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Geography > Population density: Countries Compared

Author: Edria Murray<br>Staff editor

Author: Edria Murray<br>Staff editor

The average population density was calculated from the total global population (6,000,000,000) and the total surface area of the Earth. As about 70% of the Earth's surface is covered with water, land area is a better value to use.



If only total land area is considered, the average global density is 40.3 people per square kilometer. However not all land is equally suitable for human habitation. The land surface can be divided into different types:

  • land which is permanently covered in snow or ice - 20%
  • Mountains - 20%
  • Desert - 20%
  • Land without topsoil eg bare rock - 10%
  • Arable land (land which can be farmed) - 30%


Using only arable land, the average population density is 134.4 people per square kilometer. Although this appears to be a large number, a crowded beach is estimated to be 250,000 - 300,000 people per square kilometer.



Population is seldom evenly distributed throughout any country. Typically in countries with a high level of urbanisation, a few major urban centres and several smaller urban areas will contain most of the population.



Countries with high population densities have very small land areas and most of these are island nations.

DEFINITION: People per square kilometre, in 1999. At this time the world average was 14.42..

CONTENTS

# COUNTRY AMOUNT DATE GRAPH
1 MacauMacau 20,824.4 people per sqkm 1999
2 MonacoMonaco 16,486.7 people per sqkm 1999
3 Hong KongHong Kong 6,571.14 people per sqkm 1999
4 SingaporeSingapore 5,539.77 people per sqkm 1999
5 GibraltarGibraltar 4,486.92 people per sqkm 1999
6 Gaza StripGaza Strip 3,090.71 people per sqkm 1999
7 BermudaBermuda 1,249.44 people per sqkm 1999
8 MaltaMalta 1,192.51 people per sqkm 1999
9 BahrainBahrain 1,014.66 people per sqkm 1999
10 MaldivesMaldives 1,000.73 people per sqkm 1999
11 BangladeshBangladesh 949.28 people per sqkm 1999
12 JerseyJersey 773.46 people per sqkm 1999
13 TaiwanTaiwan 685.47 people per sqkm 1999
14 MauritiusMauritius 639.03 people per sqkm 1999
15 BarbadosBarbados 602.77 people per sqkm 1999
16 NauruNauru 505 people per sqkm 1999
17 South KoreaSouth Korea 477.49 people per sqkm 1999
18 NetherlandsNetherlands 466.45 people per sqkm 1999
19 Puerto RicoPuerto Rico 433.94 people per sqkm 1999
20 San MarinoSan Marino 417.68 people per sqkm 1999
21 TuvaluTuvalu 407.23 people per sqkm 1999
22 MayotteMayotte 398.23 people per sqkm 1999
23 MartiniqueMartinique 388.24 people per sqkm 1999
24 Marshall IslandsMarshall Isl. 361.32 people per sqkm 1999
25 ArubaAruba 355.83 people per sqkm 1999
26 Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesSt Vincent+ 354.47 people per sqkm 1999
27 LebanonLebanon 348.26 people per sqkm 1999
28 Virgin IslandsVirgin Islands 343.34 people per sqkm 1999
29 GuernseyGuernsey 337.04 people per sqkm 1999
30 BelgiumBelgium 336.82 people per sqkm 1999
31 JapanJapan 336.72 people per sqkm 1999
32 IndiaIndia 336.62 people per sqkm 1999
33 RwandaRwanda 326.85 people per sqkm 1999
34 American SamoaAmerican Samoa 320.53 people per sqkm 1999
35 Sri LankaSri Lanka 295.72 people per sqkm 1999
36 ReunionReunion 287.09 people per sqkm 1999
37 West BankWest Bank 285.66 people per sqkm 1999
38 GrenadaGrenada 285.32 people per sqkm 1999
39 IsraelIsrael 282.82 people per sqkm 1999
40 El SalvadorEl Salvador 281.81 people per sqkm 1999
41 GuamGuam 280.28 people per sqkm 1999
42 PhilippinesPhilippines 266.11 people per sqkm 1999
43 ComorosComoros 259.32 people per sqkm 1999
44 Saint LuciaSaint Lucia 252.49 people per sqkm 1999
45 HaitiHaiti 249.79 people per sqkm 1999
46 GuadeloupeGuadeloupe 246.74 people per sqkm 1999
47 JamaicaJamaica 244.92 people per sqkm 1999
48 United KingdomUnited Kingdom 244.69 people per sqkm 1999
49 VietnamVietnam 237.62 people per sqkm 1999
50 GermanyGermany 234.86 people per sqkm 1999
51 BurundiBurundi 223.62 people per sqkm 1999
52 Netherlands AntillesN. Antilles 216.49 people per sqkm 1999
53 Trinidad and TobagoTrinidad+ 214.83 people per sqkm 1999
54 LiechtensteinLiechtenstein 200.36 people per sqkm 1999
55 ItalyItaly 192.96 people per sqkm 1999
56 Federated States of MicronesiaMicronesia 187.32 people per sqkm 1999
57 SwitzerlandSwitzerland 182.94 people per sqkm 1999
58 NepalNepal 177.65 people per sqkm 1999
59 North KoreaNorth Korea 177.61 people per sqkm 1999
60 PakistanPakistan 177.37 people per sqkm 1999
61 SeychellesSeychelles 173.99 people per sqkm 1999
62 Dominican RepublicDominican Rep. 168.04 people per sqkm 1999
63 LuxembourgLuxembourg 165.92 people per sqkm 1999
64 Saint Kitts and NevisSt Kitts+ 159.25 people per sqkm 1999
65 Sao Tome and PrincipeSoa Tome+ 154.88 people per sqkm 1999
66 TongaTonga 151.92 people per sqkm 1999
67 Cayman IslandsCayman Islands 151.29 people per sqkm 1999
68 TokelauTokelau 147.1 people per sqkm 1999
69 AndorraAndorra 146.53 people per sqkm 1999
70 Antigua and BarbudaAntigua+ 146.01 people per sqkm 1999
71 Northern Mariana IslandsN. Mariana 145.49 people per sqkm 1999
72 ChinaChina 133.69 people per sqkm 1999
73 MoldovaMoldova 133.67 people per sqkm 1999
74 The GambiaThe Gambia 133.63 people per sqkm 1999
75 Czech RepublicCzech Republic 130.72 people per sqkm 1999
76 MontserratMontserrat 128.53 people per sqkm 1999
77 British Virgin IslandsBrit. Virgin Isl. 127.71 people per sqkm 1999
78 PolandPoland 126.79 people per sqkm 1999
79 AnguillaAnguilla 126.48 people per sqkm 1999
80 DenmarkDenmark 126.36 people per sqkm 1999
81 NigeriaNigeria 124.98 people per sqkm 1999
82 AlbaniaAlbania 122.79 people per sqkm 1999
83 ArmeniaArmenia 120.04 people per sqkm 1999
84 KiribatiKiribati 119.25 people per sqkm 1999
85 ThailandThailand 118.43 people per sqkm 1999
86 IndonesiaIndonesia 118.32 people per sqkm 1999
87 UgandaUganda 114.19 people per sqkm 1999
88 GuatemalaGuatemala 113.77 people per sqkm 1999
89 KuwaitKuwait 111.73 people per sqkm 1999
90 SlovakiaSlovakia 110.58 people per sqkm 1999
91 HungaryHungary 110.31 people per sqkm 1999
92 FranceFrance 108.09 people per sqkm 1999
93 PortugalPortugal 107.86 people per sqkm 1999
94 MalawiMalawi 106.3 people per sqkm 1999
95 Serbia and MontenegroSerbia+ 103.06 people per sqkm 1999
96 Cape VerdeCape Verde 100.68 people per sqkm 1999
97 CubaCuba 100.09 people per sqkm 1999
98 AustriaAustria 98.37 people per sqkm 1999
99 SloveniaSlovenia 97.28 people per sqkm 1999
100 RomaniaRomania 96.96 people per sqkm 1999
101 SyriaSyria 93.53 people per sqkm 1999
102 TogoTogo 93.43 people per sqkm 1999
103 AzerbaijanAzerbaijan 91.85 people per sqkm 1999
104 DominicaDominica 86.51 people per sqkm 1999
105 TurkeyTurkey 85.11 people per sqkm 1999
106 Cook IslandsCook Islands 84.17 people per sqkm 1999
107 CroatiaCroatia 82.91 people per sqkm 1999
108 UkraineUkraine 82.51 people per sqkm 1999
109 GhanaGhana 82.11 people per sqkm 1999
110 GreeceGreece 81.86 people per sqkm 1999
111 CyprusCyprus 81.61 people per sqkm 1999
112 Republic of MacedoniaMacedonia Rep. 81.37 people per sqkm 1999
113 SamoaSamoa 80.69 people per sqkm 1999
114 SpainSpain 78.43 people per sqkm 1999
115 BulgariaBulgaria 74.13 people per sqkm 1999
116 Sierra LeoneSierra Leone 73.95 people per sqkm 1999
117 BurmaBurma 73.1 people per sqkm 1999
118 GeorgiaGeorgia 72.69 people per sqkm 1999
119 Costa RicaCosta Rica 72.53 people per sqkm 1999
120 LesothoLesotho 70.15 people per sqkm 1999
121 Bosnia and HerzegovinaBosnia+ 67.97 people per sqkm 1999
122 EgyptEgypt 67.58 people per sqkm 1999
123 MoroccoMorocco 66.46 people per sqkm 1999
124 French PolynesiaFr. Polynesia 66.14 people per sqkm 1999
125 CambodiaCambodia 65.87 people per sqkm 1999
126 MalaysiaMalaysia 65.06 people per sqkm 1999
127 QatarQatar 63.26 people per sqkm 1999
128 BruneiBrunei 61.29 people per sqkm 1999
129 TunisiaTunisia 61.24 people per sqkm 1999
130 SwazilandSwaziland 57.29 people per sqkm 1999
131 BeninBenin 57 people per sqkm 1999
132 UzbekistanUzbekistan 56.66 people per sqkm 1999
133 Wallis and FutunaWallis+ 55.22 people per sqkm 1999
134 Norfolk IslandNorfolk Island 55.06 people per sqkm 1999
135 LithuaniaLithuania 54.98 people per sqkm 1999
136 HondurasHonduras 53.6 people per sqkm 1999
137 EthiopiaEthiopia 53.3 people per sqkm 1999
138 IrelandIreland 52.74 people per sqkm 1999
139 SenegalSenegal 52.35 people per sqkm 1999
140 MexicoMexico 52.15 people per sqkm 1999
141 IraqIraq 51.9 people per sqkm 1999
142 JordanJordan 51.32 people per sqkm 1999
143 KenyaKenya 50.61 people per sqkm 1999
144 BelarusBelarus 50.1 people per sqkm 1999
145 EcuadorEcuador 45.38 people per sqkm 1999
146 FijiFiji 44.49 people per sqkm 1999
147 Guinea-BissauGuinea-Bissau 44.09 people per sqkm 1999
148 TajikistanTajikistan 42.77 people per sqkm 1999
149 Burkina FasoBurkina Faso 42.28 people per sqkm 1999
150 BhutanBhutan 41.53 people per sqkm 1999
151 PalauPalau 40.32 people per sqkm 1999
152 AfghanistanAfghanistan 39.88 people per sqkm 1999
153 IranIran 39.84 people per sqkm 1999
154 NicaraguaNicaragua 39.23 people per sqkm 1999
155 Turks and Caicos IslandsTurks+ 39.22 people per sqkm 1999
156 ColombiaColombia 37.84 people per sqkm 1999
157 PanamaPanama 36.56 people per sqkm 1999
158 LatviaLatvia 36.44 people per sqkm 1999
159 South AfricaSouth Africa 35.6 people per sqkm 1999
160 TanzaniaTanzania 35.29 people per sqkm 1999
161 CameroonCameroon 32.92 people per sqkm 1999
162 EritreaEritrea 32.84 people per sqkm 1999
163 EstoniaEstonia 32.6 people per sqkm 1999
164 YemenYemen 32.09 people per sqkm 1999
165 GuineaGuinea 30.66 people per sqkm 1999
166 LiberiaLiberia 30.35 people per sqkm 1999
167 United StatesUnited States 29.77 people per sqkm 1999
168 Faroe IslandsFaroe Islands 29.35 people per sqkm 1999
169 ZimbabweZimbabwe 28.87 people per sqkm 1999
170 Saint Pierre and MiquelonSt Pierre+ 28.79 people per sqkm 1999
171 United Arab EmiratesUAE 28.29 people per sqkm 1999
172 The BahamasThe Bahamas 28.17 people per sqkm 1999
173 VenezuelaVenezuela 26.31 people per sqkm 1999
174 MadagascarMadagascar 25.58 people per sqkm 1999
175 MozambiqueMozambique 24.39 people per sqkm 1999
176 KyrgyzstanKyrgyzstan 23.76 people per sqkm 1999
177 LaosLaos 23.43 people per sqkm 1999
178 Democratic Republic of the CongoCongo, DR. 22.26 people per sqkm 1999
179 SwedenSweden 21.69 people per sqkm 1999
180 PeruPeru 20.8 people per sqkm 1999
181 DjiboutiDjibouti 20.36 people per sqkm 1999
182 BrazilBrazil 20.32 people per sqkm 1999
183 ChileChile 20 people per sqkm 1999
184 UruguayUruguay 19.06 people per sqkm 1999
185 Christmas IslandXmas Island 17.58 people per sqkm 1999
186 Saint HelenaSaint Helena 17.43 people per sqkm 1999
187 FinlandFinland 16.89 people per sqkm 1999
188 Equatorial GuineaEqu. Guinea 16.6 people per sqkm 1999
189 Solomon IslandsSolomon Islands 16.54 people per sqkm 1999
190 SudanSudan 14.51 people per sqkm 1999
191 NorwayNorway 14.42 people per sqkm 1999
192 ParaguayParaguay 13.68 people per sqkm 1999
193 New ZealandNew Zealand 13.63 people per sqkm 1999
194 ArgentinaArgentina 13.42 people per sqkm 1999
195 AlgeriaAlgeria 13.07 people per sqkm 1999
196 ZambiaZambia 13.05 people per sqkm 1999
197 VanuatuVanuatu 12.81 people per sqkm 1999
198 OmanOman 11.52 people per sqkm 1999
199 SomaliaSomalia 11.38 people per sqkm 1999
200 Saudi ArabiaSaudi Arabia 10.97 people per sqkm 1999
201 New CaledoniaNew Caledonia 10.63 people per sqkm 1999
202 Papua New GuineaPapua NG 10.39 people per sqkm 1999
203 BelizeBelize 10.34 people per sqkm 1999
204 AngolaAngola 8.97 people per sqkm 1999
205 TurkmenistanTurkmenistan 8.95 people per sqkm 1999
206 RussiaRussia 8.61 people per sqkm 1999
207 MaliMali 8.55 people per sqkm 1999
208 NiueNiue 8.09 people per sqkm 1999
209 Congo, Republic of theCongo, Republic of the 7.96 people per sqkm 1999
210 NigerNiger 7.86 people per sqkm 1999
211 BoliviaBolivia 7.36 people per sqkm 1999
212 KazakhstanKazakhstan 6.3 people per sqkm 1999
213 ChadChad 6 people per sqkm 1999
214 Central African RepublicCentral Africa 5.53 people per sqkm 1999
215 GabonGabon 4.76 people per sqkm 1999
216 GuyanaGuyana 3.58 people per sqkm 1999
217 CanadaCanada 3.36 people per sqkm 1999
218 LibyaLibya 2.84 people per sqkm 1999
219 IcelandIceland 2.72 people per sqkm 1999
220 SurinameSuriname 2.67 people per sqkm 1999
221 MauritaniaMauritania 2.51 people per sqkm 1999
222 BotswanaBotswana 2.5 people per sqkm 1999
223 AustraliaAustralia 2.47 people per sqkm 1999
224 NamibiaNamibia 2 people per sqkm 1999
225 French GuianaFrench Guiana 1.88 people per sqkm 1999
226 MongoliaMongolia 1.67 people per sqkm 1999
227 Pitcairn IslandsPitcarn 1.04 people per sqkm 1999
228 Western SaharaWestern Sahara 0.9 people per sqkm 1999
229 Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas)Falklands 0.23 people per sqkm 1999
230 SvalbardSvalbard 0.04 people per sqkm 1999
231 GreenlandGreenland 0.03 people per sqkm 1999
232 Kingman ReefKingman Reef 0.0 1999
233 Ashmore and Cartier IslandsAshmore+ 0.0 1999
234 Spratly IslandsSpratly Islands 0.0 1999
235 Bassas da IndiaBassas da India 0.0 1999
236 Clipperton IslandClipperton 0.0 1999
237 Baker IslandBaker Island 0.0 1999
238 Coral Sea IslandsCoral Sea 0.0 1999
239 Jarvis IslandJarvis Island 0.0 1999
240 Johnston AtollJohnston Atoll 0.0 1999
241 Glorioso IslandsGlorioso 0.0 1999
242 British Indian Ocean TerritoryIndian Ocean 0.0 1999
243 Jan MayenJan Mayen 0.0 1999
244 Europa IslandEuropa Island 0.0 1999
245 Howland IslandHowland Island 0.0 1999
246 Tromelin IslandTromelin Island 0.0 1999
247 South Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth Georgia+ 0.0 1999
248 Juan de Nova IslandJuan de Nova 0.0 1999
249 Midway IslandsMidway Islands 0.0 1999
250 Navassa IslandNavassa Island 0.0 1999
251 Bouvet IslandBouvet Island 0.0 1999
252 Heard Island and McDonald IslandsHeard Isl+ 0.0 1999
253 Palmyra AtollPalmyra Atoll 0.0 1999
254 French Southern and Antarctic LandsFrench Antarctic+ 0.0 1999
255 AntarcticaAntarctica 0.0 1999

Citation

"All countries compared for Geography > Population density", Heal The World Foundation.. Aggregates compiled by NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/stats/Geography/Population-density

Geography > Population density: Countries Compared Map

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Statistics for Geography > Population density

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STAT
COUNTRIES COVERED
People per sq. km 204

0

The average population density was calculated from the total global population (6,000,000,000) and the total surface area of the Earth. As about 70% of the Earth's surface is covered with water, land area is a better value to use.



If only total land area is considered, the average global density is 40.3 people per square kilometer. However not all land is equally suitable for human habitation. The land surface can be divided into different types:

  • land which is permanently covered in snow or ice - 20%
  • Mountains - 20%
  • Desert - 20%
  • Land without topsoil eg bare rock - 10%
  • Arable land (land which can be farmed) - 30%


Using only arable land, the average population density is 134.4 people per square kilometer. Although this appears to be a large number, a crowded beach is estimated to be 250,000 - 300,000 people per square kilometer.



Population is seldom evenly distributed throughout any country. Typically in countries with a high level of urbanisation, a few major urban centres and several smaller urban areas will contain most of the population.



Countries with high population densities have very small land areas and most of these are island nations.

Posted on 15 Mar 2005

Edria Murray<br>Staff editor

Edria Murray<br>Staff editor

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