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India

India Agriculture Stats

jaacosta47

Author: jaacosta47

An economist from Mumbai is calling on the government of India to implement economic reforms which will also focus on agriculture. Rural poverty is a principal problem in India with majority of the population living in rural areas. The disproportion between urban and rural incomes is also going up. The National Agro Foundation (NAF) has done a lot to address this issue. For more than 20 years, this foundation has been involved in interventions such as efficient farm and water management, introduction of technology in agriculture, soil improvement, rural sanitation, and upgraded cattle development. All these are meant to address farm productivity problems in India.

Indeed, India has made significant strides in agriculture. It used to be highly dependent on food grain requirements but now the country has emerged as an exporter of food grain commodities and commercial produce. This farming saga can be classified generally into three important periods. The first was the Post-Independence period which was five decades ago when there was severe food supply scarcity and India depended too much on United States agricultural programs and support. This was followed by the Green Revolution to attain food sufficiency. It was the period where there was conspicuous concentration on the unveiling of technologies and policies to make possible self sufficiency in grain production. The course of action of the ruling United Progressive Alliance was to enhance agricultural inputs by using quality seedlings, fertilizers and pesticides. In fact, a strategy was devised to improve infrastructure for the production and distribution of high quality seeds to farmers at reasonable prices. This has generated good results with 32.8 million tons of certified quality seeds available in the market.

Even as agriculture contributes merely 21 percent to the GDP of India, it still remains an important industry since more than 70 percent of the populace (1.1 billion) are poor and live on agriculture.

Definitions

  • Agricultural growth: Index of agricultural production in 1996 - 98 (1989 - 91 = 100)
  • Agricultural growth per capita: Net per capita agricultural production, expressed in International Dollars. Net means after deduction of feed and seed. International Dollars are calculated using the Geary-Khamis formula, which is designed to neutralize irrelevant exchange rate movements (more information on http://faostat3.fao.org/faostat-gateway/go/to/mes/glossary/*/E)
  • Agricultural land > Sq. km: Agricultural land (sq. km). Agricultural land refers to the share of land area that is arable, under permanent crops, and under permanent pastures. Arable land includes land defined by the FAO as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded. Land under permanent crops is land cultivated with crops that occupy the land for long periods and need not be replanted after each harvest, such as cocoa, coffee, and rubber. This category includes land under flowering shrubs, fruit trees, nut trees, and vines, but excludes land under trees grown for wood or timber. Permanent pasture is land used for five or more years for forage, including natural and cultivated crops.
  • Agricultural land > Sq. km > Per capita: Agricultural land refers to the share of land area that is arable, under permanent crops, and under permanent pastures. Arable land includes land defined by the FAO as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded. Land under permanent crops is land cultivated with crops that occupy the land for long periods and need not be replanted after each harvest, such as cocoa, coffee, and rubber. This category includes land under flowering shrubs, fruit trees, nut trees, and vines, but excludes land under trees grown for wood or timber. Permanent pasture is land used for five or more years for forage, including natural and cultivated crops." Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Agricultural land > Sq. km per 1000: Agricultural land (sq. km). Agricultural land refers to the share of land area that is arable, under permanent crops, and under permanent pastures. Arable land includes land defined by the FAO as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded. Land under permanent crops is land cultivated with crops that occupy the land for long periods and need not be replanted after each harvest, such as cocoa, coffee, and rubber. This category includes land under flowering shrubs, fruit trees, nut trees, and vines, but excludes land under trees grown for wood or timber. Permanent pasture is land used for five or more years for forage, including natural and cultivated crops. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Agricultural machinery > Tractors: Agricultural machinery refers to the number of wheel and crawler tractors (excluding garden tractors) in use in agriculture at the end of the calendar year specified or during the first quarter of the following year.
  • Agricultural machinery > Tractors > Per capita: Agricultural machinery refers to the number of wheel and crawler tractors (excluding garden tractors) in use in agriculture at the end of the calendar year specified or during the first quarter of the following year. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Agricultural machinery > Tractors per 100 hectares of arable land: Agricultural machinery refers to the number of wheel and crawler tractors (excluding garden tractors) in use in agriculture at the end of the calendar year specified or during the first quarter of the following year. Arable land includes land defined by the FAO as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded.
  • Agricultural machinery > Tractors per 1000: Agricultural machinery refers to the number of wheel and crawler tractors (excluding garden tractors) in use in agriculture at the end of the calendar year specified or during the first quarter of the following year. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Agricultural methane emissions > Thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent: Agricultural methane emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent). Agricultural methane emissions are emissions from animals, animal waste, rice production, agricultural waste burning (nonenergy, on-site), and savannah burning.
  • Agricultural methane emissions > Thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent per million: Agricultural methane emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent). Agricultural methane emissions are emissions from animals, animal waste, rice production, agricultural waste burning (nonenergy, on-site), and savannah burning. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Agricultural nitrous oxide emissions > Thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent: Agricultural nitrous oxide emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent). Agricultural nitrous oxide emissions are emissions produced through fertilizer use (synthetic and animal manure), animal waste management, agricultural waste burning (nonenergy, on-site), and savannah burning.
  • Value added > Constant 2000 US$ > Per capita: Agriculture corresponds to ISIC divisions 1-5 and includes forestry, hunting, and fishing, as well as cultivation of crops and livestock production. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in constant 2000 U.S. dollars. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Agriculture value added per worker > Constant 2000 US$: Agriculture value added per worker is a measure of agricultural productivity. Value added in agriculture measures the output of the agricultural sector (ISIC divisions 1-5) less the value of intermediate inputs. Agriculture comprises value added from forestry, hunting, and fishing as well as cultivation of crops and livestock production. Data are in constant 2000 U.S. dollars."
  • Agriculture, value added > Current US$: Agriculture, value added (current US$), including forestry, hunting, and fishing, as well as cultivation of crops and livestock production. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources.
  • Agriculture, value added > Current US$ per capita: Agriculture, value added (current US$). Agriculture corresponds to ISIC divisions 1-5 and includes forestry, hunting, and fishing, as well as cultivation of crops and livestock production. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Aquafarming > Production volume > Million tonnes of produce: Aquaculture output in million tonnes by country for the year 2004. Aquaculture is the practice of culturing fresh and sea water fishes under controlled environment. An estimated 50% of all fish and shellfish consumed by us come from aquaculture.
  • Arable and permanent cropland: Arable and permanent cropland 2000.
  • Arable land > Hectares: Arable land (in hectares) includes land defined by the FAO as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded.
  • Arable land > Hectares > Per capita: Arable land (in hectares) includes land defined by the FAO as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Arable land > Hectares per 1000: Arable land (in hectares) includes land defined by the FAO as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Arable land > Hectares per capita: Arable land (hectares per person). Arable land (hectares per person) includes land defined by the FAO as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded.
  • Area > Rice: Land area under Rice, hectares, 2003/2004
  • Cereal yield > Kg per hectare: Cereal yield, measured as kilograms per hectare of harvested land, includes wheat, rice, maize, barley, oats, rye, millet, sorghum, buckwheat, and mixed grains. Production data on cereals relate to crops harvested for dry grain only. Cereal crops harvested for hay or harvested green for food, feed, or silage and those used for grazing are excluded."
  • Cotton > Exports: Exports of cotton 2003/2004
  • Cotton use: Domestic use of cotton 2003/2004
  • Crops > Beans > Coffee > Coffee production: Coffee production of each exporting country (in kg).
  • Cultivable land > Hectares: Cultivable land (in hectares) includes land defined by the Food and Agriculture Organisation as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded."
  • Cultivable land > Hectares per person: Cultivable land (hectares per person) includes land defined by the Food and Agriculture Organisation as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded."
  • Farm machinery > Tractors: Farm machinery refers to the number of wheel and crawler tractors (excluding garden tractors) in use in agriculture at the end of the calendar year specified or during the first quarter of the following year.
  • Farm machinery > Tractors per 100 sq. km of arable land: Farm machinery refers to the number of wheel and crawler tractors (excluding garden tractors) in use in agriculture at the end of the calendar year specified or during the first quarter of the following year. Arable land includes land defined by the FAO as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded."
  • Farm workers: Agricultural employment shows the number of agricultural workers in the agricultural sector.
  • Fertilizer > Consumption > 100 grams per hectare of arable land: Fertilizer consumption (100 grams per hectare of arable land) measures the quantity of plant nutrients used per unit of arable land. Fertilizer products cover nitrogenous, potash, and phosphate fertilizers (including ground rock phosphate). Traditional nutrients--animal and plant manures--are not included. The time reference for fertilizer consumption is the crop year (July through June). Arable land includes land defined by the FAO as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded.
  • Fertilizer > Consumption > Metric tons: Fertilizer consumption measures the quantity of plant nutrients used per unit of arable land. Fertilizer products cover nitrogenous, potash, and phosphate fertilizers (including ground rock phosphate). Traditional nutrients--animal and plant manures--are not included. The time reference for fertilizer consumption is the crop year (July through June).
  • Fertilizer > Consumption > Metric tons > Per capita: Fertilizer consumption measures the quantity of plant nutrients used per unit of arable land. Fertilizer products cover nitrogenous, potash, and phosphate fertilizers (including ground rock phosphate). Traditional nutrients--animal and plant manures--are not included. The time reference for fertilizer consumption is the crop year (July through June). Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Fertilizer > Consumption > Metric tons per 1000: Fertilizer consumption measures the quantity of plant nutrients used per unit of arable land. Fertilizer products cover nitrogenous, potash, and phosphate fertilizers (including ground rock phosphate). Traditional nutrients--animal and plant manures--are not included. The time reference for fertilizer consumption is the crop year (July through June). Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Fertilizer use: Average fertilizer use (kg per ha of cropland 2000). Fertilizer use, kilograms per hectare, is calculated by WRI by dividing the total fertilizer consumption, measured in kilograms of plant nutrient, by the total hectares of arable and permanent cropland. The measure of fertilizer consumption is an aggregate of nitrogenous, phosphate and potash fertilizers. The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) collects data on fertilizer use through surveys distributed to participating governments. In addition, the Ad Hoc Working Party on Fertilizer Statistics works to improve geographic coverage of the data. Hectares of arable and permanent cropland are determined through a variety of means, including self-reporting from governments and FAO estimation methods.
  • Fertilizer use > Kg per ha of arable land: Fertilizer consumption (100 grams per hectare of arable land) measures the quantity of plant nutrients used per unit of arable land. Fertilizer products cover nitrogenous, potash, and phosphate fertilizers (including ground rock phosphate). Traditional nutrients--animal and plant manures--are not included. For the purpose of data dissemination, FAO has adopted the concept of a calendar year (January to December). Some countries compile fertilizer data on a calendar year basis, while others are on a split-year basis. Arable land includes land defined by the FAO as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded."
  • Fertilizer use > Metric tons: Fertilizer consumption measures the quantity of plant nutrients used per unit of arable land. Fertilizer products cover nitrogenous, potash, and phosphate fertilizers (including ground rock phosphate). Traditional nutrients--animal and plant manures--are not included. For the purpose of data dissemination, FAO has adopted the concept of a calendar year (January to December). Some countries compile fertilizer data on a calendar year basis, while others are on a split-year basis."
  • Grains > Coarse grain > Production: Figures for 2003/2004
  • Grains > Corn > Consumption: Figures for 2003/2004
  • Grains > Corn > Consumption per million: Figures for 2003/2004. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Grains > Rice > Consumption: Figures for 2003/2004
  • Grains > Rice > Consumption per million: Figures for 2003/2004. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Grains > Rice stocks: Figures for 2003/2004
  • Grains > Sorghum > Consumption: Figures for 2003/2004
  • Grains > Wheat > Consumption: Figures for 2003/2004
  • Grains > Wheat > Consumption per million: Figures for 2003/2004. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Gross value added: Gross Value Added by agriculture, hunting, forestry, fishing at current prices - US dollars.
  • Gross value added per capita: Gross Value Added by agriculture, hunting, forestry, fishing at current prices - US dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Land > Arable land and Permanent crops: Arable land and Permanent crops.
  • Land > Arable land and Permanent crops per thousand people: Arable land and Permanent crops. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Livestock > Annual freshwater withdrawals, total > Billion cubic meters: Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (billion cubic meters). Annual freshwater withdrawals refer to total water withdrawals, not counting evaporation losses from storage basins. Withdrawals also include water from desalination plants in countries where they are a significant source. Withdrawals can exceed 100 percent of total renewable resources where extraction from nonrenewable aquifers or desalination plants is considerable or where there is significant water reuse. Withdrawals for agriculture and industry are total withdrawals for irrigation and livestock production and for direct industrial use (including withdrawals for cooling thermoelectric plants). Withdrawals for domestic uses include drinking water, municipal use or supply, and use for public services, commercial establishments, and homes. Data are for the most recent year available for 1987-2002.
  • Livestock > Annual freshwater withdrawals, total > Billion cubic meters per million: Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (billion cubic meters). Annual freshwater withdrawals refer to total water withdrawals, not counting evaporation losses from storage basins. Withdrawals also include water from desalination plants in countries where they are a significant source. Withdrawals can exceed 100 percent of total renewable resources where extraction from nonrenewable aquifers or desalination plants is considerable or where there is significant water reuse. Withdrawals for agriculture and industry are total withdrawals for irrigation and livestock production and for direct industrial use (including withdrawals for cooling thermoelectric plants). Withdrawals for domestic uses include drinking water, municipal use or supply, and use for public services, commercial establishments, and homes. Data correspond to the most recent year available for 1987-2002. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Mango > Top 12 Producers > Area: 2005
  • Permanent crops: Permanent crops in 2000.
  • Produce > Agricultural crop > Production: Crop production index shows agricultural production for each year relative to the base period 1999-2001. It includes all crops except fodder crops. Regional and income group aggregates for the FAO's production indexes are calculated from the underlying values in international dollars, normalized to the base period 1999-2001."
  • Produce > Banana > Production: Metric tons of Bananas produced in 2000.
  • Produce > Banana > Production per 1000: Metric tons of Bananas produced in 2000. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Produce > Cereal > Cereal production > Metric tons: Cereal production (metric tons). Production data on cereals relate to crops harvested for dry grain only. Cereal crops harvested for hay or harvested green for food or silage, and those used for grazing, are excluded.
  • Produce > Cereal > Cereal yield > Kg per hectare: Cereal yield (kg per hectare). Includes wheat, rice, maize, barley, oats, rye, millet, sorghum, buckwheat, and mixed grains. Production data on cereals relate to crops harvested for dry grain only. Cereal crops harvested for hay or harvested green for food or silage, and those used for grazing, are excluded. The FAO allocates production data to the calendar year in which the bulk of the harvest took place. Most of a crop harvested near the end of a year will be used in the following year.
  • Produce > Cereal > Production: Average production of cereals (1999-2001). Average Production of Cereals refers to the amount of cereals produced in a given country or region each year. Data are reported in thousand metric tons. Cereals include wheat, barley, maize, rye, oats, millet, s
  • Produce > Corn > Yield: Yield of Corn, Metric tons per hectare, 2003/2004
  • Produce > Cotton > Imports: Imports of cotton 2003/2004
  • Produce > Cotton > Production: Production of cotton 2003/2004, in thousand bales.
  • Produce > Crop > Production index: Crop production index shows agricultural production for each year relative to the base period 1999-2001. It includes all crops except fodder crops. Regional and income group aggregates for the FAO's production indexes are calculated from the underlying values in international dollars, normalized to the base period 1999-2001.
  • Produce > Food > Production: Food production index covers food crops that are considered edible and that contain nutrients. Coffee and tea are excluded because, although edible, they have no nutritive value."
  • Produce > Food > Production index: Food production index covers food crops that are considered edible and that contain nutrients. Coffee and tea are excluded because, although edible, they have no nutritive value.
  • Produce > Livestock > Production index: Livestock production index includes meat and milk from all sources, dairy products such as cheese, and eggs, honey, raw silk, wool, and hides and skins.
  • Produce > Meat > Production: Meat production in thousand metric tonnes
  • Produce > Meat > Production per million: Meat production in thousand metric tonnes. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Produce > Rice > Production: Figures for 2003/2004
  • Produce > Soybean > Production: Total production of Soybean, metric tons, 2003/2004
  • Produce > Soybean > Production per 1000: Total production of Soybean, metric tons, 2003/2004. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Produce > Wheat > Production: Figures for 2003/2004
  • Produce > Wheat > Yield: Yield of Wheat, Metric tons per hectare, 2003/2004
  • Products: Major agricultural crops and products
  • Renewable internal freshwater resources, total > Billion cubic meters: Renewable internal freshwater resources, total (billion cubic meters). Renewable internal freshwater resources flows refer to internal renewable resources (internal river flows and groundwater from rainfall) in the country.
  • Renewable internal freshwater resources, total > Billion cubic meters per million: Renewable internal freshwater resources, total (billion cubic meters). Renewable internal freshwater resources flows refer to internal renewable resources (internal river flows and groundwater from rainfall) in the country. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Rural population: Total population living in rural areas. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Rural population per thousand people: Total population living in rural areas. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Tractors: Number of tractors 2000. Number of tractors in use refers to the total number of wheeled and crawler tractors used in agriculture. Garden tractors are excluded.
  • Tractors per 1000: Number of tractors 2000. Number of tractors in use refers to the total number of wheeled and crawler tractors used in agriculture. Garden tractors are excluded. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Value: Agriculture corresponds to ISIC divisions 1-5 and includes forestry, hunting, and fishing, as well as cultivation of crops and livestock production. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in constant 2000 U.S. dollars."
  • Value added: Agriculture, value added (% of GDP). Agriculture corresponds to ISIC divisions 1-5 and includes forestry, hunting, and fishing, as well as cultivation of crops and livestock production. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3.
  • Value added per worker > Constant 2000 US$: Agriculture value added per worker is a measure of agricultural productivity. Value added in agriculture measures the output of the agricultural sector (ISIC divisions 1-5) less the value of intermediate inputs. Agriculture comprises value added from forestry, hunting, and fishing as well as cultivation of crops and livestock production. Data are in constant 2000 U.S. dollars.
  • Water productivity, total > Constant 2000 US$ GDP per cubic meter of total freshwater withdrawal: Water productivity, total (constant 2000 US$ GDP per cubic meter of total freshwater withdrawal). Water productivity is calculated as GDP in constant prices divided by annual total water withdrawal. GDP (Gross domestic product) is the market value of all officially recognized final goods and services produced within a country in a year.
  • Workers per hectare: Workers per hectare of cropland 2000. Agricultural labor intensity, number of workers per hectare shows the labor input intensity of agricultural systems. It is calculated by WRI by dividing the number of agricultural workers by the number of hectares of arable and permanent cropland. Values vary widely among countries according to labor scarcity, production technologies, costs of energy and machinery, etc.
STAT AMOUNT DATE RANK HISTORY
Agricultural growth 121 2007 53th out of 204
Agricultural growth per capita 108 Int. $ 2007 55th out of 204
Agricultural land > Sq. km 1.8 million sq. km 2011 8th out of 206
Agricultural land > Sq. km > Per capita 1.59 per 1,000 people 2007 156th out of 196
Agricultural land > Sq. km per 1000 1.47 sq. km 2011 164th out of 206
Agricultural machinery > Tractors 2.53 million 2003 2nd out of 188
Agricultural machinery > Tractors > Per capita 2.38 per 1,000 people 2003 75th out of 188
Agricultural machinery > Tractors per 100 hectares of arable land 158.57 2003 76th out of 186
Agricultural machinery > Tractors per 1000 2.31 2003 74th out of 184
Agricultural methane emissions > Thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent 377,589.2 2010 2nd out of 136
Agricultural methane emissions > Thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent per million 313.19 2010 85th out of 136
Agricultural nitrous oxide emissions > Thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent 170,550.2 2010 3rd out of 136
Value added > Constant 2000 US$ > Per capita 103.37$ per capita 2005 99th out of 136
Agriculture value added per worker > Constant 2000 US$ $549.29 2008 100th out of 126
Agriculture, value added > Current US$ $302.31 billion 2012 2nd out of 112
Agriculture, value added > Current US$ per capita $244.45 2012 82nd out of 112
Aquafarming > Production volume > Million tonnes of produce 2.47 million tonnes 2004 2nd out of 10
Arable and permanent cropland 169,700 thousand hectares 2000 2nd out of 148
Arable land > Hectares 159.65 million hectares 2005 2nd out of 75
Arable land > Hectares > Per capita 145.85 hectares per 1,000 peop 2005 41st out of 75
Arable land > Hectares per 1000 141.64 hectares 2005 42nd out of 74
Arable land > Hectares per capita 0.129 2011 104th out of 204
Area > Rice 42.4 million 2004 1st out of 23
Cereal yield > Kg per hectare 2,647.2 2008 84th out of 168
Cotton > Exports 50 thousand bales 2004 34th out of 109
Cotton use 13,500 thousand bales 2004 2nd out of 109
Crops > Beans > Coffee > Coffee production 300.3 million kg 2014 6th out of 51
Cultivable land > Hectares 158.65 million 2007 2nd out of 194
Cultivable land > Hectares per person 0.14 2007 100th out of 195
Farm machinery > Tractors 3.15 million 2007 3rd out of 186
Farm machinery > Tractors per 100 sq. km of arable land 198.49 2007 68th out of 184
Farm workers 261.63 million 2008 2nd out of 194
Fertilizer > Consumption > 100 grams per hectare of arable land 1,008.48 100 g/ha of arable land 2002 64th out of 166
Fertilizer > Consumption > Metric tons 16.12 million metric tons 2002 3rd out of 166
Fertilizer > Consumption > Metric tons > Per capita 15.38 metric tons per 1,000 p 2002 63th out of 164
Fertilizer > Consumption > Metric tons per 1000 14.97 metric tons 2002 65th out of 163
Fertilizer use 98.6 kg 2000 42nd out of 138
Fertilizer use > Kg per ha of arable land 142.28 2007 52nd out of 150
Fertilizer use > Metric tons 19.26 million 2006 3rd out of 139
Grains > Coarse grain > Production 32,500 thousand metric tons 2004 4th out of 15
Grains > Corn > Consumption 12,600 thousand metric tons 2004 6th out of 16
Grains > Corn > Consumption per million 11.34 thousand metric tons 2004 15th out of 15
Grains > Rice > Consumption 85,250 thousand metric tons 2004 2nd out of 17
Grains > Rice > Consumption per million 76.76 thousand metric tons 2004 9th out of 16
Grains > Rice stocks 13,000 thousand metric tons 2004 2nd out of 11
Grains > Sorghum > Consumption 8,000 thousand metric tons 2004 2nd out of 13
Grains > Wheat > Consumption 69,000 thousand metric tons 2004 2nd out of 15
Grains > Wheat > Consumption per million 62.13 thousand metric tons 2004 13th out of 15
Gross value added 307.81 billion 2012 2nd out of 205
Gross value added per capita 248.9 2012 144th out of 202
Land > Arable land and Permanent crops 169.5 million ha 2007 2nd out of 212
Land > Arable land and Permanent crops per thousand people 146.23 ha 2007 123th out of 195
Livestock > Annual freshwater withdrawals, total > Billion cubic meters 761 2011 1st out of 179
Livestock > Annual freshwater withdrawals, total > Billion cubic meters per million 0.623 2011 48th out of 179
Mango > Top 12 Producers > Area 1.6 million hectares 2005 1st out of 12
Permanent crops 7.9 million hectares 2000 4th out of 181
Produce > Agricultural crop > Production 118 2007 62nd out of 186
Produce > Banana > Production 11 million metric tonnes 2000 1st out of 48
Produce > Banana > Production per 1000 10.55 metric tonnes 2000 34th out of 46
Produce > Cereal > Cereal production > Metric tons 286.5 million 2012 3rd out of 180
Produce > Cereal > Cereal yield > Kg per hectare 2,953.61 2012 84th out of 178
Produce > Cereal > Production 121 thousand metric tons 2001 44th out of 149
Produce > Corn > Yield 1.98 2004 19th out of 21
Produce > Cotton > Imports 1,250 thousand bales 2004 8th out of 109
Produce > Cotton > Production 12,500 2004 3rd out of 109
Produce > Crop > Production index 103.9% 2004 111th out of 181
Produce > Food > Production 119 2007 63th out of 189
Produce > Food > Production index 104.7% 2004 100th out of 181
Produce > Livestock > Production index 112.2% 2004 46th out of 180
Produce > Meat > Production 4,604 thousand metric tons 2001 7th out of 149
Produce > Meat > Production per million 4.35 thousand metric tons 2001 141st out of 149
Produce > Rice > Production 89,000 thousand metric tons 2004 2nd out of 16
Produce > Soybean > Production 6.8 million 2004 5th out of 21
Produce > Soybean > Production per 1000 6.12 2004 11th out of 20
Produce > Wheat > Production 67,000 thousand metric tons 2004 2nd out of 17
Produce > Wheat > Yield 2.62 2004 10th out of 26
Products rice, wheat, oilseed, cotton, jute, tea, sugarcane, lentils, onions, potatoes; dairy products, sheep, goats, poultry; fish 2010
Renewable internal freshwater resources, total > Billion cubic meters 1,446 2011 10th out of 176
Renewable internal freshwater resources, total > Billion cubic meters per million 1.18 2011 123th out of 176
Rural population 59,140 2030 28th out of 223
Rural population per thousand people 0.0578 2010 205th out of 215
Tractors 1.52 million 2000 4th out of 147
Tractors per 1000 1.46 2000 79th out of 146
Value 124.02 billion 2009 3rd out of 119
Value added 25.1 2001 34th out of 128
Value added per worker > Constant 2000 US$ 385.73 constant 2000 US$ 2004 118th out of 151
Water productivity, total > Constant 2000 US$ GDP per cubic meter of total freshwater withdrawal $1.74 2011 152nd out of 169
Workers per hectare 1.6 2000 30th out of 148

SOURCES: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, 2001; http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?d=FAO&f=itemCode%3a2051, Agriculture (PIN) +; Food and Agriculture Organization; Food and Agriculture Organisation, electronic files and web site.; Food and Agriculture Organization. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Development Indicators database; World Development Indicators database. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; International Energy Agency; International Energy Agency. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Derived from World Bank national accounts files and Food and Agriculture Organisation, Production Yearbook and data files.; World Bank national accounts data

United Nations Statistics Division
; World Bank national accounts data. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; FAO: The State of World Fisheries and Acquaculture 2006; World Resources Institute; Food and Agriculture Organization; Production Estimates and Crop Assessment Division, FAS, USDA; United States Department of Agriculture; Wikipedia: List of countries by coffee production (Countries); Food and Agriculture Organisation, Production Yearbook and data files.; United States Department of Agriculture. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Statistics Division; United Nations Statistics Division. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Food and Agriculture Organization. Source tables; Food and Agriculture Organization. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Wikipedia: Mango; Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, 2000; Agri-Food Business Development Centre; Agri-Food Business Development Centre. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, 2001. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Production Estimates and Crop Assessment Division, FAS, USDA. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 25 March 2010.; Food and Agriculture Organization. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Resources Institute. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. 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Citation

"India Agriculture Stats", NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/India/Agriculture/All-stats

NationMaster

Did you know

  • India ranked first for farm workers amongst Hot countries in 2008.
  • India has had the highest produce > cereal > land under cereal production > hectares since 1967.
  • India has had the highest produce > land under cereal > production > hectares since 1967.
  • India has had the highest produce > land used for cereal > production > hectares since 1967.

4

An economist from Mumbai is calling on the government of India to implement economic reforms which will also focus on agriculture. Rural poverty is a principal problem in India with majority of the population living in rural areas. The disproportion between urban and rural incomes is also going up. The National Agro Foundation (NAF) has done a lot to address this issue. For more than 20 years, this foundation has been involved in interventions such as efficient farm and water management, introduction of technology in agriculture, soil improvement, rural sanitation, and upgraded cattle development. All these are meant to address farm productivity problems in India.

Indeed, India has made significant strides in agriculture. It used to be highly dependent on food grain requirements but now the country has emerged as an exporter of food grain commodities and commercial produce. This farming saga can be classified generally into three important periods. The first was the Post-Independence period which was five decades ago when there was severe food supply scarcity and India depended too much on United States agricultural programs and support. This was followed by the Green Revolution to attain food sufficiency. It was the period where there was conspicuous concentration on the unveiling of technologies and policies to make possible self sufficiency in grain production. The course of action of the ruling United Progressive Alliance was to enhance agricultural inputs by using quality seedlings, fertilizers and pesticides. In fact, a strategy was devised to improve infrastructure for the production and distribution of high quality seeds to farmers at reasonable prices. This has generated good results with 32.8 million tons of certified quality seeds available in the market.

Even as agriculture contributes merely 21 percent to the GDP of India, it still remains an important industry since more than 70 percent of the populace (1.1 billion) are poor and live on agriculture.

Posted on 15 May 2014

jaacosta47

jaacosta47

423 Stat enthusiast