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People > Urbanization: Countries Compared

DEFINITION: Estimates and projections of urban and rural populations are made by the Population Division of the United Nations Secretariat and published every two years. These estimates and projections are based on national census or survey data that have been evaluated and, whenever necessary, adjusted for deficiencies and inconsistencies. Urban-rural classification of population in internationally published statistics follows the national census definition, which differs from one country or area to another. National definitions are usually based on criteria that may include any of the following: size of population in a locality, population density, distance between built-up areas, predominant type of economic activity, legal or administrative boundaries and urban characteristics such as specific services and facilities.

CONTENTS

# COUNTRY AMOUNT DATE GRAPH
1 Monaco 100 2002
2 Nauru 100 2002
3 Gibraltar 100 2002
4 Guadeloupe 100 2002
5 Bermuda 100 2002
6 Singapore 100 2002
7 Belgium 97 2002
8 Western Sahara 96 2002
9 Kuwait 96 2002
10 Martinique 95 2002
11 Bahrain 93 2002
12 Qatar 93 2002
13 Iceland 93 2002
14 Luxembourg 92 2002
15 Andorra 92 2002
16 Israel 92 2002
17 Uruguay 92 2002
18 Australia 91 2002
19 Malta 91 2002
20 Netherlands 90 2002
21 Lebanon 90 2002
22 United Kingdom 90 2002
23 San Marino 90 2002
24 The Bahamas 89 2002
25 Libya 88 2002
26 Argentina 88 2002
27 Germany 88 2002
28 Venezuela 87 2002
29 Saudi Arabia 87 2002
30 United Arab Emirates 87 2002
31 New Zealand 86 2002
32 Chile 86 2002
33 Denmark 85 2002
34 Djibouti 84 2002
35 South Korea 83 2002
36 Sweden 83 2002
37 Gabon 82 2002
38 Brazil 82 2002
Group of 7 countries (G7) average (profile) 79.43 2002
39 Canada 79 2002
40 Jordan 79 2002
41 Japan 79 2002
42 Spain 78 2002
43 New Caledonia 78 2002
44 Oman 77 2002
45 United States 77 2002
High income OECD countries average (profile) 76.74 2002
46 France 76 2002
47 Cuba 76 2002
48 Puerto Rico 76 2002
49 Norway 75 2002
50 Colombia 75 2002
51 Suriname 75 2002
52 Trinidad and Tobago 75 2002
53 Mexico 75 2002
54 French Guiana 75 2002
55 Czech Republic 75 2002
OPEC countries average (profile) 73.45 2002
56 Peru 73 2002
57 Russia 73 2002
Middle Eastern and North Africa average (profile) 73 2002
58 Reunion 72 2002
Eurozone average (profile) 72 2002
European Union average (profile) 71.64 2002
NATO countries average (profile) 71.59 2002
59 Dominica 71 2002
60 Cyprus 70 2002
61 Belarus 70 2002
Europe average (profile) 69.22 2002
62 Palau 69 2002
63 Netherlands Antilles 69 2002
64 Estonia 69 2002
65 Lithuania 69 2002
Non-religious countries average (profile) 68.33 2002
Tourist destinations average (profile) 68.11 2002
66 Ukraine 68 2002
67 Italy 67 2002
68 Armenia 67 2002
69 Bulgaria 67 2002
70 Austria 67 2002
71 Iraq 67 2002
72 Switzerland 67 2002
Former Spanish colonies average (profile) 66.95 2002
73 Turkey 66 2002
74 Dominican Republic 66 2002
75 Portugal 66 2002
76 Marshall Islands 66 2002
77 Tunisia 66 2002
78 Hungary 65 2002
79 Iran 65 2002
80 Seychelles 65 2002
81 Cape Verde 64 2002
Cold countries average (profile) 63.49 2002
Catholic countries average (profile) 63.49 2002
Heavily indebted countries average (profile) 63.45 2002
Latin America and Caribbean average (profile) 63.03 2002
82 Ecuador 63 2002
83 Bolivia 63 2002
84 Poland 63 2002
Emerging markets average (profile) 62.24 2002
85 El Salvador 62 2002
86 North Korea 61 2002
87 Costa Rica 60 2002
88 Greece 60 2002
89 Latvia 60 2002
Eastern Europe average (profile) 59.06 2002
90 Finland 59 2002
91 Ireland 59 2002
92 Philippines 59 2002
93 Mauritania 59 2002
94 Republic of Macedonia 59 2002
95 Cook Islands 59 2002
Christian countries average (profile) 58.93 2002
96 Slovakia 58 2002
97 Malaysia 58 2002
98 South Africa 58 2002
99 Algeria 58 2002
100 Croatia 58 2002
101 Panama 57 2002
102 Georgia 57 2002
103 Paraguay 57 2002
104 Jamaica 57 2002
105 Mongolia 57 2002
106 Nicaragua 57 2002
Sparsely populated countries average (profile) 56.35 2002
107 Morocco 56 2002
108 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 56 2002
109 Kazakhstan 56 2002
Former Soviet republics average (profile) 55.07 2002
110 Romania 55 2002
111 Honduras 54 2002
Religious countries average (profile) 53.86 2002
112 American Samoa 53 2002
113 Tuvalu 53 2002
114 Northern Mariana Islands 53 2002
115 French Polynesia 53 2002
116 Serbia and Montenegro 52 2002
117 Syria 52 2002
118 Azerbaijan 52 2002
Muslim countries average (profile) 51.47 2002
119 Barbados 51 2002
120 Aruba 51 2002
121 Cameroon 50 2002
122 Fiji 50 2002
Former British colonies average (profile) 49.44 2002
123 Botswana 49 2002
124 Slovenia 49 2002
125 Equatorial Guinea 49 2002
Hot countries average (profile) 48.82 2002
East Asia and Pacific average (profile) 48.31 2002
126 Belize 48 2002
127 Senegal 48 2002
128 Sao Tome and Principe 48 2002
129 Virgin Islands 47 2002
130 Liberia 46 2002
131 Turkmenistan 45 2002
132 Nigeria 45 2002
133 Cote d'Ivoire 44 2002
Former French colonies average (profile) 43.68 2002
134 Bosnia and Herzegovina 43 2002
135 Albania 43 2002
136 Benin 43 2002
137 Egypt 43 2002
138 Indonesia 42 2002
139 Central African Republic 42 2002
140 Mauritius 42 2002
Landlocked countries average (profile) 41.83 2002
141 Moldova 41 2002
142 Guatemala 40 2002
143 Guam 40 2002
144 Zambia 40 2002
145 Kiribati 39 2002
146 Saint Lucia 38 2002
147 Grenada 38 2002
Sub-Saharan Africa average (profile) 37.17 2002
148 Sierra Leone 37 2002
149 Uzbekistan 37 2002
150 Sudan 37 2002
151 China 37 2002
152 Haiti 37 2002
153 Antigua and Barbuda 37 2002
154 Zimbabwe 36 2002
155 Ghana 36 2002
156 Guyana 36 2002
failed states average (profile) 35.4 2002
157 Angola 35 2002
158 Kenya 34 2002
159 Saint Kitts and Nevis 34 2002
160 Togo 34 2002
161 Kyrgyzstan 34 2002
162 Comoros 34 2002
163 Tanzania 33 2002
164 Pakistan 33 2002
165 Tonga 33 2002
166 Mozambique 33 2002
167 Guinea-Bissau 32 2002
168 The Gambia 31 2002
169 Mali 31 2002
170 Democratic Republic of the Congo 31 2002
171 Namibia 31 2002
172 Madagascar 30 2002
South and Central Asia average (profile) 29.15 2002
173 Lesotho 29 2002
174 Tajikistan 28 2002
175 Guinea 28 2002
176 Maldives 28 2002
177 India 28 2002
178 Somalia 28 2002
179 Burma 28 2002
180 Swaziland 27 2002
181 Bangladesh 26 2002
182 Yemen 25 2002
183 Vietnam 25 2002
184 Chad 24 2002
South Asia average (profile) 23.2 2002
185 Sri Lanka 23 2002
186 Afghanistan 22 2002
187 Vanuatu 22 2002
188 Liechtenstein 22 2002
189 Samoa 22 2002
190 Niger 21 2002
191 Thailand 20 2002
192 Solomon Islands 20 2002
193 Laos 20 2002
194 Eritrea 19 2002
195 Papua New Guinea 18 2002
196 Cambodia 18 2002
197 Burkina Faso 17 2002
198 Ethiopia 16 2002
199 Malawi 15 2002
200 Uganda 15 2002
201 Nepal 12 2002
202 Burundi 9 2002
203 Bhutan 7 2002
204 Rwanda 6 2002

Citation

"Countries Compared by People > Urbanization. International Statistics at NationMaster.com", Population Division of the United Nations Secretariat, World Urbanization Prospects: The 2001 Revision, Data Tables and Highlights (ESA/P/WP.173, 20 March 2002). Aggregates compiled by NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/stats/People/Urbanization

People > Urbanization: Countries Compared Map

NationMaster

Statistics for People > Urbanization

Agriculture

Statistics and graphs related to agriculture are found here. How many agricultural workers are there per hectare? Tractors? Which country produces the maximum cotton? Who is the biggest exporter of bananas? Click in if these interest you.

TOP STATS: Agricultural land > Sq. km, Agricultural growth, Arable land > Hectares per capita and 322 more

Background

What is the background of the country? National bird? Get a quick summary of countries in this section.

TOP STATS: Overview, First human settlement > Date, Full name and 21 more

Conflict

TOP STATS: Terrorism > Global Terrorism Index, Civil war and unrest > Arab Spring death toll, War > Syrian Civil War > Foreign civilians killed and 29 more

Cost of living

TOP STATS: Average monthly disposable salary > After tax, Local purchasing power, Basic utilities > Garbage, water, heating, electricity for 85 sqm apartment and 52 more

Crime

No explanation needed for this section. Murders. Guns. Jails. Crimes. Judges. We have all of that and more out here. Actually we go deeper than your routine crime beat sections. How many adults were prosecuted? What percentage were convicted? How many were women? What is the death penalty rate in different countries? How safe do the citizens perceive they are? Do they trust the police? Will they report a crime? You'll find surprising answers here.

TOP STATS: Crime levels, Violent crime > Intentional homicide rate, Murder rate and 183 more

Culture

TOP STATS: Food and drink > Beer consumption, Happy Planet Index, Smoking > Cigarettes per adult per year and 67 more

Disasters

The tsunami rocked the civilized world with its widespread devastation. Learn the details of the losses incurred by the countries affected. How are the developed countries helping out? Who has pledged the most money? How do they compare? Check out...

TOP STATS: Chernobyl > Contaminated area (percent of country), Tsunami > Death toll, Hurricane Katrina > International aid response and 47 more

Economy

This category is all about money. GDP. Aid. Gross national income. Debt. Inflation. Trade balance. Foreign investment. Government spending. You get the idea.

TOP STATS: GDP, Population below poverty line, GDP per capita and 3717 more

Education

Any and every statistic which can be collected about schooling and the whole education sector can be found here. What is the duration of education in different countries? Is the percentage of enrollment different for sexes? How long do students spend learning their mother tongues? What is the mathematical aptitude of the average 8 year old? How many university degrees are awarded to females? What is the percentage of students who find school boring? We've tabulated them all for you.

TOP STATS: Pupil-teacher ratio, primary, Literacy > Total population, Children out of school, primary and 908 more

Energy

How does your country fare in Traditional Fuel Consumption? In Geothermal Energy Consumption? How many barrels of oil were imported into your country last year? Does your production of hydroelectricity match your consumption? Which countries in the world successfully produce nuclear energy for consumption? What is the average energy usage per person? All your questions regarding different forms of energy, their generation and consumption have been answered here.

TOP STATS: Electricity > Consumption, Oil > Consumption, Electricity > Consumption > Per capita and 2387 more

Environment

How much area is declared as protected in the different countries of the world? How many endangered species of reptiles, mammals, birds etc are found in different countries? What are the national levels of pollution? Emissions? Nuclear waste generation? Salination of water resources and expenditure for waste treatment. International treaties, ratification and complaince. You'll find almost all statistics related to environmental pollution and conservational efforts here.

TOP STATS: Ecological footprint, Pollution perceptions > Air pollution, Marine fish catch and 331 more

Geography

All the stats pertaining to the physical features of the country in question can be found here. This implies that if you are looking for the co-ordinates or map references of countries, the land area, climate, boundaries, terrain, natural resources or coastlines, your search ends here.

TOP STATS: Area > Comparative, Natural resources, Geographic coordinates and 102 more

Government

This category is all about the functioning of the government machinery. So, you'll find stats on the goverment administrative divisions, the executive, legistative and judiciary branches, constitution, parliamentary seats, secession attemps, suffrage, corruption - everything connected with our esteemed politicians.

TOP STATS: Government type, Legal system, Administrative divisions and 392 more

Health

Statistics about the health of a country's citizens are present in this category. You can find stats related to birth weights, rates on smoking, HIV incidence, incidence of cancer, circulatory and other diseases, stats on infant and maternal mortality, life expectancy, suicide rates, teenage pergnancy and other health related topics. We also have some details on health expenditure and health care funding out here.

TOP STATS: Obesity, Physicians > Per 1,000 people, Life expectancy at birth, total > Years and 529 more

Industry

Lists all industry related stats like production of cars, buses trucks, LCVs, different industries like biotech firms and so on.

TOP STATS: Manufacturing, value added > Current US$ per capita, Manufacturing output, Car > Production and 94 more

Labor

You can find detailed stats on the economic activity of the labor force broken over different age-groups and sexes. We also have stats on employment in different sectors, trade union memberships, the average work time, the average number of days the workers take off or even just don't show up! How many female decision makers does a country have? Doctors? What is the normal gender division of the housework? What are the unemployment details and benefits available? How long does an average person need to work to buy a loaf of bread? A car? A television set? Compare these values for different countries.

TOP STATS: Labor force > By occupation, Unemployment rate, Labor force, total and 374 more

Language

What are the main languages spoken in the countries? How many English language speakers are there per country? How about French and Spanish? Check out the results here..

TOP STATS: Languages, Major language(s), French status and 21 more

Lifestyle

Here we rank countries based on amphetamine and cannabis use. But more interestingly, we go into their mindset. What do the citizens of different countries think of their armed forces? Will they report a crime? Do they trust their neighbours? What about their governments? Are they happy with life in general? How charitable are they? What is their political orientation? Are they proud of their countries? Will they fight for their countries? This is an utterly captivating category.

TOP STATS: Quality of life index, Food and drink > Soft drink > Consumption, Happiness net and 110 more

Media

Countries are ranked here depending on the penetration level of computers, phones, fax machines, radios, television sets, mobile phones etc. We also have other stats related to media like vastness of different networks, revenue and employment in different telecom sectors here.

TOP STATS: Internet users, Broadcast media, Telecoms > Mobile cellular subscriptions > Per 100 people and 429 more

Military

Want to know the size of the army in Iran? The number of tanks in Germany? Want to compare the weapon holdings in North and South Korea? Worried about the WMDs world over? Need to know the exact number of countries who have signed terrorism conventions? Or just curious about the coalition forces in the Gulf War? We've tried to collect all details available in the public domain for you here.

TOP STATS: WMD > Missile, Military expenditures, WMD > Nuclear and 285 more

People

Facts relating to the actual life of people are found here. So we have birth and death rates, marriage and divorce rates, single parents, one-person households and teenage pregnancies, size of households and elderly institutions, ethnicity and chinese population - just about every stat you always wanted to know! What is the average age of women when they first get married? How happy are they when compared to their mothers? What is the gender development index in different countries? What will the population be in 2020? Don't miss this category even if you didn't come searching for it specifically.

TOP STATS: Population, Ethnic groups, Age structure > 65 years and over and 1058 more

Religion

Where else could you find the number of Catholics, Catholic priests, Catholic parishes, Jehovahs Witnesses and the number of permanent deacons, and compare them all between major nations in a per-capita format? Check them all here.

TOP STATS: Religions, Major religion(s), Islam > Percentage Muslim and 111 more

Sports

Who scored the maximum medals in the olympics? What about the summer and winter olympics? What are the latest FIFA rankings? Which country has the maximum number of Mt. Everest ascents? Get all the answers in this sports section.

TOP STATS: FIFA World Ranking > Men, World Cup Totals > Losses, World Cup Totals > Wins and 508 more

Terrorism

This is a category which needs particular highlighting as the growing concern and need for awareness continues to press upon our front pages, in the minds of our leadership and politicians, and indeed, in our everyday conversations. We hope to expand this category into timely and essential data you can rely on to make sense of global and national security, political and societal violence, and our perceptions which are shaped by these notions.

TOP STATS: Number of Known Terrorist Organizations Present, Global Terrorism Indicator, Victims of the September 11th 2001 attacks and 30 more

Transport

Here you can find the numbers on the different modes of transportation. How many cars does a country have? Airports? What is the lenght of its highways? What proportion is paved? What about runways, heliports and ports? Lets not leave out waterways or the merchant navy. We have them all here.

TOP STATS: Airports, Roadways > Unpaved, Motor vehicles and 445 more

Travel

TOP STATS: Inbound tourism > Arrivals, Outbound tourism > Departures, Inbound tourism > Passenger transport spending and 19 more

Weather

TOP STATS: Precipitation, Temperature > Highest temperature ever recorded, Climate summary and 4 more

STAT
COUNTRIES COVERED
Rate of urbanization 230
Urban population 230

0

Does urbanization bring about better governance?
Governance has more to do with the development of public institutions and accountability within a country than urbanization per se. Urbanization may necessarily involve construction of public infrastructure for housing, electricity, water supply and transportation, but better governance comes about with improved education levels, information flow, an effective legal system and other factors that would enhance and enforce accountability.

Posted on 24 Jan 2005

Suchita Vemuri, Staff Writer

Suchita Vemuri, Staff Writer

0

Most nations with a high rate of urbanization are countries with limited habitable lands, many of them islands or small states, others with large uninhabitable desert areas.


Countries with a high rate of urbanization generally have a very high rate of industrialization. Poorer countries also show high rates of internal migration from rural to urban areas and uneven economic growth within the country.

Posted on 24 Jan 2005

Suchita Vemuri, Staff Writer

Suchita Vemuri, Staff Writer

0

I think for the statistics to be real , consideration of the area of the country should be made . Fertile lands are abundant in deveoloping countries, mostly in rural areas but still no tangible balance is featured in terms of immigration .
Can we speak of a new phenomenon such as ruralization of urban areas in developing countries ?

Posted on 03 Feb 2011

BAKRI JOURARA

BAKRI JOURARA

0

Except urbanization is deliberate and focus, it may not result in positive development. There is the need for infrastructural development to move with urbanization

Posted on 23 Sep 2010

Dr Oyewole Charles I

Dr Oyewole Charles I

0

As our rural areas become urbanized, competition for land increases; with land developers and government preferring estate development and infrastructures, to agricultural holdings; to the detriment of a nation that is already struggling with food insecurity. Except individual African government, with particular reference to Nigeria, attempt a deliberate incorporation of urban agriculture into our cities, we may soon be faced with acute food shortage, or high food price as demands out weigh supply. While preaching urbanization, there is the need to understand its implication on agricultural development; noting that over 65% of the population depends on agriculture for survival.

Posted on 29 Jul 2009

Dr Oyewole Charles Iledun

Dr Oyewole Charles Iledun

0

Hey - Use the green box on top of the page to get correlations.

Posted on 25 Nov 2004

Priya

Priya

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