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Tanzania

Tanzania Nutrition Stats

Definitions

  • Consumption of iodized salt > % of households: Consumption of iodized salt refers to the percentage of households that use edible salt fortified with iodine.
  • Depth of hunger > Kilocalories per person per day: Depth of hunger or the intensity of food deprivation, indicates how much food-deprived people fall short of minimum food needs in terms of dietary energy. The food deficit, in kilocalories per person per day, is measured by comparing the average amount of dietary energy that undernourished people get from the foods they eat with the minimum amount of dietary energy they need to maintain body weight and undertake light activity. The depth of hunger is low when it is less than 200 kilocalories per person per day, and high when it is higher than 300 kilocalories per person per day."
  • Exclusive breastfeeding > % of children under 6 months: Exclusive breastfeeding refers to the percentage of children less than six months old who are fed breast milk alone (no other liquids) in the past 24 hours.
  • Low-birthweight babies > % of births: Low-birthweight babies are newborns weighing less than 2,500 grams, with the measurement taken within the first hours of life, before significant postnatal weight loss has occurred."
  • Malnutrition prevalence > Height for age > % of children under 5: Prevalence of child malnutrition is the percentage of children under age 5 whose height for age (stunting) is more than two standard deviations below the median for the international reference population ages 0-59 months. For children up to two years old height is measured by recumbent length. For older children height is measured by stature while standing. The data are based on the WHO's new child growth standards released in 2006.
  • Malnutrition prevalence > Weight for age > % of children under 5: Prevalence of child malnutrition is the percentage of children under age 5 whose weight for age is more than two standard deviations below the median for the international reference population ages 0-59 months. The data are based on the WHO's new child growth standards released in 2006.
  • Prevalence of overweight > % of children under 5: Prevalence of overweight children is the percentage of children under age 5 whose weight for height is more than two standard deviations above the median for the international reference population of the corresponding age as established by the WHO's new child growth standards released in 2006.
  • Prevalence of undernourishment > % of population: Population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption (also referred to as prevalence of undernourishment) shows the percentage of the population whose food intake is insufficient to meet dietary energy requirements continuously. Data showing as 2.5 signifies a prevalence of undernourishment below 2.5%.
  • Vitamin A supplementation coverage rate > % of children ages 6-59 months: Vitamin A supplementation refers to the percentage of children ages 6-59 months old who received at least one high-dose vitamin A capsule in the previous six months.
STAT AMOUNT DATE RANK HISTORY
Consumption of iodized salt > % of households 43.4% 2005 21st out of 25
Depth of hunger > Kilocalories per person per day 280 2006 28th out of 169
Exclusive breastfeeding > % of children under 6 months 41.3% 2004 4th out of 14
Low-birthweight babies > % of births 9.5% 2005 17th out of 38
Malnutrition prevalence > Height for age > % of children under 5 44.4% 2005 7th out of 21
Malnutrition prevalence > Weight for age > % of children under 5 16.7% 2005 1st out of 2
Prevalence of overweight > % of children under 5 4.9% 2005 17th out of 21
Prevalence of undernourishment > % of population 34% 2007 14th out of 168
Vitamin A supplementation coverage rate > % of children ages 6-59 months 94% 2009 16th out of 58

SOURCES: United Nations Children's Fund, State of the World's Children.; Food and Agriculture Organisation, Food Security Statistics (http://www.fao.org/economic/ess/food-security-statistics/en/).; UNICEF, State of the World's Children, Childinfo, and Demographic and Health Surveys by Macro International.; World Health Organisation, Global Database on Child Growth and Malnutrition.; Food and Agriculture Organisation (http://www.fao.org/faostat/foodsecurity/index_en.htm).

Citation

"Tanzania Nutrition Stats", NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Tanzania/Health/Nutrition