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Country vs country: Malaysia and Sierra Leone compared: People stats

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Definitions

  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-14: Percentage of total population aged 0-14.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years: The distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over: The distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest."
  • Birth rate: The average annual number of births during a year per 1,000 persons in the population at midyear; also known as crude birth rate. The birth rate is usually the dominant factor in determining the rate of population growth. It depends on both the level of fertility and the age structure of the population.
  • Death rate: The average annual number of deaths during a year per 1,000 population at midyear; also known as crude death rate. The death rate, while only a rough indicator of the mortality situation in a country, accurately indicates the current mortality impact on population growth. This indicator is significantly affected by age distribution, and most countries will eventually show a rise in the overall death rate, in spite of continued decline in mortality at all ages, as declining fertility results in an aging population.
  • Ethnic groups: This entry provides a rank ordering of ethnic groups starting with the largest and normally includes the percent of total population.
  • Gender > Female population: Total female population.
  • Population: Population, total refers to the total population.
  • Population > Population growth, past and future: Population growth rate (percentage).
  • Population growth: Percentage by which country's population either has increased or is estimated to increase. Countries with a decrease in population are signified by a negative percentage. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Population growth rate: The average annual percent change in the population, resulting from a surplus (or deficit) of births over deaths and the balance of migrants entering and leaving a country. The rate may be positive or negative. The growth rate is a factor in determining how great a burden would be imposed on a country by the changing needs of its people for infrastructure (e.g., schools, hospitals, housing, roads), resources (e.g., food, water, electricity), and jobs. Rapid population growth can be seen as threatening by neighboring countries.
  • Population in 2015: (Thousands) Medium-variant projections.
  • Total fertility rate: The average number of children that would be born per woman if all women lived to the end of their child-bearing years and bore children according to a given fertility rate at each age. The total fertility rate is a more direct measure of the level of fertility than the crude birth rate, since it refers to births per woman. This indicator shows the potential for population growth in the country. High rates will also place some limits on the labor force participation rates for women. Large numbers of children born to women indicate large family sizes that might limit the ability of the families to feed and educate their children.
  • Urban and rural > Population living in cities proper: City population by sex, city and city type.
  • Sex ratio > Total population: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Sex ratio > At birth: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Obesity > Adult obesity rate: This entry gives the percent of a country's population considered to be obese. Obesity is defined as an adult having a Body Mass Index (BMI) greater to or equal to 30.0. BMI is calculated by taking a person's weight in kg and dividing it by the person's squared height in meters.
  • Gender > Male population: Total male population.
  • Nationality > Adjective: This entry is derived from People > Nationality, which provides the identifying terms for citizens - noun and adjective.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total: Number of people aged 0-14.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 15-24.
  • Age distribution > Total dependency ratio: Percentage of dependant persons out of total population aged 15-64. A dependant person is a person aged 0-14 and those over 65 years old.
  • Death rate, crude > Per 1,000 people: Death rate, crude (per 1,000 people). Crude death rate indicates the number of deaths occurring during the year, per 1,000 population estimated at midyear. Subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birth rate provides the rate of natural increase, which is equal to the rate of population change in the absence of migration.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-64: Percentage of total population aged 15-64.
  • Age distribution > Median age: The median age of the country's residents. This is the age most people are in the country.
  • Nationality > Noun: The noun which identifies citizens of the nation
  • Median age > Total: This entry is derived from People > Median age, which is the age that divides a population into two numerically equal groups; that is, half the people are younger than this age and half are older. It is a single index that summarizes the age distribution of a population. Currently, the median age ranges from a low of about 15 in Uganda and Gaza Strip to 40 or more in several European countries and Japan. See the entry for "Age structure" for the importance of a young versus an older age structure and, by implication, a low versus a higher median age.
  • Migration > Net migration > Per capita: Net migration is the net total of migrants during the period, that is, the total number of immigrants less the annual number of emigrants, including both citizens and noncitizens. Data are five-year estimates. To derive estimates of net migration, the United Nations Population Division takes into account the past migration history of a country or area, the migration policy of a country, and the influx of refugees in recent periods. The data to calculate these official estimates come from a variety of sources, including border statistics, administrative records, surveys, and censuses. When no official estimates can be made because of insufficient data, net migration is derived through the balance equation, which is the difference between overall population growth and the natural increase during the 1990-2000 intercensal period." Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • Age distribution > Child dependency ratio: Percentage of dependant children out of total population aged 15 and older. A dependant child is a child aged 0-14.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 65 and older.
  • Migration > Net migration rate: The difference between the number of persons entering and leaving a country during the year per 1,000 persons (based on midyear population). An excess of persons entering the country is referred to as net immigration (e.g., 3.56 migrants/1,000 population); an excess of persons leaving the country as net emigration (e.g., -9.26 migrants/1,000 population). The net migration rate indicates the contribution of migration to the overall level of population change. High levels of migration can cause problems such as increasing unemployment and potential ethnic strife (if people are coming in) or a reduction in the labor force, perhaps in certain key sectors (if people are leaving).
  • Gender > Sex ratio at birth: Number of males born for every female born. Countries with a number less than one have more females born than males.
  • Age dependency ratio > Dependents to working-age population: Age dependency ratio is the ratio of dependents--people younger than 15 or older than 64--to the working-age population--those ages 15-64. For example, 0.7 means there are 7 dependents for every 10 working-age people.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-59: Percentage of total pouplation aged 15-59.
  • Urban population: Urban population is the midyear population of areas defined as urban in each country and reported to the United Nations.
  • Sex ratio > Under 15 years: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 60 and older.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Total: Number of people 65 years old and older.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 > Total: Number of people aged 15-64.
  • Urban and rural > Urban population: Total population living in urban areas by country.
  • Age structure > 15-64 years: The distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age distribution > Elderly dependency ratio: Percentage of dependant adults out of total population aged 15-64. A dependant adult is an adult aged 65 and older.
  • Migration > Foreign worker salaries: Workers' remittances and compensation of employees comprise current transfers by migrant workers and wages and salaries earned by nonresident workers. Remittances are classified as current private transfers from migrant workers resident in the host country for more than a year, irrespective of their immigration status, to recipients in their country of origin. Migrants' transfers are defined as the net worth of migrants who are expected to remain in the host country for more than one year that is transferred from one country to another at the time of migration. Compensation of employees is the income of migrants who have lived in the host country for less than a year. Data are in current U.S. dollars."
  • Physicians density: This entry gives the number of medical doctors (physicians), including generalist and specialist medical practitioners, per 1,000 of the population. Medical doctors are defined as doctors that study, diagnose, treat, and prevent illness, disease, injury, and other physical and mental impairments in humans through the application of modern medicine. They also plan, supervise, and evaluate care and treatment plans by other health care providers. The World Health Organization estimates that fewer than 2.3 health workers (physicians, nurses, and midwives only) per 1,000 would be insufficient to achieve coverage of primary healthcare needs.
  • Migration > Net migration: Net migration is the net total of migrants during the period, that is, the total number of immigrants less the annual number of emigrants, including both citizens and noncitizens. Data are five-year estimates. To derive estimates of net migration, the United Nations Population Division takes into account the past migration history of a country or area, the migration policy of a country, and the influx of refugees in recent periods. The data to calculate these official estimates come from a variety of sources, including border statistics, administrative records, surveys, and censuses. When no official estimates can be made because of insufficient data, net migration is derived through the balance equation, which is the difference between overall population growth and the natural increase during the 1990-2000 intercensal period."
  • Cities > Urban population: Total population living in urban areas. The defition of an urban area differs for each country. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Total: Number of people aged 0-4.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Total: Number of people aged 15-24.
  • Age structure > 25-54 years: This entry is derived from People > Age structure, which provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group as follows: 0-14 years (children), 15-24 years (early working age), 25-54 years (prime working age), 55-64 years (mature working age), 65 years and over (elderly). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Percentage living in rural areas.: Percentage of people living in rural areas. Data for 2003. Urban-rural classification of population in internationally published statistics follows the national census definition, which differs from one country or area to another. National definitions are usually based on criteria that may include any of the following: size of population in a locality, population density, distance between built-up areas, predominant type of economic activity, legal or administrative boundaries and urban characteristics such as specific services and facilities.
  • Age structure > 15-24 years: This entry is derived from People > Age structure, which provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group as follows: 0-14 years (children), 15-24 years (early working age), 25-54 years (prime working age), 55-64 years (mature working age), 65 years and over (elderly). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 > Total: Number of people aged 15-59.
  • Future population change: Total change in population by country. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Marriage > Years being single before marriage > Women: Average age of women at their first marriage.
  • Urban and rural > Urban population per thousand people: Total population living in urban areas by country. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Population density > People per sq. km of land area: Population density (people per sq. km of land area). Population density is midyear population divided by land area in square kilometers. Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of their country of origin. Land area is a country's total area, excluding area under inland water bodies, national claims to continental shelf, and exclusive economic zones. In most cases the definition of inland water bodies includes major rivers and lakes.
  • Population > CIA Factbook: This entry gives an estimate from the US Bureau of the Census based on statistics from population censuses, vital statistics registration systems, or sample surveys pertaining to the recent past and on assumptions about future trends. The total population presents one overall measure of the potential impact of the country on the world and within its region. Note: starting with the 1993 Factbook, demographic estimates for some countries (mostly African) have explicitly taken into account the effects of the growing impact of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. These countries are currently: The Bahamas, Benin, Botswana, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burma, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.
  • Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of asylum > Per capita: Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organisation of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of asylum is the country where an asylum claim was filed and granted." Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of asylum: Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organisation of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of asylum is the country where an asylum claim was filed and granted."
  • Urban and rural > Rural population: Total population living in rural areas by country.
  • Number of infant deaths: Number of infant deaths. Number of infants dying before reaching one year of age.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Female: This entry is derived from People > Life expectancy at birth, which contains the average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. The entry includes total population as well as the male and female components. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 5-14 > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 5-14.
  • Gender > Women aged 15-49: Country's total population of women aged 15-49. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Number of infant deaths per 1000: Number of infant deaths. Number of infants dying before reaching one year of age. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Percentage living in urban areas: Percentage of people living in urban areas. Data for 2003. Urban-rural classification of population in internationally published statistics follows the national census definition, which differs from one country or area to another. National definitions are usually based on criteria that may include any of the following: size of population in a locality, population density, distance between built-up areas, predominant type of economic activity, legal or administrative boundaries and urban characteristics such as specific services and facilities.
  • Gender > Gender inequality index: Gender Inequality Index.
  • Age structure > 55-64 years: This entry is derived from People > Age structure, which provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group as follows: 0-14 years (children), 15-24 years (early working age), 25-54 years (prime working age), 55-64 years (mature working age), 65 years and over (elderly). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Male: This entry is derived from People > Life expectancy at birth, which contains the average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. The entry includes total population as well as the male and female components. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Sex ratio > 15-64 years: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Literacy > Total population: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
    Additional details:
    • Gibraltar: above 80% (2013)


  • Population, total: Population, total. Population, total refers to the total population.
  • Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of origin: Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organisation of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of origin generally refers to the nationality or country of citizenship of a claimant."
  • Teenage pregancy rate: Adolescent fertility rate is the number of births per 1,000 women ages 15-19."
  • Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Total: Number of people aged 80 years and older.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Total: Number of people aged 60 and older.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 0-4.
  • Gender > Female population per thousand people: Total female population. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Urban and rural > Rural population per thousand people: Total population living in rural areas by country. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Sex ratio > 65 years and over: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Marriage > Years being single before marriage > Men: Average age of men at their first marriage.
  • Fertility > Mortality rate, infant > Per 1,000 live births: Mortality rate, infant (per 1,000 live births). Infant mortality rate is the number of infants dying before reaching one year of age, per 1,000 live births in a given year.
  • Migration > Refugees: Refugees (number in each country, 1990-99)
  • Projected population growth: Percentage change in projected population between 2000 and 2050
    Units: Percent Change in Population
    Units: A threshold of 0 was applied. All countries with growth rates of 0 or below received the same score.

  • Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Total: This entry is derived from People > Unemployment, youth ages 15-24, which gives the percent of the total labor force ages 15-24 unemployed during a specified year.
  • Contraceptive prevalence rate: This field gives the percent of women of reproductive age (15-49) who are married or in union and are using, or whose sexual partner is using, a method of contraception according to the date of the most recent available data. The contraceptive prevalence rate is an indicator of health services, development, and women’s empowerment. It is also useful in understanding, past, present, and future fertility trends, especially in developing countries.
  • Urbanization: Estimates and projections of urban and rural populations are made by the Population Division of the United Nations Secretariat and published every two years. These estimates and projections are based on national census or survey data that have been evaluated and, whenever necessary, adjusted for deficiencies and inconsistencies. Urban-rural classification of population in internationally published statistics follows the national census definition, which differs from one country or area to another. National definitions are usually based on criteria that may include any of the following: size of population in a locality, population density, distance between built-up areas, predominant type of economic activity, legal or administrative boundaries and urban characteristics such as specific services and facilities.
  • Literacy > Female: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Total population: This entry is derived from People > Life expectancy at birth, which contains the average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. The entry includes total population as well as the male and female components. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Immigration > Refugees and asylum seekers > Natives per Refugee: Natives per Refugee.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Dependency ratios > Youth dependency ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.



  • Urban population > Per capita: Urban population is the midyear population of areas defined as urban in each country and reported to the United Nations. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Population, total per 1000: Population, total. Population, total refers to the total population. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Dependency ratios > Potential support ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.



  • Urban and rural > Female rural population: Total number of females living in rural areas by country.
  • Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Female: This entry is derived from People > Unemployment, youth ages 15-24, which gives the percent of the total labor force ages 15-24 unemployed during a specified year.
  • Refugee population by country or territory of asylum per 1000: Refugee population by country or territory of asylum. Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organization of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of asylum is the country where an asylum claim was filed and granted. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Literacy > Definition: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
  • Population density: Population density is midyear population divided by land area in square kilometers. Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of their country of origin. Land area is a country's total area, excluding area under inland water bodies, national claims to continental shelf, and exclusive economic zones. In most cases the definition of inland water bodies includes major rivers and lakes."
  • Fertility > Fertility rate, total > Births per woman: Fertility rate, total (births per woman). Total fertility rate represents the number of children that would be born to a woman if she were to live to the end of her childbearing years and bear children in accordance with current age-specific fertility rates.
  • Population in largest city: Population in largest city is the urban population living in the countryÂ’s largest metropolitan area.
  • Median age > Both sexes: Age of person who is older than half the population and younger than the other half of the population.
  • Dependency ratios > Elderly dependency ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.



  • Religions: This entry is an ordered listing of religions by adherents starting with the largest group and sometimes includes the percent of total population. The core characteristics and beliefs of the world's major religions are described below.
    Baha'i - Founded by Mirza Husayn-Ali (known as Baha'u'llah) in Iran in 1852, Baha'i faith emphasizes monotheism and believes in one eternal transcendent God. Its guiding focus is to encourage the unity of all peoples on the earth so that justice and peace may be achieved on earth. Baha'i revelation contends the prophets of major world religions reflect some truth or element of the divine, believes all were manifestations of God given to specific communities in specific times, and that Baha'u'llah is an additional prophet meant to call all humankind. Bahais are an open community, located worldwide, with the greatest concentration of believers in South Asia.
    Buddhism - Religion or philosophy inspired by the 5th century B.C. teachings of Siddhartha Gautama (also known as Gautama Buddha "the enlightened one"). Buddhism focuses on the goal of spiritual enlightenment centered on an understanding of Gautama Buddha's Four Noble Truths on the nature of suffering, and on the Eightfold Path of spiritual and moral practice, to break the cycle of suffering of which we are a part. Buddhism ascribes to a karmic system of rebirth. Several schools and sects of Buddhism exist, differing often on the nature of the Buddha, the extent to which enlightenment can be achieved - for one or for all, and by whom - religious orders or laity.
    Basic Groupings
       Theravada Buddhism: The oldest Buddhist school, Theravada is practiced mostly in Sri Lanka, Cambodia, Laos, Burma, and Thailand, with minority representation elsewhere in Asia and the West. Theravadans follow the Pali Canon of Buddha's teachings, and believe that one may escape the cycle of rebirth, worldly attachment, and suffering for oneself; this process may take one or several lifetimes.
       Mahayana Buddhism, including subsets Zen and Tibetan (Lamaistic) Buddhism: Forms of Mahayana Buddhism are common in East Asia and Tibet, and parts of the West. Mahayanas have additional scriptures beyond the Pali Canon and believe the Buddha is eternal and still teaching. Unlike Theravada Buddhism, Mahayana schools maintain the Buddha-nature is present in all beings and all will ultimately achieve enlightenment.
        Hoa Hao: a minority tradition of Buddhism practiced in Vietnam that stresses lay participation, primarily by peasant farmers; it eschews ...
    Full definition






  • Future population > Males: UN estimates of male population in 2010, 2015, 2020, 2025 and 2030.
  • Future population > Females: UN estimates of female population in 2010, 2015, 2020, 2025 and 2030.
  • Infant mortality rate > Total: This entry is derived from People > Infant mortality rate, which gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
  • Languages: This entry provides a rank ordering of languages starting with the largest and sometimes includes the percent of total population speaking that language.
  • Hospital bed density: This entry provides the number of hospital beds per 1,000 people; it serves as a general measure of inpatient service availability. Hospital beds include inpatient beds available in public, private, general, and specialized hospitals and rehabilitation centers. In most cases, beds for both acute and chronic care are included. Because the level of inpatient services required for individual countries depends on several factors - such as demographic issues and the burden of disease - there is no global target for the number of hospital beds per country. So, while 2 beds per 1,000 in one country may be sufficient, 2 beds per 1,000 in another may be woefully inadequate because of the number of people hospitalized by disease.
  • Total Population > Female: Total Population - Female, as of April 26, 2005
  • Gender ratio > Whole population: Female/male ratio of population.
  • Women > Maternal mortality ratio adjusted: People - Women - Maternal mortality ratio 2000 adjusted
  • Fertility > Birth rate, crude > Per 1,000 people: Birth rate, crude (per 1,000 people). Crude birth rate indicates the number of live births occurring during the year, per 1,000 population estimated at midyear. Subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birth rate provides the rate of natural increase, which is equal to the rate of population change in the absence of migration.
  • Fertility > Adolescent fertility rate > Births per 1,000 women ages 15-19: Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19). Adolescent fertility rate is the number of births per 1,000 women ages 15-19.
  • Urban population per 1000: Urban population is the midyear population of areas defined as urban in each country and reported to the United Nations. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Female: This entry is derived from People > School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary , which school life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years > From total: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > Females: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Net migration: Net migration. Net migration is the net total of migrants during the period, that is, the total number of immigrants less the annual number of emigrants, including both citizens and noncitizens. Data are five-year estimates.
  • Drinking water source > Improved > Total: This entry is derived from People > Drinking water source > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved drinking water sources available to segments of the population of a country.improved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: piped water into dwelling, yard, or plot; public tap or standpipe; tubewell or borehole; protected dug well; protected spring; or rainwater collection. unimproved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: unprotected dug well; unprotected spring; cart with small tank or drum; tanker truck; surface water, which includes rivers, dams, lakes, ponds, streams, canals or irrigation channels; or bottled water.
  • Median age > Female: This entry is derived from People > Median age, which is the age that divides a population into two numerically equal groups; that is, half the people are younger than this age and half are older. It is a single index that summarizes the age distribution of a population. Currently, the median age ranges from a low of about 15 in Uganda and Gaza Strip to 40 or more in several European countries and Japan. See the entry for "Age structure" for the importance of a young versus an older age structure and, by implication, a low versus a higher median age.
  • Charity > World Giving Index > Donated money, percent: DM.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Dependency ratios > Total dependency ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.



  • International migrant stock, total: International migrant stock, total. International migrant stock is the number of people born in a country other than that in which they live. It also includes refugees. The data used to estimate the international migrant stock at a particular time are obtained mainly from population censuses. The estimates are derived from the data on foreign-born population--people who have residence in one country but were born in another country. When data on the foreign-born population are not available, data on foreign population--that is, people who are citizens of a country other than the country in which they reside--are used as estimates. After the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991 people living in one of the newly independent countries who were born in another were classified as international migrants. Estimates of migrant stock in the newly independent states from 1990 on are based on the 1989 census of the Soviet Union. For countries with information on the international migrant stock for at least two points in time, interpolation or extrapolation was used to estimate the international migrant stock on July 1 of the reference years. For countries with only one observation, estimates for the reference years were derived using rates of change in the migrant stock in the years preceding or following the single observation available. A model was used to estimate migrants for countries that had no data.
  • Sanitation facility access > Improved > Total: This entry is derived from People > Sanitation facility access > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved sanitation facilities available to segments of the population of a country. improved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush to a piped sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine; pit latrine with slab; or a composting toilet. unimproved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush not piped to a sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; pit latrine without a slab or open pit; bucket; hanging toilet or hanging latrine; shared facilities of any type; no facilities; or bush or field.
  • Major infectious diseases > Water contact diseases: This entry is derived from People > Major infectious diseases, which lists major infectious diseases likely to be encountered in countries where the risk of such diseases is assessed to be very high as compared to the United States. These infectious diseases represent risks to US government personnel traveling to the specified country for a period of less than three years. The degree of risk is assessed by considering the foreign nature of these infectious diseases, their severity, and the probability of being affected by the diseases present. The diseases listed do not necessarily represent the total disease burden experienced by the local population.
    The risk to an individual traveler varies considerably by the specific location, visit duration, type of activities, type of accommodations, time of year, and other factors. Consultation with a travel medicine physician is needed to evaluate individual risk and recommend appropriate preventive measures such as vaccines.
    Diseases are organized into the following six exposure categories shown in italics and listed in typical descending order of risk. Note: The sequence of exposure categories listed in individual country entries may vary according to local conditions.
    food or waterborne diseases acquired through eating or drinking on the local economy:
    Hepatitis A - viral disease that interferes with the functioning of the liver; spread through consumption of food or water contaminated with fecal matter, principally in areas of poor sanitation; victims exhibit fever, jaundice, and diarrhea; 15% of victims will experience prolonged symptoms over 6-9 months; vaccine available.
    Hepatitis E - water-borne viral disease that interferes with the functioning of the liver; most commonly spread through fecal contamination of drinking water; victims exhibit jaundice, fatigue, abdominal pain, and dark colored urine.
    Typhoid fever - bacterial disease spread through contact with food or water contaminated by fecal matter or sewage; victims exhibit sustained high fevers; left untreated, mortality rates can reach 20%.
    vectorborne diseases acquired through the bite of an infected arthropod:
    Malaria - caused by single-cell parasitic protozoa Plasmodium; transmitted to humans via the bite of the female Anopheles mosquito; parasites multiply in the liver attacking red blood cells resulting in cycles of fever, chills, and sweats accompanied by anemia; death due to damage to vital organs and interruption of blood supply to the brain; endemic in 100, mostly tropical, ...
    Full definition








  • Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Male: This entry is derived from People > Unemployment, youth ages 15-24, which gives the percent of the total labor force ages 15-24 unemployed during a specified year.
  • Density and urbanisation > Urban population: Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanisation Prospects.
  • Population > CIA Factbook per capita: This entry gives an estimate from the US Bureau of the Census based on statistics from population censuses, vital statistics registration systems, or sample surveys pertaining to the recent past and on assumptions about future trends. The total population presents one overall measure of the potential impact of the country on the world and within its region. Note: starting with the 1993 Factbook, demographic estimates for some countries (mostly African) have explicitly taken into account the effects of the growing impact of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. These countries are currently: The Bahamas, Benin, Botswana, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burma, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > From total: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Immigration > Cultural Diversity Index: The probability that two individuals selected at random from a country speak a very different language. A high score of close to 1 indicates that many unrelated languages are spoken. A score of close to 0 means that few languages are spoken, and / or that the spoken languages are similar to one another. For more information, please refer to Fearon (see citation).
  • Number of under-five deaths: Number of under-five deaths. Number of children dying before reaching age five.
  • GDP per capita > Current US$: GDP per capita (current US$). GDP per capita is gross domestic product divided by midyear population. GDP is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • GDP per capita > Constant 2000 US$: GDP per capita (constant 2000 US$). GDP per capita is gross domestic product divided by midyear population. GDP is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in constant 2005 U.S. dollars.
  • Sanitation facility access > Unimproved > Total: This entry is derived from People > Sanitation facility access > Unimproved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved sanitation facilities available to segments of the population of a country. improved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush to a piped sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine; pit latrine with slab; or a composting toilet. unimproved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush not piped to a sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; pit latrine without a slab or open pit; bucket; hanging toilet or hanging latrine; shared facilities of any type; no facilities; or bush or field.
  • Migration > International migrant stock > Total: International migrant stock is the number of people born in a country other than that in which they live. It also includes refugees. The data used to estimate the international migrant stock at a particular time are obtained mainly from population censuses. The estimates are derived from the data on foreign-born population--people who have residence in one country but were born in another country. When data on the foreign-born population are not available, data on foreign population--that is, people who are citizens of a country other than the country in which they reside--are used as estimates. After the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991 people living in one of the newly independent countries who were born in another were classified as international migrants. Estimates of migrant stock in the newly independent states from 1990 on are based on the 1989 census of the Soviet Union. For countries with information on the international migrant stock for at least two points in time, interpolation or extrapolation was used to estimate the international migrant stock on July 1 of the reference years. For countries with only one observation, estimates for the reference years were derived using rates of change in the migrant stock in the years preceding or following the single observation available. A model was used to estimate migrants for countries that had no data."
  • Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of origin > Per capita: Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organisation of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of origin generally refers to the nationality or country of citizenship of a claimant." Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • Immigration > Visa overstay rate > Australia: Modified Non-Return Rate.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Total per thousand people: Number of people 65 years old and older. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Gender > Male population per thousand people: Total male population. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 0-14. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Gender ratio > Babies: Female/male ratio at birth.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Total: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > Females per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Condom > Percentage: Percentage of all married women aged 15-49 who report using condoms.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Any method: Current contraceptive use among married women 15-49 years old, any method, percentage.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Condom: Current contraceptive use among married women 15-49 years old, condom, percentage.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Teen marriage rate > Women: Percentage of female population aged 15-19 who has been married at least once. Percentage is out of total number of females in the same age group.
  • Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > Australian citizens > Conditions of access: Visa requirement.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Charity > World Giving Index > Helped a stranger, percent: HS.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Total: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Maternal mortality rate: The maternal mortality rate (MMR) is the annual number of female deaths per 100,000 live births from any cause related to or aggravated by pregnancy or its management (excluding accidental or incidental causes). The MMR includes deaths during pregnancy, childbirth, or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy, irrespective of the duration and site of the pregnancy, for a specified year.
  • Sanitation facility access > Unimproved > Rural: This entry is derived from People > Sanitation facility access > Unimproved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved sanitation facilities available to segments of the population of a country. improved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush to a piped sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine; pit latrine with slab; or a composting toilet. unimproved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush not piped to a sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; pit latrine without a slab or open pit; bucket; hanging toilet or hanging latrine; shared facilities of any type; no facilities; or bush or field.
  • Density and urbanisation > Rural population: Rural population refers to people living in rural areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated as the difference between total population and urban population.
  • Age structure > 15-64 years > From total: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age structure > 15-64 years > Females: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Migration > Refugees per 1000: Refugees (number in each country, 1990-99). Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Sanitation facility access > Improved > Rural: This entry is derived from People > Sanitation facility access > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved sanitation facilities available to segments of the population of a country. improved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush to a piped sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine; pit latrine with slab; or a composting toilet. unimproved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush not piped to a sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; pit latrine without a slab or open pit; bucket; hanging toilet or hanging latrine; shared facilities of any type; no facilities; or bush or field.
  • Cities > Rate of urbanization: Urbanization rate.
  • Total population > Age 80-84: Total population - Age 80-84, as of April 26, 2005
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Male: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Years spent single before marriage > Females: Singulate mean age at marriage.
  • Cities > Urban areas over 2,000,000 per million people: Urban Areas Over 2,000,000. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Immigration > Ethnic Fractionalization Index per million people: The probability that two individuals selected at random from a country will be from different ethnic groups, 0 meaning that each individual in this country is from the same ethnic group. For a discussion of what constitutes an ethnic group, please refer to Fearon (see citation). Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Cities > Urban population per thousand people: Total population living in urban areas. The defition of an urban area differs for each country. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Gender ratio > Aged over 60: Female/male ratio at age x.
  • Rural population > Per capita: Rural population is calculated as the difference between the total population and the urban population. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Health expenditures: This entry provides the total expenditure on health as a percentage of GDP. Health expenditures are broadly defined as activities performed either by institutions or individuals through the application of medical, paramedical, and/or nursing knowledge and technology, the primary purpose of which is to promote, restore, or maintain health.
  • Female population > Age 15-19 per 1000: Female population - Age 15-19, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Female population > Age 20-24: Female population - Age 20-24, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total Population > Thousands: Total Population, thousands, as of April 26, 2005
  • Fertility > Number of maternal deaths: Number of maternal deaths. Maternal mortality deaths is the number of women who die during pregnancy and childbirth.
  • Charity > World Giving Index > Volunteered time: VT.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Age structure > 0-14 years > Females: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > Males: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Immigration > Nationality compositions of > Canada, share of Canadian population: Country of birth of Canadian residents (in percent).
  • Total population > Age 15-19 per 1000: Total population - Age 15-19, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Male population > Age 15-19 per 1000: Male population - Age 15-19, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Population in largest city > Per capita: Population in largest city is the urban population living in the countryÂ’s largest metropolitan area. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Future population > Females per thousand people: UN estimates of female population in 2010, 2015, 2020, 2025 and 2030. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Immigration > Ethnic Fractionalization Index: The probability that two individuals selected at random from a country will be from different ethnic groups, 0 meaning that each individual in this country is from the same ethnic group. For a discussion of what constitutes an ethnic group, please refer to Fearon (see citation).
  • Gender ratio > Aged over 60 > Women per 100 men: Female/male ratio at age x.
  • Gender > Gender ratio aged over 60: Amount of women per every 100 males that are over the age of 60 in each country. For instance, in Russia, for every 100 males over 60, there are 196 females who are over 60.
  • Gender > Gender ratio aged over 80: Amount of women per every 100 males that are over the age of 80 in each country. For instance, in North Korea, for every 100 males over 80, there are 411.8 females who are over 80.
  • Women > Maternal mortality ratio > Reported: People - Women - Maternal mortality ratio 1985 - 2002 reported
  • Immigration > Nationality compositions of Canada, share of immigrants: Portion of immigrants in Canada.
  • Immigration > Nationality compositions of > Canada per thousand people: Country of birth of Canadian residents (number of residents). Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Female population > Age 20-24 per 1000: Female population - Age 20-24, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Male population > Age 75-79 per 1000: Male population - Age 75-79, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • HIV/AIDS > People living with HIV/AIDS: This entry gives an estimate of all people (adults and children) alive at yearend with HIV infection, whether or not they have developed symptoms of AIDS.
    Additional details:
    • Bahrain: fewer than 600 (2007)
    • Bhutan: fewer than 100 (2007)
    • Bhutan: fewer than 1,000 (2009)
    • Brunei: fewer than 200 (2003)
    • Comoros: fewer than 500 (2009)
    • Croatia: fewer than 1,000 (2009)
    • Cyprus: fewer than 1,000 (2007)
    • Fiji: fewer than 1,000 (2009)
    • Iceland: fewer than 1,000 (2009)
    • Iraq: fewer than 500 (2003)
    • Luxembourg: fewer than 500 (2003)
    • Luxembourg: fewer than 1,000 (2009)
    • Macedonia: fewer than 200 (2007)
    • Maldives: fewer than 100 (2009)
    • Malta: fewer than 500 (2009)
    • Mongolia: fewer than 500 (2009)
    • Qatar: fewer than 200 (2009)
    • Slovakia: fewer than 200 (2007)
    • Slovakia: fewer than 500 (2009)
    • Slovenia: fewer than 1,000 (2009)
    • Syria: fewer than 500 (2003)
    • Turkmenistan: fewer than 200 (2007)


  • Population, female > % of total: Population, female (% of total). Population, female (% of total) is the percentage of the population that is female.
  • Survival to age 65, male > % of cohort: Survival to age 65, male (% of cohort). Survival to age 65 refers to the percentage of a cohort of newborn infants that would survive to age 65, if subject to current age specific mortality rates.
  • Prevalence of undernourishment > % of population: Prevalence of undernourishment (% of population). Population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption (also referred to as prevalence of undernourishment) shows the percentage of the population whose food intake is insufficient to meet dietary energy requirements continuously. Data showing as 2.5 signifies a prevalence of undernourishment below 2.5%.
  • Labor force participation rate, total > % of total population ages 15-64: Labor force participation rate, total (% of total population ages 15-64). Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15-64 that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period.
  • Employment to population ratio, ages 15-24, female > %: Employment to population ratio, ages 15-24, female (%). Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15-24 are generally considered the youth population.
  • Total population > Age 45-49 > % of the total: Total population - Age 45-49 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Rural population: Rural population is calculated as the difference between the total population and the urban population.
  • Female population > Age 75-79 > % of the total: Female population - Age 75-79 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 80-84 per 1000: Male population - Age 80-84, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Malnutrition prevalence, weight for age, male > % of children under 5: Malnutrition prevalence, weight for age, male (% of children under 5). Prevalence of child malnutrition is the percentage of children under age 5 whose weight for age is more than two standard deviations below the median for the international reference population ages 0-59 months. The data are based on the WHO's new child growth standards released in 2006.
  • Fertility > Low-birthweight babies > % of births: Low-birthweight babies (% of births). Low-birthweight babies are newborns weighing less than 2,500 grams, with the measurement taken within the first hours of life, before significant postnatal weight loss has occurred.
  • Improved sanitation facilities > % of population with access: Improved sanitation facilities (% of population with access). Access to improved sanitation facilities refers to the percentage of the population using improved sanitation facilities. The improved sanitation facilities include flush/pour flush (to piped sewer system, septic tank, pit latrine), ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine, pit latrine with slab, and composting toilet.
  • Male population > Age 80-84 > % of the total: Male population - Age 80-84 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 80-84 > % of the total: Female population - Age 80-84 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Fertility > Contraceptive prevalence > % of women ages 15-49: Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15-49). Contraceptive prevalence rate is the percentage of women who are practicing, or whose sexual partners are practicing, any form of contraception. It is usually measured for married women ages 15-49 only.
  • Emigration rate of tertiary educated > % of total tertiary educated population: Emigration rate of tertiary educated (% of total tertiary educated population). Emigration rate of tertiary educated shows the stock of emigrants ages 25 and older, residing in an OECD country other than that in which they were born, with at least one year of tertiary education as a percentage of the population age 25 and older with tertiary education.
  • Labor force participation rate for ages 15-24, male > %: Labor force participation rate for ages 15-24, male (%). Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15-24 that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period. The participation rates are harmonized to account for differences in national data collection and tabulation methodologies as well as for other country-specific factors such as military service requirements. The series includes both nationally reported and imputed data and only estimates that are national, meaning there are no geographic limitations in coverage.
  • Fertility > Mortality rate, neonatal > Per 1,000 live births: Mortality rate, neonatal (per 1,000 live births). Neonatal mortality rate is the number of neonates dying before reaching 28 days of age, per 1,000 live births in a given year.
  • Malnutrition prevalence, height for age, male > % of children under 5: Malnutrition prevalence, height for age, male (% of children under 5). Prevalence of child malnutrition is the percentage of children under age 5 whose height for age (stunting) is more than two standard deviations below the median for the international reference population ages 0-59 months. For children up to two years old height is measured by recumbent length. For older children height is measured by stature while standing. The data are based on the WHO's new child growth standards released in 2006.
  • Male population > Age 70-74 per 1000: Male population - Age 70-74, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Population > Female > % of total: Female population is the percentage of the population that is female.
  • Urban and rural > Male rural population per thousand people: Total number of males living in rural areas by country. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Labor force participation rate, male > % of male population ages 15-64: Labor force participation rate, male (% of male population ages 15-64). Labor force participation rate, male (% of male population ages 15-64)
  • Prevalence of overweight > % of children under 5: Prevalence of overweight (% of children under 5). Prevalence of overweight children is the percentage of children under age 5 whose weight for height is more than two standard deviations above the median for the international reference population of the corresponding age as established by the WHO's new child growth standards released in 2006.
  • Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > United States citizens > Notes: Notes.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Fertility > Maternal mortality ratio > Modeled estimate, per 100,000 live births: Maternal mortality ratio (modeled estimate, per 100,000 live births). Maternal mortality ratio is the number of women who die during pregnancy and childbirth, per 100,000 live births. The data are estimated with a regression model using information on fertility, birth attendants, and HIV prevalence.
  • Fertility > Mortality rate, under-5, female > Per 1,000 live births: Mortality rate, under-5, female (per 1,000 live births). Mortality rate, under-5, female (per 1,000)
  • Gender ratio > Aged over 65 > Women per 100 men: Female/male ratio at age x.
  • Improved sanitation facilities, urban > % of urban population with access: Improved sanitation facilities, urban (% of urban population with access). Access to improved sanitation facilities refers to the percentage of the population using improved sanitation facilities. The improved sanitation facilities include flush/pour flush (to piped sewer system, septic tank, pit latrine), ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine, pit latrine with slab, and composting toilet.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Male: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > United States citizens > Requirement: Europe Visa requirement.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Improved sanitation facilities, rural > % of rural population with access: Improved sanitation facilities, rural (% of rural population with access). Access to improved sanitation facilities refers to the percentage of the population using improved sanitation facilities. The improved sanitation facilities include flush/pour flush (to piped sewer system, septic tank, pit latrine), ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine, pit latrine with slab, and composting toilet.
  • Male population > Age 75-79 > % of the total: Male population - Age 75-79 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 75-79: Female population - Age 75-79, as of April 26, 2005
  • Fertility > Lifetime risk of maternal death > 1 in: rate varies by country: Lifetime risk of maternal death (1 in: rate varies by country). Life time risk of maternal death is the probability that a 15-year-old female will die eventually from a maternal cause assuming that current levels of fertility and mortality (including maternal mortality) do not change in the future, taking into account competing causes of death.
  • Gender ratio > Aged over 80 > Women per 100 men: Female/male ratio at age x.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 15-59. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Malnutrition prevalence, height for age, female > % of children under 5: Malnutrition prevalence, height for age, female (% of children under 5). Prevalence of child malnutrition is the percentage of children under age 5 whose height for age (stunting) is more than two standard deviations below the median for the international reference population ages 0-59 months. For children up to two years old height is measured by recumbent length. For older children height is measured by stature while standing. The data are based on the WHO's new child growth standards released in 2006.
  • Gender ratio > Aged over 65: Female/male ratio at age x.
  • Fertility > Maternal mortality ratio > National estimate, per 100,000 live births: Maternal mortality ratio (national estimate, per 100,000 live births). Maternal mortality ratio is the number of women who die from pregnancy-related causes while pregnant or within 42 days of pregnancy termination per 100,000 live births.
  • Fertility > Newborns protected against tetanus > %: Newborns protected against tetanus (%). Newborns protected against tetanus are the percentage of births by women of child-bearing age who are immunized against tetanus.
  • Poverty headcount ratio at urban poverty line > % of urban population: Poverty headcount ratio at urban poverty line (% of urban population). Urban poverty rate is the percentage of the urban population living below the national urban poverty line.
  • Labor force participation rate, female > % of female population ages 15-64: Labor force participation rate, female (% of female population ages 15-64). Labor force participation rate, female (% of female population ages 15-64)
  • Mortality rate, adult, female > Per 1,000 female adults: Mortality rate, adult, female (per 1,000 female adults). Adult mortality rate is the probability of dying between the ages of 15 and 60--that is, the probability of a 15-year-old dying before reaching age 60, if subject to current age-specific mortality rates between those ages.
  • Mortality rate, adult, male > Per 1,000 male adults: Mortality rate, adult, male (per 1,000 male adults). Adult mortality rate is the probability of dying between the ages of 15 and 60--that is, the probability of a 15-year-old dying before reaching age 60, if subject to current age-specific mortality rates between those ages.
  • Survival to age 65, female > % of cohort: Survival to age 65, female (% of cohort). Survival to age 65 refers to the percentage of a cohort of newborn infants that would survive to age 65, if subject to current age specific mortality rates.
  • Male population > Age 70-74 > % of the total: Male population - Age 70-74 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Age dependency ratio, old > % of working-age population: Age dependency ratio, old (% of working-age population). Age dependency ratio, old, is the ratio of older dependents--people older than 64--to the working-age population--those ages 15-64. Data are shown as the proportion of dependents per 100 working-age population.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Female: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
STAT Malaysia Sierra Leone HISTORY
Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 15%
Ranked 126th.
21.15%
Ranked 21st. 41% more than Malaysia

Age structure > 0-14 years 29.1%
Ranked 84th.
41.9%
Ranked 31st. 44% more than Malaysia

Age structure > 65 years and over 5.3%
Ranked 132nd. 43% more than Sierra Leone
3.7%
Ranked 174th.

Birth rate 20.41 births/1,000 population
Ranked 84th.
37.77 births/1,000 population
Ranked 17th. 85% more than Malaysia

Death rate 4.97 deaths/1,000 population
Ranked 184th.
11.26 deaths/1,000 population
Ranked 35th. 2 times more than Malaysia

Ethnic groups Malay 50.4%, Chinese 23.7%, indigenous 11%, Indian 7.1%, others 7.8% Temne 35%, Mende 31%, Limba 8%, Kono 5%, Kriole 2% (descendants of freed Jamaican slaves who were settled in the Freetown area in the late-18th century; also known as Krio), Mandingo 2%, Loko 2%, other 15% (includes refugees from Liberia's recent civil war, and small numbers of Europeans, Lebanese, Pakistanis, and Indians)
Gender > Female population 21.07 million
Ranked 53th. 3 times more than Sierra Leone
7 million
Ranked 87th.

Population 29.63 million
Ranked 43th. 5 times more than Sierra Leone
5.61 million
Ranked 110th.

Population > Population growth, past and future -0.209
Ranked 130th.
0.276
Ranked 39th.

Population growth -0.209%
Ranked 130th.
0.276%
Ranked 39th.

Population growth rate 1.51%
Ranked 80th.
2.3%
Ranked 36th. 52% more than Malaysia

Population in 2015 29,558 thousand
Ranked 46th. 4 times more than Sierra Leone
6,897 thousand
Ranked 106th.
Total fertility rate 2.61 children born/woman
Ranked 77th.
4.87 children born/woman
Ranked 22nd. 87% more than Malaysia

Urban and rural > Population living in cities proper 7.33 million
Ranked 14th. 16 times more than Sierra Leone
469,776
Ranked 1st.
Urbanization in 2015 66.4%
Ranked 74th. 42% more than Sierra Leone
46.7%
Ranked 114th.
Sex ratio > Total population 1.03 male(s)/female
Ranked 42nd. 10% more than Sierra Leone
0.94 male(s)/female
Ranked 194th.

Sex ratio > At birth 1.07 male(s)/female
Ranked 27th. 4% more than Sierra Leone
1.03 male(s)/female
Ranked 200th.

Obesity > Adult obesity rate 14%
Ranked 121st. 2 times more than Sierra Leone
6.8%
Ranked 143th.
Gender > Male population 21.33 million
Ranked 52nd. 3 times more than Sierra Leone
6.89 million
Ranked 88th.

Nationality > Adjective Malaysian Sierra Leonean
Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total 6.36 million
Ranked 56th. 2 times more than Sierra Leone
2.94 million
Ranked 81st.

Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Percent 10.41%
Ranked 134th.
14.32%
Ranked 20th. 38% more than Malaysia

Age distribution > Total dependency ratio 78.2%
Ranked 85th. 57% more than Sierra Leone
49.85%
Ranked 195th.

Death rate, crude > Per 1,000 people 4.64
Ranked 181st.
17.63
Ranked 1st. 4 times more than Malaysia

Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 56.12%
Ranked 112th.
66.73%
Ranked 2nd. 19% more than Malaysia

Age distribution > Median age 47.13 years
Ranked 74th. 34% more than Sierra Leone
35.17 years
Ranked 177th.

Nationality > Noun Malaysian(s) Sierra Leonean(s)
Median age > Total 27.4 years
Ranked 127th. 44% more than Sierra Leone
19 years
Ranked 194th.

Migration > Net migration > Per capita 5,917.77 per 1 million people
Ranked 66th.
60,809.22 per 1 million people
Ranked 5th. 10 times more than Malaysia

Age distribution > Child dependency ratio 26.73%
Ranked 130th.
31.7%
Ranked 24th. 19% more than Malaysia

Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Percent 28.88%
Ranked 78th. 2 times more than Sierra Leone
12.11%
Ranked 187th.

Migration > Net migration rate 0.0
Ranked 119th.
0.0
Ranked 82nd.

Gender > Sex ratio at birth 1.06
Ranked 33th. 4% more than Sierra Leone
1.02
Ranked 196th.

Age dependency ratio > Dependents to working-age population 0.59
Ranked 84th.
0.86
Ranked 28th. 46% more than Malaysia

Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 50.19%
Ranked 115th.
61.39%
Ranked 5th. 22% more than Malaysia

Urban population 17.06 million
Ranked 38th. 8 times more than Sierra Leone
2.25 million
Ranked 119th.

Sex ratio > Under 15 years 1.06 male(s)/female
Ranked 61st. 7% more than Sierra Leone
0.99 male(s)/female
Ranked 221st.

Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Percent 34.81%
Ranked 76th. Twice as much as Sierra Leone
17.46%
Ranked 183th.

Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Total 12.25 million
Ranked 43th. 7 times more than Sierra Leone
1.68 million
Ranked 117th.

Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 > Total 23.79 million
Ranked 55th. 3 times more than Sierra Leone
9.27 million
Ranked 82nd.

Urban and rural > Urban population 20.12 million
Ranked 20th. 8 times more than Sierra Leone
2.49 million
Ranked 27th.

Age structure > 15-64 years 65.5%
Ranked 125th. 20% more than Sierra Leone
54.5%
Ranked 200th.

Major infectious diseases > Degree of risk intermediate very high
Age distribution > Elderly dependency ratio 51.46%
Ranked 81st. 3 times more than Sierra Leone
18.15%
Ranked 187th.

Migration > Foreign worker salaries 6.53 billion
Ranked 12th. 1870 times more than Sierra Leone
3.49 million
Ranked 146th.

Physicians density 1.2 physicians/1,000 population
Ranked 33th. 60 times more than Sierra Leone
0.02 physicians/1,000 population
Ranked 48th.

Migration > Net migration 150,000
Ranked 30th.
336,000
Ranked 14th. 2 times more than Malaysia

Cities > Urban population 72,679
Ranked 103th. 30% more than Sierra Leone
55,905
Ranked 158th.

Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Total 2.07 million
Ranked 56th. 2 times more than Sierra Leone
971,216
Ranked 81st.

Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Total 4.41 million
Ranked 56th. 2 times more than Sierra Leone
1.99 million
Ranked 81st.

Age structure > 25-54 years 41.3%
Ranked 103th. 32% more than Sierra Leone
31.4%
Ranked 195th.
Percentage living in rural areas. 36%
Ranked 120th.
61%
Ranked 57th. 69% more than Malaysia
Age structure > 15-24 years 17%
Ranked 128th.
19%
Ranked 86th. 12% more than Malaysia
Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 > Total 21.28 million
Ranked 55th. 2 times more than Sierra Leone
8.53 million
Ranked 82nd.

Future population change -88,887.2
Ranked 166th.
38,128
Ranked 37th.

Marriage > Years being single before marriage > Women 25.7
Ranked 16th. 25% more than Sierra Leone
20.5
Ranked 13th.
Urban and rural > Urban population per thousand people 711.74
Ranked 27th. 71% more than Sierra Leone
416.33
Ranked 20th.

Population density > People per sq. km of land area 87.53 sq. km
Ranked 102nd. 7% more than Sierra Leone
81.9 sq. km
Ranked 107th.

Major infectious diseases > Food or waterborne diseases bacterial diarrhea bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
Population > CIA Factbook 25.27 million
Ranked 46th. 4 times more than Sierra Leone
6.29 million
Ranked 103th.

Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of asylum > Per capita 1.45 per 1,000 people
Ranked 56th. 17% more than Sierra Leone
1.24 per 1,000 people
Ranked 61st.

Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of asylum 66,137
Ranked 31st. 7 times more than Sierra Leone
9,051
Ranked 61st.

Urban and rural > Rural population 8.21 million
Ranked 28th. 2 times more than Sierra Leone
3.55 million
Ranked 18th.

Number of infant deaths 4,000
Ranked 84th.
25,000
Ranked 40th. 6 times more than Malaysia

Life expectancy at birth > Female 77.24 years
Ranked 111th. 30% more than Sierra Leone
59.56 years
Ranked 195th.

Age distribution > Population aged 5-14 > Percent 10.12%
Ranked 126th.
14.16%
Ranked 21st. 40% more than Malaysia

Gender > Women aged 15-49 7.92 million
Ranked 56th. 2 times more than Sierra Leone
3.42 million
Ranked 81st.

Number of infant deaths per 1000 0.137
Ranked 108th.
4.18
Ranked 2nd. 31 times more than Malaysia

Percentage living in urban areas 64%
Ranked 82nd. 64% more than Sierra Leone
39%
Ranked 145th.
Gender > Gender inequality index 0.256
Ranked 105th.
0.643
Ranked 9th. 3 times more than Malaysia
Age structure > 55-64 years 7.4%
Ranked 113th. 85% more than Sierra Leone
4%
Ranked 195th.
Life expectancy at birth > Male 71.51 years
Ranked 109th. 31% more than Sierra Leone
54.47 years
Ranked 199th.

Sex ratio > 15-64 years 1.03
Ranked 54th. 12% more than Sierra Leone
0.92
Ranked 208th.

Literacy > Total population 93.1%
Ranked 120th. 2 times more than Sierra Leone
43.3%
Ranked 207th.

Population, total 29.24 million
Ranked 45th. 5 times more than Sierra Leone
5.98 million
Ranked 111th.

Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of origin 532
Ranked 101st.
15,417
Ranked 42nd. 29 times more than Malaysia

Teenage pregancy rate 12.66
Ranked 153th.
125.41
Ranked 17th. 10 times more than Malaysia

Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Total 4.65 million
Ranked 37th. 20 times more than Sierra Leone
237,210
Ranked 138th.

Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Total 14.76 million
Ranked 45th. 6 times more than Sierra Leone
2.43 million
Ranked 109th.

Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Percent 4.89%
Ranked 132nd.
6.99%
Ranked 21st. 43% more than Malaysia

Gender > Female population per thousand people 514.18
Ranked 29th. 2% more than Sierra Leone
504.21
Ranked 87th.

Urban and rural > Rural population per thousand people 290.32
Ranked 57th.
593.53
Ranked 12th. 2 times more than Malaysia

Urbanization > Rate of urbanization None None
Sex ratio > 65 years and over 0.89 male(s)/female
Ranked 50th. 14% more than Sierra Leone
0.78 male(s)/female
Ranked 126th.

Marriage > Years being single before marriage > Men 28
Ranked 17th. 7% more than Sierra Leone
26.2
Ranked 9th.
Fertility > Mortality rate, infant > Per 1,000 live births 7.3
Ranked 141st.
117.4
Ranked 1st. 16 times more than Malaysia

Migration > Refugees 51,170
Ranked 41st.
878,300
Ranked 6th. 17 times more than Malaysia
Projected population growth 93.99%
Ranked 42nd.
188.69%
Ranked 10th. Twice as much as Malaysia
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Total 10.9%
Ranked 95th. 2 times more than Sierra Leone
5.2%
Ranked 118th.

Contraceptive prevalence rate 49%
Ranked 3rd. 4 times more than Sierra Leone
11%
Ranked 14th.
Urbanization 58
Ranked 99th. 57% more than Sierra Leone
37
Ranked 153th.
Literacy > Female 90.7%
Ranked 40th. 3 times more than Sierra Leone
32.6%
Ranked 80th.

Major infectious diseases > Vectorborne diseases dengue fever malaria, dengue fever, and yellow fever
Life expectancy at birth > Total population 74.28 years
Ranked 110th. 30% more than Sierra Leone
56.98 years
Ranked 197th.

Immigration > Refugees and asylum seekers > Natives per Refugee 317
Ranked 110th.
704
Ranked 94th. 2 times more than Malaysia
Dependency ratios > Youth dependency ratio 38.1%
Ranked 107th.
74.5%
Ranked 35th. 96% more than Malaysia
Urban population > Per capita 0.673 per capita
Ranked 64th. 65% more than Sierra Leone
0.407 per capita
Ranked 132nd.

Population, total per 1000 1,000
Ranked 177th. The same as Sierra Leone
1,000
Ranked 157th.

Dependency ratios > Potential support ratio 12.8
Ranked 88th.
20.9
Ranked 16th. 63% more than Malaysia
Urban and rural > Female rural population 3.95 million
Ranked 25th. 2 times more than Sierra Leone
1.85 million
Ranked 15th.

Education expenditures 5.1% of GDP
Ranked 20th. 42% more than Sierra Leone
3.6% of GDP
Ranked 23th.

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Female 11.8%
Ranked 20th. 3 times more than Sierra Leone
3.5%
Ranked 7th.
Refugee population by country or territory of asylum per 1000 3.01
Ranked 43th. 2 times more than Sierra Leone
1.38
Ranked 62nd.

Literacy > Definition age 15 and over can read and write age 15 and over can read and write English, Mende, Temne, or Arabic
Population density 82.22
Ranked 95th. 6% more than Sierra Leone
77.63
Ranked 99th.

Fertility > Fertility rate, total > Births per woman 1.99
Ranked 126th.
4.86
Ranked 29th. 2 times more than Malaysia

Population in largest city 1.41 million
Ranked 79th. 76% more than Sierra Leone
799,244
Ranked 116th.

Median age > Both sexes 25.1
Ranked 133th. 32% more than Sierra Leone
19
Ranked 191st.
Dependency ratios > Elderly dependency ratio 7.8%
Ranked 110th. 63% more than Sierra Leone
4.8%
Ranked 183th.
Religions Muslim (or Islam - official) 60.4%, Buddhist 19.2%, Christian 9.1%, Hindu 6.3%, Confucianism, Taoism, other traditional Chinese religions 2.6%, other or unknown 1.5%, none 0.8% Muslim 60%, Christian 10%, indigenous beliefs 30%
Future population > Males 17.78 million
Ranked 43th. 4 times more than Sierra Leone
4.74 million
Ranked 90th.

Future population > Females 17.49 million
Ranked 47th. 4 times more than Sierra Leone
4.85 million
Ranked 91st.

Infant mortality rate > Total 14.12 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 118th.
74.95 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 11th. 5 times more than Malaysia

Languages Bahasa Malaysia (official), English, Chinese (Cantonese, Mandarin, Hokkien, Hakka, Hainan, Foochow), Tamil, Telugu, Malayalam, Panjabi, Thai English (official, regular use limited to literate minority), Mende (principal vernacular in the south), Temne (principal vernacular in the north), Krio (English-based Creole, spoken by the descendants of freed Jamaican slaves who were settled in the Freetown area, a lingua franca and a first language for 10% of the population but understood by 95%)
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Total None None
Hospital bed density 1.8 beds/1,000 population
Ranked 37th. 5 times more than Sierra Leone
0.4 beds/1,000 population
Ranked 26th.
Total Population > Female 12.12 million
Ranked 46th. 4 times more than Sierra Leone
3.1 million
Ranked 103th.
Gender ratio > Whole population 96.8%
Ranked 167th.
103.1%
Ranked 70th. 7% more than Malaysia

Women > Maternal mortality ratio adjusted 41
Ranked 116th.
2,000
Ranked 1st. 49 times more than Malaysia
Fertility > Birth rate, crude > Per 1,000 people 17.62
Ranked 111th.
37.7
Ranked 22nd. 2 times more than Malaysia

Fertility > Adolescent fertility rate > Births per 1,000 women ages 15-19 7.11
Ranked 173th.
104.34
Ranked 23th. 15 times more than Malaysia

Urban population per 1000 660.08
Ranked 67th. 50% more than Sierra Leone
439.24
Ranked 127th.

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Female 13 years
Ranked 66th. 18% more than Sierra Leone
11 years
Ranked 23th.

Age structure > 0-14 years > From total 31.8%
Ranked 88th.
44.6%
Ranked 20th. 40% more than Malaysia

Age structure > 65 years and over > Females 699,302
Ranked 57th. 6 times more than Sierra Leone
109,611
Ranked 132nd.

Net migration 450,000
Ranked 16th.
-21,000
Ranked 116th.

Drinking water source > Improved > Total 100% of population
Ranked 5th. 82% more than Sierra Leone
55% of population
Ranked 142nd.
Median age > Female 27.6 years
Ranked 124th. 41% more than Sierra Leone
19.6 years
Ranked 194th.

Charity > World Giving Index > Donated money, percent 32%
Ranked 47th. 2 times more than Sierra Leone
15%
Ranked 99th.
Dependency ratios > Total dependency ratio 45.9%
Ranked 150th.
79.3%
Ranked 37th. 73% more than Malaysia
International migrant stock, total 2.36 million
Ranked 21st. 22 times more than Sierra Leone
106,776
Ranked 125th.

Sanitation facility access > Improved > Total 96% of population
Ranked 30th. 7 times more than Sierra Leone
13% of population
Ranked 157th.

Major infectious diseases > Water contact diseases leptospirosis schistosomiasis
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Male 10.3%
Ranked 94th. 41% more than Sierra Leone
7.3%
Ranked 112th.

Density and urbanisation > Urban population 19.58 million
Ranked 34th. 9 times more than Sierra Leone
2.17 million
Ranked 117th.

Population > CIA Factbook per capita 0.926
Ranked 176th.
1.14
Ranked 18th. 23% more than Malaysia

Age structure > 65 years and over > From total 4.9%
Ranked 127th. 53% more than Sierra Leone
3.2%
Ranked 172nd.

Immigration > Cultural Diversity Index 0.564
Ranked 19th. 6% more than Sierra Leone
0.534
Ranked 28th.
Number of under-five deaths 4,000
Ranked 87th.
39,000
Ranked 37th. 10 times more than Malaysia

GDP per capita > Current US$ $10,432.06
Ranked 61st. 16 times more than Sierra Leone
$634.92
Ranked 162nd.

GDP per capita > Constant 2000 US$ $6,786.19
Ranked 63th. 16 times more than Sierra Leone
$435.41
Ranked 164th.

Sanitation facility access > Unimproved > Total 4% of population
Ranked 134th.
87% of population
Ranked 9th. 22 times more than Malaysia

Migration > International migrant stock > Total 2.03 million
Ranked 20th. 13 times more than Sierra Leone
152,101
Ranked 104th.

Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of origin > Per capita 24.06 per 1 million people
Ranked 134th.
5,168.73 per 1 million people
Ranked 21st. 215 times more than Malaysia

Immigration > Visa overstay rate > Australia 1.01
Ranked 94th.
4.63
Ranked 23th. 5 times more than Malaysia

Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Total per thousand people 48.4
Ranked 111th. 89% more than Sierra Leone
25.67
Ranked 177th.

Gender > Male population per thousand people 485.82
Ranked 157th.
495.79
Ranked 108th. 2% more than Malaysia

Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total per thousand people 276.83
Ranked 97th.
421.56
Ranked 30th. 52% more than Malaysia

Gender ratio > Babies 94.7%
Ranked 139th.
99.6%
Ranked 4th. 5% more than Malaysia

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Total 13 years
Ranked 98th. 8% more than Sierra Leone
12 years
Ranked 122nd.
Age structure > 65 years and over > Females per 1000 25.61
Ranked 118th. 29% more than Sierra Leone
19.81
Ranked 142nd.

Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Condom > Percentage 7.1%
Ranked 9th. 71 times more than Sierra Leone
0.1%
Ranked 22nd.

Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Any method 49%
Ranked 19th. 4 times more than Sierra Leone
11%
Ranked 23th.

Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Condom 7.1%
Ranked 9th. 71 times more than Sierra Leone
0.1%
Ranked 22nd.

Urbanization > Urban population None None
Major cities > Population KUALA LUMPUR (capital) 1.493 million; Klang 1.071 million; Johor Bahru 958,000 FREETOWN (capital) 875,000
Marriage, divorce and children > Teen marriage rate > Women 6.1
Ranked 19th.
30.9
Ranked 2nd. 5 times more than Malaysia
Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > Australian citizens > Conditions of access visa-free Visa required
Charity > World Giving Index > Helped a stranger, percent 26%
Ranked 135th.
71%
Ranked 5th. 3 times more than Malaysia
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Total 13 years
Ranked 94th. 8% more than Sierra Leone
12 years
Ranked 121st.

Maternal mortality rate 29 deaths/100,000 live births
Ranked 124th.
890 deaths/100,000 live births
Ranked 3rd. 31 times more than Malaysia

Sanitation facility access > Unimproved > Rural 5% of population
Ranked 131st.
94% of population
Ranked 9th. 19 times more than Malaysia

Density and urbanisation > Rural population 7.89 million
Ranked 55th. 2 times more than Sierra Leone
3.53 million
Ranked 79th.

Age structure > 15-64 years > From total 63.3%
Ranked 132nd. 21% more than Sierra Leone
52.2%
Ranked 206th.

Age structure > 15-64 years > Females 7.97 million
Ranked 47th. 5 times more than Sierra Leone
1.71 million
Ranked 111th.

Migration > Refugees per 1000 2.81
Ranked 46th.
217.26
Ranked 2nd. 77 times more than Malaysia
Sanitation facility access > Improved > Rural 95% of population
Ranked 64th. 16 times more than Sierra Leone
6% of population
Ranked 185th.

Cities > Rate of urbanization 3%
Ranked 54th. 3% more than Sierra Leone
2.9%
Ranked 61st.
Total population > Age 80-84 152,779
Ranked 57th. 9 times more than Sierra Leone
17,872
Ranked 136th.
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Male 12 years
Ranked 124th.
13 years
Ranked 83th. 8% more than Malaysia

Marriage, divorce and children > Years spent single before marriage > Females 25.1 years
Ranked 10th. 27% more than Sierra Leone
19.8 years
Ranked 6th.
Cities > Urban areas over 2,000,000 per million people 0.0338
Ranked 50th.
0.0
Ranked 123th.
Immigration > Ethnic Fractionalization Index per million people 0.0239
Ranked 92nd.
0.162
Ranked 26th. 7 times more than Malaysia
Cities > Urban population per thousand people 2.53e-06
Ranked 160th.
6.68e-06
Ranked 128th. 3 times more than Malaysia

Gender ratio > Aged over 60 107.9%
Ranked 163th.
123.3%
Ranked 93th. 14% more than Malaysia

Rural population > Per capita 327 per 1,000 people
Ranked 129th.
593 per 1,000 people
Ranked 62nd. 81% more than Malaysia

Health expenditures 3.6% of GDP
Ranked 160th.
18.8% of GDP
Ranked 2nd. 5 times more than Malaysia

Female population > Age 15-19 per 1000 44.9
Ranked 118th.
63.79
Ranked 16th. 42% more than Malaysia
Female population > Age 20-24 1.09 million
Ranked 45th. 4 times more than Sierra Leone
270,040
Ranked 101st.
Total Population > Thousands 23,953
Ranked 46th. 4 times more than Sierra Leone
5,867
Ranked 103th.
Fertility > Number of maternal deaths 170
Ranked 77th.
2,000
Ranked 31st. 12 times more than Malaysia

Charity > World Giving Index > Volunteered time 26%
Ranked 39th.
30%
Ranked 25th. 15% more than Malaysia
Age structure > 0-14 years > Females 3.9 million
Ranked 46th. 3 times more than Sierra Leone
1.43 million
Ranked 83th.

Age structure > 65 years and over > Males 548,970
Ranked 54th. 6 times more than Sierra Leone
94,359
Ranked 126th.

Immigration > Nationality compositions of > Canada, share of Canadian population 0.1%
Ranked 59th.
0.0
Ranked 170th.
Urbanization in 1975 37.7%
Ranked 95th. 76% more than Sierra Leone
21.4%
Ranked 124th.
Total population > Age 15-19 per 1000 92.27
Ranked 113th.
124.08
Ranked 20th. 34% more than Malaysia
Male population > Age 15-19 per 1000 47.37
Ranked 111th.
60.29
Ranked 36th. 27% more than Malaysia
Population in largest city > Per capita 0.055 per capita
Ranked 111th.
0.145 per capita
Ranked 60th. 3 times more than Malaysia

Future population > Females per thousand people 486.24
Ranked 147th.
545.43
Ranked 16th. 12% more than Malaysia
Migration > Net migration rate > A note does not reflect net flow of an unknown number of illegal immigrants from other countries in the region (2002 est.) by the end of 1999 <a href=/graph-T/imm_ref>refugees</a> from <a href=/country/sl><a href=/country/sl>Sierra Leone</a></a> are assumed to be returning (2002 est.)
Immigration > Ethnic Fractionalization Index 0.596
Ranked 54th.
0.764
Ranked 25th. 28% more than Malaysia
Gender ratio > Aged over 60 > Women per 100 men 107.9
Ranked 163th.
123.3
Ranked 93th. 14% more than Malaysia

Gender > Gender ratio aged over 60 107.9
Ranked 163th.
123.3
Ranked 93th. 14% more than Malaysia

Gender > Gender ratio aged over 80 135.1
Ranked 148th.
148.1
Ranked 118th. 10% more than Malaysia

Women > Maternal mortality ratio > Reported 30
Ranked 107th.
1,800
Ranked 1st. 60 times more than Malaysia
Immigration > Nationality compositions of Canada, share of immigrants 0.4%
Ranked 48th.
0.0
Ranked 182nd.
Immigration > Nationality compositions of > Canada per thousand people 0.831
Ranked 98th. 57% more than Sierra Leone
0.53
Ranked 116th.
Female population > Age 20-24 per 1000 42.16
Ranked 118th.
52.74
Ranked 35th. 25% more than Malaysia
Male population > Age 75-79 per 1000 3.28
Ranked 125th. 8% more than Sierra Leone
3.03
Ranked 140th.
HIV/AIDS > People living with HIV/AIDS 100,000
Ranked 41st. 2 times more than Sierra Leone
49,000
Ranked 58th.

Population, female > % of total 51.49%
Ranked 24th. 2% more than Sierra Leone
50.37%
Ranked 92nd.

Survival to age 65, male > % of cohort 76.48%
Ranked 69th. 2 times more than Sierra Leone
34.15%
Ranked 190th.

Prevalence of undernourishment > % of population 5%
Ranked 160th.
28.8%
Ranked 25th. 6 times more than Malaysia

Labor force participation rate, total > % of total population ages 15-64 62.2%
Ranked 146th.
68.7%
Ranked 97th. 10% more than Malaysia

Employment to population ratio, ages 15-24, female > % 28.8%
Ranked 97th.
46.6%
Ranked 40th. 62% more than Malaysia

Total population > Age 45-49 > % of the total 5.42
Ranked 113th. 88% more than Sierra Leone
2.89
Ranked 213th.
Rural population 8.29 million
Ranked 55th. 3 times more than Sierra Leone
3.28 million
Ranked 89th.

Female population > Age 75-79 > % of the total 0.48
Ranked 132nd. 78% more than Sierra Leone
0.27
Ranked 188th.
Male population > Age 80-84 per 1000 2.21
Ranked 131st. 28% more than Sierra Leone
1.72
Ranked 151st.
Malnutrition prevalence, weight for age, male > % of children under 5 13.2%
Ranked 24th.
22.6%
Ranked 5th. 71% more than Malaysia

Fertility > Low-birthweight babies > % of births 10.5%
Ranked 16th. The same as Sierra Leone
10.5%
Ranked 7th.

Improved sanitation facilities > % of population with access 95.7%
Ranked 66th. 7 times more than Sierra Leone
12.9%
Ranked 176th.

Male population > Age 80-84 > % of the total 0.23
Ranked 139th. 53% more than Sierra Leone
0.15
Ranked 183th.
Female population > Age 80-84 > % of the total 0.39
Ranked 128th. 3 times more than Sierra Leone
0.15
Ranked 205th.
Fertility > Contraceptive prevalence > % of women ages 15-49 54.5%
Ranked 12th. 5 times more than Sierra Leone
11%
Ranked 29th.

Emigration rate of tertiary educated > % of total tertiary educated population 10.54%
Ranked 100th.
49.23%
Ranked 25th. 5 times more than Malaysia

Labor force participation rate for ages 15-24, male > % 47.6%
Ranked 117th. 19% more than Sierra Leone
40.1%
Ranked 148th.

Fertility > Mortality rate, neonatal > Per 1,000 live births 4.5
Ranked 144th.
49.5
Ranked 1st. 11 times more than Malaysia

Malnutrition prevalence, height for age, male > % of children under 5 17.2%
Ranked 35th.
47.5%
Ranked 3rd. 3 times more than Malaysia

Male population > Age 70-74 per 1000 5.34
Ranked 126th. 2% more than Sierra Leone
5.21
Ranked 132nd.
Population > Female > % of total 49.2%
Ranked 164th.
50.7%
Ranked 73th. 3% more than Malaysia

Urban and rural > Male rural population per thousand people 150.8
Ranked 47th.
284.23
Ranked 11th. 88% more than Malaysia

Labor force participation rate, male > % of male population ages 15-64 78.8%
Ranked 105th. 13% more than Sierra Leone
69.8%
Ranked 168th.

Prevalence of overweight > % of children under 5 5.5%
Ranked 13th.
10.3%
Ranked 6th. 87% more than Malaysia

Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > United States citizens > Notes All visitors are fingerprinted on arrival and departure. International Certificate of Vaccination required.
Fertility > Maternal mortality ratio > Modeled estimate, per 100,000 live births 29
Ranked 122nd.
890
Ranked 3rd. 31 times more than Malaysia

Fertility > Mortality rate, under-5, female > Per 1,000 live births 7.6
Ranked 142nd.
172.9
Ranked 1st. 23 times more than Malaysia

Gender ratio > Aged over 65 > Women per 100 men 115.1
Ranked 148th.
127.5
Ranked 97th. 11% more than Malaysia

Improved sanitation facilities, urban > % of urban population with access 96.1%
Ranked 76th. 4 times more than Sierra Leone
22.5%
Ranked 180th.

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Male 12 years
Ranked 125th.
13 years
Ranked 87th. 8% more than Malaysia
Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > United States citizens > Requirement Visa not required Visa required
Improved sanitation facilities, rural > % of rural population with access 94.6%
Ranked 62nd. 14 times more than Sierra Leone
6.7%
Ranked 172nd.

Male population > Age 75-79 > % of the total 0.35
Ranked 134th. 35% more than Sierra Leone
0.26
Ranked 172nd.
Female population > Age 75-79 118,261
Ranked 58th. 7 times more than Sierra Leone
16,047
Ranked 133th.
Fertility > Lifetime risk of maternal death > 1 in: rate varies by country 1,300
Ranked 72nd. 57 times more than Sierra Leone
23
Ranked 179th.

Gender ratio > Aged over 80 > Women per 100 men 135.1
Ranked 148th.
148.1
Ranked 118th. 10% more than Malaysia

Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 > Total per thousand people 645.62
Ranked 44th. 21% more than Sierra Leone
534.14
Ranked 158th.

Malnutrition prevalence, height for age, female > % of children under 5 17.2%
Ranked 34th.
42.3%
Ranked 3rd. 2 times more than Malaysia

Gender ratio > Aged over 65 115.1%
Ranked 148th.
127.5%
Ranked 97th. 11% more than Malaysia

Fertility > Maternal mortality ratio > National estimate, per 100,000 live births 30
Ranked 22nd.
860
Ranked 1st. 29 times more than Malaysia

Fertility > Newborns protected against tetanus > % 90%
Ranked 30th. 6% more than Sierra Leone
85%
Ranked 57th.

Poverty headcount ratio at urban poverty line > % of urban population 1%
Ranked 17th.
31.2%
Ranked 8th. 31 times more than Malaysia

Labor force participation rate, female > % of female population ages 15-64 46.8%
Ranked 146th.
67.7%
Ranked 58th. 45% more than Malaysia

Mortality rate, adult, female > Per 1,000 female adults 80.57
Ranked 114th.
429.24
Ranked 6th. 5 times more than Malaysia

Mortality rate, adult, male > Per 1,000 male adults 154.06
Ranked 117th.
447.4
Ranked 7th. 3 times more than Malaysia

Survival to age 65, female > % of cohort 86.42%
Ranked 68th. 2 times more than Sierra Leone
35.91%
Ranked 190th.

Male population > Age 70-74 > % of the total 0.57
Ranked 133th. 30% more than Sierra Leone
0.44
Ranked 169th.
Age dependency ratio, old > % of working-age population 7.57%
Ranked 110th. 61% more than Sierra Leone
4.7%
Ranked 183th.

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Female 13 years
Ranked 66th. 18% more than Sierra Leone
11 years
Ranked 23th.

SOURCES: United Nations Population Division. Source tables; CIA World Factbook, 28 July 2005; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Population Division; United Nations Population Division. 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Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; Estimates developed by the UN Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (UNICEF, WHO, World Bank, UN DESA Population Division) at www.childmortality.org. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Development Programme. Source tables; (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Population Division, World Population Prospects.; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations World Statistics Pocketbook and Statistical Yearbook; Population Reference Bureau, 2001 World Population Data Sheet, Washington, DC: PRB, 2001. via ciesin.org; Population Division of the United Nations Secretariat, World Urbanization Prospects: The 2001 Revision, Data Tables and Highlights (ESA/P/WP.173, 20 March 2002); Wikipedia: List of countries by refugee population (By Country of Asylum); (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), Statistical Yearbook and data files, complemented by statistics on Palestinian refugees under the mandate of the UNRWA as published on its website. 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Population and Vital Statistics Repot (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database; https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/fields/2177.html, median age; Source tables, Population projections.; U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division, International Programs Center Spanish Statistical Institute; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; UNICEF; World Development Indicators database. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Wikipedia: World Giving Index (World Giving Index); United Nations Population Division, Trends in Total Migrant Stock: 2008 Revision.; World Bank Staff estimates based on United Nations, World Urbanisation Prospects.; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Ethnic and Cultural Diversity By Country. James D. Faeron. Journal of Economic Growth, 8, 195-222, 2003, p. 215 ff.; World Bank national accounts data; World Bank national accounts data; Wikipedia: Visa policy of Australia (Modified Non-Return Rate) (Modified Non-Return Rate Quarterly Report Ending at 30 June 2013, ); United Nations Population Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Population Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Population Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; CIA World Factbook 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013; United Nations Statistics Division; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; Wikipedia: Visa requirements for Australian citizens (Africa); The data on urban population shares used to estimate rural population come from the United Nations, World Urbanisation Prospects. Total population figures are World Bank estimates.; United Nations World Statistics Pocketbook and Statistical Yearbook. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Wikipedia: Urbanization by country (Countries) ([1] United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs); U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division, International Programs Center; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; Wikipedia: List of urban areas by population (Number of urban areas by country) (Demographia World Urban Areas (World Agglomerations): 9th Annual Edition, March 2013). Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Ethnic and Cultural Diversity By Country. James D. Faeron. Journal of Economic Growth, 8, 195-222, 2003, p. 215 ff. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Population Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division, International Programs Center. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division, International Programs Center Spanish Statistical Institute; Trends in Maternal Mortality: 1990-2010. Estimates Developed by WHO, UNICEF, UNFPA and the World Bank.; http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/census-recensement/2006/dp-pd/hlt/97-557/T404-eng.cfm?Lang=E&T=404&GH=4&GF=1&SC=1&S=1&O=D; Source tables, Population projections. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; CIA World Factbook, December 2003; Ethnic and Cultural Diversity By Country. James D. Faeron. Journal of Economic Growth, 8, 195-222, 2003, p. 215 ff.; United Nations Statistics Division Original html; United Nations Statistics Division Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; Wikipedia: Immigration to Canada (Canadian permanent resident population by country of birth) ([1] , Place of birth for the immigrant population by period of immigration, 2006 counts and percentages [1] , Population by immigrant status and period of immigration, 2006 counts, for Canada, provinces and territories); http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/census-recensement/2006/dp-pd/hlt/97-557/T404-eng.cfm?Lang=E&T=404&GH=4&GF=1&SC=1&S=1&O=D. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; The United Nations Population Division's World Population Prospects.; United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects. New York, United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs (advanced Excel tables). Available at http://esa.un.org/wpp/unpp/panel_population.htm.; Food and Agriculture Organization; International Labour Organization, Key Indicators of the Labour Market database.; World Health Organization, Global Database on Child Growth and Malnutrition. Country-level data are unadjusted data from national surveys, and thus may not be comparable across countries.; UNICEF, State of the World's Children, Childinfo, and Demographic and Health Surveys by ICF International.; WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme (JMP) for Water Supply and Sanitation (http://www.wssinfo.org/).; Household surveys, including Demographic and Health Surveys by Macro International and Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys by UNICEF.; Frxe9dxe9ric Docquier, B. Lindsay Lowell, and Abdeslam Marfouk's , "A Gendered Assessment of Highly Skilled Emigration" (2009).; World Health Organization, Global Database on Child Growth and Malnutrition. Country-level data are unadjusted data from national surveys, and thus may not be comparable across countries. Adjusted, comparable data are available at http://www.who.int/nutgrowthdb/en. Aggregation is based on UNICEF, WHO, and the World Bank harmonized dataset (adjusted, comparable data) and methodology.; Wikipedia: Visa requirements for United States citizens (Visa requirements); Wikipedia: Visa requirements for United States citizens (Europe) ("Japan Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens" . Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State . Retrieved 18 November 2013 .); United Nations Population Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; UNICEF, State of the World's Children, Childinfo.; World Bank, Global Poverty Working Group. Data are based on World Bank's country poverty assessments and country Poverty Reduction Strategies.; (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects. New York, United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs (advanced Excel tables). Available at http://esa.un.org/wpp/unpp/panel_population.htm, (2) University of California, Berkeley, and Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research. Human Mortality Database. [ www.mortality.org or www.humanmortality.de].; World Bank staff estimates