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Country vs country: Malaysia and Sierra Leone compared: People stats

Definitions

  • Age structure > 0-14 years: The distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over: The distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest."
  • Birth rate: The average annual number of births during a year per 1,000 persons in the population at midyear; also known as crude birth rate. The birth rate is usually the dominant factor in determining the rate of population growth. It depends on both the level of fertility and the age structure of the population.
  • Death rate: The average annual number of deaths during a year per 1,000 population at midyear; also known as crude death rate. The death rate, while only a rough indicator of the mortality situation in a country, accurately indicates the current mortality impact on population growth. This indicator is significantly affected by age distribution, and most countries will eventually show a rise in the overall death rate, in spite of continued decline in mortality at all ages, as declining fertility results in an aging population.
  • Death rate, crude > Per 1,000 people: Death rate, crude (per 1,000 people). Crude death rate indicates the number of deaths occurring during the year, per 1,000 population estimated at midyear. Subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birth rate provides the rate of natural increase, which is equal to the rate of population change in the absence of migration.
  • Ethnic groups: This entry provides a rank ordering of ethnic groups starting with the largest and normally includes the percent of total population.
  • Nationality > Adjective: This entry is derived from People > Nationality, which provides the identifying terms for citizens - noun and adjective.
  • Population: Population, total refers to the total population.
  • Population > Population growth, past and future: Population growth rate (percentage).
  • Population growth rate: The average annual percent change in the population, resulting from a surplus (or deficit) of births over deaths and the balance of migrants entering and leaving a country. The rate may be positive or negative. The growth rate is a factor in determining how great a burden would be imposed on a country by the changing needs of its people for infrastructure (e.g., schools, hospitals, housing, roads), resources (e.g., food, water, electricity), and jobs. Rapid population growth can be seen as threatening by neighboring countries.
  • Population in 2015: (Thousands) Medium-variant projections.
  • Sex ratio > At birth: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Sex ratio > Total population: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Total fertility rate: The average number of children that would be born per woman if all women lived to the end of their child-bearing years and bore children according to a given fertility rate at each age. The total fertility rate is a more direct measure of the level of fertility than the crude birth rate, since it refers to births per woman. This indicator shows the potential for population growth in the country. High rates will also place some limits on the labor force participation rates for women. Large numbers of children born to women indicate large family sizes that might limit the ability of the families to feed and educate their children.
  • Urban and rural > Population living in cities proper: City population by sex, city and city type.
  • Religions: This entry is an ordered listing of religions by adherents starting with the largest group and sometimes includes the percent of total population. The core characteristics and beliefs of the world's major religions are described below.
    Baha'i - Founded by Mirza Husayn-Ali (known as Baha'u'llah) in Iran in 1852, Baha'i faith emphasizes monotheism and believes in one eternal transcendent God. Its guiding focus is to encourage the unity of all peoples on the earth so that justice and peace may be achieved on earth. Baha'i revelation contends the prophets of major world religions reflect some truth or element of the divine, believes all were manifestations of God given to specific communities in specific times, and that Baha'u'llah is an additional prophet meant to call all humankind. Bahais are an open community, located worldwide, with the greatest concentration of believers in South Asia.
    Buddhism - Religion or philosophy inspired by the 5th century B.C. teachings of Siddhartha Gautama (also known as Gautama Buddha "the enlightened one"). Buddhism focuses on the goal of spiritual enlightenment centered on an understanding of Gautama Buddha's Four Noble Truths on the nature of suffering, and on the Eightfold Path of spiritual and moral practice, to break the cycle of suffering of which we are a part. Buddhism ascribes to a karmic system of rebirth. Several schools and sects of Buddhism exist, differing often on the nature of the Buddha, the extent to which enlightenment can be achieved - for one or for all, and by whom - religious orders or laity.
    Basic Groupings
       Theravada Buddhism: The oldest Buddhist school, Theravada is practiced mostly in Sri Lanka, Cambodia, Laos, Burma, and Thailand, with minority representation elsewhere in Asia and the West. Theravadans follow the Pali Canon of Buddha's teachings, and believe that one may escape the cycle of rebirth, worldly attachment, and suffering for oneself; this process may take one or several lifetimes.
       Mahayana Buddhism, including subsets Zen and Tibetan (Lamaistic) Buddhism: Forms of Mahayana Buddhism are common in East Asia and Tibet, and parts of the West. Mahayanas have additional scriptures beyond the Pali Canon and believe the Buddha is eternal and still teaching. Unlike Theravada Buddhism, Mahayana schools maintain the Buddha-nature is present in all beings and all will ultimately achieve enlightenment.
        Hoa Hao: a minority tradition of Buddhism practiced in Vietnam that stresses lay participation, primarily by peasant farmers; it eschews ...
    Full definition






  • Sex ratio > Under 15 years: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-14: Percentage of total population aged 0-14.
  • Obesity > Adult obesity rate: This entry gives the percent of a country's population considered to be obese. Obesity is defined as an adult having a Body Mass Index (BMI) greater to or equal to 30.0. BMI is calculated by taking a person's weight in kg and dividing it by the person's squared height in meters.
  • Languages: This entry provides a rank ordering of languages starting with the largest and sometimes includes the percent of total population speaking that language.
  • Median age > Total: This entry is derived from People > Median age, which is the age that divides a population into two numerically equal groups; that is, half the people are younger than this age and half are older. It is a single index that summarizes the age distribution of a population. Currently, the median age ranges from a low of about 15 in Uganda and Gaza Strip to 40 or more in several European countries and Japan. See the entry for "Age structure" for the importance of a young versus an older age structure and, by implication, a low versus a higher median age.
  • Percentage living in rural areas.: Percentage of people living in rural areas. Data for 2003. Urban-rural classification of population in internationally published statistics follows the national census definition, which differs from one country or area to another. National definitions are usually based on criteria that may include any of the following: size of population in a locality, population density, distance between built-up areas, predominant type of economic activity, legal or administrative boundaries and urban characteristics such as specific services and facilities.
  • Infant mortality rate > Total: This entry is derived from People > Infant mortality rate, which gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
  • Urban and rural > Urban population: Total population living in urban areas by country.
  • Population growth: Percentage by which country's population either has increased or is estimated to increase. Countries with a decrease in population are signified by a negative percentage. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Age structure > 15-24 years: This entry is derived from People > Age structure, which provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group as follows: 0-14 years (children), 15-24 years (early working age), 25-54 years (prime working age), 55-64 years (mature working age), 65 years and over (elderly). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Contraceptive prevalence rate: This field gives the percent of women of reproductive age (15-49) who are married or in union and are using, or whose sexual partner is using, a method of contraception according to the date of the most recent available data. The contraceptive prevalence rate is an indicator of health services, development, and women’s empowerment. It is also useful in understanding, past, present, and future fertility trends, especially in developing countries.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Total population: This entry is derived from People > Life expectancy at birth, which contains the average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. The entry includes total population as well as the male and female components. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Percentage living in urban areas: Percentage of people living in urban areas. Data for 2003. Urban-rural classification of population in internationally published statistics follows the national census definition, which differs from one country or area to another. National definitions are usually based on criteria that may include any of the following: size of population in a locality, population density, distance between built-up areas, predominant type of economic activity, legal or administrative boundaries and urban characteristics such as specific services and facilities.
  • Migration > Net migration > Per capita: Net migration is the net total of migrants during the period, that is, the total number of immigrants less the annual number of emigrants, including both citizens and noncitizens. Data are five-year estimates. To derive estimates of net migration, the United Nations Population Division takes into account the past migration history of a country or area, the migration policy of a country, and the influx of refugees in recent periods. The data to calculate these official estimates come from a variety of sources, including border statistics, administrative records, surveys, and censuses. When no official estimates can be made because of insufficient data, net migration is derived through the balance equation, which is the difference between overall population growth and the natural increase during the 1990-2000 intercensal period." Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total: Number of people aged 0-14.
  • Urban and rural > Rural population: Total population living in rural areas by country.
  • Nationality > Noun: The noun which identifies citizens of the nation
  • Age structure > 15-64 years: The distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age distribution > Median age: The median age of the country's residents. This is the age most people are in the country.
  • Migration > Net migration rate: The difference between the number of persons entering and leaving a country during the year per 1,000 persons (based on midyear population). An excess of persons entering the country is referred to as net immigration (e.g., 3.56 migrants/1,000 population); an excess of persons leaving the country as net emigration (e.g., -9.26 migrants/1,000 population). The net migration rate indicates the contribution of migration to the overall level of population change. High levels of migration can cause problems such as increasing unemployment and potential ethnic strife (if people are coming in) or a reduction in the labor force, perhaps in certain key sectors (if people are leaving).
  • Gender > Female population: Total female population.
  • Sex ratio > 65 years and over: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Age structure > 25-54 years: This entry is derived from People > Age structure, which provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group as follows: 0-14 years (children), 15-24 years (early working age), 25-54 years (prime working age), 55-64 years (mature working age), 65 years and over (elderly). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of asylum > Per capita: Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organisation of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of asylum is the country where an asylum claim was filed and granted." Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Age structure > 55-64 years: This entry is derived from People > Age structure, which provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group as follows: 0-14 years (children), 15-24 years (early working age), 25-54 years (prime working age), 55-64 years (mature working age), 65 years and over (elderly). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age distribution > Elderly dependency ratio: Percentage of dependant adults out of total population aged 15-64. A dependant adult is an adult aged 65 and older.
  • Literacy > Total population: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
    Additional details:
    • Gibraltar: above 80% (2013)


  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-59: Percentage of total pouplation aged 15-59.
  • Migration > Foreign worker salaries: Workers' remittances and compensation of employees comprise current transfers by migrant workers and wages and salaries earned by nonresident workers. Remittances are classified as current private transfers from migrant workers resident in the host country for more than a year, irrespective of their immigration status, to recipients in their country of origin. Migrants' transfers are defined as the net worth of migrants who are expected to remain in the host country for more than one year that is transferred from one country to another at the time of migration. Compensation of employees is the income of migrants who have lived in the host country for less than a year. Data are in current U.S. dollars."
  • Fertility > Fertility rate, total > Births per woman: Fertility rate, total (births per woman). Total fertility rate represents the number of children that would be born to a woman if she were to live to the end of her childbearing years and bear children in accordance with current age-specific fertility rates.
  • Sex ratio > 15-64 years: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Total: Number of people aged 15-24.
  • Teenage pregancy rate: Adolescent fertility rate is the number of births per 1,000 women ages 15-19."
  • Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 65 and older.
  • Gender > Male population: Total male population.
  • Age distribution > Total dependency ratio: Percentage of dependant persons out of total population aged 15-64. A dependant person is a person aged 0-14 and those over 65 years old.
  • Number of infant deaths: Number of infant deaths. Number of infants dying before reaching one year of age.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-64: Percentage of total population aged 15-64.
  • Number of infant deaths per 1000: Number of infant deaths. Number of infants dying before reaching one year of age. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Urban population: Urban population is the midyear population of areas defined as urban in each country and reported to the United Nations.
  • Population > CIA Factbook: This entry gives an estimate from the US Bureau of the Census based on statistics from population censuses, vital statistics registration systems, or sample surveys pertaining to the recent past and on assumptions about future trends. The total population presents one overall measure of the potential impact of the country on the world and within its region. Note: starting with the 1993 Factbook, demographic estimates for some countries (mostly African) have explicitly taken into account the effects of the growing impact of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. These countries are currently: The Bahamas, Benin, Botswana, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burma, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Female: This entry is derived from People > Life expectancy at birth, which contains the average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. The entry includes total population as well as the male and female components. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Migration > Net migration: Net migration is the net total of migrants during the period, that is, the total number of immigrants less the annual number of emigrants, including both citizens and noncitizens. Data are five-year estimates. To derive estimates of net migration, the United Nations Population Division takes into account the past migration history of a country or area, the migration policy of a country, and the influx of refugees in recent periods. The data to calculate these official estimates come from a variety of sources, including border statistics, administrative records, surveys, and censuses. When no official estimates can be made because of insufficient data, net migration is derived through the balance equation, which is the difference between overall population growth and the natural increase during the 1990-2000 intercensal period."
  • Urbanization: Estimates and projections of urban and rural populations are made by the Population Division of the United Nations Secretariat and published every two years. These estimates and projections are based on national census or survey data that have been evaluated and, whenever necessary, adjusted for deficiencies and inconsistencies. Urban-rural classification of population in internationally published statistics follows the national census definition, which differs from one country or area to another. National definitions are usually based on criteria that may include any of the following: size of population in a locality, population density, distance between built-up areas, predominant type of economic activity, legal or administrative boundaries and urban characteristics such as specific services and facilities.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 > Total: Number of people aged 15-64.
  • Literacy > Female: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
  • Age dependency ratio > Dependents to working-age population: Age dependency ratio is the ratio of dependents--people younger than 15 or older than 64--to the working-age population--those ages 15-64. For example, 0.7 means there are 7 dependents for every 10 working-age people.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 > Total: Number of people aged 15-59.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Male: This entry is derived from People > Life expectancy at birth, which contains the average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. The entry includes total population as well as the male and female components. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Projected population growth: Percentage change in projected population between 2000 and 2050
    Units: Percent Change in Population
    Units: A threshold of 0 was applied. All countries with growth rates of 0 or below received the same score.

  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 15-24.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Total: Number of people aged 60 and older.
  • Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of origin: Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organisation of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of origin generally refers to the nationality or country of citizenship of a claimant."
  • Dependency ratios > Elderly dependency ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.



  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Total: Number of people aged 0-4.
  • Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Total: This entry is derived from People > Unemployment, youth ages 15-24, which gives the percent of the total labor force ages 15-24 unemployed during a specified year.
  • Fertility > Mortality rate, infant > Per 1,000 live births: Mortality rate, infant (per 1,000 live births). Infant mortality rate is the number of infants dying before reaching one year of age, per 1,000 live births in a given year.
  • Fertility > Birth rate, crude > Per 1,000 people: Birth rate, crude (per 1,000 people). Crude birth rate indicates the number of live births occurring during the year, per 1,000 population estimated at midyear. Subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birth rate provides the rate of natural increase, which is equal to the rate of population change in the absence of migration.
  • Age distribution > Child dependency ratio: Percentage of dependant children out of total population aged 15 and older. A dependant child is a child aged 0-14.
  • Urban and rural > Rural population per thousand people: Total population living in rural areas by country. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Urban and rural > Urban population per thousand people: Total population living in urban areas by country. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Cities > Urban population: Total population living in urban areas. The defition of an urban area differs for each country. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Marriage > Years being single before marriage > Women: Average age of women at their first marriage.
  • Drinking water source > Improved > Total: This entry is derived from People > Drinking water source > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved drinking water sources available to segments of the population of a country.improved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: piped water into dwelling, yard, or plot; public tap or standpipe; tubewell or borehole; protected dug well; protected spring; or rainwater collection. unimproved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: unprotected dug well; unprotected spring; cart with small tank or drum; tanker truck; surface water, which includes rivers, dams, lakes, ponds, streams, canals or irrigation channels; or bottled water.
  • Marriage > Years being single before marriage > Men: Average age of men at their first marriage.
  • Dependency ratios > Potential support ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.



  • Population density > People per sq. km of land area: Population density (people per sq. km of land area). Population density is midyear population divided by land area in square kilometers. Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of their country of origin. Land area is a country's total area, excluding area under inland water bodies, national claims to continental shelf, and exclusive economic zones. In most cases the definition of inland water bodies includes major rivers and lakes.
  • Total Population > Female: Total Population - Female, as of April 26, 2005
  • Migration > Refugees: Refugees (number in each country, 1990-99)
  • Gender > Gender inequality index: Gender Inequality Index.
  • Physicians density: This entry gives the number of medical doctors (physicians), including generalist and specialist medical practitioners, per 1,000 of the population. Medical doctors are defined as doctors that study, diagnose, treat, and prevent illness, disease, injury, and other physical and mental impairments in humans through the application of modern medicine. They also plan, supervise, and evaluate care and treatment plans by other health care providers. The World Health Organization estimates that fewer than 2.3 health workers (physicians, nurses, and midwives only) per 1,000 would be insufficient to achieve coverage of primary healthcare needs.
  • Immigration > Refugees and asylum seekers > Natives per Refugee: Natives per Refugee.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Urban and rural > Male rural population: Total number of males living in rural areas by country.
  • Drinking water source > Unimproved > Urban: This entry is derived from People > Drinking water source > Unimproved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved drinking water sources available to segments of the population of a country.improved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: piped water into dwelling, yard, or plot; public tap or standpipe; tubewell or borehole; protected dug well; protected spring; or rainwater collection. unimproved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: unprotected dug well; unprotected spring; cart with small tank or drum; tanker truck; surface water, which includes rivers, dams, lakes, ponds, streams, canals or irrigation channels; or bottled water.
  • Gender > Sex ratio at birth: Number of males born for every female born. Countries with a number less than one have more females born than males.
  • Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of asylum: Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organisation of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of asylum is the country where an asylum claim was filed and granted."
  • Net migration: Net migration. Net migration is the net total of migrants during the period, that is, the total number of immigrants less the annual number of emigrants, including both citizens and noncitizens. Data are five-year estimates.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > From total: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Any method: Current contraceptive use among married women 15-49 years old, any method, percentage.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Total: Number of people 65 years old and older.
  • Population in largest city: Population in largest city is the urban population living in the countryÂ’s largest metropolitan area.
  • Children under the age of 5 years underweight: This entry gives the percent of children under five considered to be underweight. Underweight means weight-for-age is approximately 2 kg below for standard at age one, 3 kg below standard for ages two and three, and 4 kg below standard for ages four and five. This statistic is an indicator of the nutritional status of a community. Children who suffer from growth retardation as a result of poor diets and/or recurrent infections tend to have a greater risk of suffering illness and death.
  • Urban and rural > Female rural population: Total number of females living in rural areas by country.
  • Urban and rural > Female urban population: Total number of females living in urban areas by country.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Total: This entry is derived from People > School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary , which school life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Dependency ratios > Youth dependency ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.



  • Cities > Urban areas over 1,000,000: Urban areas with a population of over a million people.
  • Population density: Population density is midyear population divided by land area in square kilometers. Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of their country of origin. Land area is a country's total area, excluding area under inland water bodies, national claims to continental shelf, and exclusive economic zones. In most cases the definition of inland water bodies includes major rivers and lakes."
  • Rural population: Rural population is calculated as the difference between the total population and the urban population.
  • Median age > Both sexes: Age of person who is older than half the population and younger than the other half of the population.
  • Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Female: This entry is derived from People > Unemployment, youth ages 15-24, which gives the percent of the total labor force ages 15-24 unemployed during a specified year.
  • Sanitation facility access > Unimproved > Urban: This entry is derived from People > Sanitation facility access > Unimproved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved sanitation facilities available to segments of the population of a country. improved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush to a piped sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine; pit latrine with slab; or a composting toilet. unimproved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush not piped to a sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; pit latrine without a slab or open pit; bucket; hanging toilet or hanging latrine; shared facilities of any type; no facilities; or bush or field.
  • Population, total per 1000: Population, total. Population, total refers to the total population. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Population, total: Population, total. Population, total refers to the total population.
  • Future population > Females: UN estimates of female population in 2010, 2015, 2020, 2025 and 2030.
  • Dependency ratios > Total dependency ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.



  • Urban population > Per capita: Urban population is the midyear population of areas defined as urban in each country and reported to the United Nations. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Literacy > Male: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
  • Urban and rural > Male urban population: Total number of males living in urban areas by country.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years > From total: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Literacy > Definition: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Total: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 0-4.
  • Future population change: Total change in population by country. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Number of under-five deaths per 1000: Number of under-five deaths. Number of children dying before reaching age five. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Number of under-five deaths: Number of under-five deaths. Number of children dying before reaching age five.
  • GDP per capita > Current US$: GDP per capita (current US$). GDP per capita is gross domestic product divided by midyear population. GDP is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Total: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Infant mortality rate > Male: This entry is derived from People > Infant mortality rate, which gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
  • Median age > Female: This entry is derived from People > Median age, which is the age that divides a population into two numerically equal groups; that is, half the people are younger than this age and half are older. It is a single index that summarizes the age distribution of a population. Currently, the median age ranges from a low of about 15 in Uganda and Gaza Strip to 40 or more in several European countries and Japan. See the entry for "Age structure" for the importance of a young versus an older age structure and, by implication, a low versus a higher median age.
  • Density and urbanisation > Urban population: Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanisation Prospects.
  • Age structure > 15-64 years > Males: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years > Females: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age structure > 15-64 years > From total: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Immigration > Visa overstay rate > Australia: Modified Non-Return Rate.
  • Major infectious diseases > Water contact diseases: This entry is derived from People > Major infectious diseases, which lists major infectious diseases likely to be encountered in countries where the risk of such diseases is assessed to be very high as compared to the United States. These infectious diseases represent risks to US government personnel traveling to the specified country for a period of less than three years. The degree of risk is assessed by considering the foreign nature of these infectious diseases, their severity, and the probability of being affected by the diseases present. The diseases listed do not necessarily represent the total disease burden experienced by the local population.
    The risk to an individual traveler varies considerably by the specific location, visit duration, type of activities, type of accommodations, time of year, and other factors. Consultation with a travel medicine physician is needed to evaluate individual risk and recommend appropriate preventive measures such as vaccines.
    Diseases are organized into the following six exposure categories shown in italics and listed in typical descending order of risk. Note: The sequence of exposure categories listed in individual country entries may vary according to local conditions.
    food or waterborne diseases acquired through eating or drinking on the local economy:
    Hepatitis A - viral disease that interferes with the functioning of the liver; spread through consumption of food or water contaminated with fecal matter, principally in areas of poor sanitation; victims exhibit fever, jaundice, and diarrhea; 15% of victims will experience prolonged symptoms over 6-9 months; vaccine available.
    Hepatitis E - water-borne viral disease that interferes with the functioning of the liver; most commonly spread through fecal contamination of drinking water; victims exhibit jaundice, fatigue, abdominal pain, and dark colored urine.
    Typhoid fever - bacterial disease spread through contact with food or water contaminated by fecal matter or sewage; victims exhibit sustained high fevers; left untreated, mortality rates can reach 20%.
    vectorborne diseases acquired through the bite of an infected arthropod:
    Malaria - caused by single-cell parasitic protozoa Plasmodium; transmitted to humans via the bite of the female Anopheles mosquito; parasites multiply in the liver attacking red blood cells resulting in cycles of fever, chills, and sweats accompanied by anemia; death due to damage to vital organs and interruption of blood supply to the brain; endemic in 100, mostly tropical, ...
    Full definition








  • Maternal mortality rate: The maternal mortality rate (MMR) is the annual number of female deaths per 100,000 live births from any cause related to or aggravated by pregnancy or its management (excluding accidental or incidental causes). The MMR includes deaths during pregnancy, childbirth, or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy, irrespective of the duration and site of the pregnancy, for a specified year.
  • Gender ratio > Whole population: Female/male ratio of population.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years > Males: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > Females: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Any method > Percentage: Percentage of all married women aged 15-49 who report using any type of contraceptive.
  • Gender > Female population per thousand people: Total female population. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Immigration > Cultural Diversity Index: The probability that two individuals selected at random from a country speak a very different language. A high score of close to 1 indicates that many unrelated languages are spoken. A score of close to 0 means that few languages are spoken, and / or that the spoken languages are similar to one another. For more information, please refer to Fearon (see citation).
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Teen marriage rate > Women: Percentage of female population aged 15-19 who has been married at least once. Percentage is out of total number of females in the same age group.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Female: This entry is derived from People > School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary , which school life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Urban and rural > Female rural population per thousand people: Total number of females living in rural areas by country. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Fertility > Adolescent fertility rate > Births per 1,000 women ages 15-19: Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19). Adolescent fertility rate is the number of births per 1,000 women ages 15-19.
  • Future population > Males: UN estimates of male population in 2010, 2015, 2020, 2025 and 2030.
  • Net migration per million: Net migration. Net migration is the net total of migrants during the period, that is, the total number of immigrants less the annual number of emigrants, including both citizens and noncitizens. Data are five-year estimates. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Infant mortality rate > Female: This entry is derived from People > Infant mortality rate, which gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Male: This entry is derived from People > School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary , which school life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Male: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Immigration > Nationality compositions of > Norway: Country of origin of Norway’s population who was either foreign born or born in Norway to foreign residents (number of people by country of origin).
  • Population > CIA Factbook per capita: This entry gives an estimate from the US Bureau of the Census based on statistics from population censuses, vital statistics registration systems, or sample surveys pertaining to the recent past and on assumptions about future trends. The total population presents one overall measure of the potential impact of the country on the world and within its region. Note: starting with the 1993 Factbook, demographic estimates for some countries (mostly African) have explicitly taken into account the effects of the growing impact of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. These countries are currently: The Bahamas, Benin, Botswana, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burma, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Gender > Women aged 15-49: Country's total population of women aged 15-49. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 5-14 > Total: Number of people aged 5-14.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 80 and older.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 60 and older.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years > Males per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Gender > Male population per thousand people: Total male population. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Condom > Percentage: Percentage of all married women aged 15-49 who report using condoms.
  • Refugee population by country or territory of asylum: Refugee population by country or territory of asylum. Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organization of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of asylum is the country where an asylum claim was filed and granted.
  • Drinking water source > Unimproved > Rural: This entry is derived from People > Drinking water source > Unimproved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved drinking water sources available to segments of the population of a country.improved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: piped water into dwelling, yard, or plot; public tap or standpipe; tubewell or borehole; protected dug well; protected spring; or rainwater collection. unimproved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: unprotected dug well; unprotected spring; cart with small tank or drum; tanker truck; surface water, which includes rivers, dams, lakes, ponds, streams, canals or irrigation channels; or bottled water.
  • Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of origin > Per capita: Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organisation of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of origin generally refers to the nationality or country of citizenship of a claimant." Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • Total Population > Male per 1000: Total Population - Male, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > Males per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Migration > International migrant stock > Total: International migrant stock is the number of people born in a country other than that in which they live. It also includes refugees. The data used to estimate the international migrant stock at a particular time are obtained mainly from population censuses. The estimates are derived from the data on foreign-born population--people who have residence in one country but were born in another country. When data on the foreign-born population are not available, data on foreign population--that is, people who are citizens of a country other than the country in which they reside--are used as estimates. After the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991 people living in one of the newly independent countries who were born in another were classified as international migrants. Estimates of migrant stock in the newly independent states from 1990 on are based on the 1989 census of the Soviet Union. For countries with information on the international migrant stock for at least two points in time, interpolation or extrapolation was used to estimate the international migrant stock on July 1 of the reference years. For countries with only one observation, estimates for the reference years were derived using rates of change in the migrant stock in the years preceding or following the single observation available. A model was used to estimate migrants for countries that had no data."
  • Mortality rate, adult, male > Per 1,000 male adults: Mortality rate, adult, male (per 1,000 male adults). Adult mortality rate is the probability of dying between the ages of 15 and 60--that is, the probability of a 15-year-old dying before reaching age 60, if subject to current age-specific mortality rates between those ages.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Female: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Hospital bed density: This entry provides the number of hospital beds per 1,000 people; it serves as a general measure of inpatient service availability. Hospital beds include inpatient beds available in public, private, general, and specialized hospitals and rehabilitation centers. In most cases, beds for both acute and chronic care are included. Because the level of inpatient services required for individual countries depends on several factors - such as demographic issues and the burden of disease - there is no global target for the number of hospital beds per country. So, while 2 beds per 1,000 in one country may be sufficient, 2 beds per 1,000 in another may be woefully inadequate because of the number of people hospitalized by disease.
  • Charity > World Giving Index > Helped a stranger, percent: HS.
  • Charity > World Giving Index > Donated money, percent: DM.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Cities > Urban areas over 500,000: Urban Areas Over 500,000.
  • Cities > Urban areas over 2,000,000: Urban Areas Over 2,000,000.
  • Median age > Male: This entry is the age that divides a population into two numerically equal groups; that is, half the people are younger than this age and half are older. It is a single index that summarizes the age distribution of a population. Currently, the median age ranges from a low of about 15 in Uganda and Gaza Strip to 40 or more in several European countries and Japan. See the entry for "Age structure" for the importance of a young versus an older age structure and, by implication, a low versus a higher median age.
  • Population in largest city > Per capita: Population in largest city is the urban population living in the countryÂ’s largest metropolitan area. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > Females per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Refugee population by country or territory of asylum per 1000: Refugee population by country or territory of asylum. Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organization of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of asylum is the country where an asylum claim was filed and granted. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Age structure > 15-64 years > Females: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > Males: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Rural population > Per capita: Rural population is calculated as the difference between the total population and the urban population. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Male: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Sanitation facility access > Unimproved > Rural: This entry is derived from People > Sanitation facility access > Unimproved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved sanitation facilities available to segments of the population of a country. improved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush to a piped sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine; pit latrine with slab; or a composting toilet. unimproved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush not piped to a sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; pit latrine without a slab or open pit; bucket; hanging toilet or hanging latrine; shared facilities of any type; no facilities; or bush or field.
  • Health expenditures: This entry provides the total expenditure on health as a percentage of GDP. Health expenditures are broadly defined as activities performed either by institutions or individuals through the application of medical, paramedical, and/or nursing knowledge and technology, the primary purpose of which is to promote, restore, or maintain health.
  • Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Male: This entry is derived from People > Unemployment, youth ages 15-24, which gives the percent of the total labor force ages 15-24 unemployed during a specified year.
  • Gender ratio > Babies: Female/male ratio at birth.
  • Structure > Population > Total: Total population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of their country of origin. The values shown are midyear estimates."
  • Number of neonatal deaths: Number of neonatal deaths. Number of neonates dying before reaching 28 days of age.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Condom: Current contraceptive use among married women 15-49 years old, condom, percentage.
  • Drinking water source > Improved > Rural: This entry is derived from People > Drinking water source > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved drinking water sources available to segments of the population of a country.improved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: piped water into dwelling, yard, or plot; public tap or standpipe; tubewell or borehole; protected dug well; protected spring; or rainwater collection. unimproved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: unprotected dug well; unprotected spring; cart with small tank or drum; tanker truck; surface water, which includes rivers, dams, lakes, ponds, streams, canals or irrigation channels; or bottled water.
  • Migration > Refugees per 1000: Refugees (number in each country, 1990-99). Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Immigration > Ethnic Fractionalization Index: The probability that two individuals selected at random from a country will be from different ethnic groups, 0 meaning that each individual in this country is from the same ethnic group. For a discussion of what constitutes an ethnic group, please refer to Fearon (see citation).
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Female: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Cities > Urban areas over 500,000 per million people: Urban Areas Over 500,000. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Cities > Urban areas over 1,000,000 per million people: Urban areas with a population of over a million people.
  • Cities > Urban areas over 2,000,000 per million people: Urban Areas Over 2,000,000. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > Canadians > Conditions of access: Visa requirement.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Age structure > 15-64 years > Males per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Teen marriage rate > Men: Percentage of male population aged 15-19 who has been married at least once. Percentage is out of total number of males in the same age group.
  • Refugee population by country or territory of origin per 1000: Refugee population by country or territory of origin. Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organization of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of origin generally refers to the nationality or country of citizenship of a claimant. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Refugee population by country or territory of origin: Refugee population by country or territory of origin. Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organization of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of origin generally refers to the nationality or country of citizenship of a claimant.
  • Total Population > Female per 1000: Total Population - Female, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Immigration > Nationality compositions of Canada, share of immigrants: Portion of immigrants in Canada.
  • Future population > Males per thousand people: UN estimates of male population in 2010, 2015, 2020, 2025 and 2030. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Cities > Rate of urbanization: Urbanization rate.
  • Density and urbanisation > Rural population: Rural population refers to people living in rural areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated as the difference between total population and urban population.
  • Female population > Age 25-29: Female population - Age 25-29, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 25-29 per 1000: Female population - Age 25-29, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 15-24. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Future population change per thousand people: Total change in population by country. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 0-14. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Cities > Urban population per thousand people: Total population living in urban areas. The defition of an urban area differs for each country. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Male population > Age 25-29: Male population - Age 25-29, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population > Age 80-84: Total population - Age 80-84, as of April 26, 2005
  • Fertility > Number of maternal deaths: Number of maternal deaths. Maternal mortality deaths is the number of women who die during pregnancy and childbirth.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Years spent single before marriage > Females: Singulate mean age at marriage.
  • Gender ratio > Aged over 60: Female/male ratio at age x.
  • Rights of the Child Convention > Ratification Dates: Date of ratification of the Convention on the Rights of the Child. "A" denotes acceptance; "a" denotes accession; "d" denotes succession
  • Urban population per 1000: Urban population is the midyear population of areas defined as urban in each country and reported to the United Nations. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Male population > Age 10-14: Male population - Age 10-14, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population > Age 25-29: Total population - Age 25-29, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 30-34 per 1000: Female population - Age 30-34, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Female population > Age 20-24: Female population - Age 20-24, as of April 26, 2005
  • Future population > Females per thousand people: UN estimates of female population in 2010, 2015, 2020, 2025 and 2030. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 70-74: Total population - Age 70-74, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 20-24 per 1000: Male population - Age 20-24, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Male population > Age 40-44: Male population - Age 40-44, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 20-24 per 1000: Female population - Age 20-24, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Years spent single before marriage > Males: Singulate mean age at marriage.
  • Immigration > Ethnic Fractionalization Index per million people: The probability that two individuals selected at random from a country will be from different ethnic groups, 0 meaning that each individual in this country is from the same ethnic group. For a discussion of what constitutes an ethnic group, please refer to Fearon (see citation). Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Gender > Gender ratio aged over 65: Amount of women per every 100 males that are over the age of 65 in each country. For instance, in Russia, for every 100 males over 65, there are 210.6 females who are over 65.
  • Gender > Gender ratio aged over 80: Amount of women per every 100 males that are over the age of 80 in each country. For instance, in North Korea, for every 100 males over 80, there are 411.8 females who are over 80.
  • Gender ratio > Aged over 60 > Women per 100 men: Female/male ratio at age x.
  • Gender ratio > Aged over 65: Female/male ratio at age x.
  • Gender > Gender ratio aged over 60: Amount of women per every 100 males that are over the age of 60 in each country. For instance, in Russia, for every 100 males over 60, there are 196 females who are over 60.
  • Male population > Age 45-49 per 1000: Male population - Age 45-49, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total Population per capita: Total Population, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 30-34: Total population - Age 30-34, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total Population > Thousands: Total Population, thousands, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population > Age 20-24: Total population - Age 20-24, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population > Age 45-49: Total population - Age 45-49, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 35-39 per 1000: Male population - Age 35-39, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total Population > Male: Total Population - Male, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 10-14: Female population - Age 10-14, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population > Age 30-34 per 1000: Total population - Age 30-34, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 15-19 per 1000: Total population - Age 15-19, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Female population > Age 10-14 per 1000: Female population - Age 10-14, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 50-54: Total population - Age 50-54, as of April 26, 2005
  • Women > Maternal mortality ratio adjusted: People - Women - Maternal mortality ratio 2000 adjusted
  • Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > British citizens > Notes: Notes (excluding departure fees).

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

STAT Malaysia Sierra Leone HISTORY
Age structure > 0-14 years 29.1%
Ranked 84th.
41.9%
Ranked 31st. 44% more than Malaysia

Age structure > 65 years and over 5.3%
Ranked 132nd. 43% more than Sierra Leone
3.7%
Ranked 174th.

Birth rate 20.41 births/1,000 population
Ranked 84th.
37.77 births/1,000 population
Ranked 17th. 85% more than Malaysia

Death rate 4.97 deaths/1,000 population
Ranked 184th.
11.26 deaths/1,000 population
Ranked 35th. 2 times more than Malaysia

Death rate, crude > Per 1,000 people 4.64
Ranked 181st.
17.63
Ranked 1st. 4 times more than Malaysia

Ethnic groups Malay 50.4%, Chinese 23.7%, indigenous 11%, Indian 7.1%, others 7.8% Temne 35%, Mende 31%, Limba 8%, Kono 5%, Kriole 2% (descendants of freed Jamaican slaves who were settled in the Freetown area in the late-18th century; also known as Krio), Mandingo 2%, Loko 2%, other 15% (includes refugees from Liberia's recent civil war, and small numbers of Europeans, Lebanese, Pakistanis, and Indians)
Nationality > Adjective Malaysian Sierra Leonean
Population 29.63 million
Ranked 43th. 5 times more than Sierra Leone
5.61 million
Ranked 110th.

Population > Population growth, past and future -0.209
Ranked 130th.
0.276
Ranked 39th.

Population growth rate 1.51%
Ranked 80th.
2.3%
Ranked 36th. 52% more than Malaysia

Population in 2015 29,558 thousand
Ranked 46th. 4 times more than Sierra Leone
6,897 thousand
Ranked 106th.
Sex ratio > At birth 1.07 male(s)/female
Ranked 27th. 4% more than Sierra Leone
1.03 male(s)/female
Ranked 200th.

Sex ratio > Total population 1.03 male(s)/female
Ranked 42nd. 10% more than Sierra Leone
0.94 male(s)/female
Ranked 194th.

Total fertility rate 2.61 children born/woman
Ranked 77th.
4.87 children born/woman
Ranked 22nd. 87% more than Malaysia

Urban and rural > Population living in cities proper 7.33 million
Ranked 14th. 16 times more than Sierra Leone
469,776
Ranked 1st.
Major infectious diseases > Degree of risk intermediate very high
Religions Muslim (or Islam - official) 60.4%, Buddhist 19.2%, Christian 9.1%, Hindu 6.3%, Confucianism, Taoism, other traditional Chinese religions 2.6%, other or unknown 1.5%, none 0.8% Muslim 60%, Christian 10%, indigenous beliefs 30%
Sex ratio > Under 15 years 1.06 male(s)/female
Ranked 61st. 7% more than Sierra Leone
0.99 male(s)/female
Ranked 221st.

Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 15%
Ranked 126th.
21.15%
Ranked 21st. 41% more than Malaysia

Major infectious diseases > Food or waterborne diseases bacterial diarrhea bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
Obesity > Adult obesity rate 14%
Ranked 121st. 2 times more than Sierra Leone
6.8%
Ranked 143th.
Languages Bahasa Malaysia (official), English, Chinese (Cantonese, Mandarin, Hokkien, Hakka, Hainan, Foochow), Tamil, Telugu, Malayalam, Panjabi, Thai English (official, regular use limited to literate minority), Mende (principal vernacular in the south), Temne (principal vernacular in the north), Krio (English-based Creole, spoken by the descendants of freed Jamaican slaves who were settled in the Freetown area, a lingua franca and a first language for 10% of the population but understood by 95%)
Median age > Total 27.4 years
Ranked 127th. 44% more than Sierra Leone
19 years
Ranked 194th.

Percentage living in rural areas. 36%
Ranked 120th.
61%
Ranked 57th. 69% more than Malaysia
Infant mortality rate > Total 14.12 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 118th.
74.95 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 11th. 5 times more than Malaysia

Urbanization in 2015 66.4%
Ranked 74th. 42% more than Sierra Leone
46.7%
Ranked 114th.
Urban and rural > Urban population 20.12 million
Ranked 20th. 8 times more than Sierra Leone
2.49 million
Ranked 27th.

Population growth -0.209%
Ranked 130th.
0.276%
Ranked 39th.

Age structure > 15-24 years 17%
Ranked 128th.
19%
Ranked 86th. 12% more than Malaysia
Contraceptive prevalence rate 49%
Ranked 3rd. 4 times more than Sierra Leone
11%
Ranked 14th.
Life expectancy at birth > Total population 74.28 years
Ranked 110th. 30% more than Sierra Leone
56.98 years
Ranked 197th.

Percentage living in urban areas 64%
Ranked 82nd. 64% more than Sierra Leone
39%
Ranked 145th.
Urbanization > Rate of urbanization None None
Migration > Net migration > Per capita 5,917.77 per 1 million people
Ranked 66th.
60,809.22 per 1 million people
Ranked 5th. 10 times more than Malaysia

Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total 6.36 million
Ranked 56th. 2 times more than Sierra Leone
2.94 million
Ranked 81st.

Urban and rural > Rural population 8.21 million
Ranked 28th. 2 times more than Sierra Leone
3.55 million
Ranked 18th.

Nationality > Noun Malaysian(s) Sierra Leonean(s)
Age structure > 15-64 years 65.5%
Ranked 125th. 20% more than Sierra Leone
54.5%
Ranked 200th.

Age distribution > Median age 47.13 years
Ranked 74th. 34% more than Sierra Leone
35.17 years
Ranked 177th.

Migration > Net migration rate 0.0
Ranked 119th.
0.0
Ranked 82nd.

Gender > Female population 21.07 million
Ranked 53th. 3 times more than Sierra Leone
7 million
Ranked 87th.

Sex ratio > 65 years and over 0.89 male(s)/female
Ranked 50th. 14% more than Sierra Leone
0.78 male(s)/female
Ranked 126th.

Age structure > 25-54 years 41.3%
Ranked 103th. 32% more than Sierra Leone
31.4%
Ranked 195th.
Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of asylum > Per capita 1.45 per 1,000 people
Ranked 56th. 17% more than Sierra Leone
1.24 per 1,000 people
Ranked 61st.

Age structure > 55-64 years 7.4%
Ranked 113th. 85% more than Sierra Leone
4%
Ranked 195th.
Age distribution > Elderly dependency ratio 51.46%
Ranked 81st. 3 times more than Sierra Leone
18.15%
Ranked 187th.

Literacy > Total population 93.1%
Ranked 120th. 2 times more than Sierra Leone
43.3%
Ranked 207th.

Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 50.19%
Ranked 115th.
61.39%
Ranked 5th. 22% more than Malaysia

Migration > Foreign worker salaries 6.53 billion
Ranked 12th. 1870 times more than Sierra Leone
3.49 million
Ranked 146th.

Fertility > Fertility rate, total > Births per woman 1.99
Ranked 126th.
4.86
Ranked 29th. 2 times more than Malaysia

Sex ratio > 15-64 years 1.03
Ranked 54th. 12% more than Sierra Leone
0.92
Ranked 208th.

Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Total 4.41 million
Ranked 56th. 2 times more than Sierra Leone
1.99 million
Ranked 81st.

Teenage pregancy rate 12.66
Ranked 153th.
125.41
Ranked 17th. 10 times more than Malaysia

Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Percent 28.88%
Ranked 78th. 2 times more than Sierra Leone
12.11%
Ranked 187th.

Gender > Male population 21.33 million
Ranked 52nd. 3 times more than Sierra Leone
6.89 million
Ranked 88th.

Age distribution > Total dependency ratio 78.2%
Ranked 85th. 57% more than Sierra Leone
49.85%
Ranked 195th.

Number of infant deaths 4,000
Ranked 84th.
25,000
Ranked 40th. 6 times more than Malaysia

Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 56.12%
Ranked 112th.
66.73%
Ranked 2nd. 19% more than Malaysia

Number of infant deaths per 1000 0.137
Ranked 108th.
4.18
Ranked 2nd. 31 times more than Malaysia

Urban population 17.06 million
Ranked 38th. 8 times more than Sierra Leone
2.25 million
Ranked 119th.

Population > CIA Factbook 25.27 million
Ranked 46th. 4 times more than Sierra Leone
6.29 million
Ranked 103th.

Life expectancy at birth > Female 77.24 years
Ranked 111th. 30% more than Sierra Leone
59.56 years
Ranked 195th.

Migration > Net migration 150,000
Ranked 30th.
336,000
Ranked 14th. 2 times more than Malaysia

Urbanization 58
Ranked 99th. 57% more than Sierra Leone
37
Ranked 153th.
Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 > Total 23.79 million
Ranked 55th. 3 times more than Sierra Leone
9.27 million
Ranked 82nd.

Literacy > Female 90.7%
Ranked 40th. 3 times more than Sierra Leone
32.6%
Ranked 80th.

Age dependency ratio > Dependents to working-age population 0.59
Ranked 84th.
0.86
Ranked 28th. 46% more than Malaysia

Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 > Total 21.28 million
Ranked 55th. 2 times more than Sierra Leone
8.53 million
Ranked 82nd.

Life expectancy at birth > Male 71.51 years
Ranked 109th. 31% more than Sierra Leone
54.47 years
Ranked 199th.

Projected population growth 93.99%
Ranked 42nd.
188.69%
Ranked 10th. Twice as much as Malaysia
Major infectious diseases > Vectorborne diseases dengue fever malaria, dengue fever, and yellow fever
Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Percent 10.41%
Ranked 134th.
14.32%
Ranked 20th. 38% more than Malaysia

Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Total 14.76 million
Ranked 45th. 6 times more than Sierra Leone
2.43 million
Ranked 109th.

Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of origin 532
Ranked 101st.
15,417
Ranked 42nd. 29 times more than Malaysia

Dependency ratios > Elderly dependency ratio 7.8%
Ranked 110th. 63% more than Sierra Leone
4.8%
Ranked 183th.
Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Total 2.07 million
Ranked 56th. 2 times more than Sierra Leone
971,216
Ranked 81st.

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Total 10.9%
Ranked 95th. 2 times more than Sierra Leone
5.2%
Ranked 118th.

Fertility > Mortality rate, infant > Per 1,000 live births 7.3
Ranked 141st.
117.4
Ranked 1st. 16 times more than Malaysia

Fertility > Birth rate, crude > Per 1,000 people 17.62
Ranked 111th.
37.7
Ranked 22nd. 2 times more than Malaysia

Age distribution > Child dependency ratio 26.73%
Ranked 130th.
31.7%
Ranked 24th. 19% more than Malaysia

Urban and rural > Rural population per thousand people 290.32
Ranked 57th.
593.53
Ranked 12th. 2 times more than Malaysia

Urban and rural > Urban population per thousand people 711.74
Ranked 27th. 71% more than Sierra Leone
416.33
Ranked 20th.

Cities > Urban population 72,679
Ranked 103th. 30% more than Sierra Leone
55,905
Ranked 158th.

Marriage > Years being single before marriage > Women 25.7
Ranked 16th. 25% more than Sierra Leone
20.5
Ranked 13th.
Drinking water source > Improved > Total 100% of population
Ranked 5th. 82% more than Sierra Leone
55% of population
Ranked 142nd.
Marriage > Years being single before marriage > Men 28
Ranked 17th. 7% more than Sierra Leone
26.2
Ranked 9th.
Dependency ratios > Potential support ratio 12.8
Ranked 88th.
20.9
Ranked 16th. 63% more than Malaysia
Population density > People per sq. km of land area 87.53 sq. km
Ranked 102nd. 7% more than Sierra Leone
81.9 sq. km
Ranked 107th.

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Total None None
Total Population > Female 12.12 million
Ranked 46th. 4 times more than Sierra Leone
3.1 million
Ranked 103th.
Migration > Refugees 51,170
Ranked 41st.
878,300
Ranked 6th. 17 times more than Malaysia
Gender > Gender inequality index 0.256
Ranked 105th.
0.643
Ranked 9th. 3 times more than Malaysia
Physicians density 1.2 physicians/1,000 population
Ranked 33th. 60 times more than Sierra Leone
0.02 physicians/1,000 population
Ranked 48th.

Immigration > Refugees and asylum seekers > Natives per Refugee 317
Ranked 110th.
704
Ranked 94th. 2 times more than Malaysia
Urban and rural > Male rural population 4.26 million
Ranked 25th. 3 times more than Sierra Leone
1.7 million
Ranked 16th.

Drinking water source > Unimproved > Urban 0.0
Ranked 149th.
13% of population
Ranked 31st.
Gender > Sex ratio at birth 1.06
Ranked 33th. 4% more than Sierra Leone
1.02
Ranked 196th.

Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of asylum 66,137
Ranked 31st. 7 times more than Sierra Leone
9,051
Ranked 61st.

Net migration 450,000
Ranked 16th.
-21,000
Ranked 116th.

Age structure > 65 years and over > From total 4.9%
Ranked 127th. 53% more than Sierra Leone
3.2%
Ranked 172nd.

Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Any method 49%
Ranked 19th. 4 times more than Sierra Leone
11%
Ranked 23th.

Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Total 12.25 million
Ranked 43th. 7 times more than Sierra Leone
1.68 million
Ranked 117th.

Population in largest city 1.41 million
Ranked 79th. 76% more than Sierra Leone
799,244
Ranked 116th.

Children under the age of 5 years underweight 12.9%
Ranked 19th.
21.3%
Ranked 3rd. 65% more than Malaysia
Urban and rural > Female rural population 3.95 million
Ranked 25th. 2 times more than Sierra Leone
1.85 million
Ranked 15th.

Urban and rural > Female urban population 9.83 million
Ranked 18th. 8 times more than Sierra Leone
1.26 million
Ranked 21st.

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Total 13 years
Ranked 98th. 8% more than Sierra Leone
12 years
Ranked 122nd.

Dependency ratios > Youth dependency ratio 38.1%
Ranked 107th.
74.5%
Ranked 35th. 96% more than Malaysia
Cities > Urban areas over 1,000,000 3
Ranked 32nd.
0.0
Ranked 133th.
Population density 82.22
Ranked 95th. 6% more than Sierra Leone
77.63
Ranked 99th.

Rural population 8.29 million
Ranked 55th. 3 times more than Sierra Leone
3.28 million
Ranked 89th.

Median age > Both sexes 25.1
Ranked 133th. 32% more than Sierra Leone
19
Ranked 191st.
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Female 11.8%
Ranked 20th. 3 times more than Sierra Leone
3.5%
Ranked 7th.
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Male None None
Sanitation facility access > Unimproved > Urban 4% of population
Ranked 127th.
77% of population
Ranked 6th. 19 times more than Malaysia

Population, total per 1000 1,000
Ranked 177th. The same as Sierra Leone
1,000
Ranked 157th.

Population, total 29.24 million
Ranked 45th. 5 times more than Sierra Leone
5.98 million
Ranked 111th.

Future population > Females 17.49 million
Ranked 47th. 4 times more than Sierra Leone
4.85 million
Ranked 91st.

Dependency ratios > Total dependency ratio 45.9%
Ranked 150th.
79.3%
Ranked 37th. 73% more than Malaysia
Urban population > Per capita 0.673 per capita
Ranked 64th. 65% more than Sierra Leone
0.407 per capita
Ranked 132nd.

Literacy > Male 95.4%
Ranked 107th. 74% more than Sierra Leone
54.7%
Ranked 197th.

Urban and rural > Male urban population 10.3 million
Ranked 18th. 8 times more than Sierra Leone
1.23 million
Ranked 21st.

Age structure > 0-14 years > From total 31.8%
Ranked 88th.
44.6%
Ranked 20th. 40% more than Malaysia

Literacy > Definition age 15 and over can read and write age 15 and over can read and write English, Mende, Temne, or Arabic
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Total 13 years
Ranked 98th. 8% more than Sierra Leone
12 years
Ranked 122nd.
Education expenditures 5.1% of GDP
Ranked 20th. 42% more than Sierra Leone
3.6% of GDP
Ranked 23th.

Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Percent 4.89%
Ranked 132nd.
6.99%
Ranked 21st. 43% more than Malaysia

Future population change -88,887.2
Ranked 166th.
38,128
Ranked 37th.

Number of under-five deaths per 1000 0.137
Ranked 112th.
6.52
Ranked 3rd. 48 times more than Malaysia

Number of under-five deaths 4,000
Ranked 87th.
39,000
Ranked 37th. 10 times more than Malaysia

GDP per capita > Current US$ $10,432.06
Ranked 61st. 16 times more than Sierra Leone
$634.92
Ranked 162nd.

Major cities > Population KUALA LUMPUR (capital) 1.493 million; Klang 1.071 million; Johor Bahru 958,000 FREETOWN (capital) 875,000
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Total 13 years
Ranked 94th. 8% more than Sierra Leone
12 years
Ranked 121st.

Infant mortality rate > Male 16.32 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 111th.
83.59 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 10th. 5 times more than Malaysia

Median age > Female 27.6 years
Ranked 124th. 41% more than Sierra Leone
19.6 years
Ranked 194th.

Density and urbanisation > Urban population 19.58 million
Ranked 34th. 9 times more than Sierra Leone
2.17 million
Ranked 117th.

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Female 13 11
Age structure > 15-64 years > Males 8.03 million
Ranked 47th. 5 times more than Sierra Leone
1.57 million
Ranked 116th.

Age structure > 0-14 years > Females 3.9 million
Ranked 46th. 3 times more than Sierra Leone
1.43 million
Ranked 83th.

Age structure > 15-64 years > From total 63.3%
Ranked 132nd. 21% more than Sierra Leone
52.2%
Ranked 206th.

Immigration > Visa overstay rate > Australia 1.01
Ranked 94th.
4.63
Ranked 23th. 5 times more than Malaysia

Major infectious diseases > Water contact diseases leptospirosis schistosomiasis
Maternal mortality rate 29 deaths/100,000 live births
Ranked 124th.
890 deaths/100,000 live births
Ranked 3rd. 31 times more than Malaysia

Gender ratio > Whole population 96.8%
Ranked 167th.
103.1%
Ranked 70th. 7% more than Malaysia

Age structure > 0-14 years > Males 4.14 million
Ranked 46th. 3 times more than Sierra Leone
1.38 million
Ranked 84th.

Age structure > 65 years and over > Females 699,302
Ranked 57th. 6 times more than Sierra Leone
109,611
Ranked 132nd.

Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Any method > Percentage 49%
Ranked 19th. 4 times more than Sierra Leone
11%
Ranked 23th.

Gender > Female population per thousand people 514.18
Ranked 29th. 2% more than Sierra Leone
504.21
Ranked 87th.

Immigration > Cultural Diversity Index 0.564
Ranked 19th. 6% more than Sierra Leone
0.534
Ranked 28th.
Marriage, divorce and children > Teen marriage rate > Women 6.1
Ranked 19th.
30.9
Ranked 2nd. 5 times more than Malaysia
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Female 13 years
Ranked 66th. 18% more than Sierra Leone
11 years
Ranked 23th.

Urban and rural > Female rural population per thousand people 139.53
Ranked 51st.
309.3
Ranked 9th. 2 times more than Malaysia

Fertility > Adolescent fertility rate > Births per 1,000 women ages 15-19 7.11
Ranked 173th.
104.34
Ranked 23th. 15 times more than Malaysia

Future population > Males 17.78 million
Ranked 43th. 4 times more than Sierra Leone
4.74 million
Ranked 90th.

Net migration per million 15,389.92
Ranked 31st.
-3,512.453
Ranked 117th.

Infant mortality rate > Female 11.77 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 125th.
66.06 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 17th. 6 times more than Malaysia

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Male 12 years
Ranked 125th.
13 years
Ranked 87th. 8% more than Malaysia

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Male 12 years
Ranked 125th.
13 years
Ranked 87th. 8% more than Malaysia
Immigration > Nationality compositions of > Norway 573
Ranked 89th.
593
Ranked 87th. 3% more than Malaysia
Population > CIA Factbook per capita 0.926
Ranked 176th.
1.14
Ranked 18th. 23% more than Malaysia

Gender > Women aged 15-49 7.92 million
Ranked 56th. 2 times more than Sierra Leone
3.42 million
Ranked 81st.

Age distribution > Population aged 5-14 > Total 4.29 million
Ranked 56th. 2 times more than Sierra Leone
1.97 million
Ranked 81st.

Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Percent 10.97%
Ranked 96th. 6 times more than Sierra Leone
1.71%
Ranked 192nd.

Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Percent 34.81%
Ranked 76th. Twice as much as Sierra Leone
17.46%
Ranked 183th.

Age structure > 0-14 years > Males per 1000 151.45
Ranked 90th.
249.09
Ranked 6th. 64% more than Malaysia

Gender > Male population per thousand people 485.82
Ranked 157th.
495.79
Ranked 108th. 2% more than Malaysia

Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Condom > Percentage 7.1%
Ranked 9th. 71 times more than Sierra Leone
0.1%
Ranked 22nd.

Refugee population by country or territory of asylum 86,680
Ranked 32nd. 11 times more than Sierra Leone
8,092
Ranked 71st.

Drinking water source > Unimproved > Rural 1% of population
Ranked 148th.
65% of population
Ranked 8th. 65 times more than Malaysia
Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of origin > Per capita 24.06 per 1 million people
Ranked 134th.
5,168.73 per 1 million people
Ranked 21st. 215 times more than Malaysia

Total Population > Male per 1000 474.54
Ranked 158th.
567.79
Ranked 23th. 20% more than Malaysia
Age structure > 65 years and over > Males per 1000 20.11
Ranked 124th. 18% more than Sierra Leone
17.06
Ranked 139th.

Migration > International migrant stock > Total 2.03 million
Ranked 20th. 13 times more than Sierra Leone
152,101
Ranked 104th.

Mortality rate, adult, male > Per 1,000 male adults 154.06
Ranked 117th.
447.4
Ranked 7th. 3 times more than Malaysia

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Female 13 years
Ranked 4th. 18% more than Sierra Leone
11 years
Ranked 6th.
Hospital bed density 1.8 beds/1,000 population
Ranked 37th. 5 times more than Sierra Leone
0.4 beds/1,000 population
Ranked 26th.
Charity > World Giving Index > Helped a stranger, percent 26%
Ranked 135th.
71%
Ranked 5th. 3 times more than Malaysia
Charity > World Giving Index > Donated money, percent 32%
Ranked 47th. 2 times more than Sierra Leone
15%
Ranked 99th.
Cities > Urban areas over 500,000 6
Ranked 32nd. 6 times more than Sierra Leone
1
Ranked 122nd.
Cities > Urban areas over 2,000,000 1
Ranked 66th.
0.0
Ranked 124th.
Median age > Male 27.2 years
Ranked 123th. 47% more than Sierra Leone
18.5 years
Ranked 197th.

Population in largest city > Per capita 0.055 per capita
Ranked 111th.
0.145 per capita
Ranked 60th. 3 times more than Malaysia

Age structure > 65 years and over > Females per 1000 25.61
Ranked 118th. 29% more than Sierra Leone
19.81
Ranked 142nd.

Refugee population by country or territory of asylum per 1000 3.01
Ranked 43th. 2 times more than Sierra Leone
1.38
Ranked 62nd.

Age structure > 15-64 years > Females 7.97 million
Ranked 47th. 5 times more than Sierra Leone
1.71 million
Ranked 111th.

Age structure > 65 years and over > Males 548,970
Ranked 54th. 6 times more than Sierra Leone
94,359
Ranked 126th.

Rural population > Per capita 327 per 1,000 people
Ranked 129th.
593 per 1,000 people
Ranked 62nd. 81% more than Malaysia

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Male 12 years
Ranked 124th.
13 years
Ranked 83th. 8% more than Malaysia

Sanitation facility access > Unimproved > Rural 5% of population
Ranked 131st.
94% of population
Ranked 9th. 19 times more than Malaysia

Health expenditures 3.6% of GDP
Ranked 160th.
18.8% of GDP
Ranked 2nd. 5 times more than Malaysia

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Male 10.3%
Ranked 94th. 41% more than Sierra Leone
7.3%
Ranked 112th.

Gender ratio > Babies 94.7%
Ranked 139th.
99.6%
Ranked 4th. 5% more than Malaysia

Structure > Population > Total 27.47 million
Ranked 43th. 5 times more than Sierra Leone
5.7 million
Ranked 102nd.

Number of neonatal deaths 2,000
Ranked 91st.
10,000
Ranked 49th. 5 times more than Malaysia

Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Condom 7.1%
Ranked 9th. 71 times more than Sierra Leone
0.1%
Ranked 22nd.

Drinking water source > Improved > Rural 99% of population
Ranked 53th. 3 times more than Sierra Leone
35% of population
Ranked 187th.
Migration > Refugees per 1000 2.81
Ranked 46th.
217.26
Ranked 2nd. 77 times more than Malaysia
Immigration > Ethnic Fractionalization Index 0.596
Ranked 54th.
0.764
Ranked 25th. 28% more than Malaysia
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Female 13 years
Ranked 66th. 18% more than Sierra Leone
11 years
Ranked 23th.

Cities > Urban areas over 500,000 per million people 0.203
Ranked 47th. 14% more than Sierra Leone
0.178
Ranked 63th.
Cities > Urban areas over 1,000,000 per million people 0.101
Ranked 43th.
0.0
Ranked 131st.
Cities > Urban areas over 2,000,000 per million people 0.0338
Ranked 50th.
0.0
Ranked 123th.
Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > Canadians > Conditions of access Visa not required Visa required
Age structure > 15-64 years > Males per 1000 294
Ranked 151st. 3% more than Sierra Leone
284.52
Ranked 159th.

Marriage, divorce and children > Teen marriage rate > Men 5.1
Ranked 7th. 6 times more than Sierra Leone
0.9
Ranked 8th.
Refugee population by country or territory of origin per 1000 0.0187
Ranked 144th.
1.36
Ranked 41st. 73 times more than Malaysia

Refugee population by country or territory of origin 537
Ranked 108th.
8,002
Ranked 53th. 15 times more than Malaysia

Total Population > Female per 1000 469.06
Ranked 171st.
605.13
Ranked 8th. 29% more than Malaysia
Immigration > Nationality compositions of Canada, share of immigrants 0.4%
Ranked 48th.
0.0
Ranked 182nd.
Future population > Males per thousand people 501.17
Ranked 71st.
529.9
Ranked 26th. 6% more than Malaysia
Cities > Rate of urbanization 3%
Ranked 54th. 3% more than Sierra Leone
2.9%
Ranked 61st.
Density and urbanisation > Rural population 7.89 million
Ranked 55th. 2 times more than Sierra Leone
3.53 million
Ranked 79th.

Female population > Age 25-29 897,828
Ranked 48th. 4 times more than Sierra Leone
224,353
Ranked 108th.
Female population > Age 25-29 per 1000 34.74
Ranked 151st.
43.82
Ranked 43th. 26% more than Malaysia
Migration > Net migration rate > A note does not reflect net flow of an unknown number of illegal immigrants from other countries in the region (2002 est.) by the end of 1999 <a href=/graph-T/imm_ref>refugees</a> from <a href=/country/sl><a href=/country/sl>Sierra Leone</a></a> are assumed to be returning (2002 est.)
Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Total per thousand people 201.23
Ranked 53th. 3% more than Sierra Leone
196.18
Ranked 72nd.

Future population change per thousand people 17.2
Ranked 66th.
21.98
Ranked 51st. 28% more than Malaysia

Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total per thousand people 276.83
Ranked 97th.
421.56
Ranked 30th. 52% more than Malaysia

Urbanization > Urban population None None
Cities > Urban population per thousand people 2.53e-06
Ranked 160th.
6.68e-06
Ranked 128th. 3 times more than Malaysia

Male population > Age 25-29 934,918
Ranked 48th. 4 times more than Sierra Leone
211,720
Ranked 111th.
Total population > Age 80-84 152,779
Ranked 57th. 9 times more than Sierra Leone
17,872
Ranked 136th.
Fertility > Number of maternal deaths 170
Ranked 77th.
2,000
Ranked 31st. 12 times more than Malaysia

Marriage, divorce and children > Years spent single before marriage > Females 25.1 years
Ranked 10th. 27% more than Sierra Leone
19.8 years
Ranked 6th.
Gender ratio > Aged over 60 107.9%
Ranked 163th.
123.3%
Ranked 93th. 14% more than Malaysia

Rights of the Child Convention > Ratification Dates 17 Feb 1995 a 18 Jun 1990
Urban population per 1000 660.08
Ranked 67th. 50% more than Sierra Leone
439.24
Ranked 127th.

Male population > Age 10-14 1.33 million
Ranked 45th. 4 times more than Sierra Leone
365,767
Ranked 90th.
Total population > Age 25-29 1.83 million
Ranked 48th. 4 times more than Sierra Leone
436,073
Ranked 109th.
Female population > Age 30-34 per 1000 33.85
Ranked 127th.
36.68
Ranked 85th. 8% more than Malaysia
Female population > Age 20-24 1.09 million
Ranked 45th. 4 times more than Sierra Leone
270,040
Ranked 101st.
Future population > Females per thousand people 486.24
Ranked 147th.
545.43
Ranked 16th. 12% more than Malaysia
Total population > Age 70-74 312,923
Ranked 55th. 6 times more than Sierra Leone
56,155
Ranked 127th.
Male population > Age 20-24 per 1000 44.27
Ranked 111th.
49.61
Ranked 69th. 12% more than Malaysia
Male population > Age 40-44 767,618
Ranked 41st. 7 times more than Sierra Leone
115,196
Ranked 125th.
Female population > Age 20-24 per 1000 42.16
Ranked 118th.
52.74
Ranked 35th. 25% more than Malaysia
Marriage, divorce and children > Years spent single before marriage > Males 28.6 years
Ranked 9th. 4% more than Sierra Leone
27.6 years
Ranked 1st.
Immigration > Ethnic Fractionalization Index per million people 0.0239
Ranked 92nd.
0.162
Ranked 26th. 7 times more than Malaysia
Gender > Gender ratio aged over 65 115.1
Ranked 148th.
127.5
Ranked 97th. 11% more than Malaysia

Gender > Gender ratio aged over 80 135.1
Ranked 148th.
148.1
Ranked 118th. 10% more than Malaysia

Gender ratio > Aged over 60 > Women per 100 men 107.9
Ranked 163th.
123.3
Ranked 93th. 14% more than Malaysia

Gender ratio > Aged over 65 115.1%
Ranked 148th.
127.5%
Ranked 97th. 11% more than Malaysia

Gender > Gender ratio aged over 60 107.9
Ranked 163th.
123.3
Ranked 93th. 14% more than Malaysia

Male population > Age 45-49 per 1000 24.52
Ranked 116th. 51% more than Sierra Leone
16.28
Ranked 168th.
Total Population per capita 0.944
Ranked 173th.
1.17
Ranked 11th. 24% more than Malaysia
Total population > Age 30-34 1.77 million
Ranked 48th. 5 times more than Sierra Leone
367,653
Ranked 111th.
Total Population > Thousands 23,953
Ranked 46th. 4 times more than Sierra Leone
5,867
Ranked 103th.
Total population > Age 20-24 2.23 million
Ranked 45th. 4 times more than Sierra Leone
524,063
Ranked 103th.
Total population > Age 45-49 1.32 million
Ranked 43th. 8 times more than Sierra Leone
173,409
Ranked 128th.
Male population > Age 35-39 per 1000 32.53
Ranked 121st. 8% more than Sierra Leone
30.19
Ranked 142nd.
Total Population > Male 12.26 million
Ranked 46th. 4 times more than Sierra Leone
2.91 million
Ranked 105th.
Female population > Age 10-14 1.26 million
Ranked 46th. 3 times more than Sierra Leone
384,863
Ranked 86th.
Total population > Age 30-34 per 1000 68.58
Ranked 131st.
71.81
Ranked 97th. 5% more than Malaysia
Total population > Age 15-19 per 1000 92.27
Ranked 113th.
124.08
Ranked 20th. 34% more than Malaysia
Female population > Age 10-14 per 1000 48.7
Ranked 99th.
75.17
Ranked 7th. 54% more than Malaysia
Total population > Age 50-54 1.07 million
Ranked 44th. 7 times more than Sierra Leone
160,407
Ranked 125th.
Urbanization in 1975 37.7%
Ranked 95th. 76% more than Sierra Leone
21.4%
Ranked 124th.
Women > Maternal mortality ratio adjusted 41
Ranked 116th.
2,000
Ranked 1st. 49 times more than Malaysia
Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > British citizens > Notes 3 months Pre-approved visa can be picked up on arrival.

SOURCES: CIA World Factbook, 28 July 2005; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; CIA World Factbooks 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013; World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Population Division; Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat, World Population Prospects: The 2004 Revision and World Urbanization Prospects: http://esa.un.org/unpp; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; Population Division of the United Nations Secretariat, World Urbanization Prospects: The 2003 Revision, Data Tables and Highlights. Estimates and projections of urban and rural populations are made by the Population Division of the United Nations Secretariat and published every two years. 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Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Source tables, Population projections.; CIA World Factbook 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; World Bank national accounts data; World Bank Staff estimates based on United Nations, World Urbanisation Prospects.; Wikipedia: Visa policy of Australia (Modified Non-Return Rate) (Modified Non-Return Rate Quarterly Report Ending at 30 June 2013, ); United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division; United Nations Population Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Ethnic and Cultural Diversity By Country. James D. Faeron. Journal of Economic Growth, 8, 195-222, 2003, p. 215 ff.; United Nations Population Division, World Population Prospects. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; http://www.ssb.no/en/innvbef; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division, International Programs Center Spanish Statistical Institute. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Population Division, Trends in Total Migrant Stock: 2008 Revision.; (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects. New York, United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs (advanced Excel tables). Available at http://esa.un.org/wpp/unpp/panel_population.htm, (2) University of California, Berkeley, and Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research. Human Mortality Database. [ www.mortality.org or www.humanmortality.de].; Wikipedia: World Giving Index (World Giving Index); Wikipedia: List of urban areas by population (Number of urban areas by country) (Demographia World Urban Areas (World Agglomerations): 9th Annual Edition, March 2013); United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), Statistical Yearbook and data files, complemented by statistics on Palestinian refugees under the mandate of the UNRWA as published on its website. Data from UNHCR are available online at: www.unhcr.org/statistics/populationdatabase. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; (1) United Nations Population Division. 2009. World Population Prospects: The 2008 Revision. New York, United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs (advanced Excel tables). Available at http://esa.un.org/unpd/wpp2008/index.htm. (2) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (3) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (4) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, (5) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database, and (6) World bank estimates based on the data from the sources above, household surveys conducted by national agencies, Macro International, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and refugees statistics from the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations World Statistics Pocketbook and Statistical Yearbook. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Ethnic and Cultural Diversity By Country. James D. Faeron. Journal of Economic Growth, 8, 195-222, 2003, p. 215 ff.; Wikipedia: List of urban areas by population (Number of urban areas by country) (Demographia World Urban Areas (World Agglomerations): 9th Annual Edition, March 2013). Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Demographia World Urban Areas (Built-Up Urban Areas and World Agglomerations): 10th Annual Edition, May 2014 Revision, Table 1, p. 20 ff.; Wikipedia: Visa requirements for Canadian citizens (Visa requirements); Wikipedia: Immigration to Canada (Canadian permanent resident population by country of birth) ([1] , Place of birth for the immigrant population by period of immigration, 2006 counts and percentages [1] , Population by immigrant status and period of immigration, 2006 counts, for Canada, provinces and territories); Source tables, Population projections. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Wikipedia: Urbanization by country (Countries) ([1] United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs); The data on urban population shares used to estimate rural population come from the United Nations, World Urbanisation Prospects. Total population figures are World Bank estimates.; U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division, International Programs Center; U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division, International Programs Center. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; CIA World Factbook, December 2003; United Nations Population Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Population Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Population Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Population Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Trends in Maternal Mortality: 1990-2010. Estimates Developed by WHO, UNICEF, UNFPA and the World Bank.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; The Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights; World Development Indicators database. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; Ethnic and Cultural Diversity By Country. James D. Faeron. Journal of Economic Growth, 8, 195-222, 2003, p. 215 ff. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division Original html; United Nations Statistics Division Source tables; U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division, International Programs Center Spanish Statistical Institute; UNICEF; Wikipedia: Visa requirements for British citizens (Visa requirements)