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Country vs country: Latvia and United Kingdom compared: People

Definitions

  • Birth rate: The average annual number of births during a year per 1,000 persons in the population at midyear; also known as crude birth rate. The birth rate is usually the dominant factor in determining the rate of population growth. It depends on both the level of fertility and the age structure of the population.
  • Death rate: The average annual number of deaths during a year per 1,000 population at midyear; also known as crude death rate. The death rate, while only a rough indicator of the mortality situation in a country, accurately indicates the current mortality impact on population growth. This indicator is significantly affected by age distribution, and most countries will eventually show a rise in the overall death rate, in spite of continued decline in mortality at all ages, as declining fertility results in an aging population.
  • Ethnic groups: This entry provides a rank ordering of ethnic groups starting with the largest and normally includes the percent of total population.
  • Hospital bed density: This entry provides the number of hospital beds per 1,000 people; it serves as a general measure of inpatient service availability. Hospital beds include inpatient beds available in public, private, general, and specialized hospitals and rehabilitation centers. In most cases, beds for both acute and chronic care are included. Because the level of inpatient services required for individual countries depends on several factors - such as demographic issues and the burden of disease - there is no global target for the number of hospital beds per country. So, while 2 beds per 1,000 in one country may be sufficient, 2 beds per 1,000 in another may be woefully inadequate because of the number of people hospitalized by disease.
  • Infant mortality rate > Total: This entry is derived from People > Infant mortality rate, which gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
  • Nationality > Adjective: This entry is derived from People > Nationality, which provides the identifying terms for citizens - noun and adjective.
  • Nationality > Noun: The noun which identifies citizens of the nation
  • Physicians density: This entry gives the number of medical doctors (physicians), including generalist and specialist medical practitioners, per 1,000 of the population. Medical doctors are defined as doctors that study, diagnose, treat, and prevent illness, disease, injury, and other physical and mental impairments in humans through the application of modern medicine. They also plan, supervise, and evaluate care and treatment plans by other health care providers. The World Health Organization estimates that fewer than 2.3 health workers (physicians, nurses, and midwives only) per 1,000 would be insufficient to achieve coverage of primary healthcare needs.
  • Population: Population, total refers to the total population.
  • Population growth rate: The average annual percent change in the population, resulting from a surplus (or deficit) of births over deaths and the balance of migrants entering and leaving a country. The rate may be positive or negative. The growth rate is a factor in determining how great a burden would be imposed on a country by the changing needs of its people for infrastructure (e.g., schools, hospitals, housing, roads), resources (e.g., food, water, electricity), and jobs. Rapid population growth can be seen as threatening by neighboring countries.
  • Population in 2015: (Thousands) Medium-variant projections.
  • Sex ratio > 65 years and over: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Sex ratio > At birth: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Sex ratio > Total population: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Total fertility rate: The average number of children that would be born per woman if all women lived to the end of their child-bearing years and bore children according to a given fertility rate at each age. The total fertility rate is a more direct measure of the level of fertility than the crude birth rate, since it refers to births per woman. This indicator shows the potential for population growth in the country. High rates will also place some limits on the labor force participation rates for women. Large numbers of children born to women indicate large family sizes that might limit the ability of the families to feed and educate their children.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Male: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Total: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Sex ratio > Under 15 years: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Sanitation facility access > Improved > Total: This entry is derived from People > Sanitation facility access > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved sanitation facilities available to segments of the population of a country. improved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush to a piped sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine; pit latrine with slab; or a composting toilet. unimproved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush not piped to a sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; pit latrine without a slab or open pit; bucket; hanging toilet or hanging latrine; shared facilities of any type; no facilities; or bush or field.
  • Sanitation facility access > Improved > Urban: This entry is derived from People > Sanitation facility access > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved sanitation facilities available to segments of the population of a country. improved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush to a piped sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine; pit latrine with slab; or a composting toilet. unimproved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush not piped to a sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; pit latrine without a slab or open pit; bucket; hanging toilet or hanging latrine; shared facilities of any type; no facilities; or bush or field.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Female: This entry is derived from People > School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary , which school life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Median age > Female: This entry is derived from People > Median age, which is the age that divides a population into two numerically equal groups; that is, half the people are younger than this age and half are older. It is a single index that summarizes the age distribution of a population. Currently, the median age ranges from a low of about 15 in Uganda and Gaza Strip to 40 or more in several European countries and Japan. See the entry for "Age structure" for the importance of a young versus an older age structure and, by implication, a low versus a higher median age.
  • Median age > Total: This entry is derived from People > Median age, which is the age that divides a population into two numerically equal groups; that is, half the people are younger than this age and half are older. It is a single index that summarizes the age distribution of a population. Currently, the median age ranges from a low of about 15 in Uganda and Gaza Strip to 40 or more in several European countries and Japan. See the entry for "Age structure" for the importance of a young versus an older age structure and, by implication, a low versus a higher median age.
  • Infant mortality rate > Female: This entry is derived from People > Infant mortality rate, which gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
  • Infant mortality rate > Male: This entry is derived from People > Infant mortality rate, which gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years: The distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Sex ratio > 15-64 years: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Male: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Total: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Languages: This entry provides a rank ordering of languages starting with the largest and sometimes includes the percent of total population speaking that language.
  • Literacy > Definition: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
  • Age structure > 15-24 years: This entry is derived from People > Age structure, which provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group as follows: 0-14 years (children), 15-24 years (early working age), 25-54 years (prime working age), 55-64 years (mature working age), 65 years and over (elderly). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Contraceptive prevalence rate: This field gives the percent of women of reproductive age (15-49) who are married or in union and are using, or whose sexual partner is using, a method of contraception according to the date of the most recent available data. The contraceptive prevalence rate is an indicator of health services, development, and women’s empowerment. It is also useful in understanding, past, present, and future fertility trends, especially in developing countries.
  • Age structure > 25-54 years: This entry is derived from People > Age structure, which provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group as follows: 0-14 years (children), 15-24 years (early working age), 25-54 years (prime working age), 55-64 years (mature working age), 65 years and over (elderly). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age structure > 55-64 years: This entry is derived from People > Age structure, which provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group as follows: 0-14 years (children), 15-24 years (early working age), 25-54 years (prime working age), 55-64 years (mature working age), 65 years and over (elderly). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Dependency ratios > Elderly dependency ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.
  • Dependency ratios > Potential support ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.
  • Dependency ratios > Youth dependency ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.
  • Dependency ratios > Total dependency ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.
  • Religions: This entry is an ordered listing of religions by adherents starting with the largest group and sometimes includes the percent of total population. The core characteristics and beliefs of the world's major religions are described below.
    Baha'i - Founded by Mirza Husayn-Ali (known as Baha'u'llah) in Iran in 1852, Baha'i faith emphasizes monotheism and believes in one eternal transcendent God. Its guiding focus is to encourage the unity of all peoples on the earth so that justice and peace may be achieved on earth. Baha'i revelation contends the prophets of major world religions reflect some truth or element of the divine, believes all were manifestations of God given to specific communities in specific times, and that Baha'u'llah is an additional prophet meant to call all humankind. Bahais are an open community, located worldwide, with the greatest concentration of believers in South Asia.
    Buddhism - Religion or philosophy inspired by the 5th century B.C. teachings of Siddhartha Gautama (also known as Gautama Buddha "the enlightened one"). Buddhism focuses on the goal of spiritual enlightenment centered on an understanding of Gautama Buddha's Four Noble Truths on the nature of suffering, and on the Eightfold Path of spiritual and moral practice, to break the cycle of suffering of which we are a part. Buddhism ascribes to a karmic system of rebirth. Several schools and sects of Buddhism exist, differing often on the nature of the Buddha, the extent to which enlightenment can be achieved - for one or for all, and by whom - religious orders or laity.
    Basic Groupings
       Theravada Buddhism: The oldest Buddhist school, Theravada is practiced mostly in Sri Lanka, Cambodia, Laos, Burma, and Thailand, with minority representation elsewhere in Asia and the West. Theravadans follow the Pali Canon of Buddha's teachings, and believe that one may escape the cycle of rebirth, worldly attachment, and suffering for oneself; this process may take one or several lifetimes.
       Mahayana Buddhism, including subsets Zen and Tibetan (Lamaistic) Buddhism: Forms of Mahayana Buddhism are common in East Asia and Tibet, and parts of the West. Mahayanas have additional scriptures beyond the Pali Canon and believe the Buddha is eternal and still teaching. Unlike Theravada Buddhism, Mahayana schools maintain the Buddha-nature is present in all beings and all will ultimately achieve enlightenment.
        Hoa Hao: a minority tradition of Buddhism practiced in Vietnam that stresses lay participation, primarily by peasant farmers; it eschews ...
    Full definition
  • Drinking water source > Improved > Total: This entry is derived from People > Drinking water source > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved drinking water sources available to segments of the population of a country.improved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: piped water into dwelling, yard, or plot; public tap or standpipe; tubewell or borehole; protected dug well; protected spring; or rainwater collection. unimproved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: unprotected dug well; unprotected spring; cart with small tank or drum; tanker truck; surface water, which includes rivers, dams, lakes, ponds, streams, canals or irrigation channels; or bottled water.
  • Sanitation facility access > Improved > Rural: This entry is derived from People > Sanitation facility access > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved sanitation facilities available to segments of the population of a country. improved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush to a piped sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine; pit latrine with slab; or a composting toilet. unimproved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush not piped to a sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; pit latrine without a slab or open pit; bucket; hanging toilet or hanging latrine; shared facilities of any type; no facilities; or bush or field.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over: The distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest."
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Male: This entry is derived from People > School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary , which school life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Total: This entry is derived from People > School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary , which school life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Age structure > 15-64 years: The distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Median age > Male: This entry is the age that divides a population into two numerically equal groups; that is, half the people are younger than this age and half are older. It is a single index that summarizes the age distribution of a population. Currently, the median age ranges from a low of about 15 in Uganda and Gaza Strip to 40 or more in several European countries and Japan. See the entry for "Age structure" for the importance of a young versus an older age structure and, by implication, a low versus a higher median age.
  • Drinking water source > Improved > Rural: This entry is derived from People > Drinking water source > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved drinking water sources available to segments of the population of a country.improved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: piped water into dwelling, yard, or plot; public tap or standpipe; tubewell or borehole; protected dug well; protected spring; or rainwater collection. unimproved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: unprotected dug well; unprotected spring; cart with small tank or drum; tanker truck; surface water, which includes rivers, dams, lakes, ponds, streams, canals or irrigation channels; or bottled water.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Female: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Child labor > Children ages 5-14: This entry provides the mean (average) age of mothers at the birth of their first child. It is a useful indicator for gauging the success of family planning programs aiming to reduce maternal mortality, increase contraceptive use – particularly among married and unmarried adolescents, delay age at first marriage, and improve the health of newborns.
  • Mother's mean age at first birth: This entry provides the mean (average) age of mothers at the birth of their first child. It is a useful indicator for gauging the success of family planning programs aiming to reduce maternal mortality, increase contraceptive use – particularly among married and unmarried adolescents, delay age at first marriage, and improve the health of newborns.
  • Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Female: This entry is derived from People > Unemployment, youth ages 15-24, which gives the percent of the total labor force ages 15-24 unemployed during a specified year.
  • Literacy > Female: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
  • HIV/AIDS > Deaths: This entry gives an estimate of the number of adults and children who died of AIDS during a given calendar year.
  • Drinking water source > Improved > Urban: This entry is derived from People > Drinking water source > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved drinking water sources available to segments of the population of a country.improved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: piped water into dwelling, yard, or plot; public tap or standpipe; tubewell or borehole; protected dug well; protected spring; or rainwater collection. unimproved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: unprotected dug well; unprotected spring; cart with small tank or drum; tanker truck; surface water, which includes rivers, dams, lakes, ponds, streams, canals or irrigation channels; or bottled water.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Female: This entry is derived from People > Life expectancy at birth, which contains the average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. The entry includes total population as well as the male and female components. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Male: This entry is derived from People > Life expectancy at birth, which contains the average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. The entry includes total population as well as the male and female components. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Total population: This entry is derived from People > Life expectancy at birth, which contains the average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. The entry includes total population as well as the male and female components. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Male: This entry is derived from People > Unemployment, youth ages 15-24, which gives the percent of the total labor force ages 15-24 unemployed during a specified year.
  • Literacy > Male: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
  • Literacy > Total population: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
    Additional details:
    • Gibraltar: above 80% (2013)
  • Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Total: This entry is derived from People > Unemployment, youth ages 15-24, which gives the percent of the total labor force ages 15-24 unemployed during a specified year.
  • Projected population growth: Percentage change in projected population between 2000 and 2050
    Units: Percent Change in Population
    Units: A threshold of 0 was applied. All countries with growth rates of 0 or below received the same score.
  • Urban population: Urban population is the midyear population of areas defined as urban in each country and reported to the United Nations.
  • Total Population: Total Population, as of April 26, 2005
  • Urbanization: Estimates and projections of urban and rural populations are made by the Population Division of the United Nations Secretariat and published every two years. These estimates and projections are based on national census or survey data that have been evaluated and, whenever necessary, adjusted for deficiencies and inconsistencies. Urban-rural classification of population in internationally published statistics follows the national census definition, which differs from one country or area to another. National definitions are usually based on criteria that may include any of the following: size of population in a locality, population density, distance between built-up areas, predominant type of economic activity, legal or administrative boundaries and urban characteristics such as specific services and facilities.
  • Population > CIA Factbook: This entry gives an estimate from the US Bureau of the Census based on statistics from population censuses, vital statistics registration systems, or sample surveys pertaining to the recent past and on assumptions about future trends. The total population presents one overall measure of the potential impact of the country on the world and within its region. Note: starting with the 1993 Factbook, demographic estimates for some countries (mostly African) have explicitly taken into account the effects of the growing impact of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. These countries are currently: The Bahamas, Benin, Botswana, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burma, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.
  • Gender empowerment: Gender Empowerment Measure (GEM). The GEM measures the participation of women and men in political decision-making. This index also has four indicators: female members of the Legislature, female participation in selected positions in public and private sector, female participation in academic and technical work, and estimated income. Both indexes are based on data collected by the UN and are processed to enable comparison.
  • Rural population: Rural population is calculated as the difference between the total population and the urban population.
  • Total Population > Female: Total Population - Female, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total Population > Male: Total Population - Male, as of April 26, 2005
  • Urban population > Per capita: Urban population is the midyear population of areas defined as urban in each country and reported to the United Nations. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Rural population > Per capita: Rural population is calculated as the difference between the total population and the urban population. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Population density: Population density is midyear population divided by land area in square kilometers. Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of their country of origin. Land area is a country's total area, excluding area under inland water bodies, national claims to continental shelf, and exclusive economic zones. In most cases the definition of inland water bodies includes major rivers and lakes."
  • Structure > Population > Total: Total population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of their country of origin. The values shown are midyear estimates."
  • Teenage pregancy rate: Adolescent fertility rate is the number of births per 1,000 women ages 15-19."
  • Male population > Age 20-24: Male population - Age 20-24, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population > Age 30-34 > % of the total: Total population - Age 30-34 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population > Age 90-94 > % of the total: Total population - Age 90-94 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population > Age 70-74: Total population - Age 70-74, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 55-59 per 1000: Male population - Age 55-59, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Female population > Age 10-14 > % of the total: Female population - Age 10-14 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 65-69 > % of the total: Female population - Age 65-69 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 25-29 > % of the total: Male population - Age 25-29 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 25-29: Female population - Age 25-29, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 85-89: Female population - Age 85-89, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 40-44: Female population - Age 40-44, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 100-104: Male population - Age 100-104, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 15-19: Male population - Age 15-19, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 90-94: Male population - Age 90-94, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 35-39: Male population - Age 35-39, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 40-44: Male population - Age 40-44, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population > Age 40-44: Total population - Age 40-44, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population > Age 35-39: Total population - Age 35-39, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 95-99 > % of the total: Male population - Age 95-99 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population > Age 35-39 > % of the total: Total population - Age 35-39 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population > Age 45-49: Total population - Age 45-49, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population > Age 65-69: Total population - Age 65-69, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population > Age 60-64 > % of the total: Total population - Age 60-64 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population > Age 70-74 > % of the total: Total population - Age 70-74 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population > Age 65-69 > % of the total: Total population - Age 65-69 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population > Age 75-79 > % of the total: Total population - Age 75-79 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population > Age 85-89 > % of the total: Total population - Age 85-89 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population > Age 75-79: Total population - Age 75-79, as of April 26, 2005
  • Population > Population in the largest city > % of urban population: Population in the largest city (% of urban population). Population in largest city is the percentage of a country's urban population living in that country's largest metropolitan area.
  • Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita > Cubic meters: Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita (cubic meters). Renewable internal freshwater resources flows refer to internal renewable resources (internal river flows and groundwater from rainfall) in the country. Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita are calculated using the World Bank's population estimates.
  • Male population > Age 65-69 per 1000: Male population - Age 65-69, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Male population > Age 65-69: Male population - Age 65-69, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 100-104: Female population - Age 100-104, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 15-19 per 1000: Female population - Age 15-19, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Male population > Age 70-74 per 1000: Male population - Age 70-74, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Male population > Age 75-79 per 1000: Male population - Age 75-79, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Male population > Age 80-84 per 1000: Male population - Age 80-84, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Female population > Age 35-39 per 1000: Female population - Age 35-39, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Male population > Age 85-89 per 1000: Male population - Age 85-89, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Female population > Age 100-104 > % of the total: Female population - Age 100-104 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 25-29 > % of the total: Female population - Age 25-29 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 20-24 > % of the total: Female population - Age 20-24 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 40-44 > % of the total: Female population - Age 40-44 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 35-39 > % of the total: Female population - Age 35-39 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 30-34: Female population - Age 30-34, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 35-39: Female population - Age 35-39, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 30-34 > % of the total: Female population - Age 30-34 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 45-49: Female population - Age 45-49, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 55-59: Female population - Age 55-59, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 50-54: Female population - Age 50-54, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 50-54 > % of the total: Female population - Age 50-54 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 55-59 > % of the total: Female population - Age 55-59 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 45-49 > % of the total: Female population - Age 45-49 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 70-74: Female population - Age 70-74, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 60-64: Female population - Age 60-64, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 65-69: Female population - Age 65-69, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 70-74 > % of the total: Female population - Age 70-74 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 75-79: Female population - Age 75-79, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 85-89 > % of the total: Female population - Age 85-89 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 80-84 > % of the total: Female population - Age 80-84 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 75-79 > % of the total: Female population - Age 75-79 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 90-94 > % of the total: Female population - Age 90-94 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 95-99 > % of the total: Female population - Age 95-99 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 100-104 > % of the total: Male population - Age 100-104 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 10-14 > % of the total: Male population - Age 10-14 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 95-99: Female population - Age 95-99, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 10-14: Male population - Age 10-14, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 15-19 > % of the total: Male population - Age 15-19 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 25-29: Male population - Age 25-29, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 40-44 > % of the total: Male population - Age 40-44 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 30-34 > % of the total: Male population - Age 30-34 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 35-39 > % of the total: Male population - Age 35-39 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 20-24 > % of the total: Male population - Age 20-24 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 45-49: Male population - Age 45-49, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 50-54: Male population - Age 50-54, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 55-59: Male population - Age 55-59, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 45-49 > % of the total: Male population - Age 45-49 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 50-54 > % of the total: Male population - Age 50-54 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 60-64: Male population - Age 60-64, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 65-69 > % of the total: Male population - Age 65-69 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 60-64 > % of the total: Male population - Age 60-64 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 55-59 > % of the total: Male population - Age 55-59 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 70-74 > % of the total: Male population - Age 70-74 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 75-79 > % of the total: Male population - Age 75-79 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 90-94 > % of the total: Male population - Age 90-94 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 85-89 > % of the total: Male population - Age 85-89 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 80-84 > % of the total: Male population - Age 80-84 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 75-79: Male population - Age 75-79, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 80-84: Male population - Age 80-84, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 85-89: Male population - Age 85-89, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 95-99: Male population - Age 95-99, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 45-49 per 1000: Female population - Age 45-49, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Male population > Age 95-99 per million: Male population - Age 95-99, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Female population > Age 55-59 per 1000: Female population - Age 55-59, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total Population per capita: Total Population, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Total Population > Female per 1000: Total Population - Female, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total Population > Male per 1000: Total Population - Male, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 15-19: Total population - Age 15-19, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population > Age 10-14 per 1000: Total population - Age 10-14, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 15-19 per 1000: Total population - Age 15-19, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • GDP per capita > Current US$: GDP per capita (current US$). GDP per capita is gross domestic product divided by midyear population. GDP is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • GDP per capita > Constant 2000 US$: GDP per capita (constant 2000 US$). GDP per capita is gross domestic product divided by midyear population. GDP is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in constant 2005 U.S. dollars.
  • GDP per capita growth > Annual %: GDP per capita growth (annual %). Annual percentage growth rate of GDP per capita based on constant local currency. Aggregates are based on constant 2005 U.S. dollars. GDP per capita is gross domestic product divided by midyear population. GDP at purchaser's prices is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources.
  • Total population > Age 25-29 per 1000: Total population - Age 25-29, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 100-104: Total population - Age 100-104, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population > Age 100-104 per million: Total population - Age 100-104, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 95-99 per million: Total population - Age 95-99, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 80-84 per 1000: Total population - Age 80-84, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 30-34 per 1000: Total population - Age 30-34, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Male population > Age 30-34 per 1000: Male population - Age 30-34, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 90-94 per 1000: Total population - Age 90-94, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 50-54: Total population - Age 50-54, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 20-24 per 1000: Female population - Age 20-24, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 70-74 per 1000: Total population - Age 70-74, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 60-64 per 1000: Total population - Age 60-64, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • GNI per capita growth > Annual %: GNI per capita growth (annual %). Annual percentage growth rate of GNI per capita based on constant local currency. Aggregates are based on constant 2005 U.S. dollars. GNI per capita is gross national income divided by midyear population. GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad.
  • Female population > Age 10-14 per 1000: Female population - Age 10-14, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Female population > Age 25-29 per 1000: Female population - Age 25-29, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Female population > Age 85-89 per 1000: Female population - Age 85-89, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Female population > Age 40-44 per 1000: Female population - Age 40-44, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Male population > Age 100-104 per million: Male population - Age 100-104, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Male population > Age 90-94 per million: Male population - Age 90-94, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Male population > Age 40-44 per 1000: Male population - Age 40-44, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 40-44 per 1000: Total population - Age 40-44, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 45-49 per 1000: Total population - Age 45-49, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 65-69 per 1000: Total population - Age 65-69, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Urban population growth > Annual %: Urban population is the midyear population of areas defined as urban in each country and reported to the United Nations.
  • Total population > Age 50-54 per 1000: Total population - Age 50-54, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 85-89 per 1000: Total population - Age 85-89, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Migration > Net migration rate: The difference between the number of persons entering and leaving a country during the year per 1,000 persons (based on midyear population). An excess of persons entering the country is referred to as net immigration (e.g., 3.56 migrants/1,000 population); an excess of persons leaving the country as net emigration (e.g., -9.26 migrants/1,000 population). The net migration rate indicates the contribution of migration to the overall level of population change. High levels of migration can cause problems such as increasing unemployment and potential ethnic strife (if people are coming in) or a reduction in the labor force, perhaps in certain key sectors (if people are leaving).
  • Number of infant deaths: Number of infant deaths. Number of infants dying before reaching one year of age.
  • Number of under-five deaths: Number of under-five deaths. Number of children dying before reaching age five.
  • Number of neonatal deaths: Number of neonatal deaths. Number of neonates dying before reaching 28 days of age.
  • Fertility > Mortality rate, under-5 > Per 1,000 live births: Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000 live births). Under-five mortality rate is the probability per 1,000 that a newborn baby will die before reaching age five, if subject to current age-specific mortality rates.
  • Fertility > Mortality rate, under-5, female > Per 1,000 live births: Mortality rate, under-5, female (per 1,000 live births). Mortality rate, under-5, female (per 1,000)
  • Fertility > Mortality rate, under-5, male > Per 1,000 live births: Mortality rate, under-5, male (per 1,000 live births). Mortality rate, under-5, male (per 1,000)
  • Fertility > Mortality rate, neonatal > Per 1,000 live births: Mortality rate, neonatal (per 1,000 live births). Neonatal mortality rate is the number of neonates dying before reaching 28 days of age, per 1,000 live births in a given year.
  • Improved water source, rural > % of rural population with access: Improved water source, rural (% of rural population with access). Access to an improved water source refers to the percentage of the population using an improved drinking water source. The improved drinking water source includes piped water on premises (piped household water connection located inside the useru2019s dwelling, plot or yard), and other improved drinking water sources (public taps or standpipes, tube wells or boreholes, protected dug wells, protected springs, and rainwater collection).
  • Improved water source, urban > % of urban population with access: Improved water source, urban (% of urban population with access). Access to an improved water source refers to the percentage of the population using an improved drinking water source. The improved drinking water source includes piped water on premises (piped household water connection located inside the useru2019s dwelling, plot or yard), and other improved drinking water sources (public taps or standpipes, tube wells or boreholes, protected dug wells, protected springs, and rainwater collection).
  • Improved water source > % of population with access: Improved water source (% of population with access). Access to an improved water source refers to the percentage of the population using an improved drinking water source. The improved drinking water source includes piped water on premises (piped household water connection located inside the useru2019s dwelling, plot or yard), and other improved drinking water sources (public taps or standpipes, tube wells or boreholes, protected dug wells, protected springs, and rainwater collection).
  • Fertility > Number of maternal deaths: Number of maternal deaths. Maternal mortality deaths is the number of women who die during pregnancy and childbirth.
  • Fertility > Lifetime risk of maternal death > 1 in: rate varies by country: Lifetime risk of maternal death (1 in: rate varies by country). Life time risk of maternal death is the probability that a 15-year-old female will die eventually from a maternal cause assuming that current levels of fertility and mortality (including maternal mortality) do not change in the future, taking into account competing causes of death.
  • Fertility > Lifetime risk of maternal death > %: Lifetime risk of maternal death (%). Life time risk of maternal death is the probability that a 15-year-old female will die eventually from a maternal cause assuming that current levels of fertility and mortality (including maternal mortality) do not change in the future, taking into account competing causes of death.
  • Improved sanitation facilities > % of population with access: Improved sanitation facilities (% of population with access). Access to improved sanitation facilities refers to the percentage of the population using improved sanitation facilities. The improved sanitation facilities include flush/pour flush (to piped sewer system, septic tank, pit latrine), ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine, pit latrine with slab, and composting toilet.
  • Improved sanitation facilities, rural > % of rural population with access: Improved sanitation facilities, rural (% of rural population with access). Access to improved sanitation facilities refers to the percentage of the population using improved sanitation facilities. The improved sanitation facilities include flush/pour flush (to piped sewer system, septic tank, pit latrine), ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine, pit latrine with slab, and composting toilet.
  • Improved sanitation facilities, urban > % of urban population with access: Improved sanitation facilities, urban (% of urban population with access). Access to improved sanitation facilities refers to the percentage of the population using improved sanitation facilities. The improved sanitation facilities include flush/pour flush (to piped sewer system, septic tank, pit latrine), ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine, pit latrine with slab, and composting toilet.
  • Fertility > Low-birthweight babies > % of births: Low-birthweight babies (% of births). Low-birthweight babies are newborns weighing less than 2,500 grams, with the measurement taken within the first hours of life, before significant postnatal weight loss has occurred.
  • Fertility > Maternal mortality ratio > Modeled estimate, per 100,000 live births: Maternal mortality ratio (modeled estimate, per 100,000 live births). Maternal mortality ratio is the number of women who die during pregnancy and childbirth, per 100,000 live births. The data are estimated with a regression model using information on fertility, birth attendants, and HIV prevalence.
  • Fertility > Maternal mortality ratio > National estimate, per 100,000 live births: Maternal mortality ratio (national estimate, per 100,000 live births). Maternal mortality ratio is the number of women who die from pregnancy-related causes while pregnant or within 42 days of pregnancy termination per 100,000 live births.
  • Employment to population ratio, ages 15-24, female > %: Employment to population ratio, ages 15-24, female (%). Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15-24 are generally considered the youth population.
  • Labor force participation rate for ages 15-24, male > %: Labor force participation rate for ages 15-24, male (%). Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15-24 that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period. The participation rates are harmonized to account for differences in national data collection and tabulation methodologies as well as for other country-specific factors such as military service requirements. The series includes both nationally reported and imputed data and only estimates that are national, meaning there are no geographic limitations in coverage.
  • Labor force participation rate for ages 15-24, female > %: Labor force participation rate for ages 15-24, female (%). Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15-24 that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period. The participation rates are harmonized to account for differences in national data collection and tabulation methodologies as well as for other country-specific factors such as military service requirements. The series includes both nationally reported and imputed data and only estimates that are national, meaning there are no geographic limitations in coverage.
  • Labor force participation rate for ages 15-24, total > %: Labor force participation rate for ages 15-24, total (%). Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15-24 that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period. The participation rates are harmonized to account for differences in national data collection and tabulation methodologies as well as for other country-specific factors such as military service requirements. The series includes both nationally reported and imputed data and only estimates that are national, meaning there are no geographic limitations in coverage.
  • Labor force participation rate, female > % of female population ages 15-64: Labor force participation rate, female (% of female population ages 15-64). Labor force participation rate, female (% of female population ages 15-64)
  • Labor force participation rate, male > % of male population ages 15-64: Labor force participation rate, male (% of male population ages 15-64). Labor force participation rate, male (% of male population ages 15-64)
  • Labor force participation rate, total > % of total population ages 15-64: Labor force participation rate, total (% of total population ages 15-64). Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15-64 that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period.
  • Labor participation rate, female > % of female population ages 15+: Labor participation rate, female (% of female population ages 15+). Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15 and older that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period.
  • Labor participation rate, male > % of male population ages 15+: Labor participation rate, male (% of male population ages 15+). Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15 and older that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period.
  • Labor participation rate, total > % of total population ages 15+: Labor participation rate, total (% of total population ages 15+). Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15 and older that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period.
  • Labor force, female > % of total labor force: Labor force, female (% of total labor force). Female labor force as a percentage of the total show the extent to which women are active in the labor force. Labor force comprises people ages 15 and older who meet the International Labour Organization's definition of the economically active population.
  • Emigration rate of tertiary educated > % of total tertiary educated population: Emigration rate of tertiary educated (% of total tertiary educated population). Emigration rate of tertiary educated shows the stock of emigrants ages 25 and older, residing in an OECD country other than that in which they were born, with at least one year of tertiary education as a percentage of the population age 25 and older with tertiary education.
  • Refugee population by country or territory of asylum: Refugee population by country or territory of asylum. Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organization of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of asylum is the country where an asylum claim was filed and granted.
  • Refugee population by country or territory of origin: Refugee population by country or territory of origin. Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organization of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of origin generally refers to the nationality or country of citizenship of a claimant.
  • International migrant stock, total: International migrant stock, total. International migrant stock is the number of people born in a country other than that in which they live. It also includes refugees. The data used to estimate the international migrant stock at a particular time are obtained mainly from population censuses. The estimates are derived from the data on foreign-born population--people who have residence in one country but were born in another country. When data on the foreign-born population are not available, data on foreign population--that is, people who are citizens of a country other than the country in which they reside--are used as estimates. After the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991 people living in one of the newly independent countries who were born in another were classified as international migrants. Estimates of migrant stock in the newly independent states from 1990 on are based on the 1989 census of the Soviet Union. For countries with information on the international migrant stock for at least two points in time, interpolation or extrapolation was used to estimate the international migrant stock on July 1 of the reference years. For countries with only one observation, estimates for the reference years were derived using rates of change in the migrant stock in the years preceding or following the single observation available. A model was used to estimate migrants for countries that had no data.
  • International migrant stock > % of population: International migrant stock (% of population). International migrant stock is the number of people born in a country other than that in which they live. It also includes refugees. The data used to estimate the international migrant stock at a particular time are obtained mainly from population censuses. The estimates are derived from the data on foreign-born population--people who have residence in one country but were born in another country. When data on the foreign-born population are not available, data on foreign population--that is, people who are citizens of a country other than the country in which they reside--are used as estimates. After the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991 people living in one of the newly independent countries who were born in another were classified as international migrants. Estimates of migrant stock in the newly independent states from 1990 on are based on the 1989 census of the Soviet Union. For countries with information on the international migrant stock for at least two points in time, interpolation or extrapolation was used to estimate the international migrant stock on July 1 of the reference years. For countries with only one observation, estimates for the reference years were derived using rates of change in the migrant stock in the years preceding or following the single observation available. A model was used to estimate migrants for countries that had no data.
  • Prevalence of undernourishment > % of population: Prevalence of undernourishment (% of population). Population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption (also referred to as prevalence of undernourishment) shows the percentage of the population whose food intake is insufficient to meet dietary energy requirements continuously. Data showing as 2.5 signifies a prevalence of undernourishment below 2.5%.
  • Completeness of infant death reporting > % of reported infant deaths to estimated infant deaths: Completeness of infant death reporting (% of reported infant deaths to estimated infant deaths). Completeness of infant death reporting is the number of infant deaths reported by national statistics authorities to the United Nations Statistics Division's Demography Yearbook divided by the number of infant deaths estimated by the United Nations Population Division.
  • Completeness of total death reporting > % of reported total deaths to estimated total deaths: Completeness of total death reporting (% of reported total deaths to estimated total deaths). Completeness of total death reporting is the number of total deaths reported by national statistics authorities to the United Nations Statistics Division's Demography Yearbook divided by the number of total deaths estimated by the United Nations Population Division.
  • Mortality rate, adult, female > Per 1,000 female adults: Mortality rate, adult, female (per 1,000 female adults). Adult mortality rate is the probability of dying between the ages of 15 and 60--that is, the probability of a 15-year-old dying before reaching age 60, if subject to current age-specific mortality rates between those ages.
  • Mortality rate, adult, male > Per 1,000 male adults: Mortality rate, adult, male (per 1,000 male adults). Adult mortality rate is the probability of dying between the ages of 15 and 60--that is, the probability of a 15-year-old dying before reaching age 60, if subject to current age-specific mortality rates between those ages.
  • Fertility > Birth rate, crude > Per 1,000 people: Birth rate, crude (per 1,000 people). Crude birth rate indicates the number of live births occurring during the year, per 1,000 population estimated at midyear. Subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birth rate provides the rate of natural increase, which is equal to the rate of population change in the absence of migration.
  • Death rate, crude > Per 1,000 people: Death rate, crude (per 1,000 people). Crude death rate indicates the number of deaths occurring during the year, per 1,000 population estimated at midyear. Subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birth rate provides the rate of natural increase, which is equal to the rate of population change in the absence of migration.
  • Fertility > Contraceptive prevalence > % of women ages 15-49: Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15-49). Contraceptive prevalence rate is the percentage of women who are practicing, or whose sexual partners are practicing, any form of contraception. It is usually measured for married women ages 15-49 only.
  • Fertility > Mortality rate, infant > Per 1,000 live births: Mortality rate, infant (per 1,000 live births). Infant mortality rate is the number of infants dying before reaching one year of age, per 1,000 live births in a given year.
  • Fertility > Fertility rate, total > Births per woman: Fertility rate, total (births per woman). Total fertility rate represents the number of children that would be born to a woman if she were to live to the end of her childbearing years and bear children in accordance with current age-specific fertility rates.
  • Survival to age 65, female > % of cohort: Survival to age 65, female (% of cohort). Survival to age 65 refers to the percentage of a cohort of newborn infants that would survive to age 65, if subject to current age specific mortality rates.
  • Survival to age 65, male > % of cohort: Survival to age 65, male (% of cohort). Survival to age 65 refers to the percentage of a cohort of newborn infants that would survive to age 65, if subject to current age specific mortality rates.
  • Age dependency ratio > % of working-age population: Age dependency ratio (% of working-age population). Age dependency ratio is the ratio of dependents--people younger than 15 or older than 64--to the working-age population--those ages 15-64. Data are shown as the proportion of dependents per 100 working-age population.
  • Age dependency ratio, old > % of working-age population: Age dependency ratio, old (% of working-age population). Age dependency ratio, old, is the ratio of older dependents--people older than 64--to the working-age population--those ages 15-64. Data are shown as the proportion of dependents per 100 working-age population.
  • Age dependency ratio, young > % of working-age population: Age dependency ratio, young (% of working-age population). Age dependency ratio, young, is the ratio of younger dependents--people younger than 15--to the working-age population--those ages 15-64. Data are shown as the proportion of dependents per 100 working-age population.
  • Population, total: Population, total. Population, total refers to the total population.
  • Population, female > % of total: Population, female (% of total). Population, female (% of total) is the percentage of the population that is female.
  • Rural population > % of total population: Rural population (% of total population). Rural population refers to people living in rural areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated as the difference between total population and urban population.
  • Urban population > % of total: Urban population (% of total). Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanization Prospects.
  • Urban population per 1000: Urban population is the midyear population of areas defined as urban in each country and reported to the United Nations. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Rural population per 1000: Rural population is calculated as the difference between the total population and the urban population. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Population > CIA Factbook per capita: This entry gives an estimate from the US Bureau of the Census based on statistics from population censuses, vital statistics registration systems, or sample surveys pertaining to the recent past and on assumptions about future trends. The total population presents one overall measure of the potential impact of the country on the world and within its region. Note: starting with the 1993 Factbook, demographic estimates for some countries (mostly African) have explicitly taken into account the effects of the growing impact of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. These countries are currently: The Bahamas, Benin, Botswana, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burma, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years > Females per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > Females per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Age structure > 15-64 years > Males per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Age structure > 15-64 years > Females per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > Males per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years > Males per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Health expenditures: This entry provides the total expenditure on health as a percentage of GDP. Health expenditures are broadly defined as activities performed either by institutions or individuals through the application of medical, paramedical, and/or nursing knowledge and technology, the primary purpose of which is to promote, restore, or maintain health.
  • Percentage living in urban areas: Percentage of people living in urban areas. Data for 2003. Urban-rural classification of population in internationally published statistics follows the national census definition, which differs from one country or area to another. National definitions are usually based on criteria that may include any of the following: size of population in a locality, population density, distance between built-up areas, predominant type of economic activity, legal or administrative boundaries and urban characteristics such as specific services and facilities.
  • Percentage living in rural areas.: Percentage of people living in rural areas. Data for 2003. Urban-rural classification of population in internationally published statistics follows the national census definition, which differs from one country or area to another. National definitions are usually based on criteria that may include any of the following: size of population in a locality, population density, distance between built-up areas, predominant type of economic activity, legal or administrative boundaries and urban characteristics such as specific services and facilities.
  • Total population > Age 95-99: Total population - Age 95-99, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 20-24: Female population - Age 20-24, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population > Age 85-89: Total population - Age 85-89, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 10-14: Female population - Age 10-14, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population > Age 40-44 > % of the total: Total population - Age 40-44 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 15-19: Female population - Age 15-19, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 60-64 > % of the total: Female population - Age 60-64 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 90-94: Female population - Age 90-94, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 70-74: Male population - Age 70-74, as of April 26, 2005
  • Droughts, floods, extreme temperatures > % of population, average 1990-2009: Droughts, floods, extreme temperatures (% of population, average 1990-2009). Droughts, floods and extreme temperatures is the annual average percentage of the population that is affected by natural disasters classified as either droughts, floods, or extreme temperature events. A drought is an extended period of time characterized by a deficiency in a region's water supply that is the result of constantly below average precipitation. A drought can lead to losses to agriculture, affect inland navigation and hydropower plants, and cause a lack of drinking water and famine. A flood is a significant rise of water level in a stream, lake, reservoir or coastal region. Extreme temperature events are either cold waves or heat waves. A cold wave can be both a prolonged period of excessively cold weather and the sudden invasion of very cold air over a large area. Along with frost it can cause damage to agriculture, infrastructure, and property. A heat wave is a prolonged period of excessively hot and sometimes also humid weather relative to normal climate patterns of a certain region. Population affected is the number of people injured, left homeless or requiring immediate assistance during a period of emergency resulting from a natural disaster; it can also include displaced or evacuated people. Average percentage of population affected is calculated by dividing the sum of total affected for the period stated by the sum of the annual population figures for the period stated.
  • Maternal mortality rate: The maternal mortality rate (MMR) is the annual number of female deaths per 100,000 live births from any cause related to or aggravated by pregnancy or its management (excluding accidental or incidental causes). The MMR includes deaths during pregnancy, childbirth, or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy, irrespective of the duration and site of the pregnancy, for a specified year.
  • Total population > Age 20-24 per 1000: Total population - Age 20-24, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 55-59 per 1000: Total population - Age 55-59, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Male population > Age 20-24 per 1000: Male population - Age 20-24, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Male population > Age 15-19 per 1000: Male population - Age 15-19, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Male population > Age 35-39 per 1000: Male population - Age 35-39, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 35-39 per 1000: Total population - Age 35-39, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 75-79 per 1000: Total population - Age 75-79, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Number of infant deaths per 1000: Number of infant deaths. Number of infants dying before reaching one year of age. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Number of neonatal deaths per million: Number of neonatal deaths. Number of neonates dying before reaching 28 days of age. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Fertility > Number of maternal deaths per million: Number of maternal deaths. Maternal mortality deaths is the number of women who die during pregnancy and childbirth. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Net migration per million: Net migration. Net migration is the net total of migrants during the period, that is, the total number of immigrants less the annual number of emigrants, including both citizens and noncitizens. Data are five-year estimates. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Refugee population by country or territory of asylum per 1000: Refugee population by country or territory of asylum. Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organization of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of asylum is the country where an asylum claim was filed and granted. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Refugee population by country or territory of origin per 1000: Refugee population by country or territory of origin. Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organization of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of origin generally refers to the nationality or country of citizenship of a claimant. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • International migrant stock, total per 1000: International migrant stock, total. International migrant stock is the number of people born in a country other than that in which they live. It also includes refugees. The data used to estimate the international migrant stock at a particular time are obtained mainly from population censuses. The estimates are derived from the data on foreign-born population--people who have residence in one country but were born in another country. When data on the foreign-born population are not available, data on foreign population--that is, people who are citizens of a country other than the country in which they reside--are used as estimates. After the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991 people living in one of the newly independent countries who were born in another were classified as international migrants. Estimates of migrant stock in the newly independent states from 1990 on are based on the 1989 census of the Soviet Union. For countries with information on the international migrant stock for at least two points in time, interpolation or extrapolation was used to estimate the international migrant stock on July 1 of the reference years. For countries with only one observation, estimates for the reference years were derived using rates of change in the migrant stock in the years preceding or following the single observation available. A model was used to estimate migrants for countries that had no data. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Population, total per 1000: Population, total. Population, total refers to the total population. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Obesity > Adult prevalence rate: This entry gives the percent of a country's population considered to be obese. Obesity is defined as an adult having a Body Mass Index (BMI) greater to or equal to 30.0. BMI is calculated by taking a person's weight in kg and dividing it by the person's squared height in meters.
  • Population growth > Annual %: Annual population growth rate. Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of the country of origin.
  • HIV/AIDS > Adult prevalence rate: This entry gives an estimate of the percentage of adults (aged 15-49) living with HIV/AIDS. The adult prevalence rate is calculated by dividing the estimated number of adults living with HIV/AIDS at yearend by the total adult population at yearend.
    Additional details:
    • Azerbaijan: less than 0.2% (2007)
    • Bangladesh: less than 0.1% (2009)
    • Bhutan: less than 0.1% (2007)
    • Bosnia and Herzegovina: less than 0.1% (2007)
    • Brunei: less than 0.1% (2003)
    • Bulgaria: less than 0.1% (2001)
    • Comoros: less than 0.1% (2007)
    • Croatia: less than 0.1% (2009)
    • Cuba: less than 0.1% (2007)
    • Czech Republic: less than 0.1% (2009)
    • Egypt: less than 0.1% (2009)
    • Finland: less than 0.1% (2007)
    • Georgia: less than 0.1% (2007)
    • Hungary: less than 0.1% (2009)
    • Iraq: less than 0.1% (2001)
    • Japan: less than 0.1% (2009)
    • Jordan: less than 0.1% (2001)
    • Korea, South: less than 0.1% (2009)
    • Kyrgyzstan: less than 0.1% (2007)
    • Macedonia: less than 0.1% (2007)
    • Maldives: less than 0.1% (2009)
    • Mongolia: less than 0.1% (2009)
    • Philippines: less than 0.1% (2009)
    • Qatar: less than 0.1% (2009)
    • Romania: less than 0.1% (2007)
    • Slovakia: less than 0.1% (2009)
    • Slovenia: less than 0.1% (2009)
    • Sri Lanka: less than 0.1% (2009)
    • Syria: less than 0.1% (2001)
    • Tajikistan: less than 0.3% (2007)
    • Tunisia: less than 0.1% (2009)
    • Turkey: less than 0.1% (2009)
    • Turkmenistan: less than 0.1% (2007)
    • Uzbekistan: less than 0.1% (2007)
  • HIV/AIDS > People living with HIV/AIDS: This entry gives an estimate of all people (adults and children) alive at yearend with HIV infection, whether or not they have developed symptoms of AIDS.
    Additional details:
    • Bahrain: fewer than 600 (2007)
    • Bhutan: fewer than 100 (2007)
    • Bhutan: fewer than 1,000 (2009)
    • Brunei: fewer than 200 (2003)
    • Comoros: fewer than 500 (2009)
    • Croatia: fewer than 1,000 (2009)
    • Cyprus: fewer than 1,000 (2007)
    • Fiji: fewer than 1,000 (2009)
    • Iceland: fewer than 1,000 (2009)
    • Iraq: fewer than 500 (2003)
    • Luxembourg: fewer than 500 (2003)
    • Luxembourg: fewer than 1,000 (2009)
    • Macedonia: fewer than 200 (2007)
    • Maldives: fewer than 100 (2009)
    • Malta: fewer than 500 (2009)
    • Mongolia: fewer than 500 (2009)
    • Qatar: fewer than 200 (2009)
    • Slovakia: fewer than 200 (2007)
    • Slovakia: fewer than 500 (2009)
    • Slovenia: fewer than 1,000 (2009)
    • Syria: fewer than 500 (2003)
    • Turkmenistan: fewer than 200 (2007)
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Female: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Note: Country people note.
  • Number of under-five deaths per 1000: Number of under-five deaths. Number of children dying before reaching age five. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Net migration: Net migration. Net migration is the net total of migrants during the period, that is, the total number of immigrants less the annual number of emigrants, including both citizens and noncitizens. Data are five-year estimates.
  • Fertility > Adolescent fertility rate > Births per 1,000 women ages 15-19: Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19). Adolescent fertility rate is the number of births per 1,000 women ages 15-19.
  • Age dependency ratio > Dependents to working-age population: Age dependency ratio is the ratio of dependents--people younger than 15 or older than 64--to the working-age population--those ages 15-64. For example, 0.7 means there are 7 dependents for every 10 working-age people.
STAT Latvia United Kingdom HISTORY
Birth rate 9.91 births/1,000 population
Ranked 197th.
12.26 births/1,000 population
Ranked 160th. 24% more than Latvia

Death rate 13.6 deaths/1,000 population
Ranked 15th. 46% more than United Kingdom
9.33 deaths/1,000 population
Ranked 59th.

Ethnic groups Latvian 59.3%, Russian 27.8%, Belarusian 3.6%, Ukrainian 2.5%, Polish 2.4%, Lithuanian 1.3%, other 3.1% white (of which English 83.6%, Scottish 8.6%, Welsh 4.9%, Northern Irish 2.9%) 92.1%, black 2%, Indian 1.8%, Pakistani 1.3%, mixed 1.2%, other 1.6%
Hospital bed density 5.3 beds/1,000 population
Ranked 16th. 77% more than United Kingdom
3 beds/1,000 population
Ranked 36th.

Infant mortality rate > Total 8.08 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 156th. 80% more than United Kingdom
4.5 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 188th.

Nationality > Adjective Latvian British
Nationality > Noun Latvian(s) Briton(s), British (collective plural)
Physicians density 2.9 physicians/1,000 population
Ranked 12th. 5% more than United Kingdom
2.77 physicians/1,000 population
Ranked 16th.

Population 2.18 million
Ranked 143th.
63.4 million
Ranked 22nd. 29 times more than Latvia

Population growth rate -0.61%
Ranked 225th.
0.55%
Ranked 147th.

Population in 2015 2,191
Ranked 140th.
61,417
Ranked 22nd. 28 times more than Latvia
Sex ratio > 65 years and over 0.48 male(s)/female
Ranked 222nd.
0.8 male(s)/female
Ranked 108th. 67% more than Latvia

Sex ratio > At birth 1.05 male(s)/female
Ranked 90th. The same as United Kingdom
1.05 male(s)/female
Ranked 117th.

Sex ratio > Total population 0.86 male(s)/female
Ranked 222nd.
0.99 male(s)/female
Ranked 103th. 15% more than Latvia

Total fertility rate 1.34 children born/woman
Ranked 207th.
1.9 children born/woman
Ranked 137th. 42% more than Latvia

Net migration rate None None
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Female None None
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Male None None
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Male 14 years
Ranked 50th.
16 years
Ranked 17th. 14% more than Latvia

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Total 15 years
Ranked 39th.
16 years
Ranked 26th. 7% more than Latvia

Sex ratio > Under 15 years 1.05 male(s)/female
Ranked 70th. The same as United Kingdom
1.05 male(s)/female
Ranked 80th.

Sanitation facility access > Improved > Total 78% of population
Ranked 79th.
100% of population
Ranked 22nd. 28% more than Latvia

Sanitation facility access > Improved > Urban 82% of population
Ranked 123th.
100% of population
Ranked 24th. 22% more than Latvia

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Female 15 years
Ranked 22nd.
17 years
Ranked 9th. 13% more than Latvia

Median age > Female 44.1 years
Ranked 15th. 7% more than United Kingdom
41.4 years
Ranked 43th.

Median age > Total 41.2 years
Ranked 30th. 2% more than United Kingdom
40.3 years
Ranked 40th.

Infant mortality rate > Female 6.26 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 159th. 55% more than United Kingdom
4.05 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 191st.

Infant mortality rate > Male 9.8 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 152nd. 99% more than United Kingdom
4.93 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 186th.

Major cities > Population RIGA (capital) 711,000 LONDON (capital) 8.615 million; Birmingham 2.296 million; Manchester 2.247 million; West Yorkshire 1.541 million; Glasgow 1.166 million
Age structure > 0-14 years 14%
Ranked 215th.
17.3%
Ranked 177th. 24% more than Latvia

Sex ratio > 15-64 years 0.95
Ranked 184th.
1.02
Ranked 68th. 7% more than Latvia

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Male 14 years
Ranked 56th.
16 years
Ranked 19th. 14% more than Latvia
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Total 14 years
Ranked 59th.
17 years
Ranked 10th. 21% more than Latvia
Languages Latvian (official) 58.2%, Russian 37.5%, Lithuanian and other 4.3% English
Literacy > Definition age 15 and over can read and write age 15 and over has completed five or more years of schooling
Age structure > 15-24 years 11.9%
Ranked 196th.
12.8%
Ranked 184th. 8% more than Latvia
Contraceptive prevalence rate 67.8%
Ranked 29th.
84%
Ranked 5th. 24% more than Latvia
Age structure > 25-54 years 44.6%
Ranked 45th. 9% more than United Kingdom
41.1%
Ranked 105th.
Age structure > 55-64 years 12.6%
Ranked 35th. 10% more than United Kingdom
11.5%
Ranked 60th.
Dependency ratios > Elderly dependency ratio 27.9%
Ranked 9th. 4% more than United Kingdom
26.9%
Ranked 16th.
Dependency ratios > Potential support ratio 3.6
Ranked 186th.
3.7
Ranked 183th. 3% more than Latvia
Dependency ratios > Youth dependency ratio 22.3%
Ranked 169th.
27.1%
Ranked 149th. 22% more than Latvia
Dependency ratios > Total dependency ratio 50.2%
Ranked 120th.
54%
Ranked 92nd. 8% more than Latvia
Religions Lutheran 19.6%, Orthodox 15.3%, other Christian 1%, other 0.4%, unspecified 63.7% Christian (Anglican, Roman Catholic, Presbyterian, Methodist) 71.6%, Muslim 2.7%, Hindu 1%, other 1.6%, unspecified or none 23.1%
Drinking water source > Improved > Total 99% of population
Ranked 11th.
100% of population
Ranked 17th. 1% more than Latvia
Sanitation facility access > Improved > Rural 71% of population
Ranked 105th.
100% of population
Ranked 20th. 41% more than Latvia

Age structure > 65 years and over 17.1%
Ranked 27th.
17.3%
Ranked 25th. 1% more than Latvia

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Male 14 years
Ranked 56th.
16 years
Ranked 19th. 14% more than Latvia

Education expenditures 5% of GDP
Ranked 22nd.
5.6% of GDP
Ranked 30th. 12% more than Latvia

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Total 14 years
Ranked 59th.
17 years
Ranked 10th. 21% more than Latvia

Age structure > 15-64 years 69.3%
Ranked 51st. 5% more than United Kingdom
65.8%
Ranked 115th.

Median age > Male 38.2 years
Ranked 41st.
39.1 years
Ranked 33th. 2% more than Latvia

Drinking water source > Improved > Rural 96% of population
Ranked 70th.
100% of population
Ranked 24th. 4% more than Latvia
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Female 15 years
Ranked 22nd.
17 years
Ranked 9th. 13% more than Latvia
Child labor > Children ages 5-14 26.4
Ranked 13th.
30
Ranked 2nd. 14% more than Latvia
Mother's mean age at first birth 26.4
Ranked 13th.
30
Ranked 2nd. 14% more than Latvia
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Female 28.6%
Ranked 15th. 62% more than United Kingdom
17.7%
Ranked 37th.

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Total None None
Literacy > Female 99.8%
Ranked 6th. 1% more than United Kingdom
99%
Ranked 7th.
HIV/AIDS > Deaths fewer than 1,000 fewer than 1,000
Drinking water source > Improved > Urban 100% of population
Ranked 18th. The same as United Kingdom
100% of population
Ranked 36th.
Life expectancy at birth > Female 78.53 years
Ranked 89th.
82.54 years
Ranked 40th. 5% more than Latvia

Life expectancy at birth > Male 68.13 years
Ranked 147th.
78.16 years
Ranked 27th. 15% more than Latvia

Life expectancy at birth > Total population 73.19 years
Ranked 122nd.
80.29 years
Ranked 30th. 10% more than Latvia

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Male 29.6%
Ranked 20th. 35% more than United Kingdom
22%
Ranked 41st.

Literacy > Male 99.8%
Ranked 13th. 1% more than United Kingdom
99%
Ranked 50th.

Literacy > Total population 99.8%
Ranked 9th. 1% more than United Kingdom
99%
Ranked 40th.

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Total 29.1%
Ranked 26th. 46% more than United Kingdom
20%
Ranked 53th.

Projected population growth -25.1%
Ranked 137th.
6.87%
Ranked 106th.
Urbanization in 2015 60.4%
Ranked 88th.
90.8%
Ranked 17th. 50% more than Latvia
Urban population 1.56 million
Ranked 130th.
54.02 million
Ranked 12th. 35 times more than Latvia

Total Population 2.27 million
Ranked 142nd.
60.61 million
Ranked 22nd. 27 times more than Latvia
Urbanization 60
Ranked 87th.
90
Ranked 21st. 50% more than Latvia
Population > CIA Factbook 2.25 million
Ranked 141st.
60.94 million
Ranked 22nd. 27 times more than Latvia

Gender empowerment 0.539
Ranked 31st.
0.684
Ranked 16th. 27% more than Latvia
Rural population 740,761
Ranked 136th.
6.2 million
Ranked 68th. 8 times more than Latvia

Total Population > Female 1.22 million
Ranked 138th.
30.63 million
Ranked 22nd. 25 times more than Latvia
Total Population > Male 1.05 million
Ranked 142nd.
29.98 million
Ranked 21st. 28 times more than Latvia
Urban population > Per capita 0.678 per capita
Ranked 61st.
0.897 per capita
Ranked 19th. 32% more than Latvia

Gender development 0.798
Ranked 43th.
0.925
Ranked 12th. 16% more than Latvia
Rural population > Per capita 322 per 1,000 people
Ranked 132nd. 3 times more than United Kingdom
103 per 1,000 people
Ranked 175th.

Population density 36.4
Ranked 141st.
253.82
Ranked 37th. 7 times more than Latvia

Structure > Population > Total 2.26 million
Ranked 134th.
61.84 million
Ranked 21st. 27 times more than Latvia

Teenage pregancy rate 14.94
Ranked 142nd.
23.58
Ranked 119th. 58% more than Latvia

Urbanization > Urban population 68 None
Urbanization in 1975 65.4%
Ranked 34th.
88.7%
Ranked 3rd. 36% more than Latvia
Male population > Age 20-24 90,118
Ranked 145th.
2.01 million
Ranked 23th. 22 times more than Latvia
Total population > Age 30-34 > % of the total 7.09
Ranked 113th. 8% more than United Kingdom
6.56
Ranked 152nd.
Total population > Age 90-94 > % of the total 0.27
Ranked 33th.
0.56
Ranked 8th. 2 times more than Latvia
Total population > Age 70-74 96,670
Ranked 102nd.
2.28 million
Ranked 11th. 24 times more than Latvia
Male population > Age 55-59 per 1000 25.39
Ranked 55th.
32.4
Ranked 18th. 28% more than Latvia
Female population > Age 10-14 > % of the total 2.65
Ranked 208th.
3.05
Ranked 189th. 15% more than Latvia
Female population > Age 65-69 > % of the total 3.47
Ranked 2nd. 52% more than United Kingdom
2.29
Ranked 34th.
Male population > Age 25-29 > % of the total 3.46
Ranked 184th. 7% more than United Kingdom
3.23
Ranked 198th.
Female population > Age 25-29 77,545
Ranked 145th.
1.88 million
Ranked 24th. 24 times more than Latvia
Female population > Age 85-89 12,259
Ranked 45th.
541,649
Ranked 6th. 44 times more than Latvia
Female population > Age 40-44 86,280
Ranked 132nd.
2.39 million
Ranked 16th. 28 times more than Latvia
Male population > Age 100-104 18
Ranked 42nd.
2,239
Ranked 8th. 124 times more than Latvia
Male population > Age 15-19 92,647
Ranked 145th.
2.04 million
Ranked 25th. 22 times more than Latvia
Male population > Age 90-94 963
Ranked 41st.
87,225
Ranked 7th. 91 times more than Latvia
Male population > Age 35-39 83,944
Ranked 136th.
2.36 million
Ranked 20th. 28 times more than Latvia
Male population > Age 40-44 83,694
Ranked 134th.
2.48 million
Ranked 15th. 30 times more than Latvia
Total population > Age 40-44 169,974
Ranked 134th.
4.87 million
Ranked 15th. 29 times more than Latvia
Total population > Age 35-39 163,567
Ranked 136th.
4.63 million
Ranked 20th. 28 times more than Latvia
Male population > Age 95-99 > % of the total 0.01
Ranked 35th.
0.03
Ranked 11th. 3 times more than Latvia
Total population > Age 35-39 > % of the total 7.19
Ranked 84th.
7.64
Ranked 59th. 6% more than Latvia
Total population > Age 45-49 171,040
Ranked 129th.
4.3 million
Ranked 15th. 25 times more than Latvia
Total population > Age 65-69 128,740
Ranked 104th.
2.66 million
Ranked 12th. 21 times more than Latvia
Total population > Age 60-64 > % of the total 5.29
Ranked 23th.
5.34
Ranked 19th. 1% more than Latvia
Total population > Age 70-74 > % of the total 4.25
Ranked 13th. 13% more than United Kingdom
3.77
Ranked 28th.
Total population > Age 65-69 > % of the total 5.66
Ranked 5th. 29% more than United Kingdom
4.4
Ranked 31st.
Total population > Age 75-79 > % of the total 3.49
Ranked 16th. 10% more than United Kingdom
3.17
Ranked 28th.
Total population > Age 85-89 > % of the total 0.67
Ranked 44th.
1.32
Ranked 13th. 97% more than Latvia
Total population > Age 75-79 79,436
Ranked 94th.
1.92 million
Ranked 11th. 24 times more than Latvia
Population > Population in the largest city > % of urban population 46.5%
Ranked 66th. 3 times more than United Kingdom
17.17%
Ranked 98th.

Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita > Cubic meters 8,133.38
Ranked 57th. 4 times more than United Kingdom
2,310.67
Ranked 98th.

Male population > Age 65-69 per 1000 21.69
Ranked 17th. 2% more than United Kingdom
21.24
Ranked 23th.
Male population > Age 65-69 49,902
Ranked 112th.
1.28 million
Ranked 11th. 26 times more than Latvia
Female population > Age 100-104 130
Ranked 43th.
16,400
Ranked 3rd. 126 times more than Latvia
Female population > Age 15-19 per 1000 38.77
Ranked 141st. 20% more than United Kingdom
32.35
Ranked 167th.
Male population > Age 70-74 per 1000 14.75
Ranked 37th.
17.6
Ranked 18th. 19% more than Latvia
Male population > Age 75-79 per 1000 10.51
Ranked 42nd.
13.73
Ranked 15th. 31% more than Latvia
Male population > Age 80-84 per 1000 4.11
Ranked 78th.
9.16
Ranked 20th. 2 times more than Latvia
Female population > Age 35-39 per 1000 34.61
Ranked 87th.
37.64
Ranked 52nd. 9% more than Latvia
Male population > Age 85-89 per 1000 1.3
Ranked 45th.
4.33
Ranked 9th. 3 times more than Latvia
Female population > Age 100-104 > % of the total 0.01
Ranked 27th.
0.03
Ranked 3rd. 3 times more than Latvia
Female population > Age 25-29 > % of the total 3.41
Ranked 179th. 10% more than United Kingdom
3.09
Ranked 200th.
Female population > Age 20-24 > % of the total 3.86
Ranked 152nd. 22% more than United Kingdom
3.17
Ranked 193th.
Female population > Age 40-44 > % of the total 3.79
Ranked 56th.
3.94
Ranked 41st. 4% more than Latvia
Female population > Age 35-39 > % of the total 3.5
Ranked 92nd.
3.74
Ranked 59th. 7% more than Latvia
Female population > Age 30-34 79,866
Ranked 138th.
1.94 million
Ranked 24th. 24 times more than Latvia
Female population > Age 35-39 79,623
Ranked 136th.
2.27 million
Ranked 20th. 28 times more than Latvia
Female population > Age 30-34 > % of the total 3.51
Ranked 109th. 10% more than United Kingdom
3.19
Ranked 154th.
Female population > Age 45-49 89,597
Ranked 129th.
2.13 million
Ranked 17th. 24 times more than Latvia
Female population > Age 55-59 74,325
Ranked 119th.
2 million
Ranked 10th. 27 times more than Latvia
Female population > Age 50-54 80,642
Ranked 127th.
1.87 million
Ranked 16th. 23 times more than Latvia
Female population > Age 50-54 > % of the total 3.55
Ranked 29th. 15% more than United Kingdom
3.09
Ranked 65th.
Female population > Age 55-59 > % of the total 3.27
Ranked 25th.
3.3
Ranked 24th. 1% more than Latvia
Female population > Age 45-49 > % of the total 3.94
Ranked 21st. 12% more than United Kingdom
3.51
Ranked 57th.
Female population > Age 70-74 62,736
Ranked 94th.
1.22 million
Ranked 11th. 20 times more than Latvia
Female population > Age 60-64 70,273
Ranked 111th.
1.66 million
Ranked 11th. 24 times more than Latvia
Female population > Age 65-69 78,838
Ranked 98th.
1.39 million
Ranked 12th. 18 times more than Latvia
Female population > Age 70-74 > % of the total 2.76
Ranked 6th. 37% more than United Kingdom
2.02
Ranked 33th.
Female population > Age 75-79 55,256
Ranked 85th.
1.09 million
Ranked 12th. 20 times more than Latvia
Female population > Age 85-89 > % of the total 0.54
Ranked 38th.
0.89
Ranked 14th. 65% more than Latvia
Female population > Age 80-84 > % of the total 1.57
Ranked 21st. 8% more than United Kingdom
1.46
Ranked 39th.
Female population > Age 75-79 > % of the total 2.43
Ranked 4th. 35% more than United Kingdom
1.8
Ranked 32nd.
Female population > Age 90-94 > % of the total 0.23
Ranked 29th.
0.42
Ranked 7th. 83% more than Latvia
Female population > Age 95-99 > % of the total 0.05
Ranked 33th.
0.13
Ranked 7th. 3 times more than Latvia
Male population > Age 100-104 > % of the total 0.0
Ranked 31st.
0.0
Ranked 23th.
Male population > Age 10-14 > % of the total 2.77
Ranked 210th.
3.19
Ranked 189th. 15% more than Latvia
Female population > Age 95-99 1,205
Ranked 40th.
81,105
Ranked 7th. 67 times more than Latvia
Male population > Age 10-14 62,957
Ranked 151st.
1.94 million
Ranked 29th. 31 times more than Latvia
Male population > Age 15-19 > % of the total 4.07
Ranked 153th. 21% more than United Kingdom
3.37
Ranked 188th.
Male population > Age 25-29 78,613
Ranked 145th.
1.96 million
Ranked 24th. 25 times more than Latvia
Male population > Age 40-44 > % of the total 3.68
Ranked 66th.
4.09
Ranked 38th. 11% more than Latvia
Male population > Age 30-34 > % of the total 3.58
Ranked 107th. 7% more than United Kingdom
3.36
Ranked 144th.
Male population > Age 35-39 > % of the total 3.69
Ranked 75th.
3.9
Ranked 56th. 6% more than Latvia
Male population > Age 20-24 > % of the total 3.96
Ranked 153th. 19% more than United Kingdom
3.32
Ranked 193th.
Male population > Age 45-49 81,443
Ranked 130th.
2.18 million
Ranked 14th. 27 times more than Latvia
Male population > Age 50-54 68,767
Ranked 129th.
1.87 million
Ranked 14th. 27 times more than Latvia
Male population > Age 55-59 58,401
Ranked 128th.
1.95 million
Ranked 11th. 33 times more than Latvia
Male population > Age 45-49 > % of the total 3.58
Ranked 55th.
3.59
Ranked 53th. About the same as Latvia
Male population > Age 50-54 > % of the total 3.02
Ranked 72nd.
3.08
Ranked 66th. 2% more than Latvia
Male population > Age 60-64 50,032
Ranked 120th.
1.58 million
Ranked 10th. 32 times more than Latvia
Male population > Age 65-69 > % of the total 2.19
Ranked 19th. 4% more than United Kingdom
2.11
Ranked 23th.
Male population > Age 60-64 > % of the total 2.2
Ranked 44th.
2.61
Ranked 22nd. 19% more than Latvia
Male population > Age 55-59 > % of the total 2.57
Ranked 62nd.
3.22
Ranked 24th. 25% more than Latvia
Male population > Age 70-74 > % of the total 1.49
Ranked 39th.
1.75
Ranked 21st. 17% more than Latvia
Male population > Age 75-79 > % of the total 1.06
Ranked 45th.
1.36
Ranked 18th. 28% more than Latvia
Male population > Age 90-94 > % of the total 0.04
Ranked 38th.
0.14
Ranked 12th. 4 times more than Latvia
Male population > Age 85-89 > % of the total 0.13
Ranked 51st.
0.43
Ranked 14th. 3 times more than Latvia
Male population > Age 80-84 > % of the total 0.42
Ranked 90th.
0.91
Ranked 25th. 2 times more than Latvia
Male population > Age 75-79 24,180
Ranked 110th.
827,084
Ranked 11th. 34 times more than Latvia
Male population > Age 80-84 9,463
Ranked 128th.
551,836
Ranked 10th. 58 times more than Latvia
Male population > Age 85-89 2,994
Ranked 48th.
260,931
Ranked 4th. 87 times more than Latvia
Male population > Age 95-99 192
Ranked 41st.
18,951
Ranked 8th. 99 times more than Latvia
Female population > Age 45-49 per 1000 38.95
Ranked 23th. 10% more than United Kingdom
35.31
Ranked 45th.
Male population > Age 95-99 per million 83.46
Ranked 36th.
314.67
Ranked 9th. 4 times more than Latvia
Female population > Age 55-59 per 1000 32.31
Ranked 28th.
33.18
Ranked 20th. 3% more than Latvia
Urbanization > Rate of urbanization None None
Total Population per capita 0.989
Ranked 129th.
1.01
Ranked 104th. 2% more than Latvia
Total Population > Female per 1000 530.98
Ranked 45th. 4% more than United Kingdom
508.56
Ranked 103th.
Total Population > Male per 1000 457.82
Ranked 177th.
497.83
Ranked 102nd. 9% more than Latvia
Total population > Age 15-19 181,837
Ranked 145th.
3.99 million
Ranked 26th. 22 times more than Latvia
Total population > Age 10-14 per 1000 53.54
Ranked 187th.
62.79
Ranked 166th. 17% more than Latvia
Total population > Age 15-19 per 1000 79.04
Ranked 141st. 19% more than United Kingdom
66.3
Ranked 167th.
GDP per capita > Current US$ $14,007.88
Ranked 48th.
$39,093.47
Ranked 22nd. 3 times more than Latvia

GDP per capita > Constant 2000 US$ $8,462.47
Ranked 58th.
$37,790.26
Ranked 15th. 4 times more than Latvia

GDP per capita growth > Annual % 6.7%
Ranked 14th.
-0.627%
Ranked 153th.

Total population > Age 25-29 per 1000 67.88
Ranked 162nd. 7% more than United Kingdom
63.69
Ranked 171st.
Total population > Age 100-104 148
Ranked 42nd.
18,639
Ranked 3rd. 126 times more than Latvia
Total population > Age 100-104 per million 64.33
Ranked 33th.
309.49
Ranked 4th. 5 times more than Latvia
Total population > Age 95-99 per million 607.26
Ranked 34th.
1,661.39
Ranked 6th. 3 times more than Latvia
Total population > Age 80-84 per 1000 19.67
Ranked 41st.
23.82
Ranked 23th. 21% more than Latvia
Total population > Age 30-34 per 1000 70.08
Ranked 114th. 6% more than United Kingdom
66
Ranked 144th.
Male population > Age 30-34 per 1000 35.36
Ranked 110th. 4% more than United Kingdom
33.86
Ranked 140th.
Total population > Age 90-94 per 1000 2.67
Ranked 33th.
5.63
Ranked 7th. 2 times more than Latvia
Total population > Age 50-54 149,409
Ranked 129th.
3.74 million
Ranked 16th. 25 times more than Latvia
Female population > Age 20-24 per 1000 38.12
Ranked 140th. 19% more than United Kingdom
31.93
Ranked 169th.
Total population > Age 70-74 per 1000 42.02
Ranked 17th. 11% more than United Kingdom
37.92
Ranked 26th.
Total population > Age 60-64 per 1000 52.29
Ranked 20th.
53.75
Ranked 19th. 3% more than Latvia
GNI per capita growth > Annual % -4.868%
Ranked 132nd. 2 times more than United Kingdom
-2.213%
Ranked 100th.

Female population > Age 10-14 per 1000 26.17
Ranked 187th.
30.66
Ranked 166th. 17% more than Latvia
Female population > Age 25-29 per 1000 33.71
Ranked 157th. 8% more than United Kingdom
31.14
Ranked 171st.
Female population > Age 85-89 per 1000 5.33
Ranked 35th.
8.99
Ranked 9th. 69% more than Latvia
Female population > Age 40-44 per 1000 37.5
Ranked 48th.
39.65
Ranked 34th. 6% more than Latvia
Male population > Age 100-104 per million 7.82
Ranked 36th.
37.18
Ranked 10th. 5 times more than Latvia
Male population > Age 90-94 per million 418.6
Ranked 37th.
1,448.34
Ranked 8th. 3 times more than Latvia
Male population > Age 40-44 per 1000 36.38
Ranked 57th.
41.16
Ranked 32nd. 13% more than Latvia
Total population > Age 40-44 per 1000 73.89
Ranked 48th.
80.81
Ranked 31st. 9% more than Latvia
Total population > Age 45-49 per 1000 74.35
Ranked 37th. 4% more than United Kingdom
71.48
Ranked 47th.
Total population > Age 65-69 per 1000 55.96
Ranked 6th. 26% more than United Kingdom
44.25
Ranked 28th.
Urban population growth > Annual % -0.62%
Ranked 189th.
0.72%
Ranked 157th.

Total population > Age 50-54 per 1000 64.95
Ranked 43th. 5% more than United Kingdom
62.1
Ranked 55th.
Total population > Age 85-89 per 1000 6.63
Ranked 38th.
13.33
Ranked 8th. Twice as much as Latvia
Migration > Net migration rate -2.29 migrant(s)/1,000 populati
Ranked 133th.
2.17 migrant(s)/1,000 populati
Ranked 44th.

Number of infant deaths 0.0
Ranked 144th.
3,000
Ranked 89th.

Number of under-five deaths 0.0
Ranked 148th.
4,000
Ranked 85th.

Number of neonatal deaths 0.0
Ranked 135th.
2,000
Ranked 89th.

Fertility > Mortality rate, under-5 > Per 1,000 live births 8.7
Ranked 140th. 81% more than United Kingdom
4.8
Ranked 163th.

Fertility > Mortality rate, under-5, female > Per 1,000 live births 7.9
Ranked 140th. 84% more than United Kingdom
4.3
Ranked 162nd.

Fertility > Mortality rate, under-5, male > Per 1,000 live births 9.4
Ranked 140th. 77% more than United Kingdom
5.3
Ranked 162nd.

Fertility > Mortality rate, neonatal > Per 1,000 live births 5.3
Ranked 139th. 77% more than United Kingdom
3
Ranked 159th.

Improved water source, rural > % of rural population with access 95.8%
Ranked 74th.
100%
Ranked 15th. 4% more than Latvia

Improved water source, urban > % of urban population with access 99.6%
Ranked 61st.
100%
Ranked 22nd. About the same as Latvia

Improved water source > % of population with access 98.4%
Ranked 64th.
100%
Ranked 15th. 2% more than Latvia

Fertility > Number of maternal deaths 8
Ranked 139th.
92
Ranked 92nd. 12 times more than Latvia

Fertility > Lifetime risk of maternal death > 1 in: rate varies by country 2,000
Ranked 55th.
4,600
Ranked 38th. 2 times more than Latvia

Fertility > Lifetime risk of maternal death > % 0.0491%
Ranked 127th. 2 times more than United Kingdom
0.0218%
Ranked 144th.

Improved sanitation facilities > % of population with access 78.6%
Ranked 108th.
100%
Ranked 19th. 27% more than Latvia

Improved sanitation facilities, rural > % of rural population with access 71.1%
Ranked 103th.
100%
Ranked 18th. 41% more than Latvia

Improved sanitation facilities, urban > % of urban population with access 82.1%
Ranked 122nd.
100%
Ranked 20th. 22% more than Latvia

Fertility > Low-birthweight babies > % of births 5.2%
Ranked 33th.
7.6%
Ranked 46th. 46% more than Latvia
Fertility > Maternal mortality ratio > Modeled estimate, per 100,000 live births 34
Ranked 116th. 3 times more than United Kingdom
12
Ranked 145th.

Fertility > Maternal mortality ratio > National estimate, per 100,000 live births 32.3
Ranked 20th. 5 times more than United Kingdom
7
Ranked 15th.

Employment to population ratio, ages 15-24, female > % 25.4%
Ranked 113th.
46.2%
Ranked 42nd. 82% more than Latvia

Labor force participation rate for ages 15-24, male > % 44.1%
Ranked 127th.
61.2%
Ranked 48th. 39% more than Latvia

Labor force participation rate for ages 15-24, female > % 36%
Ranked 101st.
56.5%
Ranked 33th. 57% more than Latvia

Labor force participation rate for ages 15-24, total > % 40.2%
Ranked 114th.
58.9%
Ranked 37th. 47% more than Latvia

Labor force participation rate, female > % of female population ages 15-64 72%
Ranked 36th. 3% more than United Kingdom
70%
Ranked 47th.

Labor force participation rate, male > % of male population ages 15-64 77.4%
Ranked 118th.
81.9%
Ranked 70th. 6% more than Latvia

Labor force participation rate, total > % of total population ages 15-64 74.6%
Ranked 49th.
76%
Ranked 45th. 2% more than Latvia

Labor participation rate, female > % of female population ages 15+ 54.5%
Ranked 85th.
55.7%
Ranked 79th. 2% more than Latvia

Labor participation rate, male > % of male population ages 15+ 67.1%
Ranked 149th.
68.8%
Ranked 135th. 3% more than Latvia

Labor participation rate, total > % of total population ages 15+ 60.2%
Ranked 118th.
62.1%
Ranked 102nd. 3% more than Latvia

Labor force, female > % of total labor force 50%
Ranked 10th. 9% more than United Kingdom
45.89%
Ranked 65th.

Emigration rate of tertiary educated > % of total tertiary educated population 8.47%
Ranked 120th.
17.07%
Ranked 72nd. 2 times more than Latvia

Refugee population by country or territory of asylum 95
Ranked 139th.
193,510
Ranked 17th. 2037 times more than Latvia

Refugee population by country or territory of origin 709
Ranked 104th. 5 times more than United Kingdom
150
Ranked 135th.

International migrant stock, total 335,022
Ranked 82nd.
6.45 million
Ranked 8th. 19 times more than Latvia

International migrant stock > % of population 14.96%
Ranked 42nd. 44% more than United Kingdom
10.36%
Ranked 62nd.

Prevalence of undernourishment > % of population 5%
Ranked 113th. The same as United Kingdom
5%
Ranked 141st.

Completeness of infant death reporting > % of reported infant deaths to estimated infant deaths 65.48%
Ranked 26th.
100%
Ranked 7th. 53% more than Latvia

Completeness of total death reporting > % of reported total deaths to estimated total deaths 95.65%
Ranked 37th.
96.26%
Ranked 36th. 1% more than Latvia

Mortality rate, adult, female > Per 1,000 female adults 89.49
Ranked 111th. 53% more than United Kingdom
58.42
Ranked 160th.

Mortality rate, adult, male > Per 1,000 male adults 240.73
Ranked 65th. 3 times more than United Kingdom
94.99
Ranked 166th.

Fertility > Birth rate, crude > Per 1,000 people 9.1
Ranked 193th.
12.9
Ranked 142nd. 42% more than Latvia

Death rate, crude > Per 1,000 people 13.9
Ranked 16th. 58% more than United Kingdom
8.8
Ranked 75th.

Fertility > Contraceptive prevalence > % of women ages 15-49 48%
Ranked 24th.
84%
Ranked 1st. 75% more than Latvia

Fertility > Mortality rate, infant > Per 1,000 live births 7.6
Ranked 139th. 85% more than United Kingdom
4.1
Ranked 161st.

Fertility > Fertility rate, total > Births per woman 1.34
Ranked 189th.
1.98
Ranked 128th. 48% more than Latvia

Survival to age 65, female > % of cohort 83.53%
Ranked 89th.
90.73%
Ranked 33th. 9% more than Latvia

Survival to age 65, male > % of cohort 58.94%
Ranked 140th.
85.71%
Ranked 23th. 45% more than Latvia

Age dependency ratio > % of working-age population 49.48%
Ranked 123th.
53.14%
Ranked 94th. 7% more than Latvia

Age dependency ratio, old > % of working-age population 27.7%
Ranked 9th. 5% more than United Kingdom
26.28%
Ranked 17th.

Age dependency ratio, young > % of working-age population 21.78%
Ranked 173th.
26.86%
Ranked 146th. 23% more than Latvia

Population, total 2.03 million
Ranked 146th.
63.23 million
Ranked 23th. 31 times more than Latvia

Population, female > % of total 54.3%
Ranked 2nd. 7% more than United Kingdom
50.75%
Ranked 61st.

Rural population > % of total population 32.29%
Ranked 130th. 60% more than United Kingdom
20.24%
Ranked 164th.

Urban population > % of total 67.71%
Ranked 80th.
79.76%
Ranked 46th. 18% more than Latvia

Urban population per 1000 678
Ranked 59th.
897.03
Ranked 16th. 32% more than Latvia

Rural population per 1000 322
Ranked 129th. 3 times more than United Kingdom
103
Ranked 172nd.

Population > CIA Factbook per capita 0.991
Ranked 111th.
0.993
Ranked 106th. About the same as Latvia

Age structure > 0-14 years > Females per 1000 64.79
Ranked 196th.
82.04
Ranked 162nd. 27% more than Latvia

Age structure > 65 years and over > Females per 1000 112.87
Ranked 6th. 25% more than United Kingdom
90.39
Ranked 28th.

Age structure > 15-64 years > Males per 1000 335.81
Ranked 66th.
337.15
Ranked 63th. About the same as Latvia

Age structure > 15-64 years > Females per 1000 354.4
Ranked 32nd. 8% more than United Kingdom
328.78
Ranked 81st.

Age structure > 65 years and over > Males per 1000 55.01
Ranked 41st.
68.19
Ranked 14th. 24% more than Latvia

Age structure > 0-14 years > Males per 1000 67.99
Ranked 198th.
86.13
Ranked 162nd. 27% more than Latvia

Health expenditures 6.7% of GDP
Ranked 9th.
9.3% of GDP
Ranked 36th. 39% more than Latvia

Percentage living in urban areas 66%
Ranked 74th.
89%
Ranked 28th. 35% more than Latvia
Percentage living in rural areas. 34%
Ranked 124th. 3 times more than United Kingdom
11%
Ranked 174th.
Total population > Age 95-99 1,397
Ranked 40th.
100,056
Ranked 7th. 72 times more than Latvia
Female population > Age 20-24 87,701
Ranked 145th.
1.92 million
Ranked 24th. 22 times more than Latvia
Total population > Age 85-89 15,253
Ranked 46th.
802,580
Ranked 5th. 53 times more than Latvia
Female population > Age 10-14 60,207
Ranked 151st.
1.85 million
Ranked 29th. 31 times more than Latvia
Total population > Age 40-44 > % of the total 7.47
Ranked 56th.
8.03
Ranked 38th. 7% more than Latvia
Female population > Age 15-19 89,190
Ranked 145th.
1.95 million
Ranked 27th. 22 times more than Latvia
Female population > Age 60-64 > % of the total 3.09
Ranked 8th. 13% more than United Kingdom
2.73
Ranked 23th.
Female population > Age 90-94 5,170
Ranked 39th.
252,040
Ranked 8th. 49 times more than Latvia
Male population > Age 70-74 33,934
Ranked 116th.
1.06 million
Ranked 11th. 31 times more than Latvia
Droughts, floods, extreme temperatures > % of population, average 1990-2009 0.0
Ranked 159th.
0.0324%
Ranked 119th.
Maternal mortality rate 34 deaths/100,000 live births
Ranked 118th. 3 times more than United Kingdom
12 deaths/100,000 live births
Ranked 147th.

Total population > Age 20-24 per 1000 77.3
Ranked 140th. 18% more than United Kingdom
65.3
Ranked 170th.
Total population > Age 55-59 per 1000 57.69
Ranked 44th.
65.58
Ranked 18th. 14% more than Latvia
Male population > Age 20-24 per 1000 39.17
Ranked 139th. 17% more than United Kingdom
33.37
Ranked 170th.
Male population > Age 15-19 per 1000 40.27
Ranked 140th. 19% more than United Kingdom
33.95
Ranked 166th.
Male population > Age 35-39 per 1000 36.49
Ranked 75th.
39.25
Ranked 47th. 8% more than Latvia
Total population > Age 35-39 per 1000 71.1
Ranked 81st.
76.89
Ranked 52nd. 8% more than Latvia
Total population > Age 75-79 per 1000 34.53
Ranked 15th. 8% more than United Kingdom
31.89
Ranked 28th.
Number of infant deaths per 1000 0.0
Ranked 144th.
0.0474
Ranked 121st.

Number of neonatal deaths per million 0.0
Ranked 135th.
31.63
Ranked 109th.

Fertility > Number of maternal deaths per million 3.57
Ranked 129th. 2 times more than United Kingdom
1.48
Ranked 144th.

Net migration per million -4,937.118
Ranked 127th.
14,234.31
Ranked 33th.

Refugee population by country or territory of asylum per 1000 0.0462
Ranked 124th.
3.08
Ranked 42nd. 67 times more than Latvia

Refugee population by country or territory of origin per 1000 0.344
Ranked 75th. 144 times more than United Kingdom
0.00239
Ranked 179th.

International migrant stock, total per 1000 149.63
Ranked 42nd. 44% more than United Kingdom
103.61
Ranked 62nd.

Population, total per 1000 1,000
Ranked 55th. The same as United Kingdom
1,000
Ranked 126th.

Obesity > Adult prevalence rate 24.9%
Ranked 59th.
26.9%
Ranked 41st. 8% more than Latvia

Population growth > Annual % -0.53%
Ranked 187th.
0.66%
Ranked 140th.

HIV/AIDS > Adult prevalence rate 0.7%
Ranked 59th. 4 times more than United Kingdom
0.2%
Ranked 96th.

HIV/AIDS > People living with HIV/AIDS 8,600
Ranked 103th.
85,000
Ranked 44th. 10 times more than Latvia

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Female 17 years
Ranked 10th. The same as United Kingdom
17 years
Ranked 14th.
Note Riga is thought to have the finest collection of Art Nouveau buildings in Europe Britain is one of the world's major military powers
Number of under-five deaths per 1000 0.0
Ranked 148th.
0.0633
Ranked 126th.

Net migration -10,000
Ranked 101st.
900,000
Ranked 6th.

Fertility > Adolescent fertility rate > Births per 1,000 women ages 15-19 14.45
Ranked 146th.
25.78
Ranked 126th. 78% more than Latvia

Age dependency ratio > Dependents to working-age population 0.46
Ranked 151st.
0.51
Ranked 121st. 11% more than Latvia

SOURCES: CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; CIA World Factbooks 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013; World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat, World Population Prospects: The 2004 Revision and World Urbanization Prospects: http://esa.un.org/unpp; CIA World Factbook 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013; CIA World Factbook, 28 July 2005; Population Reference Bureau, 2001 World Population Data Sheet, Washington, DC: PRB, 2001. via ciesin.org; UN (United Nations). 2002. World Urbanization Prospects: The 2001 Revision. Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. New York; World Development Indicators database; U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division, International Programs Center Spanish Statistical Institute; Population Division of the United Nations Secretariat, World Urbanization Prospects: The 2001 Revision, Data Tables and Highlights (ESA/P/WP.173, 20 March 2002); All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; Human Development Reports, United Nations 2002; Food and Agriculture Organisation and World Bank population estimates.; (1) United Nations Population Division. 2009. World Population Prospects: The 2008 Revision. New York, United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs (advanced Excel tables). Available at http://esa.un.org/unpd/wpp2008/index.htm. (2) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (3) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (4) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, (5) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database, and (6) World bank estimates based on the data from the sources above, household surveys conducted by national agencies, Macro International, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and refugees statistics from the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees.; United Nations Population Division, World Population Prospects.; U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division, International Programs Center; U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division, International Programs Center. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations, World Urbanization Prospects.; Food and Agriculture Organization; U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division, International Programs Center Spanish Statistical Institute. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Bank national accounts data; World Bank national accounts data; Estimates developed by the UN Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (UNICEF, WHO, World Bank, UN DESA Population Division) at www.childmortality.org.; WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme (JMP) for Water Supply and Sanitation (http://www.wssinfo.org/).; Trends in Maternal Mortality: 1990-2010. Estimates Developed by WHO, UNICEF, UNFPA and the World Bank.; UNICEF, State of the World's Children, Childinfo, and Demographic and Health Surveys by ICF International.; International Labour Organization, Key Indicators of the Labour Market database.; Frxe9dxe9ric Docquier, B. Lindsay Lowell, and Abdeslam Marfouk's , "A Gendered Assessment of Highly Skilled Emigration" (2009).; United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), Statistical Yearbook and data files, complemented by statistics on Palestinian refugees under the mandate of the UNRWA as published on its website. Data from UNHCR are available online at: www.unhcr.org/statistics/populationdatabase.; United Nations Population Division, Trends in Total Migrant Stock: 2008 Revision.; The United Nations Statistics Division's Population and Vital Statistics Report and the United Nations Population Division's World Population Prospects.; (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects. New York, United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs (advanced Excel tables). Available at http://esa.un.org/wpp/unpp/panel_population.htm, (2) University of California, Berkeley, and Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research. Human Mortality Database. [ www.mortality.org or www.humanmortality.de].; (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Household surveys, including Demographic and Health Surveys by Macro International and Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys by UNICEF.; (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Repot (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database; United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects. New York, United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs (advanced Excel tables). Available at http://esa.un.org/wpp/unpp/panel_population.htm.; World Bank staff estimates; (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; The United Nations Population Division's World Population Prospects.; World Bank Staff estimates based on United Nations, World Urbanization Prospects.; World Development Indicators database. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Population Division of the United Nations Secretariat, World Urbanization Prospects: The 2003 Revision, Data Tables and Highlights. Estimates and projections of urban and rural populations are made by the Population Division of the United Nations Secretariat and published every two years. These estimates and projections are based on national census or survey data that have been evaluated and, whenever necessary, adjusted for deficiencies and inconsistencies; EM-DAT: The OFDA/CRED International Disaster Database: www.emdat.be, Universitxe9 Catholique de Louvain, Brussels (Belgium), World Bank.; Estimates developed by the UN Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (UNICEF, WHO, World Bank, UN DESA Population Division) at www.childmortality.org. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Trends in Maternal Mortality: 1990-2010. Estimates Developed by WHO, UNICEF, UNFPA and the World Bank. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Population Division, World Population Prospects. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), Statistical Yearbook and data files, complemented by statistics on Palestinian refugees under the mandate of the UNRWA as published on its website. Data from UNHCR are available online at: www.unhcr.org/statistics/populationdatabase. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Population Division, Trends in Total Migrant Stock: 2008 Revision. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; British Broadcasting Corporation 2014