. 8% more than United Kingdom
5.06%
Ranked 103th.

Age distribution > Population aged 5-14 > Percent 11.26%
Ranked 59th. 9% more than United Kingdom
10.38%
Ranked 104th.

Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Total 426,471
Ranked 153th.
27.14 million
Ranked 23th. 64 times more than Latvia

Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total 244,220
Ranked 152nd.
11.91 million
Ranked 36th. 49 times more than Latvia

Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Total 173,914
Ranked 152nd.
8.2 million
Ranked 36th. 47 times more than Latvia

Number of infant deaths 0.0
Ranked 144th.
3,000
Ranked 89th.

Fertility > Mortality rate, infant > Per 1,000 live births 7.6
Ranked 139th. 85% more than United Kingdom
4.1
Ranked 161st.

Urban and rural > Male rural population 320,952
Ranked 52nd.
6.33 million
Ranked 19th. 20 times more than Latvia

Marriage > Percent married > All > Female > Aged 15-19 1.3%
Ranked 17th. 63% more than United Kingdom
0.8%
Ranked 20th.

Immigration > Refugees and asylum seekers > Natives per Refugee 23,761
Ranked 39th. 74 times more than United Kingdom
319
Ranked 109th.
Fertility > Fertility rate, total > Births per woman 1.34
Ranked 189th.
1.98
Ranked 128th. 48% more than Latvia

Age dependency ratio > Dependents to working-age population 0.46
Ranked 151st.
0.51
Ranked 121st. 11% more than Latvia

Languages Latvian (official) 58.2%, Russian 37.5%, Lithuanian and other 4.3% English
Number of infant deaths per 1000 0.0
Ranked 144th.
0.0474
Ranked 121st.

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Total None None
Immigration > Destination countries of nationalities and ethnic groups > Russians 556,434
Ranked 9th. 85% more than United Kingdom
300,000
Ranked 14th.
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Total 29.1%
Ranked 26th. 46% more than United Kingdom
20%
Ranked 53th.

Marriage, divorce and children > Teen marriage rate > Women 0.7
Ranked 16th. 75% more than United Kingdom
0.4
Ranked 17th.
Life expectancy at birth > Female 78.53 years
Ranked 89th.
82.54 years
Ranked 40th. 5% more than Latvia

Marriage > Percent married > All > Male > Aged 15-19 0.3%
Ranked 14th. 3 times more than United Kingdom
0.1%
Ranked 21st.

Urban population > Per capita 0.678 per capita
Ranked 61st.
0.897 per capita
Ranked 19th. 32% more than Latvia

GDP per capita > Current US$ $14,007.88
Ranked 48th.
$39,093.47
Ranked 22nd. 3 times more than Latvia

Education expenditures 5% of GDP
Ranked 22nd.
5.6% of GDP
Ranked 30th. 12% more than Latvia

Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > Dutch > Length of stay Freedom of Movement Freedom of Movement
Gender > Gender inequality index 0.216
Ranked 110th. 5% more than United Kingdom
0.205
Ranked 113th.
Median age > Male 38.2 years
Ranked 41st.
39.1 years
Ranked 33th. 2% more than Latvia

Age structure > 65 years and over > From total 16.9%
Ranked 17th. 6% more than United Kingdom
16%
Ranked 26th.

Rural population 740,761
Ranked 136th.
6.2 million
Ranked 68th. 8 times more than Latvia

Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Percent 23.61%
Ranked 123th.
29.6%
Ranked 69th. 25% more than Latvia

Sanitation facility access > Improved > Total 78% of population
Ranked 79th.
100% of population
Ranked 22nd. 28% more than Latvia

Median age > Both sexes 40.4
Ranked 25th.
40.5
Ranked 24th. About the same as Latvia
Gender ratio > Whole population 117.2%
Ranked 1st. 12% more than United Kingdom
104.4%
Ranked 54th.

Literacy > Female 99.8%
Ranked 6th. 1% more than United Kingdom
99%
Ranked 7th.
Total Population > Female 1.22 million
Ranked 138th.
30.63 million
Ranked 22nd. 25 times more than Latvia
Cities > Urban areas over 1,000,000 0.0
Ranked 119th.
5
Ranked 17th.
Dependency ratios > Youth dependency ratio 22.3%
Ranked 169th.
27.1%
Ranked 149th. 22% more than Latvia
Age structure > 15-64 years > From total 69.7%
Ranked 38th. 4% more than United Kingdom
67.1%
Ranked 76th.

Fertility > Birth rate, crude > Per 1,000 people 9.1
Ranked 193th.
12.9
Ranked 142nd. 42% more than Latvia

Drinking water source > Improved > Total 99% of population
Ranked 11th.
100% of population
Ranked 17th. 1% more than Latvia
Age structure > 0-14 years > From total 13.4%
Ranked 218th.
16.9%
Ranked 178th. 26% more than Latvia

Population, total per 1000 1,000
Ranked 55th. The same as United Kingdom
1,000
Ranked 126th.

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Female 15 years
Ranked 22nd.
17 years
Ranked 9th. 13% more than Latvia
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Male None None
Cities > Urban areas over 2,000,000 per million people 0.0
Ranked 89th.
0.0473
Ranked 36th.
Dependency ratios > Elderly dependency ratio 27.9%
Ranked 9th. 4% more than United Kingdom
26.9%
Ranked 16th.
Refugee population by country or territory of asylum 95
Ranked 139th.
193,510
Ranked 17th. 2037 times more than Latvia

Housing > Owner occupier households 919
Ranked 14th.
68,882
Ranked 13th. 75 times more than Latvia
Urban and rural > Male urban population 625,150
Ranked 51st.
22.25 million
Ranked 4th. 36 times more than Latvia

Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Any method 67.8%
Ranked 11th.
84%
Ranked 1st. 24% more than Latvia

Urban and rural > Female rural population per thousand people 167.71
Ranked 33th. 52% more than United Kingdom
110.55
Ranked 74th.

Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Total per thousand people 224.12
Ranked 21st.
226.02
Ranked 18th. 1% more than Latvia

Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Total per thousand people 171.54
Ranked 13th. 4% more than United Kingdom
165.35
Ranked 21st.

Future population > Males 940,459
Ranked 145th.
32.64 million
Ranked 22nd. 35 times more than Latvia

Structure > Population > Total 2.26 million
Ranked 134th.
61.84 million
Ranked 21st. 27 times more than Latvia

Life expectancy at birth > Male 68.13 years
Ranked 147th.
78.16 years
Ranked 27th. 15% more than Latvia

Median age > Female 44.1 years
Ranked 15th. 7% more than United Kingdom
41.4 years
Ranked 43th.

Cities > Urban areas over 2,000,000 0.0
Ranked 90th.
3
Ranked 13th.
Gender ratio > Babies 94.7%
Ranked 136th.
95%
Ranked 124th. About the same as Latvia

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Male 14 years
Ranked 50th.
16 years
Ranked 17th. 14% more than Latvia

Net migration -10,000
Ranked 101st.
900,000
Ranked 6th.

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Female 17 years
Ranked 10th. The same as United Kingdom
17 years
Ranked 14th.
Refugee population by country or territory of origin 709
Ranked 104th. 5 times more than United Kingdom
150
Ranked 135th.

Gender > Female population per thousand people 507.09
Ranked 67th. About the same as United Kingdom
506.55
Ranked 70th.

Drinking water source > Improved > Rural 96% of population
Ranked 70th.
100% of population
Ranked 24th. 4% more than Latvia
Age structure > 65 years and over > Males 124,658
Ranked 114th.
4.19 million
Ranked 12th. 34 times more than Latvia

Housing > Rented households 0.0
Ranked 17th.
22,400
Ranked 15th.
Housing > Owner occupier households per thousand people 0.447
Ranked 14th.
1.17
Ranked 17th. 3 times more than Latvia
Women > Maternal mortality ratio adjusted 42
Ranked 114th. 3 times more than United Kingdom
13
Ranked 144th.
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Total 14 years
Ranked 59th.
17 years
Ranked 10th. 21% more than Latvia

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Male 14 years
Ranked 56th.
16 years
Ranked 19th. 14% more than Latvia
Cities > Urban areas over 500,000 1
Ranked 85th.
10
Ranked 16th. 10 times more than Latvia
Charity > World Giving Index > Donated money, percent 34%
Ranked 38th.
72%
Ranked 4th. 2 times more than Latvia
Housing > Occupants of houses with all facilities 1.42 million
Ranked 2nd.
57.4 million
Ranked 1st. 41 times more than Latvia
Urban population per 1000 678
Ranked 59th.
897.03
Ranked 16th. 32% more than Latvia

Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Modern methods > Percentage 55.5%
Ranked 11th.
84%
Ranked 1st. 51% more than Latvia

Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Any method > Percentage 67.8%
Ranked 11th.
84%
Ranked 1st. 24% more than Latvia

Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Modern methods 55.5%
Ranked 11th.
84%
Ranked 1st. 51% more than Latvia

Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Condom 13.6%
Ranked 6th.
27%
Ranked 1st. 99% more than Latvia

Maternal mortality rate 34 deaths/100,000 live births
Ranked 118th. 3 times more than United Kingdom
12 deaths/100,000 live births
Ranked 147th.

Gender > Male population per thousand people 426.59
Ranked 191st.
490.16
Ranked 142nd. 15% more than Latvia

Future population change per thousand people -12.241
Ranked 190th.
5.7
Ranked 141st.

Female population > Age 10-14 60,207
Ranked 151st.
1.85 million
Ranked 29th. 31 times more than Latvia
International migrant stock, total 335,022
Ranked 82nd.
6.45 million
Ranked 8th. 19 times more than Latvia

Population > CIA Factbook per capita 0.991
Ranked 111th.
0.993
Ranked 106th. About the same as Latvia

Literacy > Definition age 15 and over can read and write age 15 and over has completed five or more years of schooling
Infant mortality rate > Female 6.26 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 159th. 55% more than United Kingdom
4.05 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 191st.

Infant mortality rate > Male 9.8 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 152nd. 99% more than United Kingdom
4.93 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 186th.

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Male 14 years
Ranked 56th.
16 years
Ranked 19th. 14% more than Latvia

Literacy > Male 99.8%
Ranked 13th. 1% more than United Kingdom
99%
Ranked 50th.

Age structure > 65 years and over > Females 255,781
Ranked 95th.
5.55 million
Ranked 12th. 22 times more than Latvia

Drinking water source > Improved > Urban 100% of population
Ranked 18th. The same as United Kingdom
100% of population
Ranked 36th.
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Male 29.6%
Ranked 20th. 35% more than United Kingdom
22%
Ranked 41st.

Health expenditures 6.7% of GDP
Ranked 9th.
9.3% of GDP
Ranked 36th. 39% more than Latvia

Gender ratio > Urban population 122.4%
Ranked 1st. 15% more than United Kingdom
106.4%
Ranked 28th.

Charity > World Giving Index > Helped a stranger, percent 40%
Ranked 90th.
56%
Ranked 34th. 40% more than Latvia
Marriage, divorce and children > Teen marriage rate > Men 0.1
Ranked 18th. The same as United Kingdom
0.1
Ranked 14th.
Refugee population by country or territory of origin per 1000 0.344
Ranked 75th. 144 times more than United Kingdom
0.00239
Ranked 179th.

Refugee population by country or territory of asylum per 1000 0.0462
Ranked 124th.
3.08
Ranked 42nd. 67 times more than Latvia

Urbanization in 1975 65.4%
Ranked 34th.
88.7%
Ranked 3rd. 36% more than Latvia
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Total 15 years
Ranked 39th.
16 years
Ranked 26th. 7% more than Latvia

Housing > Number of rooms > Houses with 1 room per thousand people 61.22
Ranked 1st. 18 times more than United Kingdom
3.5
Ranked 19th.
Marriage, divorce and children > Years spent single before marriage > Males 29 years
Ranked 5th. 2% more than United Kingdom
28.4 years
Ranked 12th.
Cities > Urban areas over 1,000,000 per million people 0.0
Ranked 117th.
0.0789
Ranked 65th.
Female population > Age 30-34 per 1000 34.72
Ranked 113th. 8% more than United Kingdom
32.14
Ranked 143th.
Cities > Urban areas over 500,000 per million people 0.459
Ranked 7th. 3 times more than United Kingdom
0.158
Ranked 69th.
Fertility > Maternity leave > Weeks of leave given 16
Ranked 149th.
223
Ranked 2nd. 14 times more than Latvia
Immigration > Nationality compositions of > Norway 8,502
Ranked 24th.
14,504
Ranked 17th. 71% more than Latvia
Dependency ratios > Total dependency ratio 50.2%
Ranked 120th.
54%
Ranked 92nd. 8% more than Latvia
Age structure > 65 years and over > Males per 1000 55.01
Ranked 41st.
68.19
Ranked 14th. 24% more than Latvia

Age structure > 15-64 years > Males 760,976
Ranked 140th.
20.7 million
Ranked 22nd. 27 times more than Latvia

Age structure > 15-64 years > Females 803,106
Ranked 138th.
20.19 million
Ranked 22nd. 25 times more than Latvia

Age structure > 0-14 years > Females per 1000 64.79
Ranked 196th.
82.04
Ranked 162nd. 27% more than Latvia

Gender ratio > Aged over 65 208.3%
Ranked 2nd. 55% more than United Kingdom
134.1%
Ranked 73th.

Gender ratio > Aged over 60 187.1%
Ranked 3rd. 48% more than United Kingdom
126.1%
Ranked 77th.

Dynamics > Death rate > Crude > Per 1,000 people 13.68
Ranked 27th. 45% more than United Kingdom
9.44
Ranked 67th.

Population density 36.4
Ranked 141st.
253.82
Ranked 37th. 7 times more than Latvia

Widows > Proportion of age group > All > Women > Aged 30 to 39 1.8%
Ranked 4th. 4 times more than United Kingdom
0.5%
Ranked 34th.

Widows > Proportion of age group > All > Men > Aged above 59 11%
Ranked 16th.
13.7%
Ranked 7th. 25% more than Latvia

Immigration > Nationality compositions of Canada, share of immigrants 0.1%
Ranked 99th.
9.4%
Ranked 1st. 94 times more than Latvia
Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Total per thousand people 39.56
Ranked 20th.
46.42
Ranked 12th. 17% more than Latvia

Age distribution > Population aged 5-14 > Total per thousand people 83.64
Ranked 190th.
112.42
Ranked 157th. 34% more than Latvia

Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total per thousand people 132.16
Ranked 188th.
175.02
Ranked 151st. 32% more than Latvia

Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Total per thousand people 48.52
Ranked 180th.
62.61
Ranked 146th. 29% more than Latvia

Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 > Total per thousand people 629.98
Ranked 118th.
656.34
Ranked 91st. 4% more than Latvia

Female population > Age 10-14 per 1000 26.17
Ranked 187th.
30.66
Ranked 166th. 17% more than Latvia
Female population > Age 25-29 per 1000 33.71
Ranked 157th. 8% more than United Kingdom
31.14
Ranked 171st.
Male population > Age 10-14 62,957
Ranked 151st.
1.94 million
Ranked 29th. 31 times more than Latvia
Future population > Females per thousand people 539.87
Ranked 22nd. 7% more than United Kingdom
503.02
Ranked 88th.
Cities > Urban population per thousand people 3.29e-05
Ranked 70th. 26 times more than United Kingdom
1.27e-06
Ranked 186th.

Urbanization > Urban population 68 80
Housing > Detached houses 23%
Ranked 24th.
24%
Ranked 22nd. 4% more than Latvia
Marriage, divorce and children > Years spent single before marriage > Females 26.9 years
Ranked 4th. 2% more than United Kingdom
26.4 years
Ranked 7th.
Charity > World Giving Index > Volunteered time 12%
Ranked 92nd.
26%
Ranked 36th. 2 times more than Latvia
Gender ratio > Aged over 65 > Women per 100 men 208.3
Ranked 2nd. 55% more than United Kingdom
134.1
Ranked 73th.

Gender ratio > Aged over 80 368.7%
Ranked 3rd. 89% more than United Kingdom
194.7%
Ranked 48th.

Fertility > Number of maternal deaths per million 3.57
Ranked 129th. 2 times more than United Kingdom
1.48
Ranked 144th.

Rural population > Per capita 322 per 1,000 people
Ranked 132nd. 3 times more than United Kingdom
103 per 1,000 people
Ranked 175th.

Gender development 0.798
Ranked 43th.
0.925
Ranked 12th. 16% more than Latvia
Total population > Age 95-99 1,397
Ranked 40th.
100,056
Ranked 7th. 72 times more than Latvia
Housing > Renting 13%
Ranked 21st.
27%
Ranked 10th. 2 times more than Latvia
Housing > Flats 72%
Ranked 1st. 4 times more than United Kingdom
18%
Ranked 26th.
Age structure > 0-14 years > Males 154,077
Ranked 151st.
5.29 million
Ranked 37th. 34 times more than Latvia

Age structure > 65 years and over > Females per 1000 112.87
Ranked 6th. 25% more than United Kingdom
90.39
Ranked 28th.

Age structure > 15-64 years > Males per 1000 335.81
Ranked 66th.
337.15
Ranked 63th. About the same as Latvia

Age structure > 0-14 years > Males per 1000 67.99
Ranked 198th.
86.13
Ranked 162nd. 27% more than Latvia

Gender ratio > Rural population 106.5%
Ranked 8th. 4% more than United Kingdom
102.8%
Ranked 19th.

Urban and rural population > Rural gender ratio 106.5
Ranked 8th. 4% more than United Kingdom
102.8
Ranked 19th.

Widows > Proportion of age group > All > Men > Aged 30 to 39 0.3%
Ranked 6th. 50% more than United Kingdom
0.2%
Ranked 17th.

Widows > Proportion of age group > All > Women > Aged 40 to 59 7.6%
Ranked 10th. 2 times more than United Kingdom
3.7%
Ranked 33th.

Widows > Proportion of age group > All > Women > Aged above 59 38.9%
Ranked 16th.
40.6%
Ranked 19th. 4% more than Latvia

Female population > Age 20-24 per 1000 38.12
Ranked 140th. 19% more than United Kingdom
31.93
Ranked 169th.
Total Population > Female per 1000 530.98
Ranked 45th. 4% more than United Kingdom
508.56
Ranked 103th.
Migration > International migrant stock > Total 379,630
Ranked 72nd.
5.84 million
Ranked 9th. 15 times more than Latvia

Gender > Gender ratio aged over 65 208.3
Ranked 2nd. 55% more than United Kingdom
134.1
Ranked 73th.

Women > Maternal mortality ratio > Reported 25
Ranked 110th. 4 times more than United Kingdom
7
Ranked 134th.
Male population > Age 25-29 per 1000 34.17
Ranked 164th. 5% more than United Kingdom
32.55
Ranked 170th.
Female population > Age 35-39 per 1000 34.61
Ranked 87th.
37.64
Ranked 52nd. 9% more than Latvia
Male population > Age 40-44 per 1000 36.38
Ranked 57th.
41.16
Ranked 32nd. 13% more than Latvia
Male population > Age 55-59 per 1000 25.39
Ranked 55th.
32.4
Ranked 18th. 28% more than Latvia
Male population > Age 15-19 92,647
Ranked 145th.
2.04 million
Ranked 25th. 22 times more than Latvia
Female population > Age 30-34 79,866
Ranked 138th.
1.94 million
Ranked 24th. 24 times more than Latvia
Female population > Age 15-19 89,190
Ranked 145th.
1.95 million
Ranked 27th. 22 times more than Latvia
Female population > Age 20-24 87,701
Ranked 145th.
1.92 million
Ranked 24th. 22 times more than Latvia
Total Population > Thousands 2,290
Ranked 140th.
60,441
Ranked 22nd. 26 times more than Latvia
Male population > Age 10-14 per 1000 27.37
Ranked 187th.
32.13
Ranked 167th. 17% more than Latvia
Fertility > Contraceptive prevalence > % of women ages 15-49 48%
Ranked 24th.
84%
Ranked 1st. 75% more than Latvia

Fertility > Maternal mortality ratio > National estimate, per 100,000 live births 32.3
Ranked 20th. 5 times more than United Kingdom
7
Ranked 15th.

Improved sanitation facilities > % of population with access 78.6%
Ranked 108th.
100%
Ranked 19th. 27% more than Latvia

Completeness of infant death reporting > % of reported infant deaths to estimated infant deaths 65.48%
Ranked 26th.
100%
Ranked 7th. 53% more than Latvia

Female population > Age 95-99 1,205
Ranked 40th.
81,105
Ranked 7th. 67 times more than Latvia
Emigration rate of tertiary educated > % of total tertiary educated population 8.47%
Ranked 120th.
17.07%
Ranked 72nd. 2 times more than Latvia

Number of under-five deaths 0.0
Ranked 148th.
4,000
Ranked 85th.

Labor force participation rate for ages 15-24, male > % 44.1%
Ranked 127th.
61.2%
Ranked 48th. 39% more than Latvia

Male population > Age 80-84 > % of the total 0.42
Ranked 90th.
0.91
Ranked 25th. 2 times more than Latvia
Female population > Age 75-79 > % of the total 2.43
Ranked 4th. 35% more than United Kingdom
1.8
Ranked 32nd.
Male population > Age 80-84 per 1000 4.11
Ranked 78th.
9.16
Ranked 20th. 2 times more than Latvia
Housing > Occupants of urban houses with all facilities per thousand people 470.06
Ranked 2nd.
760.2
Ranked 1st. 62% more than Latvia
Fertility > Mortality rate, under-5, female > Per 1,000 live births 7.9
Ranked 140th. 84% more than United Kingdom
4.3
Ranked 162nd.

Fertility > Maternal mortality ratio > Modeled estimate, per 100,000 live births 34
Ranked 116th. 3 times more than United Kingdom
12
Ranked 145th.

Fertility > Mortality rate, under-5 > Per 1,000 live births 8.7
Ranked 140th. 81% more than United Kingdom
4.8
Ranked 163th.

Fertility > Mortality rate, neonatal > Per 1,000 live births 5.3
Ranked 139th. 77% more than United Kingdom
3
Ranked 159th.

Improved water source > % of population with access 98.4%
Ranked 64th.
100%
Ranked 15th. 2% more than Latvia

Fertility > Number of maternal deaths 8
Ranked 139th.
92
Ranked 92nd. 12 times more than Latvia

Fertility > Lifetime risk of maternal death > 1 in: rate varies by country 2,000
Ranked 55th.
4,600
Ranked 38th. 2 times more than Latvia

Fertility > Low-birthweight babies > % of births 5.2%
Ranked 33th.
7.6%
Ranked 46th. 46% more than Latvia
Improved sanitation facilities, urban > % of urban population with access 82.1%
Ranked 122nd.
100%
Ranked 20th. 22% more than Latvia

Male population > Age 85-89 > % of the total 0.13
Ranked 51st.
0.43
Ranked 14th. 3 times more than Latvia
Labor force participation rate, male > % of male population ages 15-64 77.4%
Ranked 118th.
81.9%
Ranked 70th. 6% more than Latvia

Urban and rural > Male rural population per thousand people 155.94
Ranked 37th. 46% more than United Kingdom
107.1
Ranked 75th.

SOURCES: CIA World Factbook, 28 July 2005; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; CIA World Factbooks 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013; World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Population Division; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat, World Population Prospects: The 2004 Revision and World Urbanization Prospects: http://esa.un.org/unpp; UN (United Nations). 2002. World Urbanization Prospects: The 2001 Revision. Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. New York; (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. 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(2) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (3) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (4) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, (5) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database, and (6) World bank estimates based on the data from the sources above, household surveys conducted by national agencies, Macro International, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and refugees statistics from the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees.; Wikipedia: List of urban areas by population (Number of urban areas by country) (Demographia World Urban Areas (World Agglomerations): 9th Annual Edition, March 2013); United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. 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Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division, International Programs Center; United Nations Population Division, Trends in Total Migrant Stock: 2008 Revision.; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), Statistical Yearbook and data files, complemented by statistics on Palestinian refugees under the mandate of the UNRWA as published on its website. Data from UNHCR are available online at: www.unhcr.org/statistics/populationdatabase. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Statistics Division. 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New York, United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs (advanced Excel tables), (2) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (3) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (4) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (5) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Food and Agriculture Organisation and World Bank population estimates.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; Wikipedia: Immigration to Canada (Canadian permanent resident population by country of birth) ([1] , Place of birth for the immigrant population by period of immigration, 2006 counts and percentages [1] , Population by immigrant status and period of immigration, 2006 counts, for Canada, provinces and territories); United Nations Population Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. 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World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Population Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Population Division. Source tables. 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Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Wikipedia: Housing in Europe; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division Original html; Trends in Maternal Mortality: 1990-2010. Estimates Developed by WHO, UNICEF, UNFPA and the World Bank. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. 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Source tables; U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division, International Programs Center Spanish Statistical Institute; Household surveys, including Demographic and Health Surveys by Macro International and Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys by UNICEF.; UNICEF, State of the World's Children, Childinfo, and Demographic and Health Surveys by ICF International.; WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme (JMP) for Water Supply and Sanitation (http://www.wssinfo.org/).; The United Nations Statistics Division's Population and Vital Statistics Report and the United Nations Population Division's World Population Prospects.; Frxe9dxe9ric Docquier, B. Lindsay Lowell, and Abdeslam Marfouk's , "A Gendered Assessment of Highly Skilled Emigration" (2009).; International Labour Organization, Key Indicators of the Labour Market database.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. 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