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Country vs country: Malaysia and Sierra Leone compared: People

Definitions

  • Birth rate: The average annual number of births during a year per 1,000 persons in the population at midyear; also known as crude birth rate. The birth rate is usually the dominant factor in determining the rate of population growth. It depends on both the level of fertility and the age structure of the population.
  • Death rate: The average annual number of deaths during a year per 1,000 population at midyear; also known as crude death rate. The death rate, while only a rough indicator of the mortality situation in a country, accurately indicates the current mortality impact on population growth. This indicator is significantly affected by age distribution, and most countries will eventually show a rise in the overall death rate, in spite of continued decline in mortality at all ages, as declining fertility results in an aging population.
  • Ethnic groups: This entry provides a rank ordering of ethnic groups starting with the largest and normally includes the percent of total population.
  • Hospital bed density: This entry provides the number of hospital beds per 1,000 people; it serves as a general measure of inpatient service availability. Hospital beds include inpatient beds available in public, private, general, and specialized hospitals and rehabilitation centers. In most cases, beds for both acute and chronic care are included. Because the level of inpatient services required for individual countries depends on several factors - such as demographic issues and the burden of disease - there is no global target for the number of hospital beds per country. So, while 2 beds per 1,000 in one country may be sufficient, 2 beds per 1,000 in another may be woefully inadequate because of the number of people hospitalized by disease.
  • Infant mortality rate > Total: This entry is derived from People > Infant mortality rate, which gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
  • Major infectious diseases > Water contact diseases: This entry is derived from People > Major infectious diseases, which lists major infectious diseases likely to be encountered in countries where the risk of such diseases is assessed to be very high as compared to the United States. These infectious diseases represent risks to US government personnel traveling to the specified country for a period of less than three years. The degree of risk is assessed by considering the foreign nature of these infectious diseases, their severity, and the probability of being affected by the diseases present. The diseases listed do not necessarily represent the total disease burden experienced by the local population.
    The risk to an individual traveler varies considerably by the specific location, visit duration, type of activities, type of accommodations, time of year, and other factors. Consultation with a travel medicine physician is needed to evaluate individual risk and recommend appropriate preventive measures such as vaccines.
    Diseases are organized into the following six exposure categories shown in italics and listed in typical descending order of risk. Note: The sequence of exposure categories listed in individual country entries may vary according to local conditions.
    food or waterborne diseases acquired through eating or drinking on the local economy:
    Hepatitis A - viral disease that interferes with the functioning of the liver; spread through consumption of food or water contaminated with fecal matter, principally in areas of poor sanitation; victims exhibit fever, jaundice, and diarrhea; 15% of victims will experience prolonged symptoms over 6-9 months; vaccine available.
    Hepatitis E - water-borne viral disease that interferes with the functioning of the liver; most commonly spread through fecal contamination of drinking water; victims exhibit jaundice, fatigue, abdominal pain, and dark colored urine.
    Typhoid fever - bacterial disease spread through contact with food or water contaminated by fecal matter or sewage; victims exhibit sustained high fevers; left untreated, mortality rates can reach 20%.
    vectorborne diseases acquired through the bite of an infected arthropod:
    Malaria - caused by single-cell parasitic protozoa Plasmodium; transmitted to humans via the bite of the female Anopheles mosquito; parasites multiply in the liver attacking red blood cells resulting in cycles of fever, chills, and sweats accompanied by anemia; death due to damage to vital organs and interruption of blood supply to the brain; endemic in 100, mostly tropical, ...
    Full definition
  • Nationality > Adjective: This entry is derived from People > Nationality, which provides the identifying terms for citizens - noun and adjective.
  • Nationality > Noun: The noun which identifies citizens of the nation
  • Physicians density: This entry gives the number of medical doctors (physicians), including generalist and specialist medical practitioners, per 1,000 of the population. Medical doctors are defined as doctors that study, diagnose, treat, and prevent illness, disease, injury, and other physical and mental impairments in humans through the application of modern medicine. They also plan, supervise, and evaluate care and treatment plans by other health care providers. The World Health Organization estimates that fewer than 2.3 health workers (physicians, nurses, and midwives only) per 1,000 would be insufficient to achieve coverage of primary healthcare needs.
  • Population: Population, total refers to the total population.
  • Population growth rate: The average annual percent change in the population, resulting from a surplus (or deficit) of births over deaths and the balance of migrants entering and leaving a country. The rate may be positive or negative. The growth rate is a factor in determining how great a burden would be imposed on a country by the changing needs of its people for infrastructure (e.g., schools, hospitals, housing, roads), resources (e.g., food, water, electricity), and jobs. Rapid population growth can be seen as threatening by neighboring countries.
  • Population in 2015: (Thousands) Medium-variant projections.
  • Sex ratio > At birth: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Sex ratio > Total population: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Total fertility rate: The average number of children that would be born per woman if all women lived to the end of their child-bearing years and bore children according to a given fertility rate at each age. The total fertility rate is a more direct measure of the level of fertility than the crude birth rate, since it refers to births per woman. This indicator shows the potential for population growth in the country. High rates will also place some limits on the labor force participation rates for women. Large numbers of children born to women indicate large family sizes that might limit the ability of the families to feed and educate their children.
  • Sex ratio > 65 years and over: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Male: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Total: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Sex ratio > Under 15 years: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Sanitation facility access > Improved > Total: This entry is derived from People > Sanitation facility access > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved sanitation facilities available to segments of the population of a country. improved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush to a piped sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine; pit latrine with slab; or a composting toilet. unimproved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush not piped to a sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; pit latrine without a slab or open pit; bucket; hanging toilet or hanging latrine; shared facilities of any type; no facilities; or bush or field.
  • Sanitation facility access > Improved > Urban: This entry is derived from People > Sanitation facility access > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved sanitation facilities available to segments of the population of a country. improved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush to a piped sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine; pit latrine with slab; or a composting toilet. unimproved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush not piped to a sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; pit latrine without a slab or open pit; bucket; hanging toilet or hanging latrine; shared facilities of any type; no facilities; or bush or field.
  • Sanitation facility access > Unimproved > Urban: This entry is derived from People > Sanitation facility access > Unimproved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved sanitation facilities available to segments of the population of a country. improved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush to a piped sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine; pit latrine with slab; or a composting toilet. unimproved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush not piped to a sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; pit latrine without a slab or open pit; bucket; hanging toilet or hanging latrine; shared facilities of any type; no facilities; or bush or field.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Female: This entry is derived from People > School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary , which school life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Median age > Female: This entry is derived from People > Median age, which is the age that divides a population into two numerically equal groups; that is, half the people are younger than this age and half are older. It is a single index that summarizes the age distribution of a population. Currently, the median age ranges from a low of about 15 in Uganda and Gaza Strip to 40 or more in several European countries and Japan. See the entry for "Age structure" for the importance of a young versus an older age structure and, by implication, a low versus a higher median age.
  • Median age > Total: This entry is derived from People > Median age, which is the age that divides a population into two numerically equal groups; that is, half the people are younger than this age and half are older. It is a single index that summarizes the age distribution of a population. Currently, the median age ranges from a low of about 15 in Uganda and Gaza Strip to 40 or more in several European countries and Japan. See the entry for "Age structure" for the importance of a young versus an older age structure and, by implication, a low versus a higher median age.
  • Infant mortality rate > Female: This entry is derived from People > Infant mortality rate, which gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
  • Infant mortality rate > Male: This entry is derived from People > Infant mortality rate, which gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years: The distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Sex ratio > 15-64 years: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Male: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Total: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Languages: This entry provides a rank ordering of languages starting with the largest and sometimes includes the percent of total population speaking that language.
  • Literacy > Definition: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
  • Age structure > 15-24 years: This entry is derived from People > Age structure, which provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group as follows: 0-14 years (children), 15-24 years (early working age), 25-54 years (prime working age), 55-64 years (mature working age), 65 years and over (elderly). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Contraceptive prevalence rate: This field gives the percent of women of reproductive age (15-49) who are married or in union and are using, or whose sexual partner is using, a method of contraception according to the date of the most recent available data. The contraceptive prevalence rate is an indicator of health services, development, and women’s empowerment. It is also useful in understanding, past, present, and future fertility trends, especially in developing countries.
  • Age structure > 25-54 years: This entry is derived from People > Age structure, which provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group as follows: 0-14 years (children), 15-24 years (early working age), 25-54 years (prime working age), 55-64 years (mature working age), 65 years and over (elderly). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age structure > 55-64 years: This entry is derived from People > Age structure, which provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group as follows: 0-14 years (children), 15-24 years (early working age), 25-54 years (prime working age), 55-64 years (mature working age), 65 years and over (elderly). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Dependency ratios > Elderly dependency ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.
  • Dependency ratios > Potential support ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.
  • Dependency ratios > Youth dependency ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.
  • Dependency ratios > Total dependency ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.
  • Religions: This entry is an ordered listing of religions by adherents starting with the largest group and sometimes includes the percent of total population. The core characteristics and beliefs of the world's major religions are described below.
    Baha'i - Founded by Mirza Husayn-Ali (known as Baha'u'llah) in Iran in 1852, Baha'i faith emphasizes monotheism and believes in one eternal transcendent God. Its guiding focus is to encourage the unity of all peoples on the earth so that justice and peace may be achieved on earth. Baha'i revelation contends the prophets of major world religions reflect some truth or element of the divine, believes all were manifestations of God given to specific communities in specific times, and that Baha'u'llah is an additional prophet meant to call all humankind. Bahais are an open community, located worldwide, with the greatest concentration of believers in South Asia.
    Buddhism - Religion or philosophy inspired by the 5th century B.C. teachings of Siddhartha Gautama (also known as Gautama Buddha "the enlightened one"). Buddhism focuses on the goal of spiritual enlightenment centered on an understanding of Gautama Buddha's Four Noble Truths on the nature of suffering, and on the Eightfold Path of spiritual and moral practice, to break the cycle of suffering of which we are a part. Buddhism ascribes to a karmic system of rebirth. Several schools and sects of Buddhism exist, differing often on the nature of the Buddha, the extent to which enlightenment can be achieved - for one or for all, and by whom - religious orders or laity.
    Basic Groupings
       Theravada Buddhism: The oldest Buddhist school, Theravada is practiced mostly in Sri Lanka, Cambodia, Laos, Burma, and Thailand, with minority representation elsewhere in Asia and the West. Theravadans follow the Pali Canon of Buddha's teachings, and believe that one may escape the cycle of rebirth, worldly attachment, and suffering for oneself; this process may take one or several lifetimes.
       Mahayana Buddhism, including subsets Zen and Tibetan (Lamaistic) Buddhism: Forms of Mahayana Buddhism are common in East Asia and Tibet, and parts of the West. Mahayanas have additional scriptures beyond the Pali Canon and believe the Buddha is eternal and still teaching. Unlike Theravada Buddhism, Mahayana schools maintain the Buddha-nature is present in all beings and all will ultimately achieve enlightenment.
        Hoa Hao: a minority tradition of Buddhism practiced in Vietnam that stresses lay participation, primarily by peasant farmers; it eschews ...
    Full definition
  • Drinking water source > Improved > Total: This entry is derived from People > Drinking water source > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved drinking water sources available to segments of the population of a country.improved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: piped water into dwelling, yard, or plot; public tap or standpipe; tubewell or borehole; protected dug well; protected spring; or rainwater collection. unimproved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: unprotected dug well; unprotected spring; cart with small tank or drum; tanker truck; surface water, which includes rivers, dams, lakes, ponds, streams, canals or irrigation channels; or bottled water.
  • Sanitation facility access > Improved > Rural: This entry is derived from People > Sanitation facility access > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved sanitation facilities available to segments of the population of a country. improved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush to a piped sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine; pit latrine with slab; or a composting toilet. unimproved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush not piped to a sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; pit latrine without a slab or open pit; bucket; hanging toilet or hanging latrine; shared facilities of any type; no facilities; or bush or field.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over: The distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest."
  • Sanitation facility access > Unimproved > Rural: This entry is derived from People > Sanitation facility access > Unimproved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved sanitation facilities available to segments of the population of a country. improved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush to a piped sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine; pit latrine with slab; or a composting toilet. unimproved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush not piped to a sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; pit latrine without a slab or open pit; bucket; hanging toilet or hanging latrine; shared facilities of any type; no facilities; or bush or field.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Male: This entry is derived from People > School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary , which school life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Total: This entry is derived from People > School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary , which school life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Age structure > 15-64 years: The distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Median age > Male: This entry is the age that divides a population into two numerically equal groups; that is, half the people are younger than this age and half are older. It is a single index that summarizes the age distribution of a population. Currently, the median age ranges from a low of about 15 in Uganda and Gaza Strip to 40 or more in several European countries and Japan. See the entry for "Age structure" for the importance of a young versus an older age structure and, by implication, a low versus a higher median age.
  • Drinking water source > Improved > Rural: This entry is derived from People > Drinking water source > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved drinking water sources available to segments of the population of a country.improved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: piped water into dwelling, yard, or plot; public tap or standpipe; tubewell or borehole; protected dug well; protected spring; or rainwater collection. unimproved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: unprotected dug well; unprotected spring; cart with small tank or drum; tanker truck; surface water, which includes rivers, dams, lakes, ponds, streams, canals or irrigation channels; or bottled water.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Female: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Sanitation facility access > Unimproved > Total: This entry is derived from People > Sanitation facility access > Unimproved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved sanitation facilities available to segments of the population of a country. improved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush to a piped sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine; pit latrine with slab; or a composting toilet. unimproved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush not piped to a sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; pit latrine without a slab or open pit; bucket; hanging toilet or hanging latrine; shared facilities of any type; no facilities; or bush or field.
  • Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Female: This entry is derived from People > Unemployment, youth ages 15-24, which gives the percent of the total labor force ages 15-24 unemployed during a specified year.
  • Drinking water source > Unimproved > Rural: This entry is derived from People > Drinking water source > Unimproved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved drinking water sources available to segments of the population of a country.improved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: piped water into dwelling, yard, or plot; public tap or standpipe; tubewell or borehole; protected dug well; protected spring; or rainwater collection. unimproved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: unprotected dug well; unprotected spring; cart with small tank or drum; tanker truck; surface water, which includes rivers, dams, lakes, ponds, streams, canals or irrigation channels; or bottled water.
  • Literacy > Female: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
  • HIV/AIDS > Deaths: This entry gives an estimate of the number of adults and children who died of AIDS during a given calendar year.
  • Drinking water source > Improved > Urban: This entry is derived from People > Drinking water source > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved drinking water sources available to segments of the population of a country.improved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: piped water into dwelling, yard, or plot; public tap or standpipe; tubewell or borehole; protected dug well; protected spring; or rainwater collection. unimproved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: unprotected dug well; unprotected spring; cart with small tank or drum; tanker truck; surface water, which includes rivers, dams, lakes, ponds, streams, canals or irrigation channels; or bottled water.
  • Drinking water source > Unimproved > Urban: This entry is derived from People > Drinking water source > Unimproved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved drinking water sources available to segments of the population of a country.improved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: piped water into dwelling, yard, or plot; public tap or standpipe; tubewell or borehole; protected dug well; protected spring; or rainwater collection. unimproved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: unprotected dug well; unprotected spring; cart with small tank or drum; tanker truck; surface water, which includes rivers, dams, lakes, ponds, streams, canals or irrigation channels; or bottled water.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Female: This entry is derived from People > Life expectancy at birth, which contains the average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. The entry includes total population as well as the male and female components. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Male: This entry is derived from People > Life expectancy at birth, which contains the average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. The entry includes total population as well as the male and female components. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Total population: This entry is derived from People > Life expectancy at birth, which contains the average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. The entry includes total population as well as the male and female components. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Male: This entry is derived from People > Unemployment, youth ages 15-24, which gives the percent of the total labor force ages 15-24 unemployed during a specified year.
  • Literacy > Male: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
  • Literacy > Total population: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
    Additional details:
    • Gibraltar: above 80% (2013)
  • Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Total: This entry is derived from People > Unemployment, youth ages 15-24, which gives the percent of the total labor force ages 15-24 unemployed during a specified year.
  • Projected population growth: Percentage change in projected population between 2000 and 2050
    Units: Percent Change in Population
    Units: A threshold of 0 was applied. All countries with growth rates of 0 or below received the same score.
  • Urban population: Urban population is the midyear population of areas defined as urban in each country and reported to the United Nations.
  • Total Population: Total Population, as of April 26, 2005
  • Urbanization: Estimates and projections of urban and rural populations are made by the Population Division of the United Nations Secretariat and published every two years. These estimates and projections are based on national census or survey data that have been evaluated and, whenever necessary, adjusted for deficiencies and inconsistencies. Urban-rural classification of population in internationally published statistics follows the national census definition, which differs from one country or area to another. National definitions are usually based on criteria that may include any of the following: size of population in a locality, population density, distance between built-up areas, predominant type of economic activity, legal or administrative boundaries and urban characteristics such as specific services and facilities.
  • Population > CIA Factbook: This entry gives an estimate from the US Bureau of the Census based on statistics from population censuses, vital statistics registration systems, or sample surveys pertaining to the recent past and on assumptions about future trends. The total population presents one overall measure of the potential impact of the country on the world and within its region. Note: starting with the 1993 Factbook, demographic estimates for some countries (mostly African) have explicitly taken into account the effects of the growing impact of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. These countries are currently: The Bahamas, Benin, Botswana, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burma, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.
  • Rural population: Rural population is calculated as the difference between the total population and the urban population.
  • Total Population > Female: Total Population - Female, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total Population > Male: Total Population - Male, as of April 26, 2005
  • Urban population > Per capita: Urban population is the midyear population of areas defined as urban in each country and reported to the United Nations. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Population in largest city: Population in largest city is the urban population living in the countryÂ’s largest metropolitan area.
  • Rural population > Per capita: Rural population is calculated as the difference between the total population and the urban population. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Population density: Population density is midyear population divided by land area in square kilometers. Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of their country of origin. Land area is a country's total area, excluding area under inland water bodies, national claims to continental shelf, and exclusive economic zones. In most cases the definition of inland water bodies includes major rivers and lakes."
  • Structure > Population > Total: Total population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of their country of origin. The values shown are midyear estimates."
  • Teenage pregancy rate: Adolescent fertility rate is the number of births per 1,000 women ages 15-19."
  • Male population > Age 20-24: Male population - Age 20-24, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population > Age 30-34 > % of the total: Total population - Age 30-34 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population > Age 70-74: Total population - Age 70-74, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 55-59 per 1000: Male population - Age 55-59, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Female population > Age 10-14 > % of the total: Female population - Age 10-14 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 65-69 > % of the total: Female population - Age 65-69 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 25-29 > % of the total: Male population - Age 25-29 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 25-29: Female population - Age 25-29, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 40-44: Female population - Age 40-44, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 15-19: Male population - Age 15-19, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 35-39: Male population - Age 35-39, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 40-44: Male population - Age 40-44, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population > Age 40-44: Total population - Age 40-44, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population > Age 35-39: Total population - Age 35-39, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population > Age 35-39 > % of the total: Total population - Age 35-39 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population > Age 45-49: Total population - Age 45-49, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population > Age 65-69: Total population - Age 65-69, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population > Age 60-64 > % of the total: Total population - Age 60-64 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population > Age 70-74 > % of the total: Total population - Age 70-74 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population > Age 65-69 > % of the total: Total population - Age 65-69 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population > Age 75-79 > % of the total: Total population - Age 75-79 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population > Age 75-79: Total population - Age 75-79, as of April 26, 2005
  • Population > Population in the largest city > % of urban population: Population in the largest city (% of urban population). Population in largest city is the percentage of a country's urban population living in that country's largest metropolitan area.
  • Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita > Cubic meters: Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita (cubic meters). Renewable internal freshwater resources flows refer to internal renewable resources (internal river flows and groundwater from rainfall) in the country. Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita are calculated using the World Bank's population estimates.
  • Male population > Age 65-69 per 1000: Male population - Age 65-69, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Male population > Age 65-69: Male population - Age 65-69, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 15-19 per 1000: Female population - Age 15-19, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Male population > Age 70-74 per 1000: Male population - Age 70-74, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Male population > Age 75-79 per 1000: Male population - Age 75-79, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Male population > Age 80-84 per 1000: Male population - Age 80-84, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Female population > Age 35-39 per 1000: Female population - Age 35-39, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Female population > Age 25-29 > % of the total: Female population - Age 25-29 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 20-24 > % of the total: Female population - Age 20-24 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 40-44 > % of the total: Female population - Age 40-44 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 35-39 > % of the total: Female population - Age 35-39 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 30-34: Female population - Age 30-34, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 35-39: Female population - Age 35-39, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 30-34 > % of the total: Female population - Age 30-34 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 45-49: Female population - Age 45-49, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 55-59: Female population - Age 55-59, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 50-54: Female population - Age 50-54, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 50-54 > % of the total: Female population - Age 50-54 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 55-59 > % of the total: Female population - Age 55-59 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 45-49 > % of the total: Female population - Age 45-49 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 70-74: Female population - Age 70-74, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 60-64: Female population - Age 60-64, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 65-69: Female population - Age 65-69, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 70-74 > % of the total: Female population - Age 70-74 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 75-79: Female population - Age 75-79, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 80-84 > % of the total: Female population - Age 80-84 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 75-79 > % of the total: Female population - Age 75-79 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 10-14 > % of the total: Male population - Age 10-14 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 10-14: Male population - Age 10-14, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 15-19 > % of the total: Male population - Age 15-19 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 25-29: Male population - Age 25-29, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 40-44 > % of the total: Male population - Age 40-44 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 30-34 > % of the total: Male population - Age 30-34 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 35-39 > % of the total: Male population - Age 35-39 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 20-24 > % of the total: Male population - Age 20-24 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 45-49: Male population - Age 45-49, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 50-54: Male population - Age 50-54, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 55-59: Male population - Age 55-59, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 45-49 > % of the total: Male population - Age 45-49 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 50-54 > % of the total: Male population - Age 50-54 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 60-64: Male population - Age 60-64, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 65-69 > % of the total: Male population - Age 65-69 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 60-64 > % of the total: Male population - Age 60-64 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 55-59 > % of the total: Male population - Age 55-59 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 70-74 > % of the total: Male population - Age 70-74 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 75-79 > % of the total: Male population - Age 75-79 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 80-84 > % of the total: Male population - Age 80-84 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 75-79: Male population - Age 75-79, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 80-84: Male population - Age 80-84, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 45-49 per 1000: Female population - Age 45-49, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Female population > Age 55-59 per 1000: Female population - Age 55-59, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total Population per capita: Total Population, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Total Population > Female per 1000: Total Population - Female, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total Population > Male per 1000: Total Population - Male, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 15-19: Total population - Age 15-19, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population > Age 10-14 per 1000: Total population - Age 10-14, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 15-19 per 1000: Total population - Age 15-19, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • GDP per capita > Current US$: GDP per capita (current US$). GDP per capita is gross domestic product divided by midyear population. GDP is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • GDP per capita > Constant 2000 US$: GDP per capita (constant 2000 US$). GDP per capita is gross domestic product divided by midyear population. GDP is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in constant 2005 U.S. dollars.
  • GDP per capita growth > Annual %: GDP per capita growth (annual %). Annual percentage growth rate of GDP per capita based on constant local currency. Aggregates are based on constant 2005 U.S. dollars. GDP per capita is gross domestic product divided by midyear population. GDP at purchaser's prices is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources.
  • Total population > Age 25-29 per 1000: Total population - Age 25-29, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 80-84 per 1000: Total population - Age 80-84, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 30-34 per 1000: Total population - Age 30-34, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Male population > Age 30-34 per 1000: Male population - Age 30-34, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 50-54: Total population - Age 50-54, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 20-24 per 1000: Female population - Age 20-24, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 70-74 per 1000: Total population - Age 70-74, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 60-64 per 1000: Total population - Age 60-64, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • GNI per capita growth > Annual %: GNI per capita growth (annual %). Annual percentage growth rate of GNI per capita based on constant local currency. Aggregates are based on constant 2005 U.S. dollars. GNI per capita is gross national income divided by midyear population. GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad.
  • Female population > Age 10-14 per 1000: Female population - Age 10-14, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Female population > Age 25-29 per 1000: Female population - Age 25-29, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Female population > Age 40-44 per 1000: Female population - Age 40-44, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Male population > Age 40-44 per 1000: Male population - Age 40-44, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 40-44 per 1000: Total population - Age 40-44, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 45-49 per 1000: Total population - Age 45-49, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 65-69 per 1000: Total population - Age 65-69, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Urban population growth > Annual %: Urban population is the midyear population of areas defined as urban in each country and reported to the United Nations.
  • Total population > Age 50-54 per 1000: Total population - Age 50-54, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Primary completion rate, female > % of relevant age group: Primary completion rate, female (% of relevant age group). Primary completion rate. Female is the total number of new female entrants in the last grade of primary education, regardless of age, expressed as percentage of the total female population of the theoretical entrance age to the last grade of primary. This indicator is also known as "gross intake rate to the last grade of primary." The ratio can exceed 100% due to over-aged and under-aged children who enter primary school late/early and/or repeat grades.
  • Primary completion rate, male > % of relevant age group: Primary completion rate, male (% of relevant age group). Primary completion rate. Male is the total number of new male entrants in the last grade of primary education, regardless of age, expressed as percentage of the total male population of the theoretical entrance age to the last grade of primary. This indicator is also known as "gross intake rate to the last grade of primary." The ratio can exceed 100% due to over-aged and under-aged children who enter primary school late/early and/or repeat grades.
  • Migration > Net migration rate: The difference between the number of persons entering and leaving a country during the year per 1,000 persons (based on midyear population). An excess of persons entering the country is referred to as net immigration (e.g., 3.56 migrants/1,000 population); an excess of persons leaving the country as net emigration (e.g., -9.26 migrants/1,000 population). The net migration rate indicates the contribution of migration to the overall level of population change. High levels of migration can cause problems such as increasing unemployment and potential ethnic strife (if people are coming in) or a reduction in the labor force, perhaps in certain key sectors (if people are leaving).
  • Number of infant deaths: Number of infant deaths. Number of infants dying before reaching one year of age.
  • Number of under-five deaths: Number of under-five deaths. Number of children dying before reaching age five.
  • Number of neonatal deaths: Number of neonatal deaths. Number of neonates dying before reaching 28 days of age.
  • Prevalence of HIV, total > % of population ages 15-49: Prevalence of HIV, total (% of population ages 15-49). Prevalence of HIV refers to the percentage of people ages 15-49 who are infected with HIV.
  • Fertility > Mortality rate, under-5 > Per 1,000 live births: Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000 live births). Under-five mortality rate is the probability per 1,000 that a newborn baby will die before reaching age five, if subject to current age-specific mortality rates.
  • Fertility > Mortality rate, under-5, female > Per 1,000 live births: Mortality rate, under-5, female (per 1,000 live births). Mortality rate, under-5, female (per 1,000)
  • Fertility > Mortality rate, under-5, male > Per 1,000 live births: Mortality rate, under-5, male (per 1,000 live births). Mortality rate, under-5, male (per 1,000)
  • Fertility > Mortality rate, neonatal > Per 1,000 live births: Mortality rate, neonatal (per 1,000 live births). Neonatal mortality rate is the number of neonates dying before reaching 28 days of age, per 1,000 live births in a given year.
  • Improved water source, rural > % of rural population with access: Improved water source, rural (% of rural population with access). Access to an improved water source refers to the percentage of the population using an improved drinking water source. The improved drinking water source includes piped water on premises (piped household water connection located inside the useru2019s dwelling, plot or yard), and other improved drinking water sources (public taps or standpipes, tube wells or boreholes, protected dug wells, protected springs, and rainwater collection).
  • Improved water source, urban > % of urban population with access: Improved water source, urban (% of urban population with access). Access to an improved water source refers to the percentage of the population using an improved drinking water source. The improved drinking water source includes piped water on premises (piped household water connection located inside the useru2019s dwelling, plot or yard), and other improved drinking water sources (public taps or standpipes, tube wells or boreholes, protected dug wells, protected springs, and rainwater collection).
  • Improved water source > % of population with access: Improved water source (% of population with access). Access to an improved water source refers to the percentage of the population using an improved drinking water source. The improved drinking water source includes piped water on premises (piped household water connection located inside the useru2019s dwelling, plot or yard), and other improved drinking water sources (public taps or standpipes, tube wells or boreholes, protected dug wells, protected springs, and rainwater collection).
  • Fertility > Number of maternal deaths: Number of maternal deaths. Maternal mortality deaths is the number of women who die during pregnancy and childbirth.
  • Fertility > Lifetime risk of maternal death > 1 in: rate varies by country: Lifetime risk of maternal death (1 in: rate varies by country). Life time risk of maternal death is the probability that a 15-year-old female will die eventually from a maternal cause assuming that current levels of fertility and mortality (including maternal mortality) do not change in the future, taking into account competing causes of death.
  • Fertility > Lifetime risk of maternal death > %: Lifetime risk of maternal death (%). Life time risk of maternal death is the probability that a 15-year-old female will die eventually from a maternal cause assuming that current levels of fertility and mortality (including maternal mortality) do not change in the future, taking into account competing causes of death.
  • Improved sanitation facilities > % of population with access: Improved sanitation facilities (% of population with access). Access to improved sanitation facilities refers to the percentage of the population using improved sanitation facilities. The improved sanitation facilities include flush/pour flush (to piped sewer system, septic tank, pit latrine), ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine, pit latrine with slab, and composting toilet.
  • Improved sanitation facilities, rural > % of rural population with access: Improved sanitation facilities, rural (% of rural population with access). Access to improved sanitation facilities refers to the percentage of the population using improved sanitation facilities. The improved sanitation facilities include flush/pour flush (to piped sewer system, septic tank, pit latrine), ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine, pit latrine with slab, and composting toilet.
  • Improved sanitation facilities, urban > % of urban population with access: Improved sanitation facilities, urban (% of urban population with access). Access to improved sanitation facilities refers to the percentage of the population using improved sanitation facilities. The improved sanitation facilities include flush/pour flush (to piped sewer system, septic tank, pit latrine), ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine, pit latrine with slab, and composting toilet.
  • Fertility > Low-birthweight babies > % of births: Low-birthweight babies (% of births). Low-birthweight babies are newborns weighing less than 2,500 grams, with the measurement taken within the first hours of life, before significant postnatal weight loss has occurred.
  • Malnutrition prevalence, weight for age, female > % of children under 5: Malnutrition prevalence, weight for age, female (% of children under 5). Prevalence of child malnutrition is the percentage of children under age 5 whose weight for age is more than two standard deviations below the median for the international reference population ages 0-59 months. The data are based on the WHO's new child growth standards released in 2006.
  • Malnutrition prevalence, weight for age, male > % of children under 5: Malnutrition prevalence, weight for age, male (% of children under 5). Prevalence of child malnutrition is the percentage of children under age 5 whose weight for age is more than two standard deviations below the median for the international reference population ages 0-59 months. The data are based on the WHO's new child growth standards released in 2006.
  • Malnutrition prevalence, weight for age > % of children under 5: Malnutrition prevalence, weight for age (% of children under 5). Prevalence of child malnutrition is the percentage of children under age 5 whose weight for age is more than two standard deviations below the median for the international reference population ages 0-59 months. The data are based on the WHO's new child growth standards released in 2006.
  • Fertility > Maternal mortality ratio > Modeled estimate, per 100,000 live births: Maternal mortality ratio (modeled estimate, per 100,000 live births). Maternal mortality ratio is the number of women who die during pregnancy and childbirth, per 100,000 live births. The data are estimated with a regression model using information on fertility, birth attendants, and HIV prevalence.
  • Fertility > Maternal mortality ratio > National estimate, per 100,000 live births: Maternal mortality ratio (national estimate, per 100,000 live births). Maternal mortality ratio is the number of women who die from pregnancy-related causes while pregnant or within 42 days of pregnancy termination per 100,000 live births.
  • Prevalence of overweight > % of children under 5: Prevalence of overweight (% of children under 5). Prevalence of overweight children is the percentage of children under age 5 whose weight for height is more than two standard deviations above the median for the international reference population of the corresponding age as established by the WHO's new child growth standards released in 2006.
  • Malnutrition prevalence, height for age, female > % of children under 5: Malnutrition prevalence, height for age, female (% of children under 5). Prevalence of child malnutrition is the percentage of children under age 5 whose height for age (stunting) is more than two standard deviations below the median for the international reference population ages 0-59 months. For children up to two years old height is measured by recumbent length. For older children height is measured by stature while standing. The data are based on the WHO's new child growth standards released in 2006.
  • Malnutrition prevalence, height for age, male > % of children under 5: Malnutrition prevalence, height for age, male (% of children under 5). Prevalence of child malnutrition is the percentage of children under age 5 whose height for age (stunting) is more than two standard deviations below the median for the international reference population ages 0-59 months. For children up to two years old height is measured by recumbent length. For older children height is measured by stature while standing. The data are based on the WHO's new child growth standards released in 2006.
  • Malnutrition prevalence, height for age > % of children under 5: Malnutrition prevalence, height for age (% of children under 5). Prevalence of child malnutrition is the percentage of children under age 5 whose height for age (stunting) is more than two standard deviations below the median for the international reference population ages 0-59 months. For children up to two years old height is measured by recumbent length. For older children height is measured by stature while standing. The data are based on the WHO's new child growth standards released in 2006.
  • Prevalence of wasting > % of children under 5: Prevalence of wasting (% of children under 5). Wasting prevalence is the proportion of children under five whose weight for height is more than two standard deviations below the median for the international reference population ages 0-59.
  • Fertility > Newborns protected against tetanus > %: Newborns protected against tetanus (%). Newborns protected against tetanus are the percentage of births by women of child-bearing age who are immunized against tetanus.
  • Poverty headcount ratio at $2 a day > PPP > % of population: Poverty headcount ratio at $2 a day (PPP) (% of population). Population below $2 a day is the percentage of the population living on less than $2.00 a day at 2005 international prices. As a result of revisions in PPP exchange rates, poverty rates for individual countries cannot be compared with poverty rates reported in earlier editions.
  • Poverty headcount ratio at urban poverty line > % of urban population: Poverty headcount ratio at urban poverty line (% of urban population). Urban poverty rate is the percentage of the urban population living below the national urban poverty line.
  • Employment to population ratio, ages 15-24, female > %: Employment to population ratio, ages 15-24, female (%). Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15-24 are generally considered the youth population.
  • Labor force participation rate for ages 15-24, male > %: Labor force participation rate for ages 15-24, male (%). Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15-24 that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period. The participation rates are harmonized to account for differences in national data collection and tabulation methodologies as well as for other country-specific factors such as military service requirements. The series includes both nationally reported and imputed data and only estimates that are national, meaning there are no geographic limitations in coverage.
  • Labor force participation rate for ages 15-24, female > %: Labor force participation rate for ages 15-24, female (%). Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15-24 that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period. The participation rates are harmonized to account for differences in national data collection and tabulation methodologies as well as for other country-specific factors such as military service requirements. The series includes both nationally reported and imputed data and only estimates that are national, meaning there are no geographic limitations in coverage.
  • Labor force participation rate for ages 15-24, total > %: Labor force participation rate for ages 15-24, total (%). Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15-24 that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period. The participation rates are harmonized to account for differences in national data collection and tabulation methodologies as well as for other country-specific factors such as military service requirements. The series includes both nationally reported and imputed data and only estimates that are national, meaning there are no geographic limitations in coverage.
  • Labor force participation rate, female > % of female population ages 15-64: Labor force participation rate, female (% of female population ages 15-64). Labor force participation rate, female (% of female population ages 15-64)
  • Labor force participation rate, male > % of male population ages 15-64: Labor force participation rate, male (% of male population ages 15-64). Labor force participation rate, male (% of male population ages 15-64)
  • Labor force participation rate, total > % of total population ages 15-64: Labor force participation rate, total (% of total population ages 15-64). Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15-64 that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period.
  • Labor participation rate, female > % of female population ages 15+: Labor participation rate, female (% of female population ages 15+). Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15 and older that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period.
  • Labor participation rate, male > % of male population ages 15+: Labor participation rate, male (% of male population ages 15+). Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15 and older that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period.
  • Labor participation rate, total > % of total population ages 15+: Labor participation rate, total (% of total population ages 15+). Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15 and older that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period.
  • Labor force, female > % of total labor force: Labor force, female (% of total labor force). Female labor force as a percentage of the total show the extent to which women are active in the labor force. Labor force comprises people ages 15 and older who meet the International Labour Organization's definition of the economically active population.
  • Emigration rate of tertiary educated > % of total tertiary educated population: Emigration rate of tertiary educated (% of total tertiary educated population). Emigration rate of tertiary educated shows the stock of emigrants ages 25 and older, residing in an OECD country other than that in which they were born, with at least one year of tertiary education as a percentage of the population age 25 and older with tertiary education.
  • Refugee population by country or territory of asylum: Refugee population by country or territory of asylum. Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organization of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of asylum is the country where an asylum claim was filed and granted.
  • Refugee population by country or territory of origin: Refugee population by country or territory of origin. Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organization of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of origin generally refers to the nationality or country of citizenship of a claimant.
  • International migrant stock, total: International migrant stock, total. International migrant stock is the number of people born in a country other than that in which they live. It also includes refugees. The data used to estimate the international migrant stock at a particular time are obtained mainly from population censuses. The estimates are derived from the data on foreign-born population--people who have residence in one country but were born in another country. When data on the foreign-born population are not available, data on foreign population--that is, people who are citizens of a country other than the country in which they reside--are used as estimates. After the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991 people living in one of the newly independent countries who were born in another were classified as international migrants. Estimates of migrant stock in the newly independent states from 1990 on are based on the 1989 census of the Soviet Union. For countries with information on the international migrant stock for at least two points in time, interpolation or extrapolation was used to estimate the international migrant stock on July 1 of the reference years. For countries with only one observation, estimates for the reference years were derived using rates of change in the migrant stock in the years preceding or following the single observation available. A model was used to estimate migrants for countries that had no data.
  • International migrant stock > % of population: International migrant stock (% of population). International migrant stock is the number of people born in a country other than that in which they live. It also includes refugees. The data used to estimate the international migrant stock at a particular time are obtained mainly from population censuses. The estimates are derived from the data on foreign-born population--people who have residence in one country but were born in another country. When data on the foreign-born population are not available, data on foreign population--that is, people who are citizens of a country other than the country in which they reside--are used as estimates. After the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991 people living in one of the newly independent countries who were born in another were classified as international migrants. Estimates of migrant stock in the newly independent states from 1990 on are based on the 1989 census of the Soviet Union. For countries with information on the international migrant stock for at least two points in time, interpolation or extrapolation was used to estimate the international migrant stock on July 1 of the reference years. For countries with only one observation, estimates for the reference years were derived using rates of change in the migrant stock in the years preceding or following the single observation available. A model was used to estimate migrants for countries that had no data.
  • Prevalence of undernourishment > % of population: Prevalence of undernourishment (% of population). Population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption (also referred to as prevalence of undernourishment) shows the percentage of the population whose food intake is insufficient to meet dietary energy requirements continuously. Data showing as 2.5 signifies a prevalence of undernourishment below 2.5%.
  • Completeness of infant death reporting > % of reported infant deaths to estimated infant deaths: Completeness of infant death reporting (% of reported infant deaths to estimated infant deaths). Completeness of infant death reporting is the number of infant deaths reported by national statistics authorities to the United Nations Statistics Division's Demography Yearbook divided by the number of infant deaths estimated by the United Nations Population Division.
  • Mortality rate, adult, female > Per 1,000 female adults: Mortality rate, adult, female (per 1,000 female adults). Adult mortality rate is the probability of dying between the ages of 15 and 60--that is, the probability of a 15-year-old dying before reaching age 60, if subject to current age-specific mortality rates between those ages.
  • Mortality rate, adult, male > Per 1,000 male adults: Mortality rate, adult, male (per 1,000 male adults). Adult mortality rate is the probability of dying between the ages of 15 and 60--that is, the probability of a 15-year-old dying before reaching age 60, if subject to current age-specific mortality rates between those ages.
  • Fertility > Birth rate, crude > Per 1,000 people: Birth rate, crude (per 1,000 people). Crude birth rate indicates the number of live births occurring during the year, per 1,000 population estimated at midyear. Subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birth rate provides the rate of natural increase, which is equal to the rate of population change in the absence of migration.
  • Death rate, crude > Per 1,000 people: Death rate, crude (per 1,000 people). Crude death rate indicates the number of deaths occurring during the year, per 1,000 population estimated at midyear. Subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birth rate provides the rate of natural increase, which is equal to the rate of population change in the absence of migration.
  • Fertility > Contraceptive prevalence > % of women ages 15-49: Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15-49). Contraceptive prevalence rate is the percentage of women who are practicing, or whose sexual partners are practicing, any form of contraception. It is usually measured for married women ages 15-49 only.
  • Fertility > Mortality rate, infant > Per 1,000 live births: Mortality rate, infant (per 1,000 live births). Infant mortality rate is the number of infants dying before reaching one year of age, per 1,000 live births in a given year.
  • Fertility > Fertility rate, total > Births per woman: Fertility rate, total (births per woman). Total fertility rate represents the number of children that would be born to a woman if she were to live to the end of her childbearing years and bear children in accordance with current age-specific fertility rates.
  • Survival to age 65, female > % of cohort: Survival to age 65, female (% of cohort). Survival to age 65 refers to the percentage of a cohort of newborn infants that would survive to age 65, if subject to current age specific mortality rates.
  • Survival to age 65, male > % of cohort: Survival to age 65, male (% of cohort). Survival to age 65 refers to the percentage of a cohort of newborn infants that would survive to age 65, if subject to current age specific mortality rates.
  • Age dependency ratio > % of working-age population: Age dependency ratio (% of working-age population). Age dependency ratio is the ratio of dependents--people younger than 15 or older than 64--to the working-age population--those ages 15-64. Data are shown as the proportion of dependents per 100 working-age population.
  • Age dependency ratio, old > % of working-age population: Age dependency ratio, old (% of working-age population). Age dependency ratio, old, is the ratio of older dependents--people older than 64--to the working-age population--those ages 15-64. Data are shown as the proportion of dependents per 100 working-age population.
  • Age dependency ratio, young > % of working-age population: Age dependency ratio, young (% of working-age population). Age dependency ratio, young, is the ratio of younger dependents--people younger than 15--to the working-age population--those ages 15-64. Data are shown as the proportion of dependents per 100 working-age population.
  • Population, total: Population, total. Population, total refers to the total population.
  • Population, female > % of total: Population, female (% of total). Population, female (% of total) is the percentage of the population that is female.
  • Rural population > % of total population: Rural population (% of total population). Rural population refers to people living in rural areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated as the difference between total population and urban population.
  • Urban population > % of total: Urban population (% of total). Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanization Prospects.
  • Urban population per 1000: Urban population is the midyear population of areas defined as urban in each country and reported to the United Nations. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Rural population per 1000: Rural population is calculated as the difference between the total population and the urban population. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Population > CIA Factbook per capita: This entry gives an estimate from the US Bureau of the Census based on statistics from population censuses, vital statistics registration systems, or sample surveys pertaining to the recent past and on assumptions about future trends. The total population presents one overall measure of the potential impact of the country on the world and within its region. Note: starting with the 1993 Factbook, demographic estimates for some countries (mostly African) have explicitly taken into account the effects of the growing impact of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. These countries are currently: The Bahamas, Benin, Botswana, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burma, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years > Females per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > Females per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Age structure > 15-64 years > Males per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Age structure > 15-64 years > Females per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > Males per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years > Males per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Children under the age of 5 years underweight: This entry gives the percent of children under five considered to be underweight. Underweight means weight-for-age is approximately 2 kg below for standard at age one, 3 kg below standard for ages two and three, and 4 kg below standard for ages four and five. This statistic is an indicator of the nutritional status of a community. Children who suffer from growth retardation as a result of poor diets and/or recurrent infections tend to have a greater risk of suffering illness and death.
  • Health expenditures: This entry provides the total expenditure on health as a percentage of GDP. Health expenditures are broadly defined as activities performed either by institutions or individuals through the application of medical, paramedical, and/or nursing knowledge and technology, the primary purpose of which is to promote, restore, or maintain health.
  • Percentage living in urban areas: Percentage of people living in urban areas. Data for 2003. Urban-rural classification of population in internationally published statistics follows the national census definition, which differs from one country or area to another. National definitions are usually based on criteria that may include any of the following: size of population in a locality, population density, distance between built-up areas, predominant type of economic activity, legal or administrative boundaries and urban characteristics such as specific services and facilities.
  • Migration > Refugees and internally displaced persons > Refugees > Country of origin: This entry includes those persons residing in a country as refugees or internally displaced persons (IDPs). The definition of a refugee according to a United Nations Convention is "a person who is outside his/her country of nationality or habitual residence; has a well-founded fear of persecution because of his/her race, religion, nationality, membership in a particular social group or political opinion; and is unable or unwilling to avail himself/herself of the protection of that country, or to return there, for fear of persecution." The UN established the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) in 1950 to handle refugee matters worldwide. The UN Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA) has a different, operational definition for a Palestinian refugee: "a person whose normal place of residence was Palestine during the period 1 June 1946 to 15 May 1948 and who lost both home and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 conflict." However, UNHCR also assists some 400,000 Palestinian refugees not covered under the UNRWA definition. The term "internally displaced person" is not specifically covered in the UN Convention; it is used to describe people who have fled their homes for reasons similar to refugees, but who remain within their own national territory and are subject to the laws of that state.
  • Percentage living in rural areas.: Percentage of people living in rural areas. Data for 2003. Urban-rural classification of population in internationally published statistics follows the national census definition, which differs from one country or area to another. National definitions are usually based on criteria that may include any of the following: size of population in a locality, population density, distance between built-up areas, predominant type of economic activity, legal or administrative boundaries and urban characteristics such as specific services and facilities.
  • Female population > Age 20-24: Female population - Age 20-24, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 10-14: Female population - Age 10-14, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population > Age 40-44 > % of the total: Total population - Age 40-44 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 15-19: Female population - Age 15-19, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 60-64 > % of the total: Female population - Age 60-64 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 70-74: Male population - Age 70-74, as of April 26, 2005
  • Droughts, floods, extreme temperatures > % of population, average 1990-2009: Droughts, floods, extreme temperatures (% of population, average 1990-2009). Droughts, floods and extreme temperatures is the annual average percentage of the population that is affected by natural disasters classified as either droughts, floods, or extreme temperature events. A drought is an extended period of time characterized by a deficiency in a region's water supply that is the result of constantly below average precipitation. A drought can lead to losses to agriculture, affect inland navigation and hydropower plants, and cause a lack of drinking water and famine. A flood is a significant rise of water level in a stream, lake, reservoir or coastal region. Extreme temperature events are either cold waves or heat waves. A cold wave can be both a prolonged period of excessively cold weather and the sudden invasion of very cold air over a large area. Along with frost it can cause damage to agriculture, infrastructure, and property. A heat wave is a prolonged period of excessively hot and sometimes also humid weather relative to normal climate patterns of a certain region. Population affected is the number of people injured, left homeless or requiring immediate assistance during a period of emergency resulting from a natural disaster; it can also include displaced or evacuated people. Average percentage of population affected is calculated by dividing the sum of total affected for the period stated by the sum of the annual population figures for the period stated.
  • Maternal mortality rate: The maternal mortality rate (MMR) is the annual number of female deaths per 100,000 live births from any cause related to or aggravated by pregnancy or its management (excluding accidental or incidental causes). The MMR includes deaths during pregnancy, childbirth, or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy, irrespective of the duration and site of the pregnancy, for a specified year.
  • Migration > Refugees per 1000: Refugees (number in each country, 1990-99). Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 20-24 per 1000: Total population - Age 20-24, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 55-59 per 1000: Total population - Age 55-59, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Male population > Age 20-24 per 1000: Male population - Age 20-24, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Male population > Age 15-19 per 1000: Male population - Age 15-19, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Male population > Age 35-39 per 1000: Male population - Age 35-39, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 35-39 per 1000: Total population - Age 35-39, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 75-79 per 1000: Total population - Age 75-79, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Number of infant deaths per 1000: Number of infant deaths. Number of infants dying before reaching one year of age. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Number of neonatal deaths per million: Number of neonatal deaths. Number of neonates dying before reaching 28 days of age. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Fertility > Number of maternal deaths per million: Number of maternal deaths. Maternal mortality deaths is the number of women who die during pregnancy and childbirth. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Net migration per million: Net migration. Net migration is the net total of migrants during the period, that is, the total number of immigrants less the annual number of emigrants, including both citizens and noncitizens. Data are five-year estimates. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Refugee population by country or territory of asylum per 1000: Refugee population by country or territory of asylum. Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organization of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of asylum is the country where an asylum claim was filed and granted. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Refugee population by country or territory of origin per 1000: Refugee population by country or territory of origin. Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organization of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of origin generally refers to the nationality or country of citizenship of a claimant. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • International migrant stock, total per 1000: International migrant stock, total. International migrant stock is the number of people born in a country other than that in which they live. It also includes refugees. The data used to estimate the international migrant stock at a particular time are obtained mainly from population censuses. The estimates are derived from the data on foreign-born population--people who have residence in one country but were born in another country. When data on the foreign-born population are not available, data on foreign population--that is, people who are citizens of a country other than the country in which they reside--are used as estimates. After the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991 people living in one of the newly independent countries who were born in another were classified as international migrants. Estimates of migrant stock in the newly independent states from 1990 on are based on the 1989 census of the Soviet Union. For countries with information on the international migrant stock for at least two points in time, interpolation or extrapolation was used to estimate the international migrant stock on July 1 of the reference years. For countries with only one observation, estimates for the reference years were derived using rates of change in the migrant stock in the years preceding or following the single observation available. A model was used to estimate migrants for countries that had no data. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Population, total per 1000: Population, total. Population, total refers to the total population. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Drinking water source > Unimproved > Total: This entry is derived from People > Drinking water source > Unimproved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved drinking water sources available to segments of the population of a country.improved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: piped water into dwelling, yard, or plot; public tap or standpipe; tubewell or borehole; protected dug well; protected spring; or rainwater collection. unimproved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: unprotected dug well; unprotected spring; cart with small tank or drum; tanker truck; surface water, which includes rivers, dams, lakes, ponds, streams, canals or irrigation channels; or bottled water.
  • Obesity > Adult prevalence rate: This entry gives the percent of a country's population considered to be obese. Obesity is defined as an adult having a Body Mass Index (BMI) greater to or equal to 30.0. BMI is calculated by taking a person's weight in kg and dividing it by the person's squared height in meters.
  • Population growth > Annual %: Annual population growth rate. Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of the country of origin.
  • HIV/AIDS > Adult prevalence rate: This entry gives an estimate of the percentage of adults (aged 15-49) living with HIV/AIDS. The adult prevalence rate is calculated by dividing the estimated number of adults living with HIV/AIDS at yearend by the total adult population at yearend.
    Additional details:
    • Azerbaijan: less than 0.2% (2007)
    • Bangladesh: less than 0.1% (2009)
    • Bhutan: less than 0.1% (2007)
    • Bosnia and Herzegovina: less than 0.1% (2007)
    • Brunei: less than 0.1% (2003)
    • Bulgaria: less than 0.1% (2001)
    • Comoros: less than 0.1% (2007)
    • Croatia: less than 0.1% (2009)
    • Cuba: less than 0.1% (2007)
    • Czech Republic: less than 0.1% (2009)
    • Egypt: less than 0.1% (2009)
    • Finland: less than 0.1% (2007)
    • Georgia: less than 0.1% (2007)
    • Hungary: less than 0.1% (2009)
    • Iraq: less than 0.1% (2001)
    • Japan: less than 0.1% (2009)
    • Jordan: less than 0.1% (2001)
    • Korea, South: less than 0.1% (2009)
    • Kyrgyzstan: less than 0.1% (2007)
    • Macedonia: less than 0.1% (2007)
    • Maldives: less than 0.1% (2009)
    • Mongolia: less than 0.1% (2009)
    • Philippines: less than 0.1% (2009)
    • Qatar: less than 0.1% (2009)
    • Romania: less than 0.1% (2007)
    • Slovakia: less than 0.1% (2009)
    • Slovenia: less than 0.1% (2009)
    • Sri Lanka: less than 0.1% (2009)
    • Syria: less than 0.1% (2001)
    • Tajikistan: less than 0.3% (2007)
    • Tunisia: less than 0.1% (2009)
    • Turkey: less than 0.1% (2009)
    • Turkmenistan: less than 0.1% (2007)
    • Uzbekistan: less than 0.1% (2007)
  • HIV/AIDS > People living with HIV/AIDS: This entry gives an estimate of all people (adults and children) alive at yearend with HIV infection, whether or not they have developed symptoms of AIDS.
    Additional details:
    • Bahrain: fewer than 600 (2007)
    • Bhutan: fewer than 100 (2007)
    • Bhutan: fewer than 1,000 (2009)
    • Brunei: fewer than 200 (2003)
    • Comoros: fewer than 500 (2009)
    • Croatia: fewer than 1,000 (2009)
    • Cyprus: fewer than 1,000 (2007)
    • Fiji: fewer than 1,000 (2009)
    • Iceland: fewer than 1,000 (2009)
    • Iraq: fewer than 500 (2003)
    • Luxembourg: fewer than 500 (2003)
    • Luxembourg: fewer than 1,000 (2009)
    • Macedonia: fewer than 200 (2007)
    • Maldives: fewer than 100 (2009)
    • Malta: fewer than 500 (2009)
    • Mongolia: fewer than 500 (2009)
    • Qatar: fewer than 200 (2009)
    • Slovakia: fewer than 200 (2007)
    • Slovakia: fewer than 500 (2009)
    • Slovenia: fewer than 1,000 (2009)
    • Syria: fewer than 500 (2003)
    • Turkmenistan: fewer than 200 (2007)
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Female: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Note: Country people note.
  • Number of under-five deaths per 1000: Number of under-five deaths. Number of children dying before reaching age five. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Net migration: Net migration. Net migration is the net total of migrants during the period, that is, the total number of immigrants less the annual number of emigrants, including both citizens and noncitizens. Data are five-year estimates.
  • Fertility > Adolescent fertility rate > Births per 1,000 women ages 15-19: Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19). Adolescent fertility rate is the number of births per 1,000 women ages 15-19.
  • Age dependency ratio > Dependents to working-age population: Age dependency ratio is the ratio of dependents--people younger than 15 or older than 64--to the working-age population--those ages 15-64. For example, 0.7 means there are 7 dependents for every 10 working-age people.
STAT Malaysia Sierra Leone HISTORY
Birth rate 20.41 births/1,000 population
Ranked 84th.
37.77 births/1,000 population
Ranked 17th. 85% more than Malaysia

Death rate 4.97 deaths/1,000 population
Ranked 184th.
11.26 deaths/1,000 population
Ranked 35th. 2 times more than Malaysia

Ethnic groups Malay 50.4%, Chinese 23.7%, indigenous 11%, Indian 7.1%, others 7.8% Temne 35%, Mende 31%, Limba 8%, Kono 5%, Kriole 2% (descendants of freed Jamaican slaves who were settled in the Freetown area in the late-18th century; also known as Krio), Mandingo 2%, Loko 2%, other 15% (includes refugees from Liberia's recent civil war, and small numbers of Europeans, Lebanese, Pakistanis, and Indians)
Hospital bed density 1.8 beds/1,000 population
Ranked 37th. 5 times more than Sierra Leone
0.4 beds/1,000 population
Ranked 26th.
Infant mortality rate > Total 14.12 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 118th.
74.95 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 11th. 5 times more than Malaysia

Major infectious diseases > Water contact diseases leptospirosis schistosomiasis
Nationality > Adjective Malaysian Sierra Leonean
Nationality > Noun Malaysian(s) Sierra Leonean(s)
Physicians density 1.2 physicians/1,000 population
Ranked 33th. 60 times more than Sierra Leone
0.02 physicians/1,000 population
Ranked 48th.

Population 29.63 million
Ranked 43th. 5 times more than Sierra Leone
5.61 million
Ranked 110th.

Population growth rate 1.51%
Ranked 80th.
2.3%
Ranked 36th. 52% more than Malaysia

Population in 2015 29,558
Ranked 46th. 4 times more than Sierra Leone
6,897
Ranked 106th.
Sex ratio > At birth 1.07 male(s)/female
Ranked 27th. 4% more than Sierra Leone
1.03 male(s)/female
Ranked 200th.

Sex ratio > Total population 1.03 male(s)/female
Ranked 42nd. 10% more than Sierra Leone
0.94 male(s)/female
Ranked 194th.

Total fertility rate 2.61 children born/woman
Ranked 77th.
4.87 children born/woman
Ranked 22nd. 87% more than Malaysia

Sex ratio > 65 years and over 0.89 male(s)/female
Ranked 50th. 14% more than Sierra Leone
0.78 male(s)/female
Ranked 126th.

Net migration rate None None
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Female 13 None
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Male None None
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Male 12 years
Ranked 124th.
13 years
Ranked 83th. 8% more than Malaysia

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Total 13 years
Ranked 94th. 8% more than Sierra Leone
12 years
Ranked 121st.

Sex ratio > Under 15 years 1.06 male(s)/female
Ranked 61st. 7% more than Sierra Leone
0.99 male(s)/female
Ranked 221st.

Sanitation facility access > Improved > Total 96% of population
Ranked 30th. 7 times more than Sierra Leone
13% of population
Ranked 157th.

Sanitation facility access > Improved > Urban 96% of population
Ranked 81st. 4 times more than Sierra Leone
23% of population
Ranked 190th.

Sanitation facility access > Unimproved > Urban 4% of population
Ranked 127th.
77% of population
Ranked 6th. 19 times more than Malaysia

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Female 13 years
Ranked 66th. 18% more than Sierra Leone
11 years
Ranked 23th.

Median age > Female 27.6 years
Ranked 124th. 41% more than Sierra Leone
19.6 years
Ranked 194th.

Median age > Total 27.4 years
Ranked 127th. 44% more than Sierra Leone
19 years
Ranked 194th.

Infant mortality rate > Female 11.77 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 125th.
66.06 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 17th. 6 times more than Malaysia

Infant mortality rate > Male 16.32 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 111th.
83.59 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 10th. 5 times more than Malaysia

Major cities > Population KUALA LUMPUR (capital) 1.493 million; Klang 1.071 million; Johor Bahru 958,000 FREETOWN (capital) 875,000
Age structure > 0-14 years 29.1%
Ranked 84th.
41.9%
Ranked 31st. 44% more than Malaysia

Sex ratio > 15-64 years 1.03
Ranked 54th. 12% more than Sierra Leone
0.92
Ranked 208th.

Major infectious diseases > Vectorborne diseases dengue fever malaria, dengue fever, and yellow fever
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Male 12 years
Ranked 125th.
13 years
Ranked 87th. 8% more than Malaysia
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Total 13 years
Ranked 98th. 8% more than Sierra Leone
12 years
Ranked 122nd.
Languages Bahasa Malaysia (official), English, Chinese (Cantonese, Mandarin, Hokkien, Hakka, Hainan, Foochow), Tamil, Telugu, Malayalam, Panjabi, Thai English (official, regular use limited to literate minority), Mende (principal vernacular in the south), Temne (principal vernacular in the north), Krio (English-based Creole, spoken by the descendants of freed Jamaican slaves who were settled in the Freetown area, a lingua franca and a first language for 10% of the population but understood by 95%)
Literacy > Definition age 15 and over can read and write age 15 and over can read and write English, Mende, Temne, or Arabic
Age structure > 15-24 years 17%
Ranked 128th.
19%
Ranked 86th. 12% more than Malaysia
Contraceptive prevalence rate 49%
Ranked 3rd. 4 times more than Sierra Leone
11%
Ranked 14th.
Age structure > 25-54 years 41.3%
Ranked 103th. 32% more than Sierra Leone
31.4%
Ranked 195th.
Age structure > 55-64 years 7.4%
Ranked 113th. 85% more than Sierra Leone
4%
Ranked 195th.
Dependency ratios > Elderly dependency ratio 7.8%
Ranked 110th. 63% more than Sierra Leone
4.8%
Ranked 183th.
Dependency ratios > Potential support ratio 12.8
Ranked 88th.
20.9
Ranked 16th. 63% more than Malaysia
Dependency ratios > Youth dependency ratio 38.1%
Ranked 107th.
74.5%
Ranked 35th. 96% more than Malaysia
Dependency ratios > Total dependency ratio 45.9%
Ranked 150th.
79.3%
Ranked 37th. 73% more than Malaysia
Religions Muslim (or Islam - official) 60.4%, Buddhist 19.2%, Christian 9.1%, Hindu 6.3%, Confucianism, Taoism, other traditional Chinese religions 2.6%, other or unknown 1.5%, none 0.8% Muslim 60%, Christian 10%, indigenous beliefs 30%
Drinking water source > Improved > Total 100% of population
Ranked 5th. 82% more than Sierra Leone
55% of population
Ranked 142nd.
Sanitation facility access > Improved > Rural 95% of population
Ranked 64th. 16 times more than Sierra Leone
6% of population
Ranked 185th.

Age structure > 65 years and over 5.3%
Ranked 132nd. 43% more than Sierra Leone
3.7%
Ranked 174th.

Sanitation facility access > Unimproved > Rural 5% of population
Ranked 131st.
94% of population
Ranked 9th. 19 times more than Malaysia

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Male 12 years
Ranked 125th.
13 years
Ranked 87th. 8% more than Malaysia

Education expenditures 5.1% of GDP
Ranked 20th. 42% more than Sierra Leone
3.6% of GDP
Ranked 23th.

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Total 13 years
Ranked 98th. 8% more than Sierra Leone
12 years
Ranked 122nd.

Age structure > 15-64 years 65.5%
Ranked 125th. 20% more than Sierra Leone
54.5%
Ranked 200th.

Median age > Male 27.2 years
Ranked 123th. 47% more than Sierra Leone
18.5 years
Ranked 197th.

Drinking water source > Improved > Rural 99% of population
Ranked 53th. 3 times more than Sierra Leone
35% of population
Ranked 187th.
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Female 13 years
Ranked 4th. 18% more than Sierra Leone
11 years
Ranked 6th.
Sanitation facility access > Unimproved > Total 4% of population
Ranked 134th.
87% of population
Ranked 9th. 22 times more than Malaysia

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Female 11.8%
Ranked 20th. 3 times more than Sierra Leone
3.5%
Ranked 7th.
Drinking water source > Unimproved > Rural 1% of population
Ranked 148th.
65% of population
Ranked 8th. 65 times more than Malaysia
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Total None None
Literacy > Female 90.7%
Ranked 40th. 3 times more than Sierra Leone
32.6%
Ranked 80th.

HIV/AIDS > Deaths 5800 2800
Major infectious diseases > Degree of risk intermediate very high
Drinking water source > Improved > Urban 100% of population
Ranked 53th. 15% more than Sierra Leone
87% of population
Ranked 171st.
Drinking water source > Unimproved > Urban 0.0
Ranked 149th.
13% of population
Ranked 31st.
Life expectancy at birth > Female 77.24 years
Ranked 111th. 30% more than Sierra Leone
59.56 years
Ranked 195th.

Life expectancy at birth > Male 71.51 years
Ranked 109th. 31% more than Sierra Leone
54.47 years
Ranked 199th.

Major infectious diseases > Food or waterborne diseases bacterial diarrhea bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
Life expectancy at birth > Total population 74.28 years
Ranked 110th. 30% more than Sierra Leone
56.98 years
Ranked 197th.

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Male 10.3%
Ranked 94th. 41% more than Sierra Leone
7.3%
Ranked 112th.

Literacy > Male 95.4%
Ranked 107th. 74% more than Sierra Leone
54.7%
Ranked 197th.

Literacy > Total population 93.1%
Ranked 120th. 2 times more than Sierra Leone
43.3%
Ranked 207th.

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Total 10.9%
Ranked 95th. 2 times more than Sierra Leone
5.2%
Ranked 118th.

Projected population growth 93.99%
Ranked 42nd.
188.69%
Ranked 10th. Twice as much as Malaysia
Urbanization in 2015 66.4%
Ranked 74th. 42% more than Sierra Leone
46.7%
Ranked 114th.
Urban population 17.06 million
Ranked 38th. 8 times more than Sierra Leone
2.25 million
Ranked 119th.

Total Population 24.39 million
Ranked 46th. 4 times more than Sierra Leone
6.01 million
Ranked 103th.
Urbanization 58
Ranked 99th. 57% more than Sierra Leone
37
Ranked 153th.
Population > CIA Factbook 25.27 million
Ranked 46th. 4 times more than Sierra Leone
6.29 million
Ranked 103th.

Rural population 8.29 million
Ranked 55th. 3 times more than Sierra Leone
3.28 million
Ranked 89th.

Total Population > Female 12.12 million
Ranked 46th. 4 times more than Sierra Leone
3.1 million
Ranked 103th.
Total Population > Male 12.26 million
Ranked 46th. 4 times more than Sierra Leone
2.91 million
Ranked 105th.
Urban population > Per capita 0.673 per capita
Ranked 64th. 65% more than Sierra Leone
0.407 per capita
Ranked 132nd.

Population in largest city 1.41 million
Ranked 79th. 76% more than Sierra Leone
799,244
Ranked 116th.

Rural population > Per capita 327 per 1,000 people
Ranked 129th.
593 per 1,000 people
Ranked 62nd. 81% more than Malaysia

Population density 82.22
Ranked 95th. 6% more than Sierra Leone
77.63
Ranked 99th.

Structure > Population > Total 27.47 million
Ranked 43th. 5 times more than Sierra Leone
5.7 million
Ranked 102nd.

Teenage pregancy rate 12.66
Ranked 153th.
125.41
Ranked 17th. 10 times more than Malaysia

Urbanization > Urban population None None
Urbanization in 1975 37.7%
Ranked 95th. 76% more than Sierra Leone
21.4%
Ranked 124th.
Male population > Age 20-24 1.14 million
Ranked 45th. 5 times more than Sierra Leone
254,023
Ranked 106th.
Total population > Age 30-34 > % of the total 7.27
Ranked 100th. 19% more than Sierra Leone
6.12
Ranked 187th.
Total population > Age 70-74 312,923
Ranked 55th. 6 times more than Sierra Leone
56,155
Ranked 127th.
Male population > Age 55-59 per 1000 16.18
Ranked 94th. 32% more than Sierra Leone
12.27
Ranked 135th.
Female population > Age 10-14 > % of the total 5.16
Ranked 92nd.
6.41
Ranked 18th. 24% more than Malaysia
Female population > Age 65-69 > % of the total 1.05
Ranked 116th. 33% more than Sierra Leone
0.79
Ranked 154th.
Male population > Age 25-29 > % of the total 3.83
Ranked 129th. 8% more than Sierra Leone
3.53
Ranked 178th.
Female population > Age 25-29 897,828
Ranked 48th. 4 times more than Sierra Leone
224,353
Ranked 108th.
Female population > Age 40-44 780,997
Ranked 41st. 6 times more than Sierra Leone
125,069
Ranked 124th.
Male population > Age 15-19 1.22 million
Ranked 46th. 4 times more than Sierra Leone
308,671
Ranked 101st.
Male population > Age 35-39 840,585
Ranked 46th. 5 times more than Sierra Leone
154,548
Ranked 116th.
Male population > Age 40-44 767,618
Ranked 41st. 7 times more than Sierra Leone
115,196
Ranked 125th.
Total population > Age 40-44 1.55 million
Ranked 41st. 6 times more than Sierra Leone
240,265
Ranked 124th.
Total population > Age 35-39 1.66 million
Ranked 46th. 5 times more than Sierra Leone
321,898
Ranked 113th.
Total population > Age 35-39 > % of the total 6.81
Ranked 108th. 27% more than Sierra Leone
5.36
Ranked 179th.
Total population > Age 45-49 1.32 million
Ranked 43th. 8 times more than Sierra Leone
173,409
Ranked 128th.
Total population > Age 65-69 486,247
Ranked 48th. 6 times more than Sierra Leone
87,130
Ranked 122nd.
Total population > Age 60-64 > % of the total 2.44
Ranked 116th. 26% more than Sierra Leone
1.94
Ranked 147th.
Total population > Age 70-74 > % of the total 1.28
Ranked 129th. 36% more than Sierra Leone
0.94
Ranked 170th.
Total population > Age 65-69 > % of the total 1.99
Ranked 114th. 37% more than Sierra Leone
1.45
Ranked 156th.
Total population > Age 75-79 > % of the total 0.83
Ranked 133th. 57% more than Sierra Leone
0.53
Ranked 177th.
Total population > Age 75-79 203,103
Ranked 58th. 6 times more than Sierra Leone
31,574
Ranked 132nd.
Population > Population in the largest city > % of urban population 7.35%
Ranked 118th.
40.32%
Ranked 29th. 5 times more than Malaysia

Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita > Cubic meters 20,167.62
Ranked 33th.
27,278.19
Ranked 27th. 35% more than Malaysia

Male population > Age 65-69 per 1000 8.88
Ranked 102nd. 14% more than Sierra Leone
7.8
Ranked 127th.
Male population > Age 65-69 229,501
Ranked 44th. 6 times more than Sierra Leone
39,933
Ranked 122nd.
Female population > Age 15-19 per 1000 44.9
Ranked 118th.
63.79
Ranked 16th. 42% more than Malaysia
Male population > Age 70-74 per 1000 5.34
Ranked 126th. 2% more than Sierra Leone
5.21
Ranked 132nd.
Male population > Age 75-79 per 1000 3.28
Ranked 125th. 8% more than Sierra Leone
3.03
Ranked 140th.
Male population > Age 80-84 per 1000 2.21
Ranked 131st. 28% more than Sierra Leone
1.72
Ranked 151st.
Female population > Age 35-39 per 1000 31.72
Ranked 123th.
32.69
Ranked 112th. 3% more than Malaysia
Female population > Age 25-29 > % of the total 3.68
Ranked 141st.
3.74
Ranked 125th. 2% more than Malaysia
Female population > Age 20-24 > % of the total 4.47
Ranked 104th.
4.5
Ranked 103th. 1% more than Malaysia
Female population > Age 40-44 > % of the total 3.2
Ranked 113th. 54% more than Sierra Leone
2.08
Ranked 188th.
Female population > Age 35-39 > % of the total 3.36
Ranked 106th. 20% more than Sierra Leone
2.79
Ranked 162nd.
Female population > Age 30-34 874,817
Ranked 48th. 5 times more than Sierra Leone
187,809
Ranked 111th.
Female population > Age 35-39 819,726
Ranked 44th. 5 times more than Sierra Leone
167,350
Ranked 111th.
Female population > Age 30-34 > % of the total 3.59
Ranked 103th. 15% more than Sierra Leone
3.13
Ranked 162nd.
Female population > Age 45-49 688,161
Ranked 44th. 8 times more than Sierra Leone
90,038
Ranked 128th.
Female population > Age 55-59 437,606
Ranked 44th. 5 times more than Sierra Leone
81,839
Ranked 115th.
Female population > Age 50-54 558,019
Ranked 44th. 6 times more than Sierra Leone
88,063
Ranked 125th.
Female population > Age 50-54 > % of the total 2.29
Ranked 109th. 56% more than Sierra Leone
1.47
Ranked 182nd.
Female population > Age 55-59 > % of the total 1.79
Ranked 100th. 32% more than Sierra Leone
1.36
Ranked 145th.
Female population > Age 45-49 > % of the total 2.82
Ranked 109th. 88% more than Sierra Leone
1.5
Ranked 210th.
Female population > Age 70-74 175,044
Ranked 54th. 6 times more than Sierra Leone
29,459
Ranked 130th.
Female population > Age 60-64 306,447
Ranked 49th. 5 times more than Sierra Leone
64,574
Ranked 114th.
Female population > Age 65-69 256,746
Ranked 50th. 5 times more than Sierra Leone
47,197
Ranked 123th.
Female population > Age 70-74 > % of the total 0.72
Ranked 127th. 47% more than Sierra Leone
0.49
Ranked 176th.
Female population > Age 75-79 118,261
Ranked 58th. 7 times more than Sierra Leone
16,047
Ranked 133th.
Female population > Age 80-84 > % of the total 0.39
Ranked 128th. 3 times more than Sierra Leone
0.15
Ranked 205th.
Female population > Age 75-79 > % of the total 0.48
Ranked 132nd. 78% more than Sierra Leone
0.27
Ranked 188th.
Male population > Age 10-14 > % of the total 5.45
Ranked 90th.
6.09
Ranked 57th. 12% more than Malaysia
Male population > Age 10-14 1.33 million
Ranked 45th. 4 times more than Sierra Leone
365,767
Ranked 90th.
Male population > Age 15-19 > % of the total 5.02
Ranked 111th.
5.14
Ranked 98th. 2% more than Malaysia
Male population > Age 25-29 934,918
Ranked 48th. 4 times more than Sierra Leone
211,720
Ranked 111th.
Male population > Age 40-44 > % of the total 3.15
Ranked 113th. 64% more than Sierra Leone
1.92
Ranked 204th.
Male population > Age 30-34 > % of the total 3.68
Ranked 97th. 23% more than Sierra Leone
2.99
Ranked 205th.
Male population > Age 35-39 > % of the total 3.45
Ranked 108th. 34% more than Sierra Leone
2.57
Ranked 191st.
Male population > Age 20-24 > % of the total 4.69
Ranked 87th. 11% more than Sierra Leone
4.23
Ranked 131st.
Male population > Age 45-49 633,704
Ranked 42nd. 8 times more than Sierra Leone
83,371
Ranked 128th.
Male population > Age 50-54 510,193
Ranked 42nd. 7 times more than Sierra Leone
72,344
Ranked 128th.
Male population > Age 55-59 418,237
Ranked 42nd. 7 times more than Sierra Leone
62,846
Ranked 124th.
Male population > Age 45-49 > % of the total 2.6
Ranked 121st. 87% more than Sierra Leone
1.39
Ranked 207th.
Male population > Age 50-54 > % of the total 2.09
Ranked 118th. 74% more than Sierra Leone
1.2
Ranked 193th.
Male population > Age 60-64 289,524
Ranked 47th. 6 times more than Sierra Leone
51,939
Ranked 118th.
Male population > Age 65-69 > % of the total 0.94
Ranked 113th. 42% more than Sierra Leone
0.66
Ranked 160th.
Male population > Age 60-64 > % of the total 1.19
Ranked 113th. 38% more than Sierra Leone
0.86
Ranked 157th.
Male population > Age 55-59 > % of the total 1.72
Ranked 104th. 64% more than Sierra Leone
1.05
Ranked 177th.
Male population > Age 70-74 > % of the total 0.57
Ranked 133th. 30% more than Sierra Leone
0.44
Ranked 169th.
Male population > Age 75-79 > % of the total 0.35
Ranked 134th. 35% more than Sierra Leone
0.26
Ranked 172nd.
Male population > Age 80-84 > % of the total 0.23
Ranked 139th. 53% more than Sierra Leone
0.15
Ranked 183th.
Male population > Age 75-79 84,842
Ranked 58th. 5 times more than Sierra Leone
15,527
Ranked 128th.
Male population > Age 80-84 57,038
Ranked 57th. 6 times more than Sierra Leone
8,802
Ranked 131st.
Female population > Age 45-49 per 1000 26.63
Ranked 104th. 51% more than Sierra Leone
17.59
Ranked 170th.
Female population > Age 55-59 per 1000 16.93
Ranked 90th. 6% more than Sierra Leone
15.98
Ranked 102nd.
Urbanization > Rate of urbanization None None
Total Population per capita 0.944
Ranked 173th.
1.17
Ranked 11th. 24% more than Malaysia
Total Population > Female per 1000 469.06
Ranked 171st.
605.13
Ranked 8th. 29% more than Malaysia
Total Population > Male per 1000 474.54
Ranked 158th.
567.79
Ranked 23th. 20% more than Malaysia
Total population > Age 15-19 2.38 million
Ranked 46th. 4 times more than Sierra Leone
635,269
Ranked 95th.
Total population > Age 10-14 per 1000 100.14
Ranked 98th.
146.61
Ranked 8th. 46% more than Malaysia
Total population > Age 15-19 per 1000 92.27
Ranked 113th.
124.08
Ranked 20th. 34% more than Malaysia
GDP per capita > Current US$ $10,432.06
Ranked 61st. 16 times more than Sierra Leone
$634.92
Ranked 162nd.

GDP per capita > Constant 2000 US$ $6,786.19
Ranked 63th. 16 times more than Sierra Leone
$435.41
Ranked 164th.

GDP per capita growth > Annual % 3.9%
Ranked 45th.
13.04%
Ranked 1st. 3 times more than Malaysia

Total population > Age 25-29 per 1000 70.92
Ranked 152nd.
85.17
Ranked 68th. 20% more than Malaysia
Total population > Age 80-84 per 1000 5.91
Ranked 121st. 69% more than Sierra Leone
3.49
Ranked 167th.
Total population > Age 30-34 per 1000 68.58
Ranked 131st.
71.81
Ranked 97th. 5% more than Malaysia
Male population > Age 30-34 per 1000 34.73
Ranked 128th.
35.13
Ranked 118th. 1% more than Malaysia
Total population > Age 50-54 1.07 million
Ranked 44th. 7 times more than Sierra Leone
160,407
Ranked 125th.
Female population > Age 20-24 per 1000 42.16
Ranked 118th.
52.74
Ranked 35th. 25% more than Malaysia
Total population > Age 70-74 per 1000 12.11
Ranked 124th. 10% more than Sierra Leone
10.97
Ranked 133th.
Total population > Age 60-64 per 1000 23.06
Ranked 103th. 1% more than Sierra Leone
22.76
Ranked 106th.
GNI per capita growth > Annual % 2.4%
Ranked 51st.
4.74%
Ranked 35th. 98% more than Malaysia

Female population > Age 10-14 per 1000 48.7
Ranked 99th.
75.17
Ranked 7th. 54% more than Malaysia
Female population > Age 25-29 per 1000 34.74
Ranked 151st.
43.82
Ranked 43th. 26% more than Malaysia
Female population > Age 40-44 per 1000 30.22
Ranked 108th. 24% more than Sierra Leone
24.43
Ranked 150th.
Male population > Age 40-44 per 1000 29.7
Ranked 112th. 32% more than Sierra Leone
22.5
Ranked 160th.
Total population > Age 40-44 per 1000 59.92
Ranked 114th. 28% more than Sierra Leone
46.93
Ranked 159th.
Total population > Age 45-49 per 1000 51.15
Ranked 110th. 51% more than Sierra Leone
33.87
Ranked 172nd.
Total population > Age 65-69 per 1000 18.82
Ranked 106th. 11% more than Sierra Leone
17.02
Ranked 121st.
Urban population growth > Annual % 3.45%
Ranked 42nd.
5.32%
Ranked 7th. 54% more than Malaysia

Total population > Age 50-54 per 1000 41.33
Ranked 108th. 32% more than Sierra Leone
31.33
Ranked 144th.
Primary completion rate, female > % of relevant age group 97.61%
Ranked 49th. 38% more than Sierra Leone
70.73%
Ranked 49th.

Primary completion rate, male > % of relevant age group 103.41%
Ranked 20th. 40% more than Sierra Leone
73.99%
Ranked 50th.

Migration > Net migration rate 0.0
Ranked 119th.
0.0
Ranked 82nd.

Number of infant deaths 4,000
Ranked 84th.
25,000
Ranked 40th. 6 times more than Malaysia

Number of under-five deaths 4,000
Ranked 87th.
39,000
Ranked 37th. 10 times more than Malaysia

Number of neonatal deaths 2,000
Ranked 91st.
10,000
Ranked 49th. 5 times more than Malaysia

Prevalence of HIV, total > % of population ages 15-49 0.4%
Ranked 74th.
1.5%
Ranked 31st. 4 times more than Malaysia

Fertility > Mortality rate, under-5 > Per 1,000 live births 8.5
Ranked 142nd.
181.6
Ranked 1st. 21 times more than Malaysia

Fertility > Mortality rate, under-5, female > Per 1,000 live births 7.6
Ranked 142nd.
172.9
Ranked 1st. 23 times more than Malaysia

Fertility > Mortality rate, under-5, male > Per 1,000 live births 9.3
Ranked 143th.
190
Ranked 1st. 20 times more than Malaysia

Fertility > Mortality rate, neonatal > Per 1,000 live births 4.5
Ranked 144th.
49.5
Ranked 1st. 11 times more than Malaysia

Improved water source, rural > % of rural population with access 98.5%
Ranked 52nd. 2 times more than Sierra Leone
40.3%
Ranked 175th.

Improved water source, urban > % of urban population with access 100%
Ranked 37th. 19% more than Sierra Leone
84.1%
Ranked 174th.

Improved water source > % of population with access 99.6%
Ranked 47th. 73% more than Sierra Leone
57.5%
Ranked 173th.

Fertility > Number of maternal deaths 170
Ranked 77th.
2,000
Ranked 31st. 12 times more than Malaysia

Fertility > Lifetime risk of maternal death > 1 in: rate varies by country 1,300
Ranked 72nd. 57 times more than Sierra Leone
23
Ranked 179th.

Fertility > Lifetime risk of maternal death > % 0.0787%
Ranked 112th.
4.35%
Ranked 3rd. 55 times more than Malaysia

Improved sanitation facilities > % of population with access 95.7%
Ranked 66th. 7 times more than Sierra Leone
12.9%
Ranked 176th.

Improved sanitation facilities, rural > % of rural population with access 94.6%
Ranked 62nd. 14 times more than Sierra Leone
6.7%
Ranked 172nd.

Improved sanitation facilities, urban > % of urban population with access 96.1%
Ranked 76th. 4 times more than Sierra Leone
22.5%
Ranked 180th.

Fertility > Low-birthweight babies > % of births 10.5%
Ranked 16th. The same as Sierra Leone
10.5%
Ranked 7th.

Malnutrition prevalence, weight for age, female > % of children under 5 12.7%
Ranked 23th.
19.6%
Ranked 5th. 54% more than Malaysia

Malnutrition prevalence, weight for age, male > % of children under 5 13.2%
Ranked 24th.
22.6%
Ranked 5th. 71% more than Malaysia

Malnutrition prevalence, weight for age > % of children under 5 12.9%
Ranked 24th.
21.1%
Ranked 5th. 64% more than Malaysia

Fertility > Maternal mortality ratio > Modeled estimate, per 100,000 live births 29
Ranked 122nd.
890
Ranked 3rd. 31 times more than Malaysia

Fertility > Maternal mortality ratio > National estimate, per 100,000 live births 30
Ranked 22nd.
860
Ranked 1st. 29 times more than Malaysia

Prevalence of overweight > % of children under 5 5.5%
Ranked 13th.
10.3%
Ranked 6th. 87% more than Malaysia

Malnutrition prevalence, height for age, female > % of children under 5 17.2%
Ranked 34th.
42.3%
Ranked 3rd. 2 times more than Malaysia

Malnutrition prevalence, height for age, male > % of children under 5 17.2%
Ranked 35th.
47.5%
Ranked 3rd. 3 times more than Malaysia

Malnutrition prevalence, height for age > % of children under 5 17.2%
Ranked 36th.
44.9%
Ranked 3rd. 3 times more than Malaysia

Prevalence of wasting > % of children under 5 15.3%
Ranked 4th. 66% more than Sierra Leone
9.2%
Ranked 4th.

Fertility > Newborns protected against tetanus > % 90%
Ranked 30th. 6% more than Sierra Leone
85%
Ranked 57th.

Poverty headcount ratio at $2 a day > PPP > % of population $2.27%
Ranked 30th.
$79.56%
Ranked 2nd. 35 times more than Malaysia

Poverty headcount ratio at urban poverty line > % of urban population 1%
Ranked 17th.
31.2%
Ranked 8th. 31 times more than Malaysia

Employment to population ratio, ages 15-24, female > % 28.8%
Ranked 97th.
46.6%
Ranked 40th. 62% more than Malaysia

Labor force participation rate for ages 15-24, male > % 47.6%
Ranked 117th. 19% more than Sierra Leone
40.1%
Ranked 148th.

Labor force participation rate for ages 15-24, female > % 32.3%
Ranked 118th.
48.2%
Ranked 57th. 49% more than Malaysia

Labor force participation rate for ages 15-24, total > % 39.7%
Ranked 117th.
44.2%
Ranked 102nd. 11% more than Malaysia

Labor force participation rate, female > % of female population ages 15-64 46.8%
Ranked 146th.
67.7%
Ranked 58th. 45% more than Malaysia

Labor force participation rate, male > % of male population ages 15-64 78.8%
Ranked 105th. 13% more than Sierra Leone
69.8%
Ranked 168th.

Labor force participation rate, total > % of total population ages 15-64 62.2%
Ranked 146th.
68.7%
Ranked 97th. 10% more than Malaysia

Labor participation rate, female > % of female population ages 15+ 44.3%
Ranked 138th.
65.7%
Ranked 38th. 48% more than Malaysia

Labor participation rate, male > % of male population ages 15+ 75.3%
Ranked 93th. 9% more than Sierra Leone
68.9%
Ranked 133th.

Labor participation rate, total > % of total population ages 15+ 59.3%
Ranked 124th.
67.3%
Ranked 63th. 13% more than Malaysia

Labor force, female > % of total labor force 38.56%
Ranked 134th.
49.38%
Ranked 17th. 28% more than Malaysia

Emigration rate of tertiary educated > % of total tertiary educated population 10.54%
Ranked 100th.
49.23%
Ranked 25th. 5 times more than Malaysia

Refugee population by country or territory of asylum 86,680
Ranked 32nd. 11 times more than Sierra Leone
8,092
Ranked 71st.

Refugee population by country or territory of origin 537
Ranked 108th.
8,002
Ranked 53th. 15 times more than Malaysia

International migrant stock, total 2.36 million
Ranked 21st. 22 times more than Sierra Leone
106,776
Ranked 125th.

International migrant stock > % of population 8.34%
Ranked 77th. 4 times more than Sierra Leone
1.86%
Ranked 145th.

Prevalence of undernourishment > % of population 5%
Ranked 160th.
28.8%
Ranked 25th. 6 times more than Malaysia

Completeness of infant death reporting > % of reported infant deaths to estimated infant deaths 79.58%
Ranked 29th. 6 times more than Sierra Leone
13.06%
Ranked 47th.
Mortality rate, adult, female > Per 1,000 female adults 80.57
Ranked 114th.
429.24
Ranked 6th. 5 times more than Malaysia

Mortality rate, adult, male > Per 1,000 male adults 154.06
Ranked 117th.
447.4
Ranked 7th. 3 times more than Malaysia

Fertility > Birth rate, crude > Per 1,000 people 17.62
Ranked 111th.
37.7
Ranked 22nd. 2 times more than Malaysia

Death rate, crude > Per 1,000 people 4.64
Ranked 181st.
17.63
Ranked 1st. 4 times more than Malaysia

Fertility > Contraceptive prevalence > % of women ages 15-49 54.5%
Ranked 12th. 5 times more than Sierra Leone
11%
Ranked 29th.

Fertility > Mortality rate, infant > Per 1,000 live births 7.3
Ranked 141st.
117.4
Ranked 1st. 16 times more than Malaysia

Fertility > Fertility rate, total > Births per woman 1.99
Ranked 126th.
4.86
Ranked 29th. 2 times more than Malaysia

Survival to age 65, female > % of cohort 86.42%
Ranked 68th. 2 times more than Sierra Leone
35.91%
Ranked 190th.

Survival to age 65, male > % of cohort 76.48%
Ranked 69th. 2 times more than Sierra Leone
34.15%
Ranked 190th.

Age dependency ratio > % of working-age population 46.66%
Ranked 142nd.
79.71%
Ranked 37th. 71% more than Malaysia

Age dependency ratio, old > % of working-age population 7.57%
Ranked 110th. 61% more than Sierra Leone
4.7%
Ranked 183th.

Age dependency ratio, young > % of working-age population 39.09%
Ranked 103th.
75.01%
Ranked 33th. 92% more than Malaysia

Population, total 29.24 million
Ranked 45th. 5 times more than Sierra Leone
5.98 million
Ranked 111th.

Population, female > % of total 51.49%
Ranked 24th. 2% more than Sierra Leone
50.37%
Ranked 92nd.

Rural population > % of total population 26.64%
Ranked 144th.
60.36%
Ranked 59th. 2 times more than Malaysia

Urban population > % of total 73.36%
Ranked 66th. 85% more than Sierra Leone
39.64%
Ranked 151st.

Urban population per 1000 660.08
Ranked 67th. 50% more than Sierra Leone
439.24
Ranked 127th.

Rural population per 1000 320.72
Ranked 131st.
639.98
Ranked 51st. Twice as much as Malaysia

Population > CIA Factbook per capita 0.926
Ranked 176th.
1.14
Ranked 18th. 23% more than Malaysia

Age structure > 0-14 years > Females per 1000 142.8
Ranked 94th.
258.49
Ranked 5th. 81% more than Malaysia

Age structure > 65 years and over > Females per 1000 25.61
Ranked 118th. 29% more than Sierra Leone
19.81
Ranked 142nd.

Age structure > 15-64 years > Males per 1000 294
Ranked 151st. 3% more than Sierra Leone
284.52
Ranked 159th.

Age structure > 15-64 years > Females per 1000 291.75
Ranked 148th.
308.89
Ranked 123th. 6% more than Malaysia

Age structure > 65 years and over > Males per 1000 20.11
Ranked 124th. 18% more than Sierra Leone
17.06
Ranked 139th.

Age structure > 0-14 years > Males per 1000 151.45
Ranked 90th.
249.09
Ranked 6th. 64% more than Malaysia

Children under the age of 5 years underweight 12.9%
Ranked 19th.
21.3%
Ranked 3rd. 65% more than Malaysia
Health expenditures 3.6% of GDP
Ranked 160th.
18.8% of GDP
Ranked 2nd. 5 times more than Malaysia

Percentage living in urban areas 64%
Ranked 82nd. 64% more than Sierra Leone
39%
Ranked 145th.
Migration > Refugees and internally displaced persons > Refugees > Country of origin 15,174 (Indonesia); 21,544 (Burma) 27,311 (Liberia)
Percentage living in rural areas. 36%
Ranked 120th.
61%
Ranked 57th. 69% more than Malaysia
Female population > Age 20-24 1.09 million
Ranked 45th. 4 times more than Sierra Leone
270,040
Ranked 101st.
Female population > Age 10-14 1.26 million
Ranked 46th. 3 times more than Sierra Leone
384,863
Ranked 86th.
Total population > Age 40-44 > % of the total 6.35
Ranked 115th. 59% more than Sierra Leone
4
Ranked 199th.
Female population > Age 15-19 1.16 million
Ranked 46th. 4 times more than Sierra Leone
326,598
Ranked 91st.
Female population > Age 60-64 > % of the total 1.26
Ranked 112th. 17% more than Sierra Leone
1.08
Ranked 138th.
Male population > Age 70-74 137,879
Ranked 56th. 5 times more than Sierra Leone
26,696
Ranked 123th.
Droughts, floods, extreme temperatures > % of population, average 1990-2009 0.0969%
Ranked 103th.
0.247%
Ranked 85th. 3 times more than Malaysia
Maternal mortality rate 29 deaths/100,000 live births
Ranked 124th.
890 deaths/100,000 live births
Ranked 3rd. 31 times more than Malaysia

Migration > Refugees per 1000 2.81
Ranked 46th.
217.26
Ranked 2nd. 77 times more than Malaysia
Total population > Age 20-24 per 1000 86.43
Ranked 118th.
102.36
Ranked 56th. 18% more than Malaysia
Total population > Age 55-59 per 1000 33.12
Ranked 94th. 17% more than Sierra Leone
28.26
Ranked 124th.
Male population > Age 20-24 per 1000 44.27
Ranked 111th.
49.61
Ranked 69th. 12% more than Malaysia
Male population > Age 15-19 per 1000 47.37
Ranked 111th.
60.29
Ranked 36th. 27% more than Malaysia
Male population > Age 35-39 per 1000 32.53
Ranked 121st. 8% more than Sierra Leone
30.19
Ranked 142nd.
Total population > Age 35-39 per 1000 64.24
Ranked 126th. 2% more than Sierra Leone
62.87
Ranked 133th.
Total population > Age 75-79 per 1000 7.86
Ranked 123th. 27% more than Sierra Leone
6.17
Ranked 146th.
Number of infant deaths per 1000 0.137
Ranked 108th.
4.18
Ranked 2nd. 31 times more than Malaysia

Number of neonatal deaths per million 68.4
Ranked 103th.
1,672.6
Ranked 7th. 24 times more than Malaysia

Fertility > Number of maternal deaths per million 6.01
Ranked 112th.
347.71
Ranked 3rd. 58 times more than Malaysia

Net migration per million 15,389.92
Ranked 31st.
-3,512.453
Ranked 117th.

Refugee population by country or territory of asylum per 1000 3.01
Ranked 43th. 2 times more than Sierra Leone
1.38
Ranked 62nd.

Refugee population by country or territory of origin per 1000 0.0187
Ranked 144th.
1.36
Ranked 41st. 73 times more than Malaysia

International migrant stock, total per 1000 83.38
Ranked 77th. 4 times more than Sierra Leone
18.56
Ranked 146th.

Population, total per 1000 1,000
Ranked 177th. The same as Sierra Leone
1,000
Ranked 157th.

Drinking water source > Unimproved > Total 0.0
Ranked 134th.
45% of population
Ranked 14th.
Obesity > Adult prevalence rate 14%
Ranked 121st. 2 times more than Sierra Leone
6.8%
Ranked 143th.
Population growth > Annual % 1.8%
Ranked 65th.
3.48%
Ranked 7th. 93% more than Malaysia

HIV/AIDS > Adult prevalence rate 0.5%
Ranked 69th.
1.6%
Ranked 34th. 3 times more than Malaysia

HIV/AIDS > People living with HIV/AIDS 100,000
Ranked 41st. 2 times more than Sierra Leone
49,000
Ranked 58th.

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Female 13 years
Ranked 66th. 18% more than Sierra Leone
11 years
Ranked 23th.

Note Malaysia is one of the world's largest palm oil producers Sierra Leone is trying to encourage tourists to enjoy its natural beauty
Number of under-five deaths per 1000 0.137
Ranked 112th.
6.52
Ranked 3rd. 48 times more than Malaysia

Net migration 450,000
Ranked 16th.
-21,000
Ranked 116th.

Fertility > Adolescent fertility rate > Births per 1,000 women ages 15-19 7.11
Ranked 173th.
104.34
Ranked 23th. 15 times more than Malaysia

Age dependency ratio > Dependents to working-age population 0.59
Ranked 84th.
0.86
Ranked 28th. 46% more than Malaysia

SOURCES: CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; CIA World Factbooks 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013; World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat, World Population Prospects: The 2004 Revision and World Urbanization Prospects: http://esa.un.org/unpp; CIA World Factbook 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013; CIA World Factbook, 28 July 2005; Population Reference Bureau, 2001 World Population Data Sheet, Washington, DC: PRB, 2001. via ciesin.org; UN (United Nations). 2002. World Urbanization Prospects: The 2001 Revision. Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. New York; World Development Indicators database; U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division, International Programs Center Spanish Statistical Institute; Population Division of the United Nations Secretariat, World Urbanization Prospects: The 2001 Revision, Data Tables and Highlights (ESA/P/WP.173, 20 March 2002); All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; Food and Agriculture Organisation and World Bank population estimates.; (1) United Nations Population Division. 2009. World Population Prospects: The 2008 Revision. New York, United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs (advanced Excel tables). Available at http://esa.un.org/unpd/wpp2008/index.htm. (2) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (3) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (4) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, (5) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database, and (6) World bank estimates based on the data from the sources above, household surveys conducted by national agencies, Macro International, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and refugees statistics from the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees.; United Nations Population Division, World Population Prospects.; U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division, International Programs Center; U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division, International Programs Center. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations, World Urbanization Prospects.; Food and Agriculture Organization; U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division, International Programs Center Spanish Statistical Institute. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Bank national accounts data; World Bank national accounts data; UNESCO Institute for Statistics; Estimates developed by the UN Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (UNICEF, WHO, World Bank, UN DESA Population Division) at www.childmortality.org.; UNAIDS estimates.; WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme (JMP) for Water Supply and Sanitation (http://www.wssinfo.org/).; Trends in Maternal Mortality: 1990-2010. Estimates Developed by WHO, UNICEF, UNFPA and the World Bank.; UNICEF, State of the World's Children, Childinfo, and Demographic and Health Surveys by ICF International.; World Health Organization, Global Database on Child Growth and Malnutrition. Country-level data are unadjusted data from national surveys, and thus may not be comparable across countries.; World Health Organization, Global Database on Child Growth and Malnutrition. Country-level data are unadjusted data from national surveys, and thus may not be comparable across countries. Adjusted, comparable data are available at http://www.who.int/nutgrowthdb/en. Aggregation is based on UNICEF, WHO, and the World Bank harmonized dataset (adjusted, comparable data) and methodology.; UNICEF, State of the World's Children, Childinfo.; World Bank, Development Research Group. Data are based on primary household survey data obtained from government statistical agencies and World Bank country departments. Data for high-income economies are from the Luxembourg Income Study database. For more information and methodology, please see PovcalNet (http://iresearch.worldbank.org/PovcalNet/index.htm).; World Bank, Global Poverty Working Group. Data are based on World Bank's country poverty assessments and country Poverty Reduction Strategies.; International Labour Organization, Key Indicators of the Labour Market database.; Frxe9dxe9ric Docquier, B. Lindsay Lowell, and Abdeslam Marfouk's , "A Gendered Assessment of Highly Skilled Emigration" (2009).; United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), Statistical Yearbook and data files, complemented by statistics on Palestinian refugees under the mandate of the UNRWA as published on its website. Data from UNHCR are available online at: www.unhcr.org/statistics/populationdatabase.; United Nations Population Division, Trends in Total Migrant Stock: 2008 Revision.; The United Nations Statistics Division's Population and Vital Statistics Report and the United Nations Population Division's World Population Prospects.; (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects. New York, United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs (advanced Excel tables). Available at http://esa.un.org/wpp/unpp/panel_population.htm, (2) University of California, Berkeley, and Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research. Human Mortality Database. [ www.mortality.org or www.humanmortality.de].; (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Household surveys, including Demographic and Health Surveys by Macro International and Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys by UNICEF.; (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Repot (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database; United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects. New York, United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs (advanced Excel tables). Available at http://esa.un.org/wpp/unpp/panel_population.htm.; World Bank staff estimates; (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; The United Nations Population Division's World Population Prospects.; World Bank Staff estimates based on United Nations, World Urbanization Prospects.; World Development Indicators database. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Population Division of the United Nations Secretariat, World Urbanization Prospects: The 2003 Revision, Data Tables and Highlights. Estimates and projections of urban and rural populations are made by the Population Division of the United Nations Secretariat and published every two years. These estimates and projections are based on national census or survey data that have been evaluated and, whenever necessary, adjusted for deficiencies and inconsistencies; EM-DAT: The OFDA/CRED International Disaster Database: www.emdat.be, Universitxe9 Catholique de Louvain, Brussels (Belgium), World Bank.; United Nations World Statistics Pocketbook and Statistical Yearbook. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Estimates developed by the UN Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (UNICEF, WHO, World Bank, UN DESA Population Division) at www.childmortality.org. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Trends in Maternal Mortality: 1990-2010. Estimates Developed by WHO, UNICEF, UNFPA and the World Bank. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Population Division, World Population Prospects. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), Statistical Yearbook and data files, complemented by statistics on Palestinian refugees under the mandate of the UNRWA as published on its website. Data from UNHCR are available online at: www.unhcr.org/statistics/populationdatabase. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Population Division, Trends in Total Migrant Stock: 2008 Revision. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; British Broadcasting Corporation 2014