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Economy > Research and development expenditure > % of GDP: Countries Compared

DEFINITION: Expenditures for research and development are current and capital expenditures (both public and private) on creative work undertaken systematically to increase knowledge, including knowledge of humanity, culture, and society, and the use of knowledge for new applications. Research and development covers basic research, applied research, and experimental development.".

CONTENTS

# COUNTRY AMOUNT DATE GRAPH HISTORY
1 IsraelIsrael 4.74% 2007
2 SwedenSweden 3.68% 2007
3 FinlandFinland 3.47% 2007
4 JapanJapan 3.45% 2007
5 SwitzerlandSwitzerland 2.93% 2004
6 IcelandIceland 2.81% 2007
7 United StatesUnited States 2.67% 2007
8 SingaporeSingapore 2.61% 2007
9 DenmarkDenmark 2.57% 2007
10 GermanyGermany 2.55% 2007
11 AustriaAustria 2.52% 2007
Group of 7 countries (G7) averageGroup of 7 countries (G7) average 2.44% 2007
12 AustraliaAustralia 2.17% 2006
13 FranceFrance 2.1% 2007
14 CanadaCanada 2.03% 2007
High income OECD countries averageHigh income OECD countries average 2.01% 2007
15 European UnionEuropean Union 1.98% 2007
Non-religious countries averageNon-religious countries average 1.95% 2006
16 BelgiumBelgium 1.91% 2007
17 United KingdomUnited Kingdom 1.84% 2007
18 NetherlandsNetherlands 1.75% 2007
19 LuxembourgLuxembourg 1.69% 2007
20 NorwayNorway 1.67% 2007
21 Czech RepublicCzech Republic 1.59% 2007
22 ChinaChina 1.49% 2007
23 SloveniaSlovenia 1.48% 2007
Eurozone averageEurozone average 1.47% 2007
European Union averageEuropean Union average 1.45% 2007
NATO countries averageNATO average 1.37% 2007
24 IrelandIreland 1.34% 2007
25 SpainSpain 1.28% 2007
26 New ZealandNew Zealand 1.26% 2007
27 PortugalPortugal 1.19% 2007
28 ItalyItaly 1.14% 2006
29 EstoniaEstonia 1.12% 2007
30 RussiaRussia 1.12% 2007
31 BrazilBrazil 1.02% 2006
32 TunisiaTunisia 1.02% 2005
33 HungaryHungary 0.97% 2007
34 BelarusBelarus 0.97% 2007
35 South AfricaSouth Africa 0.96% 2006
36 CroatiaCroatia 0.93% 2007
37 UkraineUkraine 0.87% 2007
38 LithuaniaLithuania 0.83% 2007
39 IndiaIndia 0.8% 2007
40 GreenlandGreenland 0.72% 2004
41 TurkeyTurkey 0.71% 2007
42 PakistanPakistan 0.67% 2007
43 ChileChile 0.67% 2004
44 MalaysiaMalaysia 0.64% 2006
45 MoroccoMorocco 0.64% 2006
Emerging markets averageEmerging markets average 0.636% 2005
46 LatviaLatvia 0.63% 2007
47 MaltaMalta 0.6% 2007
48 PolandPoland 0.57% 2007
49 MoldovaMoldova 0.55% 2007
50 RomaniaRomania 0.54% 2007
Former Soviet republics averageFormer Soviet republics average 0.534% 2005
51 ArgentinaArgentina 0.51% 2007
52 MexicoMexico 0.5% 2005
53 GreeceGreece 0.5% 2007
54 MozambiqueMozambique 0.5% 2002
55 BulgariaBulgaria 0.48% 2007
56 Democratic Republic of the CongoCongo, DR. 0.48% 2005
57 SlovakiaSlovakia 0.46% 2007
58 CyprusCyprus 0.45% 2007
59 CubaCuba 0.44% 2007
60 Saint LuciaSaint Lucia 0.41% 1999
61 UgandaUganda 0.41% 2007
62 MauritiusMauritius 0.38% 2005
63 BotswanaBotswana 0.38% 2005
64 SeychellesSeychelles 0.38% 2005
65 Costa RicaCosta Rica 0.37% 2004
66 UruguayUruguay 0.36% 2006
67 Serbia and MontenegroSerbia+ 0.34% 2007
68 JordanJordan 0.34% 2002
69 SudanSudan 0.29% 2005
70 BoliviaBolivia 0.28% 2002
71 PanamaPanama 0.25% 2005
72 ThailandThailand 0.25% 2006
73 KyrgyzstanKyrgyzstan 0.25% 2007
74 MongoliaMongolia 0.23% 2007
75 KazakhstanKazakhstan 0.21% 2007
76 VietnamVietnam 0.19% 2002
77 GeorgiaGeorgia 0.18% 2005
78 ColombiaColombia 0.18% 2006
79 AzerbaijanAzerbaijan 0.18% 2007
80 EthiopiaEthiopia 0.17% 2007
81 Sri LankaSri Lanka 0.17% 2006
82 BurmaBurma 0.16% 2002
83 EcuadorEcuador 0.15% 2007
84 Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesSt Vincent+ 0.15% 2002
85 PeruPeru 0.15% 2004
86 MadagascarMadagascar 0.14% 2007
87 PhilippinesPhilippines 0.12% 2005
88 Burkina FasoBurkina Faso 0.11% 2007
89 Trinidad and TobagoTrinidad+ 0.1% 2006
90 SenegalSenegal 0.09% 2005
91 ParaguayParaguay 0.09% 2005
92 KuwaitKuwait 0.09% 2007
93 El SalvadorEl Salvador 0.08% 1998
94 BermudaBermuda 0.08% 1997
95 JamaicaJamaica 0.07% 2002
96 AlgeriaAlgeria 0.07% 2005
97 TajikistanTajikistan 0.06% 2007
98 LesothoLesotho 0.06% 2004
99 IndonesiaIndonesia 0.05% 2005
100 CambodiaCambodia 0.05% 2002
101 Saudi ArabiaSaudi Arabia 0.05% 2007
102 GuatemalaGuatemala 0.05% 2006
103 NicaraguaNicaragua 0.05% 2002
104 LaosLaos 0.04% 2002
105 BruneiBrunei 0.04% 2004
106 HondurasHonduras 0.04% 2004
107 Bosnia and HerzegovinaBosnia+ 0.03% 2007
108 ZambiaZambia 0.03% 2005

Citation

"All countries compared for Economy > Research and development expenditure > % of GDP", United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics. Aggregates compiled by NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/stats/Economy/Research-and-development-expenditure/%-of-GDP

Economy > Research and development expenditure > % of GDP: Countries Compared Map

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