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Labor > Unemployment > Regional unemployment > Gini index of regional unemployment rates > Small regions: Countries Compared

DEFINITION: Unemployed persons are defined as those who report that they are without work, that they are available for work and that they have taken active steps to find work in the last four weeks preceding the survey. The ILO Guidelines specify what actions count as active steps to find work and these include answering vacancy notices, visiting factories, construction sites and other places of work, and placing advertisements in the press as well as registering with labour offices.

The unemployment rate is defined as the number of unemployed persons as a percentage of the labour force, where the latter consists of unemployed and employed persons.

When unemployment is high, some persons become discouraged and stop looking for work. They are then excluded from the labour force so that the unemployment rate may fall, or stop rising, even though there has been no underlying improvement in the labour market.

The Gini index offers an accurate picture of regional disparities. It looks not only at the regions with the highest and the lowest rates of unemployment but also at the differences among all regions. The index ranges between 0 and 1: the higher its value, the larger the regional disparities. Regional disparities tend to be underestimated when the size of regions is large.

The youth unemployment rate is defined as the ratio between the unemployed person aged between 15 and 24 and the labour force in the same age group.

CONTENTS

# COUNTRY AMOUNT DATE GRAPH
1 Iceland 0.339 Year 2006 2009
2 Italy 0.317 Year 2006 2009
3 Belgium 0.297 Year 2006 2009
4 Slovakia 0.287 Year 2006 2009
5 Canada 0.276 Year 2006 2009
6 Czech Republic 0.24 Year 2006 2009
7 Germany 0.225 Year 2006 2009
8 Mexico 0.214 Year 2006 2009
9 South Korea 0.21 Year 2006 2009
10 Turkey 0.204 Year 2006 2009
Group of 7 countries (G7) average (profile) 0.201 Year 2006 2009
11 Spain 0.2 Year 2006 2009
12 Portugal 0.196 Year 2006 2009
13 Finland 0.19 Year 2006 2009
High income OECD countries average (profile) 0.185 Year 2006 2009
14 Switzerland 0.183 Year 2006 2009
15 United Kingdom 0.183 Year 2006 2009
16 Hungary 0.18 Year 2006 2009
17 Denmark 0.173 Year 2006 2009
18 Norway 0.162 Year 2006 2009
19 Australia 0.153 Year 2006 2009
20 Austria 0.141 Year 2006 2009
21 United States 0.139 Year 2006 2009
22 Japan 0.137 Year 2006 2009
23 France 0.131 Year 2006 2009
24 Poland 0.12 Year 2006 2009
25 Netherlands 0.113 Year 2006 2009
26 Greece 0.105 Year 2006 2009
27 New Zealand 0.103 Year 2006 2009
28 Ireland 0.101 Year 2006 2009
29 Sweden 0.0939 Year 2006 2009

Citation

"Countries Compared by Labor > Unemployment > Regional unemployment > Gini index of regional unemployment rates > Small regions. International Statistics at NationMaster.com", OECD Country statistical profiles 2009. Aggregates compiled by NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/stats/Labor/Unemployment/Regional-unemployment/Gini-index-of-regional-unemployment-rates/Small-regions

Labor > Unemployment > Regional unemployment > Gini index of regional unemployment rates > Small regions: Countries Compared Map

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