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Country vs country: Latvia and United Kingdom compared: People stats

Definitions

  • Age structure > 0-14 years: The distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over: The distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest."
  • Birth rate: The average annual number of births during a year per 1,000 persons in the population at midyear; also known as crude birth rate. The birth rate is usually the dominant factor in determining the rate of population growth. It depends on both the level of fertility and the age structure of the population.
  • Death rate: The average annual number of deaths during a year per 1,000 population at midyear; also known as crude death rate. The death rate, while only a rough indicator of the mortality situation in a country, accurately indicates the current mortality impact on population growth. This indicator is significantly affected by age distribution, and most countries will eventually show a rise in the overall death rate, in spite of continued decline in mortality at all ages, as declining fertility results in an aging population.
  • Ethnic groups: This entry provides a rank ordering of ethnic groups starting with the largest and normally includes the percent of total population.
  • Languages: This entry provides a rank ordering of languages starting with the largest and sometimes includes the percent of total population speaking that language.
  • Mother's mean age at first birth: This entry provides the mean (average) age of mothers at the birth of their first child. It is a useful indicator for gauging the success of family planning programs aiming to reduce maternal mortality, increase contraceptive use – particularly among married and unmarried adolescents, delay age at first marriage, and improve the health of newborns.
  • Population: Population, total refers to the total population.
  • Population > Population growth, past and future: Population growth rate (percentage).
  • Population growth rate: The average annual percent change in the population, resulting from a surplus (or deficit) of births over deaths and the balance of migrants entering and leaving a country. The rate may be positive or negative. The growth rate is a factor in determining how great a burden would be imposed on a country by the changing needs of its people for infrastructure (e.g., schools, hospitals, housing, roads), resources (e.g., food, water, electricity), and jobs. Rapid population growth can be seen as threatening by neighboring countries.
  • Population in 2015: (Thousands) Medium-variant projections.
  • Religions: This entry is an ordered listing of religions by adherents starting with the largest group and sometimes includes the percent of total population. The core characteristics and beliefs of the world's major religions are described below.
    Baha'i - Founded by Mirza Husayn-Ali (known as Baha'u'llah) in Iran in 1852, Baha'i faith emphasizes monotheism and believes in one eternal transcendent God. Its guiding focus is to encourage the unity of all peoples on the earth so that justice and peace may be achieved on earth. Baha'i revelation contends the prophets of major world religions reflect some truth or element of the divine, believes all were manifestations of God given to specific communities in specific times, and that Baha'u'llah is an additional prophet meant to call all humankind. Bahais are an open community, located worldwide, with the greatest concentration of believers in South Asia.
    Buddhism - Religion or philosophy inspired by the 5th century B.C. teachings of Siddhartha Gautama (also known as Gautama Buddha "the enlightened one"). Buddhism focuses on the goal of spiritual enlightenment centered on an understanding of Gautama Buddha's Four Noble Truths on the nature of suffering, and on the Eightfold Path of spiritual and moral practice, to break the cycle of suffering of which we are a part. Buddhism ascribes to a karmic system of rebirth. Several schools and sects of Buddhism exist, differing often on the nature of the Buddha, the extent to which enlightenment can be achieved - for one or for all, and by whom - religious orders or laity.
    Basic Groupings
       Theravada Buddhism: The oldest Buddhist school, Theravada is practiced mostly in Sri Lanka, Cambodia, Laos, Burma, and Thailand, with minority representation elsewhere in Asia and the West. Theravadans follow the Pali Canon of Buddha's teachings, and believe that one may escape the cycle of rebirth, worldly attachment, and suffering for oneself; this process may take one or several lifetimes.
       Mahayana Buddhism, including subsets Zen and Tibetan (Lamaistic) Buddhism: Forms of Mahayana Buddhism are common in East Asia and Tibet, and parts of the West. Mahayanas have additional scriptures beyond the Pali Canon and believe the Buddha is eternal and still teaching. Unlike Theravada Buddhism, Mahayana schools maintain the Buddha-nature is present in all beings and all will ultimately achieve enlightenment.
        Hoa Hao: a minority tradition of Buddhism practiced in Vietnam that stresses lay participation, primarily by peasant farmers; it eschews ...
    Full definition






  • Sex ratio > At birth: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Sex ratio > Total population: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Total fertility rate: The average number of children that would be born per woman if all women lived to the end of their child-bearing years and bore children according to a given fertility rate at each age. The total fertility rate is a more direct measure of the level of fertility than the crude birth rate, since it refers to births per woman. This indicator shows the potential for population growth in the country. High rates will also place some limits on the labor force participation rates for women. Large numbers of children born to women indicate large family sizes that might limit the ability of the families to feed and educate their children.
  • Death rate, crude > Per 1,000 people: Death rate, crude (per 1,000 people). Crude death rate indicates the number of deaths occurring during the year, per 1,000 population estimated at midyear. Subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birth rate provides the rate of natural increase, which is equal to the rate of population change in the absence of migration.
  • Contraceptive prevalence rate: This field gives the percent of women of reproductive age (15-49) who are married or in union and are using, or whose sexual partner is using, a method of contraception according to the date of the most recent available data. The contraceptive prevalence rate is an indicator of health services, development, and women’s empowerment. It is also useful in understanding, past, present, and future fertility trends, especially in developing countries.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Total divorces per thousand people: Total number of divorces in given year by country. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Percentage living in rural areas.: Percentage of people living in rural areas. Data for 2003. Urban-rural classification of population in internationally published statistics follows the national census definition, which differs from one country or area to another. National definitions are usually based on criteria that may include any of the following: size of population in a locality, population density, distance between built-up areas, predominant type of economic activity, legal or administrative boundaries and urban characteristics such as specific services and facilities.
  • Nationality > Adjective: This entry is derived from People > Nationality, which provides the identifying terms for citizens - noun and adjective.
  • Sex ratio > Under 15 years: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Median age > Total: This entry is derived from People > Median age, which is the age that divides a population into two numerically equal groups; that is, half the people are younger than this age and half are older. It is a single index that summarizes the age distribution of a population. Currently, the median age ranges from a low of about 15 in Uganda and Gaza Strip to 40 or more in several European countries and Japan. See the entry for "Age structure" for the importance of a young versus an older age structure and, by implication, a low versus a higher median age.
  • Sex ratio > 65 years and over: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Migration > Foreign worker salaries: Workers' remittances and compensation of employees comprise current transfers by migrant workers and wages and salaries earned by nonresident workers. Remittances are classified as current private transfers from migrant workers resident in the host country for more than a year, irrespective of their immigration status, to recipients in their country of origin. Migrants' transfers are defined as the net worth of migrants who are expected to remain in the host country for more than one year that is transferred from one country to another at the time of migration. Compensation of employees is the income of migrants who have lived in the host country for less than a year. Data are in current U.S. dollars."
  • Nationality > Noun: The noun which identifies citizens of the nation
  • Age structure > 15-24 years: This entry is derived from People > Age structure, which provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group as follows: 0-14 years (children), 15-24 years (early working age), 25-54 years (prime working age), 55-64 years (mature working age), 65 years and over (elderly). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Migration > Net migration rate: The difference between the number of persons entering and leaving a country during the year per 1,000 persons (based on midyear population). An excess of persons entering the country is referred to as net immigration (e.g., 3.56 migrants/1,000 population); an excess of persons leaving the country as net emigration (e.g., -9.26 migrants/1,000 population). The net migration rate indicates the contribution of migration to the overall level of population change. High levels of migration can cause problems such as increasing unemployment and potential ethnic strife (if people are coming in) or a reduction in the labor force, perhaps in certain key sectors (if people are leaving).
  • Urban and rural > Urban population: Total population living in urban areas by country.
  • Percentage living in urban areas: Percentage of people living in urban areas. Data for 2003. Urban-rural classification of population in internationally published statistics follows the national census definition, which differs from one country or area to another. National definitions are usually based on criteria that may include any of the following: size of population in a locality, population density, distance between built-up areas, predominant type of economic activity, legal or administrative boundaries and urban characteristics such as specific services and facilities.
  • Migration > Net migration > Per capita: Net migration is the net total of migrants during the period, that is, the total number of immigrants less the annual number of emigrants, including both citizens and noncitizens. Data are five-year estimates. To derive estimates of net migration, the United Nations Population Division takes into account the past migration history of a country or area, the migration policy of a country, and the influx of refugees in recent periods. The data to calculate these official estimates come from a variety of sources, including border statistics, administrative records, surveys, and censuses. When no official estimates can be made because of insufficient data, net migration is derived through the balance equation, which is the difference between overall population growth and the natural increase during the 1990-2000 intercensal period." Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • Age structure > 15-64 years: The distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Sex ratio > 15-64 years: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Obesity > Adult obesity rate: This entry gives the percent of a country's population considered to be obese. Obesity is defined as an adult having a Body Mass Index (BMI) greater to or equal to 30.0. BMI is calculated by taking a person's weight in kg and dividing it by the person's squared height in meters.
  • Urban and rural > Rural population: Total population living in rural areas by country.
  • Projected population growth: Percentage change in projected population between 2000 and 2050
    Units: Percent Change in Population
    Units: A threshold of 0 was applied. All countries with growth rates of 0 or below received the same score.

  • Life expectancy at birth > Total population: This entry is derived from People > Life expectancy at birth, which contains the average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. The entry includes total population as well as the male and female components. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Age structure > 25-54 years: This entry is derived from People > Age structure, which provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group as follows: 0-14 years (children), 15-24 years (early working age), 25-54 years (prime working age), 55-64 years (mature working age), 65 years and over (elderly). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age distribution > Median age: The median age of the country's residents. This is the age most people are in the country.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-14: Percentage of total population aged 0-14.
  • Population growth: Percentage by which country's population either has increased or is estimated to increase. Countries with a decrease in population are signified by a negative percentage. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Total divorces: Total number of divorces in given year by country.
  • Population density > People per sq. km of land area: Population density (people per sq. km of land area). Population density is midyear population divided by land area in square kilometers. Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of their country of origin. Land area is a country's total area, excluding area under inland water bodies, national claims to continental shelf, and exclusive economic zones. In most cases the definition of inland water bodies includes major rivers and lakes.
  • Gender > Female population: Total female population.
  • Gender > Global Gender Gap Index: The Gender Gap Index considers gender inequality in the dimensions of economic participation (equality of salaries, labor market participation and access to high-skilled employment); access to education; political participation; and health (life expectancy and sex ratio). The highest score of 1 means total equality, 0 means complete inequality. The Index is calculated by the World Economic Forum.
  • Cities > Urban population: Total population living in urban areas. The defition of an urban area differs for each country. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Age structure > 55-64 years: This entry is derived from People > Age structure, which provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group as follows: 0-14 years (children), 15-24 years (early working age), 25-54 years (prime working age), 55-64 years (mature working age), 65 years and over (elderly). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of asylum > Per capita: Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organisation of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of asylum is the country where an asylum claim was filed and granted." Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Child labor > Children ages 5-14: This entry provides the mean (average) age of mothers at the birth of their first child. It is a useful indicator for gauging the success of family planning programs aiming to reduce maternal mortality, increase contraceptive use – particularly among married and unmarried adolescents, delay age at first marriage, and improve the health of newborns.
  • Urban population: Urban population is the midyear population of areas defined as urban in each country and reported to the United Nations.
  • Net migration: Net migration. Net migration is the net total of migrants during the period, that is, the total number of immigrants less the annual number of emigrants, including both citizens and noncitizens. Data are five-year estimates.
  • Population > CIA Factbook: This entry gives an estimate from the US Bureau of the Census based on statistics from population censuses, vital statistics registration systems, or sample surveys pertaining to the recent past and on assumptions about future trends. The total population presents one overall measure of the potential impact of the country on the world and within its region. Note: starting with the 1993 Factbook, demographic estimates for some countries (mostly African) have explicitly taken into account the effects of the growing impact of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. These countries are currently: The Bahamas, Benin, Botswana, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burma, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.
  • Gender empowerment: Gender Empowerment Measure (GEM). The GEM measures the participation of women and men in political decision-making. This index also has four indicators: female members of the Legislature, female participation in selected positions in public and private sector, female participation in academic and technical work, and estimated income. Both indexes are based on data collected by the UN and are processed to enable comparison.
  • Migration > Net migration: Net migration is the net total of migrants during the period, that is, the total number of immigrants less the annual number of emigrants, including both citizens and noncitizens. Data are five-year estimates. To derive estimates of net migration, the United Nations Population Division takes into account the past migration history of a country or area, the migration policy of a country, and the influx of refugees in recent periods. The data to calculate these official estimates come from a variety of sources, including border statistics, administrative records, surveys, and censuses. When no official estimates can be made because of insufficient data, net migration is derived through the balance equation, which is the difference between overall population growth and the natural increase during the 1990-2000 intercensal period."
  • Life expectancy at birth > Female: This entry is derived from People > Life expectancy at birth, which contains the average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. The entry includes total population as well as the male and female components. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of origin: Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organisation of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of origin generally refers to the nationality or country of citizenship of a claimant."
  • Infant mortality rate > Total: This entry is derived from People > Infant mortality rate, which gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
  • Age distribution > Total dependency ratio: Percentage of dependant persons out of total population aged 15-64. A dependant person is a person aged 0-14 and those over 65 years old.
  • Literacy > Total population: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
    Additional details:
    • Gibraltar: above 80% (2013)


  • Literacy > Female: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Marriages: Marriages by urban/rural residence.
  • Fertility > Mortality rate, infant > Per 1,000 live births: Mortality rate, infant (per 1,000 live births). Infant mortality rate is the number of infants dying before reaching one year of age, per 1,000 live births in a given year.
  • Urbanization: Estimates and projections of urban and rural populations are made by the Population Division of the United Nations Secretariat and published every two years. These estimates and projections are based on national census or survey data that have been evaluated and, whenever necessary, adjusted for deficiencies and inconsistencies. Urban-rural classification of population in internationally published statistics follows the national census definition, which differs from one country or area to another. National definitions are usually based on criteria that may include any of the following: size of population in a locality, population density, distance between built-up areas, predominant type of economic activity, legal or administrative boundaries and urban characteristics such as specific services and facilities.
  • Age dependency ratio > Dependents to working-age population: Age dependency ratio is the ratio of dependents--people younger than 15 or older than 64--to the working-age population--those ages 15-64. For example, 0.7 means there are 7 dependents for every 10 working-age people.
  • Marriage > Years being single before marriage > Women: Average age of women at their first marriage.
  • Number of infant deaths per 1000: Number of infant deaths. Number of infants dying before reaching one year of age. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Total: This entry is derived from People > Unemployment, youth ages 15-24, which gives the percent of the total labor force ages 15-24 unemployed during a specified year.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-59: Percentage of total pouplation aged 15-59.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total: Number of people aged 0-14.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 15-24.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 > Total: Number of people aged 15-64.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-64: Percentage of total population aged 15-64.
  • Hospital bed density: This entry provides the number of hospital beds per 1,000 people; it serves as a general measure of inpatient service availability. Hospital beds include inpatient beds available in public, private, general, and specialized hospitals and rehabilitation centers. In most cases, beds for both acute and chronic care are included. Because the level of inpatient services required for individual countries depends on several factors - such as demographic issues and the burden of disease - there is no global target for the number of hospital beds per country. So, while 2 beds per 1,000 in one country may be sufficient, 2 beds per 1,000 in another may be woefully inadequate because of the number of people hospitalized by disease.
  • Marriage > Years being single before marriage > Men: Average age of men at their first marriage.
  • Number of infant deaths: Number of infant deaths. Number of infants dying before reaching one year of age.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 65 and older.
  • Cities > Urban areas over 1,000,000: Urban areas with a population of over a million people.
  • Dependency ratios > Elderly dependency ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.



  • Physicians density: This entry gives the number of medical doctors (physicians), including generalist and specialist medical practitioners, per 1,000 of the population. Medical doctors are defined as doctors that study, diagnose, treat, and prevent illness, disease, injury, and other physical and mental impairments in humans through the application of modern medicine. They also plan, supervise, and evaluate care and treatment plans by other health care providers. The World Health Organization estimates that fewer than 2.3 health workers (physicians, nurses, and midwives only) per 1,000 would be insufficient to achieve coverage of primary healthcare needs.
  • Fertility > Fertility rate, total > Births per woman: Fertility rate, total (births per woman). Total fertility rate represents the number of children that would be born to a woman if she were to live to the end of her childbearing years and bear children in accordance with current age-specific fertility rates.
  • Population, total: Population, total. Population, total refers to the total population.
  • Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of asylum: Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organisation of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of asylum is the country where an asylum claim was filed and granted."
  • Urban and rural > Urban population per thousand people: Total population living in urban areas by country. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Age distribution > Elderly dependency ratio: Percentage of dependant adults out of total population aged 15-64. A dependant adult is an adult aged 65 and older.
  • Urban and rural > Female rural population: Total number of females living in rural areas by country.
  • Total Population > Female: Total Population - Female, as of April 26, 2005
  • Life expectancy at birth > Male: This entry is derived from People > Life expectancy at birth, which contains the average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. The entry includes total population as well as the male and female components. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Total: Number of people aged 60 and older.
  • Urban and rural > Female urban population: Total number of females living in urban areas by country.
  • Fertility > Birth rate, crude > Per 1,000 people: Birth rate, crude (per 1,000 people). Crude birth rate indicates the number of live births occurring during the year, per 1,000 population estimated at midyear. Subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birth rate provides the rate of natural increase, which is equal to the rate of population change in the absence of migration.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 60 and older.
  • Gender > Male population: Total male population.
  • GDP per capita > Current US$: GDP per capita (current US$). GDP per capita is gross domestic product divided by midyear population. GDP is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Teen marriage rate > Women: Percentage of female population aged 15-19 who has been married at least once. Percentage is out of total number of females in the same age group.
  • Gender > Gender inequality index: Gender Inequality Index.
  • Population density: Population density is midyear population divided by land area in square kilometers. Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of their country of origin. Land area is a country's total area, excluding area under inland water bodies, national claims to continental shelf, and exclusive economic zones. In most cases the definition of inland water bodies includes major rivers and lakes."
  • Literacy > Definition: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
  • Immigration > Nationality compositions of > Norway: Country of origin of Norway’s population who was either foreign born or born in Norway to foreign residents (number of people by country of origin).
  • Dependency ratios > Total dependency ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.



  • Future population > Females: UN estimates of female population in 2010, 2015, 2020, 2025 and 2030.
  • Literacy > Male: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
  • Fertility > Maternity leave > Weeks of leave given: Maternity leave benefits.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Teen marriage rate > Men: Percentage of male population aged 15-19 who has been married at least once. Percentage is out of total number of males in the same age group.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Marriages per thousand people: Marriages by urban/rural residence. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Rural population: Rural population is calculated as the difference between the total population and the urban population.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Total: Number of people aged 80 years and older.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 > Total: Number of people aged 15-59.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Total: Number of people aged 15-24.
  • Density and urbanisation > Urban population: Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanisation Prospects.
  • Dependency ratios > Potential support ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.



  • Teenage pregancy rate: Adolescent fertility rate is the number of births per 1,000 women ages 15-19."
  • Drinking water source > Improved > Total: This entry is derived from People > Drinking water source > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved drinking water sources available to segments of the population of a country.improved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: piped water into dwelling, yard, or plot; public tap or standpipe; tubewell or borehole; protected dug well; protected spring; or rainwater collection. unimproved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: unprotected dug well; unprotected spring; cart with small tank or drum; tanker truck; surface water, which includes rivers, dams, lakes, ponds, streams, canals or irrigation channels; or bottled water.
  • Cities > Urban areas over 1,000,000 per million people: Urban areas with a population of over a million people.
  • Charity > World Giving Index > Volunteered time: VT.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Female: This entry is derived from People > Unemployment, youth ages 15-24, which gives the percent of the total labor force ages 15-24 unemployed during a specified year.
  • Gender > Women aged 15-49: Country's total population of women aged 15-49. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Age distribution > Child dependency ratio: Percentage of dependant children out of total population aged 15 and older. A dependant child is a child aged 0-14.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Total: Number of people aged 0-4.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Total: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Gender > Sex ratio at birth: Number of males born for every female born. Countries with a number less than one have more females born than males.
  • Future population change: Total change in population by country. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Median age > Female: This entry is derived from People > Median age, which is the age that divides a population into two numerically equal groups; that is, half the people are younger than this age and half are older. It is a single index that summarizes the age distribution of a population. Currently, the median age ranges from a low of about 15 in Uganda and Gaza Strip to 40 or more in several European countries and Japan. See the entry for "Age structure" for the importance of a young versus an older age structure and, by implication, a low versus a higher median age.
  • Drinking water source > Improved > Rural: This entry is derived from People > Drinking water source > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved drinking water sources available to segments of the population of a country.improved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: piped water into dwelling, yard, or plot; public tap or standpipe; tubewell or borehole; protected dug well; protected spring; or rainwater collection. unimproved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: unprotected dug well; unprotected spring; cart with small tank or drum; tanker truck; surface water, which includes rivers, dams, lakes, ponds, streams, canals or irrigation channels; or bottled water.
  • Immigration > Destination countries of nationalities and ethnic groups > Russians: Number of residents who are ethnic Russians and maintain a feeling of Russian national identity.
  • Dependency ratios > Youth dependency ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.



  • Urban and rural > Male urban population: Total number of males living in urban areas by country.
  • Urban and rural > Male rural population: Total number of males living in rural areas by country.
  • Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Male: This entry is derived from People > Unemployment, youth ages 15-24, which gives the percent of the total labor force ages 15-24 unemployed during a specified year.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > From total: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > Dutch > Length of stay: allowed stay.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Age structure > 0-14 years > From total: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Median age > Male: This entry is the age that divides a population into two numerically equal groups; that is, half the people are younger than this age and half are older. It is a single index that summarizes the age distribution of a population. Currently, the median age ranges from a low of about 15 in Uganda and Gaza Strip to 40 or more in several European countries and Japan. See the entry for "Age structure" for the importance of a young versus an older age structure and, by implication, a low versus a higher median age.
  • Abortion > Abortion rate: Abortions per 1000 women.
  • Urban population > Per capita: Urban population is the midyear population of areas defined as urban in each country and reported to the United Nations. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Rural population > Per capita: Rural population is calculated as the difference between the total population and the urban population. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 5-14 > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 5-14.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 80 and older.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 0-4.
  • Charity > World Giving Index > Donated money, percent: DM.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Fertility > Adolescent fertility rate > Births per 1,000 women ages 15-19: Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19). Adolescent fertility rate is the number of births per 1,000 women ages 15-19.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Marriageable age > Notes: Notes.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > Austrian citizens > Conditions of access: Conditions of access.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > Austrian citizens > Length of stay permitted: Length of stay permitted.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > German citizens > Conditions of access: Condition(s) of access.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > German citizens > Length of stay: Length of stay permitted.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Cities > Urban areas over 500,000: Urban Areas Over 500,000.
  • Number of under-five deaths: Number of under-five deaths. Number of children dying before reaching age five.
  • Future population > Males: UN estimates of male population in 2010, 2015, 2020, 2025 and 2030.
  • Population > CIA Factbook per capita: This entry gives an estimate from the US Bureau of the Census based on statistics from population censuses, vital statistics registration systems, or sample surveys pertaining to the recent past and on assumptions about future trends. The total population presents one overall measure of the potential impact of the country on the world and within its region. Note: starting with the 1993 Factbook, demographic estimates for some countries (mostly African) have explicitly taken into account the effects of the growing impact of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. These countries are currently: The Bahamas, Benin, Botswana, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burma, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Housing > Owner occupier households: Number of households owned by one or several members of the household.
  • Health expenditures: This entry provides the total expenditure on health as a percentage of GDP. Health expenditures are broadly defined as activities performed either by institutions or individuals through the application of medical, paramedical, and/or nursing knowledge and technology, the primary purpose of which is to promote, restore, or maintain health.
  • Note: Country people note.
  • Child labor > Children ages 5-14 per million people: This entry provides the mean (average) age of mothers at the birth of their first child. It is a useful indicator for gauging the success of family planning programs aiming to reduce maternal mortality, increase contraceptive use – particularly among married and unmarried adolescents, delay age at first marriage, and improve the health of newborns. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Refugee population by country or territory of asylum: Refugee population by country or territory of asylum. Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organization of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of asylum is the country where an asylum claim was filed and granted.
  • Sanitation facility access > Improved > Total: This entry is derived from People > Sanitation facility access > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved sanitation facilities available to segments of the population of a country. improved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush to a piped sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine; pit latrine with slab; or a composting toilet. unimproved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush not piped to a sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; pit latrine without a slab or open pit; bucket; hanging toilet or hanging latrine; shared facilities of any type; no facilities; or bush or field.
  • Median age > Both sexes: Age of person who is older than half the population and younger than the other half of the population.
  • Net migration per million: Net migration. Net migration is the net total of migrants during the period, that is, the total number of immigrants less the annual number of emigrants, including both citizens and noncitizens. Data are five-year estimates. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > Austrian citizens > Fee: Fee (if applicable).

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Immigration > Refugees and asylum seekers > Natives per Refugee: Natives per Refugee.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Charity > World Giving Index > Helped a stranger, percent: HS.
  • Cities > Urban areas over 2,000,000: Urban Areas Over 2,000,000.
  • Urban population per 1000: Urban population is the midyear population of areas defined as urban in each country and reported to the United Nations. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Any method > Percentage: Percentage of all married women aged 15-49 who report using any type of contraceptive.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Condom > Percentage: Percentage of all married women aged 15-49 who report using condoms.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Any method: Current contraceptive use among married women 15-49 years old, any method, percentage.
  • Marriage > Percent married > All > Female > Aged 15-19: Percent of people aged 15-19 years who are or have been married or in a marriage-like union recognized by the law or customs of their country.
  • Immigration > Visa overstay rate > Australia: Modified Non-Return Rate.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > Males: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Gender ratio > Whole population: Female/male ratio of population.
  • Urban and rural > Female rural population per thousand people: Total number of females living in rural areas by country. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Urban and rural > Rural population per thousand people: Total population living in rural areas by country. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Population, total per 1000: Population, total. Population, total refers to the total population. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > Males per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Infant mortality rate > Female: This entry is derived from People > Infant mortality rate, which gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 5-14 > Total: Number of people aged 5-14.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Total: Number of people 65 years old and older.
  • Sanitation facility access > Improved > Urban: This entry is derived from People > Sanitation facility access > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved sanitation facilities available to segments of the population of a country. improved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush to a piped sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine; pit latrine with slab; or a composting toilet. unimproved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush not piped to a sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; pit latrine without a slab or open pit; bucket; hanging toilet or hanging latrine; shared facilities of any type; no facilities; or bush or field.
  • Maternal mortality rate: The maternal mortality rate (MMR) is the annual number of female deaths per 100,000 live births from any cause related to or aggravated by pregnancy or its management (excluding accidental or incidental causes). The MMR includes deaths during pregnancy, childbirth, or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy, irrespective of the duration and site of the pregnancy, for a specified year.
  • Density and urbanisation > Rural population: Rural population refers to people living in rural areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated as the difference between total population and urban population.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > Females: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age structure > 15-64 years > Males: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Number of neonatal deaths: Number of neonatal deaths. Number of neonates dying before reaching 28 days of age.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Modern methods > Percentage: Percentage of all married women aged 15-49 who report using modern methods of contraception.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Modern methods: Current contraceptive use among married women 15-49 years old, modern methods, percentage.
  • Immigration > Destination countries of nationalities and ethnic groups > Jews > Percent Jewish: Proportion of country’s population that is Jewish.
  • Gender ratio > Babies: Female/male ratio at birth.
  • Immigration > Destination countries of nationalities and ethnic groups > Jews > Enlarged Jewish population:

    Jewish population by country. The enlarged Jewish community includes Jews, non-Jews with Jewish ancestry and non-Jewish members of Jewish households.   

  • Housing > Rural owner occupier households: Number of rural households owned by one or several members of the household.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years > Females: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Migration > International migrant stock > Total: International migrant stock is the number of people born in a country other than that in which they live. It also includes refugees. The data used to estimate the international migrant stock at a particular time are obtained mainly from population censuses. The estimates are derived from the data on foreign-born population--people who have residence in one country but were born in another country. When data on the foreign-born population are not available, data on foreign population--that is, people who are citizens of a country other than the country in which they reside--are used as estimates. After the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991 people living in one of the newly independent countries who were born in another were classified as international migrants. Estimates of migrant stock in the newly independent states from 1990 on are based on the 1989 census of the Soviet Union. For countries with information on the international migrant stock for at least two points in time, interpolation or extrapolation was used to estimate the international migrant stock on July 1 of the reference years. For countries with only one observation, estimates for the reference years were derived using rates of change in the migrant stock in the years preceding or following the single observation available. A model was used to estimate migrants for countries that had no data."
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Total: This entry is derived from People > School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary , which school life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Gender > Female population per thousand people: Total female population. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Cities > Urban population per thousand people: Total population living in urban areas. The defition of an urban area differs for each country. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Male: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Age structure > 15-64 years > From total: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of origin > Per capita: Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organisation of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of origin generally refers to the nationality or country of citizenship of a claimant." Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • Structure > Population > Total: Total population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of their country of origin. The values shown are midyear estimates."
  • Gender ratio > Urban population: Female/male ratio of urban population.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > Females per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Number of under-five deaths per 1000: Number of under-five deaths. Number of children dying before reaching age five. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • GDP per capita > Constant 2000 US$: GDP per capita (constant 2000 US$). GDP per capita is gross domestic product divided by midyear population. GDP is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in constant 2005 U.S. dollars.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Female: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Housing > Rented households: Number of households rented by the members of the household.
  • Housing > Urban rented households: Number of urban households rented by the members of the household.
  • Housing > Urban owner occupier households: Number of urban households owned by one or several members of the household.
  • Immigration > Nationality compositions of Canada, share of immigrants: Portion of immigrants in Canada.
  • Urban and rural population > Urban gender ratio: Women per 100 men amongst urban population.
  • Housing > Occupants of rural apartments or units: Occupants of housing units by type of housing unit and urban/rural residence.
  • Housing > Occupants of urban apartments or units: Occupants of housing units by type of housing unit and urban/rural residence.
  • Housing > Occupants of apartments or units: Occupants of housing units by type of housing unit and urban/rural residence.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years > Males: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Cities > Rate of urbanization: Urbanization rate.
  • Number of neonatal deaths per million: Number of neonatal deaths. Number of neonates dying before reaching 28 days of age. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Condom: Current contraceptive use among married women 15-49 years old, condom, percentage.
  • Sanitation facility access > Improved > Rural: This entry is derived from People > Sanitation facility access > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved sanitation facilities available to segments of the population of a country. improved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush to a piped sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine; pit latrine with slab; or a composting toilet. unimproved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush not piped to a sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; pit latrine without a slab or open pit; bucket; hanging toilet or hanging latrine; shared facilities of any type; no facilities; or bush or field.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Female: This entry is derived from People > School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary , which school life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Mortality rate, adult, female > Per 1,000 female adults: Mortality rate, adult, female (per 1,000 female adults). Adult mortality rate is the probability of dying between the ages of 15 and 60--that is, the probability of a 15-year-old dying before reaching age 60, if subject to current age-specific mortality rates between those ages.
  • Mortality rate, adult, male > Per 1,000 male adults: Mortality rate, adult, male (per 1,000 male adults). Adult mortality rate is the probability of dying between the ages of 15 and 60--that is, the probability of a 15-year-old dying before reaching age 60, if subject to current age-specific mortality rates between those ages.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Female: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Gender > Women aged 15-49 per thousand people: Country's total population of women aged 15-49. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Immigration > Nationality compositions of > Norway per million people: Country of origin of Norway’s population who was either foreign born or born in Norway to foreign residents (number of people by country of origin). Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > Australian citizens > Conditions of access: Visa requirement.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Age structure > 0-14 years > Males per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Refugee population by country or territory of origin: Refugee population by country or territory of origin. Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organization of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of origin generally refers to the nationality or country of citizenship of a claimant.
  • Fertility > Lifetime risk of maternal death > 1 in: rate varies by country: Lifetime risk of maternal death (1 in: rate varies by country). Life time risk of maternal death is the probability that a 15-year-old female will die eventually from a maternal cause assuming that current levels of fertility and mortality (including maternal mortality) do not change in the future, taking into account competing causes of death.
  • Housing > Rural rented households: Number of rural households rented by the members of the household.
  • Housing > Owner occupier households per thousand people: Number of households owned by one or several members of the household. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Housing > Number of rooms > Houses with 1 room: Occupied housing units by type of housing unit, number of rooms and urban/rural location.
  • Immigration > Nationality compositions of > Canada, share of Canadian population: Country of birth of Canadian residents (in percent).
  • Immigration > Nationality compositions of > Canada: Country of birth of Canadian residents (number of residents).
  • Urban and rural population > Rural gender ratio: Women per 100 men, rural population.
  • Gender ratio > Rural population: Female/male ratio of rural population.
  • Gender > Gender ratio aged over 60: Amount of women per every 100 males that are over the age of 60 in each country. For instance, in Russia, for every 100 males over 60, there are 196 females who are over 60.
  • Housing > Occupants of apartments or units per thousand people: Occupants of housing units by type of housing unit and urban/rural residence. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Housing > Occupants of rural houses without all facilities: Number of people who live in a rural household where at least one of the following eight characteristics is lacking: located in a permanent building; access to a street or to common space; was intended to be occupied by one household; piped water within dwelling; toilet within dwelling; fixed bath or shower within dwelling; kitchen or space for cooking within dwelling.
  • Housing > Occupants of houses without all facilities: Number of people who live in a household where at least one of the following eight characteristics is lacking: located in a permanent building; access to a street or to common space; was intended to be occupied by one household; piped water within dwelling; toilet within dwelling; fixed bath or shower within dwelling; kitchen or space for cooking within dwelling.
  • Housing > Occupants of rural houses with all facilities: Number of people who live in a rural household with all of the following eight characteristics: located in a permanent building; access to a street or to common space; was intended to be occupied by one household; piped water within dwelling; toilet within dwelling; fixed bath or shower within dwelling; kitchen or space for cooking within dwelling.
  • Housing > Occupants of urban houses without all facilities: Number of people who live in an urban household where at least one of the following eight characteristics is lacking: located in a permanent building; access to a street or to common space; was intended to be occupied by one household; piped water within dwelling; toilet within dwelling; fixed bath or shower within dwelling; kitchen or space for cooking within dwelling.
  • Housing > Occupants of urban houses with all facilities: Number of people who live in an urban household with all of the following eight characteristics: located in a permanent building; access to a street or to common space; was intended to be occupied by one household; piped water within dwelling; toilet within dwelling; fixed bath or shower within dwelling; kitchen or space for cooking within dwelling.
  • Housing > Occupants of houses with all facilities: Number of people who live in a household with all of the following eight characteristics: located in a permanent building; access to a street or to common space; was intended to be occupied by one household; piped water within dwelling; toilet within dwelling; fixed bath or shower within dwelling; kitchen or space for cooking within dwelling.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Years spent single before marriage > Males: Singulate mean age at marriage.
  • Housing > Renting: Percent of population renting their homes.
  • Housing > Owner occupier: Percent of population owning their homes. 
  • Future population change per thousand people: Total change in population by country. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 15-64. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Marriage > Percent married > All > Male > Aged 15-19: Percent ever married or in union among persons aged 15-19.
  • Female population > Age 10-14: Female population - Age 10-14, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 20-24: Female population - Age 20-24, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 25-29: Female population - Age 25-29, as of April 26, 2005
  • Fertility > Number of maternal deaths per million: Number of maternal deaths. Maternal mortality deaths is the number of women who die during pregnancy and childbirth. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Years spent single before marriage > Females: Singulate mean age at marriage.
  • Women > Maternal mortality ratio adjusted: People - Women - Maternal mortality ratio 2000 adjusted
  • Rural population per 1000: Rural population is calculated as the difference between the total population and the urban population. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 20-24: Total population - Age 20-24, as of April 26, 2005
STAT Latvia United Kingdom HISTORY
Age structure > 0-14 years 14%
Ranked 215th.
17.3%
Ranked 177th. 24% more than Latvia

Age structure > 65 years and over 17.1%
Ranked 27th.
17.3%
Ranked 25th. 1% more than Latvia

Birth rate 9.91 births/1,000 population
Ranked 197th.
12.26 births/1,000 population
Ranked 160th. 24% more than Latvia

Death rate 13.6 deaths/1,000 population
Ranked 15th. 46% more than United Kingdom
9.33 deaths/1,000 population
Ranked 59th.

Ethnic groups Latvian 59.3%, Russian 27.8%, Belarusian 3.6%, Ukrainian 2.5%, Polish 2.4%, Lithuanian 1.3%, other 3.1% white (of which English 83.6%, Scottish 8.6%, Welsh 4.9%, Northern Irish 2.9%) 92.1%, black 2%, Indian 1.8%, Pakistani 1.3%, mixed 1.2%, other 1.6%
Languages Latvian (official) 58.2%, Russian 37.5%, Lithuanian and other 4.3% English
Mother's mean age at first birth 26.4
Ranked 13th.
30
Ranked 2nd. 14% more than Latvia
Population 2.18 million
Ranked 143th.
63.18 million
Ranked 1st. 29 times more than Latvia

Population > Population growth, past and future -0.159
Ranked 115th. 7 times more than United Kingdom
-0.022
Ranked 76th.

Population growth rate -0.61%
Ranked 225th.
0.55%
Ranked 147th.

Population in 2015 2,191 thousand
Ranked 140th.
61,417 thousand
Ranked 22nd. 28 times more than Latvia
Religions Lutheran 19.6%, Orthodox 15.3%, other Christian 1%, other 0.4%, unspecified 63.7% Christian (Anglican, Roman Catholic, Presbyterian, Methodist) 71.6%, Muslim 2.7%, Hindu 1%, other 1.6%, unspecified or none 23.1%
Sex ratio > At birth 1.05 male(s)/female
Ranked 90th. The same as United Kingdom
1.05 male(s)/female
Ranked 117th.

Sex ratio > Total population 0.86 male(s)/female
Ranked 222nd.
0.99 male(s)/female
Ranked 103th. 15% more than Latvia

Total fertility rate 1.34 children born/woman
Ranked 207th.
1.9 children born/woman
Ranked 137th. 42% more than Latvia

Death rate, crude > Per 1,000 people 13.9
Ranked 16th. 58% more than United Kingdom
8.8
Ranked 75th.

Contraceptive prevalence rate 67.8%
Ranked 29th.
84%
Ranked 5th. 24% more than Latvia
Marriage, divorce and children > Total divorces per thousand people 3.61
Ranked 2nd. 75% more than United Kingdom
2.07
Ranked 28th.

Percentage living in rural areas. 34%
Ranked 124th. 3 times more than United Kingdom
11%
Ranked 174th.
Nationality > Adjective Latvian British
Sex ratio > Under 15 years 1.05 male(s)/female
Ranked 70th. The same as United Kingdom
1.05 male(s)/female
Ranked 80th.

Median age > Total 41.2 years
Ranked 30th. 2% more than United Kingdom
40.3 years
Ranked 40th.

Sex ratio > 65 years and over 0.48 male(s)/female
Ranked 222nd.
0.8 male(s)/female
Ranked 108th. 67% more than Latvia

Migration > Foreign worker salaries 45.5 million
Ranked 101st.
3.67 billion
Ranked 20th. 81 times more than Latvia

Nationality > Noun Latvian(s) Briton(s), British (collective plural)
Age structure > 15-24 years 11.9%
Ranked 196th.
12.8%
Ranked 184th. 8% more than Latvia
Migration > Net migration rate -2.29 migrant(s)/1,000 populati
Ranked 133th.
2.17 migrant(s)/1,000 populati
Ranked 44th.

Urban and rural > Urban population 1.4 million
Ranked 61st.
45.92 million
Ranked 6th. 33 times more than Latvia

Percentage living in urban areas 66%
Ranked 74th.
89%
Ranked 28th. 35% more than Latvia
Migration > Net migration > Per capita -8,512.932 per 1 million people
Ranked 124th.
15,734.29 per 1 million people
Ranked 42nd.

Age structure > 15-64 years 69.3%
Ranked 51st. 5% more than United Kingdom
65.8%
Ranked 115th.

Sex ratio > 15-64 years 0.95
Ranked 184th.
1.02
Ranked 68th. 7% more than Latvia

Urbanization > Rate of urbanization None None
Obesity > Adult obesity rate 24.9%
Ranked 59th.
26.9%
Ranked 41st. 8% more than Latvia

Urban and rural > Rural population 666,120
Ranked 61st.
12.86 million
Ranked 22nd. 19 times more than Latvia

Projected population growth -25.1%
Ranked 137th.
6.87%
Ranked 106th.
Life expectancy at birth > Total population 73.19 years
Ranked 122nd.
80.29 years
Ranked 30th. 10% more than Latvia

Age structure > 25-54 years 44.6%
Ranked 45th. 9% more than United Kingdom
41.1%
Ranked 105th.
Age distribution > Median age 43.35 years
Ranked 128th.
46.96 years
Ranked 77th. 8% more than Latvia

Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 16.74%
Ranked 58th. 8% more than United Kingdom
15.44%
Ranked 104th.

Population growth -0.159%
Ranked 115th. 7 times more than United Kingdom
-0.022%
Ranked 76th.

Marriage, divorce and children > Total divorces 7,311
Ranked 23th.
129,764
Ranked 9th. 18 times more than Latvia

Population density > People per sq. km of land area 33.09 sq. km
Ranked 161st.
259.38 sq. km
Ranked 42nd. 8 times more than Latvia

Gender > Female population 747,131
Ranked 151st.
38.5 million
Ranked 33th. 52 times more than Latvia

Gender > Global Gender Gap Index 0.761
Ranked 12th. 2% more than United Kingdom
0.744
Ranked 18th.

Cities > Urban population 65,726
Ranked 128th.
92,372
Ranked 31st. 41% more than Latvia

Age structure > 55-64 years 12.6%
Ranked 35th. 10% more than United Kingdom
11.5%
Ranked 60th.
Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of asylum > Per capita 0.014 per 1,000 people
Ranked 128th.
4.79 per 1,000 people
Ranked 30th. 342 times more than Latvia

Child labor > Children ages 5-14 26.4
Ranked 13th.
30
Ranked 2nd. 14% more than Latvia
Urban population 1.56 million
Ranked 130th.
54.02 million
Ranked 12th. 35 times more than Latvia

Net migration -10,000
Ranked 101st.
900,000
Ranked 6th.

Population > CIA Factbook 2.25 million
Ranked 141st.
60.94 million
Ranked 22nd. 27 times more than Latvia

Gender empowerment 0.539
Ranked 31st.
0.684
Ranked 16th. 27% more than Latvia
Migration > Net migration -19,584
Ranked 107th.
947,621
Ranked 8th.

Life expectancy at birth > Female 78.53 years
Ranked 89th.
82.54 years
Ranked 40th. 5% more than Latvia

Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of origin 791
Ranked 94th. 5 times more than United Kingdom
156
Ranked 120th.

Infant mortality rate > Total 8.08 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 156th. 80% more than United Kingdom
4.5 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 188th.

Age distribution > Total dependency ratio 67.66%
Ranked 120th.
81.93%
Ranked 57th. 21% more than Latvia

Education expenditures 5% of GDP
Ranked 22nd.
5.6% of GDP
Ranked 30th. 12% more than Latvia

Literacy > Total population 99.8%
Ranked 9th. 1% more than United Kingdom
99%
Ranked 40th.

Literacy > Female 99.8%
Ranked 6th. 1% more than United Kingdom
99%
Ranked 7th.
Marriage, divorce and children > Marriages 11,244
Ranked 37th.
277,740
Ranked 13th. 25 times more than Latvia

Urbanization in 2015 60.4%
Ranked 88th.
90.8%
Ranked 17th. 50% more than Latvia
Fertility > Mortality rate, infant > Per 1,000 live births 7.6
Ranked 139th. 85% more than United Kingdom
4.1
Ranked 161st.

Urbanization 60
Ranked 87th.
90
Ranked 21st. 50% more than Latvia
Age dependency ratio > Dependents to working-age population 0.46
Ranked 151st.
0.51
Ranked 121st. 11% more than Latvia

Marriage > Years being single before marriage > Women 29.9
Ranked 10th.
31.8
Ranked 1st. 6% more than Latvia
Number of infant deaths per 1000 0.0
Ranked 144th.
0.0474
Ranked 121st.

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Total 29.1%
Ranked 26th. 46% more than United Kingdom
20%
Ranked 53th.

Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 54.02%
Ranked 71st. 9% more than United Kingdom
49.39%
Ranked 134th.

Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total 244,220
Ranked 152nd.
11.91 million
Ranked 36th. 49 times more than Latvia

Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Percent 11.92%
Ranked 54th. 12% more than United Kingdom
10.62%
Ranked 114th.

Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 > Total 870,059
Ranked 152nd.
42.42 million
Ranked 34th. 49 times more than Latvia

Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 59.65%
Ranked 77th. 9% more than United Kingdom
54.97%
Ranked 140th.

Hospital bed density 5.3 beds/1,000 population
Ranked 16th. 77% more than United Kingdom
3 beds/1,000 population
Ranked 36th.

Marriage > Years being single before marriage > Men 32.4
Ranked 10th.
33.2
Ranked 2nd. 2% more than Latvia
Number of infant deaths 0.0
Ranked 144th.
3,000
Ranked 89th.

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Total None None
Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Percent 23.61%
Ranked 123th.
29.6%
Ranked 69th. 25% more than Latvia

Cities > Urban areas over 1,000,000 0.0
Ranked 119th.
5
Ranked 17th.
Dependency ratios > Elderly dependency ratio 27.9%
Ranked 9th. 4% more than United Kingdom
26.9%
Ranked 16th.
Physicians density 2.9 physicians/1,000 population
Ranked 12th. 5% more than United Kingdom
2.77 physicians/1,000 population
Ranked 16th.

Fertility > Fertility rate, total > Births per woman 1.34
Ranked 189th.
1.98
Ranked 128th. 48% more than Latvia

Population, total 2.03 million
Ranked 146th.
63.23 million
Ranked 23th. 31 times more than Latvia

Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of asylum 43
Ranked 135th.
269,363
Ranked 11th. 6264 times more than Latvia

Urban and rural > Urban population per thousand people 682.28
Ranked 27th.
776.96
Ranked 15th. 14% more than Latvia

Age distribution > Elderly dependency ratio 39.59%
Ranked 121st.
53.85%
Ranked 66th. 36% more than Latvia

Urban and rural > Female rural population 345,168
Ranked 51st.
6.53 million
Ranked 18th. 19 times more than Latvia

Total Population > Female 1.22 million
Ranked 138th.
30.63 million
Ranked 22nd. 25 times more than Latvia
Life expectancy at birth > Male 68.13 years
Ranked 147th.
78.16 years
Ranked 27th. 15% more than Latvia

Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Total 426,471
Ranked 153th.
27.14 million
Ranked 23th. 64 times more than Latvia

Urban and rural > Female urban population 779,101
Ranked 49th.
23.68 million
Ranked 3rd. 30 times more than Latvia

Fertility > Birth rate, crude > Per 1,000 people 9.1
Ranked 193th.
12.9
Ranked 142nd. 42% more than Latvia

Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Percent 29.24%
Ranked 127th.
35.17%
Ranked 71st. 20% more than Latvia

Gender > Male population 711,569
Ranked 153th.
38.68 million
Ranked 33th. 54 times more than Latvia

GDP per capita > Current US$ $14,007.88
Ranked 48th.
$39,093.47
Ranked 22nd. 3 times more than Latvia

Marriage, divorce and children > Teen marriage rate > Women 0.7
Ranked 16th. 75% more than United Kingdom
0.4
Ranked 17th.
Gender > Gender inequality index 0.216
Ranked 110th. 5% more than United Kingdom
0.205
Ranked 113th.
Population density 36.4
Ranked 141st.
253.82
Ranked 37th. 7 times more than Latvia

Literacy > Definition age 15 and over can read and write age 15 and over has completed five or more years of schooling
Immigration > Nationality compositions of > Norway 8,502
Ranked 24th.
14,504
Ranked 17th. 71% more than Latvia
Dependency ratios > Total dependency ratio 50.2%
Ranked 120th.
54%
Ranked 92nd. 8% more than Latvia
Future population > Females 1.07 million
Ranked 144th.
33.52 million
Ranked 22nd. 31 times more than Latvia

Literacy > Male 99.8%
Ranked 13th. 1% more than United Kingdom
99%
Ranked 50th.

Fertility > Maternity leave > Weeks of leave given 16
Ranked 149th.
223
Ranked 2nd. 14 times more than Latvia
Marriage, divorce and children > Teen marriage rate > Men 0.1
Ranked 18th. The same as United Kingdom
0.1
Ranked 14th.
Marriage, divorce and children > Marriages per thousand people 5.55
Ranked 18th. 24% more than United Kingdom
4.46
Ranked 67th.

Rural population 740,761
Ranked 136th.
6.2 million
Ranked 68th. 8 times more than Latvia

Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Total 125,877
Ranked 150th.
10.34 million
Ranked 18th. 82 times more than Latvia

Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 > Total 788,009
Ranked 152nd.
38.12 million
Ranked 35th. 48 times more than Latvia

Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Total 173,914
Ranked 152nd.
8.2 million
Ranked 36th. 47 times more than Latvia

Density and urbanisation > Urban population 1.54 million
Ranked 126th.
55.66 million
Ranked 14th. 36 times more than Latvia

Dependency ratios > Potential support ratio 3.6
Ranked 186th.
3.7
Ranked 183th. 3% more than Latvia
Major cities > Population RIGA (capital) 711,000 LONDON (capital) 8.615 million; Birmingham 2.296 million; Manchester 2.247 million; West Yorkshire 1.541 million; Glasgow 1.166 million
Teenage pregancy rate 14.94
Ranked 142nd.
23.58
Ranked 119th. 58% more than Latvia

Drinking water source > Improved > Total 99% of population
Ranked 11th.
100% of population
Ranked 17th. 1% more than Latvia
Cities > Urban areas over 1,000,000 per million people 0.0
Ranked 117th.
0.0789
Ranked 65th.
Charity > World Giving Index > Volunteered time 12%
Ranked 92nd.
26%
Ranked 36th. 2 times more than Latvia
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Female 28.6%
Ranked 15th. 62% more than United Kingdom
17.7%
Ranked 37th.

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Male None None
Gender > Women aged 15-49 295,699
Ranked 152nd.
14.34 million
Ranked 34th. 48 times more than Latvia

Age distribution > Child dependency ratio 28.07%
Ranked 61st.
28.09%
Ranked 60th. The same as Latvia

Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Total 79,903
Ranked 151st.
3.91 million
Ranked 36th. 49 times more than Latvia

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Total 15 years
Ranked 39th.
16 years
Ranked 26th. 7% more than Latvia

Gender > Sex ratio at birth 1.05
Ranked 62nd. About the same as United Kingdom
1.05
Ranked 71st.

Future population change -2,327.2
Ranked 100th.
-17,090
Ranked 135th. 7 times more than Latvia

Median age > Female 44.1 years
Ranked 15th. 7% more than United Kingdom
41.4 years
Ranked 43th.

Drinking water source > Improved > Rural 96% of population
Ranked 70th.
100% of population
Ranked 24th. 4% more than Latvia
Immigration > Destination countries of nationalities and ethnic groups > Russians 556,434
Ranked 9th. 85% more than United Kingdom
300,000
Ranked 14th.
Dependency ratios > Youth dependency ratio 22.3%
Ranked 169th.
27.1%
Ranked 149th. 22% more than Latvia
Urban and rural > Male urban population 625,150
Ranked 51st.
22.25 million
Ranked 4th. 36 times more than Latvia

Urban and rural > Male rural population 320,952
Ranked 52nd.
6.33 million
Ranked 19th. 20 times more than Latvia

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Male 29.6%
Ranked 20th. 35% more than United Kingdom
22%
Ranked 41st.

Age structure > 65 years and over > From total 16.9%
Ranked 17th. 6% more than United Kingdom
16%
Ranked 26th.

Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > Dutch > Length of stay Freedom of Movement Freedom of Movement
Age structure > 0-14 years > From total 13.4%
Ranked 218th.
16.9%
Ranked 178th. 26% more than Latvia

Median age > Male 38.2 years
Ranked 41st.
39.1 years
Ranked 33th. 2% more than Latvia

Abortion > Abortion rate 27.3 abortions per 1,000 women
Ranked 6th. 61% more than United Kingdom
17 abortions per 1,000 women
Ranked 6th.
Urban population > Per capita 0.678 per capita
Ranked 61st.
0.897 per capita
Ranked 19th. 32% more than Latvia

Rural population > Per capita 322 per 1,000 people
Ranked 132nd. 3 times more than United Kingdom
103 per 1,000 people
Ranked 175th.

Age distribution > Population aged 5-14 > Percent 11.26%
Ranked 59th. 9% more than United Kingdom
10.38%
Ranked 104th.

Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Percent 8.63%
Ranked 119th.
13.4%
Ranked 58th. 55% more than Latvia

Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Percent 5.48%
Ranked 62nd. 8% more than United Kingdom
5.06%
Ranked 103th.

Charity > World Giving Index > Donated money, percent 34%
Ranked 38th.
72%
Ranked 4th. 2 times more than Latvia
Fertility > Adolescent fertility rate > Births per 1,000 women ages 15-19 14.45
Ranked 146th.
25.78
Ranked 126th. 78% more than Latvia

Marriage, divorce and children > Marriageable age > Notes 16 with court and/or parental permission. England and Wales : 16 with parental consent.
Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > Austrian citizens > Conditions of access visa-free visa-free
Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > Austrian citizens > Length of stay permitted Freedom of movement Freedom of movement
Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > German citizens > Conditions of access visa-free visa-free
Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > German citizens > Length of stay Freedom of movement Freedom of movement
Cities > Urban areas over 500,000 1
Ranked 85th.
10
Ranked 16th. 10 times more than Latvia
Number of under-five deaths 0.0
Ranked 148th.
4,000
Ranked 85th.

Future population > Males 940,459
Ranked 145th.
32.64 million
Ranked 22nd. 35 times more than Latvia

Population > CIA Factbook per capita 0.991
Ranked 111th.
0.993
Ranked 106th. About the same as Latvia

Housing > Owner occupier households 919
Ranked 14th.
68,882
Ranked 13th. 75 times more than Latvia
Health expenditures 6.7% of GDP
Ranked 9th.
9.3% of GDP
Ranked 36th. 39% more than Latvia

Note Riga is thought to have the finest collection of Art Nouveau buildings in Europe Britain is one of the world's major military powers
Child labor > Children ages 5-14 per million people 11.79
Ranked 4th. 24 times more than United Kingdom
0.495
Ranked 8th.
Refugee population by country or territory of asylum 95
Ranked 139th.
193,510
Ranked 17th. 2037 times more than Latvia

Sanitation facility access > Improved > Total 78% of population
Ranked 79th.
100% of population
Ranked 22nd. 28% more than Latvia

Median age > Both sexes 40.4
Ranked 25th.
40.5
Ranked 24th. About the same as Latvia
Net migration per million -4,937.118
Ranked 127th.
14,234.31
Ranked 33th.

Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > Austrian citizens > Fee n/a n/a
Immigration > Refugees and asylum seekers > Natives per Refugee 23,761
Ranked 39th. 74 times more than United Kingdom
319
Ranked 109th.
Charity > World Giving Index > Helped a stranger, percent 40%
Ranked 90th.
56%
Ranked 34th. 40% more than Latvia
Cities > Urban areas over 2,000,000 0.0
Ranked 90th.
3
Ranked 13th.
Urban population per 1000 678
Ranked 59th.
897.03
Ranked 16th. 32% more than Latvia

Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Any method > Percentage 67.8%
Ranked 11th.
84%
Ranked 1st. 24% more than Latvia

Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Condom > Percentage 13.6%
Ranked 6th.
27%
Ranked 1st. 99% more than Latvia

Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Any method 67.8%
Ranked 11th.
84%
Ranked 1st. 24% more than Latvia

Marriage > Percent married > All > Female > Aged 15-19 1.3%
Ranked 17th. 63% more than United Kingdom
0.8%
Ranked 20th.

Immigration > Visa overstay rate > Australia 3.61
Ranked 34th. 6 times more than United Kingdom
0.58
Ranked 120th.

Age structure > 65 years and over > Males 124,658
Ranked 114th.
4.19 million
Ranked 12th. 34 times more than Latvia

Gender ratio > Whole population 117.2%
Ranked 1st. 12% more than United Kingdom
104.4%
Ranked 54th.

Urban and rural > Female rural population per thousand people 167.71
Ranked 33th. 52% more than United Kingdom
110.55
Ranked 74th.

Urban and rural > Rural population per thousand people 323.64
Ranked 43th. 49% more than United Kingdom
217.65
Ranked 85th.

Population, total per 1000 1,000
Ranked 55th. The same as United Kingdom
1,000
Ranked 126th.

Age structure > 65 years and over > Males per 1000 55.01
Ranked 41st.
68.19
Ranked 14th. 24% more than Latvia

Infant mortality rate > Female 6.26 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 159th. 55% more than United Kingdom
4.05 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 191st.

Age distribution > Population aged 5-14 > Total 164,317
Ranked 152nd.
8.01 million
Ranked 36th. 49 times more than Latvia

Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Total 344,421
Ranked 153th.
22.84 million
Ranked 22nd. 66 times more than Latvia

Sanitation facility access > Improved > Urban 82% of population
Ranked 123th.
100% of population
Ranked 24th. 22% more than Latvia

Maternal mortality rate 34 deaths/100,000 live births
Ranked 118th. 3 times more than United Kingdom
12 deaths/100,000 live births
Ranked 147th.

Density and urbanisation > Rural population 718,352.42
Ranked 136th.
6.17 million
Ranked 64th. 9 times more than Latvia

Age structure > 65 years and over > Females 255,781
Ranked 95th.
5.55 million
Ranked 12th. 22 times more than Latvia

Age structure > 15-64 years > Males 760,976
Ranked 140th.
20.7 million
Ranked 22nd. 27 times more than Latvia

Number of neonatal deaths 0.0
Ranked 135th.
2,000
Ranked 89th.

Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Modern methods > Percentage 55.5%
Ranked 11th.
84%
Ranked 1st. 51% more than Latvia

Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Modern methods 55.5%
Ranked 11th.
84%
Ranked 1st. 51% more than Latvia

Immigration > Destination countries of nationalities and ethnic groups > Jews > Percent Jewish 0.625%
Ranked 10th. 10% more than United Kingdom
0.57%
Ranked 12th.
Gender ratio > Babies 94.7%
Ranked 136th.
95%
Ranked 124th. About the same as Latvia

Immigration > Destination countries of nationalities and ethnic groups > Jews > Enlarged Jewish population 12,500
Ranked 29th.
360,000
Ranked 7th. 29 times more than Latvia

Housing > Rural owner occupier households 614
Ranked 14th.
41,587
Ranked 12th. 68 times more than Latvia
Age structure > 0-14 years > Females 146,825
Ranked 151st.
5.04 million
Ranked 37th. 34 times more than Latvia

Migration > International migrant stock > Total 379,630
Ranked 72nd.
5.84 million
Ranked 9th. 15 times more than Latvia

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Female None None
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Total 14 years
Ranked 59th.
17 years
Ranked 10th. 21% more than Latvia

Gender > Female population per thousand people 507.09
Ranked 67th. About the same as United Kingdom
506.55
Ranked 70th.

Cities > Urban population per thousand people 3.29e-05
Ranked 70th. 26 times more than United Kingdom
1.27e-06
Ranked 186th.

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Male 14 years
Ranked 56th.
16 years
Ranked 19th. 14% more than Latvia
Age structure > 15-64 years > From total 69.7%
Ranked 38th. 4% more than United Kingdom
67.1%
Ranked 76th.

Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of origin > Per capita 339.8 per 1 million people
Ranked 65th. 112 times more than United Kingdom
3.04 per 1 million people
Ranked 161st.

Structure > Population > Total 2.26 million
Ranked 134th.
61.84 million
Ranked 21st. 27 times more than Latvia

Gender development 0.798
Ranked 43th.
0.925
Ranked 12th. 16% more than Latvia
Gender ratio > Urban population 122.4%
Ranked 1st. 15% more than United Kingdom
106.4%
Ranked 28th.

Age structure > 65 years and over > Females per 1000 112.87
Ranked 6th. 25% more than United Kingdom
90.39
Ranked 28th.

Number of under-five deaths per 1000 0.0
Ranked 148th.
0.0633
Ranked 126th.

GDP per capita > Constant 2000 US$ $8,462.47
Ranked 58th.
$37,790.26
Ranked 15th. 4 times more than Latvia

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Female 17 years
Ranked 10th. The same as United Kingdom
17 years
Ranked 14th.
Housing > Rented households 0.0
Ranked 17th.
22,400
Ranked 15th.
Housing > Urban rented households 87,215
Ranked 11th.
6.06 million
Ranked 1st. 70 times more than Latvia
Housing > Urban owner occupier households 0.0
Ranked 16th.
12.77 million
Ranked 1st.
Urbanization > Urban population 68 80
Immigration > Nationality compositions of Canada, share of immigrants 0.1%
Ranked 99th.
9.4%
Ranked 1st. 94 times more than Latvia
Urban and rural population > Urban gender ratio 122.4
Ranked 1st. 15% more than United Kingdom
106.4
Ranked 28th.

Housing > Occupants of rural apartments or units 655,502
Ranked 13th.
12.49 million
Ranked 2nd. 19 times more than Latvia
Housing > Occupants of urban apartments or units 1.39 million
Ranked 8th.
0.0
Ranked 13th.
Housing > Occupants of apartments or units 2.04 million
Ranked 13th.
57.58 million
Ranked 1st. 28 times more than Latvia
Age structure > 0-14 years > Males 154,077
Ranked 151st.
5.29 million
Ranked 37th. 34 times more than Latvia

Cities > Rate of urbanization -0.5%
Ranked 219th.
0.5%
Ranked 180th.
Number of neonatal deaths per million 0.0
Ranked 135th.
31.63
Ranked 109th.

Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Condom 13.6%
Ranked 6th.
27%
Ranked 1st. 99% more than Latvia

Sanitation facility access > Improved > Rural 71% of population
Ranked 105th.
100% of population
Ranked 20th. 41% more than Latvia

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Female 15 years
Ranked 22nd.
17 years
Ranked 9th. 13% more than Latvia

Mortality rate, adult, female > Per 1,000 female adults 89.49
Ranked 111th. 53% more than United Kingdom
58.42
Ranked 160th.

Mortality rate, adult, male > Per 1,000 male adults 240.73
Ranked 65th. 3 times more than United Kingdom
94.99
Ranked 166th.

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Female 15 years
Ranked 22nd.
17 years
Ranked 9th. 13% more than Latvia
Gender > Women aged 15-49 per thousand people 225.97
Ranked 174th.
235.92
Ranked 147th. 4% more than Latvia

Immigration > Nationality compositions of > Norway per million people 3,902.79
Ranked 7th. 17 times more than United Kingdom
228.79
Ranked 35th.
Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > Australian citizens > Conditions of access visa-free visa-free
Age structure > 0-14 years > Males per 1000 67.99
Ranked 198th.
86.13
Ranked 162nd. 27% more than Latvia

Refugee population by country or territory of origin 709
Ranked 104th. 5 times more than United Kingdom
150
Ranked 135th.

Fertility > Lifetime risk of maternal death > 1 in: rate varies by country 2,000
Ranked 55th.
4,600
Ranked 38th. 2 times more than Latvia

Housing > Rural rented households 67
Ranked 12th.
10,413
Ranked 10th. 155 times more than Latvia
Housing > Owner occupier households per thousand people 0.447
Ranked 14th.
1.17
Ranked 17th. 3 times more than Latvia
Housing > Number of rooms > Houses with 1 room 145,274
Ranked 3rd.
206,756
Ranked 5th. 42% more than Latvia
Immigration > Nationality compositions of > Canada, share of Canadian population 0.0
Ranked 101st.
1.9%
Ranked 2nd.
Immigration > Nationality compositions of > Canada 7,085
Ranked 99th.
579,620
Ranked 2nd. 82 times more than Latvia
Urban and rural population > Rural gender ratio 106.5
Ranked 8th. 4% more than United Kingdom
102.8
Ranked 19th.

Gender ratio > Rural population 106.5%
Ranked 8th. 4% more than United Kingdom
102.8%
Ranked 19th.

Gender > Gender ratio aged over 60 187.1
Ranked 3rd. 48% more than United Kingdom
126.1
Ranked 77th.

Housing > Occupants of apartments or units per thousand people 991.56
Ranked 2nd. 2% more than United Kingdom
974.13
Ranked 11th.
Housing > Occupants of rural houses without all facilities 402,799
Ranked 1st. 17 times more than United Kingdom
24,273
Ranked 9th.
Housing > Occupants of houses without all facilities 702,944
Ranked 1st. 4 times more than United Kingdom
179,758
Ranked 10th.
Housing > Occupants of rural houses with all facilities 301,621
Ranked 2nd.
12.46 million
Ranked 1st. 41 times more than Latvia
Housing > Occupants of urban houses without all facilities 300,145
Ranked 1st. 93% more than United Kingdom
155,485
Ranked 8th.
Housing > Occupants of urban houses with all facilities 1.12 million
Ranked 2nd.
44.93 million
Ranked 1st. 40 times more than Latvia
Housing > Occupants of houses with all facilities 1.42 million
Ranked 2nd.
57.4 million
Ranked 1st. 41 times more than Latvia
Marriage, divorce and children > Years spent single before marriage > Males 29 years
Ranked 5th. 2% more than United Kingdom
28.4 years
Ranked 12th.
Housing > Renting 13%
Ranked 21st.
27%
Ranked 10th. 2 times more than Latvia
Housing > Owner occupier 84%
Ranked 5th. 18% more than United Kingdom
71%
Ranked 17th.
Future population change per thousand people -12.241
Ranked 190th.
5.7
Ranked 141st.

Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 > Total per thousand people 629.98
Ranked 118th.
656.34
Ranked 91st. 4% more than Latvia

Marriage > Percent married > All > Male > Aged 15-19 0.3%
Ranked 14th. 3 times more than United Kingdom
0.1%
Ranked 21st.

Female population > Age 10-14 60,207
Ranked 151st.
1.85 million
Ranked 29th. 31 times more than Latvia
Female population > Age 20-24 87,701
Ranked 145th.
1.92 million
Ranked 24th. 22 times more than Latvia
Female population > Age 25-29 77,545
Ranked 145th.
1.88 million
Ranked 24th. 24 times more than Latvia
Fertility > Number of maternal deaths per million 3.57
Ranked 129th. 2 times more than United Kingdom
1.48
Ranked 144th.

Marriage, divorce and children > Years spent single before marriage > Females 26.9 years
Ranked 4th. 2% more than United Kingdom
26.4 years
Ranked 7th.
Women > Maternal mortality ratio adjusted 42
Ranked 114th. 3 times more than United Kingdom
13
Ranked 144th.
Rural population per 1000 322
Ranked 129th. 3 times more than United Kingdom
103
Ranked 172nd.

Total population > Age 20-24 177,819
Ranked 145th.
3.93 million
Ranked 23th. 22 times more than Latvia

SOURCES: CIA World Factbook, 28 July 2005; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; CIA World Factbooks 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013; World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Population Division; Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat, World Population Prospects: The 2004 Revision and World Urbanization Prospects: http://esa.un.org/unpp; (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. 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Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Statistics Division; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?d=GenderStat&f=inID%3a22, Percent ever married or in union among persons aged 15-19; Wikipedia: Visa policy of Australia (Modified Non-Return Rate) (Modified Non-Return Rate Quarterly Report Ending at 30 June 2013, ); United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; The data on urban population shares used to estimate rural population come from the United Nations, World Urbanisation Prospects. Total population figures are World Bank estimates.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Judaism/jewpop.html, Jewish Population of the World. 2012.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; https://docs.google.com/viewer?a=v&q=cache:Rv2hLhme008J:www.jewishdatabank.org/Reports/World_Jewish_Population_2010.pdf+world+jewish+population+2010&hl=en&gl=us&pid=bl&srcid=ADGEEShFmlEo2XYeBjYVUGgz_STm8ZXvaFqIMHdpfxUC8uWpDuLqb9l7GvJbF2piXHqxgDaGkOY3jfCA_RkpUlKLSByoSQC3cLV-5LcpxgXggqUIYwzK9hdfmwVv4Sz0BdeFMxJ_-2To&sig=AHIEtbT5tVUek4PSi_N_5f0Dwe-11sBzMg, Number 2 - 2010. The Hebrew University of Jerusalem. Sergio DellaPergola. p. 60.; United Nations Population Division, Trends in Total Migrant Stock: 2008 Revision.; United Nations Population Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Population Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; (1) United Nations Population Division. 2009. World Population Prospects: The 2008 Revision. New York, United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs (advanced Excel tables). Available at http://esa.un.org/unpd/wpp2008/index.htm. (2) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (3) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (4) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, (5) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database, and (6) World bank estimates based on the data from the sources above, household surveys conducted by national agencies, Macro International, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and refugees statistics from the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; World Bank national accounts data; Wikipedia: Immigration to Canada (Canadian permanent resident population by country of birth) ([1] , Place of birth for the immigrant population by period of immigration, 2006 counts and percentages [1] , Population by immigrant status and period of immigration, 2006 counts, for Canada, provinces and territories); United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; Wikipedia: Urbanization by country (Countries) ([1] United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs); United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects. New York, United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs (advanced Excel tables). Available at http://esa.un.org/wpp/unpp/panel_population.htm, (2) University of California, Berkeley, and Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research. Human Mortality Database. [ www.mortality.org or www.humanmortality.de].; United Nations Population Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; http://www.ssb.no/en/innvbef. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Wikipedia: Visa requirements for Australian citizens (Africa); Trends in Maternal Mortality: 1990-2010. Estimates Developed by WHO, UNICEF, UNFPA and the World Bank.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/census-recensement/2006/dp-pd/hlt/97-557/T404-eng.cfm?Lang=E&T=404&GH=4&GF=1&SC=1&S=1&O=D; http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/census-recensement/2006/dp-pd/hlt/97-557/T404-eng.cfm?Lang=E&T=404&GH=4&GF=1&SC=1&S=1&O=D; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; Wikipedia: Housing in Europe; United Nations Population Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Population Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division, International Programs Center; Trends in Maternal Mortality: 1990-2010. Estimates Developed by WHO, UNICEF, UNFPA and the World Bank. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; UNICEF