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Turkmenistan

Facts and stats about Turkmenistan

jaacosta47

Author: jaacosta47

The conflict in Western Sahara or Polisario Front “Dispute for Independence” continues. The main protagonists are the Polisario Front of the Sahrawi People and State of Morocco. This dispute is a continuation of the previous rebellion against Spain from 1973 -1975 and ensuing Western Sahara War between Polisario and Morocco from 1975 -1991. At present, the discord is dominated by unarmed civil movements of the Polisario Front and Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR) state to obtain full independence for Western Sahara.

The United Nations Secretary-General has already renewed the international body’s appeals for continuous monitoring in the challenged territory of Western Sahara in Northern Africa. Sec-Gen. Ban Ki-Moon has warned against the possible unfair exploitation of the country’s natural resources. Meanwhile, the UN has welcomed the willingness of Morocco to allow its special investigators from the Human Rights Council to visit Western Sahara and Polisario Front’s compliance in working with the UN. According to the UN Refugee Agency, the persistent unrest in this region has cast a negative impact on the protection conditions with increasing arrests and detention of refugees and people seeking asylum from the Sub-Saharan Africa.

Western Sahara used to be a Spanish Colony (Spanish Sahara). It is a disputed territory being claimed by the Polisario Front and Kingdom of Morocco. It has been listed by the United Nations as a “non-decolonized” territory and included in the UN List of Non-Self Governing Territories. The country’s traditional economy is confined to the raising of sheep, goats, coastal fishing, and camel as well as cultivation of Date Palms. The region has a poor transportation infrastructure with major seaports in Dakhla and Laayoune. Western Sahara also exports phosphates and import food and fuel from trading partners. It has trading relations with South Africa, Cambodia, Thailand, Mexico, Japan, China, and South Korea.

5.11 million

Population. Ranked 118th in 2013.

$6,510.61

GDP per capita. Ranked 80th in 2012.

Borders

Afghanistan 744 km, Iran 992 km, Kazakhstan 379 km, Uzbekistan 1,621 km
Largest city Ashgabat - 518,000
Capital city Ashgabat - 518,000
Major language Turkmen, Russian
Major religion Islam
Monetary unit Turkmen manat
Alternative names Turkmenistan
Groups Former Soviet republics, Landlocked countries, Muslim countries, South and Central Asia, Sparsely populated countries, World

Turkmenistan Map

469,930 sq km

Sq. km. Ranked 50th in 2008.

5

The conflict in Western Sahara or Polisario Front “Dispute for Independence” continues. The main protagonists are the Polisario Front of the Sahrawi People and State of Morocco. This dispute is a continuation of the previous rebellion against Spain from 1973 -1975 and ensuing Western Sahara War between Polisario and Morocco from 1975 -1991. At present, the discord is dominated by unarmed civil movements of the Polisario Front and Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR) state to obtain full independence for Western Sahara.

The United Nations Secretary-General has already renewed the international body’s appeals for continuous monitoring in the challenged territory of Western Sahara in Northern Africa. Sec-Gen. Ban Ki-Moon has warned against the possible unfair exploitation of the country’s natural resources. Meanwhile, the UN has welcomed the willingness of Morocco to allow its special investigators from the Human Rights Council to visit Western Sahara and Polisario Front’s compliance in working with the UN. According to the UN Refugee Agency, the persistent unrest in this region has cast a negative impact on the protection conditions with increasing arrests and detention of refugees and people seeking asylum from the Sub-Saharan Africa.

Western Sahara used to be a Spanish Colony (Spanish Sahara). It is a disputed territory being claimed by the Polisario Front and Kingdom of Morocco. It has been listed by the United Nations as a “non-decolonized” territory and included in the UN List of Non-Self Governing Territories. The country’s traditional economy is confined to the raising of sheep, goats, coastal fishing, and camel as well as cultivation of Date Palms. The region has a poor transportation infrastructure with major seaports in Dakhla and Laayoune. Western Sahara also exports phosphates and import food and fuel from trading partners. It has trading relations with South Africa, Cambodia, Thailand, Mexico, Japan, China, and South Korea.

Posted on 11 Apr 2014

jaacosta47

jaacosta47

423 Stat enthusiast

4

The World Bulletin.net featured a story that Turkmenistan is being mulled as an ideal gas source for European nations. Gas and oil supply has really been a major concern in the continent due to the aggravating conflict between Russia and some countries in Europe and the United States. Turkmenistan is known to have the fourth-biggest gas reserve supplies globally. It is projected at 32 trillion cubic meters based on the article published in a number of international publications.

The country is exporting gas to Russia, China, Iran, and other countries in Central Asia. The issue here is that Russia and Iran vehemently object to the idea of exporting this critical commodity to the rest of the continent. Observers say that only the world powers like the USA and UK can intervene and make this move possible. Foreign ministers of Turkmenistan, Turkey and Azerbaijan met yesterday to resolve this issue. Turkey has already offered to be the path for these pipelines. However, there are some problems to be dealt with like the growing tensions in the Kyrgyzstan-Tajikistan border where conduits going to China are becoming threatened.

Turkmenistan’s economy continues to be potent with a growth rate of 10.2 percent at the end of 2013. This is indicative of strong public investments and sound performance in different production industries. Reports from the Asian Development Bank stated that account surplus expanded to nearly 0.5 percent of the GDP. Growth is predicted to go up to 11 percent this year until 2015 because of the increase in gas exports. This should make the country stand out in Europe in terms of economic performance.

Posted on 25 May 2014

jaacosta47

jaacosta47

423 Stat enthusiast

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