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Somalia

Somalia Environment Stats

Definitions

  • Biodiversity > Bird species, threatened: Bird species, threatened. Birds are listed for countries included within their breeding or wintering ranges. Threatened species are the number of species classified by the IUCN as endangered, vulnerable, rare, indeterminate, out of danger, or insufficiently known.
  • Biodiversity > Mammal species, threatened: Mammal species, threatened. Mammal species are mammals excluding whales and porpoises. Threatened species are the number of species classified by the IUCN as endangered, vulnerable, rare, indeterminate, out of danger, or insufficiently known.
  • CO2 emissions > Kt: Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring.
  • Carbon efficiency: Carbon economic efficiency (CO2 emissions per dollar GDP)
    Units: Metric Tons/US Dollar GDP
  • Current issues: This entry lists the most pressing and important environmental problems. The following terms and abbreviations are used throughout the entry:
  • Ecological footprint: Ecological footprint per capita
    Units: Hectares per Person
  • Endangered species > Bird species: Birds are listed for countries included within their breeding or wintering ranges. Threatened species are the number of species classified by the IUCN as endangered, vulnerable, rare, indeterminate, out of danger, or insufficiently known."
  • Forest area > Sq. km > Per capita: Forest area is land under natural or planted stands of trees, whether productive or not. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Marine fish catch: Total marine fish catch
    Units: Metric Tons
  • National parks > Number of parks: Number of parks.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Proportion of land area under protection: Terrestrial areas protected to total surface area, percentage.
  • Total renewable water resources per million: . Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Water > Drinking water > Population with improved drinking water sources > Urban and rural: Proportion of the population using improved drinking water sources, total.
  • Water > Severe water stress: Percent of country's territory under severe water stress
    Units: Percent of Land Area
    Units: This data is derived from the WaterGap 2.1 gridded hydrological model developed by the Center for Environmental Systems Research, University of Kassel, Germany. The modellers derived, for each country, grid cell by grid cell estimates of whether the water consumption exceeds 40 percent of the water available in that particular grid cell. These were then converted to land area equivalents in order to calculate the percentage of the territory under severe water stress.

STAT AMOUNT DATE RANK HISTORY
Biodiversity > Bird species, threatened 14 2013 81st out of 209
Biodiversity > Mammal species, threatened 15 2013 61st out of 209
CO2 emissions > Kt 10.99 kt 1995 194th out of 194
Carbon efficiency 0.0 1998 141st out of 141
Current issues famine; use of contaminated water contributes to human health problems; deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; desertification 2011
Ecological footprint 0.97 2000 115th out of 141
Endangered species > Bird species 12 2008 76th out of 197
Forest area > Sq. km > Per capita 8.67 km² per 1,000 people 2005 52nd out of 193
Marine fish catch 19,100 tons 1999 78th out of 139
National parks > Number of parks 6 2014 19th out of 27
Proportion of land area under protection 0.584% 2012 206th out of 217
Total renewable water resources 15.7 cu km 1997 16th out of 31
Total renewable water resources per million 2.35 cu km 1997 17th out of 31
Water > Drinking water > Population with improved drinking water sources > Urban and rural 29.55 2011 194th out of 194
Water > Severe water stress 26.9 2000 44th out of 140

SOURCES: United Nations Environmental Program and the World Conservation Monitoring Centre; United Nations Environmental Program and the World Conservation Monitoring Centre; World Development Indicators database; Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF), Living Planet Report 2000, Gland, Switzerland: 2000, and Redefining Progress.; United Nations Environmental Program and the World Conservation Monitoring Centre, and International Union for Conservation of Nature, Red List of Threatened Species.; FAOSTAT on-line database; Wikipedia: List of national parks (Africa); United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; Center for Environmental Systems Research, University of Kassel, WaterGap 2.1, 2000 via ciesin.org

Citation

"Somalia Environment Stats", NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Somalia/Environment