Percentage of country with acidification excedence
Units: Percent of Land Area
Units: From a map of acidification excedence, all areas at risk within each country were added together in order to calculate the percentage of the entire country at risk of excedence. See pages 21-22 of the 2001 ESI report for more details on how the acidification excedence map was produced.
- Areas under protection: Protected Areas under IUCN management categories I - VI (1992-2003)
- CO2 Emissions: CO2: Total Emissions (excluding land-use) Units: thousand metric tonnes of carbon dioxide
- CO2 emissions > Kt: Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring.
Carbon economic efficiency (CO2 emissions per dollar GDP)
Units: Metric Tons/US Dollar GDP
- Current issues: This entry lists the most pressing and important environmental problems. The following terms and abbreviations are used throughout the entry:
Ecological footprint per capita
Units: Hectares per Person
Endangered species protection:
Percent of CITES reporting requirements met
Units: Percent of Requirements Met
Units: Countries that have not ratified the CITES convention are recorded as having zero percent of their requirements met.
- Known mammal species: Known mammal species (1992-2002).
Marine fish catch:
Total marine fish catch
Units: Metric Tons
- Municipal waste generation: Kilograms of municipal waste generated per year (2000).
- Protected area: Environmentally protected area (1997)
- Waste generation: Kilograms of waste generated per person per year ( 2000).
Water > Availability:
Water availability per capita (1961-1990 (avg.))
Units: Thousands Cubic Meters/Person
Units: This variable measures internal renewable water (average annual surface runoff and groundwater recharge generated from endogenous precipitation)
Water > Freshwater pollution:
Industrial organic pollutants per available freshwater
Units: Metric Tons of BOD Emissions per Cubic Km of Water
Units: Emissions of organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxygen that bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the presence of organic pollutants. The data from the World Bank, which represented BOD emissions (kilograms per day) were normalized by the combination of water availability per capita and water inflow availability per capita from the WaterGap2.1 model. In calculating the ESI, the base-10 logarithm of this variable was used.
SOURCES: Stockholm Environment Institute at York, Acidification in Developing Countries: Ecosystem Sensitivity and the Critical Loads Approach at the Global scale, 2000 via ciesin.org; World Resources Institute; World Resources Institute. 2003. Carbon Emissions from energy use and cement manufacturing, 1850 to 2000. Available on-line through the Climate Analysis Indicators Tool (CAIT) at Washington, DC: World Resources Institute; World Development Indicators database; Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF), Living Planet Report 2000, Gland, Switzerland: 2000, and Redefining Progress.; Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora, Report on National Reports Required Under Article VIII, Paragraph 7(a), of the Convention, Eleventh Meeting of the Conference of the Parties, Gigiri, Kenya, April 2000; FAOSTAT on-line database; OECD Environmental Data Compendium: 2002; Jacaranda Atlas; Center for Environmental Systems Research, University of Kassel, WaterGAP 2.1B, 2001 via ciesin.org; World Bank, World Development Indicators 2001, Washington, DC: World Bank, 2001 (for BOD emissions)and Center for Environmental Systems Research, University of Kassel, WaterGap 2.1, 2000 (for data on waterquantity). via ciesin.org
"Denmark Environment Stats", NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Denmark/Environment
"Denmark Environment Stats, NationMaster." 1960-2013. <http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Denmark/Environment>.
'Denmark Environment Stats, NationMaster', <http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Denmark/Environment> [assessed 1960-2013]
"Denmark Environment Stats", NationMaster [Internet]. 1960-2013. Avaliable from: <http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Denmark/Environment>.
"Denmark Environment Stats", NationMaster. Avaliable at: nationmaster.com. Assessed 1960-2013.
"Denmark Environment Stats, NationMaster," http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Denmark/Environment (assessed 1960-2013)
"Denmark Environment Stats", NationMaster, http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Denmark/Environment (last visited 1960-2013)
"Denmark Environment Stats", NationMaster, http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Denmark/Environment (as of 1960-2013)