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Canada

Facts and stats about Canada

jaacosta47

Author: jaacosta47

The federal government of Canada has the authority to create laws on criminality, regulations in investigation and crime prosecution. Provinces take care of law enforcement although police jurisdiction is left to federal agencies and the Royal Canadian Mounted Police. Crime rate in Canada continues to go down with the homicide rate declining to the lowest level in the last 46 years. The crime severity rate also went down by three percent. Observers claim that one of the reasons for this decline is the tightening of crime laws by conservative legislators. Besides, citizens do not possess legal rights to possess firearms in Canada. Purchasing a gun takes two months. There is no compulsory licensing for owners of guns. A private citizen in Canada can only apply for a firearms license by having third party references, go through a safety training program and pass the required background checks. These verifications cover criminal, drug addiction and mental health histories. Civilians are not permitted to own automatic firearms, modified handguns, shotguns, automatic rifles, and several types of semi-automatic assault rifles.

34.57 million

Population. Ranked 37th in 2013.

$52,218.99

GDP per capita. Ranked 8th in 2012.

Borders

US 8,893 km (includes 2,477 km with Alaska)
Largest city Toronto - 2,481,494
Capital city Ottawa - 808,391
Major language English, French (both official)
Major religion Christianity
Monetary unit Canadian dollar
Head of state Queen Elizabeth II, represented by a governor general
Prime minister Stephen Harper
Alternative names Canada, Canada & Newfoundland
Groups Christian countries, Cold countries, English speaking countries, Former British colonies, Group of 7 countries (G7), Heavily indebted countries, High income OECD countries, NATO countries, Non-religious countries, Sparsely populated countries, World

Canada Map

9.09 million sq km

Sq. km. Ranked 4th in 2008.

5

The federal government of Canada has the authority to create laws on criminality, regulations in investigation and crime prosecution. Provinces take care of law enforcement although police jurisdiction is left to federal agencies and the Royal Canadian Mounted Police. Crime rate in Canada continues to go down with the homicide rate declining to the lowest level in the last 46 years. The crime severity rate also went down by three percent. Observers claim that one of the reasons for this decline is the tightening of crime laws by conservative legislators. Besides, citizens do not possess legal rights to possess firearms in Canada. Purchasing a gun takes two months. There is no compulsory licensing for owners of guns. A private citizen in Canada can only apply for a firearms license by having third party references, go through a safety training program and pass the required background checks. These verifications cover criminal, drug addiction and mental health histories. Civilians are not permitted to own automatic firearms, modified handguns, shotguns, automatic rifles, and several types of semi-automatic assault rifles.

Posted on 28 Mar 2014

jaacosta47

jaacosta47

423 Stat enthusiast

1

The CAF is considered a separate institution from the Department of National Defence headed by the Chief of Defence Staff. The Canadian Armed Forces’ mandate is to defend the country’s sovereignty and protect its citizens. It also seeks to contribute to global peace and security in collaboration with its international allies. Some of CAF units and personnel are deployed abroad for this purpose. Canada owns the responsibility of securing the entire North American territory along with the United States of America. This is a joint endeavour of the North American Aerospace Defence Command which monitors and preserves continental airspace and bodies of water.

Branches of Service

Three major branches of service of the military are the Canadian Army, Royal Canadian Navy and Royal Canadian Air Force. As the land component, the Canadian Army is made up of combat-ready forces and conducts land surveillance operations. The army supports civil authorities in preserving public order and security. It renders assistance in times of natural calamities and various emergencies. The Canadian Army consists of roughly 70,000 full-time soldiers, 30,000 reservists, and 5,000 rangers. The Royal Navy is tasked with protecting nautical entryway, sea resources and carries out search and rescue missions. The navy has 8,400 permanent and 5,100 part-time sailors. On the other hand, the Royal Canadian Air Force secures the country’s airspace, supports rescue undertakings and airlifts troops, armaments and supplies. There are approximately 13,000 regular and 2,000 reserve personnel.

National, Regional & Domestic Security

Protection of natural borders is the primary duty of the Canadian Armed Forces. During the Cold War, the major concentration of national defence policy was to neutralize possible Soviet military threats. Most of the land and air forces were deployed in Europe from the fifties until the early part of the nineties. With the end of the international tension, the focus moved to the Middle East where the Canadian armed forces were involved in military operations particularly in Afghanistan beginning 2002. Canadian naval personnel also served with the United States Navy in the waters off south western Asia. Since 2006, the defence policy of Canada was called the First Defence Strategy in which the CAF is equipped and familiarized in performing six principal missions in North America and other parts of the world. The armed forces also participated in diplomatic activities like involvement in bilateral/multilateral forums such as the System of Cooperation among American Air Forces, military exercises, foreign visits, joint training programs, and deployment of military attaches all over the world. In the past, members of the Canadian Armed Forces were called on to help maintain peace within the country’s territories. For the duration of the 1970 October Crisis, the federal government invoked the War Measures Act. Canadian soldiers spread out in Ottawa and Quebec to maintain security because of the significant rise in kidnapping and bombing incidents. In 1990, troops were sent to a Quebec community west of Montréal to help resolve an Aboriginal-Canadian land dispute, during the Oka Crisis. From time to time, the military also assists the Royal Canadian Mounted Police in dealing with international drug smuggling syndicates and entry of illegal immigrants.

Modernization Initiatives

Canada may have a large land area but the population is comparatively small. It is quite ironic that it has a small number of armed forces. That is why a reserve force was activated like the Canadian Rangers primarily to patrol the northern areas and distant parts of the East and West coasts. The 4,000 volunteers number more than 4,000 and are mostly Arctic or Aboriginal-Canadians. The First Defence Strategy signalled the start of CAF’s modernization program. In 2008, the armed forces leadership began procuring sophisticated equipment as well as improving training and preparedness. The Canadian Special Operations regiment was also established. Additional funds were channelled towards recruitment because the numbers of soldiers declined in the eighties. The armed forces acquired more arms and equipment like artillery, battle tanks, unmanned air vehicles, aircraft transport (C-130), and armoured vehicle fleets. Notwithstanding these efforts, the commitment of Canada to multi-lateral efforts showed through its total support for peacekeeping efforts. The country became prominent for its peacekeeping role in the 20th and 21st centuries. However, starting 1995, the participation of the CAF in United Nations’ peacekeeping functions started to decrease because it concentrated on NATO operations.

Posted on 28 Mar 2014

jaacosta47

jaacosta47

423 Stat enthusiast

0

In response to Lianna’s question, Canada’s GDP per capita is $29,002.91, or $26,581.08 per person in Purchasing Power Parity (PPP) terms, while the Gross National Income is $21,175.44 per person. There are 2.1 practicing physicians for every 1000 people, for an average of about 476 patients for every doctor. As for nurses, the rate is 9.9 per thousand, or one nurse for every 101 people.

Posted on 29 Mar 2005

Ian Graham, Staff Editor

Ian Graham, Staff Editor

0

In response to Lauren - Canada ranks 10th for per capita GDP, which stands at US$29002.91 per person according to the latest 2005 reports.

Posted on 31 May 2005

Suchita Vemuri, Staff Editor

Suchita Vemuri, Staff Editor

0

In response to Tealander - Canada's Dominion Lands Act of 1872 was done away in 1918, when when a new system was set up, designed to help World War I veterans settle more easily.

Posted on 31 May 2005

Suchita Vemuri, Staff Editor

Suchita Vemuri, Staff Editor

0

Hi Nate, the Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry reports that Indian exports to Canada have increased from C$ 280 million in 1992 to C$ 1326 million in 2003 (January to November): a five-fold increase. Canadian exports to India have marginally increased from C$ 529 million in 1992 to C$ 658 million in 2003 (January to November). The trade balance has been in India's favor since 1993: it was C$ 76 million in 1993 and was C$ 668 million in 2003 (January to November). However, despite the significant increase, India's share in Canada's imports is still less than 0.5%.

Canada's investment in India is mainly in the areas of: power & energy, equipment & services; oil and gas; environment products & services; telecommunications & information technology; and the financial sector, including insurance.

At one time the largest recipient of aid from Canada (through the Canadian International Development Agency), this is today negligible. This is partly because Canada has itself cut back its aid programme (which now constitutes less than about 0.3% of its GDP) and partly because, in 2003, the Government of India took a decision to decline bilateral aid from several countries, including Canada.

Posted on 08 Apr 2005

Suchita Vemuri, Staff Editor

Suchita Vemuri, Staff Editor

0

Hi Javed, see the detailed profile for Trinidad & Tobago and follow specific links from there.

Posted on 22 Mar 2005

Suchita Vemuri, Staff Editor

Suchita Vemuri, Staff Editor

0

Hi Matthew, see: http://www.nationmaster.com/encyclopedia/Ontario.

Posted on 07 Mar 2005

Suchita Vemuri, Staff Editor

Suchita Vemuri, Staff Editor

0

Hi Teresa, see: http://www.nationmaster.com/encyclopedia/Gay-rights#Canada.

Posted on 07 Mar 2005

Suchita Vemuri, Staff Editor

Suchita Vemuri, Staff Editor

0

This website helps me get every single piece of information except for immigration on Canada.

Posted on 08 Mar 2010

Cristyf.Baybehh

Cristyf.Baybehh

0

Actually, O Canada was written in French and translated into English. And several English translations have existed and been used over the years. Ask any middled-aged or older Canadian how things have changed in his or her lifetme.

Posted on 31 Oct 2009

Drakkenfyre

Drakkenfyre

0

I need to see a demographic transition model of Canada. But I can see that not many people visit this site...

Posted on 14 Oct 2009

Matthew W-D

Matthew W-D

0

Can I know the statistics for Canada's media exports?
Percentage and countries included will be great. Thanks.

Posted on 14 Sep 2009

Cheryl Cocteau

Cheryl Cocteau

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