A former British colony, Cyprus became independent in 1960 following years of resistance to British rule. Tensions between the Greek Cypriot majority and Turkish Cypriot minority came to a head in December 1963, when violence broke out in the capital of Nicosia. Despite the deployment of UN peacekeepers in 1964, sporadic intercommunal violence continued forcing most Turkish Cypriots into enclaves throughout the island. In 1974, a Greek Government-sponsored attempt to seize control of Cyprus was met by military intervention from Turkey, which soon controlled more than a third of the island. In 1983, the Turkish-held area declared itself the "Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus" (TRNC), but it is recognized only by Turkey. The latest two-year round of UN-brokered talks - between the leaders of the Greek Cypriot and Turkish Cypriot communities to reach an agreement to reunite the divided island - ended when the Greek Cypriots rejected the UN settlement plan in an April 2004 referendum. The entire island entered the EU on 1 May 2004, although the EU acquis - the body of common rights and obligations - applies only to the areas under direct government control, and is suspended in the areas administered by Turkish Cypriots. However, individual Turkish Cypriots able to document their eligibility for Republic of Cyprus citizenship legally enjoy the same rights accorded to other citizens of European Union states. The election of a new Cypriot president in 2008 served as the impetus for the UN to encourage both the Turkish and Cypriot Governments to reopen unification negotiations.
Latins in Cyprus speak Greek and Italian. Most speak Greek as a native tongue due to intermarriage.
Armenians speak Armenian and Greek. A good number of them speak Armenian as a native tongue but the rest speak Greek due to intermarriage.
Maronites speak Greek. Very few, mostly older people speak Maronite Arabic. The mother tongue of most Maronites is by far Greek mostly due to intermarriage.
Michele 7th August 2009
You can find a lot of information about a country by the postage stamps that are issued.
Cyprus has a chequered postal history with various sovereign reigns being depicted throughout its time. From the first stamps being issued around 1880, which were British stamps with Cyprus being overprinted on them right up to present day.
Research Cyprus stamps and take a trip through the ages with the conquering heroes and more. You may be pleasantly surprised.
Michalis 5th July 2009
Hi, "Latins" is a category used BY Cyprus to denote Catholics. It's an officially recognized "community", with specific representation and other rights. The official "communities" are Greek (80%), Turkish (18%) and Maronite, Armenian and "Latin" (around 2% of total). Because they cannot, democratically, elect representatives die to their small size, the three small communities have "special" reprensentation and other rights.
In the Zurich Accords, by which Cyprus became independent (had been a British Colony till 1960), for certain purposes the three smaller communities were asked to "join" one of the bigger communities. They chose to "join" the Greek Community for these purposes (eg quota in police force, Army, civil service etc).This is why you will often find 82% Greek (instead of 80%) and 18% Turkish as official Community figures.
So "LATIN" means "Roman Catholic".
Ashh_. 16th May 2006
Im doing a project on this country. its really interesting to learn about a country thats really small. Theres lots of information for a small country. Im really glad im doing this cool country.
Marcus Platrides 27th November 2005
It is doubtful if Turkey will have the ability let alone capacity to fulfill all the chapters. I believe Turkey has a very hard job to accomplish within the next 15 years. My guess is that they "if" they accepted in the union, this will be done in no more than 30 to 40 years.
Yahoo! 26th March 2005
Cyprus is an island country in the eastern Mediterranean Sea south of Turkey. Site of an ancient Neolithic culture, the island was settled by Phoenicians c. 800 B.C. and thereafter fell successively to the Assyrians, Egyptians, Persians, Macedonian Greeks, Egyptians again, and finally Romans (58 B.C.). The Byzantines controlled it from A.D. 395 until 1191, when it was captured by Richard I of England during the Third Crusade. Venice annexed it in 1489, Turkey conquered it in 1571, and Great Britain proclaimed its sovereignty in 1914. Cyprus became independent in 1960, but large-scale fighting between Greek and Turkish Cypriots led to the installment of a UN peacekeeping force in 1965. In 1974 Turkey invaded Cyprus and established a separate Turkish state in the northern part. Nicosia is the capital and the largest city. Population: 734,000.
Augustus Ferlinghetti 21st March 2005
Although we Latin Cypriots are a small minority in Cyprus we are very much citizens. The information in your summary says it is a country of Southeast Europe, however it is in the Middle East section. Howcome?