Denmark is one of the countries in Northern Europe bordered by Germany by land and Sweden and Norway by sea. The country has autonomous island territories, namely, Faroe Islands and Greenland.
Denmark is a democracy, with a constitutional monarchy. The current head of state is Queen Margrethe II, although power lies in the Prime Minister (currently Helle Thorning-Schmidt). The government of the country is nearly similar with that of other constitutional monarchies, especially that of Sweden and the United Kingdom.
Centuries ago, Denmark was home to the seafaring Vikings. The Danes were, for a long time, dominant seafarers, and they were famous for their explorations and discoveries. The Danes were also key players struggling to gain monopoly of control in the Baltic.
In the 18th century, Denmark maintained a policy of neutrality. It refused to take part and take sides in any conflict between and among its neighbors. When the World War I started, Denmark never took sides, and the war ended with the country unscathed. However, in the Second World War, Denmark was invaded by Germany. The Blitzkrieg strategy used by the latter proved too much for the small country, and the Danish defences shattered with relative ease. During the course of the war, a Danish resistance was formed, and continued to fight against the superior German forces until Germany capitulated in 1945. Today Denmark is an active UN and NATO member with a small yet well-armed military – abandoning its nearly two-century-long policy of neutrality.
Denmark is one of the most progressive countries in the world, and has constantly ranked as the happiest country in the world according to the Happy People Index. It also is the world’s top performer in terms of social mobility with an impressively high level of social equality.
Population. Ranked 111th in 2013.
GDP per capita. Ranked 6th in 2012.
42,430 sq km
Sq. km. Ranked 125th in 2008.