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Geography > Climate: Countries Compared

DEFINITION: A brief description of typical weather regimes throughout the year..

COUNTRY DESCRIPTION
AfghanistanAfghanistan arid to semiarid; cold winters and hot summers
AkrotiriAkrotiri temperate; Mediterranean with hot, dry summers and cool winters
AlbaniaAlbania mild temperate; cool, cloudy, wet winters; hot, clear, dry summers; interior is cooler and wetter
AlgeriaAlgeria arid to semiarid; mild, wet winters with hot, dry summers along coast; drier with cold winters and hot summers on high plateau; sirocco is a hot, dust/sand-laden wind especially common in summer
American SamoaAmerican Samoa tropical marine, moderated by southeast trade winds; annual rainfall averages about 3 m; rainy season (November to April), dry season (May to October); little seasonal temperature variation
AndorraAndorra temperate; snowy, cold winters and warm, dry summers
AngolaAngola semiarid in south and along coast to Luanda; north has cool, dry season (May to October) and hot, rainy season (November to April)
AnguillaAnguilla tropical; moderated by northeast trade winds
AntarcticaAntarctica severe low temperatures vary with latitude, elevation, and distance from the ocean; East Antarctica is colder than West Antarctica because of its higher elevation; Antarctic Peninsula has the most moderate climate; higher temperatures occur in January along the coast and average slightly below freezing
Antigua and BarbudaAntigua+ tropical maritime; little seasonal temperature variation
Arctic OceanArctic Ocean polar climate characterized by persistent cold and relatively narrow annual temperature ranges; winters characterized by continuous darkness, cold and stable weather conditions, and clear skies; summers characterized by continuous daylight, damp and foggy weather, and weak cyclones with rain or snow
ArgentinaArgentina mostly temperate; arid in southeast; subantarctic in southwest
ArmeniaArmenia highland continental, hot summers, cold winters
ArubaAruba tropical marine; little seasonal temperature variation
Ashmore and Cartier IslandsAshmore+ tropical
Atlantic OceanAtlantic Ocean tropical cyclones (hurricanes) develop off the coast of Africa near Cape Verde and move westward into the Caribbean Sea; hurricanes can occur from May to December, but are most frequent from August to November
AustraliaAustralia generally arid to semiarid; temperate in south and east; tropical in north
AustriaAustria temperate; continental, cloudy; cold winters with frequent rain and some snow in lowlands and snow in mountains; moderate summers with occasional showers
AzerbaijanAzerbaijan dry, semiarid steppe
BahrainBahrain arid; mild, pleasant winters; very hot, humid summers
Baker IslandBaker Island equatorial; scant rainfall, constant wind, burning sun
BangladeshBangladesh tropical; mild winter (October to March); hot, humid summer (March to June); humid, warm rainy monsoon (June to October)
BarbadosBarbados tropical; rainy season (June to October)
Bassas da IndiaBassas da India tropical
BelarusBelarus cold winters, cool and moist summers; transitional between continental and maritime
BelgiumBelgium temperate; mild winters, cool summers; rainy, humid, cloudy
BelizeBelize tropical; very hot and humid; rainy season (May to November); dry season (February to May)
BeninBenin tropical; hot, humid in south; semiarid in north
BermudaBermuda subtropical; mild, humid; gales, strong winds common in winter
BhutanBhutan varies; tropical in southern plains; cool winters and hot summers in central valleys; severe winters and cool summers in Himalayas
BoliviaBolivia varies with altitude; humid and tropical to cold and semiarid
Bosnia and HerzegovinaBosnia+ hot summers and cold winters; areas of high elevation have short, cool summers and long, severe winters; mild, rainy winters along coast
BotswanaBotswana semiarid; warm winters and hot summers
Bouvet IslandBouvet Island antarctic
BrazilBrazil mostly tropical, but temperate in south
British Indian Ocean TerritoryIndian Ocean tropical marine; hot, humid, moderated by trade winds
British Virgin IslandsBrit. Virgin Isl. subtropical; humid; temperatures moderated by trade winds
BruneiBrunei tropical; hot, humid, rainy
BulgariaBulgaria temperate; cold, damp winters; hot, dry summers
Burkina FasoBurkina Faso tropical; warm, dry winters; hot, wet summers
BurmaBurma tropical monsoon; cloudy, rainy, hot, humid summers (southwest monsoon, June to September); less cloudy, scant rainfall, mild temperatures, lower humidity during winter (northeast monsoon, December to April)
BurundiBurundi equatorial; high plateau with considerable altitude variation (772 m to 2,670 m above sea level); average annual temperature varies with altitude from 23 to 17 degrees centigrade but is generally moderate as the average altitude is about 1,700 m; average annual rainfall is about 150 cm; two wet seasons (February to May and September to November), and two dry seasons (June to August and December to January)
CambodiaCambodia tropical; rainy, monsoon season (May to November); dry season (December to April); little seasonal temperature variation
CameroonCameroon varies with terrain, from tropical along coast to semiarid and hot in north
CanadaCanada varies from temperate in south to subarctic and arctic in north
Cape VerdeCape Verde temperate; warm, dry summer; precipitation meager and erratic
Cayman IslandsCayman Islands tropical marine; warm, rainy summers (May to October) and cool, relatively dry winters (November to April)
Central African RepublicCentral Africa tropical; hot, dry winters; mild to hot, wet summers
ChadChad tropical in south, desert in north
ChileChile temperate; desert in north; Mediterranean in central region; cool and damp in south
ChinaChina extremely diverse; tropical in south to subarctic in north
Christmas IslandXmas Island tropical with a wet season (December to April) and dry season; heat and humidity moderated by trade winds
Clipperton IslandClipperton tropical; humid, average temperature 20-32 degrees C, wet season (May to October)
Cocos (Keeling) IslandsCocos Islands tropical with high humidity, moderated by the southeast trade winds for about nine months of the year
ColombiaColombia tropical along coast and eastern plains; cooler in highlands
ComorosComoros tropical marine; rainy season (November to May)
Congo, Republic of theCongo, Republic of the tropical; rainy season (March to June); dry season (June to October); persistent high temperatures and humidity; particularly enervating climate astride the Equator
Cook IslandsCook Islands tropical oceanic; moderated by trade winds; a dry season from April to November and a more humid season from December to March
Coral Sea IslandsCoral Sea tropical
Costa RicaCosta Rica tropical and subtropical; dry season (December to April); rainy season (May to November); cooler in highlands
Cote d'IvoireCote d'Ivoire tropical along coast, semiarid in far north; three seasons - warm and dry (November to March), hot and dry (March to May), hot and wet (June to October)
CroatiaCroatia Mediterranean and continental; continental climate predominant with hot summers and cold winters; mild winters, dry summers along coast
CubaCuba tropical; moderated by trade winds; dry season (November to April); rainy season (May to October)
CyprusCyprus temperate; Mediterranean with hot, dry summers and cool winters
Czech RepublicCzech Republic temperate; cool summers; cold, cloudy, humid winters
Democratic Republic of the CongoCongo, DR. tropical; hot and humid in equatorial river basin; cooler and drier in southern highlands; cooler and wetter in eastern highlands; north of Equator - wet season (April to October), dry season (December to February); south of Equator - wet season (November to March), dry season (April to October)
DenmarkDenmark temperate; humid and overcast; mild, windy winters and cool summers
DhekeliaDhekelia temperate; Mediterranean with hot, dry summers and cool winters
DjiboutiDjibouti desert; torrid, dry
DominicaDominica tropical; moderated by northeast trade winds; heavy rainfall
Dominican RepublicDominican Rep. tropical maritime; little seasonal temperature variation; seasonal variation in rainfall
East TimorEast Timor tropical; hot, humid; distinct rainy and dry seasons
EcuadorEcuador tropical along coast, becoming cooler inland at higher elevations; tropical in Amazonian jungle lowlands
EgyptEgypt desert; hot, dry summers with moderate winters
El SalvadorEl Salvador tropical; rainy season (May to October); dry season (November to April); tropical on coast; temperate in uplands
Equatorial GuineaEqu. Guinea tropical; always hot, humid
EritreaEritrea hot, dry desert strip along Red Sea coast; cooler and wetter in the central highlands (up to 61 cm of rainfall annually, heaviest June to September); semiarid in western hills and lowlands
EstoniaEstonia maritime; wet, moderate winters, cool summers
EthiopiaEthiopia tropical monsoon with wide topographic-induced variation
Europa IslandEuropa Island tropical
European UnionEuropean Union cold temperate; potentially subarctic in the north to temperate; mild wet winters; hot dry summers in the south
Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas)Falklands cold marine; strong westerly winds, cloudy, humid; rain occurs on more than half of days in year; average annual rainfall is 24 inches in Stanley; occasional snow all year, except in January and February, but typically does not accumulate
Faroe IslandsFaroe Islands mild winters, cool summers; usually overcast; foggy, windy
Federated States of MicronesiaMicronesia tropical; heavy year-round rainfall, especially in the eastern islands; located on southern edge of the typhoon belt with occasionally severe damage
FijiFiji tropical marine; only slight seasonal temperature variation
FinlandFinland cold temperate; potentially subarctic but comparatively mild because of moderating influence of the North Atlantic Current, Baltic Sea, and more than 60,000 lakes
FranceFrance metropolitan France: generally cool winters and mild summers, but mild winters and hot summers along the Mediterranean; occasional strong, cold, dry, north-to-northwesterly wind known as mistral
French Guiana: tropical; hot, humid; little seasonal temperature variation
Guadeloupe and Martinique: subtropical tempered by trade winds; moderately high humidity; rainy season (June to October); vulnerable to devastating cyclones (hurricanes) every eight years on average
Mayotte: tropical; marine; hot, humid, rainy season during northeastern monsoon (November to May); dry season is cooler (May to November)
Reunion: tropical, but temperature moderates with elevation; cool and dry (May to November), hot and rainy (November to April)
French GuianaFrench Guiana tropical; hot, humid; little seasonal temperature variation
French PolynesiaFr. Polynesia tropical, but moderate
French Southern and Antarctic LandsFrench Antarctic+ Ile Amsterdam et Ile Saint-Paul: oceanic with persistent westerly winds and high humidity
Iles Crozet: windy, cold, wet, and cloudy
Iles Kerguelen: oceanic, cold, overcast, windy
Iles Eparses: tropical
GabonGabon tropical; always hot, humid
Gaza StripGaza Strip temperate, mild winters, dry and warm to hot summers
GeorgiaGeorgia warm and pleasant; Mediterranean-like on Black Sea coast
GermanyGermany temperate and marine; cool, cloudy, wet winters and summers; occasional warm mountain (foehn) wind
GhanaGhana tropical; warm and comparatively dry along southeast coast; hot and humid in southwest; hot and dry in north
GibraltarGibraltar Mediterranean with mild winters and warm summers
Glorioso IslandsGlorioso tropical
GreeceGreece temperate; mild, wet winters; hot, dry summers
GreenlandGreenland arctic to subarctic; cool summers, cold winters
GrenadaGrenada tropical; tempered by northeast trade winds
GuadeloupeGuadeloupe subtropical tempered by trade winds; moderately high humidity
GuamGuam tropical marine; generally warm and humid, moderated by northeast trade winds; dry season (January to June), rainy season (July to December); little seasonal temperature variation
GuatemalaGuatemala tropical; hot, humid in lowlands; cooler in highlands
GuernseyGuernsey temperate with mild winters and cool summers; about 50% of days are overcast
GuineaGuinea generally hot and humid; monsoonal-type rainy season (June to November) with southwesterly winds; dry season (December to May) with northeasterly harmattan winds
Guinea-BissauGuinea-Bissau tropical; generally hot and humid; monsoonal-type rainy season (June to November) with southwesterly winds; dry season (December to May) with northeasterly harmattan winds
GuyanaGuyana tropical; hot, humid, moderated by northeast trade winds; two rainy seasons (May to August, November to January)
HaitiHaiti tropical; semiarid where mountains in east cut off trade winds
Heard Island and McDonald IslandsHeard Isl+ antarctic
Holy See (Vatican City)Vatican City temperate; mild, rainy winters (September to May) with hot, dry summers (May to September)
HondurasHonduras subtropical in lowlands, temperate in mountains
Hong KongHong Kong subtropical monsoon; cool and humid in winter, hot and rainy from spring through summer, warm and sunny in fall
Howland IslandHowland Island equatorial; scant rainfall, constant wind, burning sun
HungaryHungary temperate; cold, cloudy, humid winters; warm summers
IcelandIceland temperate; moderated by North Atlantic Current; mild, windy winters; damp, cool summers
IndiaIndia varies from tropical monsoon in south to temperate in north
Indian OceanIndian Ocean northeast monsoon (December to April), southwest monsoon (June to October); tropical cyclones occur during May/June and October/November in the northern Indian Ocean and January/February in the southern Indian Ocean
IndonesiaIndonesia tropical; hot, humid; more moderate in highlands
IranIran mostly arid or semiarid, subtropical along Caspian coast
IraqIraq mostly desert; mild to cool winters with dry, hot, cloudless summers; northern mountainous regions along Iranian and Turkish borders experience cold winters with occasionally heavy snows that melt in early spring, sometimes causing extensive flooding in central and southern Iraq
IrelandIreland temperate maritime; modified by North Atlantic Current; mild winters, cool summers; consistently humid; overcast about half the time
Isle of ManIsle of Man temperate; cool summers and mild winters; overcast about a third of the time
IsraelIsrael temperate; hot and dry in southern and eastern desert areas
ItalyItaly predominantly Mediterranean; Alpine in far north; hot, dry in south
JamaicaJamaica tropical; hot, humid; temperate interior
Jan MayenJan Mayen arctic maritime with frequent storms and persistent fog
JapanJapan varies from tropical in south to cool temperate in north
Jarvis IslandJarvis Island tropical; scant rainfall, constant wind, burning sun
JerseyJersey temperate; mild winters and cool summers
Johnston AtollJohnston Atoll tropical, but generally dry; consistent northeast trade winds with little seasonal temperature variation
JordanJordan mostly arid desert; rainy season in west (November to April)
Juan de Nova IslandJuan de Nova tropical
KazakhstanKazakhstan continental, cold winters and hot summers, arid and semiarid
KenyaKenya varies from tropical along coast to arid in interior
Kingman ReefKingman Reef tropical; moderated by prevailing winds
KiribatiKiribati tropical; marine, hot and humid, moderated by trade winds
KosovoKosovo influenced by continental air masses resulting in relatively cold winters with heavy snowfall and hot, dry summers and autumns; Mediterranean and alpine influences create regional variation; maximum rainfall between October and December
KuwaitKuwait dry desert; intensely hot summers; short, cool winters
KyrgyzstanKyrgyzstan dry continental to polar in high Tien Shan Mountains; subtropical in southwest (Fergana Valley); temperate in northern foothill zone
LaosLaos tropical monsoon; rainy season (May to November); dry season (December to April)
LatviaLatvia maritime; wet, moderate winters
LebanonLebanon Mediterranean; mild to cool, wet winters with hot, dry summers; Lebanon mountains experience heavy winter snows
LesothoLesotho temperate; cool to cold, dry winters; hot, wet summers
LiberiaLiberia tropical; hot, humid; dry winters with hot days and cool to cold nights; wet, cloudy summers with frequent heavy showers
LibyaLibya Mediterranean along coast; dry, extreme desert interior
LiechtensteinLiechtenstein continental; cold, cloudy winters with frequent snow or rain; cool to moderately warm, cloudy, humid summers
LithuaniaLithuania transitional, between maritime and continental; wet, moderate winters and summers
LuxembourgLuxembourg modified continental with mild winters, cool summers
MacauMacau subtropical; marine with cool winters, warm summers
MadagascarMadagascar tropical along coast, temperate inland, arid in south
MalawiMalawi sub-tropical; rainy season (November to May); dry season (May to November)
MalaysiaMalaysia tropical; annual southwest (April to October) and northeast (October to February) monsoons
MaldivesMaldives tropical; hot, humid; dry, northeast monsoon (November to March); rainy, southwest monsoon (June to August)
MaliMali subtropical to arid; hot and dry (February to June); rainy, humid, and mild (June to November); cool and dry (November to February)
MaltaMalta Mediterranean; mild, rainy winters; hot, dry summers
Marshall IslandsMarshall Isl. tropical; hot and humid; wet season May to November; islands border typhoon belt
MartiniqueMartinique tropical; moderated by trade winds; rainy season (June to October); vulnerable to devastating cyclones (hurricanes) every eight years on average; average temperature 17.3 degrees C; humid
MauritaniaMauritania desert; constantly hot, dry, dusty
MauritiusMauritius tropical, modified by southeast trade winds; warm, dry winter (May to November); hot, wet, humid summer (November to May)
MayotteMayotte tropical; marine; hot, humid, rainy season during northeastern monsoon (November to May); dry season is cooler (May to November)
MexicoMexico varies from tropical to desert
Midway IslandsMidway Islands subtropical; moderated by prevailing easterly winds
MoldovaMoldova moderate winters, warm summers
MonacoMonaco Mediterranean with mild, wet winters and hot, dry summers
MongoliaMongolia desert; continental (large daily and seasonal temperature ranges)
MontenegroMontenegro Mediterranean climate, hot dry summers and autumns and relatively cold winters with heavy snowfalls inland
MontserratMontserrat tropical; little daily or seasonal temperature variation
MoroccoMorocco Mediterranean, becoming more extreme in the interior
MozambiqueMozambique tropical to subtropical
NamibiaNamibia desert; hot, dry; rainfall sparse and erratic
NauruNauru tropical with a monsoonal pattern; rainy season (November to February)
Navassa IslandNavassa Island marine, tropical
NepalNepal varies from cool summers and severe winters in north to subtropical summers and mild winters in south
NetherlandsNetherlands temperate; marine; cool summers and mild winters
Netherlands AntillesN. Antilles tropical; ameliorated by northeast trade winds
New CaledoniaNew Caledonia tropical; modified by southeast trade winds; hot, humid
New ZealandNew Zealand temperate with sharp regional contrasts
NicaraguaNicaragua tropical in lowlands, cooler in highlands
NigerNiger desert; mostly hot, dry, dusty; tropical in extreme south
NigeriaNigeria varies; equatorial in south, tropical in center, arid in north
NiueNiue tropical; modified by southeast trade winds
Norfolk IslandNorfolk Island subtropical; mild, little seasonal temperature variation
North KoreaNorth Korea temperate with rainfall concentrated in summer
Northern Mariana IslandsN. Mariana tropical marine; moderated by northeast trade winds, little seasonal temperature variation; dry season December to June, rainy season July to October
NorwayNorway temperate along coast, modified by North Atlantic Current; colder interior with increased precipitation and colder summers; rainy year-round on west coast
OmanOman dry desert; hot, humid along coast; hot, dry interior; strong southwest summer monsoon (May to September) in far south
Pacific OceanPacific Ocean planetary air pressure systems and resultant wind patterns exhibit remarkable uniformity in the south and east; trade winds and westerly winds are well-developed patterns, modified by seasonal fluctuations; tropical cyclones (hurricanes) may form south of Mexico from June to October and affect Mexico and Central America; continental influences cause climatic uniformity to be much less pronounced in the eastern and western regions at the same latitude in the North Pacific Ocean; the western Pacific is monsoonal - a rainy season occurs during the summer months, when moisture-laden winds blow from the ocean over the land, and a dry season during the winter months, when dry winds blow from the Asian landmass back to the ocean; tropical cyclones (typhoons) may strike southeast and east Asia from May to December
PakistanPakistan mostly hot, dry desert; temperate in northwest; arctic in north
PalauPalau tropical; hot and humid; wet season May to November
Palmyra AtollPalmyra Atoll equatorial, hot, and very rainy
PanamaPanama tropical maritime; hot, humid, cloudy; prolonged rainy season (May to January), short dry season (January to May)
Papua New GuineaPapua NG tropical; northwest monsoon (December to March), southeast monsoon (May to October); slight seasonal temperature variation
Paracel IslandsParacel Islands tropical
ParaguayParaguay subtropical to temperate; substantial rainfall in the eastern portions, becoming semiarid in the far west
PeruPeru varies from tropical in east to dry desert in west; temperate to frigid in Andes
PhilippinesPhilippines tropical marine; northeast monsoon (November to April); southwest monsoon (May to October)
Pitcairn IslandsPitcarn tropical; hot and humid; modified by southeast trade winds; rainy season (November to March)
PolandPoland temperate with cold, cloudy, moderately severe winters with frequent precipitation; mild summers with frequent showers and thundershowers
PortugalPortugal maritime temperate; cool and rainy in north, warmer and drier in south
Puerto RicoPuerto Rico tropical marine, mild; little seasonal temperature variation
QatarQatar arid; mild, pleasant winters; very hot, humid summers
Republic of MacedoniaMacedonia Rep. warm, dry summers and autumns; relatively cold winters with heavy snowfall
ReunionReunion tropical, but temperature moderates with elevation; cool and dry (May to November), hot and rainy (November to April)
RomaniaRomania temperate; cold, cloudy winters with frequent snow and fog; sunny summers with frequent showers and thunderstorms
RussiaRussia ranges from steppes in the south through humid continental in much of European Russia; subarctic in Siberia to tundra climate in the polar north; winters vary from cool along Black Sea coast to frigid in Siberia; summers vary from warm in the steppes to cool along Arctic coast
RwandaRwanda temperate; two rainy seasons (February to April, November to January); mild in mountains with frost and snow possible
Saint BarthelemySt Barthelemy tropical, with practically no variation in temperature; has two seasons (dry and humid)
Saint HelenaSaint Helena Saint Helena: tropical marine; mild, tempered by trade winds
Ascension Island: tropical marine; mild, semi-arid
Tristan da Cunha: temperate marine; mild, tempered by trade winds (tends to be cooler than Saint Helena)
Saint Helena, Ascension, and Tristan da CunhaSaint Helena, Ascension, and Tristan da Cunha Saint Helena: tropical marine; mild, tempered by trade winds
Ascension Island: tropical marine; mild, semi-arid
Tristan da Cunha: temperate marine; mild, tempered by trade winds (tends to be cooler than Saint Helena)
Saint Kitts and NevisSt Kitts+ tropical, tempered by constant sea breezes; little seasonal temperature variation; rainy season (May to November)
Saint LuciaSaint Lucia tropical, moderated by northeast trade winds; dry season January to April, rainy season May to August
Saint MartinSaint Martin temperature averages 80-85 degrees all year long; low humidity, gentle trade winds, brief, intense rain showers; hurricane season stretches from July to November
Saint Pierre and MiquelonSt Pierre+ cold and wet, with considerable mist and fog; spring and autumn are often windy
Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesSt Vincent+ tropical; little seasonal temperature variation; rainy season (May to November)
SamoaSamoa tropical; rainy season (November to April), dry season (May to October)
San MarinoSan Marino Mediterranean; mild to cool winters; warm, sunny summers
Sao Tome and PrincipeSoa Tome+ tropical; hot, humid; one rainy season (October to May)
Saudi ArabiaSaudi Arabia harsh, dry desert with great temperature extremes
SenegalSenegal tropical; hot, humid; rainy season (May to November) has strong southeast winds; dry season (December to April) dominated by hot, dry, harmattan wind
SerbiaSerbia in the north, continental climate (cold winters and hot, humid summers with well-distributed rainfall); in other parts, continental and Mediterranean climate (relatively cold winters with heavy snowfall and hot, dry summers and autumns)
Serbia and MontenegroSerbia+ in the north, continental climate (cold winters and hot, humid summers with well distributed rainfall); in other parts, continental and Mediterranean climate (relatively cold winters with heavy snowfall and hot, dry summers and autumns)
SeychellesSeychelles tropical marine; humid; cooler season during southeast monsoon (late May to September); warmer season during northwest monsoon (March to May)
Sierra LeoneSierra Leone tropical; hot, humid; summer rainy season (May to December); winter dry season (December to April)
SingaporeSingapore tropical; hot, humid, rainy; two distinct monsoon seasons - Northeastern monsoon (December to March) and Southwestern monsoon (June to September); inter-monsoon - frequent afternoon and early evening thunderstorms
SlovakiaSlovakia temperate; cool summers; cold, cloudy, humid winters
SloveniaSlovenia Mediterranean climate on the coast, continental climate with mild to hot summers and cold winters in the plateaus and valleys to the east
Solomon IslandsSolomon Islands tropical monsoon; few extremes of temperature and weather
SomaliaSomalia principally desert; northeast monsoon (December to February), moderate temperatures in north and hot in south; southwest monsoon (May to October), torrid in the north and hot in the south, irregular rainfall, hot and humid periods (tangambili) between monsoons
South AfricaSouth Africa mostly semiarid; subtropical along east coast; sunny days, cool nights
South Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth Georgia+ variable, with mostly westerly winds throughout the year interspersed with periods of calm; nearly all precipitation falls as snow
South KoreaSouth Korea temperate, with rainfall heavier in summer than winter
South SudanSouth Sudan hot with seasonal rainfall influenced by the annual shift of the Inter-Tropical Convergence Zone; rainfall is heaviest in the upland areas of the south and diminishes to the north
Southern OceanSouthern Ocean sea temperatures vary from about 10 degrees Celsius to -2 degrees Celsius; cyclonic storms travel eastward around the continent and frequently are intense because of the temperature contrast between ice and open ocean; the ocean area from about latitude 40 south to the Antarctic Circle has the strongest average winds found anywhere on Earth; in winter the ocean freezes outward to 65 degrees south latitude in the Pacific sector and 55 degrees south latitude in the Atlantic sector, lowering surface temperatures well below 0 degrees Celsius; at some coastal points intense persistent drainage winds from the interior keep the shoreline ice-free throughout the winter
SpainSpain temperate; clear, hot summers in interior, more moderate and cloudy along coast; cloudy, cold winters in interior, partly cloudy and cool along coast
Spratly IslandsSpratly Islands tropical
Sri LankaSri Lanka tropical monsoon; northeast monsoon (December to March); southwest monsoon (June to October)
SudanSudan hot and dry; arid desert; rainy season varies by region (April to November)
SurinameSuriname tropical; moderated by trade winds
SvalbardSvalbard arctic, tempered by warm North Atlantic Current; cool summers, cold winters; North Atlantic Current flows along west and north coasts of Spitsbergen, keeping water open and navigable most of the year
SwazilandSwaziland varies from tropical to near temperate
SwedenSweden temperate in south with cold, cloudy winters and cool, partly cloudy summers; subarctic in north
SwitzerlandSwitzerland temperate, but varies with altitude; cold, cloudy, rainy/snowy winters; cool to warm, cloudy, humid summers with occasional showers
SyriaSyria mostly desert; hot, dry, sunny summers (June to August) and mild, rainy winters (December to February) along coast; cold weather with snow or sleet periodically in Damascus
TaiwanTaiwan tropical; marine; rainy season during southwest monsoon (June to August); cloudiness is persistent and extensive all year
TajikistanTajikistan midlatitude continental, hot summers, mild winters; semiarid to polar in Pamir Mountains
TanzaniaTanzania varies from tropical along coast to temperate in highlands
ThailandThailand tropical; rainy, warm, cloudy southwest monsoon (mid-May to September); dry, cool northeast monsoon (November to mid-March); southern isthmus always hot and humid
The BahamasThe Bahamas tropical marine; moderated by warm waters of Gulf Stream
The GambiaThe Gambia tropical; hot, rainy season (June to November); cooler, dry season (November to May)
TogoTogo tropical; hot, humid in south; semiarid in north
TokelauTokelau tropical; moderated by trade winds (April to November)
TongaTonga tropical; modified by trade winds; warm season (December to May), cool season (May to December)
Trinidad and TobagoTrinidad+ tropical; rainy season (June to December)
Tromelin IslandTromelin Island tropical
TunisiaTunisia temperate in north with mild, rainy winters and hot, dry summers; desert in south
TurkeyTurkey temperate; hot, dry summers with mild, wet winters; harsher in interior
TurkmenistanTurkmenistan subtropical desert
Turks and Caicos IslandsTurks+ tropical; marine; moderated by trade winds; sunny and relatively dry
TuvaluTuvalu tropical; moderated by easterly trade winds (March to November); westerly gales and heavy rain (November to March)
UgandaUganda tropical; generally rainy with two dry seasons (December to February, June to August); semiarid in northeast
UkraineUkraine temperate continental; Mediterranean only on the southern Crimean coast; precipitation disproportionately distributed, highest in west and north, lesser in east and southeast; winters vary from cool along the Black Sea to cold farther inland; summers are warm across the greater part of the country, hot in the south
United Arab EmiratesUAE desert; cooler in eastern mountains
United KingdomUnited Kingdom temperate; moderated by prevailing southwest winds over the North Atlantic Current; more than one-half of the days are overcast
United StatesUnited States mostly temperate, but tropical in Hawaii and Florida, arctic in Alaska, semiarid in the great plains west of the Mississippi River, and arid in the Great Basin of the southwest; low winter temperatures in the northwest are ameliorated occasionally in January and February by warm chinook winds from the eastern slopes of the Rocky Mountains
UruguayUruguay warm temperate; freezing temperatures almost unknown
UzbekistanUzbekistan mostly midlatitude desert, long, hot summers, mild winters; semiarid grassland in east
VanuatuVanuatu tropical; moderated by southeast trade winds from May to October; moderate rainfall from November to April; may be affected by cyclones from December to April
VenezuelaVenezuela tropical; hot, humid; more moderate in highlands
VietnamVietnam tropical in south; monsoonal in north with hot, rainy season (May to September) and warm, dry season (October to March)
Virgin IslandsVirgin Islands subtropical, tempered by easterly trade winds, relatively low humidity, little seasonal temperature variation; rainy season September to November
Wake IslandWake Island tropical
Wallis and FutunaWallis+ tropical; hot, rainy season (November to April); cool, dry season (May to October); rains 2,500-3,000 mm per year (80% humidity); average temperature 26.6 degrees C
West BankWest Bank temperate; temperature and precipitation vary with altitude, warm to hot summers, cool to mild winters
Western SaharaWestern Sahara hot, dry desert; rain is rare; cold offshore air currents produce fog and heavy dew
YemenYemen mostly desert; hot and humid along west coast; temperate in western mountains affected by seasonal monsoon; extraordinarily hot, dry, harsh desert in east
ZambiaZambia tropical; modified by altitude; rainy season (October to April)
ZimbabweZimbabwe tropical; moderated by altitude; rainy season (November to March)

Citation

"All countries compared for Geography > Climate", CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011. Aggregates compiled by NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/stats/Geography/Climate

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Jenna, the climate of Guyana is tropical, with hot, humid weather moderated by northeast trade winds. There are two rainy seasons, one from May to mid-August, and another from mid-November to mid-January. For more information on Guyana, check the detailed country profile or th encyclopedia.

Posted on 29 May 2005

Ian Graham <br>Staff Editor

Ian Graham <br>Staff Editor

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