×

Country vs country: Taiwan and United States compared: Geography stats

Definitions

  • Area > Comparative: The area of various small countries expressed in comparison to various areas within the United States of America.
  • Area > Comparative to US places: This entry provides an area comparison based on total area equivalents. Most entities are compared with the entire US or one of the 50 states based on area measurements (1990 revised) provided by the US Bureau of the Census. The smaller entities are compared with Washington, DC (178 sq km, 69 sq mi) or The Mall in Washington, DC (0.59 sq km, 0.23 sq mi, 146 acres).
  • Area > Land: Total land area in square kilometres
  • Area > Land > Per capita: Total land area in square kilometres Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Area > Total: Total area in square kilometers
  • Area > Water: Total water area in square kilometers
  • Climate: A brief description of typical weather regimes throughout the year.
  • Coastline: The total length of the boundary between the land area (including islands) and the sea.
  • Elevation extremes > Highest point: Highest point above sea level
  • Geographic coordinates: This entry includes rounded latitude and longitude figures for the purpose of finding the approximate geographic center of an entity and is based on the Gazetteer of Conventional Names, Third Edition, August 1988, US Board on Geographic Names and on other sources.
  • Land area > Square miles: Country land area.
  • Land use > Arable land: The percentage of used land that is arable. Arable land is land cultivated for crops that are replanted after each harvest like wheat, maize, and rice
  • Location: The country's regional location, neighboring countries, and adjacent bodies of water.
  • Natural resources: A country's mineral, petroleum, hydropower, and other resources of commercial importance.
  • Terrain: A brief description of the topography
  • Natural hazards: Potential natural disasters.
  • Maritime claims > Territorial sea: territorial sea - the sovereignty of a coastal State extends beyond its land territory and internal waters to an adjacent belt of sea, described as the territorial sea in the LOS Convention (Part II); this sovereignty extends to the air space over the territorial sea as well as its underlying seabed and subsoil; every State has the right to establish the breadth of its territorial sea up to a limit not exceeding 12 nautical miles. A full and definitive definition can be found in the Law of the Sea (LOS) Convention.
  • Elevation extremes > Lowest point: This entry is derived from Geography > Elevation extremes, which includes both the highest point and the lowest point.
  • Population density: People per square kilometre, in 1999. At this time the world average was 14.42.
  • Maritime claims > Exclusive economic zone: Exclusive economic zone (EEZ) - the LOS Convention (Part V) defines the EEZ as a zone beyond and adjacent to the territorial sea in which a coastal State has: sovereign rights for the purpose of exploring and exploiting, conserving and managing the natura
  • Map references: The name of the CIA World Factbook reference map on which a country may be found. The entry on Geographic coordinates may be helpful in finding some smaller countries.
  • Capital city with population: Capital cities including most recent population (estimates included). Populations are figures only within the city limits, unless otherwise specified. All populations are from 2001 t0 2005 unless otherwise specified.
  • Largest city with population: Largest cities including most recent population (estimates included). Populations are figures only within the city limits, unless otherwise specified. All populations are from 2001 t0 2005 unless otherwise specified.
  • Environment > Current issues: This entry lists the most pressing and important environmental problems. The following terms and abbreviations are used throughout the entry:
    Acidification - the lowering of soil and water pH due to acid precipitation and deposition usually through precipitation; this process disrupts ecosystem nutrient flows and may kill freshwater fish and plants dependent on more neutral or alkaline conditions (see acid rain).
    Acid rain - characterized as containing harmful levels of sulfur dioxide or nitrogen oxide; acid rain is damaging and potentially deadly to the earth's fragile ecosystems; acidity is measured using the pH scale where 7 is neutral, values greater than 7 are considered alkaline, and values below 5.6 are considered acid precipitation; note - a pH of 2.4 (the acidity of vinegar) has been measured in rainfall in New England.
    Aerosol - a collection of airborne particles dispersed in a gas, smoke, or fog.
    Afforestation - converting a bare or agricultural space by planting trees and plants; reforestation involves replanting trees on areas that have been cut or destroyed by fire.
    Asbestos - a naturally occurring soft fibrous mineral commonly used in fireproofing materials and considered to be highly carcinogenic in particulate form.
    Biodiversity - also biological diversity; the relative number of species, diverse in form and function, at the genetic, organism, community, and ecosystem level; loss of biodiversity reduces an ecosystem's ability to recover from natural or man-induced disruption.
    Bio-indicators - a plant or animal species whose presence, abundance, and health reveal the general condition of its habitat.
    Biomass - the total weight or volume of living matter in a given area or volume.
    Carbon cycle - the term used to describe the exchange of carbon (in various forms, e.g., as carbon dioxide) between the atmosphere, ocean, terrestrial biosphere, and geological deposits.
    Catchments - assemblages used to capture and retain rainwater and runoff; an important water management technique in areas with limited freshwater resources, such as Gibraltar.
    DDT (dichloro-diphenyl-trichloro-ethane) - a colorless, odorless insecticide that has toxic effects on most animals; the use of DDT was banned in the US in 1972.
    Defoliants - chemicals which cause plants to lose their leaves artificially; often used in agricultural practices for weed control, and may have detrimental impacts on human and ecosystem health.
    Deforestation - ...
    Full definition













  • Land use > Other: The percentage share of used land that is not arable or under permanent crops. This includes permanent meadows and pastures, forests and woodlands, built-on areas, roads, barren land, etc.
  • Land use > Permanent crops: The percentage share of used land on which permanent crops are grown. This is land cultivated for crops that are not replanted after each harvest like citrus, coffee, and rubber. It includes land under flowering shrubs, fruit trees, nut trees, and vines, but excludes land under trees grown for wood or timber.
  • Google Street View, year added: Year in which country was first covered by Google Street View.
  • Environment > International agreements > Party to: This entry is derived from Geography > Environment > International agreements, which separates country participation in international environmental agreements into two levels - party to and signed, but not ratified. Agreements are listed in alphabetical order by the abbreviated form of the full name.
  • Note: This entry includes miscellaneous geographic information of significance not included elsewhere.
  • Capital: Country capital.
  • Marine Coastline: Length of each country's coastline in kilometers.
  • Border to area ratio: The ratio of a country's land border to its surface area.
  • Countries on other side of the world: Countries diametrically opposite of each other. For instance, if one were to draw a straight line though the center of the earth in Argentina it would end in China. These countries are considered antipodes.
  • Area > Water > Per capita: Total water area in square kilometers Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • Area > Note: This entry includes three subfields. Total area is the sum of all land and water areas delimited by international boundaries and/or coastlines. Land area is the aggregate of all surfaces delimited by international boundaries and/or coastlines, excluding inland water bodies (lakes, reservoirs, rivers). Water area is the sum of the surfaces of all inland water bodies, such as lakes, reservoirs, or rivers, as delimited by international boundaries and/or coastlines.
  • Area > Total > Per capita: Total area in square kilometers Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Continent or sub continent: Within Continent / Subcontinent.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

STAT Taiwan United States HISTORY
Area > Comparative slightly smaller than Maryland and Delaware combined about half the size of Russia; about three-tenths the size of Africa; about half the size of South America (or slightly larger than Brazil); slightly larger than China; more than twice the size of the European Union
Area > Comparative to US places slightly smaller than Maryland and Delaware combined about half the size of Russia; about three-tenths the size of Africa; about half the size of South America (or slightly larger than Brazil); slightly larger than China; more than twice the size of the European Union
Area > Land 32,260 sq km
Ranked 135th.
9.16 million sq km
Ranked 4th. 284 times more than Taiwan

Area > Land > Per capita 1.41 sq km per 1,000 people
Ranked 210th.
30.16 sq km per 1,000 people
Ranked 60th. 21 times more than Taiwan

Area > Total 35,980 sq km
Ranked 140th.
9.83 million sq km
Ranked 4th. 273 times more than Taiwan

Area > Water 3,720 sq km
Ranked 77th.
664,709 sq km
Ranked 3rd. 179 times more than Taiwan

Climate tropical; marine; rainy season during southwest monsoon (June to August); cloudiness is persistent and extensive all year mostly temperate, but tropical in Hawaii and Florida, arctic in Alaska, semiarid in the great plains west of the Mississippi River, and arid in the Great Basin of the southwest; low winter temperatures in the northwest are ameliorated occasionally in January and February by warm chinook winds from the eastern slopes of the Rocky Mountains
Coastline 1,566.3 km
Ranked 68th.
19,924 km
Ranked 9th. 13 times more than Taiwan

Elevation extremes > Highest point Yu Shan 3,952 m Mount McKinley (Denali) 6,194 m (highest point in North America)
Geographic coordinates 23 30 N, 121 00 E 38 00 N, 97 00 W
Land area > Square miles 13,972 square miles
Ranked 1st.
3.8 million square miles
Ranked 2nd. 272 times more than Taiwan
Land use > Arable land 24%
Ranked 40th. 47% more than United States
16.29%
Ranked 65th.

Location Eastern Asia, islands bordering the East China Sea, Philippine Sea, South China Sea, and Taiwan Strait, north of the Philippines, off the southeastern coast of China North America, bordering both the North Atlantic Ocean and the North Pacific Ocean, between Canada and Mexico
Natural resources small deposits of coal, natural gas, limestone, marble, and asbestos coal, copper, lead, molybdenum, phosphates, rare earth elements, uranium, bauxite, gold, iron, mercury, nickel, potash, silver, tungsten, zinc, petroleum, natural gas, timber
Terrain eastern two-thirds mostly rugged mountains; flat to gently rolling plains in west vast central plain, mountains in west, hills and low mountains in east; rugged mountains and broad river valleys in Alaska; rugged, volcanic topography in Hawaii
Natural hazards earthquakes; typhoons tsunamis; volcanoes; earthquake activity around Pacific Basin; hurricanes along the Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico coasts; tornadoes in the Midwest and Southeast; mud slides in California; forest fires in the west; flooding; permafrost in northern Alaska, a major impediment to development
Maritime claims > Territorial sea 12 nautical mile
Ranked 124th. The same as United States
12 nautical mile
Ranked 61st.

Elevation extremes > Lowest point South China Sea 0 m Death Valley -86 m
Population density 685.47 people per sqkm
Ranked 13th. 23 times more than United States
29.77 people per sqkm
Ranked 167th.
Maritime claims > Exclusive economic zone 200 nautical mile
Ranked 87th. The same as United States
200 nautical mile
Ranked 41st.

Map references Southeast Asia North America
Capital city with population Taipei - 2,643,439 Washington, D.C. - 606,900
Largest city with population Taipei - 2,643,439 New York City - 8,168,338
Total renewable water resources None None
Environment > Current issues air pollution; water pollution from industrial emissions, raw sewage; contamination of drinking water supplies; trade in endangered species; low-level radioactive waste disposal air pollution resulting in acid rain in both the US and Canada; large emitter of carbon dioxide from the burning of fossil fuels; water pollution from runoff of pesticides and fertilizers; limited natural freshwater resources in much of the western part of the country require careful management; desertification
Land use > Other 75%
Ranked 187th.
83.44%
Ranked 150th. 11% more than Taiwan

Natural hazards > Volcanism Kueishantao Island (elev. 401 m), east of Taiwan, is its only historically active volcano, although it has not erupted in centuries volcanic activity in the Hawaiian Islands, Western Alaska, the Pacific Northwest, and in the Northern Mariana Islands; both Mauna Loa (elev. 4,170 m) in Hawaii and Mount Rainier (elev. 4,392 m) in Washington have been deemed "Decade Volcanoes" by the International Association of Volcanology and Chemistry of the Earth's Interior, worthy of study due to their explosive history and close proximity to human populations; Pavlof (elev. 2,519 m) is the most active volcano in Alaska's Aleutian Arc and poses a significant threat to air travel since the area constitutes a major flight path between North America and East Asia; St. Helens (elev. 2,549 m), famous for the devastating 1980 eruption, remains active today; numerous other historically active volcanoes exist, mostly concentrated in the Aleutian arc and Hawaii; they include: in Alaska: Aniakchak, Augustine, Chiginagak, Fourpeaked, Iliamna, Katmai, Kupreanof, Martin, Novarupta, Redoubt, Spurr, Wrangell; in Hawaii: Trident, Ugashik-Peulik, Ukinrek Maars, Veniaminof; in the Northern Mariana Islands: Anatahan; and in the Pacific Northwest: Mount Baker, Mount Hood
Land use > Permanent crops 1%
Ranked 118th. 4 times more than United States
0.26%
Ranked 164th.

Google Street View, year added 2,009
Ranked 64th. The same as United States
2,007
Ranked 73th.
Environment > International agreements > Party to none of the selected agreements because of Taiwan's international status Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Seals, Antarctic Treaty, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
Note strategic location adjacent to both the Taiwan Strait and the Luzon Strait world's third-largest country by size (after Russia and Canada) and by population (after China and India); Mt. McKinley is highest point in North America and Death Valley the lowest point on the continent
Capital Taipei Washington DC
Marine Coastline 1,566.3 km
Ranked 68th.
19,924 km
Ranked 9th. 13 times more than Taiwan
Border to area ratio 0.0
Ranked 186th.
0.00126 km/km²
Ranked 155th.
Countries on other side of the world Paraguay , Argentina Mainland: France ( Southern & Antarctic Lands ) Hawaii : Botswana , Namibia Alaska : Antarctica Palmyra Atoll & Kingman Reef : DR Congo American Samoa : Niger , Nigeria
Area > Water > Per capita 162.3 sq km per 1 million peo
Ranked 82nd.
2,187.8 sq km per 1 million peo
Ranked 20th. 13 times more than Taiwan

Area > Note includes the Pescadores, Matsu, and Quemoy islands includes only the 50 states and District of Columbia
Area > Total > Per capita 1.57 sq km per 1,000 people
Ranked 212th.
32.34 sq km per 1,000 people
Ranked 62nd. 21 times more than Taiwan

Area > A note includes the Pescadores, <a href=/encyclopedia/Matsu-Islands>Matsu</a>, and Quemoy includes only the 50 states and <a href=/encyclopedia/Washington,-DC><a href=/encyclopedia/Washington,-DC>District of Columbia</a></a>
Continent or sub continent Asia North America

Citation

"Geography: Taiwan and United States compared", NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/compare/Taiwan/United-States/Geography