Share of Scientific Publications Involving International Collaboration in Immunology and Microbiology

This key economic indicator for the Immunology sector has been recently updated.

  1. Luxembourg Share of Scientific Publications Involving International Collaboration in Immunology and Microbiology rose 7.2points in 2019, compared to a year earlier.
  2. Since 2014 Estonia Share of Scientific Publications Involving International Collaboration in Immunology and Microbiology jumped by 16points year on year reaching 72.83 Percent.
  3. In 2019 Costa Rica was ranked number 1 in Share of Scientific Publications Involving International Collaboration in Immunology and Microbiology.
  4. In 2019 Malta was number 28 in Share of Scientific Publications Involving International Collaboration in Immunology and Microbiology totalising 43.41 Percent, moving from 52 in 2018.

Top Countries in Share of Scientific Publications Involving International Collaboration in Immunology and Microbiology

# 60 Countries Percent Last YoY 5‑years CAGR
1 #1
Costa Rica
74.68 % 2019 -3.0 % +10.1 % View data
2 #2
Estonia
72.83 % 2019 -3.0 % +16.0 % View data
3 #3
Luxembourg
72.59 % 2019 +7.2 % +8.1 % View data
4 #4
United Arab Emirates
70.68 % 2019 +0.0 % +1.1 % View data
5 #5
Vietnam
69.57 % 2019 -2.9 % -0.9 % View data
6 #6
Peru
68.01 % 2019 +6.7 % -4.1 % View data
7 #7
Saudi Arabia
66.20 % 2019 +2.5 % +2.6 % View data
8 #8
Singapore
59.49 % 2019 +0.8 % +5.7 % View data
9 #9
Ukraine
57.15 % 2019 -7.2 % +7.0 % View data
10 #10
Belgium
55.36 % 2019 +2.1 % +4.2 % View data
11 #11
Switzerland
55.07 % 2019 +0.9 % +2.2 % View data
12 #12
Iceland
54.48 % 2019 -1.7 % +4.5 % View data
13 #13
Austria
53.78 % 2019 -0.3 % +2.7 % View data
14 #14
Sweden
53.17 % 2019 +1.9 % +2.2 % View data
15 #15
Cyprus
52.08 % 2019 -4.5 % +7.6 % View data
16 #16
Netherlands
51.51 % 2019 +0.4 % +3.8 % View data
17 #17
Kazakhstan
51.17 % 2019 -10.1 % -1.0 % View data
18 #18
United Kingdom
49.91 % 2019 +1.1 % +3.4 % View data
19 #19
Denmark
49.65 % 2019 -1.6 % +2.6 % View data
20 #20
Finland
48.45 % 2019 +4.4 % +2.2 % View data
21 #21
South Africa
47.97 % 2019 -0.2 % +7.0 % View data
22 #22
Slovenia
45.36 % 2019 -1.1 % +8.2 % View data
23 #23
France
45.04 % 2019 +1.5 % +2.3 % View data
24 #24
Chile
44.29 % 2019 -1.1 % +1.0 % View data
25 #25
New Zealand
44.26 % 2019 -0.3 % +2.3 % View data
26 #26
Croatia
43.91 % 2019 +3.4 % +1.1 % View data
27 #27
Portugal
43.85 % 2019 +0.8 % +3.7 % View data
28 #28
Malta
43.41 % 2019 +62.0 % +6.2 % View data
29 #29
Norway
43.10 % 2019 +7.2 % +0.8 % View data
30 #30
Romania
42.78 % 2019 -5.3 % +10.8 % View data
31 #31
Latvia
42.00 % 2019 +10.3 % +10.6 % View data
32 #32
Germany
41.94 % 2019 -0.2 % +1.0 % View data
33 #33
Australia
41.90 % 2019 +1.7 % +3.1 % View data
34 #34
Ireland
41.27 % 2019 +2.0 % -2.2 % View data
35 #35
Czech Republic
41.20 % 2019 +0.5 % +9.7 % View data
36 #36
Israel
40.66 % 2019 -0.1 % +2.6 % View data
37 #37
Spain
39.71 % 2019 +2.2 % +2.3 % View data
38 #38
Canada
39.57 % 2019 -1.1 % +4.7 % View data
39 #39
Bulgaria
39.36 % 2019 +0.8 % +7.5 % View data
40 #40
Thailand
37.78 % 2019 +0.6 % +1.3 % View data
41 #41
Colombia
37.54 % 2019 -6.2 % +2.2 % View data
42 #42
Malaysia
37.01 % 2019 +5.2 % +8.5 % View data
43 #43
Greece
33.98 % 2019 +2.6 % +1.9 % View data
44 #44
Hungary
33.87 % 2019 +5.6 % -5.9 % View data
45 #45
Egypt
32.91 % 2019 +0.9 % -4.7 % View data
46 #46
Slovakia
31.98 % 2019 -2.6 % -1.6 % View data
47 #47
Italy
31.88 % 2019 +1.4 % +2.9 % View data
48 #48
Lithuania
31.68 % 2019 -1.3 % -0.7 % View data
49 #49
United States
29.97 % 2019 +1.9 % +2.7 % View data
50 #50
Argentina
28.82 % 2019 +2.8 % +1.0 % View data
51 #51
Mexico
27.53 % 2019 -1.3 % +0.9 % View data
52 #52
Brazil
23.71 % 2019 +2.0 % +4.0 % View data
53 #53
Indonesia
23.09 % 2019 -14.6 % -12.9 % View data
54 #54
Japan
22.68 % 2019 -0.4 % +1.4 % View data
55 #55
Turkey
18.42 % 2019 +6.6 % +12.1 % View data
56 #56
Poland
17.74 % 2019 -1.7 % +4.0 % View data
57 #57
South Korea
16.12 % 2019 -2.3 % +2.2 % View data
58 #58
China
15.85 % 2019 -0.3 % +0.2 % View data
59 #59
Russia
15.50 % 2019 -1.1 % -1.4 % View data
60 #60
India
14.87 % 2019 -5.6 % +6.3 % View data

Source: OECD

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