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Health > Diseases > Diabetes > Prevalence > % of population ages 20 to 79: Countries Compared

chris.lockyer781

Author: chris.lockyer781

Diabetes is refers to a group of disorders characterized by hyperglycemia and glucose intolerance either due to insulin deficiency, impaired insulin action, or both. It is classified mainly into Type 1 Diabetes, Type 2 Diabetes or gestational diabetes.

Prolonged and uncontrolled diabetes progressively damages several organ systems. It leads to cardiovascular diseases, neuropathy, nephropathy, retinopathy and vascular problems in the extremities. The risk of death is doubled in individuals with diabetes, and the leading cause of death in these people is cardiovascular disease.

Type 2 DM accounts for 85 to 95% of all diabetes in high income countries, and a larger proportion in low to middle income countries. It has risen in parallel with with socio cultural changes, aging populations, urbanization, diet changes, decreased physical activity and unhealthy behaviors. The rate of Type 2 DM is higher within highly urbanized and migrant populations while the lowest rates are in rural communities. Its incidence is also noted to be increasing among children.

Although less common, the incidence of Type 1 DM has shown increasing trends every year. Children and adolescents account for most of these cases in high income countries. Europe has the highest prevalence of children diagnosed with Type 1 DM. Gestational diabetes has also been increasing worldwide.

At present, there are 382 million people living with diabetes, and 80% of these cases are found in low to middle income nations. Among the adult population with diabetes, almost half fall within the ages of 40 to 59 years. The incidence of diabetes is slightly higher in men, at 198 million men compared to 184 million women.

By region, the Western Pacific has the highest number of diabetes cases at 138 million. In terms of prevalence or number of cases over the total population, the Middle East and North Africa Region has the highest rate at 10.9% followed by North America at 9.6%. The total number of cases and prevalence rate is lowest in the African Region at 19.8 million and 5.7%, respectively.

Deaths due to diabetes is as high as 15.8% in the Western Pacific Region while in the African region, it is at 8.6%. Half of deaths related to diabetes occur below the age of 60.

Citations:

1) World Health Organization. Media Centre: Diabetes. http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs312/en/

2) International Diabetes Federation Atlas. 2013. http://www.idf.org/sites/default/files/EN6EAtlasFull0.pdf

3) International Diabetes Federation. The Global Burden. http://www.idf.org/sites/default/files/TheGlobalBurden.pdf

DEFINITION: Diabetes prevalence (% of population ages 20 to 79). Diabetes prevalence refers to the percentage of people ages 20-79 who have type 1 or type 2 diabetes.

CONTENTS

# COUNTRY AMOUNT DATE GRAPH
1 Federated States of Micronesia 37.27% 2012
2 Marshall Islands 27.06% 2012
3 Kiribati 25.46% 2012
4 Tuvalu 24.75% 2012
5 Kuwait 23.86% 2012
6 Saudi Arabia 23.38% 2012
7 Qatar 23.33% 2012
8 Bahrain 22.4% 2012
9 Vanuatu 22.04% 2012
10 United Arab Emirates 18.87% 2012
11 Lebanon 17.04% 2012
12 Egypt 16.62% 2012
13 Guyana 16.08% 2012
14 Belize 15.99% 2012
15 Mexico 15.59% 2012
16 Solomon Islands 15.32% 2012
17 Mauritius 14.76% 2012
Middle Eastern and North Africa average (profile) 13.85% 2012
18 Saint Kitts and Nevis 13.45% 2012
OPEC countries average (profile) 13.27% 2012
19 Puerto Rico 12.98% 2012
20 Chile 12.78% 2012
21 Trinidad and Tobago 12.72% 2012
22 Tonga 12.7% 2012
23 Antigua and Barbuda 12.51% 2012
24 Aruba 12.41% 2012
25 Barbados 12.36% 2012
26 Jamaica 12.34% 2012
27 Seychelles 12.13% 2012
28 The Bahamas 12.1% 2012
29 Malaysia 12.02% 2012
=30 Bermuda 11.97% 2012
=30 Cayman Islands 11.97% 2012
32 Saint Lucia 11.71% 2012
33 Grenada 11.68% 2012
34 Suriname 11.67% 2012
35 Dominica 11.66% 2012
=36 Jordan 11.62% 2012
=36 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 11.62% 2012
38 Nicaragua 11.58% 2012
East Asia and Pacific average (profile) 11.53% 2012
39 Palau 11.12% 2012
40 Fiji 10.86% 2012
41 Botswana 10.8% 2012
42 Iran 10.59% 2012
43 Libya 10.57% 2012
44 Brazil 10.52% 2012
Latin America and Caribbean average (profile) 10.45% 2012
45 Singapore 10.45% 2012
46 Brunei 10.44% 2012
47 Venezuela 10.39% 2012
48 Gabon 10.19% 2012
49 Oman 10.16% 2012
Former British colonies average (profile) 10.1% 2012
50 Guatemala 9.93% 2012
51 El Salvador 9.88% 2012
52 Zimbabwe 9.75% 2012
53 Russia 9.74% 2012
54 Iraq 9.71% 2012
55 Philippines 9.65% 2012
56 Syria 9.63% 2012
57 Portugal 9.56% 2012
58 Australia 9.55% 2012
59 Tunisia 9.49% 2012
Tourist destinations average (profile) 9.48% 2012
60 United States 9.35% 2012
61 Cyprus 9.31% 2012
62 Maldives 9.28% 2012
63 Yemen 9.22% 2012
64 Sudan 9.12% 2012
65 French Polynesia 9.06% 2012
66 Guam 9.05% 2012
=67 Poland 9.03% 2012
=67 New Caledonia 9.03% 2012
=69 New Zealand 9.01% 2012
=69 India 9.01% 2012
Hot countries average (profile) 8.96% 2012
71 China 8.82% 2012
Heavily indebted countries average (profile) 8.82% 2012
72 Costa Rica 8.81% 2012
Muslim countries average (profile) 8.8% 2012
73 Panama 8.59% 2012
74 Cuba 8.58% 2012
Former Spanish colonies average (profile) 8.54% 2012
75 Comoros 8.39% 2012
Emerging markets average (profile) 8.3% 2012
76 Canada 8.13% 2012
77 Slovenia 8.11% 2012
78 Belarus 7.96% 2012
79 Turkey 7.91% 2012
80 Pakistan 7.89% 2012
81 Israel 7.85% 2012
82 Latvia 7.84% 2012
Religious countries average (profile) 7.84% 2012
83 Lithuania 7.83% 2012
Sparsely populated countries average (profile) 7.78% 2012
84 Montenegro 7.73% 2012
=85 Republic of Macedonia 7.71% 2012
=85 Kazakhstan 7.71% 2012
87 Romania 7.7% 2012
=88 Samoa 7.68% 2012
=88 Namibia 7.68% 2012
90 Serbia 7.67% 2012
Catholic countries average (profile) 7.64% 2012
91 Hong Kong 7.61% 2012
92 Afghanistan 7.6% 2012
Christian countries average (profile) 7.6% 2012
=93 Bosnia and Herzegovina 7.54% 2012
=93 Algeria 7.54% 2012
95 South Korea 7.51% 2012
96 Sri Lanka 7.48% 2012
South Asia average (profile) 7.47% 2012
97 Dominican Republic 7.36% 2012
98 Morocco 7.35% 2012
99 North Korea 7.33% 2012
100 Colombia 7.26% 2012
101 Macau 7.19% 2012
102 Spain 7.15% 2012
103 Honduras 7.14% 2012
104 Austria 7.13% 2012
105 Estonia 7.12% 2012
106 Bangladesh 7.11% 2012
107 South Africa 7.04% 2012
=108 Ecuador 6.89% 2012
=108 Bolivia 6.89% 2012
=110 Paraguay 6.81% 2012
=110 Peru 6.81% 2012
South and Central Asia average (profile) 6.71% 2012
High income OECD countries average (profile) 6.7% 2012
=112 Bulgaria 6.66% 2012
=112 Haiti 6.66% 2012
114 Malta 6.65% 2012
Eurozone average (profile) 6.52% 2012
115 Papua New Guinea 6.49% 2012
Non-religious countries average (profile) 6.48% 2012
European Union average (profile) 6.47% 2012
116 Uzbekistan 6.44% 2012
Cold countries average (profile) 6.42% 2012
Group of 7 countries (G7) average (profile) 6.41% 2012
117 East Timor 6.38% 2012
Potential Future EU Members average (profile) 6.36% 2012
118 Switzerland 6.36% 2012
=119 Djibouti 6.3% 2012
=119 Kyrgyzstan 6.3% 2012
121 Tajikistan 6.29% 2012
NATO countries average (profile) 6.28% 2012
122 Thailand 6.26% 2012
123 Mongolia 6.24% 2012
124 European Union 6.22% 2012
125 Cameroon 6.15% 2012
126 Hungary 6.12% 2012
Europe average (profile) 6.07% 2012
failed states average (profile) 6.04% 2012
127 Uruguay 6.02% 2012
128 Monaco 5.96% 2012
=129 Netherlands 5.89% 2012
=129 Burma 5.89% 2012
131 San Marino 5.88% 2012
Eastern Europe average (profile) 5.88% 2012
132 Andorra 5.8% 2012
133 Finland 5.79% 2012
134 Vietnam 5.78% 2012
135 Bhutan 5.73% 2012
136 Slovakia 5.71% 2012
137 Czech Republic 5.64% 2012
Former French colonies average (profile) 5.63% 2012
Western Europe average (profile) 5.63% 2012
138 Malawi 5.63% 2012
139 France 5.62% 2012
Former Soviet republics average (profile) 5.6% 2012
140 United Kingdom 5.59% 2012
=141 Italy 5.57% 2012
=141 Argentina 5.57% 2012
143 Denmark 5.56% 2012
=144 Ireland 5.54% 2012
=144 Sao Tome and Principe 5.54% 2012
=146 Republic of the Congo 5.52% 2012
=146 Germany 5.52% 2012
148 Cape Verde 5.43% 2012
149 Croatia 5.3% 2012
150 Greece 5.22% 2012
151 Togo 5.21% 2012
Landlocked countries average (profile) 5.19% 2012
152 Belgium 5.18% 2012
153 Channel Islands 5.17% 2012
=154 Indonesia 5.14% 2012
=154 Laos 5.14% 2012
156 Zambia 5.13% 2012
157 Japan 5.12% 2012
158 Norway 5.1% 2012
159 Madagascar 5.09% 2012
Sub-Saharan Africa average (profile) 4.98% 2012
160 Liechtenstein 4.97% 2012
161 Cote d'Ivoire 4.93% 2012
162 Nigeria 4.83% 2012
163 Kenya 4.66% 2012
164 Luxembourg 4.5% 2012
165 Guinea 4.36% 2012
166 Sweden 4.23% 2012
167 Equatorial Guinea 4.21% 2012
168 Niger 4.15% 2012
169 Somalia 3.87% 2012
170 Mauritania 3.64% 2012
171 Chad 3.61% 2012
172 Nepal 3.58% 2012
173 Lesotho 3.46% 2012
174 Eritrea 3.41% 2012
175 Ethiopia 3.32% 2012
176 Senegal 3.26% 2012
177 Iceland 3.2% 2012
178 Ghana 3.16% 2012
179 Mozambique 3.14% 2012
=180 Liberia 3.12% 2012
=180 Rwanda 3.12% 2012
=182 Swaziland 3.07% 2012
=182 Sierra Leone 3.07% 2012
184 Central African Republic 3.05% 2012
185 Democratic Republic of the Congo 3.03% 2012
186 Guinea-Bissau 3% 2012
187 Cambodia 2.96% 2012
188 Burkina Faso 2.95% 2012
189 Angola 2.91% 2012
190 Ukraine 2.87% 2012
191 Armenia 2.86% 2012
192 Uganda 2.85% 2012
193 Tanzania 2.81% 2012
194 Albania 2.79% 2012
195 Georgia 2.77% 2012
196 Azerbaijan 2.76% 2012
197 Turkmenistan 2.75% 2012
198 Moldova 2.73% 2012
199 Burundi 2.72% 2012
200 The Gambia 1.97% 2012
201 Benin 1.68% 2012
202 Mali 1.67% 2012

Citation

"Countries Compared by Health > Diseases > Diabetes > Prevalence > % of population ages 20 to 79. International Statistics at NationMaster.com", International Diabetes Federation, Diabetes Atlas. Aggregates compiled by NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/stats/Health/Diseases/Diabetes/Prevalence/%-of-population-ages-20-to-79

Health > Diseases > Diabetes > Prevalence > % of population ages 20 to 79: Countries Compared Map

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Interesting observations about Health > Diseases > Diabetes > Prevalence > % of population ages 20 to 79

5

Diabetes is refers to a group of disorders characterized by hyperglycemia and glucose intolerance either due to insulin deficiency, impaired insulin action, or both. It is classified mainly into Type 1 Diabetes, Type 2 Diabetes or gestational diabetes.

Prolonged and uncontrolled diabetes progressively damages several organ systems. It leads to cardiovascular diseases, neuropathy, nephropathy, retinopathy and vascular problems in the extremities. The risk of death is doubled in individuals with diabetes, and the leading cause of death in these people is cardiovascular disease.

Type 2 DM accounts for 85 to 95% of all diabetes in high income countries, and a larger proportion in low to middle income countries. It has risen in parallel with with socio cultural changes, aging populations, urbanization, diet changes, decreased physical activity and unhealthy behaviors. The rate of Type 2 DM is higher within highly urbanized and migrant populations while the lowest rates are in rural communities. Its incidence is also noted to be increasing among children.

Although less common, the incidence of Type 1 DM has shown increasing trends every year. Children and adolescents account for most of these cases in high income countries. Europe has the highest prevalence of children diagnosed with Type 1 DM. Gestational diabetes has also been increasing worldwide.

At present, there are 382 million people living with diabetes, and 80% of these cases are found in low to middle income nations. Among the adult population with diabetes, almost half fall within the ages of 40 to 59 years. The incidence of diabetes is slightly higher in men, at 198 million men compared to 184 million women.

By region, the Western Pacific has the highest number of diabetes cases at 138 million. In terms of prevalence or number of cases over the total population, the Middle East and North Africa Region has the highest rate at 10.9% followed by North America at 9.6%. The total number of cases and prevalence rate is lowest in the African Region at 19.8 million and 5.7%, respectively.

Deaths due to diabetes is as high as 15.8% in the Western Pacific Region while in the African region, it is at 8.6%. Half of deaths related to diabetes occur below the age of 60.

Citations:

1) World Health Organization. Media Centre: Diabetes. http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs312/en/

2) International Diabetes Federation Atlas. 2013. http://www.idf.org/sites/default/files/EN6EAtlasFull0.pdf

3) International Diabetes Federation. The Global Burden. http://www.idf.org/sites/default/files/TheGlobalBurden.pdf

Posted on 14 Apr 2014

chris.lockyer781

chris.lockyer781

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