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Country vs country: Singapore and United States compared: Crime stats

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Definitions

  • Age of criminal responsibility: The age at which a person is no longer excluded from criminal liability.  The lowest age is indicated for countries where there isn’t a single age limit, for example where different states have different regulations (such as the USA) or there is different limits for boy and girls (such as in Iran). The spectrum is specifically wide for the USA and Mexico (both 6-12 years). Several US states do not stipulate any minimal age for criminal responsibility at all. For further qualifications, exceptions and other notes, please refer to notes.
  • Believes crime increasing in the past 3 years: Crime increasing in the past 3 years. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "In the past three years would you say the level of crime in your community has increased, stayed about the same, or decreased?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Crime levels: Level of crime. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How serious you feel the level of crime is?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Drugs > Annual cannabis use: Estimate of percentage of 15-64 year old population who use Cannabis.
  • Fear of crime > Feels safe walking alone > At night: Safety walking alone during night. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How safe do you feel walking alone in this city during the night?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Illicit drugs: Crime statistics are often better indicators of prevalence of law enforcement and willingness to report crime, than actual prevalence.
  • Murder rate: Homicide rate per year per 100,000 inhabitants in various countries.
  • Police officers: Number of police officers per 100,000 population.
  • Rape rate: Number of rape incidents per 100,000 citizens in different countries. Figures do not take into account rape incidents that go unreported to the police.
  • Robberies: Number of robberies recorded by police in that country per 100,000 population.
  • Violent crime > Gun crime > Guns per 100 residents: Number of privately owned small firearms per 100 residents.
  • Violent crime > Intentional homicide rate: Homicides per 100’000 residents. Homicide is the death of a person purposefully inflicted by another person (it excludes suicides) outside of a state of war. Homicide is a broader category than murder, as it also includes manslaughter. The exact legal definition varies across countries, some of which include infanticide, assisted suicide, euthanasia and deaths caused by dangerous driving.
  • Violent crime > Murder rate: Intentional homicide, number and rate per 100,000 population.
  • Violent crime > Murders: Intentional homicide, number and rate per 100,000 population.
  • Violent crime > Rapes: The number of recorded rapes. Large numbers of rapes go unreported. South Africa is estimated to have 500,000 rapes per year, Egypt 200,000, China 32,000 and the UK with 85,000 rapes per year.
  • Violent crime > Rapes per million people: The number of recorded rapes. Large numbers of rapes go unreported. South Africa is estimated to have 500,000 rapes per year, Egypt 200,000, China 32,000 and the UK with 85,000 rapes per year. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Prisoners: Total persons incarcerated
  • Software piracy rate: The piracy rate is the total number of units of pirated software deployed in 2007 divided by the total units of software installed.
  • Fear of crime > Violent hate crime: Worries being subject to a physical attack because of your skin colour, ethnic origin or religion. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "(How worried are you about)......being subject to a physical attack because of your skin colour, ethnic origin or religion?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Violent crime > Murder rate per million people: Intentional homicide, number and rate per 100,000 population. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Burglaries: Number of burglaries recorded by police in that country per 100,000 population.
  • Prisoners > Per capita: Data for 2003. Number of prisoners held per 100,000 population.
  • Perceived problems > Illegal drugs: Problem people using or dealing drugs. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "(How much of a problem are...) people using or dealing drugs?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Perceived problems > Problem violent crimes including assault and armed robbery: Problem violent crimes such as assault and armed robbery. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "(How much of a problem are...) violent crimes such as assault and armed robbery?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Fear of crime > Feels safe walking alone > During the day: Safety walking alone during daylight. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How safe do you feel walking alone in this city during the daylight?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Fear of crime > Worries about being attacked: Worries attacked. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "(How worried are you about)......being physically attacked by strangers?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Assaults: Number of assaults recorded by police in that country per 100,000 population.
  • Murders > Per 100,000 people: Intentional homicide rate is the estimate of intentional homicides in a country as a result of domestic disputes that end in a killing, interpersonal violence, violent conflicts over land resources, inter-gang violence over turf or control, and predatory violence and killing by armed groups. The term, intentional homicide, is broad, but it does not include all intentional killing. In particular, deaths arising from armed conflict are usually considered separately. The difference is usually described by the organisation of the killing. Individuals or small groups usually commit homicide, whereas the killing in armed conflict is usually committed by more or less cohesive groups of up to several hundred members. Two main sources of data are presented: criminal justice (law enforcement) measures (this series), supplemented by data from national statistical agencies, and measures from public health sources (see other intentional homicide series). These various sources measure slightly different phenomena and are therefore unlikely to provide identical numbers."
  • Violent crime > Murders per million people: Intentional homicide, number and rate per 100,000 population. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Fear of crime > Worries about being mugged or robbed: Worries being mugged or robbed. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "(How worried are you about)......being mugged and robbed?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Justice system > Punishment > Capital punishment (last execution year): Year of last use.
  • Executions: Number of known executions in the country (Data is for 2007). Because these figures include only documented cases; the true figures are likely to be higher in many countries.
  • Fear of crime > Worries about home break and enter: Worries home broken and things stolen. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How worried are you about....having your home broken into and something stolen?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Auto theft: Number of motor vehicle thefts (car thefts) recorded by police in that country per 100,000 population.
  • Drugs > Opiates use: Annual prevalence.
  • Perceived problems > Property crimes including vandalism and theft: Problem property crimes such as vandalism and theft. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "(How much of a problem are...) property crimes such as vandalism and theft?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Perceived problems > Problem corruption and bribery: Problem corruption and bribery. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "(How much of a problem are...) corruption and bribery?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Fear of crime > Worries about being insulted: Worries being insulted. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "(How worried are you about)......being insulted or pestered by anybody, while in the street or any other public place?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Murders > WHO: Intentional homicide rate is the estimate of intentional homicides in a country as a result of domestic disputes that end in a killing, interpersonal violence, violent conflicts over land resources, inter-gang violence over turf or control, and predatory violence and killing by armed groups. The term, intentional homicide, is broad, but it does not include all intentional killing. In particular, deaths arising from armed conflict are usually considered separately. The difference is usually described by the organisation of the killing. Individuals or small groups usually commit homicide, whereas the killing in armed conflict is usually committed by more or less cohesive groups of up to several hundred members. Two main sources of data are presented: criminal justice (law enforcement) measures (this series), supplemented by data from national statistical agencies, and measures from public health sources (see other intentional homicide series). These various sources measure slightly different phenomena and are therefore unlikely to provide identical numbers."
  • Drug offences: Drug offence cases per 100,000 population (2000).
  • Prisoners > Female: Female prisoners, expressed as a percentage share of the total prison population. Data for 2003.
  • Prisoners per 1000: Total persons incarcerated. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Fear of crime > Worries about things from car being stolen: Worries things from car stolen. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "(How worried are you about)......having things stolen from your car?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Punishment > Crimes possibly attracting life sentence: Possible other sentence.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Fear of crime > Worries about car being stolen: Worries car stolen. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "(How worried are you about)......having your car stolen?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Punishment > Life sentence under the age of 18 or 21: Under age of 18 (or 21).

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Punishment > Minimum life sentence to serve before eligibility for requesting parole: Minimum to serve before eligibility for requesting parole.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Punishment > Maximum length of sentence: Maximum length of sentence (under life).

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Executions per million: Number of known executions in the country (Data is for 2007). Because these figures include only documented cases; the true figures are likely to be higher in many countries. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Punishment > Has indefinite sentence: Indefinite sentence (excl. preventive or psychiatric detainment).

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Murders committed by youths: Homicide rates among youths aged 10–29 years by country or area: most recent year available (variable 1990–1999).
  • Serious assaults: Number of major assaults recorded by police in that country per 100,000 population.
  • Judges: Number of professional judges per 100,000 population.
  • Punishment > Crimes requiring mandatory sentence: Mandatory sentence.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Prisoners > Foreign prisoners: Prisoners who are foreign nationals, expressed as a percentage share of total prison population. Data for 2003.
  • Punishment > Has life imprisonment: Life imprisonment.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Prosecutors: Number of prosecutors per 100,000 population.
  • Prison staff: Number of correction staff in adult prisons per 100,000 population.
  • Murders committed by youths per million: Homicide rates among youths aged 10–29 years by country or area: most recent year available (variable 1990–1999). Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Prisoners > Pre-trial detainees: The percentage of the prison population that is being held pre-trial / on remand. Data for 2003.
  • Prisoners > Share of prison capacity filled: The percentage of the offical prison capacity filled. This is obtained by comparing the number of prisoners in a nation to the offical capacity of the nation's prison system. Data for 2003.
STAT Singapore United States HISTORY
Age of criminal responsibility 7
Ranked 51st. 17% more than United States
6
Ranked 58th.
Believes crime increasing in the past 3 years 53.45
Ranked 74th.
65.22
Ranked 44th. 22% more than Singapore
Crime levels 12.72
Ranked 92nd.
55.84
Ranked 30th. 4 times more than Singapore
Drugs > Annual cannabis use 0.004%
Ranked 12th.
13.7%
Ranked 1st. 3425 times more than Singapore
Fear of crime > Feels safe walking alone > At night 78.75
Ranked 6th. 88% more than United States
41.84
Ranked 60th.
Illicit drugs drug abuse limited because of aggressive law enforcement efforts; as a transportation and financial services hub, Singapore is vulnerable, despite strict laws and enforcement, as a venue for money laundering world's largest consumer of cocaine (shipped from Colombia through Mexico and the Caribbean), Colombian heroin, and Mexican heroin and marijuana; major consumer of ecstasy and Mexican methamphetamine; minor consumer of high-quality Southeast Asian heroin; illicit producer of cannabis, marijuana, depressants, stimulants, hallucinogens, and methamphetamine; money-laundering center
Murder rate 0.38 5
Police officers 3.8
Ranked 4th.
243.6
Ranked 27th. 64 times more than Singapore
Rape rate 2.7
Ranked 67th.
27.3
Ranked 9th. 10 times more than Singapore

Robberies 21.7
Ranked 53th.
146.4
Ranked 10th. 7 times more than Singapore
Violent crime > Gun crime > Guns per 100 residents 0.5
Ranked 161st.
88.8
Ranked 1st. 178 times more than Singapore
Violent crime > Intentional homicide rate 0.51
Ranked 81st.
4.7
Ranked 7th. 9 times more than Singapore

Violent crime > Murder rate 16
Ranked 11th.
12,996
Ranked 9th. 812 times more than Singapore

Violent crime > Murders 16
Ranked 11th.
12,996
Ranked 9th. 812 times more than Singapore

Violent crime > Rapes 118
Ranked 66th.
84,767
Ranked 1st. 718 times more than Singapore

Violent crime > Rapes per million people 26.81
Ranked 68th.
274.04
Ranked 9th. 10 times more than Singapore

Prisoners 16,310 prisoners
Ranked 56th.
2.02 million prisoners
Ranked 1st. 124 times more than Singapore
Software piracy rate 37%
Ranked 86th. 85% more than United States
20%
Ranked 106th.
Fear of crime > Violent hate crime 10.96
Ranked 90th.
32.55
Ranked 31st. 3 times more than Singapore
Violent crime > Murder rate per million people 3.09
Ranked 11th.
42.01
Ranked 43th. 14 times more than Singapore

Burglaries 25.7
Ranked 44th.
714.4
Ranked 9th. 28 times more than Singapore

Prisoners > Per capita 388 per 100,000 people
Ranked 12th.
715 per 100,000 people
Ranked 1st. 84% more than Singapore
Perceived problems > Illegal drugs 17.8
Ranked 91st.
61.82
Ranked 19th. 3 times more than Singapore
Perceived problems > Problem violent crimes including assault and armed robbery 14.83
Ranked 86th.
75.54
Ranked 10th. 5 times more than Singapore
Fear of crime > Feels safe walking alone > During the day 87.5
Ranked 24th. 16% more than United States
75.24
Ranked 57th.

Fear of crime > Worries about being attacked 18.75
Ranked 87th.
42.08
Ranked 43th. 2 times more than Singapore
Assaults 14.6
Ranked 58th.
786.7
Ranked 1st. 54 times more than Singapore
Murders > Per 100,000 people 1.3
Ranked 112th.
5.9
Ranked 63th. 5 times more than Singapore
Violent crime > Murders per million people 3.09
Ranked 11th.
42.01
Ranked 43th. 14 times more than Singapore

Fear of crime > Worries about being mugged or robbed 17.5
Ranked 88th.
45.01
Ranked 47th. 3 times more than Singapore
Justice system > Punishment > Capital punishment (last execution year) 2,011
Ranked 20th.
2,014
Ranked 1st. About the same as Singapore
Executions 2 executions
Ranked 27th.
42 executions
Ranked 7th. 21 times more than Singapore
Fear of crime > Worries about home break and enter 25
Ranked 84th.
48.52
Ranked 39th. 94% more than Singapore
Auto theft 20.6
Ranked 50th.
390.2
Ranked 6th. 19 times more than Singapore

Drugs > Opiates use 0.004%
Ranked 30th.
0.57%
Ranked 3rd. 143 times more than Singapore
Perceived problems > Property crimes including vandalism and theft 23.73
Ranked 87th.
57.93
Ranked 28th. 2 times more than Singapore
Perceived problems > Problem corruption and bribery 24.07
Ranked 86th.
42.45
Ranked 69th. 76% more than Singapore
Fear of crime > Worries about being insulted 16.95
Ranked 90th.
44.84
Ranked 33th. 3 times more than Singapore
Murders > WHO 0.5
Ranked 179th.
5.6
Ranked 88th. 11 times more than Singapore
Drug offences 46.8 per 100,000 people
Ranked 53th.
560.1 per 100,000 people
Ranked 41st. 12 times more than Singapore
Prisoners > Female 10.4%
Ranked 6th. 22% more than United States
8.5%
Ranked 9th.
Prisoners per 1000 3.91 prisoners
Ranked 14th.
7.02 prisoners
Ranked 2nd. 80% more than Singapore
Fear of crime > Worries about things from car being stolen 22.41
Ranked 88th.
59.02
Ranked 33th. 3 times more than Singapore
Punishment > Crimes possibly attracting life sentence Drug trafficking, gun crime Varies by state
Fear of crime > Worries about car being stolen 14.91
Ranked 89th.
42.04
Ranked 45th. 3 times more than Singapore
Punishment > Life sentence under the age of 18 or 21 Prisoner detained at the President's discretion Yes ( de jure )
Punishment > Minimum life sentence to serve before eligibility for requesting parole 20 years 15 years minimum to infinite, or never (depending on crime and state)
Punishment > Maximum length of sentence None None
Executions per million 0.436 executions
Ranked 21st. 3 times more than United States
0.139 executions
Ranked 28th.
Punishment > Has indefinite sentence Yes Yes
Murders committed by youths 15
Ranked 61st.
8,226
Ranked 3rd. 548 times more than Singapore
Serious assaults 2.6
Ranked 45th.
281.6
Ranked 1st. 108 times more than Singapore
Judges 2.3%
Ranked 42nd.
10.8%
Ranked 3rd. 5 times more than Singapore

Punishment > Crimes requiring mandatory sentence Kidnapping for ransom Varies by state
Prisoners > Foreign prisoners 19.9%
Ranked 27th. 40 times more than United States
0.5%
Ranked 77th.
Punishment > Has life imprisonment Yes Yes
Prosecutors 2%
Ranked 31st.
8.8%
Ranked 1st. 4 times more than Singapore

Prison staff 45.8%
Ranked 31st.
138.3%
Ranked 1st. 3 times more than Singapore

Murders committed by youths per million 3.79
Ranked 47th.
29.48
Ranked 16th. 8 times more than Singapore
Prisoners > Pre-trial detainees 11.8%
Ranked 127th.
20%
Ranked 106th. 69% more than Singapore
Prisoners > Share of prison capacity filled 107.1%
Ranked 81st.
0.0
Ranked 126th.

SOURCES: Wikipedia: Defense of infancy (Ages of criminal responsibility by country); crime; https://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/WDR2011/World_Drug_Report_2011_ebook.pdf, World Drug Report 2011, United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), 2011, p. 217.; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; European Institute for Crime Prevention and Control International Statistics on Crime and Justice, 2011; UN Crime Stats; European Institute for Crime Prevention and Control International Statistics on Crime and Justice, 2011; Annexe I of the Small Arms Survey 2007 ; Wikipedia: List of countries by intentional homicide rate by decade; United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. Source tables; Statistics : Crime : Sexual Violence (UNODC) and Crime Statistics : Sexual Violence Against Children and Rape, United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime; Statistics : Crime : Sexual Violence (UNODC) and Crime Statistics : Sexual Violence Against Children and Rape, United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; The Eighth United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and the Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (2002) (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, Centre for International Crime Prevention); Fifth Annual BSA and IDC Global Software Piracy Study; United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; International Centre for Prison Studies - World Prison Brief; UN Office on Drugs and Crime, UN Survey of Crime Trends, at http://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/IHS-rates-05012009.pdf.; Wikipedia: Capital punishment in Europe (Abolition); Amnesty International; Wikipedia: List of countries by prevalence of opiates use ("World Drug Report 2011" . United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. 2011. "World Drug Report 2006" . United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. 2006. http://www.unodc.org/documents/wdr/WDR_2009/WDR2009_eng_web.pdf); World Health Organisation.; The Eighth United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and the Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (2002) (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, Centre for International Crime Prevention). Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Wikipedia: Life imprisonment (Summary by country); Amnesty International. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Health Organization: World report on violence and health, 2002; World Health Organization: World report on violence and health, 2002. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.

Citation

"Crime: Singapore and United States compared", NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/compare/Singapore/United-States/Crime

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