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Taiwan

Taiwan Background Stats

Dependency status:

De facto sovereign state lacking general international recognition Recognized by the United Nations as part of China .

Definitions

  • First human settlement > Date: Date or period of the first known or suspected human settlement within each geographic location listed. For further descriptions, please refer to notes.
  • First human settlement > Notes: Description of the first known or suspected human settlement within each geographic location listed. For the date or period of the described settlement, please refer to the according date stat.
  • First human settlement > Place: Location of the first known or suspected human settlement in each country.
  • Full name: Full names (translated to english) of the United Nations member states, as of 2014. For a list of full names in the respective original languages of each country, check this link.
  • Land border length: The length of each country's land border. Islands are listed as having a 0.0 km.
  • National identity card: Description.
  • Neighboring countries and territories: The countries and territories neighboring each country. "L" means they share only a land border and "M" means they have only maritime boundaries. A blank means they share both.
  • Number of maritime boundary neighbours: Number of states and territories with which each country shares a maritime border. Two countries separated from each other by a body of water have a maritime border with each other.
  • Overview: A geopolitical overview of every sovereign country in the world, briefly examining their recent history and place on the global stage. The texts are taken from the BBC News website.
STAT AMOUNT DATE RANK
First human settlement > Date 50,000 BP 2014
First human settlement > Notes Chipped stone tool similar to those of the Changpin culture on the east coast. 2014
First human settlement > Place Chihshan Rock Site 2014
Full name Republic of China (ROC) 2013
Land border length 0.0 2014 188th out of 200
National identity card N/A 2004
Neighboring countries and territories China (M) Japan (M) Philippines (M) 2014
Number of maritime boundary neighbours 3 2014 75th out of 171
Overview

Taiwan is an island which has for all practical purposes been independent since 1950, but which China regards as a rebel region that must be reunited with the mainland - by force if necessary.

China has claimed sovereignty over Taiwan since the end of the Chinese civil war in 1949, when the defeated Nationalist government fled to the island as the Communists, under Mao Zedong, swept to power.

Long-standing tension with the mainland has eased since the China-friendly President Ma Ying-jeou took office in May 2008. In July 2009 the leaders of China and Taiwan exchanged direct messages for the first time in more than 60 years, albeit in their respective party functions, and not as national leaders.


Full Article
2014

SOURCES: Wikipedia: List of countries and islands by first human settlement (The list); http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_sovereign_states; Wikipedia: List of countries and territories by land borders (Land borders) (Note: land border lengths will vary depending on the scale by which they are measured, and therefore these figures without a source accompanied by an explanation of how they were measured and at what scale makes comparisons impossible; for more information see coastline paradox .); Wikipedia: List of national identity card policies by country (Countries with compulsory identity cards) (EU Directive 2004/38/EC); Wikipedia: List of countries and territories by land and maritime borders; British Broadcasting Corporation 2014

Citation

"Taiwan Background Stats", NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Taiwan/Background

Taiwan Background Profiles (Subcategories)

First human settlement 3