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Sub-Saharan Africa Compared by Economy > Innovation > Military expenditure > % of GDP

DEFINITION: Military expenditure (% of GDP). Military expenditures data from SIPRI are derived from the NATO definition, which includes all current and capital expenditures on the armed forces, including peacekeeping forces; defense ministries and other government agencies engaged in defense projects; paramilitary forces, if these are judged to be trained and equipped for military operations; and military space activities. Such expenditures include military and civil personnel, including retirement pensions of military personnel and social services for personnel; operation and maintenance; procurement; military research and development; and military aid (in the military expenditures of the donor country). Excluded are civil defense and current expenditures for previous military activities, such as for veterans' benefits, demobilization, conversion, and destruction of weapons. This definition cannot be applied for all countries, however, since that would require much more detailed information than is available about what is included in military budgets and off-budget military expenditure items. (For example, military budgets might or might not cover civil defense, reserves and auxiliary forces, police and paramilitary forces, dual-purpose forces such as military and civilian police, military grants in kind, pensions for military personnel, and social security contributions paid by one part of government to another.).

CONTENTS

# COUNTRY AMOUNT DATE GRAPH HISTORY
1 Eritrea 20.87% 2003
2 South Sudan 9.43% 2012
3 Sudan 4.37% 2006
4 Djibouti 4.07% 2007
5 Mauritania 3.79% 2009
6 Angola 3.63% 2012
7 Equatorial Guinea 3.59% 2009
8 Zimbabwe 3.24% 2012
9 Swaziland 3.17% 2012
10 Namibia 3.11% 2012
11 Central African Republic 2.6% 2010
12 Burundi 2.39% 2012
13 Botswana 2.3% 2012
14 Guinea 2.23% 2004
15 Guinea-Bissau 2.02% 2012
16 Chad 1.99% 2011
17 Kenya 1.96% 2012
18 Lesotho 1.94% 2012
19 Democratic Republic of the Congo 1.79% 2012
20 Cote d'Ivoire 1.65% 2012
21 Togo 1.6% 2011
22 Zambia 1.55% 2012
23 Senegal 1.54% 2010
24 Uganda 1.45% 2012
25 Mali 1.44% 2012
26 Cameroon 1.4% 2012
27 Burkina Faso 1.39% 2012
28 Gabon 1.36% 2012
29 South Africa 1.16% 2012
30 Tanzania 1.13% 2012
31 Rwanda 1.12% 2012
32 Republic of the Congo 1.11% 2010
33 Benin 1.03% 2012
34 Niger 1.03% 2012
35 Malawi 0.931% 2012
36 Ethiopia 0.916% 2012
37 Mozambique 0.889% 2010
38 Nigeria 0.886% 2012
39 Liberia 0.833% 2012
40 Seychelles 0.815% 2012
41 Sierra Leone 0.72% 2012
42 Madagascar 0.69% 2012
43 The Gambia 0.569% 2007
44 Cape Verde 0.519% 2011
45 Ghana 0.268% 2012
46 Mauritius 0.194% 2012

Citation

"Countries Compared by Economy > Innovation > Military expenditure > % of GDP. International Statistics at NationMaster.com", Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), Yearbook: Armaments, Disarmament and International Security. Aggregates compiled by NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/group-stats/Sub--Saharan-Africa/Economy/Innovation/Military-expenditure/%-of-GDP

Sub-Saharan Africa Compared by Economy > Innovation > Military expenditure > % of GDP

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