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Geography > Maritime claims > Contiguous zone: Countries Compared

DEFINITION: This entry is derived from Geography > Maritime claims, which includes the following claims, the definitions of which are excerpted from the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS), which alone contains the full and definitive descriptions:
territorial sea - the sovereignty of a coastal state extends beyond its land territory and internal waters to an adjacent belt of sea, described as the territorial sea in the UNCLOS (Part II); this sovereignty extends to the air space over the territorial sea as well as its underlying seabed and subsoil; every state has the right to establish the breadth of its territorial sea up to a limit not exceeding 12 nautical miles; the normal baseline for measuring the breadth of the territorial sea is the mean low-water line along the coast as marked on large-scale charts officially recognized by the coastal state; where the coasts of two states are opposite or adjacent to each other, neither state is entitled to extend its territorial sea beyond the median line, every point of which is equidistant from the nearest points on the baseline from which the territorial seas of both states are measured; the UNCLOS describes specific rules for archipelagic states.
contiguous zone - according to the UNCLOS (Article 33), this is a zone contiguous to a coastal state's territorial sea, over which it may exercise the control necessary to: prevent infringement of its customs, fiscal, immigration, or sanitary laws and regulations within its territory or territorial sea; punish infringement of the above laws and regulations committed within its territory or territorial sea; the contiguous zone may not extend beyond 24 nautical miles from the baselines from which the breadth of the territorial sea is measured (e.g., the US has claimed a 12-nautical mile contiguous zone in addition to its 12-nautical mile territorial sea); where the coasts of two states are opposite or adjacent to each other, neither state is entitled to extend its contiguous zone beyond the median line, every point of which is equidistant from the nearest points on the baseline from which the contiguous zone of both states are measured.
exclusive economic zone (EEZ) - the UNCLOS (Part V) defines the EEZ as a zone beyond and adjacent to the territorial sea in which a coastal state has: sovereign rights for the purpose of exploring and exploiting, conserving and managing the natural resources, whether living or non-living, of the waters superjacent to the seabed and of the seabed and its subsoil, and with regard to other ...
Full definition.

CONTENTS

# COUNTRY AMOUNT DATE GRAPH HISTORY
=1 India 24 2013
=1 Finland 24 2013
=1 South Korea 24 2013
=1 Saint Lucia 24 2013
=1 Cyprus 24 2013
=1 East Timor 24 2013
=1 Samoa 24 2013
=1 Panama 24 2013
=1 Mexico 24 2013
=1 Cuba 24 2013
=1 Saint Kitts and Nevis 24 2013
=1 Uruguay 24 2013
=1 China 24 2013
=1 Australia 24 2013
=1 El Salvador 24 2013
=1 Tuvalu 24 2013
=1 United States 24 2013
=1 Vietnam 24 2013
=1 New Zealand 24 2013
=1 Sierra Leone 24 2013
=1 Bulgaria 24 2013
=1 Denmark 24 2013
=1 Angola 24 2013
=1 Honduras 24 2013
=1 Morocco 24 2013
=1 Portugal 24 2013
=1 Japan 24 2013
=1 Brazil 24 2013
=1 Jamaica 24 2013
=1 Qatar 24 2013
=1 Dominica 24 2013
=1 Maldives 24 2013
=1 Iran 24 2013
=1 Senegal 24 2013
=1 Chile 24 2013
=1 South Africa 24 2013
=1 Belgium 24 2013
=1 Ghana 24 2013
=1 Haiti 24 2013
=1 Mauritania 24 2013
=1 Trinidad and Tobago 24 2013
=1 Seychelles 24 2013
=1 Syria 24 2013
=1 Yemen 24 2013
=1 Canada 24 2013
=1 Cape Verde 24 2013
=1 Egypt 24 2013
=1 Djibouti 24 2013
=1 Antigua and Barbuda 24 2013
=1 Russia 24 2013
=1 Nicaragua 24 2013
=1 Cameroon 24 2013
=1 Malta 24 2013
=1 Cambodia 24 2013
=1 Argentina 24 2013
=1 Romania 24 2013
=1 Netherlands 24 2013
=1 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 24 2013
=1 Spain 24 2013
=1 Madagascar 24 2013
=1 Pakistan 24 2013
=1 Oman 24 2013
=1 Gabon 24 2013
=1 Marshall Islands 24 2013
=1 Burma 24 2013
=1 France 24 2013
=1 Tunisia 24 2013
=1 Vanuatu 24 2013
=1 Nauru 24 2013
=1 Sri Lanka 24 2013
=1 Namibia 24 2013
=1 United Arab Emirates 24 2013
=1 Dominican Republic 24 2013
=1 Bahrain 24 2013
=75 Bangladesh 18 2013
=75 Sudan 18 2013
=75 The Gambia 18 2013
=75 Saudi Arabia 18 2013
79 Venezuela 15 2013
=80 Ashmore and Cartier Islands 12 2013
=80 Christmas Island 12 2013
=82 Norway 10 2013
=82 Jan Mayen 10 2013

Citation

"Countries Compared by Geography > Maritime claims > Contiguous zone. International Statistics at NationMaster.com", CIA World Factbooks 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013. Aggregates compiled by NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/stats/Geography/Maritime-claims/Contiguous-zone

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