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Government > Executive branch > Chief of state: Countries Compared

DEFINITION: The name and title of any person or role roughly equivalent to a U.S. Chief of State. This means the titular leader of the country who represents the state at official and ceremonial functions but may not be involved with the day-to-day activities of the government.
COUNTRY DESCRIPTION
Afghanistan President of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan Hamid KARZAI (since 7 December 2004); First Vice President Mohammad FAHIM Khan (since 19 November 2009); Second Vice President Abdul Karim KHALILI (since 7 December 2004)
Akrotiri Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952)
Albania President of the Republic Bujar NISHANI (since 24 July 2012)
Algeria President Abdelaziz BOUTEFLIKA (since 28 April 1999)
American Samoa President Barack H. OBAMA (since 20 January 2009); Vice President Joseph R. BIDEN (since 20 January 2009)
Andorra French Coprince Francois HOLLANDE (since 15 May 2012); represented by Christian FREMONT (since September 2008) and Spanish Coprince Archbishop Joan-Enric VIVES i Sicilia (since 12 May 2003); represented by Nemesi MARQUES i Oste (since 30 July 2003)
Angola President Jose Eduardo DOS SANTOS (since 21 September 1979); Vice President Manuel Domingos VICENTE (since 26 September 2012)
Anguilla Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor Christina SCOTT (since 23 July 2013)
Antigua and Barbuda Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor General Louisse LAKE-TACK (since 17 July 2007)
Argentina President Cristina FERNANDEZ DE KIRCHNER (since 10 December 2007); Vice President Amado BOUDOU (since 10 December 2011)
Armenia President Serzh SARGSIAN (since 9 April 2008)
Aruba King WILLEM-ALEXANDER of the Netherlands (since 30 April 2013); represented by Governor General Fredis REFUNJOL (since 11 May 2004)
Australia Queen of Australia ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor General Quentin BRYCE (since 5 September 2008)
Austria President Heinz FISCHER (SPOe) (since 8 July 2004)
Azerbaijan President Ilham ALIYEV (since 31 October 2003)
Bahrain King HAMAD bin Isa Al-Khalifa (since 6 March 1999); Crown Prince SALMAN bin Hamad Al-Khalifa (son of the monarch, born 21 October 1969)
Bangladesh President Abdul HAMID (since 24 April 2013)
Barbados Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor General Elliot BELGRAVE (since 1 June 2012)
Belarus president Aleksandr LUKASHENKO (since 20 July 1994)
Belgium King PHILIPPE (since 21 August 2013); Heir Apparent Princess ELISABETH, daughter of the monarch
Belize Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor General Sir Colville YOUNG, Sr. (since 17 November 1993)
Benin President Thomas BONI YAYI (since 6 April 2006)
Bermuda Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor George FERGUSSON (since 23 May 2012)
Bhutan King Jigme Khesar Namgyel WANGCHUCK (since 14 December 2006)
Bolivia President Juan Evo MORALES Ayma (since 22 January 2006); Vice President Alvaro GARCIA Linera (since 22 January 2006)
Bosnia and Herzegovina Chairman of the Presidency Zeljko KOMSIC (chairman since 10 July 2013; presidency member since 6 November 2006 - Croat); other members of the three-member presidency rotate every eight months: Bakir IZETBEGOVIC (presidency member since 10 November 2010 - Bosniak); Nebojsa RADMANOVIC (presidency member since 6 November 2006 - Serb)
Botswana President Seretse Khama Ian KHAMA (since 1 April 2008); Vice President Ponatshego KEDIKILWE (since 2 August 2012)
Brazil President Dilma ROUSSEFF (since 1 January 2011); Vice President Michel TEMER (since 1 January 2011)
British Indian Ocean Territory Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952)
British Virgin Islands Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor Boyd MCCLEARY (since 20 August 2010)
Brunei Sultan and Prime Minister Sir HASSANAL Bolkiah (since 5 October 1967)(Yang Di-Pertuan Agong) and head of government
Bulgaria President Rosen PLEVNELIEV (since 22 January 2012); Vice President Margarita POPOVA (since 22 January 2012)
Burkina Faso President Blaise COMPAORE (since 15 October 1987)
Burma President THEIN SEIN (since 4 February 2011); Vice President SAI MOUK KHAM (since 3 February 2011); Vice President NYAN HTUN (since 15 August 2012)
Burundi President Pierre NKURUNZIZA - Hutu (since 26 August 2005); First Vice President Bernard BUSOKOZA - Tutsi (since 13 October 2013); Second Vice President Gervais RUFYIKIRI - Hutu (since 29 August 2010)
Cambodia King Norodom SIHAMONI (since 29 October 2004)
Cameroon President Paul BIYA (since 6 November 1982)
Canada Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor General Michaelle JEAN (since 27 September 2005)
Cape Verde President Jorge Carlos FONSECA (since 9 September 2011)
Cayman Islands Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor Helen KILPATRICK (since 6 September 2013)
Central African Republic President Michel DJOTODIA (since 24 March 2013 coup) note - a rebel force seized the capital in March 2013, forcing former president BOZIZE to flee the country; President DJOTODIA assumed the presidency, reinstated the Prime Minister, established a transitional government, and was subsequently affirmed as President by the National Transitional Council on 13 April 2013; an 18-month transition period officially began on 18 August 2013
Chad President Lt. Gen. Idriss DEBY Itno (since 4 December 1990)
Chile President Sebastian PINERA Echenique (since 11 March 2010)
China President XI Jinping (since 14 March 2013); Vice President LI Yuanchao (since 14 March 2013)
Christmas Island Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952) represented by the Australian governor general
Cocos (Keeling) Islands Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by the Australian governor general
Colombia President Juan Manuel SANTOS Calderon (since 7 August 2010); Vice President Angelino GARZON (since 7 August 2010)
Comoros President Ikililou DHOININE (since 26 May 2011)
Congo, Republic of the President Denis SASSOU-Nguesso (since 25 October 1997, following the civil war in which he toppled elected president Pascal LISSOUBA)
Cook Islands Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952) represented by Tom J. MARSTERS (since 9 August 2013); New Zealand High Commissioner Joanna KEMPKERS (since 19 July 2013)
Costa Rica President Laura CHINCHILLA Miranda (since 8 May 2010); First Vice President Alfio PIVA Mesen (since 8 May 2010); Second Vice President Luis LIBERMAN Ginsburg (since 8 May 2010)
Cote d'Ivoire President Alassane Dramane OUATTARA (since 4 December 2010)
Croatia President Ivo JOSIPOVIC (since 18 February 2010)
Cuba President of the Council of State and President of the Council of Ministers Gen. Raul CASTRO Ruz (president since 24 February 2008); First Vice President of the Council of State and First Vice President of the Council of Ministers Miguel DIAZ-CANEL Bermudez (since 24 February 2013)
Cyprus President Nicos ANASTASIADES (since 28 February 2013)
Czech Republic President Milos ZEMAN (since 8 March 2013)
Democratic Republic of the Congo President Joseph KABILA (since 17 January 2001)
Denmark Queen MARGRETHE II (since 14 January 1972); Heir Apparent Crown Prince FREDERIK, elder son of the monarch (born on 26 May 1968)
Dhekelia Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952)
Djibouti President Ismail Omar GUELLEH (since 8 May 1999)
Dominica President Charles A. SAVARIN (since 2 October 2013)
Dominican Republic President Danilo MEDINA Sanchez (since 16 August 2012); Vice President Margarita CEDENO DE FERNANDEZ (since 16 August 2012)
East Timor President Taur Matan RUAK (Jose Maria de VASCONCELOS) (since 20 May 2012)
Ecuador President Rafael CORREA Delgado (since 15 January 2007); Vice President Lenin MORENO Garces (since 15 January 2007)
Egypt Interim President Adly MANSOUR (since July 2013)
El Salvador President Carlos Mauricio FUNES Cartagena (since 1 June 2009); Vice President Salvador SANCHEZ CEREN (since 1 June 2009)
Equatorial Guinea President Brig. Gen. (Ret.) Teodoro OBIANG Nguema Mbasogo (since 3 August 1979 when he seized power in a military coup)
Eritrea President ISAIAS Afworki (since 8 June 1993)
Estonia President Toomas Hendrik ILVES (since 9 October 2006)
Ethiopia President MULATU Teshome Wirtu (since 7 October 2013)
Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952)
Faroe Islands Queen MARGRETHE II of Denmark (since 14 January 1972), represented by High Commissioner Dan Michael KNUDSEN, chief administrative officer (since 2008)
Federated States of Micronesia President Emanuel MORI (since 11 May 2007); Vice President Alik L. ALIK (since 11 May 2007)
Fiji President Ratu Epeli NAILATIKAU (since 30 July 2009)
Finland President Sauli NIINISTO (since 1 March 2012)
France President Francois HOLLANDE (since 15 May 2012)
French Polynesia President Francois HOLLANDE (since 15 May 2012), represented by High Commissioner of the Republic Lionel BEFFRE (since 16 September 2013)
French Southern and Antarctic Lands President Francois HOLLANDE (since 15 May 2012), represented by Senior Administrator Pascal BOLOT (since 29 February 2012)
Gabon President Ali BONGO ONDIMBA (since 16 October 2009)
Georgia President Giorgi MARGVELASHVILI (since 17 November 2013); the president is the chief of state and serves as head of government for the power ministries of internal affairs, justice, and defense
Germany President Joachim GAUCK (since 23 March 2012)
Ghana President John Dramani MAHAMA (since 24 July 2012); Vice President Kwesi Bekoe AMISSAH-ARTHUR (since 6 August 2012)
Gibraltar Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor Sir James DUTTON (since 6 December 2013)
Greece President Karolos PAPOULIAS (since 12 March 2005)
Greenland Queen MARGRETHE II of Denmark (since 14 January 1972), represented by High Commissioner Mikaela ENGELL (since April 2011)
Grenada Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor General Cecile LA GRENADE (since 7 May 2013)
Guam President Barack H. OBAMA (since 20 January 2009); Vice President Joseph R. BIDEN (since 20 January 2009)
Guatemala President Otto Fernando PEREZ MOLINA (since 14 January 2012); Vice President Ingrid Roxana BALDETTI Elias (since 14 January 2012)
Guernsey Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952), represented by Lieutenant Governor Air Marshall Peter WALKER (since 15 April 2011)
Guinea President Alpha CONDE (since 21 December 2010)
Guinea-Bissau [Transitional] President Manuel Serifo NHAMADJO (since 11 May 2012)
Guyana President Donald RAMOTAR (since 03 December 2011);
Haiti President Michel MARTELLY (since 14 May 2011)
Holy See (Vatican City) Pope FRANCIS (since 13 March 2013)
Honduras President Porfirio LOBO Sosa (since 27 January 2010); Vice President Maria Antonieta GUILLEN de Bogran (since 27 January 2010)
Hong Kong President of China HU Jintao (since 15 March 2003)
Hungary Janos ADER (since 10 May 2012)
Iceland President Olafur Ragnar GRIMSSON (since 1 August 1996)
India President Pranab MUKHERJEE (since 22 July 2012); Vice President Mohammad Hamid ANSARI (since 11 August 2007)
Indonesia President Susilo Bambang YUDHOYONO (since 20 October 2004); Vice President BOEDIONO (since 20 October 2009)
Iran Supreme Leader Ali Hoseini-KHAMENEI (since 4 June 1989)
Iraq President Jalal TALABANI (since 6 April 2005)
Ireland President Michael D. HIGGINS (since 29 October 2011)
Isle of Man Lord of Mann Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Lieutenant Governor Adam WOOD (since 7 April 2011)
Israel President Shimon PERES (since 15 July 2007)
Italy President Giorgio NAPOLITANO (since 15 May 2006)
Jamaica Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor General Dr. Patrick L. ALLEN (since 26 February 2009)
Japan Emperor AKIHITO (since 7 January 1989)
Jersey Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Lieutenant Governor Sir John MCCOLL (since 26 September 2011)
Jordan King ABDALLAH II (since 7 February 1999); Crown Prince HUSSEIN (born 28 June 1994), eldest son of King ABDALLAH II
Kazakhstan President Nursultan Abishuly NAZARBAYEV (chairman of the Supreme Soviet from 22 February 1990, elected president 1 December 1991)
Kenya President Uhuru KENYATTA (since 9 April 2013); Deputy President William RUTO (since 9 April 2013)
Kiribati President Anote TONG (since 10 July 2003); Vice President Teima ONORIO
Kosovo President Atifete JAHJAGA (since 7 April 2011);
Kuwait Amir SABAH al-Ahmad al-Jabir al-Sabah (since 29 January 2006); Crown Prince NAWAF al-Ahmad al-Jabir al-Sabah (born 25 June 1937)
Kyrgyzstan President Almazbek ATAMBAEV (since 1 December 2011)
Laos President Lt. Gen. CHOUMMALI Saignason (since 8 June 2006); Vice President BOUN-GNANG Volachit (since 8 June 2006)
Latvia President Andris BERZINS (since 8 July 2011)
Lebanon President Michel SULAYMAN (since 25 May 2008)
Lesotho King LETSIE III (since 7 February 1996)
Liberia President Ellen JOHNSON SIRLEAF (since 16 January 2006); Vice President Joseph BOAKAI (since 16 January 2006)
Libya President, General National Congress Nuri Abu SAHMAYN
Liechtenstein Prince HANS ADAM II (since 13 November 1989, assumed executive powers on 26 August 1984); Heir Apparent Prince ALOIS, son of the monarch (born 11 June 1968)
Lithuania President Dalia GRYBAUSKAITE (since 12 July 2009)
Luxembourg Grand Duke HENRI (since 7 October 2000); Heir Apparent Prince GUILLAUME (son of the monarch, born 11 November 1981)
Macau President of China HU Jintao (since 15 March 2003)
Madagascar President Andry Nirina RAJOELINA (since 18 March 2009)
Malawi President Joyce BANDA (since 7 April 2012); Vice President Khumbo Hastings KACHALI (since 11 April 2012)
Malaysia King Tuanku ABDUL HALIM Mu'adzam Shah (selected on 13 December 2011; installed on 11 April 2012); the position of the king is primarily ceremonial
Maldives President Abdulla YAMEEN Abdul Gayoom (since 17 November 2013); Vice President Mohamed JAMEEL Ahmed (since 17 November 2013) note - the president is both chief of state and head of government
Mali President Ibrahim Boubacar KEITA (since 4 September 2013)
Malta President George ABELA (since 4 April 2009)
Marshall Islands President Christopher J. LOEAK (since 17 January 2012)
Mauritania President Mohamed Ould Abdel AZIZ (since 5 August 2009)
Mauritius President Rajkeswur Kailash PURRYAG (since 21 July 2012)
Mayotte President Nicolas SARKOZY (since 16 May 2007); represented by Prefect Hubert DERACHE (since 22 July 2009)
Mexico President Enrique PENA NIETO (since 1 December 2012)
Moldova President Nicolae TIMOFTI (since 23 March 2012)
Monaco Prince ALBERT II (since 6 April 2005)
Mongolia President Tsakhia ELBEGDORJ (since 18 June 2009)
Montenegro President Filip VUJANOVIC (since 6 April 2008)
Montserrat Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor Adrian DAVIS (since 8 April 2011)
Morocco King MOHAMMED VI (since 30 July 1999)
Mozambique President Armando Emilio GUEBUZA (since 2 February 2005)
Namibia President Hifikepunye POHAMBA (since 21 March 2005)
Nauru President Baron WAQA (since 11 June 2013)
Nepal President Ram Baran YADAV (since 23 July 2008); Vice President Paramananda JHA (since 23 July 2008)
Netherlands King WILLEM-ALEXANDER (since 30 April 2013)
Netherlands Antilles Queen BEATRIX of the Netherlands (since 30 April 1980); represented by Governor General Frits GOEDGEDRAG (since 1 July 2002)
New Caledonia President Francois HOLLANDE (since 15 May 2012); represented by High Commissioner Jean-Jacques BROT (since 2 February 2013)
New Zealand Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor General Lt Gen Sir Jerry MATEPARAE (since 31 August 2011)
Nicaragua President Jose Daniel ORTEGA Saavedra (since 10 January 2007); Vice President Moises Omar HALLESLEVENS Acevedo (since 10 January 2012)
Niger President ISSOUFOU Mahamadou (since 7 April 2011)
Nigeria President Goodluck JONATHAN (since 5 May 2010, acting since 9 February 2010); Vice President Mohammed Namadi SAMBO (since 19 May 2010)
Niue Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor General of New Zealand Anand SATYANAND (since 23 August 2006); the UK and New Zealand are represented by New Zealand High Commissioner Mark BLUMSKY (since September 2011)
Norfolk Island Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by the Australian governor general
North Korea KIM Jong Un (since 17 December 2011)(SPA) reelected KIM Yong Nam in 2009 president of its Presidium with responsibility of representing state and receiving diplomatic credentials
Northern Mariana Islands President Barack H. OBAMA (since 20 January 2009); Vice President Joseph R. BIDEN (since 20 January 2009)
Norway King HARALD V (since 17 January 1991); Heir Apparent Crown Prince HAAKON MAGNUS, son of the monarch (born 20 July 1973)
Oman Sultan and Prime Minister QABOOS bin Said Al-Said (sultan since 23 July 1970 and prime minister since 23 July 1972)
Pakistan President Mamnoon HUSSAIN (since 9 September 2013)
Palau President Tommy REMENGESAU (since 17 January 2013); Vice President Antonio BELLS (since 17 January 2013)
Panama President Ricardo MARTINELLI Berrocal (since 1 July 2009); Vice President Juan Carlos VARELA Rodriguez (since 1 July 2009)
Papua New Guinea Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor Michael OGIO (since 25 February 2011)
Paraguay President Horacio CARTES (since 15 August 2013); Vice President Juan AFARA Maciel (since 15 August 2013)
Peru President Ollanta HUMALA Tasso (since 28 July 2011); First Vice President Marisol ESPINOZA Cruz (since 28 July 2011); Second Vice President (vacant)
Philippines President Benigno AQUINO (since 30 June 2010); Vice President Jejomar BINAY (since 30 June 2010)
Pitcairn Islands Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by UK High Commissioner to New Zealand and Governor (nonresident) of the Pitcairn Islands Victoria M. TREADELL (since May 2010); Commissioner (nonresident) Leslie JAQUES (since September 2003) serves as liaison between the governor and the Island Council
Poland President Bronislaw KOMOROWSKI (since 6 August 2010)
Portugal President Anibal CAVACO SILVA (since 9 March 2006)
Puerto Rico President Barack H. OBAMA (since 20 January 2009); Vice President Joseph R. BIDEN (since 20 January 2009)
Qatar Amir TAMIM bin Hamad Al Thani (since 25 June 2013)
Republic of Macedonia President Gjorge IVANOV (since 12 May 2009)
Romania President Traian BASESCU (since 20 December 2004)
Russia President Vladimir Vladimirovich PUTIN (since 7 May 2012)
Rwanda President Paul KAGAME (since 22 April 2000)
Saint Barthelemy President Francois HOLLANDE (since 15 May 2012), represented by Deputy Prefect Philippe CHOPIN (since 16 November 2011)
Saint Helena Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952)
Saint Helena, Ascension, and Tristan da Cunha Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952)
Saint Kitts and Nevis Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor General Sir Edmund LAWRENCE (since 2 January 2013)
Saint Lucia Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor General Dame Pearlette LOUISY (since September 1997)
Saint Martin President Francois HOLLANDE (since 15 May 2012), represented by Deputy Prefect Philippe CHOPIN (since 16 November 2011)
Saint Pierre and Miquelon President Francois HOLLANDE (since 15 May 2012); represented by Prefect Patrice LATRON (since 16 November 2011)
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor General Sir Fredrick Nathaniel BALLANTYNE (since 2 September 2002)
Samoa TUI ATUA Tupua Tamasese Efi (since 20 June 2007)
San Marino Co-chiefs of State Captain Regent Anna Maria MUCCIOLI and Captain Regent Gian Carlo CAPICCHIONI (for the period 1 October 2013-1 April 2014)
Sao Tome and Principe President Manuel Pinto DA COSTA (since 3 September 2011)
Saudi Arabia King and Prime Minister ABDALLAH bin Abd al-Aziz Al Saud (since 1 August 2005); Heir Apparent Crown Prince SALMAN bin Abd al-Aziz Al Saud, born 31 December 1935)
Senegal President Macky SALL (since 2 April 2012)
Serbia President Tomislav NIKOLIC (since 31 May 2012)
Serbia and Montenegro President Boris TADIC (since 11 July 2004)
Seychelles President James Alix MICHEL (since 14 April 2004); Vice President Danny FAURE (since 1 July 2010)
Sierra Leone President Ernest Bai KOROMA (since 17 September 2007)
Singapore President Tony TAN Keng Yam (since 1 September 2011)
Slovakia President Ivan GASPAROVIC (since 15 June 2004)
Slovenia President Borut PAHOR (since 22 December 2012)
Solomon Islands Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor General Frank KABUI (since 7 July 2009)
Somalia President HASSAN SHEIKH Mahamud (since 10 September 2012)
South Africa President Jacob ZUMA (since 9 May 2009); Deputy President Kgalema MOTLANTHE (since 11 May 2009)
South Korea President PARK Geun-hye (since 25 February 2013)
South Sudan President Salva KIIR Mayardit (since 9 July 2011); Vice President James Wani IGGA (since 23 August 2013)
Spain King JUAN CARLOS I (since 22 November 1975); Heir Apparent Prince FELIPE, son of the monarch, born 30 January 1968
Sri Lanka President Mahinda Percy RAJAPAKSA (since 19 November 2005)(since 21 April 2010)
Sudan President Umar Hassan Ahmad al-BASHIR (since 16 October 1993)
Suriname President Desire Delano BOUTERSE (since 12 August 2010); Vice President Robert AMEERALI (since 12 August 2010)
Svalbard King HARALD V of Norway (since 17 January 1991)
Swaziland King MSWATI III (since 25 April 1986)
Sweden King CARL XVI GUSTAF (since 19 September 1973); Heir Apparent Princess VICTORIA Ingrid Alice Desiree, daughter of the monarch (born 14 July 1977)
Switzerland President of the Swiss Confederation Ueli MAURER; Vice President Didier BURKHALTER(chief of state and head of government)
Syria President Bashar al-ASAD (since 17 July 2000); Vice President Farouk al-SHARA (since 21 February 2006); Vice President Najah al-ATTAR (since 23 March 2006)
Taiwan President MA Ying-jeou (since 20 May 2008); Vice President WU Den-yih (since 20 May 2012)
Tajikistan President Emomali RAHMON (since 6 November 1994; head of state and Supreme Assembly chairman since 19 November 1992)
Tanzania President Jakaya KIKWETE (since 21 December 2005); Vice President Mohammed Gharib BILAL (since 6 November 2010)
Thailand King PHUMIPHON Adunyadet, also spelled BHUMIBOL Adulyadej (since 9 June 1946)
The Bahamas Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor General Sir Arthur A. FOULKES (since 14 April 2010)
The Gambia President Yahya JAMMEH (since 18 October 1996)(since 20 March 1997)
Togo President Faure GNASSINGBE (since 4 May 2005);
Tokelau Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor General of New Zealand Anand SATYANAND (since 23 August 2006); New Zealand is represented by Administrator Jonathan KINGS (since February 2011)
Tonga King TUPOU VI (since 18 March 2012)
Trinidad and Tobago President Anthony CARMONA (since 18 March 2013)
Tunisia President Moncef MARZOUKI (since 12 December 2011)
Turkey President Abdullah GUL (since 28 August 2007)
Turkmenistan President Gurbanguly BERDIMUHAMEDOW (since 14 February 2007)
Turks and Caicos Islands Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor Peter BECKINGHAM (since 9 October 2013)
Tuvalu Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor General Iakoba TAEIA Italeli (since May 2010)
Uganda President Lt. Gen. Yoweri Kaguta MUSEVENI (since seizing power on 26 January 1986); Vice President Edward SSEKANDI (since 24 May 2011) note - the president is both chief of state and head of government
Ukraine President Viktor YANUKOVYCH (since 25 February 2010)
United Arab Emirates President KHALIFA bin Zayid Al-Nuhayyan (since 3 November 2004), ruler of Abu Zaby (Abu Dhabi) (since 4 November 2004); Vice President and Prime Minister MUHAMMAD BIN RASHID Al-Maktum (since 5 January 2006)
United Kingdom Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); Heir Apparent Prince CHARLES (son of the queen, born 14 November 1948)
United States President Barack H. OBAMA (since 20 January 2009); Vice President Joseph R. BIDEN (since 20 January 2009)
Uruguay President Jose "Pepe" MUJICA Cordano (since 1 March 2010); Vice President Danilo ASTORI Saragoza (since 1 March 2010)
Uzbekistan President Islom KARIMOV (since 24 March 1990, when he was elected president by the then Supreme Soviet; elected president of independent Uzbekistan in 1991)
Vanuatu President Iolu Johnson ABBIL (since 3 September 2009)
Venezuela President Nicolas MADURO Moros (since 8 March 2013); Executive Vice President Jorge Alberto ARREAZA Montserrat (since 8 March 2013)
Vietnam President Truong Tan SANG (since 25 July 2011); Vice President Nguyen Thi DOAN (since 25 July 2007)
Virgin Islands President Barack H. OBAMA (since 20 January 2009); Vice President Joseph R. BIDEN (since 20 January 2009)
Wallis and Futuna President Francois HOLLANDE (since 15 May 2012); represented by High Administrator Michel JEANJEAN (since 10 June 2010)
Yemen President Abd Rabuh Mansur HADI (Field Marshal) (since 25 February 2012)
Zambia President Michael Chilufya SATA (since 23 September 2011); Vice President Guy SCOTT (since 30 September 2011); the president is both the chief of state and head of government
Zimbabwe Executive President Robert Gabriel MUGABE (since 31 December 1987); Vice President Joice MUJURU (since 6 December 2004) and Vice President John Landa NKOMO (since December 2009)

Citation

"Countries Compared by Government > Executive branch > Chief of state. International Statistics at NationMaster.com", CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011. Aggregates compiled by NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/stats/Government/Executive-branch/Chief-of-state

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