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Health > Malnutrition > Number of Undernourished > Million: Countries Compared

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Author: chris.lockyer781

Malnutrition is the condition caused by inadequate intake of energy and nutrients necessary for health. Primary malnutrition is due to insufficient intake of food, while secondary malnutrition is caused by disease. Aside from protein-energy malnutrition, deficiencies in nutrients including iron, Vitamin A, iodine and zinc are the most important forms of malnutrition. As of 2012, It is estimated that 870 million people are malnourished. This represents 12% of the world population.

Causes of Malnutrition

Poverty is the underlying cause of malnutrition, and almost all malnourished people are citizens of developing countries. Almost 25% of the population in Sub Saharan Africa is malnourished. Asia has the highest number of malnourished people, reaching up to 500 million. According to World Bank reports, malnutrition and poverty reinforce each other. The poor nutritional status of a developing country decreases its annual GDP by up to 3%.

Another leading cause of malnutrition is illness, especially infectious diseases like diarrhea, malaria, measles and AIDS. Water borne diseases are of particular importance in countries with poor access to sanitation. Other underlying causes of hunger identified in developing countries include harmful economic systems which cause a huge disparity in distribution of resources, conflict and violence which increase the number of refugees, and climate change.

Malnutrition is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality. Impaired immunity arising from malnutrition is the number one cause of death in both adults and children. The most susceptible to the ill effects of malnutrition are women and young children. Up to 50% of deaths in children below 5 years of age is related to malnutrition. In developing countries, the most common cause of low birth weight is poor maternal nutrition.

Citations:

  1. Food and Agriculture Organization. 2012. "The State of Food Insecurity in the World 2012"http://www.fao.org/docrep/016/i3027e/i3027e00.htm

  2. Hunger Notes: 2013 World Hunger and Poverty Facts and Statistics. http://www.worldhunger.org/articles/Learn/world%20hunger%20facts%202002.htm

  3. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 2000, 78: 1207–1221.

  4. Repositioning Nutrition as Central to Development. A Strategy for Large-Scale Action. World Bank report. http://siteresources.worldbank.org/NUTRITION/Resources/281846-1131636806329/NutritionStrategy.pdf

DEFINITION: Number of undernourished people in 2001-2003. Figures are in millions.

CONTENTS

# COUNTRY AMOUNT DATE GRAPH
1 India 217.05 million 2003
2 China 154 million 2003
3 Bangladesh 43.45 million 2003
4 Democratic Republic of the Congo 37 million 2003
5 Pakistan 35.2 million 2003
6 Ethiopia 31.5 million 2003
7 Tanzania 16.1 million 2003
8 Philippines 15.2 million 2003
9 Brazil 14.4 million 2003
=10 Vietnam 13.8 million 2003
=10 Indonesia 13.8 million 2003
12 Thailand 13.4 million 2003
13 Nigeria 11.5 million 2003
14 Kenya 9.7 million 2003
15 Sudan 8.8 million 2003
16 Mozambique 8.3 million 2003
17 North Korea 7.9 million 2003
=18 Madagascar 7.1 million 2003
=18 Yemen 7.1 million 2003
20 Colombia 5.9 million 2003
21 Zimbabwe 5.7 million 2003
=22 Mexico 5.1 million 2003
=22 Zambia 5.1 million 2003
24 Angola 5 million 2003

Citation

"Countries Compared by Health > Malnutrition > Number of Undernourished > Million. International Statistics at NationMaster.com", Various sources compiled into Wikipedia's Malnutrition. Aggregates compiled by NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/stats/Health/Malnutrition/Number-of-Undernourished/Million

Health > Malnutrition > Number of Undernourished > Million: Countries Compared Map

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Malnutrition is the condition caused by inadequate intake of energy and nutrients necessary for health. Primary malnutrition is due to insufficient intake of food, while secondary malnutrition is caused by disease. Aside from protein-energy malnutrition, deficiencies in nutrients including iron, Vitamin A, iodine and zinc are the most important forms of malnutrition. As of 2012, It is estimated that 870 million people are malnourished. This represents 12% of the world population.

Causes of Malnutrition

Poverty is the underlying cause of malnutrition, and almost all malnourished people are citizens of developing countries. Almost 25% of the population in Sub Saharan Africa is malnourished. Asia has the highest number of malnourished people, reaching up to 500 million. According to World Bank reports, malnutrition and poverty reinforce each other. The poor nutritional status of a developing country decreases its annual GDP by up to 3%.

Another leading cause of malnutrition is illness, especially infectious diseases like diarrhea, malaria, measles and AIDS. Water borne diseases are of particular importance in countries with poor access to sanitation. Other underlying causes of hunger identified in developing countries include harmful economic systems which cause a huge disparity in distribution of resources, conflict and violence which increase the number of refugees, and climate change.

Malnutrition is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality. Impaired immunity arising from malnutrition is the number one cause of death in both adults and children. The most susceptible to the ill effects of malnutrition are women and young children. Up to 50% of deaths in children below 5 years of age is related to malnutrition. In developing countries, the most common cause of low birth weight is poor maternal nutrition.

Citations:

  1. Food and Agriculture Organization. 2012. "The State of Food Insecurity in the World 2012"http://www.fao.org/docrep/016/i3027e/i3027e00.htm

  2. Hunger Notes: 2013 World Hunger and Poverty Facts and Statistics. http://www.worldhunger.org/articles/Learn/world%20hunger%20facts%202002.htm

  3. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 2000, 78: 1207–1221.

  4. Repositioning Nutrition as Central to Development. A Strategy for Large-Scale Action. World Bank report. http://siteresources.worldbank.org/NUTRITION/Resources/281846-1131636806329/NutritionStrategy.pdf

Posted on 09 Apr 2014

chris.lockyer781

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