Exactly which countries are in the Middle East is not always clear-cut.
Some definitions of the region say that includes Cyprus, the Asian part of Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, Israel, the West Bank and Gaza, Jordan, Iraq, Iran, the countries of the Arabian peninsula (Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Oman, United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Bahrain, Kuwait), and Egypt and Libya. Others apply it in a cultural sense to denote the part of the world that is predominantly Islamic, expanding the definition to include the rest of North Africa along with Pakistan and Afghanistan. Another definition says it is the area bordering the southern and eastern coasts of the Mediterranean Sea.
The term has also been dismissed as a Eurocentrism, since the region is only east from the perspective of western Europe. But by any definition, Egypt is generally considered as part of the Middle East, though other North African nations may not be.