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People > Urbanization: Countries Compared

DEFINITION: Estimates and projections of urban and rural populations are made by the Population Division of the United Nations Secretariat and published every two years. These estimates and projections are based on national census or survey data that have been evaluated and, whenever necessary, adjusted for deficiencies and inconsistencies. Urban-rural classification of population in internationally published statistics follows the national census definition, which differs from one country or area to another. National definitions are usually based on criteria that may include any of the following: size of population in a locality, population density, distance between built-up areas, predominant type of economic activity, legal or administrative boundaries and urban characteristics such as specific services and facilities.

CONTENTS

# COUNTRY AMOUNT DATE GRAPH
=1 Monaco 100 2002
=1 Nauru 100 2002
=1 Gibraltar 100 2002
=1 Guadeloupe 100 2002
=1 Bermuda 100 2002
=1 Singapore 100 2002
7 Belgium 97 2002
=8 Western Sahara 96 2002
=8 Kuwait 96 2002
10 Martinique 95 2002
=11 Bahrain 93 2002
=11 Qatar 93 2002
=11 Iceland 93 2002
=14 Luxembourg 92 2002
=14 Andorra 92 2002
=14 Israel 92 2002
=14 Uruguay 92 2002
=18 Australia 91 2002
=18 Malta 91 2002
=20 Netherlands 90 2002
=20 Lebanon 90 2002
=20 United Kingdom 90 2002
=20 San Marino 90 2002
24 The Bahamas 89 2002
=25 Libya 88 2002
=25 Argentina 88 2002
=25 Germany 88 2002
=28 Venezuela 87 2002
=28 Saudi Arabia 87 2002
=28 United Arab Emirates 87 2002
=31 New Zealand 86 2002
=31 Chile 86 2002
33 Denmark 85 2002
34 Djibouti 84 2002
=35 South Korea 83 2002
=35 Sweden 83 2002
=37 Gabon 82 2002
=37 Brazil 82 2002
Group of 7 countries (G7) average (profile) 79.43 2002
=39 Canada 79 2002
=39 Jordan 79 2002
=39 Japan 79 2002
=42 Spain 78 2002
=42 New Caledonia 78 2002
=44 Oman 77 2002
=44 United States 77 2002
High income OECD countries average (profile) 76.74 2002
=46 France 76 2002
=46 Cuba 76 2002
=46 Puerto Rico 76 2002
=49 Norway 75 2002
=49 Colombia 75 2002
=49 Suriname 75 2002
=49 Trinidad and Tobago 75 2002
=49 Mexico 75 2002
=49 French Guiana 75 2002
=49 Czech Republic 75 2002
OPEC countries average (profile) 73.45 2002
=56 Peru 73 2002
=56 Russia 73 2002
Middle Eastern and North Africa average (profile) 73 2002
58 Reunion 72 2002
Eurozone average (profile) 72 2002
European Union average (profile) 71.64 2002
NATO countries average (profile) 71.59 2002
59 Dominica 71 2002
=60 Cyprus 70 2002
=60 Belarus 70 2002
Europe average (profile) 69.22 2002
=62 Palau 69 2002
=62 Netherlands Antilles 69 2002
=62 Estonia 69 2002
=62 Lithuania 69 2002
Non-religious countries average (profile) 68.33 2002
Tourist destinations average (profile) 68.11 2002
66 Ukraine 68 2002
=67 Italy 67 2002
=67 Armenia 67 2002
=67 Bulgaria 67 2002
=67 Austria 67 2002
=67 Iraq 67 2002
=67 Switzerland 67 2002
Former Spanish colonies average (profile) 66.95 2002
=73 Turkey 66 2002
=73 Dominican Republic 66 2002
=73 Portugal 66 2002
=73 Marshall Islands 66 2002
=73 Tunisia 66 2002
=78 Hungary 65 2002
=78 Iran 65 2002
=78 Seychelles 65 2002
81 Cape Verde 64 2002
Cold countries average (profile) 63.49 2002
Catholic countries average (profile) 63.49 2002
Heavily indebted countries average (profile) 63.45 2002
Latin America and Caribbean average (profile) 63.03 2002
=82 Ecuador 63 2002
=82 Bolivia 63 2002
=82 Poland 63 2002
Emerging markets average (profile) 62.24 2002
85 El Salvador 62 2002
86 North Korea 61 2002
=87 Costa Rica 60 2002
=87 Greece 60 2002
=87 Latvia 60 2002
Eastern Europe average (profile) 59.06 2002
=90 Finland 59 2002
=90 Ireland 59 2002
=90 Philippines 59 2002
=90 Mauritania 59 2002
=90 Republic of Macedonia 59 2002
=90 Cook Islands 59 2002
Christian countries average (profile) 58.93 2002
=96 Slovakia 58 2002
=96 Malaysia 58 2002
=96 South Africa 58 2002
=96 Algeria 58 2002
=96 Croatia 58 2002
=101 Panama 57 2002
=101 Georgia 57 2002
=101 Paraguay 57 2002
=101 Jamaica 57 2002
=101 Mongolia 57 2002
=101 Nicaragua 57 2002
Sparsely populated countries average (profile) 56.35 2002
=107 Morocco 56 2002
=107 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 56 2002
=107 Kazakhstan 56 2002
Former Soviet republics average (profile) 55.07 2002
110 Romania 55 2002
111 Honduras 54 2002
Religious countries average (profile) 53.86 2002
=112 American Samoa 53 2002
=112 Tuvalu 53 2002
=112 Northern Mariana Islands 53 2002
=112 French Polynesia 53 2002
=116 Serbia and Montenegro 52 2002
=116 Syria 52 2002
=116 Azerbaijan 52 2002
Muslim countries average (profile) 51.47 2002
=119 Barbados 51 2002
=119 Aruba 51 2002
=121 Cameroon 50 2002
=121 Fiji 50 2002
Former British colonies average (profile) 49.44 2002
=123 Botswana 49 2002
=123 Slovenia 49 2002
=123 Equatorial Guinea 49 2002
Hot countries average (profile) 48.82 2002
East Asia and Pacific average (profile) 48.31 2002
=126 Belize 48 2002
=126 Senegal 48 2002
=126 Sao Tome and Principe 48 2002
129 Virgin Islands 47 2002
130 Liberia 46 2002
=131 Turkmenistan 45 2002
=131 Nigeria 45 2002
133 Cote d'Ivoire 44 2002
Former French colonies average (profile) 43.68 2002
=134 Bosnia and Herzegovina 43 2002
=134 Albania 43 2002
=134 Benin 43 2002
=134 Egypt 43 2002
=138 Indonesia 42 2002
=138 Central African Republic 42 2002
=138 Mauritius 42 2002
Landlocked countries average (profile) 41.83 2002
141 Moldova 41 2002
=142 Guatemala 40 2002
=142 Guam 40 2002
=142 Zambia 40 2002
145 Kiribati 39 2002
=146 Saint Lucia 38 2002
=146 Grenada 38 2002
Sub-Saharan Africa average (profile) 37.17 2002
=148 Sierra Leone 37 2002
=148 Uzbekistan 37 2002
=148 Sudan 37 2002
=148 China 37 2002
=148 Haiti 37 2002
=148 Antigua and Barbuda 37 2002
=154 Zimbabwe 36 2002
=154 Ghana 36 2002
=154 Guyana 36 2002
failed states average (profile) 35.4 2002
157 Angola 35 2002
=158 Kenya 34 2002
=158 Saint Kitts and Nevis 34 2002
=158 Togo 34 2002
=158 Kyrgyzstan 34 2002
=158 Comoros 34 2002
=163 Tanzania 33 2002
=163 Pakistan 33 2002
=163 Tonga 33 2002
=163 Mozambique 33 2002
167 Guinea-Bissau 32 2002
=168 The Gambia 31 2002
=168 Mali 31 2002
=168 Democratic Republic of the Congo 31 2002
=168 Namibia 31 2002
172 Madagascar 30 2002
South and Central Asia average (profile) 29.15 2002
173 Lesotho 29 2002
=174 Tajikistan 28 2002
=174 Guinea 28 2002
=174 Maldives 28 2002
=174 India 28 2002
=174 Somalia 28 2002
=174 Burma 28 2002
180 Swaziland 27 2002
181 Bangladesh 26 2002
=182 Yemen 25 2002
=182 Vietnam 25 2002
184 Chad 24 2002
South Asia average (profile) 23.2 2002
185 Sri Lanka 23 2002
=186 Afghanistan 22 2002
=186 Vanuatu 22 2002
=186 Liechtenstein 22 2002
=186 Samoa 22 2002
190 Niger 21 2002
=191 Thailand 20 2002
=191 Solomon Islands 20 2002
=191 Laos 20 2002
194 Eritrea 19 2002
=195 Papua New Guinea 18 2002
=195 Cambodia 18 2002
197 Burkina Faso 17 2002
198 Ethiopia 16 2002
=199 Malawi 15 2002
=199 Uganda 15 2002
201 Nepal 12 2002
202 Burundi 9 2002
203 Bhutan 7 2002
204 Rwanda 6 2002

Citation

"Countries Compared by People > Urbanization. International Statistics at NationMaster.com", Population Division of the United Nations Secretariat, World Urbanization Prospects: The 2001 Revision, Data Tables and Highlights (ESA/P/WP.173, 20 March 2002). Aggregates compiled by NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/stats/People/Urbanization

People > Urbanization: Countries Compared Map

NationMaster

Statistics for People > Urbanization

Agriculture

Statistics and graphs related to agriculture are found here. How many agricultural workers are there per hectare? Tractors? Which country produces the maximum cotton? Who is the biggest exporter of bananas? Click in if these interest you.

TOP STATS: Agricultural land > Sq. km, Agricultural growth, Arable land > Hectares per capita and 322 more

Background

What is the background of the country? National bird? Get a quick summary of countries in this section.

TOP STATS: Overview, First human settlement > Date, Full name and 21 more

Conflict

TOP STATS: Terrorism > Global Terrorism Index, Civil war and unrest > Arab Spring death toll, Terrorism > Government reaction to the death of Osama bin Laden and 29 more

Cost of living

TOP STATS: Average monthly disposable salary > After tax, Prices at markets > Loaf of bread > Fresh, white, Local purchasing power and 52 more

Crime

No explanation needed for this section. Murders. Guns. Jails. Crimes. Judges. We have all of that and more out here. Actually we go deeper than your routine crime beat sections. How many adults were prosecuted? What percentage were convicted? How many were women? What is the death penalty rate in different countries? How safe do the citizens perceive they are? Do they trust the police? Will they report a crime? You'll find surprising answers here.

TOP STATS: Crime levels, Violent crime > Intentional homicide rate, Suicide rates > Suicide rate (both sexes) and 183 more

Culture

TOP STATS: Food and drink > Beer consumption, Happy Planet Index, Smoking > Cigarettes per adult per year and 67 more

Disasters

The tsunami rocked the civilized world with its widespread devastation. Learn the details of the losses incurred by the countries affected. How are the developed countries helping out? Who has pledged the most money? How do they compare? Check out...

TOP STATS: Chernobyl > Contaminated area (percent of country), Tsunami > Death toll, Storm deaths > 2009 and 47 more

Economy

This category is all about money. GDP. Aid. Gross national income. Debt. Inflation. Trade balance. Foreign investment. Government spending. You get the idea.

TOP STATS: GDP, Population below poverty line, GDP per capita and 3717 more

Education

Any and every statistic which can be collected about schooling and the whole education sector can be found here. What is the duration of education in different countries? Is the percentage of enrollment different for sexes? How long do students spend learning their mother tongues? What is the mathematical aptitude of the average 8 year old? How many university degrees are awarded to females? What is the percentage of students who find school boring? We've tabulated them all for you.

TOP STATS: Children out of school, primary, Compulsary education duration, Literacy > Total population and 908 more

Energy

How does your country fare in Traditional Fuel Consumption? In Geothermal Energy Consumption? How many barrels of oil were imported into your country last year? Does your production of hydroelectricity match your consumption? Which countries in the world successfully produce nuclear energy for consumption? What is the average energy usage per person? All your questions regarding different forms of energy, their generation and consumption have been answered here.

TOP STATS: Electricity > Consumption, Oil > Consumption, Electric power consumption > KWh per capita and 2387 more

Environment

How much area is declared as protected in the different countries of the world? How many endangered species of reptiles, mammals, birds etc are found in different countries? What are the national levels of pollution? Emissions? Nuclear waste generation? Salination of water resources and expenditure for waste treatment. International treaties, ratification and complaince. You'll find almost all statistics related to environmental pollution and conservational efforts here.

TOP STATS: Ecological footprint, Pollution perceptions > Air pollution, Marine fish catch and 331 more

Geography

All the stats pertaining to the physical features of the country in question can be found here. This implies that if you are looking for the co-ordinates or map references of countries, the land area, climate, boundaries, terrain, natural resources or coastlines, your search ends here.

TOP STATS: Area > Comparative, Geographic coordinates, Natural resources and 102 more

Government

This category is all about the functioning of the government machinery. So, you'll find stats on the goverment administrative divisions, the executive, legistative and judiciary branches, constitution, parliamentary seats, secession attemps, suffrage, corruption - everything connected with our esteemed politicians.

TOP STATS: Government type, Legal system, Political pressure groups and leaders and 392 more

Health

Statistics about the health of a country's citizens are present in this category. You can find stats related to birth weights, rates on smoking, HIV incidence, incidence of cancer, circulatory and other diseases, stats on infant and maternal mortality, life expectancy, suicide rates, teenage pergnancy and other health related topics. We also have some details on health expenditure and health care funding out here.

TOP STATS: Physicians > Per 1,000 people, Births and maternity > Total fertility rate, Obesity and 529 more

Industry

Lists all industry related stats like production of cars, buses trucks, LCVs, different industries like biotech firms and so on.

TOP STATS: Manufacturing, value added > Current US$ per capita, Manufacturing output, Gross value added by manufacturing and 94 more

Labor

You can find detailed stats on the economic activity of the labor force broken over different age-groups and sexes. We also have stats on employment in different sectors, trade union memberships, the average work time, the average number of days the workers take off or even just don't show up! How many female decision makers does a country have? Doctors? What is the normal gender division of the housework? What are the unemployment details and benefits available? How long does an average person need to work to buy a loaf of bread? A car? A television set? Compare these values for different countries.

TOP STATS: Labor force > By occupation, Unemployment rate, Salaries and benefits > Hourly minimum wage and 374 more

Language

What are the main languages spoken in the countries? How many English language speakers are there per country? How about French and Spanish? Check out the results here..

TOP STATS: Languages, Major language(s), French status and 21 more

Lifestyle

Here we rank countries based on amphetamine and cannabis use. But more interestingly, we go into their mindset. What do the citizens of different countries think of their armed forces? Will they report a crime? Do they trust their neighbours? What about their governments? Are they happy with life in general? How charitable are they? What is their political orientation? Are they proud of their countries? Will they fight for their countries? This is an utterly captivating category.

TOP STATS: Quality of life index, Food and drink > Soft drink > Consumption, Happiness net and 110 more

Media

Countries are ranked here depending on the penetration level of computers, phones, fax machines, radios, television sets, mobile phones etc. We also have other stats related to media like vastness of different networks, revenue and employment in different telecom sectors here.

TOP STATS: Internet users, Internet > Internet users per thousand people, Broadcast media and 429 more

Military

Want to know the size of the army in Iran? The number of tanks in Germany? Want to compare the weapon holdings in North and South Korea? Worried about the WMDs world over? Need to know the exact number of countries who have signed terrorism conventions? Or just curious about the coalition forces in the Gulf War? We've tried to collect all details available in the public domain for you here.

TOP STATS: Air force > Combat aircraft, Navy > Corvette warships, Global Peace Index and 285 more

People

Facts relating to the actual life of people are found here. So we have birth and death rates, marriage and divorce rates, single parents, one-person households and teenage pregnancies, size of households and elderly institutions, ethnicity and chinese population - just about every stat you always wanted to know! What is the average age of women when they first get married? How happy are they when compared to their mothers? What is the gender development index in different countries? What will the population be in 2020? Don't miss this category even if you didn't come searching for it specifically.

TOP STATS: Population, Ethnic groups, Birth rate and 1058 more

Religion

Where else could you find the number of Catholics, Catholic priests, Catholic parishes, Jehovahs Witnesses and the number of permanent deacons, and compare them all between major nations in a per-capita format? Check them all here.

TOP STATS: Religions, Major religion(s), Buddhism > By Country > Buddhism > Buddhist total and 111 more

Sports

Who scored the maximum medals in the olympics? What about the summer and winter olympics? What are the latest FIFA rankings? Which country has the maximum number of Mt. Everest ascents? Get all the answers in this sports section.

TOP STATS: Chess > GrandMasters, FIFA World Ranking > Men, FIFA country code and 508 more

Terrorism

This is a category which needs particular highlighting as the growing concern and need for awareness continues to press upon our front pages, in the minds of our leadership and politicians, and indeed, in our everyday conversations. We hope to expand this category into timely and essential data you can rely on to make sense of global and national security, political and societal violence, and our perceptions which are shaped by these notions.

TOP STATS: Number of Known Terrorist Organizations Present, Global Terrorism Indicator, Number of Known Terrorist Organizations Present per million and 30 more

Transport

Here you can find the numbers on the different modes of transportation. How many cars does a country have? Airports? What is the lenght of its highways? What proportion is paved? What about runways, heliports and ports? Lets not leave out waterways or the merchant navy. We have them all here.

TOP STATS: Airports, Ports and terminals, Roadways > Unpaved and 445 more

Travel

TOP STATS: Inbound tourism > Arrivals, Inbound tourism > Passenger transport spending, Inbound tourism > Arrivals per thousand people and 19 more

Weather

TOP STATS: Temperature > Highest temperature ever recorded, Temperature > Highest temperature ever recorded > Location, Precipitation and 4 more

STAT
COUNTRIES COVERED
Rate of urbanization 230
Urban population 230

Interesting observations about People > Urbanization

Monaco ranked first for urbanization amongst Christian countries in 2002.
Guadeloupe ranked first for urbanization amongst Hot countries in 2002.
Singapore ranked first for urbanization amongst Former British colonies in 2002.
Kuwait ranked first for urbanization amongst Muslim countries in 2002.
Belgium ranked first for urbanization amongst Cold countries in 2002.
Argentina ranked first for urbanization amongst Emerging markets in 2002.
Luxembourg ranked first for urbanization amongst Catholic countries in 2002.
Iraq ranked first for urbanization amongst Failed states in 2002.
Djibouti ranked first for urbanization amongst Sub-Saharan Africa in 2002.
Russia ranked first for urbanization amongst Former Soviet republics in 2002.

0

Does urbanization bring about better governance?
Governance has more to do with the development of public institutions and accountability within a country than urbanization per se. Urbanization may necessarily involve construction of public infrastructure for housing, electricity, water supply and transportation, but better governance comes about with improved education levels, information flow, an effective legal system and other factors that would enhance and enforce accountability.

Posted on 24 Jan 2005

Suchita Vemuri, Staff Writer

Suchita Vemuri, Staff Writer

0

Most nations with a high rate of urbanization are countries with limited habitable lands, many of them islands or small states, others with large uninhabitable desert areas.


Countries with a high rate of urbanization generally have a very high rate of industrialization. Poorer countries also show high rates of internal migration from rural to urban areas and uneven economic growth within the country.

Posted on 24 Jan 2005

Suchita Vemuri, Staff Writer

Suchita Vemuri, Staff Writer

0

I think for the statistics to be real , consideration of the area of the country should be made . Fertile lands are abundant in deveoloping countries, mostly in rural areas but still no tangible balance is featured in terms of immigration .
Can we speak of a new phenomenon such as ruralization of urban areas in developing countries ?

Posted on 03 Feb 2011

BAKRI JOURARA

BAKRI JOURARA

0

Except urbanization is deliberate and focus, it may not result in positive development. There is the need for infrastructural development to move with urbanization

Posted on 23 Sep 2010

Dr Oyewole Charles I

Dr Oyewole Charles I

0

As our rural areas become urbanized, competition for land increases; with land developers and government preferring estate development and infrastructures, to agricultural holdings; to the detriment of a nation that is already struggling with food insecurity. Except individual African government, with particular reference to Nigeria, attempt a deliberate incorporation of urban agriculture into our cities, we may soon be faced with acute food shortage, or high food price as demands out weigh supply. While preaching urbanization, there is the need to understand its implication on agricultural development; noting that over 65% of the population depends on agriculture for survival.

Posted on 29 Jul 2009

Dr Oyewole Charles Iledun

Dr Oyewole Charles Iledun

0

Hey - Use the green box on top of the page to get correlations.

Posted on 25 Nov 2004

Priya

Priya

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