A former British colony colony, Uganda is one of the few landlocked nations in Africa to have a significant shoreline. The nation’s capital, Kampala sits on the north shore of Lake Victoria, the largest lake on the continent. Its borders are shared by Sudan (435km) to the north, Kenya (933km) to the east, Tanzania (396km) and Rwanda (169km) to the south and Democratic Rep of the Congo (765km) to the west. http://www.nationmaster.com/country/uk-united-kingdomAs the core of the British Empire, an empire that once covered one quarter of the earth, the United Kingdom (UK) retains a significance in world politics. Comprising just four states - England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland - it has just one border, with the Republic or Ireland (360km). With a population of 62.7 million, its the 3rd most populated country in the EU, behind Germany and France, and the 23rd in the world.
As the dominant industrial and maritime power of the 19th century, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland played a leading role in developing parliamentary democracy and in advancing literature and science. At its zenith, the British Empire stretched over one-fourth of the earth's surface. The first half of the 20th century saw the UK's strength seriously depleted in two World Wars and the Irish republic withdraw from the union. The second half witnessed the dismantling of the Empire and the UK rebuilding itself into a modern and prosperous European nation. As one of five permanent members of the UN Security Council, a founding member of NATO, and of the Commonwealth, the UK pursues a global approach to foreign policy; it currently is weighing the degree of its integration with continental Europe. A member of the EU, it chose to remain outside the Economic and Monetary Union for the time being. Constitutional reform is also a significant issue in the UK. The Scottish Parliament, the National Assembly for Wales, and the Northern Ireland Assembly were established in 1999, but the latter was suspended until May 2007 due to wrangling over the peace process.