The middle state in the trinity of Baltic states to gain independence from the USSR in 1991, Latvia is also the middle in population with just 2.2 million inhabitants. With the Baltic Sea on its west coast, it is bordered by four states: Estonia (343km) to the north, Lithuania (576km) to the south and Belarus (171km) to the south east, and Russia (292km) to the east. http://www.nationmaster.com/country/lh-lithuania The most populous of the three former USSR Baltic States, with a population of 3.5 million. However, it is the only one of the three to have Russia on its western frontier, with the Russian port and administrative centre of Kaliningrad Oblast stretching for 227km. Other neighbors are Poland (91km), Belarus (680km) and Latvia (576km). http://www.nationmaster.com/country/lo-slovakia Part of the European cluster of 9 landlocked countries (including Kosovo), Slovakia finds itself in the heart of the old Eastern Europe. It has five neighbors on its borders: namely, the Czech Republic (their former state partners in the old Czechoslovakia) and Austria to the west, Ukraine to the east, Poland to the north and Hungary to the south. It is the smallest of the group, with a population of just 5.5 million. http://www.nationmaster.com/country/lu-luxembourg Until Malta joined the EU in 2004, Luxembourg was the smallest member both in population and area. However, it does hold the distinction of being one of the six founding members of the original EEC in 1957. It is bordered by just three nations; France (73km), Belgium (148km) and Germany (138km). http://www.nationmaster.com/country/lu-luxembourg/eco-economy Despite its size, Luxembourg boasts one of the most successful economies in the world with a GDP of more than $41 billion. In fact, its citizens are the most productive globally, topping both the GDP per capita PPP table ahead of the US and Norway, and the Overall Productivity PPP ahead of the US and Ireland. Citizens are also the best off in the world with an Gross National Income of $37,499 per person.
The Netherlands is also popularly known as Holland, and is one of the old kingdom nations of Europe. It’s west and north costs face onto the North Sea, with its eastern border meeting Germany (577km) and its southern border shared with Belgium (450km). Interestingly, its official capital is Amsterdam, also its most populated city with 724,000 inhabitants, but its administrative capital is The Hague, a city of a little more than half the size.