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Language > Major language(s): Countries Compared

DEFINITION: Country major languages.
COUNTRY DESCRIPTION
Afghanistan Dari, Pashto
Albania Albanian
Algeria Arabic, French, Berber
Andorra Catalan (official language), Spanish, French
Angola Portuguese (official), Umbundu, Kimbundu, Kikongo
Antigua and Barbuda English
Argentina Spanish
Armenia Armenian, Russian
Australia English
Austria German
Azerbaijan Azeri, Russian
Bahrain Arabic
Bangladesh Bengali
Barbados English (Bajan, an English-African dialect, is widely used)
Belarus Russian, Belarussian (both official)
Belgium Dutch, French, German
Belize English (official), Spanish, Belizean Creole, Mayan, Garifuna (Carib)
Benin French (official) Fon, Ge, Bariba, Yoruba, Dendi
Bhutan Dzongkha (official)
Bolivia Spanish, Quechua, Aymara, Guarani
Botswana English (official), Setswana
Brazil Portuguese
Brunei Malay, English, Chinese
Bulgaria Bulgarian
Burkina Faso French, indigenous languages
Burma Burmese, indigenous ethnic languages
Burundi Kirundi (official), French (official), Swahili
Cambodia Khmer
Cameroon French, English, languages of Bantu, Semi-Bantu and Sudanic groups
Canada English, French (both official)
Cape Verde Portuguese, Crioulo (a mixture of archaic Portuguese and African words)
Chad French, Arabic
Chile Spanish
China Mandarin Chinese
Colombia Spanish
Comoros Arabic, French, Comoran (a blend of Swahili and Arabic)
Cook Islands English and Cook Islands Maori
Costa Rica Spanish (official), English
Cote d'Ivoire French, indigenous languages
Croatia Croatian
Cuba Spanish
Cyprus Greek, Turkish
Czech Republic Czech
Democratic Republic of the Congo French, Lingala, Kiswahili, Kikongo, Tshiluba
Denmark Danish
Djibouti French, Arabic, Somali, Afar
Dominica English (official), French patois
East Timor Tetum and Portuguese (official), Indonesian and English (working languages)
Ecuador Spanish, indigenous languages
Egypt Arabic
El Salvador Spanish
Equatorial Guinea Spanish, French
Eritrea Tigrinya, Tigre, Arabic, English
Estonia Estonian, Russian
Ethiopia Amharic, Oromo, Tigrinya, Somali
Federated States of Micronesia English, Trukese, Pohnpeian, Yapese, Kosrean
Fiji English, Fijian, Hindi
Finland Finnish, Swedish
France French
French Polynesia Tahitian and French
Gabon French, Bantu-group languages
Gambia English (official), Mandinka, Wolof, Fula
Georgia Georgian, Russian widely spoken
Germany German
Ghana English, African languages including Akan, Ewe
Greece Greek
Grenada English (official), French patois
Guam English, Chamorro (both official)
Guatemala Spanish, more than 20 indigenous languages
Guinea French, Susu, Fulani, Mandingo
Guinea-Bissau Portuguese, Crioulo, African languages
Guyana English, indigenous languages, Creole, Hindi, Urdu
Haiti Creole, French
Honduras Spanish, indigenous languages, English
Hong Kong Chinese (mainly Cantonese), English (both official)
Hungary Hungarian
Iceland Icelandic
India Hindi, English and more than 20 other official languages
Indonesia Indonesian, 300 regional languages
Iran Persian
Iraq Arabic, Kurdish
Ireland English, Irish
Israel Hebrew, Arabic
Italy Italian
Jamaica English (official), English patois
Japan Japanese
Jordan Arabic
Kazakhstan Kazakh, Russian
Kenya Swahili, English
Kiribati English, Gilbertese
Kuwait Arabic
Kyrgyzstan Kyrgyz, Russian
Laos Lao, French (for diplomatic purposes)
Latvia Latvian, Russian
Lebanon Arabic
Lesotho Sesotho, English
Liberia English, 29 African languages belonging to the Mande, Kwa or Mel linguistic groups
Libya Arabic
Liechtenstein German
Lithuania Lithuanian (official), Russian, Polish, Belarusian
Luxembourg French, German, Luxembourgish
Macau Chinese (mainly Cantonese), Portuguese (both official)
Madagascar Malagasy (official), French
Malawi English, Chichewa (both official)
Malaysia Malay (official), English, Chinese dialects, Tamil, Telugu, Malayalam
Mali French, Bambara, Berber, Arabic
Malta Maltese, English
Marshall Islands Marshallese, English
Mauritania Arabic (official), French, others
Mauritius English (official), Creole, French, Indian languages
Mexico Spanish
Moldova Romanian (called "Moldovan" in official documents), Russian
Monaco French
Mongolia Mongolian
Montenegro Serbian, Montenegrin
Morocco Arabic and Berber (official), French, Spanish
Mozambique Portuguese (official), several indigenous languages
Namibia English (official), Afrikaans, German, Oshivambo, Herero, Nama
Nauru Nauruan, English
Netherlands Dutch
New Caledonia French (official), Melanesian and Polynesian dialects
New Zealand English, Maori
Nicaragua Spanish, English, indigenous languages
Niger French (official), Arabic, Hausa, Songhai
Nigeria English (official), Yoruba, Ibo, Hausa
Niue Niuean, English
North Korea Korean
Norway Norwegian
Oman Arabic
Pakistan English, Urdu, Punjabi, Sindhi, Pashto, Balochi
Palau Palauan, English
Panama Spanish, English
Papua New Guinea English, Tok Pisin, Hiri Motu
Paraguay Spanish, Guarani
Peru Spanish, Quechua, Aymara
Philippines Filipino, English (both official)
Poland Polish
Portugal Portuguese
Puerto Rico Spanish, English (both official)
Qatar Arabic
Republic of Macedonia Macedonian, Albanian
Romania Romanian
Russia Russian
Rwanda Kinyarwanda (official), French (official), English (official), Swahili
Saint Kitts and Nevis English
Saint Lucia English (official), French patois
Samoa Samoan, English
San Marino Italian
Sao Tome and Principe Portuguese
Saudi Arabia Arabic
Senegal French (official), Wolof
Serbia Serbian
Seychelles English, French, Creole
Sierra Leone English, Krio (Creole language derived from English) and a range of African languages
Singapore English, Malay, Mandarin, Tamil
Slovakia Slovak
Slovenia Slovene
Solomon Islands English (official), Melanesian dialects
Somalia Somali, Arabic, Italian, English
South Africa 11 official languages including English, Afrikaans, Sesotho, Setswana, Xhosa and Zulu
South Korea Korean
South Sudan English, Arabic (both official), Juba Arabic, Dinka, others
Spain Spanish (Castilian), Catalan and its variant Valencian, Gallego (Galician), Euskera (Basque)
Sri Lanka Sinhala, Tamil, English
Sudan Arabic, English (official)
Suriname Dutch (official), English, Sranang Tongo, Hindi, Javanese
Swaziland Swazi, English (both official)
Sweden Swedish
Switzerland German, French, Italian, Romansch
Syria Arabic
Taiwan Mandarin Chinese (official), Min Nan Chinese (Taiwanese), Hakka
Tajikistan Tajik, Uzbek, Russian
Tanzania English, Swahili
Thailand Thai
The Bahamas English
Togo French (official), local languages
Tokelau Tokelauan, English
Tonga Tongan, English
Trinidad and Tobago English
Tunisia Arabic (official); French
Turkey Turkish (official), Kurdish
Turkmenistan Turkmen, Russian
Tuvalu Tuvaluan, English
Uganda English (official), Swahili (official), Luganda, various Bantu and Nilotic languages
Ukraine Ukrainian (official), Russian
United Arab Emirates Arabic
United Kingdom English
United States English
Uruguay Spanish
Uzbekistan Uzbek, Russian, Tajik
Vanuatu Bislama, French, English
Venezuela Spanish, indigenous languages
Vietnam Vietnamese
Yemen Arabic
Zambia English (official), Bemba, Lozi, Nyanja, Tonga
Zimbabwe English (official), Shona, Sindebele

Citation

"Countries Compared by Language > Major language(s). International Statistics at NationMaster.com", British Broadcasting Corporation 2014. Aggregates compiled by NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/stats/Language/Major-language(s)

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