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Geography > Population density: Countries Compared

Edria Murray, Staff editor

Author: Edria Murray, Staff editor

The average population density was calculated from the total global population (6,000,000,000) and the total surface area of the Earth. As about 70% of the Earth's surface is covered with water, land area is a better value to use.



If only total land area is considered, the average global density is 40.3 people per square kilometer. However not all land is equally suitable for human habitation. The land surface can be divided into different types:

  • land which is permanently covered in snow or ice - 20%
  • Mountains - 20%
  • Desert - 20%
  • Land without topsoil eg bare rock - 10%
  • Arable land (land which can be farmed) - 30%


Using only arable land, the average population density is 134.4 people per square kilometer. Although this appears to be a large number, a crowded beach is estimated to be 250,000 - 300,000 people per square kilometer.



Population is seldom evenly distributed throughout any country. Typically in countries with a high level of urbanisation, a few major urban centres and several smaller urban areas will contain most of the population.



Countries with high population densities have very small land areas and most of these are island nations.

DEFINITION: People per square kilometre, in 1999. At this time the world average was 14.42.

CONTENTS

# COUNTRY AMOUNT DATE GRAPH
1 Macau 20,824.4 people per sqkm 1999
2 Monaco 16,486.7 people per sqkm 1999
3 Hong Kong 6,571.14 people per sqkm 1999
4 Singapore 5,539.77 people per sqkm 1999
5 Gibraltar 4,486.92 people per sqkm 1999
6 Gaza Strip 3,090.71 people per sqkm 1999
Tourist destinations average (profile) 1,431.46 people per sqkm 1999
7 Bermuda 1,249.44 people per sqkm 1999
8 Malta 1,192.51 people per sqkm 1999
9 Bahrain 1,014.66 people per sqkm 1999
10 Maldives 1,000.73 people per sqkm 1999
11 Bangladesh 949.28 people per sqkm 1999
12 Jersey 773.46 people per sqkm 1999
13 Taiwan 685.47 people per sqkm 1999
14 Mauritius 639.03 people per sqkm 1999
Non-religious countries average (profile) 637.48 people per sqkm 1999
15 Barbados 602.77 people per sqkm 1999
16 Nauru 505 people per sqkm 1999
Europe average (profile) 498.48 people per sqkm 1999
17 South Korea 477.49 people per sqkm 1999
18 Netherlands 466.45 people per sqkm 1999
Hot countries average (profile) 448.21 people per sqkm 1999
19 Puerto Rico 433.94 people per sqkm 1999
20 San Marino 417.68 people per sqkm 1999
21 Tuvalu 407.23 people per sqkm 1999
22 Mayotte 398.23 people per sqkm 1999
23 Martinique 388.24 people per sqkm 1999
24 Marshall Islands 361.32 people per sqkm 1999
25 Aruba 355.83 people per sqkm 1999
26 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 354.47 people per sqkm 1999
27 Lebanon 348.26 people per sqkm 1999
28 Virgin Islands 343.34 people per sqkm 1999
29 Guernsey 337.04 people per sqkm 1999
30 Belgium 336.82 people per sqkm 1999
31 Japan 336.72 people per sqkm 1999
32 India 336.62 people per sqkm 1999
33 Rwanda 326.85 people per sqkm 1999
East Asia and Pacific average (profile) 326.59 people per sqkm 1999
Heavily indebted countries average (profile) 323.81 people per sqkm 1999
34 American Samoa 320.53 people per sqkm 1999
South Asia average (profile) 308.94 people per sqkm 1999
35 Sri Lanka 295.72 people per sqkm 1999
Christian countries average (profile) 289.58 people per sqkm 1999
36 Reunion 287.09 people per sqkm 1999
37 West Bank 285.66 people per sqkm 1999
38 Grenada 285.32 people per sqkm 1999
39 Israel 282.82 people per sqkm 1999
40 El Salvador 281.81 people per sqkm 1999
41 Guam 280.28 people per sqkm 1999
Former British colonies average (profile) 267.61 people per sqkm 1999
42 Philippines 266.11 people per sqkm 1999
43 Comoros 259.32 people per sqkm 1999
44 Saint Lucia 252.49 people per sqkm 1999
45 Haiti 249.79 people per sqkm 1999
46 Guadeloupe 246.74 people per sqkm 1999
47 Jamaica 244.92 people per sqkm 1999
48 United Kingdom 244.69 people per sqkm 1999
South and Central Asia average (profile) 242.86 people per sqkm 1999
49 Vietnam 237.62 people per sqkm 1999
50 Germany 234.86 people per sqkm 1999
51 Burundi 223.62 people per sqkm 1999
52 Netherlands Antilles 216.49 people per sqkm 1999
53 Trinidad and Tobago 214.83 people per sqkm 1999
54 Liechtenstein 200.36 people per sqkm 1999
Eurozone average (profile) 194.01 people per sqkm 1999
55 Italy 192.96 people per sqkm 1999
56 Federated States of Micronesia 187.32 people per sqkm 1999
57 Switzerland 182.94 people per sqkm 1999
58 Nepal 177.65 people per sqkm 1999
59 North Korea 177.61 people per sqkm 1999
60 Pakistan 177.37 people per sqkm 1999
61 Seychelles 173.99 people per sqkm 1999
62 Dominican Republic 168.04 people per sqkm 1999
63 Luxembourg 165.92 people per sqkm 1999
Group of 7 countries (G7) average (profile) 164.35 people per sqkm 1999
European Union average (profile) 162.92 people per sqkm 1999
64 Saint Kitts and Nevis 159.25 people per sqkm 1999
65 Sao Tome and Principe 154.88 people per sqkm 1999
Latin America and Caribbean average (profile) 153.88 people per sqkm 1999
66 Tonga 151.92 people per sqkm 1999
67 Cayman Islands 151.29 people per sqkm 1999
68 Tokelau 147.1 people per sqkm 1999
69 Andorra 146.53 people per sqkm 1999
70 Antigua and Barbuda 146.01 people per sqkm 1999
71 Northern Mariana Islands 145.49 people per sqkm 1999
High income OECD countries average (profile) 135.43 people per sqkm 1999
72 China 133.69 people per sqkm 1999
73 Moldova 133.67 people per sqkm 1999
74 The Gambia 133.63 people per sqkm 1999
75 Czech Republic 130.72 people per sqkm 1999
Middle Eastern and North Africa average (profile) 130.63 people per sqkm 1999
76 Montserrat 128.53 people per sqkm 1999
77 British Virgin Islands 127.71 people per sqkm 1999
78 Poland 126.79 people per sqkm 1999
79 Anguilla 126.48 people per sqkm 1999
80 Denmark 126.36 people per sqkm 1999
81 Nigeria 124.98 people per sqkm 1999
Muslim countries average (profile) 124.07 people per sqkm 1999
NATO countries average (profile) 123.2 people per sqkm 1999
82 Albania 122.79 people per sqkm 1999
83 Armenia 120.04 people per sqkm 1999
84 Kiribati 119.25 people per sqkm 1999
85 Thailand 118.43 people per sqkm 1999
86 Indonesia 118.32 people per sqkm 1999
87 Uganda 114.19 people per sqkm 1999
88 Guatemala 113.77 people per sqkm 1999
89 Kuwait 111.73 people per sqkm 1999
90 Slovakia 110.58 people per sqkm 1999
91 Hungary 110.31 people per sqkm 1999
92 France 108.09 people per sqkm 1999
93 Portugal 107.86 people per sqkm 1999
Catholic countries average (profile) 107.12 people per sqkm 1999
94 Malawi 106.3 people per sqkm 1999
95 Serbia and Montenegro 103.06 people per sqkm 1999
96 Cape Verde 100.68 people per sqkm 1999
97 Cuba 100.09 people per sqkm 1999
98 Austria 98.37 people per sqkm 1999
99 Slovenia 97.28 people per sqkm 1999
100 Romania 96.96 people per sqkm 1999
101 Syria 93.53 people per sqkm 1999
102 Togo 93.43 people per sqkm 1999
Eastern Europe average (profile) 92.94 people per sqkm 1999
103 Azerbaijan 91.85 people per sqkm 1999
Cold countries average (profile) 90.08 people per sqkm 1999
Landlocked countries average (profile) 86.73 people per sqkm 1999
104 Dominica 86.51 people per sqkm 1999
Emerging markets average (profile) 86.02 people per sqkm 1999
105 Turkey 85.11 people per sqkm 1999
106 Cook Islands 84.17 people per sqkm 1999
Religious countries average (profile) 83.88 people per sqkm 1999
107 Croatia 82.91 people per sqkm 1999
108 Ukraine 82.51 people per sqkm 1999
109 Ghana 82.11 people per sqkm 1999
110 Greece 81.86 people per sqkm 1999
111 Cyprus 81.61 people per sqkm 1999
112 Republic of Macedonia 81.37 people per sqkm 1999
113 Samoa 80.69 people per sqkm 1999
114 Spain 78.43 people per sqkm 1999
Sub-Saharan Africa average (profile) 75.16 people per sqkm 1999
115 Bulgaria 74.13 people per sqkm 1999
116 Sierra Leone 73.95 people per sqkm 1999
117 Burma 73.1 people per sqkm 1999
118 Georgia 72.69 people per sqkm 1999
119 Costa Rica 72.53 people per sqkm 1999
Former Spanish colonies average (profile) 70.22 people per sqkm 1999
120 Lesotho 70.15 people per sqkm 1999
121 Bosnia and Herzegovina 67.97 people per sqkm 1999
122 Egypt 67.58 people per sqkm 1999
123 Morocco 66.46 people per sqkm 1999
124 French Polynesia 66.14 people per sqkm 1999
125 Cambodia 65.87 people per sqkm 1999
Former French colonies average (profile) 65.56 people per sqkm 1999
126 Malaysia 65.06 people per sqkm 1999
127 Qatar 63.26 people per sqkm 1999
128 Brunei 61.29 people per sqkm 1999
129 Tunisia 61.24 people per sqkm 1999
failed states average (profile) 59.95 people per sqkm 1999
130 Swaziland 57.29 people per sqkm 1999
131 Benin 57 people per sqkm 1999
132 Uzbekistan 56.66 people per sqkm 1999
133 Wallis and Futuna 55.22 people per sqkm 1999
134 Norfolk Island 55.06 people per sqkm 1999
135 Lithuania 54.98 people per sqkm 1999
Former Soviet republics average (profile) 54.8 people per sqkm 1999
136 Honduras 53.6 people per sqkm 1999
137 Ethiopia 53.3 people per sqkm 1999
138 Ireland 52.74 people per sqkm 1999
139 Senegal 52.35 people per sqkm 1999
140 Mexico 52.15 people per sqkm 1999
141 Iraq 51.9 people per sqkm 1999
142 Jordan 51.32 people per sqkm 1999
143 Kenya 50.61 people per sqkm 1999
144 Belarus 50.1 people per sqkm 1999
145 Ecuador 45.38 people per sqkm 1999
146 Fiji 44.49 people per sqkm 1999
147 Guinea-Bissau 44.09 people per sqkm 1999
OPEC countries average (profile) 43.83 people per sqkm 1999
148 Tajikistan 42.77 people per sqkm 1999
149 Burkina Faso 42.28 people per sqkm 1999
150 Bhutan 41.53 people per sqkm 1999
151 Palau 40.32 people per sqkm 1999
152 Afghanistan 39.88 people per sqkm 1999
153 Iran 39.84 people per sqkm 1999
154 Nicaragua 39.23 people per sqkm 1999
155 Turks and Caicos Islands 39.22 people per sqkm 1999
156 Colombia 37.84 people per sqkm 1999
157 Panama 36.56 people per sqkm 1999
158 Latvia 36.44 people per sqkm 1999
159 South Africa 35.6 people per sqkm 1999
160 Tanzania 35.29 people per sqkm 1999
161 Cameroon 32.92 people per sqkm 1999
162 Eritrea 32.84 people per sqkm 1999
163 Estonia 32.6 people per sqkm 1999
164 Yemen 32.09 people per sqkm 1999
165 Guinea 30.66 people per sqkm 1999
166 Liberia 30.35 people per sqkm 1999
167 United States 29.77 people per sqkm 1999
168 Faroe Islands 29.35 people per sqkm 1999
169 Zimbabwe 28.87 people per sqkm 1999
170 Saint Pierre and Miquelon 28.79 people per sqkm 1999
171 United Arab Emirates 28.29 people per sqkm 1999
172 The Bahamas 28.17 people per sqkm 1999
173 Venezuela 26.31 people per sqkm 1999
174 Madagascar 25.58 people per sqkm 1999
175 Mozambique 24.39 people per sqkm 1999
176 Kyrgyzstan 23.76 people per sqkm 1999
177 Laos 23.43 people per sqkm 1999
178 Democratic Republic of the Congo 22.26 people per sqkm 1999
179 Sweden 21.69 people per sqkm 1999
180 Peru 20.8 people per sqkm 1999
181 Djibouti 20.36 people per sqkm 1999
182 Brazil 20.32 people per sqkm 1999
183 Chile 20 people per sqkm 1999
184 Uruguay 19.06 people per sqkm 1999
185 Christmas Island 17.58 people per sqkm 1999
186 Saint Helena 17.43 people per sqkm 1999
187 Finland 16.89 people per sqkm 1999
188 Equatorial Guinea 16.6 people per sqkm 1999
189 Solomon Islands 16.54 people per sqkm 1999
190 Sudan 14.51 people per sqkm 1999
191 Norway 14.42 people per sqkm 1999
192 Paraguay 13.68 people per sqkm 1999
193 New Zealand 13.63 people per sqkm 1999
194 Argentina 13.42 people per sqkm 1999
195 Algeria 13.07 people per sqkm 1999
196 Zambia 13.05 people per sqkm 1999
197 Vanuatu 12.81 people per sqkm 1999
198 Oman 11.52 people per sqkm 1999
199 Somalia 11.38 people per sqkm 1999
200 Saudi Arabia 10.97 people per sqkm 1999
201 New Caledonia 10.63 people per sqkm 1999
202 Papua New Guinea 10.39 people per sqkm 1999
203 Belize 10.34 people per sqkm 1999
Sparsely populated countries average (profile) 9.32 people per sqkm 1999
204 Angola 8.97 people per sqkm 1999
205 Turkmenistan 8.95 people per sqkm 1999
206 Russia 8.61 people per sqkm 1999
207 Mali 8.55 people per sqkm 1999
208 Niue 8.09 people per sqkm 1999
209 Congo, Republic of the 7.96 people per sqkm 1999
210 Niger 7.86 people per sqkm 1999
211 Bolivia 7.36 people per sqkm 1999
212 Kazakhstan 6.3 people per sqkm 1999
213 Chad 6 people per sqkm 1999
214 Central African Republic 5.53 people per sqkm 1999
215 Gabon 4.76 people per sqkm 1999
216 Guyana 3.58 people per sqkm 1999
217 Canada 3.36 people per sqkm 1999
218 Libya 2.84 people per sqkm 1999
219 Iceland 2.72 people per sqkm 1999
220 Suriname 2.67 people per sqkm 1999
221 Mauritania 2.51 people per sqkm 1999
222 Botswana 2.5 people per sqkm 1999
223 Australia 2.47 people per sqkm 1999
224 Namibia 2 people per sqkm 1999
225 French Guiana 1.88 people per sqkm 1999
226 Mongolia 1.67 people per sqkm 1999
227 Pitcairn Islands 1.04 people per sqkm 1999
228 Western Sahara 0.9 people per sqkm 1999
229 Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) 0.23 people per sqkm 1999
230 Svalbard 0.04 people per sqkm 1999
231 Greenland 0.03 people per sqkm 1999
=232 Kingman Reef 0.0 1999
=232 Ashmore and Cartier Islands 0.0 1999
=232 Spratly Islands 0.0 1999
=232 Bassas da India 0.0 1999
=232 Clipperton Island 0.0 1999
=232 Baker Island 0.0 1999
=232 Coral Sea Islands 0.0 1999
=232 Jarvis Island 0.0 1999
=232 Johnston Atoll 0.0 1999
=232 Glorioso Islands 0.0 1999
=232 British Indian Ocean Territory 0.0 1999
=232 Jan Mayen 0.0 1999
=232 Europa Island 0.0 1999
=232 Howland Island 0.0 1999
=232 Tromelin Island 0.0 1999
=232 South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands 0.0 1999
=232 Juan de Nova Island 0.0 1999
=232 Midway Islands 0.0 1999
=232 Navassa Island 0.0 1999
=232 Bouvet Island 0.0 1999
=232 Heard Island and McDonald Islands 0.0 1999
=232 Palmyra Atoll 0.0 1999
=232 French Southern and Antarctic Lands 0.0 1999
=232 Antarctica 0.0 1999

Citation

"Countries Compared by Geography > Population density. International Statistics at NationMaster.com", Heal The World Foundation.. Aggregates compiled by NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/stats/Geography/Population-density

Geography > Population density: Countries Compared Map

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STAT
COUNTRIES COVERED
People per sq. km 204

Interesting observations about Geography > Population density

0

The average population density was calculated from the total global population (6,000,000,000) and the total surface area of the Earth. As about 70% of the Earth's surface is covered with water, land area is a better value to use.



If only total land area is considered, the average global density is 40.3 people per square kilometer. However not all land is equally suitable for human habitation. The land surface can be divided into different types:

  • land which is permanently covered in snow or ice - 20%
  • Mountains - 20%
  • Desert - 20%
  • Land without topsoil eg bare rock - 10%
  • Arable land (land which can be farmed) - 30%


Using only arable land, the average population density is 134.4 people per square kilometer. Although this appears to be a large number, a crowded beach is estimated to be 250,000 - 300,000 people per square kilometer.



Population is seldom evenly distributed throughout any country. Typically in countries with a high level of urbanisation, a few major urban centres and several smaller urban areas will contain most of the population.



Countries with high population densities have very small land areas and most of these are island nations.

Posted on 15 Mar 2005

Edria Murray, Staff editor

Edria Murray, Staff editor

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