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Economy > Population below poverty line: Countries Compared

Author: Ian Graham <br>Staff Editor

Author: Ian Graham <br>Staff Editor

The official United States government poverty guidelines for 2005 (see http://aspe.hhs.gov/poverty/05poverty.shtml) set the poverty level at US$9,570 for a single person in the lower 48 states and Washington, D.C. For each additional person, US$3,260 is added to the general poverty threshold. So the poverty level for a family of four would be US$19,350.

The minimum wage in the United States is US$5.15 an hour, which means that a family of four with both parents working full-time minimum-wage jobs would earn US$21,424 per year (assuming 40 hours worked per week).

The U.S. poverty threshold is greater than the GDP per capita in many other countries, but this doesn’t mean it's better to be poor in America than average somewhere else. Prices for the same goods vary greatly from country to country. To get an idea of where one country’s poor stand in relation to another’s, comparisons would have to be made in purchasing power parity.

DEFINITION: National estimates of the percentage of the population lying below the poverty line are based on surveys of sub-groups, with the results weighted by the number of people in each group. Definitions of poverty vary considerably among nations. For example, rich nations generally employ more generous standards of poverty than poor nations..

CONTENTS

# COUNTRY AMOUNT DATE GRAPH HISTORY
1 LiberiaLiberia 80% 2000
2 ChadChad 80% 2001
3 HaitiHaiti 80% 2003
4 Democratic Republic of the CongoCongo, DR. 71% 2006
5 Sierra LeoneSierra Leone 70.2% 2004
6 NigeriaNigeria 70% 2010
7 SurinameSuriname 70% 2002
8 SwazilandSwaziland 69% 2006
9 ZimbabweZimbabwe 68% 2004
10 BurundiBurundi 68% 2002
11 Sao Tome and PrincipeSoa Tome+ 66.2% 2009
12 HondurasHonduras 65% 2010
13 ZambiaZambia 64% 2006
14 NigerNiger 63% 1993
15 ComorosComoros 60% 2002
16 NamibiaNamibia 55.8% 2013
17 SenegalSenegal 54% 2001
18 GuatemalaGuatemala 54% 2011
19 MalawiMalawi 53% 2004
20 MozambiqueMozambique 52% 2009
21 MexicoMexico 51.3% 2013
22 South SudanSouth Sudan 50.6% 2009
23 MadagascarMadagascar 50% 2004
24 KenyaKenya 50% 2000
25 EritreaEritrea 50% 2004
26 BoliviaBolivia 49.6% 2013
27 LesothoLesotho 49% 1999
28 The GambiaThe Gambia 48.4% 2010
29 CameroonCameroon 48% 2000
30 GuineaGuinea 47% 2006
31 Burkina FasoBurkina Faso 46.7% 2009
32 Congo, Republic of theCongo, Republic of the 46.5% 2011
33 SudanSudan 46.5% 2009
34 YemenYemen 45.2% 2003
35 RwandaRwanda 44.9% 2011
36 NicaraguaNicaragua 42.5% 2009
37 Cote d'IvoireCote d'Ivoire 42% 2006
38 DjiboutiDjibouti 42% 2007
39 BelizeBelize 41.3% 2010
40 East TimorEast Timor 41% 2009
41 AngolaAngola 40.5% 2006
42 MauritaniaMauritania 40% 2004
43 TajikistanTajikistan 39.6% 2012
44 Gaza StripGaza Strip 38% 2010
45 GrenadaGrenada 38% 2008
46 BeninBenin 37.4% 2007
47 Papua New GuineaPapua NG 37% 2002
48 El SalvadorEl Salvador 36.5% 2010
49 MaliMali 36.1% 2005
50 TanzaniaTanzania 36% 2002
51 AfghanistanAfghanistan 36% 2009
52 ArmeniaArmenia 35.8% 2010
53 GuyanaGuyana 35% 2006
54 ParaguayParaguay 34.7% 2010
55 Dominican RepublicDominican Rep. 34.4% 2010
56 ColombiaColombia 34.1% 2011
57 KyrgyzstanKyrgyzstan 33.7% 2011
58 BurmaBurma 32.7% 2007
59 TogoTogo 32% 1989
60 VenezuelaVenezuela 31.6% 2011
61 BangladeshBangladesh 31.5% 2010
62 South AfricaSouth Africa 31.3% 2009
63 FijiFiji 31% 2009
64 Republic of MacedoniaMacedonia Rep. 30.4% 2011
65 BotswanaBotswana 30.3% 2003
66 TurkmenistanTurkmenistan 30% 2004
67 KosovoKosovo 30% 2010
68 ArgentinaArgentina 30% 2013
69 Cape VerdeCape Verde 30% 2000
70 IndiaIndia 29.8% 2010
71 MongoliaMongolia 29.8% 2011
72 EthiopiaEthiopia 29.2% 2010
73 DominicaDominica 29% 2009
74 Virgin IslandsVirgin Islands 28.9% 2002
75 GhanaGhana 28.5% 2007
76 LebanonLebanon 28% 1999
77 PeruPeru 27.8% 2011
78 EcuadorEcuador 27.3% 2012
79 BelarusBelarus 27.1% 2003
80 Federated States of MicronesiaMicronesia 26.7% 2000
81 PhilippinesPhilippines 26.5% 2009
82 PanamaPanama 26% 2012
83 LaosLaos 26% 2010
84 NepalNepal 25.2% 2011
85 IraqIraq 25% 2008
86 Costa RicaCosta Rica 24.8% 2011
87 UgandaUganda 24.5% 2009
88 UkraineUkraine 24.1% 2010
89 TongaTonga 24% 2007
90 IsraelIsrael 23.6% 2013
91 BhutanBhutan 23.2% 2008
92 AnguillaAnguilla 23% 2002
93 GuamGuam 23% 2001
94 AlgeriaAlgeria 23% 2006
95 PakistanPakistan 22.3% 2006
96 RomaniaRomania 22.2% 2011
97 MoldovaMoldova 21.9% 2010
98 BulgariaBulgaria 21.8% 2008
99 BrazilBrazil 21.4% 2013
100 SpainSpain 21.1% 2012
101 CroatiaCroatia 21.1% 2011
102 SlovakiaSlovakia 21% 2002
103 GreeceGreece 20% 2009
104 CambodiaCambodia 20% 2012
105 EgyptEgypt 20% 2005
106 French PolynesiaFr. Polynesia 19.7% 2009
107 ItalyItaly 19.6% 2011
108 United Arab EmiratesUAE 19.5% 2003
109 IranIran 18.7% 2007
110 Bosnia and HerzegovinaBosnia+ 18.6% 2007
111 UruguayUruguay 18.6% 2010
112 West BankWest Bank 18.3% 2010
113 PortugalPortugal 18% 2006
114 EstoniaEstonia 17.5% 2010
115 UzbekistanUzbekistan 17% 2011
116 Trinidad and TobagoTrinidad+ 17% 2007
117 TurkeyTurkey 16.9% 2010
118 South KoreaSouth Korea 16.5% 2011
119 JamaicaJamaica 16.5% 2009
120 MaldivesMaldives 16% 2008
121 JapanJapan 16% 2010
122 GermanyGermany 15.5% 2010
123 MaltaMalta 15.4% 2011
124 BelgiumBelgium 15.2% 2007
125 United StatesUnited States 15.1% 2010
126 ChileChile 15.1% 2009
127 MoroccoMorocco 15% 2007
128 JordanJordan 14.2% 2002
129 HungaryHungary 14% 2012
130 United KingdomUnited Kingdom 14% 2006
131 SloveniaSlovenia 13.6% 2011
132 DenmarkDenmark 13.4% 2011
133 ChinaChina 13.4% 2013
134 RussiaRussia 12.7% 2011
135 AlbaniaAlbania 12.5% 2008
136 SyriaSyria 11.9% 2006
137 IndonesiaIndonesia 11.7% 2012
138 VietnamVietnam 11.3% 2012
139 AzerbaijanAzerbaijan 11% 2009
140 BermudaBermuda 11% 2008
141 PolandPoland 10.6% 2008
142 NetherlandsNetherlands 10.5% 2005
143 CanadaCanada 9.4% 2013
144 The BahamasThe Bahamas 9.3% 2004
145 GeorgiaGeorgia 9.2% 2010
146 SerbiaSerbia 9.2% 2010
147 GreenlandGreenland 9.2% 2007
148 Czech RepublicCzech Republic 9% 2010
149 Sri LankaSri Lanka 8.9% 2010
150 Serbia and MontenegroSerbia+ 8.8% 2010
151 MauritiusMauritius 8% 2006
152 AndorraAndorra 8% 2008
153 SwitzerlandSwitzerland 7.9% 2010
154 FranceFrance 7.8% 2010
155 ThailandThailand 7.8% 2010
156 LibyaLibya 7.4% 2005
157 MontenegroMontenegro 6.6% 2010
158 AustriaAustria 6.2% 2012
159 IrelandIreland 5.5% 2009
160 KazakhstanKazakhstan 5.3% 2011
161 LithuaniaLithuania 4% 2008
162 MalaysiaMalaysia 3.8% 2009
163 TunisiaTunisia 3.8% 2005
164 TaiwanTaiwan 1.5% 2012

Citation

"All countries compared for Economy > Population below poverty line", CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011. Aggregates compiled by NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/stats/Economy/Population-below-poverty-line

Economy > Population below poverty line: Countries Compared Map

NationMaster

1

@ricky

It is a huge generalization to say that taxation is high in New Zealand due to many people on the dole. The unemployment rate in New Zealand is 6%. Considering the global economic crisis, this is not that high. Taxes are necessary to pay for public services, like health, education, infrastructure etc, not just social security.

Posted on 21 Jul 2010

John

John

0

The United States is commonly known as a country of immigrants, and it is a popular destination for those seeking a better life in a new country, but it doesn’t seem that it is the most popular destination for immigrants anymore.

Both the United Kingdom and Germany had a greater number of asylum seekers than the U.S. in 2001.

Denmark, Canada, Finland and Sweden all had higher asylum-seekers acceptance rates, and the U.S. has a lower foreign population than Luxembourg, New Zealand, Australia, Switzerland and Canada.

The net migration rate for the U.S. was estimated to be 3.52 per 1,000 population in 2003, lower than 29 other countries.

However, the U.S. did lead the world in new citizenships, with 898,000. One also has to take into mind that the many illegal aliens who enter the United States, especially from Mexico, are not included in these statistics.

Posted on 15 Apr 2005

Ian Graham <br>Staff Editor

Ian Graham <br>Staff Editor

0

The official United States government poverty guidelines for 2005 (see http://aspe.hhs.gov/poverty/05poverty.shtml) set the poverty level at US$9,570 for a single person in the lower 48 states and Washington, D.C. For each additional person, US$3,260 is added to the general poverty threshold. So the poverty level for a family of four would be US$19,350.

The minimum wage in the United States is US$5.15 an hour, which means that a family of four with both parents working full-time minimum-wage jobs would earn US$21,424 per year (assuming 40 hours worked per week).

The U.S. poverty threshold is greater than the GDP per capita in many other countries, but this doesn’t mean it's better to be poor in America than average somewhere else. Prices for the same goods vary greatly from country to country. To get an idea of where one country’s poor stand in relation to another’s, comparisons would have to be made in purchasing power parity.

Posted on 09 Mar 2005

Ian Graham <br>Staff Editor

Ian Graham <br>Staff Editor

0

New Zealand does not have a poverty line for a reason - they do not want anyone to know how many people are actually living in poverty there. It's no secret though that many Kiwis leave because the wages are low and the taxes are high. The taxes are high because many people are on the dole.

Posted on 17 Jul 2010

Rick

Rick

0

Around 50 countries remain unaccounted for. I know places like Norway and Sweden show n/a on poverty on several sites. Anyone know about the others?

Posted on 09 Jul 2010

michelle

michelle

0

What effect has the last few years had on these statistics?


Charles King
http://www.8thsisterenergy.com

Posted on 26 Jun 2010

Where are more current numbers

Where are more current numbers

0

I love teedy bears and I think you should put them in your next advertisment for want ever your are doing.

Posted on 09 Jun 2010

katie davis

katie davis

0

Ian Graham
Staff Editor
9th March 2005 The official United States government poverty guidelines for 2005 (see http://aspe.hhs.gov/poverty/05poverty.shtml) set the poverty level at US$9,570 for a single person in the lower 48 states and Washington, D.C. For each additional person, US$3,260 is added to the general poverty threshold. So the poverty level for a family of four would be US$19,350.

The minimum wage in the United States is US$5.15 an hour, which means that a family of four with both parents working full-time minimum-wage jobs would earn US$21,424 per year (assuming 40 hours worked per week).

The U.S. poverty threshold is greater than the GDP per capita in many other countries, but this doesn’t mean it's better to be poor in America than average somewhere else. Prices for the same goods vary greatly from country to country. To get an idea of where one country’s poor stand in relation to another’s, comparisons would have to be made in purchasing power parity.

Posted on 10 May 2010

barney

barney

0

Some specialists argue that mortgage loans help a lot of people to live their own way, because they are able to feel free to buy needed goods. Furthermore, a lot of banks present auto loan for different persons.

Posted on 11 Apr 2010

CamachoJolene

CamachoJolene

0

Hi.

I am doing a speech in school on world poverty. I know that China does not share their economical status to others because they think that people will figure out secrets about their corrupt government. So, how do you know that these statistics on certain corrupt countries are true? My email is estherseim@sbcglobal.net. If you can answer my question, that would be great!

Thank You,

Esther Seim (12 years old)

Posted on 02 Mar 2010

Esther

Esther

0

What happened to Malta? Last I looked that was a sovereign nation... not in the table at all...

Posted on 18 Sep 2009

Andy TOwler

Andy TOwler

0

Is poverty line equates and similar to all countries?
I'm sure that "poor" in Liberia doesn't earn as much as "poor" in Taiwan. Even proprtionality may some times decieving.

Posted on 26 Aug 2009

Abe+Bird

Abe+Bird

0

Could a stat be put up of orphan rates per capita be added to the site? That would be great.

Posted on 26 May 2009

Joshua

Joshua

0

Could you please update your statistics,
Suriname's statistics have changed quite a bit for the better since 2002.

Posted on 11 May 2009

John Sno

John Sno

0

What percent population below poverty line.

Posted on 27 Apr 2009

Chris

Chris

0

In response to Jenna:

According to the Canadian council on social development, 16.2% of Canadians are living below the poverty line Including 14.6% of men and 17.7% of women. Those most affected by poverty include female-led sole parent families and single elderly people. One quarter of those living in poverty are children under 18 years of age.



Canada has no official definition of poverty with different organisations using different definitions. Poverty definitions include:


  • Households which spend 20 percentage points more of their income on Food, clothing and shelter than the average Canadian household. If the average Canadian household spends 50% of its income on these essentials, those who spend 70% or more are considered to be poor.

  • Statistics Canada low income measures.

  • The Cost of Living Guidelines developed by the Social Planning Council of B.C.




Further information on poverty in Canada can be found on the Canadian council on social development web page.

Posted on 07 Jun 2005

Edria Murray<br>Staff Editor

Edria Murray<br>Staff Editor

0

Hi Michelle, you can create a graph from the data on Denmark's total population or population growth rate. However, while you can see the graph online, in order to download or print it, you need to be a supporter.

Posted on 20 Apr 2005

Suchita Vemuri<br>Staff Editor

Suchita Vemuri<br>Staff Editor

0

Hi Deedee, what specific aspect of the Maldives economy are you looking for? Graphs can be generated only on specific data.

Posted on 06 Mar 2005

Suchita Vemuri<br>Staff Editor

Suchita Vemuri<br>Staff Editor

0

Hi Rach, the profile of Korea will give you most of this information, and for more, follow the links.

Posted on 06 Mar 2005

Suchita Vemuri<br>Staff Editor

Suchita Vemuri<br>Staff Editor

0

Hi Vincent -- if you follow the link at the top of the chart to 'view all countries', you'll get the data for the developed countries. In the US, for example, about 12% of the population lives below the national poverty line; national definitions of 'poverty' varies between countries.

Posted on 06 Mar 2005

Suchita Vemuri<br>Staff Editor

Suchita Vemuri<br>Staff Editor

0

Hi Allan, apart from ranking countries by the proportion of the population below the poverty line (where the Philippines stands at 53rd, with 40% 'poor' as shown in this table), poverty levels in countries can be ranked by the proportion of people living on less than USD1, by total GDP or GDP per capita or by GDP by purchasing power parity, which measures the cost of the same good or service across countries. The more developed or wealthy a country, the more it is likely to charge for the identical products and services, principally because its labor and currency will command more.

The links here will show that the Philippines ranks relatively low in all these measurement categories.

Posted on 06 Mar 2005

Suchita Vemuri<br>Staff Editor

Suchita Vemuri<br>Staff Editor

0

The Maldives ranks 17 on the UNDP Human Poverty Index (HPI), which is calculated on two basic parameters ¾ population without sustainable access to an improved water source and the number of children who are underweight for their age. It ranks 84 on the Human Development Index.

Criteria for assessment of poverty levels vary between nations, and statistics are not strictly comparable. However, the UNDP also has an incomplete list of populations with income levels below USD1 and USD2; but many nations either do not have this information or are reluctant to part with the estimates because of the politically sensitive nature of the data.

While Singapore and Barbados rank 6 and 1, respectively, on the HPI, do not have any citizens earning less than USD 1 or USD2, while Costa Rica, which ranks 4 on the HPI, has 22% living below the nationally defined poverty line, 9.5% earning less than USD2 and 2% less than USD1.

Posted on 21 Jan 2005

Suchita Vemuri<br>Staff Editor

Suchita Vemuri<br>Staff Editor

0

Everyone needs to do something to help deal with all the poverty in the world. This wouldn't have happened if everyone was treated with equality.

Posted on 27 May 2009

Laura (Australia)

Laura (Australia)

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