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Sierra Leone

Sierra Leone Disease prevention Stats

Definitions

  • ARI treatment > % of children under 5 taken to a health provider: Children with acute respiratory infection (ARI) who are taken to a health provider refers to the percentage of children under age five with ARI in the last two weeks who were taken to an appropriate health provider, including hospital, health center, dispensary, village health worker, clinic, and private physician."
  • Children with fever receiving antimalarial drugs > % of children under age 5 with fever: Malaria treatment refers to the percentage of children under age five who were ill with fever in the last two weeks and received any appropriate (locally defined) anti-malarial drugs.
  • Diarrhea treatment > % of children under 5 receiving oral rehydration and continued feedin: Children with diarrhea who received oral rehydration and continued feeding refer to the percentage of children under age five with diarrhea in the two weeks prior to the survey who received either oral rehydration therapy or increased fluids, with continued feeding."
  • Immunisation > Measles > % of children ages 12-23 months: Child immunisation measures the percentage of children ages 12-23 months who received vaccinations before 12 months or at any time before the survey. A child is considered adequately immunized against measles after receiving one dose of vaccine.
  • Immunisation against tetanus > % of children ages 12-23 months: Child immunisation measures the percentage of children ages 12-23 months who received vaccinations before 12 months or at any time before the survey. A child is considered adequately immunized against diphtheria, pertussis (or whooping cough), and tetanus (DPT) after receiving three doses of vaccine."
  • Improved sanitation facilities > % of population with access: Access to improved sanitation facilities refers to the percentage of the population with at least adequate access to excreta disposal facilities that can effectively prevent human, animal, and insect contact with excreta. Improved facilities range from simple but protected pit latrines to flush toilets with a sewerage connection. To be effective, facilities must be correctly constructed and properly maintained."
  • Improved sanitation facilities > Rural > % of rural population with access: Access to improved sanitation facilities refers to the percentage of the population with at least adequate access to excreta disposal facilities that can effectively prevent human, animal, and insect contact with excreta. Improved facilities range from simple but protected pit latrines to flush toilets with a sewerage connection. To be effective, facilities must be correctly constructed and properly maintained."
  • Improved sanitation facilities > Urban > % of urban population with access: Access to improved sanitation facilities refers to the percentage of the population with at least adequate access to excreta disposal facilities that can effectively prevent human, animal, and insect contact with excreta. Improved facilities range from simple but protected pit latrines to flush toilets with a sewerage connection. To be effective, facilities must be correctly constructed and properly maintained."
  • Improved water source > % of population with access: Access to an improved water source refers to the percentage of the population with reasonable access to an adequate amount of water from an improved source, such as a household connection, public standpipe, borehole, protected well or spring, and rainwater collection. Unimproved sources include vendors, tanker trucks, and unprotected wells and springs. Reasonable access is defined as the availability of at least 20 liters a person a day from a source within one kilometer of the dwelling."
  • Improved water source > Urban > % of urban population with access: Access to an improved water source refers to the percentage of the population with reasonable access to an adequate amount of water from an improved source, such as a household connection, public standpipe, borehole, protected well or spring, and rainwater collection. Unimproved sources include vendors, tanker trucks, and unprotected wells and springs. Reasonable access is defined as the availability of at least 20 liters a person a day from a source within one kilometer of the dwelling."
  • Tuberculosis case detection rate > All forms: Tuberculosis case detection rate (all forms) is the percentage of newly notified tuberculosis cases (including relapses) to estimated incident cases (case detection, all forms)."
  • Tuberculosis treatment success rate > % of registered cases: Tuberculosis treatment success rate is the percentage of new, registered smear-positive (infectious) cases that were cured or in which a full course of treatment was completed."
  • Use of insecticide-treated bed nets > % of under-5 population: Use of insecticide-treated bed nets refers to the percentage of children under age five who slept under an insecticide-treated bednet to prevent malaria.
STAT AMOUNT DATE RANK HISTORY
ARI treatment > % of children under 5 taken to a health provider 45.8% 2008 2nd out of 2
Children with fever receiving antimalarial drugs > % of children under age 5 with fever 30.1% 2008 6th out of 8
Diarrhea treatment > % of children under 5 receiving oral rehydration and continued feedin 56.5% 2008 2nd out of 6
Immunisation > Measles > % of children ages 12-23 months 71% 2009 158th out of 182
Immunisation against tetanus > % of children ages 12-23 months 75% 2009 153th out of 182
Improved sanitation facilities > % of population with access 13% 2008 158th out of 165
Improved sanitation facilities > Rural > % of rural population with access 6% 2008 156th out of 164
Improved sanitation facilities > Urban > % of urban population with access 24% 2008 170th out of 174
Improved water source > % of population with access 49% 2008 159th out of 167
Improved water source > Urban > % of urban population with access 86% 2008 147th out of 174
Tuberculosis case detection rate > All forms 31.89% 2008 171st out of 184
Tuberculosis treatment success rate > % of registered cases 89.24% 2007 22nd out of 123
Use of insecticide-treated bed nets > % of under-5 population 25.8% 2008 4th out of 8

SOURCES: UNICEF, State of the World's Children, Childinfo, and Demographic and Health Surveys by Macro International.; WHO and UNICEF (http://www.who.int/immunisation_monitoring/routine/en/).; World Health Organisation and United Nations Children's Fund, Joint Measurement Programme (JMP) (http://www.wssinfo.org/).; World Health Organisation, Global Tuberculosis Control Report.

Citation

"Sierra Leone Disease prevention Stats", NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Sierra-Leone/Health/Disease-prevention

Sierra Leone Health > Disease prevention Profiles (Subcategories)

Improved sanitation facilities 3