Crime > Executions: Group totals

Ian Graham, Staff Editor

Author: Ian Graham, Staff Editor

The United States Supreme Court ruled on March 1, 2005 that the execution of criminals who were under the age of 18 when their crimes were committed is unconstitutional. As a result of this ruling, the death sentences of 70 current death row inmates in the country have been rendered invalid.

Nineteen of the 50 American states currently have laws allowing the execution of 16- and 17-year-old offenders.

According to Amnesty International, five countries – China, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Iran, Pakistan, and the U.S.A. – are known to have executed juvenile offenders since the year 2000. There are also currently juvenile offenders on death row in the Philippines and Sudan.

Of the 18 executions of juveniles known to have taken place since 2000, nine were in the U.S., five were in Iran, and two were in China. Pakistan and the Congo executed one juvenile offender each.

DEFINITION: Number of known executions in the country (Data is for 2007). Because these figures include only documented cases; the true figures are likely to be higher in many countries.