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Chile

Facts and stats about Chile

Author: Edsel.G

Author: Edsel.G

Chile is a South American country which occupies a narrow and long territory. Chile’s land was once ruled by two civilizations: the Incas which occupied northern territories, and the Mapuche which inhabited central and southern parts. It was the arrival of the Spaniards which unified the country under one rule in the mid 15th century. However, prolonged oppression and slavery by the Spanish led to numerous revolts which led to the death of many natives and Spaniards alike, although independence was not fully achieved until 1818.

After its independence from Spain, Chile became involved in a handful of wards with its neighbors. It was due to these wars that Chile was able to annex territories from both Peru and Bolivia. The country came under brief leadership and control by communists under Salvador Allende, but was brought down from power through a coup led by the infamous Augusto Pinochet. The dictatorial regime of Pinochet was filled with human rights violations including numerous extra judicial killings. Pinochet stayed as president of the country, tried to implement several economic and social policy modifications which led to the improved conditions in Chile, but he was denied the presidency when he lost to Patricio Aylwin in 1988.

Today, the long years of hardship by the Chilean people is no longer present. Chile is currently one of South America’s most prosperous and most stable nations along with Brazil, Argentina, and a handful others. Development indicators for the country are perceived to be very positive including human development, press freedom, and education. The IMF considers the country as a high income country, and is, therefore, a developed nation.

17.22 million

Population. Ranked 62nd in 2013.

$15,355.89

GDP per capita. Ranked 41st in 2012.

Borders

Argentina 5,308 km, Bolivia 860 km, Peru 171 km
Largest city Santiago - 5,800,434
Capital city Santiago - 4,601,434
Major language Spanish
Major religion Christianity
Monetary unit Chilean peso
Alternative names Republic of Chile, Republica de Chile, Chile
Groups Catholic countries, Christian countries, Cold countries, Emerging markets, Former Spanish colonies, High income OECD countries, Latin America and Caribbean, World

Chile Map

743,800 sq km

Sq. km. Ranked 36th in 2008.

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Chile is a South American country which occupies a narrow and long territory. Chile’s land was once ruled by two civilizations: the Incas which occupied northern territories, and the Mapuche which inhabited central and southern parts. It was the arrival of the Spaniards which unified the country under one rule in the mid 15th century. However, prolonged oppression and slavery by the Spanish led to numerous revolts which led to the death of many natives and Spaniards alike, although independence was not fully achieved until 1818.

After its independence from Spain, Chile became involved in a handful of wards with its neighbors. It was due to these wars that Chile was able to annex territories from both Peru and Bolivia. The country came under brief leadership and control by communists under Salvador Allende, but was brought down from power through a coup led by the infamous Augusto Pinochet. The dictatorial regime of Pinochet was filled with human rights violations including numerous extra judicial killings. Pinochet stayed as president of the country, tried to implement several economic and social policy modifications which led to the improved conditions in Chile, but he was denied the presidency when he lost to Patricio Aylwin in 1988.

Today, the long years of hardship by the Chilean people is no longer present. Chile is currently one of South America’s most prosperous and most stable nations along with Brazil, Argentina, and a handful others. Development indicators for the country are perceived to be very positive including human development, press freedom, and education. The IMF considers the country as a high income country, and is, therefore, a developed nation.

Posted on 06 Apr 2014

Edsel.G

Edsel.G

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The statistics are outdated. You need to refresh them.

Posted on 09 Mar 2010

Pablo

Pablo

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@Mauricio: It was a dictatorship, don't put sugar on it.

Posted on 16 Nov 2009

Zippy the Killa

Zippy the Killa

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