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Economy > Research and development expenditure > % of GDP: Countries Compared

DEFINITION: Expenditures for research and development are current and capital expenditures (both public and private) on creative work undertaken systematically to increase knowledge, including knowledge of humanity, culture, and society, and the use of knowledge for new applications. Research and development covers basic research, applied research, and experimental development.".

CONTENTS

# COUNTRY AMOUNT DATE GRAPH HISTORY
1 Israel 4.74% 2007
2 Sweden 3.68% 2007
3 Finland 3.47% 2007
4 Japan 3.45% 2007
5 Switzerland 2.93% 2004
6 Iceland 2.81% 2007
7 United States 2.67% 2007
8 Singapore 2.61% 2007
9 Denmark 2.57% 2007
10 Germany 2.55% 2007
11 Austria 2.52% 2007
Group of 7 countries (G7) average (profile) 2.44% 2007
12 Australia 2.17% 2006
13 France 2.1% 2007
14 Canada 2.03% 2007
High income OECD countries average (profile) 2.01% 2007
15 European Union 1.98% 2007
Non-religious countries average (profile) 1.95% 2006
16 Belgium 1.91% 2007
17 United Kingdom 1.84% 2007
18 Netherlands 1.75% 2007
19 Luxembourg 1.69% 2007
20 Norway 1.67% 2007
21 Czech Republic 1.59% 2007
22 China 1.49% 2007
23 Slovenia 1.48% 2007
Eurozone average (profile) 1.47% 2007
European Union average (profile) 1.45% 2007
NATO countries average (profile) 1.37% 2007
24 Ireland 1.34% 2007
25 Spain 1.28% 2007
26 New Zealand 1.26% 2007
27 Portugal 1.19% 2007
28 Italy 1.14% 2006
=29 Estonia 1.12% 2007
=29 Russia 1.12% 2007
=31 Brazil 1.02% 2006
=31 Tunisia 1.02% 2005
=33 Hungary 0.97% 2007
=33 Belarus 0.97% 2007
35 South Africa 0.96% 2006
36 Croatia 0.93% 2007
37 Ukraine 0.87% 2007
38 Lithuania 0.83% 2007
39 India 0.8% 2007
40 Greenland 0.72% 2004
41 Turkey 0.71% 2007
=42 Pakistan 0.67% 2007
=42 Chile 0.67% 2004
=44 Malaysia 0.64% 2006
=44 Morocco 0.64% 2006
Emerging markets average (profile) 0.636% 2005
46 Latvia 0.63% 2007
47 Malta 0.6% 2007
48 Poland 0.57% 2007
49 Moldova 0.55% 2007
50 Romania 0.54% 2007
Former Soviet republics average (profile) 0.534% 2005
51 Argentina 0.51% 2007
=52 Mexico 0.5% 2005
=52 Greece 0.5% 2007
=52 Mozambique 0.5% 2002
=55 Bulgaria 0.48% 2007
=55 Democratic Republic of the Congo 0.48% 2005
57 Slovakia 0.46% 2007
58 Cyprus 0.45% 2007
59 Cuba 0.44% 2007
=60 Saint Lucia 0.41% 1999
=60 Uganda 0.41% 2007
=62 Mauritius 0.38% 2005
=62 Botswana 0.38% 2005
=62 Seychelles 0.38% 2005
65 Costa Rica 0.37% 2004
66 Uruguay 0.36% 2006
=67 Serbia and Montenegro 0.34% 2007
=67 Jordan 0.34% 2002
69 Sudan 0.29% 2005
70 Bolivia 0.28% 2002
=71 Panama 0.25% 2005
=71 Thailand 0.25% 2006
=71 Kyrgyzstan 0.25% 2007
74 Mongolia 0.23% 2007
75 Kazakhstan 0.21% 2007
76 Vietnam 0.19% 2002
=77 Georgia 0.18% 2005
=77 Colombia 0.18% 2006
=77 Azerbaijan 0.18% 2007
=80 Ethiopia 0.17% 2007
=80 Sri Lanka 0.17% 2006
82 Burma 0.16% 2002
=83 Ecuador 0.15% 2007
=83 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 0.15% 2002
=83 Peru 0.15% 2004
86 Madagascar 0.14% 2007
87 Philippines 0.12% 2005
88 Burkina Faso 0.11% 2007
89 Trinidad and Tobago 0.1% 2006
=90 Senegal 0.09% 2005
=90 Paraguay 0.09% 2005
=90 Kuwait 0.09% 2007
=93 El Salvador 0.08% 1998
=93 Bermuda 0.08% 1997
=95 Jamaica 0.07% 2002
=95 Algeria 0.07% 2005
=97 Tajikistan 0.06% 2007
=97 Lesotho 0.06% 2004
=99 Indonesia 0.05% 2005
=99 Cambodia 0.05% 2002
=99 Saudi Arabia 0.05% 2007
=99 Guatemala 0.05% 2006
=99 Nicaragua 0.05% 2002
=104 Laos 0.04% 2002
=104 Brunei 0.04% 2004
=104 Honduras 0.04% 2004
=107 Bosnia and Herzegovina 0.03% 2007
=107 Zambia 0.03% 2005

Citation

"Countries Compared by Economy > Research and development expenditure > % of GDP. International Statistics at NationMaster.com", United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics. Aggregates compiled by NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/stats/Economy/Research-and-development-expenditure/%-of-GDP

Economy > Research and development expenditure > % of GDP: Countries Compared Map

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