Country vs country: Iran and United States compared Geography

STAT Iran United States HISTORY
Area > Comparative slightly smaller than Alaska about half the size of Russia; about three-tenths the size of Africa; about half the size of South America (or slightly larger than Brazil); slightly larger than China; more than twice the size of the European Union
Area > Comparative to US places slightly larger than Alaska about half the size of Russia; about three-tenths the size of Africa; about half the size of South America (or slightly larger than Brazil); slightly larger than China; more than twice the size of the European Union
Area > Land 1.64 million sq km
Ranked 18th.
9.16 million sq km
Ranked 4th. 6 times more than Iran

Area > Land > Per capita 24.84 sq km per 1,000 people
Ranked 68th.
30.16 sq km per 1,000 people
Ranked 60th. 21% more than Iran

Area > Total 1.65 million sq km
Ranked 19th.
9.83 million sq km
Ranked 4th. 6 times more than Iran

Area > Water 116,600 sq km
Ranked 5th.
664,709 sq km
Ranked 3rd. 6 times more than Iran

Average precipitation in depth > Mm per year 228
Ranked 159th.
715
Ranked 110th. 3 times more than Iran

Climate mostly arid or semiarid, subtropical along Caspian coast mostly temperate, but tropical in Hawaii and Florida, arctic in Alaska, semiarid in the great plains west of the Mississippi River, and arid in the Great Basin of the southwest; low winter temperatures in the northwest are ameliorated occasionally in January and February by warm chinook winds from the eastern slopes of the Rocky Mountains
Coastline 2,440 km
Ranked 52nd.
19,924 km
Ranked 9th. 8 times more than Iran

Geographic coordinates 32 00 N, 53 00 E 38 00 N, 97 00 W
Land area > Square miles 636,313 square miles
Ranked 8th.
3.8 million square miles
Ranked 2nd. 6 times more than Iran
Location Middle East, bordering the Gulf of Oman, the Persian Gulf, and the Caspian Sea, between Iraq and Pakistan North America, bordering both the North Atlantic Ocean and the North Pacific Ocean, between Canada and Mexico
Natural resources petroleum, natural gas, coal, chromium, copper, iron ore, lead, manganese, zinc, sulfur coal, copper, lead, molybdenum, phosphates, rare earth elements, uranium, bauxite, gold, iron, mercury, nickel, potash, silver, tungsten, zinc, petroleum, natural gas, timber
Surface area > Sq. km 1.65 million km²
Ranked 17th.
9.63 million km²
Ranked 3rd. 6 times more than Iran

Terrain rugged, mountainous rim; high, central basin with deserts, mountains; small, discontinuous plains along both coasts vast central plain, mountains in west, hills and low mountains in east; rugged mountains and broad river valleys in Alaska; rugged, volcanic topography in Hawaii
Population density > People per sq. km 41.71 people/m²
Ranked 138th. 29% more than United States
32.35 people/m²
Ranked 149th.

Elevation extremes > Highest point Kuh-e Damavand 5,671 m Mount McKinley (Denali) 6,194 m (highest point in North America)
Land use > Arable land 10.05%
Ranked 105th.
16.29%
Ranked 65th. 62% more than Iran

Land boundaries > Border countries Afghanistan 936 km, Armenia 35 km, Azerbaijan-proper 432 km, Azerbaijan-Naxcivan exclave 179 km, Iraq 1,458 km, Pakistan 909 km, Turkey 499 km, Turkmenistan 992 km Canada 8,893 km (including 2,477 km with Alaska), Mexico 3,141 km
Irrigated land 87,000 sq km
Ranked 1st.
230,000 sq km
Ranked 3rd. 3 times more than Iran

Natural hazards periodic droughts, floods; dust storms, sandstorms; earthquakes tsunamis; volcanoes; earthquake activity around Pacific Basin; hurricanes along the Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico coasts; tornadoes in the Midwest and Southeast; mud slides in California; forest fires in the west; flooding; permafrost in northern Alaska, a major impediment to development
Rural population density > Rural population per sq. km of arable land 140.32 people/km² of arable lan
Ranked 45th. 4 times more than United States
32.62 people/km² of arable lan
Ranked 70th.

Maritime claims > Territorial sea 12 nautical mile
Ranked 46th. The same as United States
12 nautical mile
Ranked 61st.

Area > Land per 1000 22.52 sq km
Ranked 65th.
30.13 sq km
Ranked 51st. 34% more than Iran

Elevation extremes > Lowest point Caspian Sea -28 m Death Valley -86 m
Coastline per 1000 0.0324 km
Ranked 131st.
0.0639 km
Ranked 114th. 98% more than Iran

Population density 39.84 people per sqkm
Ranked 153th. 34% more than United States
29.77 people per sqkm
Ranked 167th.
Map references Middle East North America
Capital city with population Tehran - 7,160,094 Washington, D.C. - 606,900
Largest city with population Tehran - 7,160,094 New York City - 8,168,338
Total renewable water resources None None
Surface area > Sq. km per 1000 23.49 km²
Ranked 68th.
32.59 km²
Ranked 53th. 39% more than Iran

Environment > Current issues air pollution, especially in urban areas, from vehicle emissions, refinery operations, and industrial effluents; deforestation; overgrazing; desertification; oil pollution in the Persian Gulf; wetland losses from drought; soil degradation (salination); inadequate supplies of potable water; water pollution from raw sewage and industrial waste; urbanization air pollution resulting in acid rain in both the US and Canada; large emitter of carbon dioxide from the burning of fossil fuels; water pollution from runoff of pesticides and fertilizers; limited natural freshwater resources in much of the western part of the country require careful management; desertification
Land use > Other 88.86%
Ranked 119th. 6% more than United States
83.44%
Ranked 150th.

Area > Total per 1000 22.68 sq km
Ranked 65th.
32.31 sq km
Ranked 51st. 42% more than Iran

Area > Water per 1000 0.165 sq km
Ranked 80th.
2.19 sq km
Ranked 19th. 13 times more than Iran

Land use > Permanent crops 1.08%
Ranked 113th. 4 times more than United States
0.26%
Ranked 164th.

Road density > Km of road per 100 sq. km of land area 11.4 sq. km
Ranked 72nd.
66.57 sq. km
Ranked 36th. 6 times more than Iran

Maritime claims > Contiguous zone 24
Ranked 43th. The same as United States
24
Ranked 59th.

Environment > International agreements > Party to Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Seals, Antarctic Treaty, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
Surface area > Sq. km > Per capita 24.15 km² per 1,000 people
Ranked 68th.
32.5 km² per 1,000 people
Ranked 54th. 35% more than Iran

Land boundaries > Total 5,440 km
Ranked 26th.
12,034 km
Ranked 6th. 2 times more than Iran

Precipitation 230 mm
Ranked 84th.
1,201 mm
Ranked 25th. 5 times more than Iran
Highest point Damavand Mount McKinley
Irrigated land > Per capita 1.15 sq km per 1,000 people
Ranked 14th. 50% more than United States
0.77 sq km per 1,000 people
Ranked 26th.

Note strategic location on the Persian Gulf and Strait of Hormuz, which are vital maritime pathways for crude oil transport world's third-largest country by size (after Russia and Canada) and by population (after China and India); Mt. McKinley is highest point in North America and Death Valley the lowest point on the continent
Irrigated land per million 1,116.08 sq km
Ranked 15th. 45% more than United States
771.61 sq km
Ranked 28th.

Capital Tehran Washington DC
Marine Coastline 2,440 km
Ranked 52nd.
19,924 km
Ranked 9th. 8 times more than Iran
Border to area ratio 0.0033 km/km²
Ranked 141st. 3 times more than United States
0.00126 km/km²
Ranked 155th.
Freshwater > Withdrawal > Per capita 1048 1600
Freshwater > Withdrawal > Total 72.88 477
Highest point elevation None
None
Environment > International agreements > Signed, but not ratified Environmental Modification, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Biodiversity, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Hazardous Wastes
Northernmost point North of Kukh , West Azarbaijan Region Point Barrow , Alaska
Highest town Fereydunshahr Alma
Maritime claims > Contiguous zone per million people 0.301
Ranked 70th. 4 times more than United States
0.0758
Ranked 79th.

Area > Water > Per capita 182.16 sq km per 1 million peo
Ranked 78th.
2,187.8 sq km per 1 million peo
Ranked 20th. 12 times more than Iran

Area > Total > Per capita 25.02 sq km per 1,000 people
Ranked 69th.
32.34 sq km per 1,000 people
Ranked 62nd. 29% more than Iran

Northernmost point latitude 39\u00b047'N 71\u00b023'N
Lowest point altitude \u221228 m (\u221292 ft) \u221285.5 m (\u2212280.5 ft)
Lowest point Caspian Sea Badwater Basin
Land boundaries > Total per million 74.87 km
Ranked 124th. 89% more than United States
39.57 km
Ranked 135th.

Freshwater withdrawal > Domestic/industrial/agricultural > Per capita 1,306 cu m/yr
Ranked 2nd.
1,583 cu m/yr
Ranked 2nd. 21% more than Iran

Freshwater withdrawal > Domestic/industrial/agricultural > Total 93.3 cu km/yr
Ranked 6th.
478.4 cu km/yr
Ranked 3rd. 5 times more than Iran

Freshwater withdrawal > Domestic/industrial/agricultural > Per capita 1,306 cu m/yr
Ranked 2nd.
1,583 cu m/yr
Ranked 2nd. 21% more than Iran

Continent or sub continent Middle East North America
Arable land > % of land area 10.77%
Ranked 100th.
17.51%
Ranked 63th. 63% more than Iran

Land boundaries > Total > Per capita 0.083 km per 1,000 people
Ranked 127th. 2 times more than United States
0.04 km per 1,000 people
Ranked 144th.

Terrestrial and marine protected areas > % of total territorial area 6.96%
Ranked 125th.
15.14%
Ranked 80th. 2 times more than Iran

Freshwater withdrawal > Domestic/industrial/agricultural > Total per million people 1.17 cu km/yr
Ranked 15th.
1.51 cu km/yr
Ranked 6th. 29% more than Iran

Population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters > % of total population 4.98%
Ranked 105th. 21% more than United States
4.1%
Ranked 115th.

Freshwater withdrawal > Domestic/industrial/agricultural > Total per million people 1.17 cu km/yr
Ranked 15th.
1.51 cu km/yr
Ranked 6th. 29% more than Iran

Freshwater withdrawal > Domestic/industrial/agricultural > Per capita per million people 18.83 cu m/yr
Ranked 5th. 4 times more than United States
5.36 cu m/yr
Ranked 51st.

Terrestrial protected areas > % of total land area 7.16%
Ranked 138th.
13.82%
Ranked 104th. 93% more than Iran

Freshwater withdrawal > Domestic/industrial/agricultural > Per capita per million people 18.83 cu m/yr
Ranked 5th. 4 times more than United States
5.36 cu m/yr
Ranked 51st.

Freshwater withdrawal > Domestic/industrial/agricultural > Total 93.3 cu km/yr
Ranked 6th.
478.4 cu km/yr
Ranked 3rd. 5 times more than Iran

Low-lying areas > Elevation under 5 metres > % of land area 1.59%
Ranked 121st.
1.72%
Ranked 119th. 8% more than Iran